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The

Celtic f

BY

Collector

..-"

,^

of

F.

CAMPBELL

"

West

The

WITH

of

Geste

Lecturer

and

WITH

GEORGE

in

Dragon

HENDERSON B.LiTT.

Ph.D.

(Vienna) ;

Celtic

Languages

RACHEL

the

INTRODUCTION

and

(Oxon.) ; MA

(Edin.)

Literature^ University of Glasgow

COLOUR

IN

ILLUSTRATIONS

BY

"

Tales

Highland

THE

Fraoch

TRANSLATED

BY

Myth

Dragon

AINSLIE

GRANT

DUFF

522379

JOHN

EDINBURGH: 31

GEORGE

IV. 191

1

GRANT BRIDGE


BOYD,

BY

EDINBURGH.

AND

OUVER

FEINTED


It

is

day

is

It

is

It

the

beyond

sleep

art

me^

you

sleep

Thou

be.

and

for

is

;

lights

and

dark

alternate

must

work

sea

across

nighty

and

Work

the

night

'Ever

here^

and now

and

Day

It

Meant.

Animam

Ad

fated

sea

beloved

;

reap^

be to

free

!


TABLE

OF

CONTENTS

tii


OF

LIST

"If

the

king's

this

same

the

him

four

years

part

with

him.

Is

"The

storm

for

"

He

cut

fear,

off

but

She

sat

mouth

mine

is

here "

it

if

see

?

his she

and

keep

may be

easier

like

for

held

to

age.

big

a

up

Face

page

38

.....

the

the

lad

quaked

daughter

king's

68

"

slept

dragon's

the

on

third

head,

and

"

.

.

.

the

won

69

fight"

"

to

and

rose

"you

mermaid,

See,

baby

bouncing

by

ravaged

Frontispiece

more

as

be

....

the

fine

as

yours

at

to-morrow

shall

dragon

said

here

not

realm

the

hour

well,''

"Well,

is

daughter

said

me,"

ILLUSTRATIONS

.......

on

a

of

green the

mound

evening,

in

gloaming

the

playing

on

IX

her

the

in

harp

"

79 .

"


INTRODUCTION

the

Between

J.

F.

of

series

which

legends

made

After

that

Dragon

no

sea-dragon,

versions

he

and

early

with in

the

of

pastimes

of

legends

his the

deal

with.

Russia,

and

and

concluded

the

sense.

Of

own

his

of

mind

He

West.

of

It

is

the

found

He

generally work

of

he

Several

it

is

says

in

Japan,

was

part

full

while

the

pared com-

Dragons

this

as

of one

of the of

most

difficult

of

England,

Myth

expressly xi

the

the

it in

that

it

East,

and

State

work,

and

also

as

regarded

myths,

from

languages.

the

all

being

all water

versions

sketches

All

monsters."

fresh

the

in

the

weapons,

are

water

followed,

While make

to

other

of

sea-gifts.

they

he

mermaid,

egg,

while three

in

Highlands

Japan.

widest

slaying

versions

that

as

from

a

Isles,

stories,

fish, metals,

;

from

and

the

water,

respects

1862,

as

important

most

the

to

Ceylon.

Orient,

he

of

by

storyologist.

a

well

so

Mr

attracted

as

of

birds,

these

incidents

and

his

him

to

fitted

beasts,

indeed

China,

to

treats

in

taken

journeys

the

"It

relate

them

the

title

late

Highlands

versions

single

tree,

agree

had

the

mysteriously produced

men

As

dozen

the

1884

repeatedly in

current

a

Myth.

myths,

Islay was

special appeal

reading

found

and

of

Campbell

and

1870

years

"

Rig

Veda,"

Eur-Aryan

that

it is

in

free


Celtic

The translation. tell it in my

language

story from

the

take

words

own

the

and

GaeHc

generallywhere

the

scribe's

which occur passages and preservation bits of recitation But

is prosy.

worth

seem

I

"

Myth

Dragon

when "

translated carefully.This quaint phrases I have full of the is work honestly done while my head was subject. I think that it might interest a large ." The of readers. number manuscript is among Advocates' in the the Campbell of IslayCollection I am of which Library,Edinburgh, to the Curators "

.

for

beholden

their

.

courtesy, of which

I

make

now

public acknowledgment, in enabling me to complete at Glasgow University Library the transcription I had which begun many years ago. him distinct For the subject had two aspects : the first, has

a

story is amusing for children

scientific

number

of

Ralston

give

found

that

amused.

interest

scholars. his

the

He

lectures

children

But

amongst

for

a

had

secondly,it large and growing

heard

in

Russian

upon in the

audience

the

audience

;

London

Mr

stories,and were

much

were

also

Thomas

Carlyle,Professor Owen, Sir R. Murchison, Reeve, Lady Ashburton, Miss Dempster of Skibo, and a number of learned people who wanted to know the philosophyof the subject." For Mr Campbell a thought there was great deal of philosophyin it, and he states : I want readers, wise and foolish,to "

"

be

equallywell

story, the wise He

had

treated.

may

read

read

The both

read may story and notes."

stories parallel xii

foolish

in

the

Swedish, German,


Introduction

and

which

versions

Russian

the

nearer

of the story in

seemed

to

of Swahili

book

him

He

originalshape. a

heard

had

Italian, English,and

French,

mythical

more

found

even

of

outlines

tales told

part

a

Zanzibar.

at

in 1876, "this "Theoretically,"he remarks the defeat of serpent looks like serpent worship,and worship by some mythical personage. Many of the

which

incidents be

can

traced,

version, e,g,^

a

and

serpent

transformed. In

well, and

in the

concerned

are

is

a

serpent,

a

in

Swedish who

other

eat

a

the

Swedish,

in

the

Russian

apple

an

meadow

is

is

tree a

third

concerned

are

serpent-slayingheroes

in

one

an

apple.

in the adventures

in

are

brothers

Three

of maidens

born

are

explained

cushion

serpent,

Russian.

Gaelic, but

are

well

another

in

in

not

are

Three

in Gaelic

of

drink

instance

in

a

brothers one

case,

enough for three are in the several Swedish versions combined, Gaelic ; if they were make Russian and something like a togetherwould fragment of mythology, but the Gaelic versions give the largestquantity of materials." and

incidents

The

incidents, which

number

about

440,

or

deducting what are but variants, about 200, were the followingGaelic versions or put together from stories (of which some specimens are given in this book) collected between January 1856 and January 1

86

1.

I.

Sea-Maiden^

They

are

:

"

No.

IV., Popular Tales

of

the

West

Hector Highlands, p. 72. Urquhart John Mackenzie, Inveraray, xiii

and


Celtic

The The

2.

Hector

Roads.

Three

Fisher

The

and

Son

s

MS.

and

5.

The

6.

The

9.

Lad,

Son

Sea

Notes

from

Goil

Hector

Then

of

S. Uist.

Notes

an

C.

Irish

blind

1

John

MS.

Notes

The

English

MSS. the

on

Loch

Interleaved

Gaelic

copy.

71.

versions

noted

in

1

870

:

"

in

Journal,Aug.

reciter of

LeigheasCoh'

1870, pp.

5

Maxwellton

Street,

Mackenzie,

fisherman,

"John 0

Cein, published by me

Society of Inverness, xiv

from

17,

MacNeill/

Paisley. Aug. 22, 1870.

of the Gaelic

of

and

fiddler

steamer.

further

Lachlan

13.

and

the

by J. F.

Head

came

later

12.

MS.

Maclean

Popular Tales, vol i.,p.

and

Alexander

recitation. copy, second Maiden, Pp. 328, 346

Collection 11.

and

King of Ireland and The J. Dewar Daughter of the King of France, ; MS. J. MacNair, Clachaig, Cowal. The Sea Maiden, MS. notes by J. F. C, and leaved InterJohn MacPhie, vol. i..Popular Tales. Second

The

The

10.

Maclean

Ceanntangaval, Barra.

Smith, Polchar, 8.

MS.

sources.

Hector

Fisher,

Gray

Macaskill, Berneray ; MS.

Same

Smith's Son.

The

B.

Maclean.

Hector

MacNeill, 7.

Giant,

Five-headed

The

B.

Daughter of the King of John Dewar ; J. MacNair,

Clachaig,Cowal. 4.

and

The

Castle,

the Golden

Maclean

MS.

Macaskill, Berneray. 3.

Myth

Dragon

i-io,

in the Transactions


Introduction

book.

in my 14.

printedfrom his telling Kenmore, Inveraray.'^ An lasgair (Little John the

repeat the story

can

Iain

Mac

Beag

Fisher's

Son)

;

Mac

Fionn

will

It

be

C/s

F.

Journal

for

MacDonald,

Cottage, Mull. Donne

agus

Maclean,

"

hadh

mac

fisherman,

of Mull.

the

that

seen

J.

Malcolm

From

Ross

Bunessan,

From

Bhradain

A

Bhradain,

a

of

p. 42

Sept. I, 1870. fisherman, Benmore 15.

as

wide

a legends ranged over thoroughly popular,and

Highland area ; were there are references to the of the people. In Ireland and one Dragon story also in Hyde's Sgeulaidhe^ may Isles (pp. 40, 46, 24, 55). Synge'sThe Aran compare Parallel

of

tales

and

Dragon,

told

that

as

the

very

and

the

well

thereafter.

"

There

into

place The

was

St

Highlands. which

where

he the

story is once

water-monsters

Palestine,

in

the

in

current

story of

the

world-wide,

with

contests

a

cast

saint

are

is

very

At

Beyrut

the

similar

slain

washed

the

and

George

to

is shown monster,

his

hands

:

"

great

citythat depended

for its

the walls. A water-supplyupon a fountain without moved by Satan himself, great dragon, possessedand took possessionof the fountain and refused to allow water to be taken to the unless, whenever people came spring,a youth or maiden was given to him to devour. The people tried again and again to destroy the but though the flower of the city cheerfully monster, forth against that went so it,its breath was pestilential XV


Celtic

The

they used

dead

down

drop

to

Myth

Dragon before

they came

within

bowshot. inhabitants

terrorised

The

"

thus

were

obliged

to

offspring,or die of thirst ; till at last all the youths of the placehad perished except the the distress of their king's daughter. So great was of water that the heart-broken subjects for want the her, and amid parents could no longer withhold of the the towards out tears populace she went But just spring where the dragon lay awaiting her. the noisome monster was as going to leap on her, Mar Jiryisappeared,in golden panoply upon a fine white steed, and spear in hand. Riding full tilt at it fair between the eyes and the dragon, he struck The of gratitude for this laid it dead. king, out Mar unlooked-for succour, Jiryishis daughter gave and half of his kingdom." ^ sacrifice their

legend

by

that the

Chien

great kiau

a

of

folk-lore

the

In

or

Tang

graduate

is said

himself

into the

flood

Formerly

Chinese

the

to

have

Chinaye : they were According to the Mission

the

by 1

St

there

River

two

been

in

in

George,

(v.Adamnan

Folk- Lore

Mr

narrow

a

passage

:

^

of the Holy Land,

reached Constantinople, Sanctis Locis), xvi

p.

lona

the be

to

Presbyterian appeased

appearance 56.

near

upset boats.

of

Butler

"

learned in De

^"^-

1129

have

Ningpo, they had yearlyofferingof a girlof fair

J. E. Hanauer's

infested

once

furious, and

very

in

popular

a

heroicallythrown and encounter destroy the dragons were supposed by

to

to

Rev.

is

was

sea-serpent, and

district

monster.

China

ArculPs

in the

seventh

and stories of

century


Introduction

perfectbody. stop

to

the

this.

water

himself

and

surface.

the

to

rose

the literati determined

of

one

armed

He

blood

;

last

At

into

jumped had

He

killed

of the

dragons. The other retired to the narrow hero at Peach erected to the place. A temple was Blossom ferry." In Japan of the dragon legends recounts one how a eight heads and eight very large serpent with A tails came one annually and swallowed person. had eight children last married have at couple who girlleft. They are in great grief. The only one one

^

hero,

So-sa-no-o

river

Hi-no-ka-mi

and

girl. young The I will save her."

girlto

his form

me

and

of the

that

assumed

"

of

sources

found

and

Idzumo

at

the

to

claspinga

woman

that

mikoto^went

no

old

an

If you mikoto

girl:

the man

will

give changed divided

he

eight divisions,and in each placedone The the saki, sakitub. serpent approached, drank whereupon the mikoto got intoxicated,and fell asleep, and the drew his sword cut serpent into pieces! of the Japanese serpent Which proves the unwisdom in drinking saki, and of So-samind the observant the

!

no-o

1

As

into

room

a

Gould's

MythicalMonsters,

this writer naturalist,

but infers it

to

volansyMoloch

highlandsof Mr

Maclean,

be

considers

the

dragon

long terrestriallizard,with

horridus. Central

Fond

Asia.

minister

Glenelg,in 1872, 2

a

306 (London

p.

of the

of

of

so-called

W. no

much

H.

Allen

in

the in

rest

1809,

he and

"

Co., 1886).

of fancy, offspring

mere

with

common

bathingand baskingin

For

Eigg,

:

the

Habitat,

sun.

by

accounts gives interesting

by Mr

Macrae,

in Norwegian Sea-Serpent

minister

the West

Cf. Campbell'sCircular Notes, I., 326. xvii

Draco

h

of

lands. High-


Celtic

The

Myth

Dragon

of imperial dragon is the emblem the on : a five-clawed dragon is embroidered power legs pointing forwards Emperor's robes, with two it has Sometimes backwards. and a two pearl in the

In China

and

The

chief

dragon

sky,

whence

power

is

it

thought

is

send

can

symbolisedin

in the

Its

it.

Emperor. in

references

to

shield

of

the

describes

Homer

monsters.

the

withhold

or

fire.

and

its abode

have

to

rain

abounds

Literature

clouds

with

is surrounded

hand

one

dragonHercules

having the scaly horror of a dragon coiled, with shot askant gleaming fire. Ovid eyes oblique,that the dragon slain by Cadmus the river locates near Arthur carries a dragon on Cephisus, in Boeotia. as

his helm,

referred

tradition

a

Shakespeare,too:

to

Ludd's

have

seized the

Among

sea.

to

mean

if

we

chief, a

a

surveyed

tedious

to

enumerate

dragon-slayers "

of the

modern

Over branches contests

the

the

of with

the

and

Dragon

In

Eve.

the

Kent;

infested

was

May-Day

on

said to

not

between

dominion

shrieked

Queen.

"

"Peace, Come

Faerie

the

in

dragon

by

dictator

Wales,

St Samson

thrown

and

in times

the

all of them

Mediterranean

"

dragon

of the

lives

!

a

indeed,

Welsh,

his wrath

a

it into

pendragon of danger.

saints, it would who

number active

shark

long

ere

that is the

came

And be

figure as the days

!

covered by the Celtic linguisticarea the Indo-European peoples,legends of from been have monsters current early XVIU


Introduction As

times. as

to

far

how

to

people

one

from

text

origin,it

they

may

Cymric "That

their

of the

sea

afraid

to

the

like

read

of

"

himself Life he

Fechin,

ears

;

waters

lost.

hellish

hate

and

hellish

of

"

goes,"^ have

evil

parallel

turbulence

the

beastlymonster forms,

The

itself

commotion

sailors

feared

monster, Na 3

the

on

two

the

sea,

hundred the

to

that

beast ^

Century,March xix

encounter storm

higher "

from

Satan

The his

having a

the

St as

if

Arthurian p. 422.

hundred many the set

was

Abban

ship

as

and

ship

fell

1895,

we

beneath.'*^

clouds

Rhys,

often

are

eyes, and

greatly.

h-Uidhri, 85^. Nineteenth

and

fury, beating

the

great

tells how

Abban

Irish Saint

and

powers

in

a

risinghigher assistingfrom

waves

in such

Of

cerning con-

that watery

in

seen

influence.

it extended

Leabhar

it

Pious men againstthe rocks." approach the shore, fearing to

against the ^

[earth],

terra

Saints

hear

we

is

of divers

heads

world).

tells of

by

the

of

^

eighth-centurychronicle

an

doubtless

a

from

the world

around

rage

of the

saw

strife hard

whose

influences and

Lives

In

references.

transmitted

the

of Taliessin

book

its essence,

Early St

"

that surrounds

Leviathan

river of dread

Venom

The

been

have

In leuiddn timchella inn domon

(The The

certain

to

Possibly external influence Da in the Bruden Derga^ a Gadhelic the eighth century, which speaksof

about "

be

is difficult

another.

to

traced

be

may

their

almost

prayed dead,

and

Legend, 157.


Celtic

The there the

was

be

could

monster

(etin

But

calm.

a

hoc

repulseof

^

the

certain

a

somewhere

burying Columba*s

is

the

sea

nor

In

land

on

Adamnan's

The

Ness.

river

incident

The

prayer.

been

from

while

Mocumin,

Adamnan

of

one

self him-

cast

relates

was

were

swimming.

opposite bank,

which

monster,

occurred

inhabitants

bitten

the

And

water.

the

But

on

a

companions, Lugne

into

"

coble

a

there

had

who

one

fetch

To

the

by

neither

seen

chapter concerning the {aquatilis bestia) by aquatic monster

man's

blessed

relate,the body of

to

strange

fuii),^ quod dyabolus

apparet

of Colum-Cille

Life

Myth

Dragon

:

"

lying in

the

whetted

for

river

.

and

bed,

rather

appetitewas

than

sated

surface

of

prey the

whose

with the

suddenly comes

up

what

water

and

more

already had, perceiving disturbed by the swimmer, it

the

towards

moves

man

he

as

rushes on mid-stream, and with a great roar with him all who mouth, while there, were open barbarians well as brethren, were as greatly terrorin

swam

struck.

The

blessed

salutarysign of the cross holy hand upraised,and commanded

thou

no

once.'

the

further,

seeing it, after making

man

in

touch

the

man

;

hearing this word of fled monster was terrified,and away quickly than if it had been dragged though it had approached Lugne as ^

Vitae

2

Bk.

Then,

Sanctorum

II., c.

xl.-xlv. Historia,

27

on

Hibemiae, ed. Plummer, W. (trans.

Huyshe).

For

Tomus a

of

name

God,^

saying :

monster, the

his

with

air

empty

invoking

ferocious nor

the

'

back

go

the

Go at

saint,the

again off by he

Primus,

the

more

ropes,

swam

so

p. 15.

dragon contest,

see

Nennius^


Introduction

closelythat

the

than

more

The

between

the

of

Reeves,

that

"

current

the

among still

Molua

prevails in

and

have

St

saved

modern

Irish

belief,let

dreadful

The

"

dragon

fishingquarters Blackwater Bran

he

as

inhabits

him,

heard

him

on,

is another driven

and

dwells

in

character

of

W.

Ireland."

As

Le

:

The

half fish,half

heard.

lake Near

the

of Bran

awe

he

and

hopes roaring on

from

chased it.

It

he

of

noise

by bit

night.

Brin

him

the

.

and

has

never

often

has On

being it

miles

Glencar,

there

bathing

was

which

wurrum

back

was

.

while

dreadful on

XXI

boy

there

Some .

or

which

said

bull.'

a

the

like,he

was

young

which

but

the

Brin

boat

he

me

may,

stormy

a

a

tells

never

Lough

between lake

;

lakes,

head

the

minds

"

our

such

two

are

at

who

man

Seventy

mountain

a

many but often

lake

the

to

Fanu's

"

in

little

to

"

wurrum

there

St

recorded

are

R.

was

period,

remote

very

monsters.

Kerry

the questioned what the 'like roaring of

further

Mr

possible Bishop

River, called Lough Erin, from is now called,the dreadful wurrum

it.

speaks with seen

in

beautiful

the

such

beast, the

indeed,

seen,

a

evidence

still survives

"

seldom

one

from

of Irish Life be

Tears

at

fact,

haunted

were

terrible

parts many of Dromore

Colman

people

lakes

and

Irish

the

in

belief," says

rivers and

demoniacal

a

no

natural

some

belief

"The

certain

of

by serpents

human

was

pole."

reflects

such.

there

monster

punt

one

incident

with

occurrence

and

length of

whole

together

and

man

and

hunted


Celtic

The all the

him

where

home,

way

Myth

Dragon he

arrived

and

naked

bleeding."

that

no

one

fled

to

an

horrible

ventured island

that

to

destroy swimmers.

to

swim

Draco

bestiis. Nor

is

a

but

a

and

terrible

than

deterrimus

serpens

lubricus

a

last

persuaded the

beast

refers

he

to

horrible,

most

all the

beasts

terribilis

:

a

that

"

antiquus

et

omnibus

sapientior

belief yet extinct

Dempster legend of St

note

that

witch

from

There

great

wont

was

returning

was

magnus

similar

in Sutherland

"

and

at

was

Colum-Cille

subtle

more

Miss

manuscript a

he

lake

a

.

late

with

the

of

account

on

." .

The

infested

St

slimy dragon,

fuit

qui

of

Altus

slimy serpent *'

Ree,

as

stag that

him.

the

great

Lough

man

it is recounted

wounded

a

pursue

A

but

across,

devoured In

to

in

monster

of Balla

Mochua

of St

Life

the

In

:

a

this

Highlands.

records

the

and

not

was

variant

in

to

be

her

Dragon, dragon,

a

expected

"

lived

dragon,

"

Skibo

Gilbert

that

some

say Lochlin

of

in the

very

in Sutherland time a a upon fierce and It was this strong.

once

that

burnt the fir woods in all dragon Ross, the the Sutherland, and Reay country, of which remains, charred, blackened, and half-decayed,may be must

his

found have

in

every

moss.

Magnificent forests they dragon set fire to them with

been, but the fiery breath, and rolled

over

the

whole

land.


Introduction fled from

Men

his

when the

whole

this

evil

and

'

near

shadow

he

St

said

heart.

to

the

alive

from

meet

he

first was

now

the

'

and

wood

called

Dornoch

as

the

with to

town

you, you,

five

him

carry

When

'

the

'

beast

Pity of Pity of

said, Pity of you,' shot

'

that

them,

he

and

came

his

drew

beast

through the buried by the towns-people. Men reckoned who distance by so or so far arrow

of the

stone

Skibo

beast.'

'

pass

'

"

little lad

a

made

the

see

dragon. Gilbert, and taking and

He

could

'

sharp arrows,

The

people called nigh to he

He

to

came

the

St

against it

it

Gilbert, his church

roared

out

went

bow.

are

the

fainted

women

sky-line.

And

Giuthais,' came Lochfinn, and when

and

over

the

desert.

whom spirit,

Dornoch,' Dornoch,'

face, and

crossed

land

spire of

long

his

Dubh as

and

before

beast

Dornoch.

The

Carmore

'

on

the is

moor

waves

planted, and

the

over

between

moor

of

ashes

a

the

destroyingdragon." This between

tomb

of

called

St

the

out

the

on

^

Mrs

There

of

the

hill above is stillan

old

work

when

fall

and

third

rebuilt

Duchess,

1614;

Countess

it

of

was

The

discovered.

was

would ;

seeing a

the

that

Sutherland

Sunday

the

built

was

going forward the founder, Gilbert, Bishop of Caitness,

Gilbert,

cathedral

notes,

and

1570,

1835 by

While

Sutherland.

Dempster

burnt

1235-45,

repaired in

was

in

Miss

church.

at

saying went the this happened, following mid-day the

remembered well Dempster congregation (Gaelic) camped the town, expecting to see the with pronunciation

t

hard, and

not

th.


Celtic

The fall of

roof

the

addition

In

legends of

to

there

without

(Badhbh) as

:

of

kind

a

often

very

to

the

In

of

of

poem

the that

monster,

and

is about

exploit by guerdon.

his

similar

It

retain a

burg

Baobh

represented and

rags

surface

of

the

drowning

a

Iseult^by Gottfried the

about

wrote

found

the

part

him

by

fight,v.

who

and

claims

of

ascribed

in

it thus

the Le

Hartland's

tale

Roman

in the

Dutch

:

a

of to a

of

princess as tale.

A

in

he

of Morien.

poem

of

versions it formed

Tristan

ally originof

Gottfried

not.

or

Strass-

"

story tells en

the

credit

Lancelot

to

^

the

the

widespread Aryan

a

is

of

robbed

of the

introduces

Loseth,

be

to

printed prose dragon fight,^whether

Now,

"

is

adventure

least three

^

hardly a

na

with

portent of

sources

traitor

a

cerfau pied b lane At

is

over

poet who

on

is

of Brittany,there is an account by Thomas fight with the dragon, strangely analogous hero in Highland tradition. The overcomes

poem

his

working

1210,

all

a

{each-uisge)

Linne

a

(venomous bheisd)^

a

There

Tristan and

German

Strassburg,a

year

is

appearance follow.

also

water-horse

wind-tossed

His

soon

;

water-horse

covered

ribbons, typifying the waves.

(dragon

the

the

creature

itants oldest inhab-

beithir-nimh

Highland lochs. some legend of

with

associated district

tales of

endless

are

the

following Sundays. the

uile-bheist

serpent)and

of

many

for several

church

to

go

did

nor

;

Myth

Dragon

us

prose de

Legend of Perseus

that

Tristan, vol. iii. ^

there For

was

variants

at of the

that dragon


Introduction in Ireland

time the

and

people

last had

sworn

fierceness

of

his

life.

had

come

to

this had

he

The

"

armed

made

next

steed,

of

fain

rode

forth

with

them

would

he

than

he "

knew

was

he

tale, and

it

the

thought

of

strongest spear, into

the

seen

there

men

was

no

the

queen's seneschal, who

the

lover

of

the

Princess

Whenever

not.

earth

on

knights

him

dragon,

but

ride

ever

was

that

men

forth, for

never

save

would

Tristan

when

saw

the

men

the

Tristan

Dublin.

the

return

swifter

in

flighthe

went.

Now,

chieftains.

us,

afar off four

be near at hand, so dragon must and ere the monster on steadily, long he saw towards and flame him, breathing out smoke knight laid his spear in jaws. The open ^

wards down-

geste tells

where

the

till the

turned

adventures, the seneschal

had

and

rose

forth

he

saw

moor

him

nothing

they face

been

on

for

say

the

rough path

a

many

the

liked

she bent

might

by

his

rode

and

Then

them

have

Iseult, but

had

knight

light,he

the

dragon had its lair. galloping swiftlyover would

in

heavens, when valley,where, as the

a

One

and

ears,

rode

in

high

road.

^

journey. morning, ere it was and took secretly,

He

into

full of

was

;

the

and

valiant

a

wife

to

maiden

at

the

slew

Iseult

the

king

his

his

wilderness. was

land

Tristan's

mounted

sun

beauty dragon, many

the

whoever

Princess

of

The

himself

and

the

devoured

that

so

;

that

the

the

lost

land

oath

have

of

because

the

solemn

a

should

monster

and

wasted

which

dragon

monstrous

a

and Iseult

his uncle he

takes

Mark, to

be

Zimmer the

thinks,

are

daughter

of

he

rode

coming from

its

rest, and

ninth-centuryPictish the Viking King of


Celtic

The set

strongly,that the pierced through he

and

that

free

himself the

horse

before with

the

earth

It

he

Then

monster

Tristan

thought

it would

aids smoke

shelter so

till the

till the

it crouched

scarce

fell

beast

its

flame, teeth ;

behind

the

and

the

fierce that

and

and

claws

he

But well-nigh to a coal. endure not over-long,for the spear in that so dragon began to pain him and in ground, rolling over over Tristan near came swiftlyand smote

heart

of the

monster

so

that

held the the

the

he

he

truth

dragon had sharper than ado

bushes, for

and

the shield

strife,the

much

had

knight

of

wall

thinking

in

the

tore

wound

a

hard

a

burnt

the

the

his sword,

For

trees

and

under

down

his death.

be

of

fled

again

rang

jaws

pain

forth

drew

which

rocks

easily,but 'twas had ever fought,

and

shearingknife

fightwas

at

evil

monster,

fire from

cast

Tristan

hardest

was

could

the

But

after the

around,

it, and

slaythe

find

steed.

followed

sound.

the

rock.

a

such

him, roaring for pain

overcame

as

jaws, and the dragon's heart, force against the

and

corpse

Tristan

"

to

the

so

it,till the wound partlydevoured the sorely that it left the spear pained it so half-eaten,and fled into a rocky ravine.

upon from

up

from

smote

open

fell dead, and

horse

his

the

into

with

came

and swiftly,

so

in at

spear went the throat

himself

dragon

rode

steed, and

his

to

spurs

Myth

Dragon

to

the

in his hand conflict

did

vitals of the

lay

agony. his with blade

the

on

Then sword in

went

right to the hilt ; and the dragon gave forth a roar so and earth if heaven as grim and terrible that it was fell together,and far and wide heard the cry was himself Tristan was through the land. well-nigh but terrified,

as

he

saw

the xxvi

beast

was

dead

he

went


Introduction with

and

near,

and

the

out

cut

much

he

forced

then

he

labour

tongue

;

the

jaws

open,

the

closed

jaws

He turned again,and put the tongue in his bosom. him again to the wilderness, thinking to rest through the day, and come again to his people secretlyin the of the night ; but he was shadows so overcome by the stress of the fight and the fierybreath of the well-nigh spent, and seeing a dragon that he was little lake

from

flowed

and

the

him,

the

the

to

came

venom

he

and

Iseult

"

and

seneschal's "

and

afterwards

who

the

the

whereupon

water,

his

Tristan,

breast.

when

And

the

end

I slew

the

of

the

"

this marvel, from

it

lords

time

said,

'

dragon,

this

man

death.' is

thing tongue

And

monster.'

jaws, yet to

One

the

out

cut

the

out

second

a

first and

slew

the

found

together to know Tristan spake

tongue

all the

came

who

of

all,mark smote

And

"

afterwards

fell from

matter,

this

cut

he

as

the

mother

out

came

Lords

'

stream

it, and

towards

went

waters

her

him

folk

clear

a

weight of his armour of the dragon's tongue overpowered fell senseless by the stream.

dragon's tongue all the

which

into he

rock,

cool

and

drew

hand

at

near

clear, he the

was

never

said

man

a

man

nay."

i

Wales, snakes.

and

belief

From

It

its

to were

had

von

Lore

have

of

dragons, serpents,

been

an

old

formerlywomen.^ Every snakes. two They never

Tristan and Iseult,by Strassburg's

and

Welsh

"

Cf. also Bedier^s

Trevelyan,Folk-

legends

seems

all lizards

Gottfried

I.,89, 98, 123. 2

has

farmhouse

Welsh 1

that

too,

French

retelling, Englished by Mr

Folk-Stories of Wales, p, xxvii

J. L.

165.

Weston, Belloc.


Celtic

The until

appeared Parallel

with

the

the

of

names

Such

Celtic

with

(black goddess) of and

river

aith bhric

Nebestis

in

in

;

for

and

was

the

addite

divis

us

Boyne, which yields Boyne, from

itself

nymph

the

the

from

being

to

form

in

the

preceding name,

tells

G2cA"fons gods). To of

name

a

deuona

Ausonius

springs

of

name

like

divine

a

what

is the

number the

where

old

the

to

dedicated

under

lake

name

of

dh

name

sacred

(they were in the

be included

a

Obair-dheaoin^ with

river

a

river

contain

to

seem

some

Gaelic

with

case

of

personal female name, breac (spotted); in Nevis,

estuary, deuona

exemplifyingin

died."

AfFric, both

strongly trilled r, showing that (goddess,etc.)has been assimilated word

snakes

a

Aberdeen,

;

master

nymphs of the stream. L5chy, the Nigra Dea

or

as in (root), MacBain rightlydetected

Dr

the

number

that

Adamnan

also

name,

of

the

is the

area

goddesses

met

are

death

then

;

this, perhaps,

within

names

house

the

of

mistress

or

the

before

just

Myth

Dragon

the

river

Bojind (white cow)

Fraoch's

mother's

sister

Boand form (Shee) or Faery. The (genitiveBoinde), also that in the phrase in (K)ostio Boindeo of the Boyne) goes back on (atthe mouth Sidh

such

some

recalls

an

form Irish

Jinne (the But

in Uist

name

way I met

Boouinda

as

or

for

the

path

of

with

the

(white cow).

Milky Way the

"

xxviii

the

path or

of which

bothar

"

of

Sliochd

name

Way), meaning seemingly or brightness,"the root in Uisne (Uisnech).

cow

This

bo

whiteness). Uis

way

(Milky

of whiteness

recurs

again


Introduction the survey of the form in which

But

the

in

of the

Book

the

from

first part of the Tain

Bo

exist

:

Lecan XL.

old of

Frdich^

Book

The

be

not

modern

more

tradition

of Lismore,

and

which

Leinster

;

The

Yellow

Edinburgh Advocates' Library Egerton 1782 (BritishMuseum).

story has

edited

been

also

the

the as important tale known the following manuscripts

with

of

Book

Gaelic

;

;

complete

the story of Fraoch

given

Dean

and

of

would

the

therefore

I have

it.

leaves

theme

MS.

This

old

all the

important variants, and skill,by Professor with his wonted Kuno care fur Celtische Philologiefor Meyer in the Zeitschrift In translation I tried to select making my 1902. the from best of the variant readings. The among last

sections

seven

here

translated

adventures of

our

about

the

Celtic

idiom A

O'Beirne

ninth

The survives

a

:

was

one

was

made

the

with

appeared in Proceedings for 1870,

the

w^hich

necessitated

name

in the

Fraoch

many

(Fraech)

not

Geste on

it

when

period

have

of the

one

the

Crowe,

have

the

by

translation

Academy studies

of Alba

tale is

Gadhelic

in

century,

I

of the narrative

This

narratives

Frdich

Bo

apart from

:

elsewhere.

secular

Erin.

Tain

they are bring the hero

and

Fraoch,

of the

of

further oldest

belongs to the

Scoto-

language late

Mr

of

J.

Royal Irish but subsequent changes. is

Clonfree

very

ancient.

It

(Cluain Fraeich), On it Strokestown, Roscommon. stone an Ogham Vroicci maqi muccoi in Netta occurs Trenaluggo at Donaghmore, Kildare ; also in Vraicci maqi Medvi on placename

xxix


Celtic

The an

from

Ogham

for

last it stands

Another

I

the

the

Tain

at

the

hands

of Medb.^ than

of Fraoch

Geste

where Cuailn^e^

Bo

In this

of Fraoch

death

the

term

in

death

of Cuchulainn.

he

that

in

is

met

his

It is noticeable

fairyoriginis pointed to, and that This with water. associated episode is

stage in his story than

that

meets

his

his

that is

of

what

in

with

Rathcroghan, Roscommon. (thestone) of Fraoch, son

account

given

Myth

Dragon

Tain

death

at

later

a

Frdich^ which

So

had He by this time gives the serpent encounter. forces recounted the in as accompanied Meve's and his of Cuailnge {Tain Bo Cuailnge)^ Cattle-Raid of the folk of Faery is to be healing at the hands presupposed: here again they intervene, and we hear Tain is the Fraoch's Bo of fairy-mound. Here the of death of Fraoch, or Cuailnge version

Fraech

'^

:

"

They

is summoned Medb

you "

He

till he

out

reached

bathing "

shall

set

in the

Wait

'

to

the

morning Help us, O

next '

from

'Remove

before

Go

us.

till

them.

to

(Meve).

on

come

there

are

the

us

fightwith him.' earlyin the morning Fuait.

then

He

saw

to

his

Fraech

Fraech,

'

said

strait that

before

Cuchulainn

Ath

;

us,

with

if perchance

nine

the

is

men,

warrior

river.

here,' man

said

Fraech

yonder ;

not

retinue, till I good is the water,' '

said he. 1

MacAlister's

Ireland,5

Irish

Oghams,

pt. 3, p. 213;

ser. XXX .

Journ,

Roy.

Soc.

Antiq,


Introduction

to

off his

took

He

"

clothes, and

the

into

goes

water

him. "

'

Do

not

me/

to

come

Cuchulainn.

said

You

'

die from

will "

'

it,and I should be sorry to kill you.' shall come indeed,' said Fraech, that we may

I

'

; and

in the water

meet "

'

'

"

it

Settle The

as

let

you of each

hand

play with

your like,'said of

Cuchulainn. round

us

be fair.'

me

the other,' said

Fraech.

"They and

water,

lifted him "

and

wrestling for a long Fraech was submerged. again.

'

up

This

life ?

accept your I will

'

"

Cuchulainn

his

body of

name

that

Fraech. tunics^ him

on

from

the

will

yield

you

the

the

of

troop

of Fraech

his

;

All

ever.

Fraech

again,until retinue that

Fraich,

Ath

a

into

it

land

to

camp. ford for

of that

name

under

the

them

Cuchulainn

it,'said Fraech.

comes

They saw the body

'

the

on

'

put him He

to

Cuchulainn,

suffer

not

killed.

was

said

time,'

"

time

to

set

host

Idaid

mound.

lamented in

women

mac

was

;

Sid

carry the

green

they drew

Fraich

was

afterwards."

mound

plan in compassing the death of Fraoch of recalls his Fergus, son episode with Rog. in ment banishKeating^ tells how, when Fergus was with in Connaught, it happened that he was Ailill's

1

Grimm his

W.

Faraday's translation of The

Library,p. mother

river 2

Behind

35.

Fraech

being

a

was

descended

fairywoman.

Boyne). Ed.

Cattle- Raid

Dinneen,ii., 209. xxxi

of

Cuailnge,in Nutt's

from

the

Her

sister

people of was

the

Boinn

Sid,

(the


Celtic

The and

Ailill

fortress

and

;

shore

of

AiHll

asked

by

desire

a

had

that

was

Fergus

;

wound

of

Fergus came caused by that body

and

pierced a

cast

it

and

thereupon Fergus the

shore

went

lios

out

in the

court),

gray

of the

him

pierced ashore

on

direction

of

a

the

of

account

it in the

the

spear Ailill

;

his chariot,

near

died

grew

through the

fell and

she

cast

extracted

was

seized

to

cast, and

that

and

lake,

of his

a

the

to

(or outer

swim

kinsman

a

hound

and

on

and

go

and

his

from

the

had

they

was swimming, Meve swimming with him ; and when the with lake Fergus, Ailill

jealous,and he ordered at Fergus, which spear breast

they

near

to

where

Ai,

when

Myth

While

so.

into

gone

Magh

day,

one

lake

a

did

Fergus

in

Meve

Dragon

and

buried

was

lake.

same

.

Ailill that (written Oilill in Rhys points out Keating) seems (an elf or ellyll cognate with Welsh Ailill belongs to a race demon), and that Meve's Tuatha is always ranged against the which De he with the goddesses of associates Danann. Meve found time consorting dawn and dusk, who at one are with dark with bright beings and at another ones, and associate themselves with they commonly water.

Curious

Clothru

are

too

that the

associated

(Eithne) in Westmeath, Isle (InisClothraun) in Eochaidh Meve's

father.

daughters "

Meve's

with

one

other

the Loch

sisters

monarch

had

three

namely,

Breas

and

river

Inny

with

Clothru's

Ree.

Feidhlioch, He

the

Eithne

and

Tara,

at

and

sons

Nar

and

was

three

Lothar,


Introduction three

the

sons

the

Cruachan,

of

this

Eithne

;

Uathach,

three

daughters,as

the

Meve

poet says in

quatrain:

"

Three

"

daughtershad Fame

on

And

O'Curry calculated

returned

Feidhlioch,

who

independent queen of Through jealousy and the

her

between

she

than

seemed be

to

more

governed

Conchobar, monarch

and

Eochaidh

shortlyafter set her up as the province of Connaught. hatred, fierce war raged

former

her

and

Cruachan,

that

father, the

Tara,

to

of

abandoned

soon

her

to

:

men

many

She

Feidhlioch,

i

of Meve

govern

man.

one

loftyseat

Clothra."

remarks

to

a

Eochaidh

Uathach, fair Meve

Eithne

by

and

Clothra,

husband,

Conchobar,

killed by a Connaught finallywas champion, of This Mac Cet Conchobar, Magach. King Ultonia, is spoken of as being a terrestrial god among

who

the

Ultonians.

he

is known

connected as

with

does

"

Meve to

stories

live ; and Dinneen's

to

had

Inis while

been

account

slain

Clothrann, she

first as

a

points to

is

her

water-nymph. ments move-

Curiously,the

that of Fraoch, is associated

Keating's

Olill

and

imply.

may

^

When

goddess name

reflex of historic

less than

no

water.

went

^

at

prejudicewhat

not

of Meve, with

Ness^

of

Ness, hence

was

This

that in Loch conceived

these death

name

Nessa.

Mac

as

having been

This

mother's

His

resided

on

xxxiii

as

follows

:

"

by Conall Cearnach, Lough Ribh (Ree), there, she 2

Keating,ii., 215.

is

g^^

was

under

Dineen, ii., 213. c


Celtic

The an

to

Myth

Dragon

obligation(ba geis di^ i,e,under bathe every morning in the well

entrance

of

the

Conchobar the

from

measured

the

lake, and

of the

side

which

gesso)

or

the

at

was

when

Forbuidhe, son husband) heard this, he (her former line well one a day alone, and with

to

visited

And

island.

taboo

a

brink

of

took

the

the

well

the

to

him

with

measure

other to

practisedthus : he inserted two poles in the ground, and tied an end of the line to each pole, of the poles,and and placed an apple on stood one himself the other at pole,and kept constantly firing from his sling at the apple that was the top of on he practised the pole till he struck it. This exercise Ulster, and

he

until

had

aim

no

of

meeting both

the

at

the of

sides

Forbuidhe

he

the

Meve

saw

in his

in the

been as

have

Of

said

the

"

Sidhe,

Boann, But

see

from 2

Trans,

Book that

on

wife

her,

a

of

at

and

Ulster

there,

was

the

in

fixed

he

and

the

on

;

wont,

Boand, elsewhere

the

a

her

struck

spot, having

Connaught,

spoken

Dindshenchus

Bodleian

of

gives

:^ "

of Nechtan,

son

of Leinster, 124^, 125^,

given by O'Curry,

by Stokes,p.

he

that

throne

the

was

the

with

her

died

there

^

mother

followingaccount

1

she

above.''

Fraoch's

from

the

that

so

miss

Clothrann

while

it at

would

Connaught

east

with

hurled

slingand

ninety-eightyears

we

as

and

;

this

and

the

morning, bathing, as was well

forehead,

from

he

Inis

at

one

fore-mentioned stone

Ulster

Shannon

there

And

of

that

after

Soon

apple. people

came

gathering.

dexterous

so

grown

34

of

who

where

the

of

son

story differs

siderably con-

evidentlyquoted Keating.

reprintfrom xxxiv

of Labraid,

Folk-Lore, iii.,1892.

Boann


Introduction Nama,

of

green came

not

were

the

had,

from names

cupbearerswent from

or

the

her

magic

of

the

water

of

the

'

"

One

Of

Nechtan, called

now

now

the

Leinster,

originof wells.

gazed

by

the

fence the

was

the

See

rivers and

upon.

lies It is

also

lochs

deep

Rhys,

is often at

enough

three

eat

Hibbert

which

to

Sid

fairyprecinct

is versified

mortals

well,

could

Nechtain,

pp.

in

123,

in

fruit of the

tree

Book

the

secret not

be

is nourished

spring. XXXV

of The

556.

allegorywill which

not

hill in the

a

intrudingupon

and

a

;

one

Lectures,

ascribed

of the

Sea

of Labraid."

story

of

Hence

Bregia

of the

into

The

Inber

the

day

son

the foot of

at

with

sea

her.

the White

as

owner

the bottom to

of

that

on

name

mythic Trinity Well,

191^.

far

wife of Nechtan,

rises Boyne, which Carbury,co. Kildare.

Truth

as

the

drowned

of the mark

river

barony of

perceive

"

Boinne.'

every

the

she

well

And

her.

behind

day Boyne

Boann

the

that she reached

well

Inber

Broke

And

and

(river-mouthof Boyne) and

of

secret

no

thrice, to

Out

queen

suddenly her right thigh and her right eye burst, and then fairymound, fleeingthe disgrace

her,

the

'

the

would

being

that it had

withershins

fleeingthe well, so

Boann

Unless

human

no

these Nechtan

Luam.

said

power.

over

out

Boinne

Now

disgraceher shape.

it could

and

'

well,

well, and

right hand

she fled

and

it

to

disgrace. pride and haughtiness, the

the well

break

and

alone

went

disgrace. cupbearers whom

Lesc

the

the

unless

well's

waves

the

to

to

round

went

of

with

alone

power

without

well-of-the-

it without

"Then, went

Whoever

it

and

Flesc

the

cupbearers to

fortress.

the

even

come

the

with

went

c

2


Celtic

The with

gaze

first burst

insulted

it, may which

Neptune,

in

pursuit

of

certainlyseems

river

lady who thought, with the

Rhys

cognate,

the

which

Irish

with

cognate

Necht}

Nuada

rivers

How illustrated in

forth be

from

and

impunity,

Boyne

Myth

Dragon

the

an

enigma

of

the

by

tale

personified may

be

to

came

which

a

poet

Fairy-Palace of

Finn

to

puts

be

Quicken

the

Trees:'"

"

I

With A

the

to

saw

couch

through

Slowly she Exceeds

this

To is the

river

of

bright-facedqueen

a

crystaland

robe

of green

;

and small, offspring sprightly

numerous

Plain

south

her

With

her

Finn

yet her

the

of

couch

palace of Bruga. sandy bed of the river

speed

"

flows

The

and

her

queen the

by

of

couch

Her ;

queen,

crystaland robe of green."

:

which

the

all ;

of that wondrous

name

answers

Boyne,

them

see

of the swiftest steed !

the pace

tell me

can

you

and

moves,

Now

skin

robe

you

south

of

side

crystalis of

saw

green

the the

it flows. Her plain of Bregia,through which children, which can see through her skin, are you the speckled salmon, the livelypretty trout, and all

grassy

the

river. traverse more

fish that

other The

river

the

than

whole

the

clear

slowly indeed

world

swiftest ^

2

flows

the

in

swim

steed

in can

seven

;

water

but

years,

do.'*

Rhys, Hibbert Lectures, 123. Joyce'sOld Celtic Romances, 2nd ed., p. 187.

of

the

its waters

which

is


Introduction booklet

A

poem, Cormick

entitled

printed

was

and

W. In

Ritchie.

F.

perusal,after these

now

1888

of Fraoch^

and

1887, ^J J- Macpublished there by of the same appeared

the

I

have

in

Laich.

Loch

The .

lived

.

the

in

Mull,

local

thank

to

the

Mrs is

narrated

events

district

tradition

a

Preface

The

specialinterest,as tellingthat

For

finished, of

was

lona.

Manse,

Ward.

C.

rendering

editions

Gaelic

a

in

a

own

rare

occurred

"

lona

at

Muir,

my

MacMillan, of

Death

copy illustrations by W.

lona, with

at

The

surrounding

is that

Fraoch

.

village of Bunessan. the on Opposite him, in an oblique direction side of the loch, lived other Mev, through whose slain ; the was place is still treachery Fraoch larach The island known where as tigh Meidhe, the

(the

grew isle of

is

after

called It

Main).

is

Eilean

her,

right opposite

Bunessan. "

The

guarded

local tradition the

doubt

nimhe the

but

;

that

the

which

monster

Fraoch

which

by

great serpents

think

We

and

great serpent

this,because

Scotland.

we

were

take

that

the

beast

Fraoch

was

in his

Cy. Maine,

son

jof facsimile of Booh

found

hand,

on

dead

was

the

of Ailill,in the Tain

of the

Dun

Cow, xxxvii

with

strand Bo

the

of

to

known

not

creature

leave

(wild boar),which undoubtedly was Some who Highlands. possess the

say

^

a

that the

asserts

tree,

rowan

slain,was

was

in

the

near

tree

rowan

Mhain^ to

Suidhe,

at

the

the

in tore

common

tradition

heart '

Bay

of of

folio 663, 67^2,69j Cuailnge^


Celtic

The the heart'

this, but

witness

take

writers third

the

do

we

by

read

not

to

Ben

is there

bay the

in

Loch

Cruachan,

to

that

poem

The

out." really torn translatingCruachan

was

exception

verse

The

Chridhe),

heart

monster's

the

A'

(Camus

Myth

Dragon

in and

Awe,

soir the hill in the east." simply render cruachan They hope this rendering effectually dissipates with that /"., of associatingthe scene myth recollection the of Loch Awe. They have no in Roscommon. Cruachan Fraoch celebrated they "

"

"

"

"

"

with

associate

Fraoch

"

:

energy for

appropriate name

an

the

It

is

ri

Fraoch

I

strength

Fraoch

as

bun

a

add

proverbial.

bithinn-sa

could

I

Fraoch,

as

an

writers

still

is

nam

say spionainncraobh

strong

as

The

man."

to

yet

common

of

be

to

seen

impetuous, generous,

eager,

affectionate,strong, young that

is

laidir

cho

/.^.,"were

"

pull a

from

tree

its

roots." A

is added

tune

it

"

as

was

in

sung

of Mr Neil years ago," on the authority of Fionn-phort the first verse being "

each of

a

of

the

others, as

lament,

melodious

and

and

different

to

is

the at

localised

Perthshire

Amulree, where

also

legend

the hands

In

has

and

;

been

of Mr

Loch

at

P. xxxvm

at

is

Dr

to

Freuchie,

Loch

Hamerton

most

noted

Scotland

moralised G.

the strain

air there

Appendix

Collection,

Gesto

repeated after

it is sung

The

the

in

given

MacCormick

has

"It

which

to

tune

melancholy."

that

Macdonald's

legend

the

chorus.

a

fifty

Mull

K.

is N. the

near

Awe, in

Argyll, ment poetic treatin his Isles


Introduction

of

Loch

Awe

Celtic

Myth

Fraoch

and

(1855). that

to

the

Both

to

the

compares he

:

depicts both

after the

dying

There

are

Fraoch' For

how

Bitten Die

8

or

the

tastingof

the

deepestshade found."

pairwere

moral

a

:

fables full of truth tale is

sadlytrue

youth, tooth, serpent's

the

only live

rendering of

!

in their

many

by

in

were

Thus

other.

draws

"

free

Hercules

their faces

each

Hamerton

A

Hamerton

:

**

Mr

of

lady as

poisonous fruit

Close

Mr

to

!"

rue

the

Lay eighteenth-century of Fraoch, which belong to the really does not Ossianic Stone, Cycle, was given by Jerome letter a (1727- 1 756) in the Scots Magazine^ with dated

Nov.

Dunkeld,

15,

the

change in heading Daughter of Mey,

In

Hamerton

unwarrantable and

the

and

Medb could of

Lady

"

eating of

the

could

live

not

taste

of it,or

getting it, without

near

which

the

water

will

his mother's

;

issue

"

Tree

even

his

sister,cautions XXXIX

Fraoch

through

Fraoch

death. Fraoch's

be

Boand mother

Fraoch

;

the

perils not

must

will

The

brings death. fruit

the

there

of it.

die

of Life

an

Sir Albin

poem

both

go

dying.

the

made

poisonous :

without

otherwise in

is

Awe

fruit of the

the

not

fruit

of Loch

He

1755.

a

go

conflict

(Boyne), against


Celtic

The the

according

water,

Myth

Dragon to

a

the

in

poem

Book

of

Fermoy "

Let

him

For

therein

"

According

to

the

T'din Bo with

is

Rossa,

who

Frdich

his

survived

Treblann,

take

to

from

part with In either

Medb

to

Coirpre

mac

Bo

Sidhe,

and

he

foray of

the

fell

his death

case

betrothal

Tdin

on

he

the

the

In

Medb

by

of Fermoy,

Book

the

Cuailnge,when

Bo

of Cuchulainn. with

the

Faery.

to

In

promised

a

foster-child

a

belonged healing came

Tdin

the

is

dies

him.

laments

only According to

Findabair. wife

his

his blood."

Highland Lays, Fraoch

there

Fraich

Water,

shall shed

he

Findabair

serpent, and

the

Black

swim

not

the

at

hands

is connected

previouslywife of Conchobar, who, according to a glossin the Book of the Dun Cow, was formerly a god upon earth {dia talmandd). In water.

another a

account

find

we

been

a

that

in

herself

have

been

old

Druidic

their

thought on ultimate length of postulating a for which

berries

Life,

mortals

by 1

seen

food

the

Rev, as

a

she of

6, Celtique,

173.

goddess-name in

Netos-Nessos

:

Loch

the

Ness,

compare

Theog. 341. xl

the

hurdles mother the

Xifivr]Neo-o-coi/Tts in Thessaly.

The

mankind.

eating

Conchobar's

got the

have

from

were

Rowan

With

to

seem

the might hazard teaching, Medb

of

mother

gods,

brings death.

of

name

thus

things may

craved

the

the

of sea-mother, if indeed

sort

a

as

would

One

water-god.

suggestion may

Conchobar

first husband

Medb's

river.^

have

was

Tree

of were

which used

Ness, apparently

Attic-Boeotian And

of

compare

dialect

Hesiod,


Introduction Druidic

in

medicine

^

divination

the

:

rowan

was

magic

a

thought to haunt the roots and of a rowan, typifiedthe guardian spiritof the The the Celts ; on the tree. thought is old among altar of Notre second Dame there is a figureof the Hercules the Celtic late killinga serpent,^which de Jubainvilletried to explain byMonsieur D'Arbois episodesfrom Gadhelic myth. The dragon may be thought of as the confiner that holds captive the of Life. Tree On he this view fruit-bearing may the

be

monster

a

;

winter-monster

Indian

Vritra, frees

which

the

the

root

be

quest may the

the

solar

a

monster

On

sea.

of

clutches

the

as

For

2

S.

Fraoch

sea-dragon. Furens, the

journey the

as

view

winter

;

he

and

for which

references,see

the

Plummer's

consult

should

reader treat

Vita

of Bel and

Sanctorum

du

Reinach, CatalogueSommaire

the

is swallowed

swallowed

is

sun

name

by

musee

Welsh,

see

Rhys,

notes

to

xli

Twrc

the

portray Semitic the

the

great

Dragon

H'themta^ I., cliv. de

Saint

354. For

thus

may

the

Dictionaries, which

1

*

sun

summer

dragon myth should by a fish,as on being devoured

this

hero

ground,

n.

or

captive the

being the z.% fraoch (wrath),early\x\'^fraech(fury, His with is cognate Cymric gwrug^

rage), which

Bible

that holds

spring

the

Hercules

Celtic

in

the

the

from

winter-dragon, or

by

is

"

in the

sees

be conceived rage of the sun-god may manifested against the cloud-dragon, or the

as

same

confiner

"

them

Hildebrandt

The

dragon.

be

which

Indra

rivers, while

of

was

Trivyth,

Germain, p. 33,


Celtic

The

hero

the

In Fraoch

allied themes.

and

Myth

Dragon

is

slain,which

by the sea ; if not parallelto his being swallowed hands of the Sidhe. he is healed at the cast up again, May we not infer that the myth is an endeavour is

a an

forth

shadow

to

aspects of the

some

of

picture,not yet moralised, ? eternal tragedy of nature far

So

of

that

trait

emphasise

a

Herakles

kills

Kepvaiov vSpav Attic

serpent

idea

Celts,as

the

with

comparable

dpiraig 6

Celtic

nralg.

On

an

reality,a river-god. in its earliest

Myth

herself

Medb

Aiog

conflict of Herakles

in

Nessos,

had

process,

Hydra, I should like to Euripides (Ion,v. 192) where golden sickles : hydra with

depictedthe

Centaur

cosmic

the

xpvo'eai^

is

is

world,

been

have

to

a

stage of

sort

water-monster.

or

The

evaipei

find

should

in

the

there

vase

against the Perhaps if we we

and

Herakles

the

conflict

Fraoch's

as

external

with

of the

paradise or

a

Greeks,

elysium two

assumes

the

among

aspects

"

either

that of the hollow-hill

that is,the fairy-mound, (sidhe) contrast over-sea elysium. This ^

that

or

of

the

have relation some may of the Celts ; the former

their and are

continental maritime

the

other

the

The

latter

berries

world

are

Professor

as

the

to to

its

insular

rowan

tree

with

the

attached

to

connected idea

origin,to

their

of the

home

apples,which, from of Fermoy and from the Voyage of Bran^ Kuno Meyer has pointed out is connected

Ablach, Book

gods, and parallelto

and

civilisation

pointing,as

home,

abode.

the

berries of the

Emain the

to

Emain

rich

xlii

in


Introduction Isle of

the

with

attached "

the

hail,nor

whole

exploit,in Herakles,

idea

far

of

parallelto the idea Avalion (Avalon), where Underlying any snow."

the

Island

fortuna vacatur.

quae

so

of

rain, nor

is the

insula promorum

Blessed, and

Vale

the

to

falls not

the

it may

as

be

the

As

to

Blessed, Fraoch's that

parallelto

Wilamowitz-MoellendorfF, the

of

in

his

of

mentary Com-

of

Euripides,has pointed that the garden of the gods, with the tree which out carries the apples of life,is reallyquite independent on

of

the

of

that

of

a

Herakles

Herakles

saga, while

story is that

sea-monster,

ground,

too,

we

the have

highly archaic variant Herakles. leaps into the jaws On Celtic jaws of death. the

a

contest

of

hero

a

with

quite apart from Fraoch, and the tree rowan guarded by the dragon. The continuation Tdin Bo of the the Frdich across brings the hero the Here the sea to to Langobardi. Alps and Fraoch is represented as : being of the Ultonians the after high exploits he and his friends to came of the Cruithen-tuath, the Pictish people, territory a

and B6 we

water-monster

joined Ailill and Medb Cuailnge. It is impossible to be

later

have

on

not

he

here

a

hint

that

Fraoch

the

on

whether

sure was

T^din

a

hero

of

the Gael called Cruithne people whom a word (Cruithen-tuath), cognate in root with Cymric pryd in Ynys Prydain, and pointing to the preGadhelic population of these isles as a people who practised tatooing. Apart from the accessory of the Tree of Life, the the

Picts, the

xliii


Celtic

The

Myth

Dragon

of Andromeda parallelthat is closest of all is the rescue On Berlin Museum a hydriain the by Perseus. there in conflict with is a representationof Perseus

the

fish,where

monster

Kepheus,

another

and

fish.

monster

subjectof

is there

the

Among

Andromeda, The

(Jope ?).

serpent, which

the

and

is present

woman

of Fraoch

story of the Geste tree

there

the

minus

is

whole rowan

replaced by

Greeks

formed

it

the

the

the Euripides,but we know the theme from Perseus, on pseudo-ApoUodorus. to having come ^Ethiopia,the kingdom of Kepheus, found the be about to king's daughter Andromeda exposed to a sea-monster. Kassiepeia,the wife of Kepheus, had boasted of her beauty, and thus fell into strife with the Nereids, or water-nymphs. This of the and of the Nereids her brought on anger a

who

sent

father's realm.

The

Poseidon, the

disaster

the

to

devoured

of the

Kepheus

had

state

she

that

he

to, and

killed

monster, another

version

brieflyis

as

monster

a

of Ammon

oracle

to

be

if the

averted

Andromeda

by

bound

to

the a

her

that

out

gave

Pressed

daughter

to

be

^Ethiopians,

rock

in

;

this

by Perseus, who, smitten with on Kepheus to slay the monster would have the king's daughter, on

deliverance, to

agreed

and

found

love, promised her

flood

monster.

his

was

condition

a

kingdom would his daughter

abandoned

king

of

lost drama

be

thereafter

it,and of the

follows.

This

his wife. Perseus

rescued

xliv

to

went

and

was

the

meet

Andromeda.

Herakles-Hesione Poseidon

condition

This saga,

Apollo

is

which

came

in


Introduction form

human

Laomedon,King of Troy,and promised, for a certain reward, to gird his city with walls. The fulfil his promise when the work not king would was ended Poseidon a pest, and a ; whereupon Apollo sent which used to carry off the people working sea-monster the fields. Laomedon on sought the advice of an counselled for his guilt, oracle, which him, in penance deliver his daughter Hesione In to to the monster. of this divine judgment, Hesione was consequence chained

to

offered

the

Zeus

on

rock.

a

As

free the

to

him

to

horses

Herakles

But

the

Herakles

of

the

stubborn

king

also,which

drew

whereby Troy is destroyed. It is at Joppa, has

that

the

that

it lies

where out.

And :

strand

are

Attic

on

been vase

a

in

been

Phoenicia,

localised

Joppa

the

that

hill, in front

of

story of

the

the

than which

fetters of Andromeda

of the

vengeance first of all

Pliny*tells

of old. is older

is are

on Jerome, in his Commentary Here (atJoppa) is the place where pointed out to this day the rocks to was

freed is

a

bound,

and

from

maid. deceive

to

him

have

to

the

St

"

Andromeda have

Phoenician

traces

writes

been

said

endeavoured upon

from

being agreed

freed

and

monster

give

received

he

he

way

would

formerly Which Ganymede.

slew

Andromeda

the

came

if Laomedon

maiden

which

account

to,

Herakles

which

she

us

flood, a

rock

pointed Jonah, on

the

which

is said

to

And on an by the help of Perseus. representationof Jason being vomited 1

Natur,

H'tst.y v., xlv

13.


The from the

of the

out

While

her

belly of

a

have

we

of music

love

Myth

sea-monster

dragon

or

reference

no

Fraoch

to

as

at

to

him

cast

forth

having

fisher's first

by the dragon, the by the mermaid, who

swallowed

swallowed

was

Dragon

of Athene.'*

command

been

Celtic

from

is induced

more/

once

son

It is

the

impostor incident, so common in the dragon stories, alongside of the rescuer, the impostor incident But must lacking in Fraoch. that

also noticeable

have it

been

alluded

of

Rescue

of

variant

Celts, for

the

among

the

in

to

Dervorgoil, a the

of old

known

find

Derforgaill,or

folk-tale

a

we

is

introduced

into

Wooing of Emer," a text of the Cuchulainn Cycle. On coming to the dwelling of Ruad, King of the Isles,at Hallowe'en, Cuchulainn hears wailing in the fort. has been The king's daughter Derforgaill assigned in tribute to the Fomori, and she is exposed on

"

the seashore, awaiting their

kills three but

coming. Cuchulainn (or sea-giants)in singlecombat,

Fomori

his last opponent

girlgives a stripfrom and

her

rescuer

known.

"

The

having

maiden

believe maiden

from

story.

killed

them."

the

raiment

to

came

.

.

a

to

bind

test

the

but

dun in the

the

having

recognised Cuchulainn, it is the piece from off her raiment

1

Pp. 78-80

2

E^

of

his

wound, himself told

and

dun

maiden

been

The

wrist.

making

Many

.

Fomori,

On

the

without

off

goes

father the whole of

her

at

him

wounds

boasted did

Saga, pp. xlvi

81-82

to

be

on

his

by (trans,

not

applied,the inferred, wound.^

CampbeH's retelling.

Hull, The Cuchulainn

her

K.

Meyer-)


Introduction

Brittany the impostor figuresas a charcoal-burner, killed the seven-headed who to have professes serpent have been the which to to king's daughter was In

and sacrificed,

had

cut

the

true

In

he

the

out

off the heads.

carries

tongues, and

seven

folk-tales the

Highland

of herd,^ and

hires himself

the

impostor as parallelin

cow-herd,

as

and

took

he

time

On

is victor.

Ruadh

takes

the

brown

a

fell

"and

flattened the

beast

shore."

The

in Hartland's

also

melted

and

out,

Quoted Cf,

the

The

hero

also

and

Son

which

Hero s

Aryan

Claon.

delete in favour

has

Hector

by

a

monster's

the

strand,

dirty jelly identifyher

a

to

Tales

son, aro

;

from

Argyll:

aoirean ; Ir. Ir. arathar

racial

oireamh, genitive

(plough) ;

Eremon,

name

the

Lod

Welsh

Airem(on),

Skr.

Arjaman. compared, spellingclaghannI would

Maclean's

ask

the reader

to

of claon.

Curtin,Myths

Tales and

been

to

hero

him

the

helplesson able

and

6. Legend of Perseus, iii.,

the Ploughman (properly (ploughman); root as in L. arddnvr'y E. ear (the soil). Cf. the s

her

in

trial the

it into

girl was

Folk

Maclnnes,

them

the monster,

third

away

otreamhan

*

is

king'sdaughter

apple, given

mouth,

^

the

hid

conflicts with

threw

with

a

and

giant'shousekeeper,and

Farmer

Ireland

here

rescues

his head

three

has

He

Sean

from

hairs

three

bosom.

2

;

squint-eyed,*

a

a great ur-feist^ serpent of the sea, a monster must get a king's daughter to devour every While he sleptin the maiden's lap,she years.

seven

1

^

in the

appears

an

which

on

of

tokens

are

rescuer

Its carroty-headedcook. Thirteenth Son of the King of Erin

each

these

victor.^

character

from

the herd

But

and

Romances, 196

Folk- Lore ;

quoted

of Ireland, 157 in

Hardand,

xlvii

;

Larminie,

ibid, iii.., 4-6.

West

Irish


Celtic

The

by

rescuer

of

one

the

finally put

Myth

Dragon

his

blue-glassboots.

claimants

death,

to

The

and

hero the

wedded

maid.

story has

This

identified

been

in

Brittany and

E. Sidney Hartland Basques. Mr says : indications The point to a Celtic or Iberian population the originatorsof the Herdsman as a type highly specialisedtype, differingconsiderablyfrom the

among "

^

.

of

form

any

of

West

classical

be

recollected

the

evidence

Herdsman

that there

.

peculiar to

direct

no

the stories of the

when

it will

story, and

have

We

Europe.

the date but

the

.

is

type

arose

to

reason

to

as

;

think

and belongs to the Celto-Iberian race, is of prehistoric therefore Nor will the reader age. that the Rescue fail to note of Derforgaill (Dervorgoil, the Fomori be to an Dervorgilla) from appears the

type

offshoot

of

of

the

one

the

and

race,

that

perhaps

the

of

Perseus

the

for

make

our

alone

account

of

the

in

Europe

considerations classical

fairlybe

may

nay,

"

tale

;

called

the old story is

It conduces

esteem.

Hartland,Legend of Perseus^iii.,lo. Ibid.,177-178.

an

oldest

these

All

group.

2

spoken

the

variant post-classical

"

^

absorbed

Celto-Iberian

same

of

one

independence cumulative weight

this

placein

are

oldest

is

among

^

decisive." On

it

the

its

their

and

of

branches

it is found

that

type

same

of

as

the

I

have

to

alreadypointedout

Cruithne

(Picts),who

Ivernian strain. xlviii

worthy of a thought, if not to

that Fraoch's may

be

own

supposed to

people have


Introduction its full origin may be, I thoughtfulness.Whatever sense-perceptionconjoined with suggest that human

of. contest

racial memories

of

the

and

Nature,

of

memory

environment

raw

ills entailed

human

of the prime,^ along by monsters human phantasy and imagination acting upon their due reports of sense, ought to be allowed race

our

upon with the

claims

to

for

account

have

folk-tales

But

in favour

not

am

the

with

Some

moments

ought

we

to

of

of

remains

be

may close

that

our

due

to

to

the

eyes

berries

from

with

the

other

the

of

have

tree

rowan

the

golden apples of

scholars

connected

saga

Nor

races.

background

Herakles,

by

worthy a

tale.

compound-complex origin. I multiplyinghypotheses. needlessly

aught in common Hesperides, fetched recollect

the

a

If the

heavens.

of

moments

some

it

is

the to

proper

read

herein

with

the

the moon.

Siecke^

ancients, explains that, according to some Herakles himself plucked the apples after he had slain the snake that guarded the tree ; that he fetched the golden apple or the three applesfrom the extreme West, the

as

was

the

Amazons.

with

case

He

the

holds

bull and

that

these

of indubitable

the

girdleof

the

are

perceptions. Who where the sun declines,the golden horns the golden girdle,the apple of gold ?

has

"

of

sion expresnot

the bull,

"

of them

All 1

**

But

with

Cf. H. none

of

N. the

for

while

Hutchinson,

had

Extinct

of giant reptiles

man," observes Mr 2

a

vanished,

Monsters

the

(Chapman

and

secondaryperiodwere

Hartland.

Drachenkampfe,Leipzig (Heinrich), 1907, xlix

says but

p. 91.

seen,

Siecke.

Herakles Hall,

19

lo).

contemporary


Celtic

The

back

them

brings

truly

;

Myth

Dragon

forever

not

divinitywill bring them of the the dragon, power

other

some

and

into

Order

dragon

And

of

recital

old

an

Here

adventures.

painters.

It

is

them

mould have

to

will

nor

fulfil

me

express Grant

Ainslie

which

kindness

illustrations

much

kills

slain.

once

mind

for

ourselves.

to

ourselves

and

Let

us

ancients

similar

tales

entirely

by and

new

poets

The

through

the

May

living now.

past

the

regarding disof

wealth

our

;

tradition.

complex Rachel

hero

the

are

ancestral

our

Let

materials

themselves

we

World

Fraoch.

be

to

are

express

expressed

the

golden apples

kindle

who

for

place,

the

tale

we

their

the

still

dragons

are

to

or

Yet

add, with

I would

so,

There

fetches

and

anew,

more.

altered.

be

cannot

Athene

;

for

this

pleasure, which

will

thanks

Miss

to

DufF, Delgaty Castle, for the

prompted

human,

more

heartfelt

my

her It

book. and

has

helps given

communicate

beautiful

make

to

to me

make

it

so

indefinable

itself

to

other

paint Medb, let them Tain : remember 3. an early description in the with beautiful, pale,long-facedwoman, long flowing cloak fastened golden-yellow hair, having a crimson her brooch of gold over with breast, a straighta artists.

And

ridged

spear

The

George Golden

if anyone

should

flaming in her hand. theme is largely identical

and

the

Legend

of

Dragon,

Jacques

which de

with meets

Voragine,

that us

and

of in

St the

appears


Introduction

in

Ages

office

the

:

of

books

Church

the

in

"

"

O

Te

decet

laus

militia

Coram

Salvata

puella

quem

Existens

gloria

et

Predolatum Per

inclyte

Martyr

Georgi

in

Dracone est

regia

tristitia

pessimo !

"

\

the

Middle


THE

GESTE

is told

\Wherem his

the

heroes

killing of and

tree

the

his

FRAOCH

OF

origin^his wooing ofFind-abaivy the

guarded

that

monster

rowan-

betrothal.^

^

Fraoch,

1.

of

son

beautiful

most

short-lived. the

Stdh

a

white

;

The

number

feature

hear-say report

full

1

(Book XL.);

of

Idaid

mc

of m*=

Pronounce

as

of

(Book

Fei*^

readily yield pronounced

him

fame

his

Leinster)

genitive Idaid,

2

him,

brought

was

the

;

(Book

the

form other

of

daughter

regarding

of of

Cow,

of

Dean

variants

love,

place.

from

Meve, of

which

and

Erin

Alba

story.

(Egerton,

the

form

to

as

and

him

his

at

Dun

Fiduig

fifty

was

equals,

Ailill

gave

and

the

seven

himself

to

household

his

was

from

For

taking

his

he

alike.

bearing

Find-abair,

2.

were

and

without

Alba

him

gave

they.

were

dignity

that

only

a

hight

of

and

Erin

save

was

sister

mother

ears

of

and

age

his

red

household

in

princes,

he,

cows

with

whose

of

heroes was

kept

wife.

and

man

Connaught,

Sidh^^

the

Twelve

he

years

the

Of

{Bojind).

of

Idad^

from

Bebinn

Boyne the

of

son

oldest in

facsimile,

1782);

Lismore). manuscript,

p.

63^,

Idhaig Hence seems

line

Idad, it would

preferable : Fraoch

may

Fraech. Shee, 1

MS.

(Edinburgh, nominative

regular development.

Idaith

27);

A

be


The

of

Geste

Fraoch of

He

accordingly bethought him bespeak the girl,and then he talked with

his folk.

sent

to

mother's

thy

of the

she

give

may

of the

treasure

rare

be

too

thee Sidh,

Boyne (Bofind)he thereupon went Bregia or Moy Breg. She gave him

plain of

of

fiftymantles

dark

for

blue, each

hue

like

to

a

four

back, with

beetle's

that

matter

word

Let

"

:

the

to

the sister

3. To the

sister

of raiment

somewhat

to

his folk said

And

of

going

black-greybrooch-ringson a each, and each with pin of red gold : with fifty figureschased in pale white tunics having animal gold. gold. Also fiftysilver shields edged with befitted

hand

man's

each

For

each palace,^

a

points from

below

the front

preciousstones, rays of the

of

knobs

bronze, with while

a

lance

of

were

bells of threads animal

candle

carbuncle

of the spears that night shone

irons so

a

were as

a

of

as

white-

the

spear-

inwrought, with

chased 'twere

by

the

with

steed

dark

grey horse's neck

hilts of with

gold, and bits

of

for

gold.

plate of silver with leather caparisonsin purple with gold ; fifty of gold and of silver,with buckles silver,and devices for ornament. Fiftywhips in white each

was

a

the handle on golden hook Seven grey-houndsin chains of silver,with of of gold a-piece, each having greaves

bronze, with

There

such

sun.

rider

Around

to

having fiftyrivets burnished gold :

swords Further, fifty each

like

was

a

no

colour ^

For

which

the

ue, brightness,

2

hounds

of each.

apple

an

bronze.

had

not.


The

of

in

garments

them

Accompanying were

Geste

with

trumpeters,

seven

Fraoch of

diverse

colours

and

golden

trumpets

silver,and

golden pale yellow tresses, and they had In front of them plaidsthat glistenedlike the Shee. three jestershaving silver diadems and went gilt about. with

Each crested

sides.

had

shields

ribs of white

and

staves

them

Opposite

kingly presence.

devices,

metal

along

the

of

three

were

harpists,each guise they set out

in that

And

with

engraved

for

Cruachan. 4. On

coming into the perceivesthem from I behold

"

numbers to

came nor

vat

host

troop

a

;

a

Meve

will.

It is

ever

with

the

since

equal of the gestures)of the hero. shot

from

him, and

silver chains

seven

5. Then Diln

of

the

goes

man the watch-

And the

towards

head

feats and

spake :

fort in their

frolic

:

never

sovereignty, in

were

me

over

he

splendid

or

they assumed

if my

as

the

seen

Dun,

beautiful

that

wind

the

coming

more

Ailill and

of Cruachan

Plain

a

I have

(the games

winenever

and

play-rodshe casts with a the seven grey-houndswith their at them ere are they fall to earth.

folks

His

to

came

insomuch

view

them

from

the

that

one they smother another, and sixteen are killed while looking on. On alightingat the door of the dun they unyoked their horses loose the grey-hounds, which and set

chase

to

Rath

hares, and

seven

kill

Cruachan,

on

dashed

the into

Cruachan seven

wild

seven

hinds,

foxes,

seven

boars, and these the youths

lawn

of

the

fort.

the

Brei

and

caught seven

Thereafter

the

dogs

others, which


The

said

they depositedat

the

chief

Fraoch

rath^ where

6. whence

had

they

the

to

his folk

word

door

of the

sat.

them, and

to

enquired

They

come.

after

themselves

entrance

and

Ailill sent

King

of Fraoch

Geste

their

accordingly name which names, they

true

gave.

Here," said they,

"

"An

him

steward

the

This

young

the

hiss''

into

quarters

7. The

plan

of the

^

them. thus

was

wall

to

^

king and queen. hero," quoth Ailill,"let

house

fire

of Idad."

son

the

to

allotted

were

from

it had

Fraoch,

declares

illustrious

come

And

is

"

all

ments apart-

seven

:

around, decorated

frontingof bronze, and partition carvings of red yew variegatedby fine planing withal. Three layersof bronze in the arched skirtingof each layersof brass from where the apartment, with seven shields rested to the roof-tree. Of pine the house was made, and it had a covering of shingle on the it had with brass shuttings Sixteen windows outside. in each, and a brass yoke across the roof-light. Four with

with

gold,each

beams

a

of brass in the

all adorned

with

bronze

the

Two

silver

house.

with

gold

;

and

was

a

silver wand

of

the

house,

times to

and

the 1

that

Mac

to

as

so

the

circuit

other.

the

by

"

and

in

the

and

Mevc, of

centre

very

frontingsit had, and overlaid fronting facing Ailill there reach

would

the the

command

house

Having

Idhuidh

of Ailill

apartment

Egerton, 1782.

up

from

their 2

"

inmates

all around

hung

mid

Outer

"

hips at

one

arms

court.

all

door

within,


The

they

make

the

of Fraoch

Geste of

circle

house

the

and

made

were

welcome. 8.

Welcome

are

"

It is for that

we

"

Not

"

a

ye ! have

"

quoth

Ailill and

Meve.

come," quoth Fraoch.

journey for boastingshall

this be,"

quoth

Meve. Thereafter

Ailill

Fraoch

then

of

board

white

gold edgings. A them light. The "

ye food

Get

Meve

takes

of their company. beautiful The most

man

a

and

four

with

candlestick chess-men

of

it

was

:

a

it had

ear-handles, and

precious stone of gold and

were

in readiness

with

playing chess

to

of chess-boards

metal

board. chess-

the

arrange

for the

gave silver.

braves," quoth

Ailill. "That want

to "

go

to

is have

a

It liketh

what

with

game me

I wish,"

quoth

"I

Meve.

Fraoch."

well," quoth Ailill, get up "

and

him."

then

Meve

Fraoch's

9.

the animals "

not

Let

and goes to Fraoch folk in the meantime

of the thine

at

chess were

they play. a-roasting

chase.

harpersplay for

us

!

"

quoth

Ailill to

Fraoch. "

them

play in sooth ! quoth Fraoch. with Harp-bags they had of otter-skins mounted with ruby, adorned gold and silver,and roe-skins, white around the middle, with as snow black-grey "

"

in

Let

"

eyes the

in the

centre.

harps, which

Gold

and

chased

were

5

silver

with

and

bronze

figuresof


The birds

serpents and the

With would

and

of

grief.

I o.

Gentle

the

of

and

of

chants

of

and

in

and

silver

the

gold. figures

strings the harpers having played,

The

all about.

of Ailill

twelve

Fraoch

hounds

and

movement

move

of

Geste

folk

Meve's

this Triad

melodious

child-birth.^

of

died

Three

sorrow

theirs

;

noble

were

brothers

they : Sorrow-strain, Joy-strain,Sleep-strain, the Shee their mother and Boyne from : it is {Sidhe) Uaithne the of which this music Dagda's harp named. What time played that the three are and children sorrow were being born its strain was of birth-pangs beginning ; the soreness travail from of of glee and of joy it played because next a strain the birth ; the pleasureof bringing the two to sons the strain played by the last son was one soothing and were

that the

him

Boyne "

I

third

then

Meve

of the

awoke

are

and

on

kine

Ailill.

music

of

out

receive," she said,

of full ardour, since strain

of birth, so

of the heaviness

soft because

"

it is from

that

has been

named.

sleep.

thy three

sons,

O

Uaithne

Sorrow-strain, Joy-strain,Sleepand Men

shall

shall

who

women

fall

on

fall

hearing

by the

strains

being played." Thereupon the playing ceased. "

said Fergus. off ! Splendidlyhas it come II." to Apportion us the food," said Fraoch folk. Bring it in." Lothar, having stepped within, divides them "

his

"

1

Uaithne. 6

the


The On

food.

of

he

used

to

Fraoch divide

shred

nor

each

jointwith

skin

;

he

since

under the hacked meat dividing he never charge. Meve Three days and three nights, then, were Fraoch of the abundance playing chess,by reason Thereafter with folk. Fraoch's precious stones

took

and

his hand

sword, leaving neither

his

his

of

Geste

to

addressed

Fraoch "

have

Well

Meve. I

played against thee

thy stake from the chess-board no decay of honour." "

Since

ever

I have

there

that

I take be

not

thee

to

said Meve, diln^''

in this

been

:

day that I feel the longest." three Yea, certainlyindeed," quoth Fraoch, days and three nights have we been playing chess." "

it is this

"

"

At

12.

the warriors tells this "

!

Meve

being

starts

without

felt shame

She

up. food.

And

she

goes

at

and

Ailill.

extraordinarydeed

An

warriors

food

to

this

outside

have

who

have arrived

we

to

done

"

the

without

be

"

chess-playing," quoth Ailill. It hinders not food being distributed throughout the house Three his suite. to days and three nights our are having perceived the they there without night through the glare of the precious stones "

Dearer

to

thee

is

"

within." "Tell lamentations

them

then,"

they make Thereupon food is

said until served 7

Ailill, "to food

be served

them

and

cease

the

them." it

pleased


The them

well

of

Geste

Fraoch

and

they stayed nights a-feasting.

three

;

thereafter

And

audience

to

ask him

Fraoch

three

called

was

with

converse

there

Ailill

and

to

days

the

and

of

hall

Meve.

They

his errand.

"

It

"

Your

in sooth

pleasesme

is indeed

company

said Ailill.

household,"

you," said he. not displeasingto the arrival is preferable to

visit

to

Your

"

^ departure."

your

shall

We

"

stay with

another

you

week,

then,"

said Fraoch. the

They stay until every day they go of Connaught men It was,

13. to "

of

end the

to

used

a

fortnightat

chase

to

however,

and

hunt.

trouble

a

them.

with

Fraoch

daughter, for it was that had specially benefit brought him. Night at end he got up one day to bathe have

not

the

with

converse

;

the

And

view

to

come

the dun

that

"

It

river. maid

went

to

takes

He

is for thee "

could

at

was

her

hand.

I,"

am

Would'st

Stay

"

come,"

nothing for

do

that

time

same

she

her

with

bathe.

I have

Pleased

the

the

in

said

he

speak with

to

me,

it

said.

the

girl, "

but

if I

come

I

thee." "

elope ? he queried. I will not a elope,"she said, I am king and is not so humble that estate queen'sdaughter. Thine "

thou

not

"

thou my

"

would'st

choice ^

too

not to

Lit., " Your

get go

to

addition

me

from

my

people, and

thee, for

it is thou

is better

your

than

whom

diminution."

it is I


The have

loved.

with

thee,"

token

by

I will

;

And

the

us.

thou

"I

then

this

take "

of

ring

it shall

girl, and My mother

say that I mislaid

each

They

do

said

between

of Fraoch

Geste

it

gave

gold be

ever

to

me

a

put

it."

part.

fearing indeed," quoth Ailill,"the eloping of yon daughter with Fraoch. 'Twere in vain^ even she be given should not 14.

am

"

him us

he

; at

would

the

come

to

Tain^" said

Meve.

Fraoch secret "

the

audience

speakingof

are

ye

to

goes

Though

it

were

with

us

a

?

"

he

his

cattle

chamber.

"

aid

to

Is it

a

quoth. thou

secret,

would'st

fit in,"

said Ailill. "Will

"She

give me

give me

ye

"

said

Fraoch.

given thee," said Ailill,"if I shall name." which purchase-price^

will

her

daughter ?

your

be

thou

"Though shalt have it,"said Fraoch. Sixty black-grey steeds to me,'' said Ailill, milch"with twelve their bridle-bits of gold, and each having a white redeach in milk, and cows, with do all thy thou eared calf ; and to come me for the bringing of the force and with thy musicians kine from Cuailnge my daughter to be given thee to the Hosting." provided thou dost come I swear," Fraoch spake, by my shield,by my I would not sword, and by mine give that arms, herself." it for Meve were even purchase-price "

"

"

"

Love's

1

"

2

Dowry

labour lost." from

the

bridegroom ; cj.marriage-settlement. 9


The marched

he

Then

within, and said of the let

he

Should

"

Kings

work

fell

thereafter

conversing

to

of

girlhe

ofF the

carry Erin

bring a host is good is,

will What

against us. and slay him

forthwith

he

ere

ruin."

us

were*

That

"

house.

:

after him

dash

us

Fraoch

of the

out

Ailill

and

Meve

15.

of

Geste

pity and

a

loss of honour

a

to

us," said

Meve. It

"

shall

be

not

"

16. Let

"

Meve

Ailill and us

ofF," said

set

the

Ailill,

"

a-hunting

the chase-hounds

us,"

said

may

see

it/'

into

go

for

honour

I shall prepare

Ailill, the way *

loss of

a

until

Palace.

that

we

until

midday,

they

tired."

are

they

Thereafter

off

set

the

to

river

bathe

to

themselves.

in

! I

Fraoch

"

water

;

told," said Ailill, "

am

get into this linn'^ that

we

thou

art

expert

behold

may

thy

swimming." "

What

"

We

of linn is it ?

kind know

not

said Fraoch.

"

danger therein, and

any

frequent,"Ailill said. then Fraoch stripsofF his clothes shore. linn ; his girdlehe leaves on

bathing

in it is

the

purse behind Ailill ring,which

Fraoch's

gold "

Come

Then

Meve

goes

to

1

back, and

goes

Ailill

! the

"

said Ailill.

place where 2

Lit., is. 10

Pool.

into

opens the finds therein

recognises.

O

here, Meve

his

and

Ailill

was.


The

Fraoch

of

Geste

"

recognisethat ? said Ailill. I do recogniseit,"said Meve. the ring into the water. Ailill casts how Fraoch, however, perceivedthat, and saw it into took it and salmon leaped to meet thou

Dost

"

"

it

caught a

hidden

the

by

thou

until

that

tree

deem

is

of the

me

the

on

then

yonder

river

the

Is that

"

brings it

remark

breaks

off and

goes

tree, and

And

to

rowan-

beautiful

:

of Find-abair beautiful

not

was

I

tender

a

with

formed

well

so

"

that

straightand between

would

to

say

more

Eg.

deep

branch

she

him

half

he

throws and

with

white had or

above

grey,

not

seen

third for them

the

beautiful

version adds 11

:

in the Bret,

are

and

blemish ;

;

his build

the red

face.

of them." 1

linn:^ the

great loveliness,

of

broad

the

"Lovely

water.

of

eye

and

the

that

up to Thereafter

bring us

;

and

come

18. of the

flawless

the throat

wont

was

below

water.

Beautiful

ye see ? the black

fault,without

without

youth

his face small

the

;

the

across

ofF

:

thought it to see Fraoch over body of great whiteness, the hair the face

from

branch

a

his back

on

she

he

it

then

He

river.

from

of the

brink

brought

water," said Ailill,

the

branch

a

salmon,

water.

of

out

the

his

its berries." He

the

not

bring

of

brink

out

come

''Come

17.

the

and

land

to

the

for

dash

a

jowl, went

by

spot

proceeded to "

made

Fraoch

mouth.

a

berries

Find-abair

aught beauty. branches

that

out

the berries

;


The He

off

goes

the linn^the

of

Geste

again ;

he

as

from

monster

Fraoch

the

out

the

in

was

middle

of

layshold

water

of

him. ''

hath

Give

me

it

not

was

land

on

who

one

for fear of Ailill and

him

to

cried,

The

"

monster

of me."

got hold There

sword," Fraoch

a

would

dare

give

of Meve.

Thereupon Find-abair stripsoff her clothes and the sword. with Ailill gives a leap into the water from casts above, a shot's a five-pronged spear at her of tresses length,so that it passes through her two hair. Fraoch, however, caught the spear in his hand, shoots

it

landwards, the

to

all the

monster

while

bow-cast, a speciesof a being in his side. It was champion's weapon-feat,so that it pierces Ailill's Thereupon the young braves purple robe and tunic. who

gets

were

in

Ailill's suite

got up.

out

of

the

and

Fraoch's so

the

that

hand. it

Fraoch

lay above

monster

the lands

Ailill and 19. "

Of

Meve

"A

to

go

great deed

what

have

we

of

men

we

of the

sword.

eve,

nor

For

Fraoch

brings Duiblind

(Black-Pool)on the Brei Connaught. Thereafter

have

done

"

morrow's

head

monster's

and

in

their dun.

says Ailill, for he is not the other on hand, her the

then

sword

this is named

From

the

off the

cuts

Black-Linn

of

the

leaves

its rump,

on

land.

to

Frdichy Fraoch's in

water,

Find-abair

to

to

!

done the

"

man

blame.

As

lips shall pale shall her guiltbe

this

man

12

do

ye

quoth Meve. we repent," for the girl, in

death

the

prepare

ere

bringing a

bath


The of

fresh-bacon

with

that

All

broth

and

adze

axe

the

Then

20.

Fraoch

"

therein

he

as

Fraoch

the bath. the

(or Trumpeters) such was their playing

Horn-blowers

brought

into

And

the

women-folk

of it

out

Then

to

bed

was

heard

was

women fifty

in

and

One

silver

is

head.

there

their

for

them

him On

at

being

from

lament

sore

were

seen

over

thrice

head-dresses

tunics, with

rings on

to

sent

his

into

made.

the

crimson

brought

rise around

lave

drawing nigh, and

Cruachan

green,

a

the

and

friends-in-

Meve's

dun^ and

led

him

it

said.

was

rub

to

vat

in

be bathed.'*

to

preceded Fraoch to the dun^ and of that thirtyof Ailill's and chief die from the magic music. Fraoch

minced

heifer-flesh

and

done

was

of

Geste

of

wrists.

tidingsto

learn

why they

keen. Fraoch

"For

of

son

Idad"

for

sooth

in spake the Banshee, Sidhe princessof Erin." "

(Fraoch the

Idhaidh)^ darlingof the mac

"

Fraoch

Thereat Lift

"

out," said he

me

of my

keen

mother he

Thereupon The

come

women

the Stdhe

morrow

with

return,

in

age,

and

keen. plaintive his

to

of the

him

around

folk,

ladies of

is lifted and

this is the

Boyne."

brought and

"

out

bring

to

him

them. off

to

Cruachan. at

ninth

the

and

hour

around

fiftywomen

Flawless

whole. alike

(Shee)of

the

On

that

hears

stainless

shape, form, 13

and

"

they him,

the

women

saw

and

him

quite being

in beauty loveliness,


The and

Sidhe,

of the

women

knowing

the

smothered

one

until

the

in

the

they set with

was

no

the

liss

Men

outer

or

the Keen

themselves.

of the Banshee,

world

he

Meve

arise and

for the misdeed betake

and

"

the

water

:

a

to

summons

to

The

well.

They become delightthem. 22.

charge,and

gold-ring is

Quoth

the

in

of her

expect it will be asked

my

there, bring

of it let herself take

and

were

to

I

went

it

to

said

into

the

Find-abair,

let her

salmon's

broil

it

middle.

I

and

and

music

his steward

:

playing

"Bring

me

before

him.

all

treasures."

They

were

brought

"

Wonderful,

"

Call

With "

ye

him

wonderful

Find-abair

to

and !

"

were

they all

me,"

said

of

she maidens fifty Well, daughter," Ailill spake, a

train

"

U

:

to-night."

inebriated, Ailill

if it

as

of his suite and

the spot where

I left

salmon

rise

show

servant

a

off

hosts

they are penitent him full peace ; they make feastinguntil night.

they did

thee

Get

From

came.

themselves

Fraoch

that

fairy-melody

a

Into the ^2^/7goes Fraoch, and before him, and bid him welcome

Ailill and

they

court

21.

another

them,

of Erin.

the musicians

up from

all but

departure,so

at

in the liss beside

of

means

[asthey pressed]around

of

the

as

appearance

other.

raise their keen

men

this is named

the

another door

in

that there

so

from

one

They

separate.

Fraoch

figurealike

and

symmetry

of

Geste

exclaimed.

Ailill. comes

the

in.

ring

which


The thee

I gave

that

me

it

have

last year

the

Fraoch

of

Geste

it

thy possession? Bring

is it in

warrior-braves

it ; thou

see

may

shalt

again/'

"

I do

"

Well, find out/' said AiUU,

she

know/'

not

"

of

has become

what

said,

it."

else the soul It is

"

part with

must

unworthy

fine besides," said

to

say

the

it

"

be

must

sought,

thy body." so

that is

is much

there

;

Fraoch

And

warrior-braves.

spake : I

"

possess no behalf of the

on

word

to

save

Of

"

if she

with

shall

dead where

it

was

for

let

some

dost

And

the

go

it doth

save

her

Ailill.

the

girl,

"

do

girlsent

shalt thee

her

to

not.

not

"

I pressingly

so

go

to

not," said Ailill, but "

fetch

it."

maid.

Lit., in pledge for 15

return."

longing shall the the girl. Since,

or

for it

long

from

^

can

Why it is impossible. Until the the world began, from

reward

indeed, thou one

since

it

return," said

treasure

thee."

Go,

for

not

return

of the

know

bring it "

if thou

flungI

thou

which

none

"

died

however,

the

folk," said Ailill, thy lips

my

who

"Verily, wished

of

is because

back

come

me

wilt."

thou

of thee

asked

give up

not

brought

ring back," quoth to give it," said power

By the god pale in death

"

has

the

no

what

me

she

hast

thou

treasures

I have

girl,for

I would

life." ^

my

bring not

"

which

treasure

my

soul.


The "

I

swear

by

be

found

anyone

stroke,^I shall

ring "

of

Geste

people'sgod,"

my to

protect

longer be

no

Fraoch

from

me

in

she said, " should

thy

the

tyrant's

should

power

the

be found." the

Should

ring be found,"

Ailill, I shall

said

"

be with the not certainly prevent thee, should it even that thou should'st go." (stable-boy) groom maid then brought into the palace the 23. The salmon dish with the broiled thereon, well prepared with honey dressing. Over the salmon laythe golden ring. Ailill and "

his

Let

Meve

me

Word

what "

I

it is for

Meseemeth,

girdlebehind,"

it

said Fraoch,

"

and

he

looked

for

purse." "

"

!"

see

it.

view

Yea

is the

Mine

flung it

hast done conceal

not

ring which

Find-abair

was

said Fraoch.

thou I will

into

a

who the

was

gave Black

I left

testimony that "

with

Declare

the

it from

thy Royal

on

ring ! thee,"

"

Ailill said.

in the purse, and it thee. Linn.

On On

my

this

thy

I knew account

word

of

it by thy soul, declare O Fraoch, how has happened to be brought out.'^ conceal it from thee. I will not Fraoch spoke : the first day I found On the thumb-ring at the door of the //jj, and I knew it was a lovelygem ; therefore I carefully On the day that put it by in my purse. I went I heard the girl had how to the water gone

honour,

and

"

1

to

This

convey

where the original, renderingonly paraphrases the ideas of

oppressionand servility. 16

sarol

mogreissseems


The seek

to

out

from

have

told

for

until

the

met

we

river.

'

would

she

not

the

in

me

And

open the purse, and the water, and I saw it into

shall I

reward

What

give

We

house.

year's

a

me

got it with

she gave the sword thereafter I saw

as

that it took

'

:

that I had

left it behind

had

Fraoch

findingit ? that

me

It chanced

love.

her

I said to

it.

thee

She

"

of

Geste

me

;

I

not

met

hand in my didst thou

into

when

flingthe thumb-ring into it so the salmon spring to meet its mouth. Then I caught the didst

salmon, took

it up

hand. girl's

It is that salmon

the

on

bank

and then

put

it into

which

is

on

the the

dish." 24.

with

At

these

astonishment "

I shall

in Erin

and

household

they marvelled. my thought on

struck

were

another

youth

after thee," said Find-abair.

"Betroth "

and bestow

not

the

tales

do

thee

thou

of the kine

Cualnge

from

the

same

night,thou

east

to

come

of

him,"

to

with

on

thy kine, and

Ailill

thy kine thy return

with

us :

said

ye twain Find-abair."

I will do so," Fraoch

and to

Meve, the

once

shall wed

raid more

that

replied. They are there until the following day, when bade Fraoch with his companions got ready and farewell to Ailill and to Meve. They then set out "

for their

own

bounds.

17


The

DEATH

THE

On

Where

doth

He

And

his

And

bereft Idad's

For

whom

Idad's

of

son

Sad

the

tale

lies Fraoch

mother's

a

Fraoch

She

doth

With

her

the

disturbest

Snake 2

Tree

of

it thou

(theMother Fraoch's

a

"

Book

sad

son.

:

ladye; curlinglocks

be

proud of the

be entitled

might

teachingmight

her

Find-abair

comes

Meve

after the tale

wail

hand

Queen

Retold

:

lieth cold.

soft and

tresses

And Of

weep

weeps

behold

Fraoich

Cluan

To

mother

strifes of old

Idad

mac

behest.

for Fraoch

and

won

Idad

mac

proud Meve's Shee (Sidh)a

"

:

hair.

grievessore Many a field in had

Laive

Cairn

raven

there

Cruachan

grieve

of soft locks,

Idad

mac

On

He

warriors

is named

She

from

sigh

his spouse. doth keen

she

son

fulfilled

Who

Its

doth

low

warrior

a

of love

Westward

text.

friend

a

makes

moan

For

The

^

^

FRAOCH

his bier ;

Fraoch

1

Fraoch

OF

Fraoich

Cluan

On

of

Geste

summarised

Life,

nor

: :

Dean

Thou

shalt

of

to

sought.

of Lismore, Tree

The

attempt

heroes

a

sixteenth

of Life in Gadhelic

shalt

not

break

off the

uproot it; in the

day

century

Legend. branches that

thou

surelydie. Its guardian is the serpent, the DragonMankind thus typified). possibly

mead, i.e. 18


The

of

Geste

Fraoch

FRAOCH^

hujus

Auctor 1.

Cluatn

O

H-osnadh

caraid

an

Cluan

Fhraoich

H-osnadh

laoich

an

caiseal

chro

H-osnadh

dheanann

da'n

Agus

2.

Caoch

an

Aig

Fraoch Fear

a

buidheachas

sloinntear

mhna an

bheir

Fraoch

4. 'Si 'n

mac

an

fhuilt mhaoith.

an

baoibh Fraoich.

Cruachan

trom

gu

Fiodhaich

do

soir

bh-feil a' bhean

h-osnadh

bhean

aon

6g.

Carn

sgeul fa a

fear,

fa'n bh-feil

earn

rinn

aon

se

an

Fhiodhaich

Truagh Is

2

mac

Is bho'n

3. Gul

guileann bean

shear

so

tuirseach

colg sean.

nan

nidh

gul

an

dol d'a fhios gu Cluan Fraoich, fhuilt chais ail Fionnabhair an

Ag

Inghean ^

From

the

and

in several mac

Mhaoidhbh Dean

of the

Book

transliteration in

placescorrected ; 2

Shiar I

of Lismore

ReliquiaCeltica

mac

Idhaidh, old nominative

biaid

g'am

Fhiodhaich

laoich.

after Dr

(i.63).

is dialectal for

Idad. 3

19

Recte

His

Maoidhbh.

Cameron's

cription trans-

transliteration is mac

Fhiodhaidh,


The of

Find-abair Ailill's

Of

many

But

never

But

Fraoch

Her

cause

For

Fraoch

love

a

had

unprovoked

best of

the

passion he

And

hence

Fraoch Great

The

a

:

to-night. thus wrought by

corpse

death

her

side

scheme Cluan

in

not

ill)

foretold. Fraoich

friend

a

II tree

rowan

is

Every fourth Ripe fruit Its clusters' Its berries

Hunger

bore

rowan

than

virtues red

could

they

staved

"

"

month

every

sweet

more

Meve

the shore

seen

and

the

Loch

on

grew

Southwards

Fruit

:

:

woman-kind

(On

A

Meve

still unfold

we

story old

(With

scorn

the wrong

was

Simply

did

his wound

lies

:

she found

love for him

Her

found

Meve

knights,

friendliest

and

When

His

Find-abair.

of hatred

Bravest

hair

golden

daughter she by Fraoch to-night: loved, of many sought

one

side

Lies

of Fraoch

Geste

:

honey-comb,

strong. one

ofF 20

but

taste

long.

doth

sigh.)


The 5.

Inghean

Orla^

Is Fraoch

folt

ur

fear dha'

dtairgeadhi

Faigheas Meadhbh

fa fearr

A' chuis

fa'n chreuchd-ta

Tre

lochd

gun

chuireadh

7. Do

Taobh

re

Is

am

mor

e

a

ria.

tug

na

an

pudhar a thuit gun cheilga nos.

Inneosad

gliadh, chorp

sa' bhas

gu

mnaibh

fuath

an

dheanamh

a

Fraoch.

ach

muigh

a

Fhraoich

Cairdeas

air thaobh

taobh

ghradhaich si fear

Nior

6.

as

nochd

an

m6r

Ge

of Fraoch

Geste

olc

le Meadhbh

H-osnadh.

II 8. Caorrunn

chidhmist

Do

Gach[a] Toradh

9. Sasadh Ba

bhi

do

abaidh

mhillse

Do Fear

traighfa [agus]gach

an

raidh

bidh

mhil

bhiadh

dheas

;

mi,

sin, a

an

gu 1

Mai,

air.

caora

chongbhfadh gun

bhi

do

na na

air Loch

Recte

bhlath caorrann ceann

Aileir. 21

;

dearg naoi

trath,


The Its berries'

juice and

For

would

year

a

red

prolong

:

relief

it gave

be

is told

If what

Fraoch

fruit when

life

disease

dread

From

of

Geste

belief.

our

life

of proved a means Peril lay closely nigh ; Coiled by its root a dragon lay Forbidding passage by.

though

Yet

A

it

for Fraoch

messenger

By

Eochaidh's

When

What

That

"

soft

palm

berries

from

the

Of "

she

Yet

hand

I ne'er

were

to

Queen

"

whole full lake

"

pull. son

blushing face

;

will I what

yet ne'er willed,"

Fraoch,

Sir Fraoch

moved

Forth

found Around

to

the

of grace.

out

forward lake

"

"

cull'd,"said Idad's I

?

reply

island in the

alone

Quoth

He

be

the

"

daughter made

her

Such

:

quoth Fraoch,

would

Fraoch's

"

rent

of the festive horns

ne'er

Till

Of

"

ails ?

Eochaidh

Meve

sore

Eochaidh's

And

keen

daughter

sickness

"

sent

was

and

to swam

his fate the

tide ;

asleepthe dragon-snake the

(On

tree, mouth Cluan

open wide. Fraoich doth a friend 22

sigh.)


The Bliadhain

10.

Gum

fhoirinn

bu

Fromhadh 1 1

shaoghalgach fir sin fa sgealdearbh

air

chuireadh

Do

is

anshastacht^

ba

'na

dheigh an t-sluaigh,

nimh

Peist

dha

duine

Gun

Ar

Mac

Ge

gar

dhearnas do

ach

Bhuain

a

Fhuair

a'

ar

e

bhuain

shnamh

air

ris

mi

dheirg

Fraoch

chaor

pheistis suas

ceann

Fraoch.

ngne

go

do

Fraoch, b'e fear

15. Gluaiseas

a

fhuair

ni dhearnadh

Fiodhaich

Rachsad

Is

bhuain

bi slan

maoith

locha

riamh

thainigri.

nach

boise

a an

ga

14. Cnuasachd

saor.

ciod

Meadhbh

chaoraibh

Do

corn

laoch

an

faigh Ian

Mur

nan

fios leath air Fraoch,

dubhairt

A

throm

throm

fhiosraich

Dh'

d'a bhuain.

dhul

Eochaidh

chuireadh

Do

'na bhun^

each

easlainte

Lean

Inghean

13.

bhi

do

Bhacadh 12.

chobhar

leigha

dearg.

e

.

Ge

cneidh

luchd

do

mheas

a

bhi

Do

Fraoch

of

Geste

an

Mheidhbh.

aigh

an

loch

i 'na suain an

dos.

H-osnadh. ^

Amsy

=

aimcheist mhor ^

A*

aimiseachd a

Bheithir

bha

na

gharg

;

aimsiughadh,

dhiaidh is miosa

"

temptation"

:

fascination ?

*N

Mac Lagan). (^Gillies ; nimh (Cameron'sReiiq,Celt., i.,p. 225). 23


The

of Fraoch

Geste

III

Fraoch, Idad's Of

Of

the beast

berries

Meve's

"

red

the lake

swam

fate for

The

by

rowan

From And As

With He

his

Would

of the

gaping

a

the

knife

knew :

pass store.

lake

the land

the

maw

in the

seized

bear."

more

pulled the

from

seized

in

bold

top he seized

the

monster

Fraoch

Fraoch

him

he

root

the

once

yet did

never

thou

fear he

no

:

thou

Champion

trunk

consent

gave

hero

The

from

which

fair,

so

relieves,O

me

branch

But But

of form

Meve

Fraoch

that

be

good brought,"

Save

relieve.

to

Though

Nought

keen

being unperceived. a lapful brought

longing

Quoth "

of weapon

son,

tree

perceived made

hero's

liquidtide monster by were

24

by

;

free.

hand

:

the

jaw.

his side !

hast


The

of Fraoch

Geste

III

1

6. Fraoch

Fiodhaich

mac

airm

an

gheir

Th4inig o'n pheistgun fhios di, Thug a h-anultach chaor dearg Meadhbh dh' a tigh. Far an robh 1

7.

Ach

"

maith

ge

Meadhbh

Adubhairt "

Ach

18.

fh6ir

mis,

slat

bhuain

Ni

a

Is nior

fheud

d6

Tabhairt Mothaicheas

Beireas

an

luain bun."

a

ghilletiom, air an linn bhuig agh [ne]acy ge mor 's nior

robh

an

air

caorrann

an

Tharruing

20.

as

o'n bhas

Theachd

19. Gabhas

ris

a

laoich

a

Togras Fraoch, Shnamh

tugaisleat," as geal cruth,

na

as

crann

[a]chos ris a'

do

air agus

e

air

a

chuid.

bharr,

a

do'n

fhreimh, t6r

pheist. snamh.

gabhas a lamh 'na craos. is' air ghiall, Do ghabh se-san Truagh gun an sgian aig Fraoch Is

^

or, ach

=

howsoever.

25

!


The of

Find-abair For

Sir

fair skin

Idad's

With

the

And

Which

the

On

The

her

palm

Though Thy

The For

ever

And

thus

(On

as

hight

resounds Cluan

fell

;

perceive dead.

as

awoke

she

placed,

for

birds-of-prey.

the

take

and

she

food

death

doth

head

swooned

earth

on

is it

:

his hand

in

did

his hand

renown

lake

ire

maiden

but

the

away.

woeful

:

spake

now

from

And

arm

dire

monster's

she

strand

then

In "

the

maid

his

they fought boulders dyed.

the

when

tore

monster

conflict

conflict

held

Fraoch

in

;

strand

the

the

bore

shore

monster's

blood

short

Nor

she the

son,

southern

the

love,

knife

a

gnawing

Fraoch,

On

her

Fraoch

Fraoch's

Fraoch

lovely tresses

Unperceived, And

of

Geste

"

is traced."

died

hero

its

Loch

name

;

Meve,

his fame. Fraoich

a

friend

doth

sigh.)


The 2 1

Fionnabhair

Is

a'

pheista theasgadha lamh

air leodh.

thuiteadar

bonn

Air

traigh nan

clach

Fraoch

Truagh,

a

Dhe,

leis

rug

a

chunnaic

Nar

chaidh

Do

Eir'eas

an

Gabhas Ge

ta

Is m6r

an

an

bhas

25. O'n

an

'na neul

air

gun

e

traigh.

an

ghairm

a

rinn

nuas

fear

am

gus

de'n

gu a

eun

loch

luan

nos.

H-osnadh chodaibh

;

bhos.

a

lean

sin deth

t-ainm

'Ga

a

fhuair

sin do

an

na

;

eun^

nan

t-euchd

charaid.

(traditional variant). 27

!

:

nighean o'n tamh, lamh, ba lamh bhog

Ata

^

treas

gearr

nighean

an

;

pheist,

'na laimh

ceann

Maidhbh

Loch

is a'

comhrag

'na cuid

so

fo dheas

corr

thug

mar

ni

c6mhrag

Do

bonn

re

Fiodhaich

mac

ban

chneas

Do

23. Ga

fhoir,

chuige sgian gun

ran

Liodair

24.

ail

fhuilt chais

an

.

Do

22.

Fraoch

of

Geste


The

of

Geste

Fraoch

IV

His

body

to

Cluan

hero

on

his

A

still the

And Ah

!

Fraoich

pity

his

the

Back

he

the

Belov'd

the

Belov'd

Cheek

redder

softer

than

Whiter

More

fringed

Than

violet

Whiter

his

the

his

teeth

fought

ne'er

pressed

lord,

rosiest.

of fawn

raven's

crest.

foam,

Fraoch's

waist.

meadow-sweet

his locks, blue

more

eye his

scorned

streaming

snow

than

but

the

blood

the

the

ripe

rowans

the

than

than

Laive,

lips had

woman's

cheeks

darker

Hair

hand

friends

that

than

here

me

alive.

chief, of hosts

the

Belov'd

Than

mouth

known

woe.

Cairn

his

when

lips which

The

And

turned

foremost

The

Fraoch

;

makes

name

beside

from ne'er

low

survivor's

Cairn-of-the-Hand Is named

laid

bier

mead

is borne

lips more

than

woodbine

;

red. hue.

;


The

of Fraoch

Geste

IV

26. Beirear

Corp Air Is

laoich

an

;

gcluain tugadh a ainm mairg a mhaireas d[a eis beo].

nar

Fear

ba

28. lonmhuinn

29. Duibhe

30. Caise

na

a

Deirge a

barr

na

partan

dheud

na

fhuilt

laoigh

sruth Fhraoich.

'fholt

eidhr'-leac

na

rosg

a

fuil

cneas

caisean

an

na

cobhar

sneachd

an

Guirme

a' toirbheart

ghruaidh na

a

na

daimh

ob

nar

fitheach

na

mhine

Gile

trod.

phog Tighearna nan sluagh gruaidh nar dheirg an ros.

lonmhuinn

Deirge

son.

treas

an an

beul

am

lonmhuinn

Fa

neart

bidis mnai

D'am

bhidheast

do

iompodhadh dheise

thaobh

m^

re

so

earn

an

Fhraoich

laimh

Fear

Oik

caisil chro

gu

an

27. Carn-laimh, O

Fraoich

Cluan

sin gu

an

a

^

bheul

blaith

feith.

A plantis apparently meant as (Dean of Lismore's spelling). in the other lines : feith woodbine, honeysuckle (Hogan's Luibhleabhran) : of the ash mountain (1^., partarif berry p. 60). 1

Yr' lak

"

"

"

29


The Than

mast

More No

his spear than musical

side

that

Alas

We

alas !

hear

vie

his shield,

was

it,happy

the

lord

!

of Fraoch

arm

broad

his sword.

by heroes bold, fell ; of gold through a monster's hold

Fraoch

bestower and

could

put.

ship'splatemore

Would

his voice

:

Fraoch

wield

his lance

as

Than

The

water

could

Whoso

lute

door-leaf

than

Broader

Long

by

Fraoch

higher ;

was

that with

swimmer His

of

Geste

"

his funeral

(On

Cluan

knell.

Fraoich

SO

a

friend doth

sigh.)


The 3

1

Aird'

shleagh na

a

.

Binne

Snamhaidhe

do

Cha

a

32. Ba

shin

do

leithn'

lonmhuinn Co

fad

Leithn^

33.

lann

nach

thuit

Tuirs'

sin

Truagh,

thaobh

is

a

cholg na

a

Truagh Do

b'fhearr

triath

a

a

ghuth

a

re

comhla

na

siuil

cranna

chiuil

teud

na

Fraoch

of

Geste

a

bhi

a

na

Fraoch

sruth.

sgiath re

druim

lamh clar dhe

luing.

comhrag re laoich Fraoch a phronnadh or le peist a thuiteam an

Dhe, nach

maireann

fos.

H-osnadh,

31


At

1.

there and

lived

and

up

through

fire

was

the

lived

for

with

an

a

at

clay

floor

wife,

of

man

his

clan

forge had

living

was

old

an

when

him

bury

he

his

for

dog

and

daughter,

nor

The

Duncan

there and

curled

smith's

There

mare,

son

no

the

and

roof.

the

and

and

old

to

of

house. year,

an

had

He

inside,

smoke

peat

end

roof

the

on

blue

the

thatched

green-grass,

gowans,

grew

the

the

long

a

old

flowers

His

sea-shore.

turf, and

yellow

ago,

Duncan,

was

the

by

long

long

name

and

while

of

many

company.

hut

narel

end

whose

;

wind,

the

world,

boulders

white

a

on

smith

sea-ware

the

in

at

of

and

thistles,

the

little

a

built

bent

waved

was

in

was

with

old

poor

lived

he

house

red

a

of

time

some

MYTH

DRAGON

CELTIC

THE

never

should

time

come.

there out

was

no

the

in

hard

work

to

to

do,

this

to

fish

in

had

he

done

was

evening

time

a

many and

work

When

2.

catch

scanty in

stormy

in

the

old an

smithy, smith

old

fare,

for

when

or

used boat

crazy fish

weather

to

in

go and

;

are

scarce

the

west

country. 3. can

On

a

remember,

of

day or

these than

days, longer I

can

33

tell, he

ago was

than

you

fishing c

in


Celtic

The the

gloaming nothing.

Now,

she said

: "

long yellowhair

full well,

half-woman,

sea-monsters,

are

mermaid

night, a

are

everyone

as

mermaids with

of

catch

could

you getting fish ? in these parts knows

Well, Duncan,

"

he

do, but

to

side of his boat, and

the

at

rose

used

last,just at the mouth

At

4.

he

as

Myth

Dragon

which

they

comb

half-fish, when

they

bask.

They are very fond of music, they are very rich, and they are able to do many wonderful and men things. They often endow and with sometimes women magical powers, they fall in love with land them. So people and marry sit

the rocks

on

answered

the smith

Duncan

answered

have

to

I send

you

then,"

Well

"

Fm

he

would

fish

getting no

at

all."

will you give me," said the mermaid, plenty of fish."

What

"

"

as

friends.

of his land

one

No," said he,

"

the mermaid

said

he,

"

I

have

but

"

little

if

to

give." have

What

"

home

at

got

Well,^' said the fisher, "

"

old

white

all the

stock

an

you

Will

"

three

I have

that

you

years

and

mare,

give

old ?

"

me

I have

old

an

?

in the

your

"

said

old

an

black

the

maid. mer-

wife,

dog, and

and

that

is

he

is

world." first

when

son

said

the

mermaid,

said

the

fisher ;

if I send

"

you

fish." "

that

ril do was

a

that,"

good bargain,for 34

he

had

and no

son

he

thought to give.


The It's

"

Celtic

bargain,"said

a

Myth

Dragon

and

the mermaid,

down

she

sank. 5. It

the fisher sculled home if the

But

than

earlier to

he

sun

and

caught nothing.

lateness,what

should

drew

the

to

to

day

went

last in the

he

happen

"

to

get

the fish.

of dusk

time

but

and

fish.

a

He

reached

it ; but

the

fish with

the hook

and

gaped

at

out

in

him,

"

?

I'm

"

glad enough

you."

even

That's

"

day long

boat, and

am," said the fisher.

I

Well

out

his

opened his big mouth it gurgled and gasped out : Are you going to take me

"

all

But

upon

his throat and

rose

of

side

grasp

fisher

the

the boat and

to

At

night,so

bed.

to

he fished his best.

there

it up

went

he

that

more

any

earlynext

rose

she did, and

sea, and

his hand

fish

late to

too

was

"

not

the best

Let

me

thing

to do," said you you shall have plenty

and

now

go

for

of fish to-morrow." the old fisher

So

throat and 6.

"

home

he

and

went

of the

out

rowed

dragged

up

to

his

fish's

his hut.

boat, and

him.

met

said

Well,"

"

hook

go, and

he

Home

his wife

all ?

let him

pulledthe

she,

"

have

you

got

anything

at

"

No,"

said he,

"

I have

got

nothing,but

I shall

get plenty to-morrow." "

What

a

pity it

to-night,"said "

There's

no

is that

you

came

the wife.

help for it,"said 35

he.

home

empty


Celtic

The And

Next

off

and

to

not

of

mouth fish

haul.

cried

out

time and

when

But

Are

"

Well,"

said

got you

to

going

you

take

to

the

and

dragged up

his

tackle,

fish

Are

him

met

his

me

go shall

home

he

rowed

shouldered

house

door,

and

again.

home

come

you

let you

shingle,and

to

up

"

eyes,

to-morrow

go, and

the

on

walked

and

to-night? glad enough to

you

Fm

"

fish,rollinghis

his boat

his old wife "

top it

home."

the fisher let the

8.

fish,

a

"

with

me

to-night,it's best for you, and having." get something worth

there

the

to

came

fisher,

old

take

the

said

Oh,"

So

of

day. But just at the for coming home, the hauled up cheerilyhaul

fish

the

hold

:

"

"

the

catch

not

get all

struck

he

jerkedand

have

he

night, at

over

could

He

could

nibble

a

early as the sun all day long he

try his luck, but

to

sea

in vain.

worked

bed.

supperlessto they went morning he was up as

so

7.

Myth

Dragon

empty-handed again ?

"

said she. "

I am,

"

Oh

die."

indeed," said the old shall

we

And

live," said the wife,

not

fastingto

they went

so

old a

man

bite

On

the

next

fished

got he

day

from

till the

bed

once

shall

"

we more.

Fisher.

The 9.

man.

it

was

sunrise

the to

36

thing.

sundown,

of dusk

time

same

and

and

The never

lateness ; and


Celtic

The the

in

then hook.

by

the

up side of the

night, a fish laid on the the head cheerily,and when boat he gripped the fish fast the

throat.

the

Are

"

going

you

take

to

I am," said he,

"

Well," said the fish,

"

to

man

No," said he,

"

clan

your "

shalt let

Thou

in the

I have

heart bit of my wife, and for thy mare, and

a

"Three head.

Go

bones out

and

wilt

wide

said

"

"

"

world

:

but do it

thyself.

thy dog

find

them

morsel

at

in the

the

to

eat.

side

of

my

garden.

Thy wife will bear three sons. will cast three foals. Thy mare Thy dog will litter three whelps. When they are born dig up my bones

"

Have

of my liver for thyself, and for thy a

for

and

bury

and

splitme, boil

thou

more."

any

helped.

whole

more

one

to

go

dog."

my

the pot but

shalt put into

Thou

no

let you

"

?

and wife, my mare, my the fish spoke once Then "

said the fish.

"

it can't be

"

any

?

me

I won't

"

you

but

hauled

He

by

was

of

mouth

Myth

Dragon

and

keep

bones

are

them. "Three

trees

will

sprout

where

the

they will be in leaf and budding, in sap and growing, summer and winter, spring and autumn, every day for ever, so long as the clan shall live. They will droop or wither or die as they do." buried,

and

"

Home

lo.

he did

put

a

as

he

went was

bid.

the fisherman

splitthe

He

bit of the heart and

a

morsel

37

with

the

fish,and

fish himself, and

he

of liver into the pot


Celtic

The

for himself,

boil, some

to

his mare,

for his

some

supped he buried the bed and sleptsound. 1 1

dog

to

eat

and

;

in the

bones

when

for

some

they had

garden and

went

to

the wife

was

.

brought

Three

"

That

she bore

three

husband," said she,

my

"

and

bed

to

"Oh

sons.

what

"

is here

?

"

sons," said he. said

well,"

were

she,

if there

"

aught

were

give them."

to

there

That

"

he

Then

three

and

is,"said the his eyes

cast

foals,and

three

he went as

for his wife,

some

of thrice three months

the end

At

Myth

Dragon

and

out

the fish had

the old But

So

"

12.

sorrowful

went

you

No,"

"

I did "

See, here ? 1

"

and

3. Home

the

laid them

and

he near

aside

grew, and got plenty of fish. its end

day by day. At the gloaming, the mermaid she said

he end

grew of the

rose

at

"

I

the

:

your

eldest

forgotthat

?

son

this

"

was

the

day.

lad."

Well, well," said the mermaid,

him. mine

came

year

said he.

four years

him

whelps, garden. So

the children

usual,and

brought

bring the

not

bones

cast

three

failed

and

Have

in

up

had

mare

littered

and

on

as

third

third year, in the side of his boat and "

the

up

the

said.

fished

the

had

sprouted

dug

time

man

as

had

trees

man.

around, and

hound

the

old

more

to

he went

up

you

if it be easier

see

is his like for age.

she held

"

Is

to

yours

keep

may

part with as

fine

big bouncing baby. full of delightthat he had

as

a

38

four


"

see as

Well, well," said

if it be easier fine

as

mine

?"

to

the mermaid,

part with

and

you

may

keep him

four years

See, here is his like for age.

him.

she held up

"

a

more

to

Is yours

bigbouncingbaby.

[Face

%

p. S8.


Celtic

The

years of his eldest son, and he catchingplenty of fish till the end

daily. he at

he

Then

near.

went

to

without

sea

the side of the boat Have

"

Oh

! I

"

Go

home,"

for

son

you

then

said

remember

to

sure

"

the

but

"

?

and

"

keep

easier

no

shall have

you

your

of that time

end

It will be

me.

son,

your

rose

:

your eldest son said the old man.

at

come

mermaid

The

boy.

but

;

failed

years had

seven

she said

me

term

heavy, and

the mermaid,

more

years

part with

to

and

forgothim,"

seven

will be

you

his

brought

"

of the

the end

when

But

of the second

and

sad

grew

fishingand

kept on

more

was

Myth

Dragon

plenty

of fish till then." she dived

down

And

So

14.

the

old

eldest the

He

son.

had

But

again. fourteen

got

more

time

went

drew and near, years weaker and heavier, and

heavier

his wife and

day,and

his

never

old

and

weaker

his

before maid mer-

end

man

make

not

of

the

the

the

could

sons

see

and

on,

home

went

years be dead

would

that he would

sea.

and

up

seven

he

thought

ended, and

term

deep

cheered

man

he

joyful,because

the

into

of

grew

day by out

what

ailed him. What

"

son

The

not,"

father

?

"

said the

eldest

does

not

thee

concern

touch

it

said the old fisher.

the So

that

matter

that

But

"

said

troublingyou,

day.

one "

is

boy. the

old

which "

I

must

fisher

makes know told 39

you what his

son

sad

concerns

me,"

it is."

how

the

whole


Celtic

The

he

promised

was

fourteen

boy.

I won't

"

again for

go

out

the

a

must

was

not

hound

and

16. born. and horse

"A

not

will

foaled. and

wood,

mouthed, 18.

with

to

you

seek my

to

strength

great

his father

to

:

I will

sea

any more, fortune."

wield." foaled

was

this halter and

the hill and and

whelp

Here

take

give him

the

will

to

go

nose

into

hound

cake

and

it.

the

and

go

smithy

the out

horse the

to

baying open-

comes

he

the

bridle,and

littered when

this cake

were

you

this little rusty bit, the

was

the black

when

shake

put his

black

when

"I

said

son

the mermaid."

to

grown

get fish

never

will

follow

and

forge you

you. a

myself."

weapon 19.

Now

this lad

had

and

strong, that his like

and

strengthand

took

the

a

take

come

"A

I

"

had

sons

to weapon horse black

to

out

17. was

of

end

father," said the

you,

though give you to

a

Here

go

how

poor prospect for me," said the old long before I saw you, and it may be if you I see you again. But must go You have a horse and must go empty.

longer before you

he,

the eldest

and

is but

It

"

man.

the

at

and

you."

said

If I may not go into the world That

"

trouble

I will

ever,

wisdom, "

mermaid

oppose

son,"

Now

15. and

that

let

No, my

"

the

to

the mermaid,

and

years.

Don't

"

him

between

stood

matter

Dragon Myth

courage

so

grown not

was

and

the little rusty bit and 40

to

great and be

found

stout

for size

goodly seeming, so the old ragged halter

he and


Celtic

The

Myth

Dragon

palfrey. He had the wild, shaggy,prancing, when not with black clattering palfreycame galloping down and snorthoofs and shiningeyes and streaming mane ing nostrils and blood-red streaming mouth, open rushingas if to trample the lad under foot and tear up the hill to got far on the moor

him

;

but the lad shook

and

the black

halter,and

the bit till it clinked

steed

down

great

shaggy

of the wood,

black with

halter

savage

and

But

them.

pulled

the

out

him,

and

then

the black

dog

both

followed

the lad home

"And

was

as

to

led

the

tongue and as

if

seize

to

bit afraid.

a

his father

hound's

tame

as

not

was

had

He

given

open throat ; and the black horse, and

his father's hut.

Weapon.

father," said

now,

and

blood-red

that

the

it into

The

21.

once.

teeth, glancing

little cake

thrust

and

the lad

rang, into the

they got there a out baying furiously

came

fieryeyes

white glittering tear

When

hound

at

and

nose

his hand

in

forest.

the

to

his

put

friends

good

the

took

and

came

they were

He

20.

steed

black

the

seek

strode

he, "make

me

a

weapon." So

the

weighed stone

old

iron

out

weight,

looked

on.

it,and

it bent

smith

and

When and

went

out

enough he it

to

smithied was

broke

done

to

make

a

it well

he

took

in his grasp. 41

his

smithy stout

while it and

and

staff

his

son

shook

a


Celtic

The That

"

is

iron

old

smith

they smithied

and

took

Then

the

lad

broke

like

the first.

23.

the

So

took

old

shook

smith

"

for

it and

it bent.

too

weak,"

said

it bent

that

of

stone

smithied, done

was

lad, "if

the

and

son.

and

when

and

like the first.

three

out

of

stone

the smith's

hammered

shook

"That's

club

weighed

;

two

it, and

said

it and

bar

out

great iron

a

weak,"

too

and

it and

weighed

it and

they beat forged a great

iron, and

is far

That

"

lad,

another."

the

So

22.

strong enough," said the

not

make

Let's

me.

Myth

Dragon

I

he

were

insulted." ^

24.

they weighed

So

forged a great bar; took "

shook

it and

That's

not

four

out

that

when

and

it like

yet,"

strong

he

the

done

was

and

reed

a

of iron, and

stone

it bent

said,

"

if

lad

again. I

were

angry." 25. another "

So

bar, and

That

smithied that

was

will

do." 27.

that

would

said rage,^' 26.

they weighed

the

So a

like the

bent

if I

serve

they weighed

six

bent

like

made

five

and

stone

made

rest.

in

were

a

right good

lad.

great

Then

not

out

and

he

club

cooled

got up

of

stone a

shinny,and

the smith's

and

went

in

son

to

his

and

iron

said,

when "

house,

that

and

sought out the first of the fish bones which he buried, that first tree and of the the root dug up from He born. sprouted on the night when his sons were 42


The went

back

his

eldest

Celtic

reached

smithy and

the

to

said

Here,"

"

son.

Myth

Dragon

his hand

out

he,

take

"

that

to

and

try it." The

28.

took

lad

and

stretched

bone

became

the

his

out

to

Mercies," said the

lad.

and

Yonder

tree

autumn

to

for

and

till I

the

I have

and

death

I

would

sons

and

;

smith's

each

learning,

spring to winter,

tree."

and

and

Princes

done

now

from

will fall off my

They

31.

when

I

all three

got his horse

and

start

hound

and

try and

with

rose

and

steeds

called

the

dawn

their

and

black

saddled

their

dogs, and

hung They

blades at their sides. gleaming gold-hilted sought and got their mother's blessing.

that

now

dead

am

their

"

in

start. may bud, blossom, and leaf from

in

meet

of

King

Now

"

and

summer,

;

it, and

shook

sword.^

and

black

be

will

30. The their fortune club

thee. Oh

knowledge,

ever

the buds

and

arm

gripped it

gold-hiked, glittering glaive

a

his grasp. 29. "Thanks

wisdom,

and

little bone

Son," said the you

never

old

within

go

to

man

the

eldest, be "

reach

of the

where

there

wind

sure

of the

sea-shore." "

drop

I will

"

never

was

a

of brine."

Then to

said he,

go,"

seek

they left fortune

pillow and

;

and

started ^

In

a

their

on

so

blessingsat

they took

home

the

and

world

their way.

Bernerayversion

three 43

sons

start

together.

set

off

for their


The

Celtic

Three

The

had

three

world off

sons

that

father, and

their

together upon

would

they

fortunes.

their

seek

to

Ways.

old man this poor who lived long ago who leave thought that they would

Thus

32.

Dragon Myth

The

into

out

go

the

of lads

leash

set

and

they kept going on till they reached a spread in three branches. these three They said to each other when they saw ways, that each should take a separate path, and that there in a year and a day, and so they should meet they did, and parted. brother

middle took

the road The

33.

34. saw

old

a

At

last he

the

the

little

father's three

from

east, away

he

and

did

of

open

fox

a

wolf,

space

this

divide

he

trees.

he

where

standingbeside and

"

wood

wilderness

to

and

the

into

shore sea-

where

a

an

the

know

not

nothing but

the

youngest

a

year-

carcase

us."

amongst So

rode

came

wolf, a hawk,

The

east.

The

way.

of the brine, rode

see

"

went

west.

son

high

sheep. Stop," said

that

way the middle

went

eldest

could

He

was.

that

was

sun

the

took

the smell

and till the

way, road that

took

eldest

The

one

lad got

rusty knife

boat

shares

creatures,

off his black

and

to

that

he

splitfish,and

and

threw

bade

them

them choose. 44

horse used

he

cut

down

and to

pulled out have

the

in

sheep before

his into

the


The

Celtic

That

pleasedthem

Said

the

wolf

Myth

Dragon

well. When

"

:

hard-pressed,

are

you

me."

remember

hawk

the

Said

When

"

:

dire

in

are

you

straits,

me."

remember

the fox

Said

When

"

:

the worst,

at

are

you

think

of me." 35. and

son,

he

on

The

beasts

he

blessed

rode

and

for his black that

after could

white

clouds

and

;

path

and

the

of

then

clouds

great king'scastle in at

And

reached

fine and

He

blew

that followed

and

the

dark,

the

of this realm

not

saw

a

was

soon

the

was

and

little

Way.

that

thought

house,

a

house he

that

all.

36.

It

fast

so

coming on palace gate of a

that is

First

he

went

they rode and the bright clear

so

trees, till

realm

a

wind

road and

wind

going away, of night were

were

they

They

Each

and

for him

smooth

March

them.

again

speed.

at

fisher's

the

mounted

March

forest and

day

he

was

swift

the

blessed

hound.

the swift

dim, dusky black apace

forest

catch

not

through

ran

the

horse

them, and

bird

and

each

they caught

before

the

them,

through

crooked,

was

and

he

lowliest

of the herd.

out

off.

he

But

not

into

lodge the

if it

knocked of

house He

could

looked

lightafar

there, and

he

at

far low

all the

place

tied his horse

outside

went. 45

so

darkness

was a

in

ofF

door.

and and

the in


Celtic

The

he

had

that herd

Now

whether so

away,

go

he

stayedwhere

stay,

then

and

he

no

did

to

go

"

said

answer.

not

know

if he

went

was.

himself

the herd

while

a

him

He

where

or

to-night?

gave

children.

to

Between

she

But

no

or

stay here

to

herd's wife.

the

to

leave

I have

May

"

Myth

Dragon

came

home.

the

is that

"

Whose

horse

"

It's

"

Wife, did you

mine," said

at

door

my

?

"

said he.

the lad.

wayfarer food

the

give

?

''

said

man. "

I gave

"

Then

none," she said.

him

He

"

asked

never

it." make

ready a

for him

meal

once,^'said

at

the herd. the

So

the

two

churlish

What

"

began

men

news

wife

began

their

tales.

make

to

from

the

big

news

we

know

ready,and ?"

town

said

the

wife. If there

"

know does sea

it," said the not

every

from nor

were

our

know

our

on

but A

news.

mayhap dragon comes

year, and every year he land to take The away.

daughter

fallen

"

man,

her

but

the

this year.

that

must

the

If he is

his

not

at

stranger of the

out

have

king has daughter, and

one

would

you

a

maiden

neither the

son

lot has

the strand

with

only daughter to give her to the dragon that comes of the sea, the highest stone in his castle will be out and the lowest highest,and all the realm lowest will He be ravaged by the beast. has gathered all the 46


Celtic

The

people of

kind

of any

man

a

to

man

when

realm

all the

go cook

headed

the

to

who

if he

see

condition

or

half the

and

gain her

togetherto

this realm

Myth

Dragon

ever

guard his girl and the king lives,and

to

while

realm

find

can

king dies,and he has found no strand but a cock-eyed,carrottywithin with a was carving meat the

big knife." Well," said the lad,

"

37. and

I

seeking service

am

and

live here

me

earn

my Yes," said the herd.

"

king'scattle,and It

;

before

that I had

there

took

lad

The

left

I need

serve

herself that

fortune

was

the

he

said

the

herd

Watch

do that you the boarded

not

let them

gate

;

alive

out,

care

park with

into it that

enough.

and

well, but

and

the

into

herd

no

charge of

put

ever

should

we

take closed cattle

lose herd

herdsman." "

rU

take

wrapped 39. a

of both," said

care

in

There

a was

with

the

lad, and

off he

garment.

gray

and

widow

followed

old

an

led

brown

the

his horse

and

that

cow

herd, and

hound,

the

but

the

belonged herdsman

pastures

bare. 40.

saw

came

"

:

him

them

good

were

well

the

king'sherd,

gave

and

to

mind

to

let

night."

the cows,

set

lad

a

and

me

he

lodged. 38. In the morning

and

take

herd

a

here, for the herd

you

with

service

need

may

turn

my

sent

last

me

you

will you meat." "

will

you

"

So

the

herd

the finest grass

went

he

up had 47

ever

to

the seen.

park gate, and He opened


Celtic

The the

gate, and

the

Myth

Dragon

brown

led

cow

they stayedall day. the evening But as 41.

the

cattle

in, and

there

drew

and

milking time, Firum noise. he heard Farum^ little stones a going under, Firum Farum great gravel going over, and he and Jiumps and with heads seven saw a^ great giant the park. necks He seven coming roaring down them three of the beasts by the tail and took cast on and off he strode. the very shower-top^ of his shoulder better suffer death herd The to thought it was and than lose the beasts ; so he ran to the park door the

shut

gate. the

"

Mannikin,

"

I won't," said he.

open

the

giant.

giant gripped the herd, and They fightingwith might and main.

to

of rocks

sank

they reached

they

reached he

rocks

and

mire

think

park gate,"said

the

Then

42.

fell

on

mire

when

;

their knees, where

their

friends

and

they

they sank began to

herd his

near

made

least

most

last the

At

eyes.

far from

was

in

they

foes, and

And a wolf. thought of the wolf, and he was tossed little light easy lift and gave the giant a

he

he

up

''

and

knocked

43.

"Death

What's

Oh,

"

copper

is upon

eric ?

your

castle and

a

Fras-mhullaich, G. H.

2

Eric

the slaying,

same

the as

worth

of

stood

him.

upon

giant," said

you,

the

herd.

^

said

copper

1

means

"

much,

that's

and

down

him

him

a

the blood-fine

man

the

giant."

whistle, and

;

his

or

ransom

of Icelandic

law.

a

the

"

I

ruddy

fee

have

a

russet-

paid for

man-


The brown that

I have

servant.

Half

faithful

your

comrade

in

and

he

Then

44.

the whistle blew

a

"

blast.

And

he

said

and

out,

came

and

Well,

I

now,

and

good

in the

rode

the

horse

evil

all

:

the herd.

ruddy

to

And

the

copper russet-brown

to

me

giant'spouch, to

up

red

live,and

we

life,"said

searched

a

drink, and much

and

while

I die." be yours when *' and your That's mine he killed the giant.

found

dress,and

red

a

be yours

to

Myth

Dragon

flythrough the air,meat

can

treasure.

be

Celtic

and

castle servant

:

but

cannot

think

that

master

my

be dead."

must "

I'll be

the lad, and

got, and "

asked

he

then

Don't

he

let

and

master

your

a

said

for

not

whit

a

food

and

worse," said

drink.

That

he

:

pin's worth

go

hence

till I

come

again." "

I won't, master," said who

servant

45. the

skirt

cow,

and him

met

of his rest

saunteringon, have

You

"

Yes," said he.

"

Did

you

No,"

46.

said

When

king'shouse

russet-brown

and

gathered

garment, and took the brown gray followed him home. The old herd

"

"

the

castle. copper castle left the copper

herd

the

ruddy

in the

was

The

the

back

come

see

were

"

no

he

said

:

alive."

to

man

any

he, the

and

harm

or

frightenyou

?

"

one."

cattle

were

pleased "

49

milked for

and

they had

all about not

enough o


Celtic

The of

milk-pailsto

lots to

The

lad

lived

grass

with

gate and

48.

gate of boards

was

let But

a

louder

herd,

the

the

and

him

gave

and

and

copper

he

a

in

day

every castle

thought

went

he

till he

till had

came

second

he

and

;

;

saw

the other

greater than

a

clatter than

little gravelgoing under over

the

park,where He as high as his knees. opened the and there he stayed. in the cows he heard he had not been there long when

greater and

going

for

drink.

bare. Then grew further a-field,and he

go second

a

the

a

herd, and

new

park

grass

they had to send the dairymaidsand

pasture

better to

the

to

went

the

of the

and

"

all

"

supper

47. he

more

much

made

old herd

good

make

to

carpenters

the milk

hold

Myth

Dragon

he

Firum^ Farum^

ever.

Firum^ Farum^ a

big

was

man

coming.

less,and

no

greater gravel he had

If

no

seven

throttles. humps and seven came roaring into the park,and he seized 49. He six cows by the tails and slung them on to the showertop of his shoulder and the ridge of his back. herd thought it better to suffer death 50. The the gate of the park than lose the cattle,so he ran to and shut it,and put his shoulder againstit. Impudent elf,open the gate of my park," roared be the the giant. I am but that you may not sure think that such a slayerof my brother, but I cannot heads

and

seven

"

"

did it."

mannikin 51.

gate, and then

He

slung seized

began

a

down

the

the lad with

fightworse

than 50

cows

the

and

sprang

to

the

; and gray garment the first. The lad was


The hard

Celtic

far from

friends,and

he

Then

that he

it seemed

pressed; was

he

thought he

and

wolf,

a

gentle,cheery, easy lift,and him

threw

Mine

the

"That's

52.

silver whistle in

servant

a

and

a

I

it.

half

to

white

the

slew

all is the

faithful

your

that

is

"

her.

I

treasure

;

to

same

much

yours

comrade

and

to

fly

can

be

live, all

we

death

eric ?

steed

and drink, and

while

when

allyas

I do

"

I'll be

he

searched

he

believe

"

;

death," said the lad.

your up the

tail of his

garment

gray

giant.

when

and

"

in

and

the rode

Out

giant'spouch the

came

the herd

saw

that my

the

to

master

he

and

silver castle

white fine,fair, said have

must

:

died."

whit worse," said you and no quicklyfetch me food and drink." to

master

got that, and

Take

"I'll do servant

bump

a

giant. "I have a a fine,fair,white

the

white

sky ;

shrill blast.

a

servant,

He

ribs

your

a

tucked

Then

blew

"

said

the silver whistle

the lad

and

and

up

risingup,

What's

"

mine, and

he

53.

and

and

have

dress,meat

That's

found

him

tossed

castle,and

I will be

Then and

little

giant a

I live."

long as "

he

silver

the

be yours

I die, and

lad.

much,"

through air, or have

the

gave

lying down

is your

you," said

upon

of the wolf.

more

once

his heart

gave

his foe and

near

was

earth.

againstthe "

and

down,

Myth

Dragon

that

care

then

he

of all that

is here

that, master," was

in the

said

said

:

till I

the

silver castle. 61

again." fine, fair,white come


Celtic

The

the lad tucked

Then

54.

Myth

Dragon

garment, and took the brown

up

the

tail of his

cow,

and

the

gray followed

rest

home. The

55. and

Saw

him

met

and

the

counted

cows

all there.

they were "

herd

old

anything

you

to

vex

frightenyou

or

i

"

said he.

No," said the lad.

"

he

best

My safe

"so

should

I

"

?

see

And

home.

sauntered "

What

"

as

I

blessingwill cattle

my

come

give you,"said the herd, home have they never

before."

come

And

56. had

to

send

pails

such

"

when for

the cattle

had

been

never

be milked

make

to

carpenters

more

milk

to

came

milk-

more

in

seen

they

the

king's

dairy. And

57. and

all the

him

gave

lots

maids

to

and

eat

of the

much

made

herd,

drink.

58. And the ladled the cows day by day to the the silver castle and came home to at park, and went night, and lived in the herd's house till the pasture began to fail. 59. earlier

One

and still, He

away.

morning off

opened

if the

he the

went

rocks into

But

soon

shaking,and the park and

he

rose

the

to

gate and

grass up to his waist, and in the sun. to bask 60.

sun

there

heard stones

a

he

louder

more

52

laid himself

clatter

and

of

found

in, and

went

flying;

seized

early he rose third park far

a

the

than

giant cows

out

ever,

sprang

by

the


Celtic

The

Dragon Myth

slung them on the shower-top of his shoulder He back. had the loftyridge of his broad on throttles like heads and seven humps and seven others,and if he was no bigger than the other two,

tail,and and seven

the he

was certainly

6

1.

the herd

Then

it

thought

cattle,and

lose the

than

death

less.

no

better

were

he

and

up

sprang

sufFer

to

shut

park gate and set his back to it. imp," said the Open the gate, you insolent ritter have a Many a king'sson and many giant. the

"

"

off,and

heads

I cut

of your I know

"Two-thirds one-third

me.

on

I will take

too."

off yours be

terror

yourselfand

on

I

why

not

fear

should

unless I must," said the lad. 62.

"

who

He

went

Then near

his

And

he

and

turn

foe, and was

"

Death ertc

63.

thought he thought of and

the of

case

is upon

was

roared

his

a

and

up

heart

the

giant.

and

the beasts.

fox all

down,

at

once

and

over

felled him the

and

of

side

his

earth.

hard

you,

and

giant till he

giant," he

said.

"

What's

f "

That's

said

much,"

golden whistle and servant yellow-facedrusset have

his knee.

his friends

hawk

a

he

and

againstthe

bump

"

at

will go on his elbow." far from friends and he was

all round

the

!

on

and

his knee

wolf

about,

knocked ribs

a

fell

herd

his knee

on

on

the lad

under, and

your

till the

they went king's son

A

the cows,

giant slung down

the

other

each

"

Then

a

53

a

in

the

old

giant.

golden castle,a the

castle, a

"

I

brave

yellow


The

palfreythat while

faithful

be your

It's all

"

air

much

sky,a

or

treasure

half

:

dress,

green be

to

yours

I die, and be yours when friend so long as I live."

live, all

we

Dragon Myth

flythrough

can

drink, and

and

meat

Celtic

I will

to

and

mine,

death

your

boot," said the

to

lad, and he slew him. the

Then

64.

the

found

and

skirts of his gray up

he

whistle

the

on

to

went

Gray Lad sought in the giant's pouch, He golden whistle. gathered the garment and shut the park gate, and the golden castle, and he played and

russet yellow-faced

he

said

and

the

blast, and

a

servant

of

out

came

braw,

the

castle,

:

reallydo

I

*'

blew

think

that

master

my

have

must

died." "

whit

I'll be

your

worse,"

and

he

Then

gate, and

Did

to-day?

the

anything

no

again." at

cow

the

before. counted

and

to

and

come

brown

as

he

"

said vex

the

cows,

: or

frightenyou

"

said the

herd,

"

home

What

should

in his gray

I

see

?

"

with

garment

cows.

66.

That

wood

more was

see

till I

home

there, and

herd,

drink.

me

found

him,

met

he sauntered

And

the

all

you

No,"

"

and

herd

they were *'

for

she led the herd

The

65. and

back

went

and

meat

got

all that is here

Keep

"

he

the

said

master,"

so

night to

make

the

carpenters

pailsfor

more

much. 54

had the

to

send

milk

;

for

there


Celtic

The

67.

And

the herd 68.

park

Next

to

what

see

have

fire,and when

thought he been

69. of the

so

he

and

of

was

the

"

Open

your

gab, then,"

down

your throat." old carlin

The

a

stomach

iron

mole

Down

shall

stir the

to

a

Gray

Lad

carlin

had

and

he

thought

he flew

the

to

of

top

tree.

till I

at

blood

The gruesome

hawk,

a

down

his

slain

tooth

fox, and

Come

thrust

you

thought

high

70.

your

maw.

"

jump

have

seen.

He

the hawk,

out

her

open better flee,for

had

:

you

a

fearful

a

could gaped, heart, liver,and lights

through

seen

never

she

staff and

a

saw

out

and

sons,

the

to

golden castle.

he

draught of

a

for

when

she screamed

my

now

thirst." my had a tooth

She

be

killed

husband, and

quench

there

long coming, and

back

went

find in the

could

been

not

"You

he

herd

the

morning

great carlin

my

pleased with

well

dairymaidswere

boy.

had

He

the

Myth

Dragon

eat

jumped

her

breast, and the

herd

the carlin.

the

said

gaped wide,

stafi^ down

in her

said

you,"

herd, and

throat, down

upon

"

till I

the

and

it

herd came

she fell.

her, and

held

her

fast for fear she should

"

Death's

"

That's

upon

not

get the staff out again, what's your you, carlin,"said he, "

little,"said the carlin, if "

be

that

under

the

so

get it." 71.

"I

have

three

great coffers: 55

one


Celtic

The

full of

foot-board

that

treasure

side

hair

shower

with

the

fine side

the

uses

basin.

beautiful

cloth^

a

his

whoso

silver

a

be.

golden

a

used, there falls

and

combs

can

man

most

I have

"

Whoso

I have

the

becomes

of

as

"

side

one

hideous, but

is

is handsome 73.

from

and

When

golden comb.

other.

the

coarse

a

shower

golden

from

have

"I

72.

wealth

upper wonderful

of.

think

can

man

the

in

silver,two

of the castle full of all the

end

a

and

gold

Myth

Dragon

man

which

on

Whoso

in

it

earth.

on one

washes

have

can

any

kind

meat. ^

I have

"

a

cup

in which

one

have

can

kind

any

of

drink. 74.

I have

"

glittering glass^ dress. pretty blue pacing palfreythat

I have

"

a

a

through the sky. Though that's "

and

steel blade. glittering 75. Up he went golden whistle, and

he

killed

the

to

the

with

carlin

his

played upon the braw, yellow-russetservant

the

castle

and

out.

came

He

He

things that

combed

showers

the

into

went

marvellous

say,

fly

but little," said the lad," it's mine,

death," and

your

can

of

gold

I. F. C. has scored

2

"

Glass

is the

the

his head

^

"

golden castle,and

and

these

carlin

with

silver

two

found

all the

had.

the

golden comb,

fell from

his

hair.

and He

out.

but anythingthat translation,

polishedarmour. 56

shines may

be the

meaning,


Celtic

The in the

washed

and

glassgarment, the

since

did

world

ended

was

he

his braw,

was

seen

He

the

he

scabby as

tucked

He

The

Then

the cows,

counted "

Did

happen 77.

the

and

said

old

?

the

said

all

them

gave

up

to

combed

He

and

and

skirts of

the

park gate,

let

out

usual.

as

herd,

herd

him

met

and

:

anything happen

"No,"

when

Mermaid.

usual

as

Never

Then

bye, and to keep.

his gray garment and went to the the brown and sauntered home cow,

76.

drank.

and

man

a

golden comb swarthy, sun-burnt, rough

before.

was

handsome

meal.

a

glittering

side of the

coarse

and

shaggy

the

on

so

ate

such

taste

put

laid his braveries

with

was

and

servant yellow-russet

his head he

never

began.

herd

hungry

basin

golden

Myth

Dragon

to "

frightenyou to-day? should nothing. What

"

"

have

I

"

for

news

you

this

day,"

said

the

herd. "

The take the

cow,

the

than herd's

78.

said the

Gray Biast is coming great the king'sdaughter,and realm will be ravaged.

I should

hut, and

"

much

care

if it

happens

boy

;

went

If the

to

Lad.

"

"

away whole "

that ?

What's

and

the he

home

of the

unless he

if evil befel

more

to

out

to

sea

gets her

our

brown

king'sdaughter," said sauntered

to

the

herd's

rest.

dawn

earlynext

came

57

day,

the

herd


Celtic

The

at

their

He

took

head, and

went

there

was

the brown

and

cows

Then

of his gray garment, and up he went castle,and took out his copper whistle

it,and

blew

servant "

What's

"

Meat

when

from

great

sea

the

meat

he

but

the

them

When

the

it into "

and sand

Though

warriors

in

ofi^

there,

by

the

and

eaten

and

no

that

that

only

deep-dyed dark and

betimes

to

sets

so

her

guard

to

man was

his

of

out

come

carved cock-eyed carrotty cook, who in the king'skitchen, a great big knife

got

mound

shore

the

the

the

and all the

Sorcha

his

shouted monsters

should

58

cook

carving-knife.

them.

sat

on

went

a

to

He

dug

:

in come,

them."

the

sunrise,

with

warriors

king's daughter

seaside, and

flourished

before

strand

the

to

full-armed, worthy

they

green

find

monster

sea

found

rises

could

both

fourteen

arms

started.

on

sun

had

he

king

earlyout the

he

with

sent

and

be

to

late ; and

the

brown-russet

dress,

and

and

the

hills,where the

played on

"

?

when

mounted

when

daughter had green

ruddy

drink, horse

he fill,

Now

79.

and

copper

:

ready, and

was

his

the

to

the lad.

said

That

said

will, master

your and

armour," drunk

and

out

came

The

shrill blast.

a

skirts

the

up

in, with

meddle

to

tucked

he

park.

them

put

now

cow

first

the

straightto the park, and

giant there

no

them.

molest

the

of

door

the

opened

because or

he

earlier,and

rose

Myth

Dragon

the

sea,

thus

all the

and

will

I

do

to


Celtic

The he

When

laid his head

and

"

tired he

was

"

Comb

"

Comb

hair,"

my

the

and

said he.

saw

?

"

the

said

Princess,

I."

shower

a

warrior

with

a

no

could

see

him

the

rider of the red

from

coming

East, and

the

in

sun

king'sdaughter,

lap.

scullion,not

they

the

to

came

filthyhair

your

you wretched 80. Then

West,

her

on

Myth

Dragon

the

glittering

a

flashingsword, with a ruddy russet dress,and a red horse riding swiftlyfrom the eastern sky. And when they saw him, the fourteen full-armed fled to hide, and the cock-eyed worthy warriors cook with the carving-knife ran carrotty-headed away faster than they. And he hid in a dark hole where man

8 to

1

Then and

to

the

tied his steed

by

sea-shore, and "

"

No

"

you

I

for

he

rest, and

on

a

laid

?

down tree

a

sorrowful

on

and

the

hills by the

green

what

ails

"

"

shall

I

out

the

of

be

not

the

lad,

"

sea

and

here for

keep

while." his

if you

"But

of

face, girl;

your

you here ? said she.

she combed

you

sat

dragon is coming me away." stay with you," said

company

82.

are

all.

see

:

the

will

Then

rouse

gloom

why

take

to

the branch

deep-dyeddark

said

matter,"

long, for me,

the

he

There's ? and

you

to

could

palfreycame

king'sdaughter,who

mound

green

he

.

earth

came

where

and

head

in

her

lap

to

sleep and

his

long hair. sleep," said she,

"

59

"what

will


Celtic

The If I

sleep,"said he, nothing will rouse left ear. off the tip of my Do that

"

to

Myth

Dragon

cut

me

but

when

the

"

comes."

dragon And

they

so

sat

the

on

mound

green

the

in

the morning sun, and the king's daughter combed lad's long hair and he fell fast asleep. the lady looked 83. He had not sleptlong when and saw the dark squallcoming from the West, the sea running East, and the waves waxing ; and she tried

waken

to

face and

he

the

lad.

stirred

She

his

laid

sword

his

on

but

slepton. Then she saw the dragon coming in the squall with the risingtide and the waxing waves, spouting and blowing spray and spindrift from and nose, mouth and she was frightenedby the horrible noise terribly of the fearful beast. She took the lad's brightsword and and cut off the tip of his left ear, and up he rose shook

himself. Then

84. that he a

had

black

the

at

he

shook

his

girdleand

hound.

strand

he

a

He

mounted

rode

with

little rusty

steed

black

a

the

bridle and

came

horse, and black

the

shaggy

down

hound

to

his

at

heels.

85. was

so

86. blows

And

the

dragon

weighty that Then they

and

much

he

came

sank

fell upon

to

the

in in the each

he

strand, and sand.

other

with

hard

clashing of shouting and roaring,

noise, rattlingof stones,

baying and neighing, and splashingof billows and turmoil of wind Man and dog did the best they could, and arms,

60

and

the

waves.

dragon


r y

The well

foughtas

Celtic

dragon rolled over the the man rolled over the dragon. the man thoughtthat he vv^as far from his foe,so he gatheredhis strength

87. At

last

friends and and

near

clutched

the

sometimes

;

sometimes

man,

Dragon Myth

his

and

sword

off

smote_

of the

one

monster's heads. 88. "If

I had

draughtof fair water," said the dragon, I would tear you to piecesnow.^^ If I had a draughtof good red wine I would slayyou this day,"said the fisher'sson. said the 89. "If one head is off two are'oli*," morrow dragon. "If the king'sdaughteris not here toa

"

"

y \,

this

at

ravaged by went

of the

waves

Then

91.

and

the

Now

could

and when

the head

and

a

had

him

where

and

hid

off

in

a

the

to

eastern

placewhere

he could

see

instant

do this deed

full-armed

fourteen

the cook

death

when

with

all

the

was

if she dared

the to

of valour.

worthy

warriors

still came

dragon'shead 61

no

every one, and seized

was

not

king'sguard

found

rode

clear,out he came flourished his knife,and threatened coast

say that he did the

and

head picked up the dragon's withy with a queer knot, and he

king'sdaughter with 93. The

sea

ocean.

the cook

see

the

into the

the ebb tide and the swelling

sprang on his red horse and sky and disappeared.

one

be

the lad

tied it in

92.

shall

realm

back

dragonwent

of the loch with

out

the

me."

Then

90.

hour

same

of

back, and on

a

withy,


The and

Celtic

Myth

Dragon

the

king's daughter unharmed. They the palace and back marched boasted aloud. to the tip of 94. But the king's daughter had in her pocket. ear and

castle

and

servant, and

red wine

good

he

tucked

to

the

his dress

home

as

"I

herd

he

What's

"

The

"

the

that ?

the

and

realm

97. that

"

"

he

he

had

let

got

rested,

and

garment

cattle,and

went

the

out

sauntered

are

Gray

Lad.

cook

has

yet, and

on

the

take away

to

brown

our

the

said

cow

cock-eyedcook

'

:

herd.

Many

a

cut

the

old

"

to

the

meet

morrow." to-

than

well

were

herd's

It will

good

head

one

king'sdaughter,

they are

king'sgirl,"said

the

Well,"

to-day,"said

you

said the

was

rather

had

I

his

him.

met

heads

gave

russet-brown

gate, and

the

cock-eyed carrotty

two

"

for

news

off the beast that

but

of

rest

copper

Meat

when

the

wont.

have

when

and

the

opened

his

was

96.

laid aside.

drink,

to

and

and

cow

be

to

and

ruddy

the skirts of his gray

up

park

brown

the

by

the

to

whistle,

copper

stabled

be

to

back

went

son

his

played on

steed

red

fisher's

The

95.

all

be

blade

boy. said

has

a

of bad

sheath.'" "

That's he

home

98. herd

second

was

true

went

If the

enough," said the herd's and sleptin his dark crib. than sooner day came soon,

up, and

park.

He

ofF

he

set to

went 62

with the

the

boy, and

cows

silver

that

the

to

the

castle

and


Celtic

The

and

out

came

and

Meat

"

said

"

:

What's

your

fair

servant

will, Master

"

?

harness," said he.

and

drink, horse

fine

the

whistle, and

his silver

sounded

Myth

Dragon

ready,and when he had eaten and drunk and rode through the air. he mounted eyed king'sdaughter, with the carrotty cock99. The cook and the fourteen fine,full-armed, worthy warriors at the strand were boasting and brandishing That

was

their blades

before.

as

the

they looked to the warrior in silver a gleaming, glittering East, and saw armour steed, ridingthrough the air on a milk-white of lightin his right with a gleaming, glancing sword hand ; and then they fled helter-skelter up to the deep dyed dark green hills,and the cook hid in his dark But

100.

hole

he

as 10

down

he

laid his

milk-white

the

tied his the

to

came

ado

more

of

rider

earth, and

and

tree

rose

sun

did before. The

1.

to

when

horse

to

steed

the

branch

king's daughter ; and head in her lap, where

the green knoll by the sea-shore, and she talked for a time and a while, while

came

of

without she

there

on

a

sat

they

combed

his

hair.

be roused "

Lay

that won't when

But," said she,

"

102.

the

?

"

if you

sleephow

shall you

"

my rouse

sword me,

dragon

upon cut

my

face," he

off^ the

tip of

said,

my

and

"

if

little finger

comes."

he slept while 103. Then the cook combed his hair, and 63

the looked

lady out

sat

of

and

the


The dark

Celtic

hole, where

could

no

Myth

Dragon could

one

him

see

and

he

all.

see

had

He

the West sleptlong when grew dark with and the sea East and a coming ran squall, the waves waxed big and gurly,and the tide rose on Then she laid the bright steel on the strand. his face,and he stirred in his sleepbut slepton. Then she saw the dragon in the squall with the spindrift flying,blowing clouds of spray and steam 104.

from

his mouth

the sword and

he

up

He

the black

he

and

headstall

rightlittle finger,

the strand

to

the in

dragon the

he

and

into

stones

of the At

friend

;

the

was

his side.

and

trailed himself

was

so

he

mighty and was lighter

king'sdaughter

and

and

"

rode.

the herd

hound

at

were

and

it

boy, and

man

and

at

day," to-

it

monster

bayed, and drove the and fought and panted

hard

to

say

which

had

battle.

last and

It

he

little black

shook

less,for

sank

the air,bit

tired.

were

he

landed

sand

and

hound

black

roared, barked

and

they

the

Horse

they went.

till

his

girdle the

fightfor the dragon. fight,"shouted

hard

and

and she seized nostrils,

tipof

hard

roared

sand

and

his

shaggy

this time

"A

107.

from

from

sank

weighty,but by one head.

108.

took

Then

up, and

the best

off the

steed and

106.

rolled

shore

the

mounted,

A

throat

rose.

rusty bit and

"

and

and

105.

He

not

the

too

herd near

thought a

64

that

fearful foe, so

he he

was

far

gathered


Celtic

The his

and

might

heaved and

under

shoulder

he

Then off

smote

"If

109.

"

If I had this

slayyou

"

sea, and

went

the

west.

withy, swiftly.

mounted

a

with

brandished

of the home

than 1 1

blew

4.

The

his gray

to

ebb

took

he

;

and

king's

back

to

the

gurly waves the head

and

and

the head

on

off

went

cook and

boasted

in his hand.

worthy they took boasted

well-armed the

king's

shouted

and

before. to

his silver castle and

his milk-white

to

called he

when

the

take

the realm."

steed

the

gave

armour

ofF," said the

bound

danced

back

went

I would

cock-eyedcarrotty

came

drink, and garment

win

the

and

white

the

and

his whistle, and

to

I would

wine

are

I'll ruin

they boasted

glitteringsilver stable and keep wine

two

king'sguard,and in triumph, and herd

red

the herd

came

down

ever

and

trailed himself

the

his

out

Then

daughter more

dragon

his blade

113. warriors

here

and carving-knife,

his

water

to-morrow

Then

Then

1 12.

of

if

on

not

with

out

of the dark

is

be here

If she is

Then

111.

sword

steel

shining

draught

a

head

I will

dragon. daughter.

his

dragon. a draught of good day," said the herd.

"One

no.

broke

put his his ribs,

head.

I had

the

yet," said

and

up

he

the strand.

on

grasped

beast, and

him

tossed

second

2L

the

up

his shoulder-blade

and

Dragon Myth

his

fine fair

for

meat

had

and

rested

steed

and

servant

to

blood-red he

donned

gathered the skirts,and opened 65

B


The the

park gate

the

beasts

116.

"

that

cook "

What

"

He

and

the

met

?

"

often

said

of

good

blade

may

have

a

he

done

his ribs and

broken

?

now

home

brought

has

the

old

he.

said

be

has

said

lad.

It will a

followed

and

cow,

right good news,"

got that

What's

the brown

before.

as

he

Dragon Myth

let out

home

when "

and

"I've

115. herd

Celtic

"

bad

said

the

red-skulled

that

sheath."

the lad.

dragon'ssecond

head

his shoulder-blade, and

the

king's daughter is safe ; and all the realm is rejoicing, for they hope to be rid of the dragon to-morrow." Is it

"

said the lad, and

the brown

with to

"

?

so

the

and

cow

he

went

to

of them

rest

the

byre

and

went

bed. Next

117. was

up

He

put

off

and

them

servant

master

.?"

"

Meat

That mounted

118.

went

park with his golden

to

when

he

What's

out,

said

drink, horse

"

:

cows.

and

castle

the

yellow

your

for

harness

and

the

a

will, hard

he.

and

when

ready, and

was

rode

The the

third

herd

the

dawn

golden whistle, and

came

and

fight,"said

and

before

long

the

to

in

his

played upon russet

morning

he

had

enough

he

west.

king's daughter

and

all her

company

place. They looked East and they looked West, and they saw nothing but sky and sea. Then the boasters began to brandish their 119. and the carrotty, cock-eyed cook to came weapons, were

at

same

66


The the

Celtic

king'sdaughter the

beside

hills of Greece, and Louse

"

1 20.

where

sea-shore

she

my

sat

the

by

laid his

he

Myth

Dragon

the

on

knoll

green

deep-dyed dark-green head on her lap.

head," said he.

Not I." filthyscullion,"said she. the Then West and they saw 121. they looked the same. squall,and they looked East and they saw rider riding through the sky in a And a they saw on a yellow golden-brown glitteringgreen garment bright palfrey,with a bright, glancing, glittering, of light in his right hand, and when sword they him saw they all fled to their lairs as was their wont. The rider of the golden steed came down to 122. "You

earth

"

tied his horse

and

king'sdaughter, and

the

the

to

and

branch

laid his hand

her

on

to

came

lap

at

once.

"If

123. a

me

draught of And

"

Take I

am

here

shall I get wine

will

wake

you

"

?

golden cup," he said, hard pressed." what

And

"

24.

pressed,"he said, "give

me

wine."

this

when

hard

am

where

"

1

I

"

said she. and

if you

give

to

sleep?

"

said she. "

Cut

the

size

of

a

coin

from

the

crown

of my

head," said he. 125.

Then

he

laid his head

her

lap, and

she

tired. long hair, and he sleptfor he was the tide began to rise,and 126. Then the clouds to gather in the West, and the dark squall came waxed East, and the waves down, and the sea ran

combed

his

in

67


Celtic

The great and and

rose

Dragon Myth

The storm gurly green and blue and black. the king's daughterquakedfor fear^ but the lad

slepton, she

Then

the

dragon coming up the loch with the spindrift flying, steaming and spouting, roaring and raving, and she took the sharp sword of his the lad's scalp,a lock bit from and shore a 127.

hair, and

bit

a

of

saw

his

skin, and

and

rose

himself.

shook

128.

shook

He

little black

his

his

shaggy bridle-rein, and beside

were

and

trailed and

vast

landed

dragon himself

heavy

far, and

bit

rusty

black

horse

where

he

and

and

hound

him.

The

129.

so

he

up

he

he

did

the sand, and

up

but

was

;

not

go

so

he

did

fast,for

before,

landed

sank

in

sink

not

he

was

it, so

nearly lighter

weaker.

and

1

The

30.

"

A

hard

"

A

stout

once

lad rode

meet

him.

to-day,"said the dragon. fight,"said the lad, and at it they

battle

Horse

more.

to

and

hound,

man

and

went

monster,

neighing,baying, shouting and roaring,biting and fighting, strugglingand wrestling,at hand grips they made little stones fly up, great rocks fall with the At clatter of hard knocks. last they were tired so that they stopped for breath. If I had a draught of water I would win 131. yet and tear you to bits," said the dragon. If I had a draught of good wine I would slay you," said the herd. "

"

68


"The

storm

rose

and

the

king'sdaughter quakedfor fear,but

the lad

on." slept

[Face

p.

68.


1=

"

He

cut

off the

third head, and dragon's

won

the

fight." [Face p.

69.


Celtic

The the

Then

the lad, and

he

and

wolf,

king's daughter took he drank a draught.^

Then

132.

clutched

his

and

the

won

133. And heap of sand. he

Then

knot, he

and

Myth

Dragon

and

wine

ran

to

a thought of the wolf and he was and the dragon, and was at tore a man sword and cut off the dragon'sthird head, fight. and the dragon was a a pool of water

he

the

tied

his

on

sprang

head

on

with

withy

a

golden steed

and

curious

a

the way

went

came.

Out

134.

and

out

the cook

came

the well-armed

came

flourished

and

worthy

his blade, of the

warriors

with the princessin king'sguard, and home they went triumph,for the dragon was dead and the cook had won when the princessand half the realm they got ; and home, all the realm rejoicedthat the dragon had died the

on

shore

his

rode

dress

green

yellow-facedrusset he

back

his to

further.

no

his

to

and

servant

golden castle,and golden steed to the

tend

and

feed.

When

feasted,he gathered the skirts of his

and

garment

gray them

gathered his

and

cows

followed

home.

136. The to-night,my ^

and

rested

was

them

trouble

would

lad

The

135. gave

and

From

a

herd

him

met

and

said,

"

Good

news

lad."

Gaelic

version

told

by Dewar

and

Macnair.

^n Swedish, the

^incess aids by puttingrags on the necks of the monster, for tlxe.heads when gain life and leapon again. This incident is in Gaelic also, Jtheytouch water ~^"'

and

occurs

at

the end

of this story. 69


Celtic

The What's

"

cook

"The

give bad

to

don't

home

sauntered had

the

dragon and

realm,

and

all the

the

won

people are king will

wedding-feastthat the There is many a good blade in a that cock-eyed carrotty cook is one." say so," quoth the Gray Lad, and he with his beasts,and sleptas if nothing

and

sheath, You

the

killed

great

a

to-morrow.

"

he.

said

has

half

princess and bidden

''

that ?

Myth

Dragon

happened. First

the

Now

137.

Way.

king's daughter

to have cock-eyed cook were feast in the king's house, but

and

off with

went

138. whistle

He

What's

"

That

the

told

home

sauntered

139.

will,master he

as

?

usual

as

park.^ and

his

blew

he said

out

"

when

and

him,

"Well,"

got up

third

the

to

cows

lad

the

to

your

he

the

carrotty

marriage-

heartymerry

a

golden castle yellow russet lad came

went

when

;

the

the

and

the

time

he

came

used. the

said

old

herd,

"I

have

more

news."

What's

"

The

which do

the

it,and

of the

he

can

said

loose

dragon'sheads the fourteen

king'sguard ^

"

king'sdaughter

unless

man

that ?

From

the

Fisher

lad.

says that the

knots

are

she on

strung.

fine,full-armed

have and

the

the

tried

Gray 70

Lad

all

will the

The

marry

no

withies

on

cook

worthy they can,

(witha

bit

can't

warriors and

inserted).

no

:


Celtic

The man

amongst

The

king

they

the least of

loose

to

all the

realm

the

to

them.

feast,and

feastingnow. did

Why

"

is able

has bidden

all

are

them

Myth

Dragon

not

you

the feast with

to

go

the

?

rest

"

said the lad. I would

"

not

and

go

leave

alone," said the

you

old herd. 40. and

king "

What

"

1

his

I wish

stretch

before

board

the

carrotty 142.

and cloth and

stole

to

143.

that

long

whelp hut,

from

and

there

"Is

counsellor is

herd's

the

"

black

dog,

bride's

them

and

bothy

he

up He

room.

before

up

and

on

the

seized took

all,and

laid it

went

the

it

board

them.

between

It

the

to

gatheredit

and

ran

the

cock-eyed cook." Away ran the

he

in

fetch

and

room,

of us."

darlingdog," said he, and don't be lazy. Run the to the cloth that is spread on me king and the bride and the

legs, and

your

bride's

said the fisher's son.

here, my

Come

"

141.

in front

it here

the

wedding-board

daughter have now," had

we

well-decked

a

let

the

king had, heard

I

since

guiding

a us

see

it

"

who

said

breast.'

if he

all,"

at

one

any

'

:

Send

is within

is

or

said

here

not

the

if any

?

is

Strong to

a

a

herds one

is

him."

with

144.

Away

warriors, and

they

found

when the

they got

herd 1

of

three

went

and

to

71

the

king's worthy herd's

stranger, and

a

Is laidir cuilean

the

a

uchd treoir.

hut, there every

bit


Celtic

The that

ought

be

to

the

on

Myth

Dragon king'sboard

spread on

cloth

a

between. Back

they

went

fast

as

told

and

they could,

as

their tale.

the

So

146. and

the

:

the

he

said the

king'scounsellor Go guiding breast.'

could

loose

not

rest.

said it before, and

"I

trotted

warriors

worthy

herd, but

than

more

any

147.

a

A

'

now

herd."

the

well-armed

brought

knots

fetch

and

back

Go

knots.

the

I say it

whelp from a guiding breast,' said the king'scounsellor. "It was such a grand wedding a pity to make carrotty-headedcook who can't loose these

that

back,

and

it once,

"

is strong

for

I said

"

145.

'

"

:

I

A

say it

strong from

fetch

and

down

is

whelp

again,"

once

herd's

the

boy." herd's

three

So

148. hut

sat

there

on

the

Who

"

:

told

said he,

and

"

the

So

they

you

to

Come

?

took

never

and

more,

king'stable

I

"

once

warriors

worthy

I don't

worthy

I

away

the

lad

all that

stirred from

the who was

here,"

stir." trotted

warriors

to

to

the castle."

never

to

mean

said

take

to

it,and

down

went

told

and

back,

their tale. "Once

149. that

I

from

a "

the

have

heard

guiding

Get

up

said

more,"

it said

breast.'

you

and

often

"I

counsellor, '

:

Strong

is

say

whelp

a

"

little band

king's guard, herd's boy bound."

the

go

72

of down

worthy and

warriors

fetch

up

from the


Celtic

The 150.

the

So down

marched

his black

with

and

got up the

where

hut

herd's

"

?

all that

take

to

you

king's board

the

the

warriors

boy

sat

dog.

told

Who

"

of

little band to

Myth

Dragon

said

they all.

ought You

"

be

to

must

on

come

the castle."

to

king'sdinner," said the lad. If you did not take it, your dog did, and your dog is insolent," shouted all that little band of worthy I did

"

the

take

not

"

warriors.

and

"

talk," said the

Don't

"

bind

him,

151.

"Arise,

haul

and

my with

them

him

take

and

against the rhyme,

"

as

and

the

into

out

fisher's son,

the

puppy," said the rhyme,

and

told."

were

you

him

seize

but

captain,

them

drag

puddle

the

at

door."

the

So

dog got through the puddle byre. Draggled

152. band

to

don't

believe

warriors it

:

'

tell their

ever

Strong

down, you warriors

and

the

outside

as

they

tale,and

herd's

were

counsellor

that

cock-eyed cook

did

that

deed

whelp

from

is

a

and

So

the

carving knife,

a

all.

king's guard fetch

the

and

herd's

the

fourteen 73

little

said

:

I

breast

"

I

worthy not '

?

said Go

well-armed

worthy the bridegroom at boy and his dog

cock-eyed carrotty and

the

the

Have

guiding

of fourteen

great band

of the

at

or

the

and

door

went

up

the

draggled

them

dragged

that

head, your bound." 153.

up,

cook

got his great

full-armed

worthy


Celtic

The of

warriors

sat

in his gray

154. the

king's guard put

marched

and

array

the

"

I did

"

If you

the

to

herd's

with

garment

not

dragglethe worthy "

I did

"

Don't

lad

dog.

dog did, and

your

at

but

with

came

was

on

he

is insolent did

Why to

fetch you

you ?

"

son.

such him

bind

"

once.

who

warriors

chatter "

the

where

Lad.

not," said the fisher's

bridegroom,

martial

"

ill-bred,"said they all

and

hut

his black

not," said the Gray did

their

on

did you dare to take all that all the great band. shouted ?

Why

king'sboard "

Myth

Dragon

a

and

said

knave,"

bring

him

as

the you

bid."

were

155. seize

"Arise

them,

the

and

my haul

pup,"

said

boy, "and

the herd's

pull and drag them, with againstthe rhyme, and draggle them and

rhyme, and in the puddle that is outside." 156. So the black dog got up and drove and the bridegroom with dragged and pulled and hauled his big knife and his bravery and fullthe fourteen armed worthy warriors of the king's great guard in all their martial the rhyme and against, array, with and and down into the puddle that was out up and of the herd's byre outside. at the door When 1 57. they got back all dirty and draggled the sage old counsellor Several said to the king : "

times

have

I said

that

I have

often

heard

it

said, and

again that it often will be said : A pup is I don't believe that a guiding breast.' strong from these draggled people slew the dragon.'' I say it

'

74


Celtic

The

158. "

and

set

you,"

in order

the coach

the coach

So

159. the

herd's

dog

in his gray "Get

and

here

king we

order, and

in

set

lad

the

gille,"the

sat

up,''said is the

he

coach

the

king

opened

the

door.

tumbled

to

and

out

yourselfand

fetch

cleaned,

the counsellor

to

the

When

the

Gray

and

got up

king'scastle.

been

gathered,and

upon

three

one

Lad

He

got

164. the herd's

heads, and

there

So

that the

saw

the

into

got

to

out

and

in he were

coach

king and

tucked

go

went

able

to to

with

three

had

drove

up the the room

walk

lay the dragon'sthree

withies, fastened

could

is

now

hut.

skirts of his gray garment, and where all in the realm that

no

the

the herd's

the herd's

he

did

boy. So the coach was the king and the king's daughter and they drove in got into it,and down

and

163.

in his

was

nearlysmothered said," quoth the

counsellor,

"

with

back.

go

if he

But

I won't

"

to

coach

who

see

I have say what but the best thing to be done

him.

king wants you."

fetch

to

come

came

the muck

and

to

black

his

with

the

sent

garment.

Down

and

coach,

come,

gille,

for the

send

may

filled the the lad got up and and muck, and the gillehad to

162.

state

his

to

So

stones

stones

that

was

where

bothy

160.

161.

big

the

said

"Come

boy/'

herd's

you,

Myth

Dragon

knots

had heads

which

loose.

the

boy many

swarthy,rough-skinned

in his gray

who

garment,

looked 75

at

walked the

fisher's son, up

to

the

draggled-tailed


Celtic

The

him

he

as

knots

"

?

began

the

that

and and

tip of a patch from quiet all that 167. She went and

all put

she got

168.

the

and a

lover. 1

the

warriors

of

still

Sit

from

to

man

felt their

and

ears

stopped

never

garment,

gray

finger,

a

this chamber."

room

she

to

am

head.

his

hands

the

I

point

about

polls,but with

that

the

their

out

the

and

marry

here

till

who

had

is

said

hurt,"

his

hand

put her

tip of

a

of

"That's

truth,"

have

never

I

am

In another he had

dragon, and any

yours

version,he loosens

conquered

and

the

pouch,

a

the

of

skin

and

tip of an a scalp as

fitted. she.

said

who

you

other

and

into

own

with

hair

snatched

finger,and

little

they all

the

he.

king's daughter and

she.

said

hand,"

your

coin, and

slew

I will

knots

and

of

round

lock

a

170. who

the

"The

crown

set

are

it out,

out

as

the

the

So

drew

big

these

loosed

cook

and

ear,

out

hand

My 169.

whom

Put

"

"

ear,

loose

in his bosom.

his hand

took

an

lad

the

to

mocked

king's daughter.

dragon

their

scratched

and

and

the

slew

the

the

said

the

man,

can

and

withies

other, and

quake. "Stop,"

to

166. man

the

took

he

after

who

one

no

and

laughed

he.

said

Then one

there

"Is

165.

wants

and

sniggered passed.

garment

gray

Myth

Dragon

to

half three

bound.

76

sons

be

the of the

"It

rescued

was

me,

bridegroom realm King

while of Sorcha

you and and the

(light)


Celtic

The

Myth

Dragon

he dies." king lives, and all the realm when everybody shouted for joy except the cook. cook was hanged at once, and then 171. The lad

172. he

to

marry But he Out

got. the

and

the

to

was

the

black

for

and

?

will, master

your

173.

mounted

the

whistle, and

out, he

came

and

said,

"

rode when

What's

"

best horse

"The

He

blew lad

russet yellow-faced

the

shook

came.

castle

grace, and that his rusty bridle,

hours'

two

and

went

steed

golden

the

king'sdaughter.

asked

he

And

and

the

best

dress

in

the

That he got : the skyGray Lad. pacing palfreythat could flythrough the sky, the glitteringglass dress that the carlin had. his hair with the combed till golden comb

castle,"said the blue and He

gold

and

washed

with

locks then had

the

in

he

fine

the

he

When

golden comb, man

He

combed

his and

that the world

the castle

hall.

air

to out

A

he mounted arrayed, the king's castle, and him. to meet They

thus

was

through the king'sdaughter came

churchman

was

got, and

and

the went

they

married. 175.

for

the

beautiful

most

rode

were

of

and

side.

seen.

174.

to

side

either

basin,

golden

the

was

from

showered

silver

A

them,

neither

great and and

welcome

176. Now, married

for

some

they nor

after time

wonderful sent

me

guest-room the

wedding home

the 77

made me

gave

there.

fisher's first

to

and

was

son

had

been

king'sdaughter,it

so


Celtic

The fell

she

that

out

the lad

asked

to

longed greatlyfor dulse,^ and with

go

her

to

forgot his promise

The

lad

took

their

the

to

way

the

strand

his

to

below

she

seek

to

father,and

sea-shore, where

the

rising and sinking amongst the deep-dyed dark-green

was

sea-ware

waves,

Dragon Myth it.

they brown

the

blue

hills

of

Greece.

while

But

they

strayingand

were

reefs and

gatheringdulse amongst the

mermaid

and

shouted It

"

him

fled

to

the

his

then

to

she

wailing

by

sat

and

the

where

in

sorrowful

and

tide rose,

had

happened,

shadow

and

for

loss

the shore

then

she

counsellor

the

wringing back

went

ask

to

was,

aid.

I do

get my

A

water

at

left alone. back

low

grows tide.

?

It is

said she. taken

How

the

and

upon

"

What

"

shall

married away my shall I find a way

"

said

dresses

fucus which

?

has

mermaid

do,"

all the

with

above

am

man

This

"

^

a

I

and

shall I do

What

"

For

?

man,

and

the lad

promised

were

what

saw

and

She

mate.

castle

you

she

tearful

till the

178.

to

ebb,

alive.

and

married

hands

seized

perforce,"and

you

bride, when

darkness, sad her

the

on

rush, and

a

since

shore, weeping

to

of her

have

up

The

77.

day

a

I

now

swallowed 1

made

stones

and

:

is many

and

me,

and

rose

playing

counsellor.

braveries

and

rocks

good

to

sea-water.

78

upon

eat, and

and

other tastes

"

down

Go

jewellerythat sea-

ware,

somewhat

and

comes

like

nuts


"

She

sat

on

a

green

mound

gloamingin

in the

playing on

her

the mouth

of the

evening,

harp."

[Face

p. 79.


Celtic

The

Take

spread them harp and play."

your much And

precious dresses she spread them

which

she

did,

with

went

all that

she

held

rocks

She by the sea. in the gloaming in the mouth mound a green evening,playing on her harp beside them. had 180. She not sat long there playing

the

when

mermaids

the

there

and

creatures,

mermaid

outside

rose

fonder

are

most

and

"

the

on

of

she

sat

on

of

the

in

the

surf, for

the

than

music

I

times

jewels and things of price

and

"

dark

and

tellingthe story many when they spin yarns.

she

Down

said

sea-shore.

the

by

out

avoid

to

alv^aysdo

reciters

179.

he

more

order

in

omit as

and

have,

you

Dragon Myth

other

any

floated,listening; but when

the mermaid, king'sdaughter saw 181. Play on," said the mermaid.

she

stopped.

"

No," said she,

"

So

the

the mermaid,

the he

as

she

great

mouth

and

the

king's

and

alive.

was

things you close "

again."

man

my

lad's head,

swam

Yes," said she.

"

see

her

opened

fine

"What

till I

not

mermaid

gaped, and showed that daughter knew 182.

"

have the

shore.

give

them

to

I would

there!"

for

said

my

husband."

Well, then, play on," said the mermaid.

"

183. So played,and and

the

listened,and

showed down

the

the

lad

lady

sat

mermaid

opened to

the

on

the

lay in her

green

the

mouth

waist, and

again. 79

mound

brown and

and

sea-ware

gaped, and

swallowed

him


Celtic

The 1

the

Then

84.

Myth

Dragon

ladystopped,and

the mermaid

said

there

the

again : "

fine

What

things

have

you

on

rocks!"

Yes," said she,

"

I would

"

all for

them

give

my

husband."

Well, then, play on," said the mermaid.

"

the

So

185.

the brown

rolled amongst

upon

took

out

her

open

palm.

186.

falcon, and and

was

87.

away 188.

taken

free, thought of the

was

falcon, and

when

But

the

made

she

gone,

her

a

flew and

mermaid

a

snatch

at

the

When

saw

that

lad

his wife, he

said

189. "Well," way

mermaid's

win

to

wild

was

wife

her

prey

and

took

the with

is that

how

"

The

mermaid's

her, and

in

a

grief,and do,

to

counsellor, and

that

done

?

had

mermaid

he

so

there

"

is

mad went

is

take

to

but the

life."

And

in

the

wife,

your

"

it is easy

fish,which a

that

the

what did not know rage, and and asked his aid. the counsellor

is in

shore,

to

instead.

away

one

darted

saw

with to

water

free.

was 1

was

blue

once opened her mouth and placed him altogether,

he

he, when

But

in the

mermaid

she

the lad

and

the

and

on,

sea-ware

and

the waves,

amongst more

lady played

wood,

be

life,"said to

is in under

to

a a

take.

the

80

on

an

said

the lad.

counsellor,

It is in

duck, which house

"

an

is in

ram,

island,in

is

not

which

egg, a

"

a

which lake."

is


Celtic

The

done

be

then

and

He

194.

So

and

caught duck the

falcon,

the

slew

loch

he

wood, and

a

dug

flag-stone. rushed

out

ram.

a

the wolf, and

was

the

all round

ram

island.

wolf,

a

island, and

it.

when

the of

ram

slain and

was

his inside,and

torn

flew

open,

swiftlyoff

thought of the falcon, and was a swift flight till he soared a over he stooped and then the duck, and

he

Then

and

a

thought of

he

flappedout sky.

196. the

raised it and

But

195.

found

in the

was

in

the loch,

reached

till he

rode

the house

and

chased

he

and

found

stance,

193.

his

his

the horse

bound

a

He

the

under

and

rode

at

192.

to

went

well.

He

191.

he

So

glitteringglass dress, and took his goldsky-bluepalfrey, light in his hand, and his dress

the

him

became

the first thing to

that

loch.

the

donned

glaive of

hilted

thought

to

get

and

castle

mounted

and

to

to

was

golden

a

the lad

Now

190.

Dragon Myth

flew

above

struck. But

197. into

he

as

did, a fish fell from the falcon

the loch, and

flew

to

duck

the

shore, and

out was

a

man.

198.

But

199.

So

he

found

the

lad

could

think

not

what

to

do

next.

and

seized

he

thought out

an

of

the

fox, and

otter's den

on

the

was

a

island,and

the cubs.^ 1

As

Donald

Macphie 81

fox,

related. p


Celtic

The "Let

200.

I will be

and

"

go

But

202.

the

the

stones

roared

Then a

Break

"

egg, and back my Give mermaid swam

"

the

the wife

mouth, and the

205.

When

egg

with

mermaid

the

and

humps

had

saved

king

realm,

and

from

that

he

five

them

hand

was

a

and

and

:

ask."

her

opened

his, he

in

out

sound.

crushed and

stones,

the

delight in the king's safe, king's daughter was

he

the mermaid

had

slain the

their

throttles

them,

after awhile. 82

with

man

day forth, and,

dead,

and

great carlin,

five heads

and

he apiece,and how gained three castles,

great honour

mighty

I left

cried

and

the

him

gave

loch, and

rocks.

king's cattle,and

Highlands, there to

the

how

the

dry land, safe

on

big giants with

and

the

the

tgg^

it amongst

on

in

shore

to

slain,and

was

three

five

an

all you wife," said the lad.

joy

was

told

lad

the

rolled

against the

on

night, for

and

then

foot

heap

a

dragon

the

when

like

shall have

got her

his

There

that

castle

fish

water

yell,and

a

you

sprang

he

was

206.

the

trout.

a

foot

rose

screamed

and

the

204. So

mermaid

the

roar, not

me

the

mouth

his

set

fox,

just now." into

out

the

the shore.

on

203.

fetch

duck

the trout's

it,and

seized

lad

and

the

"

to

ever."

quicklywith

rose

of

out

fox,

dived

otter

oiled stick,and

an

from

otter

allyfor

the

said

loch

the

So

faithful

your

that fell in the 201.

cubs," said the

my

Well, then,"

"

Myth

Dragon

as

but

and

half

his

the monarch

they say only to come

in

the back


The

Celtic

The

the

three

ways,

with

his black

hilted

He

top

of

the

plain,and a

horse

his side, and

took

the

the

and

them,

went

for it if you

that

think

I

Then

the

being

in

"

have

Fm

"

lion,

You

place where quarrelling of

afraid

"

will

and

give just the

be

better

give unjustjudgment

rather

ought

you

great

a

"

?

notion,

sure

be

to

you

about

the

And

place ?

"

:

sure

what

to

that you

And

what

think

banks

what said the

and

think

think," said he, rather

ought rocks," you

of

you

"

I

be amongst

to

said he.

of

my

being

in

surelyknow," said the lad, but this,that you ought to be gatheringa

keep ready for

but

such

a

rat.

I don't

of

"

"

not

and

boughs

"

the

of my being here I have no very

pigeon said this place ?

notion

a

"

he,

to

of rivers."

banks

sure

said

you

a

got

sight.

but

think

What

Well,"

but

my

to

steep hill. he

much

not

three.

us

a

his

with

to

was

if you death."

do,

shall be put

"

the

see

between

judgment

"

to

gold-

all three

were

He

corn.

and

fell in

came

hither, lad," said

Come

"

rat

a

road

up when

and

way, he

the middle

dog,

rode

he

till he

went

of

grain

a

hill

mountains

he

on

his black

the

partedat

sons

took

brother

and

lion, a pigeon, and

over

to

the fisher's three

middle

glaive by

208.

Way.

Second

when

Now,

207.

Dragon Myth

"

winter." 83

I

am

shelter


Celtic

The

pleasedthem awhile, and spoke. You, lion," he

"

have

raised

been

said,

above

it worth

think

should

Then

well.

That

Myth

Dragon

the lad

I wonder

"

all the

while

that

beasts

of

thought who

you the

field,

quarrel with a rat about a grain of barley. And can you, pigeon, who flyso far and fast through the sky,and gather so that you should much, I wonder disputeone grain of with

corn

rat.*'

a

Then

to

the lion

spoke for the rest, and he said hast thou judged. Well The has best right rat three to the barley-corn. We were spells put under remain here to as lion, pigeon, and we rat, and to were one dispute about this barley-corntill some should come of my to give us right. Because might all that came before judged that I had the right,and I slew them all. We are kings altogether,and you "

"

have

done

king again,and your help to me you

think

may

do

a

Then

of

your

lion's

the

Said as

to

may you,

you

pigeon to

rat

my think

"

:

either of you, be it

a

rat, and

may

us

be

will

a

be

may

a

lion, so

that

have

done

you

exploits."

great service,and but

of

realm, and for go to his own reward shall be that whenever

may

me,

the

you need form."

Each

great service.

us

well

He and

said

gift is of

:

done

that 84

If

ever

be it

will

as

he

the

great

thinks sorriest

will

serve

me

need

you

you

me

whenever I

You

and

me

has

though be

"

:

it,

in this

be

service

a

of

me

he

amongst him

as


The well

be

to

Celtic

rat

a

you." They went belonged to any as

ever

did

he

not

know.

asked

and

did,

he

on

of

either

what

till he

rode to

came

all whom

To

road.

his

asked

never

and

went

brother

he

of

shape

realm

of them.

one

his

the

in

and

away,

he

On

209.

be

to

as

Dragon Myth

All

he

who

him

realm

a

that

he

met

knew

swiftly

as

spoke,

it, answered.

reply,and so he hurried and till the evening was went, coming on, before him, and a big town, and he saw a great house it was of the king. the house and they told him he saw the king's castle,he came So when 210. He the gate as a poor lad seeking service. told to did

who

All

his errand

He

he

should

he

the

best He

211.

if there

cook

head

There

"

cook,

"

is

can

get

"

And

where

"

It is

at

ever

So

the hand

he

and

day

one

may

her

of the

at

never

he

there

all,"said

king's daughter, and to

that

he

had.

ever

woman

here

woman

settled

the little cook, and

king

a

the

to

seeking

gate

was

under

awhile,

place. was

no

the

but

who

that the

all in the

at

woman

the it

in

sent

was

at

was

called

there

was

word

kitchen

was

servant

civil

for, and

in the

great cook, and was

lad

sent

was

serve

a

gate, and

sturdy

a

service.

gave

the

at

that

king

not,

it is

saw

a

asked at

the

all.

the head not

one every-

room."

that

room

be

i

"

said the

cook's

mate.

the

northern

end," said the cook,

tower." 85

"

in

a


Celtic

The Now

212.

had

far

was

used

the

That that he

the

king'serrand.

sooner

flew

matter,

and

he

was

got

half-way there.

that

he

had "

215. ?

"

"They before

I

lad

king

a

him, for 217. on

his

man

a

I on

he

who

lad

could

of

out

the

and

sent,

was

see

thought soonest

sight of

the

he

pigeon, and journey'send and

the

was

a

got the

the

horseman

The

king

would

not

had believe

all,till the rider returned.

at

is the

thing

that I

sent

you

to

king. that

me

the

fetched

and

it,"said and

amazed,

was

cook's

got there

mate

the

he

rider.

was

fond

very

of

after that.

216. with

told

send

before

where

the

did,

The the

And

a

horse, for

a

back

there

been

said

of

the

to

to

the

was

thought

and

fetch

horseman

a

with

pigeon,

that

him

give

credit,but

not

horseless

he

king

him."

off

than

castle

before

So

try.

No

214.

the house

a

to

if you

But

set

little cook

to

go

be without

would

king

would

get back

rather

be back

I will

horseback

to

wanted

king

horses.

to

had

that

out

:

would

"I

213. not

The

fell

so

lad

the

said

he

but

horse,

am

and

away.

it

day

one

errand,

an

Dragon Myth

Nevertheless, hound, he

and

knew

Now errands

it

he

his

had

to

the

daughter, and spoke thought that he would

her

to

her

pay 86

tell that

happened

about

did

company

that she would so

sleepin

house ; a

and

kitchen

the

not

displease

tales.

no

the

cook's

saw

the

one

visit in her

mate

king's night he chamber.


The So

threw

he

of the

down in

out

the

of

out

and

heel

of

the

to

the top of the

castle,and

to

on

floor,and

window

then

he

the

to

was

became

a

northern

chimney, and himself again

trice.

a

218. he

flew

Myth

Dragon

somersault

a

pigeon, and end

Celtic

The

crept

her

king'sdaughter the

to

bedside

was

tried

and

sleeping sound, so to steal a ring off

finger. the

king's daughter awoke in a fright and cried out, and all the guards and sentries and the king himself came rushing to help her. But before they got the door 220. open, he thought But

219.

of the

rat, and

hid

an

in

The

221.

in and

is

old

cried

was

man

in the

to

cried

out." The

223. and the

little

When

lad

they were "

"

guard

What

is the

?

matter

my

"

shoe

and

the

king sought,

hither

and

thither, but

they king said

tired the

I awoke

and

and

found

and

lay hid,

"there

bedside

my

but finger,

searched

old

to

came

no

one.

:

nobody in the room." when Somebody was in this room

There

clattering

came

king's daughter,

He

ring off

the

and

bed

.

room.

guards

they kicked

all his "

the

under

shoe.

a

the

said

steal the

tried

of

king and together:

"Oh!''

fled

rat, and

bacholl

222. a

a

is

I called

out,"

said she. So

if there

locked,

the

king

was

any

and

and

way

the to

they peeped

guards sought again get up 87

out

the

when

the

chimney

to

door

and

see was

every-


Celtic

The

the

but

room

growled

So

of

the

and

he

out

door.

room

and

disturbance

give it

place to get

no

king flew Daughter, if you

"

:

was

in

the

So

224.

a

there

else,and

where

Myth

Dragon

you with he marched to

dare

the

house

sword

my

I

when

and

out

rage,

ever

about

rout

great

locked

make

to

such

again,I will come up."

the

door

behind

him. When

225. of the old lad

again,and

he

226.

since

But

"

And

who

"

I

your

was

am

That

as

could

227. would and

the

softly when they

ring. for

out

cry

"

you

him

all the

room

not,"

are

searching

were

and

back

said he.

"

but

since

I should

you

can

like come

to

for give you a gift, Away he went country. beside the his kennel dog

tales.

no

few

a

same

days

way

went

and

she,

said he.

I will

this

told next

to

the

lad what

see

from

away

thought that he might happen,

the

the

room

him

to

day. 88

go

with

it

to

lady with

[peiteag)embroidered

waistcoat

town

time,"

But

again in

a

said

are.

custom

After

big

to

a

"

tell

needlework, at

dare

you

go the before he

gave

not

come

came,

who

did

said she. you ? father's head-cook,"

who

is the

he

she

stole the

was

are

you

here, if you such

and

in the

I

know

to

hand

said

and

"

"

"

her

out

came

head,

over

seized

were

?

room

the lad

gone,

heels

turned

king, she

Where

"

the

and

shoe

fear of the

all

they were

the

fair


The 228.

He

the

in at

the

pigeon, and

a

the

up

and

window,

chimney

his kennel

into

and in

a

in his box.

stowed

he

head-cook

morning the for the fair,so

smart

Myth

Dragon

waistcoat

Next

229.

to

was

kitchen

trice, but

himself

Celtic

cook's

the

making

was

began

mate

his face.

wash "

Are

"

I

"

You

''

said the cook. going any way ? going to the fair,"said the other. not must go," said the head-cook,

you

am

I

"

am

going." The

box,

lad

and

"

took

?

"No

"

where,

fair in, if you cook.

back, you

to

came

but on,

her

said

When look

when hands

the

(briagh)

brave

to

on

fell down

went

see

the

to

by

who

cook her

great hard

be

won't

the

there, the

if she could

the

to

bellyfuls come

we

for the fair."

eat, and

and

was

saw

"I

go the

seven give me bellyfulswhen

the waistcoat

put it

she

it," said the lad.

other,

seven

got lots

he

I have

will

you

go, and shall have

waistcoat, and 231.

would

If

the lad

So

on.

good price for it to give it to me," said

a

"Well,"

upon you. before we

put it a

his

opened

said the great cook.

give you

230.

and

get such

you

he

word, but

a

the waistcoat did

matter

I'd

never

out

Wherever

waistcoat

"

said

cook

got

the

the fair.

king's daughter the

wore

with

coat, waist-

the waistcoat

sides,and

she

went

home. 232.

When

the

cook

came

89

home,

his

mate

met


Celtic

The him.

daughter

as

said

Well,"

"

the fair ?

at

"

Yes," said he,

"

Did

she

"

She

did

soon "

She

"

That

he,

did

"

the

see

you

king's

"

I

her."

saw

"

speak to you ? said the lad. not speak," said the great cook, she

ever

as

"

Myth

Dragon

saw

with

is in love is

she

me

what

exactly

but

home."

turned

you,"

"

said the lad.

I

supposed,"

said

the

king'shead-cook. That

night, when

to everybody else went and the their to bed, the cook's mate dog went there long when the kennel, but they had not been lad turned heels over head and was a pigeon, and out of the window and up in the chimney, and down on

233.

the

floor of

handsome

Why

"

Was

I

who "

"

a

?

there

he

stood

a

as

lady^sroom. not

you

the fair ?

at

"

said she.

said he. "And

she.

said

I

wish

would

you

tell

are."

you

Am

I

Not

you,"

not

father's head-cook

your

pair of garters

for her

"

and

room,

were

not

"No," me

north

lad in the

234. "

the

said

she,

and

bade

and

?

this time

him

"

she

them

wear

said he.

him

gave at

the

fair

sake.

Back

he

and

went,

these

he

stowed

in

his box

as

before. 235.

day. the

Next

The

fashion

morning

cook of

put

on

it a

pair of

Frenchmen 1

the

was

in

According

to

90

same

short

these

Macnair.

story

as

breeks,

as

days,^and

last was

the


The cook's

Such

he

got

of them

before good bellyfuls he

when

more

He

236. the

the

broidered

her

arms

she

"

I

soon

as

she

sides,and She

"

I

had

cook

grand to

But

went.

arrayed in garters,

gay

for fear

home

go

the

he

home,

came

"

as

be

and

did

and

she

she

"

she

ever

did

her

"

fell

arms

saw

by

her

home."

went

must

fair?"

the

princess at

her," said the head-cook,

saw

"

the

she

see

to-day?

you

and

me,

seven

faint. you lad, when

speak to

seven

fair and

and

the

saw

and

waistcoat

"Did

the

seen, "

the

to

never

price

same

garters

king'sdaughter

should

said

the

on

drooped, and

237.

went

had

grand

back.

came

put

when

for the

he

his

produced

and

garters the head-cook loan

a

Myth

Dragon

himself

cleaned

mate

garters. and

Celtic

with

in love

you,"

said

cook's

the

mate.

rather

think

that

the

is," said

she

king's

head-cook. That

238. went

gave him

to

him

a

cap

it at

wear

country

the

see

night

it

the

was

and before princess, to put on (biorraid)

the fair,for it

for ladies

to

story.

same

he

lad

away

she

his head, and the

was

went

The

give keepsakes

fashion to

lads

bade

in

that

whom

they liked. 239.

The

head-cook

little cook But

Next

when

morning got

a

it

the

was

of the

loan

stayed at home the princesssaw

and

the 91

same

thing again.

grand cap, and the had plenty to eat. cook with the grand


Celtic

The

his head

as

she

home

mate

with

went

the

;

and

she

as

cook

rather

he

the

biorraid

on

nearly fainted, and

could.

home

got

the

that

sure

and

vest

lord, she

a

as

fast

as

was

him

broidered

grand

When

240.

his

the

garters and

gay

Myth

Dragon

and

his tale,

told

fallen in love

princesshad thought that

that

the

was

case.

A

241.

after

while

(teachdaire)from

the

that Turkish

another

powerful king.^ daughter, and if she were

Turkish

king gatheredthe from

them, and

for I have It will will

not

I

think

king's

given at once, to fight him.

not come

^

the

The

get counsel

to

:

it will

word

best

be

enough

men

send

to

the

seek

to

from

or

emperor,

came

herald

a

give

you, Turks.

fight the

to

the

to

to

that you

emperor

go." "

she,

It will

be

cast

up

to

day'sbattle." high counsellors question before

one

the

to

they made

the

Turks

out

last

at

submission.

too

easy

the

Turkish

of

^

According to

2

According

3

Maithean

na

to

France

gathered,and

were

whether

them

war

was

best, and

the

was

that

was

So

emperor

afterwards," said

me

if it is said that the realm

"

The

put

said

got

be best

242.

hold

he

came

of the realm

nobles

Daughter,

"

He

to

was

emperor

there

to

the

say

war

king that

sent

he

could

not

the

king

or

counsel

better a

would

herald not

Macnair. an

island

who authority

rioghachd, 92

has less

history.

mission subthat than to

give


Celtic

The his

up battle.

The

243.

all

and

when

he

"

they remembered behind. They there in

was

top of the the

he

could

to

was

be

of the

bedroom

castle,at the

king's armour^

too,

left their

good

little time

field of battle,

the

had

no

the Turks.

meet

to

near

they do

out

set

was

that

but

was

the

It

him.

"

But

244.

spite of

king gatheredall his people, head-cook,

littlepook, and

and

in

daughter

Dragon Myth

without

fetch

to

it.

standard the The

king'sdaughter, at

north

end

hung

the

at

up

there

; and

flag, flag the was

bedside, as

hang their garments on a peg, for that too was forgotten. if the king had these he thought that 245. Now, he might win the battle.^ in Oh," said the king, is there any one 246. the will try to bring the flag and who camp my before the battle begins ? If I gain,he shall armour have my daughter for reward, and my realm when the

in

men

isles

^'

I

die, but if

"

he

fails his head

There

247. field but

the

was

one

no

and

head-cook,

shall be who

cut

off at once."

would

off^ he

set

leave

the

in great haste

homewards.

248. turned

But

head

the

cook's

mate

heels, and

over

took was

a

a

turn

aside

pigeon, and

his best

and a flightto the castle,and was man, and he shouted to the king'sdaughter upstairs

and

flew ran

"

^ 2

and

Deise

chruadhach.

Probablybecause were, supposedto

Macleod's be

fairyflagand

ancient Norse

magical. 93 %

standards are,


Celtic

The

Open quickly,for

"

249.

there

is

great haste

and

of the standard.''

need

know

I

"

voice/'

your

open

the

door, you

in

you

came

as "

I have

"

Whether to

way

no

how

he

over,

that

down

her

the

it

;

not come

who

in,

got

are

you

lad

help for it,

no

and

that

and

were

the

there seek

to

came

the

not

of

out

head-cook.

lad," said she,

now,

where

but

was

chimney,

handsome

some

enter."

pigeon, the

have

you

there

a

said he.

"

so

father's castle,and

her

you

need

opening

she,

chamber,

was

before

see

said

and and

at

of

way

I

"

opening doors,"

saw

up

I

"

this

and

service

a

no,"

or

When

window stood

of

way

into

turned

have

she.

said

before."

come

250. he

Myth

Dragon

when

you

and

"

they

sought you." he

251.

"I

and

he

;

turned

the shoe

into

do

could

"

who

one

could the

and

head,

himself

again and

third," said

a

I

afraid you

am

I

won't

seeming," So

over

do

shoe,"

a

was

trice.

a

all these

princess.

rat, and

a

in

"

said

tricks

but

Show

me

trick."

another "

out

of

old bachoU

yonder heels

and

"No

252.

in

was

he

253.

said he. frightened," frightenedfor you in any shape

be

be

of

said she. turned

But

over

she took

his

shaggy beard, flagand armour. 254.

will

Then

he

and

took

and

was

a

great lion.

her shears,and

kept it,and another 94

turn

shore

she

and

a

gave

was

lock

him

a

from the

pigeon,


Celtic

The till he

flew

and

third of the

a

he

Then

256.

the

fight began.

them, and

meet

field.

the

of

about

at

the

the

of

his

king put Turks

the

cook's

little

thought

The

to

went

Turks. each

fleeingat

were

flag and

in time.

camp

with

victory was

So

thicket, and

at

battle,and

French

The

257.

the

back

the

him

gave

was

order

in

soldiers

and

him

met

and

armour,

coming

back.

way

He

255.

head-cook

the

met

Myth

Dragon

place in

stole

mate

he

the lion, and

into

was

a

lion

a

himself.

And,

do

he

should

the

as

king'sfoes. to

but He

smashed

field with

Turks

the

them

put

at

on

the

fled

They

of

out

rallied,and to

the

rout

their

and

whole

and

the

what

says,

of

killed

the

one, every-

king.

According for he began generalship,

Macnair, he also showed

at

Berneray all

back

and

tore

in

lady

turn

the

drove

and

old

that

end

of

order was

on

ships,and

farthest

was

The

battle. the

Turks

very

few

at

off, and French

the

escaped

last. alive

board.^ the

Then

head-cook, like Raja Vivata,

said

that

brought gained the fight,and he it was who to have flagand the king's mail, and so he was princess,and be heir to the realm. back in triumph, 258. The whole array marched

he had the

the

1

rovers

Which

is

got the

worst

own

shape,and

who

won

a

a

fair

of description

of the

it is rather

battle

fight. like

Be

the

a

Scandinavian

that

as

it may,

Exploit of Bhima

single-handed. 95

battle in which the story in the

remains

sea-

in its

Mahabharata,


Celtic

The and

matters

in

set

were

Myth

Dragon

for

order

grand

a

wedding. nobles

The

259.

all the

asked, and

were

realm

gathered,and the cook sat at the end of the board, at the high end, exceedinglyproud. Drinking and joy were for a and music sent was up, and word that the wedding knot might be tied. so priest, and in great the cook was 260. The priestcame,

was

haste

get it all

to

for

over,

he

was

tired

very

and

sleepy. said

the

Then

261.

There

"

:

is

stood

king's daughter who ought to

one

and

up

be

here,

and

but

the

and

it does

is

not." the

All

"

household

mate," said the

Grand

signifywhether

he

No

"

my

of

one

wedding," So

262. would

not

kitchen "

or

not

not."

household

the

a

is

from

be absent

to

for

sent

was

messenger

another

the

Then

him, but

did

why ?

"

honourable

more

would

bride

the lad

where

and

he

sent, and

And

wedding 265.

is here

"

he

come.

was

264.

Kitchener,

cook's

said she.

Then

263.

here

are

not

herself

senger mes-

come.

went

down

to

the

at

my

was.

not

you

to

come

be

said she.

'^I

was

never

said in the like "

You

were

"

You

did

asked,"

said

case.

asked," said she. not

ask

me," said he. 96

he,

as

his brother


The Then

266. "

Come

she

with

up

she

When

tricks that

will

she said

the

to

Perhaps

"

So

267. he

will

you

the

said

Do

said

:

went. :

and

twists

turn

turned

and

he

hurt

and

over

the floor,and

to

he

play-

for me,"

one

was

stood

the

on

stroked

and

ladies'

was

a

knees,

feathers

his

they were

;

rat, and

a

the ladies' feet till

nibbled

yelledand laughed. turned over again

him

he.

said frightened," they would not.

be

that

lad

Then

like

so

wonder.

you

pigeon, and flew, and all were pleased,and were

And

can

and

hand

lad.

they screamed 268.

who

cause

the

about

ran

his

the guests, she

to

they said

No,"

"

then."

one

Myth

Dragon

grasped

me,

got

is

Here

"

Celtic

till

and

they

pleased with

so

pretty bird. when

But

269.

he

flew

had

he

been

all

round

the

the

lightsand flapped them then the ladies giggled and with his wings, and out before seen a laughed, and said that they had never himself into a rat and turn a man pigeon in this company,

to

up

strange fashion.

begged that the lightswere

Then

270.

all

trick, and when another

turn, the

all about about but

for the

271. who

did

and

and

"Aha," the

and

room,

fear, as

king

was

deeds

did

a

would

lit once

play another more,

lion, gaping

the the

he

and

ladies fled and

Grand

Kitchener,

he gave

roaring tumbled and

all

his

daughter. said the king. this

day, and 97

not

"This

is the

me." o

man


Celtic

The

the

lion's

the

man

to

lad, as the

of

married

was

and

the

and

French

with

276.

left the

he

could

wood

was

a

very in the

any lad

a

ought to

the

herd's

boy

married

and

the

the

King

Kitchener

and

lasted

for

music,

and

fisher's second

west, lead to

Up

of Greece,

sad, and

was

days of the great rejoicing,

six

at

son

the end

of

and

find

or

he

any but

see

and

fruits

last, day

was

coming. 278.

He

thought

that

find

some

night,for

parted from

the

all Berneray, where after a couple of miles, in

place or he

the

into

went

birds

sea

he

great forest.

a

he

could

the

to

houses

see

it is said

as

At

in the

had

company.

before.

could

she

such

was

brother, when

third

came

nothing

that

way.

The

277.

mate

wedding

I left the

would

and

was

as

upon that

Grand

High

drink,

others, rode ways

look

king, daughter of

the

to

the second

this

and

over,

all allowed

the

That

there

that

flag,and

turned

likelyto

cook's

disagreed,and week,

in

tricks.

the

Lord

275.

yellow lock

princess.

So

daughter

she

the

lion

realm, and

274.

told

the

Then

have

and

the

play all

handsome whole

the

fetched

who

273.

princess fitted

shaggy beard,

him

seen

the

Then

272.

Dragon Myth

was

forest, to

try if he

people of the place,but of a tangled wilderness that

he

going, it would

other

afraid 98

where wild

had and

be he

seen

never

night

was

if he

well

might stay

beasts

of

this


Celtic

The forest

might

he

so

like

went

find

to

Dragon Myth

throughthe nightand slayhim, and wandering on, thinking that he should he might be safe in the a place where come

night. he

As

279. with

him, feared

to

for he

on,

saw

risked

going

280. He

all. to

281.

He

282. a

the

upon

in the

nobody

there.

past other

in

at

at

one

till he

came

looked

all

two

castle,and doors,

and

he

into

fire.

was

a

the

fireside,and he

saw

and

sat, and

candlestick

the

board,

the and

he

stayed

living.i

none

a

he

there

candle the

into

came

and

candle

stick candle-

gave

light

the chambers. he

When

had

for

sat

began to be tired of He thought that food

could an

no

saw

rampart

door

he

286.

In

saw

he

one.

open

candle

a

where

one,

if he

sat

But

stood

whether

or

the gate, and

by

no

waiting, but

room

through 285.

an

there

He

for awhile

284.

saw

went

where

room

in

went

still he

He

283.

no

saw

in, but

went

he

the

about

still he

and

round,

ful peace-

spite of danger, he

But

the castle,and

round

went

gate, and

a

whether

within,

were

first he

At

on.

reached

He

know

not

people or fierce men they might not slayhim.

it.

about

did

before

great castle

a

wall

rampart

a

go

he

went,

long time and saw waiting, and to long. might do him good a

get it.

instant ^

the

board

was

spread,and

Gi/j,lit., any begottenbeing; 99

creature.

his choice


The

Celtic

Dragon Myth

better than another was of every food that was it. on the board, but still he while staring He at sat a ; and he was living very hungry. At last he thoughtthat he might as well eat part of the food, he sat by the whatever the matter might mean ; so side of the table,and he ate till he had enough. Then he sat at the firesideagain. he had sat awhile 287. When by the fire,he began to grow sleepy. one

no

saw

it seemed

Then would

go to 288. The

to

him,

stood

at

candle and

to

the

the

door.

all he saw,

to

door, and It seemed see

to

The

the

third

bed.

bedclothes

lookingat he could he

stood

He the

see

lookingat

it, them,

courage,

till

came,

theycame

theystood.

^

that he

chamber

choice

were

awhile

one,

at

with

and

a

last he

he

came

might

as

Anabharra 100

rtomhach.

bed

in

it,

readyfor going

lookingabout

strippedofi^ his clothes,and 1

in

might as well theyshould go. On they went, next door,and againhe followed. door was opened,and in he went

bed, and no

he

him

wondrously gorgeous the

awhile

next

theywere.

there to

where

was

the candle

but in time he took

when

291.

So

sat

went

tilltheygot

as

He

289. They

follow

to

candlestick with

went

290.

and

the first door that

to

where

another

a

the candlestick that stood

and

got up

to

went

and

wonderingat and

he

bed

a

rest.

the board

upon

that if he had

him

to

to

him

and

think that

well go to bed. he lay down in


Celtic

The the

and

bed,

Dragon Myth clothes

the

put

head

his

over

and

slept. during the night, seemed he to perceive something like a human This did not him. creature near please him very he from it as best he might, and well, so he moved it was he awoke time next day, slept again. The him. and no one livingwas near He looked about him, as he usually did. 293. He chamber The was lay very richlyset in order. awhile on a

first time

The

292.

But

of

there.

his

But

there

was

that

were

very

on

the clothes

when

found

he

drink

and

he

that

had

laid

he

own, went

put the

to

he

night. He spread with each over

and

best, so

was

find.

to

first in which

castle

decked

board

his

the

"

the

to

came

was

and

clothes

he

where

find

not

clothes

no

instead, and

fire

the

it with

meat

could

found

he

where

chamber sat

he

not

was

clothes, and

other

grand, lyingjust

Since

own.

of

dress

a

put

backwards

sought

He

to

got up

looked, there

he

about, but he had

all

and

last he

at

when

his clothes. rag

awoke

and

staring about,

forwards,

his

he

he

sat

and

his

ate

fill. 294. there had

he

he

When saw

every

before.

He

many took what

he

out

to

killed

a

that

sorts

in the

couple of turkeys "

^ "

he

understood

he

shoot

he looked

about,

sportinggear^ that

of

sort

and

seen,

went

finished

had

Inneal 101

never

the

forest,and which seilg,

he

had use

that

feat the old

and ever seen

of, and

day

he

sailor


Celtic

The of

one

or

his

the

the

296.

When

door

The

the

bed

sleepy,the

was

he

followed

first time

he

woke,

find

he

as

He

299.

the

was

went

and

to

found

the

for

candlestick

upon

day

castle

ready

the

day

he

where

he

him

led

and

went

to

felt

he

he

no

though

as

said

he

never

awoke

a

"

the

him

with

one

a

in

other

and

not

loath

quarter where

had

he

killed

and

cast

and

dinner,

the

board,

and

he

lit and

was

he

with

so

grander to

put

before.

fire

the

when that

sport, and

was

the

to

food, and

decked,

stood

came

candle

her,

got

and

on

there

and

and found up he was this time

He

garments,

the

till

himself.

but

298.

took

castle

light. gave him for supper, the board was

and

there,"

was

of

and

lay on the bed, but time slept,and the next

and

day

one

fireside.

the

at

on

"

night

creature

word

the

chamber,

sat

candle

wished

he

the

cast

came,

the

"

and

slept.

human

to

he

castle

about

when

the

came

door,

to

297.

them

and

castle

When

decked.

and

wandered

he

Then

bed

He

in

performed

dinner-time

night before, and

295.

from

when

the

to

to

the

to

the

was

took

and

in

went

have

may

he

ground, and was ready. night came,"

them "

messmates

These

America.

Myth

Dragon

he

eaten,

when candle the

went

the in

board out

candle

he he

One

night it

to

These

floor.

the

on

the

hares.

two

used

was

came

gave

came

and him

light. 300.

When

he

wished 102

for

supper,

the

supper


Celtic

The was

ready

and

wished

to

the

candle

had

eaten

before

went

followed

he

and

way,

he

when

bed, the

to

go

him

show

to

table, and

the

upon

Myth

Dragon

and

lay

down.

him,

near

he

But

301.

as

the

on

When

302. creature

Who

"

The

thing

I

"

are

castle,and off if you is

of

daughter

come

would

:

I ?

am

said

the

human

a

"

:

of

king

the

golden

Here

be well you may do that which of yourself, and

beware

will

though

as

said

he

and

this is the castle.

right,as

ought."

you

If I knew

"

felt

he

you ? and where him that was near

the

am

two

woke, him,

near

anything should nights,that he

might.

he

were

other

what

speak,happen

if

thought

I

what

ought

I would

do

to

do

it,"

said he. What

"

I

me,

I

the

am

candle

laid under

was

lighted candle stay with

end

doing.

Then

father

marry

"

with

need

and

of

a

I

If I you in the

he

may for

be

hand

lay no year shall

the

is

"

to

respect

that you saw. candlestick with

candlestick

and

a

find

it, till I should

and

me,

lives, and

castle when

do," said she,

to

spellsto in

me,

till the

shall

ought

you

and

upon

day,

a

free of

be

half

have

whole

to

touch

as

you

are

me, now

and spells,

you

while

my

realm

of

realm

to

one

me

the

the

some

a

the

golden

dies."

get that," said a

year

and

meantime." 103

a

he,

day,

"

I

if I

will

get

stay here what

I


Celtic

The

of and

choice

you but

desire

here

of

it,leave not

that

here here

I will

If

go. with

visit

of

freedom

will

as

wish

man

for

do

a

great

me

fit,

woman

or

I

the

am

look

at

me,

sleep, and

to

touch

you, but I come when

know thus

live

with

when

see

you

comes.

talk

never

will

you

and

you,

will

you

me,

face

in

light,you may you when be wish you

You

not.

me

of

and

out

gives may

you

go the

see

time

till my

candle

to

suit

a

every

will

you

"

day when you get up, your food, sporting gear and sport

clothes

new

desire," said she,

all you

shall have

You

"

Myth

Dragon

or

and

year

service,

day

a

and

serve

yourself." "

"

I

I will

from

do

will make

all

When

he

fell

after he

soon

awoke

she

fisher's

the

said

myself happy here,

and spells,"

303.

say,"

you

till you

son.

freed

are

asleep.

was

that

All

gone.

"

out withday, and from day to day he past put time he awoke at seeing a soul, but when night,the him, and near king's daughter was they talked he awhile, and every morning when got up, his suit "

of

clothes

going past, he

had

304. to

he

work

better

was

till

and

year left his mother. Then on

his mother's

him,

and

he

and

spellsand

could

not

time

so

from

nearly gone

was

a

better,

but

the

time

began

crosses

think

was

those

on

left behind. 305.

On

a

night

of

chattingwith the lady,he and a day since he went

these said

away, 104

nights, while that it and

was

near

that

his

he a

lay year

mother


The had

laid

and

had

and

tell her

Celtic and

crosses

the

Dragon Myth

that he

means

if he

him

spellsupon should

back

go

alive

were

to

her

see

his tale.

easilyfind you a way to go," said she, but counsel is to stay." my But his mother's spellswere alwaysupon him, and so they talked and talked a great deal, and told their stories over again 306. I fear,"said she at last, that your mother I could

"

"

"

"

will

play you before

me

The she

go,

said

When

"

start, and

and

came,

both, but

us

I will

day

next

he

when

tell

find

that he

said

:

will find

rise you

you

food

that will harm to

go." night

to

307. must

wish

you

means

you

trick

a

suit to

new

a

put

standing in

usual, and you will find a black palfrey the stable door, bridled and saddled, half

in, half

ready waiting for

and

on,

will

out,

take

off^ the

When

will

for

come

could

As not

arrived.

know

take to

shake

and

308.

have wish to^be. You you she let her go, and bridle and

want

you out

go

he

but

home,

come

But

the

and

Mount,

you.

she but

where

you

take

to

as

good

not

care

back

come

lose the

have

here, you

bridle,and

the

to

will

bridle. but

the

black

He

mounted,

to

palfrey

you." she

it

said, so

tell whether

when

place;

it

he it

was. was

looked was

so

earth

air,till he

or

he

about

and

altered

did

with

not new

houses. 309.

He

met

an

old

man

105

that

he

used

to

know,


Celtic

The but

he

the

old

did

a

the

said

fisherman has

He

asked

him

where

fisher Hved.

Oh,"

"

recognisehim.

not

Myth

Dragon

he

now,

he

the

old

the

story

is richer

showed

than

the

the

a

he

they went,

as

he

that

again, and all night before, about

over

the lad the

and

not

and

king, king'sown/'

way, all that

lad

is

man

the

the

him

told

man

that

"

man,

that is finer than

house

Then

old

could

of

know

the

lady had told fisherman's changed

the

life. When

310.

he for

came

grooms

one

knew

where

Nobody

knew

him,

no

mote

and

there

was

a

and

that

scar

he

but

himself.

hair of his brow,

the

horse,

grand

steed

bridle, and 311.

the

the

to

the

stable

would

got

but

at

his

on

joy. king asked them 312. The king's eldest daughter fell in

that

took

off

steed

his mother

were

said

He

the

house,

new

he

last knew

him

by

and

then

a

the

fisher's

the

with

love

showed

dinner, and

to

the

went.

forehead,

all

he

son.

313.

His

mother

princess,but 314.

go

he

part of the

him

the

marry

back. made

mother

his

went,

story

to

again,and

over

him

then

she

: "

is ?

would

before

But

tell all his said

he

wished

But

have

you

seen

what

sort

of

she

creature

"

"

No,"

put my

said

first

he,

"

I

sleep past

have

before 106

not

I

seen

her.

perceive

that

I

have she

is


Celtic

The near

and

me,

and

away,

I

yet have

never

great

seem

she is black

to

mother,

don't

nor

what

is her

goes

she is like."

what

You

me.

white,

or

seen

son," said the

my

she

sleep again when

in my

am

"Well,

315.

pains

I

Myth

Dragon

"your whether

know

seeming.

She

leglessfor aught that you know, but here is a candle, it will lightif you breathe your breath on when it ; keep it carefully till you get a chance, and she it is will see is asleep, whether light it. You be

may

your while to wait for her." He took the candle, for he was

worth

he put it

316. out, and

next

his breast.

Next

morning

But

before

was

beating on

her,

and

way

he 3

and

the

1

he

his

shook

he

was

the

mounted

he

was

bridle, and well

sat

door.

and

up

in

the

went

started,and

and

betimes,

came

down, He

glad to get it,and

to

no

breakfast.

black and

out one

went

palfrey bridled

knew

the

went.

7. The went

board

black

in, and decked,

palfreyreached he

there and

the

found

the

golden castle,

the

candlestick

fire lit,and with

the

lightedcandle in it standing upon the board. usual the on 318. All things happened as was first night. On the second, when he awoke, he felt that something was he spoke and the lady so near, then of their answered, and they told the whole stories over again,so that no one might forgetit,if that end. repetitionwould serve of yourself, now," said she, "beware 319. "And for the time is nearlyrun out." 107


The I will

"

from

his

when

he

he

good care," said he. the third night he took

breast,

and

awoke

and

and

and

he

blew

beautiful

he

it under

it with

upon

the

saw

hid

the

his

candle

pillow, and

answered. Then spoke, none the lady slept,so he sought his

that

perceived

candle

Myth

Dragon

take

On

320.

Celtic

his

breath, and

it lit,

that was the very sun-breath ^ had laid asleep outside seen

ever

most

the

clothes. He

321. and

wake, a

he

spark fell that

thing he

that he

there the

and

she

but

was

he

at

went

from

bed

with

fast

as

the

should that

candle him.

and

castle

he, stripped as

the

beside

as

she

and

and

gone,

came

rise

to

blast

each

ground

when

had

hasty a

instant,

was

wore

He

so

her,

an

lay on

was,

them

blew

upon

In

322.

great haste for fear

in

was

seaman's

clothes

him.

he

could

and

put

there

was

no

on.

323.

knowing

castle

what

had

fisher's

The about

The

the married

not

her,

he

and gone, of it.

was

become

wandering far and wide wood, and he began to repent that he had the princessat home, for had he married

would

son

was

have

not

lost

and

before

both

thus

behind. 324.

of

a

All

and

wood,

for fear wild 1

An

beautiful

aon

that

day

when

beasts

deo'greinebu

he

in that

wandered

night should

be

bhotdhche

:

woman.

108

a

came,

he

in the

common

wilderness

climbed

a

tree

forest. phrase

in

speakingof

a


Celtic

The

Myth

Dragon

dark, the wild night grew beasts were growling and whining all about the foot climb of the tree, and he feared that they would up But no that did not and kill him. happen. matter, about eating 326. The second day he wandered another he climbed wild fruits,and when night came prowled about tree, and the wild beasts growled and the

when

325.

But

327.

When

the

of

tree, and

it.

the he

root

down

came

and

forest.

the

in

the

set

day to

out

the

came,

see

could

trees.

to a 328. At last he came pretty green a lion,an glade,and there he saw eagle,and an

the to

of

carcase

flee from

lad ; you

catch this

the

need

you,

the lad

found white that

a

he

splitfish and and he thought and

last he

that he

took

dead

have

roared I could

If you

awhile

bait as

his knife to

the

of

horse, and

fail,we there

standing by

limpets

he looked and ant. 109

cut

of

judge fairly, if you

; but

ant

Stop, speedily

fair division

make

at

"

:

his little rusty seaman's when he fished with his

make

threw

an

ant

took

He to

the

we

eagle,and

to

At

to

lion, an used

and

shall

lion

grassy

first he turned

At

flee,for

three.

us

went

carcase.

to

hither

come

so you will profitand shall suffer hereafter."

So

the

trouble

between

carcase

horse.

lion, but

not

but

white

old

an

left

beasts

daylight had come, he might see what a see nothing save

when

he

But

of great

wilderness

third

at

off the

and

the

he

the

knife father

buckies, old

horse.

horse's head,


Celtic

The

ant," said he, you food and shelter,store

Here,

"

have

you

Myth

Dragon

share

is your

"

and

;

here

store-house, and

dwelling." and

carcase

the

to

dragged

most

power

with

teeth

and

time

be

may

the

threw

lion

be

may Then either

small

an

horse

rest, for you

have

is

from

bones

straits

done

you

and fittest,

;

for that,

periland

or

have

You

"

need

and

need,

helped

it will

three

He

has

ever

he

"

:

if

aided has

me

help you,

blessed

left them forest

with

him

and

the white

me

need

through crannies,

creep

in the

After

the

claws."

eagle thrice." and

he

three, and

have

of you, or

take

and

times."

eagle :

ant

the

Then

the

said the

space thrice."

to

three

if you

likewise, and

beak

Well

"

:

that which come

lion

a

"

is fittest and

pith to strip flesh

the

you

said

Then

dead

up

nails."

given each

have

ant

and

said

you if at any

as

that he

"it

with

tear

lion," said he,

And, you

Then

and

rive

to

have

you

ripped

the inside,and

out

eagle," said he,

you

softest for you

you

again and

eagle.

"There,

"

his knife

took

he

Then

he

he

as

much

to

be

may

be

blessed

carcase

in an

the

of the

glade.

wandering day, as he was the great forest,he thought that if he were about an be long ere he knew whether not eagle,he would which the held the house daughter of the king of he forest where the in the was. golden castle was 329.

this, one

110


The

Celtic he

eagle himself. the wings above

He

no

sooner

an

and

he

was

there, down

and

he

ant

he

wheeled

and

he

round

he

about

was

again,

on

about

the

castle

and

it

if

shut

was

he

the

ground, no

one.

barred. little

as

were

darkness

saw

and

top

as

an

through the keyhole to see creep there. had he thought But sooner no he

than

ant

was

climbed

He

keyhole,and

the door

the

he

himself.

one

up

down

where

room

door

used

and

crept through

the

to

find

to

and dark, fireless,

was

the

would

the

he

his

stood

thought

about

room

upon

and

He

that he

the

went

went

the door, but

lady was

to

he

wheeled

to

if the

the

he

round

went

332.

and

away,'andhe perched upon the till the night came. When

of the castle

331.

eagle than

flew

He

went

he

the

the castle.

saw

330.

He

sprang, trees, and

about, and

wheeled

of

think

did

But

Myth

Dragon

floor,and

his food, but

without

a

candle.

in

that Then

climbing doors and creeping through to the keyholes,till he crept through three chambers bedroom he where there in the used to sleep,and bed

crept

he

on,

heard Then

333. the

a

place that The

334.

chamber,

the

bed

"

he he

snore.

understood used

and

she

cried

Get

bed

and

The

man

fled into

who the

some

had

one

got

have.

to

up, you right is in the house." 335.

that

king's daughter

the

:

loud

to

giant ; in

was

hole

of 111

a

knew

that

he

was

was giant who something that is a

an

ant

climbed

wood-louse

up

in in not

the

{reudan),


Celtic

The

336.

if he

ril get him

"

Myth

Dragon is inside

this

house," said

no though he were giant as he got up, bigger a barley-corn." the But giant sought within and without, and round about, and never thought that anyone

the

"

than

all

in the

be

could

While

337. took

his

he

back,

giant came the ant's

was

wood-louse. the

gone,

other

shape,and spoke to they had small time

own

But

him.

of the

hole

shape

fisher's

the

and

flee into

and

the

the

lady and

she

talk, for

to

had

son

hole,

and

out

came

to

the

go into there he

to

and

stayedtill next night. But the giant came grumbling back and said, I found And nothing within but what ought to be." he went to sleep. in and slept, and 338. Next night the giant came laid in and the she herself where was lady came "

his

ant

crept

and

out

touched

her

with

sting. "

Rise, rise,giant," she about

something unless '

the

Then

wont.

you

But

this

cried

that

castle

find it, it will harm

the

fled back

ant

aloud. is

either

There

is

right, and

not

you

the hole

into

"

or

of

me."

the

wood-

louse.

"There

is

no

one

that

harm

can

me,"

said

the

giant. "

^'

Search

unless

you

"There

growled

the castle within

find him, it will be never

the

and

was

giant,

"

a

but

112

the that

man

FU

without,"

go

to

she,

for

worse

could seek

said

him

you." slay me," for you,


Celtic

The

I will find him

and

And

339. became

When

he

man,

and

a

do

How

"

if he

off he

set

no

do

corn." bigger than a barleythe ransacking. the

ant

mar

a

gone said :

he

? *'

do

you

is

to

was

{Cia

111

"

and

with

has

fallen upon

me

It

"

was

with "

"

then

half the

realm

Is there

no

No,

while

of the

might "

find

You

himself "

way

cannot

this

And

oak, that

is

:

and

kill this 341.

?

"

sadly,and fisher's

to

me,

said he. she.

And

told the story all

I

perhaps

"

son,

slaythis giant." slayhim," said she. at

is his life ? "

It is in

dove

"

It is

not

in

all."

a

of

house

an

egg.

giant but to smite Then they heard 113

said the lad.

that is in

lion

of this forest.

in the

taken

to

the

near

end

uttermost

"

he.

giant lives,"said

and

where, then, she

it

golden castle."

the

said

that his life is

Said

dove,

a

you

since

lot

my

if you had married been

get back

to

way

But,"

"

340.

with

well

but

"

have

might

they talked long again.

over

bear

must

that," said she,

not

been

said fault,''

mother's

counsel, you

my

I

thu).

ta

me."

my

I know

"

but

now,

and

out

crept

done have 111 you to lot have lost, and my will. Oh, if you had

enough," said she. Me yourselfand to me. you is to take this giant against my of yourself, been it had aware "

Myth

Dragon

a

farmer,

thicket

a

that is

In the lion's

Nothing

him

with

the

clatter

that of

at

of the

bellyis

a

is that will

egg." the giant's H


Celtic

The feet a

The

he

the

nothing, he went the giant slept, the

for that would

not

sooner

he

he

the last time

was

do

climbed

the

down

and

crawled

and

down

and

from

the

up

fisher's

could

and

bed,

to

room

be

and

door

till he

room,

son

crept out,

He

ant, and

it

the

thought

better

for him, the

over

from

the

so

floor,

keyhole,

door

door,

to

the walls

outside

was

when

slept.

through so

hole.

and

an

crept

the floors,and

over

bed

to

of the castle the

out

was

ant

an

and

room,

stay longer there.

to

be

to

wood-louse's

in the

sought

find

could When

he

in and

giantcame

had

son

flee into

time, and

second

fisher's

the

and

coming,

Myth

Dragon

of the castle.

flew

and

As

wings

house

his

"

to

to

are

"I

you, a

am

lost,and

since

out

came

Who

345. was

grove

there

day

he

hit

went

the

upon

the lion

sprang

till day.

sat

he

came,

could

where

eagle,and

upon farmer's

was.

darkeningof lateness he got there shape, and he beat upon the door,

own

the farmer "

the

(iAt the

344.

took

the

if he

see

the

near

as

soon

to

of

thought

castle top, and

the

to

343. his

he

Then

342.

all

said

and and

whence

board

on

were

get back, I

I cannot

am

in, lad," said the

Come

and

:

?

"

sailor," said he, "my

poor

and

drowned

but

me

ship ;

and

seeking service." farmer,

hungry and thirstyat times." 346. In he went, and from less

"

your

sort

used

be

be

a

farmer.

herd. "

A

"

We

lion

need is in

114

more

he offered

of your sort,"said of wood thicket near

one a

to

the us,


Celtic

The each

and takes

of

one

best, and

the

cattle

he

be

takes

he

the

the herd." fisher's son,

the

said

the lion

grove,

sometimes

takes

herd,"

that

to

go

and

cows,

sometimes

I will

"

the

time

Myth

Dragon

and

they

settled the

bargain. Early in the

347.

put

the

out

them

with

not

him

want

On

farmer

daughters was

with

maid, dairyshe did

the herd, and

go to the forest with the cattle, should be slain by the lion.

day

I will

"

:

best, and

was

grass

went

of these

go

days,the

the

to

wood

herd

said

the

with

to

cattle

the day." to-

don't

go too far in," said the farmer, for fear that the lion should happen upon you and "

"

a

and

out

to

to

ever

for fear that he 349.

arise

to

home.

farmer's

the

she fell in love

and

the

them

bring

to

used

them

drove

pasture where

to

night he used 348. One of

at

He

cattle.

he

morning

take

Well, then,

one "

I will

The was

more

But

no

done

of the herd."

afraid

driving the of

farther

and

keeping farther

might

mind, the

never

to

cows

the

herdsman the

cows

into

the

to

thing

that

was

wood.

got to the grove, back, he drove them

forest,till

at

last

the

came.

351. was

the

When

lion

go, but she take the lad.

him

wish

not

the

that and

matter

instead

lion

of that," said the herdsman.

care

dairymaid did

was

350.

take

He

was

there, but

going the herd

to

seize

a

brindled

got between 115

them.

heifer

that


Celtic

The

at

the

he

was

white

which

356.

"

Then back

I had

mountain

got

and

drove

eye,

of wine

one

lion

wood

was

the

1 would

water

I would

rive

got

made

cattle

tear

to

you

lion. and

up

and

again,

and

up

sun

the forest lion.

forest

the

lion

an

at

draught of

a

If I had

the

to

of

the

struggled till

asunder," said the herd

tatters

twinkling

helped

other.

gobbets,"said

to

that he

evening,without losingor winning. so struggle no more, they sat

could

each

at

"If

355.

the

was

They

stared

in the

and

lions

two

beneath

354.

the lion

on

himself.

The

going west knowing

you

thought

horse,

lion

a

353.

and

he

Then

352.

Myth

Dragon

then

home,

the of

herd

a

stalked

singing

herd

himself,

ditty

a

tunefully. When

357. "

How "

Well,"

"

Saw I

"

I wonder

to-day?

you

farmer

said

:

"

said he.

the lion ?

you

"

the

home,

got

it with

went

saw

he

him," said he

"

said the herd.

the

did

master.

take

not

of

one

the

cattle,"

said the farmer. "

He

would

not

wanted

to

take

"

but

I

let him."

cattle were 358. The them. dairymaid milked

359.

one," said the herd,

And

she

never

sent

got

before. 116

so

to

much

the

byre,and

milk

from

the

them


The The

360. and

Joy

herd

feast

a

the

lion."

The

the herd's

life.

the

But

hold

is

night.

not

easy

to as

"You

:

need

not

and

A

day now keep cows for

much

from fear

of

:

grass in the

good

till the

on

beasts.

dairymaid said

said

There

"

to

he

said

the

It is

that

to

for him.

master

with

again is enough.

taken

well

made

day

the wood

to

Dragon Myth

got

were

Next

361. go

Celtic

cattle

and

groves,

make

it is best

I will

it bare.

keep

off the Hon."

362.

she

daughter,and not

let her

363.

ready to day.

was

that

go

the

drove

He

till the lion

you," said

I will go with

Then

"

before, and

as

came

start, but

farther

cattle

the farmer's

tried

and

he

farther

the

at

would

in,

brindled

heifer.

364. the

the

Then

lion,

and

herd

was

a

between

ran

lion

himself.

and

thought

The

two

on

lions

struggledand tugged and fought all day, till the sun the mountain under at evening, and was going down then at last they paused and gazed. 365. If I had a draught of water," said the "

forest lion,

366.

"

"

If I had

"I

would

367.

Then

herd,

I would

tear

to

you

tatters."

draught of wine," quoth the lionbe long about rivingyou asunder." not their ways as they got up and went a

before.

368.

"

Saw

you

the lion ?

got home. 117

"

said the

farmer, as

he


Celtic

The I

"

him," said the herd,

saw

the brindled

take

It's odd

"

he

did

"

and

take

not

wanted

he

to

him."

I hindered

heifer, but

that

Myth

Dragon

you,"

the

said

master.

If he

"

could, he

quoth the herd. 369. So much And

370.

incline

other

some

and to

think

to

go

that

done

have

got before.

they never

praised,and

feasted,and

was

same,"

that

Next

371.

milk

the herd

treated

well

would

is

often

to

the

that you

had

farmer

said:

better

the

forest

the

with

is

wood

rather

on

now

risky

that's

but

them,

rather

"I

the cattle

set

to-day. A day in quite enough. It

way

again

night. morning

no

matter."

The

"

"

it is best

and

the

best grass is in

372.

The

herd

from

killed

to

there

dairymaid the wood,

the

by

go

lion, but

woods," said the herd,

the

that grass may

did

all she

for

fear that

could

to

he

should

To

matter.

no

where." else-

grow

the

keep be

wood

they went. Instead

373. drove and

he,

herd. he

them as

of

farther

The

divided

time, and the

and

his wont,

was

herdsman the

carcase,

the

holding

to

thought and

back,

in, till the lion

farther tried

cattle

was

take

of

the

the a

lion

lion

he

came,

best in the for whom

for the

third

struggled. And theystruggled, and fought,and hauled, and pulled,and dragged, and bit, and roared, and growled, and struggledagain,till two

lions

118


The the

was

almost

knew

which

sun

neither

Celtic

Then

374.

under

going

near

should

they

Myth

Dragon

win

ceased

hill,and

the

lose.

or

struggling,and

and

sat

glowered. never

to

you

376. that

If I had

"

that

belonged gobbets."

on

weary

should

farmer's

freshen

to

never

him

the

he

when

be

at

his

up, for it seemed And night before.

lion

drunk

had

him

with

her

that

fled.

his wine, and

to

spoke wine

he

The he

cow

a

him

gave

you

you

he

she

and

rose

rive

when

to to

set

take

to

back

I would

:

would

I

should

you

I would

come

daughter coming

draught of wine. forest 378. The rose

more

another, for

to

Who

the

but

draught of wine,

a

should

you

377.

of water,

draught

one

from keep me taking a cow pieces,"said the forest lion.

more

tear

so

If I had

"

375.

was

the

other

stretched

caught him, and killed him, and tore him to pieces. of the lion's bellyand out pigeon came 379. The the lion-herd her wings. But made on sprang away an eagle of himself for the third time, and spread his wings and darted after her, and he caught her and killed her, and took the bits to pieces,and found the after him, and

out

he

egg.

380.

daughter 1

who

The

He or

to

of equivalent

guarded the

hearts

the

but

cows,

the mermaid's

of

back

went

never

death.

mythicalbeings. 119

to on

This

the

he lion

flew was

one

farmer's to

the

of the tribe


Celtic

The castle,where

the

was

there, and

There

382.

in

grips with and

him.

384. found

do,

The

him. take

hole

a

385. he

board

as

room none

was

other

chambers

that

had

he

and

and

to

son

of

could do

he

into

four

bury

him

outside.

the was

stir

last,was

find somewhere

where

the

not

at

him

and

ever

out

by bit, and

done

sat

of his face,

giant to

at

and

him,

at

fisher's

he

the

be

to

up

egg front

cut

bit

was

and

into

got

the

carry

knife

that

went

he

was,

out

och

and

went

son

the

happened

When

ich

plight.

work

him

carry

that he

with

cast

which

seaman's

his

the

lift him, but

to

thing

cleaned, he there

to

was

tried

quarters, and in

he

hardest

He

castle.

to

The

to

the

into

there

giant full in the the giant,dead.

tumbled

down

giant

But the

struck

the egg

but

fisher's

the

where

giant

miserable

a

the

When

chamber

food,

the

lay

acain^ groaning

383.

the

got there, he got into his

through

went

of

king

the bedroom.

reached

till he

the

the castle,and

find

to

he

on

he

into

used

he

of

daughter

when

golden castle,and own shape. 381. He went where

Dragon Myth

chamber and

wont,

till

night. the night darkened, the candlestick 386. When and the in it came stood on with the lightedcandle had to

the

it

sat

it used

to

do.

and instantly,

rest, the

way,

and

when

candlestick he

went

When

he

he

grew

and to

bed 120

the and

wished

for food

sleepyand candle

slept.

showed

he

wished him


Celtic

The

him.

near

was

he

When

387.

awoke

felt that

he

creature

some

king's daughter

the

spoke, and

He

Myth

Dragon

answered. Are

"

be

to

you

if I make

mine

the

out

time

?

"

said he. I

"

and

beginning If you all

"

think

have

do as

"

I

"

You

be

as

but

"

too

had

it

for

wish

worth

Nothing

day, which saw

no

wandering

seemed

here

seen,

and

said

"

390. father is.

but

I

we

while

me

and

he

so

you

are

did.

of the

end

time,

a

that

woman

he

as

in

he

came ever

was

the had

the

I

daughter I

now

must

will is

not

must

free

am

be gone take you

of

the of

for three to

the

king of the the spellsthat days."

realm

where

my enchanted

my castle,this is an leave it soon. Stay here

till I

back." 391.

he

you

"

This

castle,and come

before, unless

castle,wearying,

darling of

389. "I am golden castle,and but

the

in the

about

beautiful

me,

and a day. year the golden realm

a

tellinghappened for a year and like one day to a lonely man

At

one.

most

held

the

if I get you then," said he. will," said she, " if you wait, and you shall

am

all you

who

at

long to wait. willingto wait

waiting for me." 388. "I'll do that," said he, a

begin

must

and

yours,

have

might

you for

are

you

that I shall be you

it

she,

said

am,"

might

did

He

go

not

wrong

like that as

he 121

at

did

all,but for fear that

before,

he

stayed


Celtic

The there word

a

for

all alone

Myth

Dragon

three

he

days, and

said

never

against it. she

Then

392.

forth with

came

of

a

of maidens

band

I have seek to come youths,and she said : the golden realm with me." you to go to so ship is ready, let us go." And 393. "The the the golden realm, to ocean they sailed over where the old king was pleased to see his daughter with handsome back lad, and there they a come and

"

married.

were

The

394. three

Meeting

by

ways

from

earth

had a

and

air, had three

overcome

with

three

whose sea

;

heads

life the

who in

was

the

egg a

sea

;

a

which

six

metallic

fortresses.

weakest,

and

the

for

out

army, sea

;

could

of

a

and

water

giant who

came

princessand

three

his

the

foes.

nine

and

heads,

castles

;

a

a

mermaid

sea

;

was

won

and

his

be

the

fleet,which

therefore

only

dragon

from

lion, in

lion.

They

many

the

which

egg

upon

patience,by talking creatures

three

from

went

and

metallic

came

an

who

conquered giants with

great Turk,

from brought him wished who fights, to

thrice

of three

owners giantess,

Ways.

sons,

cunning,

courage,

using giftsearned of

Three

the

fisher's three

the

So

of

three

hard

belonged

slain with

Each

had

an won

kingdom ; one had got castles besides, and they had overcome the Now they have to encounter the least, and the most dangerous of was

heir

to

122

a


Celtic

The their

foes

seventh

the

in which

way

story

Meeting

The

On

395.

of

of

day

a

his wife

asked

said

that

that but

no

the

one

ever

he

and

that

castle

a

and

window,

against him, might be.

over

was

Sons.

fisher's eldest

the

of

out

the

is

Isles.

Three

days

looked

it

had, and

creature

these

castle

what

She

396.

Fisher*s

castle

little black

a

saw

in the

told

was

this

And

castle.

the

got early up and

son

evil

an

back

came

who

there.

went

There

"

tell

eldest

who

see

he

up

he

398. combing and

dwells

went

to

He

went

her

hair.

Whence

back

came

there," said the

fisher's

400.

hound,

come

tell

up thee

ado.

saw

woman

a

of

fondness

my till thou

mine,"

she wiled

dog,

tell

quoth

him

on

me

she.

till he

her.

and

She and

love,

and

more

he

there

and

words flattering

Then

him

castle without

thou, father

till I

towards

smote

in,

of my

many

399.

the

horse

his black

took

comest

mother

With

and

got

thy tale, come went

that

there

man

go."

son.

over

"

a

I will

"

tale,"said she.

a

So and

went

never

I will

"

matter,''said he,

No

"

397.

to

the

in

Myth

Dragon

she

snatched

made did

there

the

him

a

same

up

pillarof to

they all lay. 123

her

the

magic

club

and

and

the

stone.

horse


Celtic

The

his

at

three

looked

and

"That's

the

in

trees

that

saw

fisherman

old

the

Now

401.

Dragon Myth

said

true/'

and

garden,

had

one

looked

day

every

he

day

one

lost its leaves.

he, "I

have

middle

son,

lost

this

son

a

day." I," said

"

402.

home,

"

I

the

going

am

come

eric

brother's

raise my

to

away

had

who

blood-fine."

or

He 403. dog followed

his

him.

and

hand,

his black

mounted

father

His

had

it

had

put

a

black

fish-bone

the

into

grown

his

and

horse,

in

gold-hilted

glaivethat hung at his side, and that had given him road learning and wisdom. Away he went ; each was crooked, and every path smooth, and the black dog ran the track straightand right to the herd's hut. 404. than

he 405.

wife

and

406.

There

made

What

sweetheart He

sent

was

believinghim could that

a

did to

manage

night. 408. So

heavy

he

wager

her

to

meet own

know

not

keep

from

with

from your away said the old herd.

"

the

king's house.

him

and

to

embrace

him,

how

in

his

the

world

brother's

wife that he

124

he

chamber

had

gentleman, so that he would sleepon a table in did so till morning. a

The

husband.

told his brother's

go to bed, but he of the bed. he And not

alike

more

stay

night ?

up to

be

to

He

you

last

king'sdaughter went 407.

two

his brother.

and "

created

were

never

laid could

front


Celtic

The

when

Then

409.

black

little

she

Said

she

him

from

going

so

412.

The

I will

begone

each

right and

keep

to

and

horse

his

the castle.

to

as

took

done

was

his brother,

to

the

in

out

the middle

morning,

tree.

"

raise his eric^^

to

which

and

"

true," said the youngest brother, who alive. in haste, is not brother my

hilted sword

wisdom,

went

fallen from

took

and

he

had

He

414.

is

night ?

tried

out,

fisher looked

home

come

that last

it, and

went

old

413." That's had

What

"

:

him.

to

the leaves

and

and

went,

it done

was

you

all about

rose over

he

In

411.

her

the

saw

there.

he

hound, and

and

he

out,

to

tell

not

him

told

then

But

said

I

Did

"

:

and

looked

"

And

410.

he

castle,

castle ?

yonder

Dragon Myth

and

his

horse

and

his father off

he

set.

he

and

palace of

the

to

and

with gave him Each road

for him,

path smooth straightup

hound

goldlearning

was

even

rode, and

the

king

ran

of the

Greeks. 415. and

out

The she

416. without

went

"

It

to

him

took

him, and

him

princesssaw

and

meet

staying

welcome

the

window,

and

embrace

home.

enough

was

of

out

from

to

the firstnight,

stay away

yesternightagain," said

me

she. ^

It

occurs

In Swedish

in the stories

too

"

Ramayana," on :

svennen

lade

the occasion ett

och henne, 125

of

blankt svard

a

great horse-sacrifice.

pa

badden

mellum

sig


Celtic

The

have

Many a man may that it so gentlefolks, "

They

417.

and

Did

"

before

night

He

420.

"

known

he

laid

when

he

sword

cold

a

his

as

that

I

tell you

not

that last then

took

the

to

went

be.

might

said she, and and

his eyes away from brothers had seen it,

cast

castle

she

his

night told

horse

In

castle.

he

and

the

him.

and

hound, he

and

went,

hair.

her

combing

woman

a

castle

arose,

he

over saw

?

he

morning

what

419.

too

be

rest, and

to

the

saw

asked

and

not

may

with

moment

lad.

went

the

In

418. and

of

matters

them.

between

him,

the

said

come,"

will

Myth

Dragon

of the up, treasure,"^ said she, "son of my father of my desire,and the mother love, till and thou tellest me I tell thee my thine." news, He had no good notion of her, so he sprang 422. Come

"

421.

towards

edge "

423.

"

he

and

a

But

Death's

his cold

sword-

overhead,"

said

he,

said

said

ofF her

head.

he

she.

"A

chest

of

silver."

mine,"

as

put

"

of

chest

whipped

"

much,"

"That's

and

her,

throat. eric ?

your

That's

424.

felled

and her

upon

what's

gold

her

he,

did, his

and

"

thy

sword

death."

flew

out

And

of

his

head

in

hand. 425. both was

her

Then

hands

the and

old

grasped

woman

it

set

upon

before. 1

Fheudail, 126

her

her

throat

where

it


The

Celtic

426. The with

dog sprang magic club, and

the

Then

427.

the

from

her

hand.

428.

Then

he

club

her,

at

she

but

he fell.

down

lad

and

her,

smote

him

smote

gripped the crone, struggled,till he wrested

and

wrestled

Myth

Dragon

and

they

the

magic

down

fell

she

dead. took

He

429.

her

from

keys

her

and

searched

the house. He found 430. full of silver.

found

He

431.

chamber

one

full of

chamber

a

gold and

full of

one

gentlefolks'

dresses.

432.

And

(434) and 435. of pillars 436. again. 437. them

found

He

and

a

Then

own

438.

He

439.

bridles,

shoes.

full of

room

and

turned

men

into

to

gave

took

and

for

began

them

his

all ;

was

clothes

there,

when

all that

the

palace.

Then

the best

shed

upon." "

of balsam

bringing

spillit

to

and

to

amongst

life

upon them

brothers.

have

440.

he

that

silver,and

vessel

revived

man

off

a

and

(433)

stone,

his

every

went

full of boots

one

till he

were

full of saddles,

one

How

was

and

his

and

a

done

own

lot

the

of

three

share

gold

to

and

brothers

the youngest said to the eldest," You wife that the dew of heaven ever was

know

you 127

that ?

"

said he.


Celtic

The I

"

with

was

her

Myth

Dragon

last

night," said

the

youngest

brother. Then

441.

he

him

to

turns

black

jealousystruck

and

his

off

sweeps

the

eldest, and

head

with

his

sword. The

442.

and

the

two

stood.

tree

That's

"

the

and

old

fisherman

looked

of the youngest

had

true," said he.

"

other

two

live

443.

The

brothers

445.

The

eldest

out

at

his

fallen and

The

garden,

the

is

youngest

other

dead,

again."

stayedthat night in the palace, in a coach. and in the morning they went away their father's house, home to They went 444. him and their mother, and in the morning and took they put them in a castle by themselves. brother

got the

king'sdaughter was his wedded lived happily, two according to

wife,

realm, and there

and

Alasdair

mac

the these

Ruairidh

Bhain.

446. which

What

were

tell,but about

them

won, some

out

of the

became and

day in the

the or

other

kingdoms, other

Isles.

128

he

and

of the castles

this

narrator

hopes to

hear

not canmore


NOTES

CELTIC

TO

of Notes

Number

If

I.

I

which

Duncan's heard

Duncan

Others Gaelic

that

say

Paradise

Tiree

is

Sometimes almost

always

Russian,

a

a

a

or

Near

is

boat that

mermaid

bits, the

for

bought

is

ready

touches

the

capital the

it

of

god

dressed

dust

"

is

Green

Isle

for

1908.

Revie'w

also

is

who

and

of

kind

a "

from

the

fisherman,

a

Gaelic

in

sea,

smith

a

as

is

Italian

in

;

fisherman;

a

a

and

in

and

by

takes

canoe

carried

is his

him

to

in sea,

the

for

struck

in

is the

the

till the

and

thing

Serpent

occasionally

man

and

and

son.

from

hammock

a

this

first

the

infant

a

tell

ports

(Tree

sacrifice

to

is

of

out

that

boat,

the

Fergusson

Dahomey man

is

sailors

near

shoved

bargain

quoted

old

and

anchors

lands,

he

The

noble,

a

which

the

when

sea.

Sanskrit,

in

abound

sailors

the

custom

a

relation

a

ships ship

a

which

knee

has

where

Sometimes

the

her

In

version, the^ smith

Swedish

one

has

a

Russian,

the

East

frequently. Talboys

the a

In

is

he

the

thrown

to

Wheeler),

sons

troll maiden

a

supernatural

the

simply

is

son, "

meets

In

hero.

in

forest, and

the

others

the

is

hero

born.

hero

gift the

is

who

son,

mysteriously

otherwise

In

that

me

sharks. In

by

told

nightfall.

authorities

to

IVorship, p. 35), Hu,

gold

fisher's

the

a

becomes

sink.

to

According

to

which

the

Swedish,

in

Clyde

the

"

iron

Isle,"

smith

a

near

phrase

for

equivalent

Mermaid. in

or

lives

who

This

of night,

Gaelic

tale

Donald

of the

Historical

sailor,

a

Green

"

version

Scottish

the

"

common

the

A

couple;

poor

and

was,

in

house,

man.

poor

Mouth

4.

in

man

poor

in

West.

the

given

MacPhie*s

Skye.

fisherman

a

(Straparola),

in

Sections.

Donald

that,

Uist,

South

in

lived

he

out

tradition

told in

like

MYTH

Numbered

the

to

not

was

story lived

fisher

the

apply

house

this

DRAGON

is

who

Ramayana are

a

born

poor

(p. after

129

20,

lazy, despised

youngest,

of

incarnation

an "

man's

vol.

eating

some

divinity,

ii.. History

divine

food,

the

of

occurs

India^

gift I

son.

of

by the


Celtic

The The

gods. After

childless

the rite

milk

Three

wives

These He

demons.

He

had

He

heads

and

lived

in

feats he

numerous

of

notion

of the

be

four sons, who

to to

and

invulnerable

was

gold

the

celestials.

to

and

eyes,

of

king

polished

a

and

jewels. Amongst his cityof resplendent serpents,

great

A

overcome.

in the

incarnations

are

Ravana,

overcome

copper- coloured

was

found

golden

a

snak^Takshaka.He

and

Rama,

gift-sonwill

a

gods.

Bagavati,the

to

went

of

wife

Sita, the

of the sacrifice, the food of the

men,

arms,

performed. filled

Ceylon, amongst

off the wife

carried

and

twenty

with

be

to

vessel

born

and

sacrifice

appears

give birth

were

men

oppressedgods

ten

body.

divine

horse

a

essence

of the food, and

eat

of Vishnu.

the

pyassa,

"

causes

Brahma

of

Emanation

an

rice and

with

Maharaja

Myth

Dragon

afterwards

far

older

carried

form

Aitareya Brahmana

off

of

this

"

Rig

of the

wished for a son, and 460). King Harischandra addressed The to Narada, who verse a repliedin ten verses. king then went to King Varuna (the god of waters, and therefore the equivalentof the western mermaid) and prayed for a son, promising to sacrifice him to

Veda"

{Haug, 1863,

Varuna.

Varuna

claimed

his teeth had

when

again;

when

that he

was

wandering,

come

had

he be

to

p.

the

his

got

after

of

a

Varuna

and

was

he

to

the

be

to

Punjab and in

Hebrew

the

from

East

sages

"

the

by

is

very

from

500

Brahmanas

and

the

the land

of Abraham

few

years

by

boy

father

gods,

700

birth

in

was

to

was

became

the

half

originatedthe

form,

human

acceptedby On slayhim.

a

The

on

as

the

distance

great

the

as

his march

whole

accepted

to

lies between

of Isaac.

Great

of

priest,and was Hindu ancient legend

years

is about

told

was

six years

of this very remarkable. According

to

Alexander have

historymay to

In the

a

the

by

After

gods

The

cows.

resemblance

Abraham

period of

of the

traversed

The

heir.

history of

chronology,a the

released

was

son

come

substitute, Sunahsepa,the

human

His

they had the

wilds.

chief of

a

when

;

days old;

ten

at

When

the

the

hundred

a

out

times. to

away

preparedfor sacrifice.

repeatinghymns promoted

ran

six

"

born;

was

fallen

victim, bought

Brahman, for

poor

:

meeting Indra,

several times, Rohita, the son

arms

he sacrificed,

and

he

they had

when

;

when

son

to

pilation com-

between distance So

India.

series which

extends

West. Vedas

"

allude

verses

many

favour special

to

the

birth of

celestial powers

of the

giftsons

invoked

to

in these

childless ancient

hymns. These the

East

is with sons,

and

references and

West,

holy writ.

will and

to

serve

how

In the

his wife ; of these

show

widelyspread the legend is

how

closelyconnected Russian one

story the

transforms 130

the hero

himself

series of tradition

whole

fightsa dragon, into

in

a

well, and

his

two

another


Notes into

apple tree,

an

thus

we

get

third

a

By running the

cushion.

a

serpent worship and

near

very

into

some

upon the subjugationof the States the fair-skinned Aryan Raja at

blood

with

founded

custom

of

blood

the

of

arm

Worshipsand while

in

Benares

at

5. This

and

incident

But

pike.

the

races

related the

historyof

of the

serpents ;

and

Tree

on

own

subjectraces

still adore

many

subject).In serpent worshipped all over this curious

in the

shapes occurs

Serpent 1876, the

Hindu

In

creation

Swedish

The

fish generally is in the

the form

took

of

as

Gulf

fish and

a

deluge.

the

German

and

collection

in the sea, which

legendVishnu

and

Swedish

in Finland.

and

live regionspike generally

is brackish.

mingles his

In

everywhere.

parts of Sweden

in these

the

found

in various

of Bothnia

6. In

his accession man

Indian

an

by Aryans.

races

(see Fergusson

authorityon

I

India,

told in various

was

of

books

other

wandering

country,

these

worship pervaded all India

the

serpent

dark-skinned

a

aboriginal serpent worshippers. Of

of old

a

from

and

worship;

tree

eastwards

scent

collections and

in others

the wife is

a

grumbler. 9. The

Ftsher.

Told

"

val,Barra; Alasdair The J. F.

Fisher's

Twice

"

Campbell,1859,

The "

MacRuaraidh

Son.

also got

cow

West

MacNeill, fisherman,Ceann

Alexander

by

Bhain

told

Hector

to

Maclean, 1859.

MacPhie

John

by

TangaUist

South

in

to

i860.

bit,accordingto MacPhie.

a

Highland Tales,"

No.

IV., told by John

Mackenzie, fisherman,

Hector to Inveraray, Urquhart and to J. F. Campbell. Compare Grimm ("Gold Children," p. 241) and various Swedish. versions there are but two In most born mysteriously

near

Swedish

one

a

version

three

are

of

born

maidens

three

versions

In

heroes.

from

drank

who

in

well. The

story, and and

from

her

maiden

II.

The

sequelthese In the

result from

sons

"

birth

they are

The of not

drinkingat who

sons

ought

twins

are

to

Fisher," each

in

be twins the

one

a

; in home

Gaelic

a

leash of

version

sons

They

are

sons

Swedish

one

of

princess

a

tower.

Gaelic

is told in the

son

twins,but

up in

applesin

enchanted

two

well in another.

a

shut

are

eatingof

the

same

version and

I

have.

foreignversions I followed

which

as

nearlyin the

way,

growing 131

which

up

a

From

they are

the

twins.

most

complete,

same

words,

year apart,each

to

so

succeed


Celtic

The

be

born

all I know

Taking

the other.

I have

together,so

Myth

Dragon

about

this story, I think

shortened

by

story

my

that the

ought

sons

repetitions.

two

(2) Straparola.They adopt a foundHng. In the "Ramayana" born to a childless old Raja by three wives, who eat are pyassa, the "

sons

milk

of the

celestial

being

and

Vishnu.

older

who

Only

three

that

gods, which

Hindu

I

a

of

suspect

the story is

Aryan,

migration from

Celtic

the

than

epic,so

that

rice

incarnations

are

Hindu

the

four

golden vessel by

a

sons

of brothers and older

epics,and

in

heaven

These

fire.

originalnumber

the

the

of the

out

from

brought

play conspicuousparts in

three

was

than

steps

is

to

the

East.

12.

be

the

dragon.

This

incident

He

may

versions

other

of Smith

son

be

he

;

one

was

well and

a

13. "West This

is like

1 some "

5. Horses

"

Shortshanks

18.

last the himself

In

and hounds

Norse

in

sailor

second

as

and

on

Swedish

the

In

or

to

sons

in

character who

hero

Russian

the

two

shape

may

of the

version

was

of the

be slain afterwards,

tree.

No.

a

IV.,

water-serpent myth.

told

as

by

John

Mackenzie.

4.

fourteen years

Tales.

set

of age vitiate the out

as

soon

as

But

unities. born.

they are

in

See

Being gift-children, they probably were

.

,

first.

at

Swedish

the

biggest and three

a

of this story the heroes

versions

superhuman

note

see

in the

of them, and

one

Highland Tales,"

Varuna,

wife

the other

Probablythis sea-babyis

afterwards

forest.

dragon left a

the

son

character

of the

only. Possiblythis

version

second

or

same

troll maiden

and

smith's

servant

be the

may

dragon-slaying story of whom

the

Gaelic

one

fightsthe

who

enemy

in

occurs

iron

common

in many

versions

the

swords

This

from

From

the

smith

In

heaviest.

clubs of like

Gaelic

stories

swords

Russian,

Ivan

proportionsand and

otherwise

are

three

orges

varies

of

of the

Ashes

weights.

exceedingly.

acquired.

weight,the

enormous

All agree

in

In

for

makes

The

is

incident

other

making

Swedish these

iron

weapons.

19.

20.

similar incident

the

a

lad

near

Inveraraylad.

same

is in

captureda mighty

of telling

a

hound.

story of The

Compare

Fionn,

hounds 132

Inveraray.

who

"

went

A

Sop to

of the Fenians

for Cerberus."

Scandinavia are

very

and

A there

mythicaland


Notes

human divine

make

not

clubs

the iron

Hindu

transformed

are

such

avatars

satisfied.

Indian

them

their

firstsword

high

that

break,

the

Hunyman

as

the lad is angry

the

high

cocoa-nuts

cast

It

they break.

where

because

Russian

In

heavy enough.

they are up for days, and third nearly knocks him

fact

jugglersin foreheads,

In Swedish

(p.370).

the

so

Two

forehead.

on

Gille Glas

jin

From

father did

tosses

his

they resemble

of them

Some

monkey.

26. his

In that

creatures.

Romance.

Fenian

in the

playa large part

catches

them

down;

so

a

on

is

he

into the air and

is

lad

the

catch

athletic

common

performance. In

29.

Indra's weapon, This

The

of

incident

their mother

the

of

use

West

and

East

tribes in the

Sanhita"

or

bone

live while

which

trees

they die, is

when

of the

centre

in

of the

of

and

weapons

the

at

(Wilson'strans.)it made originally

thunderbolt,was

the

indicate

may

Veda

"Rig

the

of

bones

ivory clubs by

man.

a

ancient

Aryan migrations.

brothers live,and

central American

a

that

appears

wither

and

myth given in

"

warn

Popul

Vuh." In Russian In Swedish

and

The

rusts.

best with

that

had

with

property varies,but

this

Indian

been

drop blood

gloves which

languages he gives a knife

in other

token

accords he

leaves

the hero

ideas

a

pet

A

is in straits.

he

dripsblood

which

the

worship.

tree

marriage of

the

at

present

about

when

life of

told

man

plantto

a

and

man

me

or

tree

in India

with divinity

all

ceremony.

3

1

Straparola.The

foundlingdiscovers

"

.

fortune with

32.

a

horse

and

Rusgary, Berneray, who, story follows

one

She

Maclean.

Harris, to Hector

son

"

not

originand

to

goes

seek

his

sword.

a

by Margaret MacFhingon,

Told

his

in

learned

in the island of

the oldest

on

"

of

Morrison

in

John

story from

the

August 1859, was

Berneray,Sound

a

the way

in North

tenant to

fortune

Uist.

Her

by courtingand

courage.

34.

In

obtained.

Swedish So

the

hero

it is in German.

is followed

This

by

but

beasts

transformation

they

are

in

occurs

otherwise

Gaelic

and

in Italian.

Lion, Falcon, IVo//."John

MacPhie,

i.,94. 133

S.

Uist,

"

W.

H.

Tales," vol.


Celtic

The

Smith's Son.

Wolf, Hoodie,Fox, and in the sequel,

stories

other

they

Hound

Lean

of

Ruaidh.

Easaidh

slaying of

Dog,

the Green

Wound,

cattle with the

(p. 73,

dragon.

Falcon,

Otter.

The

"

Young

take

to

their

King

about 18 MacQueen, Islay, by B. MacAskill, an old wife

told

of 10.

in

Maclean.

(a)lion,{b)

"

power

In

i.).Hector

vol.

Straparola"the foundlingwith horse and sword meets he divides a carcase, eagle,{c) ant, {d) fox, when [e) who In

castles

Wilson;

James

Son,"

Smith's

Hector

Berneray,to

with

the

Maclean;

"

"The

From

herding of

force,and

Falcon, Otter

suit the incidents

to

vary

the

Mackenzie, Inveraray.

John

Urquhart;

creatures

with

Great

are

The

"

associated

are

brute

giantsby

from

won

these

Myth

Dragon

him

grant

the

shapes.

of France, (i)A castle,(2) a castle,(3) a gentleman,(4) the capital king'shouse, (6)a king'shouse, (7) a king'shouse, (8) the king of the

35.

(5) a

Greeks. In the

he Straparola,"

"

Italian story branches

36.

This

the

sequelhere

Since

this

to

claim

yearlyto "

sake

"

a

Here

man.

poor

a

In

mate

versions

other

king'shouse

the

at

he

takes

and

hides

service.

other

From

be the

jewel or

translated

was

with

the end

Mikado's

state

talisman which

priceso preservedis a

I

that

A

seven

or

He

last

the

man

fit the

to

seems

daughter

with

set

out

He

is

the

on

married

See

mirror.

house

sequel,

the the

sword,

to

was

dragon

the

myth where

the

to

came

of all be

sea-shore to

drink

he

slew the

which

is

supposed

and

with

shore, and a

state

house

a

the

then

maiden,

regalia. A

Circular Notes

My

the

to

of

enticed

out

preserved with "

who

her,

of his tail he took sword.

that

came

eight heads

went

pots

found

have

dragon myth.

learned

victim.

a

placechosen

the

herding.

{vicewine)from

monster. to

cook's

stone.

a

Gaelic

dragon

a

is

story

weeping,and

given

be

is

he

brother's adventures.

second

but exceedingly,

varies

Japan is like the were

to

palacewhere

a

he is herd.

Sometimes

and

under

swords

his three

the

to

the lad goes

Swedish

In

to

goes

third

her

got

thing of

"(Macmillan,1 876).

( I ) A swine herd, (2) a herd, (3) a herd, (4)a farmer, (5) a herd, cook, {7) a king'sherd, (8) a herd.

37.

(6) a In

Swedish

winning the castle,but

also the

castles

not

is

not

in this way.

service

varies

in the

Swedish

He

wins

it 134

much

;

this

collection.

Gaelic One

version brother

by befriendingants, bees,and

about wins ducks.

a


Notes Norse, Shortshanks

In a

as

(2) dice-player,

dancing

leave

They

part of the

In another

mendicant,

of food and

saves

I

1876

That

ji

as

and

He

which

him

In

Gaelic

Giant,"

in South

this

Ahi, compositions,

Vivata

Raja

from

disguisedas

hero the

Ramayana,"

**

married with

to

walls

seven

ten

onyx.

He

bears,and the

which

a

great of

made

is the

select the

to

Panis

stole

a

monkeys,

whole, is

preserved in

confronted

Shortshanks

avatars

the

very

like

West

had

many

Sanskrit

In

the

gods.

oldest of

the

of

cows

Bhima,

another

(3)

cows.

In

epic,Ravana, king of demons, serpent, dwelt in Ceylon in Lanka, a city

iron, stone,

were

of

of

some

Sanskrit

off Sita,the wife

this looks

are

Eastern

the

brass,white-metal, copper, and

who

this character

here

herd.

rescued

full of

carried

forest lion.

carried off the

disguisedas and

Five-

trespassers and

cows

(2)

cows.

The

a

of original

the

Suserman

the enemy

"

man,

oldest of

the

the

Raja

hero

Lad"

Gray

"

punisherof

jewels,dresses,magical treasures, heads, twenty arms, copper-coloured eyes, and

gold ; and had

of

the wife

Mahabharata."

called

fiend,a big

or

rescued

famous

another

is elsewhere

"

Vedas,"

Mahabharata,"

cook, defeated

vanquishedthe "

by mythical heroes, but

the

a

here

and

that is followed.

so

"

"

and

Sahadeva, a

best version

easy

slain

Ahi,

had

he

is the

not

and

fought well

burial if he

The

In the

Vritra,

"

this

patch high up on of the dragon slain by

the

in character

It is

monster

epics,the

Sanskrit

On

the

tribute

snow

coffin when

Fuath

"

of enemies

the crowds

slew

the and

glutton,and

and

be the tomb

to

character

new

conspicuous, (i)

Indra

and

serves

exacted

who

pervaded by myths of

Uist

big giant,a

a

great white

a

white

a

variouslydescribed, but

most

as

sallyforth

need

at

(i )

music

joint wife

cook

acts

honourable

"

the cattle-lifters'enemy.

the

said

was

park, a glen,a forest.

39-44.

amongst

(5)

monster

a

Bhima

Kungva

of country is

tract

Smith

is

service

take

ways.

from

gave

John

Headed

child from

promised him

by

told

and

groom,

and

tree

a

Mahabharata,"

"

story Bhima, the strong brother,then disguised

same

shown

hero

kept his word,

38.

on

as

Their

apartments.

being daily.

range,

The

dragon.

herd, (4)

as

arms

in many

was

the Dhaoladhan

Bhima.

disguisethemselves

Brahman's

a

human

a

brother is like him In

their

the

feats of valour.

performgreat a

women's

In

kitchen.

the

brothers

cook, (3)

as

in the

master

queen.

as

epic,five

Indian

famous

in

serves

of Rama, or

an

elaborate

in this form.

heads. 135

(5)

of

In

In

aided

the

Eastern

(4)

body like polished

Rama,

and

incarnations

weapons. a

by birds,

gods,

version

Norse

Swedish

silver, Ravana

it

slew him.

of the

tale

the trolls who was

the

same.


Celtic

The Russian

(6) In Typho,

There

mythology,but

modern

like these

are

rules in

heads

he

;

dead whom

same

by

the

the

the

idea

'*

hooded

of

heads

sculptured

of

life,and

the serpent

India.

In "Sultan ruined

Darai"

the

Aborigines

the

with

and

Ceylon {y. my

thousand

great

Western

wait

grow

restores

of the

men

Tree

to

his

upon

worship

sea

form

of

made

hoods them

upon

are

Serpent Worship, Circular

"

Highland story

Tales [Snvahili

gazellewith

buys gazelleplaysPuss in from

a

man

his

Boots.

asks

master,

place,bathes

beats

him,

find

to

goes

a

and palace, From

an

he

her

heads,

seven

When

he

dust,as

is

current

old

heads

in his

He

goods,and he

he

hangs

Notes the

on

"). east

to

on

a

found said

Central

impossiblenow

is

rooms

to

owner

day, at

peg.

; the

at

to

noon,

and

them

and Do

"

to

the

princess.Then

he

deserted

a

a

great snake

a

of wind

storm

eats

snake

snake

with

goods

and comes

flash of

a

smelt

puts his

fearful

these

and

like

and provisions

keep

a

Highland giants.

sword

a

town,

in this story.

He

The

off in

full of you

a

The

herself.

gazellesmote

goes

He

spray.

it.

gift the

the

has

a

to

servant

in

as

him

of

and

comes

He

scented

sultan

a

found

house

gazelletook

the old woman,

of these

he

noon.

The

the

to

He

and

town

a

to

of the equivalent

full of food

him. seven

turmoil,and slaves and tillI ask my

goods." Indian

and sailors,

It is manifest that

say whence

him

Darai.

in wind

comes

drink

it

Duldy, 1870) dust-heap. The

for him, fetches

jewelslike Ravana

frequentedby

Africa.

finds in

and

leaves him.

and

marries

is the

said that she has

is the

Zanzibar

from

house

after the other

fainted.

in

second

every

woman

one

master,

that this

is rich

who

and

is the

who

he

daughter

Sultan

dragon of the West

the

that lightning,

The

his master,

Zanzibar,Bell

jewel,takes

a

him, strips him,

woman

learned

comes

well

a

old

finds

sultan's

dwelling for

fit

told at

coin which

a

He

the

sultan,gets clothes for

to

is most

of snakes,

king

a

and

of Africa.

coast

a

"

this many-

jewel that

a

which

upon

placesin

many

and

(9) Gormundgandr,

mythical snakes

the

of this part of the

version

is

the

ancient

Naga began

encircles the world, is another

who

at

A

Sesha

supports the world

figured abundantlyin Fergusson's book

They (11)

West,

(10) Many-headed Naga Rajus and

myth.

are

of

in

Ramayana

"

mythology,he

water

in

overcame

Edda

"

probablycame

he

underground ;

in the

tale

probablyrepresents

Aryans

of the

the

He

Ravana

Hindu

to

riches,and

owns

the

snake

real

a

life.

to

where

According

blacks.

amongst

The

Highland giants.

similar characters

many

the whole

on

giant probablygrew

headed

classical

mythology Jupiterovercame heads. slew serpents* (7) Hercules

hundred

a

(8)

hydra.

In

(7)

same.

giant with

a

Lernean

and

the

Myth

Dragon

the

by Arabs,

this is the

dragon myth of 136

same

the

and

by

story, and West

came,

traders

that it is or

who


Notes the type of the

was

giantwith

favour of

is in Probability

heads.

many

Aryan originand serpent worship by aboriginals. (12) The state myth of Japan includes the many-headed N.B. old

46. In

as

the

the

they had

39-67. This Some

incidents

told

twice

to

J. F.

in South

John

and

Uist.

Mackenzie,

a

J. F.

C.

attributed

not

improbablethat from

this

in East

common

of

is curious

a

sea-dragons. Of

by told

collection, asks

one

if

"

It is in the last degree

from the directly exceedinglyremarkable to

been

told

the versions

these,

old

Urquhart,

in this part are, in the Swedish to

was

very

the version

from

killed his brothers."

he

which

by Hector

by

by him.

written

MacPhie,

fragmentsare

told

as

version

from

milk

much

as

taken

Ramayana

"

find

"

or

much

in

of equivalent

this

and

the

so

West.

been unable

1 have

wife

hideous

character, the

mother

have

can

and

68-75. -^^ y^^ fourth

Some

(4)

as

Donald

taken

are

and

the

Inveraray,written

It is therefore

book.

any

incidents

of the incidents

will kill him

this mannikin

times

Maclean,

year'sinterval by

but land-people,

to

on

became

Pandavas,

Gray Lad,"

from

taken

are

fisherman, near

Some

"The

Uist, to Hector

Some

(3)

gamekeeper at Ardkinglas. to

chieflyfrom

variations

C. with

of the

one

yieldedthree or four (210, History of India).

part is taken

hoods

Ganges.

cows

Smith, labourer,in South

(2) man

before

done

ever

the

the

monster,

with serpent represented

are

Mahabharata," Sahadeva,

"

Raja Vivata,and

to

John

of the

sources

non-

tale.

Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv

"

templesnear

herd

this African

jewelof

and

sword,

a

two.

Ravana

if the

Western

had

a

find the

to

of

Eastern

many-headed

one

mother, but she did

story preserves

not

out

come

characters

more

monster,

fight. It

to

Eastern

the

than

epics.

[Sincethis wife

of

terrible

Shiva, may hag of Glas

75.

was

the

in

I have

written be

the

Gaelic

this

been

to

originalor

India,and form

another

think

now

of the

Kali, the

that

of original

the

tales.]

translation,but

shines

anything that

be

may

the

meaning, say polishedarmour. 77-175. is a

in

GaeHc

beast

According The

to

different versions,the

five-headed

(i) [The Gray Lad], (4)

giant, (2)

the

eldest

137

son

next a

enemy

beast of

the

to

be

overcome

[Smith'sson],(3) King

of

Sorcha


The

Celtic

Myth

Dragon

dragon [The [The Fisher], (5) a Mermaid], (6) [MacPhie],(7) three giants[Irishfiddler]. In all

Swedish

version

his

promised sacrifices

to

trolls with the

whom

sea-gods. lives on

In other rock

a

Swedish

had

Pandavas,

lived with

who

clubs

and

devoured

Brahman

is the

course,

It

mind.

story of St

George

legendsall over

Europe ; see for April and May 1870. serpents, Dasyus, Panis, and Vaka,

overcomes "

and

Mahabharata."

Rama

serpent ;

slayboars

Fionn three

originof

is the and

The

it.

and

a

and

oldest known

myth,

water

rivers

the

herd's

dog

In the

six, and

Andromeda,

which

tracked

Russian

twelve

go

Of

out

is

Nala

is and

as

light. conquer

Then of

112

striking

a

This, of

Eastern.

has got into Christian

Words

in Good

a

water

in the

the

great

Polyphenus;

Arthur

According

theorists,all

yet

to

is the

myth

dog-fightin that

and

death

decide

to

myth

same

with

by the

or

given that

as

flyinghorse

a

a

;

what

of it is here

version

this

course

a

Kali

overcomes

slayingof a monster of Ahi by Indra slaying was

foes

other

impossibleas

Gaelic

the

also is

the stolen

There

heads.

fiction is

many

hero

rains

ancient

appears came

myth,

in to

down and

a

cows.

equivalentof this story, the hero

after the battle there

hero, then

There

flowed.

monster

(y. p.

of the

for after the

(5)

the

winter, good evil,life

but

which

form

;

summer

dragon myth,

full of incident.

it is very

of Perseus

be

the

of the

brothers

Dragon-slayers

and

It serpent-worshippers.

fair peopledark

A

force.

this

a

tree.

main

"

and

and

man

brother

which

Ulysses mythicalfoes.

and

a

banyan

by

well

kills

lightfightsdark,

that

mean

robbers

and

as

Ravana ;

Raja Vaka,

send

a

four

that

Dragon

Kauravas

Typho

three

slaysAhi; Vritra, Asuras, blackmen, Bhima mythical foes in "Vedas."

other

overcomes

Jupiterbeats

Norse

Asura

the

strong

his

says

the

by

asunder

is Western

Indra

the

In

human

fiftyheads.

mendicants, fought

and

Dragons

"

spitsfire.

under

him

tore

and

has

dailyto

the

as

his mother with secretly disappeared, Wheeler's History of India), Wheeler

Hindu

"

forced

he

reflex of the

indicates

dragon

had

king

"

Bhima,

and fists,

the

sea-dragons

the

ships for the princess. These In in Gaelic. King of Sorcha

were

be

because This

he

Mahabharata

"

three

one

in

of the

victim

the

and

trees

there

came

provisionsto

supply the

to

versions

inland,and heads

from

storm.

a

In

superhuman.

for them

came

sea-troll in

a

is

be rescued

to

who

of the Sons equivalents this part is playedin the the people of Ekuchakra

Brahman

with

to

five,ten, fifteen

quantity of

great

heads,

"

Sanskrit to

have princesses

daughter

only he

one

are

three

in all he

and

sea-creature,

a

three, six, twelve

with

In

he is

cases

dragon

a

is darkness

in the land

slaysserpents with three, because

brothers,of whom

Three the

the

snakes, children, and

138

of the serpents ; youngest

is the

widow

They


Notes transform

themselves

fountain.

The

and

they turn three

blood.

to

in in

of

of

I

many walls in

like all the

hungry The

music

and

West.

the

claims

"

seen

sented repre-

Japan

comes

Chinese

The

dresses, is

on

water

a

He

general;

like Bhima

alwayseats,

;

the

"

Mahabharata by Raja playedin the as cook, and by Arjuna as by Bhima part is played by various characters in the is

won

"

tailor ; in Norse

a

herd

is still the

and

strand

the

Mahabharata."

The

it is

great

a

dragon in

heads."

"

many

embroidered

to

cows

of Boaster victories

Swedish

the story it is

of Sorcha

King

The

in which

for he is meant Manifestly traced to a personification

be

may and

the old herd.

with

dancing master.

In

"

Canton, and

brother in the

character

Vivata, who

myth

legend

of the

sons

fieryeyes.

has

mouths

"

drives

he

he breakfasts

sometimes

79.

three

are

club, and

rest.

78. Sometimes

strong

Gaelic

a

apples

the

eat

to

and

trees,

his iron

with

them

bit of the

the hero

that the

suppose

with

dragon picturedon dragon

by

drivingrain,and

river

sacred

a

on

smites

youngest

cushions

the

is

fiend.

storm

rest

explainsone

appleson

meadow,

a

a manifestly mythologicalpersonage. I have this of Japanesepictures story which

cloud

a

This

in to

went

The

overcome

personages

Light, who

or

a

elder brother

of the well.

drink

to

into cushions

red

a

this is from

the

Giant

Five-Headed

"

of

versions

In other

ritter.

"

from

Berneray. 80.

In Swedish

whistles

after the

probablybecause In Japan a storm the

the

many

The

hair.

herdsman

In

varies in

Gaelic

almost

foreignstories mark

the

is the

sometimes

"

"lugmark"

this incident

where invariably

In Swedish

by

beast."

Previous

swallowed

no

In Norse

waves.

is ship. This Gaelic description of familiarity with Atlantic weather is depicted, and is described : when

mark

attended

is

great turmoil of

a

fuller than

the wind any

and the

other,

landscape.

marine

dragon

slain

was

occurs,

a

ring is

of

the

and

fastened

shepherd

it is

to

and to

common

stories.

90.

the

was

ended.

storm

82.

there

a

dog

"as to

dog

sea-dog in

big as

a

sea

dragons with

calf," "as

the great battle there

in the last.

swallowed

of three

each

In

another

likewise

any Gaelic

Gaelic

appears version

big is

a

an

of heads superfluity

ox,"

and dog-fight,

story this incident

through the yet found 139

as

a

"

hound

who

May 1870.

"as

big

the lad's

as

was

any

dog

is

also appears, and is slain. There


Celtic

The

kitchenmaid, his chief;

and

similar

a

Pandavas

return

version

told

a

aids by puttingrags princess

they touch and

Sometimes

139.

by

three

him

to

dresses

and a

given him

castles

three

to

does

he

the

the

Fisher.

In other

from

Swedish

won't

feast,and

the In

Gaelic

This

says

cook

or

the

under

the "

Mahabharata

"

Swedish

for the heads

the when

incident is in Gaelic also,

tales this part is

is found

wins

he

his

braveries

own

and

always.

whistle

of this indicates

rest

in German

the hero

sends

fetch food, drink, and

other

and to

glorious

in

eagle. The

all the

and

kitchen

princessdesires

revealed

great

a

in the

the

is there

played by

flyinghorse,

a

he

is part of the story

"

the

Swedish

In

In Norse

go.

origin. In Swedish fox, wolf, bear, and so on

"

In the

of the monster,

Eastern

an

creatures

In

of honour

dress

yellow-faced servant,

the

at

princess.

A

141.

142. the

for,and

boot.

From

tokens

forgotten.

sent

;

by

140.

geniusand

his

wine

out

is

he

is princesses,

pour

In

MacNair.

and

again. This

on

the

of this story.

the end

at

occurs

the necks

on

to

scarlet heart

gray.

and

and disappear. disguises

by Dewar

gain life and hop

water

their

to

spoil

credit.

sits the

hodden

his service

to

other the

gets

Oft

"

heart under

slink off and

From

131.

boaster

the

back

goes

pearlsand

proverb :

cloak," i.e.y a noble

Vadmal the

of

thinks

king

the hero

gives gold rings and

He

nothing.

in Norse

and

97. In Swedish

Myth

Dragon

palace. ought

story yet got

to

be the

except

wishing cloth,but

it is not

I

found

above.

as

have

not

in any it in

version

of

foreign

any

version either.

143.

162.

From

A

.

.

the chariots

Fisher

the

originalchariot

day

and

may

mentioned repeatedly

gods

1

Norse

above.

70. a

In

Gray

the

Lad.

magnificentvehicle with

.

of

and

These

Swedish

night in been

have in the west

"

Edda

or

built in the

Vedas

country

three

princessthrows

the

as

"

as

twist princesses

three

are

land

Aryan

three

threads over

the

.

by

.

men

surelyAryan

magnificentgarments 140

of

chariot

the

vehicles used

chariots

harnessed

horses

many

it as

sun.

to

The

chariots

are

earth

and

.

on

chariots.

with the

to

hair.

In

hero, which

he

his


Notes under his

wears

nearlyall in making The a

Norse

story of

correspondwith

176.

Some

ends

here.

wife for

a

further,and

manner.

altogether. But

it is part of the story

deal of.

It is neither in Norse .

.

.

in Swedish.

nor

The

story of Jonah

the Atlantic

to

swallows

ocean

in the story of note

a

Varuna

Ulysses.

No.

on

to

come

187. This an

old wife in

Atlantic, in

The

4.

But

claim

his

is

firstthe head, then

out

As

home.

old

He

of her mouth.

Italian

in any

or

emerald,

largeround most

If I

not

were

child,which

body

taken, this

by making

the

giants,and

is

with ransom

all the and

together for

me,

lies,and telling

no

to

divinity.This might

known

be

tell the tale

to

all three

knees, sail the

version

into balls of

turned

give out

the

mermaid

French

all sides, the

on

of

the

gave

the

to

man

In the

me.

applesare

the

She

applesthe

the

them

which

it

were

exactlywith

accord

whistles which

the three

with

castles of

story that I know as

and

ship,and they all completethan it is in

of purpose,

the dresses to

book

Uist

the

to

more

to

ruby, and

by honesty

made

waist, then

is

old.

years

for these

flat diamonds a

in North

man

some

people and property stowed therein. but no Highland narrator appropriate, and

men,

is referred

myth

is

other

harmonies

a

the

the mermaid.

attracted

carried

the

1785)

with

set

ladyplayupon

which

eat

wife follows the husband

and

;

tradition

5, p. 49,

and

old

eagle,flies

version

afflicted

be combined

to

an

music, the objectof price,and

might

an

was

deck

the

on

the third

which exquisite,

male

Straparola the

the

is

a

was

"

"

other

des Fees, tome (Cabinet gold and jewels. One

of the similar

of telling

the

becomes

the wife is

they might

that

sang

promisedvictim.

her

baby applesto play with shows

that Varuna

In

ship,with

a

it

so

Straparola the hero of the tale goes and she beginsto sing,he sleeps, [sirena) "

oldest form

from chiefly

Berneray.

if

''

the mermaids

manner

suggested this,but

have

may

In

mermaid

a

;

In like

him.

the Whale

and

Italians long ago.

suggestedto

was

in

"

tale

the

carry

otherwise

or

find

to

and

mark,

some

Swords

very remarkable

a

good

a

Three

**

in

lady combs

the

stories

this part

agree

with adventures

on

goes

versions in

reciters omit

which

story of the

Swedish

Gaelic

versions

"

Shortshanks

versions it is made

in other

and

Swedish

Other

the

the head

on

The

"

brother.

second

mark

a

the shore.

on

arranges

it

Gaelic

All

rough dress.

own

141

to

the

ransom

rest

me

that

the

husband

copper, That has

from

silver,and would thus

the

of this story,

the lad took

has either.

it is told in Gaelic.

to

seems

be

the

gold ; a

good

put the

story

I stick

to

truth in


The 188-206.

.

Italian

.

.

The

207. second in

and

story

Gaelic

any

courage

and

brute

change

made

by

Son

these

Scotch

rat

be found and

in the

women's

This

In an

"

where

took

"

hid

in

where

tournament

had

the story much

in the

waistcoat

Italian

go

by

the

found

not

here

given

Italian

to

a

of

some

and

by cunning and

attribute

to

different person

in

Margaret Mackenzie 120). In this case

he has

all

to

The

right.

rat

in

Three

Berneray,Harris, dove

the

Cowal,

"The

the

a

Second

MacNair in

to

The

other.

"The

in

by

The

adventures

the

in

carry warlike

fortune

to

the firstroad.

on

(i) Lion, Falcon, Rat,

"

courting,and

led

adventures

and

creatures

courage,

many

a

to

like

is the

most

paraphernalia. littleold

is the

meant

marmot.

a

cook,

as

son,

and

same

way, the

a

who

Moor was

harness. but each

the All age

U2

shoemaker flew

a

these and

in the

nowadays. her to

In and

room

as

to

a

Norway

a

her

go

gallant,

peopletell this part of

class and the

to

armour

Turk.

gardener'slad

Highlander gives

the fair.

and

arms

and

service

visit her.

Highland

a

ant,

an

not

Fortunio, who

princess gave

overcame

horse

by

Draupadi took

and

could

husband

slipperas

her

and differently, to

fortune

to

the tale is told

he

nothing,but he actors

in

Swedish

leash of

a

and

a

service her

the widow's

princessgave

the

hibernates

Straparola an

eagle

in

nor

nearlybanished by the so-called Hanoverian rat, but still to islands occasionally. He is a littleshort-tailed black creature,

is the way

and

in which

and

apartments, where

228.

I have

separately.In

combine

to

historyis

Bhima

211.

are

No.

(MS.

I believe that he

210,

but which adventures

the

son

versions

to

case,

MacLean

natural

now

from

creatures

road

bird, except appropriate

This

In

and Ireland," got from Dewar No. 175); (2) Lion, Dove, Rat,

time

208.

of

some

brother.

of

(MS.

same

one

this

got from

Ways," about

in

King

i860

June

German,

widow's

a

simply

is

me

on

the

ot

in

force,by swiftness

different brother met

French,

of the Universe

the egg

to

second

a

are

Norse

In

to

they indicate,lead

concealment, just as

creatures

which

is taken

way

which

adventures

in

nor

occur.

second

This

off

goes

told of

are

adventures

these

now

story.

brother

second

Norse,

in

nor

myth.

adventures

has

hero

Swedish,

Finnish

Myth

Dragon

mysteriousegg nearlyrelated

.

Hindu, Greek,

in

not

.

this .

Celtic

individual

gallantan

dresses

embroidered


Notes In the

240.

the Pandavas

and

in the music

falls in love

man

with

him

meets

wife

the and

of

slayshim

dancing room.

It does

254.

great

a

rendezvous, and Bhima

giveshim

she

;

"

Mahabharata

"

not

how

appear

pigeon carried

a

but that is

armour,

the

not

fault of the translator.

According

275. The

Irish

first married

king

after her death

Dewar,

to

poisonthe boys, and they fled and

adventures

farmer, and

a

and

had

brother, consoled back

sent

was

made but

with

here

brothers and

France,

who

hung

dead

a

time

From

The

also

stableman,

Bhima

cook

the

and

cows

the

rescued

A

king.

the

Then

he

and

Raja

claimed

with

the

whom

one

is

"

themselves

and

of identity

this very

questionof

Widow's

poor

Son," the five

are

became

eater

great

feat and was

herd

a

an

king's son,

the

were

There

greatlyhonoured. ancient

Widow's

Then

Hindu Son

of the Indian

"

books

legend with

can

be

no

time

epic. 143

case.

to

act.

his

The

cows.

played at

dice

revealed

question about

this part of this Gaelic

Very

in

tree, took

(Norse Tales, 364, etc.). There in this

had

eunuch

a

five heroes

the

another

which

army

to

the

to

and

palacetill it was went

cook.

returned

brother,Arunja,as

in the

insulted him.

borrowing from

name

It

three

the eldest

had captured more army which for himself and for his son, and

the victories

"

very short,

of

one

the

defeated

and

fourth

dancing

for the

charioteer

fifth brother, and

the

stepmother

here condensed.

story of and

his

bride,and all was

his

conquered another

arms

the

and

man

king

the

attire,taught singingand became

strong

the brothers, of

female

with

that the

lineageof whom

sallies forth,performed some

he

last with

carried off the

brother

doctor, fetched

version

"

daughter

youngest

a

to

with

serve

the farmer's

Bernerayversion

Shortshanks

ancient

to

(See Historyof India,by TalboysWheeler, their jointwife disguisedthemselves and Pandavas and in a tree on which for a year. They hid their arms they

time

to

relations in

"

went

After

well.

him

historical.

be

to

through these

went

The

to

then

Mahabharata."

"

body.

At

kitchen.

know

made

foreignrelations of

in the

One

married

pretended

stepson returned

the

and

Norse

have

1867.) The five served Raja Vivata

and

but particular

and

stepmothertried

the other

;

exactlywith the Cowal is the wedding. This clearly

the

other

many

Pandavas

a

cousin

king of Erin.

a

Scotland,

The

France.

far it agrees almost

so

ends

father,and

accurate,

correct,

in

father sick,

his his

to

his French

of

King

the

their fortune.

seek

to

of

son

after his father's death.

Ireland

found

home,

King of

the

adventures

no

reigned over

went

married

thus

second

a

was

daughter of

the

daughterof

the

he

few

can

educated

the

story, be

no

people


Celtic

The The

third

written to

John

by

Dewar,

of war's

man

prison for

a

meeting with

three

enchanted

somewhat

and

there, somewhere One

lost.

was

that he with

king'sfisher,whose The

twenty. saw

wife

The

the mermaid's

is the

board,

on

story is told

will

bring

to-morrow

me

I will

bringyou

would

be

him,

boat

The

sailor

the

fisher

son

are

so

sea,

back

in

a

they

when dust

he

through

fisher's to

boat

to

and

year the

son

make the

is the

here

dog

went

to

and

in

country

his wife

day.

a

new

hand

the ports

till the

sailed away.

coins, and

sailor,who

then

board

would

not

boat The he

captain,in

how

If you

"

:

says

meets

lives,and

he

shore,

on

you

was

The

fisher

the

fisher's share

they

technical

had

three

and

is

as

the old sailor

have

the

and

than

the

The

son

set

send him

fish.

whole the

to

son

come

ship-anchoringis most

sailor,but

nearlyswamped, richer

to

on spells

and boat-sailing

of the

tells the

he

so

wife's counsel

fished for himself. 144

story).

story-telling rhythm.

fisher got back was

dog

and mythical,

sail,partlyin

made

the cause,

crosses

as

whole on

goes

day

sailor,of

version,but strangers here),and

asked

The

The

old

first part of the

{cf.the

met.

sold

and

town,

his wife.

to

creature

Swedish

a

One

The

made fishing,

ship

the

first

the

nearly

was

anchoringis described,

that

creature

ship found

service

had.

hand.

a

the

sailor thought that his one-eared

regular

They

and

The

west

young.

was

first

the

sent, but she laid it

was

repeated,and

so

characters

story for the third time to

over

was

sorrowful

was

he

as

of Good

took he

the

by

shorteningsail and

fish while

with

fisher's

daughters(who with

transformed

of hand-line description

sailor's language,partly in The

He

be

to

from

and

town,

a

familyhe has, and who again to the captain,

here

meet

long

a

their

littlefish

was

formations trans-

egg,

Cape

school, though

to

mermaid

plentyof fish."

to

sure

comes

to

ships called.

gone

the

as

knowledge,

path,

an

a very vol. viii.)

in

the

part, asks the fisher what

the whole

loaded

of

limit

was

condense

to

goes

he

such

is bound

went

a

no

there

she

sailor offers himself

the

then

Then

had

son

sea-business of

whole

fisher goes

where

grumbled, for

ship (which

a

course). the

Island

:

and

French

a

mythical

a

told

castle,the

and

MS.

the

saved, he found

was

in

was

of the

shorten

(The

Indies

just beyond

Green

in the

was

the

they

sailor

and

war

pages

was

Dunoon,

near

life is in to

as

story.

tale

incidents parallel

out

so

East

the

to

in the

being whose

a

The

fisher,who herring-

the defence

creatures,

prosy

Dublin

ship sails from

Cowal

a

sifted

have

geographical sea-yarns

long preciseand

of i860.

the end

taken

was

conquest of

the

the old sailor's

Hope,

I

time.

89 manuscriptGaelic

Clachaig in Cowal,

at

He

long

and

A

labourer,about

man."

tale of

a

1830 from Mac Arthur,

learned it about **

in

are

by MacNair, shoemaker,

him

old

of adventures

set

Myth

Dragon

probablydid they cast

gold

took

the they the king'sgoldsmith

and

king.

He

sailed he

gave knew

his not


Notes One

whither. He

beautiful

saw

them

;

story. he

here

so

through

oral

Bha

277.

vernacular

how

In

the

are

an

the

any

double

meaning

pages

284. According in the West

"Sun's

the cannot

the

**

see

my

"

Edda

the

plucking

tree

belongs to

this

Then

abstract

show

I

The

learningthe

of

nature

people.

the

In

and

It may

dawn.

Gaelic

used

is

class of mind first.

for

of lightin personification

a

Russian

In

tale and

tell my

Japanesemyth

the

will

a

is

a

for light,

more

for my

account

succeeds

sun

for

after the

also is

lady who

I

In

facts.

mother

her

nobody is called

similar passage

wait

castle

her

she is ; but

is feminine,here

sun

theory which a daughter who

has

but

without

by peasantry

story, but the story itselfcomes

any

be,

use now by those who personifications several more translated to phrases literally

peasant tells his story, another

but

do

sun

gods.

and

the narrator

oidhche

the story.

to

way

to

to

Gaelic

the

female

a

twilightof

As

Sister."

yet

water.

disappeared. this

after

night,sun

theory,here

to

understands

so

had

given

incidents

an

and

are

might easily joinlanguageand

during the night.

also

experienceof

the

of vernacular

all.

at

have

amongst

bha

s

lead

not

few

next

I

know

to

speaking of day

nature metaphorical

show

to

tighinn. Such phrases are used without any thought of mythology. This, Sanskrit ancient myth founded upon metaphorical

falhh

phrases do

in fact such them.

latha

theory,is of

tree

which

myth

dailylife and

the fountain-head

an

phrases,used

forest

myth.

it is

easy

Gaelic,and

accordingto

the

suit the

to

mythology at

from

for

shore

on

the forest.

is the first part of

his audience, and

sent

was

wandered

he

and

tree

he

back, boat, barrel,and ship

came

story alters

a

in the

up

This how

rare

he

land, and

fruits,and

comes

When

went

neared

day they

a

snake

divinity. 286.

The

To

it

me

first brother

that

seems

headlong

went

like and secretly swiftly He

does

not

but

savage,

and frugally and "

the

Slow

much

to

he he

waits goes

sure

If he

wins

has

gone

and patiently on fearlessly the

saves

the

sleptin explainbefore

moral

others

lesson

his

to

ends

one

"

the chamber any

like

by somebody.

wolf, the

a

second

went

goes

at

He

his adventures.

with

the

"

race

intended

was

but courageouslyon. cautiously like a all round, he does not eat ravenously do in the West as men politely ; he eats

bird, this

a

in till he

youngest and

292.

go

a

expresses

end the

of the

theory can 145

be

The

story.

of spirit

of the dawn, of

is the youngest,

proverb "

this class of story.

course

accepted. Here

not. are

But

there

six doors K

is

and


The a

makes

wall, which

the

"

Ramayana

"

of

consists

seven

such

seven

The

with

and

had

castle had

the

walls

seven

world, accordingto between

seas

It would

is darkness.

barriers

"

Herodotus

"

walls.

seven

which

story of Conall

the

in

rings of land

outside,beyond pass

had

Myth

Dragon

In

seven.

cityof Ekbatana

The

defences.

Celtic

and

be the

get to the mountain

to divinity

a

where

centre

myth,

of mountains

exploitof

in the

cityin

Hindu

wall

a

seven

; the

the

gods

abide.

populartales will here recogniseBeauty and the Beast, Cupid and tales Psyche, Green Serpent,and a host of Western all allied to the Sanskirt story of Urva^i. Theorists explainthese which are language resultingin personification. by the ancient use of poor metaphorical Here without is metaphorical languageused by a labouringman any double When he says the night came he does not meaning whatsoever. personify Any

302.

He

night.

be

to

316. look

the

The

character

the

world

the

over

first part of the story. home

gone

in

nevertheless forms

various

he and

his

Here

couch.

to

flash of

by sending a

the

The

firstor

old

second

fisher after the

Turks.

Urvashi

wanted

who

enrich

to

the

victoryover

husband

her

far

So

the

known

328. Ants West

329.

The

to

married

who three

the

The

actress.

return

them,

to

lightningafter

he

The

is reversed.

case

caused had

her been

man

sees

the

white

mythicalhorses, and castle that

was

east

she

bear

aid

gets

she

of the

to

to

arrive

Cupid in

help from

got

then

of the

with

the

male

lady diflPersfrom

lost

sun

flew

upon

and 146

west

on

the

in the

shore

entrails.

tear

loses the

who

locomotive

before

Psyche

bleach

skulls which

live in

inferior personage some

and

recovery

fact,eaglesdo preferto

In

endure

Cupid

language.

in any

me

commonly

myth alwaysneeds much

the to

Highlands.

of

story is that

the

playedby

any version

to

metaphor, but

woman,

322.

has

have

to

rise from

to

is all

in the

Gandharvas,

upon

enticed

avoid

cannot

which

blank

a

death, and

mermaid's

to

is

both, ought

or

and

lesson.

a

Here

309. son,

Gaelic

speaks

mythical story

tells his seems

knows

who

one

superiorin at

the other

old

the backs

of the

widespread

place. Psyche

The

heaven.

three

this

lassie

Norse

leflt her

women

who

of four

winged

moon.

The

winds

Scotch


Notes married

lassies who

giftsfrom glass "

in the of

brother and

a

ruled him

shape

a

from

the castle that

to

and

German,

of the

is

"bird

Fenix"

of the

north

lost personage

be

be solved

questionto shape

of it.

condensed

Surely this

If the hero brothers

They

do

locomotive

beasts,or of lions and with

men

wolves,

When

They once

an

was

Urvashi

of the

went

airmaid

who

the mortal

heavenly people called Pururavas, but the puzzle is

is in

Grimm's

it got

how

of the

Part

Eyes

"

;

to

West

the ovei

swiftness

;

are

of wild

they surelywere form

of the

be

to

the

31)

Die

contains

part of it is in New

of

story of

in the

story is current

one

form.

in this p.

myth, mortal.

a

marry

clearlyis

(Berlin,1859,

Kuhn

Three

the

to

rule

nature

tillhe got leave This

them.

fisher's sons

the

story, and

sky

not

and

three

need

who

wings

with

and

the

followed

Gandharvas.

Herahhunft des Feuers, by A. maiden swan story of Urvagi. "

from

with

women

the oldest known

came

born

Atlantic

three

in the

These

do

and

religion.

is.

They

old

birds

and ancient

were

shapesand

nature,

In

time.

a

upon

away

in their

oldest

the

to

an

he

greater

the

The

in this tale it is all beasts

them.

These

superhuman

the

Skye, and

with

In

the Swedish

wings.

nearest

like

most

the

givethem

power.

sea

are

is

help of

the

birds

and

courage

something

woman

is

horses, for horses

cloak, or

winds, because

demigods

savage

help

needs

he

borrow

to

the

or

added.

creatures

the

the

with

exists,but

and

swords, for they grew

need

boots

simplestform

less

need

not

not

machinery

myth

last.

at

principle.The

followed

of the

form

all this

is the

the

is one,

do

to

who

carried

who

earth

common

simple transformations,the giftsof

into

insects.

first is which

Gaelic

In

had

and

an

youngest

old wives

eightdifferent languagesin has this

skywards

a

is

Kalevala."

"

The

caught.

cross

lady

in the

three

the myth, however, transformed collections, went

to

the

helpfrom

was

and

which

and

by gettingboots, a cloak,

her

It

sun

quoted from

in versions

Ilmaten

recovers

birds.

with

collection

earth,and

to

mystic fruits

got

smith

a

of giants,and

east

was

from

character

a

and

fish,and

beasts, and

over

a

brace

three

to

dove

Norway

Swedish

the

loses his bride

leash

sword

of

8

of

bulls of

iron shoes

therefore is allied

and

comes

No.

In

mountain.

red

and

old wives, and

three

airmaid,"

She

the black

the

Isle of

Zealand,

Celebes, and Japan.

340. wheedled lover heart modern

According this

to

other

knowledge

out

of this incident,the

versions of

the

giant at

the

ladyought to

of instigation

have

mortal

her

in Gaelic, the giant that had no (v. Toung King of Easaidh Ruadh German versions of this story). One in his body (Norse),and many Vedas ; the theorywould make the lady the dawn, or Ushas of the

giant,winter

**

or

night or

darkness

;

the

147

egg,

the

sun

;

and

the

"

fisher's son,


Celtic

The Indra

of the sun's

wheel

one

exceedinglylike turn

mundane

the

upon

creed

such

the

at

ancestor

in

in the

"

conqueror

slew his foes

battle.

one

Vedas."

But

The

represent the creed

may

himself

is

rather

seems

hatched If the

things.

by throwing

Indra

myth

everythingwas

life for all

common

a

them

of which

out

egg

of

notion pantheistic some

chariot

deified

a

Indra personification.

Vedic

other

some

or

Myth

Dragon

and

;

to

some

aboriginesheld

of those

invaded

who

them.

reference

The

352.

.

of those

who

this

count

There

something of

is

about this version

Bible.

The

forest,and

which

C.

here

concludes

that

F.

has the

taken

The

myth.

I think

have

a

note

into

i. 17,

33)

traditions

of

and

of the

out

fire in

story and

property of any

the

not

of the lions

holy writ.

to

Swedish

on

story is

(Sam.

come

resemblance

in favour

probable.

most

no

evidence

as

conversation

story of David

may

versions have

other

J.

the

be

may

solar

Aryan

an

Samson

400.

sun

water-myth theory,which

tells for the

356.

the

to

.

.

a

nationality,

but is universal,human.

The

404.

of

incident

the wife of

by

With

hymn says, " dwelling,and

After sun

home

in his

black

chariot

of them

which

In the

is

love

her

prayers

Indra

his

to

Rakshasas

to

they

and

have

leave her

thou

and

camest

palacewhere

have

in form

the wheel

other

The to

his two

you

truthful

the

of the chariot

enemies, Indra

took

Sachi, Indra's wife, could

of the Kutsa not

tell

husband.

her

choose

Hebrides.

you."

between

threw

story of Nala, given by T.

lady who with

was

in the

sons

thy friendship.Now

discriminate

great battle in which

a

"

the Dasyu killing

on

for

eager

a

tinguished they could not be disRigveda Sanhita (y, Wilson's terrible lion when wieldinghis

similar dwelling,and being entirely

slew 50,000

and

was

"

fisher's

these

resolved

perplexedto

been

has

mind

Kutsa

Indra's

alightedat woman

a

like

was

resembles

he

in which

weapons,

Indra

like that

in the

occurs

one

trans., vol. iii.,147-8).

people so

two

a

husband taken to

her

sees

the

Wheeler

in

his

History of India, the

five Nalas, for four

shape of

her

lover

lover, and

human

gifts.

148

gods

Nala.

endow

him

have

At

her

with

fallen in earnest

mystical


TRI

NA

Bha

bochd

duine

agus

fhortain.

mor

rathaidean rathad

's

dol

bha

miadhon. falbh a'

so

do

beachd

Morrison,

"

eud

MS.

?

"

fear

iad

tri

na

rathad

aca

nach

bhith,

ach

a

Rusgary, The

Berneray, pronoun

is

fhin

orm

ann

a

tenant

3rd pi.

bo. 149

is

in

a

who

North

eud, ead

radan

's

'ghille, leithid

'na

bu

air e,

De,

chan

"

bhruach

Berneray,

treis

esan,

sin

an

feadh

bhith

a

ars'

Mata,"

"

a

rathad

an

caiman

leomhann,

an

now

6g 'bhith

dol

rathad

an

fear

bha

a

b'oige

is

Mackinnon,

rathad

an

am

fhear

"

ach

Margaret

gom.

aon

miaran. iad

miadhonach

ghabh

agus

th'agad

dh'aite

From

fear

Thuirt a

a

thri

'na

gach

an

d*thainig

chunnaic

shine

leomhann

agam

leithid

^

bu

dha'n

sabaid.

beachd

a

am

iar, Air

am

2

ghabh

choinnich

iad

1

fear

an

gabhadh

an

air

an

gos

a

an

leth.

air am

ear,

falbh

iad

dh'iarraidh

a

comhla

uair

an

gon

fagadh

sgaoileadh

cheile

ri

mor

a'

tri

bha

agus

gum

triuir

bha

a

mora

Ghabh

iad

so

iad

an

Bha

iad

Thuirt

an

falbhadh

gum

mhor. rathad

gu

iad

Dh'fhalbh

rathad

roimhe

ann

Smaointich

gillean aige. athair

MORA'

RATHAIDEAN

choir

eil d'

ur

aibhnichean."

learnt Uist.

throughout.

it

from

August,

John

1859.


Tri

Na Chord

so

ris

bi

an

cas

ann

Thuirt

sa."

eil beachd

'bhith ris

so a

leomhann

a

choidhch radan

an

'na

duit

radan

an

Dh'fhoighneac fhin

th'agad orm a

bharail

a

bhith

ars' "

^

Na

"

thu

orm-sa."

anns

aite

an

Chord ann

ris a' chalman

so cas

an

cas

an

'bharail "

?

so

choir

bu

e

duit

chreag/'

is

nach

a

'S

"

's thuirt

choidhch

a

e

Chord

ann

De

"

:

a

los

an

bi

ris,

deth

bhith

a

h-ann

gheamhradh."

caiman

an

Chan

"

cos

th'agam fhin gor h-ann a feadh gheugan is bhruthaichean

bi

ris

e

:

cuimhnich

orm-sa."

thu

Dh'fhalbh fhois gu choinnich

^

Rinn

e

mor

fasdadh

cocaire

beag a anns an tigh fhoighneac e robh

nighean

an

^

;

theireadh

ca'n

robh

righ, s material

idir

iad

's e'n

mor

for fire.

bean "

150

agus

a

gon.

s

agus da

e

bha

h-aon

a

3

go.

e'n

Dh'-

san

eil

e

oidhch'

idir.

Chan

h-uile ^

"

an

fhuair

a

;

Bha

ris.

ann. e

chidsin

obair mhor

h-uile

chan

'sa

'faicinn bean

e

do'n

stigh

ris.

chocaire

robh

's cha

na

chocaire

seana

iad

gun h-oidhche

e

stigh

a

agus

fo'n

bean

Porous

"

bial

Chaidh

a' theireadh

cocaireachd

an

duin'

tamh

gun^

's am

;

ris.

mor

chocaire

aona

a' falbh

e

h-oidhche

robh

Cha

's e'n cocaire

bhith

na

caisteal

ach

sin

's bha

e,

bial

chaisteal.

ud,

e

orm-

th'agad

a "

gor

a

esan.

Na

air a'

cuimhnich

nach

choidhch

ach

"

Na

"

thu

aite ?

a' cruinneachadh

thuirt

agus

dh

do

so

ris,

e

beachd

ars' esan,

a' feitheamh

agad

De'm

"

:

leithid

bhith

a

Mora

thuirt agus nach cuimhnich

ris

fhin,"

agam

choir

bu

an

'bhith

orm-sa

Rathaidean

ann

tigh ach

gheibh


Na thun

leapa," ars'

a

co'n

e

Rathaidean

Tri

robh

aird

de'n

a'

cadal.

i

cocaire

an

tigh "

Mora

Dh'fhoighneac

mor.

robh

an

Anns

seombar

an

airde

an

's

tuath,"

an

ars

an

cocaire. Smaointich

chalman

's

uair

An

air

e

bonn

bhith

'na

a

fhalbh

dhuine

h-athair

a

Thoisich a

robh

's

e

e'n sin air

dhuine

's dh'-

righ.

an

rithe, 's

Lig'

an

fhainne

Thainig fo'n

radan a

duin'

air

is' eubh.

'na

esan

gun

leum

ghrad

leaba.

thoirt di airson

anns

'san

rum

an

i.

fhainne

an

d'thug e thug e dhi

an

a

's chaidh

radan

t-simlear.

uair

An

smaointich Ghearr

e

e

rithisd, 's

a

gus

uair

An

dh'fhalbh

luaithe

bu

'na dhuin'

esan

air

bha

'na

e

ri coinneamh

eubhach

'g

Cha

an

s

h-athair

a

bhith

nuas

a

nighean

thoirt di.

a

's

smaointich

Smaointich

air cleasachd

e

laimh

a

'na radan

e

'na

e

t-simlear.

an

t-similear

an

's chaidh

leaba

Thoisich

mullach

gu

aite-theine.

an

thun

e

bh' air

's chaidh

radan

sios gu

e

mullach

rainige

's chaidh

chalman,

a

leum

ghrad

a

an

air

e

air

ite, 's

a

h-athair

a

chaidh

a

dhi

'na

a

rainig e e

radan

ris

a

smaointich suas

barr

's chaidh

far

chleasachd

e

fainne

e

chaidh

chaidh

e.

am

chalman

na

an

barr

an

t-simlear

an e

robh

an

gu

e

'na chalman. cocaire

mor

'sa chidsin.

mhaireach Nam e'n

ach

bha

De

biodh

aig am

righeachd

an

blar

agus

blar

m6r

righ

ri

air a

a

ri

righ

chur

air

nighean. 151

bhith

an

cumhachdach an

righ

Duine

la'r

na

eile.

chailleadh

sam

bith

a


chuideachadh e

leis gus

la*r

An

mhaireach

na

chur

righeachd a cocaire beag an

an

an

uair

An rinn

chur

a

leis

ach

e

chruinnich chath

a

cocaire

bha'n

a

chruadhach na

blar

am

Mora

gheibheadh

nighean ri 'phosadh.

a

's

Rathaidean

Tri

Na

leis

a

chuimhneachadh

a

b'fhearr

treis

cur

aige

ris.

bhlair

a

d*fhage'n

gun

bh'

a

a'

duine

righ. Thug

an

leis comhla

mor

righ

h-uile

a

crochte

de

deise

ri taobh

leapa. Dh'

iarr

'a ionnsuidh

robh

gun

rachadh

fear

e

bith

sam

deise,

an

e

blar

am

luaithe

a' toirt

smaointeachadh

e

bu

a

bheireadh

a

'a ionnsuidh biodh

nam

i

chionn

aige

gun

leis.

gillean ach falbh 's a h-uile h-aon Dh'dhiubh riamh traoidht^ ruisgte gun umpa. cocaire fhalbh 's rainige'n tigh an beag 'na chalman do 's dh'innis bha e a nighean an righ mar rompa 'm blar a' dol. Thug e leis an deise chruadhach. De

'rinn

uair

An

a

ach

esan

de

na

e'n

bha'm

blar

Smaointich

's de

;

a

rinn

a

h-uile

air

righ

an

a

ach

e

thilleadh h-aon

;

diubh

righ ;

an an

agus

uair

sin.

's

chaidh

e

*na

a

h-uile

gin

de

's reub 's chuir

is smuid e*m

blar

righ.

an

Probably a corruptionof "thread,"

variants 2

e

thun

leomhann

an

righ

an

is mharbh

1

air

a' dol

dhachaidh, de bha

leis.

chruadhach

ach

e

naimhdean

leis

deise

Thug

bhith

a

gos

chruadhach

deise

an

leomhann

adsan

bha

are,

For

/rzW,trait^ troidht,

iad-san, 152

says

Hector

Maclean.

Other


Na An

ach

uair

blar.

am

chaidh

a

cocaire

an

a' radh

bha'n

De

Chruinnich

h-uile

a

aig

duine

's

de

righ

an

^

fhin

h-e ach

sin

's

righ

leis

gur^

oidhche

an

Mora

blar

am

mor

aig nighean

chuir

a

reite

bhith

gu

chocaire

a

'bha

mhor.

an

righeachd^ thun

de

dh'

iarr

dol

a

reite.

na

Mu'n

dol

chan

eagal,"ars Bha

uaisle

Smaointich

mnathan ^

fhin

an

'am^

nach

uair

air

; is

uair

a

de

bhith

a

'na

an

's ri

ri ceol

iad

chunnaic

m6r

a "

bu

Is

anns

na

an

esan

iad

fhior

a

do

chalman

airson

's chaidh

air ;

aig an

's cha

an

Thoisich daibh

'na chalman

feadh

h-uile

a

.

.

sgeith ris

a

a' dol

ceol

e

.

sin 'na leomhann

nis

cuilltean

lugha ghabh

's

radan.

'na

t-soluisd.

duin'

tighe, a' fosgladh a bhial bha itheadh 's ma sp6rs is ; bha

uaisle

sp6rs a ghabhail

an

teicheadh

sibh

smaointich

a

bun

le

e

as

cur

Chaidh

roimhid

mhnathan

sin

thoisich

bhith

uaisle

's 'na radan.

uaisle

dhianamh

gabhadh

de agus radan, 's chaidh e

sin

e

's ri

t-solusd na

'na

chalman

'na

ri

reite.

aig an

e'n

bhith

a

fhin

beag. tighe stighe

an

Dh'fhalbh ach

chleasan.

fhios

eil

righ

an

cocaire

an

Ian

de dhaoin

*

theannainn

a

chleasan

reite

an

dhianamh

a

Gad

"

thoisich

do

orr' ach

e

Rathaidean

Tri

na

duin'

mnathan

oillteachadh b'e

'n

a'

cocaire

dh'oillt.

bhriagan," ars

sin, 's cha

153

'an

righ ;


"

tus*, a

is

's chan

e

nighinn

r'a

Ghabh leis

an

phos

an

Rathaidean

Tri

Na

ghille mhath, 'm

fear

a

Mora

chuir

a

*dol

tha

blar

am a

leom-sa,

dh'fhaotainn

mo

posadh." an

cocaire

naire, 's cocaire

a

h-uile

beag

a

mor

agus

mach

duin'

as

a'

nighean an

154

an

t-seombar

fochaid

righ.

air ;

is


T-IASGAIR'

AN

Bha

iasgair

bhiodh dhe

thachair lamh

mach

a

thoirt

a

dh'iasg,"

ars

dhachaidh. bhean

Lig

d'fhuair

An

ars'

e

"

esan,

e

thu

air

thu

chaidh

a

nur

d'fhuair,"

gheibh

t-iasg.

an

brath

mis'

Mata

"

thu

ais

leoir

de

Chaidh

idir

mi

an

leithid

?

e

"

a'

ars

dhachaidh.

gheibh

an

ars

g'a

e.

dearg

's

ars

go

a

e

dhuit,"

theid

's

e

de

thu,"

fhearra 's

robh

chuir

a

mi

m'ais

'maireach

"

ris

air

's

t-iasg.

d'fhuair is

Latha cha

e,

ann

an

ars

sin

e

An

"

's

h-oidhche

e

"

gon

mis'

Hg

dh'aite

de

so

?

Chan

"

ach

"

tha leam

math

t-iasgair. t-iasg,

air.

thu

's

na

Tharruinn

bhreith

duine

daonnan.

bial

Am

iasg.

a

leat

's

ann,

ach

ris

sheann

dh'iasgach,

e

dearg.

faighinn

de

dh'iasgach

a

chaidh

laithean

na

a'

a

falbh

a*

e

roimhid

ann

Cha

"

leoir

gu

am

maireach."

thainig

a

falamh

thu

nochd,"

an

ise.

ars

Chan

"

latha

an

^

a'

Reciter

Ruairidh

printed

eil

la'r

An

in

bochd

Nach

"

:

Bhain. version

againn

comas

fiachainn

A

very

of the

esan.

Neill,

complete

e.

faigheadh

am

Mac

Alasdair

ars'

dh'fhalbh

mhaireach

na

air,"

e

Ceanntangaval, version

with

155

iasg,

Barra

several 2

Mermaid.

Thug

^S.

;

e

's

Alasdair incidents

new

urs.

fad cha

Mac not


t-Iasgair

An d'fhuair

rib

tighinn dachaidh, t-iasg,'s brath

thoirt

mo

ars

esan.

'

d'thoirt leam/^

gu

mis'

fag thu

iasg

"An

tha

thu

?

e

a

"

ars

an

duit, ach

maireach

am

e'n

t'fhaotainn

leam

Dh'fhag

am

ann

sin is fhearra

e

fhathasd, ^s

leoir."

na

leis.

a

an

Tharruing

'S math

"

Chan

"

nochd

an

nochd

an

t-iasg. VS ann,"

'thoirt

go

leat

h-oidhche,

na

t-iasg e.

an

air

e

rug

bial

Am

dearg.

e

gheibh

's chaidh

e

e

dachaidh.

d'thainigthu falamh bhean. Thainig," ars

An

"

a'

ars

"

beo," ars'

sinn

oidhche

la'r

mhaireach

na

robh

's cha

rithisd

h-oidhche

a

rithisd

a

brath

nur

?

cloinn'

thu

duine

Tha

lair

bha

a

"

ann,"

Chan

"

agad

?

"

bith

sam

agad?" anns

a

theid

's do'n

tri chnamhan thu

mach 1

MS.

's

e

e

a

nochd ars

chaidil

air.

e

rug

e'n

dhachaidh 'am

"

phoit lair

de'n

an

nochd

taobh

a

tiodhl'caidh

156

thu

"Cha

fhin,

Gheibh

So

MS.

de'n

s

do

thu'n

agam-sa 'sa

lig

fhin.^

dhuit

thu 2

leom-sa.

cha

bideag

chinn

thu' eil

ach

ghalla.

an

eil,"ars

bodach.

am

chridhe

's do'n

aig agus

ars

ars

Chan

Chan

ach

ann

fhag

leam^-sa

sgoltadh

"Tha,"

?"

Chan

"

esan.

An

"

tha thu

a

fhag," ars esan. an t-iasg.

thu

theid

thu

bhean

sin

bhidh

e

"

ars

ghriithan 's bideag d'

e

leat

's

Mata

"

"Nur

chuir

"

dh'iasgacha bial faighinn dearg. Am 'dol dachaidh rib an t-iasg

a'

e

thoirt

tuillidh mi

"san.

laighe 's

e

dh'fhalbh

Tharruinn

e. mo

t-iasg. duin'

cha

O

"

esan.

rithisd ?

a

sin.

An

na

Chaidh

ise.

nochd

an

agus

gharadh


An iad.

oidhche

An

mach

thu

craobh mhnaoi chnamhan

searrach

bidh

's

theid cinnidh

aig

aite

an

brach

an

eadh

siubhal

a

bhios

lair

aig an

do tri

nan

shamhradh

a

go

H-uile

dachaidh,

e

bideaganns

latha

bhean

agus tri mic

Bidh

craobhan

beo.

aig do mhnaoi, aig a ghala."

cnaimh

tu

shnodhach

h-uile

a

chlann

Chaidh

fo

bhios

gheamhradh do

tri

bidh

do

aig

cnaimh.

bi*n

a

clann

togaidh

am

agus

bhios

bhios

agus

far

t-Iasgair

's

a

's

a

mac

cuilean

agus

sgoilte'n t-iasg's chuir

e

phoite dha fhin agus d'a mhnaoi, do'n lair do'n ghala, de'n ghruthan 's de'n chridhe. agus Chaidh oidhche sin. e laigh is chaidil e an An raithean tri ceann thainig saothair chloinne air

mhnaoi,

a

dhuine, ars

a

tha'n

a

esan.

^

Bu

"

gheibheadh e,"

Thug

aig

h-aon

de

An "

ars

biodh

rud

esan.

searrach darna An

sin

ise.

sin

searrach

anns

a

ann

ars

a

esan.

lair

an

a

mic,"

rud

ann,"

aig

craobh

bha

sin,

leanabh

biodh

nam

De

"

Tha

"

Tha

"

Bha

ghalla:

a

sin ?

"

ann

:

bha

gharadh aig

ceann

as

mhath

Bu

e

an

tri

's

cnaimh

darna

raithean 1

MS.

157

a

Tha

mic

leanabh

ise,

ars

aice.

"

nam

"Tha

sin

ann,"

's chunnaic

e'n

darna

e."

darna

an

"

sin,"

siiil uaidh

lair

leanabh ise.

ars

gheibheadh

a

Thug aig an

bha

"

dhuin

a

esan.

craobh

raithean

tri

ceann

mic,"

ars

mhath

ars

ise.

ars

mic.

cnamhan.

na

tha'n

De

"

suil uaidh.

e

cuilean

?

so

leanabh

i

's rug

cii anns

aig a ghalla's an a gharadh.

rithist

bha

'n

treas

bo. L


An leanabh ise.

mic

aice.

rud

biodh

nam

sin

ann,"

e'n

ars

treas

bu

dh'iarraidh dhomh-sa ars

agad

cu

's bheir

thu

leat strian 'san a

leat

strein." innte

cnaimh

rugadh

a

eil

's a bha

an

iad,"

ars

e

'nis ; agam-sa i fo shnodhach bidh

Dh'fhag

e

bodach

am

oidhch*

an

nan

e

a

'na

2!

earrach nur

cumhachd,"

foghlum

agus

chraobh

's fo

's

bas

snodhach

an

t-each

an

's dh'fhas

agus

ach

's bho am

thu

'cheann

e

's chuir

e

fhin,

tu

dhorn.

'na

"

gharadh fhoghar gu samhradh faigh mis' gus am

cuiridh

chinn

a

laimh

'na

bochd

Bheir

"

Fhuair

e.

chraoibh

chinn-oir

tuitidh

rugadh

bodach.

cii

a

agus ud

dhuilleach

'sa

bho

geamhradh gheibh mis' am gu

di."

beannachd

aig athair 1

MS. 158

a

^

gu oidhche am

an

iad

'ur faicinn," gun falbh tha each agus

thig an t-each 's Thug e leis an strian 's lean

ach

sin

mi

^'Taing duit, a righ nan ceud an sgoil gille, tha

ionnsachadh

bas

Chan

rugadh

robh

an

gus

am gu gliocas. Thuirt fhin a'falbh bidh mi

:

dol

Shin

e.

suas

s

thu

bh'aig a

chlaidheamh

ars'

a

agus

cheann

an

so

an

sin

tri chnamhan.

na

a' cinntinn

tha

Ma

esan.

bodach

am

d'eis fhad

an

ars

"

fhortain.

an

"

mhath

Bu

"

?

a

r'a athair

shine

dhuine

a

esan.

ars

crionnachd

gu

sin,

Tha gheibheadh e," ars ise. Thug e suil uaidh 's chunnaic aig an lair 's an treas cii aig a craobh anns a aig an treas cnaimh

Ghleidh

tighinn a

mic/'

a' chlann

Bha

fear

esan.

searrach

treas

ghala 's an gharadh. a'

ann

tha'n

De

"

leanabh

Tha

"

t-Iasgair

gon.

's

aig

a

mhathair


t-Iasgair

An 's

thug

gu reidh

bu

bu

Gum

astar.

e

cham

gach slighegus an righ na Greige. Bha e gun chuid fios a bhi aige de a dhianadh e. e stigh do'n phaileas. Ghabh gum

b'iomallaiche iad

uile

ris

e

tigh

an

gus

leir

gu

rachadh

a

canadh

an

Cheangaile'n t-each aig an dorusd. stigh. Dh'fhoighnichd e'm faigheadh e

e

fantail

an

mhucair robh

siud

duine

Eadar

an

sin

nochd.

an

faigheadh cloinne aig gabhadh e.

am

aige c^ait

a

sin

Cha

tigh mucair.

Ghabh

am

bha'n

gach rathad 's d'rainige paileas gun airgiod gun

treis

agus

mucair.

nach

no

Dh'fhan

dhe'n

dorusd.

Thuirt

far

co

fios

robh

an

e.

tighinnthainig bu

leis

t-each

an

bu

t-6ganach gum

an

a

Cha

robh

Cha e

oidhche e

bean

faigheadh.

mhucair.

a

Dh'fhoighnichd

bh'aig an

d'thuirt

Cha

leis-san. A

"

ars

am

ars

ise.

bhean,

"

a'

biadh

Deasaich

bhaile

tug, cha

Cha

"

bidh

biadh

d'thugthu

mucair.

deasachadh as

an

dha. mhor

"

?

dha."

De'n

choigreach?

d'iarr

Thoisich

a

bhean.

"

e,"

orm

e

naigheachd

"

ars

do'n

i

air

th'agad

a

Na

bha

ach agad fhin orra chan bheil fios aig a choigreach eil fhios 'am am air. eil de mhic Chan no nigheanan aig righ na an aon nighean. Thainig brath 'a Greig' ach maireach bi e am ionnsuidh am mur aig a' chladach le a aon nighean 'a toirt air dheas laimh do Mhaca Mor Righ na Sorcha, gur e a' chlach is airde clach

naigheachdan

agam-sa

is isle,'s a' chlach Chruinnich

e

na

tha

fios

is isle clach

bha

'na 159

is airde

'na chaisteal.

rioghachd de shluagh

uile


t-Iasgair

An fiach gu leir cuideachd, dh'fhalbhadh bith a a

faigheadh ghleidheadh na

am

faigheadh e'n darna 'bheo, 's an rioghachd uile nighean r'a posadh.

leith

gum

d'fhuair

Cha falbh

a

leir air

gu

beo

duine

e

d'

duine

e

nighinn, rioghachd

's ri

's

mharbh,

a

ghabhadh

a

sam

a

laimh

as

chocaire nighinn ach aona claghann ruadh bha a' gearradh feol' a stighaige le sgithinn a Cuiribh mhoir. an t-suipeirair doigh," ars an t-6ganacha thainig,'s biodh a bhraiceas reidh trath, leis

an

"

tha

chionn

gnothaichean rithisd

na

eich

"

Gad

's

cii

an

's ^

mhaduinn,

's mi

Thig

mora.

claghann

'na

aige

'dinneadh

e

null

far

dhorn bheil

robh

an

ri

taobh

a

siud

mar

a

cocaire

an

a

claghann ghainmhich.

's bheannaich

iad

;

claidheamh.

aite

sgithinnanns

na

muin

nighean righ

e

t-Sorcha,

san

air

e

ruadh

an

theireadh

orra,"

e

Ghabh

Chunnaic

e.

cocaire

an

dhianainn-sa

Ghobh

urrachan

thigeadh na

a

ruadh,

ri

2!

anns

'sa' mhaduinn.

e

mhor

sgian

trath

agam

's Jean

Greige

falbh

anmoch.

^san

Dh'fhalbh an

a'

mis

e

do

nighean righ nighean righ na Greige 's bheannaich cocaire Obh ! obh," ars an na Greige dha. tha'n de thachair a no claghann ruadh, "de so, "

oirnn "

's e

?

"

"

falach

De'm

thilg i h-uile

falamh

Fiach

ann

duine a

a

falaich

am

ni

mis'

's

?

faiceadh

nach

thainigthu'n

so, ^ =

a

ise.

ars e

far

duin'

ars

Rug am

esan.

i air

faiceadh "

e.

nighean righ na

ghabh. 160

mis',"

"

dugharrach

aite

an

ort

thu

Nach

Greige,"


An

t-Iasgair

t-6ganach. Cha robh duine rium rioghachd a thigeadh comhla claghann ruadh a bh'aig m'athair." "

be6

"

an

ars

Suidhidh

fhin

mi

comhla

riut

anns

ach

an

cocaire

treis,"ars

esan. '*

dhuit ma ciall-diisgaidh thig an cadal ort ? ise. Mo chuilean tharruinn ars gaolach fhin mo leis an rann s mo tharruing an aghaidh an ranna." Ann uine chadal. Cha an na ghoirid thuit esan De's

"

"

b'fhad

bha

a

fhiargea' "

e

dol

dha'n

iar 's

chuilean

A

chadal

'na

nur

a

a' fas

muir

am

chunnaic

is'

an

mor.

ghaolaich,"ars' ise,

do

duisg

"

mhaighstir." Dh'fhalbh rann

e

uaidh

e

a'

sgiamhach 'na

stiuir

bhiodh

a

mhuc

tighinn

a

ag bu

ranna

chunnaic

deireadh

mhotha

agus

an

's ball

itheadh

lugha

tharruing e 's dhuisg e

leis

mi-

an

luing.

Dhianadh

'na

toiseach.

Gach

ceangladh e, fuasgladh e. na

muice

a' dianamh^

's

gach A'

bu^ a

mar

an

Nur

e.

moidearra

olach

e

ann

fuasgailte gun ceangailte gum

bhiodh bu

cuilean

aghaidh

an

agus

sheall

a

an

e

ball ball

mhuc

lugha

a a

's a'

dh'fhaodadh

urgadaich 's bha'n h-iirlar aig fheobhas air a t-6igear 'ga 's leag e a leatha stiuradh. Ghabh e gu ait acair e'n sheoltan. cuid Thug dugh-dheireadh aice sin 'ionnsuidh an an dugh-thoisich. Thug e leum air tir 's tharruing e air tir air traigh i. Thug e'n air e 's thoisich leum ath e a stigh 'na broinn Ghabh 'na eideadh. fhin^ a chur mac an lasgair i

:

faochaga croma

1

MS.

bo.

ciar a' chladaich

2

MS.

dianadh.

161

a

sior

3

So

MS.


t-Iasgair

An

e e

sheall

's

sios

laimh

dha

a

Co'n

robh ^

bhallachd-buird

a

bhith

air

le

a

e

is airde

cum

'san

e

Tha

eil duine arsa

agus creagan iad fodha rachadh 's

fodha

iad

e

an

na

Sorcha.

domh

?

Sorcha. 1

? as

as

'S

"

esan.

biodh arsa

"

Mockery.

is

chaisteal, am

fear

do

theich

ars

's cha

a

mac

amhuich Mata Phrase

chionn

mor

sin, bas

dh'f

a

tha bas

De'm

's mi

mac

deigh an lasgair. agad," arsa mac e

hag

e

sin

a

ni

ballachd air 162

=

arsa

righ thoirt

a

tu

fhin

leagail an

mo "

"

mor

brath

an

leag

agus

bheireadh

an

's

? t'eirig

thu a

lasgair

bhlar

air

de

!

rachadh an

mac

togail ud

do

tu

fodha

iad

a' chiad

anns

e'n

chan :

gu'n gluinean ;

Smaointich

de'm

"

an

fhathast

laimh

clach

is isle 'na

rachadh

Thug

e.

nam

toiseach

isle

is

mo

gheall

a

dheis

air

iad fodha

tuiteam

Ach ars

air

no

'n

"

domh-sa

thoirt

dha

lasgair.

mac

clach

so

rachadh

bas

Am

"

e.

e'n

suilean.

g'an

bu dona gum d'fhiachadh

domh

de

siud

Greige

na

a' chlach

mhotha

bu

t-aite

an

fhin

na

rioghachd na Greige is miosa dithisd an mac an lasgair. Thoisich iad Dhianadh bogan air a'chreagan air a' bhogan ; an t-aite bu lugha

cheile.

a

leithid

ghealladh rium-sa/'

a

luing.

mise,"

air

'a toirt

a' chlach

's chan

na

nighinn

dh'fhag

rioghachd

a

righ

Chuir

i 's

e

bha'n

a

orm

air

h-i

an

bha

mise

chladach, gur

airde, 's mur

bheir

a

thog tragha i.

chridhe

a

Had.

a

's

dhianamh

a

Ach

luing ?

oirre

bheadagan

an

air

agus

braigh na

am

aona

Greige aig

fad

a

timchioU

i 'sia fad fhin "

air

e

An

ceann

m6r

mis' he left

a

righ

na

ort-sa," ars a

mark

on

him.


An ach

"

esan,

cuiridh

docair

gu thu

ort,

mi

ceangal

le

thu

righ

taod

an

mionnan,

agus

buail

gum

t-Iasgair

gach

gu daor agus buiir a bhuaileas

Greige

na

e

agus

gum

dha brach." ghaisgeach durachdach gu leis e Dh'fhalbh 's thug barr a' e e suas gu Ghabh bhruthaich, 's dh'fhag e'n sin e. e air muin eich 's ghabh c dachaidh. an cocaire Chaidh le an claghann ruadh dhachaidh b'e fhin dhianadh a an nighean an righ mar gum Chuireadh cairt agus treubhas. gillea dh'iarraidh mhoir mhic Chuireadh righ na Sorcha. e fo shileadh lochraidh 's fo ros choinnlean. na an Rainig mac Chuireadh biadh is deoch lasgairtigh a mhucair. b'fhad Cha air a bhial-thaobh. bha a e stigh nur mucair dachaidh. a thainig am Dh'fhoighnic mac an lasgairde'n naigheachd a bh' aige. Thuirt e gur

hi thu

'nad

^

minic

theireadh

a

thruaill

droch

t-euchd

an

fhathasd air

cha

d'fhuair

mi

's

Moch

bha

aig an laigh

mhaduinn

ghabhailchaidh

e

Ghabh

e

lom, direach

Greige

:

chuir

"

's

De 1

claidheamh

chlaghann

tha ars

math ruadh

agus ri falbh

maireach

e'm

"Tubaist

mucair.

am

an

gnothuch agam tigh iad 's feumaidh

fhin mi

's

riu

falbh

fhathast." e

a

Ach

earar,

daoin-uaisle

na

robh

chocaire

a e.

an

agus

Chaidh

a

rinn

a

maireach

am

aig

nach

e

a

oidhche

an

dh'eirich

e

air muin

an

far

cheann

dialect.

air

^

163

's

an

eich

's

chaidil

deigh

a

a

's dh'fhalbh

Barra

nighean righ glun. ma

thuiteas

dialect for

mairg,

e.

bhiadh

robh

an

ciall-dusgaidhdhuit

Barra

sin

thu

e. na

'd


t-Iasgair

An "

ise.

chadal

?

thoirt

diom,"

ars

robh

e

ars

Cha

e.

soitheach

an

Choinnich a

muin

an

nighean gur An

am

an

bha

a

dachaidh.

"

claidheamh

stigh

e

'S

minig

math

rinn

a

fhin

agam arsa

mac

an

An

la'r

's dh'fhalbh

"

An

Barr

na

uine

De

"

ruadh

fhathast

a

chocaire

an

t-euchd

righ

arsa

Sorcha

maireach

bh'agam

a

"

?

na

"Tha'm

mar

robh

drasd

an

mucair.

am

nach

diu,"

an

lasgair. na e.

chaidh

mhaireach

Rainig

Greige. Chuir ciall-dusgaidhdhuit

na

mucair.

Cha mucair

am

aig

miadhonach

Mac

le

mach

a

b'abhaist.

a

thruaill

claghann

ri thoirt

^cumail

e

theireadh

a

am

dhachaidh

thainig

a

^

ars

"

an

nur

droch

lasgair. cheangal," ars'

mac

mar

an

cocaire

an

air

e

gach gniomh gaisgeil. anmoich an ghabh mac

an

agus

's

esan

a' mhucair

chlaghann ruadh," a

ach

'dianamh

athaidh

tigh

iasgairgu b'fhad^

bha

a

Chaidh

ruadh

claghann

co

a' cheart

de.

na

tir. gu leithid

Sorcha

e

an

barr

air falbh.

e

cocaire 's

dheth

na

is'

chunnaic

a

i

's rinn

bhrathair

a

ghabh

righ

fhin

h-e

nur

righ

lasgaire

air

an an

chadal

'na

tighinn. Thug dhuisg e.

an

s

lughdaig' deis' a uine ghoirid chaidil

na

an

miadhonach

e

eich

Chaidh

fada

's

mac

rinn

air 's

barr

Ann

esan.

a'

lughdaig dheis Thainig mac

Tha,

"

air

lughdaig eile ghoirid thuit e For

thoirt

a

'na

thu

164

eich

an

nighean righ De's glun. ?

"

diom,"

chadal.

mairg.

muin

"

a

chaidleas

ma

1

air

robh

an

cheann

a

e

far

e

e

Cha

ars ars

ise. esan.

b'fhad

a


t-Iasgair

An bha

chadal

'na

e

i barr

Thug

tighinn. dhuisg e.

Chaidh

chunnaic

a

nur

ise

soitheach

lughdaig eile cocaire claghann

dheth

na

an

a'

ruadh

's am

b'abhaist da. a eagal mar Thainig air tin Rinn mac mac an beag righ na Sorcha rinn air each. Chaidh air e a e lasgair air mar eich muin Chaidh an s an ghabh e air falbh. dhachaidh cocaire le nighean an claghann ruadh b'fhior e fhin gur h-e righ, s CO ach esan, 's mu rinn gach euchd. Thugadh mac beag righ na Sorcha ceangailtegu tigh an righ, s bha nis' triuir mhac righ na Sorcha ceangailtestigh fo shileadh falach

an

's fo

lochraidh

na a

leis

lomadh

coinnlean

nan

h-uaislean

na

le masladh

orra

ros

agus

aig

^

;

chuirm

a

le tamailte.

Anns

s

gach cnaimh ga thilgeadh an fheasgair

robh Cha e an lasgairtigh a mhucair. rainigmac do De mucair. fad a stigh nur a thainig am an lasgair ris a' naigheachd an nochd ? arsa mac mhucair. "Tha sin agam naigheachd," ars' am bheil triuir mhac mucair, righ na Sorcha a gum nis ceangailteaig a chocaire chlaghann ruadh 's gum bheil fhin e nighean an righ ri posadh am agus maireach." Nach e'n gaisgeach e," arsa mac an lasgair. Bha shunndach eibhinn banais aighearach ri bhith aig nighean an righ 's aig a' chocaire ruadh. "

"

"

"

Chuireadh coiseachd 1

the

Beneath

brath anns

the

air an

h- uile

a

rioghachd

drippingsfrom

the

black

(pine)candles. 165

duine thun

b'urrainn na

(sooty)rafters and

bainnse. the resin of


An Chuireadh

brath

air

robh

nach

mhucair

a

cha

's

coigreach ;

an

t-Iasgair

rachadh

a' dol

esan

mucair

am

De

"

ann.

deachaidh

mhucair, nach

's cha d'fhiathaicheadh

thu-sa

bu

o'n

ann

choireach,

thun

bainnse

na

a "

?

ann lasgair. Cha rachainn-sa agus fhin am' thu mucair. 'S math fhagail,"ars' am bord-bainnse th'aig nighean righ na Greige an leam fhin drasd," arsa mac an lasgair,"b'fhearr

ars*

mac

"

an

robh

againn air ar bial-thaobh. thus, a chuilein ghaolaich,agus sin thu a'dol suas. bi ceacharra na Theirig a

gun

sheombar

bainnse

na

air

agus bial-thaobh

bainnse, thoir

thugam-sa

bhord

a'

Dh'fhalbh

tuthailt

an

righ

an an

stigh do'n chruinnich

e

mhucair.

tigh a gu bial-thaobh

bheil

bh'aigan a

a' a

mi

leithid

iad

bh'air

a

siud Was

sios

bhord "

Chaidh tuthailt

an

a

e

e

agus

sios leatha

bhord

air

am

de not

fhathasd

cuilean

am

comhairleach

ars

a

bheil

? 's fhad

uchd

treoir.

mucair

am

a

ris."

's chunnaic

iad

air bial-thaobh

Thuirt 'S

so

an

's laidir

:

seallaibh

a

treoir.

1

eil

tha comhla

CO

choigrich. uchd

e

agus

Ghabh na

air

bhean-na-

suas.

air

e

bith,"

sam

nach

"

Fhalbhaibh

de

duine

righ,

chuala

stigh,no

Sgaoil

sinte

tha

Ghabh

leis i.

e

do

i.

"Am

o'n

thug

agus

steach

agus

an

i 's

fhin

e."

so

cii agus ghabh e t-seombar. Rug e air

a

Fhalbh^

e

minic

bhanais

:

(/".mairg) do'n

166

sgath

MS.

agus

's laidir cuilean a

dhianadh

chocaire 2

invited.

h-uile

a' mhucair

roimhid

mi

a

Thalia.

a

chlaghann


An 's nach

ruadh,

creid

fheadhainn bha.

sios is

e,"

ars "

na a

bh'air sios

bord

ris

mhucair

a

as

thusa

d'thug do

leat

bruidhinn

ceangailtee,

mar

chu

beiribh

a

chaidh

lasgair.

Cha

"

chairich

leis

e

Na

"

"

sinn

Mur

an

tha

agus bithibh

a'

air, 's thugaibh leibh

dh'iarradh

a

mar

oirbh-se

na

lasgair.

an

do

arsa

do

an

ghaisgeach ceangailt'

"

an

ad-san.

ars'

ach

ris

mac

?

's cha

e,

thug

miomhail,"

chu

ri

mac

arsa

e

iad

dh'iarr

Co

thoirt leibh

thill

a

ionnsuidh-sa

sios.

agus

fhathast,"

so

a

nur

dh*innis

a

am

riamh

leinn

d'thug sinne

nios

a

righ

an

cheangail na

a

bheag-bhuidheann

bhuidheann

a

's

sios

a'

thugadh iad an righ.

Ghabh

h-e gur comhairleach

chaidh

a

Falbhadh

"

mi

'n

gaisgich," arsa

t-Iasgair

oirnn,"

arsa

fear de'n

bhuidheann." "

an

rann,

an

lub

agus ud

Rug

aghaidh

an

"

iad

Nach

Fhalbh

ranna

an

iad

tarruinn

cuilean

an

ionnsuidh

cuilean

thu-sa, 'chuilean, agus

muigh,"

a

Dh'fhalbh

"

^

Eirich

orra

an

leis

an

rann

anns

conablaich

^nan

suas

mar

leis anns

iad

an

luba.

an

sin

dh'-

righ. uchd

thus,"

roimhid

mi

d'thuirt a

aghaidh an ranna mac an lasgair. tharruing e agus

arsa

agus

iad

tarruinn

treoir," ars

an

ars

righ

r'a

an

bu laidir gum comhairleach.

ghille agus

cuir

an

dh'iarraidh a 6rdugh an coach agus gun rachamaid a' choigrich." Chuir an gillean 6rdugh an coach chaidh an righ agus a nighean a dh'iarraidh a' agus 1

Eiridh, MS. 167

(dialectal).


t-Iasgair

An Chan

choigrich. a

bhith

stigh

Chaidh

leis.

'sa choach

dh'fhalbh do

iad

sheombar

rud

dhith

a

agus

"

seombair ars' ise.

air

i'n

lamh

sin

a

nis

ach

's tharruinn 's

i siud

air

ise,

ars

posda

thu-sa

air

t-

lamh,"

Thug

i

Chuir

i.

lughdaig t-euchd.

an

diolain

no

cuiribh

's

;

righ, an

esan.

rinn

stigh "Tha

do

i mach

tu-sa

a

agus

an

thug i barr na a lughdaig. 's

"

a

iad.

mach

a

goirt,"ars

poca,

dh'fhear

bhi

brach

laimh

fior sin,"

'S

lamh

mo

iad

timchioll

Cuir

"

esan.

nighean

a

nighean

samhach

sin

an

Chaidh

ars'

orm-s,"

'na

le

shuidh

agus

socair

's chuir

aig as

Cha

bainnse

a

mucair

an

rainigi

spadhadh

"

na

mucair

am

gun

am

gu

Tha

"

s

righ agus tigh an righ.

a

's

leo

e

fhin

e

leis

suidhibh

"

deis'

fhalbhadh

agam-sa

gu

h-aghaidh

a

a

bhanais." Dh'eirich

's chaidh

sios 's

e dh'fhuasgail triuir chloinne righ na Sorcha. Thugadh dachaidh iad a laighe is pears' eaglaisis phos iad. Chaidh

chaidil

thug

esan

iad e

suil

chunnaic

uaidh

ris

de

leis 'each

a

agus

chaisteil.

Chaidh

Co

as

a

a

air mu

a

bha'n a

mhaireach

na

uinneig 's

an

choinneamh. Thuirt

siud.

bh'aig

an

e

a

^s

droch

Thug ghabh e mach. chu \ ghabh e null 'ionnsuidh boirionnach e e stigh 's chunnaic

sin 's i a' cireadh "

thall

caisteal

^

Dh'eirich

mach

caisteal

ach

la'r

An

a

dubh 'n

robh

nach

chreutair.

an

e

sin. null

a

caisteal

e

Dh'fhoighnic ise

oidhche

an

e

a

cinn.

thainig thu, 1

e

MS.

a

mhic

dh'eiridh. 168

athar

mo

ghaoil


An mathar agus innseadh tu

t-Iasgair

ghraidh naigheachd

domh

Ghabh naigheachd duit." t-slachdan Rug i air an Rinn carragh-creigedheth. air

agus

a' chraobh

bha

deigh

an

fior sin," ars' esan, mis'

Tha

"

eich

air muin

'na laimh.

chinn-oir a

agam-sa

nis,"

an

gach rathad d'thainige lom

do

chruthaicheadh is

dhuit

agus

do

righ

an

oidhche

's duil

dol

e

a

bial

na

anns

a

"

De'n

fantail

e

e

fhin

thug

^na

am

chlaidheamh is

foghlum Gum

e.

bu

gach sHghe mhucair.

gus Cha

r'a cheile

na

's de

mhaduinn caisteal

a

tha'n

h-e

dol

fear

a

e

uasal

air

Thug

"

ars

e

gu

agus bh'ann. mar

a

robh geall gun 's nach b'urrainn e

e

do

'bhrathar

leaba

rithe

e

chunnaic

169

a

a

siud.

siud ?

suas

t-saoghal de

caidleadh e

aobhar

o

choinneamh

'na

an

duin'

gun

Rinn

raoir

Chuireadh

gur

gun

agus

laighe,ach leapa.

aice

thuirt

Se

"

ise

air

aige

sin.

eadar

mor

bodach

an

?

Ghabh

fios

robh

gheibheadh an

's

tigh a'

fuireachd leannain

e.

'na chomhdhail

Cha

e

choltaiche

bu

na

thug

mhnatha

tigh

thogail."

reidh

gu

diu."

a

is dh'fhalbh

direach

'S

"

gus Chaidh

ionnsachadh

bu

's

bhrathair.

a

De

"

Tha

i

chu

a

an

miadhonach

cnamh

's gum

cham

fhein

chu

esan

ars

mhac

mac

rinn

chall.

a

i.

mach

am

gun

am

an "

eile

duilleach mise

a

's dh'fhas

cnaimh

dha

air

bhrathar

's lean

robh

an

i leithid

bodach

gun

innsinn-sa

's

an

ars

faigh mi eirigmo

am e

falbh,"

a'

*s

dhraoidheachd

am

tha

"

nios

a

's gun sios far

e

Sheall

each.

an

Thig

?

mo

ach

bhord

a e

suil an

rithe-sa.

aig uaidh

caisteal. "

Nach


An d'innis

mi

sin ^

Dh'eirich 's

's

Chaidh

ghabh

stigh

e

an

's chaidh

e

chu

a

duit

t-Iasgair oidhche

roimhid

mach.

Thug

e

^ionnsuidh

null

e

is' air

's rinn

mar

?

"

leis 'each

e

chaisteil.

a a

ise.

ars

rinn

i air

a

bhrathair. Sheall

bodach

am

bharr

tuiteam

mach

a

darna

an

's bha'n

craobh.^

duilleach 'S fhior

"

bheo bhrathair. mo 6g, "cha mise a' falbh a thogail'eirig." Thug e leis 'each 's a chu. Thug 'athair ars

am

dha

Dh'fhas

chinn-oir

cnaimh

an

sin,'* Bidh

mac

'na laimh.

air

cnaimh

'na chlaidheamh

'na dhorn.

dhuit-s',

"Taing cumhachd

tha

: a

agam-sa Ghabh

righ

a

ceud

nan

ionnsachadh

gach

's

is

nan

foghlum

nis." e

air falbh.

Gum

bu

^

cham

gach slighe d' rainige

gach rathad da gus an thromh ise mach paileasrigh na Greige. Chunnaic 'na choinneamh na h-uinneagan e 's ghabh i mach 'na chomhdhail. Thug i leatha dhachaidh agus 's

"

reidh

bu

gum

Bha

leoir

na

fuireachd

an

fear

a

bh'ann.

'S

iomadh

a

"

air

uaislean

iad,"

ars

la'r e

na

MS.

ars

duine

mar

dh'eiridh.

a'

c'uin

gun gur h-e

aige ri a thig

's chuir mhaduinn

esan an

suil

uaidh, 's chunnaic

chunnaic

each.

Dh'fhoighnic

Usuallycraobh

is feminine.

thug ^

aca

laighe

Anns

eatorra.

a

a

oidhche

gnothuch

fios

bi iad

chiad

i a' saoilsinn

bhios

a

Chaidh fuar

a

ise, 's

's nach

chor

mhaireach

caisteal 1

raoir,"

esan.

claidheamh

fuireachd

duit

e.

esan

170

^

^s.

gom

bo.

e


t-Iasgair

An de'n

caisteal

duit

an

thun

null e

's

raoir

Dh'eirich

's

a

chaisteil.

Thig

leum

"Is

Am

ghabh

e

chunnaic

cinn.

a

athar

ghaoil naigheachd mo

mo

do

as

e'n

Is

"

Fhuair

Fhuair

bhotainnean. tionndadh

'nan

e

orra

gus

fhin

'nam na

h-uile

airgid.

Chaidh

e

fhin

"

is fhearr 1

MS.

air

e

Ian oir

dhaoin'agus

dhaoin e

air

Bha

'aodach

air

an

air ballan

dhortadh

a

bhraithrean

a

's

agus

chuid

a

fhin

oir is dorlach agus bhraithrean suas a gus

sin

's

a

r'a

esan

esan.

bhrogan

Ian

iad.

bha'n

phaileas. Is ann agad," ars

bhoireannach

seombar

Ian

's thoisich

duine

ars

dhioUaidean

seombar

d'thug e beo miosg. Thug e

drong

h-iuchraichean

na

Ian

an

esan.

agus

carraghnan creige. Rug

ath-bheothachaidh

an

ars

bhas,"

aon

seombar

e

"

Ian aodaichean

seombar

Fhuair

strianan.

e

seombar

e

oir

do agus e uaithe

sin

e

? t'eirig

Drong

Thug tigh. Fhuair

Fhuair

uaisle.

De

"

di.

e'n

airgid.

ise.

leam

ceann

's dh'fhiach

!

chionn

sin," ars^

mor

Thug

aice.

bas

airgid."

a'

stigh 's

e

nios, 'fheudail,a mhic

a

amhuich

an "

do

Chaidh

ise.

ars

chii 's

a

sin

"

sin ?

's

mi

ghraidh/sgun innseadh tu innsinn naigheachd duit," ars ise. Cha bith aig oirre.^ math amharus sam Thug e'n e'n claidhcamh 's leag e i 's chuir sin a suas

robh

is

'each

leis

e

d'innis

roimh

sin a' ciorradh

an

agus mathar domh, 's gun

air

thug

Nach

"

oidhche

an

e

boirionnach "

siud.

bha'n

a

an

bhrathair,

do shil 2

urra.

171

"

a

tha'n

uisg'athar MS.

urs.

aon

riamh.


An De

"

a

Is

comhla

ann

Bhuail

esan.

ris agus

'ga aithneachadh

aig

6g

a

bhrathair leis

mach

a

fhin

mi

deth

ceann

bodach

am

fhear

an

rithe bha t-eud

an

tilgearan

Sheall

sin ?

"

ars

a

tionndar

agus

chlaidheamh. bha

agus 's bha'n

air tuiteam

raoir/' ars

an

a' chraobh

da chraobh

eile

seasamh.

'nan "

Is fhior

Bha'n

da

righ.

An

dithisd

ann

Thug

e,"

's tha'n

marbh,

"

ars

esan.

dithisd

la'r an

na

Greige. shine

daibh agus

An

mhaireach

fhin.

Rainig 's

am

Bha'n

nighean an

sin

iad

iad

tigh gu

chuir

an

oige

'nan

athar.

paileasrigh iad

rioghachdaig a' righ aige posda.

172

as

paileasan

am

dh'fhalbh

mathair

mhaireach

na

mhac

mo

'rithisd."

oidhche

an

coach.

la'r

Tha

eile beo

bhrathair

iad leo e, e-fhin

caisteal

bu

thu-sa

bhrathair. "

na

tha

mar

t-Iasgair

iad

an

bhrathair

Profile for Doina Ilie

The Celtic Dragon Myth  

by J. F. Cambell

The Celtic Dragon Myth  

by J. F. Cambell

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