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Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction 1. Project Concept 2. Project Location 3. Consultants

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2.0 History 1. Historical Background

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3.0 Project Design 1. Exterior Design 2. Interior Design A. Theater Hall - AG35 B. Theater Ladies Toilets - AG22 C. Actors Prototype Room - CF04 D. Building B - Design development drwaings

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4.0 Objective 1. Project Objective & Phases

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The National Theater


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Project Concept:

The restoration and development of the National Theater had been planned according to its historical and artistic value. Moreover, demonstrating a mirror building plan had been schemed, in order to reflect the historic image and embrace the old building.

Project Location:

The National Theater is located in one of the most vital spots in Down Town area. It is also considered as a prominent artistic, cultural and historical landmark within the capital (Cairo).

Consultants Prof. Dr. Ashraf Abdel Mohsen Professor of Architecure - Faculty of Engineering - Ain shams University Architectural Consultancy Prof. Dr. Mohamed Al Esawy Professor of Structural Engineering - Faculty of Engineering - Ain shams University Structural & Exact Restoration Consultancy Dr. Mahmoud Abbas Egyptian Co. for Engineering Consultancies - ENFRA Group Electromechanical & Technical Consultancy Prof. Dr. Ashraf Abdel Mohsen Professor of Architecure - Faculty of Engineering - Ain shams University Site Coordination


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The National Theater

H

istorical background

Before 1870: The Uzbek Park (Mamluk Park) was located at the Uzbek pond. Mamluk Amir Yazbek Alyousefy had established his palace on its shores, as well as many palaces in order to enjoy the charming view of such garden. Later on, Napoleon Theater was established by the French as an entertainment for French soldiers. Napoleon theater was burnt and then re-built by General (Mino). Afterwards, it had been totally destroyed after the French evacuation. From 1870 - 1919: Khedive Ismail had established a small national theater as to be an opposed to the aristocracy and high class theater (the Royal Opera House). The national theater was the intent of the general public and foreign residents in Egypt, as it presented the magic lantern play, in addition to many plays and magic shows.

In 1920: The Uzbek Theater had been rented by Uzbek theater was rented by the National Theatre Upgrade Company for almost 50 years, which arranged all construction procedures for Uzbek theater in the same old location, and it was opened to audience in 1921. The Architect: The Italian architect Veruchy (General Manager of reign buildings), had designed and implemented the national theater. He had design its interiors with the same style and design methods which was prevalent during this era. The hall was oval, and the designs were applied as to be a smaller model to the design of the Royal Opera House with an Arabian style. That is mainly credited to Talaat Harb, who established Misr Bank, since he is the one who had chose the designs of both to be according to the Arabian architecture ornaments and patterns.


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The Uzbekia Garden

The Uzbekia Theater

The National theater 1969

The National theater 1983

The National Theater Through years

Before

The grand fire 2008

After


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The National Theater

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ational theater exterior design Theater Hall - AG35 Interior Spaces

1.Theater Hall 2.Hall’s Entrances – VIP Lounge 3.Theater’s Hall Bathrooms 4.Main Entrances’ Lounges 5.Main Entrances’ Bathroom 6.Actors’ Rooms 7.Exhibition Hall


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The National Theater

Exteriors

reflecting and revealing the historical ambiance and identity ..


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The National Theater

Exteriors


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Ground Floor

Sections ’

1. The Ground Floor 2. The First Floor 3. The Second Floor 4. The Third Floor

First Floor

Second Floor

Third Floor


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The National Theater

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ational theater interior design Theater Hall - AG35 Interior Spaces

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1.Theater Hall 2.Hall’s Entrances – VIP Lounge 3.Theater’s Hall Bathrooms 4.Main Entrances’ Lounges 5.Main Entrances’ Bathroom 6.Actors’ Rooms 7.Exhibition Hall


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Interiors


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The National Theater

Interiors


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The National Theater

Regarding the Design goals had been set in the attempt to increase the width of the stage in order to work on the backstage corridors and the area surrounding it. In addition to providing places for all borders and for pathways controlling, in addition to trying to find a number of usage possibilities for the stage and that would give flexibility to the Theatre, from which follows:

1 – Re-turntable of the moving stage to reach 9.2 m in diameter. 2 – Alienating of the area into three zones which can be controlled to lift each of them separately, and even a distance of 2 m and each size 1,5 x3 m depth. 3 - Control and reduction of two-thirds of raising the front of the stage with an option of the escalators which could disappear when it is not needed to use 4 - Add an animated lighting at the front of the theater. 5- Will set a stage curtain fire «metal or fabric,» according to technical studies 6- Primo curtain.


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The National Theater


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Interiors


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The National Theater

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ational theater interior design Theater Hall - Main Ladies Toilets AG22 Interior Spaces

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1.Theater Hall 2.Hall’s Entrances – VIP Lounge 3.Theater’s Hall Bathrooms 4.Main Entrances’ Lounges 5.Main Entrances’ Bathroom 6.Actors’ Rooms 7.Exhibition Hall


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Toilets


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The National Theater


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Toilets Facades


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The National Theater

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ational theater interior design Building C - Actors Prototype Room - cf0422 Interior Spaces

1.Theater Hall 2.Hall’s Entrances – VIP Lounge 3.Theater’s Hall Bathrooms 4.Main Entrances’ Lounges 5.Main Entrances’ Bathroom 6.Actors’ Rooms 7.Exhibition Hall

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Actors Room


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The National Theater

Actors Room


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The National Theater

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ational theater - Building (B)

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Building B - Design Development Drawings Interior Spaces

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1.Theater Hall 2.Hall’s Entrances – VIP Lounge 3.Theater’s Hall Bathrooms 4.Main Entrances’ Lounges 5.Main Entrances’ Bathroom 6.Actors’ Rooms 7.Exhibition Hall


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Building (B)


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The National Theater


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B

Building (B(

uilding services ÂŤback areaÂť

Technical wise, one of the most important problems which was existing Also planning and designing a suitable space due to lack of a suitable in the National Theatre and had been solved by our design architectural storehouse area as well as lack of safety elements within such space, in plan , used to be located within the back area behind the theater, which order to be alienated into two floors instead of a limited small area. is considered to be as one of the most important places that facilitate and affect the performance of theatrical work efficiently.


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The National Theater

Options for Puppets Theater Wall

Interiors


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building (B) Plans

Ground Floor plan

First Floor plan

Second Floor plan

Third Floor plan


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The National Theater


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building (B) Builing (B)

Interior Elevations


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The National Theater

Interiors


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Detail Plan

Building (b) Toilets


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The National Theater

P

roject Objective

Phase 1 - Eliminating all random buildings and slums around the theater, as well as all the detrimental externals within the original building. - Restoration of the Amphitheater. - Synchronize and managing location›s specifications for the first phase. - Coordinating Technical and Electromechanical work. - New establishment for the building based on a steel structure. - Realization of all essential services for the theater.

Phase 2-a - Mirror Building Plans - Assortment of the location for the second phase Phase 2-b - Elimination of any dilapidated buildings - Expansion of the National Theater›s garden area - Establishing a Culture Tower through a mirror building environment in order to be as a landmark for Ataba square.


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Project Site Progress



The National Theater _ Report