Page 1

ISSUE N0 3

Act Naturally Physiognomy In Portraiture


Act Naturally—An atlas of portraits Nº 1 Concept, Research, Design and Art Direction © The Word Room All photography, Illustrations and Text © The Word Room For distribution enquiries, please contact info@thewordroom.com www.thewordroom.com Act Naturally © 2018 The Word Room. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval devices or systems without prior written permission from the publisher. ISBN 000-000-00-0000-0 February 2018


ISSUE N0 3

Act Naturally Physiognomy In Portraiture

[3]


[4]


J physiognomy in portraiture

physiognomy —A person’s facial features or expression, especially when regarded as indicative of character.

[5]


“A spoken language is a body, a living creature, whose physiognomy is verbal and whose visceral functions are linguistic. And this creature’s home is the inarticulate as well as the articulate.” —John Berger, novelist


TABLE OF CONTENTS

[8]


INTRODUCTION DEVELOPING AN AREA OF INTEREST —what is act naturally? DEFINING A FIELD OF STUDY —Objectives —Object lessons —Experiments —Procedures EXPERIMENT A EXPERIMENT B

[9]


[10]

INTRODUCTION


ISSUE NO. 3

ACT NATURALLY —PHYSIOGNOMY IN PORTRAITURE is the 3rd issue of a bi-annual journal that visually interprets oxymoronic ideas. In this issue, we adopted portraits to help aid the interpretation of the oxymoron—Act Naturally. OXYMORON Is defined as a figure of speech in which apparently contradicting terms appear in conjunction. The resolution of this figure is based upon the incorporation of the structure of both input spaces and their accommodation in a specific context of situation.

[11]


[12]

DEVELOPING AN AREA OF INTEREST


WHAT IS ACT NATURALLY? Act Naturally can be defined as the spur of the moment reaction during an unexpected event. Where one is required to adapt to the new vibe or tone of the environment. SENTENCE EXAMPLE “Now, Tom, remember to act natural in front of the examiner* and do not be nervous!”

*The particular tone of the environment

[13]


[14]

DEFINING A FIELD OF STUDY


OBJECTIVE Focusing on investigations towards conditions that relay the oxymoron in our everyday, The word room carried out social experiments that seek to visually interpret the oxymoron —Act Naturally. For this issue, we look into the physiognomy in portraiture, facial expressions that carry so much rawness and truth in them. OBJECT LESSONS The outcome of the social experiments seek to provoke thinking about oxymoron & showcase how oxymorons make us think.

[15]


HYPOT

“If Act Naturally r the face of Act Natu that holds a comp

[16]


THESIS:

reveals a reaction, urally would be one mposed exposure.�

[17]


[18]

PUTTING IT TO THE TEST


EXPERIMENT(S) The experiments that took place adopted a standardised technique, with guidelines that were taken into consideration prior to the experiment which sets a certain boundary for an objective experiment to take place. The portraits reveal every surface detail of their subjects. At the same time, the portraits refuse to disclose anything beyond these superficial elements, concealing as much as they reveal. PROCEDURE GUIDELINE(S) i Camera should be mounted on tripod at all times ii Pose against a white background iii Shoot under natural light

EXPERIMENT [A] Not bound by parameters EXPERIMENT [B] Bound by parameters

[19]


How would these portraits relay the oxymoronic idea of Act Naturally?

[20]


[21]


STATEMENT OF ENQUIRY

How Would One React When Asked To “Act Naturally?”

[22]


TEST INSTRUCTIONS

Please “Act Naturally”.

The following covers the various analysis the oxymoron has had on the subject throughout experiment A.

[23]


EXPERIMENT [A]

THE PROCESSE(S)

[24]


EXPERIMENT [A]

The same instruction was given to all the subjects but expressed differently from person to person. The next few case studies showcases the various processes that are similar but yet subtly different in how the subjects comprehend the oxymoron.

[25]


EXPERIMENT [A]

CASE STUDY [1]

fig 1.1 PROCESSING STATE fig 1.0

— Eyes shift away from camera

NEUTRAL STATE

— A smirk can be observed

— Subject appears to be at ease

fig 1.3

Notice how the subject appears to be in puzzlement, uncertain of what to make out of Act Naturally.

fig 1.2 A STIFF SMILE

SUBSEQUENTLY,

[26]


EXPERIMENT [A] fig 1.0 — Prior to the instruction fig 1.1 — Processing Oxymoron fig 1.2 — Attempts the “Act” fig 1.3 — Result of the “Act” fig 1.4 — After the “Act” fig 1.5 — Face of “Act Naturally” fig 1.6 — After Acting Naturally fig 1.7- 1.8 — Final Portrait

fig 1.5

fig 1.6 NATURAL FACE —Subject drops the act, reveals a sincere smile

fig 1.4 THE COMPOSED FACE —Subject possesses a resolute disposition fig 1.7

[27]


EXPERIMENT [A]

CASE STUDY [2]

fig 2.1 CONTROLLED SMILE — As compared to fig 1.0, subject hides her true expression in with her tight lips sealed

fig 2.0 NEUTRAL STATE — Subject shines a wide smile prior to instruction

[28]


EXPERIMENT [A]

fig 1.0 — Prior to the instruction fig 1.1 — Attempts the “Act” fig 1.2 — Result of the “Act” fig 1.3 — Natural Face fig 1.4 — Face of “Act Naturally”

fig 2.2 FLUSTERED — This reaction to the instruction suggest the subject is unsure of what to make out of the instruction

fig 2.3 THE LAUGH — An outburst of expression reveals the natural side of the subject.

fig 2.4 RIGID — Final interpretation of “Act Naturally” interpreted with an Austere output

[29]


EXPERIMENT [A]

CASE STUDY [3]

fig 3.0 NEUTRAL STATE Subject portrays a light & sincere smile

fig 3.1 AWKWARD STATE Subject portrays a light & sincere smile

fig 3.2 PERPLEX

[30]


EXPERIMENT [A]

fig 1.0 — Prior to the instruction fig 1.1 —Attempts the “Act” fig 1.2 — Result of the Act fig 1.3 — Processes the Oxymoron fig 1.4 — Face of “Act Naturally”

fig 3.3 DELIBERATING Ponders about the face of Acting Naturally

fig 3.4 STIFF EXPRESSION Subject tries to pull a composed face

[31]


EXPERIMENT [A]

OBSERVATION(S)

[32]


EXPERIMENT [A]

Observations were made in the analytical process of the experiment. What would the faces reveal?

[33]


EXPERIMENT [A]

OBSERVATION 1

[34]


EXPERIMENT [A]

[35]


EXPERIMENT [A]

SHIFTY EYES WHAT DO OUR EYES SUGGEST? Along the process of the experiment, various subject(s) across had shifty eyes in all directions.

fig 4.0

Shifty eyes have been thought to be a sign of disinterest or that the person is lying, but new evidence suggests the involuntary movement occurs when we try and access our long term memory.

fig 4.1

[36]


EXPERIMENT [A]

New research has shown that shifty eyes actually suggests that people are thinking hard. The shifty eyes the subject(s) reflected actually supports the claim as the shifty eyes can be observed at the point right after the instruction was given, indicative of a thinking process, understanding the oxymoron.

fig 4.2

fig 4.4

fig 4.3

[37]


OBSERVATION 2

[38]


[39]


EXPERIMENT [A]

HAND GESTURE(S)

Across the various participants, it is noted that there were repeated instances where subjects had their hand raised to the face level.

fig 5.0 THE CHOKE

fig 5.1 THE FLUSTERED

[40]


EXPERIMENT [A]

The action of the hand gestures seem to have an element of concealment.

fig 5.2 THE DEMURE

fig 5.3 THE APPRENSIVE

What would the subject(s) be feeling?

[41]


EXPERIMENT [A]

OBSERVATION 3

[42]


EXPERIMENT [A]

[43]


EXPERIMENT [A]

BODY POSTURE A slouch was observed as well in the process of the experiment. A slouch is defined to be an awkward, drooping posture, suggestive that the subject(s) might have felt awkward at one point of time during the experiment.

20ยบ

fig 6.0

fig 6.1

[44]


EXPERIMENT [A]

20ยบ

fig 6.2

fig 6.3

[45]


EXPERIMENT [A]

FIND

Subject(s) show of expression movement that a

[46]


EXPERIMENT [A]

DINGS

wed an outburst ns, fidgets and are spontanious.

[47]


EXPERIMENT [A]

THE OUTCOME

[48]


EXPERIMENT [A]

What would the ultimate face of “Act Naturally” be? The findings opened up new perspectives to interpreting this two-word oxymoron.

[49]


EXPERIMENT [A]

OUTCOME 1

[50]


EXPERIMENT [A]

In the construct of an oxymoron, the first word often composes the higher level state and as such, it sets the frame as the primary state. In practice, one would first access the primary state, and then texture it with the secondary state. Resulting with an outcome that places more emphasis on the “Act�. This is the common outcome. ACT > NATURALLY

[51]


EXPERIMENT [A]

OUTCOME 2


EXPERIMENT [A]

In the less typical scenario, Results have showed that there were instances where the secondary state held the higher level state as well. NATURALLY > ACT


EXPERIMENT [A]

OUTCOME [1] Where the “Act” has a higher precidence than the “Naturally”

The face reveals an expression, one that is

DELIBERATE CONTROLLED & FORCED Subjects portrays a pokerface, vacant eyes, devoid of emotion

[54]


EXPERIMENT [A]

OUTCOME [2] Where the “Naturally” has a higher precidence than the “Act”

The face reveals an expression, one that is

INSTINCTIVE HABITUAL & GENUINE Subjects portrays a light-hearted smile, an innate expression from within

[55]


EXPERIMENT [A]

CONCL

A natural response seemingly beco

[58]


EXPERIMENT [A]

LUSION

e to “Act Naturally” omes unnatural.

[59]


[60]


[61]


[62]


STATEMENT OF ENQUIRY

HOW WOULD ONE ACT NATURALLY WHEN IN AN UNEXPECTED EVENT/ENVIRONMENT?

[63]


SET PARAMETERS

FIXED SCENARIO: A PORTRAIT FOR A PASSPORT

*The passport photograph is a key element of the passport as a mean of identification. Every individual would have had the experience of applying for a passport or renewing a passport photo. The familiarity of the process was the deciding factor for this chosen scenario.

[64]


TEST INSTRUCTIONS

“Imagine you are about to have your passport photo taken.”

[65]


According to the Immigration & Checkpoints Authority of Singapore (ICA), 1. A new photograph must be submitted when applying for a new passport. 2. Photograph must meet ICA’s requirements. Failure to meet these requirements can result in a delay of application or result in its rejection. 3. Photograph must not be altered or enhanced in any way. This includes the modification of facial features and/or the usage of photo editing software.

[66]


REQUIREMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Taken within the last 3 months Clear and in focus 35mm wide by 45mm high, no borders In colour taken against a plain white background without shadows Avoid white headgear and plain white clothing (headgear worn in accordance with religious or racial customs is acceptable but must not hide any facial features) Full face with the upper shoulders visible, facing forward with eyes open Hair must not cover the eyebrows or the eyes Even exposure (must not be taken under direct lighting) Spectacle frames must not cover part of the eyes Spectacle lenses must not reflect or glare.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS 1. 2. 3.

JPEG image format 400 by 514 pixels image size No more than 150 kilobytes file size.

[67]


TO P HO I O D STU

“1..., 2..., 3!”

Acquire portrait at a photo studio

[68]


Machine Capture

[69]


Crieteria for photo

[70]


A common process we all experience but very much unspoken of. The participants share some of their personal opinion on the experience of acquiring a portrait for a passport and the process of the experiment.

[71]


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.0

[72]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“The whole process of renewing a passport is very troublesome... I usually just want to get it over and done with.” Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[73]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.1

[74]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“I always make sure my face comes out well”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[75]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

“The face on my passport is my default face”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[76]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.2

[77]


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.3

[78]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“Never liked how my passport photos always turn out”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[79]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.4

[80]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“Oh, pokerface first came to my mind.”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[81]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.5

[82]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“I don’t like how the criteria of a passport photo often rips of the personality of the person.” Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[83]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

“Always wondered if I doing it right?”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[84]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.6

[85]


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.7

[86]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“I naturally pulled a straight face.”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[87]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.8

[88]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“I just go into a resting bitch face mode ”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[89]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

“I can’t help crack up everytime!!!”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[90]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.9

[91]


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.10

[92]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“They always turn my passport photo into a mugshot”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[93]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.11

[94]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“Very, veryyy Awkwarddd ”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[95]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

“I’m actually quite shy before the camera, but I felt ok during the experiment, maybe because I went through it before.” Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[96]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.12

[97]


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.13

[98]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“I feel shy...”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[99]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.14

[100]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“I just smile as per usual.”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[101]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

fig. 7.15

[102]


EXPERIMENT [B]

“My immediate response was to put on a front”

Subject

Age

Gender

Race

[103]

/16


EXPERIMENT [B]

FIND

Majority of t intuitively go

[104]


EXPERIMENT [B]

DINGS

the subject(s) ot into a pose

[105]


EXPERIMENT [B]

CONCL

An unnatural becomes

[106]


EXPERIMENT [B]

LUSION

Act seemingly s natural

[107]


What does oxymoron entail in its existence?

[108]


Aside the contradicting element of an oxymoron, it never fails to surprise, showing contrasting sides of things. In the case of Act Naturally, whether the oxymoronic idea were revealed through our faces, or the faces revealed the oxymoron in our everyday experiences in life.

[109]


[110]


Every face tells a story, what does yours have to say?

[111]


THE WORD ROOM is a semi-serious independent research lab that focuses on the etymology of Oxymoron(s), dedicated to understanding the speculative contradicting combination of words; Words that engage, excites and expresses our thoughts, feelings and information amongst people, object and circumstances.


[113]


BRIEF AGENDA:

A RECORD ON PORTRAITS

BACKGROUND ON PORTRAITS CHRONOLOGY OF PORTRAITS MODERN PURPOSE OF PORTRAITS

HOSPITAL RECORD BIRTH CERTIFICATE PASSPORT EZLINKCARD FORMS: SCHOOL ENROLLMENT FORM JOB ENROLLMENT FORM RESUME STUDENT PASS(EZLINK) DRIVING LICENCE STAFF CARD CREDIT CARD

[114]


WHAT IS A PORTRAIT? A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at the photographer, in order to most successfully engage the subject with the viewer.

[115]


HISTORY PORTRAIT PAINTING Most early representations that are clearly intended to show an individual are of rulers, and tend to follow idealizing artistic conventions, rather than the individual features of the subject’s body, though when there is no other evidence as to the ruler’s appearance the degree of idealization can be hard to assess.

[116]


[117]


[118]


[119]


[120]


[121]

Act naturally book  
Act naturally book  
Advertisement