Canine Anti-Insect Gear
Contents Introduction Insect Pests of Dogs The Dog Armor Knockdown concept Insecticide Technology Knockdown trials Optimum Protective Color Dog Armor Knockdown coat Dog Armor Knockdown bed Size Matters Dog Armor Science FAQs
5 7 8 10 11 12 14 15 17 18 19
The Dog Armor story 4
Introduction There is actually a helluva a story behind the invention of Dog Armor Knockdown gear which involves some extraordinary drive and pretty impressive science. Back to the beginning. The inspiration behind Dog Armor Knockdown gear was provided by a Dutchman who combined his love for animals and animal science degree with his experience in producing WHO (World Health Organization) approved Long Lasting Insecticidal Mosquito Nets (LLINs) for malaria prevention to develop an effective solution for battling insect pests of dogs. Which wasnâ€™t easy. It actually took him several years (including consultations with University professors and other brains) to work it out. His starting point was that if Long Lasting Insecticidal Mosquito Nets provide humans with a safe and long lasting protection against insect bites, the same concept may be applicable to dog gear. By impregnating dog gear with an insecticidal substance and bind that substance in such a way that it is firmly attached to the fabric, dogs using such gear will be protected against a great variety of insects and this gear will be effective for months and months without the need of re-applying the insecticide. Once he had established that Dog Armor Knockdown gear was really safe for dogs, that the gear effectively knocked down insects, that the effect was long lasting and as a result that dogs were well protected from being bitten or stung by harmful insects he didnâ€™t waste any time. He set up a production chain and started sending impregnated Knockdown gear around the planet so that dog owners all over the world would be able to provide their animals with the necessary protection against harmful flying and crawling insects.
Why Dog Armor?
Insect Pests of Dogs You donâ€™t have to go hiking in the mountains or walking in a forest to come in contact with annoying and biting insects. Fleas, ticks, mosquitoes and other irritating insects can be found everywhere, even close to your home. Backyards, parks, recreation areas and beaches are all locations where insects are frequently found. Typically these are also areas where you walk your dog, and whether insects are biting or just a nuisance, it is needless to say that the presence of insects in these areas largely reduces the enjoyment of every walk. The pleasure may be reduced even further if your dog catches a serious disease that is transmitted by insects.
Brown dog tick
Insects that cause nuisance or harm to your dog by biting, stinging, or spreading disease can be divided into two groups, those that seek for a blood meal and those that bite or sting as a defensive mechanism. The former group includes fleas, ticks, mosquitoes and flies; the latter includes wasps, bees, spiders, ants and centipedes. The two main parasites targeting your dog are the flea and the tick. With eight legs instead of six, the tick is cousin to the spider, and as such not an insect. Ticks are blood-sucking parasites that attach themselves to animals and people. Once attached to a host, ticks feed voraciously. As they feed, they can transmit a number of diseases, including Rocky Mountain Spotted fever, encephalitis, tularemia, Q fever, and Lyme disease. Fleas are small wingless insects that feed on animal blood. In addition to being a nuisance, they can also transmit diseases and cause allergies or anemia. Two common species of flea are the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) and the dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis). However, most of the fleas found on both dogs and cats are cat fleas.
The Dog Armor Knockdown concept The Dog Armor Knockdown concept is focusing on long-term Prevention & Control. Basically it’s preventing insects from biting and attaching to your dog as well as eradicating those parasites that are already attached, thus providing you with a long-term control tool.
Dog Armor Coat for Outdoor Prevention
Dog Armor bed for Indoor Control
Most crawling insects such as ticks and fleas are found outdoors. Their larvae are waiting in areas of dense vegetation until they can latch onto an animal and start feeding on the hosts’ blood. Also mosquitoes and flies are targeting your dog when passing by. The long lasting insecticide impregnated Dog Armor Knockdown coat prevents ticks and fleas from attaching to your dog because they are immediately knocked down and killed after touching the fabric of the coat. Mosquitoes and flies are knocked down and killed in the same way. In short, the Dog Armor Knockdown coat not only provides physical protection against harmful insects but it also effectively kills insects trying to harm your dog.
If your dog didn’t wear his Dog Armor Knockdown coat during his last stroll outside and ticks or fleas managed to latch on to his fur he will bring these nasty parasites into the house. Luckily the Dog Armor Knockdown beds are impregnated with the same insecticide as the Dog Armor Knockdown coats and therefore all ticks or fleas that come in contact with the dog bed’s fabric will be knocked-down and killed. Because the insecticide coating is effective for up to 70 launderings, you don’t have to worry about insect control anymore for a long period of time!
Dog Armor Technologies DOGARMOR.NET
Insecticide Technology Permethrin
The insecticide that is used on Dog Armor Knockdown gear is permethrin. Permethrin belongs to the family of pyrethroids which are synthetic compounds similar to the natural pyrethrins produced by Chrysanthemums and daisies. Permethrin is unique as it can serve both as an insecticide, killing insects on contact, and as an insect repellent. It is an odorless neurotoxin that is used in agriculture and veterinary work and as the primary prescribed treatment for humans with lice or scabies. In numerous studies permethrin has been found to kill a wide variety of insects and it is described as the most effective clothing impregnate available. Dog Armor is using the technology of Insect Shield for the impregnation of Dog Armor Knockdown gear.
The Insect Shield速 technology is a revolutionary insecticidal compound designed to provide long-lasting, effective and convenient personal insect protection. The durable protection provided by Insect Shield is the result of years of research and testing. In July 2003, Insect Shield was registered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. In 2006, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) accepted an amendment extending the durability claims from 25 washes to 70 washes. The duration of its insecticidal and repelling activity is supported by experimental data. Insect Shield combines the patent-pending Insect Shield process with a proprietary formulation of the insecticide permethrin combined with a polymer resulting in effective, odorless insect protection that lasts the expected lifetime of the impregnated fabrics.
Knockdown trials The efficacy of the permethrin-polymer coating is assessed by knockdown testing. Knockdown (KD) testing is a widely accepted scientific laboratory methodology for determining the efficacy of insect repellent-treated textile products. A Knockdown trial is the only test to show effectiveness through long-term washings using a scientific method. Many recognized agencies utilize KD testing for this purpose, including the World Health Organization (WHO). One of the advantages of KD testing is that no animal subjects are exposed to insects. For the KD test, a permethrin impregnated textile sample is placed in an enclosed space containing insects for a specified time period, after which the sample is removed and the effect on the insects is documented and knockdown rates are recorded. The test results below illustrate the superior effectiveness of the Insect Shield permethrin-polymer technology on 2 different species of ticks.
Average knockdown efficacy of long lasting permethrin coated fabrics on ticks Percentage knock down
100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 25
Num ber of fabr ic washes Brown Dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus) transmits Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Black Legged tick (Ixodes scapularis) transmits Lyme Disease
Optimum Protective Color The visible light spectrum for humans is made up of seven different colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet, in length from 400 to 700 billionths of a meter in length. Insects see things different to humans. The human eyes distinguish colors in only a small part of the solar spectrum that we call visible. We distinguish colors because our vision is trichromatic. Different animals perceive colors differently due to variations in spectral sensitivity. Most insects also have trichromatic vision like us but with color sensitivities shifted to the ultraviolet range. They are attracted to blue and ultraviolet wavelengths because they are shorter with a higher frequency while red wavelengths are longer and have a lower frequency. The latter is much harder for the insects to detect. So the spectrum of colors visible to insects is a little higher in frequency than what we humans can see. In short, light becomes visible to insects around the ultraviolet part of the color spectrum and ends at yellow light and thatâ€™s why many insects do not see red. Dog Armor has selected an Optimum Protective Color in the red spectrum for its Knockdown coats which makes the coats virtually invisible to insects. This is why Dog Armor Knockdown coats are an even more effective barrier preventing insects from biting dogs.
Completely insect free
Dog Armor Knockdown coat The Dog Armor Knockdown coat is a lightweight and comfortable dog coat made of Optimum Protective Color polyester mesh fabric with a cooling black polyester mesh lining, containing a long-lasting insecticidal coating that knocks down and kills ticks, fleas and other insects.
Key features ● Long-lasting insecticide coating that knocks down insects and lasts up to 70 launderings ● Optimum protective color to reduce visibility for insects ● Cooling mesh upper and inner layer to stay cool in warm weather ● Lightweight sideways release buckle for easy on/off ● Adjustable elastic neck strap for better fit ● Reflective trim for increased visibility ● Removable and adjustable elastic leg straps
Dog Armor Knockdown bed The Dog Armor Knockdown bed is a comfortable bean bag type of dog bed which has an outer cover which is coated with permethrin and a polystyrene beads filling.
Key features ● Long-lasting insecticide coating that knocks down insects and lasts up to 70 launderings ● Outer cover with velcro & zipper closing for easy removal of inner bag and laundering ● Inner mesh bag contains filling for easy removal out of outer cover ● Filling consists of top quality virgin polystyrene beads for optimum comfort ● Zipper in inner mesh bags allows refilling of beads if necessary ● Available in wide variety of colors 16
Size Matters Dog Armor Knockdown coats
One of the most important aspects in selecting a suitable Knockdown coat is “wearing comfort.” Getting the right coat size is essential for wearing comfort. A well-fitted coat should not rub your dog’s withers or shoulders as he moves or runs, instead it should rests comfortably along his chest, shoulders and back. You can easily determine the correct size Dog Armor coat by measuring your dog and pick from the Dog Armor broad selection of sizes. You can also try-out our Knockdown coats for your dog at the nearest pet shop to make sure they fit.
Dog Armor Knockdown beds
The most important aspect in selecting a suitable dog bed is comfort. You want to be sure your dog can sleep and move comfortably in his bed. If the dog is uncomfortable he will not use the bed regularly and the anti-insect property will not be used to its greatest extent. Dog Armor dog beds are soft and flexible enough to let your dog "carve out" his own snuggle space in the polyester cover material stuffed with top quality virgin polystyrene beans, while the bed molds around your dog for a comfortable, secure fit. This allows optimum contact between the dog and the anti-insect dog bed fabric. Dog Armor dog beds are available in the following sizes:
Dog Armor Science We are backed by solid proof. Here’s where we lay down in black and white the scientific proven reason why insecticide impregnated Dog Armor Knockdown coats in the Optimum Protection Color and Dog Armor dog beds are safe, and effectively protect your dog against insect pests. So far, numerous studies have been carried out to assess the use of permethrin for insect protection of dogs which have been published in independent scientific journals. Also numerous research articles have been published identifying the visible light spectrum of insects. What have they proven? They have shown that: • Permethrin spray and spot-on formulation provide good protection against ticks and fleas on dogs. • Although effective, the disadvantage of topical application of permethrin is the relatively short efficacy period. • Applications of permethrin impregnated textiles have successfully been tested for malaria and leishmaniasis prevention. • Knockdown trials show long term effectiveness of permethrin coated fabrics. • Permethrin is one of the safest pesticides for humans and most other mammals except cats. • Light becomes visible to insects around the ultraviolet part of the color spectrum and ends at yellow light and therefore many insects do not see red. In case you wish to know more about the studies and the scientists behind them go to: www.dogarmor.net. 18
FAQs Which parasite infestations will Dog Armor Knockdown gear help to prevent? Dog Armor Knockdown products target crawling as well as flying parasites. Ticks and fleas will be killed whenever they come in contact with the Dog Armor Knockdown gear. In addition the permethrin on the Knockdown gear has a repelling and knock down effect on mosquitoes, flies, sand flies, and other flying insects including stinging insects such as wasps. Is there any evidence that a Dog Armor Knockdown gear is effective? Yes. Research results show that the insecticide permethrin as a pour-on concentrate, whole body spray treatment as well as impregnation on fabrics is effective for insect control on mammals such as dogs and horses. Permethrin is applied to the Dog Armor Knockdown gear along with a polymer binding substance that makes the insecticide available to repel and knock down insects. Therefore it will remain effective for a long period, thereby withstanding a large number of washings. Consequently it’s not necessary to re-apply the insecticide as is the case with pour-on concentrates. Why should I choose a Dog Armor Knockdown gear? If you prefer a highly effective, safe, odorless and long lasting approach to insect pest control the Dog Armor Knockdown gear is the right choice for you. The durable permethrin protection provided by the impregnation method used on the Dog Armor fabrics is the result of years of research and testing with proven results. Do I have to wash my hands after handling my Dog Armor Knockdown products? The amount of permethrin that will stick to your hands after handling the Dog Armor Knockdown products will be insignificant due to the low concentration and the fact that it is bound to the fabric. In addition, the human skin breaks down permethrin within fifteen minutes of contact with skin. This is also the reason why permethrin is of no value to you as a personal protection insect repellent when applied directly to the skin. Therefore no significant skin effects are expected from handling your permethrin-treated Knockdown gear. Nevertheless, from a hygiene point of view it is always advisable to wash your hands after handling Knockdown beds or coats.
Why are Dog Armor Knockdown coats only available in the Optimum Protective Color? Light becomes visible to insects around the ultraviolet part of the color spectrum and ends at yellow light and that’s why many insects do not see red. Dog Armor has selected an Optimum Protective Color in the red spectrum for its Knockdown coats which makes the coats virtually invisible to insects. This is why the insecticide impregnated Dog Armor Knockdown coats are even more effective barriers preventing insects from biting your dog. Is it safe to use Dog Armor products for cats? While permethrin is very well tolerated in dogs, in cats it is toxic and may cause severe adverse reactions. Because of their peculiar physiology and inability to break down the permethrin molecules these will accumulate in a cat’s body and cause poisoning. However, all reports of permethrin toxicity in cats trace back to the misuse of concentrated liquid permethrin that is not labeled for use on cats. Although the permethrin concentration on the Dog Armor Knockdown coats is significantly lower than in the concentrated spot-on products, Dog Armor Knockdown coats are not considered suitable for cats. How long will my Dog Armor Knockdown gear last? The Dog Armor products are made of durable polyester and nylon fabrics and will last for several years. The insecticide on the Knockdown gear will remain active for over 70 launderings if you follow the wash instructions. Can the Dog Armor Knockdown concept be used in combination with other flea and tick concepts? There are some situations in which using several flea and tick approaches together may be more effective than only one. An example would be tick prevention in a heavily tick-infested area. In such cases, two concepts may be recommended - for instance the Dog Armor Knockdown concept in combination with topical product – especially if they are administered differently and have different mechanisms of action. Nevertheless, the Dog Armor Knockdown concept has not been tested for use together with other flea and tick control products, and no information on the safety and efficacy of using them together is available.