is critical to the manufacture of DEF that meets the quality standard. Use of substandard urea (such as agricultural-grade urea commonly used as fertilizer) or use of untreated public tap water poses serious potential problems. They can introduce contaminants and metals that not only are detrimental to the life of the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system, but can also affect the SCR system’s ability to reduce harmful NOx emissions. Fleet managers responsible for procuring DEF should confirm that their suppliers are providing DEF that meets the ISO quality standard. One way to do this is to ensure that their supplier is providing a Certificate of Analysis with every shipment which addresses all of the quality characteristics that the specification requires. Fleets and drivers can check to see if the DEF they are buying is licensed through API’s real-time directory of licensees on the API website (https://dieselexhaust.api. org/Directory/DefSearch).
For tow businesses, the handling, storage and dispensing of DEF is very important to prevent off-spec DEF from getting into their diesel trucks. Temperature during transport or at the point of storage or sale can harm the shelf life of DEF sold in containers. Also, make sure the stock is rotated to use the oldest product first. Proper storage temperatures are also vital. Storing in temperatures above 86 degrees Fahrenheit will limit the shelf life of the DEF over time. On the other hand, room temperatures or lower will prolong the usable life of DEF (note accompanying chart). But cold weather can create some issues as described in the sidebar. Some additional things to
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AmericanTowman.com | January 2022 • Midwest 55