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ygVdbmom (2)ESpf oifwef;/ ygVdbmom (2)ESpf oifwef;\ oif½dk;rmwdumtwGuf atmufygtwdkif; u@BuD; (2)ydkif;jzifh oifMum;rnf/ 1/ o'´gu@ 2/ zwfpmu@ ]]o'´wfrwm pwfrwm? o'´grwwf pmrwwf}}[laom ynm&SdwdkY qdkxkH;pum;twdkif; ]ed½w k ydå #dorÇ'd g}wnf;[laom a0g[m&pum; tok;H tEIe;f rEdik ef if;vQif pmaywdYk \ t"dygÜ ,freS u f kd rodEdkifacs/ txl;ojzifh eufeJodrfarGUonfh jrwfpGmbk&m;w&m;awmfrsm;udk rl&if;ygVdbmomjzifh zwf½IavhvmEdkif&efrSm o'´guRrf;&ayrnf/ zwfpmu@ oif½dk;rmwdum\ &nfrSef;csufrSm jrwfpGmbk&m;\ a'oemawmfjzpfaom yd#uwfokH;ykHudk rdrdudk,fwdkif BudK;pm;í avhvmEdkifonfh tqifhtwef;odkY a&mufatmif ajrawmifajr§mufay;jcif;yifjzpfonf/ oif½dk;rmwdum u@BuD; 2-ydkif;\ tao;pdwf tcsuftvufrsm;rSm atmufygtwdkif; jzpfonf/ 1/ o'´g 1/ tu©&mrsm;cJGjcif;/ o& 8-vkH;? Asnf; 33-vkH;? 2/ emrfyikd ;f / (u) ykvd’ifemrf (c) eykvi’d ef mrf (*) £w¬v d id ef mrf (C) Asnf;qkH;aomemrfrsm; (i) emrfpm;(oAÁemrf)rsm; (p) emr0daooe/

o&Asnf;wGJykH? toHxGuf tu©&mqifhponf/ 5-rsKd;/ 5-rsKd;/ 5-rsKd;/ 4-rsKd;/ 5-rsKd;/

3/ ud&, d mydik ;f / (u) ud&, d m0dbwf 5-rsKd;/ (c) ud&d,m*dkPf; 7-rsKd;/ (*) xl;jcm;aomud&d,mrsm;/ (C) um½du k u f &d , d m/ (i) ur®bm0ud&, d m/ (p) emrud&, d m/ (q) wkrpd w ä u ¬ &d , d m/ (Z) t"dyÜg,fav;eufaomud&d,m/


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(ps) ud&, d m0daooe/ 4/ udwfud&d,mydkif;/ (u) ypöKyÜefudwfemrf/ (rme? tEÅ) (c) twdwu f w d ef mrf/ (*) udpu ö w d ef mrf/ (C) yXrykAÁumvud&d,m/(wGm? wGme) (i) 'kwd,ykAÁumvud&d,m/(wkH) (p) ud&, d memrf/ 5/ Oyom&ESifh edygwfydkif;/ (u) Oyom&yk'frsm;/ (20) (c) orÁEe¨ edygwfy'k rf sm;/ (*) tmvye edygwfyk'frsm;/ (C) y#dao"edygwfy'k rf sm;/ (i) £wd(0pe)edygwfy'k /f (p) tok;H rsm;aomedygwfy'k rf sm;/ 6/ oE¨yd ikd ;f / (u) o&oE¨/d (c) AsÍeÆ oE¨/d (*) ed*[ ¾ w d oE¨/d 7/ ormofyikd ;f / (u) 'GEo ´ rmof/ (c) wyÜK&doormof/ (*) ur®"m&,ormof/ (C) 'd*o k rmof/ (i) tAs,Dbm0ormof/ (p) A[kA[ DÁ o d rmof/ 8/ w'¨w d yf 'k /f (u) ydik q f ikd jf cif;teufy'k -f tów¬w d '¨w d /f (c) taeuw¬w'¨w d /f (*) bm0w'¨w d /f (C) tAs,w'¨w d /f 9/ 0guspDukH;jcif;/ (u) ykpmä 0gusrsm;/ (c) tok;H rsm;aom0gusrsm;/ (*) Oyrm0gusrsm;/


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(C) tem'&ESib hf m0vu©P0gusrsm;/ 10/ rSwcf suf /

/txufygo'´genf; tpDtpOfrsm;udk wpfrsKd;pD oD;oefYí oifjy&efr[kwf/ oifcef;pmwpfck wpfckü oifhavsmfovdk aygif;pyfoifjyoGm;&ef jzpf\/ oifcef;pmtoD;toD;ü yg&Sdaom o'´genf;rsm;ESifhqdkifaom 0guszGJUenf;? pmpDu;Hk enf;rsm;udv k nf; yl;wGí J vufawGU oifMum; oGm;&rnfjzpf\/ xdYkaMumifh txufyg o'´genf; oif½dk;rsm;NyD;qkH;onfhtcsdefwGif pmoifom;rsm;onf tok;H rsm;aom ygVd0guszGUJ xk;H rsm; tm;vk;H udv k nf; wwfajrmufNyD;jzpf&ayrnf/ rcufcJvGef;aom ygVd? t|uxmponfudk tbd"meftultnDjzifh rdrdbmom zwfEdkifaom tajctaeodkY a&muf&SdNyD; jzpf&ayrnf/ Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä

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2/ zwfpmrsm;/ Zmwft|uxmrS aumufEIwfcsufrsm;/ "r®y't|uxmrS aumufEIwfcsufrsm;/ ax&*gxm? ax&D*gxmt|uxmrS aumufEIwfcsufrsm;/ orEÅygom'dut|uxm(ed'geuxm)/ atmufyg edum,fav;&yf ygVdawmfrsm;rS aumufEIwfcsufrsm;/ (u) 'DCedum,f/ (c) rZÑdredum,f/ (*) oH,kwåedum,f/ (C) t*Fw k &å edum,f/ 0de,yd#uygVdawmfrS aumufEIwfcsufrsm;/ (u) ODe0Dowdou d m© y'(ygpdw, då )/ (c) r[mcE¨u(r[m0*¾)/ (*) yÍöowducE¨u(plV0*¾)/ atmufygtbd"r®mygVdawmfrsm;rS aumufEIwfcsufrsm;/ (u) "r®o*FPyD gVd/ (c) 0db*FygVd/ (*) y|meygVd(ypö,eda'´o)/ atmufygt|uxmwdkYrS aumufEIwfcsufrsm;/ (u) t|omvde/D (c) 0do'k rd¨ *¾/ atmufyg#Dumrsm;rS aumufEIwfcsufrsm;/ (u) y&rw¬'yD eD#u D m/


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10/ rSwcf su/f (1)/txufyg tpDtpOftwdkif; ygVdzwfpmrsm;udk avhvmNyD;olonf tjcm;aom ygVdpmtkyfrsm;udkvnf; (tvGefcufcJaomtydkif;rSwyg;) rdrdbmom qufvufzwf½IEdkif&ef enf;&NyD; jzpfayvdrfhrnf/ tvGefcufcJaom usrf;rsm;udkvnf; edosrsm;ESifh (ygVdawmfjzpfvQif)t|uxmudkvnf;aumif;? (t|uxmjzpfvQif)#Dumudkvnf;aumif; taxmuftuljyKum qufvuf avhvmEdkifaomtajctaeodkY a&mufayvdrfhrnf/ rSwcf su/f (2)/ þtpDtpOfonf wpfaeYvQif pmoifcsdef 2-em&D? wpfywfvQif 5-&ufjzifh 2-ESpftwGuf &nf&G,fa&;qGJaom tpDtpOfjzpfygonf/ Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä

ygVdoifcef;pm(2) (erlem) 1/ t-um&EÅ(t-ESifhqkH;aom)ykv’difemrfrsm;0dbwfoG,fykH/ (uwåm? ur®? u&P 0dbwfrsm;- {u0kpf? A[k0kpf) ykHpH/ Ak'¨=bk&m; 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm Aka'¨g=bk&m;onf Ak'¨g=bk&m;wdkYonf ur® Ak'¨H=bk&m;udk Aka'¨=bk&m;wdkYudk u&P Aka'¨e=bk&m;jzifh? bk&m;ESifh/ Aka'¨[d= bk&m;wdkYjzifh? bk&m;wkdYESifh/ 2/ t-um&EÅ ykv’difqdkif&m a0g[m&rsm;/ "r®=w&m;? oHC=oHCmtpk? &[ef;tpk/ avmu=urÇm? rEkó=vl? tmp&d,=q&m? *gr=&Gm? tmumo=aumif;uif? r*¾=vrf;? wr=tarSmif? om0u=wynfh? 0d[m&=ausmif;? tmavmu=tvif;a&mif? 3/

ypöKyÜefbl0g'd(odkYr[kwf yxrud&d,m*kdPf;)qdkif&m ud&d,mrsm; 0dbwfoG,fykH/ (emra,m*) {u0kpf A[k0kpf Aka'¨g bmowd Ak'¨g bmoEÅd bk&m;onf a[m\/ bk&m;wdkYonf a[mukef\/


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ypöKyÜefbl0g'd*kdPf;qdkif&m a0g[m&rsm;/ cg'wd=pm;\/ cg'EÅd=pm;Mu\? pm;ukef\/ ,mpwd=awmif;\/ awmif;yef\/ vbwd=&\/ p&wd=vSnfhvnf\/ b0wd=jzpf\/ 0owd=ae\/ &rwd=aysmfydkuf\/ *päwd=oGm;\/ edoD'wd=xdkif\/ £päwd=tvdk&Sd\/ [ewd=azsmuf\/ oifNyD;pum;vkH;rsm;jzifh 0guswdkrsm;a&;jcif;/ (u) tmp&da,m edoD'wd=q&monf xdkif\/ (c) Aka'¨g "r®H bmowd=bk&m;onf w&m;udk a[m\/ (*) oHaCm tmumaoe *grH *päwd=oHCmonf aumif;uif jzifh &GmodkY oGGm;\/ (C)tmp&da,m om0aue o[ bmowd=q&monf wynfh ESifh twl pum;ajym\/ jrefrmjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u)tmavmaum b0wd=tvif;a&mifonf jzpfay:\/ (c) oHaCm 0d[m&H *päwd=oHCmonf ausmif;odkY oGm;\/ ygVdjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u)wynfhonf q&mESifhtwl ae\/ om0aum tmp&da,e o[ 0owd/ (c) tvif;a&mifonf tarSmifudk azsmuf\/ tmavmaum wrH [ewd/ edygwyk'f 3-ck? o[ç o'¨ðç 0dem/ o[=twlwuG/ o'¨ð=twlwuG/ 0dem=uif;í(rygbJ)/ þedygwyk'f(3)ckrSm u&Pum&u 0dbwf\aemufüomvQif wGJíokH;Edkifonf/ Oyrmqdkaomf (1) oHCmESifhtwl=oHaCe o[/ (2) oHCmESifhtwl=oHaCe o'¨ð/ (3) oHCmESifhuif;í=oHaCe 0dem/(oHCmrygbJ)/ ygVdoifcef;pm(3) (erlem) t-um&EÅykv’difemrfrsm;0dbwfoG,f(orÜ'ge? tyg'ge0dbwfrsm;) ykHpH - Ak'¨=bk&m;/


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{u0kpf A[k0kpf Ak'¨ó=bk&m;tm;/ Ak'¨geH=bk&m;wdkYtm;? bk&m;rsm;tm/ Ak'¨g?Ak'¨o®m?Ak'¨rSm=bk&m;rS Aka'¨[d=bk&m;wdkYrS? bk&m;rsm;rS/ bk&m;rS/ t-um&EÅykv’difemrf pum;vkH;opfrsm;/ tm[m&=tpm;tpm/ um,=udk,f/ rdwå=rdwfaqG/ aAm"dowå=bk&m;avmif;/ ol&d,=ae/ pE´=v/ [w¬=vuf/ yg'=ajcaxmuf/ 0gPdZ=ukefonf/ uóu=v,form;/ tmAm"=tem/ yd@ygw=qGrf;/ ypöKyÜef(emra,m*) ud&d,mpum;vkH;opfrsm;/ [&wd=,laqmifoGm;\/ tm[&wd=,laqmifvm\/ a'wd=ay;vSL\/ aZwd? Z,wd=atmifjrif\/ 0daewd? 0de,wd=qkH;r\/ ykpäwd=ar;\/ ''gwd=ay;\/ ,mwd=oGm;\/ ZD0wd=touf&Sif\/ r&wd=ao\/ b0wd=jzpf\? jzpfay:\/ oifNyD; pum;vkH;rsm;jzifh 0guswkdrsm;a&;jcif;/ (u) Aka'¨g uóuó "r®H bmowd=bk&m;onf v,form;tm; w&m;udk a[m\/ (c) uóaum oHCó tm[m&H a'wd=v,form;onf oHCmtm; tm[m&udk vSL\/ (*) rEkóm *gro®m 0d[m&H *päEÅd=vlwdkYonf &GmrS ausmif;odkY oGm;Mu\/ (C) tmp&da,m "ar®e om0au 0daewd=q&monf w&m;jzifh wynhfwdkYudk qkH;r\/ (i) um,o®m tmAma"m b0wd=udk,frS temonf jzpfay:\/ yk*¾vduemrfpm;rsm;(uwåm;0dbwf)trSa,m*? wkrSa,m*/ {u0kpf A[k0kpf (trSa,m*) t[H=uREfkyfonf/ r,H=uREkfyfwdkYonf/ (wkrSa,m*) wGH=oifonf/ wkarS=oifwdkYonf/ wkrSa,m*? trSa,m* ypöKyÜefud&d,mrsm;/ {u0kpf A[k0kpf (wkrSa,m*) wGH bmood= wkarS bmox= oifonfajym\/ oifwdkYonfajymMu\/ (trSa,m*) t[H bmomrd= r,H bmomr= uREkfyfonfajym\/ uREkfyfwdkYonf ajymMu\/ eHygwf(5-6)wdkYESifhqdkifaom 0guswdkrsm;/ (u) wGH tm[m&H cg'od=oifonf tpmudk pm;\/ (c) wkarS 0d[m&H *päx=oifwdkYonf ausmif;odkY oGm;Mu\/ (*) t[H rEkómeH "r®H bmomrd= uREfkyfonf vlwdkYtm; w&m;a[m\/


7 (C) r,H *gro®m yd@ygwH vbmr=uREkfyfwdkYonf &GmrS qGrf;udk &ukef\/ 8/ jrefrmjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u) ol&da,m avmuó tmavmuH a'wd=aeonf urÇmtm; tvif;a&mifudk ay;\/ (c) r,H uóuo®m tm[m&H vbmr=uREfkyfwdkYonf v,form;rS tpmudk &Mu\/ (*) Aka'¨g "ar®e avmuH Z,wd=bk&m;onf w&m;jzifh avmuudk atmifjrif\/ (C) aAm"doawåm rEkaó 0daewd=bk&m;avmif;onf vlwdkYudk qkH;r\/ (i) 0gPdaZm r*¾H ykpäwd=ukefonfonf vrf;udk ar;\/ 9/ ygVdjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm; (u) uREfkyfonf q&mESifh twl pum;ajym\=t[H tmp&da,e o[ bmomrd/ (c) tpmrS temonf jzpf\=tm[m&o®m tmAma"m b0wd/ (*) ukefonfonf rdwfaqGrsm;udk tvdk&Sd\=0gPdaZm rdawå £päwd/ (C) bk&m;avmif;onf tm[m&ESifh uif;í ae\= aAm"doawåm tm[ma&e 0dem 0owd/ 10/ rSwfcsuf (1) / ]awm}[laom aemufqufudkvnf; tyg'ge0dbwf tjzpf tokH;jyK\/ ykHpH um,awm=udk,frS/ (2) / u&P0dbwfESifhtyg'ge0dbwfwdkYonf taMumif;udk ñTefjyonfh ]um&u} teufudkvnf; &Hcg a[mukef\/ xdktcg ]aMumifh}[k teufay;&\/ tm[ma&e tmAma"m b0wd=tpmaMumifh tem jzpf\/ tm[m&awm r,H ZD0gr=tpmaMumifh uREkfyfwdkY onf touf&SifMu\/ ygVdoifcef;pm(4) (erlem) 1/ t-um&EÅykvd’ifemrfrsm;0dbwfoG,f/(omrd? Moumo? tmvye 0dbwfrsm;)/ ykHpH - Ak'¨=bk&m;/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf omrd Ak'¨ó=bk&m;\/ Ak'¨geH=bk&m;wdkY\? bk&m;rsm;\/ Moumo Aka'¨? Ak'¨o®ð? Ak'¨rSd=bk&m;ü/ Aka'¨ok=bk&m;wdkYü? (bk&m;wGif? bk&m;0,f) bk&m;rsm;ü/ tmvye Ak'¨=(tkd)bk&m;/ Ak'¨g=(tdk)bk&m;wdkY/ 2/ t-um&EÅykv’difemrf pum;vkH;opfrsm;/ yk&do=a,musfm;/ ygomP=ausmufcJ? ausmufwkH;? ausmufzsm/ ykwå=om;/ 'go=uRef/ 0ge&=arsmuf/

auo=qHyif/ ½ku©=opfyif/ oD[=jcaoFh/ rd*=orif/ 'Dy=uRef;/ &x=&xm;/


8 owå=owå0g/ o'´=toH/ o[m,=oli,fcsif;/ 0de,=0denf;(tqkH;tr)/ 3/ ypöKyÜefBud,m pum;vkH;opfrsm;/ &u©wd=apmifha&Smuf\/ uDVwd=upm;\/ "m0wd=ajy;\/ odu©wd=oif,l\? usifh\/ [owd=&,f\/ ykpäwd=ar;\/ Xmwd? wd|wd=&yf\/ jALwd=ajym\/(A[k-jA0EÅd) a[mwd=jzpf\? &Sd\/ yd0wd=aomuf\/ Z[mwd=y,fpGefY\/ 0E´wd=&Sdckd;\/ erwd=OD;nGwf\(&Sdckd;\)/ 4/ oifNyD;pum;vkH;rsm;jzifh 0guswdkrsm;a&;jcif;/ (u) Ak'¨ó "ar®m oD[V'day wd|wd=bk&m;\ w&m;onf oD[kdVf(oD[V)uRef;ü wnf\/ (c) owåmeH uma, tmAma"m b0wd=owå0gwdkY\ udk,fü temonf jzpf\/ (*) t[H 0gPdZmeH *grH &axe ,mrd=uREfkyfonf ukefonfrsm;\ &GmodkY &xm;jzifh oGm;\/ (C) 0ge&m ygomaP wd|EÅd=arsmufwdkYonf ausmufzsmay:ü upm;Mu\/ 5/ wkrSa,m*? trSa,m* yk*¾vduemrfpm;rsm;(ur®ESifhu&P0dbwf)/ trSa,m* 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf ur® rH=uREfkyfukd tarS=uREfkyfwdkYudk/ u&P ar? r,m=uREfkyfjzifh? tarS[d=uREfkyfwdkYjzifh uREkfyfESifh/ uREkfyfwdkYESifh/ wkrSa,m* ur® u&P

wH=oifudk/ wkarS=oifwdkYudk/ aw? w,m=oifjzifh? wkarS[d=oifwdkYjzifh? oifESihf/ oifwkdYESifh/ 6/ Bud,mudk txl;jyKaomy#dao"yk'frsm;/ e? aem= r? r[kwf/ ykHpH - e *päwd=roGm;/ aem b0wd=rjzpf? r&Sd/ 7/ eHygwf(5-6)wdkYESifhqdkifaom 0guswdkrsm;/ (u) Aka'¨g tarS 0daewd=bk&m;onf uREfkyfwdkYudk qkH;r\/ (c) t[H wH ykpämrd=uREfkyfonf oihfukd ar;\/ (*) wGH r,m o[ e wd|od=oifonf uREfkyfESifhtwl r&yf/ (C) om0aum tmp&da,e 0dem e 0owd=wynfhonf q&mESifh uif;í(q&mr&SdbJ)rae/ 8/ jrefrmjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u) t[H o[ma,e o'¨ð 'day p&mrd=uREkfyfonf oli,fcsif;ESifh uRef;ay:ü vSnfhvnf\/


9 (c) Ak'¨ó om0um 0de,H odu©EÅd=bk&m;\ wynfhwdkYonf 0denf;udk oifukef\/ (usifhukef\/) 9/ ygVdjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u) jcaoFh\toHaMumifh orifwdkYonf ajy;ukef\=oD[ó oa'´e rd*g "m0EÅd/ (c) oHCmonf vlwdkYESifh twl rae=oHaCm rEkaó[d o'¨ð e 0owd/ (*) tdk-a,mufsm;? oifonf w&m;udk rapmifh=yk&do wGH "r®H e &u©od/ (C) jrwfpGmbk&m;? uREkfyfonf t&Sifbk&m;udk &Sdckd;yg\=Ak'¨ t[H wH 0E´mrd/ ygVdoifcef;pm(5) (erlem) 1/ trSa,m*? wkrSa,m* yk*¾vduemrfpm;rsm; 0dbwfoG,f/ (orÜ'ge? tyg'ge? omrd? Moumo-0dbwfrsm;/) trSa,m* 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf orÜ'ge ar? r,SH? rr=uREfkyftm; trSmuH? aem=uREfkyfwdkYtm;/ tyg'ge r,m=uREfkyfrS/ tarS[d=uREfkyfwdkYrS/ omrd ar? r,SH? rr=uREfkyf\/ trSmuH? aem=uREfkyfwdkY\/ Moumo r,d=uREkfyfü(wGif? 0,f) tarSok=uREfkyfwdkYü/ wkrSa,m* orÜ'ge aw? wk,SH? w0=oifhtm;/ wkrSmuH? a0g=oifwdkYtm;/ tyg'ge w,m=oifrS/ wkarS[d=oifwdkYrS/ omrd aw? wk,HS? w0=oif\/ wkrSmuH? a0g=oifwdkY\/ Moumo w,d=oifü/ wkarSok=oifwdkYü/ 2/ tw¬dESifhew¬dBud,mrsm;(þBud,myk'fESpfckonf {u0kpftoGiftjyif &Sdaomfvnf; trsm;tm;jzifh {u0kpf? A[k0kpf ESpfrsKd;vkH;wGif ¤if;wdkYudk tokH;jyK\/ tw¬d=&Sd\? &SdMu\/ ew¬d=r&Sd? r&SdMu/ ykHpHrsm;-(1) 0d[ma& oHaCm tw¬d=ausmif;üoHCmonf&Sd\/ (2) *gar rEkóm tw¬d=&Gmü vlwdkYonf &SdMu\/ (3) ½kau© 0gea&m ew¬d=opfyifü arsmufonf r&Sd/ (4) 'Day oD[m ew¬d=uRef;ay:ü jcaoFhwdkYonf r&SdMu/ 3/ orÁE¨eedygwfyk'frsm;(p ESifh 0g)/ p=ESifh? ¤if;/ 0g=aomf¤if;? jzpfap? odkYr[kwf/ ykHpHrsm;- (1) rd a *gp 0gea&mp *pä E Å d = orif o nf ¤ if ; arsmuf o nf ¤ if ; (orif E S i f h a rsmuf ESpfOD;vkH;)oGm;Mu\/ (2) rda*g0g 0gea&m0g *päwd=orifjzpfap arsmufjzpfap (wpfOD;OD;)oGm;\/ (3) t[H Ak'pH¨ "r®pH oHCpH 0E´mrd=uREfyk o f nf bk&m;ud¤k if;? w&m;ud¤k if;? oHCmud¤k if; (okH;yg;vkH;udk)&Sdckd;\/


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(4) wkarS yga'e0g &axe0g *grH *päx=oifwdkYonf ajcjzifhjzpfap(ajcvsifjzpfap)? &xm;jzifhjzpfap &GmodkY oGm;Mu\/ oifNyD;pum;vkH;rsm;jzifh 0guswdkrsm; a&jcif;/ (u) w0 tmp&da,m w,m o'¨ð bmowd=oif\ q&monf oifESifhtwl pum;ajym\/ (c) paE´mp ol&da,mp tmumao p&EÅd=vESifhaewdkYonf aumif;uifü vSnfhvnfukef\/ (*) r,H uóaum0g 0gPdZawm0g tm[m&H vbmr= uREykf w f Ykdonf v,form;xHrjS zpfap ukefonfxHrS jzpfap tpmudk &ukef\/ (C) rr tmp&da,m wHp rHp 0daewd=uREfkyf\ q&monf oifhudk¤if; uREfkyfudk¤if; qkH;r\/ (i) Ak'¨awmp "r®awmp oHCawmp avmau tmavmaum b0wd=bk&m;aMumifh¤if;? w&m;aMumifh¤if;? oHCmaMumifh¤if; avmuü tvif;a&mifonf jzpfay:\/ (p) *garp 0d[ma&p trSmuH o[m,m tw¬d=&Gmü¤if;? ausmif;ü¤if; uREfkyfwdkY\ rdwfaqGrsm;onf &Sdukef\/ (q) trSmuH uma, [w¬mp yg'gp tw¬=d uREykf w f Ykd\ud, k üf vufwYkdonf¤if; ajcwdYkonf¤if; &Sdukef\/ (Z) oHaCm ra*¾e0g tmumaoe0g *grH *päwd=oHCmonf vrf;jzifhjzpfap? aumif;uif jzifhjzpfap &GmodkY oGm;\/ ygVdjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u) uREfkyfwdkY\ ukd,fü qHyifwdkYonf &Sdukef\=trSmuH uma, auom tw¬d/ (c) bk&m;avmif;onf uREfkyfudk¤if;? uREfkyf\wynfhrsm;udk¤if; qkH;r\=aAm"doawåm rHp rr om0aup 0daewd/ (*) uREfkyfonf &Gmüjzpfap ausmif;üjzpfap ae\=t[H *gar0g 0d[ma&0g 0omrd/ (C) oif\wynfhonf oifESifh uif;í rae=w0 om0aum w,m 0dem e 0owd/ (i) oHCmonf jrwfpGmbk&m;\ w&m;udkjzpfap? 0denf;udk jzpfap oif,l\=oHaCm Ak'¨ó "r®H0g 0de,H0g odu©wd/ ygVdoifcef;pm(6) (erlem) 1/ emrf0dbwf &SpfrsKd; &Sif;vif;csuf/ uwåm= jyKvk y f o l u d k azmf j y\/ ]onf ? um;}[l a om jref r ma0g[m& aemuf q uf w G J 0dbwftrSwftom;/ 0g? jrefrma0g[m& jyefqdk&mü emrfyk'f\aemufüqufpyfí ]onf? um;} [laom aemufqufwGJ 0dbwftrSwftom;&Sdonf/ ur®= tjyKcH&jcif;ESifh qdkufa&mufjcif;udk jy\/ udk? odkY/ u&P= wOD;wa,mufjzifh odkYr[kwf wpkHwckjzifhNyD;ajrmufapjcif;ESifh wGJbufjcif;udkjy\/ jzifh? tm;jzifh? ESifh? aMumifh/ orÜ'ge=wpkHwck tay;cH&jcif;udkjzpfap? wpkHwa,muftwGuf jyKvkyfjcif;udk jzpfap azmfjy\/ tm;? tvdkYiSm? tusKd;iSm? tbkdY? twGuf/ tyg'ge=cGJcGmjcif;? z,fcGmjcif;? a&SmifMuOfjcif;udkjy\/ rS? u/ omrd= pyfqdkifjcif;? ydkifqdkifjcif;udk jy\/ \/


11 7/ Moumo=wnf&m? ae&m? tcsdefudkjy\/ ü? rSm? wGif? 0,f/ 8/ tmvye=ac:a0:jcif;udkjyonf/ tkd? [,f? tcsif;? tarmif/ 2/ ud&d,m0dbwfrsm;&Sif;vif;csuf/ 1/ emra,m*= ½dk;½dk;emrfyk'fESifh ,SOfwGJaom0dbwf/ 2/ wkrSa,m*= oif? oifwdkY(wGH? wkarS)[laom emrfpm;ESifhom ,SOfwGJ&aom 0dbwf/ 3/ trSa,m*=uREfkyf? uREfkyfwdkY(t[H? r,H)[laom emrfpm;ESifhom ,SOfwGJ&aom 0dbwf/ 4/ tum&EÅykv’difemrfrsm; 0dbwfoG,f/ Ak'¨=bk&m; 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm Aka'¨g= bk&m;onf Ak'¨g=bk&m;wdkYonf ur® Ak'¨H= bk&m;udk Aka'¨= bk&m;wdkYudk/ u&P Aka'¨e=bk&m;jzifh? bk&m;ESifh Aka'¨[d(Aka'¨bd)= bk&m;ESifh? bk&m;aMumifh/ bk&m;wdkYjzifh?bk&m;wdkYESifh bk&m;wdkYaMumifh/ orÜ'ge Ak'¨ó=bk&m;tm;? Ak'¨geH=bk&m;wdkYtm;? bk&m;twGuf/ bk&m;wdkYtwGuf/ tyg'ge Ak'¨g? Ak'¨o®m? Ak'¨rSm? Ak'¨awm= Aka'¨[d(Aka'¨bd)= bk&m;rS? bk&m;aMumifh/ bk&m;wdkYrS/ omrd Ak'¨ó=bk&m;\ Ak'¨geH=bk&m;wdkY\/ Moumo Aka'¨? Ak'¨o®ð? Ak'¨rSd=bk&m;ü/ Aka'¨ok=bk&m;wdkYü? (rSm? wGif? 0,f)/ tmvye Ak'¨=(tdk)bk&m;/ Ak'¨g=(tdk)bk&m;wdkY/ rSwfcsufrsm;/ (1) Ak'¨g=bk&m;wdkYonf? bk&m;rS? tdkbk&m;wdkY? (3-rsKd;jzpfEdkifonf/) (2) Aka'¨=bk&m;wdkYudk? bk&m;ü/ (2-rsKd;jzpfEdkifonf/) (3) Aka'¨[d(Aka'¨bd)=bk&m;wdkYjzifh? bk&m;wdkYESifh? bk&m;wdkYaMumifh? bk&m;wdkYrS/(4-rsKd;jzpfEdkifonf/) (4) Aka'¨bd=vGefpGmtokH;enf;\/ (5) orÜ'ge(tm;)0dbwfESifh? omrd(\)0dbwfwdkYonf ygVda0g[m& ta&;tom;tm;jzifh a&;ykH vkH;0wl\/ 4/ ypöKyÜefbl0g'd(yxrud&d,m)*kdPf;0ifud&d,mrsm; 0dbwfoG,f/ {u0kpf A[k0kpf (emra,m*) Aka'¨g bmowd= Ak'¨g bmoEÅd= bk&m;onf a[m\/ bk&m;wdkYonf a[mMu\/ (wkrSa,m*) wGH bmood= wkarS bmox= oifonf a[m\/ oifwdkYonf a[mMu\/ (trSa,m*) t[H bmomrd= r,H bmomr= uREfkyfonf a[m\/ uREfkyfwdkYonf a[mMu\/ 5/ ud&d,mtxl;rsm;/


12 tw¬d=&Sd\? &SdMu\/ ew¬d=r&Sd? r&SdMu/ 6/ wkrSa,m*? trSa,m* yk*¾vduemrfpm;rsm;0dbwfoG,f/ wkrSa,m* 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm wGH(wk0H)=oifonf wkarS=oifwdkYonf/ ur® wH=oifhudk/ wkarS? a0g=oifwdkYudk/ u&P aw? w,m=oifjzifh? wkarS[d(wkarSbd) a0g= oifESifh/ oifwdkYjzifh? oifwdkYESifh/ orÜ'ge aw? wk,SH? w0= wkrSmuH? a0g=oifwdkYtm;? oifhtm;? oifhtwGuf/ (oifwdkYtwGuf) tyg'ge w,m=oifrS? wkarS[d(wkarSbd)= oifhaMumifh/ oifwdkYrS? oifwdkYaMumifh/ omrd aw? wk,SH? w0= wkrSmuH? a0g=oifwdkY\/ oif\/ Moumo w,d=oifü/ wkarSok=oifwdkYü/ (rSm? wGif? 0,f)/ trSa,m* uwåm t[H=uREfkyfonf/ r,H=uREfkyfwdkYonf/ ur® rH=uREfkyfudk/ tarS? aem=uREfkyfwdkYudk/ u&P ar? r,m=uREkfyfjzifh? tarS[d? aem=uREfkyfwdkYjzifh? uREkfyfESifh/ uREkfyfwdkYESifh/ orÜ'ge ar? r,SH? rr= trSmuH? aem=uREfkyfwdkYtm; uREkfyftm;? (uREfkyfwdkYtwGuf)/ (uREfkyftwGuf) tyg'ge r,m=uREfkyfrS/ tarS[d(tarSbd)= uREfkyfwdkYrS/ omrd ar? r,SH? rr=uREfkyf\/ trSmuH? aem=uREfkyfwdkY\/ Moumo r,d=uREfkyfü/ tarSok=uREkfyfwdkYü/ (rSm? wGif? 0,f)/ rSwfcsufrsm;/ (1) aw=oifjzifh? oifhESifh? oifhtm;? oif\/ (3-rsKd;&Edkif\)/ (2) ar=uREfkyfjzifh? uREkfyfESifh? uREfkyftm;? uREfkyf\/(3-rsKd;&Edkif\) (3) a0g=oifwdkYudk? oifwdkYjzifh? oifwdkYESifh? oifwdkYtm;? oifwdkY\/(4-rsKd;&Edkif\/) (4) aem=uREfkyfwdkYudk? uREfkyfwdkYjzifh? uREfkyfwdkYESifh? uREkfyfwdkYtm;? uREfkyfwdkY\/(4-rsKd; &Edkif\) (5) þ]aw? ar? a0g? aem}[laom emrfpm;rsm;udk 0gus\ tpü xm;í okH;avhr&Sd/ Oyrm-o[ma,m ar=uREkfyf\ oli,fcsif;/ (ar o[ma,m-[k rokH;)/ tmp&da,m a0g= oifwdkY\ q&m/(a0g tmp&da,m-[krokH;)/ o[ma,m aw=oif\ oli,fcsif;/ o[ma,m aem=uREfkyfwdkY\ oli,fcsif;/


13 7/ oifcef;pm(2)rS(5)txd oifcJhNyD;aom tum&EÅykv’difemrfyk'frsm;/ tmumo=aumif;uif/ rEkó=vl/ tmp&d,=q&m/ rd*=orif/ tmAm"=tem/ rdwå=rdwfaqG/ tm[m&=tpm/ &x=&xm;/ uóu=v,form;/ ½ku©=opfyif/ um,=udk,f/ avmu=urÇm/ auo=qHyif/ 0gPdZ=ukefonf/ *gr=&Gm/ 0ge&=arsmuf/ pE´=v/ 0de,=0denf;? tqkH;tr/ wr=tarSmif/ 0d[m&=ausmif;/ 'Dy=uRef;/ o'´=toH/ "r®=w&m;/ o[m,=oli,fcsif;/ yg'=ajcaxmuf/ om0u=wynfh/ ygomP=ausmufwkH;? ausmufcJ? oD[=jcaoFh/ ausmufjzm/ ol&d,=ae/ yd@ygw=qGrf;/ oHC=oHCm? &[ef;tpk/ yk&do=a,mufsm;/ [w¬=vuf/ ykwå=om;/ r*¾=vrf;/ 8/ oifcef;pm(2)rS(5)txdoifcJhNyD; yXrud&d,m*kdPf; ud&d,myk'frsm;/ tw¬d=&Sd\/ ykpäwd=ar;\/ tm[&wd=,laqmifvm\/ jALwd=ajym\/ £päwd=tvdk&Sd\/ b0wd=jzpf\? jzpfay:\/ uDVwd=upm;\/ bmowd=a[m\? ajym\/ cg'wd=pm;\/ r&wd=ao\/ *päwd=oGm;\/ ,mpwd=awmif;\/ p&wd=vSnfhvnf\/ awmif;yef\/ ,mwd=oGm;\ Z,wd=atmifjrif\/ &u©wd=apmifha&Smuf\/ Z[mwd=y,fpGefY\/ &rwd=aysmfydkuf\/ ZD0wd=touf&Sif\/ vbwd=&\/ aZwd=atmifjrif\/ 0E´wd=&Sdckd;\/ Xmwd=&yf\/ 0owd=ae\/ wd|wd=&yf\/ 0de,wd=qkH;r\/ a'wd=ay;\? vSL\/ 0daewd=qkH;r\/ "m0wd=ajy;\/ odu©wd=oif,l\? usifh\/ ew¬d=r&Sd/ [ewd=azsmuf\/ erwd=OD;ñGwf\(&Sdcdk;\)/ [&wd=,laqmifoGm;\/


14 edoD'wd=xdkif\/ yd0wd=aomu\/

1/

2/

3/

4/

[owd=&,f\/ a[mwd=jzpf\? &Sd\/ avhusifhcef;rsm; atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) Aka'¨g temxyd@duó tm&mar 0d[&wd/ (c) temxyd@daum orPmeH yd@ygwH a'wd/ (*) taEÅ0godaum tmp&d,H OyouFrwd/ (C) tumav 0gawm 0g,wd/ (i) uma,m ar udvrwd/ (p) r,HSyd qaE´m tw¬d/ atmufyg ygVdpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) orPm "ar®e rEkaó e,EÅd/ (c) wxm*wm tm*EÅKau[d o'¨ð oar®m'EÅd/ (*) a'0gp rEkómp wxm*aw tbdyÜoD'EÅd/ (C) t[H wkarS tEkomomrd/ (i) a*gwró om0um tm*päEÅd/ (p) tmeaE´m Aka'¨e o'¨ð *päwd/ (q) r,H ygPmwdygwm 0d&rmr/ atmufyg ygVdpmydk'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) oraPm a*gwarm tm*päwd/ (c) okabm rmPa0g orPH tmeE´H {0H jALwd/ (*) ousykwåd,m orPm "ar®e rEkaó e,EÅd/ (C) rEkóm orPó a*gwró om0auok tbdyÜoD'EÅd/ (i) oraPm a*gwarm om0au {0H tEkomowd/ (p) {0H 'ku©u©E¨ó ork'a,m a[mwd/ (q) {0H 'ku©u©E¨ó eda&ma"m a[mwd/ atmufyg ygVdpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) r,H Ak'¨ó om0um a[mr/ (c) tmeaE´m Ak'¨ó Oy|maum a[mwd/ (*) wykaómp bvd’ump 0gPdZm a[mEÅd/ (C) om&dykawåm trSmuH tmp&da,m a[mwd/ (i) temxyd@daum oHCó Oy|maum a[mwd/ (c)

txacg Aka'¨g aAm"d½kau©m rd*'g,H *päwd? tEÅ&m ra*¾ Aka'¨g OyuH emr tmZD0uH yówd? Oyaum tmZD0aum Ak'¨H {0H ykpäwd- tm0kaom 0aPÖm aw twd0d, aombwd? uó wGH om0aum? aum emr wGH-£wd/ w'g Aka'¨g ]t[H Oyu Zdaememr}£wd 0dóaZÆwd/


15 Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä Ä

1/ (u) (c) (*) (C) (i) (p) 2/ (u) (c)

(*) (C) (q)

3/ (u)

(c)

(C) (p)

4/ (c)

avhusifhcef; cufqpft"dyÜg,frsm;/ tm&mar=t&H(O,smOf)ü/ 0d[&wd=ae\/(0d+[&wd)/ orPmeH=&[ef;wdkYtm;/ taEÅ0godaum=teD;üaeol? wynfh/ OyouFrwd=csOf;uyf\/(Oy+oH+urwd=teD;odkY+aumif;pGm+oGm;\)/ tumav=tcgr[kwo f nfü? tcgrJüh /(t=r[kw/f umv=tcsed t f cg)/ 0gawm=avonf/ 0g,wd=wdkufcwfvm\/ udvrwd=yifyef;\/ r,SHyd=ightm;vnf;=ighrSmvnf;/(yd=tyd=edygwyk'f)/ qaE´m=qE´onf/ "ar®e=w&m;jzifh=w&m;ojzifh/ e,EÅd=aqmifukef\? ac:ukef\/ wxm*wm=jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkYonf/ tm*EÅKau[d={nfhonfwdkYESifh/ oar®m'EÅd=0rf;ajrmufukef\=0rf;ajrmufpum; ajymukef\/(oH+arm'EÅd)/ wxm*aw=jrwfpGmbk&m;ü=jrwfpGmbk&m;tay:ü/ tbdyÜoD'EÅd=tvGefMunfndKMuukef\/(tbd=tvGef+ yoD'EÅd=MunfndKMuukef\/) tEkomomrd=qk;H rtH/h (tEk+omomrd=jyKvkyt f q Hh q J J ud&, d mudk ypöKyÜe0f b d wfjzifo h ;Hk onfukd owdxm;yg/) ygPmwd y gwm=ol U touf o wf j cif ; rS / (ygP=owå 0 g+ twd y gw=zsuf q D ; jcif ; ? owfjzwfjcif;)/ 0d&rmr=a&SmifMuOfukef\/(0d+&rmr)/ oraPm a*gwarm=twdtustm;jzifh ]]&[ef;jzpfaom a*gwr onf}} odkYr[kwf ]]a*gwrrnfaom &[ef;onf}}[k emr0daooeoHygatmif jrefrmjyef&ayrnf/ odYkaomfvnf; jrefrmbmomtokH;tEIef;twdkif;]]&[ef; a*gwronf}}[k jyefjcif;u ydkí vG,ful\/ okabm=okbrnfaom(emr0daooe)/ rmPa0g=vkvifonf/ orPH tmeE´H=&[ef;tmeE´mudk(emr0daooe)/ {0H=þodkY(edygwyk'f)/ ousykwåd,m=ousykwåtEG,f0ifjzpfukefaom/ (ousykwå=oustrsKd;om;=bk&m;udk qdkvdkonf/) 'ku©u©E¨ó=qif;&Jtpk\/ ('ku©=qif;&J+cE¨=tpk)/ ork'a,m=jzpfay:jcif;onf/ eda&ma"m=csKyfNidrf;jcif;onf/ Oy|maum=tvkyftauR;onf/


16 (p) od'¨w¬ó ukrm&ó=od'¨w¬rnfaom rif;om;\/ (n) Oygoum=qnf;uyfudk;uG,folrsm;/ 5/ (u) £"=þavmuü(edygwyk'f)/ {uapöm=tcsKdUaom/ jA[®aPm 0g=jAm[®Ponf¤if;/ ykaAÁed0goH=a&S;b0u aexdkifcJh&ykHudk=a&S;b0 tjzpftysufudk/ (ykaAÁ=a&S;b0ü+ed0go=aexdkif&ykH)/ tEkó&wd=atmifharh\? trSwf&\/ (tEk+o&wd)/ (c) vmbouúma&m=ypönf;&jcif; tav;tjrwfjyKjcif;onf/(vmb+ouúm&)/ 0¹wd=wdk;wuf\/ y&d[m,wd=qkwf,kwf\(y&d+[m,wd)/ (*) avmrm=tarG;wdkYonf/ ecg=ajconf; vufonf;wdkYonf/ 'EÅm=oGm;wdkYonf/ wapm=ta&cGHonf/ (C) y&dAÁmZaum=y&dAdkZfonf(&[ef;wpfrsKd;)/ t0PÖH=aus;Zl;rJhudk=tjypfudk/(t=qefYusifbuf+0PÖ=*kPfaus;Zl;/) ye=rlum;(edygwyk'f)/ (i) wo®ðora,=xdktcsdefü/ zaóm=zóonf? a[mwd=jzpf\/ 0dwauúm=0dwuúonf? a[mwd=jzpf\/ ponfjzifh omreftm;jzifhom jyefyg/ ¤if;pum;vkH;wdkY\ teufudk tbd"r®m avhvmaomtcg &Sif;ygvdrfhrnf/ 6/ (u) bdu©KoHaCe=&[ef;tpkESifh? &[ef;taygif;ESifh? ouúó=ouútrsKd;om;\/ (ouú=ous=omud,)/ w'g=xdktcgü/(edygwyk'f)/ Ówum=aqGrsKd;jzpfukefaom/(emr0daooe)/ omuda,ok=omuD0ifwdkYwGif? (Moumo0dwuf)/ r[v’um=toufBuD;ukefaom(emr0daooe) '[&m=toufi,fukefaom/ {0=omvQif/(edygwyk'f)/ tx=xdktcgü/ (edygwyk'f)/ O*¾päwd=wuf\/ ysH\/(O+*päwd)/ ygVdoifcef;pm(7) (erlem) 1/ £um&EÅykvd’ifemrfrsm;0dbwfoG,f/ rked=&[ef;/


17 0dbwf uwåm ur® u&P

{u0kpf A[k0kpf rked=&[ef;onf/ rkeD? rkea,m=&[ef;wdkYonf/ rkeð=&[ef;udk/ rkeD? rkea,m=&[ef;wdkYudk/ rkedem=&[ef;jzifh? rkeD[d(rkeDbd)= &[ef;wdkYjzifh/ &[ef;ESifh? &[ef;wdkYESifh/ orÜ'ge rkedó? rkedaem= rkeDeH=&[ef;wdkYtm;/ &[ef;tm;/ tyg'ge rkedo®m? rkedrSm? rkedem rkeD[d(rkeDbd)=&[ef;wdkYrS/ rkedawm=&[ef;rS/ omrd rkedó? rkedaem= rkeDeH=&[ef;wdkY\/ &[ef;\/ Moumo rkedo®ð? rkedrSd=&[ef;ü/ rkeDok=&[ef;wdkYü/ tmvye rked=(tkd)&[ef;/ rked? rkea,m=(tkd)&[ef;wdkY/ 2/ £um&EÅykvd’ifemrfyk'frsm;/ £od=&aoh/ t&d=&efol/ tod=oefvsuf/ rPd=ywåjrm;/ tm'd=tp/ ao|d=ola|;/ ukpäd=0rf;Adkuf/ &mod=tpktykH/ *[ywd=ol<u,f? tÍÆvd=vuftkyf/ tdrfaxmif&Sif/ *d&d=awmif/ om&xd=&xm;xdef;/ Ówd=aqGrsKd;/ aoemywd=ppfolBuD;/ Asm"d=tema&m*g/ ygPd=vuf/ omvd=qef? pyg;/ 0D[d=pyg;yif/ u0d=ynm&Sd/ orm"d=wnfMunfjcif;/ 3/ ½k"m'd('kwd,ud&d,m)*kdPf;0if ypöKyÜefud&d,mrsm;/ ½kE¨wd=ydwfqdkY\/ bdE´wd=NzdKcGJ\? zsufqD;\/ bkÍÆwd=pm;\/ qdE´wd=jzwf\/ rkÍöwd=vTwf\/ 0dE´wd=&\? awGU&SdcHpm;&\/ ,kÍÆwd=,SOf\?tm;xkwf\/ yðowd=Budwf\? axmif;\/ 4/ oifNyD;pum;vkH;rsm;jzifh 0guswdkrsm;a&;jcif;/ (u) £oa,m *gar *[ywDeH yd@ygwH bkÍÆEÅd= &aohwdkYonf &Gmü ol<u,fwdkY\ qGrf;udk pm;Mu\/ (c) rked "r®H ,kÍw Æ ?d orm"ð p 0dEw ´ =d &[ef;onf w&m;udk tm;xkw\ f ? wnfMunfjcif;udv k nf; &\/ (*) ukpädo®ð ar Asm"ð b0wd=uREfkyf\0rf;Adkufü temonf jzpfay:\/ (C) uóum omva,m yðoEÅd=v,form;wdkYonf pyg;wdkYudk Budwfukef\/


18 (i) 0gPdZmeH *gar omvDeH &moa,m a[mEÅd=ukefonfwdkY\ &Gmü qefpyg;ykHwdkYonf &Sdukef\/ 5/ twdwfud&d,m0dbwfrsm;/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr £( -d ) OKH? £Hok( -kH ? -ðok) wkrS £( -d ) £w¬( -dw¬) trS £H( -ð ) £rSm( -drSm) 6/ twdwf0dbwfrsm;udk ud&d,mESifhquf&mü tenf;i,fjcm;em;rIrsm; &Sdojzifh atmufygtcsufrsm;udk rSwfom;&ayrnf/ (u) twdw0f b d wfrsm;udk ud&, d mESihf quf&mü &Hcg ud&, d m\ a&SUü ]]t}}o& xnfo h iG ;f ay;&\/ ykHpH - bmowd=ajym\/ {u0kpfudef; A[k0kpfudef; emr tbmod? bmod? tbmokH? tbmoðok? bmoðok? wkrS tbmod? bmod? tbmodw¬? bmodw¬? trS tbmoð? bmoð? tbmodrSm? bmodrSm/ (c) &Hcg 0dbwf\a&SUü ]]o}}Asnf;oGif;í twdwf0dbwf quf&\/ {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr ,mod ,mokH? ,moðok? wkrS ,mod ,modw¬? trS ,moð ,modrSm? (*) &Hcgud&d,m\a&SUü]]t}}o&udk¤if;? 0dbwf\a&SUü ]]o}}Asnf; udk¤if; oGif;í twdwf0dbwf quf&\/ ykHpH - a'wd=ay;\? vSL\/ {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr t'god t'gokH? t'Hok? t'goðok? wkrS t'god t'godw¬? trS t'goð t'godrSm? ykpH - Xmwd=&yf\/ emr tXmod tXmokH? tXHok? wkrS tXmod tXmodw¬? trS tXmoð tXmodrSm? 7/ jrefrmjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u) Aka'¨g om0umeH "r®H tbmod=bk&m;onf wynhfwdkYtm; w&m;udk a[mNyD/ (c) 0gPdZm rkeDeH yd@ygwH t'Hok=ukefonfwdkYonf &[ef; wdkYtm; qGrf;udk vSLukefNyD/ (*) 0d[ma& rkea,m 0de,H odu©ðok=ausmif;ü &[ef;wdkYonf 0denf;udk oif,lukefNyD/ (C) tmp&da,m ar *grH ,mod=uREfkyf\q&monf &GmodkY oGm;NyD/ (i) w0 ykawåm ra*¾ uDVd=oif\om;onf vrf;ü upm;NyD/ (p) wGH o[m,umeH *gar e &rd=oifonf oli,fcsif;wdkY\ &Gmü raysmfydkufcJh/


19 (q) wkarS trSmuH tm[m&H t'godw¬=oifwdkYonf uREfkyfwdkY tm; tpmudk ay;ukefNyD/ (Z) t[H o[ma,[d o'¨ð 'Day tp&ð=uREkfyfonf oli,fcsif; rsm;ESifhtwl uRef;ay:ü vSnfhvnfcJhNyD/ (ps) r,H *grawm yd@ygwH vbdrSm=uREkfyfwdkYonf &GmrS qGrf;udk &cJhukefNyD/ (n) aAm"doawåm rEkaó 0daeod=bk&m;avmif;onf vlwdkYudk qkH;rNyD/ 8/ ygVdjyef&efavhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u) avmuü w&m;\tvif;a&mifonf jzpfay:vmNyD= avmau "r®ó tmavmaum tb0d/ (c) arsmufonf opfyifay:ü xdkifNyD=0gea&m ½kau© edoD'd/ (*) oif\q&monf oifESifhtwl pum;ajymNyD=tmp&da,m aw w,m o'¨ð tbmod/ (C) &[ef;wdkYonf &Gmü qGrf;udk pm;ukefNyD=rkea,m *gar yd@ygwH bkÍÆðok/ (i) v,form;wdkYonf pyg;wdkYudk &GmodkY ,laqmifukefNyD=uóum omva,m *grH [&ðok/ (p) uREkfyfwdkYonf w&m;jzifh aysmfydkufcJhMuukefNyD=r,H "ar®e &rdrSm/ (q) oifwdkYonf vrf;ü &yfcJhMuukefNyD=wkarS ra*¾ tXmodw¬/ (Z) uREfkyf\q&monf w&m;jzifh wynhfwdkYudk qkH;rNyD= tmp&da,m ar "ar®e om0au 0daeod/ (ps) bk&m;\w&m;onf oD[kdVfuRef;ü wnfcJhNyD=Ak'¨ó "ar®m oD[V'Day tXmod/ (n) uREkfyf\ 0rf;Adkufü temonf jzpfay:cJhNyD=ukpädo®ð ar tmAma"m tb0d/ 9/ ygVdbmomü ud&d,myk'f? emrfyk'fwdkY\ a&SUrS ,SOfwGJ&aom pum;vkH; tcsKdU&Sd\/ ¤if;a&S;quf pum;vkH;rsm;udk ]]Oyo*¾}}[k ac:\/ ¤if;wdkYonf ud&d,mESifh ,SOfwGJaomtcg trsm;tm;jzifh qdkif&m ud&d,myk'f\ teufudk ajymif;vJapjcif;? xl;jcm;apjcif;? av;eufapjcif;tm;jzifh jc,fvS,fukef\/ &Hcgrlum; teufxl; r&SdbJ pum;vkH;vS½kHrQom tusKd;&Sdukef\/ xif&Sm;ap&ef atmufyg ykHpHrsm;udk avhvmyg/ *päwd=oGm;\?tm+*päwd=tm*päwd=vm\/ tEk+*päwd=tEk*päwd=tpOfvdkuf\/aemufuvkduf\/ t"d+*päwd=t"d*päwd=&\/ ty+*päwd=ty*päwd=zJcGmoGm;\/a&SmifvTmoGm;\/ O+*päwd=O*¾päwd=txufodkYwuf\/ Oy+*päwd=Oy*päwd=teD;odkYoGm;\? csOf;uyf\/ Mo(t)+*päwd=Mo*päwd=atmufodkYoGm;\/ us\/ ed+*päwd=ed*¾päwd=tjyifodkYoGm;\?xGufoGm;\/ y#d+*päwd=y#d*päwd=wzefoGm;\?aemufxyfoGm;\/ y#d+tm+*päwd=ypöm*päwd=jyefvm\/ 0d+*päwd=0d*päwd=cGJcGmonf? aysmufuif;onf/ aZwd=atmifjrif\/ y&m+aZwd=y&maZwd=½IH;\/ p&wd=vSnfhvnf\/ 0d+p&wd=0dp&wd=vSnfhvnf\/ Xmwd=&yf\/ ywd+Xmwd=ywd|mwd=&yf\/ ''gwd=ay;\/ tm+''gwd=tm''gwd=,l\/


20 [&wd=,loGm;\/ 0E´wd=&Sdckd;\/

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tm+[&wd=tm[&wd=,lvm\/ tbd+0E´wd=tbd0E´wd=½kdaopGm&Sdckd;\/

ygVdoifcef;pm(8) (erlem) þ-um&EÅykv’difemrfrsm; 0dbwfoG,f/ a0&D=&efol/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm a0&D? a0&D? a0&daem? ur® a0&ð? a0&D? a0&daem? u&P a0&dem? a0&D[d(a0&Dbd) orÜ'ge a0&dó? a0&daem a0&DeH? tyg'ge a0&dem? a0&do®m? a0&drSm a0&D[d(a0&Dbd)? omrd a0&dó? a0&daem a0&DeH? Moumo a0&do®ð? a0&drSd a0&Dok? tmvye a0&D? a0&D? a0&daem/ þ-um&EÅykv’difemrfyk'frsm;/ a,m*D=&aoh/ *d[D=vl0wfaMumif/ ou©D=oufao/ [w¬D=qif/ omrD=t&Sif? ocif/ yu©D=iSuf/ aoemeD=ppfolBuD;/ ygyum&D=raumif;rIjyKol/ *PD=acgif;aqmif e*&0goD=NrdKUüaeol (aemufvdkuf&Sdol) (NrdKUom;) *gr0goD=&Gmüaeol(&Gmom;) ud&d,mwckxufykdíygaom0gusü a&S;OD;jzpfaom ud&d,mrsm;udk ykAÁumvud&d,m[kac:\/ ¤if;ykAÁumvud&d,mü wGm? wGme? wke? ,? pö-ypönf;wdkY quf&\/ ,if;ypönf;wdkYwGif tokH;rsm;aom (wGm)ESifh(,)ypönf;wdkY qufykHudk atmufü avhvmyg/ aZwd=atmifjrif\/ aZwGm=atmifjrifí? atmifjrif NyD;í? atmifjrifNyD;aemuf/ aewd=,laqmif\/ aewGm=,laqmifí/ a[mwd=jzpf\/ [kwGm=jzpfí/ a'wd=ay;\/ 'wGm=ay;í/ Xmwd=&yf\/ XwGm=&yfí/ cg'wd=pm;\/ cg'dwGm=pm;í/ rkÍöwd=vTwf\/ rkÍödwGm=vTwfí/ tm'gwd=,l\/ tm'g,=,lí/ O|mwd=x\/ O|m,=xí/ atmufygwdkYudk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) Aka'¨g ra*¾ XwGm *gr0goDeH "r®H tbmod=bk&m;onf vrf;ü &yfí &Gmom;wdkYtm;


21 w&m;udk a[mNyD/ (c) uóum ygomaP edoD'dwGm tm[m&H bkÍÆðok= v,form;wdkYonf ausmufzsmay:ü xdkifí tpmudk pm;ukefNyD/ (*) t[H 0d[m&H *pädwGm Ak'¨ó yd@ygwH t'goð=uREfkyfonf ausmif;odkY oGm;í bk&m;tm; qGrf;udk vSLcJhonf/ (C) a0&daem [w¬D tm'g, *grawm t*rHok=&efolwdkYonf qifwdkYudk ,lí &GmrS oGm;MuNyD/ (i) rked *d[DeH "r®H bmodwGm 0d[m&H t*rmod=&[ef;onf vlwdkYtm; w&m;udk a[mí ausmif;odkY oGm;NyD/ 5/ 'd0g'd(wwd,ud&d,m)*dkPf;0ifud&d,mrsm;/ *g,wd=oDqkd\/ rZÆwd=rl;,pf\/ psm,wd=pOf;pm;\? ½I\/ 0dZÆwd=&Sd\? awGU&\/ Zm,wd=aygufzGm;\? arG;zGm;\/ AkZÑwd=od\/ 'dAÁwd=upm;\? aysmfjrL;\/ ukZÑwd=pdwfqkd;\/ ½kpöwd=ESpfouf\/ ,kZÑwd=wdkufcdkuf\/ 'kówd=zsufqD;\/ 0dZÑwd=azmufxGif;\/ wkówd=ESpfouf\/ rnwd=od\? rSwfxif\/ auseyf\/ eówd=ysufpD;\/ 'dyÜwd=awmufy\? xGef;um;\/ 6/ ,? w(tMuif? xkd)[laom emrfpm;rsm;udk ykv’difü 0dbwfoG,fykH/ , = tMuif 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm a,m? a,? ur® ,H? a,? u&P a,e? a,[d(a,bd) orÜ'ge ,ó? a,oH? tyg'ge ,o®m? ,rSm? ,awm a,[d(a,bd) omrd ,ó? a,oH? Moumo ,o®ð? ,rSd? a,ok/ w = xdk 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm aom? aw? (ae) ur® wH(eH)? aw? (ae) u&P awe? aw[d(awbd) orÜ'ge wó(tó) awoH(aeoH) tyg'ge wo®m? wrSm? aw[d(awbd) omrd wó(tó) awoH(aeoH) Moumo wo®ð(to®ð)? wrSd awok(aeok)


22

7/ (,? w)[laom emrfpm;yk'frsm;udk 0gusESpfck tcsif;csif; qufoG,f&mü tokH;jyK&\/ ¤if;wdYkwiG (f ,)jzifh qufaom0gusukd ted,w0gus[¤k if;? (w)jzifq h ufaom0gusu(kd ed,w)0gus[k ¤if; ac:\/ trsm;tm;jzifh ted,w0gusonf a&SUuaeonfudk awGU&\/ odkYaomf &Hcg ed,w0gusu a&SUrSaeaomfvnf; t"dygÜ ,fajymif;vJjcif;r&Sad cs/(w)emrfpm;yk'u f lkd qkcd NhJ yD;onfyh *k Kd¾ vf taMumif;t&m ponfudk &nfñTef;aom ½dk;½dk;emrfpm;tjzpfjzifhvnf; tokH;rsm;ayonf/ (,? w)emrfpm;yk'ftokH;tEIef;udk oabmaygufap&ef atmufygykHpHrsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u) wxm*awm avmau OyÜZÆwd? aom "r®H bmowd= jrwfpGmbk&m;onf avmuü jzpfay:\? xdkjrwfpGmbk&m; onf w&m;udk a[mawmfrl\/ (c) t[H rEkómeH "r®H bmomrd? aw rr "r®H ½kpöEÅd=igonf vlwdkYtm; w&m;udk a[m\/ xdkolwdkYonf ig\ w&m;udk ESpfoufukef\/ (*) a,m "r®H yówd? aom rH yówd=tMuifolonf w&m;udk jrif\/ xdkolonf ighudk jrif\/ (w&m;udkjrifaom olonf ighudk jrif&ma&muf\[k qdkvdkonf/) (C) a, Aka'¨p "ar®p oHaCp e yoD'EÅd? aw OZÑm,EÅd= tMuifolwdkYonf bk&m;ü¤if;? w&m;ü¤if;? oHCmü¤if; rMunfndKMuukef/ xdkolwdkYonf uJh&JUMu\/ (i) a, ygyum&daem a[mEÅd? aw tyg,H ,EÅd=tMuifolwdkY onf raumif;rIudk jyKukef\/ xdkolwdkYonf tyg,fodkY oGm;ukef\/ (p) a,e tmeaE´m? awEkyouFrd=(awe+OyouFrd)=tMuif t&yfü tmeE´monf &Sd\/ xdkt&yfodkY csOf;uyfNyD/ (tmeE´m &Sd&modkY csOf;uyfNyD)/ (q) ,o®m wGH ukZÑod? wo®m e bmood=tMuifaMumifh oifonf pdwfqdk;\/ xdkYMumifh pum;rajym/(oifonf pdwfqdk;aomaMumifh pum;rajym)/ (Z) ,o®ð ora, aAm"doawåm Zm,wd? wo®ð ora, a'0gp rEkómp 'dAEÁ =dÅ tMuiftcsdeüf bk&m;avmif;onf zGm;jrif\/ xdktcsdefü ewfwdkYonf aysmfjrL;Mu\/ (ps) tw¬davmau orPjA[®Pm? a, {0H 0'EÅd=tMuif(&[ef;ykPÖm;)wdkYonf þodkY ajymqdkukef\/ xdk&[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYonf avmuü &Sdukef\/(þodkY ajymqdkukefaom &[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYonf avmuü &Sdukef\)/ (n) tw¬d ar y&d,ma,m? a,e t[H {0H 0'grd=tMuif taMumif;jzifh uREfkyfonf þodkY qdk\? xdktaMumif;onf uREfkyftm; &Sd\/ 8/ ted,w? ed,w oabmtm;jzifh wGJí tokH;jyK&aom edygwyk'frsm;vnf;&Sd\/ ¤if;wdkY\ teufESifh okH;pGJykHrsm;udk atmufü avhvmyg/ ,xm-----wxm = tMuifuJhodkY-----xdkuJhodkY/ ,'g-----w'g = tMuiftcg-----xdktcg/ ,awm-----wawm = tMuifrS-----xdkrS/ ,Mw-----wMw = tMuifü-----xdkü/ ,m0-----wm0 = tMuifrQavmuf-----xdkrQavmuf/ ,w¬-----ww¬ = tMuifü-----xdkü/ 9/ (u) ,xm wGH rnod? wxm wGH bmood=tMuifuJhodkY oifonf xif\/ xdkuJhodkY oifonf ajym\/(oifonf oifxifovdk ajym\)/


23 (c) ,'g aAm"doawåm Zm,wd? w'g avmau tmavmaum OyÜZÆwd=tMuiftcg bk&m;avmif;onf arG;zGm;\/ xdktcg avmuü tvif;a&mifonf jzpfay:\/ (*) ,awm pE´drol&da,m avmau OyÜZÆEÅd? wawm y|m, tmavmaum ygwk b0wd=tMuiftcsdefrS(pí)vESifhae wdkYonf avmuü jzpfay:ukef\/ xdktcsdefrSpí tvif;a&mifonf jzpfay:\/ (C) ,Mw ol&ad ,m 0dp&wd? wMw tmavmaum 0dZw Æ =d tMuif t&yfüaeonf vSnv hf nf\? xdkt&yfü tvif;a&mifonf &Sd\/ (i) ,m0 "ar®m avmau wd|wd? wm0 Aka'¨g avmau 0dZÆwd= tMuifrQavmufw&m;onf avmuüwnf\/ xdkrQavmuf bk&m;onf avmuü&Sd\/(avmuü w&m;wnf&SdorQ umvywfvkH; bk&m;onf&Sd\)/ (p) ,w¬ Aka'¨g 0dZÆwd? ww¬ "ar®m 'dyÜwd=tMuift&yfü bk&m;onf &Sd\/ xdkt&yfü w&m;onf awmufy\/ 10/ jrefrmjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u) a0&daem ukZÑdwGm *grH 'kóEÅd=&efolwdkYonf pdwfqdk;í &Gmudk zsufqD;Mu\/ (c) a,m*D edoD'dwGm psm,wd=&aohonf xdkifí ½I\/(psmef0ifpm;\)/ (*) a,m ukZÑwd? aom "r®H e yówd=tMuifolonf pdwfqdk;\? xdkolonf w&m;udk rjrif/ (C) *gr0godaem [w¬[ D d a0&D ,kZÑEÅ=d &Gmom;wdYk onf qifwYkd jzifh &efow l Ykd ukd wdu k cf u kd u f ek \ f / (i) Aka'¨g tmumao XwGm ÓwumeH Mo0g'H t'god= bk&m;onf aumif;uifü &yfí aqGrsKd;wdkYtm; tqkH;trudk ay;NyD/ 11/ ygVdjyef&ef avhusifhcef;rsm;/ (u) vlwdkYonf ausmif;odkY vmukef\=*d[D 0d[m&H tm*päEÅd/ (c) ppfolBuD;onf qifwdkYjzifh &efolwdkYudk wdkufckduf\=aoemeD [w¬D[d a0&daem ,kZÑwd/ (*) ig\ocifonf iSufwdkYtm; tpmudk ay;NyD=rr omrd yu©DeH tm[m&H t'god/ (C) tMuifolonf w&m;udk od\? xdkolonf pdwfrqdk;=a,m "r®H AkZÑwd? aom e ukZÑwd/ (i) tMuifolwdkYonf w&m;udk odukef\? xdkolwdkYonf bk&m;ü MunfndKukef\=a, "r®H AkZÑEÅd? aw Aka'¨ yoD'EÅd/ (p) bk&m;avmif;onf v,form;jzpfí &Gmüae\= aAm"doawåm uóaum [kwGm *gar 0owd/ (q) q&monf wynhfudk ac:í ausmif;odkYoGm;NyD=tmp&da,m odóH tm'g, 0d[m&H *päd/ (Z) NrdKUom;wdkYonf ausmif;odkYoGm;í bk&m;udk &Sdckd;ukef\= e*&0godaem 0d[m&H *pädwGm Ak'¨H 0E´EÅd/ (ps) tMuift&yfü ynm&Sw d Ykd onf aeuke\ f ? xdt k &yfü w&m;onf xGe;f um;\=,w¬ y@dwm 0oEÅd? ww¬ "ar®m 'dyÜwd/ (n) uREfkyfonf bk&m;&Sd&modkY csOf;uyfNyD=t[H a,e Aka'¨g? awEkyouFrð/ ygVdoifcef;pm(9) (erlem) 1/ O-um&EÅykv’difemrfyk'frsm;0dbwfoG,f/


24 bdu©K = &[ef;/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm bdu©K? bdu©L? bdu©a0g ur® bdu©KH? bdu©L? bdu©a0g u&P bdu©Kem? bdu©L[d(bdu©Lbd) orÜ'ge bdu©Kó? bdu©Kaem bdu©LeH tyg'ge bdu©Ko®m? bdu©KrSm? bdu©L[d(bdu©Lbd) bdu©Kem omrd bdu©Kó? bdu©Kaem bdu©LeH Moumo bdu©Ko®ð? bdu©KrSd? bdu©Lok tmvye bduK© bdu©L? bdu©a0g? bdu©a0/ 2/ O-um&EÅykv’difemrfyk'fa0g[m& pum;vkH;rsm;/ a[wk=taMumif; a0VK=0g; Am[k=vufarmif; z&ok=ykqdef *k½k=q&m aowk=wHwm; rpöK=aojcif; auwk=tvH? wHcGef AE¨K=taqGcifyGef; bmPk=tvif;a&mif 3/ ygVdbmomü tem*wf(b0dóEÅd)0dbwfonf aemifjzpfvwåHUaomtrI? rjzpfbl;NrJ tHhbG,f o&Jjzpfjcif;? csD;rGrf;jcif;? uJh&JUjcif; teufrsm;udk azmfjy\/ jrefrmteuf]]tHh? vwHh? vdrfhrnf}}[k jyef\/ tem*wf0dbwfrsm; a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr ówd? óEÅd? wkrS óod? óx? trS ómrd? ómr? tem*wf0dbwfqufoG,fykH ykHpH - cg'wd = pm;\/ emr cg'dówd? cg'dóEÅd? wkrS cg'dóod? cg'dóx? trS cg'dómrd? cg'dómr? ykHpH - aewd = ,laqmif\/ emr aeówd? aeóEÅd? wkrS aeóod? aeóx? trS aeómrd? aeómr? ykHpH - *g,wd = oDqdk\/ emr *g,dówd? *g,dóEÅd? wkrS *g,dóod? *g,dóx? trS *g,dómrd? *g,dómr?


25 txl;rSwfcsuf/ (u) ]]tm? td? tD paomo&rsm;jzifhqkH;onfh? 0g-xdko&vu©Pmrsm;jzifY wGJíxm;aom AsOf;rsm;jzifh qkH;onfhud&d,m (wnfyk'f)odkY tem*wf0dbwfqufaomtcg wdkuf½dkufquf &\/ ykHpH - ]]ae}}wd aeówd? (]]ae}}yk'f&if;jzpfonf)/ ]]aZ}}wd aZówd? (]]aZ}}yk'f&if;jzpfonf)/ ,mwd ,ówd/ (c) ]]t}}o&jzifq h ;Hk onf?h 0g-]]t}}o&vu©Pmjzifh wGí J xm;aom AsOf;jzifq h ;Hk aom ud&, d myk'o f Ykd tem*wf0dbwf qufaomtcg tv,fü £( -d )o&cHí quf&\/ ykHpH - ypwd ypdówd? (]]yp}}yk'f&if;jzpfonf)/ bkÍÆwd bkÍÆdówd? (]]bkÍÆ}}yk'f&if;jzpfonf)/ 4/ ygVdbmom0gusrsm;ü jyKvkyfol(uwåm;)\tvdkqE´ &nf&G,fcsufudk azmfjyaom ud&d,myk'frsm;ü ]]wk}}ypönf; quf&\/(wa0-ypönf;vnf; tenf;i,fawGU&\)/ wGmypönf;qufud&d,mrsm;ESifh uGJjym;ap&ef þud&d,mrsm;udk 'kwd,ykAÁumv ud&d,m[k ac:\/ jrefrma0g[m&tm;jzifh ]]iSm? tvdkYiSm? &ef}}[k jyefqdk&\/ wkH ypönf;qufykH/ ,mwd=oGm;\/ ,mwkH=oGm;&ef/ Xmwd=&yf\/ XmwkH=&yf&ef/ a'wd=ay;\/ 'gwkH=ay;&ef/ 0owd=ae\/ 0odwkH=ae&ef/ bkÍÆwd=pm;\/ bkÍÆdwkH=pm;&ef/ *g,wd=oDqdk\/ *g,dwkH=oDqkd&ef/ *rwd=oGm;\/ *rdwkH=*EÅKH=oGm;&ef/ vbwd=&\/ vbdwkH=v'¨KH=&&ef/ 5/ oifNyD;pum;vkH;rsm;jzifh erlemygVd0gusrsm;zGJUjcif;/ (u) Oygoaum bdu©L yódwkH 0d[m&H *pädówd=Oygoumonf &[ef;wdkYudk awGUjrif&ef (zl;jrif&ef) ausmif;odkY oGm;vdrfhrnf/ (c) *k½k trSmuH Mo0g'H 'ówd=q&monf igwdkYtm; tqkH;tr udk ay;vdrfhrnf/ (*) uóum a0VK*grH aewkH ,kÍÆdóEÅd=v,form;wdkYonf 0g;rsm;udk &GmodkY ,laqmif&ef tm;xkwfvdrfhrnf/ (C) rpöK oawå aeówd=aojcif;onf owå0gwkYdudk ac: aqmifvdrfhrnf/ (i) ,H a[wkH wxm*awm bmowd? wH aw yódóEÅd= tMuiftaMumif;udk bk&m;onf a[mawmfrl\/ xdktaMumif;udk xdkolwdkYonf jrifukefvwHåU/ (p) oauúmyd orPH a*gwrH OyouFrdówd=odMumaomfrS vnf; &[ef;a*gwrudk csOf;uyf&bd\/(tHhMo? csD;rGrf;jcif;)/ (q) uxH [d emr taEÅ0godum tmp&da,ok e or®m0wåó d EÅ=d tb,faMumifh wynhw f Ykd onf q&mwdkYü aumif;pGm rusifhMuukefbdoenf;/(uJh&JUjcif;)/ 6/ ygVdbmomü emrfyk'f½dk;½kd;wdkYudkyif emr0daooetjzpf tokH;jyK\/ emr0daooeyk'frsm;onf


26 rsm;aomtm;jzifh txl;jyKjcif;cH&aom yk'fwdkYESifh udef;? vdif? 0dbwf wlMu\/ xdkYaMumifh emr0daooe yk'frsm;twGuf oD;jcm; 0dbwfoG,fenf; r&Sday/ Amavm yk&da,m=rdkufaom a,mufsm;onf/ Amvm yk&dom=rdkufaom a,mufsm;rsm;onf/ ponfjzifh tokH;jyKykHudk vG,fulpGm oabmaygufEdkifygonf/ tum&EÅ emr0daooeyk'frsm;/ {u=wckaom/ y@dw=ynm&Sdaom/ taeu=rsm;aom/ Amv=rkdufaom/ trsKd;rsKd;aom/ y@dw=aumif;aom? jrwfaom/ orÁ[kv=rsm;aom/ [De=,kwfnHhaom/ ygyu=,kwfrmaom/ ukov=aumif;aom/ twDw=vGefcJhaom/ tjypfuif;aom/ tem*w=vmvwHhaom/ ypöKyÜEé=jzpfqJjzpfaom/ tukov=raumif;aom? tjypf&Sdaom/ 7/ ({w)[laom yk'u f kd ñTejf yaom ed'óeemrfpm;tjzpfjzif¤h if;? emr0daooetjzpfjzif¤h if; tok;H jyK\/ oifcef;pm(8)ü jycJhNyD;aom (w)o'´gESifhtvm;wl {aom {aw {wH {aw ponfjzifh 0dbwfoG,f&\/ emr0daooetjzpftokH;jyKaomtcg txl;jyKjcif;cH&aom emrfpm;yk'fwdkYESifh udef;? vdif? 0dbwfwl&\/ jrefrmvdk(þ)[k jyefqdk\/ ykHpHrsm;/ {aom ar tmp&da,m=þolonf ighq&mwnf;/ (emrfpm;) {aw ar o[m,m=þolrsm;onf igholi,fcsif;rsm;wnf;/ (emrfpm;) {aom yk&daom=þa,mufsm;onf(emr0daooe)/ {aw yk&dom=þa,mufsm;rsm;onf(emr0daooe)/ 8/ ykpämemrfpm;(uð)yk'fudk ykv’difü 0dbwfoG,fykH/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm aum? au? ur® uH? au? u&P aue? au[d(aubd)? orÜ'ge uó? auoH? tyg'ge uo®m? urSm? au[d(aubd)? omrd uó? auoH? Moumo uo®ð? urSd? auok/ (aum=tb,foo l nf? au=b,fow l Ykdonf ponfjzifjh yefyg? uwr=b,f[m? b,fo=l [laom


27 ykpämemrfpm;udkvnf; tvm;wl 0dbwfoG,fyg/) 9/ oGm'd(pwkw¬)*kdPf;0ifud&d,myk'frsm;/ þ*kdPf;0ifud&d,myk'frsm;onf 0dbwf\a&SUü ]]aPm? Pm}}[laom *kdPf;ypönf;trSwftom; ygonfudk owdjyKí avhvmyg/ okaPmwd=okPmwd=Mum;em\/ y[daPmwd=y[dPmwd=apvTwf\? ykdkY\/ ouúKaPmwd=ouúKPmwd=pGrf;Edkif\/(oauúmwd) ygykaPmwd=ygykPmwd=qdkufa&muf\/(yayÜgwd) twdwf0dbwfü ---- okaPmwd? okPmwd/ okPd okPo ð k taómod taómokH okPd okPdw¬ taómod taómodw¬ okPð okPdrSm taómoð taómodrSm 10/ 'Gd=2 [laom ocFsmemrfpm;\ 0dbwfoG,frSm vdifokH;yg;vkH;ü uGJjym; jcif;r&Sd? A[k0kpfom&Sdí usufrSwf&efvG,f\/ uwåm a'G ur® a'G u&P 'GD[d('GDbd) orÜ'ge 'GdEéH omrd tyg'ge 'GD[d Moumo 'GDok Oabm = ESpfOD;vkH; uwåm Oabm ur® u&P Oabm[d tyg'ge orÜ'ge ObdEéH omrd Moumo Oabmok (Obawm=ESpfbufvkH;rS) 11/ atmufyg ygVdpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) orÁ[kvm bdu©L rd*'ga, 0d[&ðok=rsm;pGmaom &[ef;wdkY onf rd*'g,ü aeukefNyD/ (c) tmp&da,m taEÅ0godaump Oabm r*¾H y#dyZÆðok=q&m wynhf ESpfOD;vkH;wdYkonf c&D;udk oGm;ukefNyD/ (*) {aw acg bdu©a0 Oabm taEÅ wxm*awe Oy*pädówd=&[ef;wdkYü ESpfyg;pkHaom tpGef;rsm;odkY jrwfpGm bk&m;onf csOf;uyfvdrfhrnfr[kwf/ (C) {aum bdua© 0 yk*a¾ vm avmau OyÜZw Æ ?d uwarm {aum yk*a¾ vm wxm*awm=&[ef;wdYk


28 wOD;aom avmuü jzpfay:\? tb,fwOD;aomyk*¾dKvfenf;? jrwfpGmbk&m;wnf;/ (i) *[ywd0g *[ywdykawåm0g "r®H okPmwd=ol<u,fonf¤if;? ol<u,f\om;onf¤if; w&m;udkem\/ (p) uó wGH "r®H ½kpöod=oifonf b,fol\w&m;udk ESpfoufoenf;/ (q) {aw bdu©a0 a'Go[,um tm*päEÅd aumvdawmp Oywdaómp=&[ef;wdkY þaumvdwESifhOywdó oli,fcsif; ESpfa,mufwdkYonf vmukef\/ 12/ atmufygwkdYudk ygVdpDukH;yg/ (u) oifonf vmvwHhaom umvü bk&m;jzpfvdrfhrnf=wGH tem*aw umav Aka'¨g b0dóod/ (c) oif\q&monf tb,folenf;=aumemr w0 tmp&da,m/ (*) tb,ftcg &[ef;wdkYonf w&m;udk emMuvdrfhrnfenf;= uo®ð umav bdu©L "r®H okPdóEÅd/ (C) vGeaf vNyD;aomtcgü bk&m;avmif;onf ukeo f nfjzpfc\ hJ = twDaw umav aAm"doawåm 0gPdaZm ta[mod/ (i) tMuift&yfü ynm&SdaomvlwdkYonf aeukef\/ xdkt&yfü ukokdvfw&m;onf xGef;um;\=,w¬ y@dwm 0oEÅd? ww¬ ukoavm "ar®m 'dyÜwd/ (p) ESpfrsKd;aomyk*¾dKvfwdkYonf avmuü jzpfay:ukef\=a'G yk*¾vm avmau OyÜZÆEÅd/ (q) ynm&Sdaom yk*¾dKvfonf ESpfyg;aomw&m;wdkYü aumif;pGm usifh\=y@dawm yk*¾avm 'GDok "ar®ok or®m y#dyZÆwd/ ygVdoifcef;pm(10) (erlem) 1/ b*0g? pu©Krm-ponfh emrfyk'frsm;onf ykvd’ifyifjzpfaomfvnf; jycJhNyD;aom t-um&EÅemrf ponfwdkYESifh rwlbJ wrsKd; 0dbwfoG,f &\/ ¤if;wdkYonf ouúwbmomü b*0ef? pu©Kref ponfh yk'frsm;ESifh wlnD&um; Asnf;qkH;aom emrfyk'frsm;[kvnf; ac:Muonf/ b*0g = bkef;&Sdol(bk&m;)/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm b*0g? b*0aEÅm(b*0EÅm) ur® b*0EÅH? b*0aEÅm(b*0aEÅ) u&P b*0wm? b*0aEÅe b*0aEÅ[d orÜ'ge b*0awm? b*0EÅó b*0wH? b*0EÅmeH tyg'ge b*0wm? b*0EÅo®m b*0aEÅ[d b*0EÅrSm omrd b*0awm? b*0EÅó b*0wH? b*0EÅmeH Moumo b*0wd? b*0EÅo®ð b*0aEÅok b*0EÅrSd tmvye b*0g b*0aEÅm 2/ b*0gESifhtvm;wl0dbwfoG,f&aom emrfyk'frsm;/


29 Av0g=cGeftm;&Sdol/ owdrm=owd&Sdol/ *kP0g=*kPf&Sdol/ pu©Krm=rsufpdtjrif&Sdol/ oDv0g=oDv&Sdol/ Ak'¨drm=ynm&Sdol/ yn0g=ynm&Sdol/ "dwdrm=wnfMunfjcif;&Sdol/ okw0g=tMum;tjrif&Sdol/ Zkwdrm=awmufyjcif;&Sdol/ "e0g=Opöm&Sdol bmPkrm=ta&mif&Sdol(ae)/ [dr0g=qD;ESif;&Sdaomawmif/ [d&drm=t&Suf&Sdol/ (þyk'frsm;udk emr0daooetjzpfjzifhvnf; tokH;jyKonf/) 3/ &mZmyk'fonf ouúwbmomü &mZefESifhwlnDí Asnf;qkH;aom emrfrsKd;yifjzpf\/ ¤if;udk atmufygtwdkif; 0dbwfoG,f&\/ &mZm = rif;/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm &mZm? &mZmaem? ur® &mZmeH? &mZmaem? u&P &nm? &mZl[d orÜ'ge &anm? &nH? &mZleH? tyg'ge &nm? &mZl[d? omrd &anm? &nH? &mZleH? Moumo &an? &mZded? &mZlok/ tmvye &mZ? &mZmaem/ 4/ ygVdbmomü apcdkif;jcif;? wdkufwGef;jcif;? awmif;yefjcif;? awmifhwjcif;-paom teufrsm;udk azmfjyvdkaomtcg yÍörDud&d,m0dbwfudk tokH;jyK&\/ ¤if;0dbwfwdkYum; atmufygtwdkif;jzpf\/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr wk tEÅK wkrS [d x trS rd r ykHpH - bmowd = a[majym\/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr bmowk? bmoEÅK? wkrS bmom[d? bmo? bmox? trS bmomrd? bmomr/ ykHpH - ,mwd = oGm;\/ emr ,mwk? ,EÅK? wkrS ,m[d? ,mx? trS ,mrd? ,mr/ ykHpH - okPmwd = em;axmif\/ emr okPmwk? okPEÅK? wkrS okPm[d? okP? okPmx?


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trS okPmrd? okPmr/ (okPmwk=em;axmifygavm? okPEÅ=em;axmifMuygavm-ponfjzifh teufjyefyg/) pk&m'd(owår)*kdPf;0ifud&d,mwdkY\ trSwftom;(*dkPf;ypönf;) rsm;um; ]]{? t,}}wdkYjzpf\/ ¤if;trSwftom;rsm;udk owdjyKí atmufyg ud&d,myk'frsm;udk avhvmyg/ a'aowd raEÅwd a[mMum;\/ wdkifyif\/ a'o,wd rEÅ,wd uaxwd "ma&wd ajymqdk\/ aqmif\? rSwf,l\/ ux,wd "m&,wd umarwd tmraEÅwd vkdvm;ESpfouf\ ac:\?rdefYMum;\/ umr,wd tmrEÅ,wd ynaywd cif;\/ynwf\/ tbd0ga'wd &Sdckd;\/ ynm,ywd owfrSwf\/ tbd0g',wd ed0gaowd qa×wd 0wfqif\ pGefYypf\ ed0go,wd q×,wd atmufyg ygVdpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) a'aowk baEÅ b*0g "r®H=t&Sifbk&m; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf w&m;udk a[mawmfrlyg/ (c) &mZm Adro dÁ ma&m b*0EÅH tbd0ga'wGm {urEÅH t|mod= Adro dÁ m&rif;onf jrwfpmG bk&m;udk &Sdckd;NyD;í wckaom tpGeftzsm;ü &yfNyD/ (*) &mZmaem rEkaó "ar®e &u©EÅK=rif;wdkYonf vlrsm;udk w&m;ojzifh apmifha&Smuf Muygapownf;/ (C) b*0g bdu©LeH "r®H a'aowd? 0de,H p ynaywd=bk&m;onf &[ef;wdkYtm; w&m;udk a[mawmfrl\/ 0denf;udkvnf; ynwfawmfrl\/ (i) OygouH rH "ma&wk=uREfkyfudk Oygoum[k rSwfyg/ ]]£ar=þ}}[laom emrfpm;onf({w)uJhodkYyif ñTefjyjcif; (ed'óe) oabmudk azmfjy\/ ]]£r}}o'´gudk ykvd’ifü atmufyg twdkif; 0dbwfoG,f&\/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm t,H? £ar? ur® £rH? £ar? u&P £rdem? taee? £ar[d? orÜ'ge £ró? £aroH? tyg'ge £ro®m? £rrSm? £ar[d? omrd £ró? £aroH? Moumo £ro®ð? £rrSd? £arok/ atmufyg emrfpm;yk'frsm;onf oifcef;pm(8)ü oifcJhNyD;aom (,? w)wdkYESifhwlpGm ]]oaAÁm? oaAÁ}}ponfjzifh 0dbwfoG,f&\/ ¤if;wdkY\teufudk usufrSwfyg/ oAÁ=tm;vkH;aom/ £w&=tjcm;aom/ uw&=b,f[m/ tn=tjcm;aom/ uwr=b,f[m/ tnw&=wOD;wa,mufaom/


31 Ob,=ESpfckvkH;/ {u(A[k0kpf)=tcsKdUaom ty&=tjcm;aom/ rSwfcsuf/ þyk'frsm;udk emrfpm;½dk;½dk;tjzpfjzifh¤if;? emr0daooe tjzpfjzifh¤if; tokH;jyKEdkifonf/ 9/ ]]rm}}[laom y#dao"edygwfyk'fonf wm;jrpfjcif;teufudk azmfjy\/ ¤if;udk trsm;tm;jzifh yÍörDESifhtwdwfud&d,m0dbwfrsm;ESifh wGJí tokH;jyK&\/ twdwf0dbwfonf rmESifhwGJaomtcg twdwf umvteufudk r&nfñTef;bJ umv½dk;½dk;om &nfñTef;avonf/ ykHpHrsm; (u)rm aw b0EÅK tEÅ&m,m=oifhtm; ab;&efwdkYonf rjzpfygapownf;/ (c) rm wGH tmeE´ wxm*wH ,mpd=tmeE´m oifonf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk rawmif;yefESifh/ (*) rm aompdw¬? rm y&da'0dw¬=rpkd;&drfMuvifh? ridka<u; Muvifh/ tvH-[laom y#dao"edygwfyk'fonfvnf; ]]awmfavmufNyD}} ]]roifhawmhNyD}}[laom teufudk azmfjy\/ ykHpHrsm; (u)tvH 'ged tmeE´ rm wxm*wH ,mpd=tmeE´m ,ck awmfavmufNyD? jrwfpGmbk&m;udk rawmif;yefESifh/ (c) tvH tm0kaom rm aompdw¬? rm y&da'0dw¬=igh&SifwdkY roifhawmhbl;? rpdk;&drfMuvifh? ridka<u;Muvifh/ 10/ wd=3? pwk=4? ocFsmemrfpm;rsm; ykv’difü 0dbwfoG,fykH/ (¤if; emrfpm;rsm;onf A[k0kpfom&Sd\/) wd = 3 pwk = 4 uwåm wa,m pwåma&m ur® wa,m pwåma&m u&P wD[d pwl[d orÜ'ge wdPÖH? wdPÖEéH? pwkEéH tyg'ge wD[d pwl[d omrd wdPÖH? wdPÖEéH? pwkEéH Moumo wDok? pwlok/ 11/ ]]tyfonf? oifhonf? xdkufonf}}[laom teufukd azmfjyaom (wAÁ? teD,? ,)ypönf;wdkYudk ud&d,mESifhquf&mü atmufyg enf;rsm;udk rSwfom;&m\/

wAÁ (u) Asn;f jzifq h ;Hk aom ud&, d m(wnfy'k )f odYk qufaomtcg tv,fü £( -d )o&xnfo h iG ;f ay;&\/ ykHpH- cg'wd cg'dwAÁ=pm;tyf\? pm;oifh\/ pm;xdkuf\/ ykpäwd ykpädwAÁ=ar;tyf\? ar;oifh\? ar;xdkuf\/ pdaEÅwd pdaEÅwAÁ=BuHpnftyf\? BuHpnfoifh\? BuHpnfxkduf\/ raEÅwd raEÅwAÁ=wdkifyiftyf\/ (c) tm-ponfh o&rsm;jzifq h ;Hk aom ud&, d modYkqufaomtcg wAÁ-ypön;f udk wdu k ½f u kd q f uf&\/ ykHpH- y[mwd y[mwAÁ=y,ftyf\/


32 Xmwd XmwAÁ=&yftyf\/ ygwd ygwAÁ=aomuftyf\/ aewd aewAÁ=aqmiftyf\/ aZwd aZwAÁ=atmiftyf\/ (*) Asn;f qk;H ud&, d modYk quf&mü &Hcg "mwf\tqk;H Asn;f ESihf wAÁ rS w-wdYkonf ½kyaf jymif;uke\ f / ykHpH- zkowd azm|AÁ=awGUxdtyf\/ *rwd *EÅAÁ=oGm;tyf\/ 0pwd 0wåAÁ=ajymqdktyf\/ yówd '|AÁ=½Ijriftyf\? rSwfom;tyf\/ teD, cg'wd cg'eD,=pm;tyfaom? pm;oifhpm;xdkufaom/ ylaZwd ylZeD,=ylaZmftyfaom/ &rwd &reD,=ESpfouftyfaom/ yówd 'óeD,=Munfh½Ityfaom? vSyaom/ 12/ txufyg ]]wAÁ? teD,}}ypönf;qufaom yk'frsm;udk (1) y"meud&d,mtjzpfjzifh tokH;jyKEdkif\/ ,if;odkY tokH;jyKaomtcg ¤if;0gusü uwåm;yk'fodkY u&P0dbwfoufí? uHyk'fodkY uwåm;0dbwfouf&\/ ud&d,myk'fonfvnf; uHyk'fESifh vdif? 0kpf? 0dbwf wl&\/ ykHpH- (1) w,m tbd"ar®m odu©dwaAÁm=oifonf tbd"r®mudk oifoifh\/ (2) tarS[d y@dwm ao0dwAÁm=uREfkyfwdkYonf ynm&SdwdkYudk rSD0Joifhukef\/ (2) jyKvkyo f u l wåm;r&Srd í l vnf; tok;H jyKEdik \ f / xdt k cg wAÁ ypön;f qufaom ud&, d myk'o f nf eykvd’if{u0kpf0dbwfESifh taersm;\/ ykHpH- (1) {0H ZmedwAÁH=þodkY odtyf\/ (2) {wH '|AÁH=þokdY rSwftyf\/ (3) wAÁ? teD, ypönf;qufaomyk'frsm;udk emr0daooe tjzpfjzifhvnf; tokH;jyKEdkif\/ txl;tm;jzifh teD,ypönf; yk'frsm;udk emr0daooetjzpfjzifhom tokH;rsm;\/ ykHpH- (1) y@dawm ao0dwAÁH yk*¾vH ao0wd=ynm&Sdonf rSD0Jxdkufaom yk*¾dKvfudk rSD0J\/ (2) t[H 'óeD,H tm&r®PH yómrd=uREfkyfonf vSyaom tm½kHudk jrif\/ (4) wAÁ? teD, ypön;f qufaom yk'rf sm;udk wcgw&H emrfy'k f tjzpfjzifv h nf; tok;H jyKao;\/ ykHpH*[ywd cg'eD,H abmZeD,H y#d,ma'wd= ol<u,fonf cJbG,fpm;bG,fudk jyifqif\/ 13/ atmufygwdkYudk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) pwåma&m £ar yk*¾vm e ao0dwAÁm=av;rsKd;ukefaom þyk*¾dKvfwdkYudk rrSD0Jtyfukef/ (c) oaAÁowåm rpöKem bm,EÅd=tvkH;pkHaom owå0gwdkYonf aojcif;rS aMumufukef\/ (*) tw¬d £ro®ð uma, auom avmrm ecg 'EÅm wapm= þudk,fü qHyif arG;n§if;? ajconf;vufonf; oGm; ta&cGH wdkYonf &Sdukef\/


33 (C) uwar "r®m ukovm=tb,fw&m;wdkYonf ukodkvfrnf ukefoenf;/ (i) tnwa&m bduK© a,e b*0g awEkyouFr=d wyg;aom &[ef;onf jrwfpmG bk&m;&S&d modYk csOf;uyfNyD/ (p) wD[d bdu©a0 "ar®[d orEém*awm Amavm a0'dwaAÁm= &[ef;wdkY okH;yg;aom w&m;wdkYESifhjynfhpkHoludk vlrdkuf[k odtyf\/ 14/ atmufyg pmydk'frsm;udk ygVdjyefyg/ (u) oifonf þ&Gmü raetyf=w,m £ro®ð *gar e 0odwAÁH/ (c) uREkfyfwdkYonf þodkY rBuHpnftyf=tarS[d {0H e pdaEÅwAÁH/ (*) &[ef;wdkYonf þav;yg;aomw&m;wdkYudk odtyfukef\= bdu©L[d £ar pwåma&m "r®m ZmedwAÁm/ (C) xdktcsdefü tb,fw&m;wdkYonf jzpfay:ukefoenf;=wo®ð ora, uwar "r®m OyÜZÆEÅd/ (i) tcsKdUaom orPjAm[®PwdkYonf þodkY qdkMuukef\={au orPjAm[®Pm {0H 0'EÅd/ (p) okH;yg;aom þw&m;wdkYudk ynm&SdwdkYonf pGefYy,ftyf ukef\=wa,m £ar "r®m y@daw[d y[mwAÁm/ (q) oifonf þokdY rqdkESifh=rm wGH {0H 0a'[d/ ygVdoifcef;pm(11) (erlem) 1/ tum&EÅeykvd’if emrfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,fykH/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm pdwåH pdwåmed ur® pdwåH pdwåmed u&P pdawåe pdawå[d orÜ'ge pdwåó pdwåmeH tyg'ge pdwåo®m? pdwårSm? pdwåm pdawå[d omrd pdwåó pdwåmeH Moumo pdwåo®ð? pdwårSd? pdawå pdawåok tmvye pdwå pdwåmed rSwfcsuf/ þ eykv’dif tum&EÅemrfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,frSm uwåm? ur®ESifh tmvye 0dbwf rsm;rSwyg; usef0dbwfwdkYü oifcef;pm(2)ü oifcJhNyD;aom ykvd’if tum&EÅemrf Ak'¨ESifh wlaMumif; awGU&onf/ 2/ tum&EÅeykvd’ifemrfyk'f a0g[m&pum;vkH;rsm;/ ur®=tvkyf? trI/ aboZÆ=aq;/ tmoe=ae&m/ "e=Opöm/ a*[=tdrf/ emr=trnf/ ADZ=rsKd;aph/ ykn=aumif;rI/ 'Gg&=wHcg;/ r&P=aojcif;/


34 aomw=em;/ oDv=oDv? tusihf/ ,me=,mOf/ acwå=v,fajr/ ukv=tusKd;/ a,mZe=w,lZem(4rdkifcGJ) a*gwå=tEG,f/ O'u=a&/ pD0&=ouFef;/ okc=csrf;om/ 'ge=tvSL/ 'ku©=qif;&J/ 0pe=pum;/ zv=tusKd;? toD;/ eda0oe=aetdrf/ O,sme=O,smOf/ omoe=tqkH;tr/ bwå=qGrf;/ Xme=wnf&mXme? taMumif;/ 3/ ygVdbmomü BuHqpOf;pm;jcif;? cGihfjyKjcif;? awmihfwjcif;? wdkufwGef;jcif;? awmif;yefjcif; paom teufrsm;udk azmfjyvdkaomtcg owårDud&d,m 0dbwfudk tokH;jyK\/ ¤if;0dbwfrsm;um; atmufygtwdkif;jzpf\/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr {,s {,sKH wkrS {,smod {,smx trS {,smrd? {,sH {,smr ykHpH - bmowd = ajymqdk\/ emr bmao,sbmao,sH wkrS bmao,smod bmao,smx trS bmao,smrd bmao,smr ykHpH - a'aowd = a[majym\/ emr a'ao,s a'ao,sKH wkrS a'ao,smod a'ao,smx trS a'ao,smrd? a'ao,sH a'ao,smr (bmao,s=ajymqdk&m\? ajymqdkoifh\? ajymqdkyg-ponfjzifh oifhavsmfovdk jrefrm jyef&onf/) 4/ ud,m'd(yÍör)*kP d ;f 0ifu&d , d myk'w f Ykd\ trSwt f om;(*kP d ;f ypön;f )um; (em)jzpf\/ ¤if;trSwt f om; udk owdjyKí atmufyg ud&d,m yk'frsm;udk avhvmyg/ udemwd=0,f\/ y#dZmemwd=0efcH\/ Zdemwd=atmifjrif\/ tEkZmemwd=cGifhjyK\/ Zmemwd=od\/ *PSmwd=,l\/ tmZmemwd=em;vnf\/ O*¾PSmwd=oif,l\/ tbdZmemwd=xdk;xGif;íod\/ y#d*¾PSmwd=vufcH\/ 5/ wem'd(q|)*dP k ;f 0ifu&d , d myk'rf sm;\ trSwt f om;(*kP d ;f ypön;f ) um; Mo(a-g)jzpf\/ xdu k &d , d m rsKd;rSm tenf;i,fomawGU&í rSwfom;&ef vG,fulygonf/ waemwd=csJUxGif\/ ua&mwd=jyKvkyf\/ oauúmwd=pGrf;Edkif\/ Asmua&mwd=&Sif;vif;ajzqdk\/


35 6/ oifNyD;pum;vkH;rsm;jzifh erlem ygVd0gusrsm;zGJUjcif;/ (u) ukovmeHp tukovmeHp zvH tw¬d=ukodkvftrI tukodkvftrIwdkY\ tusKd;onf &Sd\/ (c) y#d*¾PSmwk ar baEÅ b*0g bwåH o'¨ð bdu©KoHaCe= t&Sifbk&m;? jrwfpGmbk&m;onf uREfkyf\qGrf;udk &[ef; taygif;ESifh twl cH,lawmfrlyg/ (*) *apä,sH t[H b*0awm oEÅduH? oap rH tmp&da,m tEkZmae,s=tu,fG uREfkyfudk q&monf cGifhjyKtHh/ uREfkyfonf jrwfpGmbk&m;\ txHodkY oGm;vdkyg\/ (C) uó Ek acg t[H yXrH "r®H a'ao,sH? aum £rH "r®H cdyÜH tmZmedówd=tb,foltm; igonf a&S;OD;pGm w&m;udk a[m&tHeh nf;/ tb,foo l nf þw&m;udk vQipf mG odvwHeh nf;/ (i) Zmemwd rH b*0g? Zmemwd rH ok*awm=jrwfpmG bk&m;onf ighukd od\/ jrwfpmG bk&m;onf ighudk od\/ (p) t[H p "r®H a'ao,sH? ya& p ar e tmZmae,sKH= igonfvnf; w&m;udka[m&m\/ tjcm;olwdkYonfvnf; ig\(w&m;)udk em;rvnfukef&m/ (q) ya[mwd ar orapm a*gwarm 'r®H a'aowkH= &[ef; a*gwronf ightm; w&m;a[mjcif;iSm pGrf;Edkif\/ (Z) *pä tm0kaom okb'´? ua&mwd aw b*0g MoumoH= igh&Sif okb'´? oGm;avmh? bk&m;&Sifonf oifhtm; tcGifhjyK awmfrl\/ 7/ oifcef;pm(7)ü twdwf0dbwfqufaom ud&d,myk'frsm;udk oifcJhNyD; jzpf\/ odkYaomf tcsKdUud&d,mrsm;onf twdwf0dbwfESifh wGJaomtcg xl;jcm;pGm ajymif;vJoGm;&um; ¤if;wdkYudk oD;jcm; rSwfom;avhvm&ef vdkayonf/ ykHpH - 0pwd = ajymqdk\/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr ta0gp ta0gpkH wkrS ta0gp(t0p) ta0gpkw¬ trS ta0gpkH ta0gpkrSm ykHpH - yówd = jrif\/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr t'´om t'´oHok wkrS t'´om t'´ox trS t'´oH t'´omr ykHpH - *rwd = oGm;\/ emr t*rmod t*rHok wkrS t*rm t*rdw¬ trS t*rmoð t*rrSm ykHpH - jALwd = ajymqdk\/ emr tm[ tm[Hok(tm[k) (wkrS? trSa,m*rsm; tokH;jyKjcif;udk rawGU&)/ 8/ jrefrmbmomü ajymqdkjcif;? ar;jref;jcif;? ac:a0:jcif;? BuHpnfxif rSwfjcif;? Mum;odjcif;


36 pum;wdYk aemufü([k? [lí)yk'rf sm; xnfo h iG ;f ay;&ouJo h Ykd ygVdbmomüvnf; ¤if;pum;wdYk aemufü ]]£wd}} edygwfyk'f xnfh&\/ ]]£wd}}yk'fü tpjzpfaom ]]£}}o&acsí]]wd}} yk'fukd tokH;rsm;\/ (u) ]]wd}}a&SUrS o&onf &ójzpfvQif 'DCo&odkY ajymif;oGm;\/ ykHpH- {0H a'0gwd(a'0+£wd)=aumif;ygNyD rif;jrwf[lí/ aom t[H tm*pädómrDwd tm[(tm*pädómrd+ £wd)xdkolonf uREfkyfvmrnf[k ajymcJh\/ uw¬ wGH 0ooDwd aom rH ykpäd=b,ft&yfü oifaeoenf;[k xkdolonf uREkfyfudk ar;NyD/ aAm"d o wå ó od ' ¨ a w¬ m wd emrH tuH o k = bk & m;avmif ; tm; od ' ¨ w ¬ [ k trnfrSnfhMuukefNyD/ (c) ]wd}yk'f a&SUü ed*¾[dwf&SdvQif ¤if;udk(e)tu©&mtjzpf ajymif;vJ\/ ykHpH- e t[H Zmemrd w0 emrEÅd aom uaxod=oif\ trnfudk igrod[k xdkolonf ajymNyD/(emrH+£wd) (*) ajymqdkjcif;? ar;jref;jcif; paom ud&d,mrsm;udk xdkajymqdk ar;jref;aompum; yg&Sdaom 0gus\ a&SUüaomf¤if;? aemufüaomf¤if; xm;Edkif\/ ykHpH- b*0g bdu©L tmraEÅod? bdu©a0gwd=bk&m;onf &[ef;wdkYudk &[ef;wdkY[k ac:awmfrl\/(b*0g bdu©L bdu©a0gwd)/ (C) ajymqdkjcif;? BuHpnfjcif; ud&d,mrsm;udk xif&Sm;aomt&mwdkYü wdkuf½dkufrazmfjybJ csefvSyfívnf; xm;Edkif\/ ykHpH- Ak'¨H yódómrDwd t[H 0d[m&H t*rmoð=bk&m;udk zl;jriftHh[k(BuHí) uREfkyfonf ausmif;odkY oGm;cJh\/ 9/ (u) ur®0dbwfonf ½dk;½dk;ur®teufudkomru tcsKdUae&mü tcsdefumvudkvnf; azmfjy\/ ykHpH- {uH or,H b*0g &mZ*a[ 0d[&wd=wyg;aomtcg bk&m;onf &mZ*[ü ae\/ bdu©L ykAÁPSor,H *grH y0doðok=&[ef;wdkYonf eHeuftcg &GmodkY 0ifMuukefNyD/ (c) tqufrjywfaom tcsdefor,ESifh twdkif;t&SnfwdkYudk vnf; ur®0dbwfjzifh azmfjy\/ ykHpH- bdu©L awrmoH &mZ*a[ 0oðok=&[ef;wdkYonf okH;vywfvkH; &mZ*[ü aeukefNyD/ b*0g awrmoH tbd"r®H uaxod=bk&m;onf okH;vywfvkH; tbd"r®mudk a[mawmfrlcJh\/ a,mZeH 'DaCm yAÁawm=awmifonf w,lZemwdkifatmif &Snfvsm;\/ (*) ud&d,m0daooetjzpfjzifhvnf; ur®0dbwfudk tokH;jyK\/ ykHpH- aom oDCH *päwd=xdkolonf vsifjrefpGm oGm;\/ pd&H wd|wk o'¨ar®m=olawmfaumif;w&m;onf MumjrifhpGm wnfygapaom/ 10/ (u) oifcef;pm(8-9)wdkYü oifcJhNyD;aom ]],? w? {w}} [laom emrfpm;yk'frsm;udk eykvd’ifü 0dbwfoG,faomtcg uwåm ,H ,med wH wmed {wH {wmed ur® ,H ,med wH wmed {wH {wmed þ 0dbwfESpfrsKd;üom xl;í usef0dbwfrsm;ü ykv’difESifh twlwlyifjzpf\/ (oAÁ? £w&


37 ponfhyk'frsm;enf;wlodyg)/ (c) oifcef;pm(9)ü oifcJhNyD;aom(uð)emrfpm;yk'fudk eykv’dif 0dbwfoG,f&müvnf; uwåm uð umed ur® uð umed orÜ'ge? omrd udó auoH þrQomxl;\/ usef0dbwfrsm; ykv’difESifhwl\/(pmrsufESm 32 ESifh EIdif;,SOfavhvmyg/) (*) oifcef;pm(10)ü oifcJhNyD;aom emrfpm;yk'f(£r)udk eykv’dif 0dbwfoG,f&müvnf; uwåm £'H £rmed ur® £rH £rmed þrQom xl;\/ usef0dbwfrsm; ykvd’ifESifhwl\/(pmrsufESm 37 ESifh EdIif;,SOf avhvmyg/ (C) oifcef;pm(10)ü oifcJhNyD;aom wd=3? pwk=4? [laom ocFsmemrfpm;yk'frsm;udk 0dbwfoG,f&müvnf; uwåm wDPd pwåm&d ur® wDPd pwåm&d þrQomxl;\/ usef0dbwfrsm; ykv’difESifhwl\/(pmrsufESm 39 ESifh EIdif;,SOfavhvmyg/) 11/ atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u) b*0g bdu©L {wH ta0gp=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf &[ef;wdkYudk þpum;udk rdefYawmfrlNyD/ (c) aw bdu©L b*0EÅH {wH ta0gpkH=xdk&[ef;wdkYonf jrwfpGm bk&m;udk þpum;udk avQmufukefNyD/ (*) t'´oHok yÍö0*¾d,m bdu©L b*0EÅH=yÍö0*¾d,rnfukefaom &[ef;wdYkonf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk jrifMuukefNyD/ (C) t[H oHCó pD0&H 'gwkH £pämrd=uREfkyfonf oHCmtm; ouFef;ukd vSL'gef;&ef tvdk&Sd\/ (i) t*rmoð acg t[H wk,SH a*[H=uREfkyfonf oif\ tdrfodkY oGm;cJh\/ (p) uð aw emrH? aum aw tmp&da,m? uó wGH "r®H ½kpöod= oif\trnf bmvJ? oif\q&m b,folvJ? oifonf b,fol\w&m;udk ESpfoufovJ/ (q) w0 emrH rr tmp&da,m Zmemwd=oif\trnfudk uREfkyf\q&monf od\/ (Z) a'G £rmed bdu©a0 'gemed tmrdo'geH p "r®'geH p= &[ef;wdkY tvSLwdkYonf tmrdo(ypönf;)tvSL "r®(w&m;) tvSL (ps) £rmed bdua© 0 pwåm&d Xmemed e pdaEÅwAÁmed=&[ef;wdYk þav;rsK;d aom taMumif;t&mwdYkukd rBuHpnftyfukef/ (n) tx acg b*0g tmeE´H {wH ta0gp]]tm,mr tmeE´ a,e &mZ*[H awEkyouFrd ómrm}}wd=xdktcg jrwfpGmbk&m;onf tmeE´mudk ]]tmeE´m oGm;MupdkY? tMuift&yfü &mZ*[(&mZN*dK[fNrdKU)onf &Sd\/ xdkt&yfodkY csOf;uyfMu ukeftHh}}[k rdefYawmfrlNyD/ 12/ atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk ygVdjyefqdkyg/ (u) jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tqkH;tronf oD[dkVfuRef;ü wnfcJhNyD= Ak'¨ó omoeH oD[V'Day t|mod/ (c) tb,folonf jrwfpGmbk&m;\w&m;udk vufrcH&m tHhenf;=aum Ek acg b*0awm


38

(*) (C) (i) (p) (q) (Z) (ps) (n)

"r®H e y#d*¾aPS,s/ uREfkyfonf &[ef;wdkY\txHü jrwfpGmbk&m;\ "r®ESifh 0de,udk oif,lvdkyg\=t[H bdu©LeH oEÅdau "r®H p 0de,H p O*¾aPS,sH/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf &[ef;wdkYtm; ouFef;udk cGifhjyKawmfrl\= b*0g bdu©LeH pD0&H tEkZmemwd/ &[ef;wdkY igonf oifwdkYtm; þav;rsKd;aom aq;wdkYudk cGifhjyKawmfrl\=tEkZmemrd a0g bdu©a0 £rmed pwåm&d aboZÆmed/ tmeE´monf okbrnfaom vkvif\aetdrfodkY csOf;uyfNyD= tmeaE´m a,e okbó rmP0ó eda0oeH awEkyouFrd/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf ae&mrSxí ausmif;odkY 0ifNyD=b*0g tmoem O|m, 0d[m&H yg0dod/ uREfkyfonf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk jrifNyD=t'´oH acg t[H b*0EÅH/ xdkolonf ]]uREfkyfrjrifyg? uREfkyfrodyg}}[k ajymNyD=aom ]]e t[H yómrd? e t[H ZmemrD}}wd tm[/ tcgwyg;ü bk&m;&Sifonf rd*'g,ü ae\={uH or,H b*0g rd*'ga, 0d[&wd/

ygVdoifcef;pm (12) (erlem) 1/ oifcef;pm(7)rS(11)txd oifcJhNyD;emrfyk'fa0g[m&rsm;/ tÍÆvd=vuftkyf/ "e0g=Opöm&Sdol/ t&d=&efol/ "dwdrm=wnfMunfjcif;&Sdol/ tod=oefvsuf? 'g;/ e*&0goD=NrdKUüaeol(NrdKUom;)/ tm'd=tp/ emrH=trnf/ tmoeH=ae&m/ eda0oeH=aetdrf/ £od=&aoh/ yu©D=iSuf/ ur®H=tvkyf? trI/ yn0g=ynm&Sdol/ u0d=ynm&Sd/ ygPd=vuf/ ukpäd=0rf;Akduf/ ygyum&D=raumif;rIjyKol/ ukvH=trsKd;? tdrfaxmifpk/ yknH=aumif;rI/ auwk=tvH? wHcGef/ z&ok=ykqdef(yJuGyf)/ *PD=acgif;aqmif? zvH=tusKd;? toD;/ (aemufvkduf&Sdol)/ AE¨K=taqGcifyGef;/ *[ywd=ol<u,f? Av0g=cGeftm;&Sdol/ (tdrfaxmif&Sif)/ *gr0goD=&Gmüaeol Am[k=vufarmif;/ (&Gmom;)/ *d&d=awmif/ Ak'¨drm=ynm&Sdol/ *d[D=vl0wfaMumif/ Asm"d=tema&m*g/


39 *kP0g=*kPf&Sdol/ *k½k(*½k)=q&m/ a*[H=tdrf/ a*gwåH=tEG,f/

b*0g=bkef;&Sdol(bk&m;)/ bwåH=qGrf;/ bmPk=tvif;a&mif/ bmPkrm=tvif;a&mif&Sdol (ae)/ bdu©K=&[ef;/ aboZÆH=aq;/ rpöK=aojcif;/ rPd=ywåjrm;/

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40 tbd0E´wd=½dkaopGm&Sdcdk;\/ tm*päwd=vm\/ tmZmemwd=em;vnf\/ tm''gwd=,l\/ tmrEÅ,wd=ac:\? rdefYMum;\/ tm[&wd=,lvm\/ O*¾päwd=txufodkYwuf\/ O*¾PSmwd=oif,l\/ Oy*päwd=teD;odkYoGm;\/ csOf;uyf\/

ukZÑwd=pdwfqdk;\/ *PSmwd=,l\? udkif\/ *g,wd=oDqkd\/ q×,wd=pGefYypf\/ qa×wd=pGefYypf\/ qdE´wd=jzwf\/ Zmemwd=od\/ Zm,wd=jzpfay:\? arG;zGm;\/ Zdemwd=atmifjrif\/ psm,wd=pOf;pm;\? ½I\/ waemwd=csJUxGif\/

wkówd=ESpfouf\? auseyf\/ 'dyÜwd=awmufy\? xGef;um;\ 'dAÁwd=upm;\? aysmfjrL;\/ 'kówd=zsufqD;\/ a'o,wd=a[mMum;\/ a'aowd=a[mMum;\/ "m&,wd=aqmif\? rSwfom;\/ "ma&wd=aqmif\? rSwfom;\/ eówd=ysufpD;\? aysmuf&S\/ ed*¾päwd=xGufoGm;\/ ed0go,wd=0wfqif\/ ed0gaowd=0wfqif\/ ypöm*päwd=jyefvm\/ yn,wd=cif;usif;\/ owfrSwf\/ ynaywd=cif;usif;\/ owfrSwf\/ y#d*päwd=aemufxyfoGm;\/ y#d*¾PSmwd=vufcH\/ y#dZmemwd=0efcH\/ ywd|mwd=&yfwnf\/ yayÜgwd=qdkufa&muf\/ y&maZwd=½IH;\/ y[dPmwd=apvTwf\? ydkY\/ y[daPmwd=apvTwf\? ykdY\/ ya[mwd=pGrf;Edkif\/

ygykaPmwd=qdkufa&muf\/ yðowd=Budwf\? axmif;\/ AkZÑwd=od\/ Asmua&mwd=&Sif;vif;ajzqdk\/ bdE´wd=NzdKcGJ\? zsufqD;\/ bkÍÆwd=pm;\/ rZÆwd=rl;,pf\/ rnwd=od\? rSwfxif\/ rEÅ,wd=wdkifyif\/ raEÅwd=wdkifyif\/ rkÍöwd=vTwf\/ ,kZÑwd=wdkufcdkuf\/ ,kÍÆwd=,SOf\? tm;xkwf\/ ½kpöwd=ESpfouf\/ ½kE¨wd=ydwfqdkY\/ vdrÜwd=vdrf;usH\? okwf\/ 0d*päwd=cGJcGm\? aysmufuif;\/ 0dp&wd=vSSnfhvnf\/ 0dZÆwd=&Sd\? awGU&\/ 0dZÑwd=azmufxGif;\/ 0dE´wd=&\? awGU&SdcHpm;&\/ ouúKPmwd=pGrf;Edkif\/ ouúKaPmwd=pGrf;Edkif\/ oauúmwd=pGrf;Edkif\/ okaPmwd=Mum;em\/ okPmwd=Mum;em\/


41 ygykPmwd=qdkufa&muf\/ [ðowd=n§Of;qJ\?ESdyfpuf\/ 3/ oifcef;pm(7)rS(11)txd oifcJhNyD; emr0daooeyk'frsm;/ tukov=raumif;aom/ taeu=rsm;aom? tjypf&Sdaom/ trsKd;rsKd;aom/ twDw=vGefcJhaom/ {u=wckaom/ tem*w=vmvwHhaom/ uvsmP=aumif;aom/ ukov=aumif;aom/ orÁ[kv=rsm;aom/ tjypfuif;aom/ [De=,kwfnHhaom/ ygyu=,kwfrmaom/ ypöKyÜEé=jzpfqJaom/ Amv=rdkufaom/ y@dw=ynm&Sdaom/ rZÑdr=tv,ftvwfjzpfaom/ yPDw=aumif;aom? jrwfaom/ 4/ oifcef;pm(11)txd oifcJhNyD; emrfpm;yk'frsm;/ tn=tjcm;aom/ uwr=b,f[m/ tnw&=wOD;wa,mufaom/ uw&=b,f[m/ ty&=tjcm;aom/ uð=tb,f/ trS=uREfkyf/ pwk=4/ £w&=tjcm;aom/ w=xdk/ £r=þ/ wd=3/ Ob,=ESpfckvkH;/ wkrS=oif/ Oabm=ESpfckvkH;/ ,=tMuif/ {u=tcsKdUaom/ oAÁ=tm;vkH;/ {w=þ/ 5/ oifcef;pm(11)txd oifcJhNyD; edygwyk'frsm;/ tx=xdktcg/ ye=rlum;;/ tyd(yd)=vnf;(vJbJ)/ e=r? r[kwf/ tvH=awmfavmufNyD/ aem=r? r[kwf/ £wd=þodkY? [lí/ ,w¬=tMuifü/ {0=omvQif/ ,Mw=tMuifü/ {0H=þodkY/ ,awm=tMuifrS/ p=¤if;/ ,xm=tMuifuJhodkY/ ww¬=xdkü/ ,'g=tMuiftcgü/ wMw=xdkü/ ,m0=tMuifrQavmuf/ wawm=xdkrS/ 0g=aomf¤if;? jzpfap? odkYr[kwf/ wxm=xdkuJhodkY/ 0dem=ESifhuif;í(rygbJ)/ w'g=xdktcgü/ o'¨ð=twlwuG/ wm0=xdkrQavmuf/ o[=twlwuG/ 1/ atmufyg ygVdpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u)&mZm yaoe'daumoavm b*0EÅH {w'a0gp-]]tw¬d Ek acg baEÅ {aum "ar®m? a,m


42 Oabm taw¬ or"d*,S wd|wd 'd|"r®duHap0 tw¬H orÜ&m,duHpm}}wd/ tw¬d acg r[m&mZ {aum "ar®m? a,m Oabm taw¬ or"d*,S wd|wd 'd|"r®duHap0 tw¬H orÜ&m,duHpmwd/ uwarm ye baEÅ {aum "ar®m? a,m Oabm taw¬ or"d*,S wd|wd 'd|"r®duHap0 tw¬H orÜ&m,duHpmwd/ tyÜrma'g acg r[m&mZ {aum "ar®m? a,m Oabm taw¬ or"d*,S wd|wd 'd|"r®duHap0 tw¬H orÜ&m,duHpmwd/ ao,sxmyd r[m&mZ oAÁmed Z*FrmeH yg'geH y'Zmwmed [w¬dya' oarm"meH *päEÅd/ {0ar0 acg r[m&mZ tyÜrma'g {aum "ar®m? a,m Oabm taw¬ or"d*,S wd|wd 'd|"r®duHap0 tw¬H orÜ&m,duHpmwd/ (o*gxm0*¾oH,kwåygVd? tyÜrm'okwå? ESm-87) (c) blwykAÁH tnwa&m ocF"arm ocø tm'g, ypöEÅdrH Zey'H t*rmod? aom a,enwa&m *garm awEkyouFrd? OyouFrdwGm raZÑ *gró XwGm wdu©wåKH ocø OyvmodwGm ocø edu©dydwGm {urEÅH edoD'd/ tx acg awoH ypöEÅZmeH rEkómeH {w'a[mod - ]]udó Ek acg {aom oa'´g {0H &ZeDa,m {0H ureDa,m {0H r'eDa,m}}wd/ aw oEédywdwGm wH ocF"rH {w'a0gpkH - ]]tarÇm udó Ek acg {aom oa'´g {0H &ZeDa,m {0H ureDa,m {0H r'eDa,m}}wd/ {aom acg abm oacFgemr ,aóaom oa'´g {0H &ZeDa,m {0H ureDa,m {0H r'eDa,mwd/ ('DCedum,r[m0*¾? yg,mod&mZnokwå? ESm-268) (*) twDaw umav oDa[mp Asa*¢mp a'G o[m,m {uo®ð yAÁwyga' 0oEÅd/ wcg aAm"doawåmyd £od [kwGm wo®ð a,0 yAÁwyga' 0owd/ taxu'd0oH awoH 'GdEéH o[m,umeH oDwH edóm, 0d0ga'g O'yg'd/ Asa*¢m]]umaV a,0 oDwH a[mwD}}wd tm[/ oDa[m ye ]]ZkaPSa,0 oDwH a[mwD}}wd tm[/ aw Oabmyd aAm"dowåH OyouFrdwGm wH tw¬H ykpäðok/ aAm"doawåm awoH {0H uaxod- ]]umaV 0g a[mwk ZkaPS 0g? ,'g 0gawm 0g,wd? w'g oDwH a[mwd? oDwH [d emr 0gawe Zm,wD}}wd/ aw Oabmyd oD[As*¢m aAm"dowåó 0peH tbdeE´ðok/ (rmvkwZmwu? {uedygw)/ (C)arm*¾vdykwåwdaóm axa&m {0H pdaEÅod - ]]uw¬ Ek acg tem*aw umav b*0awm omoeH ok|K ywda|,sm}}wd/ txó {w'a[mod - ]]ypöEÅdarok acg Zeya'ok omoeH ok|K ywd|dówD}}wd/ aom awoH awoH bdu©LeH bm&H uwGm aw aw bdu©L ww¬ ww¬ ayaood/ rZÑEÅduaw¬&H uo®D&*E¨m&&|H ayaood - ]]wGH {wH &|H *EÉm {w¬ omoeH ywd|may[D}}wd/ r[ma'0aw¬&H wax0 0wGm r[ðour@vH ayaood/ &u©dwaw¬&H 0e0goð? a,meu "r®&u©dwaw¬&H ty&EÅuH/ r[m"r®&u©dwaw¬&H r[m&|H/ r[m&u©dwaw¬&H a,meuavmuH/ rZÑdrax&H 0EÅa'obm*H? aomPaw¬&H p Owå&aw¬&H p ok0PÖblrð/ r[dE´ax&H tan[d pwl[d axa&[d o'¨ð wrÁyPÖd'DyH ayaood ]]wkarS wrÁyPÖd'DyH *EÉm {w¬ omoeH ywd|mayxm}}wd/ oaAÁyd aw ax&ó 0peH y#d*¾PSdwGm wH wH 'dombm*H t*rHok/ (yg&mZdu t|uxm ed'geuxm? ESm-48) cufqpftajzrsm;


43 (u)taw¬m=tusKd;? taw¬=tusKd;rsm;udk(ur®0dbwf? A[k0kpf)/ or"d*,S= (oH+t"d+*[+,=aumif;pGm+pGJpGJNrJNrJ+,lí)/ odrf;usKH;,lí(ykAÁud&d,m)/ 'd|"r®daum=rsufarSmuf(vufiif;)cHpm;&aom/ 'd|"r®duH (emr0daooe? ur®{u0kpf) orÜ&m,daum=wrvGefücHpm;&aom/ ap0----p = p-----p = ¤if;----¤if;? ESprf sK;d vk;H jzpfaom/(ap0 udk tNrJ a&SUuxm;&onf)/ tyÜrma'g=rarhavsmhjcif;(t=qefYusifbuf+yrm'=arhavsmh jcif;) ao,sxmyd=Oyrmtm;jzifh(edygw)/ r[m&mZ=jrwfaomrif;=rif;jrwf(tmvye0dbwf{u0kpf)/ Z*FrmeH=a&GU&Sm;Edkifukefaom? oGm;vmEdkifukefaom/(emr-0daooe? omrd A[k0kpf)/ y'Zmwmed=ajc&mtrsKd;rsKd;wdkYonf/ oarm"meH=aygif;pkjcif;odkY(ur®0dbwf? {u0kpf)/ {0ar0=þtwlomvQif?({0H+{0=edygw)/ (c) blwykAÁH=a&S;ujzpfbl;onfrSm(edygw)/ ocF"arm=c½koif;rIwfol/ ypöEÅdrH=wdkif;pGefjynfzsm;jzpfaom(emr0daooe? ur® {u0kpf)/ Zeya'g=aus;vufe,fy,f/ Zey'H(ur®{u0kpf)/ a,enwa&m=a,e+tnwa&m/ raZÑ=tv,fü(edygw)/ wdu©wåKH=okH;Budrf(ud&d,m0d)/ OyvmodwGm=rIwfNyD;í(Oyvmaowd)/ edu©dydwGm=csxm;NyD;í(edu©dywd=ed+cdywd)/ {urEÅH=wckaomtpGef;ü(ud&d,m0d)/ ypöEÅZmwmeH=aus;vufüarG;zGm;ukefaom/ {w'a[mod={wH+ta[mod=þodkYaompdwftBuHonf jzpfay:\/ {0H=þodkY? þrQavmuf(edygw)/ &ZeDa,m=wwfrufzG,faumif;aom/ ureDa,m=ESpfoufzG,faumif;aom/ r'eDa,m=,pfrl;zG,faumif;aom/ oEédywdwGm=pnf;a0;NyD;í(oEédywwd=oH+ed+ywwd)/ (*) oDa[m=jcaoFh/ Asa*¢m=usm;/ taxu'd0oH=tx+{u'd0oH/ {u'd0oH=waeYoü(ur®0dbwf? {u0kpf)/ oDwH=csrf;at;jcif;udk/ edóm,=rSDí? taMumif;jyKí(ykAÁud&d,m)/ 0d0ga'g=jiif;ckHjcif;onf/ O'yg'd=jzpfay:NyD/ umaVa,0=umaV{0=vqkyfüom/


44 ZkaPSa,0=vqef;üom/ wH tw¬H=xdktaMumif;t&mudk/ tbdeE´ðok=vGefpGmESpfoufMuukefNyD(tbdeE´wd= tbd+eE´wd)/ (C)uw¬=b,ft&yfü(edygw)/ ok|K=aumif;pGm(edygw)/ txó=tx+tó(tó=wó)/ bm&H=wm0efukd(bma&m)/ ayaood=apvTwfNyD(twdwfud&d,m)/ {w¬=þt&yfü(edygw)/ ywd|may[d=wnfwHhapavmh? wnfwHhatmifjyKvkyfavmh/ (yÍörDud&d,m0dbwf)/ wax0=xdkYtwlyif? (wxm+{0=edygwrsm;)/ r[ðour@vH=r[ðournfaomvGifjyifodkY/ a,meuavmuH=a,meurnfaomurÇm(t&yfa'o)odkY/ a'obm*H=t&yfrsufESmtydkif;tjcm;odkY/ ygVdoifcef;pm(13) (erlem) 1/ tmum&EÅ£w¬dvdif emrfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,fykH/ ynm = todÓPf/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm ynm (ynm)ynma,m ur® ynH (ynm)ynma,m u&P ynm, ynm[d(ynmbd) orÜ'ge ynm, ynmeH tyg'ge ynm, ynm[d(ynmbd) omrd ynm, ynmeH Moumo ynm,? ynm,H? ynmok tmvye yan (ynm)ynma,m/ 2/ tmum&EÅ£w¬dvdifemrfyk'f a0g[m&rsm;/ 0gpm=um; Oygodum=qnf;uyfoltrsKd;orD;/ rmvm=yef; y&dom=y&dowf omvm=Z&yf uxm=pum; 0dZÆm=twwfynm? a'0wm=ewf xdk;xGif;ÓPf t0dZÆm=rodjcif; a0vm=tcsdeftcg/ onm=rSwfom;jcif; *gxm=ygVduAsm wPSm=wwfrufjcif; 'g&dum=rdef;uav;/ a0'em=cHpm;jcif; ZD0dum=toufarG;jcif;/


45 apwem=aphaqmfjcif; qm,m=t&dyf/ wuúodvm=wuúodkvfjynf arwåm=cspfcifjcif; 3/ ud&d,myk'frsm;udk "mwf? ypönf;? 0dbwfcGJjcif;/ a&S;OD;oifcef;pmrsm;ü ud&d,myk'frsm;taMumif; oifMum;&mwGif vG,fulap&ef 0dbwfrsm; qufyu Hk o kd m azmfjycJ\ h / trSet f m;jzifh ud&, d myk'w f ck\teufukd wdwu d susoEd ikd &f ef ¤if;\"mwfukd od&ef vdt k yfv\ S / "mwfonf ud&, d myk'rf sm;\ tajccHjzpf\/ "mwfaemufoYkd qdik &f mypön;f 0dbwfrsm; oifhavsmfovdk qufay;jcif; tm;jzifh ud&d,myk'frsm; jzpfay:vm&avonf/ atmufygykHpHrsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u)bmof("mwf)+t(ypönf;)+wd(ypöKyÜef0dbwf)=bmowd/ (c)*ok+Pm+wd=okPmwd/(aemufü "mwfudk? ( * )þtrSwfjzifh jyrnf/) (*)*Zd+em+wd=Zdemwd/ (C) *u&f+Mo(a-g)+wd=ua&mwd/ (i) *rEÅf+{(a-)+wd=raEÅwd/ (p) *bmof+£( -d )+wGm(ykAÁumv ypönf;)=bmodwGm/ (q) *bmof+£( -d )+wkH(ykAÁumv ypönf;)=bmodwkH/ (Z) 0d(Oyo*¾ a&SUquf)+ H[&f+t+wd=0d[&wd/ (ps) y+*[m=yZ[(txl;wnfyk'fodkYajymif;)+wd=yZ[wd/ (n)tm+**rf=tm*pä+wd=tm*päwd/ 4/ "mwf\aemufodkY ]]w}}ypönf;? odkYr[kwf £w( -dw)ypönf;qufxm;aom yk'frsm;udk twdwf udwfud&d,myk'f[k ac:\/ ¤if;wdkYonf jzpfay: jyKvkyfcJhjcif;? jzpfay:jyKvkyfNyD;pD;jcif;[laom twdwfumv teufudk azmfjy\/ tokH;rsm;aom twdwfudwfud&d,myk'ftcsKdUudk atmufü avhvmyg/(tao;pdwfudk aemufoifcef;pmrsm;ü awGU&rnf/) *u&f+w=uw=jyKvkyfNyD;NyD? jyKvkyfcJhNyD/ **rf+w=*w=oGm;NyD;NyD? oGm;cJhNyD/] *bmof+ -dw=bmodw=ajymNyD;NyD? ajymcJhNyD/ *ukyf+ -dw=ukydw=pdwfqkd;NyD;NyD? pdwfqdk;cJhNyD/ *bl+w=blw=jzpfNyD;NyD? jzpfcJhNyD/ *Xm+ -dw=Xdw=&yfNyD;NyD? &yfcJhNyD/ *ok+w=okw=Mum;NyD;NyD? Mum;cJhNyD/ *udvrf+w=udvEÅ=yifyef;NyD;NyD? yifyef;cJhNyD/ t"d+**rf+w=t"d*w=odjrifNyD;NyD? odjrifcJhNyD/ tm+**rf+w=tm*w=vmNyD;NyD? vmcJhNyD/ oH+tEk+tm+**rf+w=orEém*w=jynfhpkHonf/ y+*Oyf+w=ynwå=owfrSwfcJhNyD? cif;usif;cJhNyD/ *'dof+ -dw=a'odw=a[mMum;tyfNyD/ ok+*odu©f + -dw=okodu©dw=aumif;pGmoif,lcJhNyD/ *'dof+w='d|=jriftyfNyD/ *ykpäf+w=yk|=ar;tyfNyD/


46 0d+*rkpf+w=0drkwå=vGwfajrmufcJhNyD/ *0pf+w=0kwåH=ajymqkdcJhNyD/ *,kZf+w=,kwå=,SOftyfNyD? utyfNyD/ y+*0Zf+ -dw=yAÁZdw=xGufcGmcJhNyD/ y+*urf+w=yuúEÅ=zJcGmcJhNyD/ twd+*urf+w=twduúEÅ=ausmfvGefcJhNyD/ *orf+w=oEÅ=Nidrf;at;cJhNyD/ 5/ twdwfudwfud&d,mrsm;udk tokH;jyKenf;/ (u)twd w f u d w f y pö n f ; quf a omyk ' f r sm;uk d NyD ; ajrmuf c J h a om tjzpf t ysuf u d k azmf j y&ef twdwfud&d,mtjzpfjzifh tokH; jyKonf/ xdktcg ¤if;twdwfudwfud&d,myk'fü uwåm;0dbwf quf&onf/ qdkif&muwåm;yk'fESifhvnf; vdiftm;jzifh¤if;? 0kpf({u0kpf? A[k0kpf)tm;jzifh¤if; wl&onf/ ykHpHrsm; (1) t[H ousukvm yAÁZdwm=igonf oustrsKd;rS xGufcGmcJhNyD/ (2) aw bdu©L *grm yuúEÅm=xdk&[ef;wdkYonf &GmrS zJcGmukefNyD/ (3) 0drkwåH ar pdwåH(pdwåH ar 0drkwåH)=ig\ pdwfonf vGwfajrmufNyD/ (4) £'H 0eH oEÅH=þawmonf Nidrf;at;\/ (c) twdwfudwf ypönf;qufaomyk'frsm;udk ur®bm0 ud&d,mtjzpfjzifhvnf; tokH;jyK&\/ xdt k cg qdik &f muwåm;yk'üf u&P0dbwf? uHy'k üf uwåm;0dbwfqufí ud&, d monf ¤if;uHy'k Ef iS hf vdif? 0kpf? 0dbwfwl&onf/ uHyk'frygaom0gusü ud&d,monf eykvd’if {u0kpf 0dbwfjzifhtaersm;onf/ ykHpHrsm; (1) ur®H ar uwH=uREfkyfonf tvkyfudk jyKvkyfcJhNyD/ (2) t"d*awm r,m "ar®m=igonf w&m;udk odjriftyfNyD/ (3) b*0awm 0dea,m ynawåm=bk&m;onf 0denf;udk ynwftyfNyD/ (4) {0H ar okwH=þodkY uREkfyfonf Mum;emcJhNyD/ (*) twdwfudwfypönf;qufaomyk'frsm;udk emr0daooetjzpfjzifhvnf; tokH;jyKonf/ ykHpHrsm; (1) b*0g ynawå tmoae edoD'd=bk&m;onf cif;tyffaom ae&müxdkifNyD/ (2) ukydwm rEkóm OZÑm,EÅd=pdwfqkd;aom vlwdkYonf uJh&JUukef\/ (C)twdwfudwfypönf;qufaomyk'frsm;udk ½dk;½dk;emrfyk'ftjzpfjzifhvnf; tokH;jyK\/ ykHpH bmodw=pum;/ okw=tMum;tjrif/ 6/ avhvm&ef erlemygVd 0gusrsm;/ (u)tnw&m a'0wm a,e b*0g awEkyouFrd=wOD;aom ewfonf jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sd&modkY csOf;uyfNyD/ (c) bmodwm aw {om 0gpm=oifonf þpum;udk ajymqdkcJhNyD/


47 (*) ykaAÁteEkókawok "ar®ok ynm O'yg'd? 0dZÆm O'yg'd? tmavmaum O'yg'd=a&S;u rMum;cJhbl;ao;aomw&m;wdkYü todÓPfjzpfay:NyD/ xdk;xGif;ÓPfjzpfay:NyD/ tvif;a&mif jzpfay:NyD/ (C)r,m "ar®mp 0dea,mp a'odawm ynawåm=igonf "r®u¤kd if;? 0de,ud¤k if; a[mMum;tyfcNhJ yD/ ynwftyfcJhNyD/ (i) t"d*awm acg ar t,H "ar®m *rÇDa&m=igonf odjriftyfNyD; aom þw&m;onf eufeJ\/ 7/ emrfpm;yk'frsm; £w¬dvdifü 0dbwfoG,fykH/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm ,m ,m? ,ma,m ur® ,H ,m? ,ma,m u&P ,m, ,m[d(,mbd) orÜ'ge ,óm ,moH omrd tyg'ge ,m, ,m[d(,mbd) Moumo ,m,H? ,óH ,mok w = xdk uwåm om wm? wma,m ur® wH(eH) wm? wma,m u&P wm, wm[d(wmbd) orÜ'ge wóm wmoH omrd tyg'ge wm, wm[d(wmbd) Moumo wm,H? wóH(wdóH) wmok ({w-udkvnf; ]w}ESifh tvm;wl0dbwfoG,fyg/) atmufygemrfpm;yk'frsm;udk]],}}ESifh tvm;wl0dbwfoG,fyg/ uð=tb,f £w&=tjcm; oAÁ=tm;vkH; tnw&=wOD;wa,muf uwr=b,f[m tn=tjcm; £r = þ uwåm t,H £rm? £rma,m ur® £rH £rm? £rma,m u&P tyg'ge £rm, £rm[d(£rmbd) orÜ'ge omrd £rdóm £rmoH Moumo £rdóH? £rm,H £rmok 8/ wpkHwckudk udk,fwdkifrjyKvkyfbJ tjcm;olrsm;tm; apcdkif;aomtcg odkYr[kwf jyKvkyfapaomtcg


48 um&dwypö,(um½dkufypönf;)quf ud&d,mrsm;udk tokH;jyK&\/ um½dkufypönf;rsm;rSm {(a-)? t,? tmay(-gay)? tmy,(-gy,)wdkYjzpf\/ ¤if;wdkYudk ud&d,m\ wnfyk'fodkY atmufygtwdkif; quf&\/ (u)Asn;f wvk;H wnf;jzifq h ;Hk aom "mwfoYkd um½du k yf pön;f rsm; qufvQif trsm;tm;jzifh tqk;H Asn;f \ a&SUo&onf 'DC(o&&Snf)tjzpfodkY ajymif;\/ ykHpH *bl=b0+a-+wd=bma0wd b0+t,+wd=bm0,wd jzpfay:ap\? wdk;yGm;ap\/ *u&f+a-+wd=uma&wd *u&f+t,+wd=um&,wd jyKvkyfap\/ *u&f+-gay+wd=um&maywd *u&f+-gy,+um&my,wd (c) Asnf;2vkH;jzifhqkH;aom "mwfürlum; tqkH;Asnf;\ a&SUo&onf ajymif;vJjcif;r&Sd/ *ykpäf+{? t,+wd=ykapäwd? ykpä,wd=ar;jref;ap\/ *ykpäf+tmay? tmy,+wd=ykpämaywd?ykpämy,wd=ar;jref;ap\/ (*) tmo&jzifhqkH;aom"mwfodkY tmay? tmy, ypönf;rsm;om quf&\/ *'g+tmay? tmy,+wd='gaywd? 'gy,wd=ay;vSLap\/ *Xm+tmay? tmy,+wd=Xaywd? Xy,wd=&yfwnfap\/ *Ó+tmay? tmy,;+wd;=Óaywd? Óy,wd=odap\/ (C)owår*kdPf;ud&d,mrsm;odkYvnf; tmay? tmy, ypönf;rsm;om quf&\/ *uxf=uax+tmay? tmy,+wd=uxmaywd? uxmy,wd=ajymqdkap\/ *'dof=a'ao+tmay? tmy,+wd=a'omaywd? a'omy,wd= a[mMum;ap\/ 9/ atmufygtokH;rsm;aom um½dkufud&d,myk'frsm;udk avhvmyg/ *0pf=0gapwd=&Gwfqdkap\? ydkYcs\/ *0'f=0ga'wd? 0g',wd=jrnfap\? wD;rIwf\/ *½k[=a&maywd=aygufa&mufap\? pdkufysKd;\/ *qd'f=aq'gaywd=jzwfap\/ *Zef=Zaewd=jzpfay:ap\/ *yg=yg,=yga,wd=aomufap\? wdkuf\/ *,kZf=a,mZmaywd=,SOfap\? uap\/ tm+*½kpf+tma&mpmaywd=ajymMum;ap\/ y+*0wåf=y0awåwd=vnfap\/ y+*0d'f=ya0a'wd=odap\/ ed+*0g=edAÁmaywd=Nidrf;at;ap\/ y+*0dof=ya0aowd=0yfap\? oGif;\/ y+*0Zf=yAÁmaZwd=xGufajrmufap\? &[ef;jyKay;\/ ed+*oD'f=edoD'gaywd=xkdifap\/ y&d+*ok"f=y&daoma"wd=pifMu,fap\? okwfoif&Sif;vif;\/


49 10/ ud&d,myk'frsm;onf 2-rsKd;&Sd\ (1) uHyk'fudk riJhaom tur®ud&d,m ykHpH- b0wd=jzpf\? o,wd=tdyf\/ 0owd=ae\? &rwd=aysmfydkuf\/ (2) uHyk'fudk iJhaom our®uud&d,m/ ykHpH- ua&mwd=jyKvkyf\? a'wd=ay;\/ qdE´wd=jzwf\? uaxwd=ajymqdk\/ (3) um½du k yf pön;f rsm;qufvu kd af omtcg rlvu uHriJah omud&, d mrsm;onf uHukd iJu h ek \ f / rl v u uH w ck u d k o miJ h a om ud & d , mrsm;onf v nf ; uH 2-ck u d k iJ h u k e f \ / um½dkufud&d,mrsm;tokH;tEIef;udk oabmaygufap&efatmufygykHpHrsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u)tmp&da,m odóH 0de,H 0gapwd=q&monf wynfhudk 0denf;udk ykdYcs\/ (c) O,smeygvaum O,smae ½kau© a&maywd=O,smOfapmifo h nf O,smOfü opfyifrsm;udk pdkufysKd;\/ (*) b*0g "r®puúH y0awåwd=bk&m;onf w&m;pufudk vnfap\/ (C)aAm"doawåm om&xð &xH a,mZmaywd=bk&m;avmif;onf &xm;xde;f udk &xm;udk uap\/ (i) jA[®'awåm &mZm &ZÆH uma&wd=jA[®'wfrif;onf wdkif;jynfudk tkyfcsKyf\/ 11/ re=pdwf[laom emrfyk'fonf ouúwbmom reofESifhwl&um; Asnf;qkH;aom emrfyk'frsKd;jzpf\/ ¤if;jyif ykv’dif? eykv’dif2-rsKd; qufqHojzifh atmufygtwdkif; 0dbwfoG,f&\/ re = pdwf/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm raem? reH rem ur® raem? reH rae u&P reom? raee rae[d(raebd) orÜ'ge reaom? reó remeH tyg'ge reom? raee rae[d(raebd) omrd reaom? reó remeH Moumo reod? reo®ð? rerSd raeok rae tmvye re rem re-uJhodkY 0dbwfoG,f&aomyk'frsm;/ 0p=pum; ,o=tNcHt&H? ausmfapmjcif; wy=tusifh od&=OD;acgif; &Z=jrLrIef wr=trdkufarSmif t,=oH O&=&if 0,=t&G,f apw=pdwf xmr=pGrf;tm; awZ=wefcdk; 12/ (u) emrfyk'frsm;\ qefYusifbufteufudk vdkaomtcg ¤if;emrfyk'f\a&SUü ]]t}}qufay;&\/


50 o&jzifhpaom emrfyk'fjzpfrlum; ]]tef}}qufay;&\/ ykHpHrsm; tukov=tukodkvf trEkó=vlr[kwfol(ewfbDvl;ponf) t0dZÆm=rodjcif; teEÅ=tqkH;r&Sdjcif;? (tef+tEÅ) tem*w=tem*wf(tef+tm*w) (c) y"meud&d,myk'frsm;udk y#dao"yk'frsm;udk wdkuf½dkuf rqufEdkif/ udwfud&d,mrsm;odkYrl qufEdkif\/ ykHpHrsm; t0drkwå=rvGwfajrmufao;aom tbmodw=rajymqdktyfaom t'd|=rjriftyfaom? t'doGm=rjrifí(ykAÁud&d,m) tyÜ[m,=ry,frlí/ (*) ok ESifh 'k edygwfyk'frsm;qufjcif;jzifhvnf; teufxl;udk azmfjy\/ ykHpHrsm; oku&=vG,fulaom/ 'kuú&=cufcJaom/ okbmodw=aumif;pGmajymqdktyfaom/ 'kAÇmodw=raumif;ojzifhajymqdktyfaom/ 'kv’b=&cJaom? &Sm;yg;aom/ 13/ atmufyg ygVdpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) apwem[H bdu©a0 ur®H 0'grd? apwem, apw,dwGm ur®H ua&mwd? uma,e 0gpm, reom=&[ef;wdkY apwemudk uH[k igqdk\/ apwemjzifh aphaqmfí udk,fjzifh ¤if;? EIwfjzifh¤if;? pdwfjzifh¤if;? uHudkjyKvkyf\/ (c) wm,H a0vm,H b*0g £rH O'geH O'gaeod=xdktcg bk&m;onf þed'gef;udk >rufqdkNyD/ (*) tnw&m a'0wm b*0EÅH *gxm, tZÑbmod=wOD;aom ewfonf bk&m;&Sifudk *gxmjzifh ajymqdkNyD/ (C) yAÁmaZwk rH b*0g? yAÁmaZwk rH ok*awm=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf uREfkyfudk &[ef;jyKay;yg? jrwfpGmbk&m;onf uREfkyfudk &[ef;jyKay;yg/ (i) awe [d tmeE´ okb'´H yAÁmaZ[d=tmeE´m odkYjzpfvQif okb'´udk &[ef;jyKay;avm/ 14/ atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk ygVdjyefyg/ (u) 0domcgrnfaom Oygodumonf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk þ*gxmjzifh avQmufxm;NyD=0domcg Oygodum b*0EÅH £rm, *gxm, tZÑbmod/ (c) uREfkyfwdkYonf aumif;pGmajymqdktyfaom pum;jzifh &efolwdkYudk atmifjrif\=r,H okbmodwm, 0gpm, a0&daem Zdemr/ (*) bk&m;onf uREfkyf\ OD;acgif;ü wnfygavm=Aka'¨g r,SH od&od wd|wk/


51 (C) þrdef;uav;onf yXrt&G,fESifh jynfhpkH\=t,H 'g&dum yXare 0,om orEém*wm/ (i) y&dowfxJü þpum;udk oifonf ajymqdkcJhNyD=y&dom,H {om 0gpm aw bmodwm/ 15/ atmufyg ygVdpmykd'fudk jrefrmjyefyg/ awe acg ye ora,e wuúodvm,H 'domygarmau©m a0aZÆm y#d0owd/ txacg ZD0aum aumrm&bapöm tb,H &mZukrm&H temykpäm a,e wuúodvm awe yuúmrd/ tEkykaAÁe a,e wuúodvm a,e a0aZÆm awEkyouFrd/ OyoFrdwGm wH a0ZÆH {w'a0gp ]]£pämr[H tmp&d, odyÜH odu©dwk}}EÅd/ awe [d baP ZD0u odu©ólwd/ txacg ZD0aum aumrm&bapöm A[kHp *PSmwd? v[kHp *PSmwd/ ok|Kp Oy"ma&wd/ *[dwH pó eor®Kówd/ txacg ZD0uó aumrm&bpöó owåEéH 0ómeH tpöa,e {w'a[mod ]]t[H acg A[kHp *PSmrd? v[kHp *PSmrd? ok|Kp Oy"ma&rd? *[dwHp ar e or®Kówd/ owå p ar 0ómed twduúEÅmed/ e p ,dró odyÜó taEÅm ynm,wd? w'g £ró odyÜó taEÅm ynm,dówDwd/ (r[m0*¾? ESm 379/) cufqpf t"dyÜg,frsm; 'domygarmau©m=('dom=t&yfrsufESm+ygarmu©=tBuD;tuJ jzpfaom) t&yfav;rsufESmü tBuD;tuJ jzpfaom/ a0aZÆm=aq;q&m/ aumrm&bapöm=(ukrm&=rif;om;+bpö=arG;pm;tyfaom) rif;om;arG;pm;tyfaom/ temykpäm=(tef+tm+ykpäm)ryefMum;bJ/(ykAÁud&d,m)/ yuúmrd=(y+*urf+-d)xGufcGmoGm;NyD/ tEkykaAÁe=tpOftwdkif;/ £pämr[H=£pämrd+t[H/ awe [d=odkYjzpfvQif(edygw) baP ZD0u=tarmif(tcsif;)ZD0u(baP=tmvyeedygw) odu©ók=odu©m[d=oifavm/ A[kH=rsm;pGm? v[kH=vQifjrefpGm/ ok|K=aumif;pGm? Oy"ma&wd=pl;prf;\? csifhcsdef\/ or®Kówd=arhaysmuf\/(oH+*rkof+,+wd)/ owåEéH=(owå+ eH=omrdA[k0kpf0dbwf)/ ud&d,m 2-rsKd; ygVd b momü tcsKyf t m;jzif h ud & d , m 2-rsKd ; &S d \ / ¤if ; wd k Y u m;-tmcsmwf u d & d , mES i f h udwfud&d,mwdkYjzpfonf/ xdkwGif (1) tmcsmwfud&d,m[lonf 0guswck\t"dyÜg,fudk jynfhpkHatmif azmfjyaom ud&d,mjzpfonf/ wenf;qdkvQif 0guswckudk tqkH;owfay;aom ud&d,mjzpf\/ tqkH;owfud&d,monf 0gusü ta&;tBuD;qkH;jzpfaomaMumifh tmcsmwfud&d,mudk y"me ud&d,m[k trsm;tm;jzifh ac:Muonf/ ykHpHrsm; Aka'¨g "r®H a'aowd/(jrwfpGmbk&m;onf w&m;udk a[m\)/


52 t[H e*&H *pämrd/(uREfkyfonf NrdKUodkY oGm;\/) txufyg 0gusrsm;ü]]a'aowd}}? ]]*pämrd}}Bud,mrsm;onf tmcsmwfud&d,mrsm; jzpfonf/ tqdkyg tmcsmwfud&d,monf qdkvdkaomtcsdefumvESifh t"dyÜg,ftm;avsmfpGm trsKd;rsKd; uGJjym;avonf/ ,cktxd tokH;trsm;qkH;jzpfonfh atmufygtmcsmwfud&d,m 5-rsKd;udk jyqdkcJhNyD; jzpfonf/ (u) ypöKyÜef(0wårme)ud&d,m=jzpfqJ? jyKvkyfqJteufudk azmfjyonf/ umvudk r&nfñTef;bJ jzpf½dk;jzpfpOfobm0udk azmfjy &müvnf; þud&d,mudkyif tokH;jyKonf/ ykHpH - *päwd? *päEÅd ponfrsm;jzpfonf/ (t"dyÜg,frSm-oGm;onf? oGm;Muonf? jzpfonf)/ (c) twdwf(tZÆweD)0dbwf-jzpfcJhNyD? jyKvkyfcJhNyD teufudk azmfjyonf/ ykHpH - *päd? *päðok ponf/ (*) tem*wf(b0dóEÅd)0dbwf-(1)jzpfvwHh? jyKvkyfvwHhteufudk azmfjyonf(2) tHhMojcif;? csD;rGrf;jcif;? uJh&JUjcif;wdkYudk azmfjy&müvnf; þ0dbwfudk tokH;jyKonf/ ykHpH - *pädówd? *pädóEÅd ponfwdkYjzpfonf/ (C) yÍörD0dbwf=cdkif;apjcif;? awmifhwjcif;paom teufrsm;udk azmfjyonf/ ykHpH - *päwk? *päEÅK ponf/ (t"dyÜg,frSm - oGm;avmh? oGm;ygap? oGm;apownf;-[kjzpfonf)/ (i) owårD0dbwf-cGifhjyKjcif;? BuHpnfjcif;paomteufrsm;udk azmfjyonf/ ykHpH - *apä,s? *apä,sKH ponf/ (t"dyÜg,frSm oGm;Edkifonf? oGm;ygap ---)/ (2) udwfud&d,m[lonf 0guswck\t"dyÜg,fudk jynfhpkHatmifazmfjy&mwGif y"meud&d,mtm; ulnDay;aom ud&d,mjzpfonf/ wenf;tm;jzifh tulud&d,m(OyxrÇu)jzpfonf/ tmcsmwf ud&d,muJhodkY 0gusü ta&;BuD;qkH;aom tcsKyftjcmud&d,mr[kwfaomaMumifh udwfud&d,mudk ty"meud&d,m[k trsm;tm;jzifh ac:Muonf/ ykHpHrSm b*0g tmoem O|m, 0d[m&H yg0dod=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf ae&mrS xí ausmif;awmf odkY<uoGm;\/ t[H e*&H *päaEÅm {uH £w¬ð yód=uREfkyfonf NrdKUodkYoGm;pOf rdef;rwa,mufudk jrifNyD/ txufyg 0guswdkYü(O|m,=xí)(*päaEÅm=oGm;pOf)[laom Bud,mwdkYrSm udwfud&d,mrsm; jzpfMuonf/ odYkaomf udwu f &d , d mudk vnf; tcsKd U0gusrsm;ü y"meud&, d mtjzpfjzifh toH;k jyKavh&MdS u onf/ trSeftm;jzifh ,if;odkY tokH;jyKjcif;rSm y"mejzpfonfh tmcsmwfud&d,mudk jr§Kyfxm; jcif;omjzpfonf/ ykHpHrsm;/ b*0g r*¾H y#dyaEém(a[mwd)/ w,m ur®H umwAÁH(a[mwd)/ wenf;tm;jzifhqdkvQif udwfud&d,myk'frsm;onf(wGm ESihf wkH ypönf;qufyk'frsm;rSwyg;) emrf 0dbwfquf&aom yk'frsm;jzpfonf/ xdkYaMumifh ¤if;wdkYonf trSeftm;jzifh ud&d,mudpöudkvnf; aqmif&Gufaomemrfyk'frsm;omjzpfavonf/


53 ,ckxd oifcJhNyD;aom udwfud&d,mrsm;udk tusOf;csKyfvdkufvQif atmufygtwdkif; (6)rsKd;&Sdonfudk awGU&ayrnf/ (u) ykAÁumvud&d,m-*EÉm? uwGm ponf(oGm;í? oGm;NyD;cJhí)/ (c) 'kwd,ykAÁumvud&d,m-*EÅKH? umwkH?(oGm;&ef? oGm;jcif;iSm)/ (*) twdwfudwfud&d,m-*awm? uawm(oGm;cJhonf? jyKvkyfcJhonf)/ (C) ypöKyÜefudwfud&d,m-*päaEÅm? ua&maEÅm(oGm;pOf? jyKvkyfpOf)/ (i) udpöudwfud&d,m-*EÅAÁH? umwAÁH(oGm;oifh\? jyKvkyfoifh\)/ (p) jyKvkyfoljyemrfyk'frsm;-uwåm? 0wåm(jyKvkyfol? ajymqdkol)/ ygVdoifcef;pm(14) (erlem) 1/ £um&EÅ £w¬dvdifemrfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,fykH/ blrd = ajr/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm blrd blrD? blrda,m ur® blrð blrD? blrda,m u&P blrd,m blrD[d?(blrDbd) orÜ'ge blrd,m blrdeH tyg'ge blrd,m blrD[d(blrDbd) omrd blrd,m blrDeH Moumo blrd,H? blrd,m blrDok/ 2/ £um&EÅ £w¬dvdifemrfyk'f a0g[m&rsm;/ &wåd=n cPdwåd=wl;&Gif;/ t#0d=awmtkyf udwåd=ausmfapmjcif;/ Zmwd=arG;zGm;jcif; rkwåd=vGwfajrmufjcif;/ 'd|d=t,l y#doE¨d=b0opfüwzefqufjcif;/ owd=trSwf&jcif;/ wk|d=auseyfESpfoufjcif;/ cEÅd=onf;cHjcif;/ 0Dxd=vrf;/ yDwd=ESpfoufjcif;/ pkwd=b0rSa&GUavsmjcif;/ q0d=ta&/ om0w¬d=om0w¬dNrdKU/ 0k¹d=wdk;yGm;jcif;/ y&d[med=qkwf,kwfjcif;/ t*kFvd=vufacsmif;/ 3/ "mwf\aemufodkY tEÅ? rme ypönf;rsm;qufvQif ypöKyÜefud&d,m yk'frsm; jzpfvm\/ ¤if;wdkYonf jyKvkyfqJteufudk ñTefjy\/ wenf; tm;jzifh w0guswnf;ü yg&Sdaom y"meud&d,mESifh wNydKifeuf jzpfay:jyKvkyjf cif;udk azmfjy\/ypöKyÜeu f w d u f &d , d mrsm;aemufwiG f emrf0b d wfquf&aom aMumifh ¤if;wdkYudk ypöKyÜef udwfemrf[lívnf; ac:\/ atmufyg ypönf;qufyHkrsm;udk avhvmyg/ tEÅ


54 *ypf = *qd'f = **g = *Ó = *u&f = *'dof = **rf(*päf) =

ypEÅ =csufjyKwfaeaom? csufjyKwfpOf/ qdE´EÅ =jzwfaeaom? jzwfaepOf/ *g,EÅ =oDqkdaeaom? oDqdkaepOf/ ZmeEÅ =odaeaom? odaepOf/ ua&mEÅ =jyKvkyfaeaom? jyKvkyfaepOf/ a'aoEÅ =a[majymaeaom? a[majymaepOf/ *päEÅ = oGm;aeaom? oGm;aepOf/ rme *bmof =bmorme=a[majymaeaom/ *'g =''rme =ay;vSLaeom/ *ukrf =ukZÑrme =pdwfqkd;aeaom/ *u&f =u&rme =jyKvkyfaeaom/ *uxf =ux,rme = a[majymaeaom/ 4/ ypöKyÜef udwfud&d,myk'frsm;udk emr0daooeyk'frsm;uJhodkY rdrdESifh ,SOfwGJonfhemrfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,fouJhodkY oG,f&onf/ *päEÅ (ykv’dif) 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm *päH? *päaEÅm *päEÅm ur® *päEÅH *päaEÅ u&P *päwm? *päaEÅe *päaEÅ[d?(*päaEÅbd)/ orÜ'ge *päawm? *päEÅó *päwH? *päEÅmeH tyg'ge *päwm? *päEÅo®m? *päEÅrSm *päaEÅ[d?(*päaEÅbd)/ omrd *päawm? *päEÅó *päwH? *päEÅmeH Moumo *päwd? *päEÅo®ð? *päEÅrSd *päaEÅok *päaEÅ *päEÅ (eykvd’if) uwåm *päH? *päEÅH *päEÅmed ur® *päEÅH *päEÅmed bmorme ponfh rmeypönf;qufyk'frsm;rSm ykv’dif eykv’difü tum&EÅemrfyk'frsm;ESifh¤if;? £wd¬vdifü tmum&EÅemrfyk'frsm;ESifh¤if; 0dbwfoG,fykHwl\/ 5/ (u)ypöKyÜefudwfud&d,myk'frsm;udk emr0daooeyk'frsm;uJhodkY tokH;jyKEdkif\/ (1) t'´om acg b*0g OyuH 'l&awm tm*päEÅH=bk&m;onf ta0;rS vmaeaom Oyuudk jrifNyD/ (2) 0d[m&H *päEmÅ rEkóm ra*¾ b*0EÅH yóðo=k ausmif;odYk oGm;aom vlwYkdonf vrf;übk&m;udk awGUjrifukefNyD/ (c) ypöKyÜef udwfud&d,mudk 0gusü ty"meud&d,myk'ftjzpf tokH;jyKaomtcg y"meud&d,mESifh uwåm;wlvQif uwåm0dbwfjzifhom xm;&\/ jyKvkyfpOf jyKvkyfaeqJtcg[k t"dyÜg,f&\/


55 (1) b*0g om0w¬d,H 0d[&aEÅm £rH ZmwuH uaxod= bk&m;onf om0w¬dNrdKUüaepOf þZmwfudk a[mcJh\/ (2) t[H e*&H *päaEÅm tEÅ&mra*¾ {uH ½ku©H t'´oH= uREfkyfonf NrdKUodkYoGm;pOf vrf;c&D;ü opfyifwyifudk jrifNyD/ (*) 0gusü ypöKyÜef udwfud&d,mESifh y"meud&d,mwdkY uwåm; rwlvQif ypöKyÜefudwfud&d,ESifh ¤if;\ uwåm;yk'fwdkYonf Moumo0dbwfjzifh taersm;\/ y"meud&d,m\ tcsdef umvudk owfrSwfjyaomaMumifh bm0vu©P[kvnf; ac:\/ (1) jA[®'awå &ZÆH uma&aEÅ aAm"doawåm jA[®Pukav edAw Á =då jA[®'wåonf rif;jyKvwfaomf bk&m;avmif;onf jA[®PrsKd;ü jzpfcJh\/ (2)aAm"doawå Zm,rmae blrd urÜ=d bk&m;avmif;arG;zGm; vwfaomf ajrBuD;onf wkev f yI cf \ hJ / 6/ atmufyg 0gusrsm;avhvmyg/ (u),m0uD0Íö tmeE´ 0ZÆD or*¾g 0k|[dóEÅd? or*¾g u&PD,med u&dóEÅd? 0k¹da,0 tmeE´ 0ZÆeD H yg#ducFg? aem y&d[med= tmeE´m tMuifrQavmuf 0ZÆrD if;wdYk onf tnDtñGwf pnf;a0;ukefvwHh/ tnDtñGwftpnf;ta0;rS xukefvwhH? tnDtñGwfjyKzG,fudpöwdkYudk jyKukefvwHh/ tmeE´m (xdkrQavmuf) 0ZÆDrif;wdkY\ wdk;yGm;jcif;udkomvQif arQmfvifhtyf\/ qkwf,kwfjcif;udk rarQmfvifhtyf/ (c) tx acg ok'daEém uvE´ykawåm blrd,m edyZÆd ]]£a"0 ar r&PH b0dówD}}wd=xkdtcg uvE´\ om;jzpfaom ok'dEéonf ]]þae&müyif ightm;aojcif;onf jzpfvwhH}}[k (BuHí) ajrü tdyfav\/ (*) t#0d,H 0oEÅm bdu©L &wåd,H orxHp 0dyóeHp bma0EÅd= awmtkyfüaeukefaom &[ef;wdkYonf nü orxudk¤if;? 0dyóemudk¤if; yGm;rsm;Muukef\/ (C)0Dx, d H uDVEÅm 'g&um b*0EÅH e*&H y0doEÅH yóðo=k vrf;ü upm;ukeaf om oli,fwYkd onf NrdKUodkY0ifvmaom bk&m;udk jrifukefNyD/ (i) {0H ar okwH - {uH or,H b*0g om0w¬d,H 0d[&wd aZw0ae temxyd@duó tm&mar=þodkY uREfkyfonf Mum;cJh&\/ tcgwyg;ü bk&m;&Sifonf om0w¬dNrdKU temxyd@du\t&Hjzpfaom aZw0efausmif;ü ae\/ 7/ "mwfaemufoYkd]],}}odYkr[kwf ]]( -D,)}}ypön;f qufvQif ur®bm0 ud&, d mjzpf\/ jrefrmbmomtm;jzifh ]]tyf\}}[k jyefqdk\/ ypönf;qufykHrSm atmufygtwdkif;jzpf\/ (u)o&jzifhqkH;aom "mwfrsm;odkY]],}}odkYr[kwf ]]þ,}}ypönf; quf&\/ *'g+ -d,+wd='D,wd=ay;tyf\? vSLtyf\/ *eD+,+wd=eD,wd=,laqmiftyf\/ y+*[m+ -d,+wd=y[D,wd=pGefYy,ftyf\/ (c) Asnf;jzifhqkH;aom "mwfrsm;odkY ]]þ,}}ypönf; quf&\/ *bmof+ -D, + wd=bmoD,wd=a[majymtyf\/ *qdE´f+ -D, +wd=qdE´D,wd=jzwftyf\/ *u&f+ -D, +wd=u&D,wd=jyKvkyftyf\/ *'dof+ -D, +wd=a'oD,wd=a[majymtyf\/ (*) tcsdKU"mwfrsm;aemufodkY ]],}}ypönf; qufaomtcg ½kyftajymif;tvGJjzpf\/


56 *0pf+,+wd=0kpöwd=qdktyf\/ *[ef+,+wd=[nwd=owftyf\/ *vbf+,+wd=vAÇwd=&tyf\/ *'dof+,+wd='dówd=½Ijriftyf\/

8/ ur®bm0ud&d,mjzifhzGJUaom 0gusudk ur®0gpu0gus[k ac:\/ ,if;0gusrsKd;ü uwåm;yk'fudk u&P0dbwfjzifh¤if;? uHyk'fudk uwåm; 0dbwfjzifh pDukH;&\/(&Hcguwåm;yk'frygbJvnf;jzpfEdkif\) (1) (u)Aka'¨g "r®H a'aowd=bk&m;onf w&m;udk a[m\/(½kd;½kd; uwåK0gpu0gus)/ (c) Aka'¨e "ar®m a'oD,wd=bk&m;onf w&m;udk a[mtyf\/ (ur®0gpu0gus/) (2) (u)t[H 0de,H ynayrd=igonf 0denf;udk ynwf\/(uwåK0gpu)/ (c) r,m 0dea,m ynyD,wd=igonf 0denf;udk ynwf tyf\/ (3) (u)Oygoum 'geH a'EÅd=OygoumwdkYonf tvSLudk vSLukef\/(uwåK0gpu)/ (c) Oygoau[d 'geH 'D,wd=OygoumwdkYonf tvSLudk vSLtyf\/ (4) 0d[ma& bdu©L 'dóEÅd=ausmif;ü&[ef;wdkYudk awGUjriftyfukef\/ (5) £'H 0kpöwd pdwåEÅd0g 0dnmPEÅd0g=þt&mudk pdwf[líaomf¤if;? 0dnmPf[líaomf¤if; qdktyf\/ 9/ £um&EÅ eykv’difemrfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,fykH/ tu©d = rsufpd/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm tu©d tu©D? tu©Ded ur® tu©ð tu©D? tu©Ded (usef0dbwfrsm; pmrsufESm 19-rS ykvd’ifemrf rked\ 0dbwfoG,f ESifh wl\/)/ eykv’dif £um&EÅ emrfyk'frsm;/ 0g&d=a&? oyÜd=axmywf/ t|d=t½kd;? '"d=EdkYcsOf/ tpöd=rD;vQH? ow¬d=aygif/ 10/ (u)&nf&G,fcsuf odkYr[kwf tusKd;udk azmfjy&mü ]]tm,}}[laom aemufqufudk tum&EÅ emrfyk'frsm;ESifhwGJí orÜ'ge0dbwf tjzpfjzifh tokH;jyK\/ ykHpHrsm; yd@m, *grH yg0dod=qGrf;tvdkYiSm &GmodkY0ifNyD/ t,H y#dy'g edAÁmem, oH0wåwd=þtusifhonf edAÁmeftvdkYiSm jzpf\/ p&x bdu©a0 pm&duH tw¬m, [dwm, okcg, a'0rEkómeH=&[ef;wdkY ewfvlwdkY\tusKd;iSm pD;yGm;csrf;om tvdkYiSm c&D;vSnfhvnfMuavm/ (c) orÜ'ge0dbwfudk atmufygud&d,mrsm;ESifh ,SOf&müvnf; tokH;jyK\/ (1) orPopöH a&mpwd=&[ef;tm; rSefaompum;onf wifhw,f\/ (2) &anm qwåH "ma&wd=rif;tm; xD;udk aqmif;\/ (3) t"d0gaowk ar b*0g=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf uREfkyftm; onf;cHygavm/ (4) trpöm &anm Oy|[EÅd=trwfwdkYonf rif;tm; cpm;ukef\/ (5) a'0gyd Ak'¨geH yd[,EÅd=ewfwdkYonfvnf; bk&m;&SifwdkYtm; awmifhwukef\/


57 (6) t[H awoH ukZÑmrd=igonf olwdkYtm; pdwfqkd;\/ (7) bdu©L b*0awm ypöaómokH=&[ef;wdkYonf bk&m;&Siftm; pum;wkHYjyefukef\/ (8) t[H a0g tmrEÅ,mrd=igonf oifwdkYtm; ajymMum;\/ (9) wdw¬d,m orPmeH Oól,EÅd=wdw¬dwdkYonf &[ef;wdkYtm; jiLplukef\/ (10) &mZm £odaem ty&ZÑwd=rif;onf &aohtm; jypfrSm;\/ (*) xdkufwefjcif;? y,fjrpfjcif;? awmifhwjcif; ponfhteufwdkYESifh ,SOf&müvnf; orÜ'ge 0dbwfudk tokH;jyK\/ (1)tvH ar &ZÆH=ightm; wdkif;jynfonf xdkufwef\/ (2)uð aw £" 0gaoe=oifhtm; þü aejcif;jzifh bmtusKd;&SdtHhenf;/ (3)okcH aw a[mwk=oifhtm; csrf;omjcif;onf jzpfapownf;/ 11/ wd=3? pwk=4 [laom ocsFmemrfpm;yk'frsm;udk £w¬dvdifü atmufyg twdkif; 0dbwfoG,f&\/ wd = 3? pwk = 4 0dbwf A[k0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm wdaóm pwaóm ur® u&P wD[d(wDbd) pwl[d(pwlbd) tyg'ge orÜ'ge wdóEéH pwóEéH omrd Moumo wDok pwlok 'GE´ormof 12/ 0guswckü 0dbwfwlemrfyk'frsm;udk ]]p}}edygwfyk'fjzifh qufí oD;jcm; rxm;bJ pmaeusOf;ap&ef wyk'w f nf;tjzpf aygif;pyfvu kd jf cif;udk 'GEo ´ rmof[k ac:\/ þodYk wyk'w f nf;jzpfomG ;jcif;aMumifh ormofyk'fü eykv’dif{u0kpf0dbwfjzifhom trsm;tm;jzifh tqkH;owfavh&Sd\/ &Hcgrlum; A[k0kpf0dbwfrsm;jzifhvnf; tqkH;owfonfudk awGU&\/ atmufyg ykHpHudk avhvmyg/ yawåm p pD0&Hp=ywåpD0&H=oydwfouFef;/ oraxmp 0dyóemp=orx0dyóeH=orxESifh0dyóem/ [aw¬mp yga'gp=[w¬yg'H=vufajc/ pE´darmp ol&da,mp=pE´drol&d,m=vESifhae/ oraPmp jA[®aPmp=orPjA[®Pm=orPESifhjA[®P/ om&dykawåmp arm*¾vmaemp=om&dykwåarm*¾vmem= om&dykwå&mESifharm*¾vme/ 13/ atmufygpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u)wdaóm £rm bdua© 0 a0'em okcg a0'em 'kum© a0'em t'kur© okcg, a0'em=&[ef;wdYk a0'emwdkYonf okca0'em? 'ku©a0'em? okcvnf;r[kwf 'ku©vnf;r[kwfaom a0'em tm;jzifh þokH;rsKd;wdkYwnf;/ (c) pwaóm £rm bdu©a0 tmbm pE´mbm ol&d,mbm t*¾gbm ynmbm=&[ef;wdkY ta&mifwdkYonf va&mif? aea&mif? rD;a&mif? ynma&miftm;jzifh þav;rsKd;wdkYwnf;/


58 (*) b*0g ywåpD0&H tm'g, om0w¬ð yd@m, yg0dod=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf oydwfouFef;udk,lí om0w¬dNrdKUodkY qGrf;tvkYdiSm 0ifNyD/ (C)t'´om acg b*0g om&dykwåarm*¾vmae 'll&awmp tm*päaEÅ=bk&m;&Sifonf ta0;rSyif vmaeaom om&dykwå arm*¾vmewkdYudk jrifNyD/ (i) taxu'd0oH aAm"doawåm O,smeblrð *EÅKH om&xð tmraEÅwGm ]]&xH a,maZ[D}}wd tm[=xdktcg waeYoü bk&m;avmif;onf O,smOfajrodkYoGm;&ef &xm;xdef;udk ac:í ]]&xm;udk u avm}}[k ajymav\/ (p) tx acg ,aom ukvykawåm t'´o ZeH okyEÅ=H xdt k cg ,otrsK;d om;onf tdyaf ysmaf eaom vltaygif;udk jrifav\/ 14/ atmufygpmykd'frsm;udk ygVdjyefqkdyg/ (u)ukodkvfw&m;onf owå0gwdkY\ wdkd;yGm;jcif;\taMumif; jzpf\=ukoavm "ar®m owåmeH 0k¹d,m a[wk a[mwd/ (c) tukodkvfw&m;onf owå0gwdkY\ qkwf,kwfjcif;\ taMumif;jzpf\=tukoavm "ar®m owåmeH y&d[med,m a[wk a[mwd/ (*) q&mwynfh ESpfa,mufwdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk aemufrS tpOfvdkufukefNyD=Oabm tmp&d,aEÅ0godum b*0EÅH yd|dawm tEkAE¨ðok/ (C)rif;onf awmtkyfü aeukefaom &[ef;wdkYudk jrifav\= &mZm t#0d,H 0oaEÅ bdu©L t'´o/ (i) jrwfpGmbk&m;onf av;rsKd;aom y&dowfwdkYü w&m;udk a[mawmfrl\=b*0g pwlok y&domok "r®H a'aowd/ 15/ atmufygpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u)tx acg ZD0aum aumrm&bapöm a,e aom a0aZÆm awEkyouFrd? OyouFrdwGm wH a0ZÆH {w'a0gp ]]t[H acg tmp&d, A[kHp *PSmrd? v[kHp *PSmrd? ok|Kp Oy"ma&rd? *[dwHp ar e or®Kówd? owå p ar 0ómed twduúEÅmed? ep ,dró odyÜó taEÅm ynm,wd/ w'g £ró odyÜó taEÅm ynm,dówDwd/ awe [d baP ZD0u cPdwåð tm'g, wuúodvm, orEÅm a,mZeH tm[d@dwGm ,H udÍdö taboZÆH yaó,smod? wH tm[&mwd/ {0H tmp&d,mwd acg ZD0aum aumrm&bapöm wó a0ZÆó y#dókwGm cPdwåð tm'g, wuúodvm, orEÅm a,mZeH tm[d@aEÅm e udÍöd taboZÆH t'´o/ tx acg ZD0aum aumrm&bapöm a,e aom a0aZÆm awEkyouFrd? OyouFrdwGm wH a0ZÆH {w'a0gp ]]tm[d@aEÅm t[H tmp&d, wuúodvm, orEÅm a,mZeH e udÍöd taboZÆH t'´o}}EÅd/ ]]okodu©dawmod baP ZD0u? tvH aw {wåuH ZD0dum,m}}wd ZD0uó aumrm&bpöó y&dwåH ygax,sH yg'god/ tx acg ZD0aum aumrm&bapöm wH y&dwåH ygax,sH tm'g, a,e &mZ*[H awe yuúmrd/ (0de,r[m0*¾? ESm - 379)/ (c) tx acg bdu©a0 0dyóD ukrma&m om&xð tmraEÅod ]]a,maZ[d or®mom&xd b'´ged b'´ged,memed? O,smeblrð *pämrmwd/ {0H a'0gwd acg bdu©a0 om&xd 0dyódó ukrm&ó y#dókwGm b'´ged b'´ged,memed a,maZwGm 0dyódó ukrm&ó y#da0a'od ]],kwåmed acg aw a'0 b'´ged b'´ged ,memed? ,ó 'ged umvH


59 rnoD}}wd/ tx acg bdu©a0 0dyóD ukrma&m b'´H b'´H ,meH tbd½k[dwGm ba'´[d ba'´[d ,mae[d O,smeblrð ed,smod/ ('DCedum,? r[m0*¾ r[my'geokwå? ESm-18)/ (*) wDPdrmed bdu©a0 uóuó *[ywdó ykaAÁ u&PD,med/ uwrmed wDPd/ £" bdu©a0 uóaum *[ywd y#duapö0 acwåH oku|H ua&mwd? okrwduwH? y#duapö0 acwåH oku|H u&dwGm okrwduwH umave ADZmed ywd|maywd? umave ADZmed ywd|maywGm ora,e O'uH tbdaewdyd tyaewdbd/ £rmed acg bdu©a0 wDPd uóuó *[ywdó ykaAÁu&PD,med/ (t*kFwå&? wduedygw? acwåokwå? ESm-231)/ cufqpft"dyÜg,frsm;/ (u)orEÅm=ywf0ef;usifü/(edygw) tm[d@dwGm=vSnhfvnfí/ y#dókwGm=0efcHí/ tvH=vkHavmufNyD/(edygw) {wåuH=þrQ(aomtwwfynm)onf/ y&dwåH=tenf;i,faom/ ygax,sH=&du©m/ (c) b'´ged b'´ged=aumif;ukef aumif;ukefaom/ ,ó=tMuifjyKzG,fudpötwGuf/ ed,smod=xGufcGmav\/(ed+,m+ -d) (*) ykaAÁ=a&S;umvü(rwdkifrD)/ y#duapöp=BudKwifí/ oku|H=aumif;pGmxGef,ufjcif;udk/ okrwåduwH=aumif;pGmn§djcif;udk/ ywd|maywd=BuJcs\/(ywd+Xm+tmay+wd=wnfap\) tbdaewdyd=oGif;vnf;oGif;\/(tbd+ * ed+wd) tyaewdyd=xkwfvnf;xkwf\/(ty+ * ed+wd) ygVdoifcef;pm(15) (erlem) 1/ þum&EÅ£w¬dvdifemrfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,fykH/ e'D = jrpf/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm e'D e'D? e'da,m(eaZÆm) ur® e'ð e'D? e'da,m(eaZÆm) u&P e'd,m(eZÆm) e'D[d orÜ'ge e'd,m(eZÆm) e'DeH


60 tyg'ge e'd,m(eZÆm) e'D[d omrd e'd,m(eZÆm) e'DeH Moumo e'd,m? e'd,H(eZÆH) e'Dok tmvye e'D e'D? e'da,m rSwfcsuf/ uGif;( )twGif;rS ½kyfrsm;onf þe'Dyk'fESifhom qdkifaom½kyfxl;rsm;jzpfonf/ 2/ þum&EÅ£w¬dvdif emrfyk'fa0g[m&rsm;/ yx0D=ajrBuD;/ od&D=usufoa&/ r[D=ajrBuD;/ Am&mPoD=Am&mPoDNrdKU/ a'0D=rdzk&m;? ewforD;/ a0omvD=a0omvDNrdKU/ aygu©&PD=a&uef/ ab&D=pnf/ £w¬D=rdef;r/ ukrm&D=rdef;uav;/ bdu©KeD=&[ef;r/ 3/ e-ypönf;qufaomtwdwfud&d,myk'frsm;/ "mwfaemufodkY ]]e}}ypönf;quf&aom twdwfudwfud&d,myk'frsm;vnf;&Sd\/ "mwfESifhypönf;wdkY aygif;pyf&mwGif &Hcg½kyfajymif;vJoGm; ykHudkvnf; owdjyKyg/ (oifcef;pm 13? pmrsufESmu 58-udkvnf; jyef½Iyg/) ykHpHrsm;/ *qd'f+e=qdEé=jzwftyfNyD? jzwfcJhNyD/ *'g+e+'dEé=ay;tyfNyD? ay;cJhNyD/ *cd+P=cDP=ukefNyD/ y+*[m+e=y[De=y,ftyfNyD? y,fcJhNyD/ tm+*y'f+e=tmyEé=qdkufa&mufNyD/ O+*y'f+e=OyÜEé=jzpfay:NyD/ y#d+*y'f+e=y#dyEé=usifhBuHNyD/ oH+*y'f+e=orÜEé=jynfhpkHNyD/ ed+*o'f+e=edodEé=xdkfifNyD/ *w&f+e=wdPÖ=ul;NyD/ *Z&f+e=ZdPÖ=aqG;ajrh&ifha&mfNyD/

4/ ypöKyÜeu f w d yf pön;f ]]tEÅ}}jzifq h ;Hk aom yk'rf sm;udk £w¬v d id o f Ykdajymif; vdak omtcg ¤if;yk'rf sm;\aemufoYkd þ( -D )ypönf; quf&\/ ykHpHrsm;/ *päEÅ = *päEÅD y0EÅ = y0EÅD ua&mEÅ= ua&mEÅD xdkYaMumifh ¤if;yk'frsm;udk 0dbwfoG,fykHrSm(e'D? yx0Dponfh) þum&EÅ£w¬dvdifemrfyk'frsm;ESifhwl\/ ykdí ausap&ef atmufyg ykHpHrsm;udk xyfí avhvmyg/ *päEÅD


61 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm *päEÅD *päEÅD? *päEÅda,m ur® *päEÅð *päEÅD? *päEÅda,m u&P *päEÅd,m *päEÅD[d tyg'ge orÜ'ge *päEÅd,m *päEÅDeH omrd Moumo *päEÅd,m? *päEÅd,H *päEÅDok 5/ (u)uwåm;rwlaom ud&, d mESprf sK;d (udwu f &d , d mESit hf mcsmwf ud&, d m)wdYk wNydKief uf 0guswckwnf;ü jzpfay:jcif;? odkYr[kwf jyKvkyfjcif;udk azmfjy&mwGif ygVdbmomü a&SUud&d,mudk ypöKyÜef udwfud&d,myk'fjzifh pDukH;í omrd0dbwfjzpfap? Moumo0dbwfjzpfap ouf&\/ ¤if;a&SUud&d,m\ uwåm;yk'fonfvnf; rdrd\ ud&d,mESifh vdif? 0kpf? 0dbwf wl&\/ ykHpHrsm;/ (1) 'g&uó ½k'EÅó aom a*[m edu©rd/ (2) 'g&au ½k'aEÅ aom a*[m edu©rd/(uav;idkaepOf olonf tdrfrS xGufoGm;NyD/) (3) ukrm&d,m ½k'EÅ, d m aom a*[m edur© =d rde;f uav;onf idak epOf olonf tdrrf x S u G o f mG ;NyD/ (4) ukrm&DeH ½k'EÅDeH aom a*[m edu©rd=rdef;uav;rsm; idkaepOf olonf tdrfrS xGufoGm;NyD/ (5) ukrm&Dok ½k'EÅDok aom a*[m edu©rd/(t"dyÜg,fwl)/ (c) uwåm;rwlaom ud&d,mESpfrsKd;wdkY wckNyD;rS wckjzpfay:jcif;? jyKvkyfjcif;udk azmfjyvdkvQif a&SUud&d,mudk twdwfud&d,myk'fjzifh pDukH;í txufenf;twdkif; Moumo 0dbwfouf&\/ þodkY ud&d,mwck\ tcsdefumvudk tjcm;ud&d,mwckjzifh owfrSwfay;aom 0gusrsKd;udk ]]bm0vu©P0gus}}[k ac:\/ ykHpHrsm;/ (1) r,d tm*aw aw *wm=uREkfyf a&mufvmaomf (a&mufvmaomtcg)olwkdYonf oGm;ukef\/ (2) tarSok tm*awok aw *wm=uREfkyfwdkY a&mufvmukef aomf olwdkYonf oGm;ukef\/ (3) ukrm&d,m tm*wm, aw *wm=rdef;uav; a&mufvm aomf olwdkYonf oGm;ukef\/ (4) ukrm&Dok tm*wmok aw *wm=rde;f uav;rsm; a&mufvmukeaf omf olwYko d nf oGm;uke\ f / 6/ avhvm&ef erlemygVd0gusrsm; (u)awe ora,e Aka'¨g b*0g O½ka0vm,H 0d[&wd eZÆm ae&ÍÆ&m, wDa&=xdktcg bkef;awmfBuD;aom jrwfpGmbk&m; onf O½ka0vawm0,f ae&ÍÆ&mrnfaom jrpf\urf;ü ae\/ (c) twDaw Am&mPod,H jA[®'awå &ZÆH uma&aEÅ aAm"doawåm 0gPdZukav OyÜaEém= vGefavNyD;aomtcg Am&mPoDNrdKUwGif jA[®'wfrif; rif;jyKaomtcg bk&m;avmif;onf ukefonfrsKd;ü jzpfav\/ (*) {urEÅH edodEém acg om bdu©KeD b*0EÅH {w'a0gp=wckaom tpGeftzsm;ü xdkifNyD;aom xdk&[ef;ronf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk þpum;udk avQmufNyD (C)cDPm ar Zmwd? 0kodwH jA[®p&d,H? uwH u&PD,H=ightm; arG;zGm;jcif;onf ukefNyD/


62 jrwfaomtusifhudk usifhokH;NyD;NyD/ jyKbG,fudpöudk jyKNyD;NyD/ (i) ukrm&deH aygu©&Pd,H uDVEÅDeH a'a0g 0ód=rdef;uav;rsm; onf a&uefü upm;aeMupOf rdk;onf &GmNyD/ (p) aom bdu©K or®my#dy'H y#dyaEém a[mwd=xdk&[ef;onf rSefuefaomtusifhudk usifhBuHcJh\/ 7/ (u)uwåm(ouúw=twåef)[laom yk'fonf ykvd’ifjzpfí atmufyg twdkif; 0dbwfoG,f&\/ twåm=touf? 0dnmPf? vdyfjym/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm twåm twåmaem ur® twåmeH twåmaem u&P twåem tawå[d orÜ'ge twåaem twåmeH omrd tyg'ge twåem tawå[d Moumo twåed twåaeok (c) jA[®m(ouúw=jA[®ef)yk'fvnf; ykv’difjzpfí {u0kpfomvQif awGU&Sd&onf/ jA[®m=jA[®m 0dbwf {u0kpf uwåm jA[®m ur® jA[®meH u&P jA[®Kem tyg'ge orÜ'ge jA[®Kaem omrd Moumo jA[®ed tmvye jAa[® 8/ twåm[laom yk'u f kd 2-rsK;d tok;H jyK\/ ½d;k ½k;d emrfy'k t f jzpfjzif¤h if;? emrfpm;tjzpfjzif¤h if; tok;H jyKonf/ (u)½d;k ½k;d emrfy'k t f jzpf tok;H jyKaomtcg touf? 0dnmPf? vdyjf ym ponfjzifh trsK;d rsK;d ac:a0:aom cE¨mud, k w f iG ;f ü rysurf pD; tNrJwnfw\ hH [k tcsKUd yk*Kd¾ vfwYkd,q l aom t&m0w¬Kudk &nfñeT ;f \/ ¤if;udk y#dao"=]]tef}}qufvQif tewå=twå r[kwf[k teuf&\/ ykHpHrsm;/ (1) e ar aom twåm=þt&monf ig\ twår[kwf/ (2) ½lyH bdu©a0 tewåm=&[ef;wdkY ½kyfonf twår[kwf/ (c) twåm[laomyk'fudk emrfpm;tjzpftokH;jyKaomtcg ]]rdrd? udk,fwdkif}}[k t"dyÜg,f&\/ ykHpHrsm;/ (1) aom twåmeH okacwd yDaPwd=xdkolonf rdrdudk,fudk csrf;omap\/ jynfhNzdK;ap\/ (2) twåem twåmeH Asmua&mwd=rdrdudk,fwdkif rdrdudk,fudk ajymMum;\/


63 (3) okpdblawe twåem 0d[&wd=rdrdudk,fwdkif pifMu,fonf jzpfí ae\/ (4) t[H twåaem *wð Zmemrd=igonf rdrd\ vm;a&muf&m Xmeudk od\/ (5) twåemp ZD0? ykw'å ga&p aygao[d=ud, k w f ikd v f nf; toufarG;avm? om;r,m;wdYkuv kd nf; auR;arG;avm/ (*) twåm[laom emrfpm;yk'Ef iS hf t"dygÜ ,fwal om atmufygyk'w f Ykd\ tok;H tEIe;f udv k nf; avhvmyg/ (1) ou=rdrdOpömjzpfaom/(emr0daooe)/ (2) o,H=udk,fwdkif/(edygw)/ (3) omrH=udk,fwdkif/(edygw)/ ykHpHrsm;/ (1) oau eda0oae=rdrdaetdrfü/ (2) a,e oaum tm&marm awe yg,mod=rdrdt&H&Sd&modkY oGm;av\/ (3) o,H tbdnm, opäduwGm ya0a'wd=udk,fwdkif xl;jcm;aomÓPfjzifh rsufarSmufjyKí a[mMum;\/ (4) omrH 'd|H=udk,fwdkifjriftyfaom/ (5) omrH Zmemwd=udk,fwdkifod\/ 9/ yÍö=5 [laom ocsFmemrfpm;yk'fudk atmufygtwdkif; 0dbwfoG,f &\/ 0dbwf A[k0kpf uwåm yÍö ur® u&P yÍö[d tyg'ge orÜ'ge yÍöEéH omrd Moumo yÍöok atmufygwdkYudkvnf; tvm;wl 0dbwfoG,f&\/ q=6 'o=10 pwk'´o=14 owå=7 {um'o=11 yEé&o=15 t|=8 'Gg'o=12 aomVo=16 e0=9 aw&o=13 owå&o=17 t|&o=18 10/wyÜK&doormof yk'fESpfckudk pyf&mwGif aemufyk'f\ teufjy|mef;aom ormofudk wyÜK&doormof[k ac:\/ þormofü a&SUyk'fwGif ur®ponfh 0dbwfajcmufrsKd;rS wrsKd;rsKd;qufí ormofpyfNyD;aomtcg xdk0dbwfrsm;onf trsm;tm;jzifh ausaysmufoGm;\/ ykHpHrsm;/ okcH yawåm=okcyÜawåm=csrf;omjcif;odkYa&mufaom/ ukrÇH uma&m=ukrÇuma&m=tkd;jyKvkyfol(tkd;xdrf;onf)/


64 Aka'¨e bmodawm=Ak'¨bmodawm=bk&m;a[mtyfaom/ oDave orÜaEém=oDvorÜaEém=oDvESifhjynfhpkHaom/ &anm t&[H=&mZm&[H=rif;tm;xdkufwefaom/ aomwkH umarm=aomwkumarm=Mum;emvdkaom/ *EÅKH umarm=*EÅKumarm=oGm;vdkaom/ AE¨em rkawåm=AE¨erkawåm=taESmiftzGJUrSvGwfaom/ yd@ygwy#duúaEÅm=yd@ygwy#duúaEÅm=qGrf;cH&mrS zJcJhaom/ &anm ykawåm=&mZykawåm=rif;\om;? rif;om;/ bdu©LeH oHaCm=bdu©KoHaCm=&[ef;wdkY\taygif;tpk/ "ar® &awm="r®&awm=w&m;üarGUavsmfaom/ t&an 0gaom=t&n0gaom=awmüaejcif;/ 11/ ]]awm}}[laom aemufqufudkvnf; tyg'ge0dbwftjzpf tokH;jyKaMumif; jycJhNyD;jzpf\/ þ]]awm}}ESifhwuG tjcm;tyg'ge0dbwfrsm;udk ½dk;½dk;zJcGmjcif;teufrSwyg; atmufygteuf trsKd;rsKd;wdkYüvnf; tokH;jyKavonf/ (u)taMumif;&if;(a[wk)teuf/ a0'em ypö,m orÇ0wd=a0'em[laomtaMumif;rS (taMumif;aMumifh)wPSmonf jzpfay: vm\/ (c) aMumuf&GHUjcif;? ab;&ef/ owåm rpöKem bm,EÅd=owå0gwdkYonf aojcif;rS aMumufukef\/ e ukawm 0g b,H ew¬d=wpkHwckaom t&yfrS ab;&efonf r&Sd/ (*) vGwfajrmufjcif;/ pdwåH tmoa0[d 0drkpöwd=pdwfonf tmo0wdkYrS vGwfajrmuf\/ (C)t&yfrsufESm/ 'u©dPawm e*&ó=NrdKU\awmifbufü/ (i) tcsdefumv/ £awm {uwðao uayÜ=þrS okH;q,fhwpfurÇmü/ £awm wdPÖH rmomeH tpöa,e=þrS okH;vvGefaomtcg (p) a&SmifMuOfjcif;/ rkom0g'g y#d0d&wm=rkom;ajymjcif;rS a&SmifMuOf\/ (q)tydkif;tjcm;/ ,m0 jA[®avmum=jA[®mhjynfwdkifatmif/ (Z) ud&d,m0daooe/ tedpöawm yówd? 'ku©awm yówd=tedpötm;jzifh ½I\/'ku©tm;jzifh ½I\/ (ps) tnMw? tm&um? y&H paom edygwyk'frsm;ESifh ,SOf&mXme/ tnMw zóm=zórSwyg;/ tm&um edAÁmem=edAÁmefrS a0;ukef\/ y&H r&Pm=aoonfrS aemufü/ 12/ atmufyg ygVdpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/


65 (u)twåm [d twåaem emaxm=rdrdonf omvQif rdrd\ udk;uG,f tm;xm;&m jzpf\/ (c) ,o®m p acg bdu©a0 a0'em tewåm? wo®m a0'em tmAm"m, oH0wåwd? e p vAÇwd a0'em, ]]{0H ar a0'em a[mwk? {0H ar a0'em rm a[moD}}wd=&[ef;wdkY tMuifaMumifh a0'emonf twår[kwf/ xdkYaMumifh a0'emonf emusifap&ef jzpf\/ ]]ig\ a0'emonf þodkY jzpfygap? þodkY rjzpfygapESifh}}[lívnf; a0'emü r&tyf/ (*) wdaóm yd acg r[mjA[®m jA[®avmuawm p0dwGm arm*¾vdjA[®P a*a[ y#doE¨ð t*¾a[od=wdójA[®m BuD;onfvnf; jA[®mhjynfrS a&GUavsmcJhí arm*¾vdykPÖm;\ tdrfü y#doaE¨udk ,lav\/ (C)tx acg jA[®Kaem o[rÜwdó {w'a[mod=xdktcg o[rÜwdjA[®mtm; þodkYaomtBuH jzpfay:NyD/ (i) b*0g 0ZÆDeH owå ty&d[meda, "ar® a'aood=jrwfpGm bk&m;onf 0ZÆDrif;wdkYtm; ckepfyg;aom rqkwf,kwfaMumif; w&m;wdkYudk a[mavNyD/ 13/ atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk ygVdjyefqdkyg/ (u)jrwfpGmbk&m;onf av;yg;aom opömwdkYudk udk,fwdkifod\= Aka'¨g pwåm&dt&d,opömed omrH(o,H) Zmemwd/ (c) &Spfyg;aom taMumif;wdkYaMumifh ajrBuD;onf vIyf\=t|[d a[wl[d yx0D pvwd/ (*) igonf wPSmudk y,ftyfNyD=wPSm ar y[Dem/ (C)xdkolonf ½kyfudk twåtm;jzifh(twå[lí)½I\=aom ½lyH twåawm orEkyówd/ (i) vlrdkufwdkYonf edAÁmefrS a0;ukef\=Amvm edAÁmem tm&um/ 14/ atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk zwfyg/ (u){u'd0oH aAm"doawå uDVmr@vH *päaEÅ {aum aoaem okezvuawm rHoayoð *a[wGm tmumoH yu©E´d/ wH 'doGm 'g&um ]]rHoayoð q×mayórm}}wd aoeH tEkAE¨ðok/ aoaem £awm pdawm0 "m0wd/ aw O'¨H MoavmauwGm wó ypäawm ypäawm *päEmÅ ygomPm'Dok Oyu©vw d mG udvrEÅ/d tx ae y@dawm tm[]]q×mayómrd e}}EÅd/ q×may[d omrDwd/ ]]awe [d yóxm}}wd aom O'¨H taemavmauwGm0 a0a*e "m0dwGm aoeó qm,H tuúrdwGm ygPð y[&dwGm r[mo'´H tumod/ aom bDawm rHoH qa×od/ aAm"doawåm qm,H MoavmauaEÅm0 ÚwGm wH blrd,H ywdwkH t'wGm tmumaoa,0 orÜ#dpäd/ wH tpä&d,H 'doGm r[mZaem tayÜga#aEÅm r[mo'´H tumod/ (ra[mo" Zmwut|uxm? ESm - 168)/ cufqpfrsm;/ uDVmr@H=upm;uGif;/ aoaem=odef;pGefonf/ okezvuawm=pOfwDwkH;rS/ rHoayoð=tom;wpfudk/ yu©E´d=ysHav\/ £awm pdawm0=xdkrSþrS/ ygomPm'Dok=ausmufcJponfwdkYü/ Oyu©vdwGm=acsmfí/


66 taemavmauwGm=rMunfhbJ/ a0a*e=vsifjrefpGm/ tuúrdwGm=eif;í/ orÜ#dpäd=zrf;,lav\/ tayÜga#aEÅm=vufyrf;aygufcwfcsuf/ (c) pwåma&m acg ar r[m&mZ '[&mwd e OnmwAÁm? '[&mwd e y&dabmwAÁm/ uwar pwåma&m/ cwåad ,m acg r[m&mZ '[a&mwd e OnmwaAÁm? '[a&mwd e y&dabmwaAÁm/ O&a*g acg r[m&mZ '[a&mwd e OnmwaAÁm/ '[a&mwd e y&dabmwaAÁm/ t*¾d acg r[m&mZ '[a&mwd e OnmwaAÁm? '[a&mwd e y&dabmwaAÁm/ bdu©K acg r[m&mZ '[a&mwd e OnmwaAÁm? '[a&mwd e y&dabmwaAÁm/ £ar acg r[m&mZ pwåma&m '[&mwd e OnmwAÁm? '[&mwd e y&dabmwAÁm/(o*gxm0*¾? aumovoH,kwå? ESm68)/ cufqpfrsm;/ pwåma&m acg ar=pwåma&m+acg+£ar(acg-teufr&Sd)/ '[&mwd=i,f&G,folrsm;[lí/ e OnmwAÁm=txifrao;tyfukef(O+ HÓ+wAÁ)/ e y&dabmwAÁm=ysuf&,frjyKtyfukef(y&d+ Hbl+wAÁ)/ cwåd,=rif;rsKd;/ O&*=a>r/ (*) a, acg aupd uma,e 'kpö&dwH p&EÅd? 0gpm, 'kpö&dwH p&EÅd? reom 'kpö&dwH p&EÅd/ awoH tyÜda,m twåm/ udÍömyd aw {0H 0a',sKH]]ydda,m aem twåm}}wd/ tx acg awoH tyÜda,m twåm/ wH udó a[wk/ ,H [d tyÜda,m tyÜd,ó ua&,s/ wH aw twåem0 twåaem ua&mEÅd/ wo®m awoH tyÜda,m twåm/ a,p acg aupd uma,e okp&dwH p&EÅd/ 0gpm, okp&dwH p&EÅd/ reom okp&dwH p&EÅd/ awoH yda,m twåm/ udÍömyd aw {0H 0a',sKH ]]tyÜda,m aem twåm}}wd/ tx acg awoH yda,m twåm/ wH udó a[wk/ ,H [d yda,m yd,ó ua&,s/ wH aw twåem0 twåaem ua&mEÅd/ wo®m awoH yda,m twåmwd/ (o*gxm0*¾? aumovoH,kwå? ESm-71)/ cufqpfrsm;/ a, aupd=tMuifolwdkYonf/ 'kpö&dwH=raumif;aomtusifh/ tyÜda,m=rcspftyf/ twåm=rdrdukd,fudk/ wH udó a[wk=xdkodkYjzpfjcif;onf tb,fhaMumifhenf;/ udÍömyd=tu,fí/ tx acg=odkYaomfvnf;/ awoH=xdkolwdkYonf/


67 [d=taMumif;um;/

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4/

ygVdoifcef;pm(16) (erlem) Oum&EÅ £w¬dvdifemrfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,fykH/ "mwk = "mwf/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm "mwk "mwl? "mwka,m ur® "mwkH "mwl? "mwka,m u&P "mwk,m "mwl[d tyg'ge orÜ'ge "mwk,m "mwleH omrd Moumo "mwk,m? "mwk,H "mwlok tmvye "mwk "mwl? "mwka,m Oum&EÅ £w¬dvdifemrfyk'f a0g[m&rsm;/ ,m*k=qefjyKwf a"Ek=EGm;r/ umok=wGif;/ ua&Pk=qifr/ 0dZÆK=vQyfa&mif/ Ook=jr§m;/ &ZÆK=BudK;/ oók=a,mu©r(rdef;r)/ upäK=,m;em/ avmu"mwk=avmu"mwf(pMu0Vm)/ ur®bm0ypönf; qufykH(tquf)/ (u)ypöKyÜef udwfud&d,myk'frsm;ü]]rme}}ypönf;qufaom yk'frsm;wGifom ur®bm0 ypönf; ]]£,}}odkYr[kwf ]],}}qufEdkif\/ ykHpHrsm;/ *bmof+-d,+rme=bmod,rme=ajymqdktyfaom/ *bPf+,+rme=bnrme=a[mMum;tyfaom/ *u&f+-d,+rme=u&d,rme=jyKvkyftyfaom/ *0pf+,+rme=0kpörme=ajymqdktyfaom/ ed+*0&f+-d,+rme=ed0g&d,rme=wm;jrpftyfaom/ *ed+,+rme=ed,rme=,laqmiftyfaom/ (c) um½kdufud&d,myk'frsm;üvnf; ur®bm0ypönf;rsm;ouf&\/ ykHpHrsm;/ *u&f+ a-=uma&+-d,+wd=um&d,wd=jyKvkyfaptyf\/ *bl+a-=bma0+-d,+wd=bm0d,wd=wdk;yGm;aptyf\/ *Ó+tmay=Óay+-d,+wd=Óyd,wd=odaptyf\/ tm+*½k[f+tmay=tma&may+-d,+wd=tma&myd,wd= tay:odkYwifaptyf\/ ur®0gpu ud&d,mrsm;\ tokH;tEIef;udk oabmaygufap&ef atmufyg 0gusrsm;udk avhvmyg/


68 (u)£ro®ðokawå bnrmae aum@nó "r®pu©K O'yg'd= þokwfudk a[mMum;tyfpOf aum@ntm; w&m;rsufvkH;onf jzpfay:NyD/ (c) tm,o®m tmeaE´m b*0wm MoVm&dau edrdawå u,d&rmae emou©d y#d0dZÑdwkH= t&Sif tmeE´monf jrwfpGm bk&m;u xif&Sm;aomedrdwfudk jyKtyfaomfvnf; xdk;xGif;í odjcif;iSm rpGrf;EdkifcJh/ (*) aom tmp&da,e ed0g&d,rmaemyd ygyH ua&mwda,0= xdkolonf q&mu wm;jrpftyf aomfvnf; raumif;rIudk jyKonfomwnf;/ (C){0H aom bdu©K bdu©L[d 0kpörmaemyd wH 'd|ð e y#deóZÆwd= xdk&[ef;onf þodkY tjcm;&[ef;rsm;u ajymqdktyfygaomfvnf; xdkt,ludk rpGefY/ (i) apma&[d ed,rmem 'g&um a&m'ðok=ckd;olwdkY ac:aqmiftyfukefaom uav;wdkYonf ikdMuavukef\/ 5/ jyKvkyfol(uwåm)udk azmfjyaom emrfyk'frsm;/ 0g-udwfemrfrsm;/ "mwfaemufoYkd ]]wk}}ypön;f qufvQif jyKvkyo f (l uwåm)udk azmfjyaom emrfy'k rf sm;jzpfvm\/(wcgw&H tv,fü]]£}}o& xnfhoGif;ay;&\/) ¤if;yk'frsm;onf ouúwbmomü ]]w&f}}ypönf; jzifhqkH;aom yk'rf sm;jzpf\/ ygVdbmomüvnf; ¤if;yk'rf sm;udk uwåm 0dbwfjzifh {u0kpüf ]]wm}}? A[k0pk üf ]]wma&m}}[k tqkH;owfonfudk awGU&\/ ykHpHrsm;/ *bmof= bmodwm= ajymqdkwwfol/ *'g= 'gwm = ay;wwfol/ *ok= aomwm= em;axmifwwfol/ 0d+*Ó = 0dnmwm= odem;vnfol/ *u&f= uwåm = jyKvkyfwwfol/ **ZÆf= *ZÆdwm = xpfcsKef;wwfol/ *omof= ow¬m = oGefoifwwfol(q&m)/ *0óf = 0ódwm= &Gmwwfol/ *0pf+a-= 0gapwm= ykdYcswwfol/ 0d+*Ó+tmay = 0dnmaywm= odapwwfol/ *ok+a-= oma0wm= Mum;odapol/ *eD= aewm= ydkYaqmifwwfol/ 6/ jyKvyk o f jl y emrfy'k rf sm;udk uwåm0dbwfjzifo h m tok;H rsm;aomfvnf; ¤if;wdYkteufrS ow¬m[laomyk'u f rkd l tjcm;0dbwfrsm;jzifhvnf; tokH;jyKonfudk awGU&\/ xkYdaMumifh ¤if;\0dbwfoG,fudk avhvmyg/ ow¬m = oGefoifwwfol(q&m) 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm ow¬m ow¬ma&m ur® ow¬m&H ow¬ma&m? ow¬ma&/ u&P ow¬m&m? ow¬Kem* ow¬ma&[d orÜ'ge ow¬K? ow¬Kó?* ow¬m&meH? ow¬LeH* omrd ow¬Kaem* ow¬meH/


69 tyg'ge ow¬m&m ow¬ma&[d Moumo ow¬&d ow¬ma&ok tmvye ow¬? ow¬m ow¬ma&m/ rSwfcsuf/ /* þtrSwjf yyk'rf sm;onf Oum&EÅyv k id’ f bduK© \ 0dbwfo, G Ef iS hf tvm;wl\/ 7/ txufyg ow¬m? bmodwm-paom yk'frsm;udk jyKvkyfoludk azmfjyaom emrfyk'ftjzpfjzifh¤if;? wcgw&H udwfud&d,mtjzpfjzifh¤if; tokH;jyK\/ udwfud&d,mtjzpftokH;jyKaomtcg ¤if;\ uHyk'fudk ur®0dbwfjzifhaomf¤if;? orÜ'ge0dbwfjzifhaomf¤if; xm;Edkif\/ atmufygykHpHrsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u)wxm*awm opöH 0gpH bmodwm ta[mod=jrwfpmG bk&m;onf rSeaf ompum;udk ajymqdw k wfol jzpfavonf/ (c) {0H 0wåma&m b0dóEÅd=þodkY ajymqdkolwdkYonf &SdukefvwhH/ (*) "r®ó tnmwma&m b0dóEÅd=w&m;udk em;vnfolwdkYonf &SdukefvwHh/ (C)t[H rEÅmeH 'gwm? wGH rEÅmeH y#d*¾a[wm=igonf rEÅmefrsm;udk ay;olwnf;/ oifonf rEÅmefrsm;udk oif,lolwnf;/ (i) t[H tó raEÅ 0gapwm=igonf xdkoltm; rEÅmefrsm;udk ydkYcsay;olwnf;/ ur®"m&,ormof(ur®"&nf;ormof)/ 8/ teufj'yfwckwnf;udk ñTefjyí 0dbwftm;jzifhvnf;wlaom yk'f 2-ckudk aygif;pyfjcif;udk ur®"m&,ormof-[k ac:\/ þormofü trsm;tm;jzifh a&SUyk'fonf aemufyk'fudk txl;jyK\/ a&SUyk'f\ 0dbwfonfvnf;aus\/ atmufygykHpHrsm;ESifhwuG ormofpyf&mü xl;jcm;csufrsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u)0daooeyk'f a&SUuaeaomormof/ þormofü ]]r[EÅ=BuD;aom? jrwfaom}}[laom yk'fudk ]]r[m}}jyKí ]]oEÅ=aumif;aom}} [laomyk'fudk ]]o}}jyK&\/ r[aEÅm yk&daom=r[myk&daom=jrwfaoma,mufsm;/ r[wD yx0D=r[myx0D=BuD;aomajr/ r[EÅH b,H=r[AÇ,H=BuD;aomab;/ (c) 0daooeyk'f aemufaeaomormof/ Owåarm *aPm=*Pkwåarm=*dkPf;jrwf(*P+Owåarm)/ y@dawm ra[moa"m=ra[mo"y@dawm=ra[mo" ynm&Sd/ tmp&da,m Ak'¨aCmaom=Ak'¨aCmomp&da,m= Ak'¨aCmo q&m/ (*) 0daooeyk'fESpfckudk pyfaomormof/ oDwH p OPSHp=oDwkPSH=at;vnf;at; ylvnf;ylaom/ OpöH p t0pH p=Opöm0pH=jrwfvnf;jrwf ,kwfvnf; ,kwfaom/ (C)EdIif;,SOfjcif;jy OyrmPyk'fudk aemufxm;aom ormof/ Aka'¨g paom ema*gp=Ak'¨ema*g=e*g;ESifhwlaombk&m;/ oraPm p aom y'karmp=orPy'karm=y'krmMumESifh wlaom&[ef;/ rkcH p wH paE´m p=rkcpaE´m=vESifhwlaomrsuffESm/ (i) a&SUyk'fjzifh aemufyk'fobm0udk ay:vGifatmifazmfjyaom ormof/


70 tedpöH £wd onm=tedpöonm=tedpö[k rSwfxifjcif;/ "ar®m £wd ocFgawm="r®ocFgawm="r®[kac:qdk tyfaom/ twåm £wd 'd|d=twå'd|d=twå[k xifjrifjcif;/ (p) yk'fESpfckjzifh azmfjyaom teufonf wrsKd;pDr[kwf? wrsKd;wnf;om jzpfaMumif; azmfjyaom ormof/ þormofudk ay:vGifatmif]]{0}}jzifh azmfay;avh&Sd\/ pu©K {0 'Gg&H=pu©K'Gg&H=rsufpdwHcg;ayguf/ yx0D {0 "mwk=yx0D"mwk=yx0D"mwf/ ½lyH {0 tm&r®PH=½lyg&r®PH=½kyftm½kH/ (q)e-[laom y#dao"edygwfESifhwGJaom ormof/ þormofü ]]e}}onf ormofpyfNyD;aomtcg Asnf;\ a&SUuaevQif ]]t}}odkY¤if;? o&\a&SUuaevQif ]]tef}}odkY¤if; ajymif;\/ e ukovH=tukovH=ukodkvfr[kwf(ukodkvf\ qefYusifbuf)/ e rEkaóm=trEkaóm=vlr[kwf?(vlESifhwlol)/ e t&da,m=te&da,m=t&d,mr[kwfol/ (Z) y-paom Oyom&yk'f? edygwfyk'frsm;ESifhpyfaom ormof/ y"meH 0peH=yg0peH=jy"mef;aompum;/(ta&;BuD;aom pum;/) or®m'd|d=or®m'd|d=aumif;aomtjrif/ t"duH oDvH=t"doDvH=vGefuJaomoDv/ 9/ atmufygocFsmyk'frsm;udk avhvmyg/ {ule0Dowd = 19/ £w¬dvdif{u0kpfom? 0Dowd = 20/ ]Zmwd} ESifhtwl 0dbwfoG,f/ wðo = 30/ eykvd’if {u0kpfom/ pwåmvDo = 40/ ynmo = 50/ o|d = 60/ owåwd = 70/ £wd¬vdif {u0kpfom toDwd = 80/ ZmwdESifhtwl 0dbwfoG,fyg/ e0kwd = 90/ ow = 100/ eykv’dif]]pdwå}}uJhodkY o[ó = 1000/ 0dbwfoG,fyg/ 10/(u)ocFsmyk'frsm;udk tokH;jyKykH 2-rsKd;&Sd\/ tcsdKUae&mü ocsFm(ta&twGuf)udk y"mexm;í tokH;jyK\/ xdktcg ¤if;ocsFm\ 0daooeyk'fonf omrd0dbwfjzifh ae\/ ykHpHrsm;/ bdu©LeH {ule0Dowd=&[ef; 19-yg;/ rEkómeH 0Dowd=vl 20/ ZmwdeH owH=b0w&m/(ormofpyfvQif ZmwdowH)/


71 a'0geH o[óH = ewfwaxmif/ (ormofpyfvQif a'0o[óH)/ (c) trsm;tm;jzifhum; ocFsmyk'fudk 0daooetjzpfxm;í tokH;jyKonfudk awGU&\/ þenf;ü yk'f 2-ckwdkYonf vdif? 0kpftm;jzifh wlcsifrS wlrnfjzpfaomfvnf; um&u(uwåm;? uH ponf) tm;jzifh wlnD&avonf/ ykHpHrsm;/ {ule0Dowd bdu©L=19-yg;aom &[ef;wdkYonf/ {ule0Dowd,m bdu©L[d=19-yg;aom &[ef;wdkYESifh/ {ule0Dowd,m pdawåok=19-yg;aom pdwfwdkYü/ {ule0Dowd,m £w¬DeH=19-a,mufaom rdef;rwdkYtm;/ (*) ]]0Dowd}}tpm; wcgw&H ]]0Do}}[kvnf; tokH;jyK\/ ¤if;tm; ]]wðo}}ponfuJhodkY eykv’dif {u0kpfwnf;/ 0DoH yd Zmwda,m tEkó&wd=20 aom b0wdkYudkvnf; trSwf&\/ wðoH yd Zmwda,m tEkó&wd = pwåmvDoH yd Zmwda,m tEkó&wd = ynmoH yd Zmwda,m tEkó&wd = (C)wðo rS ynmo txd yk'frsm;udk uwåmESifhur® 0dbwfrsm;ESifh wGJ&mü yk'f&if;twdkif;vnf; tokH;jyK\/ ykHpHrsm;/ wðo bdu©L=okH;q,faom &[ef;wdkYonf/ pwåmvDo pdwåmed=av;q,faom pdwfwdkYonf/ ynmo rEkóm=ig;q,faom vlwdkYonf/ (i) ow? o[ó wdkYonf 0daooetjzpftokH;jyKaomtcg eykvd’if{u0kpfom jzpfukef\/ ykHpHrsm;/ owH [w¬D=w&maomqifrsm;/ o[óH bdu©L=waxmifaom &[ef;rsm;/ (p) ow? o[ówdYk tjcm;yk'rf sm;jzifh 0daooejyKjcif;cH&aom tcgwGirf l A[k0pk v f nf;jzpfEikd \ f / ykHpHrsm;/ a'G owmed=ESpf&mukefaom/ yÍö o[ómed=ig;axmifukefaom/ owå bdu©Kowmed=&[ef;ckepf&mwdkYonf/ a'G t&[EÅowmed=&[EÅmESpf&mwdkYonf/ 11/ atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u)ow¬m ar b*0g? om0aum t[H=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf uREfkyf\ q&mygwnf;/ uREfkyfonf wynfhygwnf;/ (c) twDaw [dr0aEÅ r[medaj*ma"m ta[mod=a&S;tcgu [dr0EÅmawmü yanmifyifBuD;(wyif) &SdcJhonf/ (*) 0domcg Oygodum bdu©KoHCó ,m*kH 'gwm a[mwd= 0domcgrnfaom Oygodumronf &[ef;taygif;tm; qefjyKwfudk vSLoljzpfonf/


72 (C)a,m pd&H ZD0wd? aom 0óowH ZD0wd=tMuifolonf MumjrifhpGm touf&Snf\/ xdkolonf ESpfaygif;w&m touf&Snf\/ (i) y0wåad w b*0wm "r®pauú t,H avmu"mwk urÜ=d jrwfpmG bk&m;onf "r®puf(w&m;bD;)udk vnfaptyfNyD;aomf þavmu"mwfonf wkefvIyfcJhavNyD/ 12/ atmufygpmykd'frsm;udk ygVdjyefyg/ (u)tMuifolonf ig;yg;aom cE¨m? wqJhESpfyg;aom tm,we? wqJh&Spfyg;aom "mwfwdkYukd em;vnf\/ xdkolonf uvsmP ykxkZefrnf=a,m yÍöcaE¨ 'Gg'o tm,wemed t|m&o "mwka,m p tmZmemwd/ aom uvsmPykxkZÆaem emr/ (c) jrwfpGmbk&m;onf &Spfusdyfaom wynfhBuD;rsm;ESihftwl om0w¬dNrdKUodkY qGrf;tvdkYiSm 0ifavNyD=b*0g toDwd,m r[mom0au[d o'¨ð om0w¬ð yd@m, yg0dod/ (*) wckaom avmu"mwfü ESpfqlaom bk&m;&SifwdkY wcsdefxJü rjzpfay:ukef={wdóm avmu"mwk,m {uo®ðcaP a'G Ak'¨g e OyÜZÆEÅd/ (C)"r®puúokwfudk a[mMum;pOf aum@n\pdwfonf udavomwdkYrS vGwfajrmufav \="r®puúokawå bnrmae aum@nó pdwåH udavao[d 0drkpöd/ (i) ynm&SdwkdYonf rSefaom pum;udk qdkwwfukef\=y@dwm opö0gpH bmodwma&m a[mEÅd/ 13/ atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk zwfyg/ (u){0H ar okwH {uH or,H b*0g om0w¬d,H 0d[&wd aZw0ae temxyd@duó tm&mar/ wMw acg b*0g bdu©L tmraEÅod bdu©a0gwd/ b'aEÅwd aw bdu©L b*0awm ypöaómokH b*0g {w'a0gp pwåma&m ar bdu©a0 0vm[um/ uwar pwåma&m/ *ZÆdwm aem 0ódwm? 0ódwm aem *ZÆdwm? ae0 *ZÆdwm aem 0ódwm? *ZÆdwm p 0ódwm p/ £ar acg bdu©a0 pwåma&m 0vm[um/ {0ar0H acg bdu©a0 pwåma&m 0vm[ulyrmyk*¾vm oaEÅm oH0dZÆrmem avmuo®ð/ uwar pwåa&m/ *ZÆdwm aem 0ódwm? 0ódwm aem *ZÆdwm? ae0 *ZÆdwm aem 0ódwm? *ZÆdwm p 0ódwm p/ uxH p bdu©a0 yk*¾avm *ZÆdwm a[mwd aem 0ódwm/ £" bdu©a0 {uapöm yk*¾avm bmodwm a[mwd aem uwåm/ {0H acg bdu©a0 yk*¾avm *ZÆdwm a[mwd aem 0ódwm/ uxH p bdu©a0 yk*¾avm 0ódwm a[mwd aem *ZÆdwm/ £" bdu©a0 {uapöm yk*¾avm uwåm a[mwd aem bmodwm/ {0H acg bdu©a0 yk*¾avm 0ódwm a[mwd aem *ZÆdwm/ uxH p bdu©a0 yk*¾avm ae0*ZÆdwm a[mwd aem 0ódwm/ £" bdu©a0 {uapöm yk*¾avm ae0 bmodwm a[mwd aemp uwåm/ {0H acg bdu©a0 yk*¾avm ae0 *ZÆdwm a[mwd aem 0ódwm/ uxH p bdu©a0 yk*¾avm *ZÆdwm p a[mwd 0ódwmp/ £" bdu©a0 {uapöm yk*¾avm bmodwmp a[mwd uwåmp/ {0H acg bdu©a0 yk*¾avm *ZÆdwm p a[mwd 0ódwmp/ £ar acg bdu©a0 pwåma&m 0vm[ulyrm yk*¾vm oaEÅm oH0dZÆrmem avmuo®EÅd/(t*kFwå&? pwkuúedygw? ESm-416)/ cufqpfrsm;/


73 b'aEÅwd=t&Sifbk&m;[k(b'aEÅ+£wd)/ 0vm[u=rkd;wdrf/ {0ar0H=þtwl({0H+{0H)/ oaEÅm=&Sdukef\/( *to+tEÅ)/ oH0dZÆrmem=awGUjrif&ukef\/(oH+*0d'f+rme)/ uxH=tb,fodkY(edygw)/ 0vm[ulyrm=rkd;wdrfESifhEdIif;,SOftyfukefaom/ ygVdoifcef;pm(17) (erlem) 1/ rmwk=trd? ydwk=tb [laom yk'frsm;onf ouúwbmomü (rmw&f? ydwm&f) [laom yk'rf sm;ESihf wln&D um; Asnf;jzifq h ;Hk aom yk'rf sKd;jzpf\/ ¤if;wdYk ukd atmufygtwdik ;f 0dbwfo, G &f \/ rmwk = trd (£w¬dvdif)/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm rmwm rmwa&m ur® rmw&H rmwa&m? rmwa& u&P tyg'ge rmw&m(rmwk,m) rmwa&[d? rmwl[d orÜ'ge omrd rmwk,m rmw&meH? rmwleH? rmwmeH Moumo rmw&d rmwa&ok? rmwlok/ ("Dwk=orD; [laom yk'fudkvnf; tvm;wl 0dbwfoG,fyg/) ydwk = tb (ykvd’if)/ uwåm ydwm ydwa&m ur® ydw&H ydwa&m? ydwa& u&P tyg'ge ydw&m ydwa&[d? ydwl[d orÜ'ge omrd ydwk? ydwkaem ydw&meH? ydwleH Moumo ydw&d ydwa&ok? ydwlok (bmwk=nD? tukd [laomyk'fukd tvm;wl0dbwfoG,fyg/) (ewåm=ajr; [laomyk'fudk ow¬m(oifcef;pm-16)ESifh twl 0dbwfoG,fyg/) rSwfcsufrsm;/ (1) rmwkyk'fonf pifppftm;jzifh Oum&EÅ £w¬dvdifjzpf&um; "mwk(oifcef;pm-16)ESifh EIdif;,SOfavhvmyg/ (2) ydwkyk'fonfvnf; pifppftm;jzifh Oum&EÅykv’difjzpf&um; bdu©K=(oifcef;pm-9)ESifh EdIif;,SOfavhvmyg/ (3) 'GE´ormofü rmwmydwa&m? rmwmydwl[d? rmwmydwleH? rmwmydwlok-[k jzpfykHudk


74 owdjyKyg/ 2/ *tof=jzpfjcif;? &Sdjcif;[laom "mwfonf *[l(a[mwd)xufydkí t"dyÜg,fav;euf\/ ¤if;udk ypöKyÜef0dbwfjzifh atmufygtwdkif; 0dbwfoG,f&\/ *tof=jzpfjcif;? &Sdjcif;/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr tw¬d oEÅd wkrS tod tw¬ trS to®d? trSd to®? trS yÍörD0dbwfü tw¬K=jzpfapownf;/(emr? {u0kpf) owårD0dbwfü {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr od,m? tó=jzpf&m\/ od,kH? tók=jzpfukef&m\/ twdwf0dbwfü {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr tmod? tod(jzpfcJh\)/ tmokH? tokH wkrS tmod? toð tmodw¬? todw¬ trS tmoð? toð tmodrSm? todrSm ypöKyÜefudwfud&d,mü oaEÅm ? ormaem (jzpfvsuf? jzpfpOf) oaEÅmudk ykv’difü 0dbwfoG,fvQif uwåm oaEÅm oEÅm ur® oEÅH oaEÅ u&P owm? oaEÅe oaEÅ[d orÜ'ge oawm? oEÅó owH? oEÅmeH omrd tyg'ge owm oaEÅ[d Moumo owd? oaEÅ oaEÅok £w¬dvdifü oEÅd oEdÅa,m ponfjzifh pmrsufESm 81 ? *päEÅd ESifhtwl oG,fyg/ 3/ avhvm&ef erlem ygVd0gusrsm;/ (u)ow¬m ar b*0g? om0aum t[H to®d=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf uREkfyf\ q&mygwnf;? uREfkyfonf wynhfjzpfyg\/ (c) t[H to®d jA[®m=igonf jA[®mjzpf\/


75 (*) oEÅd bdua© 0 tonowåmemr a'0g=&[ef;wdYk tonowårnfaom ewfwYkd onf &Su d ek \ f / (C)od,m acg ye bdu©a0 {ubdu©Kóyd ucFg 0g 0drwd 0g Aka'¨ 0g "ar® 0g oHaC 0g=&[ef;wdkY wyg;aom &[ef;tm;aomfvnf; bk&m;üjzpfap? w&m;üjzpfap oHCmüjzpfap ,kHrSm;jcif;aomf¤if;? awG;awmjcif;aomf¤if; &Sd&m\/ (i) t[H ap0 acg ye "r®H a'ao,sH? ya& p ar e tmZmae,sKH? aom rró (rr+tó) udvraxm=igonfvnf; w&m;udk a[m&m\/ tjcm;olwkdYonfvnf; ig\ (w&m;ukd) em;rvnfukef&m/ xdk(w&m;a[mjcif;)onf ightm; yifyef;½kHom jzpf&m\/ (p) t[H bdu©a0 '[a&m0 ormaem t*g&o®m te*g&d,H yAÁZð=&[ef;wdkY igonf i,f&G,foljzpfpOfuyif tdrfrS tdrfr&Sdol tjzpf(&[ef;b0)okYd xGufcGmcJhonf/ (q)Zmwd,m owd Z&mr&PH a[mwd? Zmwd,m towd Z&mr&PH e a[mwd=Zmwd&SdvQif Z&mr&Pjzpf\/ Zmwdr&SdvQif Z&mr&P rjzpf/ (Z) r,HS acg bdu©a0 aAm"dowåó oawm {w'a[mod= &[ef;wdkY ightm; bk&m;avmif; jzpfpOfuyif þodkY tBuHjzpfcJh\/ (ps) aw orPjA[®Pm {0H 0peD,m tók=xko d rPjAm[®P wkYo d nf þodYk ajymqkx d u dk o f nf jzpfukef\/ rSwfcsuf/ /]]Zmwd,mowd}}[k ]]owd}}udk £w¬v d id f ]]Zmwd}}yk'Ef iS hf wGí J vnf; vdirf iJb h J okH;EIef; wwfonfudk owdjyKyg/ 4/ 'd*kormof/ ocFsmyk'f a&SUuyg&Sdaom ormofukd 'd*kormof[k ac:\/ þormofüvnf; a&SUyk'fonf aemufyk'fudk txl;jyK\/ 'd*kormof yk'frsm;onf trsm;tm;jzifh eykv’dif {u0kpf0dbwfjzifh tqk;H owfavh&o dS nf/ odYk aomf aemufy'k \ f vdit f wdik ;f A[k0pk 0f b d wfjzifh qk;H aom yk'rf sm;udv k nf; wcgw&H awGU&ayonf/ ykHpHrsm;/ wa,m avmum=wdavmuH=avmuokH;yg;/ wDPd &wemed=wd&weH=&wemokH;yg;/ pwaóm 'dom=pwk'´doH=t&yfav;rsufESm/ owåm t[med=owåm[H=ckepf&uf/ {aum yk*¾avm={uyk*¾avm=wOD;aomyk*¾dKvf/ wa,m b0g=wdb0g=b0okH;yg;/ pwaóm 'dom=pwk'´dom=t&yfav;rsufESm/ 5/ atmufygocsFmtpOf(tEkuúrocsFm)rsm;udk avhvmyg/ yXr=a&S;OD;qkH;aom/ 'kwd,=ESpfckajrmufaom/ wwd,=okH;ckajrmufaom/ pwkw¬=av;ckajrmufaom/ yÍör=ig;ckajrmufaom/ q|r=ajcmufckajrmufaom/ owår=ckepfckajrmufaom/


76 t|r=&Spfckajrmufaom/ e0r=ukd;ckajrmufaom/ 'or=q,fckajrmufaom - ponf enf;wlodyg/ txufyg yk'frsm;ukd 0dbwfoG,faomtcg vdifokH;yg;tm;avsmfpGmyXarm yXrH yXrm 'kwda,m 'kwd,H 'kwd,m - ponfjzpfykHudk odyg/ txl;tm;jzifh £w¬dvdifü pwkw¬D q|D yÍörD owårD [k þav;yk'f þum&EÅ ajymif;oGm;onfudk owdjyKyg/ 6/ atmufyg ygVdpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u)e bdu©a0 rmwmydwl[d teEknmawm yk*¾avm yAÁmaZwaAÁm=&[ef;wkdY rdbwdkYu cGifhrjyKtyfoludk &SifjyKray;tyf/ (c) trSmuH b*0awm ydwm oka'¨g'aem emr &mZm ta[mod? rmwm rm,memr a'0D ta[mod=igwdkYbk&m;\ crnf;awmfonf oka'¨g'ernfaom rif;jzpfcJh\/ r,fawmfonf rm,m rnfaom rdzk&m;jzpfcJh\/ (*) e acg t&d,ó 0dea, {0H q'dom eródwAÁm=t&d,m\ tqkH;trü þodkY t&yfajcmufrsufESmwdkYudk &Sdrckd;tyfukef/ (C),'g aAm"doawåm rmwkukpäðMouúaEÅm a[mwd? w'g pwåma&m a'0ykwåm pwk'´doH &u©m, Oy*päEÅd=tMuiftcgü bk&m;avmif;onf r,fawmf\0rf;okYd 0ifa&muf\/ xdktcg av;a,mufaom ewfwdkYonf t&yfav;rsufESmudk apmifha&Smuf&ef csOf;uyfukef\/ (i) b*0g yXrH 0óH yÍö0*¾d,meH bdu©LeH "r®puúokwHå a'aoaEÅm £odywae rd*'ga, 0d[mod=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf yXr0g (rkd;wGif;)ywfvkH; ig;a,muftpk&Sdukefaom &[ef;wdkYtm; "r®puúokwfudk a[mawmfrlvsuf £odywernfaom orifawmü aecJhavonf/ (p) 'kwd,H 0óH &mZ*[H Oyedóm, a0VK0ae 0d[mod='kwd,0gywfvkH; &mZ*[udk trSDjyKí a0VK0efausmif;ü aecJhonf/ (q)owåar ye 0aó wm0wðoH *EÉm rmw&H yrkcH uwGm a'0geH tbd"r®H uaxod= owår0güum; wm0wðomodkY <uí r,fawmfuk tBuD;trSL;jyKí ewfwkdYtm; tbd"r®mudk a[mawmfrlcJhonf/ (Z) rmwmydwleH ½k'EÅmeH aAm"doawåm t*g&o®m te*g&d,H yAÁZd= r,fawmfcrnf;awmfrsm; idka<u;aeMuukefpOf bk&m;avmif; onf tdrfrS tdrfrJhb0(&[ef;tjzpf)odkY xGufcGmcJhavonf/ (ps) Aka'¨gwd {wH e rmw&m uwH rmrH? e ydw&m uwH rmrH= Ak'¨[laom þtrnfonf r,fawmfu rSnfhac:tyfaom trnfr[kwf/ crnf;awmfurSnfhac:tyfaom trnfvnf; r[kwf/ 7/ omrd0dbwf(tum&uac:wGifykH) (1) omrd0dbwfonf rl&if;teuftm;jzifh emrfyk'fESpfckwdkY\ tcsif;csif;qufoG,fykH(orÁE¨)ukd azmfjy\/ &anm ykawåm=rif;\om;/


77 bdu©LeH orla[m=&[ef;wdkYtaygif;/ ½ku©ó omcg=opfyif\tudkif;/ ur®meH 0dygaum=uHwdkY\ tusKd;/ rSwfcsuf/ /uwåm ur®paom 0dbwfrsm;onf ud&d,mESifhqufpyfjcif;udk azmfjy aomaMumifh um&u[k ac:\/ omrd0b d wfum; þodYk ud&, d mESihf qufpyfrI r&SdaomaMumifh tum&u[k ac:onf/ (2) omrd0dbwfjzifh atmufyg teufrsm;ukdvnf; azmfjyEdkif\/ (u)tcsdefumv/ Ä owåm[ó tpöa,e r,H yAÁZdómr=ckepf&uf vGefvQif igwkYd &[ef;jyKMuukeftHh/ Ä rr tpöa,e=iguG,fvGefaomtcg/ (c) udwfud&d,mtcsKdUESifhwGJaomtcg uwåm(jyKvkyfol)udk azmfjy\/ Ä oraPm a*gwarm &|ó ylZad wm=&[ef;a*gwrudk wwdik ;f jynfv;Hk u ylaZmftyf\/ Ä trwH awoH bdu©a0 ty&dbkwåH? a,oH um,*wm owd ty&dbkwåm=&[ef;wdkY tMuifow l Yko d nf um,*wmowdukd rok;H aqmiftyf/ xdo k w l Ykdonf trw(tjrKaw)udk rokH;aqmiftyf/ (*) udwfud&d,mtcsdKUESifh,SOf&mü ur®teufudk azmfjy\/ Ä wxm*awm trwó 'gwm=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf trwudk ay;wwfolwnf;/ Ä oraPm a*gwarm bdEémeH oE¨mwm=&[ef;a*gwronf uGJjym;olwdkYudk aphpyfay;wwfolwnf;/ Ä ur®ó um&aum ew¬d=trIukd jyKvkyfolr&Sd/ Ä ygygeH tu&PH okcH=raumif;rIwdkYudk rjyKjcif;onf csrf;om\/ (C)qkwf,kwfjcif;? aMumuf&GHUjcif; ud&d,mwdkYESifh ,SOf&mü omrd0dbwfjzifh tyg'geteufudk azmfjy\/ Ä aw "r®ó y&d[m,EÅd=xdkolwdkYonf w&m;rS qkwf,kwfukef\/ Ä oaAÁ woEÅd '@ó=tvkH;pkHaom olwkYdonf tjypf'PfrS aMumufvefYukef\/ Ä oaAÁ bm,EÅd rpöKaem=tvkH;pkHaomolwdkYonf aojcif;rS aMumufukef\/ (i) taygif;wpfckrS tpdwfudk xkwfjy&mwGifvnf; omrd0dbwfudk tokH;jyK\/(ed'¨g&P)/ Ä rEkómeH cwåda,m ol&warm=vlwkYdwGif cwåd,rsKd;onf ydkí &J&ifh\/ Ä r[muóayg t&[wH tnwa&m=r[muóyonf &[EÅmwdkYwGif wyg;tyg t0ifwnf;/ (p) Moumoteuf/ Ä epö*Dwó ukovm £w¬da,m=ujcif;oDqdkjcif;ü uRrf;usifaom rdef;rwdkYonf/ Ä wGH r*¾ó ukoavm=oifonf vrf;ü uRrf;usif\/ Ä a'0g b*0awm yoEém=ewfwdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m;ü MunfndKukef\/ 8/ EdIif;,SOfjcif;ukd azmfjyaom]]w&}}ypönf;/ EdIif;,SOfjcif;udk azmfjyvkdaomtcg trsm;tm;jzifh emr0daooeyk'frsm;ü ]]w&}}ypönf; qufay;&\/(]]wr}}ypönf;vnf; tenf;i,f&Sd\/) ykHpHrsm;/


78 *½k=av;aom/ *½kw&=ydkíav;aom/ yPDw=aumif;aom/ yPDww&=ykdíaumif;aom/ 0PÖ0EÅ=tqif;vSaom/ 0PÖ0EÅw&=ydkítqif;vSaom/ ]]w&}}ypönf; rqufbJ EIdif;,SOfjcif;emr0daooetjzpf tokH;jyKaom yk'frsm;vnf;&Sd\/ ¤if;wkYdudk avhvmyg/ 0k¹=toufBuD;aom/ aZ|=touftBuD;qkH;/ ygy=,kwfrmaom/ ygyd,=omí,kwfrmaom/ ued|=toufti,fqkH;/ ao,s=omíaumif;aom/ ao|=taumif;qkH;? tjrwfqkH;/ A[k=rsm;aom/ bda,sm=rsm;pGm? ykdí/ t*¾=tjrwfqkH;/ [De=,kwfedrfhaom/ 9/ atmufyg erlemygVd0gusrsm;ukd avhvmyg/ (u)cwå, d m0 ao|m [DemjA[®Pm=cwå, d rsK;d wdYkonfomvQif tjrwfq;Hk wnf;/ jAm[®PrsK;d wkYo d nf ,kwfnHhukef\/ (c) ta*¾g[ro®d avmuó? aZ|m[ro®d avmuó? aoa|m[ro®d avmuó=igonf avmu\tjrwfqkH; yk*¾dKvfjzpf\/ igonf avmu\ tBuD;qkH;yk*¾dKvfjzpf\/ igonf avmu\ tjrwfqkH;yk*¾dKvfjzpf\/ (*) £'H [DeH? £'H yPDwH=þum; ,kwfnHh\/ þum; aumif;jrwf\/ (C)e r,H £awm bda,sm yZmemr=igwkYdonf þxufydkí rodukef/ (i) t,H tan[d 0PÖ0EÅa&m=þolonf tjcm;olrsm;xufydkí tqif;vS\/ 10/]]oE¨d}} ygVdpum;vkH;rsm;udk zwf½I&mü eD;pyfaom yk'ftcsif;csif; wyk'fwnf;uJhodkY aygif;pyf&Gwfqdkjcif;ukd oE¨d[k ac:\/ xdkoE¨dpyfenf;t& ed*¾[dwfonf atmufygtwdkif; ajymif;vGJoGm;Edkifonf/ (u)aemufü o&&SdvQif a&SUyk'f\ ed*¾[dwfonf ]'}odkYr[kwf ]r} tu©&modkY ajymif;\/ Ä {wH+ta0gp={w'a0gp/ Ä {wH+ta[mod={w'a[mod/ Ä r*FvH+OwårH=r*FvrkwårH/ Ä £'H+ta0gp=£'ra0gp/ (c) aemufu ]]u0*f}}tu©&mrsm;&SdvQif a&SUyk'f\ ed*¾[dwfonf ]i} ( i-owf) odkYajymif;\/ Ä 'DyH+ua&m='DyuFa&m/ Ä tw¬H+*awm=tw¬*Fawm/ (*) aemu]]p0*f}}tu©&mrsm;&SdvQif ed*¾[dwfonf ]O}odkY ajymif;\/ Ä {0H+p={0Íö/ Ä o,H+Zmawm=o,ÍÆmawm/ (C)aemufu]]#0*f}} tu©rsm;&SdvQif ed*¾[dwfonf ]P}tu©&modkY ajymif;\/ Ä wH+XmeH=wP²meH/


79 Ä wH+![wd=w@[wd/ (i) aemufu ]]w0*f}} tu©&mrsm;&SdvQif ed*¾[dwfonf ]e} tu©&mokYd ajymif;\/ Ä wH+ed'geH=wEéd'geH/ Ä wH+edEéH=wEédEéH/ (p) aemufu ]]y0*f}} tu©&mrsm;&SdvQif ed*¾[dwfonf ]r}tu©&modkY ajymif;vJ\/ Ä wH+yawåm=wrÜawåm/ Ä wH+zvH=wrævH/ (q)aemufu ]]{0? [d}}yk'frsm;&SdvQif ed*¾[dwfonf ]Ú}tu©&mokYd ajymif;\/ Ä {0H+[d={0Úd§ / Ä wH+{0=wan0/ (Z) aemufu ]],}}tu©&m&SdvQif ed*¾[dwfaysmufí ¤if; ],}onf ]Ú} okYd ajymif;\/ Ä ,H+,a'0=,na'0/ Ä oH+a,mZeH=oanmZeH/ 11/ atmufygpmykd'frsm;udk ygVdjyefyg/ (u)&m[k v m\ r,f a wmf j zpf a om rd z k & m;onf &m[k v mowk Y d o m;ud k þok Y d a jymav onf=&m[kvrmwm a'0D &m[kvH ukrm&H {w'a0gp/ (c) zó&SdvQif a0'emjzpf\/ zór&SdvQif a0'emrjzpf=zaó owd a0'em a[mwd? zaó towd a0'em e a[mwd/ (*) jrwfpGmbk&m;onf bk&m;jzpfNyD;aemuf yXrckepf&ufywfvkH; aAm"dyif&if;ü xkdifaecJhav onf=b*0g Aka'¨g [kwGm yXrH owåm[H aAm"d½ku©rlav edoD'd/ (C)jrwfpGmbk&m;onf avmuokH;yg;ü tjrwfqkH; yk*¾dKvfjzpf\= wxm*awm wdavmau ta*¾g yk*¾avm a[mwd/ (i) oifhukdyif igjyefí ar;tHh/ xkdt&mudk oif rnfokYd xifoenf;= wan0 y#dykpädómrd? wH uð rnod/ 12/ atmufyg pmykd'fudk zwfyg/ (u)blwykAÁH bdu©a0 [dr0EÅyaó r[m edaj*ma"m ta[mod/ wH aw w,m o[m,m Oyedóm, 0d[&ðok wdwåda&mp ruúa#mp [w¬dema*gp/ aw tnrnH t*g&0g 0d[&EÅd/ tx acg bdu©a0 awoH o[m,meH {w'a[mod]] ta[m eEk r,H Zmae,smr ,H trSmuH Zmwd,m r[EÅw&H? wH r,H ouúa&,smr *½kH ua&,smr rmae,smr ylaZ,smr/ wó p Mo0ga' wda|,smrmwd/ txacg bdu©a0 wdwåda&m p ruúa#mp [w¬dem*H ykpäðok ]] wGH or® uð ayg&mPH o&oD}}wd/ ,'g[h or®m aygawm a[mrd/ £rH edaj*m"H tEÅ&mowåDeH u&dwGm twduúrmrd? t*¾ukF&uH ar O'&H qkywd? £rm[H or®m ayg&mPH / tx acg bdu©a0 wdwåda&m p [w¬dema*gp ruú#H ykpäðok ]]wGH or® uð ayg&mPH o&oD}}wd/ ,'g[H or®m aygawm a[mrd/ qrm,H edoD'dwGm £ró edaj*m"ó t*¾Fuk&uH cg'grd/ £rm[H or®m ayg&mPH o&mrDwd/ tx acg bdu©a0 ruúa#m p [w¬dema*gp wdwåd&H ykpäðok ]]wGH or® uð ayg&mPH o&oD}}wd/ trkuo®ð or®m Moumao r[medaj*ma"m ta[mod/ wawm t[H zvH


80 bu©dwGm £ro®ð Moumao 0pöH tumoð/ wó,H edaj*ma"m Zmawm/ w'g[H or®mZmwd,m r[EÅwa&mwd/ tx acg bdu©a0 ruúa#mp [w¬dema*gp wdwåd&H {w'a0gpkH ]]wGH or® trSmuH Zmwd,m r[EÅwa&m/ wH r,H ouú&dómr? *½kH u&dómr? rmaeómr? ylaZómr/ wk,SÍö r,H Mo0ga' ywdXdómrm}}wd/ tx acg bdu©a0 wdwåda&m ruú#Íö [w¬dem*Íö yÍöok oDavok orm'ayod/ twåemp yÍöok oDavok orm'g, 0wåwd/ aw tnrnH o*g&0g 0d[&dwGm um,ó ab'g y&H r&Pm ok*wð o*¾H avmuH OyyZÆðok/ (0de,plV0*¾ygVd-ESm 310)/ cufqpft"dyÜg,frsm;/ [dr0EÅyaó=[dr0EÅmawmifab;ü/ Oyedóm,=trSDjyKí/ wdwåda&m=cgiSuf? ruúa#m=arsmuf? [w¬dema*g=qif/ tnrnH=tcsif;csif;/ t*g&0g=½kdaojcif;r&SdukefbJ/ ta[mEle Zmae,smr=od&rlavaumif;avpG/ Zmwd,m=arG;zGm;jcif;(touf)tm;jzifh/ ouúa&,smr=½kdaoukef&m\/ *½kHua&,smr=av;pm;ukef&m\ rmae,smr=jrwfEdk;ukef&m\/ or®=rdwfaqG/ or®m=rdwfaqGwkYd(tmvye) aygawm=qifayguf/ ayg&mPH=a&S;a[mif;taMumif;t&m/ t*¾ukF&uH=t*¾+tukF&uH=tñGefYrsm;ukd/ qkywd=xd\/ trkuo®ð=þrnfaom/ 0pöH=usifBuD;ukd/ ygVdoifcef;pm(18) (erlem) 1/ Moumo0dbwf/ Moumo0dbwfonf rl&if;tm;jzifh ae&mXmeESifh tcsdefumvudk azmfjy\/ xkdrSqifhyGm;í okH;EIef;tyfaomteufwdkYum; rsm;jym;vS\/ jrefrmbmomtm;jzifh ]]ü? rSm? wGif? 0,f? txJrSm? tay:rSm? teD;rSm}}ponfjzifh t&mXmevdkufí oifhavsmfovdk jyefqdk&\/ (u) wnf&m? rSD&m? jyefYESHY&m? jyKvkyfusifvnf&mXme/ Ä ½ku©rlav edoD'wd=opfyif&if;üxdkif\/ Ä OpäLok &aom wd|wd=BuHwkYdü t&omonf wnf\/ Ä tmumao oukPm yu©EÅd=aumif;uifü iSufwdkYonf ysHukef\/ Ä om0w¬d,H 0d[&wd aZw0ae=om0w¬djynf(teD;) aZw0efausmif;üae\/ (c) tcsdefumv/


81 Ä wm,H a0vm,H £rH O'geH O'gaeod=xdktcsdefü þO'gef;udk >rufqdkav\/ Ä *drSmeH ypädar rmao=aEGOwkwdkY\ aemufqkH;vü/ (*) tajctae? t&nftcsif;? &mxl;Xme/ Ä oDav ywd|dawm bdu©K=oDvüwnfaom&[ef;/ Ä abmZae rwånL a[mwd=pm;aomufzG,fü twdkif;twmudk odoljzpf\/ Ä tmy'gok e 0dZ[wd=ab;&efwdkYü(ab;&efBuKHaomtcg)pGefYcGmroGm;acs/ Ä 'o"r®m &an £pädwAÁm=rif;ü q,fyg;aomw&m;wdkYudk tvdk&Sdtyfukef\/ Ä ukrm&H aywådauXmae ayod=rif;om;udk tb&mxl;ü cefYxm;NyD/ (C)MunfndKjcif;? ,kHMunfjcif;? arGUavsmfaysmfydkufjcif; ud&d,mrsm;ESifh ,SOf&m/ Ä t[H b*0wd yoaEém=uREfkyfonf bk&m;&Sifü ,kHMunfyg\/ Ä Aka'¨ ta0pöyoma'e orEém*awm=bk&m;ü cdkifNrJaom ,kHMunfjcif;ESifh jynfhpkH\/ Ä ygyo®ð &rwd raem=pdwfonf raumif;rIü arGUavsmf\/ (i) xif&Sm;ay:vmjcif;? uG,faysmufoGm;jcif;-ud&d,mrsm;/ Ä wxm*awm avmu OyÜZÆwd=jrwfpGmbk&m;onf avmuü jzpfay:vmNyD/ Ä twdcdyÜH pu©KH avmau tEÅ&[dawm=tvGefvsifjrefpGm rsufvkH;onf avmuü uG,faysmufcJhNyD/ Ä jA[®m o[rÜwd jA[®avmaue tEÅ&[dawm b*0awm yk&awm ygwk&a[mod =o[rÜwdjA[®monf jA[®mhjynfü uG,faysmufcJhí bk&m;&Sif\ a&SUarSmufü xif&Sm;ay:vmNyD/ (p) tpktaygif;rS cGJxkwfjyjcif;(ed'¨g&P)/ Ä rEkaóok cwåda,m ol&warm=vlwdkYwGif rif;rsKd;onf txl;ojzifh &J&ifh\/ (q) ay;jcif;? vSLjcif;? ud&d,mwdkYESifh,SOf&m(orÜ'ge-um&u)/ Ä oHaC wGH a*gwrD a'[d=a*gwrD oifonf oHCmtm; vSLavm/ Ä oHaC 'dEéH r[yævH=oHCmtm; vSLtyfaom tvSLonf jrwfaomtusKd;&Sd\/ 2/ Oyo*¾yk'frsm;/ ud&d,myk'f? emrfyk'fwdkY\ a&SUrSm ,SOfwGJvsuf ¤if;ud&d,myk'f emrfyk'fwdkY\teufrsm;ukd xl;jcm;apjcif; av;eufapjcif;tm;jzifh txl;jyKwwfaomyk'rf sm;ukd Oyo*¾y'k [ f k ac:\/(oifcef;pm 7? pmrsufESm 23/ ¤if;wdkYonf ta&twGuftm;jzifh 20 rQ&Sd\/ ¤if;wkYd\ teufrsm;udk wvk H ; csif ; tm;jzif h twd t usrS w f o m;&ef rvG , f u l v S a y/ ud & d , myk ' f emrf y k ' f w d k Y E S i f h aygif;pyfrdaomtcgrS omvQif teufrsm;xif&Sm;vmonf/ odkYaomfvnf; tMurf;tm;jzifh Oyo*¾yk'fwdkY\ &nfñTef;tyfaom teufrsm;udk avhvmxm;ygu ygVdbmomudk Edkifeif;pGm wwfuRrf;&ef tajccHw&yfjzpfayonf/ xkdYaMumifh atmufygoifcef;pmudk BudK;pm;íavhvmyg/ Oyo*¾yk'frsm;ESifh ¤if;wdkY\teufrsm;/ twd=tvGef? tvGeftusL;/ twduúrwd=usL;ausmf\/ ausmfeif;íoGm;\/ twda&mpwd=tvGefwifhw,f\/ t"d=jrifhjrwfaom? tpkd;&aom? txuf? pGJNrJjcif;/ t"doDvH=jrifhjrwfaomoDv/


82 t"da&m[wd=tay:odkYwuf\/ t"d|mwd=pGJNrJpGmwnf\/ t"d|mef\/ tEk=tpOfwpdkuf? aemufu? 0dpäm/ tEkAE¨wd=tpOfvdkuf\/ tEkua&mwd=twkckd;\/ tEkyAÁZwd=twkvdkufí&[ef;jyK\/ tEk0óH=ESpfwdkif;/ ty=z,foGm;jcif;? uJh&JUjypfwifjcif;/ ty*päwd=z,fa&SmifoGm;\/ ty0'wd=uJh&JUjypfwif\/ tyd=tay:/ yd'[wd=ydwfzkH;\(tyd+"m)/ ydVE¨wd=wef;qmqif\/ tbd=a&SU½I? xl;jcm;aom? tvGeftuJ/ tbduúrwd=a&SU½I(wJhwJh)oGm;\/ tbdZmemwd=xl;jcm;pGmod\/ tbd"r®=xl;jcm;aomw&m;/ tm=qefYusifbufteuf? a&SU½I? txuf? tOD;tp/ *päwd=oGm;\/ tm*päwd=vm\/ ''gwd=ay;\/ tm''gwd=,l\/ tma&m[wd=tay:odkYwuf\/ tm&rÇwd=pítm;xkwf\/ O(O'f)=txuf? tjyifodkY/ O*¾päwd=txufodkYwuf\/ Ou©dywd=ajr§muf\/ O|[wd=x\/ rwfwwf&yf\/ O'¨&wd=qGJ,l\/ Oy=teD;? uyfí? uJh&JUjcif;/ vGefpGm/ OyouFrd=csOf;uyfav\/(teD;odkYoGm;av\/) Oy|[wd=teD;üwnf\/(qnf;uyf\? vkyfauR;\/) Oy0'wd=pGyfpGJ\/ Oyg'geH=vGefpGmpGJvrf;jcif;/ t0*päwd=atmufokYdus\/ t0ZmeeH=txifao;jcif;/ t0[ma&m=,kwfnHhaom,ljcif;(ckd;jcif;)/ 'k=raumif;jcif;? rwifhw,frvSyjcif;? r&Sd &Sm;yg;jcif;? cJ,Of;jcif;/ 'k*¾aE¨m=raumif;aomteHY/ 'kr®KcH=rwifhw,faomrsufESm/


83 'kAÇdu©H=xrif;&Sm;yg;aom/ 'kuú&=jyK&efcJ,Of;aom/ ed=tjyif? xGufajrmufjcif;? r&Sdjcif;/ edu©rwd=tjyifodkYxGuf\/ ed,smeH=xGufajrmufjcif;/ edAÇ,H=ab;r&Sd/ ed½kyuma&m=tcsnf;ESD;jzpfaom/ eD=,laqmifjcif;? ydwfqkYdjcif;/ eD[&wd=,laqmifoGm;\/ eD0&PH=ydwfqkYdjcif;? twm;tqD;/ y=tjym;tm;jzifh(cGJjcm;í)? jy"mef;aom(ta&;BuD;aom)? pí? auGuGif;jcif;/ yZemwd=cGJjcm;íod\/ yg0peH=ta&;BuD;aompum;(yd#uwfokH;ykH)/ [dr0wm **Fg yb0wd=[dr0EÅmrS **Fgjrpfonf píjzpf\/ pd&yÜ0gaom=MumjrifhpGm uGJuGmíaejcif;/ ywd(y#d)=a&SUarSmuf? qefYusifbuf(ajymif;jyef)? wzef? aemufodkY? wlnDjcif;/ ypöu©H(ywd+tu©H)=rsufpda&SUarSmuf(rsufarSmuf)/ y#daomwH=a&t,Of\ qefYusifbuf(a&qef)/ ypöm*päwd(y#d+tm*päwd)=wzefjyefvm\/ y#duúrwd=aemufodkYqkwf\/ ywd½lyuH=wlaomtoGif&Sdaom? oihfavsmfaom/ y&m=qkwf,kwfjcif;? qkH;½IH;jcif;? ausmfvGefjcif;/ y&mba0g=qkwf,kwfjcif;? ysufpD;jcif;/ y&maZwd=qkH;½IH;\/ y&d0kawm=xuf0ef;usifrS NcH&Htyfaom/ y&dZaem=tNcHt&Hvl/ y&dZmemwd=ydkif;jcm;íod\/ y&d[&wd=a&Smif&Sm;\? y,f&Sm;\/ y&db0wd=vTrf;rdk;\/ 0d=txl;tm;jzifh? trsKd;rsKd;? uGJuGmjcif;? qefYusifbuf? uif;uGmjcif; (r&Sdjcif;)? azmufjyefjcif;/ 0drkwåd=txl;tm;jzifh vGwfajrmufjcif;/ 0drwd=trsKd;rsKd;pOf;pm;jcif;(,kHrSm;jcif;)/ yda,[d 0dyÜa,ma*g=cspfolwdkYESifhuGJuGmjcif;/ 0d0'wd=qefYusifbufajym\(jiif;ckH\)/ 0drvH=tnpftaMu;uif;aom(tnpftaMu;r&Sdaom) 0d½layg=azmufjyefaomtqif;&Sdol/ ok=aumif;aom? aumif;pGm? jynfhpkHaom? vG,fulaom/ ok*aE¨m=aumif;aomteHY/


84 ok*awm=aumif;pGmvmol? aumif;pGmajymqkdwwfol(bk&m;)/ okbdu©H=jynfhpkHaomtpm;tpm&Sdaom? e*&H=NrdKU/ oku&H=jyK&efvG,fulaom? ur®H=tvkyf/ oH=pkaygif;jcif;? twlwuG? ,SOfwGJjcif;? a&SUarSmuf? t&if;tp? tzefzef/ oH*Dwd=pkaygif;qkdjcif;/ orÜ,kwåH=,SOfaom? tyÜda,[d orÜa,ma*g=rcspfolrsm;ESifh ,SOfwGJ&jcif;/ or®Kcg=rsufESma&SUarSmufü(rsufarSmufü)/ a0'emypö,m wPSm orÇ0wd=a0'emaMumifh wPSmonf pí jzpfay:\/ oE¨m0wd=tzefzefajy;oGm;\/ 3/ atmufygygVdpmykd'fukd zwfyg/ (u)awe ora,e Aka'¨g b*0g tEkyd,m,H 0d[&wd? tEkyd,H emrrv’meH ed*arm/ awe acg ye ora,e tbdnmwm tbdnmwm ousukrm&m b*0EÅH yAÁZdwH tEkyAÁZEÅd/ awe acg ye ora,e rwmemarmp oauúm tEk½ka'¨gp oauúm a'G bmwdum a[mEÅd/ tEk½ka'¨g oauúm okckrmavm a[mwd? wó wa,m ygom'g a[mEÅd? {aum a[rEÅdaumm {aum *drSdaum {aum yódaum/ aw p 0ódau ygoma' pwåma&m rmao edyÜZÆdao[d/ ]]{w&[d acg tbdnmwm tbdnmwm ousukrm&m b*0EÅH yAÁZdwH tEkyZÁZEÅd/ trSmuÍö ye ukvmew¬d aumpd t*g&o®m te*g&d,H yAÁZdawm/ ,HElem[H 0g yAÁaZ,sH tEk½ka'¨g 0g}}wd/ tx acg r[memarm oauúm a,e tEk½ka'¨g oauúm awEkyouFrd/ OyouFrdwGm tEk½k'¨H ouúH {w'a0gp ]]{w&[d wmwm tEk½k'¨ tbdnmwm tbdnmwm ous ukrm&m b*0EÅH yAÁZdwH/ tEkyAÁZEÅd trSmuÍö ye ukvmew¬d aumpd t*g&o®m te*g&d,H yAÁZdawm? awe [d wGH 0g yAÁZ/ t[H 0g yAÁZdómrD}}wd/ t[H acg okckrmavm? em[H oauúmrd t*g&o®m te*g&d,H yAÁZdwkH/ wGH yAÁZm[Dwd/ {[d acg aw wmw tEk½k'¨ C&m0gowåH tEkomodómrd? yXrH acwåH uomaywAÁH? uomaywGm 0ygaywAÁH? 0ygaywGm O'uH tbdaewGm O'uH eddaEéwAÁH O'uH edaEéwGm ed'¨gaywAÁH? ed'¨gaywGm v0gaywAÁH? v0gaywGm OAÁmwmayoAÁH? OAÁmwmaywGm ykÍÆHum&maywGm r'´gaywAÁH? r'´gaywGm yvm,med O'¨&maywAÁmed? yvm,med O'¨&maywGm ukodum O'¨&maywAÁm? ukoduH O'¨&maywGm MoemaywAÁH? MoemaywGm twd[&maywAÁH? twd[&maywGm tm,wdrÜd 0óH {0ar0 umwAÁH? tm,wdrÜd 0óH {0ar0 umwAÁEÅd/ e ur®m cd,EÅd? e ur®meH taEÅm ynm,wd? u'g ur®g cD,dóEÅd? u'g ur®meH taEÅm ynm,dówd? u'g r,H tayÜgokauúm yÍö[d umr*kaP[d oryÜdwm y&dpma&ómrmwd/ e [d wmw tEk½k'¨ ur®mcd,EÅd? e ur®meH taEÅm ynm,wd? tcDaP0 uar® ydwa&mp ydwmr[mp umvuwmwd/ awe [d wGan0 C&m0goawåe OyZmem[d? t[H t*g&o®m te*g&d,H yAÁZdómrDwd/ (0de,? plV0*¾ ESm-337/) (c) twDaw wuúov d m,H aAm"doawåm 'domygarmau©m tmp&da,m [kwmG yÍörmP0uowmed raEÅ 0gapod/ waóaum rmP0aum ygyaumemr emare/ aom ]]{[d ygyu?


85 ,m[d ygyum}}wd 0kprö maem 0daEÅod ]]r,HS emrH t0r*Fv?H tnH emrH tm[&mayómrm}}wd/ aom tmp&d,H OyouFrdwGm ]]tmp&d, r,SH emrH t0r*FvH? tnH ar emrH ua&xm}}wd tm[/ tx eH tmp&da,m ta0gp ]]*pä wmw? Zey'pm&duH p&dwGm twåaem tbd½kpdwH {uH r*FvemrH *a[wGm {[d? tm*wó aw y&d0awåwGm tnH emrH u&dómrDwd/ aom om"lwd ygax,Hs *a[wGm edu©aEÅm *gare *grH p&aEÅm {uH e*&H ygykPd/ ww¬apaum yk&daom umvuawm ZD0aum emr emare/ aomwH ÓwdZaee tmVm[eH eD,rmeH 'doGm]] aum emr {oyk&daom}}wd ykpäd/ ZD0aum emaraomwd/ ZD0aumyd r&wDwd/ ZD0aumyd r&wd? tZD0aumyd r&wd/ emrHemr yPÖwåd rwåH/ wGH Amav ranwd/ aom wH uxH okwGm emar rZÑawåm [kwGm taEÅme*&H yg0dod/ taxuH 'goð bwð t''rmeH omrdum 'Gga& edoD'gaywGm &ZÆK,m y[&EÅd/ wómp "eygvDwd emrH a[mwd/ aom tEÅ&0Dxd,m *päaEÅm wH aygxd,rmeH 'doGm ]]uo®m £rH aygaxxm}}wd ykpäd/ bwð 'gwkH e oauúmwDwd/ uð yeóm emrEÅd/ "eygvDemrmwd/ emare "eygvD ormemyd bwdrwåH 'gwkH e oauúmwDwd/ "eygvda,myd t"eygvda,m yd 'k*¾wm a[mEÅd/ emrHemr yPÖwådrwåH/ wGH Amavm ranwd/ aom emar rZÑKwåwa&m [kwGm e*&m edu©r® r*¾H y#dyaEém tEÅ&mra*¾ r*¾rlVyk&doH 'doGm ]]tarÇm uð ua&maEÅm 0dp&oD}}wd ykpäd/ r*¾rlaVmrSd omrDwd/ uð ye aw emrEÅd/ yE¦aum emrmwd/ yE¦aumyd r*¾rlaVm a[mwDwd/ yE¦aumyd tyE¦aumyd r*¾rlaVm a[mwd/ emrHemr yPÖwådrwåH/ wGH ye Amavm ranwd/ aom emar twdrZÑawåm [kwGm aAm"dowåó oEÅduH *EÉm ]]uð wmw emrH a&mapwGm tm*awmoD}}wd 0kawå ]]tmp&d, ZD0umyd emr r&EÅd/ tZD0umyd? "eygvda,myd 'k*¾wm a[mEÅd t"eygvda,myd/ yE¦umyd r*¾rlaVm a[mEÅd tyE¦umyd/ emrHemr yPÖwådrwåH/ emare od'¨d ew¬d/ uar®ae0 od'¨d/ tvH r,SH tane emare? wa'0 ar emrH a[mwlwd tm[/ aAm"doawåm awe 'd|Íö uwÍö oHoaE´wGm £rH *gxrm[ ZD0uÍö rwH 'doGm? "eygvdÍö 'k*¾wH/ yE¦Íö 0ae rlVH? ygyaum yke&m*awmwd/ (emrod'¨dZmwu? {uedygw? ESm-426)/ (*) yÍö[d acg *[ywd ykwåXmae[d ykawåe yk&w¬drm 'dom rmwmydwa&m ypöKy|maywAÁm? wawm ae w&dómrd? udpöH aeoH u&dómrd? ukv0HoH Xayómrd? 'g,ZÆH y#dyZÆmrd/ tx 0g ye aywmeH umvuwmeH 'u©dPH tEkyÜ'ómrDwd? £ar[d acg *[ywd ykwå yÍö[d Xmae[d ykawåe yk&w¬drm 'dom rmwmydwa&m ypöKy|dwm yÍö[d Xmae[d ykwåH tEkurÜEÅd ygyged 0ga&EÅd? uvsmaP eda0aoEÅd odyÜH odu©mayEÅd? ywd½laye 'ga&e oHa,maZEÅd? ora, 'g,ZÆH ed,sma'EÅd/ £ar[d acg *[ywd ykwå yÍö[d Xmae[d ykawåe yk&w¬drm 'dom rmwmydwa&m ypöKy|dwm/ £ar[d yÍö[d Xmae[d ykwåH tEkurÜEÅd/ (od*Fgvokwå? ygxu0*¾? ESm-154)/ cufqpftajzrsm;/ (u)ed*arm=ed*kH;(NrdKUi,f)/ tbdnmwm=xif&Sm;ukefaom/ tEkyAÁZEÅd=twkvdkufí&[ef;jyKukef\/


86 okckrmavm=odrfarGUEl;nHhonf/ ygoma'g=jymom'f(taqmif)/ a[rEÅdaum=aqmif;&moDpH&mjzpfaom(a[rEÅ+ -du ) *drSdaum=aEG&moDpH&mjzpfaom(*drS+ -du)/ 0ódaum=rkd;&moDpH&mjzpfaom(0ó+ -du)/ rmaom=v/ edyÜK&dao[d=a,mufsm;uif;ukefaom(rdef;rrsm;om wD;rIwftyf ukefaom/ wl&da,[d=wl&d,mwkYdjzifh/ y&dpm&,rmaem=pHpm;vQuf(y&d+p&f+t,+rme)/ {w&[d=,cktcgü/ {[d=vmavmh?(£+wd)/ C&m0gowåH=tdrfüaeolwdkY\udpöudk(C&+tm0go+twå)/ ed'¨gaywAÁH=aygif;oif;aptyf\/(ed+*"&f+tmay+wAÁ)/ v0gaywAÁH=&dwfaptyf\/(*vl+tmay+wAÁ)/ OAÁm[maywAÁH=xkwfaqmifaptyf\/(O+*0[f+ tmay+wAÁ)/ r'´gaywAÁH=e,faptyf\/(*r'´f+tmay+wAÁ)/ yvmvH=aumuf½kd;/ wkodwm=aumuf½kd;/ arSmf(tzsif;)/ MoykemaywAÁH=avSUaptyf\/(Mo+*ykef+tmay+wAÁ)/ twd[&maywAÁH=usDoGif;aptyf\/(twd+*[&f+tmay+ wAÁ)/ tm,wdrÜd0óH=aemifESpfüvnf;/ tayÜgokuúm=aMumifhMur&SdukefbJ(tyÜ+Oókuú)/ umr*kPm=umr*kPfrsm;/ oryÜdwm=jynfhpkHukefvsuf/ OyZmem[d=odygavm/ (c) raEÅm=aA'ifusrf;(a0'usrf;)/ t0r*FvH=r*Fvmr&Sd/ Zey'pm&dum=Zeyk'f(e,f)üvSnfhjcif;/ tbd½kpdwH=BudKufESpfouftyfaom/ y&d0awåwGm=ajymif;vJí(y&d+*0wåf+a-+wGm)/ umvuawm=uG,fvGefaom/ ZD0aum=touf&Snfol(armifouf&Snf)/ wmVm[eH=okomef/ yPÖwådrwåH=ynwfrQomwnf;/(yPÖwåd=ynwåd)/ ran=igxif\/(edygw)/ rZÑawåm=vspfvsL½Ionf/ bwd(£)=tcaMu;aiG/ aygaxwd=ykwfcwf\/


87 'k*¾wd=qif;&Jaom/ r*¾rlV=vrf;üawGa0aom(vrf;rSm;aom)/ yE¦u=(yE¦+u)vrf;oGm;ol c&D;oGm;/ od'¨d=NyD;ajrmufjcif;/ oHoaE´wGm=ESD;aESmí/ *gxm=trsm;tm;jzifh av;ykd'f&Sdaom ygVduAsmwrsKd;/ *gxmtrsKd;rsKd;&Sdonfhteuf tydk'fwdkif;ü tu©&m&SpfvkH;pD ygaom(0wå) *gxmrsKd;um; tokH;trsm;qkH;jzpf\/ þzwfpmü ygaom *gxmudk tu©&mppfMunfhyg/ (*) ypöKy|mwAÁm=jyKpktyfukef\/(ywd+Oy+*Xm+wAÁ)/ bawm=arG;jrLtyfaom(igonf)=*b&f+w/ ukv0Haom=trsKd;tEG,f(trsKd;quf)/ 'g,ZÆH=tarG/ y#dyZÆmrd=qufcHtHh/ ayw=uGJuGmaom/ 'u©dPm=tvSL/ tEkurÜEÅd=apmifha&Smifukef\/ eda0aoEÅd=ouf0ifapukef\/(ed+*0dof+a-+tEÅd)/ ywd½ly=oifhavsmfaom/ 'ga&m=r,m;/ oHa,maZEÅd=xdrf;jrm;ay;ukef\/ ed,sma'EÅd=tyfESif;ukef\/ ygVdoifcef;pm(19) (erlem) 1/ umvmwdywådac: Bud,m0dbwf/ taMumif;taxmuftyHhcsKdUwJhjcif;aMumifh wu,frjzpfbJ tcsdefumvvGefcJhNyD;aom tjzpf tysufrsm;udk azmfjy&mwGif ygVdbmomü umvmwdywådac: ud&d,m0dbwfwrsKd;udk tokH;jyK\/ Oyrmtm;jzifh bk&m;&Sifonf taygif;toif;rsm;aMumifh ysufpD;í qif;&J'ku©a&mufaeaom ola|;om;wpfOD;udk jrifaomtcg ]]þola|;om;onf tu,fí yXrt&G,fu &[ef;jyKcJhvQif &[EÅmjzpfEdkifavmufayonf}}[k rdefYawmfrl\/ þpum;&yfü &[ef;jyKjcif; ud&d,mESifh &[EÅmjzpfjcif;ud&d,mwdkYonf wu,frjzpfbJ tcsdefvGefcJhMuavonf/ xdkYaMumifh ¤if;wdkYudk umvmwdywåd0dbwfjzifh azmfjy&onf/ xdkYjyif rSm;,Gif;aom t,ltqwpfck\ toifh,kwådr&SdykHudk azmfjy&müvnf; þ0dbwfudk tok;H jyKonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifh ½kyo f nf tewåjzpfaMumif;azmfjy&mü ]]tu,fí ½kyo f nf twåjzpfcv hJ Qif xkd½kyfaMumifh emusifqif;&Jjcif; rjzpfay&m}}[k bk&m;&Sif rdefYawmf rl\/ þ0gusü ]]½kyfonf twåjzpfcJhvQif}}[laom ud&d,mudk umvmwdywåd0dbwfjzifh azmfjyavonf/ umvmwdywåd0dbwfrsm;/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr óm? ó óHok


88 wkrS trS

aó óx óH ómrSm ykHpH - *bl(b0)=jzpfjcif;/ emr tb0dóm? tb0dó tb0dóHok wkrS tb0daó tb0dóx trS tb0dóH tb0dórSm ykHpH - *vbf=&jcif;/ emr tvbdóm? tvbdó tvbdóHok wkrS tvbdaó tvbdóx trS tvbdóH tvbdórSm/ ("mwf\tpü to&vmí tv,fü £( -d ) o& xnfhoGif; ay;&onfukd owdjyKyg/) 2/ avhusifhcef;/ umvmwdywåd0dbwfESifhqdkif&m atmufyg0gusrsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u)aom ap yXr0a, yAÁZÆH tvbdó? t&[m tb0dó= tu,fí xdkolonf yXrt&G,fü &[ef;tjzpf &cJhjim;tHh/ &[EÅmjzpfcJhay&monf/ (c) aw ap yXr0a, yAÁZÆH tvbdóHok t&[aEÅm tb0dóHok=xdkolwkYdonf tu,fí yXrt&G,fü &[ef;tjzpf &cJhukefjim;tHh/ &[EÅmrsm; jzpfcJhayukef&monf/ (*) £ar ap bdua© 0 a'G okumú "r®m avmuH e ygav,sK?H oarÇ'H avmaum t*rdó=&[ef;wdYk tu,fí þESpfyg;ukefaom jzLpifukefaom w&m;wdkYonf avmuudk rapmifha&Smuf ukefjim;tHh/ avmuonf a&m,Sufjcif;odkY a&muf&m\/ (C)½lyÍö [d'H twåm tb0dó? e,d'H ½lyH tmAm"m, oH0awå,s= tu,fí þ½kyfonf twåjzpfcJhvQif þ½kyfonf emusifqif;&Jap&ef rjzpfay&m/ (i) tw¬d bdu©a0 tZmwH? aem apwH tb0dó tZmwH/ e,d" Zmwó edó&PH ynma,x=&[ef;wdkY jzpfay:rIr&Sd&m (edAÁmef)onf xif&Sm;&Sd\/ tu,fí jzpfay:rI r&Sd&m(edAÁmef)onf r&Sdjim;tHh? þavmuü jzpfay:aeaom(cE¨m)\ xGufajrmufaMumif; w&m;onf rxif&Sm;&m/ (p) aem ap avmau tóma'g tb0dó? e owåm avmau om&aZÆ,sH=tu,fí avmuü om,mbG,fonf r&Sdjim;tHh/ owå0gwkYdonf avmuü rom,mukef&m/ 3/ ]]b0EÅ=t&Sif}}[laom emrfpm;yk'fukd ½kdaoav;pm;pGm ,Ofaus;pGm ajymqkd&mü(wGH=oif)[laom wkrSa,m*yk'ftpm; tokH;jyK\/ odkYaomf emra,m*ud&d,mESifhom wGJ&onf/ b0EÅ=t&Sif(ykv’dif) 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm b0H b0aEÅm? abmaEÅm ur® b0EÅH b0aEÅ? u&P tyg'ge abmwm b0aEÅ[d orÜ'ge omrd abmawm b0wH


89 Moumo abmwd b0aEÅok tmvye abm abmaEÅm (]]baEÅ=t&Sifbk&m;}}[laom yk'fum; ½kdaoav;pm;pGm ajymqdk&mü tmvyeyk'f tjzpf toHk;jyKaom edygwyk'frsKd;wnf;)/ 4/ ykv’difemrfyk'frsm;udk £w¬dvdifodkY ajymif;ykH/ ykv’difemrfyk'frsm;udk £w¬dvdifodkYajymif;vdkaomtcg tm? þ? £eD? tmeD? £P-ypönf;rsm; avsmfovdk quf&\/ (u)tum&EÅykvd’ifemrfyk'ftcsKdUaemufokdY ]]tm}}ypönf; quf&\/ tó=jrif;xD;/ tóm=jrif;r/ tZ=qdwfxD;/ tZm=qdwfr/ (c) tum&EÅykv’dif emrfyk'ftcsdKUaemufodkY þypönf;quf&\/ a'0=ewfom;/ a'0D=ewforD;/ rd*=orif/ rd*D=orifr/ ukrm&=a,mufsm;uav;/ ukrm&D=rdef;uav;/ rmP0=vkvif/ rmP0D=rdef;rysKd/ omraP&=&SifomraP/ omraP&D=&SifomraPr/ (ukd&if) a*gwr=a*gwrtEG,f0if/ a*gwrD=a*gwrtEG,f0if/ (a,mufsm;) (rdef;r) (*) ykv’difemrfyk'ftcsKdUaemufokYd ]]£eD}}ypönf;quf&\/ bdu©K=&[ef; bdu©KeD=&[ef;r/ &mZm=bk&if/ &mZdeD=bk&ifr/ ,u©=bDvl;/ ,u©deD=bDvl;r/ ar"m0D=ynm&Sdol/ ar"m0deD=ynm&Sdol(rdef;r)/ (a,mufsm;) [w¬D=qifxD;/ [w¬deD=qifr/ (C)ykv’difemrfyk'ftcsdKUaemufokYd ]]tmeD}} ypönf;quf&\/ rmwkv=OD;&D;/ rmwkvmeD=t&D;/ *[ywd=ol<u,f? tdrf&Sif/ *[ywmeD=ol<u,fuawmf/ tdrf&Sifr/ tmp&d,=q&m/ tmp&d,meD=q&muawmf/ cwåd,=cwåd,tEG,f0if cwåd,meD=cwåd,tEG,f0if a,mufsm;/ rdef;r/ (i) ]]u}}ESifhqkH;aom yk'ftcsdKUü ]]u}}tpm; £umypönf;quf&\/ Oygou=qnf;uyfol Oygodum=qnf;uyfol a,mufsm;/ trsKd;orD;/ 'g&u=a,mufsm;uav;/ 'g&dum=rdef;uav;/ y&dAÁmZu=y&AkdZf/ y&dAÁmZdum=y&AdkZfr/


90 y&dpm&u=vkyfauR;jyKpkol y&dpm&dum=vkyfauR;jyKpkol a,mufsm;/ rdef;r/ (p) oifcef;pm(10)ü oifcJhaom Av0g? *kP0g? owdrm-paom yk'frsm;udk £w¬dvdifodkY ajymif;vkdvQif ]]Av0wd? *kP0g? owdrwd}}ponfjzpf\/ (q)]]r[EÅ=BuD;aom? jrwfaom}}[laom emr0daooeyk'fudk £w¬dvdifajymif;vQif ]]r[wD}}[k jzpfonf/ 5/ ]]vbf}}0dbwfoG,f/ *vbf=&&Sjd cif;[laom "mwfudk twdw0 f b d wfjzifh 0dbwfo, G v f Qif ]]tvbd? vbd}}ponfjzifh ½kd;½kd;ykHpHrsm;tjyif atmufygtwdkif; vnf; oG,fEdkif\/ a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr tvw¬ tvw¬KH wkrS tvw¬ trS tvw¬H tvw¬rSm 6/ avhusifhcef;/ atmufygerlem ygVd0gusrsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u)aAm"d acg &mZukrma&m abmawm a*gwró yga' od&om 0E´wd=aAm"drnfaom rif;om;onf t&Sifa*gwr\ ajcwdkYudk OD;acgif;jzifh &Sdcdk;yg\/ (c) t"d0gaowk ar b0H a*gwarm oGmwem, bwåH o'¨ð bdu©KoHaCe=t&Sifa*gwronf uREkfyf\ eufjzeftvdkYiSm qGrf;udk &[ef;taygif;ESifhtwl vufcHawmfrlyg/ (*) aom rmPa0g aAm"d&mZukrm&H {w'a0gp-]ta0gpkrS abmawm 0paee wH b*0EÅH a*gwrH}=xdkvkvifonf aAm"d rif;om;udk þpum;udk ajymav\-]t&Sif(rif;jrwf)\ pum;jzifh t&Sifa*gwrukd (uREfkyfwkYd) avQmufcJhygukefNyD/ (C)awe acg ye ora,e oE´aum y&dAÁmZaumyd vu©*k,m,H y#d0owd r[wd,m y&dAmÁ Zu y&dom,m o'¨=ð xkt d cg oE´urnfaom y&dAZkd o f nf rsm;pGmaom y&dAZkd yf &dowfEiS hf twl ydvu©vdkPf*lüae\/ (i) tvw¬ acg tm,o®m okba'´g b*0awm oEÅad u yAÁZ=HÆ t&Sio f b k '´onf jrwfpmG bk&m;\ txH(rsufarSmuf)ü &Sif&[ef; tjzpfudk &avNyD/ (p) OygoduH rH b*0g "ma&wk=jrwfpmG bk&m;onf uREykf u f kd Oygodumr[k rSw, f al wmfryl gavmh/ 7/ A[kAÁD[dormof/ yk'fESpfckvkH;udk aygif;pyfaomtcg ormoftwGif;ü yg0ifaom yk'fwdkY\ teufrsm;onf ormoftwGif;ü ryg0ifaom tjcm;yk'fwck\ teuftm; txl;jyKvQif emr0daooejzpf&um; qdkif&m txl;jyKtyfaom yk'fESifh vdif? 0kpf? 0dbwfwl&avonf/ xkdA[kAÁD[dormofonf atmufygtwdkif; trsKd;rsKd;&Sd\/ (u)t&wlyk'fESpfckudk aygif;pyftyfaom ormof/ y[lZda0Sg ukrma&m=BuD;aomvQm&Sdaom rif;om;/ r[mEkbma0g oraPm=BuD;aomtmEkabmf(tpGrf;owåd) &Sdaom &[ef;/ 'd|"ar®m jAm[®aPm=jriftyfNyD;aom w&m;&Sdaom(w&m;udk jrifNyD;aom)ykPÖm;/ cDPmoa0g bdu©K=ukefNyD;aom tmo0&Sdaom(tmo0ukefNyD;aom) &[ef;/


91 uwykanm yk*¾avm=jyKcJhaom aumif;rI&Sdaom(aumif;rI jyKcJhaom)yk*¾dKvf/ yoEépdawåm ukvykawåm=MunfndKaompdwf&Sdaom trsKd;om;/ 'oAavm wxm*awm=q,fyg;aom tm;&Sdaom jrwfpGmbk&m;/ tbduúEÅ0PÖm a'0wm=tvGefESpfoufzG,f tqif;&Sdaom ewf/ 0DwrvH "r®pu©K=uif;NyD;aomtnpftaMu;&Sad om(tnpf taMu;rS uif;NyD;aom)w&m;rsuv f ;Hk / (rSwfcsuf/ /þae&mü]]t&wlyk'f}}[lonfrSm t"dyÜg,f wckwnf;&atmif aygif;pyf xm;onfh 0daooeyk'f 2-ckudk qdkvdkonf/) (c) t&rwlaom yk'fESpfckudk aygif;pyfaom A[kAÁD[dormof/ ow¬('g;)+ygPd(vuf)=ow¬ygPd yk&daom='g;vuf&Sdaom a,mufsm;/ 0Zd&(0&Zdef)+ygPd(vuf)=0Zd&ygPd,au©m=0&Zdefvufü&Sdaom bDvl;/ o'¨r(® olawmfaumif;w&m;)+*g&0(½kad ojcif;)=o'¨r*® g&0g ukvykawåm= olawmfaumif;w&m;ü ½dkaojcif;&Sdaom trsKd;om;/ (*) e? 0d ponfh y#dao"yk'frsm;ESifh aygif;pyfaom A[kAÁD[dormof/ t(y#dao")+or(wlrQol)=toarm b*0g=wlrQolr&Sdaom jrwfpGmbk&m;/ tef(y#dao")+Owå&(omvGefol)=tEkwåa&m ow¬m= omvGefolr&Sdaom q&m/ 0d(uif;aom)+&Z(jrL)=0d&ZHedAÁmeH=uif;aom udavomjrL &Sdaom(udavomjrLuif;NyD;aom) edAÁmef/ ed(y#dao")+"e(Opöm)=ed'¨aem yk&daom=Opömr&Sdaom a,mufsm;/ 8/ (u)wpkHwckaom ud&d,mudk jyKvkyfwwfol? jyKvkyfEdkifol? jyKvkyfavh&Sdol[laom teufudk azmfjyvdkaomtcg "mwf\ aemufü ]]tm0d? þ}}ypönf;rsm; quf&\/ ykHpHrsm;/ *'dof+tm0D='óm0D=jrifwwfol? jrifEdkifol? jrifavh&Sdol/ tEkyó+ -D=tEkyóD=tpOf½Iwwfol? tpOf½Iavh&Sdol/ *p&f+ -D=pm&D=usifhwwfol? usifhavh&Sdol/ (jA[®pm&D=jrwfaomtusifhudk usifhavh&Sdol) *0'f+ -D=0g'D=ajymqdkwwfol? ajymqkdavh&Sdol/ ("r®0g'D=w&m;twdkif;ajymavh&Sdol? opö0g'D=trSefukd ajymavh&Sdol)/ u&f+ -D=um&D=jyKvkyfwwfol? jyKvkyfavh&Sdol/ (ygyum&D=raumif;rIjyKavh&Sdol)/ (c) wpkw H ckaom ud&, d mudk jyKvkyw f wfo?l jyKvkyaf vh&o dS [ l al om teufukd azmfjy&mü tcsKd Uaom "mwfrsm;aemufwGif OD(-L) ypönf; quf&\/ ykHpHrsm;/ yg&+**rf+-L=yg&*l=urf;wzufodkYa&mufol/ rwå+*Ó+-L=rwånL=twdkif;twmudkodol/ uw+*Ó+-L=uwnL=jyKbl;aomaus;Zl;ukdodol/ *bdu©d+-L=bdu©L(&ójyK)=awmif;cHwwfol/ 9/ ted,rykpämemrfpm;/ (1) ykpämemrfpm;(uð)yk'f\aemufü (pd)qufvQif ted,remrfpm; jzpf\/ ¤if;emrfpm;yk'frsm;


92 jzifh]]wpkHwa,mufaomol? tcsdKUaomol? wpkHwckaomw&m;? tcsdKUaomw&m;}} [laom teufudk azmfjy\/ ykHpHrsm;/ (u)ykvd’if aumpd=wpkHwa,mufaomol? tcsKdUaomol/ aupd=tcsdKUolrsm;/ udÍöd=wpkHwa,mufaomoludk? tcsdKKUolukd/ uópd=wpkHwa,mufaomoltm;? tcsKdUoltm;/ (c) £w¬dvdif umpd? um,pd ponf/ (*) eykv’dif udÍöd? umedpd ponf/ (2) ]],}}[laom orÁE¨emrfpm;ESifhwGJvQif a,maumpd=tMuifwpkHwa,mufaomol(rnfolrqdk)/ ,HudÍöd=tMuifwpkHwckaomw&m;(rnfonfhw&m;rqdk)/ 10/avhusifhcef;/ avhvm&ef erlem ygVd0gusrsm;/ (u),H udÍdö ork',"r®?H oAÁH wH eda&m""r®=H tMuifwpkw H ckaom w&m;onf jzpfay:jcif;oabm &Sd\/ xkdtm;vkH;aomw&m;onf csKyfNidrf;jcif;oabm&Sd\/ (c) tm,o®awm aum@nó 0d&ZH 0DwrvH "r®pu©KH O'yg'd= t&Siaf um@n tm;(udavom) jrLuif;aom(udavom) tnpftaMu;uif;aom w&m;rsufvkH;onf jzpfay:vmavNyD/ (*) tw¬d pE´drol&d,m? tw¬d pE´drol&d,meH 'óm0D=vaewdkYonf &Sdukef\/ vaewdkYudk jrifolwdkYonf &Sdukef\/ (C)bdu©K uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd=&[ef;onf udk,fü udk,f[k tpOf½Ivsufae\/ (i) bdu©K umarok tm'De0óm0daem 0d[&EÅd=&[ef;wdkYonf umr*kPfwdkYü tjypfukd odjrifukefvsuf aeukef\/ (p) ,ó uópd pwåma&m £'¨dyg'g bm0dwm? aom tmucFrmaem uyÜH wda|,s=tMuif wpkHwa,mufaom olonf av;yg;aom £'d¨yg'fwdkYudk yGm;aptyfukef\/ xdkolonf tvkd&SdvQif(tm,)uyf ywfvkH; wnfEdkif&m\/ (q)aom {0H r[d'¨dau {0H r[mEkbma0 pE´drol&da,yd ygPdem y&mrowd=xdkolonf þrQwefcdk;BuD;ukefaom þrQ tmEkabmfBuD;ukefaom vaewdkYudkyif vufjzifh okH;oyf (qkyfudkif)Edkif\/ (Z) ,xm0g'D wxm*awm wxmum&D? ,xmum&D wxm0g'D= jrwfpGmbk&m;onf tMuifodkYajymavh&Sd\/ xdkodkYyifjyKvkyfavh &Sd\/ tMuifodkY jyKvkyfavh&Sd\/ xkdodkYyif ajymavh&Sd\(ajymovdk vkyf\/ vkyfovkd ajym\/) (ps) t,H bdu©K abmZaerwånL a[mwd=þ&[ef;onf abmZOf(pm;aomufbG,f)ü twdkif;twmudk od\/ (n)trÁa|memr rmPa0g wdPHÖ a0'geH yg&*l a[mwd=trÁ|rnfaom vkvifonf ok;H ckuek af om


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94 oHuad vo"ar®m ormaem oHuad vo"ar® tm'De0H 0d'w d mG toHuv d |d H tEkw&å H a,m*au©rH edAÁmeH y&da,owd/ t,H bdu©a0 t&d,m y&da,oem/ cufqpftajzrsm;/ Zmwd"ar®m=jzpfay:jcif;(arG;zGm;jcif;)oabm&Sdonf/ oHudavo=npfEGrf;jcif;/ udÍö=uð+p=tb,fudk/ taZVuH=odk;ESifhqdwfonf(tZ+{VuH)/ ukuú#=Buuf/ olu&=0uf/ [w¬d=qif/ *0=EGm;/ tó=jrif;/ 0V0=jrnf;/ Zmw½ly=a&T? &Zw=aiG/ Oy"a,m=wofrufpGJvrf;p&mtm½kHwdkYonf/(Oy"d+yk)/ *xdawm=wofrufarmvsuf/ rkpädawm=awGa0vsuf/ tZÑmyaEém=ouf0ifepfjrKyfvsuf/ tZmwH=jzpfjcif;r&Sdaom/ tEkwå&H=rdrdxufomvGefaomw&m;r&Sdaom/ a,m*au©rH=b0aESmifBudK;wdkYukef&mjzpfaom/(a,m*+acrH)/ (c) twDaw Am&mPod,H aAm"doawåm 0¥ua,med,H edAÁwådwGm b&d,H [mo,rmaem a*[H ygVdoifcef;pm(20) (erlem) 1/ "mwfaemufodkY tem*wf ud&d,m0dbwfqufykH/ "mwfaemufodkY tem*wfud&d,m0dbwfqufaomtcg tcsdKU "mwfrsm;ü xl;jcm;aom ykHpHodkY ajymif;vJoGm;\/ xdkYaMumifh atmufyg ykHpHtxl;rsm;udk avhvmyg/ *Ó+ówd=Úówd=odvdrhfrnf/ *'g+ówd='ówd=ay;vdrfhrnf/ *[l+ówd=a[ówd=jzpfvdrfhrnf/ *ok+ówd=aomówd=em;axmifvdrhfrnf/ *qd'f+ówd=aqpäwd(qdE´dówd)=jzwfvdrfhrnf/ *0of+ówd=0päwd(0odówd)=aevdrhfrnf/ *vbf+ówd=vpäwd(vbdówd)=&vdrhfrnf/ *0pf+ówd=0u©wd=ajymqdkvdrfhrnf/ *rkpf+ówd=armu©wd(rkpödówd)=vGwfajrmufvdrfhrnf/ *um&f+ówd+um[wd(u&dówd)=jyKvkyfvdrfhrnf/ 2/ ]]t&[H}}yk'fESifh ]]t&[m}}yk'f 0dbwfoG,f/ (u)t&[H=tylaZmfcHxdkufaom? udavomuif;NyD;aom (emr0daooe)/


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100 oru©m,daem=t<uif;rJhajymMum;ukefonf/ rdwåmrapöok=(rdwå+trapöok)=rdwfaqGcifyGef;wdkYü/ y#d,ma'EÅd=tyfESif;ukef\/ y&dwåmPH=umuG,fapmifha&Smufjcif;ukd/ (*) olu&aygoaum=0ufarG;aom/ oku©*lxH=rpifajcmuf/ Owå&mo*ø=tay:½kHt0wf/ ywå&dwGm=jzefYí/ AE¨duH=txkyf/ OAÁma[wGm=&Gufí/ O*¢&EÅH=tay:odkYvQHxGufaom/ y*¢&EÅH=ab;odkYpD;usaom/ ,m0t*¾ecg=ajconf;zsm; vufonf;zsm;wdkifatmif/ ru©dawm=vdrf;usHtyfvsuf/ uxH[d=tb,fhaMumifh/ Or®awåm=½l;onf/ 0dapawm=pdwfazmufjyefonf/ 10/atmufygpmykd'fudk ygVdbmom jyefqdkyg/ (u)jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a0VK0efO,smOfüaepOfyif oka'¨g'erif;BuD; onf ]]ig\ om;awmfonf ajcmufESpfwdkifwdkif cJ,Of;aom tusifh('kuú&p&d,m)udk usifhí vGefjrwfaom todÓPfxl; (twdoarÁm"d)ukd&í "r®pufudk vnfapNyD;í &mZN*dK[fNrdKUudk trSDjyKí a0VK0efO,smOfü aeowJh}}[k Mum;odav\/ Mum;odNyD;aemuf wa,mufaomtrwfudk ]]tdk trwfµ vmavmh? a,mufsm;waxmifESifh &mZN*dK[fodkYoGm;í ig\pum;jzifh ]]t&Sifbk&m;\ crnf;awmf oka'¨g'erif;BuD;onf zl;csifvdkyg\}}avQmufí ig\om;awmfudk yifhí vmcJhavmh}}[k ajymMum;av\/ xdktrwfonf ]]rif;jrwf aumif;ygNyD}}[k rif;\ pum;udk OD;acgif;jzifhcH,lí a,mufsm;waxmifjzifh NcH&Hvsuf ,lZem ajcmufq,f&Sdaom c&D;udk vsifjrefpGm oGm;í jrwfpGmbk&m;\ y&dowfav;yg;tv,fü xdkifí w&m;a[maom tcsdefü ausmif;awmfodkY 0ifav\/ xdt k rwfonf ]]rif;\ qufotyfaom owif;um; &Sad pOD;awmh(wd|wk wm0)}}[k BuHí y&dowftpGefü(y&d,aEÅ)&yfvsuf jrwfpGmbk&m;\ w&m;ukd emí a,mufsm;waxmif ESifhtwl t&[wåzdkvfokYd qdkufav\/ (rSwfcsuf/ / þodkY &Snfvsm;aom pmykd'frsm;udk ygVdjyef&mü txyfxyfyg&Sdaom ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;}} [laom pum;vkH;udk Ak'¨? wxm*w? b*0g? 'oAv? ow¬m ponfh y&d,m,fy'k rf sm; vJv, S í f ok;H oGm;vQif ykí d pum;vSaMumif; owdjyKyg/) 11/ aemufxyfzwf&ef pmñTef;rsm;/ (u)twDaw {uo®ð t&nm,wae aAm"doawåm tnw&H y'kro&H edóm, -------- uuú#aum uwå&dum, ukrk'emVH uayÜaEÅm 0d,wó *D0H uayÜwGm O'uH yg0dod/


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104 Moumo trkrSd? trko®ð trlok/ eykv’difü uwåm t'kH trled ur® t'kH? trkH trled (usef0dbwfrsm; ykv’difESifhwl\/) £w¬dvdifü uwåm tok trl? trka,m/ ur® trkH trl? trka,m/ u&P tyg'ge trk,m trl[d orÜ'ge omrd trkóm? trk,m trloH Moumo trkóH? trk,H trlok/ ]]trk}} aemufü ]]u}} qufí ykvd’ifü trkaum? tokaum trkum? tokum/ trkuH? tokuH trkau? tokau/ ponfjzifh¤if;? £w¬dvdifü tokum? trkum ponfjzifh¤if; awGU&\/ 7/ avhvm&ef erlem ygVd0gusrsm;/ (u) t&[m £'H 'kuE© dÅ ,xmblwH yZmemwd=&[EÅmonf þum; 'kuw © nf;[k [kww f ikd ;f rSepf mG od\/ (c) b*0awm "ar®m 0dnL[d ypöwåH a0'dwaAÁm=jrwfbk&m;\ w&m;udk ynm&SdwdkYonf udk,fwdkifudk,fus odjriftyf\/ (*) orPm ousyw k , då m taEÅm0óH 'domok pm&duH e p&EÅ=d ousyw k *å P dk ;f 0if &[ef;wdYkonf 0gwGif;(rkd;wGif;)ü t&yf rsufESmwdkYü c&D; rvSnfhvnfMuukef/ (C) bdu©L tEG'¨rmoH oEédywEÅd=&[ef;wdkYonf v0ufwdkif;(v0uf wBudrf) pnf;a0;Muukef\/ (i) t[H tZÆwa*¾ ,m0ZD0H Ak'¨H o&PH *pämrd=igonf ,aeYrS pí toufxufqkH; bk&m;udk udk;uG,f&m[lí qnf;uyfyg\/ (p) aom £awm okwGm trkMw tu©mwm a[mwd £aroH ab'g,? trkMw0g okwGm £aroH tu©mwm trloH ab'g,=xdkolonf þt&yfrS(pum;udk)Mum;cJhí þolwdkY\ uGJjym;jcif;iSm xdkt&yfü ajymMum;wwf\/ odkYr[kwf xdkt&yfü (pum;udk) Mum;cJhí xdkolwdkY\ uGJjym;jcif;iSm þolwdkYtm; ajymMum;wwf\/ (q) yóxEk wkarS bdu©a0 trkH r[EÅH 'g½ku©E¨H **Fg, e'd,m aomawe 0k,SrmeH=&[ef;wdkY oifwdkYonf **Fgjrpfü a&,Ofjzifh arsmygvmaom BuD;rm;aom xdkopfwkH;udk jrifMu\avm/ (Z) *pä trkrSd Moumao wd|m[d=oGm;avm? xdkt&yfü &yfacsavm/ 8/ udwfemrfrsm;(2)/


105 (u) þ-ypönf;qufjcif;/ *u&f + -D =um&D=jyKvkyfol/ *0'f + -D =0g'D=ajymqdkol/ *p&f+ -D = pm&D= jyKusifhol/ *'g+ -D = 'g,D= ay;ol? vSLol/ (ygyum&D? "r®0g'D-ponfjzifh ormofwGJí tokH;rsm;onf)/ (c) wd-ypönf;qufjcif;/ **rf+wd=*wd=oGm;jcif;/ *&rf+wd=&wd=arGUavsmfjcif;/ *[m+wd=[med=qkwf,kwfjcif;(wd rS ed ajymif;)/ *ref+wd=rwd=odjcif;? rSwfxifjcif;/ *ok+wd=okwd=Mum;jcif; *bkZf+wd=bkwåd=pm;jcif;/ *rkpf+wd=rkwåd=vGwfajrmufjcif;/ (þ ]]wd}}ypönf;qufaom udwfemrfrsm;onf £w¬dvdif omwnf;/) (C) "mwfaemufü ypönf;txl;rquf&aom udwfemrfrsm;vnf; &Sd\/ xdkudwfemrfrsKd;ü Asnf;ESpfvkH;&Sdaom "mwfjzpfvQif aemufqkH; Asnf;onf ausaysmuf\/ tbd+*bl=tbdbl=tpkd;&ol/ o,H+*bl=o,rÇL=rdrdtvkdvdkjzpfay:vmol(bk&m;)/ O&+**rf+O&*=&ifbwf(0rf;)jzpfaomol(ajr;)/ ur®+*Zef=ur®Z=uHaMumifhjzpfaomw&m;/ Zv+*Xm=Zv|=a&üwnfaomt&m/ 9/ Moum&EÅemrfyk'f0dbwfoG,fykH/ Moo&jzifhqkH;aom emrfyk'fum; ]]a*g}} wckom awGU&\/ ¤if;yk'fonf ykv’dif £w¬dvdif 2rsKd;vkH;ESifh qufqHí ]]EGm;}} (tr? txD;)teufudk a[m\/ 0dbwf {u0kpf A[k0kpf uwåm a*g *ga0g ur® *0H *ga0g u&P *a0e a*g[d orÜ'ge omrd *0ó *kEéH tyg'ge *0g a*g[d Moumo *a0 a*gok/ £w¬dvdifoufoufü *g0D=EGm;r? a'0DESifh 0dbwfoG,fwl\/ ormofyk'frsm;ü ]]a*g? *0}} 2rsKd;vkH; jzpfEdkif\/ ykHpH - a*gygvu= EGm;ausmif;om;? *0cD&H=EGm;EkdY/) 10/avhvm&ef pmykd'frsm;/ (u) yÍö[d acg Xmae[d omrdaue ypädrm 'dom b&d,m ypöKy|mwAÁm or®meem, te0rmeem, tebdp&d,m, £ó&d,a0goa*¾e tvuFm&mEkyÜ'gaee/ £ar[d acg


106 yÍö[d Xmae[d omrduH tEkurÜwd/ okoH0d[dw ur®EÅmp a[mwd? o*F[dw y&dZemp tebdpm&deDp? orÇwHp Ek&u©wd/ 'u©m p a[mwd tevom oAÁudapöok/ £ar[d acg yÍö[d Xmae[d tomrdaue ypädrm 'dom b&d,m ypöKy|dwm £ar[d yÍö[d Xmae[d omrduH tEkurÜwd/ ('DCedum,? ygxdu0*¾ - 154)/ (c) t[rÜd ok'H bdu©a0 ykaAÁ0 oarÁm"m tebdorÁKa'¨g aAm"d oawåm0 ormaem twåem Zmwd"ar®m ormaem Zmwd"r®H a,0 y&da,omrd? twåem Z&m"ar®m ormaem Z&m"r®H a,0 y&da,omrd? twåem Asm"d"ar®m ormaem Asm"d"r®Ha,0 y&da,omrd? twåem r&P"ar®m ormaem r&P"r®Ha,0 y&da,omrd/ twåem aomu"ar®m ormaem aomu"r®Ha,0 y&da,omrd/ twåem oHudavo"ar®m ormaem oHudavo"r®Ha,0 y&da,omrd/ wó r,SH bdu©a0 {w'a[mod ]]uð Ek acg t[H twåem Zmwd"ar®m ormaem Zmwd"r®Ha,0 y&da,omrd/ twåem Z&m"ar®m ormaem/ Asm"d"ar®m ormaem/ r&P"ar®m ormaem/ aomu"ar®m ormaem/ twåem oHudavo"ar®m ormaem oHudavo"r®Ha,0 y&da,omrd/ ,HElem[H twåem Zmwd"ar®m ormaem Zmwd"ar® tm'De0H 0d'dwGm tZmwH tEkwå&H a,m*au©rH edAÁmeH y&da,ao,sH/ twåem Z&m"ar®m ormaem Z&m"ar® tm'De0H 0d'dwGm tZ&H tEkwå&H a,m*au©rH edAÁmeH y&da,ao,sH/ twåem Asm"d"ar®m ormaem Asm"d"ar® tm'De0H 0d'dwGm tAsm"ð tEkwå&H a,m*au©rH edAÁmeH y&da,ao,sH/ twåem r&P"ar®m ormaem r&P"ar® tm'De0H 0d'dwGm trwH tEkwå&H a,m*au©rH edAÁmeH y&da,ao,sH/ twåem aomu"ar®m ormaem aomu"ar® tm'De0H 0d'dwGm taomuH tEkwå&H a,m*au©rH edAÁmeH y&da,ao,sH/ twåem oHuad vo"ar®m ormaem oHuad vo"ar® tm'De0H 0d'w d mG toHuv d |d H tEkw&å H a,m*au©rH edAÁmeH y&da,ao,s}}EÅd/ (rlvyPÖmoygVd - 219/) (*) uxÍö 0domac a*gygvukaygoaxm a[mwd/ ao,sxmyd 0domac a*gygvaum om,eora, omrdumeH a*ga0g ed,smawwGm £wd y#doÍödu©wd/ tZÆ acg *ga0g trkuo®dÍö trkuo®dÍö ya'ao p&ðok/ trkuo®Íð ö trkuo®Íð ö ya'ao p&dóEÅd/ trkuo®Íð ö trkuo®Íð ö ya'ao ygeD,med yd0ó d EÅw D /d {0ar0H acg 0domac £a"uapöm Oaygoxdaum £wd y#doÍödu©wd ]]t[HcGZÆ £'Íöd'Íö cg'eD,H cg'ð? £'Íöd'Íö abmZeD,H bkÍÆð? aoG 'gem[H £'Íöd'Íö cg'eD,H cg'dómrd? £'Íöd'Íö abmZeD,H bkÍÆdómrDwd/ aom awe tbdZÑmo[*awe apwom 'd0oH twdemarwd/ {0H acg 0domac a*gygvukaygoaxm a[mwd/ {0H Oy0kawåm acg 0domac a*gygvukaygoaxm e r[yæavm a[mwd e r[medoHaom e r[mZkwdawm e r[m0dyæga&m/ (usrf;ñTef;xnfh&ef)/ 11/ cufqpft"dyÜg,frsm;/ (u) ypädrm 'dom(£)=taemuft&yf/ or®meem=oH+rmeem=jrwfEdk;jcif;/ te0 rmeem=tef+t0rmeem=rESdrfhcsjcif;/ tewdp&d,m=tef+twdp&d,m=(rdrdZeD;udk)ausmfvGefí rusifhjcif;/(tjcm;rdef;rwdkYESifh


107 raysmfyg;jcif;)/ £ó&d,a0gó*¾=£ó&d,=tpkd;&rI+a0gó*¾= vTJtyfjcif;=tdrfwGif;ü tpdk;&rIudk vTJtyfjcif;/ tvuFm&mEkyÜ'ge=tvuFm&=t0wfwefqm+tEkyÜ'ge= ay;urf;jcif;/ oko0H [ d ur®EmÅ =aumif;pGmpDrt H yfaom trIBuD;i,f&o dS nf (trIBuD;i,fukd aumif;pGmpDro H nf)/ o*F[dwy&dZem=csD;ajr§muftyfaom aqGrsKd;&Sdonf/(aqGrsKd; wdkYudk csD;ajr§mufwwfonf)/ tewdpm&deD=(rdrda,mufsm;udk)ausmfvGefírusifhonf? (tjcm; a,mufsm;wdkYESifh aysmfyg;jcif;rS uif;onf)/ orÇwH=&SmazGpkaqmif;xm;aomOpömudk(oH+*b&f+w)/ 'u©m=uRrf;usifonf/ tevom=rysif;&donf?(tef+tvom)/ (c) okcH=pifppf(edygw)/ oarÁm"=oH+aAm"=aumif;pGmodjrifaomÓPf (t&d,r*fÓPf)/ tebdorÁKa'¨g=aumif;pGmxdk;xGif;í rodjrifao;aom/ (*) 0domac=tkd0domcg(0domcgOygodumrudk taMumif;jyKí þw&m;udka[monf)/ a*gygvukaygoaxm=a*gygvu+Oaygoaxm= EGm;ausmif;om;Oykof/ ed,smawwd=tyfESH\/ y#doÍödu©wd=qifjcifpOf;pm;\/(y#d+oHpdu©wd)/ tbdZÑmo[*awe=rufarmjcif;ESifhwuGjzpfaom/ twdemarwd=ukefvGefap\/ Oy0kawåm=usifhokH;tyfaom(Oy+*0of+w)/ r[medoHaom=r[m+tmedoHaom=BuD;jrwfaom tusKd;quf&Sdonf/ r[mZkwdaum=BuD;jrwfaomta&miftvif;&Sdonf/(r[m+Zkwd+u)/ r[m0dyæga&m=BuD;jrwfaomysHUESHUjcif;&Sdonf/ 12/ avhusifhcef;/ atmufyg pmykd'fudk ygVdjyefqdkyg/ waeYoü a,mufsm;wa,mufonf &xm;jzifh NrdKUjyifodkY xGufav\/ xdkcPü odMum; ewfrif;onf vlUtoGif(rEkóa0o)jzifh vmí &xm;\ aemufydkif;udk udkifívdkufav\/ &xm;ü xdkifaom a,mufsm;onf ,mOfrS qif;í udk,fvufokwfoif&ef udpötwGuf (o&D&udpö)oGm;av\/ xdkcPü odMum;rif;onf &xm;odkYwufí vsifjrefpGm armif;ESifav\/ (ygaZwd)/ &xm;&Sif onfum; udk,fvufokwfoifjcif;udpöudk jyKNyD;í xGufvmvwfaomf &xm;udk,lí ajy;aomodMum;udk jrifí vsifjrefpGmoGm;í ]]&yfavm? ig\&xm;udk tb,fodkY ,laqmifoGm;oenf;}}[k ajymqkdav\/ ]]oif\ &xm;onf wjcm; jzpfvdrfhrnf? þ[mum; ig\ &xm;wnf;}} [k xdo k u l ajymqdak vaomf xdo k El iS hf jiif;ckjH cif;udk jyKvQuf ra[mo"ynm&S\ d Z&yfwHcg;odkY a&mufav\/ ynm&Sdonf jiif;ckHjcif;\taMumif;udk ar;í ]]ig\ tqkH;tjzwf (0dedpä,)ü wnfMurnfavm}}[k ar;í ]]wnfygukeftHh}}[k ajymqdk vwfaomf ]]igonf &xm;udk armif;aptH?h oifwYkdEpS af ,mufv;Hk &xm;udk aemufrS udik í f vdu k Mf uavmh/ &xm;&Sio f nf rvTwv f wH/h tjcm;ol(&xm;&Sirf [kwo f )l um;vTw G v f wH}h } [k ajymí a,mufsm; wa,mufukd ]]&xm;armif;avmh}}[k


108 apckdif;av\/ xdka,mufsm;onf cdkif;onfhtwdkif; jyKvkyfav\/ xdkol 2a,mufwdkYonf aemufrS &xm;udkudkifí vdkufMu\/ &xm;&Sifonf teD;i,fvdkufí &xm;udk vTwfí &yfaecJh\/ odMum;onfum; &xm;ESit hf wlyif vdu k o f mG ;í &xm;ESit hf wlyif jyefc\ hJ / ynm&So d nf vlwYkduakd jym av\/ ]]þa,mufsm;onf tenf;i,fvdkufoGm;í &xm;udk vTwfí &yfaecJh\/ þolrlum; &xm;ESifhtwlajy;í &xm;ESifh twlyif jyefcJh\/ xdkol\ udk,fü acR;ayguf(ao'AdE´K)rQvnf; r&Sd/ xGufouf0ifouf(tómoyómo)vnf;r&Sd/ aMumuf&GUHjcif; r&Sd/ rrSdwfaom rsufpd&Sd\/ (tedrdoaeawåm)/ þolonf ewfwdkY\ rif;jzpfaom odMum;wnf;/ xdktcg odMum;onf aumif;uifü &yfí ]]ynm&Sdonf w&m;(ta×m)udk aumif;rGefpGm qkH;jzwftyfay\}}/ ynm&Sdtm; csD;usL;jcif;udkjyK\í rdrdae&modkYyif oGm;av\/ 13/ aemufxyf zwf&ef pmñTef;rsm;/ (u) twDaw umod&a| Am&mPod,H jA[®'awåm emr ----- aom "ar®e &ZÆH uma&wGm ,xmur®H *awm/ (a'0"r®Zmwu? {uedygw? Zmwut|uxm? ESm-143/) (c) 'DCedum,? r[m0*¾? r[my&dedAÁmokwå? pmrsufESm-118/ pmykd'f-207? 208? 209/ ygVdoifcef;pm(22) (erlem) 1/ emrud&d,m/ "mwfaemufü ypönf;0dbwfrsm;qufjcif;jzifh ud&d,myk'frsm;jzpf vmaMumif; od&SdMuNyD;jzpf\/ odYk &mwGif emrfy'k (f emr0daooe yk'rf sm;vnf;yg0if\)rsm;udv k nf; ypön;f 0dbwfrsm;qufí ud&, d m yk'ftjzpfjzifh wcgw&H tokH;jyK&\/ ,if;odkY emrfyk'frS ajymif;vmaomtcg ud&d,mudk emrud&d,m[k ac:\/ (u) ]]tm,}}ypönf;qufaom emrud&d,mrsm;/ pd&(Mumjrifhjcif;)+ -m,+wd=pd&m,wd=Mumjrifh\/ 'E¨(aESmifhaES;jcif;)+-m,+wd='E¨m,wd=aESmifhaES;\/ yd,(cspfcifol)+-m,+wd=yd,m,wd=cspfcif\/ okc+-m,+wd=okcg,wd=csrf;om\/ "lr(tcdk;)+-m,+wd="lrm,wd=tcdk;vTwf\/ o'´(toH)+-m,+wd=o'´g,wd=toHjyK\/ rr(ig\)+-m,+wd=rrm,wd=ighOpöm[krSwfxif\/ cspfcifwG,fwm\/ **¾&(*uf*uf[laomtoH)+-m,+wd=pdpöd#m,wd=pdwfpdwf[k jrnf\/(ppfppf[krnf\/) (c) ]]þ,}}ypönf;qufaom emrud&d,mrsm;/ ykwå(om;)+-D,+wd=ykwåD,wd=om;uJhodkYjyKusifh\/ 'go(uRef)+-D,+=wd='goD,wd=uRefuJhodkYjyKusifh\/ "e(Opöm)+-D,+wd="eD,wd=Opömudktvdk&Sd\/ t¥(emusifjcif;)+-D,+wd=t¥D,wd=emusif\/ [d&D(&Sufjcif;)+-D,+wd=[d&D,wd=&Suf\/ (*) ypönf;qufrygaom emrud&d,mrsm;/


109 ykyæ(tyGifh)+wd=ykyæwd=yGifh\/ zv(toD;)+wd=zvwd=oD;\/ Oól,(jiLpljcif;)+wd=Oól,wd=jiLpl\/ Oókuú(tm;xkwfjcif;)+wd=Oókuúwd=tm;xkwf\/ om&ZÆ(aMumuf&GHUjcif;)+wd=om&ZÆwd=aMumuf&GHU\/ tBwdpäm([dk[dk'D'Dvdkcsifjcif;)+wd=tBwdpäwd=[dk[dk'D'd vdkcsif\/ (C) um½dkufypönf;rsm;qufaom emrud&d,m/ okc+a-+wd=okacwd=csrf;omap\/ okc+-gay+wd=okcgaywd=csrf;omap\/ 'ku©+-gay+wd='ku©maywd=qif;&Jap\/ 0dZ#+a-+wd=0dZ#maywd=t½IyftaxG;uif;ap\/ Oókuú+-gay+wd=Oókuúmaywd=tm;xkwfap\/ wd&+a-+wd=wda&wd=urf;odkYa&mufap\/ NyD;qkH;ap\/ 2/ avhusifhcef;/ atmufygpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmbmomjyefyg/ (u) txacg aom Oygoaum om0w¬d,H wH u&PD,H wDa&wGm a,e b*0g awEkyouFrd=xdktcg xdkOyoumonf om0w¬dNrdKUü xdkjyKbG,fudpöudk NyD;ajrmufapí jrwfpGmbk&m; &Sd&modkY csOf;uyfavNyD/ (c) ukvykawåm twåem y&dpdaw[d abma*[d twåmeH p yDaPwd? okacwd? ykwå'g&H p yDaPwd? okacwd=trsKd;aumif; om;onf rdru d , kd w f ikd f pkaqmif;tyfaom pnf;pdrOf pömwdYk jzifh rdrdudk,fudkvnf; jynfhNzdK;ap\/ csrf;omap\/ om; r,m; wdkYudkvnf; jynfhNzdK;ap\? csrf;omap\/ (*) orPm ousykwåd,m ememukvm yAÁZdwmyd tnrnH yd,m,EÅd= ousykwå\ wynhjf zpfuek af om &[ef;wdYkonf txl;xl;aomtrsK;d rS &[ef;jyKcMhJ uukeaf omfvnf; tcsi;f csi;f cspfcifukef\/ (C) tx acg aom ema*g b*0EÅH t*sm*g&H y0d|H 'doGm y"lyg,d= xdktcg xdke*g;onf jrwfpGmbk&m; rD;wif;ukwfodkY 0ifonfudk jrifí tcdk;vTwfav\/ (i) O'uH t*¾drSd wyÜrmeH o'´g,wd pdpöd#m,wd=a&onf rD;ü ylaptyfonf&Sdaomf toHjyK\? ppfppf[k jrnf\/ (p) tm,o®m eE´aum om&ZÆrme½layg b*0EÅH {w'a0gp= t&SifeE´uonf aMumuf&GHU aomtoGiftjyifudk&SdvQuf bk&m;&Sifudk þpum;udk avQmufav\/ (q) a'a0 0óaEÅ *V*Vm,aEÅ 'g&um bDwm yvm,EÅd= rkd;onf &Gmvwfaomf *V*V[kjrnfvwfaomf(*sK;H *sK;H jrnf vwfaomf)uav;wdYkonf aMumuf&UHG ukev f Quf xGuaf jy;ukef \/ 3/ w'¨dwf=ypönf;qufxm;aomemrfyk'frsm;(1)/ "r®[laom emrfyk'faemufü]]£u}}ypönf;qufvQif "r®du=w&m; &Sdaom? w&m;ESifh,SOfaom? w&m;udk usifhokH;aom paom teuf trsKd;rsKd;xGuf\/ þodkY emrfyk'fteufudk xl;jcm;apaom aemufquf ypönf;rsm;udk w'¨dwfypönf;[k ac:í xdkypönf;rsm;qufxm;aom emrfyk'fudkvnf;


110 w'¨dwfyk'f[k ac:\/ w'¨dwfypönf;trsKd;rsKd; &Sdonfhjyif ypönf;wckwnf;rSvnf; teuftrsKd;rsKd; xGuEf ikd \ f / xdYkaMumifh w'¨w d yf 'k w f Ykd\teufrsm;udk tavhtvmrsm;rSomvQif t&mXmeESio hf ifah vsmpf mG em;vnfod&SdEdkifrnfjzpfygonf/ (u) ]]£u}}ypönf;qufaom w'¨dwfyk'frsm;(£uypönf;quf&m wGif tcsdKUyk'frsm;ü tpo&onf 'DC odkYr[kwf *kPokdY ajymif;onfudk owdjyKyg/) oE´d|+-du=oE´d|du=rsufarSmufb0üjzpfaom/ orÜ&m,+-du=orÜ&m,du=wrvGefb0üjzpfaom/ tbd"r®+-du=tmbd"r®du=tbd"r®mudkoifMum;ol? tbd"r®mudk wwfajrmufol/ 0de,+-du=a0e,du=0denf;udkoifol? 0denf;udk wwfajrmuf ol/ ousykwå+-du=ousykwådaum(ousykwåda,m)=ousykwå\ tquftEG,fjzpfol/ um,+-du=um,du=udk,fjzifhjyKvkyfaom? (um,duH ur®H)/ 0pf(of)+-du=0gpodu=EIwfjzifhjyKvkyfaom/ re(of)+-du=rmeodu=pdwfjzifhjyKvkyfaom/ o&D&+-du=om&D&du=udk,füwnfaom(om&D&dum a0'em)/ 'Gg&+-du='Gg&du(a'g0g&du)=wHcg;ü,SOfol=wcg;apmifh/ apw(of)+-du=apwodu=pdwfü,SOfaomw&m;/ oHC+-du=oHCdu=oHCmydkifqdkifaom(oHCdaum 0d[ma&m)/ yk*¾v+-du=yk*¾vdu=yk*¾dKvf(wOD;csif;)ydkifqdkifaom/ t&n+-du=tm&ndu=awmüaeaom/ 0ó+-du=0ódu=rkd;&moDüjzpfay:aom/(0óduH ykyæH)/ 4/ w'¨dwfyk'frsm; 0dbwfoG,fykH/ w'¨dwfyk'frsm;udk emrfyk'ftjzpfjzifh¤if;? emr0daooetjzpfjzifh¤if; tokH;jyK&\/ qdkif&m teuftm;avsmpf mG vdio f ;Hk yg;wdYkEiS hf qufq\ H / xdYkaMumifh t&mXmetm;avsmpf mG ½d;k ½d;k emrfy'k rf sm;uJo h Ykd yif w'¨dwfyk'fwdkYudk 0dbwfoG,f&avonf/ ykHpHrsm;/ tmbd"r®daum bdu©k=tbd"r®mudkoifaom&[ef;onf/ tmbd"r®dum bdu©L=tbd"r®mudkoifaom &[ef;rsm;onf/ tmbd"r®duH ukvH=tbd"r®mudkoifaom trsKd;onf/ tmbd"r®dum Oygodum=tbd"r®mudk oifaom Oygodumronf/ 5/ avhusihfcef;/ atmufygpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) &mZm AdrÁdoma&m A[l[d rm*"dau[d jA[®P*[ywdau[d o'¨ð a,e b*0g awEkyouFrd=AdrÁdom&rif;onf rsm;pGmukef aom r*"wdkif;ü aeukefaom (r*"wdkif;om; jzpfukefaom) ykPÖm;ol<u,fwdkYESifhtwl jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sd&modkY csOf;uyfav\/ (c) bdu©K om&D&dumeH 'ku©a0'emeH t"d0goZmwdaum a[mwd= &[ef;onf ukd,fü jzpfay:ukefaom qif;&Ja0'emwdkYudk onf;cHEdkifaom oabm&Sd\/ (*) ,oó ukvykwåó wa,m ygom'g a[mEÅd {aum *drSdaum? {aum 0ódaum? {aum a[rEÅdum=,o trsKd;om;tm; jyom'fokH;ckwdYkonf &Sdukef\/ wckum; aEGü


111 aeaom jyom'f? wckum; rdk;üaeaom jyom'f? wckum; aqmif;üaeaom jyom'fwnf;/ (C) aom 0ódau ygoma' pwåma&m rmao y&dp&wd= xdkolonf rkd;ü aeaomjyom'fü av;vywfvkH; pHpm;\/ (i) oHCaba'g tmyg,daum ae&,daum a[mwd=oHCmudk oif;cJGjcif;onf tyg,fü jzpfapwwf\/ i&Jü jzpfapwwf\/ (p) a,m bduK© £päw?d aom tm&naum a[mwk=tMuif &[ef;onf tvd&k \ dS / xd&k [ef;onf awmü aeol jzpfygapavm/ (q) t,H uma,m pmwkr[mbkwådaum=þudk,fonf r[mbkwf av;yg;jzifh NyD;\/ 6/ AsÍÆeoE¨d/ a'Gbm0=Asnf;2vk;H qifh jyKjcif;/ ygVdbmomü yk'Ef pS cf u k kd oE¨ed nf;jzifh aygif;pyf&w G q f adk omtcg wcgw&H aemufyk'f\tp Asnf;onf ESpfvkH;qifhtjzpfodkY ajymif;oGm;\/ þodkY ESpfvkH;qifh jyKjcif;udk a'Gbm0=a'Gabmf[k ac:\/ xdk a'Gbm0onf(1)Asnf;wlESpfvkH;udkqifhjcif;(o'doa'Gbm0)/ (2)rwlaomAsnf;ESpfvkH;udkqifhjcif;(to'doa'Gbm0) [k ESpfrsKd; &Sd\/ rnfonfhtu©&mwdkYü ,if;odkY Asnf;qifhjyKEkdifaMumif;udk ]]tu©&mydkif;}}ü jycJhNyD;jzpfonf/ xdkYjyif &óo&jzifhqkH;aom yk'faemufu Asnf;wdkYudkomvQif trsm;tm;jzifh a'GabmfjyK&aMumif; udk owdjyK&monf/ (1) o'doa'Gbm0/ (u) 0*f\ yXrtu©&mcsif; a'GabmfjyKjcif;/ y#d+urwd=y#duúrwd/ ed+pavm=edpöavm/ &we+w,H=&wewå,H/ £"+yrma'g=£"yÜrma'g/ (c) 0*f\wwd,tu©&mcsif; a'GabmfjyKjcif;/ tEk+*awm=tEk*¾awm/ 0d+aZmwwd=0daZÆmwwd/ ed+'a&m=ed'´a&m/ 'k+Aavm='kAÁavm/ (*) 0*f\ yÍörtu©&mcsif; a'GabmfjyKjcif;/ 0d+ÓPH=0dnmPH/ w+ra,m=wr®a,m/ w+edaEém=wEédaEém/ (C) t0*ftu©&mrsm;wGif ,? v? o tu©&mrsm;ü o'do a'Gabmf jyK&\/ ed+,meH=ed,smeH/ 'k+vbH='kv’bH/ A[k+okawm=A[kókawm/ (i) 'DCo&jzifq h ;Hk aomyk'\ f aemufuAsn;f udv k nf; &Hcg o'doa'Gabmf jyKonfukd awGU&\/ (2) to'doa'Gbm0/


112 (u) 0*f\ 'kwd,tu©&mrsm;udk 0*fwlyXrtu©&mrsm;jzifhqifhjcif;/ ½ly+caE¨m=½lyu©aE¨m/ aow+qwåH=aowpäwåH/ wMw+Xdawm=wMw|dawm/ ,o+axa&m=,oaw¬a&m/ r[+zvH=r[yævH/ (c) 0*f\ pwkw¬tu©&mrsm;udk 0*fwlwwd,tu©&mrsm;jzifh qifhjcif;/ ed+aCmaom=eda*¢maom/ yXr+psmeH=yXrpÑmeH/ ed+"aem=ed'¨aem/ ed+b,H=edAÇ,H/ (*) 'DCo&]]tm}}jzifhqkH;aom yk'faemufu Asnf;udkvnf; &Hcg to'doa'GabmfjyK&\/ wPSm+ca,m=wPSmu©a,m/ tmPm+acwåH=tmPmau©wåH/ 7/ tmar!dwf/ pum;vk;H wpfv;Hk wnf;udjk zpfap? 0guswpfcw k nf;udjk zpfap ESpBf udrx f yfí ajymqdjk cif;udk tmar!dw= tmar!dwf[kac:\/ ,if;tmar!dwfjzifh atmufygt"dyÜg,fxl;rsm;udk azmfjyonf/ (u) yk'f\teuf&if;udk xl;uJav;eufapjcif;/ b'´ged b'´ged ,memed=aumif;ukeaf umif;ukeaf om? (0g) tvGeaf umif;ukeaf om ,mOfwYkd u/kd oDCH oDCH=vsifjrefpGm vsifjrefpGm(0g) tvGefvsifjrefpGm/ (c) teuftm;vkH;udk jyefYESHYapjcif;/ *gar *gar ZvH tw¬d=&Gmwdkif; &Gmwdkif;ü a&&Sd\/ ,H,H aom uaxwd? wHwH wGH "ma&[d=xdkolajymorQ pum;udk oifrSwfom;xm;avm/ a,ma,m £rdem ra*¾e tm*päwd? wHwH rr oEÅduH tmae[d= þvrf;jzifh vmorQvludk ighxHodkY ac:cJhavm/ (*) csD;usL;jcif;? MunfndKjcif;? 0rf;ajrmufjcif;/ tbduúEÅH baEÅ? tbduúEÅH baEÅ=t&Sifbk&m;? tvGef ESpfoufbG,f aumif;ygay\/ (C) tHhMojcif;/ ta[m &oH ta[m &oH=t&om&SdaypG? t&om&SdaypG/ (i) taqmwvsifjyKvkyfapvdkjcif;/ tbduúrx 0gao|m? tbduúr 0gao|m=0gao|wdkY vmMuavm? 0gao|wdkYvmMuavm/ (tjrefvmMuavm-[k qdkvdkonf)/ (p) pdwfqkd;jcif;? uJh&JUjcif;/ rm b0H aomP'a@m {0H t0p? rm b0H aomP'a@m {0H t0p= t&Siaf omP'@ onf þodkYrqdkygESifh? t&Sif aomP'@onf þodkY rqdkygESifh/ 8/ emrfypönf;rsm;/ emrf0dbwfrsm;uJhodkY um&uteufudk azmfjyonfh ]]awm}} ponfh ypönf;rsm;udk emrfypönf;[k ac:\/ xdkemrfypönf;rsm;udk emrfyk'frsm;ESifh trsm;tm;jzifh emrfpm;yk'frsm; aemufwGifquf&onf/


113 (u) ]]awm}}ypönf;onf tyg'geteuf? [dwfteufESifh ud&d,m 0daooeteufudk azmfjy\/ &mZawm=rif;rS? rif;aMumifh/ tnawm=tjcm;rS/ 'u©dPawm=awmift&yfrS/ tedpöawm yówd=tedpötm;jzifh(tedpö[k)½I\/ (c) Mw? w¬-ypönf;wdkYonf Moumoteufudk azmfjyukef\/ emrfpm;yk'frsm;aemufüom quf&ukef\/ oAÁ+Mw=oAÁMw= oAÁ+w¬=oAÁw¬= tvkH;pkHaomt&yfü? tvkH;pkHaomtcgü/ ,+Mw=,Mw= ,+w¬=,w¬= tMuift&yfü? tMuiftcgü/ trk+Mw=trkMw= trk+w¬=trkw¬= xdkt&yfü? xdktcsdefü/ uð+Mw=uMw= uð+w¬=uw¬= tb,ft&yfü? tb,ftcsdefü/ (*) oAÁo'´gaemuf oufaom ]]"d}}ypönf;onf Moumoteufudk azmfjy\/ oAÁ+"d=oAÁ"d=tvkH;pkHaomt&yfü? tvkH;pkHaomtcsdefü/ (C) 0? [ð? [H? [dÍöeH ypönf;wdkYonfvnf; Moumoteufudk azmfjyukef\/ uG=tb,ft&yfü? (]uð} udk ]u} jyK)/ uk[ð=tb,ft&yfü/ ( ]uð} udk ]uk} jyK)/ uk[H=tb,ft&yfü/ u[H=tb,ft&yfü( ]uð} udk ]u} jyK)/ uk[dÍöeH=wpkHwckaomt&yfü/ w[ðç w[H = xdkt&yfü/ ,[ð=tMuift&yfü/ (i) £ro'´gaemuf [? "? 'ged ypönf;rsm; qufvQif ]]£r}} udk ]]£}} jyK&\/ £r+[=£[/ £r+"=£"=þt&yfü/ £r+'ged=£'ged=,cktcgü/ (p) 'g? 'gpeH? &[d? "kem[H ypönf;wdkYonfvnf; tcsdefumvudk azmfjyukef\/ uð+'g=u'g=tb,ftcgü/ ,+'g=,'g=tMuiftcgü/ w+'g=w'g=xdktcgü/ uð+'gpeH=uk'gpeH=w&Hwcgü/ {w+&[d={w&[d=,cktcgü/ £r+"kem=t"kem=,cktcgü(]]£r}}udk ]]t}}jyK)/ 9/ avhvm&ef pmykd'frsm;/ (u) yÍödar *[ywd abm*geH tm'd,m/ uwar yÍö/ £" *[ywd t&d,om0aum


114 O|me0D&d,m"d*aw[d abma*[d Am[mA[y&dpdaw[d ao'g 0u©dawå[d "r®dau[d "r®va'¨[d twåmeH okacwd yDaPwd? or®m okcH y&d[&wd/ rmwmydwa&m okacwd yDaPwd? or®m okcH y&d[&wd/ ykwå (pmusefaeao;onf)/ t,H yXarm abm*geH tm'da,m/ yke p y&H *[ywd t&d,om0aum O|me0D&d,m"d*aw[d abma*[d Am[mAvy&dpdaw[d ao'g0u©dawå[d "r®dau[d "r®va'¨[d rdwåmrapö okacwd yDaPwd? or®mokcH y&d[&wd/ t,H 'kwda,m abm*geH tm'da,m/ yke p y&H *[ywd t&d,om0aum O|me0D&d,m"d*aw[d abma*[d Am[mAvy&dpdaw[d ao'g0u©dawå[d "r®dau[d "r®va'¨[d ,m wm a[mEÅd tmy'g t*¾dawm0g O'uawm0g &mZawm0g apm&awm0g tyÜd,awm0g 'g,m'awm/ wxm½lygok tmy'gok abma*[d y&da,m"m, 0wåwd/ aomw¬ð twåmeH ua&mwd/ t,H wwda,m abm*geH tm'da,m/ yke p y&H *[ywd t&d,om0aum O|me0D&d,"d*aw[d abma*[d Am[mAvy&dpdaw[d ao'g0u©dawå[d "r®dau[d "r®va'¨[d yÍöAvð uwåm a[mwd ÓwdAvð twdxdAvð ykAÁaywAvð &mZAvð a'0wmAvð/ t,H pwkaw¬m abm*geH tm'da,m/ yke p y&H *[ywd t&d,om0aum O|me0D&d,m"d*aw[d "r®dau[d "r®va'¨[d/ a, aw orP jA[®Pm r'yÜrm'g y#d0d&wm cEÅDaom&apö ed0d|m {urwåmeH 'arEÅd/ {urwåmeH oarEÅd? {urwåmeH y&dedAÁmayEÅd? wxm½layok orP jA[®aPok O'¨*¾duH 'u©dPH ywd|maywd aom0*¾duH okc0dyguH o*¾oH0wåeduH/ t,H yÍöarm abm*geH tm'da,m/ £ar acg *[ywd yÍö abm*geH tm'd,m/ wó ap *[ywd t&d,om0uó £ar yÍö abm*geH tm'da, tm'd,awm abm*g y&du©,H *päEÅd? wó {0H a[mwd/ a, 0w abm*geH tm'd,m? awpm[H tm'd,mrd? abm*gp ar y&du©,H *päEÅDwd/ £wdó a[mwd t0dyÜ#doma&m/ wó ap *[ywd t&d,om0uó £ar yÍö abm*geH tm'da, tm'd,awm abm*g tbd0¹EÅd? wó {0H a[mwd ]]a, 0w abm*geH tm'd,m aw pm[H tm'd,mrd? abm*gp ar tbd0¹EÅD}wd/ £wdó a[mwd Oba,ae0 t0dyÜ#d-oma&mwd/ (t*kFwå&ygVd? yÍöuedygw? pmrsufESm - 38)/ (c) yÍö[d acg *[ywdykwå Xmae[d ukvykawåe Owå&m 'dom rdwåmrpöm ypöKy|mwAÁm 'gaee ay,s0aZÆe twåp&d,m, ormewåwm, t0doH0g'ewm,/ £ar[d acg *[ywdykwå yÍö[d Xmae[d ukvykawåe Owå&m 'dom rdwåmrpöm ypöKy|dwm yÍö[d Xmae[d ukvykwåH tEkurÜEÅd/ yrwåH &u©EÅd? yrwåó omyaw,sH &u©EÅd? bDwó o&PH a[mEÅd? tmy'gok e 0dZ[EÅd? ty&yZmpó y#dylaZEÅd/ £ar[d acg *[ywdykwå yÍö[d Xmae[d ukvykawåe Owå&m 'dom rdwåmrpöm ypöKy|dwm £ar[d yÍö[d Xmae[d ukvykwåH tEkurÜEÅd/ (ygxdu0*¾? od*Fgvokwå-155/) 10/cufqpftajzrsm;/ (u) tm'd,m=&,ljcif;\taMumif;(&&Sdatmiftm;xkwfjcif;\ &nf&G,fcsuf)wdkYonf/ O|me0D&d,m"d*aw[d=x<uvkHYvjzifh&tyfaom/ Am[Avy&dpdaw[d=vuf½kH;tm;jzifhpkaqmif;tyf ukefaom/ ao'g0u©dawå[d=acR;'D;'D;usjzpfaptyfukefaom/ or®m=aumif;pGm(edygw)/


115 y&d[&wd=aqmif\/ ykwå'g&'gour®u&uayg&dao=ykwå=om;? 'g&=r,m;? 'goayg&do=uRefa,mufsm;? ur®u&ayg&do=tap tcdkif; a,mufsm;/ rdwåmrapö=rdwå=rdwfaqG? trpö=vkyfazmfudkifzuf/ tmy'g=ab;&ef/ 'g,m'=tarGqufcHol(yk)/ y&da,m"m,=xuf0ef;usif(ab;&efwdkYudk)ydwfqdkYí/ (y&d+t0+"m+,)/ aomw¬ð=csrf;omatmif(ud&d,m0daooe)/ Avd(yk)=ylaZmfjcif;/ twdxd={nfhonf/ ykAÁayw=a&S;tcgu aoNyD;ol(aqGrsKd;)/ r'yÜrm'g=rmef,pfjcif; arhavsmhjcif;rS(r'+yrm'g)/ cEÅDaom&apö=cEÅd=onf;cHjcif;? aom&pö=aumif;aomtrIü arGUavsmfjcif;/ ed0d|m=wnfukef\(ed+*0dof+w)/ 'arEÅd=qkH;rukef\(,Ofaus;apukef\)/ oarEÅd=Nidrfoufapukef\/ y&dedAÁmayEÅd=Nidrf;at;apukef\/ O'¨*¾duH=txufbkHodkYa&mufaMumif;jzpfaom/ (O'¨H+t*¾+O'¨*¾=txufxdyfzsm;/ O'¨*¾+-du=O'¨*¾du/) aom0*¾duH=ewfjynf\tusKd;pD;yGm;jzpfaom/ (aom0*¾=o*¾/) o*¾oH0wåeduH=ewfjynfüjzpfapwwfaom/ 'u©dPH=tvSLudk/ y&du©,H=ukefcef;jcif;odkY/ t0dyÜ#doma&m=pdwfESvkH;om,mjcif;onf/ (c) Owå&m'dom=ajrmuft&yf/ ay,s0ZÆH=cspfzG,f&mpum;/ twåp&d,m=tusKd;pD;yGm;udkusifhjcif;/ ormewåwm=rdrdESifhtwltrQ oabmxm;jcif;/ (orme+twå+wm)/ t0doH0g'ewm=(rdrdpum;udk)rcRwf,Gif; rysufuGufapjcif;/ (0doH0ga'wd=cRwf,Gif;ap\? ysufuGufap\/) yrwåH=arhavsmhol(rdwfaqG)udk/ omyaw,sH=ypönf;Opömudk/ bDwó=aMumuf&GHUaeol(rdwfaqG)\/ ty&yZm=om;pOfajr;qufwdkYonf/ 11/ atmufygpmydk'frsm;udk ygVdjyefyg/ ok e my&EÅ w d k i f ; ü wck a om uk e f o nf & G m wG i f nD a emif E S p f a ,muf w d k Y o nf &S d u k e f \ /


116 xdknDaemifESpfa,mufwdkYwGif &Hcg tudkBuD;onf vSnf;ig;&mudk ,lí Zeyk'fodkYoGm;í ukefypönf;udk ,laqmifvm\/ &Hcg nDi,fonf tvm;wljyKvkyf\/ þtcgüum; nDi,fudk tdrfü xm;cJhí tudkBuD;onf vSnf;ig;&mwdkYjzifh Zeyk'fwdkYü vSnfhvnfvwf aomf tpOftwdkif; om0w¬dNrdKUodkY a&mufí aZw0efausmif;\teD; ü vSnf;tkyf(ou#owå)udk em;aeapí eHeufpmpm;NyD;vQif csrf;om&mt&yf(zmoku|me)ü xdik af e\/ xdt k csdeüf vnf; om0w¬Nd rdKUom;wdYk onf eHYomyef;ponf vufpGJukefvQuf awmifbufwHcg;jzifhxGufí aZw0efausmif;odkY oGm;Muukef\/ xdkukefonfonf xdkolwdkYudk jrifí ]]þolwdkYonf b,ft&yfodkY oGm;Muoenf;}}[k vlwa,mufudk ar;av\/ ]]tarmif oif rodoavm? avmuü bk&m;&wemrnfonf jzpfay:avNyD/ þvltrsm;onf bk&m;\xHü w&m;em&ef oGm;\}}[k ajym\/ xdktcg xdkukefonfvnf; bk&m;[laom pum;udk Mum;umrQjzifhyif tvGefMunfndKaompdwf&SdvQuf rdrd y&dowfESifhtwl ausmif;odkY oGm;í jrwfpGmbk&m;w&m;a[mawmfrlpOf y&dowfrsm; jyefoGm;vwfaomf bk&m;&SifodkY csOf;uyf aemufaeYqrG ;f tvdYkimS yifzh w d í f tvSLBuD;udk vSLí nDi,ftm; ypön;f Opömtm;vk;H udk tyfEiS ;f NyD;aemuf bk&m;&SifxH &[ef;jyKav\/ 12/ aemufxyfzwf&ef pmñTef;rsm;/ (u) &maZm0g'Zmwu-'kuedygwf? Zmwut|uxm pmrsufESm - 2-4/ (c) oD[aoemywdokwå-yÍöuedygw? t*Fkwå&ygVd? pmrsufESm32/ (*) £|okwå- yÍöuedygw? t*kFwå&ygVd? pmrsufESm - 41/

ygVdoifcef;pm(23) (erlem) 1/ ud&d,m*kdPf;rsm; þygVdoifcef;pm a&SUydik ;f wdYk ü tmcsmwfu&d , d mrsm;udk *dP k ;f (7)rsK;d jzifh cGjJ cm;í jycJo h nf/ xd*k P dk ;f rsm; \trSwt f om;jzpfaom *kP d ;f ypön;f rsm;udk Munfjh cif;tm;jzifh ud&, d myk'w f ikd ;f udk *kP d ;f cGjJ cm;í od&EdS ikd &f ef vG,u f al yonf/ xdYkaMumifh tqdyk gud&, d m*dP k ;f (7)rsK;d udk aumif;pGm rSwrf ad p&ef ykpH rH sm;ESihf tusO;f csKyfí xyfrHazmfjyygOD;rnf/ *dkPf; *dkPf;ypönf; ykHpH 1/ yXrud&d,m*kdPf; t *bl+t+wd=b0wd=jzpf\/ (bl0g'd) *bmof+t+wd=bmowd= a[m ajym\/ 2/ 'kwd,ud&d,m*dkPf; -H + t *½k"f+-H+t=½kH"=½kE¨+wd=½kE¨wd= (½k"m'd) ydwfqdkY\/ 3/ wwd,ud&d,m*dkPf; , **g+,+wd=*g,wd=oDqdk\/ ('d0g'd) 'd0f+,+wd='dAÁwd=aysmf&TifjrL; wl;\/ 4/ pwkw¬ud&d,m*dkPf; aPm *ok+aPm+wd=okaPmwd=


117 (oGm'd)

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5/ yÍörud&d,m*dkPf; *uD+em+wd=udemwd=0,f\/ (ud,m'd) *Zd+em+wd=Zdemwd= atmifjrif\/ 6/ q|ud&d,m*dkPf; Mo *wef+a-g+wd=waemwd=csJUxGif\/ (wem'd) 7/ owårud&d,m*dkPf; { *pk&f+a-+wd=apma&wd=cdk;,l\/ (pk&m'd) t, *pk&f+t,+wd=apm&,wd=cdk;,l\/ ud&d,myk'frsm;udk *dkPf;cGJjcm;wwfjcif;onf ¤if;wdkY\ tajctjrpfjzpfaom "mwfudk od&SdEdkif&ef taxmuftulw&yfjzpf\/ "mwfonfum; ud&d,mtrsKd;rsKd;ESifh ud&d,memrf(udwfemrf)wdkY\ t&if;tjrpfjzpf\/ xdkYaMumifh "mwfwdkY\teufudk avhvmrSwfom;jcif;jzifh toGif;trsKd;rsKd; ajymif;vJukefaom Bud,myk'fwdkY\teufudk qkyfudkifrd&ef aomhcsufyif jzpfawmhonf/ þae &mü txl;owdjyK&ef tcsufw&yfum; "mwfcsnf;yifjzpfaomfvnf; *dkPf;uGJjym;ygu teufvnf; uGJjym; jcm;em;wwfayonf/ ykHpH/ *rkpf = rkÍöwd=vTwf\/('kwd,ud&d,m*dkPf;)/ *rkpf = rkpöwd=vGwfajrmuf\/(wwd,ud&d,m*dkPf;)/ *0d'f = 0d'wd=od\/ (yXr) *0d'f = a0a'wd=cHpm;\/(owår) *bZf = bZwd=qnf;uyf\/(yXr) *bZf = bmaZwd=cGJa0ay;\/(owår) rSwfcsuf/ / þoifcef;pmaemufydkif;wdkYü ud&d,myk'frsm;udk *dkPf;cGJjcm;í jyvdkvQif yXrud&d,m *dkPf;udk (1)-[k ¤if;? 'kwd,u&d,m*kdPf;udk(2)-ponfjzifh¤if; trSwftom; jyoGm;ygrnf/ 2/ wwd,ud&d,m*dkPf;ü ½kyfajymif;ykH/ wwd,ud&d,m*dkPf;ü ]],}}ypönf;qufvdkufaomtcg tcsdKU"mwf rsm;ü xl;jcm;pGm ½kyfoP²mef ajymif;vJoGm;jcif;rsm; &SdcJh\/ trSeftm;jzifh ,if;odkY ½kyfajymif;jcif;rSm "mwf\aemufqkH;Asnf;ESifh ]],}}tu©&mwdkY qkHrdaomtcg oE¨denf;t& aygif;pyfoGm;jcif;omjzpf\/ þtcsufudk &Sif;vif;pGm oabmaygufem;vnfap&ef atmufyg ykHpHrsm;udk xyfrHavhvmyg/ *½kpf+,=½kps=½kpö+wd=½kpöwd=ESpfouf\/ *O+y'f+,=OyÜ's=OyÜZÆ+wd=OyÜZÆwd=jzpfay:\/ *uk"+,=uk"s=ukZÑ+wd=ukZÑwd=pdwfqdk;\/ *ref+,=rEs=rn+wd=rnwd=od\/ *'dyf+,='dys='dyÜ+wd='dyÜwd=aysmf&TifjrL;wl;\/ *orf+,=ors=or®+wd=or®wd=Nidrf;at;\/ *wkof+,=wkos=wkó+wd=wkówd=ESpfouf\/ oH+*e[f+,=oEé[s=oEé,S+wd=oEé,Swd=zGJUcsnf\/


118 ur®bm0ud&, d m(oifcef;pm)wdYküvnf; ]],}}ypön;f qufvu kd af om tcg tvm;wlajymif;vJomG ;yku H kd od&Sdygav/ 3/ w'¨dwfypönf;qufxm;aom emrfyk'frsm;(2) (u) ]]t}}ypönf;onf ydkifqdkifjcif;? pyfqdkifjcif;? ae&mXme paom teufrsm;udk azmfjy\/ re+t=rmeo=vlwdkYydkifqdkifaom/ ok*w+t=aom*w=jrwfpGmbk&m;ESifhqdkifaom/ r*"+t=rm*"=r*"wdkif;üaeaom? r*"wdkif;udk tpdk;&aom/ Zey'+t=Zmey'=Zeyk'füaeaom/ re+t=rmeo=pdwfüjzpfaom? pdwfESifhqdkifaom/ O&+t=Mo&o=&ifüjzpfaom/ o'¨g+t=o'¨=o'¨g&Sdaom/ uom0+t=umom0=zefa&jzifhqdk;tyfaom/ (c) tcsdKUw'¨dwfyk'frsm;aemufü ]]u}}ypönf;xyfí quf\/ ,if; ]]u}} ypönf;jzifh emr0daooe yk'fjzpfaMumif;udkom azmfjy\/ &mZ*[+u=&mZ*[u=&mZN*dK[fNrdKUüaeaom/ ukodem&+u=aumodem&u=ukodem&üaeaom/ (*) ]]£r}} ]]£,}} ]],}} ypönf;wdkYonf ydkifqdkifjcif;? pyfqdkifjcif;? wnf&mXmepaom teufrsm;udk azmfjy\/ ypäm+-dr=ypädr=aemufüwnfaom/ tEÅ+-dr=tEÅdr=tpGeftzsm;üwnfaom/ rZÑ+-dr=rZÑdr=tv,füwnfaom/ a[|m+-dr=a[|dr=atmufüwnfaom/ avmu+-d,=avmud,=avmuESifhqdkifaom/ aAm"dyu©+-d,=aAm"dyu©d,=aAm"dÓPf\tpkü yg0ifaom/ yÍö0*¾+-d,=yÍö0*¾d,=ig;a,muftpküyg0ifaom/ qAÁ*¾+-d,=qAÁ*¾d,=ajcmufa,muftpküyg0ifaom/ *gr+,=*grs=*gr®=&Gmüjzpfaom/ 'd0+,='d0s='dAÁ=ewfüjzpfaom/ t½ly+,=tm½kys=tm½kyÜ=t½lybkHüjzpfaom/ (C) ]]wm}}ypönf;onf trsm;tm;jzifh ]]taygif;tpk}}[laom (pmusef) a'0+wm=a'0wm=ewf/ (i) ]]tmvk}}ypönf;onf xlajymrsm;jym;jcif; teufudk azmfjy\/ tbdZÑm+tmvk=tbdZÑmvk(tbdZÑmvkaum)=tbdZÑmrsm;ol/ ',m+tmvk=',mvk(',mvku)=oem;jcif;rsm;ol/ (p) ]]u}}ypönf;onf emrfyk'faemufodkY qufaomtcg ao;i,fjcif;? tpktaygif;paom teufrsm;udk azmfjy\/ ykwå=om;? ykwåu=om;i,f/ rÍÆ=anmifapmif;/ rÍÆu=anmifapmif;i,f/


119 rmP0=vkvif/ rmP0u=vkvifi,f/ t|=&Spf/ t|u=&Spfyg;taygif;/ (q) ]]r,}}ypönf;onf wpkHwckjzifh jyKvkyfxm;jcif;udk azmfjy\/ ok0PÖ=a&T? ok0PÖr,=a&TjzifhjyKvkyftyfaom a&TjzifhNyD;aom/ rwådum=&THUap;? rwådumr,=&THUap;jzifhjyKvkyftyfaom/ 'g½k=opfom;? 'g½kr,=opfom;jzifhjyKvkyftyfaom/ 4/ avhusifhcef;/ atmufygpmykd'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) awe acg ye ora,e aumodem&um rv’m oE¨m*ga& oEédywdwm a[mEÅd auepda'0 u&PDa,e=xdt k cg ukoed m&NrdKUü aeukeaf om rv’rif;wdYkonf wpkw H ckaom jyKbG,u f pd jö zifh tpnf;ta0;aqmifüvnf; pnf;a0;ukef\/ (c) tm,kH acg ye 'wGm tm,kó bm*D a[mwd 'dAÁó 0g rmEkoó0g=toufudk ay;vSLNyD;aemuf ewfüjzpfaom touf\¤if; vlüjzpfaomtouf\¤if; tbkdY&Sdonf jzpf\/ (*) &mZm rm*a"m ArÁdoma&m ygom'ó Oy&drwav Xdawm yd@m, p&EÅH aAm"dowåH t'´o=r*"wdkif;udk tpkd;&aom AdrÁdom&rif;onf jymom'f\txuft&yfü &yfaepOf qGrf;tvdkYiSm vSnfhvnfaom bk&m;avmif;udk jrifav\/ (C) tm,o®m ydvdE´0apäm &anm rm*"ó AdrÁdom&ó ygom'H ok0PÖEÅd t"drkpöd? aom ta[mod oAÁaom0PÖra,m=t&Sif ydvdE´0päonf r*"wdkif;udk tpkd;&aom AdrÁdom&rif;\ jymom'fudk a&T[k t"d|mefav\/ xdkjymom'fonf tvkH;pkH a&TjzifhNyD;onf jzpfav\/ opfom;jzifh jyKvkyftyfaom ypönf;onf opfom;jzifhNyD;onf rnfonfjzpfouJhodkY? xdkYtwl pdwfaMumifhNyD;pD;aomtrIonf pdwfjzifhNyD;onfrnf\/ (i) ,xm 'g½kem edyæEéH b@H 'g½kr,Hemr a[mwd? {0H reawm edyæEéH wrH raemr,H emr a[mwd/ opfom;jzifh jyKvkyftyfaom ypöonf;onf opfom;jzifhNyD;onf rnfonfjzpfouJhodkY xdkYtwl pdwfaMumifhNyD;pD;aom trIonf pdwfjzifh NyD;onf rnf\/ (p) ',mvk b*0g r[mZeuH tEkurÜrmaem oAÁ'g {uw¬ t0odwGm ww¬ ww¬ 0d[&aEÅm oE´|d u d H "r®H a'aood= oem;jcif;rsm;aom bk&m;&Sio f nf rsm;pGmaom vltaygif;udk apmifha&Smufvsuf tcgcyfodrf; wckwnf;aomt&yfü raebJ xdkxdkt&yfü aevsuf rsufarSmufcHpm;tyfaom tusKd;&Sdaomw&m;udk a[mawmfrlavonf/ (q) yg#vd*grdumyd Oygoum yga' yu©mavwGm tm0ox*g&H y0dodwGm yk&w¬drH bdwåð edóm, ypärd mbdrck g edo'D o ð =k yg#vd&mG om;jzpfuek af om OygoumwdYk onfvnf; ajcwdYk ukd aq;í {nfhonfrsm; wnf;cdk&mZ&yfodkY0ifí ta&SUbuf eH&Hudk rSDí taemufbufodkY rsufESmrlvsuf xdkifMuavukefNyD/ (Z) taómokH acg a0omvdum vdp0ä D ]]b*0g ud& aum#d*grH tEkyaÜ wåm}}wd= a0omvDNrdKUom; jzpfukefaom vdpä0Drif;wdkY onf jrwfpGmbk&m;onf aum#d&GmodkY qdkufa&mufowJh}}[k Mum;odavukefNyD/ (ps) awe acg ye ora,e &mZ*[ó ao|dó owå0ódaum oDomAma"m a[mwd=xdt k cg


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123 t,mpdawm/ a,[d acg ye ojA[®pm&D[d o'¨ð 0d[&wd? wsó remayae0 A[kvH 0pDuar®e ork'gp&EÅd tyÜH tremaye? remayae0 A[kvH Oy[m&H Oy[&EÅd tyÜH tremyH/ a,maom okrae 'g,aum? aom trkH t'g,uH yAÁZdawm ormaem £ar[d yÍö[d Xmae[d t"d*PSmwDwd/ oap ye aw baEÅ Oabm t&[wåH ygykPEÅd? t&[wåyÜwåmeH ye aeoH baEÅ od,m 0daoaom od,m ememu&PEÅd/ {w¬ acg yaeom[H okrae e udÍdö ememu&PH 0'grd ,'d'H 0drkwåd,m 0drkwådEÅd/ tpä&d,H baEÅ tpä&d,H baEÅ? ,m0Íöd'H baEÅ tvar0 'gwkH? tvH yknmed umwkH/ a'0blwómyd Oyum&med yknmed? rEkóblwómyd Oyum&med yknmed ? yAÁZdwómyd Oyum&med yknmeDwd/ (*) twDaw Am&mPod,H jA[®'awå &ZÆH uma&aEÅ aAm"doawåm 0ge&a,med,H edAÁwådwGm toDwdo[ó0ge& *Py&d0ga&m [dr0EÅya'ao 0goH uayÜwd/ wómoaEé {aum ypöEÅ*graum u'gpd 0owd? u'gpd OAÁowd/ wó ye *gró raZÑomcg0d#yorÜaEém r"k&zavm {aumwdE´Ku ½kau©m tw¬d? 0ge&*aPm OAÁodwumav tm*EÉm wó zvmed cg'wd/ txmy&o®ð zv0ga& aom *garm yke tm0g aom ta[mod 'V§y&du©dawåm 'Gg&,kawåm? aomyd ½kau©m zvbm&rdwomacg t|mod? 0ge&*aPm pdaEÅod]] r,H ykaAÁ toku*gar wdE´Kuzvmed cg'gr/ zvdawm Ek acg aom {w&[d ½kau©m O'g[kaem? tm0odawm aom *garm O'g[k aem}}wd {0Íö ye pdaEÅwGm ]]*pä £rH y0wåð Zmem[D}}wd {uH 0ge&H ayaood/ aom *EÉm ½ku©óp zvdwbm0H *gró p *gV§0gobm0H ÚwGm tm*EÉm 0ge&meH tma&mapod/ 0ge&m wó zvdwbm0H okwGm]]r"k&med wdE´Kuzvmed cg'dómrm}}wd Oóm[Zmwm 0ge&dE´ó wrw¬H tma&mapokH/ 0ge&daE´m ]]*garm tm0gaom tem0gaom}}wd ykpäd/ tm0gaom a'0gwd/ awe[d e *EÅAÁH/ rEkóm [d A[krm,m a[mEÅDwd/ ]]a'0rEkómeH y#dov’mea0vm, t¹&wåora,0 cg'dómrm}}wd/ A[l *EÉm 0ge&dE´H orÜ#dpämaywGm [dr0EÅm Mow&dwGm wó *gró t0d'la& rEkómeH y#dov’meumvH tm*r,rmem r[mygomP yda| o,dwGm rZÑdr,mar rEkaóok ed'´H MouúraEÅok ½ku©H tm½k,S zvmed cg'ðok/ taxaum yk&daom o&D&udapöe a*[m edu©rdwGm *grrZÑ*awm 0gea& 'doGm rEkómeH tmpdu©d/ A[l rEkóm "EkuvmyH oEé,SdwGm emem0ka[w¬m av×K'@m'Ded tm'g, ]]ybmwm, &wåd,m 0gea& *PSdómrm}}wd ½ku©H y&d0ga&wGm t|Hok/ toDwd o[ó0ge&m rEkaó 'doGm r&Pb,wZÆdwm ]]ew¬d aem tnH y#dó&PH tnMw 0ge&daE´em}}wd wó oEÅduH *EÉm yXrH *gxrm[Hok/ 53/ ]]"Ek[w¬uvmay[d? aewåðo0&"m&dbd/ orEÅm y&dudPÖrSd? uxH armau©m b0dówD}}wd/ awoH uxH okwGm 0ge&daE´m]]rm bm,dw¬ rEkómemr A[kudpöm? tZÆyd rZÑdr,marm 0wåwd? tyd emr awoH tarS rma&ómrm}wd y&d0g&dwmeH £ró udpó ö tEÅ&m,u&H tnH udpöH OyÜaZÆ,sm}}wd 0gea& orómaowGm 'kwd,H *gxrm[ 54/ ]]tayÜ0 A[kudpömeH? taw¬m Zma,x aumpdeH/ tw¬d ½ku©ó tpädEéH? cZÆxan0 wdE´Ku}}EÅd/


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127 tw¬d=&Sd\? &SdMu\/ tx=xdktcg? xdkYaemuf/ taxm=xdkYjyif/ t'¨g=pifppf/ t"kem=,ck? rMumrDu/ ta"m=atmufü/ tEÅ&m=tMum;ü? twGif;ü/ taEÅm=twGif;ü/ ty&ZÆ=wjrefaeYu/ tyd=vnf;(vJbJ)? aomfvnf;/ tydp=pifppfaomfum;? odkYaomfvnf;/ tayÜ0emr=jzpfaumif;jzpf&m\/ tbdu©PH=rMumcP/ tbdPSH=tNrJrjywf/ tarÇm=tarmif? tcsif;(tmvye)/ tvH=jynfhpkHNyD? awmfNyD? roifhavsmf/ ta[m=atmf(tHhMojcif;? csD;rGrf;jcif;uJh&JUjcif;? awmifhwjcif; teufrsm;udk azmfjyonf/) tmr=rSef\? [kwf\? aumif;NyD/ tm,wd=aemiftcgü/ tm&um=a0;uGm\/ tm&m=a0;uGm\/ tm0d=rsufarSmufü? xif&Sm;pGm/ tm0kaom=igh&Sif(&[ef;tcsif;csif;ac:aom tmvye)/ tmokH(tmok)=vsifjrefpGm/ £CF=wdkufwGef;yg\/ £wd=þodkY? [lí? xdkYaMumifh/ £0=uJhodkY(Oyrm)/ þouH=tenf;i,f/ O'g[k=odkYr[kwf/ {uZÑH=waygif;wnf;? wpkwnf;/ {0=omvQif/ {0H=þodkY/ Mo&H=þbufü/ upöd=b,feYJvJ? todkYenf;/ uxH=tb,fodkY/ umrH=pifppf? aomfvnf;/ uð=ye=todkYenf;/ udÍömyd=aomfvnf;/


128 udEéK=todkYenf;/ ud&=owJh/ ud0=b,frQavmuf/ cvk=pifppf? owJh/ cdyÜH=vsifjrefpGm/ acg=pifppf/ pd&H=MumjrifhpGm/ pd&óH=MumjrifhpGm/ ap=tu,fí/ Zmwk=pifppf/ aZ=[,f(uRefrponfudk ajym&mü okH;aom tmvye)/ wxm=xdkuJhodkY? xdkYtwl/ wxm[d=xdkYaMumifhomvQif/ wm0=xdkrQavmuf/ wk=txl;tm;jzifh/ wkPSD=qdwfqdwf/ awe[d=odkYjzpfvQif/ 'k|K=raumif;pGm/ "k0H=pifppf/ e=r/ (y#dao")/ emr=uJh&JUjcif;? csD;rGrf;jcif;? trnfwdkYudk azmfjyonf/ emem=toD;toD;=wjcm;pD/ Ek=,kHrSm;jcif; ]]oHo,}}ukd azmfjyonf/ Ele=pifppf/ aem=r/(y#dao")/ ypäm=aemufü/ ye=txl;um;? xdkYjyif/ y&oka0=oHbufcgü/ ygawm=eHeufapmapmü/ ykxk=rsm;pGmaom? woD;wjcm;/ yke=aemufwzef/ yk&m=a&S;tcgü/ yka&=a&S;tcgü? rwdkifrD/ A[d=jyifyü/ A[d'¨g=jyifyü/ bda,sm=vGefpGm? ykdvGefí/ rm=r/(wm;jrpfjcif; y#dao")/ rdpäm=rSm;,Gif;pGm/


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131 r[moraPm oGmwem, em*apä,smwd=xdktcg O½ka0v uóy &aohtm; þtBuHjzpf av\/ ,ck ightm;BuD;pGmaom ylaZmfyGJonf jzpfay:vm\/ tvkH;pkHaom t*Fwdkif; r*"wdkif;ü aeolwdkYonf rsm;pGmaom cJbG,fabmZOfudk ,lívmukef vwHh/ tu,fí &[ef;BuD;onf rsm;pGmaomolwdkYtv,fü wefcdk;zefqif;jcif;udk jyKjim;tHh/ &[ef;BuD;tm; vmbfylaZmf ouúmwdk;yGm;vwHh/ ightm; vmbfylaZmfouúmqkwf,kwfvwHh/ &[ef;BuD;onf qGrf;tvdkYiSm rvmrl aumif;avpG(þodkY tBuHjzpfav\)/ (Z) em*aoemwd acg rH r[m&mZ ojA[®pm&D ork'gp&EÅd? tydp rmwmydwa&m emrH ua&mEÅd em*aoaemwd0g ol&aoaemwd 0g/ tyd p acg r[m&mZ emrrwåH ,'d'H em*aoaemwd/ ea[w¬ yk*¾avm OyvAÇwd=rif;jrwf em*aoe[lí ighudk oDwif; okH;azmfwdkYonf ac:Muukef\/ pifppfum; rdbwdkYonf em*aoe[lí¤if;? ol&aoe[lí¤if; trnfudk jyKMuukef\/ rif;jrwf okdYaomfvnf; em*aoe [laomþ pum;vHk;onf trnfrQomwnf;/ rSef\? þt&mü yk*¾Kdvfudk (taumiftxnftm;jzifh) r&tyf/ (ps) oap baEÅ em*aoe yk*¾avm EkyvAÇwd? aum p&[d wkrSmuH pD0&yd@ygw aoemoe*dvmeypö,aboZÆy&du©m&H a'wd? aum wH y&dbkÍÆwd=t&Sifbk&m; em*aoe? tu,fí yk*Kd¾ vo f wå0gud(k taumiftxnftm;jzif)h r&tyfjim;tH/h tb,foo l nf pifppftm;jzifh t&Sifbk&m;wdkYtm; ouFef;qGrf; ausmif;olem\taxmuftyHhjzpfaom aq;ypönf;tokH; taqmifudk vSL'gef;ygoenf;/ tb,folonf xdkypönf;udk okH;aqmifygoenf;/ (n) udEéK acg wGH yga'em*awmod? O'g[k 0g[aee=todkYenf;? oifonf ajcjzifhvmcJhoavm? odkYr[kwf ,mOfjzifhvmcJh oavm/ (#) uð ye r[m&mZ wGH 0g &mZm? qm,m0g &mZm=todkYenf; rif;jrwf? oifonfrlvnf; rif;avm? t&donfrlvnf; rif;avm/ (X) taómokH acg yg#vd*grdum Oygoum ]]b*0g ud& yg#vd*grH tEkyÜawåm}}wd= yg#vd&Gmom;jzpfaom OygoumwdkY onf ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;onf yg#vd&GmodkY a&mufvmowJh}} [k Mum;MuukefNyD/ (!) taómod acg &mZm AdrÁdoma&m ]]oraPm cvk abm a*gwarm &mZ*[H tEkyÜawåm &mZ*a[ 0d[&wd vXd0ae}}wd=AdrÁdom&rif;onf(atmufygtwdkif;) Mum;avNyD= tcsif;wdkY &[ef;a*gwronf &mZN*dK[fjynfodkY a&mufvmí &mZN*dK[fjynfxef;awmü aeowJh/ (¡) tx acg oukvk'g,D y&dAÁmZaum b*0EÅH {w'a0gp ]]{wk acg baEÅ b*0g? oGm*wH baEÅ b*0awm? pd&óH acg baEÅ b*0g £rH y&d,m,rumod ,'d'H £"m*rem,? edo'D wk baEÅ b*0g? £'rmoeH ynwå}}EÅ=d xdt k cg oukv'k g,Dy&dAZkd o f nf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk þodkYavQmufav\/ t&Sifbk&m; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf <uawmfrlygavm? t&Sifbk&m; jrwfpGmbk&m;\(<uvmjcif;onf)aumif;aom <uvmjcif;yg wnf;/ t&Sifbk&m; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf ,if;odkY þt&yfodkY <uvmjcif;iSm þtvSnfhtBudrfudk MumjrifhrS jyKawmfrlbd\/ t&Sifbk&m; jrwfpGmbk&m;onf xdkifawmfrlygavm/ þae&mudk cif;xm; tyfygNyD(þodkY avQmuf\)/ (P) {w&[d rEkómeH tm,kyÜrmPH y&dwåH? a,m pd&H ZD0wd? a,m 0óowH ZD0wd tyÜH 0g bda,sm=,cktcg vlwYkd\ touftwdik ;f t&Sno f nf enf;\/ tMuifoo l nf Mumjrifph mG


132 touf&Snf\/ xdkolonf tESpfw&maomfvnf;aumif; tenf;i,fydkí aomfvnf;aumif; touf½Snf\/ (w) [E´ 'ged bdu©a0 tmrEÅ,mrd a0g? 0,"r®m ocFg&m tyÜrma'e orÜma'x=&[ef;wdkY ,ck oifwdkYudk rSmMum;cJhtHh/ ocFg&wdkYonf ysufpD;jcif;oabm&Sdukef\/ rarhravsmhjcif; (owd)jzifh (udpötm;vkH;udk) NyD;pD;apMuukefavm/ 3/ tów¬dw'¨dwf/ ydkifqdkifjcif;jyypönf;rsm;/ emrfyk'frsm;aemufü ]]0g? rm}}paom ypönf;rsm;qufvQif xdkw'¨dwfyk'frsm;onf ydkifqdkifoludk azmfjyukef\/ (u) 0g(0EÅK)ypönf;udk tum&EÅemrfyk'frsm;aemufü¤if;? rm(rEÅK) ypönf;udk £um&EÅESifh Oum&EÅemrfyk'frsm;aemufü quf& onf/ b*+0g=b*0g=bkef;&Sdol(bkef;BuD;ol)/ Av+0g=Av0g=tm;&Sdol(tm;aumif;ol)/ "e+0g="e0g=Opömaygrsm;ol/ owd+rm=owdrm=owd&dSol(owdaumif;ol)/ Ak'¨d+rm=Ak'¨drm=todÓPf&Sdol/ tm,k+rm=tm,o®m=touf&Snfol/ rSwfcsuf/ /þb*0gpaomyk'fwdkYü emrf0dbwfoG,fykHudk oifcef;pm 10? pmrsufESm(35)ü jycJhNyD/ ¤if;yk'frsm;udk £w¬dvdifajymif;vQif ]]b*0wd? owdrwd}}ponf jzpf\/ pmrsufESm (123)udk jyefMunhfyg/ (c) tum&EÅemrfyk'ftcsdKUaemufü ]]0D}}ypönf;quf&\/ ar"m+0D=ar"m0D=ynm&Sdol/ rm,+0D=rm,m0D=rm,m&Sdol(rm,mrsm;ol)/ (£w¬dvdifü ar"m0deD? rm,m0deD[k jzpf\/) (*) '@paom tcsKdUemrfyk'frsm; aemufü ]]£u? þ}} ypönf;rsm; quf&\/ '@+-du='@du= '@+-D='@D='kwf&Sdol('kwfudkifxm;ol)/ rmvm+-du=rmvdu= rmvm+-D=rmvD=yef;&Sdol(yef;onf? yef;pdkufysKd;ol)/ *P+-D=*PD=*kdPf;&Sdol/ ÓP+-D=ÓPD=ÓPf&Sdol/ (C) ]]wy}}paom tum&EÅ emrfyk'ftcsdKUaemufü ]]óD}}ypönf; quf&\/ wy+óD=wyóD=tusifh&Sdol/ ,o+óD=,oóD=tNcHt&H&Sdol(tNcHt&Haygrsm;ol)/ awZ+óD=awZóD=wefcdk;&Sdol(wefcdk;BuD;ol)/ (£w¬dvdifü wyódeD ponfjzpf\/) (i) ]]o? £v? 0? tmv}}paom ypön;f rsm;onfvnf; &Hcg ydik q f ikd f jcif;teufukd a[muke\ f / okar"+o=okar"o=aumif;aomynm&Sdol/


133 avmr+o=avmro=tarG;&Sdol/ Z#+£v=Z#dv=qHuspf&Sdol(&aoh)/ wk@+£v=wk@dv=EIwfoD;&Sdol(0uf)/ auo+0=auo0=qHyif&Sdol/ 0gpm+tmv=0gpmv=pum;rsm;ol/ okckr+tmv=okckrmv=El;nHhjcif;&Sdol/ (p) tcsKdUemyk'frsm;aemufü ]]t}}ypönf; quf&\/ o'¨g+t=o'¨=,kHMunfjcif;&Sdol/ ynm+t=yn=ynm&Sdol/ arwåm+t=arwå=arwåm&Sdol/ 4/ avhusifhcef;/ atmufyg pmydk'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) pu©KraEÅm owåm ½lyged 'u©EÅd=rsufpd(tjrif)&SdolwdkYonf tqif;tm½kHwdkYudk jrifukefvwHh/ (c) Am&mPod,H ,aom emr ukvykawåm okckrmavm a[mwd=Am&mPoDNrdKUü ,ornfaom owdkYom;onf El;nHh jcif; &Sdol jzpf\/ (*) oraPm a*gwarm oHCD *PD *Pmp&da,m ,oóD= &[ef;a*gwronf oHCm (toif;tzGJU)&Sdol jzpf\? *dkPf;&Sdol jzpf\/ *kdPf;q&mjzpf\/ tNcHt&H&Sdoljzpf\/ (C) oraPm a*gwarm oDv0g t&d,oDvD ukovoDvD ukovoDave orEém*awm= &[ef;a*gwronf oDv&Sdol jzpf\/ jrwfaomoDv&Sdol jzpf\/ ukodkvfoDv&Sdol jzpf\/ ukodkvfoDvESifh jynfhpkHoljzpf\/ (i) 'DC&wåH acg aw tmeE´ wxm*awm ypöKy|dawm arawåe um,uar®e arawåe 0pDuar®e arawåe raemuar®e= tmeE´m oifonf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk Mumjrifhaom umvywfvkH; arwåmESifh,SOfaom um,uH? 0pDuH? raemuHjzifh vkyfauR; jyKpkcJhNyD/ (p) y@dawm bdu©a0 tmeaE´m? ar"m0D bdu©a0 tmeaE´m Zmemwd ]]t,H umavm wxm*wH 'óem, OyouFrdwkH bdu©LeH/ t,H umavm bdu©KeDeH? t,H umavm OygoumeH? t,H umavm OygodumeEÅd=&[ef;wdkY tmeE´monf ynm&Sd\/ &[ef;wdkY tmeE´monf xdk;xGif;ÓPf&Sd\/ ]]þtcsdefum; &[ef;wdkY\ bk&m;udk zl;jrifbdkY csOf;uyf&ef tcsdefwnf;/ þtcsdefum; &[ef;rwdkY\? þtcsdefum; OygoumwdkY\? þtcsdefum; OygodumrwdkY\ bk&m;udk zl;jrif bkdY csOf;uyf&ef tcsdefwnf;}}[k od\/ 5/ atmufyg pmykd'frsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u) yÍö[d acg *[ywdykwå Xmae[d ukvykawåe Oy&drm 'dom orPjA[®Pm ypöKy|mwAÁm? arawåe um,uar®e arawåe 0pDuar®e arawåe raemuar®e tem0#'Gg&wm, tmrdomEkyÜ'gaee/ £ar[d acg *[ywdykwå yÍö[d Xmae[d ukvykawåe Oy&drm 'dom orPjA[®Pm ypöKy|dwm q[d Xmae[d ukvykwåH tEkurÜEÅd/ tókwH oma0EÅd? okwH y&da,m'gayEÅd? o*¾ó r*¾H tmpdu©EÅd/ £ar[d acg *[ywd ykwå yÍö[d Xmae[d ukvykawåe Oy&drm 'dom orP jA[®Pm ypöKy|dwm £ar[d q[d Xmae[d ukvykwåH tEkurÜEÅd/ (od*Fgvokwå? pmrsufESm - 155/)


134 (c) arwåm, bdu©a0 apawm0drkwåd,m tmao0dwm, bm0dwm, A[kvDuwm, ,meduwm, 0wåKuwm, tEk|dwm, y&dpdwm, okorm&'¨g, {um'omedoHom yg#ucFg/ uwar {um'o/ okcH okywd? okcH y#dAkZÑwd? e ygyuH okydeH yówd? rEkómeH yda,m a[mwd? trEkómeH yda,m a[mwd? a'0wm &u©EÅd? emó t*¾d0g 0doH0g owåH0g uywd? wk0¥H pdwåH orm"d,wd/ rkc0aPÖm 0dyÜoD'wd/ tor®KaV§m umvH ua&mwd/ Owå&d tyÜ#d0dZÑaEÅm jA[®avmulya*g a[mwd/ arwåm, bdu©a0 apawm 0drw k , då m tmao0dwm, bm0dwm, A[kvu D wm, ,meduwm, 0wåKuwm, tEk|w d m, y&dpdwm, okorm&'¨g, £ar {um'omedoHom yg#ducFgwd/ ({um'oedygw? t*Fkwå&ygVd? pmrsufESm - 542/) (*) {um,aem t,H bdu©a0 ra*¾g owåmeH 0dok'¨d,m aomuy&da'0geH orwduúrm, 'ku©a'greómeH tw¬*Frm, Ó,ó t"d*rm, edAÁmeó opädud&d,m,/ ,'d'H pwåma&m owdy|mem/ uwar pwåma&m/ £" bdu©a0 bdu©K uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZÑma'greóH/ a0'emok a0'emEkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZÑma'greóH/ pdawå pdwmå EkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZÑma'greóH/ "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZÑm a'greóH/ ('DCedum,? r[m0*¾ygVd? pmrsufESm - 231)/ 6/ cufqpftajzrsm;/ (u) tem0#'Gg&wm=rydwfqdkYtyfaom wHcg;&Sdjcif;/ (rdrdtdrfodkY tcgra&G; 0ifEdkif xGufEdkif&ef cGifhjyKxm;jcif;)/ tmrdomEkyÜ'geH=ypönf;0w¬KaxmufyHhvSL'gef;jcif;/ eda0aowd=ed+*0of+a-+wd(um½dkuf)=0ifap\? oGwfoGif; ay;\/ y&da,m'gaywd=jzLpifap\? &Sif;vif;ap\(y&d+Mo'gaywd= t0+'g+tmay+wd)/ (c) apawm0drkwåd=pdwf\vGwfajrmufaMumif;jzpfaom/(apw=pdwå? þ apw re paom raem*kdPf;0ifyk'frsm; udk ormofwGJvQif Moum&EÅjzpfykHudk owdjyKyg/) tmao0dwm=tzefzefrSD0Jtyfaom/ A[kvDuwm=Budrfzefrsm;pGm jyKtyf(avhusifhtyf)aom/ ,meduwm=,mOfuJhodkYjyKtyfaom/ 0wåKuwm=wnf&muJhodkYjyKtyfaom/ tEk|dwm=tzefzefavhusuftyfaom/ y&dpdwm=avhvmtyfaom(y&dpdemwd)/ okorm&'¨g=aumif;pGmtm;xkwftyfaom/ yg#ducFg=(rkcs&vdrfhrnf[k) ajr§mfvifhtyfukef\/(y#d+*ucF+t)/ 0doH=tqdyf/ ow¬H=vufeuf/ urwd=usa&muf\/ wk0¥H=vsifjrefpGm/


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136 ygVdoifcef;pm(25) (erlem) 1/ bm0w'¨dwf/ tjzpf? tajctae? obm0? t&nftcsif;(*kP)wdkYudk azmfjyaom ypönf;rsm;udk bm0w'¨dwf ypönf;[kac:\/ ¤if;ypönf; wdkYum; ]]wm? wå? wåe? ,? {,s? t}} ponfwdkY jzpf\/ ypönf; rqufaomtcg ]]bm0}}[laom yk'fjzifh txufygteufrsm;udk azmfjyEdkif\/ Oyrm v[kubma0g=ayghyg;onf\tjzpf= ayghyg;jcif;? rEkóbma0g=vlUtjzpf=vlUb0 [lí jzpf\/ atmufyg ykHpHerlemrsm;udk avhvmyg/ (u) v[k=ayghyg;aom/ v[kwm=ayghyg;onf\tjzpf=ayghyg;jcif;/ rk'k=El;nHhaom/ rk'kwm=El;nHhonf\tjzpf=El;nHhjcif;/ ol&=&J&ifhol/ ol&wm=&J&ifhol\tjzpf=&J&ifhjcif;/ r[d'¨du=wefcdk;BuD;ol/ r[d'¨duwm=wefcdk;BuD;ol\tjzpf= wefcdk;BuD;jcif;/ (þ]]wm}}ypönf; qufyk'frsm;onf £wd¬vdifomjzpf\/) (c) rEkó=vl/ rEkówå=vlYtjzpf=vlYb0? t&[m=udavomuif;NyD;ol/ t&[wå=udavomuif;NyD;ol \ tjzpf=t&[wåzdkvf/ ,mpu=awmif;pm;ol/ ,mpuw¬=awmif;pm;ol\tjzpf= awmif;pm;&ol\ b0/ eDv=ndKaom/ eDvw¬=ndKonf\tjzpf=tndK*kPf/ (*) ykxkZÆe=ykxkZOf/ ykxkZÆewåe=ykxkZOf\tjzpf/ (þ]]wå? wåe}}ypönf;qufyk'frsm;onf eykvd’ifomwnf;/) (C) ]],}}ypönf;quf&mü emrfyk'f\tpo&onf trsm;tm;jzifh 'DCaomf¤if;? 0k'¨daomf¤if; jzpfomG ;\/ emrfy'k \ f aemufq;Hk Asnf;ESihf ]],}}tu©&mwdYk aygif;pyfr&d müvnf; oE¨ed nf;t& tu©&majymif;vJjcif;rsm;&Sdavonf/ tvo=ysif;&dol/ tvo+,=tmvos=ysif;&dol\ tjzpf=ysif;&djcif;/ ta&m*=a&m*guif;ol/ ta&m*+,=ta&m*s=a&m*guif;ol \ tjzpf=a&m*guif;jcif;/ 'kóDv=oDvr&Sdol/ 'kóDv+,='kóDvs=oDvr&Sdol\ tjzpf=oDvr&Sdjcif;/ y@dw=ynm&Sdol/ y@dw+,=y@dws=y@dpö=ynm&Sdol\ tjzpf=ynm&Sdjcif;/ A[kokw=rsm;aomtMum;tjrif&Sdol/A[kokw+,= Am[kokws=Am[kópö= rsm;aom tMum;tjrif&Sdol\tjzpf? rsm;aomtMum;tjrif½Sdjcif; &mZm=rif;? &mZ+,=&mZs=&ZÆ=rif;tjzpf=rif;pnf;pdrf/ *dvme=rusef;rmol/ *dvme+,=a*vmEs=a*vn=rusef;rm ol\tjzpf=rusef;rmjcif;/ ukov=uRrf;usifvrd m® ol/ ukov+,=aumovs= aumov’=uRrf;usifvrd m® ol\tjzpf= uRrf;usifvdr®mjcif;/ okre=aumif;aompdwf&Sdol/ okre+,=aomreos= aomreó=aumif;aompdwf&Sdol \tjzpf=aumif;aom pdwf&Sdjcif;/ orP=&[ef;/ orP+,=omrPs=omrn=&[ef;tjzpf= &[ef;b0/ (þ]],}}ypönf; qufyk'frsm;vnf; eykv’difomwnf;/) (i) okpd=pifMu,fol=okpd+a-,s=aomap,s=pifMu,fol\tjzpf= pifMu,fjcif;/ t"dywd=tpdk;&ol/ t"dywd+a-,s=tm"dyaw,s=tpdk;&ol\ tjzpf=tpdk;&jcif;/


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4/ atmufyg pmydk'frsm;udk jrefrmjyefyg/ (u) awe acg ye ora,e orÁ[kvm bdu©L taAÇmumao puFrEÅd=xdktcsdefü rsm;pGmaom &[ef;wdkYonf vGifwD;acgifü pBuøavQmufukef\/ (c) trÁa|m rmPa0g 'Do G k r[myk&o d vu©aPok ucFwd 0dpu d pd w ä d em"drpk w ö =d trÁ|vkvifonf ESpfyg;ukefaom a,mufsm;jrwfvu©PmwdkYü ,kHrSm;\/ rqkH;jzwfEdkif rouf0ifEdkif/ (*) a,m ygyau[d uar®[d Zd*pk w ä ?d orH 0dorHp 0Dro H wd/ wH rkew D d "D&m 0'EÅ=d tMuifoo l nf raumif;rIwdkYjzifh pufqkyf &GHU&Sm\/ nDñGwfonf rnDñGwfonfudkvnf; pkHprf;\/ xdkoludk rked(&[ef;)[lí ynm&SdwdkY qdkukef\/ (C) ÓwDeH vmvyEÅmeHa,0 rpöK oawå tm'g, *päwd=aqGrsKd;wdkY rnfwrf;aeukefpOfyif aorif;onf owå0gwdkYudk ac:í oGm;\/ (i) pwåma&m r[m&mZmaem orEÅm pwaóm 'dom ''´v’rmaem b*0awm oEÅdau t|Hok=av;a,mufukef aom ewfrif;BuD;wdkYonf xuf0ef;usifü t&yfav;rsufESmwdkYudk vGefpGmxGef;yvsuf jrwfpGmbk&m;\teD;ü wnfukefNyD/ (p) b*0awm om0um "r®H okóo l EÅ?d aomwH Mo'[EÅ?d tnm pdwHå Oy|ayEÅ=d jrwfpmG bk&m;\ wynhfwdkYonf w&m;udk emvdkukef\(vdkufemukef\)/ em;axmifukef\/ odvdkpdwfukd a&SU½Ixm;ukef\/ 5/ twåaemyk'f0dbwfrsm;/ ]]wd? tEÅd}} ponfh azmjycJhNyD;aom ud&d,m0dbwfwdkYonf ygVdbmomü tokH;trsm;qkH; 0dbwfrsm;jzpf\/ y&óy'0dbwf [lívnf; ac:\/ ¤if;wdkYtjyif twåaemy'0dbwfrsm;vnf; &Sdao;\/ ¤if;wdkYum; vGefpGmtokH;enf;\/ *gxmrsm;üom um&efnDap&ef trsm;tm;jzifh okH;avh&Sd\/ y&óy'ESifh twåaemy'0dbwfrsm;\ xl;jcm;ykHudk o'´gusrf;wdkYü zGifhqkdxm;aomf vnf; vufawGUtm;jzifhrl cGJjcm;í r&atmifa&maESmvsuf ½SdavNyD?xdkYaMumifh toHk;enf;aom twåaemy'rsm;udk odom½kHazmfjytHh/ (u) ypöKyÜef0dbwf a,m* {u0kpf A[k0kpf emr aw taEÅ? a&/ wkrS ao a0S? trS { arS(ra[? tmrao) ykHpHrsm;/ ZaVme'H y@KurÁav edu©dwåH bmoaw p wyaw p=azsmhaomtqif;&Sdaom urÁvmü wifxm;tyf aom ZrÁL&mZfa&Tonf ta&mifvnf;xGuf\? awmufvnf; awmufy\/ ylZaum vbaw ylZH=ylaZmfolonf ylaZmfjcif;udk &\/(*gxm) ,w¬ *EÉm e aompa&=tMuift&yfodkY a&mufvwfaomf rpdk;&drf&ukef/ uo®mEk wkrHS '[&m edr, D sa&=tb,fah Mumifh oifwYkd \ uav;i,fwYkd onf raoukeo f enf;/


139 (*gxm) umEk wGH okab a'0aw 0E´ao rrH=wifhw,faom ewforD; ighudk &Sdcdk;aom oifum; b,folenf;/ oaAÁ e wyÜgrao 'óaee wH=tm;vk;H aomigwdYk onf oifu h kd jrif&jcif;jzifh ra&mif&h EJ ikd u f ek /f y&dwåH wH bPmr a[=xdky&dwfudk igwdkY &GwfqdkMupdkY/ (c) yÍörD0dbwf/ emr wH tEÅH wkrS ok a0Sg trS { tmrao/ ykHpHrsm;/ vbwH tmeE´ okba'´g wxm*wH 'óem,=tmeE´m okb'´onf jrwfpGmbk&m;udk zl;jrif&ef(tcGifh)&ygap/ £CF tanyd ykpäók? ykxlorPjA[®aP(*gxm)=ig wdkufwGef;\? rsm;pGmukefaom tjcm;orPjA[®P wdkYudkvnf; ar;avm/ cdyÜH *EÉme om0w¬?ð ykpäa0Sg 'Gdy'kwårH(*gxm)=vQifjrefpGm om0w¬dodkYoGm;í jrwfpGmbk&m;udk ar;avQmufMuavmh/ jA[®p&d,H ok*aw p&mrao(*gxm)=jrwfpGmbk&m;xHü jrwfaomtusifhudk usifhvdkMuyg\/ 'ku©óEÅu&mrao(*gxm)='ku©\tqkH;udk jyKEdkifolrsm; jzpf&ygvdkukef\/ (*) owårD0dbwf/ emr {x {&H wkrS {axm {,sma0Sm trS {,sH {,smarS/ ykHpHrsm;/ pdwåH &au©x ar"m0D=ynm&Sdonf pdwfudk apmifhxdef;&m\/ okcH rEkóm tmaox(*gxm)=vlwdkYonf csrf;ompGm aeukef&m\/ aom y[Da,xmyd aem y[Da,x=xdkaMumuf&GHUjcif;onf uif;aysmufrlvnf; aysmuf&m\? raysmufbJvnf; &Sd&m\/ awok wGH uð vabaxm yol&(*gxm)=yol&-oifonf xdkolwdkYü bmudk &Edkifrnfenf;/ wo®m {0H 0a'rao(*gxm)=xdkYaMumifh þodkY igwdkY ajymqdkvdkukef\/ ,'d 0d[a&rao umeeEÅa&(*gxm)=tu,fí awmtwGif;ü igwdkYae&ukeftHh/ (C) twdwf0dbwf/ emr w¬(x) a& wkrS aw¬m 0SH trS t rSao(rao)/ ykHpHrsm;/ (u) om e'dum tem0dvmoE´dw¬=xdkjrpfi,fonf aemufusKjcif;r&SdbJ pD;avNyD/ (c) £rrw¬H "eda,m tbmox=þteufudk "ed,onf ajymqdkavNyD/ (*gxm) (*) aw ygaoe tAZÆa&=xdk(iSuf)wdkYonf aMumhuGif;jzifh zGJUcsnftyfukefNyD/


140 (C) r,H ygyH tu&rSao=uREfkyfwdkYonf raumif;rIudk jyKcJhMuukef\/ (i) rm yk&mPH trndaw¬m=a&S;a[mif;udk oifrpOf;pm;vifh/ (p) rm oDawe ya&awm [ndaw¬m=csrf;at;jcif;jzifh vTrf;rkd;jcif; cH&onfjzpfí oif pdwfryifyef;vifh/ (q) wkapäm uma,m t'dódw¬=udk,fudktcsnf;ESD;[lí jriftyfavNyD/ (i) tem*wf0dbwf/ tem*wfü ]]óaw? óaEÅ}} ponfjzifh ypöKyÜefudk enf;rSDí odEdkifNyD/ (p) umvmwdywåd0dbwf/ umvmwdywådü emra,m* {u0kpf]]óx}} 0dbwfwvkH;om tokH;awGU&\/ ykHpHrsm;um; edAÁwådóx = jzpfcJhav&m\/ tvbdóx = &cJhav&m\/ tmyZÆdóx = a&mufcJhav&m\/ Mouúrdóx = oufqif;cJhav&m\/ ykHpH/ opm,H bdu©a0 &mZm ydw&H "r®duH "r®&mZmeH ZD0dwm e a0ga&mayóx? £ro®ð,a0 tmoae 0d&ZH 0DwrvH "r®pu©KH OyÜZÆdóx=&[ef;wdkY tu,fí þ(tZmwowf)rif; onf w&m;&Sdaom w&m;ojzifhrif;jyKaom crnf;awmfudk toufrS rcGJjim;tHh/ þae&m üyif(udavom)jrLuif;aom (udavom)tnpftaMu;uif;aom w&m;rsuv f ;Hk onf jzpfay:cJh av&m\/ (q) tAs,w'¨dwf/ 0dbwfaMumifh yk'ftaeajymif;vJjcif;r&Sdaom ypönf;rsm; qufxm;onfhyk'fwdkYudk tAs, w'¨dwfyk'frsm;[k ac:\/ ¤if;wdkYum; atmufyg twdkfif;jzpf\/ (u) ]]tBudrf}}ta&twGufudk azmfjyonfh ]]u©wåKH}}ypönf;udk ocFsmyk'frsm;aemufü quf&\/ {u+u©wåKH={uu©wåKH=wBudrf/({u0g&H) 'dG+u©wåKH='Gdu©wåKH=2Budrf/(a'G0ga&) ow+u©wåKH=owu©wåKH=tBudrfw&m/ taeu+u©wåKH=taeuu©wåKH=tBudrfrsm;pGm/ (c) ]]tbkdYtpk}}[laom teufudk azmfjyonfh ]]"m}}ypönf; udkvnf; ocsFmyk'frsm;aemufü quf&\/ {u+"m={u"m=wckaotbkdYtpktm;jzifh=wyg;aom tjym;tm;jzifh/(wrsKd;tm;jzifh) 'Gd+"m='Gd"m=ESpfckaomtbdkYtpktm;jzifh/ A[k+"m=A[k"m=rsm;pGmaomtbdkYtpktm;jzifh/ oAÁ+"m=oAÁ"m=tvkH;pkHaomtbdkYtpktm;jzifh/ (*) ]]aom}}ypönf;onf wwd,memrf0dbwfuJhodkY ud&d,m 0daooeteufudk azmfjy\/ jrefrmbmomjzifh ]]tm;jzifh}}[k teufjyef&\/ yÍö yÍöaom=ig;ck ig;cktm;jzifh/ Xmeaom=taMumif;tm;jzifh(taMumif;tm; avsmfpGm)/ y'aom=yk'fpOftm;jzifh/


141 a,medaom=oifhavsmfaomtm;jzifh/ A[kaom=rsm;aomtm;jzifh/ (C) ]]tbkdYtpk? tjcif;t&m}}[laomteufudk azmfjyonfh ]]xm? xH}}ypönf;rsm;udk emrfpm;yk'frsm;aemufü quf&\/ ,xm=tMuiftjcif;t&mtm;jzifh/ wxm=xdktjcif;t&mtm;jzifh/ oAÁxm=tvkH;pkHaomtjcif;t&mtm;jzifh? tvkH;pkH aom tbdkYtpktm;jzifh/ uxH=tb,fodkY/(uð+xH) £w¬H=þodkY/(£r+xH) 7/ zwf&efpmykd'frsm;/ (u) Zmeawm[H bdu©a0 yóawm tmo0geH c,H 0'grd? aem tZmeawm aem tyóawm/ udÍö bdu©a0 Zmeawm uð yóawm tmo0geH c,m a[mwd/ £'H 'ku©EÅd bdu©a0 Zmeawm yóawm tmo0geH ca,m a[mwd/ t,H 'ku©ork'a,mwd bdu©a0 Zmeawm yóawm tmo0geH ca,m a[mwd/ t,H 'ku©eda&ma"mwd bdu©a0 Zmeawm yóawm tmo0geH ca,m a[mwd/ t,H 'ku©eda&m"*grdeDy#dy'gwd bdu©a0 Zmeawm yóawm tmo0geH ca,m a[mwd/ (c) rrH0g bdu©a0 ya& t0PÖH bmao,s/ "r®ó0g t0PÖH bmao,s? oHCó0g t0PÖH bmao,s/ wMw wkarS[d e tmCmawm e tyÜpöa,m e apwaom tebd&'¨d u&PD,m/ rrH 0g bdu©a0 ya& t0PÖH bmao,s/ "r®ó0g t0PÖH bmao,sKH oHCó0g t0PÖH bmao,s/ wMw ap wkarS tóx ukydwm0g tewårem0g? tydEk wkarS ya&oH okbmodwH 'kAÇmodwH tmZmae,smxmwd/ aem a[wH baEÅ/ rrH0g bdu©a0 ya& t0PÖH bmao,sKH? "r®ó 0g t0PÖH bmao,sKH? oHCó0g t0Pbmao,sKH/ ]]£wd aywH tblwH? £wdaywH twpäH? ew¬d apwH wkarSok? ep yaewH tarSok oH0dZÆwDwd/ rrH0g bdu©a0 ya& t0PÖH bmao,sKH? "r®ó0g t0PÖH bmao,sKH? oHCó0gt0PÖH bmao,sKH/ wMw wkarS[d e tmeaE´m e aomreóH e apwaom OyÜdvm0dwwåH u&PD,H/ rrH0g bdu©a0 ya& 0PÖH bmao,sKH? "r®ó0g 0PÖH bmao,sKH? oHCó0g 0PÖH bmao,sKH/ wMw ap wkarS tóx tmeE´daem okrem OyÜdvm0dwm/ wkrSH a,0ó awe tEÅ&ma, p/ rrH0g bdu©a0 ya& 0PÖH bmao,sKH? "r®ó0g 0PÖH bmao,sKH? oHCó0g 0PÖH bmao,sKH/ wMw wkarS[d blwH? blwawm y#dZmedwAÁH}} £wdaywH blwH? £wdaywH wpäH? tw¬HapwH tarSok? oH0dZÆwd p yaewH tarSok}}wd/


142

7/ cufqpftajzrsm;/ (u) tmoa0g=owå0gwkdY\oEÅmefü tNrJ,dkpD;xGufusaeaom tukodkvfw&m;/ 'ku©ork'a,m='ku©\taMumif;&if;/ 'ku©eda&ma"m='ku©\csKyfNidrf;jcif;/ 'ku©eda&m"*grdeD='ku©csKyfNidrf;jcif;odkY a&mufaMumif;jzpfaom/ y#dy'g=tusihf/ (c) tmCmawm=&efNidK;xm;jcif;/ tyÜpöa,m=ESvkH;romjcif;/ tebd&'¨d=pdwfrauscsrf;jcif;(tef+tbd+*&m"f+wd) edaAÁa|wAÁH=ajz&Sif;tyf\/(ed+a-aXwd? *a0Xf=&pfywfjcif;) wpäH=rSefaomt&m/ tmeaE´m=ESpfoufjcif;/ apwaom=pdwåó=pdwf\/ OyÜdvm0dwwåH-wuf<ujcif;? OyÜdv0wd-wuf<u\?OyÜdvm0dw-wuf<uol? OyÜdvm0dwwå-wuf <uol\tjzpf? wuf<ujcif;?

9/ aemufxyfzwf&ef pmnTef;rsm; (u) r[mtóma&m[Zmwu? pwkuúedygw?ZmwutXuxm? pmrsufESm 8-12? (c) temxyd@duokwå? oH,kwåedum,? r[m0*¾oH,kwå? pmrsufESm 1332-1336?

ပါဠိဘာသာသင္တန္း  

''သဒၵတ္မတာ စတ္မတာ၊ သဒၵါမတတ္ စာမတတ္''ဟူေသာ ပညာရွိတို႔ ဆိုထုံးစကားအတိုင္း 'နိ႐ုတၱိပဋိသမၻိဒါ'တည္း ဟူေသာ ေဝါဟာရစကား အသုံးအႏႈန္းမႏိုင္နင္းလွ်င္ စ...

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