Page 1

http://www.lknt11.com/

...


http://www.lknt11.com/

...


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

q|oH*g,emrl

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVdawmf jrefrmjyef

LAWKANARTHA MONASTERY 2364 30th Avenue San Francisco CA 94116-2229 PHONE: (415) 681-3011


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

]]edAÁmefa&muf&efowdy|mef}} 1/ udavompifaMumif; enf;aumif;trSef? a[m'DrSmMunfh owdy|mef? 0efcHcsufESifh rdefY>rufavjyef? usifMh uHokH; vrf;qHk; jynfedAÁmef/ 2/ pd;k &drfylaqG; ida k <u;vGw& f ef? a[m'DrSmMunfh owdy|mef? 0efcHcsufESifh rdefY>rufavjyef? usifMh uHokH; vrf;qHk; jynfedAÁmef/ 3/ ud, k fpdwq f if;&J csKyfNrJtrSef? a[m'DrSmMunfh owdy|mef? 0efcHcsufESifh rdefY>rufavjyef? usifMh uHokH; vrf;qHk; jynfedAÁmef/ 4/ t&d,mr*f vSrf;wufzdYk &ef a[m'DrSmMunfh owdy|mef? 0efcHcsufESifh rdefY>rufavjyef? usifMh uHokH; vrf;qHk; jynfedAÁmef/ 5/ edAÁmefrsufarSmuf qdu k fa&mufzdYk &ef? a[m'DrSmMunfh owdy|mef? 0efcHcsufESifh rdefY>rufavjyef? usifMh uHokH; vrf;qHk; jynfedAÁmef/ (uAsm? OD;&dyfomq&mawmf)


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

r[mowdy|meokwf rmwdum

ygVdawmf Oa'´o

pmrsufEmS --

--

--

--

--

1

um,mEkyóem tmemygeyAÁ

--

2

um,mEkyóem £&d,myxyAÁ

--

4

um,mEkyóem orÜZmeyAÁ

--

5

um,mEkyó y#dulvreodum&yAÁ

--

6

um,mEkyóem "mwkreodum&yAÁ

--

8

um,mEkyóem e0od0xduyAÁ

--

9

a0'emEkyóem

--

--

--

--

14

pdwåmEkyóem

--

--

--

--

15

"r®mEkyóem eD0&PyAÁ

--

--

--

17

"r®mEkyóem cE¨yAÁ

--

--

--

19

--

--

21

"r®mEkyóem tm,weyAÁ "r®mEkyóem aAmZöß*FyAÁ

--

--

--

24

"r®mEkyóem opöyAÁ

--

--

--

27

'ku©opöeda'´o

--

--

--

--

28

ork',opöeda'´o

--

--

--

--

32

eda&m"opöeda'´o

--

--

--

--

36

r*¾opöeda'´o

--

--

--

--

39


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

r[mowdy|meokwf rmwdum jrefrmjyef r[mowdy|meokwf

pmrsufEmS tusOf;csKyf

--

--

45

1/ um,mEkyóemowdy|mef (1) xGufouf0ifoufudk ½Iqifjcifjcif;tydkif;

47

(2) £&d,mykwfudk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

--

50

(3) owdorÜZOfjzifh qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

--

51

(4) pufqkyz f G,f[k ESv;Hk oGi;f jcif;tydi k f;

--

53

(5) "gwftm;jzifh ESv;Hk oGi;f jcif;tydi k f;

--

56

(6) olaoaumifu;dk rsKd;udk ESvHk;oGi;f jcif;tydi k f;

57

2/ a0'emEkyóemowdy|mef a0'emudq k ifjcifjcif;udk;yg;

--

--

66

pdwfudkqifjcifjcif; wpfq,fhajcmufyg;

--

68

--

71

3/ pdwåmEkyóemowdy|mef 4/ "r®mEkyóemowdy|mef oabmw&m;udk qifjcifjcif;ig;yg;

(1) eD0&Pw&m;ig;yg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydkif;

71

(2) cE¨mig;yg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

--

74

(3) tm,wewpfq,fE h Spfyg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

77

(4) aAmZößifckESpfyg; qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

--

80

(5) opömav;yg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

--

85

'ku©t&d,opöm

--

--

--

--

86

'ku©ork', t&d,opöm

--

--

--

92

'ku©ea d &m" t&d,opöm

--

--

--

105

--

110

'ku©ea d &m"*grdeDy#dy'g t&d,opöm


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

1

earm wó b*0awm t&[awm or®morÁK'¨ó

r[mowdy|meokwå 372/

{0H

uk½lok

ar

okwH-

0d[&wd

{uH

ur®mo"r®H

or,H

b*0g

emr

uk½leH

ed*arm/ wMw acg b*0g bduL© tmraEÅod ]]bdua © 0g}}wd/

]]b'´aEÅ}}wd

aw

bduL©

b*0awm ypöaómoH/k b*0g {w'a0gpOa'´o

373/

{um,aem

t,H

bdua © 0

ra*¾g

owåmeH 0do' k ¨, d m aomuy&da'0geH orwduúrm,

'kua © 'greómeH

t"d*rm,

edAÁmeó

tw¬*Frm,

Ó,ó

opÇdäu& d d,m,?

,'d'H

pwåma&m owdy|mem/ uwar pwåma&m/ £" bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem

owdrm

a'greóH?

0dae,s

a0'emok

avmau

a0'emEkyóD

tbdZößm0d[&wd

tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

2

tbdZößma'greóH? pdawå pdwmå EkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZößma'greóH? "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZößma'greóH/ Oa'´aom ed|dawm/

- - um,mEkyóem tmemygeyAÁ

374/

uxOö

um,mEkyóD

ye

bdua © 0

0d[&wd/

£"

bduK© bdua © 0

uma, bduK©

t&n*awm 0g ½ku©rlv*awm 0g oknm*g&*awm

0g

edo' D wd

um,H

yPd"m,

yv’uø

y&drkcH

tmbkZdwmG

owð

OZHk

Oy|aywGm/

aom oawm0 tóowd? oawm0 yóowd/ 'DCH

0g

tóoaEÅm

]]'DCH

tóomrD}}wd

yZmemwd? 'DCH 0g yóoaEÅm ]]'DCH yóomrD}} wd

yZmemwd?

&óH

0g

tóoaEÅm

]]&óH

tóomrD}}wd yZmemwd? &óH 0g yóoaEÅm ]]&óH

yóomrD}}wd

yZmemwd?

y#doa H 0'D tóodómrD}}wd

]]oAÁum,-

oduw © d?

]]oAÁ-


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

3

um,y#doa H 0'D ]]yórÇ,H

yóodómrD}}wd

um,ocFg&H

oduw © d?

tóodómrD}}wd

oduw © d? ]]yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H yóodómrD}} wd oduw © d/ ao,sxmyd bdua © 0 'au©m bruma&m 0g

brum&aEÅ0goD

0g

'DCH

0g

tÚäaEÅm

]]'DCH tÓärD}}wd yZmemwd? &óH 0g tÚäaEÅm ]]&óH

tÓärD}}wd

bdua © 0

bduK©

yZmemwd?

'DCH

0g

{0ar0

acg

tóoaEÅm

]]'DCH

tóomrD}}wd yZmemwd? 'DCH 0g yóoaEÅm ]]'DCH

yóomrD}}wd

tóoaEÅm &óH

0g

]]&óH

yZmemwd?

&óH

tóomrD}}wd

yóoaEÅm

]]&óH

0g

yZmemwd?

yóomrD}}wd

yZmemwd? ]]oAÁum,y#doHa0'D tóodómrD}} wd odu©w?d ]]oAÁum,y#doa H 0'D yóodómrD}}wd oduw © d? ]]yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H tóodómrD}}wd

odu©wd?

]]yórÇ,H

um,ocFg&H

yóodómrD}}wd oduw © d/ £wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

uma,

um,mEkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

4

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd ,m0a'0 ÓPrwåm, y#dówdrwåm, tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ tmemygeyAÁH ed|w d H/

- - um,mEkyóem £&d,myxyAÁ

375/

yke

]]*pämrD}}wd

py&H

bdua © 0

yZmemwd?

bduK©

Xdawm0g

*päaEÅm

0g

]]XdawmrS}D }wd

yZmemwd? edoa d Eém 0g ]]edoa d EémrS}D }wd yZmemwd? o,maem 0g ]]o,maemrS}D }wd yZmemwd? ,xm ,xm 0g yeó uma,m yPd[a d wm a[mwd? wxm wxm eH yZmemwd/ £wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

0d[&wd?

tZößwåA[d'¨g

uma, 0g

um,mEkyóD

uma,

um,m-

EkyóD 0d[&wd/ ork',"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

5

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd ,m0a'0 ÓPrwåm, y#dówdrwåm,/

tedódawm

p

0d[&wd?

e

p

udOöd

avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ £&d,myxyAÁH ed|dwH/

- - um,mEkyóem orÜZmeyAÁ

376/

yke

py&H

bdua © 0

bduK©

tbdua ú EÅ

y#dua ú EÅ orÜZmeum&D a[mwd? tmavmudaw 0davmudaw orÜZmeum&D a[mwd? ordOa öd w yom&daw orÜZmeum&D a[mwd? oCFm#dywåpD0&"m&aP

orÜZmeum&D

a[mwd?

todaw

yDaw cg,daw om,daw orÜZmeum&D a[mwd? Opöm&yóm0uar® orÜZmeum&D a[mwd? *aw Xdaw

edoa d Eé

okawå

Zm*&daw

wkPb SD ma0 orÜZmeum&D a[mwd/

bmodaw


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

6

£wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

uma,

0d[&wd?

tZößwåA[d'¨g

0g

um,mEkyóD

uma,

um,m-

EkyóD 0d[&wd/ ork',"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð

0d[&wd?

0d[&wd?

0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

um,o®ð

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/ ]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm

a[mwd

,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówdrwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ orÜZmeyAÁH ed|dwH/

- - um,mEkyóem y#dulvreodum&yAÁ

377/

yke

py&H

um,H

O'¨H

yg'wvm

wpy&d,EÅH

yl&H

ypöa0u©wd

]]tw¬d

avmrm

ecg

'EÅm

bdua © 0

bduK©

ta"m

auorw¬um

emeyÜum&ó £rorð wapm?

£rar0 tokpdaem

uma, rHo

auom

ESm½k

t|d

t|drdOÆH 0uú?H [',H ,ueH udavmurH yd[uH


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

7

yyægoH?

tEÅt H EÅ*kPH

O'&d,H

u&Do?H

ydwåH

aorSH ykaAÁm avm[dwH aoa'g ara'g? tók 0om acaVm odCmF Pdum vodum rkw}å }EÅ/d ao,sxmyd ykawmVd

yl&m

ao,sxd'H?

bdua © 0

Obawmrkcg

emem0d[dwó

omvDeH

0D[e D H

"nó/

rk*¾geH

rmomeH

wdvmeH w@KvmeH/ wareH pu©Krm yk&daom rkOödwmG ypöa0au©,s ]]£ar omvD £ar 0D[D £ar rk*¾g £ar rmom £ar wdvm £ar w@Kvm}}wd/ £rar0

{0ar0

um,H

auorw¬um

acg

O'¨H

bdua © 0

yg'wvm

wpy&d,EÅH

yl&H

bduK© ta"m

emeyÜum&ó

tokpdaem ypöa0u©wd ]]tw¬d £rorð uma, auom avmrm ecg 'EÅm wapm? rHo ESm½k t|d t|drdOÆH 0uú?H [',H ,ueH udavmurH yd[uH

yyægoH?

tEÅt H EÅ*kPH

O'&d,H

u&Do?H

ydwHå aorSH ykaAÁm avm[dwH aoa'g ara'g? tók 0om acaVm odCmF Pdum vodum rkw}å }EÅ/d £wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

0d[&wd?

tZößwåA[d'¨g

uma, 0g

um,mEkyóD

uma,

um,m-

EkyóD 0d[&wd/ ork',"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

8

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd

,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ y#dulvreodum&yAÁH ed|dwH/

- - um,mEkyóem "mwkreodum&yAÁ

378/

yke

py&H

um,H

,xmXdwH

bdua © 0

bduK©

,xmyPd[w d H

£rar0 "mwkaom

ypöa0u©wd ]]tw¬d £ro®ð uma, yx0D"mwk tmayg"mwk awaZm"mwk 0ga,m"mwl}}wd/ ao,sxmyd bdua © 0 'au©m a*gCmwaum 0g a*gCmwuaEÅ0goD 0g *g0ð 0"dwmG pwkr[myax

Advaom

0dbZdwmG

edoa d Eém

tó/ {0ar0 acg bdua © 0 bduK© £rar0 um,H ,xmXdwH ,xmyPd[w d H "mwkaom


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

9

ypöa0u©wd ]]tw¬d £ro®ð uma, yx0D"mwk tmayg"mwk awaZm"mwk 0ga,m"mwl}}wd/ £wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

uma,

um,mEkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd

,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ "mwkreodum&yAÁH ed|dwH/

- - um,mEkyóem e0od0xduyAÁ

379/

yke

py&H

bdua © 0

bduK©

ao,sxmyd

yaó,s o&D&H od0xdum, q×dwH {um[rwH 0g 'G[ D rwH 0g wD[rwH 0g O'¨KrmwuH 0deDvuH 0dykAÁuZmwH? aom

£rar0

um,H


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

10

OyoH[&wd ]]t,rÜd

acg

uma,m

{0H"ar®m

{0Hbm0D {0HtewDawm}}wd/ £wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

uma,

um,mEkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd

,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ yke

py&H

bdua © 0

bduK©

ao,sxmyd

yaó,s o&D&H od0xdum, q×dwH umau[d 0g cZÆrmeH ukvav[d 0g cZÆrmeH *daZöß[d 0g cZÆrmeH

uauF[d

0g

cZÆrmeH

okeac[d

0g

cZÆrmeH Asa*¢[d 0g cZÆrmeH 'DyD[d 0g cZÆrmeH od*Fgav[d 0g cZÆrmeH 0d0da'[d 0g ygPuZmaw[d OyoH[&wd

cZÆrmeH/ ]]t,rÜd

aom acg

{0Hbm0D {0HtewDawm}}wd/

£rar0 uma,m

um,H {0H"ar®m


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

11

£wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

uma,

um,mEkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd

,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ yke

py&H

bdua © 0

bduK©

ao,sxmyd

yaó,s o&D&H od0xdum, q×dwH t|duocFvu d H

orHoavm[dwH

£rar0

um,H

ESm½korÁE/¨H

OyoH[&wd

aom

]]t,rÜd

acg

uma,m {0H"ar®m {0Hbm0D {0HtewDawm}}wd/ t|duocFvu d H edrHoavm[dwru©w d H ESm½korÁE¨H aom

£rar0

um,H

OyoH[&wd

]]t,rÜd

acg uma,m {0H"ar®m {0Hbm0D {0HtewDawm}} wd/

t|duocFvu d H

ty*wrHoavm[dwH

ESm½korÁE/¨H aom £rar0 um,H OyoH[&wd ]]t,rÜd acg

uma,m

{0H"ar®m

{0Hbm0D


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

12

{0HtewDawm}}wd/ 'dom

0d'dom

t|dumed

0dcdwmå ed?

ty*worÁE¨med

tane

[w¬|duH

tane yg'|duH tane a*gyæu|duH tane ZCF|duH

tane

OD½k|duH

tane

u#d|duH

tane zmoku|duH tane yd#d|duH tane cE¨|duH

tane

*D0|duH

tane

tane

'EÅ|duH

tane

oDou#m[H/ aom

£rar0

um,H

OyoH[&wd

[Eku|duH

]]t,rÜd

acg

uma,m {0H"ar®m {0Hbm0D {0HtewDawm}}wd/ £wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

uma,

um,mEkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd

,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ yke

py&H

bdua © 0

bduK©

ao,sxmyd

yaó,s o&D&H od0xdum, q×dwH t|dumed


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

13

aowmed um,H

ocF0PÖy#dbm*ged/

aom

£rar0

acg

uma,m

{0HtewDawm}}wd/

t|dumed

OyoH[&wd

{0H"ar®m{0Hbm0D ykOÆudwmed um,H

]]t,rÜd

awa&m0ódumed/

OyoH[&wd

]]t,rÜd

aom

£rar0

acg

uma,m

{0H"ar®m {0Hbm0D {0HtewDawm}}wd/ t|dumed ylwe D d

pkPÖuZmwmed/

OyoH[&wd

]]t,rÜd

aom acg

£rar0

uma,m

um,H {0H"ar®m

{0Hbm0D {0HtewDawm}}wd/ £wd tZößwåH 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd?

A[d'¨g

0g

uma,

um,mEkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g um,o®ð 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

um,o®ð

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d uma,m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd

,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ e0od0xduyAÁH ed|dwH/ pk'o ´ um,mEkyóem ed|dwm/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

14

a0'emEkyóem

380/

uxOö ye

a0'emEkyóD okcH

0g

bdua © 0

0d[&wd/

a0'eH

bduK©

£'

a0'emok

bdu©a0

bduK©

]]okcH

a0'eH

a0',rmaem

a0',mrD}}wd yZmemwd/ 'kuH© 0g a0'eH a0',rmaem ]]'kuH© a0'eH a0',mrD}}wd yZmemwd/ t'kur © okcH 0g a0'eH a0',rmaem]]t'kur © okcH a0'eH

a0',mrD}}wd

yZmemwd/

omrdoH

0g

okcH a0'eH a0',rmaem ]]omrdoH okcH a0'eH a0',mrD}}wd a0'eH

yZmemwd/

a0',rmaem

ed&mrdoH

]]ed&mrdoH

0g

okcH

okcH a0'eH

a0',mrD}}wd yZmemwd/ omrdoH 0g 'kuH© a0'eH a0',rmaem ]]omrdoH 'kuH© a0'eH a0',mrD}}wd yZmemwd/ ed&mrdoH 0g 'ku©H a0'eH a0',rmaem ]]ed&mrdoH 'kuH© a0'eH a0',mrD}}wd yZmemwd/ omrdoH 0g t'kur © okcH a0'eH a0',rmaem ]]omrdoH

t'kur © okcH

yZmemwd/

ed&mrdoH

a0'eH 0g

a0',mrD}}wd

t'kur © okcH

a0'eH a0'eH

a0',rmaem

]]ed&mrdoH

t'kur © okcH

a0',mrD}}wd

yZmemwd/

£wd

a0'emok

a0'emEkyóD

0d[&wd?

tZößwåH A[d'¨g

0g 0g

a0'emok a0'emEkyóD 0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

15

0g

a0'emok

ork',"r®mEkyóD 0,"r®mEkyóD

a0'emEkyóD

0d[&wd/

0g

0d[&wd?

0g

a0'emok a0'emok

0d[&wd?

ork',0,"r®mEkyóD 0g a0'emok 0d[&wd/ ]]tw¬d a0'em}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd

,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© a0'emok a0'emEkyóD 0d[&wd/ a0'emEkyóem ed|w d m/

- - pdwåmEkyóem

381/

uxOö

ye

pdwmå EkyóD

0d[&wd/

o&m*H

pdwHå

0g

bdua © 0 £"

]]o&m*H

bdu©K

pdawå

bdua © 0

bduK©

pdw}å }EÅd

yZmemwd/

0Dw&m*H 0g pdwHå ]]0Dw&m*H pdw}å }EÅd yZmemwd/ oa'goH 0g pdwHå ]]oa'goHH pdw}å }EÅd yZmemwd/ 0Dwa'goH 0g pdwHå ]]0Dwa'goHH pdw}å }EÅd yZmemwd/ oarm[HH 0g pdwHå ]]oarm[H pdw}å }EÅd yZmemwd/ 0Dwarm[HH 0g pdwHå ]]0Dwarm[H pdw}å }EÅd yZmemwd/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

16

oHcdwHå

0g

pdwHå

]]oHcdwHå

pdw}å }EÅd

yZmemwd/

0dud©wHå

0g

pdwHå

]]0dud©wHå

pdw}å }EÅd

yZmemwd/

r[*¾wHå 0g pdwHå ]]r[*¾wHå pdwå}}EÅd yZmemwd/ tr[*¾wHå 0g pdwå]H ]tr[*¾wHå pdw}å }EÅd yZmemwd/ oOwå&H 0g pdwHå ]]oOwå&H pdwå}}EÅd yZmemwd/ tEkw& å H 0g pdwHå ]]tEkwå&H pdw}å }EÅd yZmemwd/ orm[dwH 0g pdwH]å ]orm[dwH pdwå}}EÅd yZmemwd/ torm[dwH yZmemwd/

0g

pdwHå

0drkwHå

0g

]]torm[dwH

pdw}å }EÅd

pdwHå

pdwå}}EÅd

]]0drkwHå

yZmemwd/ t0drkwHå 0g pdwHå ]]t0drkwHå pdwå}}EÅd yZmemwd/ £wd 0d[&wd?

tZößwåH A[d'¨g

0g 0g

pdawå

pdwmå EkyóD

pdawå

pdwmå EkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g pdawå 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

pdwmå EkyóD 0g

pdwo å ®ð

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g pdwo å ®ð

0d[&wd?

ork',0,"r®mEkyóD ]]tw¬d a[mwd

pdw}å }EÅd

0g

,m0a'0

0g

pdwo å ®ð

0d[&wd/

yeó

owd

ypöKy|dwm

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© pdawå pdwmå EkyóD 0d[&wd pdwåmEkyóem ed|dwm/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

17

"r®mEkyóem eD0&PyAÁ

382/

uxOö

"r®mEkyóD

ye

bdu©a0

bduK©

"ar®ok

£"

bdua © 0

bduK©

0d[&wd/

"ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd yOöok eD0&aPok/ uxOö ye bdua © 0 bduK© "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd yOöok eD0&aPok/ £"

bdu©a0

umrpäE´H

]]tw¬d

yZmemwd?

toEÅH

bduK©

oEÅH

ar

tZößwåH

0g

tZößwåH

0g

tZößwåH

umrpäaE´m}}wd umrpäE´H

]]ew¬d

ar tZößwåH umrpäaE´m}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm p tEkyÜEéó

umrpäE´ó

OyÜga'g

a[mwd

wOö

yZmemwd? ,xm p OyÜEéó umrpäE´ó y[meH a[mwd

wOö

yZmemwd?

,xm

p

y[Deó

umrpäE´ó tm,wð tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ oEÅH 0g tZößwåH Asmyg'H ]]tw¬d ar tZößwåH Asmyga'g}}wd

yZmemwd?

toEÅH

0g

tZößwåH

Asmyg'H ]]ew¬d ar tZößwåH Asmyga'g}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm

p

tEkyÜEéó

a[mwd

wOö

yZmemwd?

Asmyg'ó

y[meH

,xm p

y[Deó

Asmyg'ó

OyÜga'g

,xm

OyÜEéó

a[mwd

wOö

Asmyg'ó

p

yZmemwd? tm,wð


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

18

tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ oEÅH 0g tZößwåH xderd'¨H ]]tw¬d ar tZößwåH xderd'¨}}EÅd yZmemwd? toEÅH 0g tZößwåH xderd'¨H ]]ew¬d ar tZößwåH xderd'¨}}EÅd yZmemwd? ,xm p tEkyÜEéó xderd'¨ó OyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p OyÜEéó xderd'¨ó y[meH a[mwd

wOö

xderd'¨ó

yZmemwd?

tm,wð

,xm

p

tEkyÜga'g

y[Deó

a[mwd

wOö

yZmemwd/ oEÅH 0g tZößwåH tZößwåH

O'¨pöuu k úKpö}}EÅd

O'¨pöuu k úKpöH ]]tw¬d ar yZmemwd?

tZößwåH O'¨pöuu k úKpöH ]]ew¬d ar

toEÅH

0g

tZößwåH O'¨pö-

ukuKú pö}}EÅd yZmemwd? ,xm p tEkyÜEéó O'¨pöukuKú pöó OyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd?,xm p OyÜEéó O'¨pöuu k úKpöó y[meH a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p y[Deó O'¨pöuu k úKpöó tm,wð tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ oEÅH 0g tZößwåH 0dpdup d äH ]]tw¬d ar tZößwåH 0dpdudpäm}}wd yZmemwd? toEÅH 0g tZößwåH 0dpdudpäH ]]ew¬d ar tZößwåH 0dpdudpäm}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm p tEkyÜEém, 0dpdup d äm, OyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p OyÜEém, 0dpdup d äm, y[meH


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

19

a[mwd

wOö

0dpdudpäm,

yZmemwd?

tm,wð

,xm

tEkyÜga'g

p

y[Dem,

a[mwd

wOö

yZmemwd/ £wd

tZößwåH

0g

"ar®ok

"r®mEkyóD

0d[&wd? A[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ ork',"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok 0d[&wd?

0,-

"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok 0d[&wd/ ]]tw¬d "r®m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd ,m0a'0 ÓPrwåm, y#dówdrwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd?

e

p

udOöd

avmau

Oyg'd,wd/

{0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd yOöok eD0&aPok/ eD0&PyAÁH ed|w d H/

- - "r®mEkyóem cE¨yAÁ

383/ yke py&H bdua © 0 bduK© "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd yOöok Oyg'geu©aE¨o/k uxOö ye bdua © 0 bduK© "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

20

yOöok

Oyg'geu©aE¨o/k

£wd

½lyH?

£wd

£"

½lyó

bdua © 0

bduK©

ork'a,m?

£wd

½lyó tw¬*Farm/ £wd a0'em? £wd a0'em, ork'a,m? £wd a0'em,

tw¬*Farm/

£wd onm? £wd onm, ork'a,m? £wd onm,

tw¬*Farm/

£wd

ocFg&m?

£wd

ocFg&meH ork'a,m? £wd ocFg&meH tw¬*Farm/ £wd 0dnmPH? £wd 0dnmPó ork'a,m? £wd 0dnmPó tw¬*Farmwd/ £wd tZößwåH 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd? A[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ ork',"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok 0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d

"r®m}}wd

0g

yeó

owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd ,m0a'0 ÓPrwåm, y#dówdrwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p

udOöd

bdua © 0

avmau bduK©

Oyg'd,wd/

"ar®ok

{0rÜd

"r®mEkyóD

yOöok Oyg'geu©aE¨o/k cE¨yAÁH ed|dwH/

- - -

acg

0d[&wd


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

21

"r®mEkyóem tm,weyAÁ

384/

yke

py&H

bdua © 0

bduK©

"ar®ok

"r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd qok tZößwåduAm[da&ok tm,waeok/

uxOö

ye

bdua © 0

bduK©

"ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd qok tZößwåduAm[da&ok tm,waeok/ £"

bdua © 0

bduK©

pu©KOö

yZmemwd?

½lay p yZmemwd? ,Oö w'kb,H y#dpö OyÜZÆwd oHa,mZeH wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p tEkyÜEéó oHa,mZeó OyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p OyÜEéó oHa,mZeó y[meH a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p y[Deó oHa,mZeó tm,wð tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ aomwOö yZmemwd? oa'´ p yZmemwd? ,Oö w'kb,H y#dpö OyÜZÆwd oHa,mZeH wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p tEkyÜEéó oHa,mZeó OyÜga'g

a[mwd

OyÜEéó

oHa,mZeó

yZmemwd?

,xm

wOö p

yZmemwd? y[meH y[Deó

,xm

a[mwd

p wOö

oHa,mZeó

tm,wð tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ CmeOö

yZmemwd? *aE¨ p yZmemwd? ,Oö

w'kb,H y#dpö OyÜZÆwd oHa,mZeH wOö yZmemwd?


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

22

,xm a[mwd

p

tEkyÜEéó

wOö

oHa,mZeó

yZmemwd?

,xm

p

OyÜga'g OyÜEéó

oHa,mZeó y[meH a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm

p

y[Deó

oHa,mZeó

tm,wð

tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ Zd0SOö yZmemwd? &ao p yZmemwd? ,Oö w'kb,H y#dpö OyÜZÆwd oHa,mZeH wOö yZmemwd? ,xm a[mwd

p

tEkyÜEéó

wOö

oHa,mZeó

yZmemwd?

,xm

p

OyÜga'g OyÜEéó

oHa,mZeó y[meH a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm

p

y[Deó

oHa,mZeó

tm,wð

tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ um,Oö yZmemwd? azm|aAÁ p yZmemwd? ,Oö w'kb,H y#dpö OyÜZÆwd oHa,mZeH wOö yZmemwd? ,xm a[mwd

p

tEkyÜEéó

wOö

oHa,mZeó

yZmemwd?

,xm

p

OyÜga'g OyÜEéó

oHa,mZeó y[meH a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm

p

y[Deó

oHa,mZeó

tm,wð

tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ reOö yZmemwd? "ar® p yZmemwd? ,Oö w'kb,H y#dpö OyÜZÆwd oHa,mZeH wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p tEkyÜEéó

oHa,mZeó

OyÜga'g


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

23

a[mwd

wOö

yZmemwd?

,xm

p

OyÜEéó

oHa,mZeó y[meH a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm

p

y[Deó

oHa,mZeó

tm,wð

tEkyÜga'g a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ £wd 0d[&wd?

tZößwåH

0g

A[d'¨g

0g

"ar®ok

"r®mEkyóD

"ar®ok

"r®mEkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

"ar®ok

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD ]]tw¬d

"r®m}}wd

0g

0g

"ar®ok

0d[&wd/

yeó

owd

ypöKy|dwm

a[mwd ,m0a'0 ÓPrwåm, y#dówdrwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdu©a0 bduK© "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd qok tZößwåduAm[da&ok tm,waeok/ tm,weyAÁH ed|dwH/

- - -


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

24

"r®mEkyóem aAmZöß*FyAÁ

385/

yke

py&H

bdua © 0

bduK©

"ar®ok

"r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd owåok aAmZößa*Fo/k uxOö ye bdu©a0 bdu©K "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd owåok aAmZößa*Fo/k £" bdua © 0 bduK© oEÅH 0g tZößwHå owdoarÁmZöß*ø? ]]tw¬d ar tZößwåH owdoarÁmZößa*Fg}} wd yZmemwd? toEÅH 0g tZößwåH owdoarÁmZöß*ø ]]ew¬d ar tZößwåH owdoarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm p tEkyÜEéó owdoarÁmZöß*Fó OyÜga'g a[mwd

wOö

yZmemwd?

owdoarÁmZöß*Fó

,xm

bm0em,

p

OyÜEéó

yg&dyl&D

a[mwd

wOö yZmemwd/ oEÅH 0g tZößwHå "r®0dp,oarÁmZöß*ø? ]]tw¬d ar

tZößwåH

"r®0dp,oarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd

yZmemwd?

toEÅH 0g tZößwåH "r®0dp,oarÁmZöß*ø ]]ew¬d ar tZößwåH "r®0dp,oarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm p

tEkyÜEéó

a[mwd

wOö

"r®0dp,oarÁmZöß*Fó yZmemwd?

,xm

p

OyÜga'g OyÜEéó

"r®0dp,oarÁmZöß*Fó bm0em, yg&dyl&D a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

25

oEÅH ar

0g

tZößwHå

tZößwåH

toEÅH

0g

0D&d,oarÁmZöß*ø?

0D&d,oarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd tZößwåH

]]tw¬d

yZmemwd?

0D&d,oarÁmZöß*ø

]]ew¬d

ar

tZößwåH 0D&d,oarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm p

tEkyÜEéó

a[mwd

wOö

0D&d,oarÁmZöß*Fó yZmemwd?

,xm

OyÜga'g

p

OyÜEéó

0D&d,oarÁmZöß*Fó bm0em, yg&dyl&D a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ oEÅH ar

0g

tZößwHå

tZößwåH

yDwo d arÁmZöß*ø?

yDwdoarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd

toEÅH

0g

tZößwåH

yDwo d arÁmZößa*Fg}}wd

p

tZößwåH

tEkyÜEéó

a[mwd

wOö

yZmemwd?

yDwo d arÁmZöß*ø

]]ew¬d

yZmemwd?

yDwo d arÁmZöß*Fó yZmemwd?

yDwo d arÁmZöß*Fó

,xm

bm0em,

]]tw¬d ar

,xm OyÜga'g

p

OyÜEéó

yg&dyl&D

a[mwd

wOö yZmemwd/ oEÅH 0g tZößwHå yó'¨o d arÁmZöß*ø? ]]tw¬d ar

tZößwåH

yó'¨o d arÁmZößa*Fg}}wd

yZmemwd?

toEÅH 0g tZößwåH yó'¨o d arÁmZöß*ø ]]ew¬d ar tZößwåH yó'¨o d arÁmZößa*Fg}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm p

tEkyÜEéó

yó'¨o d arÁmZöß*Fó

OyÜga'g

a[mwd wOö yZmemwd? ,xm p OyÜEéó


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

26

yó'¨doarÁmZöß*Fó bm0em, yg&dyl&D a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ oEÅH 0g tZößwHå orm"doarÁmZöß*ø? ]]tw¬d ar

tZößwåH

orm"doarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd

yZmemwd?

toEÅH 0g tZößwåH orm"doarÁmZöß*ø ]]ew¬d ar tZößwåH orm"doarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm p

tEkyÜEéó

a[mwd

wOö

orm"doarÁmZöß*Fó yZmemwd?

,xm

p

OyÜga'g OyÜEéó

orm"doarÁmZöß*Fó bm0em, yg&dyl&D a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ oEÅH 0g tZößwHå Oayu©moarÁmZöß*ø? ]]tw¬d ar

tZößwåH

Oayu©moarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd

yZmemwd?

toEÅH 0g tZößwåH Oayu©moarÁmZöß*ø ]]ew¬d ar tZößwåH Oayu©moarÁmZößa*Fg}}wd yZmemwd? ,xm p

tEkyÜEéó

a[mwd

wOö

Oayu©moarÁmZöß*Fó yZmemwd?

Oayu©moarÁmZöß*Fó

,xm bm0em,

p

OyÜga'g OyÜEéó yg&dyl&D

a[mwd wOö yZmemwd/ £wd

tZößwåH

0g

"ar®ok

"r®mEkyóD

0d[&wd? A[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd/ ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

"ar®ok

0,"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok 0d[&wd?

0d[&wd? ork',


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

27

0,"r®mEkyóD

0g

"ar®ok

0d[&wd/

]]tw¬d

"r®m}}wd 0g yeó owd ypöKy|dwm a[mwd ,m0a'0

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówdrwåm,/

tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdu©a0 bduK© "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd owåok aAmZößa*Fok/ aAmZöß*FyAÁH ed|dwH/

- - "r®mEkyóem opöyAÁ

386/

yke

py&H

"r®mEkyóD

0d[&wd

bdua © 0 pwlok

bduK©

"ar®ok

t&d,oapöo/k

uxOö ye bdua © 0 bduK© "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd pwlok t&d,oapöo/k £" bdua © 0 bduK©

]]£'H

'ku}© }EÅd

,xmblwH

yZmemwd?

]]t,H 'kuo © rk'a,m}}wd ,xmblwH yZmemwd? ]]t,H 'kue © da&ma"m}}wd ,xmblwH yZmemwd? ]]t,H

'kue © da&m"*grdeDy#dy'g}}wd

yZmemwd/ yXrbmP0ga&m ed|dawm/

,xmblwH


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

28

'ku©opöeda'´o

387/

uwrOö

Zmwdyd

'kum© ?

bdua © 0 Z&myd

'ku©H

'kum© ?

t&d,opö/H

r&PrÜd

aomuy&da'0'kua © 'greókyg,momyd tyÜa d ,[d

orÜa,ma*gyd

'ku?©H 'kum© ?

'kau©m?

yda,[d

0dyÜa,ma*gyd 'kau©m? ,rÜp d äH e vbwd wrÜd 'kuH©? oHcdawåe yOöKyg'geu©E¨m 'kum© / 388/ uwrm p bdua © 0 Zmwd/ ,m awoH awoH owåmeH wrSd wrSd owåeduma, Zmwd oOÆmwd MouúEÅd tbdedAÁwdå cE¨meH ygwkbma0g tm,wemeH y#dvmabm/ t,H 0kpöwd bdu©a0 Zmwd/ 389/ uwrm p bdua © 0 Z&m/ ,m awoH awoH owåmeH wrSd wrSd owåeduma, Z&m ZD&Pwm c@dpöH ygvdpöH 0vdwp å wm tm,kaem oH[med

£`E´, d meH

y&dygaum/

t,H

0kpöwd

,H

awoH

bdua © 0 Z&m/ 390/

uwrOö

bdua © 0

r&PH/

awoH owåmeH wrSm wrSm owåedum,m pkwd p0ewm aba'g tEÅ&"meH rpöK r&PH umvud&d,m

cE¨meH

aba'g

uaV0&ó

edau©ayg

ZD0dw`d E´, d ókyapäa'g/ £'H 0kpöwd bdua © 0 r&PH/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

29

391/ uwarm p bdua © 0 aomaum/ a,m acg

bdua © 0

orEém*wó

tnw&nwa&e tnw&nwa&e

Asoaee 'ku" © ar®e

zk|ó aomaum aompem aompdwwåH taEÅmaomaum

taEÅmy&daomaum/

t,H

0kpöwd

bdua © 0 aomaum/ 392/ uwarm p bdua © 0 y&da'a0g/ a,m acg

bdua © 0

orEém*wó

tnw&nwa&e tnw&nwa&e

Asoaee 'ku" © ar®e

zk|ó tma'a0g y&da'a0g tma'0em y&da'0em tma'0dwwåH y&da'0dwwå/H t,H 0kpöwd bdua © 0 y&da'a0g/ 393/ bdua © 0

/

uwrOö

bdua © 0

um,duH

um,oræóZH

'ku©H

'kuH©

'kuH©/

um,duH tomwH

,H

acg

tomwH a0',dw/H

£'H 0kpöwd bdu©a0 'kuH©/ 394/ / uwrOö bdua © 0 a'greóH/ ,H acg bdua © 0 apwodduH 'kuH© apwodduH tomwH raemoræóZH 'kuH© tomwH a0',dw/H

£'H

0kpöwd bdu©a0 a'greóH/ 395/

uwarm

p

bdua © 0

Oyg,maom/

a,m acg bdua © 0 tnw&nwa&e Asoaee


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

30

orEém*wó

tnw&nwa&e

'ku" © ar®e

zk|ó tm,maom Oyg,maom tm,modwwåH Oyg,modwwåH/

t,H

0kpöwd

bdua © 0

Oyg-

,maom/ 396/

uwarm

p

orÜa,ma*g'kau©m/ ted|m

tuEÅm

&om

bdu©a0

£"

tremyg

azm|AÁm

"r®m?

a,

tyÜa d ,[d aw

a[mEÅd

½lyg

o'´g

*E¨m

0g

yeó

aw

a[mEÅd tew¬umrm t[dwumrm tzmokuumrm ta,m*au©rumrm? ,m aw[d o'¨ð o*Fwd

orm*arm

oarm"meH

rdóDbma0g/

t,H 0kpöwd bdua © 0 tyÜa d ,[d orÜa,ma*g 'kau©m/ 397/ uwarm p bdu©a0 yda,[d 0dyÜa,ma*g'kau©m/

£"

aw

a[mEÅd

£|m

uEÅm remyg ½lyg o'´g *E¨m &om azm|AÁm "r®m? a, 0g yeó aw a[mEÅd tw¬umrm [dwumrm rmwm

0g

zmokuumrm ydwm

0g

a,m*au©rumrm

bmwm

0g

b*deD

0g

rdwmå 0g trpöm 0g Ówdomavm[dwm 0g? ,m

aw[d

toarm"meH

o'¨ð

to*Fwd

trdóDbma0g/

torm*arm t,H

bdua © 0 yda,[d 0dyÜa,ma*g 'kau©m/

0kpöwd


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

31

398/ uwrOö bdua © 0 ,rÜp d äH e vbwd wrÜd 'kuH©/ Zmwd"r®meH bdua © 0 owåmeH {0H £päm OyÜZÆwd

]]ta[m

0w

r,H

e

Zmwd"r®m

tómr? e p 0w aem Zmwd tm*apä,sm}} wd/

e

,rÜp d äH

acg e

yaewH

vbwd

£päm, wrÜd

ywåAÁ?H

'kuH©/

£'rÜd

Z&m"r®meH

bdua © 0 owåmeH {0H £päm OyÜZÆwd ]]ta[m 0w

r,H

aem

Z&m

e

Z&m"r®m

tómr? e

tm*apä,sm}}wd/

e

p

acg

0w

yaewH

£päm, ywåAÁ?H £'rÜd ,rÜp d äH e vbwd wrÜd 'kuH©/ Asm"d"r®meH bdua © 0 owåmeH {0H £päm OyÜZÆwd

]]ta[m

0w

r,H

e

Asm"d"r®m

tómr? e p 0w aem Asm"d tm*apä,sm}} wd/ ,rÜp d äH

e

acg e

yaewH

vbwd

£päm, wrÜd

'kuH©/

ywåAÁ?H

£'rÜd

r&P"r®meH

bdua © 0 owåmeH {0H £päm OyÜZÆwd ]]ta[m 0w r,H e r&P"r®m tómr? e p 0w aem

r&PH

tm*apä,sm}}wd/

e

acg

yaewH

£päm, ywåAÁ?H £'rÜd ,rÜp d äH e vbwd wrÜd 'kuH©/ aomuy&da'0'kua © 'greókyg,mo"r®meH bdua © 0 owåmeH {0H £päm OyÜZÆwd ]]ta[m 0w r,H e aomuy&da'0'kua © 'greókyg-


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

32

,mom

tómr? e

p

0w

aem aomu-

y&da'0'kua © 'greókyg,mo"r®m tm*apä,sK}}EÅ/d e acg yaewH £päm, ywåAÁ?H £'rÜd ,rÜp d äH e vbwd wrÜd 'ku©/H 399/ uwar p bdua © 0 oHcdawåe yOöKyg'geu©E¨m

'kum© /

ao,sxd'H?

½lykyg'geu©aE¨m/

a0'Ekyg'geu©aE¨m/ onKyg'geu©aE¨m/ ocFg½kyg'geu©aE¨m/ 0dnmPkyg'geu©aE¨m/ £ar 0kpöEÅd bdua © 0 oHcdawåe yOöKyg'geu©E¨m 'kum© / £'H 0kpöwd bdu©a0 'kuH© t&d,opö/H ork',opöeda'´o

400/ uwrOö bdua © 0 'kuo © rk',H t&d,opö/H ,m,H wPSm aygaemAÇ0dum eE´& D m*o[*wm wMwwMwmbdeE´e d D/

ao,sxd'H?

umrwPSm

b0wPSm 0db0wPSm/ om acg yaeom bdua © 0 wPSm uw¬ OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d uw¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ ,H

avmau

wPSm ed0dowd/

yd,½lyH

OyÜZÆrmem

omw½lyH?

OyÜZÆw?d

{w¬

{aw¬om ed0dormem


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

33

udOö

avmau

yd,½lyH

omw½lyH?

pu©K

avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ aomwH avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm

OyÜZÆrmem

ed0dowd/

CmeH

{aw¬om

wPSm

ed0dormem

OyÜZÆw?d avmau

{w¬

ed0dormem

yd,½lyH

omw½lyH?

OyÜZÆrmem

ed0dowd/

Zd0Sg

OyÜZÆw?d

avmau

{w¬ yd,½lyH

omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ uma,m avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d

{w¬

ed0dormem

ed0dowd/

raem

avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ ½lyg

avmau/

o'´g

avmau/

*E¨m

avmau/ &om avmau/ azm|AÁm avmau/ "r®m

avmau

wPSm

yd,½lyH

OyÜZÆrmem

omw½lyH?

OyÜZÆw?d

{w¬

{aw¬om ed0dormem

ed0dowd/ pu©K0dnmPH

avmau/

aomw0dnmPH

avmau/ Cme0dnmPH avmau/ Zd0Sg0dnmPH avmau/ um,0dnmPH avmau/ raem0dnmPH


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

34

avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ pu©Koræaóm avmau/ aomworæaóm avmau/

Cmeoræaóm

oræaóm avmau/

avmau/

avmau/ um,

raemoræaóm

Zd0Sg-

oræaóm

avmau

yd,½lyH

omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ pu©KoræóZm a0'em avmau/ aomworæóZm a0'em avmau/

a0'em

avmau/

avmau/

Zd0SgoræóZm

um,oræóZm

raemoræóZm

CmeoræóZm

a0'em

a0'em avmau

a0'em avmau/ yd,½lyH

omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ ½lyonm avmau/ o'´onm avmau/ *E¨onm

avmau/

azm|AÁonm

avmau/

&oonm "r®onm

avmau/ avmau

yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ ½lyoaOöwem

avmau/

o'´oaOöwem

avmau/ *E¨oaOöwem avmau/ &ooaOöwem


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

35

avmau/

azm|AÁoaOöwem

avmau/

"r®-

oaOöwem avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm

OyÜZÆrmem

OyÜZÆw?d

{w¬

ed0dormem

ed0dowd/ ½lywPSm avmau/ o'´wPSm avmau/ *E¨wPSm

avmau/

azm|AÁwPSm

&owPSm

avmau/

avmau/

"r®wPSm

avmau

yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ ½ly0dwauúm

avmau/

o'´0dwauúm

avmau/ *E¨0dwauúm avmau/ &o0dwauúm avmau/ azm|AÁ0dwauúm avmau/ "r®0dwauúm avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ ½ly0dpma&m avmau/ o'´0dpma&m avmau/ *E¨0dpma&m

avmau/

&o0dpma&m

avmau/

azm|AÁ0dpma&m avmau/ "r®0dpma&m avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm OyÜZÆrmem OyÜZÆw?d {w¬ ed0dormem ed0dowd/ £'H 0kpöwd bdua © 0 'kuo © rk',H t&d,opö/H


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

36

eda&m"opöeda'´o

401/ uwrOö bdua © 0 'ku©eda&m"H t&d,opö/H a,m wóma,0 wPSm, taoo0d&m*eda&ma"m pma*g y#dedóa*¾g rkwdå temva,m/ omacg

yaeom

bdua © 0

wPSm

uw¬

y[D,rmem y[D,wd? uw¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ ,H avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ udOö avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH?pu©K avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd?

{w¬

ed½kZößrmem

ed½kZößwd/

aomwH

avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ CmeH

avmau

yd,½lyH

omw½lyH?

{aw¬om

wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/

Zd0Sg

avmau

yd,½lyH

omw½lyH?

{aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ uma,m avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ raem avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

37

½lyg

avmau/

o'´g

avmau/

*E¨m

avmau/ &om avmau/ azm|AÁm avmau/ "r®m

avmau

yd,½lyH

omw½lyH?

{aw¬om

wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ pu©K0dnmPH

avmau/

aomw0dnmPH

avmau/ Cme0dnmPH avmau/ Zd0Sg0dnmPH avmau/ um,0dnmPH avmau/ raem0dnmPH avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ pu©Koræaóm avmau/ aomworæaóm avmau/

Cmeoræaóm

avmau/

Zd0Sg-

oræaóm avmau/ um,oræaóm avmau/ raemoræaóm

avmau

yd,½lyH

omw½lyH?

{aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ pu©KoræóZm a0'em avmau/ aomworæóZm

a0'em

avmau/

CmeoræóZm

a0'em avmau/ Zd0SgoræóZm a0'emavmau/ um,oræóZm

a0'em

avmau/

raem-

oræóZm a0'em avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

38

½lyonm avmau/ o'´onm avmau/ *E¨onm

avmau/

azm|AÁonm

&oonm

avmau/

avmau/

"r®onm

avmau

yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ ½lyoaOöwem

avmau/

o'´oaOöwem

avmau/ *E¨oaOöwem avmau/ &ooaOöwem avmau/ azm|AÁoaOöwem avmau/ "r®oaOöwem

avmau

yd,½lyH

omw½lyH?

{aw¬om

wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ ½lywPSm avmau/ o'´wPSm avmau/ *E¨wPSm

avmau/

azm|AÁwPSm yd,½lyH

avmau/

omw½lyH?

&owPSm

avmau/

"r®wPSm

{aw¬om

wPSm

avmau y[D,-

rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZßö wd/ ½ly0dwauúm

avmau/

o'´0dwauúm

avmau/ *E¨0dwauúm avmau/ &o0dwauúm avmau/

azm|AÁ0dwauúm

avmau/

"r®-

0dwauúm avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

39

½ly0dpma&m avmau/ o'´0dpma&m avmau/ *E¨0dpma&m

avmau/

&o0dpma&m

avmau/

azm|AÁ0dpma&m avmau/ "r®0dpma&m avmau yd,½lyH omw½lyH? {aw¬om wPSm y[D,rmem y[D,wd? {w¬ ed½kZößrmem ed½kZößwd/ £'H 0kpöwd bdua © 0 'kue © da&m"H t&d,opö/H r*¾opöeda'´o

402/

uwrOö

bdua © 0

'kue © da&m"*grded

y#dy'g t&d,opö/H t,ar0 t&da,m t|*Øaum ra*¾g/ ao,sxd'H? or®m'd|d or®mouFayÜg or®m0gpm or®mur®aEÅm or®mtmZDa0g or®m0g,marm or®mowd or®morm"d/ uwrm bdua © 0

p

'kau©

bdua © 0 ÓPH

or®m'd|d/ 'kuo © rk'a,

,H

acg ÓPH

'kue © da&ma" ÓPH 'kue © da&m"*grded,m y#dy'g, ÓPH/ t,H 0kpöwd bdua © 0 or®m'd|d/ uwarm aeu©rouFayÜg

p

bdua © 0

or®mouFayÜg/

tAsmyg'ouFayÜg

t0d[o ð m-

ouFayÜg/ t,H 0kpöwd bdua © 0 or®mouFayÜg/ uwrm p bdua © 0 or®m0gpm/ rkom0g'g a0&rPD ydoP k m, 0gpm, a0&rPD z½kom,


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

40

0gpm, a0&rPD oræyÜvmyg a0&rPD/ t,H 0kpöwd bdu©a0 or®m0gpm/ uwarm

p

bdua © 0

or®mur®aEÅm/

ygPmwdygwm a0&rPD t'dEém'gem a0&rPD umarokrdpämpm&m

a0&rPD/

t,H

0kpöwd

bdua © 0 or®mur®aEÅm/ uwarm p bdua © 0 or®mtmZDa0g/ £" bdua © 0

t&d,om0aum

or®mtmZDa0e

ZD0dwH

rdpämtmZD0H

uayÜw/d

y[m,

t,H

0kpöwd

bdua © 0 or®mtmZDa0g/ uwarm £"

p

bdua © 0

tukovmeH 0g,rwd

bdua © 0

bduK©

"r®meH

0D&d,H

or®m0g,marm/

tEkyÜEémeH

tEkyÜg'g,

tm&bwd

ygyumeH

qE´H

pdwåH

Zaewd

y*¾PSmwd

y'[wd? OyÜEémeH ygyumeH tukovmeH "r®meH y[mem,

qE´H

Zaewd

0g,rwd

0D&d,H

tm&bwd pdwHå y*¾PSmwd y'[wd? tEkyÜEémeH ukovmeH

"r®meH

OyÜg'g,

qE´H

Zaewd

0g,rwd

0D&d,H

tm&bwd

pdwåH

y'[wd?

OyÜEémeH

ukovmeH

"r®meH

toar®mom,

bda,smbm0g,

bm0em, yg&dyl&d,m qE´H Zaewd

y*¾PSmwd Xdwd,m

a0ykvm’ , 0g,rwd


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

41

0D&d,H

tm&bwd

pdwHå

y*¾PSmwd

y'[wd?

t,H 0kpöwd bdua © 0 or®m0g,marm/ uwrm

p

bdua © 0

or®mowd/

£"

bdua © 0 bduK© uma, um,mEkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZößma'greóH?

a0'emok

a0'emEkyóD

0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZößma'greóH? pdawå pdwmå EkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau tbdZößma'greóH? "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd tmwmyD orÜZmaem owdrm 0dae,s avmau

tbdZößma'greóH/

t,H

0kpöwd

bdua © 0 or®mowd/ uwarm p bdu©a0 or®morm"d/ £" bdua © 0

bduK©

tukoav[d

0d0dapö0 "ar®[d

umar[d o0dwuúH

0d0dpö o0dpm&H

0da0uZH yDwo d kcH yXrH psmeH OyorÜZÆ 0d[&wd/ 0dwuú0dpm&meH apwaom

0lyorm

tZößwåH

{aum'dbm0H

orm"dZH

yDwo d kcH

0d[&wd/

yDw, d m

0d[&wd?

oawm

t0dwuúH

'kw, d H p p

0d&m*g

psmeH

orÜom'eH t0dpm&H OyorÜZÆ

Oayu©aum

orÜZmaem?

okcOö

p


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

42

uma,e

y#doHa0a'wd?

,H

wH

t&d,m

tmpduE © Åd ]]Oayu©aum owdrm okc0d[m&D}}wd? wwd,H psmeH OyorÜZÆ 0d[&wd/ okcó p y[mem 'kuó © p y[mem ykaAÁ0 aomreóa'greómeH tw¬*Frm t'kur © okcH Oayu©myg&dok'¨ð

pwkwH¬

0kpöwd

psmeH

bdua © 0

OyorÜZÆ

0d[&wd/

or®morm"d/

£'H

t,H 0kpöwd

bdua © 0 'kue © da&m"*grdeD y#dy'g t&d,opö/H 403/

£wd

0d[&wd?

tZößwåH

0g

A[d'¨g

0g

"ar®ok "ar®ok

"r®mEkyóD "r®mEkyóD

0d[&wd? tZößwåA[d'¨g 0g "ar®ok "r®mEkyóD 0d[&wd/

ork',"r®mEkyóD

0g

"ar®ok

0d[&wd? 0,"r®mEkyóD 0g "ar®ok 0d[&wd? ork',0,"r®mEkyóD ]]tw¬d

"r®m}}wd

a[mwd

0g

,m0a'0

0g

"ar®ok

0d[&wd/

yeó

owd

ypöKy|dwm

ÓPrwåm,

y#dówd-

rwåm,/ tedódawm p 0d[&wd? e p udOöd avmau Oyg'd,wd/ {0rÜd acg bdua © 0 bduK© "ar®ok

"r®mEkyóD

0d[&wd

pwlok

oapöok/ opöyAÁH edXdwH/ "r®mEkyóem edXdwm/

t&d,-


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

43

404/ a,m[d aumpd bdua © 0 £ar pwåma&m owdy|mae

{0H

bma0,s tnw&H

'GE d éH

zvmeH

'da|0

"ar®

tnm

owd

owå0ómed? zvH

0g

yg#ducø

Oyg'daoao

tem*grdwm/ wd|EÅK bdua © 0 owå0ómed/ a,m [d aumpd

bdua © 0

£ar

pwåma&m

owdy|mae

{0H bma0,s q 0ómed/ wó 'GE d éH zvmeH tnw&H owd

zvH

0g

yg#ducø

'da|0

Oyg'daoao

"ar®

tem*grdwm/

tnm yOö

0ómed/ pwåm&d 0ómed/ wDed 0ómed/ a'G 0ómed/

{uH

0óH/

wd|wk

bdua © 0

{uH

0óH/ a,m [d aumpd bdua © 0 £ar pwåma&m owdy|mae {0H bma0,s owårmomed/ wó 'GE d éH

zvmeH

tnw&H

zvH

yg#ducø

'da|0

"ar® tnm owd 0g Oyg'daoao tem*grdwm/ wd|EÅK bdua © 0 owå rmomed/ a,m [d aumpd

bdua © 0

£ar

pwåma&m

owdy|mae

{0H bma0,s q rmomed/ wó 'GdEéH zvmeH tnw&H owd

0g

zvH

yg#ducø

Oyg'daoao

'da|0

"ar®

tem*grdwm/

tnm yOö

rmomed/ pwåm&d rmomed/ wDed rmomed/ a'G


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

44

rmomed/ {uH rmoH/ t¹krmoH/ wd|EÅK bdua © 0 t¹krmaom/ a,m [d aumpd bdua © 0 £ar pwåma&m owdy|mae {0H bma0,s owåm[H? wó

'GE d éH

zvmeH

'da|0

"ar®

tnm

tnw&H owd

zvH

0g

yg#ducø

Oyg'daoao

tem*grdwmwd/ 405/

]]{um,aem

t,H

bdua © 0

ra*¾g

owåmeH 0do' k ¨, d m aomuy&da'0geH orwduúrm,

'ku©a'greómeH

t"d*rm,

edAÁmeó

tw¬*Frm, opddäu& d d,m,

Ó,ó ,'d'H

pwåma&m owdy|mem}}wd £wd ,H wH 0kwHå? £'arwH

y#dpö

twårem

aw

0kwE å Å/d bduL©

£'ra0gp b*0awm

b*0g/ bmodwH

tbdeE´KEÅ/d r[mowdy|meokwHå ed|dwH/

r[m0*¾ygVd? r[mowdy|meokwå? 231-252/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

45

r[mowdy|meokwf jrefrmjyef 372/ tuGßEfy k fonf þodYk Mum;emcJ& h ygonftcgwyg;ü

jrwfpGmbk&m;onf

uk½kwkdif;

ur®mo"r®rnfaomed*H;k ü oDwif;oHk;aeawmfrl\/ xdt k cg jrwfpGmbk&m;onf &[ef;wdYk udk ]]&[ef; wdYk }}[k ac:awmfrl\/ &[ef;wdkYonf jrwfpGmbk &m;tm; ]]toQifb& k m;}}[k jyefavQmufMuukef\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf þw&m;udk a[mawmfrl\/ tusOf;csKyf

373/ &[ef;wdYk þc&D;vrf;onf owå0gwdYk \ pdwp f ifMu,f&ef vGefajrmuf&ef

pd;k &drfylyefjcif; ud, k fqif;&J

ida k <u;jcif;wdYk udk

pdwq f if;&JwdkY

csKyf

Nidrf;&ef t&d,r*fukd&&ef edAÁmefukd rsufarSmufjyK &ef waMumif;wnf;aomc&D;vrf;jzpfay\? ,if; onfh c&D;vrf;um; þowdy|mef av;yg;wdYk ay wnf;/ tb,fav;yg;wdYk enf;[lrl&[ef;wdYk

þomoemawmfü

&[ef;onf

jyif;pGmtm;xkwa f om vHYk v&So d nfjzpfí orÜZOf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

46

ÓPf

&So d nfjzpfí

owd&So d nfjzpfí avmuü

tbdZößm a'greóudk y,fajzmufí ½kyftaygif; ü ½kyftaygif;udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\/ jyif;pGmtm;xkwa f om

vHYk v&So d nf

jzpfí

orÜZOfÓPf&So d nfjzpfí owd&So d nfjzpfí avm uü tbdZößm a'greóudky,fajzmufí a0'em wdYk ü

a0'emwdYk udk

tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\/ jyif;pGmtm;xkwa f om

vHYk v&So d nf

jzpfí

orÜZOfÓPf&So d nfjzpfí owd&So d nfjzpfí avm uü tbdZößm a'greóudk y,fajzmufí pdwü f pdwu f dk tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ jyif;pGmtm;xkwa f om

vHYk v&So d nf

jzpfí

orÜZOfÓPf&So d nfjzpfí owd&So d nfjzpfí avm uü tbdZößm a'greóudky,fajzmufí oabm w&m;wdYk ü

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

tBudrfBudrf½Iavh

&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ tusOf;csKyfNyD;\/

- - owd=

atmufarhjcif;/

avmu=

Oyg'geu©E¨mavmuudq k dkonf/

tbdZößm= vdc k sifwyfrufjcif;/ a'greó= ESvHk;romjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

47

xGufouf0ifoufudk ½Iqifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

374/

&[ef;wdkY

tb,fokdYvQif

&[ef;onf

½kyftaygif;ü ½kyftaygif;udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&Sd onfjzpfí

aeoenf;/

&[ef;wdYk

þomoem

awmfü &[ef;onf awmodYk oGm;a&mufíjzpfap opfyif&if;odYk oGm;a&mufíjzpfap qdwNf idrf&modYk oGm;a&mufíjzpfap wifyv’ifacGNyD;vQif ud, k fudk ajzmifr h wfpGmxm;í

owdud(k ur®|mef;odkY)

jzpfapvsufxdi k f\/

xd& k [ef;onf

a&S½ h I

owd&v Sd suf

omvQif xGuo f ufavudk ½dIuf\/ owd&v Sd suf omvQif 0ifoufavudk ½ª\/ &Snf&Sn½ f Iduv f Qif vnf;

]]&Sn& f Sn½ f Idufonf}}[k

od\?

&Sn& f Sn½ f ª

vQifvnf; ]]&Sn& f Sn½ f o ª nf}}[k od\? wdw k d½ k dIuf vQifvnf;

]]wdw k dk½Iduo f nf}}[k

od\?

wdw k d½ k ª

vQifvnf; ]]wdw k d½ k ªonf}}[k od\? (xGuo f uf av\) ]]tp tv,f tqH;k tvH;k pHa k om ½kyf taygif;udk xif&Sm;odvsuf½du I frnf}}[k usifh\/ (0ifoufav\) ]]tp tv,f tqH;k tvH;k pHk aom usif\ h /

½kyftaygif;udk ]]½kefY&if;aom

xif&Sm;odvsuf½r ª nf}}[k xGuo f ufukd

Nidrf;ap

vsuf½Idur f nf}}[kusif\ h / ]]½kefY&if;aom 0ifouf udk Nidrf;apvsuf ½ªrnf}}[k usifh\/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

48

&[ef;wdYk

Oyrmaomfum;

uGßrf;usifaom

yGwo f rm;onf

vnf;aumif;

yGwo f rm;\

wynfo h nfvnf;aumif; qGi J ifvQifvnf; (yGwBf uKd;udk) onf}}[k

(yGwBf uKd;udk)

&Sn& f Snf

]]&Sn& f Snq f Gi J ifonf}}[k

wdw k dkqGi J ifvQifvnf;

od\?

&[ef;wdYk

od\?

]]wdw k dq k Gi J if

þtwlyif

&[ef;

onf &Sn& f Snf½du I fvQifvnf; ]]&Sn& f Sn½ f Idufonf}} [k od\? &Sn& f Sn½ f v ª Qifvnf; ]]&Sn& f Snf½ªonf}} [k od\? wdw k d½ k dIufvQifvnf; ]]wdw k d½ k Iduo f nf}} [k

od\?

wdw k dk½v ª Qifvnf;

]]wdkwd½ k o ª nf}}[k

od\? (xGuo f ufav\) ]]tp tv,f tqH;k tvH;k pHa k om

½kyftaygif;udk

xif&Sm;odvsuf½u dI f

rnf}}[k usifh\/ (0ifoufav\)]]tp tv,f tqH;k

tvH;k pHa k om

½kyftaygif;udk

xif&Sm;od

vsuf½r ª nf}}[kusifh\/ ]]½kefY&if;aom xGuo f uf udk

Nidrf;apvsuf½du I frnf}}[k

usifh\/

]]½kefY&if;

aom 0ifoufudk Nidrf;apvsuf½ªrnf}}[k usifh\/ þodYk (rdrd\)

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyf

taygif;udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\? olwyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? rdrdow l yg; \ ½kyftaygif;ürlvnf; ½kyftaygif;[k

tBudrf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

49

Budrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\?

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh

jzpfjcif;oabmudk

Budrf

jzpfírlvnf;

½Iavh&So d nf

tBudrf

ae\?

½kyf

taygif;ü ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh ysuffjcif;oabm udk

tBudrfBudrf

ae\?

½Iavh&So d nf

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfírlvnf;

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;

w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

xdYk jyif

taygif;onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k

]]½kyf

xdk&[ef;tm;

owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf) tqifh qifh

todÓPf

wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\?

tqifh

qifh owdwzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk &[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwdYk jzif)h rrSr D wG,r f lívnf; ae\?

avmuü

ig\Opöm[k)

wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf;

pGv J nf;

rpGv J rf;/

(ig

&[ef;wdkY

þodYk vnf; &[ef;onf½y k ftaygif;ü ½kyftaygif; udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ xGufouf0ifoufudk ½Iqifjcifjcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/

- - -


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

50

£&d,mykwfudk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

375/ &[ef;wdYk wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf oGm;vQifvnf; vnf;

]]oGm;onf}}[k

]]&yfonf}}[k

od\?

od\?

&yfvQif

xdi k fvQifvnf;

]]xdi k fonf}}[ko\ d ? avsmif;vQifvnf; ]]avsmif; onf}}[k

od\?

tMuiftMuif

xd& k [ef;\

½kyftaygif;onf

trlt&mtm;jzifh

wnfae\?

xd½ k y k ftaygif;udk xdkxkdtrlt&mtm;jzifh od\/ þodYk (rdrd\) aygif;udk

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyft

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

olwyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? rdrdow l yg; \

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

Budrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh Budrf

½Iavh&So d nf

aygif;ü

½kyftaygif;[k ae\?

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfjcif;oabmudk jzpfírlvnf;

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

tBudrf tBudrf

ae\?

½kyft

ysuffjcif;oabm

udk tBudrfBudrf½a I vh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf; ae\? ½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk onfjzpfírlvnf;ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&Sd

xdYk jyif]]½kyftaygif;onf

omvQif&o Sd nf}}[k xd& k [ef;tm; owdonf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

51

a&S;½Sx ª if\? ÓPf

(xdo k wdonf)

tqifq h ifh

tod

wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\?

tqifhqifh

owd

wzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk&[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwkdYjzif)h

rrSr D wG,r f lívnf;

ae\?

avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef; onf

½kyftaygif;ü

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ £&d,mykwfudk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/

- - owdorÜZOfjzifh qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

376/ &[ef;wdYk wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf a&So h dYk wd;k &m aemufokdYqkwf&mü odvsuf jyKavh &S\ d ? wl½lMunfh&m wapmif;Munf& h mü odvsuf jyKavh&S\ d ?

auG;&mqefY&mü

odvsufjyKavh&Sd\?

'ku# k f oydwf ouFef;udk aqmif&mü odvsufjyK avh&S\ d ?

pm;&m

aomuf&m

cJ&m

vsuf&mü

odvsufjyKavh&S\ d ?

usifBuD;

usifi,f

pGefY&mü

odvsufjyKavh&S\ d ?

oGm;&m

&yf&m

xdi k f&m

tdyf&m Ed;k &m ajym&m qdwq f dwa f e&mü odvsuf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

52

jyKavh&S\ d / þodYk (rdrd\) aygif;udk

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyft

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

olwyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

olwyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyftaygif;udk ae\?

rdrd

½kyftaygif;[k

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? ½kyftaygif; ü

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh

BudrfBudrf

½Iavh&Sdonf

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfjcif;oabmudk jzpfírlvnf;

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

t

ae\?

ysuffjcif;o

abmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf; ae\?

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;

w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

taygif;onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k

xdYk jyif

]]½kyf

xdk&[ef;tm;

owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf) tqifh qifh

todÓPf

wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\?

tqifh

qifh owdwzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk &[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwdYk jzif)h rrSr D wG,r f lívnf; ae\? avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\ Opöm[k) pGv J nf;rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef;onf ½kyftaygif;ü ½kyftaygif;udk tBudrf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

53

Budrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ owdorÜZOfjzifh qifjcifjcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/

- - pufqkyz f G,f[k ESv;Hk oGif;jcif;tydi k f;

377/ &[ef;wdYk wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf ajcz0g;rStxuf

qHyifjzm;rSatmuf

xuf0ef;

usif ta&yg;tqH;k &Sa d om rpifMu,fonfh t&m trsKd;rsKd;wdkYjzifh

jynfv h suf&Sa d om

þ½kyftaygif;

udy k if pl;pdu k fqifjcif\? ]]þ½kyftaygif;ü qHyif tarG; ajconf;vufonf; oGm; ta&? tom; taMum

t½dk;

½dk;wGif;csOfqD

tonf;

tajr§;

tzsOf;

tpmopf ovdyf qDMunf

tpma[mif; jynf

aoG;

wHaxG;

tn§Kd Y?

ESvkH;

tlr

tlor d f

tqkyf? OD;aESmuf?

acR;

ESyf

tqDcJ?

tap;

onf;ajc rsuf&nf

usifi,fonf

&S\ d }}[k pl;pdu k fqifjcif\/ &[ef;wdkY

Oyrmaomfum;

ESpfzufrsufESm0

&Sa d omtdwfonf pyg;trsKd;rsKd;jzifh jynfv h suf&& Sd m \/ tb,fpyg;wdYk enf;[lrl oav;pyg; aumuf BuD;pyg; yJaemuf yJBuD; ESrf; qefwdYk wnf;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

54

rsufpdtjrif&a Sd om a,musfm;onf xdktw d fukdajz í ]]þonfwkdYum; oav;pyg;wdYk wnf; þonf wdYk um; yJaemufwkdYwnf; þonfwkdYum; yJBuD; wdYk wnf; þonfwkdYum; ESrf;wdkYwnf; þonf wdYk um;

qefwkdYwnf;}}[k

pl;pdu k fqifjcif&mouJh

odYk &[ef;wdkY þtwlyif &[ef;onf ajcz0g;rS txuf qHyifjzm;rSatmuf xuf0ef;usif

ta&

yg;tqH;k &Sa d om rpifMu,fonfh t&mtrsKd;rsKd;wdkY jzifh jynfv h suf&Sa d om þ½kyftaygif;udkyif pl;pdu k f qifjcif\?

]]þ½kyftaygif;ü

ajconf;vufonf;

qHyif

oGm;

ta&?

taMum

t½dk;

½dk;wGif;csOfqD

tonf;

tajr§;

tzsOf;

tpmopf ovdyf

tpma[mif; jynf

qDMunf

aoG;

wHaxG;

ESyf

tom;

tn§Kd Y?

ESvkH;

tlr

tlor d f

tqkyf? OD;aESmuf?

acR;

tarG;

onf;ajc

tqDcJ?

tap;

rsuf&nf

usifi,fonf

&S\ d }}[k (pl;pdu k fqifjcif\)/ þodYk (rdrd\) aygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyft

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\?

olwyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

olwyg;\ ½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyftaygif;udk ae\?

rdrd

½kyftaygif;[k


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

55

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? ½kyftaygif; ü

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh

BudrfBudrf

½Iavh&Sdonf

½kyftaygif;ü

tBudrfBudrf ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

ysuffjcif; jzpfí

jzpfaMumif;

jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

]]½kyftaygif;onfomvQif&o Sd nf}}[k

&[ef;tm;

t

ae\?

½Iavh&So d nf

½kyftaygif;ü

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh xdYk jyif

jzpfírlvnf;

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

oabmudk rlvnf;

jzpfjcif;oabmudk

owdonf

a&S;½ªxif\?

xdk

(xdo k wd

onf) tqifq h ifh todÓPf wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf \?

tqifq h ifh

jzpf\?

owdwzef

(xd& k [ef;onf

rwG,r f lívnf;

ae\?

wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom

wPSm'd|dwkdYjzif)h avmuü

rrSD

wpHw k &m

udr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef;onf ½kyftaygif;ü ½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí

ae\/ pufqkyz f G,f[k ESv;Hk oGif;jcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/

- - -


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

56

"gwftm;jzifh ESv;Hk oGi;f jcif;tydi k f;

378/

&[ef;wdkY

wzef

xdYk jyifvnf;

]]þ½kyf

taygif;ü ajr"mwf a&"mwf rD;"mwf av"mwf onf&S\ d }}[k

þ½kyftaygif;udk

wnfNrJwkdif;

xm;NrJwkdif;yif "mwftm;jzifh pl;pdu k fqifjcif\/ &[ef;wdYk

Oyrmaomfum;

uRrf;usifaom

EGm;owform;onfvnf;aumif;

EGm;owform;

\wynfo h nf

vnf;aumif;

vrf;av;cGqH& k mü

EGm;udo k wfí

tpktyHt k m;jzifh

cGjJ cm;vsuf

xdi k fae&mouJo h dYk &[ef;wdYk þtwlyif &[ef; onf

]]þ½kyftaygif;ü

ajr"mwf

a&"mwf

rD;"mwf av"mwfonf&Sd\}}[k þ½kyftaygif;udk wnfNrJwkdif; xm;NrJwkdif;yif "mwftm;jzifh pl;pdu k f qifjcif\/ þodYk (rdrd\) aygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyft

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\?

olwyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

wyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyftaygif;udk ae\?

rdrdol

½kyftaygif;[k

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? ½kyftaygif; ü

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&Sdonf

jzpfjcif;oabmudk jzpfírlvnf;

ae\?


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

57

½kyftaygif;ü jcif;oabmudk rlvnf;

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh tBudrfBudrf

ae\?

aMumif;w&m;ESifh

½Iavh&Sdonf

½kyftaygif;ü

ysuf jzpfí

jzpfaMumif;ysuf

jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk

t

BudrfBudrf ½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfírlvnf;ae\? xdYk jyif ]]½kyftaygif;onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k xdk&[ef;tm; owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf) tqifh qifh

todÓPf

wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\?

tqifh

qifh owdwzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk &[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwdYk jzif)h rrSr D wG,r f lívnf; ae\? avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\ Opöm[k) pGv J nf;rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef;onf ½kyftaygif;ü ½kyftaygif;udk tBudrf Budrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ "gwftm;jzifh ESv;Hk oGi;f jcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/

- - olaoaumifu;dk rsKd;udk ESv;Hk oGi;f jcif;tydi k f;

379/ &[ef;wdYk wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf aoí wpf&uf&Sa d om olaoaumif? aoí ESpf &uf&a Sd om olaoaumif?

aoí oH;k &uf&a Sd om


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

58

olaoaumif?

zl;a&mifaeaom

½kyfqif;ysufvsuf

ndKrJaeaom

jynfuhJokdY

pufqkyfzG,f

ocsØKif;ü

pGefYypfxm;aom

olaoaumif? olaoaumif?

tykyf&nf

,dp k D;aom

olaoaumifudk

jrif

&mouJo h dYk xd& k [ef;onf ]]þig\ ½kyftaygif; onfvnf; þodYk aom oabm&Sd\? þodYk aom oabm

jzpfvr d fr h nfomwnf;?

þodYk aom

oabmudk rvGefqefEdi k f}}[k þ½kyftaygif;udkyif Edi I f;pmí½I\/ þodYk (rdrd\) aygif;udk

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

tBudrfBudrf

olwyg;\

½kyft

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

ae\?

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? rdrdow l yg; \

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

Budrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

½kyftaygif;[k ae\?

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh

jzpfjcif;oabmudk

Budrf

jzpfírlvnf;

½Iavh&So d nf

tBudrf tBudrf

ae\?

½kyf

taygif;ü ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh ysuffjcif;oabm udk ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nf

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfírlvnf;

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;

w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf; ae\?

xdYk jyif ]]½kyft


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

59

aygif;onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k

xd& k [ef;tm;

o

wdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf) tqifq h ifh todÓPf wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\? tqifq h ifh o wd wzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xd& k [ef; onf wPSm'd|dwdYk jzif)h rrSr D wG,r f lívnf;ae\? avmuü wpHkw&mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef; onf

½kyftaygif;ü

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ &[ef;wdYk

xdYk jyifvnf;&[ef;onf

cJpm;tyfonfrlvnf;jzpfaom

pGef&JwdYk

usD;wdkY cJpm;tyf

onfrlvnf;jzpfaom vif;wwdYk cJpm;tyfonfrl vnf;jzpfaom

bHr k wD;iSufwdYk

cJpm;tyfonfrl

vnf;jzpfaom acG;wdkY cJpm;tyfonfrlvnf; jzpf aom

usm;wdYk

cJpm;tyfonfrlvnf;jzpfaom

opfwkdY cJpm;tyfonfrlvnf;jzpfaom ajracG;wdYk cJpm;tyfonfrlvnf;jzpfaom

yd;k trsKd;rsKd;wdkY

pm;tyfonfrlvnf;jzpfaom

ocsØKif;ü

xm;aom

olaoaumifukd

cJ

pGefYypf

jrif&mouJo h dYk

þ

ud, k fukdomvQif ]]þig\ ½kyftaygif;onfvnf; þodYk aom

oabm&Sd\?

jzpfvr d r fh nfomwnf;?

þodYk aomoabm

þodYk aom

oabmudk


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

60

rvGefqefEi dk f}}[k

þ½kyftaygif;udy k if

Edi I f;pmí

½I\/ þodYk (rdrd\) aygif;udk

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyft

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

olwyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? rdrdow l yg; \

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

Budrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh Budrf

½Iavh&So d nf

aygif;ü udk ae\?

½kyftaygif;[k ae\?

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

tBudrfBudrf

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfjcif;oabmudk jzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

tBudrf ½kyft

ysuffjcif;oabm

½Iavh&So d nf

½kyftaygif;ü

tBudrf

jzpfírlvnf;

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;

w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

aygif;onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k

xdYk jyif

]]½kyft

xd& k [ef;tm;

o

wdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf) tqifq h ifh todÓPf wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\? tqifq h ifh o wd wzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xd& k [ef; onf wPSm'd|dwdYk jzif)h rrSr D wG,r f lívnf;ae\? avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGJvnf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef;


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

61

onf

½kyftaygif;ü

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ &[ef;wdYk wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf tom;aoG;&Sa d o;aom aom

taMumwdYk jzifh

t½dk;qufvsuf&Sa d o;aom

zGYJ xm;

ocsØKif;ü

pGefY

ypftyfaom olaoaumifudk jrif&mouJo h dYk þ ud, k fukdomvQif ]]þig\ ½kyftaygif;onfvnf; þodYk aom oabm&Sd\? þodYk aomoabm jzpf vdrfr h nfomwnf;? þodYk aom oabmudk rvGef qefEi dk f}}[k þ½kyftaygif;udy k if Edi I f;pmí½I\/ tom;uif;í aoG;wdYk jzifh ayusHvsuf t aMumwdYk jzifh

zGYJ vsufaom

t½dk;qufvsuf&a Sd o;

aom ocsØKif;ü pGefYypftyfaom olaoaumifukd jrif&mouJo h dYk þud, k fukdomvQif ]]þig\ ½kyf taygif;onfvnf;

þodYk aom

oabm&Sd\?

þodYk aomoabm jzpfvdrfr h nfomwnf;? þodYk aom

oabmudk

rvGefqefEdi k f}}[k

þ½kyft

aygif;udy k if Edi I f;pmí½I\/ tom;taoG;uif;vsuf

taMumwdkYjzifh

zGYJ xm;aom t½dk;pkjzpfaom ocsØKif;ü pGefYypftyf aom olaoaumifukd jrif&mouJo h dYk þud, k fudk omvQif

]]þig\

½kyftaygif;onfvnf;


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

62

þodYk aom oabm&Sd\? þodYk aomoabm jzpf vdrfr h nfomwnf;? þodYk aom oabmudk rvGef qefEi dk f}}[k þ½kyftaygif;udy k if Edi I f;pmí½I\/ wae&müvuf½d;k üajczrsuf½;dk

wae&müajc½d;k

wae&müjrif;acgif;½d;k

wae&m wae&mü

aygif½;dk wae&mücg;½dk; wae&müeH½;dk wae&mü ausmufukef;½d;k

wae&müycH;k ½dk;

wae&mü

vnfyif;½d;k wae&müar;½d;k wae&müoGm;½dk; w ae&müOD;acgif;cGt H m;jzifh zGYJ jcif;uif;ukefvsuf xdk xdt k &yfwkdYü BuJjyefYaeukefaom ocsØKif;ü pGefYypf tyfaom t½dk;pk olaoaumifwkdYudk jrif&mouJh odYk xd& k [ef;onf þud, k fukdomvQif ]]þig\ ½kyftaygif;onfvnf;

þodYk aom

oabm&Sd\?

þodYk aomoabm jzpfvdrfr h nfomwnf;? þodYk aomoabmudk

rvGefqefEdi k f}}[k

þ½kyftaygif;

udy k if Edi I f;pmí½I\/ þodYk (rdrd\) aygif;udk olwyg;\

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyft

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? rdrdow l yg; \

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

Budrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

½kyftaygif;[k ae\?

tBudrf

½kyftaygif;ü


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

63

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh Budrf

½Iavh&So d nf

aygif;ü

jzpfjcif;oabmudk jzpfírlvnf;

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

tBudrf

ae\?

½kyft

ysuffjcif;oabm

udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf; ae \?

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;

ESifh

jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk

avh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

aygif;onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k

tBudrfBudrf xdYk jyif

½I

]]½kyft

xd& k [ef;tm;

o

wdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf) tqifq h ifh todÓPf wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\? tqifq h ifh o wd wzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xd& k [ef; onf wPSm'd|dwdYk jzif)h rrSr D wG,r f lívnf;ae\? avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef; onf

½kyftaygif;ü

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ &[ef;wdYk wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf c½koif;tqif;ESifh

wlaom

jzLazG;aeukefaom

ocsØKif;üpGefYypftyfue k faom t½dk;pk olaoaumif wdYk udk

jrif&mouJo h dYk

þud, k fukdomvQif

]]þ

ig\ ½kyftaygif;onfvnf; þodYk aomoabm&Sd \?

þodYk aomoabm

jzpfvr d r fh nfomwnf;?


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

64

þodYk aom

oabmudk

½kyftaygif;udkyif pkya Hk eaom

rvGefqefEi dk f}}[k

Edi I f;pmí½I\/

þ

ESpfve G fvsuf

ocsØKif;üpGefYypftyfue k faom

t½dk;pk

olaoaumifwkdYudk jrif&mouJo h dYk þud, k fukdom vQif

]]þig\

½kyftaygif;onfvnf;

aom

oabm&Sd\?

þodYk aomoabm

þodYk jzpfvr d fh

rnfomwnf;? þodYk aom oabmudk rvGefqef Edi k f}}[k þ½kyftaygif;udkyif Edi I f;pmí½I\/ aqG; ajrhvsuf

trIefYjzpfue k faom

ocsØKif;üpGefYypftyf

ukefaom t½dk;pk olaoaumifwkdYudk jrif&mouJh odYk

þud, k fukdomvQif

]]þig\

½kyftaygif;

onfvnf; þodYk aom oabm&Sd\? þodYk aom oabm

jzpfvr d fr h nfomwnf;?

þodYk aom

oabmudk rvGefqefEdi k f}}[k þ½kyftaygif;udkyif Edi I f;pmí½I\/ þodYk (rdrd\) aygif;udk olwyg;\

tBudrfBudrf

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyft

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\?

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf;

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? rdrdow l yg; \ Budrf

½kyftaygif;ürlvnf; ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

½kyftaygif;[k ae\?

tBudrf

½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;oabmudk

tBudrf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

65

Budrf

½Iavh&So d nf

aygif;ü

jzpfírlvnf;

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

ae\?

½kyft

ysuffjcif;oabm

udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf;ae\? ½kyftaygif;ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk

tBudrfBudrf

onfjzpfírlvnf;

xdYk jyif

ae\?

½Iavh&Sd

]]½kyftaygif;

onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k xd& k [ef;tm; owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? ÓPf

(xdo k wdonf)

tqifq h ifh

tod

wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\?

tqifhqifh

owd

wzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk&[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwkdYjzif)h

rrSr D wG,r f lívnf;

ae\?

avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef; onf

½kyftaygif;ü

½kyftaygif;udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ olaoaumifu;dk rsKd;udk ESv;Hk oGi;f jcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/ ½kyftaygif;udk qifjcifjcif; wpfq,fa h v;yg; NyD;\/

- - -


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

66

a0'emudq k ifjcifjcif;udk;yg;

380/

&[ef;wdkY

a0'emwdYk ü

tb,fodYk vQif

a0'emwdYk udk

&So d nfjzpfí

&[ef;onf

tBudrfBudrf

aeoenf;/

½Iavh

&[ef;wdYk

þ

omoemawmfü &[ef;onf okca0'emudk cHpm; vQifvnf; ]]okca0'emudk cHpm;onf}}[k od\/ 'kua © 0'emudk cHpm;onf}}[k cHpm;vQifvnf;

cHpm;vQifvnf; od\/

]]'ku©a0'emudk

t'ku©rokca0'emudk

]]t'kur © okca0'emudk

cHpm;

onf}}[k od\/ umr*kPfESifp h yfaom csrf;omaom a0'em udk cHpm;vQifvnf;]]umr*kPfESifp h yfaom csrf;om aom a0'emudk cHpm;onf}}[ko\ d / umr*kPf ESir fh pyfaom csrf;omaom a0'emudk cHpm;vQif vnf; a0'emudk

]]umr*kPfESifr h pyfaom cHpm;onf}}[k

od\/

csrf;omaom umr*kPfESifh

pyfaom qif;&Jaom a0'emudk cHpm;vQifvnf; ]]umr*kPfESip fh yfaom

qif;&Jaom

a0'emudk

- - a0'em= cHpm;jcif;/ okca0'em= csrf;omaomcHpm;jcif;/ 'ku©a0'em= qif;&JaomcHpm;jcif;/ t'ku©rokca0'em= qif;&Jr[kwf csrf;omr[kwfaomcHpm;jcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

67

cHpm;onf}}[k qif;&Jaom

od\/ a0'emudk

*kPfESir fh pyfaom onf}}[kod\/ [kwf

umr*kPfESir fh pyfaom cHpm;vQifvnf;

qif;&Jaom

a0'emudk

umr*kPfESifp h yfaom

csrf;omr[kwa f om

]]umr cHpm;

qif;&Jr

a0'emudk

cHpm;vQif

vnf; ]]umr*kPfESifp h yfaom qif;&Jr[kwf csrf; omr[kwa f om a0'emudk cHpm;onf}}[k od\/ umr*kPfESir fh pyfaom

qif;&Jr[kwf

csrf;omr

[kwa f om a0'emudk cHpm;vQifvnf; ]]umr*kPf ESir fh pyfaom

qif;&Jr[kwf

csrf;omr[kwa f om

a0'emudk cHpm;onf}}[k od\/ þodYk (rdrd\)

a0'emwdYk ürlvnf;

a0'em

wdYk udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\? ol wyg;\

a0'emwdYk ürlvnf;

a0'emwdYk udk

t

BudrfBudrf ½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí ae\? rdrdow l yg; \ a0'emwdYk ürlvnf; a0'emwdYk [k tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfíae\? w&m;ESifh &So d nf

a0'emwdYk ü

jzpfjcif;oabmudk jzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

jzpfaMumif;

tBudrfBudrf a0'emwdYk ü

½Iavh ysuf

aMumif;w&m;ESifh ysuffjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf

jzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

a0'emwdYk ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

68

oabmudk vnf;

tBudrfBudrf

ae\?

½Iavh&So d nf

xdYk jyif

jzpfírl

]]a0'emonfomvQif&Sd

onf}}[k xd& k [ef;tm; owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf) tqifq h ifh todÓPf

wd;k yGg;

jcif;iSgomjzpf\? tqifq h ifh owdwzef wd;k yGg; jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xd& k [ef;onf wPSm'd|dwkdY jzif)h rrSr D wG,r f lívnf; ae\? avmuü wpHk w&mudr k Qvnf; rpGv J rf;/

(ig

&[ef;wdkY

a0'emwdYk ü

ig\Opöm[k) þodYk vnf;

a0'emwdYk udk

pGv J nf;

&[ef;onf

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh

&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ a0'emudq k ifjcifjcif;udk;yg; NyD;\/

- - pdwfudkqifjcifjcif; wpfq,fa h jcmufyg;

381/

&[ef;wdkY

pdwü f

pdwu f dk

tb,fokdYvQif tBudrfBudrf

&[ef;onf

½Iavh&o Sd nfjzpfí

aeoenf;/ &[ef;wdYk þomoemawmfü &[ef; onf

&m*ESifw h uGaompdwu f dv k nf;

wuGaompdw}f }[k

od\/

]]&m*ESifh

&m*uif;aompdwu f dk

vnf; ]]&m*uif;aompdw}f }[k od\/ a'goESifh wuGaompdwu f dv k nf; ]]a'goESifw h uGaompdw}f }


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

69

[k od\/ a'gouif;aompdwu f dv k nf; ]]a'go uif;aompdw}f }[k

od\/

arm[ESiw fh uGaom

pdwu f dv k nf; ]]arm[ESifw h uGaompdw}f }[k od\/ arm[uif;aompdwu f dv k nf; pdw}f }[ko\ d / [k

od\/

od\/

]]arm[uif;aom

oHcdwp å dwu f dv k nf;

0dud©wp å dwu f dv k nf;

r[*¾Kwfpdwu f dv k nf;

]]oHcdwp å dw}f }

]]0dud©wp å dw}f }[k ]]r[*¾Kwfpdwf}}[k

od\/ tr[*¾Kwfpdwu f dv k nf; ]]tr[*¾Kwfpdw}f } [k od\/ oOwå&pdwu f dv k nf; ]]oOwå&pdwf}} [k

od\/

tEkw& å pdwu f dv k nf;

]]tEkw& å pdw}f }

[k

od\/

orm[dwpdwu f dv k nf;

]]orm[dw

pdw}f }[k od\/ torm[dwpdwu f dv k nf; ]]to rm[dwpdw}f }[kod\/ 0drkwp å dwu f dv k nf; ]]0drkwå pdw}f }[k

od\/

t0drkwåpdwu f dv k nf;

]]t0drkwå

pdw}f }[k od\/ - - oHcw d åpdwf= usKHYaompdwf/ 0du©dwåpw d f= ysHYaompdwf/ r[*¾Kwfpw d f =½lyt½lypdwf/ tr[*¾Kwfpdwf= umr0p&pdwf/ oOwå&pdwf= umrm0p&pdwf/ tEkwå&pdwf= ½lyt½lypdwf/ orm[dwpdwf= tyÜrmorm"d Oypm&orm"d&dSaom wnfMunfaompdwf/ tyÜrmorm"d= Oypm&orm"d&dSaom wnfMunfaompdwf/ torm[dwpdwf= orm"dESpfyg;uif;aom rwnfMunfaompdwf/ 0drw k åpdwf= vGwfajrmufaompdwf/ t0drkwåpdwf= rvGwfajrmufaompdwf/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

70

þodYk (rdrd\) BudrfBudrf

pdwfürlvnf;

½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí

pdwü f rlvnf;

pdwu f dk

pdwu f dk

ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

t

olwyg;\ ½Iavh&So d nf

jzpfíae\? rdrdow l yg;\ pdwü f rlvnf; pdwu f dk tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh Budrf

½Iavh&So d nf

ae\?

pdwü f

jzpfjcif;oabmudk jzpfírlvnf;

tBudrf

ae\?

pdwü f

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh ysuffjcif;oabmudk tBudrf Budrf

½Iavh&So d nf

jzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

pdwü f

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;ysufjcif; oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf; ae\?

xdYk jyif

&[ef;tm; onf)

]]pdwo f nfomvQif&o Sd nf}}[k

owdonf

tqifq h ifh

a&S;½ªxif\?

todÓPf

xdk

(xdo k wd

wd;k yGg;jcif;iSgom

jzpf\? tqifq h ifh owdwzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\?

(xd& k [ef;onf

rwG,r f lívnf; rQvnf; &[ef;wdYk

(ig

ae\?

wPSm'd|dwkdYjzif)h avmuü

ig\Opöm[k)

þodYk vnf;

rrSD

wpHw k &mudk

pGv J nf; &[ef;onf

rpGv J rf;/ pdwü f

pdwu f dk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ pdwfudkqifjcifjcif; wpfq,fa h jcmufyg; NyD;\/

- - -


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

71 oabmw&m;udk qifjcifjcif;ig;yg; eD0&Pw&m;ig;yg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

382/ &[ef;wdkY tb,fokdYvQif &[ef;onf o abmw&m;wdYk ü ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

oabmw&m;wdYk udk aeoenf;/

tBudrfBudrf

&[ef;wdkY

omoemawmfü

&[ef;onf

eD0&Pig;yg;

abmw&m;wdYk ü

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

þ o

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ &[ef;wdYk tb,fokdYvQif &[ef;onf eD0 &Pig;yg; oabmw&m;wdYk ü oabmw&m;wdYk udk tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

aeoenf;/

&

[ef;wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf twGif; oEÅmefü

umrpäE´&Sv d Qifvnf;

]]ig\twGif;

oEÅmefü umrpäE´&So d nf}}[ko\ d / twGif;oEÅmef ü

umrpäE´r&Sv d Qifvnf;

]]ig\twGif;oEÅmefü

umrpäE´r&S}d }[k od\/ rjzpfao;aom umrpäE´ jzpfaMumif;udv k nf; od\/ jzpfNyD;aom umrpäE´ y,faMumif;udv k nf; od\/ y,fNf yD;aom um- - eD0&P= tydwftyifw&m;/ umrpäE´= umr*kPftvdk/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

72

rpäE´\ aemiftcg rjzpfay:aMumif;udkvnf;od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü oEÅmefü

Asmyg'&Sv d Qifvnf;

Asmyg'&So d nf}}[k

Asmyg'r&Sv d Qifvnf;

]]ig\

od\/

rdrdoEÅmefü

]]ig\oEÅmefü

Asmyg'r&S}d }

[ko\ d / rjzpfao;aom Asmyg' jzpfaMumif;udk vnf;od\/ jzpfNyD;aom Asmyg'\ y,faMumif; udv k nf; od\/ y,fNf yD;aom Asmyg'\ aemif tcg rjzpfay:aMumif;udv k nf; od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü oEÅmefü

xderd'¨&Sv d Qifvnf;

xderd'¨&So d nf}}[k

xderd'¨r&Sv d Qifvnf;

]]ig\

od\/

rdrdoEÅmefü

]]ig\oEÅmefü

xderd'¨r&S}d }

[k od\/ rjzpfao;aom xderd'¨ jzpfaMumif; udv k nf;

od\/

jzpfNyD;aom

xderd'¨\

y,f

aMumif;udkvnf; od\/ y,fNf yD;aom xderd'¨\ aemiftcg rjzpfay:aMumif;udkvnf; od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü O'¨pöuu k úKpö&Sv d Qifvnf; ]]ig\ oEÅmefü O'¨pöukuKú pö&Sdonf}}[ko\ d / rdrdoEÅmef ü O'¨pöuu k úKpör&Sv d Qifvnf; ]]ig\oEÅmefü O'¨pö - - Asmyg'= olwyg;udy k sufpD;apvdjk cif;oabm/ xderd'¨= av;vHxi dk f;rIi d f;jcif;/ O'¨p= ö ysHUvGifjh cif;/ ukuúKpö= ESvHk;romjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

73

ukuKú pör&S}d }[ko\ d / rjzpfao;aom O'¨pöuu k úKpö jzpfaMumif;udv k nf; ukuKú pö\ aom

od\/

jzpfNyD;aom

y,faMumif;udkvnf;

O'¨pöuu k úKpö\

od\/

aemiftcg

O'¨pö y,fNf yD;

rjzpfay:

aMumif;udkvnf; od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü

0dpdup d äm&Sv d Qifvnf;

]]ig\

oEÅmefü 0dpdup d äm&So d nf}}[k od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü 0dpdudpämr&Sv d Qifvnf; r&S}d }[k

od\/

]]ig\oEÅmefü

rjzpfao;aom

0dpdup d äm

0dpdup d äm

jzpf

aMumif;udkvnf; od\/ jzpfNyD;aom 0dpdudpäm\ y,faMumif;udv k nf;od\/ y,fNf yD;aom 0dpdup d äm \ aemiftcg rjzpfay:aMumif;udv k nf; od\/ þodYk rdrd\ oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; o abmw&m;wdYk udk ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

olwyg;\

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpf

íae\? rdrdolwyg;\ oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; oabmw&m;wdYk udk í

ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

½Iavh&So d nfjzpf jzpfaMumif;w&m;

ESifh jzpfjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf; ae\?

oabmw&m;wdYk ü - - -

0dpu d dpäm= ra0cGJEkdifjcif;/

ysuf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

74

aMumif;w&m;ESifh ysuffjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf; ae\? oabmw&m; wdYk ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

ysufjcif;oabmudk jzpfírlvnf;

tBudrfBudrf

ae\?

xdYk jyif

jzpfjcif;

½Iavh&So d nf

]]oabmw&m;wdYk

onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k xd& k [ef;tm; owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? ÓPf

(xdo k wdonf)

tqifq h ifh

tod

wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\?

tqifhqifh

owd

wzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk&[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwkdYjzif)h

rrSr D wG,frlívnf;

ae\?

avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef; onf

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

oabmw&m;[k

t

BudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ eD0&Pw&m;ig;yg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/ - - cE¨mig;yg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

383/ &[ef;wdkY Oyg'geu©E¨mig;yg; w&m;wdYk udk

wzefxkdYjyifvnf; &[ef;onf oabmw&m;wdYk ü

tBudrfBudrf

oabm

½Iavh&o Sd nfjzpfí

aeonf/ &[ef;wdkY tb,fokdYvQif &[ef;onf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

75

Oyg'geu©E¨mig;yg;

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

oabm

w&m;wdYk udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí aeo enf;/ &[ef;wdkY þomoemawmfü &[ef;onf þum;½kyfwnf;?

þum;

½kyf\jzpfaMumif;

wnf;? þum;½kyf\csKyf&mwnf;? þum;a0'em wnf;?

þum;

a0'em\jzpfaMumif;wnf;?

þum; a0'em\csKyf&mwnf;? þum; onm wnf;? um;

þum;

onm\jzpfaMumif;wnf;?

onm\csKyf&mwnf;?

þ

þonfwkdYum;

ocFg&wdYk wnf;? þonfwkdYum; ocFg&wdYk \jzpf aMumif;wnf;? &mwnf;?

þonfwkdYum;

þum;

ocFg&wdYk \csKyf

0dnmPfwnf;?

þum;

0dnmPf\jzpfaMumif;wnf;? þum; 0dnmPf\ csKyf&mwnf;[k ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ þodYk (rdrd\) oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; o abmw&m;wdYk udk ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

olwyg;\

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpf

íae\? rdrdow l yg;\ oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; oabmw&m;wdYk udk íae\?

tBudrfBudrf

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

½Iavh&o Sd nfjzpf

jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh

jzpfjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

76

rlvnf;

ae\?

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

ysufaMumif;

w&m;ESifh ysuffjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh &So d nf

jzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;ysufjcif; oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf; ae\? xdYk jyif ]]oabmw&m;wdYk onfomvQif &Sd onf}}[k xd& k [ef;tm; owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf)tqifq h ifh todÓPf wd;k yGg;jcif; omjzpf\? tqifq h ifh owdwzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSm om

jzpf\?

(xdk&[ef;onf

rrSr D wG,r f lívnf;

ae\?

wPSm'd|dwkdYjzif)h

avmuü

wpHw k &m

udr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk

þodYk vnf;

&[ef;onf

oabm

w&m;wdYk ü oabmw&m;[k tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&Sd onfjzpfí ae\/ cE¨mig;yg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/

- - -

onm= rSwfodjcif;/ ocFg&= jyKjyifpD&ifrI tm;xkwfr/I 0dnmPf= txl;odrI/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

77

tm,wewpfq,fE h Spfyg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

384/ &[ef;wdkY wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf ajcmufyg;aom twGif;ty tm,we oabm w&m;wdYk ü

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

tBudrfBudrf½Iavh

&So d nfjzpfí aeonf/ &[ef;wdYk tb,fokdYvQif &[ef;onf we

ajcmufyg;aom

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

twGif;ty

tm,

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

t

BudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí aeoenf;/ &[ef;wdYk

þomoemawmfü

&[ef;onf

rsufpdukdvnf; od\? tqif;wdYk udv k nf; od\? xdE k Spfyg;pHu k dp k Gí J oHa,mZOfjzpfjcif;udv k nf;od\? rjzpfao;aom vnf;

od\?

oHa,mZOf\ jzpfNyD;aom

jzpfaMumif;udk

oHa,mZOf\

y,f

aMumif;udkvnf;od\? y,fNyD;aom oHa,mZOf\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif;udkvnf; od\/ em;udv k nf;od\?

toHwkdYudv k nf;

od\?

xdE k Spfyg;pHu k p dk Gí J oHa,mZOfjzpfjcif;udv k nf;od\? rjzpfao;aom vnf;

od\?

oHa,mZOf\ jzpfNyD;aom

jzpfaMumif;udk

oHa,mZOf\

y,f

aMumif;udkvnf; od\? y,fNyD;aom oHa,mZOf \ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif;udkvnf; od\/ - - tm,we= jzpf&mjzpfaMumif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

78

ESmacgif;udkvnf;od\? teHYwdYk udv k nf; od \? xdE k Spfyg;pHu k dp k GJí oHa,mZOfjzpfjcif;udv k nf; od\? rjzpfao;aom oHa,mZOf\ jzpfaMumif; udv k nf; od\? jzpfNyD;aom oHa,mZOf\ y,f aMumif;udkvnf; od\? y,fNyD;aom oHa,mZOf \ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif;udkvnf; od\/ vQmudv k nf;od\?

t&omwdYk uv dk nf;

od

\? xdE k Spfyg;pHu k dp k GJí oHa,mZOfjzpfjcif;udv k nf; od\? rjzpfao;aom oHa,mZOf\ jzpfaMumif; udv k nf; od\? jzpfNyD;aom oHa,mZOf\ y,f aMumif;udkvnf; od\? y,fNyD;aom oHa,mZOf \ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif;udkvnf; od\/ ud, k fukdvnf;od\?

tawGYtxdwkdYudv k nf;

xdE k Spfyg;pHu k dp k Gí J

oHa,mZOfjzpfjcif;udk

od\?

vnf; od\? rjzpfao;aom oHa,mZOf\ jzpf aMumif;udkvnf;od\? jzpfNyD;aom oHa,mZOf\ y,faMumif;udv k nf; od\? y,fNyD;aom oHa,m ZOf\ aemiftcg rjzpfaMumif;udkvnf; od\/ pdwu f dv k nf;

od\?

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

vnf;od\? xdE k Spfyg;pHu k dp k Gí J oHa,mZOfjzpfjcif; udv k nf;

od\?

rjzpfao;aom

oHa,mZOf\

jzpfaMumif;udv k nf;od\? jzpfNyD;aom oHa,mZOf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

79

\ y,faMumif;udkvnf; od\? y,fNyD;aom oH a,mZOf\ aemiftcgrjzpfaMumif;udv k nf;od\/ þodYk (rdrd\) oabmw&m;wdYk udk

oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpf

í ae\? olwyg;\ oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; oabmw&m;wdYk udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpf

íae\? rdrdow l yg;\ oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; oabmw&m;wdYk udk í

ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

½Iavh&So d nfjzpf jzpfaMumif;w&m;

ESifh jzpfjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

ysuf

aMumif;w&m;ESifh ysuffjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf; ae\? oabmw&m; wdYk ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

ysufjcif;oabmudk

tBudrfBudrf

jzpfjcif;

½Iavh&So d nfjzpf

írlvnf; ae\? xdYk jyif ]]oabmw&m;wdYk onf omvQif&o Sd nf}}[k a&S;½ªxif\? ÓPf

xd& k [ef;tm;

owdonf

(xdo k wdonf)

tqifq h ifh

tod

wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\?

tqifhqifh

owd

wzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk&[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwkdYjzif)h

rrSr D wG,r f lívnf;

ae\?

avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k)


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

80

pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef; onf

ajcmufyg;aom

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

twGif;ty

tm,we

oabmw&m;[kk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí ae\/ tm,wewpfq,fE h Spfyg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/

- - aAmZößifcE k Spfyg; qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

385/ &[ef;wdYk wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf aAmZößifckESpfyg; oabmw&m;wdYk ü oabmw&m; wdYk udk

tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&So d nf

&[ef;wdYk ckESpfyg;

tb,fokdYvQif oabmw&m;wdYk ü

jzpfí

aeonf/

&[ef;onf

aAmZößif

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&Sdonfjzpfí aeoenf;/ &[ef;wdYk

þomoemawmfü

&[ef;onf

rdrdoEÅmefü owdoarÁmZößif &Sv d Qifvnf; ]]ig\ oEÅmefü

owdoarÁmZößif&So d nf}}[k

od\?

oEÅmefü owdoarÁmZößif r&Sv d Qifvnf; - - aAmZößif= opömwdYk uo dk daMumif;/

rdrd

]]ig\


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

81

oEÅmefü owdoarÁmZößifr&S}d }[k od\? rjzpfao; aom

owdoarÁmZößif\

jzpfaMumif;udkvnf;od

\? jzpfNyD;aom owdoarÁmZößifukd yGg;apjcif;iSm jynfp h jHk cif;\ taMumif;udkvnf; od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü

"r®0dp,oarÁmZößif

&SdvQif

vnf; ]]ig\oEÅmefü "r®0dp,oarÁmZößif&o Sd nf}} [k

od\?

rdrdoEÅmefü

"r®0dp,oarÁmZößif

r&Sd

vQifvnf; ]]ig\oEÅmefü "r®0dp,oarÁmZößifr&S}d } [k od\? rjzpfao;aom "r®0dp,oarÁmZößif\ jzpfaMumif;udv k nf;od\? oarÁmZößifudk

jzpfNyD;aom

yGg;apjcif;iSm

"r®0dp,

jynfp h jHk cif;\

t

aMumif;udkvnf; od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü ]]ig\oEÅmefü

0D&d,oarÁmZößif

&Sv d Qifvnf;

0D&d,oarÁmZößif&So d nf}}[k

od\?

rdrdoEÅmefü 0D&d,oarÁmZößif r&Sv d Qifvnf;]]ig\ oEÅmefü aom

0D&d,oarÁmZößifr&S}d }[ko\ d ? 0D&d,oarÁmZößif\

rjzpfao;

jzpfaMumif;udv k nf;

od\? jzpfNyD;aom 0D&d,oarÁmZößifukd yGg;apjcif; iSm jynfp h jHk cif;\ taMumif;udkvnf; od\/ - - owdoarÁmZößif= r*fÓPf\taMumif;jzpfaom atmufarhjcif;/ "r®0p d ,oarÁmZößif= r*fÓPf\taMumif;jzpfaom oabmw&m;udk pl;prf;qifjcifjcif;/ 0D&, d oarÁmZößif= r*fÓPf\taMumif;jzpfaom tm;xkwfjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

82

rdrdoEÅmefü ]]ig\oEÅmefü

yDwo d arÁmZößif

&Sv d Qifvnf;

yDwo d arÁmZößif&So d nf}}[k

od\?

rdrdoEÅmefü yDwo d arÁmZößif r&Sv d Qifvnf; ]]ig\ oEÅmefü yDwo d arÁmZößifr&S}d }[k od\? rjzpfao; aom yDwo d arÁmZößif\ jzpfaMumif;udkvnf;od\? jzpfNyD;aom yDwdoarÁmZößifukd yGg;apjcif;iSm jynfh pHjk cif;\ taMumif;udkvnf; od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü

yó'¨o d arÁmZößif

&Sv d Qifvnf;

]]ig\oEÅmefü yó'¨o d arÁmZößif&So d nf}}[k od\? rdrdoEÅmefü yó'¨doarÁmZößif r&Sv d Qifvnf;]]ig\ oEÅmefü yó'¨doarÁmZößifr&S}d }[ko\ d ? rjzpfao; aom yó'¨o d arÁmZößif\ jzpfaMumif;udv k nf;od \?

jzpfNyD;aom

yó'¨o d arÁmZößifukd

yGg;apjcif;

iSm jynfp h jHk cif;\ taMumif;udkvnf; od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü

orm"doarÁmZößif

&Sv d Qifvnf;

]]ig\oEÅmefü orm"doarÁmZößif&So d nf}}[k od\? rdrdoEÅmefü ]]ig\oEÅmefü

orm"doarÁmZößif

r&Sv d Qifvnf;

orm"doarÁmZößifr&S}d }[ko\ d ?

r

jzpfao;aom orm"doarÁmZößif\ jzpfaMumif;udk - - yDwdoarÁmZößif= r*fÓPf\taMumif;jzpfaom ESpfodrjfh cif;/ yó'¨o d arÁmZößif= r*fÓPf\taMumif;jzpfaom udk,fpdwf\ Nidr;f csrf;jcif;/ orm"doarÁmZößif= r*fÓPf\taMumif;jzpfaom

wnfMunfjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

83

vnf;od\? jzpfNyD;aom orm"doarÁmZößifukd yGg; apjcif;iSm jynfp h Hjk cif;\ taMumif;udkvnf;od\/ rdrdoEÅmefü Oayu©moarÁmZößif &Sv d Qifvnf; ]]ig\oEÅmefü \?

Oayu©moarÁmZößif&o Sd nf}}[k

rdrdoEÅmefü

Oayu©moarÁmZößif

od

r&Sv d Qif

vnf; ]]ig\oEÅmefü Oayu©moarÁmZößifr&S}d } [k od\? rjzpfao;aom Oayu©moarÁmZößif\ jzpf aMumif;udkvnf;od\? oarÁmZößifukd

jzpfNyD;aom

yGg;apjcif;iSm

Oayu©m

jynfp h jHk cif;\

t

aMumif;udkvnf; od\/ þodYk (rdrd\) oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; o abmw&m;wdYk udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

ae\? olwyg;\ oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; o abmw&m;wdYk udk ae\?

tBudrfBudrf

rdrdolwyg;\

oabmw&m;wdYk udk jzpfí

ae\?

w&m;ESifh

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí

oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; tBudrfBudrf

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

jzpfjcif;oabmudk

&So d nfjzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

½Iavh&So d nf jzpfaMumif;

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh ysufjf cif;oabmudk tBudrf - - Oayu©moarÁmZößif= r*fÓPf\taMumif;jzpfaom tnDtrQ½Ijcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

84

Budrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf; ae\? oabm w&m;wdYk ü

jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh jzpf

jcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

xdYk jyif

]]oabmw&m;wdYk

onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k xd& k [ef;tm; owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? ÓPf

(xdo k wdonf)

wd;k yGg;jcif;omjzpf\?

tqifq h ifh tqifhqifh

tod owd

wzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk&[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwkdYjzif)h

rrSr D wG,r f lívnf;

ae\?

avmuü wpHkw&mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\Opöm[k) pGv J nf; rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef; onf aAmZößifckESpfyg; oabmw&m;wdYk ü oabm w&m;wdYk udk

tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&So d nf

ae\/ aAmZößifcE k Spfyg; qifjcifjcif;tydi k f; NyD;\/

- - -

jzpfí


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

85

opömav;yg;udk qifjcifjcif;tydi k f;

386/ &[ef;wdYk wzef xdYk jyifvnf; &[ef;onf t&d,opömav;yg;

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

oabm

w&m;wdYk udk tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&So d nf jzpfíae\/ &[ef;wdYk

tb,fokdYvQif

opömav;yg;

&[ef;onf

t&d,

oabmw&m;wdYk ü oabmw&m;

wdYk udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí aeoenf;/ &[ef;wdYk ]]þum;

þomoemawmfü 'ku©wnf;}}[k

&[ef;onf

[kwr f Sefonft h wdi k f;

od\? ]]þum; 'kuj© zpfaMumif;wnf;}}[k [kwf rSefonft h wdi k f;od\? ]]þum; 'kuc © sKyf&mwnf;}} [k [kwr f Sefonfhtwdi k f; od\? ]]þum; 'ku© eda&m"*grdedy#dy'gwnf;}}[k [kwr f Sefonft h wdi k f; od\? yXrtcPf; NyD;\/

- - -

'ku©ea d &m"*grdedy#dy'g= qif;&JcsKyf&modkY a&mufaMumif;tusifh/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

86

'ku©t&d,opöm

387/ &[ef;wdYk 'kuo © pöm[lonf tb,fenf;/ Zmwdonfvnf;

'kuw © nf;?

Z&monfvnf;

'kuw © nf;? r&Ponfvnf; 'kuw © nf;? aomu y&da'0 'ku© a'greó Oyg,mowdYk onfvnf; 'kuw © dYk wnf;? rcspfcif rESpfoufzG,w f dYk ESifh awGY qHa k ygif;oif;&jcif;onfvnf; 'kuw © nf;? cspfESpf vdz k G,w f dYk ESifh uGu J Gm auGui G f; &jcif;onfvnf; 'kuw © nf;?

tvd& k So d nfudk

r&jcif;onfvnf;

'kuw © nf;? tusOf;tm;jzifh Oyg'geu©E¨m ig;yg; wdYk onf 'kuw © dYk wnf;/ 388/ &[ef;wdYk Zmwdonf tb,fenf;/ xdx k dk owå0gwdYk \ pGmjzpfjcif; jcif;

xdx k do k wå0gtpktaygif;ü

(trd0rf;wGif;

ud, k fxif&Sm;jzpfjcif;

jzpfjcif;

OcGw H Gif;odYk )

a&S;OD; ouf0if

cE¨mudk,f\xif&Sm;

tm,wewdYk ud& k jcif;wnf;/

&[ef;wdYk

þoabmw&m;udk Zmwd[í l ac:qdt k yf\/ 389/ &[ef;wdkY Z&monf tb,fenf;/ xdkxdk owå0gwdYk \

xdx k do k wå0gtaygif;ü

tda k omtjcif;t&m

oGm;usKd;jcif;

tdjk cif;

qHjzLjcif;

t

a&wGefY½HIYjcif; ½kyftoufqw k f,w k fjcif; (rsufpdp aom)

£a`E´wkdY\

&ifjh cif;wnf;/

&[ef;wdYk


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

87

þoabmw&m;udk Z&m[lí ac:qdt k yf\/ 390/ &[ef;wdYk r&Ponf tb,fenf;/ xdk xdkowå0gwdYk \ xdx k do k wå0gtaygif;rS a&GYavsm jcif; a&GYavsmaomtjcif;t&m ysufpD;jcif; uG,f aysmufjcif;

oufjywfaoqH;k jcif;

uG,v f Gefjcif;

cE¨mwdkY\ysufpD;jcif; ud, k fukdypfcsjcif; ZD0dwa d `E´ \jywfpJjcif;wnf;/

&[ef;wdkY

þoabmw&m;

udk r&P[líac:qdt k yf\/ 391/

&[ef;wdkY

&[ef;wdYk

aomuonf

wrsKd;rsKd;aom

tb,fenf;/

ysufpD;jcif;ESifh

rvGwf

uif;aom wrsKd;rsKd;aom qif;&JaMumif;ESifh awGY aomowå0g\ &m?

pd;k &drfjcif;?

pd;k &drfonf\tjzpf?

twGif;ü

pd;k &drfaomtjcif;t twGif;ü

jyif;pGmpd;k &drfjcif;wnf;/

pd;k &drfjcif;? &[ef;wdYk

þoabmw&m;udk aomu[lí ac:qdt k yf\/ 392/

&[ef;wdYk

&[ef;wdYk

y&da'0onf

wrsKd;rsKd;aom

tb,fenf;/

ysufpD;jcif;ESifh

rvGwf

uif;aom wrsKd;rsKd;aom qif;&JaMumif;ESifh awGY aom owå0g\ ida k <u;jcif;? jyif;pGmida k <u;jcif;? ida k <u;aomtjcif;t&m? jyif;pGmida k <u;aomtjcif; t&m?

ida k <u;onf\tjzpf?

jyif;pGmida k <u;onf

\ tjzpfwnf;/ &[ef;wdkY þoabmw&m;udk


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

88

y&da'0[lí ac:qdktyf\/ 393/ &[ef;wdkY 'kuo © nf tb,fenf;/ &[ef; wdYk

ud, k füjzpfaomqif;&J?

,mjcif;?

ud, k füjzpfaomrom

ud, k fawGYaMumifjh zpfaomqif;&J

rom

,maom cHpm;jcif;wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY þoabm w&m;udk 'ku[ © lí ac:qdt k yf\/ 394/

&[ef;wdYk

&[ef;wdYk

a'greóonf

pdwü f jzpfaomqif;&J?

rom,mjcif;? rom,maom

tb,fenf;/ pdwü f jzpfaom

pdwt f awGYaMumifjh zpfaomqif;&J? cHpm;jcif;wnf;/

&[ef;wdYk

þ

oabmw&m;udk a'greó[lí ac:qdt k yf\/ 395/

&[ef;wdYk

&[ef;wdYk

Oyg,moonf

wrsKd;rsKd;aom

tb,fenf;/

ysufpD;jcif;ESifh

rvGwf

uif;aom wrsKd;rsKd;aom qif;&Jjcif;\taMumif; ESia fh wGYMuHKaom owå0g\ yifyef;jcif;? yifyef; onf\tjzpf? &[ef;wdYk

jyif;pGmyifyef;onf\tjzpfwnf;/

þoabmw&m;udk

Oyg,mo[lí

ac:qdt k yf\/ 396/

&[ef;wdYk

rcspfrESpfvkdzG,w f dYk ESifh

awGYqHk

aygif;oif;&jcif; qif;&Jonf tb,fenf;/ þ avmuü aom

rvdv k m;

rESpfouf

rjrwfE;dk tyfukef

tqif; toH teHY t&om tawGYtxd


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

89

oabmw&m;wdYk aomfvnf;aumif;

tusKd;rJjh cif;

tpD;tyGg;rJjh cif; rcsrf;omjcif; ab;rNidrf;jcif;udk vdv k m;ukefaom

olwdYk aomfvnf;aumif;

xdo k l

tm; &Su d kef\? xd(k tm½Hkowå0g)wdYk ESifhwuG awGY &jcif;

qH& k jcif;

aygif;az:&jcif;

a&maESm&jcif;

wnf;/ &[ef;wdkY þw&m;oabmudk rcspfrESpf vdz k G,w f dYk ESifh awGYqHa k ygif;oif;&jcif; qif;&J[lí ac:qdt k yf\/ 397/

&[ef;wdkY

auGui G f;&jcif; avmuü tqif;

cspfESpfvkdzG,w f dYk ESifh

qif;&Jonf

vdv k m;ESpfouf toH

teHY

tb,fenf;/

trdtz

t&om

taz:

ab;uif;jcif;udk

nDtudk

armifESpfr

þ

jrwfE;dk tyfukefaom

abmw&m;wdYk aomfvnf;aumif; csrf;omjcif;

uGu J Gm

tawGYtxd

o

tusKd;pD;yGg; vdv k m;ukefaom rdwa f qG

taygif;

aqGrsKd;om;jcif;wdkYaomfvnf;aumif;

xdk

oltm;&Su d kef\/ xdk (tm½Hkowå0g) wdYk ESiw fh uG rawGY&jcif;

rqH& k jcif;

aESm&jcif;wnf;/

raygif;az:&jcif;

&[ef;wdYk

cspfESpfvkdzG,w f dYk ESifh [lí ac:qdt k yf\/

uGu J Gm

ra&m

þoabmw&m;udk auGui G f;&jcif;qif;&J


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

90

398/ &[ef;wdYk tvd& k Sdonfudk r&jcif; qif;&J onf

tb,fenf;/

&[ef;wdYk

Zmwdoabm

&Su d kefaom owå0gwdYk tm; ]]igwdYk onf Zmwdo abm ighxo H dYk aom

r&SMd uukefrl

aumif;avpG?

rvmrlum;

Zmwdonf

aumif;avpG}}[k

awmifw h jcif;onf

jzpfay:\?

awmifw h aomfvnf;

þodYk ,if;odkY

þ(Zmwdrvmjcif;)udk

awmifw h jcif;jzifr h &tyf?

þonfvnf;

tvd& k Sd

onfukd r&jcif; qif;&Jrnf\/ &[ef;wdYk Z&m oabm&Su d kefaom Z&moabm

owå0gwdYk tm;

r&SMd uukefrl

]]igwdYk onf

aumif;avpG?

Z&m

onf ighxo H dYk rvmrlum; aumif;avpG}}[k þ odYk aom awmifw h jcif;onf jzpfay:\? ,if;odkY awmifw h aomfvnf;

þ

(Z&mrvmjcif;)udk

awmifw h jcif;jzifh r&tyf? þonfvnf; tvd& k Sd onfukd

r&jcif;

qif;&Jrnf\/

Asm"doabm&Su d kefaom onf

Asm"doabm

&[ef;wdYk

owå0gwdYk tm; r&SMd uukefrl

]]igwdYk

aumif;avpG?

Asm"donf ighxo H dYk rvmrlum; aumif;avpG}}[k þodYk aom awmifw h jcif;onf jzpfay:\? - - Zmwd= y#doaE¨wnfaejcif;/ Z&m= tdjk cif;/ r&P= aojcif;/ Asm"d= emjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

91

,if;odkYawmifw h aomfvnf; þ (Asm"drvmjcif;) udk

awmifw h jcif;jzifh

r&tyf?

þonfvnf;

tvd& k Sd onfukd r&jcif;qif;&Jrnf\/ &[ef;wdkY r&Poabm&Su d kefaom onf

r&Poabm

r&Ponf [k

ighxo H dYk

þodYk aom

owå0gwdYk tm;

r&SMd uukefrl

aumif;avpG?

rvmrlum;

aumif;avpG}}

awmifw h jcif;onf

,if;odkYawmifw h aomfvnf; udk

]]igwdYk

awmifw h jcif;jzifh

jzpfay:\?

þ

r&Prvmjcif;

r&tyf?

þonfvnf;

tvd& k o Sd nfudk r&jcif; qif;&Jrnf\/

&[ef;

wdYk aomu y&da'0 'ku© a'greó Oyg,mo oabm&Su d kefaom

owå0gwdYk tm;

aomu

y&da'0

oabm

r&SMd uukefrl

y&da'0

'ku©

wdYk onf

ighxo H dYk

þodYk aom

'ku©

]]igwdYk onf

a'greó

Oyg,mo

aumif;avpG?

a'greó

Oyg,mo

rvmrlum;

oabm

aumif;avpG}}[k

awmifw h jcif;onf

,if;odkYawmifw h aomfvnf;

aomu

jzpfay:\?

þaomuponfwkdY

rvmjcif;udk awmifw h jcif;jzifh r&tyf? þonf vnf; tvdk&So d nfukd r&jcif; qif;&Jrnf\/ - - aomu= pd;k &drfyy l efjcif;/

y&da'0= idka<u;jcif;/

'ku©= ud, k fqif;&Jjcif;/ a'greó= pdwfqif;&Jjcif;/ Oyg,mo= jyif;pGmylyefjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

92

399/ &[ef;wdkY tusOf;csKyftm;jzifh ig;yg;aom Oyg'geu©E¨m

qif;&JwkdY[lonf

tb,fenf;/

ig;yg;aom Oyg'geu©E¨mwdkY[lonf ½kyf Oyg'g eu©E¨m? a0'em Oyg'geu©E¨m?

onm Oyg'g

eu©E¨m? ocFg& Oyg'geu©E¨m? 0dnmPf Oyg'g eu©E¨mwdkYaywnf;/ ig;yg;wdYk udk

&[ef;wdYk

þOyg'geu©E¨m

tusOf;csKyftm;jzifh

ig;yg;aom

Oyg'geu©E¨m qif;&JwkdY[lí qdt k yfue k f \/ &[ef;wdYk

þoabmw&m;udk

'kut © &d,

opöm[k qdt k yf\/ 'ku©t&d,opöm NyD;\/

- - 'ku©ork', t&d,opöm

400/ &[ef;wdYk 'ku© ork', t&d,opömonf tb,fenf;/

wzef

b0opfukd

jzpfapwwf

aom ESpfouf wyfrufjcif;ESifh wuG jzpfaom xdx k dk

b0tm½Hü k

wPSmwnf;/

tvGefESpfoufjcif;&Sa d om

xdw k PSmonf

tb,fenf;/

umrwPSm b0wPSm 0db0wPSmwdkYwnf;/ - - Oyg'geu©E¨m= Oyg'gef\ tm½Hkw&m;pk/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

93

&[ef;wdYk xdw k PSmjzpfonf&a Sd omf tb,f ü jzpfoenf;? wnfonf&Sa d om tb,fü wnf oenf;?

avmuücspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf om,mzG,f

oabmonf&Sd\?

jzpfonf&Sa d omf tm½Hkü

þcspfcifzG,f

jzpf\?

wnfonf&a Sd omf

þ(cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f tm½H)k ü wnf\/ avmuü cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmonf tb,fenf;/

avmuürsufpdonf

om,mzG,f

oabmjzpf\?

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf

þrsufpdüjzpf\?

wnfonf&Sd

aomf þrsufpdü wnf\/ avmuü em;onf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSm onf jzpfonf&Sa d omf þem;üjzpf\? onf&a Sd omf

þem;ü

wnf\/

wnf

avmuü

ESm

acgif;onf cspfcifzG,fom,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf \?

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

wnfonf&Sa d omf

avmuü vQmonf

þESmacgif;üjzpf

þESmacgif;ü cspfcifzG,f

oabmjzpf\? xdkwPSmonf

wnf\/ om,mzG,f

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

- - wPSm= wyfrufjcif;/ umrwPSm= umrbHü k wyfrufjcif;/ b0wPSm= ½lyt½lybHw k dkYü wyfrufjcif;/ 0db0wPSm= Oapä''d|dESifhwuGjzpfaom wyfrufjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

94

þvQmüjzpf\?

wnfonf&Sa d omf

þvQmü

wnf\/ avmuü ud, k fonf cspfcifzG,f om ,mzG,o f abmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&Sd aomf

þud, k füjzpf\?

wnfonf&Sdaomf

þ

ud, k fü wnf\/ avmuüpdwo f nf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f

oabmjzpf\?

onf&a Sd omf

xdw k PSmonf

þpdwü f jzpf\?

jzpf

wnfonf&a Sd omf

þpdwü f wnf\/ avmuü

½lyg½HkwkdYonf

cspfcifzG,f

om

,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf &Sa d omf

þ½lyg½HkwdYk üjzpf\?

wnfonf&a Sd omf

þ½lyg½HkwkdYü wnf\/ avmuü o'´g½HkwdkYonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSm onf

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

þo'´g½HkwdYk üjzpf\?

wnfonf&a Sd omf þo'´g½HkwkdYü wnf\/ avm uü

*E¨m½HkwkdYonf

oabmjzpf\?

cspfcifzG,f

xdkwPSmonf

þ*E¨m½Hw k dYk üjzpf\?

om,mzG,f jzpfonf&a Sd omf

wnfonf&Sa d omf

þ*E¨m½Hk

wdYk ü wnf\/ avmuü &om½Hw k dYk onf cspfcif zG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þ&om½Hw k dYk üjzpf\? wnfonf - - ½lyg½H= k tqif;/ o'´g½Hk= toH/ *E¨m½Hk= teHY/ &om½Hk= t&om/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

95

&Sa d omf þ&om½HkwdYk ü wnf\/ avmuü azm|AÁm½Hw k dYk onf jzpf\?

cspfcifzG,f

om,mzG,f

xdw k PSmonf

azm|AÁm½Hw k dYk ü jzpf\?

oabm

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

þ

wnfonf&a Sd omf

þ

azm|AÁm½Hw k dYk ü wnf\/ avmuü w&m;oabm wdYk onf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

þw&m;wdYk ü

jzpf\? wnfonf&Sa d omf þw&m;wdYk ü wnf\/ avmuü om,mzG,f

pu©K0dnmPfonf oabmjzpf\?

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf

jzpf

onf&a Sd omf þpu©K0dnmPfüjzpf\? wnfonf&Sd aomf

þpu©K0dnmPfü

aomw0dnmPfonf oabmjzpf\?

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

xdkwPSmonf

avmuü om,mzG,f

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

þaomw0dnmPfüjzpf\? wnfonf&a Sd omf þ aomw0dnmPfü 0dnmPfonf

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

avmuü

om,mzG,f

Cme oabm

jzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þCme 0dnmPfüjzpf\?

wnfonf&Sa d omf

þCme

- - azm|AÁm½Hk= tawGYtxd/ pu©K0dnmPf= rsufpü d rSa D ompdwf/ aomw0dnmPf= em;ürSa D ompdwf/ Cme0dnmPf= ESmacgif;ürSDaompdwf/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

96

0dnmPfü wnf\/ avmuü Zd0Sg0dnmPfonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSm onf

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

wnfonf&a Sd omf avmuü

þZd0Sg0dnmPfüjzpf\?

þZd0Sg0dnmPfü

um,0dnmPfonf

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

om

,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf &Sa d omf þum,0dnmPfüjzpf\? aomf

þum,0dnmPfü

raem0dnmPfonf

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

wnfonf&Sd avmuü

om,mzG,f

o

abmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þ raem0dnmPfüjzpf\? wnfonf&a Sd omf þraem 0dnmPfü wnf\/ avmuü om,mzG,f

pu©Koræóonf

oabmjzpf\?

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf

jzpf

onf&a Sd omf þpu©Koræóüjzpf\? wnfonf&Sd aomf

þpu©Koræóü

wnf\/

avmuü

aomworæóonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f o abmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þ aomworæóüjzpf\?

wnfonf&a Sd omf

þ

- - Zd0gS 0dnmPf= vQmürSa D ompdwf/ um,0dnmPf= ud, k fürSa D ompdwf/ raem0dnmPf= raemürSa D ompdwf/ pu©Koræó= rsufpt d awGY/ aomworæó= em;tawGY/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

97

aomworæóü oræóonf

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

avmuü

Cme

om,mzG,f

oabm

jzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þCme oræóüjzpf\? oræóü

wnf\/

wnfonf&Sa d omf avmuü

þCme

Zd0Sgoræóonf

cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSm onf

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

wnfonf&a Sd omf avmuü

þZd0Sgoræóüjzpf\?

þZd0Sgoræóü

um,oræóonf

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

om

,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf &Sa d omf aomf

þum,oræóüjzpf\? þum,oræóü

wnf\/

wnfonf&Sd avmuü

raemoræóonf cspfcifzG,fom,mzG,f oabm jzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þraem oræóüjzpf\?

wnfonf&Sa d omf

þraem

oræóü wnf\/ avmuü pu©KoræóZm a0'emonf cspf cifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\?

xdw k PSm

onf jzpfonf&Sa d omf þpu©KoræóZm a0'em - - Cmeoræó= ESmacgif;tawGY/ Zd0Sgoræó= vQmtawGY/ um,oræó= ud, k ftawGY/ raemoræó= raemtawGY/ pu©KoræóZma0'em= rsufpt d awGYaMumifhjzpfaomcHpm;jcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

98

üjzpf\?

wnfonf&Sa d omf

þpu©KoræóZm

a0'emü wnf\/ avmuü aomworæóZm a0'emonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf \?

xdw k PSmonf

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

þaomw

oræóZm a0'emüjzpf\? wnfonf&a Sd omf þ aomworæóZm a0'emü wnf\/ avmuü CmeoræóZm a0'emonf cspfcifzG,f om,m zG,f

oabmjzpf\?

xdw k PSmonf

jzpfonf&Sd

aomf þCmeoræóZm a0'emüjzpf\? wnf onf&a Sd omf þCmeoræóZm a0'emüwnf\/ avmuü Zd0SgoræóZm a0'emonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f

oabmjzpf\?

xdw k PSmonf

onf&a Sd omf þZd0SgoræóZm wnfonf&a Sd omf wnf\/ onf

cspfcifzG,f

a0'emüjzpf\?

þZd0SgoræóZm

avmuü

a0'emü

um,oræóZm om,mzG,f

jzpf

a0'em

oabmjzpf\?

xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&Sa d omf þum,oræó Zm a0'emüjzpf\? wnfonf&Sa d omf þum, oræóZm a0'emü wnf\/ avmuü

raem

- - aomworæóZma0'em= em;tawGYaMumifhjzpfaomcHpm;jcif;/ CmeoræóZma0'em= ESmacgif;tawGYaMumifjh zpfaomcHpm;jcif;/ Zd0gS oræóZma0'em= vQmtawGYaMumifjh zpfaomcHpm;jcif;/ um,oræóZma0'em= ud, k ftawGYaMumifjh zpfaomcHpm;jcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

99

oræóZm a0'emonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\?

xdkwPSmonf

þraemoræóZm

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

a0'emüjzpf\?

wnfonf&Sd

aomf þraemoræóZm a0'emü wnf\/ avmuü ½lyonmonf cspfcifzG,f om ,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf &Sa d omf

þ½lyonmüjzpf\?

þ½lyonmü onf

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf

wnfonf&a Sd omf

avmuü

om,mzG,f

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

o'´onm

oabmjzpf\? þo'´onmü

jzpf\? wnfonf&Sdaomf þo'´onmüwnf\/ avmuü *E¨onmonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\?

xdkwPSmonf

þ*E¨onmüjzpf\? onmü

wnf\/

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

wnfonf&a Sd omf avmuü

þ*E¨

&oonmonf

cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSm onf

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

þ&oonmüjzpf\?

wnfonf&a Sd omf þ&oonmü wnf\/ avm uü azm|AÁonmonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f - - raemoræóZma0'em= raemtawGYaMumifhjzpfaomcHpm;jcif;/ ½lyonm= ½lyg½Hü k rSwfom;jcif;/ o'´onm= o'´g½HkürSwfom;jcif;/ *E¨onm= *E¨m½Hü k rSwfom;jcif;/ &oonm=&om½HkürSwfom;jcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

100

oabmjzpf\?

xdkwPSmonf

þazm|AÁonmüjzpf\? azm|AÁonmü onf

wnfonf&Sdaomf

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

avmuü

om,mzG,f

þ

"r®onm

oabmjzpf\?

xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&Sa d omf þ"r®onmüjzpf \? wnfonf&Sa d omf þ"r®onmü wnf\/ avmuü om,mzG,f

½lyoaOöwemonf

oabmjzpf\?

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf

jzpf

onf&a Sd omf þ½lyoaOöwemüjzpf\? wnfonf &Sa d omf

þ½lyoaOöwemü

wnf\/

avmuü

o'´oaOöwemonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f o abmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þ o'´oaOöwemüjzpf\? wnfonf&a Sd omf þo'´ oaOöwemü onf

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf üjzpf\?

wnf\/

avmuü

om,mzG,f

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

wnfonf&Sa d omf

*E¨oaOöwem oabmjzpf\?

þ*E¨oaOöwem þ*E¨oaOöwemü

wnf\/ avmuü &ooaOöwemonf cspfcif zG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdkwPSmonf -

-

-

azm|AÁonm= azm|AÁm½HkürSwfom;jcif;/ "r®onm= "r®m½Hü k rSwfom;jcif;/ ½lyoaOöwem= ½lyg½Hküaphaqmfjcif;/ o'´oaOöwem= o'´g½Hü k aphaqmfjcif;/ *E¨oaOöwem= *E¨m½Hküaphaqmfjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

101

jzpfonf&a Sd omf þ&ooaOöwemüjzpf\? wnf onf&a Sd omf þ&ooaOöwemü wnf\/ avm uü azm|AÁoaOöwemonf cspfcifzG,f om,m zG,f

oabmjzpf\?

aomf

xdw k PSmonf

þazm|AÁoaOöwemüjzpf\?

jzpfonf&Sd wnfonf&Sd

aomf þazm|AÁoaOöwemü wnf\/ avmuü "r®oaOöwemonf

cspfcifzG,f

om,mzG,f

o

abmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þ "r®oaOöwemüjzpf\?

wnfonf&a Sd omf

þ"r®

oaOöwemü wnf\/ avmuü ½lywPSmonf cspfcifzG,f om ,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf &Sa d omf

þ½lywPSmüjzpf\?

þ½lywPSmü onf

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf

wnfonf&a Sd omf

avmuü

om,mzG,f

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

o'´wPSm

oabmjzpf\? þo'´wPSmü

jzpf\? wnfonf&Sa d omf þo'´wPSmü wnf \/ avmuü *E¨wPSmonf cspfcifzG,f om - - &ooaOöwem= &om½Hü k aphaqmfjcif;/ azm|AÁoaOöwem= azm|AÁm½Hkü aphaqmfjcif;/ "r®oaOöwem= "r®m½Hkü aphaqmfjcif;/ ½lywPSm= ½lyg½Hü k wyfrufjcif;/ o'´wPSm= o'´½kHü wyfrufjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

102

,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf &Sa d omf

þ*E¨wPSmüjzpf\?

þ*E¨wPSmü

wnf\/

onf cspfcifzG,f xdw k PSmonf

wnfonf&a Sd omf

avmuü

&owPSm

om,mzG,f

oabmjzpf\?

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

þ&owPSmü

jzpf\? wnfonf&Sa d omf þ&owPSmü wnf \/

avmuü

om,mzG,f

azm|AÁwPSmonf

oabmjzpf\?

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmonf

jzpf

onf&a Sd omf þazm|AÁwPSmüjzpf\? wnfonf &Sa d omf

þazm|AÁwPSmü

wnf\/

avmuü

"r®wPSmonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabm jzpf\?

xdw k PSmonf

wPSmüjzpf\?

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

wnfonf&Sa d omf

þ"r®

þ"r®wPSmü

wnf\/ avmuü ½ly0dwufonf cspfcifzG,f om ,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf &Sa d omf

þ½ly0dwufüjzpf\?

þ½ly0dwufü wnf\/

avmuü o'´0dwuf

- - *E¨wPSm= *E¨½kHü wyfrufjcif;/ &owPSm= &om½Hkü wyfrufjcif;/ azm|AÁwPSm= azm|AÁm½Hkü wyfrufjcif;/ "r®wPSm= "r®m½Hü k wyfrufjcif;/ ½ly0dwuf= ½lyg½Hü k MuHpnfjcif;/

wnfonf&a Sd omf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

103

onf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,foabmjzpf\? xdk wPSmonf

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

þo'´0dwufüjzpf

\? wnfonf&Sa d omf þo'´0dwufü wnf\/ avmuü

*E¨0dwufonf

oabmjzpf\?

cspfcifzG,fom,mzG,f

xdkwPSmonf

þ*E¨0dwufüjzpf\?

jzpfonf&a Sd omf

wnfonf&a Sd omf

þ*E¨

0dwufüwnf\/ avmuü &o0dwufonf cspf cifzG,f om,mzG,o f abmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þ&o0dwufüjzpf\? wnfonf &Sa d omf

þ&o0dwufü

azm|AÁ0dwufonf jzpf\? 0dwufü

wnf\/

cspfcifzG,f onf

avmuü

cspfcifzG,fom,mzG,o f abm

xdw k PSmonf

|AÁ0dwufüjzpf\?

wnf\/ jzpfonf&a Sd omf

wnfonf&Sa d omf avmuü

þazm|AÁ

"r®0dwufonf

om,mzG,foabmjzpf\?

jzpfonf&Sdaomf

þazm

xdw k PSm

þ"r®0dwufüjzpf\?

wnfonf&a Sd omf þ"r®0dwufü wnf\/ avmuü ½ly0dpm&onf cspfcifzG,f om ,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf - - o'´0w d uf= o'´½kHü MuHpnfjcif;/ *E¨0w d uf= *E¨½Hkü MuHpnfjcif;/ &o0dwuf= &o½Hü k MuHpnfjcif;/ azm|AÁ0dwuf= azm|AÁm½Hkü MuHpnfjcif;/ "r®0w d uf= "r®m½Hkü MuHpnfjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

104

&Sa d omf

þ½ly0dpm&üjzpf\?

wnfonf&a Sd omf

þ½ly0dpm&üwnf\/ avmuü

o'´0dpm&onf

cspfcifzG,o f m,mzG,foabmjzpf\?xdkwPSmonf jzpfonf&a Sd omf þo'´0dpm&üjzpf\? wnfonf&Sd aomf þo'´0dpm&üwnf\/ avmuü *E¨0dpm& onf cspfcifzG,f

om,mzG,foabmjzpf\? xdk

wPSmonf jzpfonf&Sa d omf þ*E¨0dpm&üjzpf\? wnfonf&a Sd omf þ*E¨0dpm&ü wnf\/ avmu ü &o0dpm&onf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabm jzpf\? xdw k PSmonf jzpfonf&Sa d omf 0dpm&üjzpf\?

wnfonf&Sa d omf

þ&o

þ&o0dpm&ü

wnf\/ avmuü azm|AÁ0dpm&onf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f

oabmjzpf\?

xdw k PSmonf

jzpf

onf&a Sd omf þazm|AÁ0dpm&üjzpf\? wnfonf&Sd aomf

þazm|AÁ0dpm&üwnf\/

avmuü

"r®

0dpm&onf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,foabmjzpf\? xdw k PSmonf

jzpfonf&Sa d omf

þ"r®0dpm&ü

jzpf\? wnfonf&Sa d omf þ"r®0dpm&ü wnf\/ &[ef;wdYk þw&m;oabmudk t&d,mwdkY odtyf aom 'ku© ork', t&d,opöm[lí qdt k yf\/ 'ku©ork', t&d,opöm NyD;\/ azm|AÁ0dpm&= azm|AÁm½Hü k oH;k oyfqifjcifjcif;/ "r®0p d m&= "r®m½Hkü oHk;oyfqifjcifjcif;/ t&d,opöm= qif;&JjzpfaMumif; t&d,mwdkY odtyfaomtrSefw&m;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

105

'ku©ea d &m" t&d,opöm

401/

&[ef;wdkY

'kue © da&m"opömonf

tb,f

enf;/ xdw k PSm\omvQif t<uif;r&Sd uif;csKyf &m wPSmudkpGefY&m wPSmuda k 0;pGmpGefY&m wPSm rSvGwa f jrmuf&m wPSmjzifr h uyfNid&medAÁmefwnf;/ &[ef;wdYk xdw k PSmudk y,ftyfonf&a Sd omf tb,füy,ftyfoenf;? csKyfonf&a Sd omf tb,f ücsKyfoenf;/ avmuü cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmonf

&Sd\/

xdw k PSmudk

y,ftyfonf

&Sa d omf þcspfcifzG,f om,mzG,o f abmü y,f tyf\?

csKyfonf&Sa d omf

þcspfcifzG,f

om,m

zG,f oabmü csKyf\/ avmuü cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabm onf tb,fenf;/ avmuü rsufpdonf cspf cifzG,o f abm wPSmudk

om,mzG,o f abm

y,ftyfonf&Sa d omf

jzpf\?

þrsufpdü

xdk y,f

tyf\? csKyfonf&Sa d omf þrsufpdücsKyf\? avm uü

em;onf

cspfcifzG,o f abm

om,mzG,f

oabm jzpf\? xdkwPSmudk y,ftyfonf&a Sd omf þem;ü y,ftyf\? csKyfonf&Sa d omf þ em;ü csKyf\?

avmuü

ESmacgif;onf

cspfcifzG,f

oabm om,mzG,o f abmjzpf\? xdw k PSmudk


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

106

y,ftyfonf&Sa d omf

þESmacgif;ü

y,ftyf\?

csKyfonf&a Sd omf þESmacgif;ü csKyf\? avmuü vQmonf cspfcifzG,o f abm om,mzG,o f abm jzpf\? xdw k PSmudk y,ftyfonf&a Sd omf þvQm üy,ftyf\? csKyfonf&Sa d omf þvQmü csKyf\? avmuü ud, k fonf cspfcifzG,o f abm om,m zG,o f abm jzpf\? xdw k PSmudk y,ftyfonf&Sd aomf

þud, k fü

y,ftyf\?

csKyfonf&a Sd omf

þud, k fü csKyf\? avmuü pdwfonf cspfcif zG,o f abm

om,mzG,o f abm

jzpf\?

xdk

wPSmudk y,ftyfonf&Sa d omf þpdwü f y,ftyf \? csKyfonf&Sa d omf þpdwü f csKyf\? avmuü ½lyg½HkwkdYonf/ avmuü o'´g½Hk wdYk onf?

avmuü

&om½Hw k dYk onf/

*E¨m½Hw k dYk onf/

avmuü

avmuü

azm|AÁm½Hw k dYk onf/

avmuü "r®m½Hw k dYk onf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabm jzpf\? xdkwPSmudk y,ftyfonf&a Sd omf þw&m;ü

y,ftyf\?

csKyfonf&a Sd omf

þ

w&m;wdYk ü csKyf\/ avmuü

pu©K0dnmPfonf/

aomw0dnmPfonf?

avmuü

onf/ avmuü Zd0Sg0dnmPfonf/

avmuü

Cme0dnmPf avmuü


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

107

um,0dnmPfonf/ avmuü raem0dnmPfonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,o f abm jzpf\ xdw k PSm udk y,ftyfonf&Sa d omf þraem0dnmPfü y,f tyf\? csKyfonf&Sa d omf þraem0dnmPfücsKyf\/ avmuü

pu©Koræóonf/

aomworæóonf/ onf/

avmuü

avmuü

avmuü Cmeoræó

Zd0Sgoræóonf/

avmuü

um,oræóonf/ avmuü raemoræóonf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,o f abm jzpf\? xdw k PSm udk y,ftyfonf&Sa d omf þraemoræóü y,f tyf\?

csKyfonf&Sa d omf

þraemoræówdYk ü

csKyf\/ avmuü

pu©KoræóZm

a0'emonf/

avmuü aomworæóZm a0'emonf? avm uü

CmeoræóZm

Zd0SgoræóZm

a0'emonf/

a0'emonf/

avmuü

avmuü

um,

oræóZm a0'emonf/ avmuü raemoræó Zm a0'emonf/ cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,o f abm jzpf\? xdw k PSmudk y,ftyfonf&a Sd omf þraem oræóZm a0'emü y,ftyf\? csKyfonf&a Sd omf þraemoræóZm a0'emwdYk ü csKyf\/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

108

avmuü

pu©Konmonf/

avmuü

aomw

onmonf/ avmuü Cmeonmonf/ avm uü

Zd0Sgonmonf/

onf/

avmuü

avmuü

um,onm

raemonmonf

cspfcifzG,f

om,mzG,o f abm jzpf\? xdw k PSmudk y,ftyf onf&a Sd omf þ"r®onmüy,ftyf\? csKyfonf&Sd aomf þ"r®onmwdYk ü csKyf\/ avmuü

½lyoaOöwemonf/

o'´oaOöwemonf/

avmuü

avmuü

*E¨oaOöwem

onf/ avmuü &ooaOöwemonf/ avmuü azm|AÁoaOöwemonf/ avmuü "r®oaOöwem onf

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmudk

om,mzG,o f abm

y,ftyfonf&Sa d omf

jzpf\?

þ"r®oaOöw

emü y,ftyf\? csKyfonf&Sa d omf þ"r®oaOöw emü csKyf\/ avmuü ½lywPSmonf/ avmuü o'´ wPSmonf/ avmuü *E¨wPSmonf/ avmu ü

&owPSmonf/

onf/

avmuü

om,mzG,o f abm

avmuü "r®wPSmonf jzpf\?

azm|AÁwPSm cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmudk

y,f

tyfonf&a Sd omf þ"r®wPSmü y,ftyf\? csKyf onf&a Sd omf þ"r®wPSmü csKyf\/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

109

avmuü ½ly0dwufonf/ avmuü o'´ 0dwufonf/ avmuü *E¨0dwufonf/ avmu ü

&o0dwufonf/

onf/

avmuü

om,mzG,o f abm

avmuü

azm|AÁ0dwuf

"r®0dwufonf jzpf\?

cspfcifzG,f

xdw k PSmudk

y,f

tyfonf&a Sd omf þ"r®0dwufü y,ftyf\? csKyf onf&a Sd omf þ"r®0dwufü csKyf\/ avmuü

½ly0dpm&onf/

avmuü

o'´

0dpm&onf/ avmuü *E¨0dpm&onf/ avmuü &o0dpm&onf/

avmuü

azm|AÁ0dpm&onf/

avmuü "r®0dpm&onf cspfcifzG,f om,mzG,f oabmjzpf\? þ"r®0dpm&ü

xdkwPSmudk y,ftyf\?

y,ftyfonf&a Sd omf csKyfonf&Sdaomf

þ

"r®0dpm&ü csKyf\/ &[ef;wdYk

þw&m;oabmudk

'kue © da&m"

t&d,opöm[lí qdt k yf\/

'ku©ea d &m" t&d,opöm NyD;\/

- - 'kue © da&m" t&d,opöm= 'ku©\csKyf&m t&d,mwdYk odtyfaomw&m;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

110

'ku©ea d &m"*grdeDy#dy'g t&d,opöm

402/ &[ef;wdkY 'kue © da&m"*grdedy#dy'g t&d, opömonf tb,fenf;/ jrwfaom t*Fg&Spfyg;&Sd aom þr*ftusifv h rf;wnf;/ þr*ftusifv h rf; wdYk onf tb,fwdYk enf;/ or®m'd|d or®mouFyÜ or®m0gpm or®mur®EÅ or®mtmZD0 or®m0g,mr or®mowd or®morm"dwkdYaywnf;/ &[ef;wdYk or®m'd|donf tb,fenf;/ 'kuü © odjrifjcif;? 'ku\ © jzpfaMumif;ü jrifjcif;?

'ku©\

'ku\ © csKyf&m

csKyf&m(edAÁmef)ü

edAÁmefodYk

odjrifjcif;wnf;/

od

odjrifjcif;?

a&mufaMumif;tusifü h

&[ef;wdYk

þ(odjrifjcif;)udk

rSefpGm odjrifjcif; ]or®m'd|d}[lí qdt k yf\/ - - 'ku©ea d &m"*grdeDy#dy'g t&d,opöm= qif;&JcsKyf&modYk a&mufaMumif; tusifh[laom t&d,mwdkYodtyfaomtrSefw&m;/ or®m'd|= d rSefpGm odjrifjcif;/ or®mouFyÜ= rSep f Gm MuHpnfjcif;/ or®m0gpm= rSefpGm ajymqdjk cif;/ or®mur®E= Å rSefpGm jyKvkyjf cif;/ or®mtmZD0= rSep f Gm toufarG;jcif;/ or®m0g,mr= rSefpGm tm;xkwfjcif;/ or®mowd= rSep f Gm atmufarhjcif;/ or®morm"d= rSefpGm wnfMunfjcif;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

111

&[ef;wdYk or®mouFyÜonf tb,fenf;/ (umrtm½Hr k S) vGwu f if;aom MuHpnfjcif;? zsufqD;jcif;rS vGwu f if;aom MuHpnfjcif;? n§Of; qJjcif;rS &[ef;wdYk

vGwu f if;aom þ(MuHjcif;)udk

MuHpnfjcif;wnf;/ rSefpGmMuHjcif;

]or®m

ouFyÜ}[lí qdt k yf\/ &[ef;wdYk or®m0gpmonf tb,fenf;/ r[kwr f rSefajymjcif;rS pum;rS

MuOfa&Smifjcif;?

MuOfa&Smifjcif;?

MuOfa&Smifjcif;?

*H;k

½kefYMurf;aompum;rS

Nydefzsif;aompum;rS

MuOfa&Smif

jcif;wnf;? &[ef;wdkY þMuOfa&Smifjcif;udk rSefpGm ajymqdjk cif; ]or®m0gpm}[lí qdt k yf\/ &[ef;wdYk or®mur®EÅonf tb,fenf;/ toufukd

owfjcif;rS

MuOfa&Smifjcif;?

ray;onfukd ,ljcif;rS MuOfa&Smifjcif;? umr*kPf wdYk ü

rSm;,Gif;pGm

usifjh cif;rS

MuOfa&Smifjcif;

wnf;/ &[ef;wdYk þMuOfa&Smifjcif;udk rSefpGmjyK vkyfjcif; ]or®mur®EÅ}[lí qdt k yf\/ &[ef;wdYk or®mtmZD0onf tb,fenf;/ [ef;wdkY

þomoemawmfü

t&d,mjzpf

aom wynfo h nf rSm;,Gif;pGm toufarG;jcif;udk y,fpGefYí? rSefpGm toufarG;jcif;jzifh toufarG;


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

112

\/

&[ef;wdYk

þtoufarG;jcif;udk

rSefpGm

toufarG;jcif; ]or®mtmZD0}[lí qdktyf\/ &[ef;wdYk or®m0g,mronf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdYk rjzpfao;aom wdYk udk

þomoemawmfü ,kwr f maom

rjzpfay:ap&ef

qE´ukd

&[ef;onf

tukokdvw f &m; jzpfap\?

tm;

xkw\ f ? vHYk vjyK\? pdwfukdcsD;ajr§muf\? aqmuf wnf\?

jzpfNyD;aom

,kwr f maom

tukokdvf

w&m;wdYk udky,f&ef qE´udjk zpfap\? tm;xkwf\? vHYk vjyK\? pdwu f dkcsD;ajr§muf\? aqmufwnf\? rjzpfao;aom qE´ukd

ukokdvw f &m;wdYk udk

jzpfap\?

tm;xkwf\?

jzpfap&ef vHYk vjyK\?

pdwu f dc k sD;ajr§muf\? aqmufwnf\? jzpfNyD;aom ukokdvw f &m;wdYk

wnfjrJap&ef

raysmufysufap

&ef wd;k wufjzpfyGg;ap&ef jyefYajymap&ef yGg;rsm; rI jynfp h a Hk p&ef qE´ukd jzpfap\? tm;xkwf\? vHYk vjyK\? pdwu f dkcsD;ajr§muf\? aqmufwnf\? &[ef;wdYk

þ(tm;xkwjf cif;)udk

rSefpGmtm;xkwf

jcif; ]or®m0g,mr}[lí qdt k yf\/ &[ef;wdYk or®mowdonf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdYk

þomoemawmfü

&[ef;onf

jyif;pGmtm;xkwa f om vHYk v&So d nfjzpfí orÜZOf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

113

ÓPf&o Sd nfjzpfí

owdonfjzpfí

avmuü

tbdZößm a'greóudy k ,fazsmufí ½kyftaygif;ü ½kyftaygif;udk \?

tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&So d nf

jyif;pGmtm;xkwfaom

jzpfíae

vHYk v&So d nfjzpfí

orÜZOfÓPf&So d nfjzpfí owd&So d nfjzpfí avm uü tbdZößm a'greóudy k ,fazsmufí a0'em wdYk ü a0'emwdYk udk tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&Sdonf jzpfí ae\?

jyif;pGmtm;xkwa f om

vHYk v&So d nfjzpfí

orÜZOfÓPf&So d nfjzpfí owd&So d nfjzpfí avm uü

tbdZßö m

pdwu f dk

a'greóudy k ,fazsmufí

tBudrfBudrf½Iavh&So d nf

jyif;pGmtm;xkwa f om ÓPf

&So d nfjzpfí

tbdZößm w&m;wdYk ü

pdwü f

jzpfíae\?

vHYk v&So d nfjzpfí

orÜZOf

owd&So d nfjzpfí avmuü

a'greóudk

y,fazsmufí

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

oabm

tBudrfBudrf½Iavh

&So d nf jzpfíae\? &[ef;wdYk þ(atmufarhjcif;) owdukd

rSefpGmatmufarhjcif;

]or®mowd}[lí

qdt k yf\/ &[ef;wdYk or®morm"donf tb,fenf;/ &[ef;wdYk umr*kPfwkdYrS

þomoemawmfü uif;íomvQif

&[ef;onf

jzpfaom

tuk

odv k fw&m;wdYk rS uif;íomvQif jzpfaom 0dwuf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

114

ESiw fh uGjzpfaom 0dpm&ESifw h uGjzpfaom eD0&P uif;jcif;aMumifh jzpfonfh yDwo d kc&Sa d om yXr psmefokdY a&mufíae\/ 0dwuf

0dpm&Nidrf;jcif;aMumifh

pdwu f dMk unfvifapwwfaom wwfaom aom

rdrdoEÅmefü

orm"dukd

0dwufvnf;r&Sa d om

orm"daMumifjh zpfonfh

yGg;ap

0dpm&vnf;r&Sd yDwo d kc&Sa d om

'kw, d psmefokdY a&mufíae\/ yDw\ d vnf; owd&v Sd suf ud, k fjzifh

uif;jcif;aMumifh

qifjcifvsufae\?

cHpm;\?

trQ½Ivsuf okcudv k nf;

tMuif(wwd,psmef)aMumifh

xdo k lukd]]trQ½Iol owd&So d l csrf;ompGmaeavh&o Sd l}} [k t&d,m(yk*¾Kd vf)wdYk onf csD;rGrf;ajymqdu k kef\/ xdk wwd,psmefokdY a&mufíae\/ csrf;omqif;&Jukd y,fjcif;aMumifv h nf;aumif; a&S;OD;uyif

0rf;omjcif;

csKyfjcif;aMumifv h nf;aumif; aom(Oayu©m)aMumifh aom

pwkwp ¬ smefokdY

þorm"dukd

qif;&Jcsrf;omuif;

owd\

pifMu,fjcif;&Sd

a&mufíae\?

rSefpGmwnfMunfjcif;

[lí qdt k yf\/

&[ef;wdkY

]or®morm"d}

&[ef;wdYk þw&m; oabmudk

'kue © da&m"*grdeDy#dy'g \/

ESvkH;romjcif;wdYk \

t&d,opöm[lí

qdt k yf


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

115

403/

þodYk (rdrd\)

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

oabmw&m;wdYk ürlvnf; tBudrfBudrf

jzpfí

ae\?

olwyg;\

vnf;

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

½Iavh&So d nf

oabmw&m;wdYk ürl tBudrfBudrf

½Iavh&Sd

onfjzpfí ae\? rdrdow l yg;\ oabmw&m; wdYk ürlvnf;

oabmw&m;wdYk udk

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfí jzpfaMumif;w&m;ESifh Budrf

ae\?

oabmw&m;wdYk ü

jzpfjcif;oabmudk

½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf;

w&m;wdYk ü

tBudrfBudrf

ae\?

ysufaMumif;w&m;ESifh

tBudrf oabm

ysuffjcif;o

abmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfírlvnf; ae\? oabmw&m;wdkYü jzpfaMumif;ysufaMumif; w&m;ESifh jzpfjcif;ysufjcif;oabmudk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nfjzpfírlvnf;

ae\?

w&m;wdYk onfomvQif&So d nf}}[k

xdYk jyif]]oabm xdk&[ef;tm;

owdonf a&S;½ªxif\? (xdo k wdonf) tqifh qifh todÓPf wd;k yGg;jcif;iSgomjzpf\? tqifh qifh owdwzef wd;k yGg;jcif;iSmom jzpf\? (xdk &[ef;onf wPSm'd|dwdYk jzif)h rrSr D wG,r f lívnf; ae\? avmuü wpHw k &mudr k Qvnf; (ig ig\ Opöm[k) pGJvnf;rpGv J rf;/ &[ef;wdYk þodYk vnf; &[ef;onf t&d,opömav;yg; oabmw&m;wdYk


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

116

ü oabmw&m;wdYk udk tBudrfBudrf ½Iavh&So d nf jzpfí ae\/ opömtydi k f; NyD;\/ oabmw&m;udk qifjcifjcif; NyD;\/

- - 404/

&[ef;wdYk

rnfonfhyk*¾Kd vfrqdk

þowd

y|mefav;yg;wdYk udk ckESpfESpfwkdYywfvkH; þa[mjy aomenf;jzifh

yGg;jim;tH?h

xdy k Gg;aomyk*¾Kd vftm;

rsufarSmufb0üyif t&[wåzdv k fjzpfap Oyg'gef t<uif;&Sa d o;vQif ESpfyg;wdYk wGif

tem*grdzdv k fjzpfap

wyg;yg;aomzdv k fukd

þzdv k f

(trSef&ay

rnf[)k tvd& k St d yf\/ &[ef;wdYk

ckESpfESpfukdxm;bdOD;/

rnfonfhyk*K¾d vfrqdk

&[ef;wdYk

þowdy|mefav;yg;wdYk udk

ajcmufE f SpfwkdYywfvkH; þa[mjyaomenf;jzifh yGg; jim;tH?h xdy k Gg;aomyk*¾Kd vftm; rsufarSmufb0üyif t&[wåzv dk fjzpfap tem*grdzv dk fjzpfap

Oyg'geft<uif;&Sa d o;vQif þzdv k fESpfyg;wdYk wGif

wyg;

yg;aomzdv k fukd (trSef&ayrnf[)k tvd& k t Sd yf\/ ig;ESpfwkdYywfvkH;/

av;ESpfwkdYywfvkH;/

oH;k ESpfwkdY

ywfvkH;/ ESpfESpfwkdYywfvkH;/ wESpfywfvkH;/


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

117

&[ef;wdYk

wESpfukd

rnfonfhyk*K¾d vfrqdk

xm;bdOD;/

&[ef;wdYk

þowdy|mefav;yg;wdYk udk

ckESpfvwdkYywfvkH; þa[mjyaomenf;jzifh yGg;jim; tH?h

xdy k Gg;aomyk*¾Kd vftm;

t&[wåzv dk fjzpfap

rsufarSmufb0üyif

Oyg'geft<uif;&Sa d o;vQif

tem*grdzv dk fjzpfap þzdv k fESpfyg;wdYk wGif wyg;yg; aomzdv k fukd (trSef&ayrnf[)k tvd& k Sdtyf\/ &[ef;wdYk ckESpfvudk xm;bdOD;/ &[ef;wdkY rnfonfhyk*K¾d vfrqdk

þowdy|mefav;yg;wdYk udk

ajcmufv f wdYk ywfvkH; þa[mjyaomenf;jzifh yGg; jim;tH?h xdy k Gg;aomyk*¾Kd vftm; rsufarSmufb0üyif t&[wåzv dk fjzpfap

Oyg'geft<uif;&Sa d o;vQif

tem*grdzv dk fjzpfap þzdv k fESpfyg;wdYk wGif wyg;yg; aomzdv k fukd

(trSef&ayrnf[)k

ig;vwdYk ywfvkH;/ ywfvkH;/

tvd& k t Sd yf\/

av;vwdYk ywfvkH;/

ESpfvwdkYywfvkH;/

oH;k vwdYk

wvywfvkH;/

vcGJ

ywfvkH;/ &[ef;wdYk

vcGu J dk

rnfonfhyk*K¾d vfrqdk ckESpf&ufwkdYywfvkH;

xm;bdOD;/

&[ef;wdkY

þowdy|mefav;yg;wdYk udk þa[mjyaomenf;jzifh

yGg;

jim;tH?h xdy k Gg;aomyk*¾Kd vftm; rsufarSmufb0üyif t&[wåzv dk fjzpfap

Oyg'geft<uif;&Sa d o;vQif


http://www.lknt11.com/

...

r[mowdy|meokwf ygVd jrefrm

118

tem*grdzv dk fjzpfap þzdv k fESpfyg;wdYk wGif wyg;yg; aomzdv k fukd (trSef&ayrnf[)k tvd& k Sdtyf\/ 405/ ]]&[ef;wdkY þc&D;vrf;onf owå0gwdYk \ pdwp f ifMu,f&ef

pd;k &drfylyefjcif;

ida k <u;jcif;wdYk udk

vGefajrmuf&ef udk,fqif;&Jjcif; pdwq f if;&Jjcif;wdkY csKyfNidrf;&ef t&d,r*fukd&&ef edAÁmefukd rsufarSmuf jyK&ef

waMumif;wnf;aom

,if;onfc h &D;vrf;um; yifwnf;}}[k

þodYk

ausnmcsufukd

þowdy|mefav;yg;wdYk tMuif

igqdc k Jh\/

þ(tusKd;ESpfyg;wdYk wGif jcif;)udk onf udk

owdy|mefw&m; þausnmcsufukd

wyg;yg;

&nf&G,í f qd\ k [k

þw&m;awmfukd

c&D;vrf;jzpf\?

jrwfpGmbk&m;onf

a[mawmfrl\/

jrwfpGmbk&m;a[mawmfrlaom ESpfvu dk kefonfjzpfí

trSef&&SE d i dk f xd& k [ef;wdkY w&m;awmf

0rf;ajrmufpGm

cH,l

Muavukefownf;/ r[mowdy|meokwf NyD;\/ r[mowdy|meokwf? r[m0*fygVdawmf? 'DCedum,f/

မဟာသတိပ႒ာန္  

ဆင္းရဲဒုကၡခ်ဳပ္ၿငိမ္းရန္ မဟာသတိပ႒ာန္ကို ေလ့က်င့္ပါ...