0093 (XX) •• Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or university. What are some of the important qualities of a good roommate? Use specific reasons and examples to explain why these qualities are important. Would you rather have the university assign a student to share a room with you, or would you rather choose your own roommate? I rather choose my own roommate. 1. I can choose a roommate with a similar background and interest. 2. I can choose a roommate who would be helpful to me. A English fluent roommate can help me to study English. 3. It is easier to form the community with my roommate. It takes shorter time to make friends with roommate. 0176 (MA) 0146 Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday, what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to celebrate it? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. Peaceful day 1. On this day, every nation stops fighting. Ethnic and religion conflict stops on this day. 2. People should give prize to those who have devoted to peace for the world. 0106 (PR) 0079 You need to travel from your home to a place 40 miles (64 kilometers) away. Compare the different kinds of transportation you could use. Tell which method of travel you would choose. Give specific reasons for your choice. Economies of each vehicle’s travel vary. For car, method has advantage that you do not have to waste your time going to a train station or a bus terminal. You can start your travel from your home to the place by your own car. However, the method has disadvantages that you spend more money than any other method. You must fill the tank of your car with gas. You should spend much money. Besides, you should pay the expressway toll that might be as much as bus fare. For bus, you pay the least money among three methods of travel. However, you have to go to an express terminal to get on a bus. For train, you will not be in traffic jam, so you can be there relatively within short time. However, you should buy more expensive ticket than bus’ ticket. As can be seen, each vehicle has its own economic advantages and disadvantages. Also, Convenience, which depends a lot on individual, of each vehicle’s travel varies as well. For car, you can start your travel from your home by your car, you have not to walk or get on a bus to the station or the terminal. Besides, you will be more comfortable due to spacious seat. However, you should drive, so you should concentrate on the road. As a result, you will be tired from driving. For bus, you can read newspaper, sleep, or see landscape because you have not to drive. However, you should endure your small seat. You should not turn the volume up, which might disturb other passenger. For train, you can enjoy the landscape more because train is not noise and less rattling than bus. If you want to get on the train as soon as you arrive at the station, you should reserve the ticket because the interval among trains is longer than that of buses. As can be seen, an individual’s taste will determine the convenience of each vehicle’s travel. 0034 (AD) 0036 Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. I agree 1. Initially, unless businesses hire employees for their entire lives, employees are not willing to be loyal to the businesses. 2. Next, hiring for entire lives encourages employees to get a good teamwork. Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 0013 (PR) 0013 Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. I prefer to eat at restaurant. 1. I have diverse choices of food when I eat out. 2. We have more free time because it is fast and simple. 0181 (PR) 0151 In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its natural condition or is there more need for land to be developed for housing and industry? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. There is need for land to be left in its natural condition. 1. We must leave the natural land for children. 2. We must leave the land for animals. 0154 (AD) 0125 In some countries, people are no longer allowed to smoke in many public places and office buildings. Do you think this is a good rule or a bad rule? Use specific reasons and details
to support your position. I think it is a good rule. 1. It hurts other people who dislike smoking. Nonsmokerâ€™s right is respected. Smoking hurts othersâ€™ health. Needless to say, tobacco is poisonous and smoking does great harm to the health. Among the more than 4,700 chemicals in tobacco are 42 cancer causing substances, two of which are tar and nicotine. The World Health Organization (WHO) has posted a warning that the number of people around the world who die of smoking will increase to 10 million in 2025, up from the three million in 1994, and some 30,000 of them will be in South Korea. I have never smoked, but I have been exposed to secondhand smoke since early childhood. Last fall I was diagnosed with lung cancer. stinging my eyes. 2. It obviates fire. cigarette butt, litter with your cigarette butts. A cigarette caused the fire. 0033 (PR) 0034 You have received a gift of money. The money is enough to buy either a piece of jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend. Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. Expanding scholarship 1. It encourages the students to study hard. There are some students who have to earn their tuitions by themselves. If school spends much money for scholarship, they have not to waste their precious time to earn their tuition and they will make an effort to get this scholarship. 2. The school will be on a high level. There are a lot of applicants to get in the school. So there will be a lot of good students who want to study in the school. The school has an opportunity to get the best students. It enables the school to acquire good reputation. 0110 (PR) 0083 Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone. Others like to be with friends most of the time. Do you prefer to spend your time alone or with friends? Use specific reasons to support your answer. I prefer to spend my time alone 1. It would be flexible in doing whatever I like to do. 2. I can use my time to enhance my skills. 0157 (PR) 0128 In the future, students may have the choice of studying at home by using technology such as computers or television or of studying at traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to explain your choice. I will choose to study at traditional schools. 1. In school, students must have physical education class with teacher or other students. 2. In school, students have to learn about teamwork such as cooperation and decision-making in team. 0130 (PR) 0103 Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. The ever-increasing popularity of sports among todayâ€™s young children causes them to spend much of their time in sports. Such participation has many advantages and disadvantages that affect their body and mind. 1. Advantages: Participation in sports promotes excellent body and mind. Initially, children can gain physical strength and health by practicing sports. During sports game, they have to run and more swiftly. Next, they can gain ability to concentrate, to achieve, and to enjoy the game. To win a soccer game, children have to concentrate on a ball. Otherwise, they would see the ball in their goal. 2. Disadvantages: become overly competitive, not enjoy the game. Injury, or less time with family. It prevents them from other activities necessary for development of other area such as academic and art area. 0116 (PR) 0089 People learn in different ways. Some people learn by doing things; other people learn by reading about things; others learn by listening to people talk about things. Which of these methods of learning is best for you? Use specific examples to support your choice. 0139 (EX) 0112 What do you consider to be the most important room in a house? Why is this room more important to you than any other room? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Living room 1. I study and work on computer in living room. 2. My wife and I take a rest and talk with her there 0177 (PR) 0147 A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of it either to go on vacation or to buy a car. Your friend has asked you for advice. Compare your friend's two choices and explain which one you think your friend should choose. Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. 1. Go on vacation: you can get an opportunity to recreate and relax, so you can work more energetic. It enables you
to get good remembrance. As times go on, fragrant memories remains and enables you to be happier, but your car will give you trouble. 2. To buy a car: it enables you to commute to your work and travel comfortably. It provides you with more opportunities to travel. 0165 (EX) 0136 You have decided to give several hours of your time each month to improve the community where you live. What is one thing you will do to improve your community? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice. Teaching those who did not have schooling or students who do not study well. 1. It gives an opportunity to those who want to learn. 2. It provides our community with high reputation through good educational situation. 0161 (EX) 0132 People remember special gifts or presents that they have received. Why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Presents have special meanings. 1. Gifts are given on special day. 2. Gifts are given with the love. Gift is given by no payments. People remember the person who gave the present. 0182 (AD) 0152 Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat their birds, cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. I do not think relationship with their pets is good. They tend to escape from relationships with other people. 1. They lose an opportunity to obtain the social skills with other persons. 2. They will lose the close relationship with family. They cannot get chance to talk about their own lives to talk about their pets. 0149 (MA) 0121 Imagine that you have received some land to use as you wish. How would you use this land? Use specific details to explain your answer. I will use it as a garden where I can plant many flowers and trees. 1. It relieves our stress. Gardening leads us to forget our worries and relives our stress. Fragrance, beautiful scenery, clean air, the air in the garden is fragrant 2. It provides children with educational materials about the nature. Children have an opportunity to plant a flower vegetable at the garden. They plow, cultivate, and fertilize the garden with manure. They will learn how difficult crops are cultivated. 0162 (AD) 0133 Some famous athletes and entertainers earn millions of dollars every year. Do you think these people deserve such high salaries? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Some famous athletes and entertainers earn millions of dollars every year. Do you think these people deserve such high salaries? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Every winter, there always are negotiations between players and owner of the pro-baseball game team. Some players receive millions of dollars. I believe these athletes and entertainers deserve such high salaries. They have short life span and superior talents should be appreciated. First, famous athletes and entertainer have short life span. Athleteâ€™s prime is from twenties to thirties, as everybody knows. It is short comparing with ordinary peopleâ€™s career span. For example, a basketball player usually begins his career after graduating university in Korea. Then, he has to quit his career when he becomes thirties in which his physical power gets weak. To play well in game athletes need physical power. Most popular entertainer also cannot maintain the popularity. For example, a singer has to prepare for one album at least for two or three years. Even though the singer becomes popular, Popularity does not continue so long because the song will be forgotten easily as one of thousands of songs. Thus, famous athletes and entertainer have to earn enough money to continue his rest life. Next, Famous athletes and entertainer have superior talents that cannot be matched. Todayâ€™s best athletes earned their fame through inherent abilities and continued development of the abilities. There were a lot of athletes to compete with. To be the best in this competition, one should not only make exertion, but also had inherent ability. In case of entertainer, they also invested many hours of practice and earned the fame as a result of such dedicated effort. As mentioned above, a singer should make an effort for many years for one album. However, every singer who exerts oneself does not earn the fame. To success, it is necessary to have gifted talents. Everyone cannot be famous athletes and entertainers. Every athletes and entertainers cannot earn millions of dollars per a year. The athletes and the entertainer who receive much money have reasons to deserve such salary. It is the reason that their career spans are short and their talents is distinguished ones. I believe these athletes and entertainers deserve such high salaries.
0095 (PR) 0068 Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the Moon and to other planets). Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money for our basic needs on Earth. Which of these two opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. I agree 1. Current generation face a lot of problems, which should be solved right away. 2. Money available is limited, so the prioritization is required. 3. For example: the disaster of Space Shuttle Challenger, several failures of satellite missions and a problematic Mars exploration 0018 (EX) 0018 What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important. 1. A good supervisor needs to know and focus on the core competencies of the people and the organization. First, a good supervisor should know the core competencies of both of the people and the organization. When they make a goal and objectives, they should get knowledge about the competencies of the organization and with this knowledge, they can set appropriate goals for their organization. 2. A good supervisor should set clear strategic goals and objectives for your organization. Every organization has more than one goal. Without this goal, the organization would be confused. Each member of organization has one’s own goal. This goal would conflict other goals of others. Coordination 1. A good boss should assess and give feedback on performance to your team members. Every one needs incentive for working. Human can be loose without feedback. From the assessment and feedback, people would like to work harder.
0123 (AD) 0096 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts. Use specific reasons and details to support your opinion. Reading fictions is a not only recommendable and but also funny habit. It is because the fictional books give us creativeness and enjoyment of reading. For this reasons, I disagree people should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts. First, fictional books provide us imagination and creativeness rather than information from real facts. There are a lot of fictions such as science fiction, mystery, and romantic novel. Through this fiction, we found our dreams and have tried to come true the dreams. There are many examples that science fiction influenced children and encouraged the children to realize the dream or imagination. For instance, a child was impressed by a lot of science fictions about creature from outer space, and he imagined that human would get along with the creature from outer space. Then, he made a movie about the extraterrestrial (E.T). He is Steven Spielberg. Like this, fiction helps people, especially children, get the imagination and creativeness. Next, fictional books provide us enjoyment of reading. Reading mysteries, romances, and science fiction give us enjoyment when we want to rest and relieve stress. Fictions tell to us about the unfeasible story, but plausible one. That is, the event of the story cannot happen in the earth, but it seems to be able to happen in the world because it is conceivable and reasonable. To this reasonable story, the fun is added in the fictional books. Therefore, when we read the fictions, you get absorbed in the books due to the plausible and funny story. Because of the interesting story, you can stop reading the fictions. Thus, you can forget the worries and troubles, and be relaxed. For this reason, we want to read the fictions for enjoyment, instead of nonfictions during our leisure time. A fiction is the product of imagination and creativeness. The fiction always stimulates our creativeness to make our own dream and come true the dream. The fiction also absorbs us in the story, so we can be relaxed and relieve our stress. Thanks to fictions, we can enjoy our free time. Therefore, I disagree people should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts.
0024 (PR) 0025 A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. 0109 (PR) 0082 When people move to another country, some of them decide to follow the customs of the new country. Others prefer to keep their own customs. Compare these two choices. Which one do you prefer? Support your answer with specific details. When you move to another country, you will be confused by the difference of the country’s customs. You might believe you should follow the customs of the new country. There are advantages following its customs. On the other hand, there are advantages keeping your own customs. I prefer to follow the new country’s custom because it’s good opportunities to lessen trouble with your neighbor and to understand the country.
Initially, it is convenient to follow the customs of the new country. If you follow the customs, you might have few troubles with your neighbors. When you prepare your dinner as your country’s food, it smells around your home and the smell will reach your neighbors. Some neighbor may not dislike it, but someone may hate it because it is a strange to him or her. The food of your country might be a trouble with your new neighbors. If you follow the food custom of the country, this problem will not occur. Next, following customs of new country will be a good experience for you. When you eat new food, you can understand the country of the food because food explains the personality of people. When you eat Japanese food, you will realize Japanese delicate personality. Likewise, if you follow custom of the new country, you will get less trouble with your neighbor and more understanding new culture. On the other hand, keeping your custom has also advantages. You could reduce your stress from life’s changes. When you try to follow new customs, you will be stressed. New customs is uncomfortable for you because you are used to old customs. Besides, when you moved to new country, everything is new to you. If you should follow new custom even at home, you will be upset. You want to keep the old customs at least at home. Keeping your own customs is comfortable for you. Moreover, you will show your cultural identity to your neighbor by keeping customs. Your neighbor will get a chance to understanding another culture and country. For example, you can share your own foods to neighbors. It will be a good opportunity to understand and be friendly with neighbor. These examples show that following new customs and keeping your own customs have both advantages and disadvantages. I prefer to follow the custom of the new country. It is because it will provide me with a lot of good opportunities of understanding another country and I want to have less trouble with my neighbors. 0173 (AD) 0143 It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship. Do you agree? Why or why not? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your answer. I agree. 1. Money is so sensitive that the relationship of lender and borrower might damage the friendship. 2. If borrower cannot return money, the friendship is likely to be damaged. 0142 (MA) 0114 A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can contribute to a child's development. What gift would you give to help a child develop? Why? Use reasons and specific examples to support your choice. In my childhood one of the most preferable gift I wanted to be given was a dog. I really wanted to get a dog. If I had gotten a dog in childhood, I would have realized the importance of living things and learned about the responsibility. If I have an opportunity to give children educative gift, I will give them a pet. First, a pet might be good chance for children to respect animal’s life. When they live with a pet, they like the pet very much. Sometimes they see their pet is sick. They would be worry about its sickness. They would sympathize with them. Even some children become sick. They would realize that animal also has pains like themselves. Thus, they will realize that all living thing feels the same pain as theirs and the animals’ life is as important as theirs. They should think they must respect all living thing including endangered animals. Likewise, raising animals encourages children to love not only their animal, but also other animals. In addition, raising a pet enables them to learn about responsibility. When a dog comes to home first, it has to learn to be housebroken. Occasionally housebreaking and feeding the dog can be a responsibility of children. In most cases, they are pleased to be responsible for feeding and housebreaking the dog. It is because it is the first time to take a responsibility. By doing well, they are rewarded by parents’ applaud. Then, they like to do their task and learn to take a responsibility. Otherwise, if the children do not take charge of training and feeding, the result will come out with evidence immediately. Likewise, taking charge of their pet is a good lesson for children to learn about responsibility. Giving a pet to children is to present a remembrance not to forget. The remembrance of sympathizing with their pet encourages them to love living things. Next, the remembrance of training and feeding the pet enables them to learn about the responsibility. Thus I will give children the precious gift of their life, a pet. 0158 (AD) 0129 When famous people such as actors, athletes and rock stars give their opinions, many people listen. Do you think we should pay attention to these opinions? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. I disagree. 1. Celebrity’s idea also just one idea that should be regarded as one of general person. I believe that everyone is entitled to have an opinion and is different from other’s opinions. 2. Famous people have different situation from the publics because they are rich and get too much attention. They are likely to have deviant point of view.
0115 (PR) 0088 Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very carefully. Others choose not to make any plans at all for their free time. Compare the benefits of planning free-time activities with the benefits of not making plans. Which do you prefer ―planning or not planning for your leisure time? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice. 1. To plan activities for their free time very carefully: It makes me use my time more effectively. I can develop my skill of time management. 2. Not to make any plans at all for their free time: Making any plans can be a burden to me. Making plans and following the schedule reduce the pleasure of my leisure time. You can do the pleasant thing whenever you want. I can feel more freedom, which I try to seek from leisure time. I am able to manipulate schedule and be less hurried. If one tightly set several appointments and there is a delay, the rest of appointments will be delayed as well. 0134 (AD) 0107 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should be required to help with household tasks as soon as they are able to do so. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. I agree 1. It helps them to learn to be responsible. They feel sense of significance (by helping, realize family belonging). If they have responsibility, they feel selfconfident. 0129 (PR) 0102 A university plans to develop a new research center in your country. Some people want a center for business research. Other people want a center for research in agriculture (farming). Which of these two kinds of research centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons in your recommendation. I want a center for research in agriculture. 1. It needs to improve food products. The earth’s population grows steadily. People need a new method to yield crops in larger quantity and various crops. 2. The environment is not agriculturally friendly. The earth is so deprived of nutrients that it’s difficult to get crops to flourish. It is necessary to improve soil quality and cut down on disease. 0008 (AD) 0008 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Agree 1. It deprives family of their time to talk each other. Today, we watch TV too much time, so we cannot have spare time to talk our family. Each of family has TV program to watch. If one of the family watch TV just for 2 hours one day, 4 members of family watch TV 8 hours. There is no time except the evening to talk to each other. However, in that evening they spend their precious time on watching TV. 2. Even though child has some problem to talk to parents, parents are likely to ignore child’s needs because of watching TV. TV attracts our attention from family member to itself. We will not give our attention to other family members. In addition, it deprives shared topics to concentrate on their own favorite program. It becomes more difficult to have conversation with other family members because we do not have shared topics. We just say to others what we need. 3. Everyone of family wants to watch the TV program that he or she likes to watch. Their interest is confined to entertainer or hot issue on TV. 0170 (EX) 0140 Groups or organizations are an important part of some people's lives. Why are groups or organizations important to people? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. Human cannot live alone. Human can live from love, support, and helps from others. People can get much information that they need to live from other members of group. I believe groups or organizations are essential to people because people are social. People can have much information from other members of group. During life, we must have a variety of information such as how to make money, how to make a good relationship, and how to be happy. We get this information primarily from our family group. The group has given almost all the important information. We can learn what to obey, how to get along with other family members and how to get love from others. A psychological experiment showed us the importance of group as a resource of information. The experiment demonstrated human could choose his behavior through comparing with other people’s behaviors. Only with information from others, people can choose their behavior. Consequently, people can get important information from members of group they are included. People can get love, support, and help from group. People cannot live without love from others. People without love feel alone and this loneliness can lead people to death. For example, there is the solitary confinement in prison. It is regarded as the harshest punishment to prisoner because loneliness can bring the prisoner to be crazy. Since people belong to various groups from family to group in work, and be loved and supported by them, they can live their life
happy. For example, there are many cases that disappointed parents in layoff cheer up by the support form family in Korea. Every one belongs to group since one’s birth. The group always gives people a lot of information and besides, love, support, and helps. With this love and information, human can grow up as a human. Thus, I think I cannot overemphasize the importance of the group. 0167 (MA) 0137 Your school has enough money to purchase either computers for students or books for the library. Which should your school choose to buy computers or books? Use specific reasons and examples to support your recommendation. 1. Books are the most important teacher for students. 2. The value of books increases as times go on. 0185 (MA) 0155 You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business. Which would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your choice. I would choose to buy a house. 1. I can be stable. It can be refuge. 2. Family is my priority. 0128 (PR) 0101 Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of every school day. Other people believe that students should spend the whole school day on academic studies. Which opinion do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. I agree that physical exercise should be a required part of every school day. 1. In school, the growth of body should be promoted as well as mind. Education should help the students to be good members of the society. To be good members, they should develop both their mind and body. To grow body as well as mind is necessary for growing students. It is natural that students should have physical exercise everyday for the body. 2. It will keep students healthy. It will give energy to children and allow them to be more active. They enjoy the exercise in school. Besides for present, in the future, they will be healthy. 0005 (PR) 0005 A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position. 1. advantage It will employ people of the community. The economy of the community will be improved because more people come to neighbor. Road and electricity will be reconstructed. 2. disadvantage Traffic congestion Pollution from the factory Conclusion : I disagree with building a factory because of the pollution. The most important thing is health of our community. 0155 (EX) 0126 Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. What is one kind of plant that is important to you or the people in your country? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice. Ginseng 1. It has been a medicine to improve in health for a long time. 2. It can be used in various applications such as tea, drinks, and so on. We earn money by exporting it. 0021 (EX) 0021 In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. Topic 106 A person’s childhood years (the time from birth to twelve years of age) are the most important years of a person’s life. I agree 1. During this period, their personality was formed. Learning social skill, role model. Most mental faculty is developed during this period. Language learning. You need to travel from your home to a place 40 miles (64 kilometers) away. Compare the different kinds of transportation you could use. Tell which method of travel you would choose. Give specific reasons for your choice.
Distance of 40miles is neither too short nor too long. This fact leads to the possibilities of car, bus, or train. For me, choosing method of travel depends on economy and convenience. Physical exercise should be a required part of every school day. I agree that physical exercise should be a required part of every school day. 3. In school, the growth of body should be promoted as well as mind. Education should help the students to be good members of the society. To be good members, they should develop both their mind and body. To grow body as well as mind is necessary for growing students. It is natural that students should have physical exercise everyday for the body. 4. It will keep students healthy. It will give energy to children and allow them to be more active. They enjoy the exercise in school. Besides for present, in the future, they will be healthy. Reading fiction is more enjoyable than watching movies. I disagree 1. The movie has more spectacles. 2. You can watch the movie with your family or friend. It increases your enjoyment.