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CONTENTS of Structure Drills Auxiliary Verbs № 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Structure Drills Short answ e r s Yes, I was. Short answ e r s I can but To, can't. Negativ e additions to neg a tiv e stat e m e n t s Neith er could Tom. Affirma tiv e additions to affirm a tiv e stat e m e n t s So is Bill. Affirma tiv e additions to neg a tiv e stat e m e n t s But his fath er did. Negativ e additions to affirm a tiv e stat e m e n t s But Peter does n' t. Short res po n s e s to affirm a tiv e stat e m e n t s Was it? Short res po n s e s to neg a tiv e stat e m e n t s Were n' t you? Affirma tiv e + i n t e r r o g a tiv e resp o n s e s You did, did you? Negativ e + n e g a t i v e interro g a tiv e res po n s e s You don' t, don't you? (a) Ques tion tags – interro g a tiv e tags after neg a tiv e stat e m e n t s You didn' t see him, did you? (b) Ques tion tags – neg a tiv e interro g a tiv e tags after affirma tiv e stat e m e n t s You can go out whe n e v e r you like, can't you? Ques tion tags You won' t be late, will you? Ques tion s tags with a rising inton a tio n You like Peter, don' t you? can and can't hav e +o bj e c t + p a s t participle I hav e the windo w s clean e d . hav e +o bj e c t + p a s t participle Did she hav e the windo w repaired? had to I miss e d the last bus and had to walk ho m e . didn' t hav e to We didn' t hav e to ask per mis sio n. had bett er + infinitive withou t to You'd bett er tell him toda y. be +infinitive I'm to go with Jack to m orrow. be +infinitive I was to phon e him at 6.00 be + p e rf e c t infinitive We were to hav e borrow e d a car. ma y/ m i g h t + p e rf e c t infinitive She ma y hav e take n it. ma y/ m i g h t be working and ma y/ m i g h t hav e bee n working He ma y be working for Jones. should hav e don e shouldn' t hav e don e Should I? + perfec t infinitive Should I hav e follow e d him? shouldn' t be doing and should hav e don e should/s h o uld n' t + continu o s infinitive, pres e n t and perfec t m us t hav e don e (ded u c tio n) Peter m us t hav e left it ope n. couldn' t + p e rf e c t infinitive (neg a tiv e dedu c tion) Tom couldn' t hav e brok e n it. couldn' t hav e don e

Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33


2 33 34 35

nee d n' t hav e don e/co uld hav e don e nee d n' t hav e don e/co uld hav e don e Couldn' t you hav e don e? or Shouldn' t you hav e don e?

34 35 36

Tenses 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69

Simple pres e n t Simple pres e n t Simple pres e n t Simple pres e n t I read The Tim e s . Tom reads the Expres s. Simple pres e n t How muc h does your broth er earn? Simple pres e n t , neg a tiv e He does n' t usually mak e mista k e s ! Two pres e n t tens e s , interrog a tiv e neg a tiv e Does n' t his sister spen d the winter s in the Baha m a s ? Isn't she going on a cruise? Two pres e n t tens e s He usually sm o k e s Turkish cigarett e s but toda y he is s m o kin g French cigaret t e s . Two pres e n t tens e s contr a s t e d Two pres e n t tens e s contr a s t e d Pres e n t and pas t continu o u s Pres e n t and pas t continu o u s Pres e n t simple and continu o u s , pas t continuo u s Negativ e of the simple pres e n t , pres e n t continu o u s and simple pas t Pres e n t and pas t continu o u s with alway s He's alway s interrup tin g! Past continu o u s with alway s contr a s t e d with simple pas t Past simple and continuo u s Simple pas t pronu n cia tion -ed /Id / Simple pas t pronu n cia tion -ed /t / Simple pas t pronu n cia tion -ed /d / Simple pas t pronu n cia tion mixed Simple pas t irregular verbs Simple pas t irregular verbs Simple pas t interro g a tiv e Simple pas t neg a tiv e interro g a tiv e I thou g h t you + pas t tens e I thou g h t you + pas t tens e I didn't know + pas t tens e Pres e n t perfec t with only just Pres e n t perfec t interro g a tiv e contr a s t e d with pres e n t perfect continu o u s Pres e n t perfec t neg a tiv e I hav e n' t writte n to him for ages Pres e n t perfec t continu o u s interrog a tiv e Past perfec t with just Whe n I arrived he' d just told her. Past perfec t continuo u s He'd be e n following her for so m e tim e.

Future forms

37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70


3 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82

Present continuous will contrasted with present continuous will used at moment of decision I'm afraid I forgot but I'll wash it tomorrow. going to going to negative Future tense I suppose he'll bring them Future continuous Future continuous interrogative Future continuous negative will + continuous infinitive will + perfect infinitive Future perfect Future perfect continuous

71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83

Conditional sentences 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94

Type 1 and time clauses If I see him, I'll tell him as soon as he comes in. Type 1 If he refuses please let me know. Type 1 with unless Unless he starts today he'll be too late. Type 2 I'd put you up if I could but I can't. Type 2 If I lived near my work, I'd always be in time too. Type 2 using the continuous infinitive If I were on holiday, Id be sitting on the bench too. Type 3 If you'd told me to I'd have paid him of course. Type 3 interrogative Would you have gone if he had asked you? Type 3 If you'd felt well, you'd have gone with him, would you? I wish + past tense/If only + past tense. I wish + past tense/If only + past tense I wish + past perfect and If only + past perfect

84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95

Requests and expressions of preference using conditionals 95 96 97 98 99 100

Would you/could you shut the door? If you'd join the queue/Would you like to join the queue? Would you mind + gerund Would you mind if/Would it be all right if? Expressions of preference would rather/would prefer to I would rather you + past tense/I would prefer you + infinitive

96 97 98 99 100 101

like, hate, want, wish, prefer etc., mainly wit gerund or infinitive 10 1 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5

like/like d + geru n d

102

like/like d + geru n d, wouldn' t like/wo uld n' t care/wo uld hate + infinitive like/dislike/h a t e / d o n ' t mind/d o n' t care for/enjo y + geru n d

103

prefer ... to/like ... bett er than + geru n d

105

what about? + geru n d, would rather + infinitive without to , would prefer + infinitive

106

104


4 10 6 10 7 10 8 10 9 11 0 11 1 11 2

would prefer + object + infinitive, would rather + subject + pas t tens e would like/wa n t + object + infinitive

107

would like + perfec t infinitive, want e d + pres e n t infinitive

109

does n' t/did n' t want + object + infinitive

110

wish + infinitive

111

wish + subject + would, or wish + subject + pas t tens e

112

wish + subject + pas t perfec t tens e

113

108

Verbs + gerunds 11 3 11 4 11 5 11 6 11 7 11 8 11 9 12 0 12 1 12 2 12 3 12 4 12 5 12 6 12 7 12 8 12 9

ad mit/d e n y / b e sus p e c t e d of/be accus e d f/be charge d with

114

avoid

115

enjoy

116

fancy/i m a gin e

117

hav e + object + -ing (pres e n t participle)

118

couldn' t help

119

kee p

120

mean

121

would you mind

122

mind/o bj e c t to + him/his, won' t hav e + him + -ing (pres e n t participle) prev e n t + object + (from )

123

rem e m b e r geru n d, see/ h e ar + object + -ing

125

rem e m b e r + him/his etc.

126

stop

127

stop + object + gerun d

128

sugg e s t

129

sugg e s t

130

124


5 13 0 13 1 13 2

sugg e s t + the m / t h eir

131

try

132

want/n e e d

133

Gerunds after prepositions and certain expressions 13 3 13 4 13 5 13 6 13 7 13 8 13 9 14 0 14 1 14 2 14 3 14 4 14 5 14 6

be afraid of/risk

134

be inter e s t e d in

135

be/g e t used to

136

feel like

137

for (punis h so m e o n e for/apologis e for/ge t into trouble for)

138

hav e difficulty (in)

139

hav e difficulty in + geru n d , find it eas y + infinitive

140

it's no use/g o o d, it's no use/go o d m e/ m y

141

insist on, insist on m e/ m y

142

in spite of

143

look forward to

144

ma k e a point of

145

ther e' s no point in, what' s the point of

146

succe e d in + geru n d, man a g e + infinitive

147

Infinitive without to, or present participle (-ing) 14 7 14 8 14 9 15 0 15 1 15

hear + object + -ing

148

hear + object + -ing

149

hear + object + -ing , or hear + object + infinitive without to

150

see + object + -ing

151

see + object + ing , or see + object + infinitive withou t to

152

see/ h e ar + object + -ing , or see/ h e ar + object + infinitive

153


6 2 15 3 15 4

withou t to see/ h e ar + object + -ing

154

spe n d + time + ing

155

Infinitive without to 15 had bett er + infinitive withou t to , it's tim e + subject + p a s t 5 tens e 15 let + object + infinitive without to 6 15 let + object + infinitive without to 7 15 let + object + infinitive without to 8 15 ma k e + object + infinitive without to 9 16 ma k e + object + infinitive without to, be mad e + infinitive 0 withou t to Verbs + (full) infinitive

156

16 1 16 2 16 3 16 4 16 5 16 6 16 7 16 8 16 9 17 0

happ e n + pr e s e n t and continuo u s infinitives

162

mean

163

occur + to + object + infinitive

164

offer

165

rem e m b e r /f or g e t

166

see m

167

see m + continu o u s infinitive

168

see m / a p p e a r /is said/is supp o s e + perfec t infinitive

169

subject + used

170

subject + used

171

157 158 159 160 161

Infinitive constructions 17 1 17 2 17 3

be afraid

172

be + horrified/glad/s ur pris e d/ a m a z e d /r elie v e d etc.

173

it is/was + adjective + of + object + infinitive

174


7 17 4 17 5 17 6 17 7

what a/an + adjectiv e + noun + infinitive

175

too + adjectiv e + infinitive, adjectiv e + enou g h + infinitive

176

too + adjectiv e + infinitive, adjectiv e + enou g h + infinitive

177

too + adjectiv e + infinitive, adjectiv e + enou g h + infinitive

178

Purpose 17 8 17 9 18 0 18 1 18 2 18 3

Purpos e expr e s s e d by the infinitive

179

so as not + infinitive

180

Purpos e claus e s and prev e n t + object + geru n d

181

Purpos e claus e s : so that + subject + would

182

in cas e

183

migh t + perfec t infinitive, shouldn' t + perfect infinitive, migh t/ s h o ul d n' t + perfec t infinitive

184

Passive 18 4 18 5 18 6 18 7 18 8 18 9 19 0 19 1

Simple pres e n t , simple pas t, pres e n t perfec t and should

185

Pres e n t continu o u s and pas t continuo u s

186

Pres e n t perfec t and pas t perfect

187

ma y/ m i g h t + perfec t infinitive

188

m us t + phra s al verbs

189

should + pres e n t and perfect infinitives

190

use d to + infinitive

191

will hav e/ w o uld hav e + pres e n t infinitive

192

Reported/Indirect speech 19 2 19 3 19 4

Stat e m e n t s report e d by he says or he said

193

sugg e s t + geru n d

194

Ques tion s

195


8 19 5 19 6 19 7 19 8 19 9 20 0

Ques tion s

196

want + object + infinitive

197

advis e/ w ar n + object + infinitive

198

Requ e s t s report e d by ask/wa n t + object + infinitive

199

Com m a n d s report e d by tell/warn/w a n t +o bj e c t + i nfinitive, or say + subject + be + infinitive Com m a n d s report e d by say + subject + be + infinitive

200 201


CONTENTS  

32 couldn't have done 33 33 needn't have done/could have done 34 34 needn't have done/could have done 35 35 Couldn't you have done? or Shoul...

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