THE CRITERION COLLECTION'S CINEMA - Appendix

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THE CRITERION COLLECTION’S CINEMA Appendix

DORIAN PIRONNEAU


PRESENTATION OF OUR SEMIOTIC POOLS OUR SEMIOTIC STRATAS MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS SURVEY RESULTS SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS

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03 04 06 28 50 56

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PRESENTATION OF OUR SEMIOTIC POOLS Our goal is to analyse the Criterion Collection’s vision of cinema through the poster made for its releases. As a basis for our semiotic analysis, we have gathered a main pool made of 85 posters designed by various artists for the Criterion Collection, carefully selected by its art director Eric Skillman. These posters are used as DVD covers. Their main particularity is to always be different from the original posters made at the time of the films’ first theater releases. Though its website and various other communication medias reflect Criterion’s vision of cinema, the company’s posters are its most iconic visual asset. Indeed, after interrogating fans of the Criterion Collection through a survey, it was made clear that the posters were a significant part of the company’s success, combined of course with the generous content found on every DVD. In other words, Criterion offers quality content in a quality packaging. The results of this survey can be found in these appendices.

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During the constitution of this main pool, it seemed fair to put aside director boxsets. These objects are their own mini-collections. It made sense to focus on individual films instead, in order to create a more diverse pool. As Criterion’s visual identity has been reworked in 2006 by Pentagram and Paula Scher, we have chosen to analyse posters made from that point onward. This subtle and minimalist yet invariable visual identity will be analysed as well. Our secondary pool gathers the 85 posters of the same films, made for their original theatrical release by each film’s production company or distributor, from its country of origin. The goal is to compare these two pools in order to analyse their similarities and differences as well as their own way to address their audience.

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OUR SEMIOTIC STRATAS In order to begin our analysis, we have made semiotic stratification charts in order for aesthetic trends and semiotic formulas to appear using our two pools of posters.

With the Scenic strata, we tried to study the environment, the setting presented by the posters and more specifically if it established a context for the action or not.

Theses stratifications can be sorted into several categories: Scenic and Iconic stratas, Chromatic Stratas, Linguistic & Typographic Stratas.

We categorized posters with contextualized and uncontextualized environments. In the contextualized environments, we noted the presence or not of a character. In the uncontextualized environments, we distinguished three kinds of flat backgrounds : colored, white and black. During this process, we set apart environments made through photomontages, as they give out context clues in their own way.

In the first two categories, we paid attention to things relevant to the image and the setting. We observed if the poster uses an image taken from the film or not, if the poster is in color or shades of gray and what pictural technique is being used. For this last question, we have decided to limit the answer to 5 main techniques : Photography, photomontage, Drawing, Collage, Painting. Then, our attention turned towards the presence or absence of protagonists from the film. In cas one or several protagonists are present, we have questioned its technique or representation : photographic or drawing. Then we looked at the framing used, identifying three categories :

The chromatic strata is simpler. It helps us quantify the use of certain colors. We have broken down the chromatic spectre in the following way : Yellow/Orange/Marron/Red/ Pink & Purple/Blue/Green As for the shades of grey, we only decided on three categories : White/Grey/Black

Full-body framing, Half-body framing, face close-up

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Then, we separated the Textual Strata into two sub-stratas : The Linguistic Strata, in order to study the content of the textual elements present on the posters. 6 types could be observed : The date of the film, the name of the Criterion Collection, the title of the fim, the name of its director, the names of the actors and quotes from the film. The Typographic Strata focuses on how the textual elements are presented. We first focused on whether or not the title treatment was the same on the Criterion Poster as it is on the original poster.

Finally, we looked at where the title could usually be found. We broke down the Criterion poster into 9 parts, 3 vertical thirds, 3 horizontal thirds : • • • • • • • • •

t op left top center top right center left center center center right bottom left bottom center bottom right

Then, we classified which kind of typeface was used, using the following categories and sub-categories :

CENTRE

DROITE

CENTRE BAS

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GAUCHE

HAUT

•S erif (Typeface with serifs. Ex: Times New Roman) • Sans Serif (Typeface without serifs. Ex: Helvetica) • Mechanistic (Typefaces with rectangular serifs. Ex: Clarendon.) • Monospace (Typefaces where every character has the same width. Ex: Roboto Mono) • Manuscript (Handwritten) : • Pencil • Brush • Pen • Other • Blackletter (Manuscript characters that appeared in Europe during the XIIth century. Nowadays, as Roman characters are the norm in the west, these are mostly used in an ornamental manner for their expressivity. Ex: Textualis) • Decorative/Fantasy (Any character that has been enriched or featuring unusual elements. In the case of our posters, it is used to refer mostly to custom lettering made for the poster.)

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45 Years (2015) Andrew Haigh

The 400 Blows (1959) Franรงois Truffaut

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8 1/2 (1963) Federico Fellini

All That Heaven Allows (1955) Douglas Sirk

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


Amarcord (1973) Federico Fellini

Andrei Rublev (1966) Andrei Tarkovsky

A Night To Remember (1958) Roy Ward Baker

Antichrist (2009) Lars Von Trier

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

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BAAL (1970) Volker Schlöndorff

La Belle et la Bête (1946) Jean Cocteau

Being John Malkovich (1999) Spike Jonze

Blind Chance (1981) Krzysztof Kieślowski

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MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


Brand Upon The Brain! (2006) Guy Maddin

Brief Encounter (1945) David Lean

Carnival of Souls (1962) Herk Harvey

Cléo from 5 to 7 (1961) Agnés Varda

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

9


Dead Man (1995) Jim Jarmusch

Death in Venice (1971) Luchino Visconti

Diabolique (1954) Henri-Georges Clouzot

My Dinner with André (1981) Louis Malle

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MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


Do The Right Thing (1989) Spike Lee

The Earrings of Madame de... (1953) Max Ophuls

Fox and his Friends (1975) Rainer Werner Fassbinder

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self-Portrait (1974) Barbet Schroeder

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

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Germanzy Year Zero (1948) Roberto Rossellini

Grey Gardens (1976) David Maysles

Heart of a Dog (2015) Laurie Anderson

Hearts and Minds (1974) Peter Davis

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MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


The Hidden Fortress (1958) Akira Kurosawa

High and Low (1963) Akira Kurosawa

House (1977) Nobuhiko Obayashi

Ikiru (1952) Akira Kurosawa

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

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Il Generale Della Rovere (1959) Roberto Rossellini

Intentions of Murder (1964) Shohei Imamura

In The Realm of the Senses (1976) Nagisa Ōshima

Ivan’s Childhood (1962) Andrei Tarkovsky

14

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


Kicking and Screaming (1995) Noah Baumbach

Kuroneko (1958) Kaneto Shindo

Lord of the Flies (1963) Peter Brook

Master of the House (1925) Carl Theodor Dreyer

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

15


M (1931) Fritz Lang

Moonrise (1946) Frank Borzage

My Life as a Dog (1985) Lasse Hallstrรถm

The Naked Kiss (1964) Samuel Fuller

16

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


Naked Lunch (1991) David Cronenberg

Notorious (1946) Alfred Hitchcock

Persona (1966) Ingmar Bergman

Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975) Peter Weir

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

17


Rashomon (1950) Akira Kurosawa

Rebecca (1940) Alfred Hitchcock

Red River (1948) Howard Hawks

Richard III (1955) Laurence Olivier

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MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


The Royal Lenenbaum (2001) Wes Anderson

The Rules of the Game (1939) Jean Renoir

Rushmore (1998) Wes Anderson

Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom (1976) Paolo Pasolini

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

19


Sansho, the Bailiff (1954) Kenji Mizoguchi

Seven Samurai (1954) Akira Kurosawa

The Seventh Seal (1957) Ingmar Bergman

Shame (1968) Ingmar Bergman

20

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


Shock Corridor (1963) Samuel Fuller

Sid & Nancy (1986) Alex Cox

Stagecoach (1939) John Ford

Stalker (1979) Andrei Tarkovsky

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

21


Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday (1953) Jacques Tati

Mon Oncle (1958) Jacques Tati

Playtime (1967) Jacques Tati

The American Friend (1977) Wim Wenders

22

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez (1982) Robert M. Young

The Color of the Pomegranates (1969) Sergei Parajanov

The Honeymoon Killers (1969) Leonard Kastle

The Insect Woman (1963) Shohei Imamura

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

23


The Last Metro (1980) Franรงois Truffaut

The Last Picture Show (1971) Peter Bogdanovich

The Long Day Closes (1992) Terence Davies

The Magic Flute (1975) Ingmar Bergman

24

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


The Music Room (1958) Satyajit Ray

The Princess Bride (1987) Rob Reiner

The Story of the LastChrysanthemum (1939) Kenji Mizoguchi

The Third Man (1949) Carol Reed

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

25


The Wages Of Fear (1953) Henri-Georges Clouzot

Things to Come (1936) William Cameron Menzies

Tokyo Drifter (1966) Seijun Suzuki

Walkabout (1971) Nicolas Roeg

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MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS


Wings of Desire (1987) Wim Wenders

MAIN POOL : CRITERION POSTERS

27


45 Years (2015) Andrew Haigh

The 400 Blows (1959) Franรงois Truffaut

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8 1/2 (1963) Federico Fellini

All That Heaven Allows (1955) Douglas Sirk

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


Amarcord (1973) Federico Fellini

Andrei Rublev (1966) Andrei Tarkovsky

A Night To Remember (1958) Roy Ward Baker

Antichrist (2009) Lars Von Trier

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

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BAAL (1970) Volker Schlöndorff

La Belle et la Bête (1946) Jean Cocteau

Being John Malkovich (1999) Spike Jonze

Blind Chance (1981) Krzysztof Kieślowski

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SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


Brand Upon The Brain! (2006) Guy Maddin

Brief Encounter (1945) David Lean

Carnival of Souls (1962) Herk Harvey

Cléo from 5 to 7 (1961) Agnés Varda

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

31


Dead Man (1995) Jim Jarmusch

Death in Venice (1971) Luchino Visconti

Diabolique (1954) Henri-Georges Clouzot

My Dinner with André (1981) Louis Malle

32

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


Do The Right Thing (1989) Spike Lee

The Earrings of Madame de... (1953) Max Ophuls

Fox and his Friends (1975) Rainer Werner Fassbinder

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self-Portrait (1974) Barbet Schroeder

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

33


Germanzy Year Zero (1948) Roberto Rossellini

Grey Gardens (1976) David Maysles

Heart of a Dog (2015) Laurie Anderson

Hearts and Minds (1974) Peter Davis

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SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


The Hidden Fortress (1958) Akira Kurosawa

High and Low (1963) Akira Kurosawa

House (1977) Nobuhiko Obayashi

Ikiru (1952) Akira Kurosawa

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

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Il Generale Della Rovere (1959) Roberto Rossellini

Intentions of Murder (1964) Shohei Imamura

In The Realm of the Senses (1976) Nagisa Ōshima

Ivan’s Childhood (1962) Andrei Tarkovsky

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SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


Kicking and Screaming (1995) Noah Baumbach

Kuroneko (1958) Kaneto Shindo

Lord of the Flies (1963) Peter Brook

Master of the House (1925) Carl Theodor Dreyer

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

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M (1931) Fritz Lang

Moonrise (1946) Frank Borzage

My Life as a Dog (1985) Lasse Hallstrรถm

The Naked Kiss (1964) Samuel Fuller

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SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


Naked Lunch (1991) David Cronenberg

Notorious (1946) Alfred Hitchcock

Persona (1966) Ingmar Bergman

Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975) Peter Weir

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

39


Rashomon (1950) Akira Kurosawa

Rebecca (1940) Alfred Hitchcock

Red River (1948) Howard Hawks

Richard III (1955) Laurence Olivier

40

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


The Royal Lenenbaum (2001) Wes Anderson

The Rules of the Game (1939) Jean Renoir

Rushmore (1998) Wes Anderson

Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom (1976) Paolo Pasolini

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

41


Sansho, the Bailiff (1954) Kenji Mizoguchi

Seven Samurai (1954) Akira Kurosawa

The Seventh Seal (1957) Ingmar Bergman

Shame (1968) Ingmar Bergman

42

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


Shock Corridor (1963) Samuel Fuller

Sid & Nancy (1986) Alex Cox

Stagecoach (1939) John Ford

Stalker (1979) Andrei Tarkovsky

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

43


Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday (1953) Jacques Tati

Mon Oncle (1958) Jacques Tati

Playtime (1967) Jacques Tati

The American Friend (1977) Wim Wenders

44

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez (1982) Robert M. Young

The Color of the Pomegranates (1969) Sergei Parajanov

The Honeymoon Killers (1969) Leonard Kastle

The Insect Woman (1963) Shohei Imamura

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

45


The Last Metro (1980) Franรงois Truffaut

The Last Picture Show (1971) Peter Bogdanovich

The Long Day Closes (1992) Terence Davies

The Magic Flute (1975) Ingmar Bergman

46

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


The Music Room (1958) Satyajit Ray

The Princess Bride (1987) Rob Reiner

The Story of the LastChrysanthemum (1939) Kenji Mizoguchi

The Third Man (1949) Carol Reed

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

47


The Wages Of Fear (1953) Henri-Georges Clouzot

Things to Come (1936) William Cameron Menzies

Tokyo Drifter (1966) Seijun Suzuki

Walkabout (1971) Nicolas Roeg

48

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS


Wings of Desire (1987) Wim Wenders

SECONDARY POOL : ORIGINAL POSTERS

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As I started working on this analysis, I thought it would be interesting to conduct a small survey for Criterion fans, in order to know more about what they like about the company and it’s vision of cinema. Here are the answers I collected.

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SURVEY RESULTS


SURVEY RESULTS

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52

SURVEY RESULTS


SURVEY RESULTS

53


54

SURVEY RESULTS


SURVEY RESULTS

55


1920’s

1930’s

Master of the house - 1925

1940’s

1950’s Rashomon - 1950

M - 1931

Rebecca - 1940

Things to Come 1936

Brief Encounter - 1945

Ikiru - 1952

Stagecoach - 1939

Moonrise - 1945

The Earrings of Madame De... - 1953

Beauty & the Beast - 1946

Monsieur Hulot’s Holidays - 1953

Notorious - 1946

The Wages of Fear - 1953

Germany Year Zero - 1948

Sansho The Baliff - 1954

Rules of the game 1939 The story of the last chrysanthemum 1939

Red River - 1948

Seven Samurai - 1954

The third man - 1949

All that heaven allows - 1955 Diabolique - 1955 Richard 3 - 1955 Seventh Seal - 1957 Mon Oncle - 1958 A Night to Remember - 1958 400 blows - 1959 Hidden Fortress - 1958 the music room- 1958 Il Generale della rovere - 1959

1 -> 1%

5 -> 6%

8 -> 9%

17 -> 20%

1960’s

1970’s

1980’s

1990’s

2000’s

2010’s

Carnival of Souls 1962

Baal - 1970

the last metro - 1980

Lord of the flies -1963

Royal Tenembaums - 2001

45 years 2015

Blindchance 1981

Naked Lunch - 1991

Heart of a dog - 2015

My Dinner With André - 1981

The Long Day Closes - 1992

brand upon the brain 2006

Ivan’s Childhood 1962 Cléo de 5 à 7 - 1962 8 1/2 - 1963 Shock Corridor - 1963 Lord of the flies -1963 High and Low - 1963 The Insect Woman - 1963 Intentions of murder - 1964 Naked Kiss -1964 Andrei Rublev - 1966 Persona - 1966 Tokyo Drifter - 1966

Death in Venice - 1971 The last picture show - 1971 Walkabout - 1971 Amarcord - 1973 Hearts and Minds - 1974

The ballad of Gregorio Cortez - 1982

Picnic at Hanging-Rock - 1975

My life as a dog - 1985

Fox and his friends 1975

Sid & Nancy 1986

Salo - 1975

The Princess Bride - 1987

General Ini Amin - 1974

the magic flute - 1975 Grey Gardens - 1976 In the real of the senses - 1976

Playtime - 1967

House - 1977

Kuroneko - 1968

The American Friend - 1977

Shame - 1968 the Color of the Pomegranates - 1969

Wings of Desire - 1987

Antichrist 2009

Deadman 1995 Kicking and screaming 1995 Being John Malkovich 1999 Rushmore 1998

Do the right thing - 1989

Stalker - 1979

The Honeymoon Killers - 1969

18 -> 21%

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16-> 19%

9/85 -> 10%

6/85 -> 7%

3/85 ->3%

2/85 2%

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


TYPOGRAPHY

SERIF

SANS SERIF

MECHANISTIC

MONO

MANUSCRIPT PENCIL

BRUSH

45 Years - Haigh 8½ Fellini

X

X X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

Amacord - Fellini

X

X X

X

X

A Night To Remember Baker Antichrist - Von Trier

X X

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X X

Beauty and the Beast - Cocteau

X

Being John Malkovich Jonze

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

Brand Upon the Brain - Maddin

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X X X X

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

Dead Man Jarmusch Death in Venice Visconti

X X

X

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

My Dinner With André - Malle

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

The Earrings of Madame de... Ophuls Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

OTHER

DECO

X

The 400 Blows Truffaut

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

PEN

BLACK LETTER

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

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TYPOGRAPHY

SERIF

SANS SERIF

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait Schroeder

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini

X

Grey Gardens Maysles

X

MECHANISTIC

MONO

MANUSCRIPT PENCIL

Heart of a Dog Anderson

BRUSH

X

Hidden Fortress - Kurosawa

X

High and Low Kurosawa

X

X

HOUSE Obayashi

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

Il Generale Della Rovere Rossellini

X

Intentions Of Murder Imamura

X

In The Realm Of The Senses Oshima

X

Ivan’s Childhood - Tarkovsky

X

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach

X

X X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X X

Moonrise - Borzage

X X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

The Naked Lunch - Cronenberg

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X

X

Lord of the Flies - Brook

M - Lang

OTHER

DECO

X

Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

Kuroneko Shindo

PEN

BLACK LETTER

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


TYPOGRAPHY

SERIF

SANS SERIF

Notorious - Hitchcock

X

Persona - Bergman

X

MECHANISTIC

MANUSCRIPT PENCIL

BRUSH

PEN

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X X

X

Red River Hawks

X

Richard 3 Olivier

X

The Royal Tenenbaums Anderson

X X

X

X

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

SALO - Pasolini Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X X

Seven Samurai Kurosawa

X

Seventh Seal Bergman

X

Shame - Bergman

X

X

Shock Corridor Fuller Sid & Nancy - Cox

X X

Stagecoach Ford

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

The American Friend - Wenders

X

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez Young

X

The Color of the Pomegranates Parajanov

DECO

X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

The Rules of the Game - Renoir

OTHER

BLACK LETTER

X

Playtime - Tati

Rebecca - Hitchcock

MONO

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

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TYPOGRAPHY

SERIF

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle

SANS SERIF

MECHANISTIC

MONO

MANUSCRIPT PENCIL

BRUSH

PEN

OTHER

BLACK LETTER

X

The Insect Woman - Imamura

X

The Last Metro Truffaut

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich The Long Day Closes - Davies

DECO

X

X

X

The Magic Flute - Bergman

X

The Music Room - Ray

X

The Princess Bride

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X

The Third Man - Reed

X

The Wages of Fear - Clouzot

X

Things to Come Menzies

X

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

X

Walkabout Roeg

X

X

Wings of Desire Wenders Results

X 18

37

3

0

7

14

6

7

0

16

7

8

0

19

34 %

21

43

3,5

0

8

16 40

60

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


PLACEMENT OF THE FILM’S TITLE

TOP LEFT

MIDDLE

CENTER RIGHT

L

M

BOTTOM R

45 Years - Haigh 8½ Fellini The 400 Blows - Truffaut

R

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

Amacord - Fellini

X

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

X

X

X

X

A Night To Remember - Baker

X X

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X X

Beauty and the Beast - Cocteau Being John Malkovich - Jonze

M

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

Antichrist - Von Trier

L

X X

X

X

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

Brand Upon the Brain - Maddin

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda Dead Man Jarmusch

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Death in Venice - Visconti Diabolique - Clouzot

X

X

X

My Dinner With André - Malle

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

The Earrings of Madame de... - Ophuls

X

Fox and his friends - Fassbinder General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder Germany Year Zero - Rossellini

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

Grey Gardens - Maysles

X

X

X

Heart of a Dog - Anderson

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

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PLACEMENT OF THE FILM’S TITLE Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

TOP

CENTER

LEFT

MIDDLE

RIGHT

X

X

X

X

X

X

L

M

BOTTOM R

Hidden Fortress - Kurosawa High and Low - Kurosawa HOUSE - Obayashi Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

X

L

M

R

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

X

Intentions Of Murder - Imamura In The Realm Of The Senses - Oshima

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Ivan’s Childhood - Tarkovsky

X

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach

X

X

X

Kuroneko - Shindo Lord of the Flies - Brook

X

X

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

M - Lang Moonrise - Borzage

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

The Naked Lunch - Cronenberg Notorious - Hitchcock

X

Persona - Bergman Playtime - Tati

X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock Red River - Hawks

X

Richard 3 - Olivier X

The Rules of the Game - Renoir

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

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X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

The Royal Tenenbaums - Anderson

SALO - Pasolini

X

X X X

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


PLACEMENT OF THE FILM’S TITLE

TOP LEFT

MIDDLE

CENTER RIGHT

L

L

M

R

X

X

X

X

X

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

X

The American Friend - Wenders

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

M

BOTTOM R

X

Seven Samurai - Kurosawa

X

X

X

Seventh Seal - Bergman Shame - Bergman

X

X

X

Shock Corridor - Fuller Sid & Nancy - Cox Stagecoach - Ford

X X

X

X

X

X

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez - Young The Color of the Pomegranates - Parajanov

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

The Insect Woman - Imamura

X

The Last Metro - Truffaut

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

The Magic Flute - Bergman The Music Room - Ray

X

X

The Honeymoon Killers Kastle

The Long Day Closes - Davies

X

X

X

X

X X

The Princess Bride

X

X

X

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X

The Third Man - Reed

X X

Things to Come - Menzies

X X

X

X

Walkabout - Roeg

X

X

The Wages of Fear - Clouzot

Tokyo Drifter - Suzuki

X

X X

X

Wings of Desire - Wenders

X

X

X

Résultat

23

29

24

17

25

19

21

36

26

%

27

34

28

20

29

22

25

42

30

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

63


LINGUISTIC STRATA

PRESENCE OF THE DIRECTOR’S NAME YES

NO

PRESENCE OF ONE OR SEVERAL ACTOR’S NAMES YES

NO

45 Years - Haigh

x

8½ Fellini

x

x

The 400 Blows Truffaut

x

x

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

x

x

Amacord - Fellini

x

x

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

x

x

A Night To Remember Baker

x

x

Antichrist - Von Trier

x

x

BAAL - Schlöndordd

x

Beauty and the Beast - Cocteau

x

Being John Malkovich Jonze

x

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

x

x

Brand Upon the Brain - Maddin

x

x

Brief Encounter - David Lean

x

x

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

x

x

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

x

x

Dead Man Jarmusch

x

x

Death in Venice Visconti

x

x

Diabolique - Clouzot

x

x

My Dinner With André - Malle

x

x

Do The Right Thing - Lee

x

x

64

QUOTE FROM THE FILM

x

x x x

x

x

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


LINGUISTIC STRATA

PRESENCE OF THE DIRECTOR’S NAME YES

NO

PRESENCE OF ONE OR SEVERAL ACTOR’S NAMES YES

NO

The Earrings of Madame de... Ophuls

x

x

Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

x

x

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder

x

x

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini

x

x

Grey Gardens Maysles

x

Heart of a Dog Anderson

x

x

Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

x

x

Hidden Fortress Kurosawa

x

x

High and Low Kurosawa

x

x

HOUSE Obayashi

x

x

Ikiru - Kurosawa

x

x

Il Generale Della Rovere Rossellini

x

x

Intentions Of Murder - Imamura

x

x

In The Realm Of The Senses Oshima

x

x

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky

x

x

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach

x

x

Kuroneko Shindo

x

x

Lord of the Flies - Brook

x

x

Master of the House - Dreyer

x

x

M - Lang

x

x

Moonrise - Borzage

x

x

QUOTE FROM THE FILM

x

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

x

65


LINGUISTIC STRATA

PRESENCE OF THE DIRECTOR’S NAME YES

PRESENCE OF ONE OR SEVERAL ACTOR’S NAMES

NO

YES

NO

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

x

x

Mon Oncle - Tati

x

x

The Naked Lunch - Cronenberg

x

x

Notorious - Hitchcock

x

x

Persona - Bergman

x

x

Playtime - Tati

x

x

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

x

x

Rashomon - Kurosawa

x

x

Rebecca - Hitchcock

x

x

Red River Hawks

x

Richard 3 - Olivier

x

The Royal Tenenbaums Anderson The Rules of the Game - Renoir

x x x

x

Rushmore - Anderson

x

x x

x

SALO - Pasolini

x

x

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

x

x

Seven Samurai Kurosawa

x

x

Seventh Seal Bergman

x

x

Shame - Bergman

x

x

Shock Corridor Fuller

x

x

Sid & Nancy - Cox

x

x

Stagecoach Ford

x

x

Stalker Tarkovsky

x

x

The American Friend - Wenders

x

x

66

QUOTE FROM THE FILM

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


LINGUISTIC STRATA

PRESENCE OF THE DIRECTOR’S NAME YES

PRESENCE OF ONE OR SEVERAL ACTOR’S NAMES

NO

YES

NO

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez Young

x

The Color of the Pomegranates Parajanov

x

x

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle

x

x

The Insect Woman - Imamura

x

x

The Last Metro Truffaut

x

x

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

x

x

The Long Day Closes - Davies

x

x

The Magic Flute Bergman

x

x

The Music Room - Ray

x

x

The Princess Bride

QUOTE FROM THE FILM

x

x

x

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

x

x

The Third Man Reed

x

x

The Wages of Fear - Clouzot

x

x

Things to Come Menzies

x

x

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

x

x

Walkabout - Roeg

x

x

Wings of Desire Wenders

x

x

Résultat

82

3

7

78

4

%

96

4

8

92

5

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

67


TYPOGRAPHIC STRATA

TITLE TREATMENT ORIGINAL TITLE TREATMENT BEING KEPT

45 Years - Haigh 8½ Fellini

NEW TITLE TREATMENT X

X

The 400 Blows - Truffaut

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

Amacord - Fellini

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky A Night To Remember - Baker

X X

Antichrist - Von Trier

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X

Beauty and the Beast Cocteau

X

Being John Malkovich - Jonze

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

Brand Upon the Brain Maddin

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

Death in Venice - Visconti

X

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

My Dinner With André Malle

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

The Earrings of Madame de... - Ophuls

X

Fox and his friends Fassbinder

X

68

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


TYPOGRAPHIC STRATA

TITLE TREATMENT ORIGINAL TITLE TREATMENT BEING KEPT

NEW TITLE TREATMENT

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder

X

Germany Year Zero Rossellini

X

Grey Gardens - Maysles

X

Heart of a Dog - Anderson

X

Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

X

Hidden Fortress - Kurosawa

X

High and Low - Kurosawa

X

HOUSE - Obayashi

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

X

Intentions Of Murder Imamura

X

In The Realm Of The Senses - Oshima

X

Ivan’s Childhood - Tarkovsky

X

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach

X

Kuroneko - Shindo

X

Lord of the Flies - Brook

X

Master of the House Dreyer

X

M - Lang

X

Moonrise - Borzage

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

The Naked Lunch Cronenberg

X

Notorious - Hitchcock

X

Persona - Bergman

X

Playtime - Tati

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

69


TYPOGRAPHIC STRATA

TITLE TREATMENT ORIGINAL TITLE TREATMENT BEING KEPT

NEW TITLE TREATMENT

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

Red River - Hawks

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

X

The Royal Tenenbaums - Anderson

X

The Rules of the Game Renoir

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

SALO - Pasolini

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

Seven Samurai - Kurosawa

X

Seventh Seal - Bergman

X

Shame - Bergman

X

Shock Corridor - Fuller

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

Stagecoach - Ford

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

The American Friend Wenders

X

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez - Young

X

The Color of the Pomegranates - Parajanov

X

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle

X

The Insect Woman Imamura

X

The Last Metro - Truffaut

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

X

70

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


TYPOGRAPHIC STRATA

TITLE TREATMENT ORIGINAL TITLE TREATMENT BEING KEPT

NEW TITLE TREATMENT

The Long Day Closes Davies

X

The Magic Flute - Bergman

X

The Music Room - Ray The Princess Bride

X X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X

The Third Man - Reed

X

The Wages of Fear Clouzot

X

Things to Come - Menzies

X

Tokyo Drifter - Suzuki

X

Walkabout - Roeg

X

Wings of Desire - Wenders

X

Résultat

8

77

%

9

90

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

71


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

NO

45 Years Haigh

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

? X

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

X

X

X

X

The 400 Blows - Truffaut

X

X

X

X

X

Amacord Fellini

X

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

A Night To Remember Baker Antichrist - Von Trier

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd Beauty and the Beast Cocteau

X

Being John Malkovich Jonze

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski Brand Upon the Brain Maddin

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

Death in Venice - Visconti

72

X

X

X

PAINTING

X

X X

COLLAGE

X

X X

DRAWING

X

8½ Fellini

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

PHOTOMONTAGE

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

NO

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

?

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

PHOTOMONTAGE

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

X

My Dinner With André - Malle

X

X

X

X

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

The Earrings of Madame de... Ophuls Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

X

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini

X

Grey Gardens Maysles

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Heart of a Dog - Anderson

X X

X

Hidden Fortress - Kurosawa

X

X

High and Low Kurosawa

X

HOUSE Obayashi

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

Il Generale Della Rovere Rossellini

X

Intentions Of Murder Imamura

X

In The Realm Of The Senses - Oshima

X

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky

X

X

X

Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

PAINTING

X

X

X

COLLAGE

X

X

X

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait Schroeder

DRAWING

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

73


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach Kuroneko Shindo

NO X

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

?

PHOTOGRAPHY

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

DRAWING

COLLAGE

PAINTING X

X X

PHOTOMONTAGE

X

X

Lord of the Flies - Brook

TECHNIQUE

X

X

X X

X X

M - Lang Moonrise - Borzage

X

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

X

The Naked Lunch Cronenberg

X

X

Notorious - Hitchcock

X

Persona - Bergman

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa X

Red River Hawks

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

X X

X

X

X

Playtime - Tati

X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

Richard 3 Olivier

X

X

The Royal Tenenbaums Anderson

X

X

X

X

The Rules of the Game Renoir

X

X

X

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

X

X

X

SALO - Pasolini

74

X

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

NO

X

Seven Samurai - Kurosawa

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

? X

X

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

PHOTOMONTAGE

X

X

X

X

Shame - Bergman

X

X

X

Shock Corridor - Fuller

X

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

X

X X

Stagecoach Ford

X

X

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

X

X

The American Friend - Wenders

X

X

X

X

X

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle The Insect Woman - Imamura

X

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

X

The Long Day Closes - Davies

X X

The Music Room - Ray

X

The Princess Bride

X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

The Magic Flute - Bergman

X

X

X

The Last Metro - Truffaut

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

PAINTING

X

X

The Color of the Pomegranates - Parajanov

COLLAGE

X

Seventh Seal Bergman

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez - Young

DRAWING

X

X

X

X

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

X

X X

75


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

NO

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

?

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

PHOTOMONTAGE X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X

X

X

The Third Man - Reed

X

X

X

The Wages of Fear - Clouzot

X

X

X

Things to Come - Menzies

X

X

DRAWING

COLLAGE

X

PAINTING

X

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

X

X

X

X

Walkabout Roeg

X

X

X

X

Wings of Desire - Wenders

X

X

X

X

Résultat

43

40

2

50

35

39

24

18

5

22

%

50

47

2

58

42

45

28

21

6

25

76

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


REPRESENTATION OF CHARACTERS FROM THE FILM

IF PRESENT PHOTOGRAPHY

DRAWING OR PAINTING

FACE CLOSE-UP

NONPRESENT HALF BODY

FULL BODY

45 Years - Haigh

X

8½ Fellini

X

X

The 400 Blows - Truffaut

X

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

Amacord - Fellini

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

Antichrist - Von Trier

X X

X

A Night To Remember - Baker

X X

X

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X

X X

X

Beauty and the Beast Cocteau

X

X

Being John Malkovich - Jonze

X

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

Brand Upon the Brain Maddin

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

X X

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

X X X

Death in Venice - Visconti

X

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

My Dinner With André - Malle

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

The Earrings of Madame de... - Ophuls Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

X X

X

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

77


REPRESENTATION OF CHARACTERS FROM THE FILM General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder

IF PRESENT PHOTOGRAPHY

DRAWING OR PAINTING

X

FACE CLOSE-UP

NONPRESENT HALF BODY

FULL BODY

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini Grey Gardens - Maysles

X X

Heart of a Dog - Anderson

X X

X

Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

X

Hidden Fortress - Kurosawa High and Low - Kurosawa

X X

X X

HOUSE - Obayashi

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

X

Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

X

X

Intentions Of Murder Imamura

X

X

In The Realm Of The Senses - Oshima

X

X

Ivan’s Childhood - Tarkovsky

X

X

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach Kuroneko - Shindo

X X

Lord of the Flies - Brook

X X

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

M - Lang

X

X

Moonrise - Borzage

X

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

X X

The Naked Lunch - Cronenberg

X

Notorious - Hitchcock Persona - Bergman

78

X X

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


REPRESENTATION OF CHARACTERS FROM THE FILM

IF PRESENT PHOTOGRAPHY

Playtime - Tati Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

DRAWING OR PAINTING

FACE CLOSE-UP

NONPRESENT HALF BODY

X

FULL BODY X

X

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

X

Red River - Hawks

X

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

X

The Royal Tenenbaums - Anderson

X

X

The Rules of the Game Renoir

X

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

X

SALO - Pasolini

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

Seven Samurai - Kurosawa

X

Seventh Seal - Bergman

X

Shame - Bergman

X

X X

X X X

Shock Corridor - Fuller

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

Stagecoach - Ford

X

X

X

X

Stalker Tarkovsky The American Friend - Wenders

X X

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez - Young

X

X

X

X

The Color of the Pomegranates - Parajanov

X

The Honeymoon Killers Kastle

X

The Insect Woman - Imamura

X

The Last Metro - Truffaut

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

X X

79


REPRESENTATION OF CHARACTERS FROM THE FILM

IF PRESENT PHOTOGRAPHY

DRAWING OR PAINTING

FACE CLOSE-UP

NONPRESENT HALF BODY

FULL BODY

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich The Long Day Closes - Davies

X

X

The Magic Flute - Bergman

X X

X

The Music Room - Ray

X

The Princess Bride

X

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X

X

The Third Man - Reed

X

X

The Wages of Fear - Clouzot

X

Things to Come - Menzies

X

X

Tokyo Drifter - Suzuki

X

X

Walkabout - Roeg

X

X

Wings of Desire - Wenders

X

X

%

80

X

41

26

25

15

29

16

48

30

29

18

34

19

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


ENVIRONMENT

CONTEXTUALIZED WITH CHARACTER

45 Years - Haigh

WITHOUT CHARACTER

UNCONTEXTUALIZED

THROUGH PHOTOMONTAGE

FLAT COLOR

FLAT WHITE

FLAT GREY

X

8½ Fellini

X

The 400 Blows Truffaut

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

Amacord - Fellini

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

A Night To Remember - Baker

X

X

Antichrist - Von Trier

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X

Beauty and the Beast - Cocteau

X

Being John Malkovich - Jonze

X

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

Brand Upon the Brain - Maddin

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

X

X

Death in Venice Visconti Diabolique - Clouzot

X X

My Dinner With André - Malle Do The Right Thing - Lee

FLAT BLACK

X

X

X

The Earrings of Madame de... - Ophuls

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

X

81


ENVIRONMENT

CONTEXTUALIZED WITH CHARACTER

Fox and his friends Fassbinder

X

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder

X

Germany Year Zero Rossellini

WITHOUT CHARACTER

UNCONTEXTUALIZED

THROUGH PHOTOMONTAGE

FLAT WHITE

X

Heart of a Dog Anderson

X X

Hidden Fortress Kurosawa

X

High and Low - Kurosawa

X

HOUSE - Obayashi

X X

Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

X

Intentions Of Murder - Imamura

X

In The Realm Of The Senses - Oshima

X

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky

X

Kicking and Screaming - Baumbach

X X

Lord of the Flies Brook

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

M - Lang

X

Moonrise - Borzage

82

FLAT BLACK

X

Hearts and Minds Peter Davis

Kuroneko - Shindo

FLAT GREY

X

Grey Gardens Maysles

Ikiru - Kurosawa

FLAT COLOR

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


ENVIRONMENT

CONTEXTUALIZED WITH CHARACTER

The Naked Lunch Cronenberg

WITHOUT CHARACTER

UNCONTEXTUALIZED

THROUGH PHOTOMONTAGE

FLAT COLOR

FLAT WHITE

FLAT GREY

FLAT BLACK

X

Notorious - Hitchcock

X

Persona - Bergman

X

Playtime - Tati

X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

Red River - Hawks

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

X

The Royal Tenenbaums - Anderson

X

The Rules of the Game - Renoir

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

SALO - Pasolini

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

X

Seven Samurai Kurosawa

X

Seventh Seal Bergman

X

Shame - Bergman

X

Shock Corridor Fuller

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

X

Stagecoach - Ford Stalker Tarkovsky

X

The American Friend - Wenders

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

83


ENVIRONMENT

CONTEXTUALIZED WITH CHARACTER

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez - Young

WITHOUT CHARACTER

THROUGH PHOTOMONTAGE

FLAT COLOR

FLAT WHITE

FLAT GREY

FLAT BLACK

X

The Color of the Pomegranates Parajanov

X

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle

X

The Insect Woman Imamura

UNCONTEXTUALIZED

X

The Last Metro Truffaut

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

X

The Long Day Closes - Davies

X

The Magic Flute Bergman

X

The Music Room - Ray

X

The Princess Bride

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum Mizoguchi

X

The Third Man Reed

X

The Wages of Fear Clouzot

X

Things to Come Menzies

X

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

X

Walkabout - Roeg

X

X

Wings of Desire Wenders

X

66/85 & 19/85

53

9

10

8

4

3

4

80

14

15

42

21

16

21

x/66 & x/19 %

84

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


CHROMATIC STRATA

COLORS YELLOW

GOLD

ORANGE

BROWN

SHADES OF GREY

RED

ROSE PURPLE

BLUE

GREEN

WHITE

GREY

X

X

X

8½ Fellini

X

X

X

The 400 Blows Truffaut

X

X

X

45 Years - Haigh

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

Amacord - Fellini

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

X X

X X

X

X

X

A Night To Remember - Baker Antichrist - Von Trier BAAL - Schlöndordd

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X X

X

X X

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X X

X

Brand Upon the Brain - Maddin

X

X

Beauty and the Beast - Cocteau Being John Malkovich - Jonze

BLACK

X

X X

X X

X

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

X

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

X

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

X

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Death in Venice Visconti

X

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

My Dinner With André - Malle Do The Right Thing - Lee

X X

X X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

X

X

85


CHROMATIC STRATA

COLORS YELLOW

GOLD

The Earrings of Madame de... Ophuls Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

ORANGE

BROWN

X

X

X

SHADES OF GREY

RED

ROSE PURPLE

BLUE

GREEN

X

X

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder

X X

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini Grey Gardens Maysles

X

X

X

Heart of a Dog Anderson Hearts and Minds Peter Davis

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

HOUSE - Obayashi

X

X X

X

Intentions Of Murder - Imamura X

X

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky Kicking and Screaming - Baumbach

X

X

Kuroneko - Shindo X

X

X

X X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X

In The Realm Of The Senses Oshima

X

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

BLACK

X

High and Low Kurosawa

86

GREY

X

Hidden Fortress Kurosawa

Lord of the Flies Brook

WHITE

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

X

M - Lang

X

X

Moonrise - Borzage

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


CHROMATIC STRATA

COLORS YELLOW

GOLD

ORANGE

BROWN

SHADES OF GREY

RED

ROSE PURPLE

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

GREEN

WHITE

X

Mon Oncle - Tati The Naked Lunch Cronenberg

BLUE

X X

X

X

GREY

BLACK

X

X

X

X

X

Notorious - Hitchcock

X

X

X

Persona - Bergman

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Playtime - Tati

X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

X

Red River - Hawks

X

X

X

X

X

The Royal Tenenbaums Anderson

X

The Rules of the Game - Renoir

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

X

X

X

SALO - Pasolini

X

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

Seven Samurai Kurosawa

X

X

X

Seventh Seal Bergman

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Shame - Bergman Shock Corridor Fuller

X

X

X

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

X

X

X

Stagecoach - Ford

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

The American Friend - Wenders

X

X

X

X

X X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS

X

X

X X

X

X

87


CHROMATIC STRATA

COLORS YELLOW

GOLD

ORANGE

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez Young

BROWN

SHADES OF GREY

RED

ROSE PURPLE

BLUE

GREEN

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle

X

X

The Insect Woman Imamura

X

X

X

X

X

The Last Metro Truffaut

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

The Wages of Fear Clouzot Things to Come Menzies

X X

X

Walkabout - Roeg

X

X

X

X

Wings of Desire Wenders

88

X

X

The Third Man Reed

%

X

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

X

X

The Music Room - Ray X

X

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich The Long Day Closes - Davies

BLACK X

X

The Princess Bride

GREY

X

The Color of the Pomegranates Parajanov

The Magic Flute Bergman

WHITE

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

20

4

16

16

25

9

15

16

68

26

49

23

5

19

19

29

10,5

18

19

80

30,5

58

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : CRITERION POSTERS


TYPOGRAPHY

45 Years - Haigh

SERIF

SANS SERIF

MECHANISTIC

MONO

MANUSCRITE PENCIL

BRUSH

PEN

OTHER

X

The 400 Blows Truffaut

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

Amacord - Fellini

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

A Night To Remember - Baker

X

Antichrist - Von Trier

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X

Beauty and the Beast Cocteau

X

Being John Malkovich - Jonze

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

Brand Upon the Brain Maddin

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

Death in Venice Visconti Diabolique - Clouzot

DECO

X

8½ Fellini

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

BLACKLETTER

X X

My Dinner With André - Malle

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

The Earrings of Madame de... - Ophuls

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

X

89


TYPOGRAPHY

SERIF

SANS SERIF

Fox and his friends Fassbinder

X

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait Schroeder

X

MECHANISTIC

MONO

MANUSCRITE PENCIL

BRUSH

PEN

OTHER

Germany Year Zero Rossellini Grey Gardens - Maysles

X X

Hearts and Minds Peter Davis

X

Hidden Fortress Kurosawa

X

High and Low - Kurosawa

X

HOUSE - Obayashi

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

X

Intentions Of Murder Imamura

X

In The Realm Of The Senses - Oshima

Kicking and Screaming - Baumbach

X X X

Kuroneko - Shindo

X

Lord of the Flies Brook

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

M - Lang

X

Moonrise - Borzage

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

The Naked Lunch Cronenberg

X

Notorious - Hitchcock Persona - Bergman

90

DECO

X

Heart of a Dog - Anderson

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky

BLACKLETTER

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


TYPOGRAPHY

SERIF

SANS SERIF

Playtime - Tati

MECHANISTIC

MONO

MANUSCRITE PENCIL

BRUSH

PEN

DECO

X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa Rebecca - Hitchcock

OTHER

BLACKLETTER

X X

Red River - Hawks

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

X

The Royal Tenenbaums - Anderson

X

The Rules of the Game - Renoir

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

SALO - Pasolini

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

Seven Samurai - Kurosawa

X

Seventh Seal - Bergman Shame - Bergman

X X

Shock Corridor - Fuller Sid & Nancy - Cox

X X

Stagecoach - Ford

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

The American Friend Wenders

X

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez - Young

X

The Color of the Pomegranates - Parajanov The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle

X X

The Insect Woman Imamura The Last Metro Truffaut

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

X X

91


TYPOGRAPHY

SERIF

SANS SERIF

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

MECHANISTIC

MONO

MANUSCRITE PENCIL

BRUSH

OTHER

DECO

X

The Long Day Closes - Davies The Magic Flute Bergman

PEN

BLACKLETTER

X X

The Music Room - Ray

X

The Princess Bride

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum Mizoguchi

X

The Third Man - Reed

X

The Wages of Fear Clouzot

X

Things to Come Menzies

X

Tokyo Drifter - Suzuki Walkabout - Roeg

X X

Wings of Desire Wenders Résultat

X 7

24

2

0

0

17

5

0

6

0

1

23

1

27

22 %

0 8

92

28

2

0

20 26

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


PLACEMENT OF THE FILM’S TITLE

TOP LEFT

MIDDLE

CENTER RIGHT

L

M

BOTTOM R

45 Years - Haigh 8½ Fellini

X

L

M

R

X

X

X

X

The 400 Blows Truffaut

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

X

X

Amacord - Fellini

X X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

X

X

Beauty and the Beast - Cocteau

X

X

X

Being John Malkovich - Jonze

X

X

X

Death in Venice Visconti

X

X

X

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

X

X

X

X

X

A Night To Remember - Baker

X

Antichrist - Von Trier

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X

X

X

X

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

X

X

Brand Upon the Brain - Maddin

X

X

X

X

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

X

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

X

X

My Dinner With André - Malle Do The Right Thing - Lee

X X

X

The Earrings of Madame de... Ophuls

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

93


PLACEMENT OF THE FILM’S TITLE

TOP LEFT

MIDDLE

CENTER RIGHT

L

M

BOTTOM R

L

M

R

X

X

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini

X

X

X

Grey Gardens Maysles

X

X

X

Heart of a Dog Anderson

X

X

X

Hearts and Minds Peter Davis

X

X

X

X

Fox and his friends - Fassbinder General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder

X

Hidden Fortress Kurosawa

X

X

X

High and Low Kurosawa

X

X

X

HOUSE - Obayashi

X

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

X

Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

X

X

Intentions Of Murder - Imamura

X

X

X

X

In The Realm Of The Senses Oshima

X

X

X

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Kicking and Screaming - Baumbach

X

X

X

X

Kuroneko - Shindo

X

Lord of the Flies Brook

X

X

X X

X

X

Master of the House - Dreyer M - Lang

X

Moonrise - Borzage

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati Mon Oncle - Tati

94

X

X

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


PLACEMENT OF THE FILM’S TITLE

TOP LEFT

MIDDLE

CENTER RIGHT

L

M

BOTTOM R

L

M

R

The Naked Lunch Cronenberg

X

Notorious - Hitchcock

X

X

Persona - Bergman

X

X

X

Playtime - Tati

X

X

X

X

X

X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Shock Corridor Fuller

X

X

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

X

X

Red River - Hawks

X

X

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

X

X

X

The Royal Tenenbaums Anderson

X

X

X

The Rules of the Game - Renoir Rushmore - Anderson

X

X

X

SALO - Pasolini Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi Seven Samurai Kurosawa

X

X

X

Seventh Seal Bergman Shame - Bergman

X X

X

X

X

Stagecoach - Ford Stalker Tarkovsky

X

X X

X

X

X

X

The American Friend - Wenders The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez Young The Color of the Pomegranates Parajanov

X

X

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

X

95


PLACEMENT OF THE FILM’S TITLE

TOP LEFT

MIDDLE

CENTER RIGHT

L

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle

M

BOTTOM R

The Last Metro Truffaut

X

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

The Third Man Reed

X

X

X

Things to Come Menzies

X

X

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

X

The Wages of Fear Clouzot

X

X

The Princess Bride The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

R

X

The Magic Flute Bergman The Music Room - Ray

M

X

The Insect Woman Imamura

The Long Day Closes - Davies

L

X

X X X

Walkabout - Roeg

X

X

Wings of Desire Wenders

X

X

X

96

Résultat

17

15

18

24

24

24

41

42

37

%

20

18

21

28

28

28

48

49

43,5

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

NO

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

?

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

PHOTOMONTAGE

DRAWING

COLLAGE

PAINTING

45 Years Haigh

X

X

X

8½ Fellini

X

X

The 400 Blows - Truffaut

X

X

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

X

X

X

Amacord Fellini

X

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

X

X

X

X

A Night To Remember Baker

X

Antichrist - Von Trier

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X

X

X X

Beauty and the Beast Cocteau

X

X

Being John Malkovich Jonze

X

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

X

Brand Upon the Brain Maddin

X

X

X X

X

X X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

X

X

X

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

X

Death in Venice - Visconti

X

X

X

X

X

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

97


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

Diabolique - Clouzot My Dinner With André - Malle

NO X

X

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

?

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

X

X

X

X

The Earrings of Madame de... Ophuls

X

X

X

X

X

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait Schroeder

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Heart of a Dog - Anderson

X

X

X

X

X

X

PAINTING

X

Grey Gardens Maysles

Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

COLLAGE

X

X

X

DRAWING

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

PHOTOMONTAGE

X

Hidden Fortress - Kurosawa

X

X

X

High and Low Kurosawa

X

X

X

X

X

HOUSE Obayashi

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

X

Il Generale Della Rovere Rossellini

X

X

X

Intentions Of Murder Imamura

X

X

X

In The Realm Of The Senses - Oshima

X

X

98

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

NO

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky

X

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach

X

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

?

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

PHOTOMONTAGE

X

X

DRAWING

COLLAGE

PAINTING

X

X

Kuroneko Shindo

X

X

X

Lord of the Flies - Brook

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

X

M - Lang

X

X

X

X

X X

Moonrise - Borzage

X

X

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

X

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

The Naked Lunch Cronenberg

X

X

Notorious - Hitchcock

X

X

Persona - Bergman

X

X

Playtime - Tati

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

X

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X

X

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

X

X

Red River Hawks

X

X

X

Richard 3 Olivier

X

X

X

The Royal Tenenbaums Anderson

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

99


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

The Rules of the Game Renoir

NO X

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

?

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

PHOTOMONTAGE

DRAWING

X

COLLAGE

PAINTING X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

X

X

SALO - Pasolini

X

X

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

X

Seven Samurai - Kurosawa

X

X

Seventh Seal Bergman

X

X

X

Shame - Bergman

X

X

X

Shock Corridor - Fuller

X

X

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

X

X

X

X

Stagecoach Ford

X

X

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

X

X

The American Friend - Wenders

X

X

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez - Young

X

X

The Color of the Pomegranates - Parajanov

X

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle The Insect Woman - Imamura

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

X

100

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

The Last Metro - Truffaut

X

X

X

X X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


BACKGROUND

IMAGE FROM THE FILM YES

The Long Day Closes - Davies

NO X

COLOR

SHADES OF GREY

?

TECHNIQUE PHOTOGRAPHY

PHOTOMONTAGE

X

X X

DRAWING

The Magic Flute - Bergman

X

X

The Music Room - Ray

X

X

X X

COLLAGE

PAINTING

The Princess Bride

X

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X

X

The Third Man - Reed

X

X

X

The Wages of Fear - Clouzot

X

X

X

Things to Come - Menzies

X

X

X

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

X

X

Walkabout Roeg

X

X

Wings of Desire - Wenders

X

X

X

X

X

Résultat

43

42

69

16

26

18

10

1

28

%

51

49

81

19

30,5

21

12

1

33

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

101


PRESENCE OF CHARACTERS FROM THE FILM

PRESENT PHOTO

45 Years - Haigh

X

8½ Fellini

X

DRAWING OU PAINTING

FACE CLOSE-UP

NON PRESENT HALF-BODY X

X

The 400 Blows - Truffaut

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

Amacord - Fellini

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

A Night To Remember - Baker

X

X X X

X

X

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X

X

Being John Malkovich - Jonze

X

Brand Upon the Brain Maddin

X

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X X

X

X

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

X X

X

X X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

X

X

Death in Venice - Visconti

X

X

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

My Dinner With André - Malle

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

The Earrings of Madame de... - Ophuls Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

102

X X X

X X

X

X

Antichrist - Von Trier

Beauty and the Beast Cocteau

FULL-BODY

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


PRESENCE OF CHARACTERS FROM THE FILM

PRESENT PHOTO

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder

FACE CLOSE-UP

HALF-BODY

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini Grey Gardens - Maysles

DRAWING OU PAINTING

NON PRESENT FULL-BODY X

X

X

X

X X

Heart of a Dog - Anderson

X

Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

X

Hidden Fortress - Kurosawa

X

High and Low - Kurosawa

X

X

X

X

X

X

HOUSE - Obayashi Ikiru - Kurosawa

X X

Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Intentions Of Murder Imamura

X

X

In The Realm Of The Senses - Oshima

X

X

Ivan’s Childhood - Tarkovsky

X

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach

X

Kuroneko - Shindo

X

Lord of the Flies - Brook

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

M - Lang

X

Moonrise - Borzage

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

X

X

The Naked Lunch - Cronenberg

X X

X

X

X

X

Notorious - Hitchcock Persona - Bergman

X

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

103


PRESENCE OF CHARACTERS FROM THE FILM

PRESENT PHOTO

DRAWING OU PAINTING

FACE CLOSE-UP

NON PRESENT HALF-BODY

FULL-BODY

Playtime - Tati

X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X

X X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

Red River - Hawks

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

X

The Royal Tenenbaums - Anderson

X X X

X

X

The Rules of the Game Renoir

X X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

SALO - Pasolini

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

X X X

X

X

Seven Samurai - Kurosawa

X

X

Seventh Seal - Bergman

X

Shame - Bergman

X

X

Shock Corridor - Fuller

X

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

X

X

Stagecoach - Ford

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

X X

The American Friend - Wenders

X

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez - Young

X

X

The Color of the Pomegranates - Parajanov

X

X

The Honeymoon Killers Kastle

X

The Insect Woman - Imamura

X

The Last Metro - Truffaut

X

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

X

X

104

X

X X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


PRESENCE OF CHARACTERS FROM THE FILM

PRESENT PHOTO

DRAWING OU PAINTING

FACE CLOSE-UP

NON PRESENT HALF-BODY

The Long Day Closes - Davies

X

X

The Magic Flute - Bergman

X

X

The Music Room - Ray

X

The Princess Bride

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X X

The Wages of Fear - Clouzot

X

Things to Come - Menzies

X

Wings of Desire - Wenders

%

X X X

X

Walkabout - Roeg

X X

X

The Third Man - Reed

Tokyo Drifter - Suzuki

X

FULL-BODY

X

X X

X

X

X

44

36

29

39

31

3

55

45

36

49

36

3,5

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

105


ENVIRONMENT

CONTEXTUALIZED WITH CHARACTER

FLAT COLOR

FLAT WHITE

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk

X

X

Amacord - Fellini

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky

X

45 Years - Haigh

Antichrist - Von Trier

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X X

Being John Malkovich - Jonze

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

Brand Upon the Brain - Maddin

X

Brief Encounter - David Lean

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X X

Death in Venice Visconti

X

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

My Dinner With André - Malle

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

The Earrings of Madame de... Ophuls Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

106

FLAT BLACK

X

X

Dead Man Jarmusch

FLAT GREY

X

A Night To Remember - Baker

Beauty and the Beast - Cocteau

THROUGH PHOTOMONTAGE

X

8½ Fellini The 400 Blows Truffaut

WITHOUT CHARACTER

UNCONTEXTUALIZED

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


ENVIRONMENT

CONTEXTUALIZED WITH CHARACTER

WITHOUT CHARACTER

UNCONTEXTUALIZED

THROUGH PHOTOMONTAGE

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder X

Grey Gardens Maysles

X

Heart of a Dog Anderson

X

High and Low Kurosawa

X

HOUSE - Obayashi

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X X

Intentions Of Murder - Imamura

X

In The Realm Of The Senses Oshima

X

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky

X

Kicking and Screaming - Baumbach

X X

Lord of the Flies Brook

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

M - Lang

X

Moonrise - Borzage

X

Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati

X

Mon Oncle - Tati

Notorious - Hitchcock

FLAT BLACK

X

Hidden Fortress Kurosawa

The Naked Lunch Cronenberg

FLAT GREY

X

Hearts and Minds Peter Davis

Kuroneko - Shindo

FLAT WHITE

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini

Il Generale Della Rovere - Rossellini

FLAT COLOR

X X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

107


ENVIRONMENT

CONTEXTUALIZED WITH CHARACTER

Persona - Bergman

WITHOUT CHARACTER

UNCONTEXTUALIZED

THROUGH PHOTOMONTAGE

X X

Red River - Hawks

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

X

The Royal Tenenbaums Anderson

X

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

SALO - Pasolini

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

Seven Samurai Kurosawa

X

Seventh Seal Bergman

X

Shame - Bergman

X

Shock Corridor Fuller

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

Stagecoach - Ford

X

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

The American Friend - Wenders

X

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez Young

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle

108

FLAT BLACK

X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

The Color of the Pomegranates Parajanov

FLAT GREY

X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

The Rules of the Game - Renoir

FLAT WHITE

X

Playtime - Tati Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

FLAT COLOR

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


ENVIRONMENT

CONTEXTUALIZED WITH CHARACTER

The Insect Woman Imamura

WITHOUT CHARACTER

UNCONTEXTUALIZED

THROUGH PHOTOMONTAGE

FLAT COLOR

FLAT WHITE

FLAT GREY

FLAT BLACK

X

The Last Metro Truffaut

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

X

The Long Day Closes - Davies

X

The Magic Flute Bergman

X

The Music Room - Ray

X

The Princess Bride

X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X

The Third Man Reed

X

The Wages of Fear Clouzot

X

Things to Come Menzies

X

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

X

Walkabout - Roeg

X

Wings of Desire Wenders

X

63/85 & 22/85

46

1

15

17

2

0

3

%

73

1,5

18

77

9

0

14

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

109


CHROMATIC STRATA

COLORS YELLOW

GOLD

ORANGE

BROWN

SHADES OF GREY RED

45 Years - Haigh X X

WHITE

X

GREY

BLACK

X

X

X

X

Andrei Rublev - Tarkovsky A Night To Remember - Baker

GREEN

X

All That Heaven Allows - Sirk Amacord - Fellini

BLUE

X

8½ Fellini The 400 Blows Truffaut

ROSE PURPLE

X X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

Antichrist - Von Trier

X

X

X

BAAL - Schlöndordd

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Beauty and the Beast - Cocteau

X

Being John Malkovich - Jonze

X

X

Blind Chance - Kieslowski

X

Brand Upon the Brain - Maddin Brief Encounter - David Lean

X X

X

Carnival of Souls - Harvey

X

Cléo from 5 to 7 - Varda

X

X

X

X

Dead Man Jarmusch Death in Venice Visconti

X

Diabolique - Clouzot

X

My Dinner With André - Malle

X

X

X

Do The Right Thing - Lee

X

X

X

X

X

X

The Earrings of Madame de... Ophuls

110

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


CHROMATIC STRATA

COLORS YELLOW

GOLD

ORANGE

BROWN

RED

X

X

X

Fox and his friends - Fassbinder

X

General Idi Amin Dada : A Self Portrait - Schroeder

X

Germany Year Zero - Rossellini

X

X

Grey Gardens Maysles

X

X

BLUE

GREEN

X

X

X

High and Low Kurosawa

X

X

Ikiru - Kurosawa

X

Il Generale Della Rovere Rossellini

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Ivan’s Childhood Tarkovsky

X

Kicking and Screaming Baumbach

X

X

X

X

X

Kuroneko - Shindo

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Master of the House - Dreyer

X

X

X

M - Lang

X

X

X

X

X

X

Moonrise - Borzage Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday - Tati Mon Oncle - Tati

X

X

In The Realm Of The Senses Oshima

Lord of the Flies - Brook

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

BLACK

X

X X

X

GREY

X

X

X

Hidden Fortress Kurosawa

WHITE

X

X

Hearts and Minds - Peter Davis

Intentions Of Murder - Imamura

ROSE PURPLE

X

Heart of a Dog Anderson

HOUSE - Obayashi

SHADES OF GREY

X

X

X

X

X X

X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

111


CHROMATIC STRATA

COLORS YELLOW

The Naked Lunch - Cronenberg

X

Notorious - Hitchcock

X

GOLD

SHADES OF GREY

ORANGE

BROWN

RED

X

X

X

ROSE PURPLE

BLUE

GREEN

X

Persona - Bergman X

Picnic at Hanging Rock - Weir

X

X X

Rashomon - Kurosawa

X X

Rebecca - Hitchcock

X

Red River - Hawks

X

Richard 3 - Olivier

X

X

X

The Rules of the Game - Renoir

X

Rushmore - Anderson

X

Sansho, The Bailiff - Mizoguchi

X

X

Seven Samurai Kurosawa

X

X

Seventh Seal Bergman

Shock Corridor Fuller

X

Sid & Nancy - Cox

X

X

Stagecoach - Ford

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Shame - Bergman

Stalker Tarkovsky

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

112

X

X

X

SALO - Pasolini

The Ballad Of Gregorio Cortez Young

X

X

X

The Royal Tenenbaums Anderson

BLACK

X X

X

GREY

X

X

Playtime - Tati

The American Friend - Wenders

WHITE

X

X

X

X X

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS


CHROMATIC STRATA

COLORS YELLOW

GOLD

The Color of the Pomegranates Parajanov

ORANGE

BROWN

X

SHADES OF GREY RED

ROSE PURPLE

BLUE

GREEN

X

The Honeymoon Killers - Kastle The Insect Woman - Imamura X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

The Magic Flute Bergman

X

The Music Room - Ray

X

The Princess Bride

X

X X

The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum - Mizoguchi

X

X

X

X

X X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

BLACK X

X

The Last Picture Show - Bogdanovich

The Long Day Closes - Davies

GREY

X

X

The Last Metro Truffaut

WHITE

X

X X

X

X

X

X

The Third Man Reed

X

X

X

X

X

X

The Wages of Fear - Clouzot

X

X

X

X

X

X

Things to Come Menzies

X

X

Tokyo Drifter Suzuki

X

X

X

Walkabout - Roeg

X

X

X

Wings of Desire Wenders

%

X

X

X

X

X

X

X X

X X

X

X

X

40

0

32

24

56

11

31

20

75

31

81

47

0

38

28

65

13

36

23,5

88

36

95

SEMIOTIC STRATIFICATION CHARTS : ORIGINAL POSTERS

113


114

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