Page 1

The Paralegal

American Association for Paralegal Education Volume 31, No. 1

SPRING/SUMMER 2016

Intimate Partner Violence on College Campuses See article on page 17


BY DOVIE YOANA KING, J.D. - Miramar College

Intimate Partner Violence on College Campuses During their college years, some young adults ďĞŐŝŶĚĂƟŶŐĂŶĚͬŽƌĨŽƌŵŝŶŐƐĞƌŝŽƵƐƌŽŵĂŶƟĐ ƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐĨŽƌƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƟŵĞ͕ǁŚŝůĞŽƚŚĞƌ students may already be married, in long-term ƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐ͕ůŝǀŝŶŐǁŝƚŚĂďŽLJĨƌŝĞŶĚŽƌŐŝƌůĨƌŝĞŶĚ͕ ŽƌĐŽͲƉĂƌĞŶƟŶŐǁŝƚŚĂŶŽƚŚĞƌƉĞƌƐŽŶ͘ĞƐƉŝƚĞ ƚŚĞǁŝĚĞƌĂŶŐĞŽĨƉŽƐƐŝďůĞŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ ƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐĂŵŽŶŐĐŽůůĞŐĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐ͕ƐƚƵĚŝĞƐ ƐŚŽǁƚŚĂƚƚŚŝƐƉŽƉƵůĂƟŽŶŝƐŚŝŐŚůLJƐƵƐĐĞƉƟďůĞ ƚŽďĞĐŽŵŝŶŐĂƚĂƌŐĞƚŽĨĚŽŵĞƐƟĐǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͘ ^ƉĞĐŝĮĐĂůůLJ͕ĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽƚŚĞh͘^͘ĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚ ŽĨ:ƵƐƟĐĞ͕ǁŽŵĞŶĂŐĞĚϭϲͲϮϰĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞƚŚĞ ŚŝŐŚĞƐƚƉĞƌĐĂƉŝƚĂƌĂƚĞŽĨŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐ͘1 18 SPRING/SUMMER 2016 THE PARALEGAL EDUCATOR

/ŶƟŵĂƚĞWĂƌƚŶĞƌsŝŽůĞŶĐĞĞĮŶĞĚ /ŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞŝƐĂƐĞƌŝŽƵƐ͕ƉƌĞǀĞŶƚĂďůĞƉƵďůŝĐ ŚĞĂůƚŚƉƌŽďůĞŵƚŚĂƚĂīĞĐƚƐŵŝůůŝŽŶƐŽĨŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƐĞĂĐŚLJĞĂƌ͘ /ƚŝƐĚĞĮŶĞĚĂƐĂƌĞƉĞƟƟǀĞƉĂƩĞƌŶŽĨďĞŚĂǀŝŽƌƐƚŽŵĂŝŶƚĂŝŶ ƉŽǁĞƌĂŶĚĐŽŶƚƌŽůŽǀĞƌĂŶŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ͘2dŚĞƐĞďĞŚĂǀŝŽƌƐ ŵĂLJŝŶĐůƵĚĞƚŚĞƵƐĞŽĨƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞĂŶĚŝŶƟŵŝĚĂƟŽŶ (such as punching walls, slamming doors, breaking or throwing ƚŚŝŶŐƐ͕ĞƚĐ͘Ϳ͕ƌĂƉĞĂŶĚƐĞdžƵĂůǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͕ĞŵŽƟŽŶĂůĂŶĚǀĞƌďĂů ĂďƵƐĞ͕ƚŚƌĞĂƚƐŽĨŚĂƌŵĂŶĚĞĐŽŶŽŵŝĐĚĞƉƌŝǀĂƟŽŶ͕ĂŵŽŶŐ ŽƚŚĞƌĐŽĞƌĐŝǀĞďĞŚĂǀŝŽƌƐĂƌŽƵƐŝŶŐĨĞĂƌŝŶƚŚĞǀŝĐƟŵ͘ZĞĐĞŶƚ ƐƚƵĚŝĞƐƐŚŽǁƚŚĂƚƚŚĞǀĂƐƚŵĂũŽƌŝƚLJŽĨŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞŝƐĐŽŵŵŝƩĞĚĂŐĂŝŶƐƚǁŽŵĞŶ;ϴϮйͿĐŽŵƉĂƌĞĚƚŽŵĞŶ ;ϭϴйͿ͘ϯdŚŝƐƚLJƉĞŽĨĂďƵƐĞĐĂŶŽĐĐƵƌŝŶďŽƚŚŚĞƚĞƌŽƐĞdžƵĂůĂŶĚ ŚŽŵŽƐĞdžƵĂůƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐ͘


^ĐŽƉĞŽĨƚŚĞWƌŽďůĞŵŽŶŽůůĞŐĞĂŵƉƵƐĞƐ

ĂƐƐŝƐƚƚŚĞŵŝŶĞƐĐĂƉŝŶŐĂŶĂďƵƐŝǀĞƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉ͘&ŝƌƐƚ͕ŝƚŝƐ important to recognize that college campuses are not immune dŚĞĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐƐƚĂƟƐƟĐƐĚĞƐĐƌŝďĞƚŚĞƐĐŽƉĞŽĨŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ ƚŽŝŶĐŝĚĞŶƚƐŽĨŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞĂŶĚ͕ŝŶĨĂĐƚ͕ϱϳй ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞŽŶĐŽůůĞŐĞĐĂŵƉƵƐĞƐ͕ĂƐƌĞƉŽƌƚĞĚďLJƚŚĞEĂƟŽŶĂů ŽĨĐŽůůĞŐĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐƌĞƉŽƌƚŚĂǀŝŶŐďĞĞŶŝŶĂŶĂďƵƐŝǀĞĚĂƟŶŐ ŽĂůŝƟŽŶŐĂŝŶƐƚŽŵĞƐƟĐsŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͘4 ƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƚŚĂƚŽĐĐƵƌƌĞĚŽŶĐĂŵƉƵƐ͘6^ĞĐŽŶĚ͕ŝŶƟŵĂƚĞ partner violence is frequently misunderstood by college % ϰϯйŽĨĚĂƟŶŐĐŽůůĞŐĞǁŽŵĞŶƌĞƉŽƌƚĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐŝŶŐ personnel who are not properly trained about the dynamics abusive behaviors from their partner. ŽĨƉŽǁĞƌĂŶĚĐŽŶƚƌŽůǁŚŝĐŚĂƌĞŝŶĚŝĐĂƟǀĞŽĨĂŶĂďƵƐŝǀĞ ƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉ͘dŚŝƐŝƐĐŽŵƉŽƵŶĚĞĚďLJƚŚĞĨĂĐƚƚŚĂƚǀŝĐƟŵƐŽĨ % ϲϬйŽĨĂĐƋƵĂŝŶƚĂŶĐĞƌĂƉĞƐŽŶĐŽůůĞŐĞĐĂŵƉƵƐĞƐŽĐĐƵƌ ŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞĂƌĞƚƌĂƵŵĂƟnjĞĚĂŶĚƐŽŵĞƟŵĞƐ ŝŶĐĂƐƵĂůŽƌƐƚĞĂĚLJĚĂƟŶŐƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐ͘ ƵŶĂďůĞƚŽĂƌƟĐƵůĂƚĞǁŚLJƚŚĞĐŽŵƉůĂŝŶĞĚŽĨďĞŚĂǀŝŽƌĂƌŽƵƐĞƐ ĨĞĂƌŽƌƉůĂĐĞƐƚŚĞŵŝŶĚĂŶŐĞƌ͘dŚŝƌĚ͕ƐŽŵĞĐŽůůĞŐĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐ % ϭϯйŽĨĐŽůůĞŐĞǁŽŵĞŶƌĞƉŽƌƚƚŚĂƚƚŚĞLJŚĂǀĞďĞĞŶ ƐƚĂůŬĞĚ͕ĂŶĚŽĨƚŚĞƐĞ͕ϰϮйǁĞƌĞƐƚĂůŬĞĚďLJĂďŽLJĨƌŝĞŶĚ ĂƌĞĨĂƌĂǁĂLJĨƌŽŵŚŽŵĞĨŽƌƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƟŵĞŽƌŚĂǀĞůŝŵŝƚĞĚ family support structures in place, making them feel alone or ex-boyfriend. ĂŶĚŝƐŽůĂƚĞĚ͘dŚŝƐŝƐĞƐƉĞĐŝĂůůLJƚƌƵĞŝĨƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐĂƌĞĨƌŽŵŽƵƚ % ϮϱйŽĨĨĞŵĂůĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞƐĞdžƵĂůĂƐƐĂƵůƚŽǀĞƌ of state or a foreign country or otherwise far away from their ĞŵŽƟŽŶĂůƐƵƉƉŽƌƚƐLJƐƚĞŵ͘&ŽƵƌƚŚ͕ŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ the course of their college career, and approximately ĨƌĞƋƵĞŶƚůLJĂīĞĐƚƐƚŚĞĂĐĂĚĞŵŝĐƉĞƌĨŽƌŵĂŶĐĞŽĨǀŝĐƟŵƐŝŶĂ ϵϬйŽĨǀŝĐƟŵƐŬŶŽǁƚŚĞŝƌĂƐƐĂŝůĂŶƚ͘ ŶĞŐĂƟǀĞǁĂLJĂŶĚ͕ŝŶĞdžƚƌĞŵĞĐĂƐĞƐ͕ŵĂLJƌĞƐƵůƚŝŶĨĂŝůŝŶŐŐƌĂĚĞƐ % ĂƚĞƌĂƉĞĂŵŽŶŐĐŽůůĞŐĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐĂĐĐŽƵŶƚƐĨŽƌϯϱй ŽƌĚƌŽƉƉŝŶŐŽƵƚ͘&ŝŶĂůůLJ͕ƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐŵĂLJƌĞĨƵƐĞƚŽŐĞƚŚĞůƉŝĨƚŚĞLJ ŽĨĂƩĞŵƉƚĞĚƌĂƉĞƐ͕ϮϮ͘ϵйŽĨƚŚƌĞĂƚĞŶĞĚƌĂƉĞƐ͕ĂŶĚ ĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞŶĞŐĂƟǀĞƌĞƐƉŽŶƐĞƐďLJĐĂŵƉƵƐƉĞƌƐŽŶŶĞůŽƌĨĂĐĞ ϭϮ͘ϴйŽĨĐŽŵƉůĞƚĞĚƌĂƉĞƐ͘ ƌĞƚĂůŝĂƟŽŶĨƌŽŵƚŚĞŝƌŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌĨŽƌĞdžƉŽƐŝŶŐƚŚĞĂďƵƐĞ͕ so it is important that we have a basic understanding of the KďƐƚĂĐůĞƐƚŽ'ĞƫŶŐ,ĞůƉ͗DĂŶĚLJ͛Ɛ^ƚŽƌLJ problem in order to intervene in an appropriate fashion. DĂŶĚLJǁĂƐĂďƌŝŐŚƚĂŶĚŵŽƟǀĂƚĞĚĐŽůůĞŐĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚŝŶŚĞƌĞĂƌůLJ ƚǁĞŶƟĞƐǁŚŽĂƐƉŝƌĞĚƚŽďĞĂŶĂƩŽƌŶĞLJŽŶĞĚĂLJ͘ϱZĂŝƐĞĚŝŶĂ ĚLJƐĨƵŶĐƟŽŶĂůŚŽƵƐĞŚŽůĚǁŝƚŚĂŶĂůĐŽŚŽůŝĐĨĂƚŚĞƌ͕ƐŚĞŵŽǀĞĚ ŽƵƚŽĨŚĞƌƉĂƌĞŶƚƐ͛ŚŽŵĞĂƐĂLJŽƵŶŐƚĞĞŶĂŶĚŵĂƌƌŝĞĚŚĞƌ ŚŝŐŚƐĐŚŽŽůƐǁĞĞƚŚĞĂƌƚ͘,ŽǁĞǀĞƌ͕DĂŶĚLJ͛ƐĚƌĞĂŵŽĨƌŽŵĂŶĐĞ ĂďƌƵƉƚůLJĞŶĚĞĚǁŚĞŶŚĞƌŚƵƐďĂŶĚďĞŐĂŶƚŽĞŵŽƟŽŶĂůůLJ ĂŶĚƉŚLJƐŝĐĂůůLJĂďƵƐĞŚĞƌ͘ƐƚŚĞǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞĞƐĐĂůĂƚĞĚ͕DĂŶĚLJ͛Ɛ ŐƌĂĚĞƐŝŶĐŽůůĞŐĞĚĞƚĞƌŝŽƌĂƚĞĚĂŶĚƐŚĞďĂƩůĞĚǁŝƚŚĚĞƉƌĞƐƐŝŽŶ ĂŶĚWŽƐƩƌĂƵŵĂƟĐ^ƚƌĞƐƐŝƐŽƌĚĞƌ͘KŶĞĚĂLJ͕DĂŶĚLJǁĂƐĂƚƚŚĞ campus library with her study group when her husband began to stalk her. Seeing that Mandy was in a co-ed study group, he became enraged with jealousy, storming into the library ĂŶĚŽƌĚĞƌŝŶŐŚĞƌƚŽĐŽŵĞŚŽŵĞǁŝƚŚŚŝŵĂƚŽŶĐĞ͘,ƵŵŝůŝĂƚĞĚ and afraid at the public spectacle, Mandy refused to leave ƚŚĞůŝďƌĂƌLJ͘,ĞƌŚƵƐďĂŶĚƚŚĞŶƚŽŽŬDĂŶĚLJ͛ƐďĂĐŬƉĂĐŬĂŶĚ ůĞŌ͕ƉƌĞǀĞŶƟŶŐŚĞƌĨƌŽŵĮŶŝƐŚŝŶŐŚĞƌŚŽŵĞǁŽƌŬĂƐƐŝŐŶŵĞŶƚ due later that day in class. Mandy immediately reported the ƐƚĂůŬŝŶŐŝŶĐŝĚĞŶƚĂŶĚƚŚĞŌƚŽĐĂŵƉƵƐƉŽůŝĐĞ͕ďƵƚƚŚĞLJƚŽŽŬ ŶŽĂĐƟŽŶ͕ĐĂƚĞŐŽƌŝnjŝŶŐƚŚĞŝŶĐŝĚĞŶƚĂƐĂ͞ƉƌŝǀĂƚĞĚŽŵĞƐƟĐ dispute.” Mandy became discouraged and decided not to ƌĞƉŽƌƚĂŶLJŽƚŚĞƌŝŶĐŝĚĞŶƚƐƚŽĐĂŵƉƵƐĂƵƚŚŽƌŝƟĞƐ͘&ƵƌƚŚĞƌ͕ given the lack of a family support system in place, Mandy had no one to turn to and became increasingly isolated, coping with fear and shame in her private world. Mandy eventually dropped out of college, unable to access outside help and ƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐƚŽĚĞĂůǁŝƚŚŚĞƌǀŽůĂƟůĞƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉ͘ DĂŶĚLJ͛ƐƐƚŽƌLJŝůůƵƐƚƌĂƚĞƐƐŽŵĞĐŽŵŵŽŶŽďƐƚĂĐůĞƐƚŚĂƚ college students face in terms of accessing services that may

,ŽǁtĞĂŶ,ĞůƉ^ƚƵĚĞŶƚƐ

KŶĞǁĂLJǁĞĂƐĐŽůůĞŐĞĞĚƵĐĂƚŽƌƐĐĂŶŚĞůƉƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐ ŝƐďLJŽďƚĂŝŶŝŶŐŝŶͲĚĞƉƚŚƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐĂďŽƵƚŝŶƟŵĂƚĞ ƉĂƌƚŶĞƌǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͘dŚŝƐƚLJƉĞŽĨƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐŝƐŽŌĞŶ available on campus or locally in the community ĨƌŽŵƐŽĐŝĂůƐĞƌǀŝĐĞĂŐĞŶĐŝĞƐ͕ĚŽŵĞƐƟĐǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ ŽƌŐĂŶŝnjĂƟŽŶƐ͕ĚŝƐƚƌŝĐƚĂƩŽƌŶĞLJƐŽĸĐĞƐŽƌůĂǁ ĞŶĨŽƌĐĞŵĞŶƚ͘KŶĞĞdžĂŵƉůĞŝƐƚŚĞĂŶŶƵĂůĐŽŶĨĞƌĞŶĐĞ ŚŽƐƚĞĚďLJƚŚĞEĂƟŽŶĂů&ĂŵŝůLJ:ƵƐƟĐĞĞŶƚĞƌůůŝĂŶĐĞ͕ ŽīĞƌŝŶŐƚŚƌĞĞͲĚĂLJƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐƐǁŝƚŚĂĨŽĐƵƐŽŶƚƌĂƵŵĂͲ ŝŶĨŽƌŵĞĚƉƌĂĐƟĐĞƐĨŽƌĞĚƵĐĂƚŽƌƐĂŶĚƉƌŽĨĞƐƐŝŽŶĂůƐ ŝŶĚŝǀĞƌƐĞĮĞůĚƐ͕ƐƵƌǀŝǀŽƌƐ͕ĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌƐŽĐŝĂůĐŚĂŶŐĞ professionals. Scholarships are available to help ĚĞĨƌĂLJĐŽŶĨĞƌĞŶĐĞĂŶĚƚƌĂǀĞůĨĞĞƐ͘WůĞĂƐĞŶŽƚĞƚŚĂƚ ƐŽŵĞĨĂĐƵůƚLJĂŶĚƐƚĂīĂƌĞĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĞĚŵĂŶĚĂƚĞĚ ƌĞƉŽƌƚĞƌƐĨŽƌƉƵƌƉŽƐĞƐŽĨdŝƚůĞ/yŽĨƚŚĞŝǀŝůZŝŐŚƚƐ ĐƚŽĨϭϵϲϰ͘ƐƐƵĐŚ͕ƐŽŵĞŽĨƵƐŵĂLJďĞƌĞƋƵŝƌĞĚ ƚŽƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƚĞŝŶƐƵĐŚƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐƐĂƐĂĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶŽĨ employment in order to comply with federal and state laws. It is therefore advisable to check with the ĚĞĂŶ͛ƐŽĸĐĞŽƌŚƵŵĂŶƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐĚĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚĂƚLJŽƵƌ ŝŶƐƟƚƵƟŽŶƚŽŐĞƚĨƵƌƚŚĞƌŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ͘ THE PARALEGAL EDUCATOR SPRING/SUMMER 2016 19


restraining order records it with campus police as a safety ƉƌĞĐĂƵƟŽŶĂƐǁĞůůĂƐĐĂƌƌLJĂĐŽƉLJŽĨƚŚĞƉĂƉĞƌƐŽŶŚŝƐŽƌŚĞƌ ƉĞƌƐŽŶĂƚĂůůƟŵĞƐŝŶŽƌĚĞƌƚŽƌĞĂĚŝůLJĞŶĨŽƌĐĞƚŚĞĐŽƵƌƚ͛ƐŽƌĚĞƌ if necessary. „ BIOGRAPHY ŽǀŝĞzŽĂŶĂ<ŝŶŐŝƐĂŶĞdžƉĞƌŝĞŶĐĞĚƉƵďůŝĐŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚůĂǁLJĞƌĂŶĚ ĂĚũƵŶĐƚƉƌŽĨĞƐƐŽƌĂƚDŝƌĂŵĂƌŽůůĞŐĞ͕ƚĞĂĐŚŝŶŐďĂŶŬƌƵƉƚĐLJ ůĂǁĂŶĚĞŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚůĂǁ͘ŽǀŝĞŝƐĂŵĞŵďĞƌŽĨƚŚĞ^ĂŶŝĞŐŽ ŽŵĞƐƟĐsŝŽůĞŶĐĞŽƵŶĐŝů͘^ŚĞŝƐĂůƐŽĂƉƌŽďŽŶŽĂƩŽƌŶĞLJĂƚƚŚĞ >ĞŐĂůŝĚ^ŽĐŝĞƚLJŽĨ^ĂŶŝĞŐŽ͛ƐŽŵĞƐƟĐsŝŽůĞŶĐĞZĞƐƚƌĂŝŶŝŶŐ KƌĚĞƌůŝŶŝĐ͕ǁŚĞƌĞƐŚĞƌĞŐƵůĂƌůLJĂƐƐŝƐƚƐďĂƩĞƌĞĚŵĞŶĂŶĚ ǁŽŵĞŶĨƌĞĞŽĨĐŚĂƌŐĞ͘ŽǀŝĞĞĂƌŶĞĚŚĞƌďĂĐŚĞůŽƌ͛ƐĚĞŐƌĞĞĨƌŽŵ ƌŽǁŶhŶŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJĂŶĚũƵƌŝƐĚŽĐƚŽƌĨƌŽŵEŽƌƚŚĞĂƐƚĞƌŶhŶŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJ ^ĐŚŽŽůŽĨ>Ăǁ͘ ENDNOTES

/ƚŝƐĂůƐŽŝŵƉĞƌĂƟǀĞƚŚĂƚĞĚƵĐĂƚŽƌƐĂƌĞĂďůĞƚŽŝĚĞŶƟĨLJ available campus resources, such as counseling services, support groups, food banks and medical clinics, and that ǁĞǁŝĚĞůLJĚŝƐƐĞŵŝŶĂƚĞƚŚŝƐŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶƚŽƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐ͕ĂƐϯϴй of college students report not knowing how to get help on ĐĂŵƉƵƐŝĨƚŚĞLJďĞĐŽŵĞĂǀŝĐƟŵŽĨĚĂƟŶŐĂďƵƐĞ͘ϳ&ŝŶĂůůLJ͕ŝĨĂ student approaches one of us for help, we should be ĐĂƵƟŽƵƐŶŽƚƚŽƵƐĞĂŶLJůĂŶŐƵĂŐĞƚŚĂƚďůĂŵĞƐƚŚĞǀŝĐƟŵ͘ In reality, there are many reasons why people stay in abusive ƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐ͕ƐƵĐŚĂƐĨĞĂƌ͕ĐŽŶĨƵƐŝŽŶ͕ĞŵďĂƌƌĂƐƐŵĞŶƚ͕ůŽǁ ƐĞůĨͲĞƐƚĞĞŵ͕ĮŶĂŶĐŝĂůĐŽŶƐƚƌĂŝŶƚƐ͕ĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĂŶĚƌĞůŝŐŝŽƵƐ ƌĞĂƐŽŶƐ͕ůĂŶŐƵĂŐĞďĂƌƌŝĞƌƐ͕ŝŵŵŝŐƌĂƟŽŶƐƚĂƚƵƐĂŶĚŽƚŚĞƌ ůĞŐŝƟŵĂƚĞƌĞĂƐŽŶƐ͘/ƚŝƐƚŚĞƌĞĨŽƌĞĂĚǀŝƐĂďůĞƚŽůŝƐƚĞŶƚŽĂ student in a non-judgmental way, acknowledge that he or ƐŚĞŝƐŝŶĂĚŝĸĐƵůƚĂŶĚƐĐĂƌLJƐŝƚƵĂƟŽŶĂŶĚĞdžƉůĂŝŶƚŚĂƚŚĞůƉŝƐ ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞ͘dŚŝƐŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐŚĞůƉĚĞǀĞůŽƉŝŶŐĂƐĂĨĞƚLJƉůĂŶ͕ǁŚŝĐŚŝƐ ĂƉĞƌƐŽŶĂůŝnjĞĚ͕ƉƌĂĐƟĐĂůƉůĂŶƚŚĂƚŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐǁĂLJƐĨŽƌǀŝĐƟŵƐƚŽ ƌĞŵĂŝŶƐĂĨĞǁŚŝůĞŝŶĂŶĂďƵƐŝǀĞƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉĂŶĚǁŚŝůĞƚŚĞLJĂƌĞ planning to leave the abuser.

ZĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ tŚŝůĞǁĞĐĂŶŶŽƚƌĞƐĐƵĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐŝŶĂďƵƐŝǀĞƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉƐ͕ we can certainly help connect them to resources to break ĨƌĞĞĨƌŽŵƚŚĞǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͘dŚĞƌĞĂƌĞĂŶƵŵďĞƌŽĨƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ ĂǀĂŝůĂďůĞƚŽŚĞůƉĐŽůůĞŐĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐĨĂĐŝŶŐŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ ĂďƵƐĞ͘dŚĞEĂƟŽŶĂůŽŵĞƐƟĐsŝŽůĞŶĐĞ,ŽƚůŝŶĞŽīĞƌƐĨƌĞĞĂŶĚ anonymous assistance by highly trained, expert advocates through a 24-hour telephone hotline, including referrals to shelters, counseling and law enforcement.8&ƵƌƚŚĞƌ͕&ĂŵŝůLJ :ƵƐƟĐĞĞŶƚĞƌƐůŽĐĂƚĞĚƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ^ƚĂƚĞƐ͕ůŽĐĂů ďĂƌĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƟŽŶƐĂŶĚůĞŐĂůĂŝĚƉƌŽŐƌĂŵƐĨƌĞƋƵĞŶƚůLJƉƌŽǀŝĚĞ ĨƌĞĞƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐƚŽǀŝĐƟŵƐŽĨĂďƵƐĞĂŶĚƚŚĞŝƌĨĂŵŝůLJŵĞŵďĞƌƐ͕ such as pro bono legal assistance to obtain a divorce, or a restraining order to establish custody and supervised ǀŝƐŝƚĂƟŽŶ͘9&ŝŶĂůůLJ͕ŝƚŝƐĂĚǀŝƐĂďůĞƚŚĂƚĂƐƚƵĚĞŶƚǁŚŽŚĂƐĂ 20 SPRING/SUMMER 2016 THE PARALEGAL EDUCATOR

1:ĞŶŶŝĨĞƌdƌƵŵĂŶĞƚĂů͕͘EŽŶĨĂƚĂůŽŵĞƐƟĐsŝŽůĞŶĐĞϮϬϬϯͲϮϬϭϮ͕͟h͘^͘ ĞƉĂƌƚŵĞŶƚŽĨ:ƵƐƟĐĞƵƌĞĂƵŽĨ:ƵƐƟĐĞ^ƚĂƟƐƟĐƐZĞƉŽƌƚ;ƉƌŝůϮϬϭϰͿ͕ŽŶƚŚĞ Internet at ǁǁǁ͘ďũƐ͘ŐŽǀͬĐŽŶƚĞŶƚͬƉƵďͬƉĚĨͬŶĚǀϬϯϭϮ͘ƉĚĨ ;ǀŝƐŝƚĞĚ ŽŶ:ĂŶƵĂƌLJ ϮϮ͕ϮϬϭϲͿ͘ 2Ŷ͞ŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌ͟ŝƐŐĞŶĞƌĂůůLJĚĞĮŶĞĚĂƐƐŽŵĞŽŶĞǁŚŽƚŚĞǀŝĐƟŵŝƐ ŵĂƌƌŝĞĚƚŽŽƌĨŽƌŵĞƌůLJŵĂƌƌŝĞĚƚŽ͕ĚĂƟŶŐŽƌĨŽƌŵĞƌůLJŝŶĂĚĂƟŶŐƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉ ǁŝƚŚ͕ƌĞůĂƚĞĚƚŽďLJďůŽŽĚ͕ŵĂƌƌŝĂŐĞŽƌĂĚŽƉƟŽŶ;Ğ͘Ő͕͘ŵŽƚŚĞƌ͕ĨĂƚŚĞƌ͕ŝŶͲůĂǁƐ͕ siblings, adult children), or living with or formerly living together with as ŵĞŵďĞƌƐŽĨĂŚŽƵƐĞŚŽůĚ͘/ƚĐĂŶĂůƐŽŝŶĐůƵĚĞƐŽŵĞŽŶĞƚŚĞǀŝĐƟŵŚĂƐĂĐŚŝůĚ or children together with. ϯSupra note 1. 4&ĂĐƚƐďŽƵƚĂƟŶŐďƵƐĞĂŶĚdĞĞŶsŝŽůĞŶĐĞ;ϮϬϭϱͿ͕EĂƟŽŶĂůŽĂůŝƟŽŶ ŐĂŝŶƐƚŽŵĞƐƟĐsŝŽůĞŶĐĞ͕ŽŶƚŚĞ/ŶƚĞƌŶĞƚĂƚǁǁǁ͘ŶĐĂĚǀ͘ŽƌŐͬĮůĞƐͬ ĂƟŶŐйϮϬďƵƐĞйϮϬĂŶĚйϮϬdĞĞŶйϮϬsŝŽůĞŶĐĞйϮϬEs͘ƉĚĨ ;ǀŝƐŝƚĞĚŽŶ :ĂŶƵĂƌLJϮϮ͕ϮϬϭϲͿ͘ ϱDĂŶĚLJ͛ƐƐƚŽƌLJ͕ǁŚŝůĞŝŶƐƉŝƌĞĚďLJƌĞĂůƐƚŽƌŝĞƐŽĨĐŽůůĞŐĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐĨĂĐŝŶŐ ŝŶƟŵĂƚĞƉĂƌƚŶĞƌĂďƵƐĞ͕ŝƐĮĐƟƟŽƵƐ͘ŶLJƌĞƐĞŵďůĂŶĐĞƚŽƌĞĂůƉĞƌƐŽŶƐŽƌ events is purely coincidental. 6See ƌĞĂŬƚŚĞLJĐůĞŽŶƚŚĞ/ŶƚĞƌŶĞƚĂƚǁǁǁ͘ďƌĞĂŬƚŚĞĐLJĐůĞ͘ŽƌŐͬĚĂƟŶŐͲ ǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞͲƌĞƐĞĂƌĐŚͬĐŽůůĞŐĞͲĚĂƟŶŐͲǀŝŽůĞŶĐĞͲĂŶĚͲĂďƵƐĞͲƉŽůů ;ǀŝƐŝƚĞĚŽŶ:ĂŶƵĂƌLJ ϮϮ͕ϮϬϭϲͿ͘ ϳSupra note 6. 8dŚĞEĂƟŽŶĂůŽŵĞƐƟĐsŝŽůĞŶĐĞ,ŽƚůŝŶĞĐĂŶďĞƌĞĂĐŚĞĚĂƚϭͲϴϬϬͲϳϵϵͲϳϮϯϯ ;dzz͗ϭͲϴϬϬͲϳϴϳͲϯϮϮϰͿŽƌŽŶƚŚĞ/ŶƚĞƌŶĞƚĂƚwww.thehotline.org ;ǀŝƐŝƚĞĚŽŶ :ĂŶƵĂƌLJϮϮ͕ϮϬϭϲͿ͘ 9See&ĂŵŝůLJ:ƵƐƟĐĞĞŶƚĞƌůůŝĂŶĐĞŽŶƚŚĞ/ŶƚĞƌŶĞƚĂƚwww. ĨĂŵŝůLJũƵƐƟĐĞĐĞŶƚĞƌ͘ŽƌŐͬĂĸůŝĂƚĞĚͲĐĞŶƚĞƌƐͬĨĂŵŝůLJͲũƵƐƟĐĞͲĐĞŶƚĞƌƐͬ ;ǀŝƐŝƚĞĚŽŶ :ĂŶƵĂƌLJϮϮ͕ϮϬϭϲͿ͘

Intimate Partner Abuse on College Campuses  

Dovie Yoana King is an experienced public interest lawyer and adjunct professor at Miramar College, teaching bankruptcy law and employment l...

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