STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION
RESEARCH REVIEW 2015 Next generation winning concepts
SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER
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WHERE TO MEET US Web: www.dnvgl.com/research E-mail: email@example.com Blog: blogs.dnvgl.com/research/ Twitter: @DNVGLResearch
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INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION PROGRAMMES .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POSITION PAPERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SELECTED PROJECTS.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MODAM – Digital twin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 COMPASS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ExWaCli . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Digitalization and Big Data capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 A new health care standard being formed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Life Sciences Exploratory Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Subsea System Qualification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 The Future of Spaceship Earth .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 MARV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 VIMSEN .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Ocean Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 PERSONAL HIGHLIGHTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SR&I EVENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PUBLICATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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CREATING THE NEXT GENERATION OF WINNING CONCEPTS
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An important part of the value creation for our customers is the trust we instil through our assurance and advisory services. This trust, in turn, is dependent on the deep and broad knowledge we as a company are able to provide, maintain and renew.
The combined resources of DNV GL are exceptional, and the continued investment of five per cent of annual revenue in research, development and innovation is crucial for ourselves and for our customers.
The research programmes that have been active throughout 2015 are: Maritime Transportation, Oil & Gas and Energy Systems, Information Technology, Materials, Healthcare, Power & Electrification, Climate Change and Foresight.
It is our belief that our strong commitment to longterm strategic research will enable us to continue to create the next generation of winning concepts and services.
This review contains many examples related to the focus areas described above, but an even broader insight can be achieved by checking out the reference list at the end.
Digitalization and the availability of huge amounts of data will change all the industries that DNV GL is involved in. For example â€“ classification must adapt to provide assurance in new ways, virtually and remotely, through digital platforms.
This year's review also builds a bridge to the new strategy for 2016-2020 through examples of Strategic Research & Innovation (SR&I) projects related to Life Sciences, Ocean Space and Digitalization.
Assurance will increasingly be done virtually, hence we in Strategic Research have over the last three years had a significant focus on opportunities driven by digitalization and connectivity. Through this, we have built competencies and insights that are instrumental in making DNV GL more data smart.
Heading into 2016, we will be launching our Technology Outlook 2025 report in March. We really look forward to sharing our views on technology developments, focusing on the impact on those industries that are most relevant for DNV GL customers.
Some years ago, a strategic decision to strengthen our knowledge of climate change and climate adaptation was taken. Resources were allocated to better understand, assess and manage the risk of climate change and the energy transition. Today, after COP 21, this topic is more relevant than ever and more concrete assurance-related business opportunities are likely to arise.
Rune Torhaug Director, Strategic Research & Innovation, DNV GL 2015.
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Strategic Research & Innovation in DNV GL The objective of the strategic research activities is to enable long-term innovation and business growth in support of the overall strategy of DNV GL. The activities will focus on technology and risk management trends, building new competence and foundation for new services in DNV GL and on ensuring early market positioning and branding of DNV GL as a recognised technology and risk management leader. Our efforts are aligned with DNV GL's vision of global impact for a safe and sustainable future.
IT & ANALYTICS Objective: Investigate the impact of and build competence on emerging information technologies within DNV GL’s business. Themes: Autonomous Systems Big Data Analytics Safety of Cyber Physical Systems
MARITIME TRANSPORT Objective: Contribute to safe and sustainable shipping through intelligent solutions. Themes: Ship Environment Ship Condition and Safety Ship Performance and Emissions
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OIL & GAS AND ENERGY SYSTEMS
Objective: Contribute to the implementation of innovative ideas for safer and more sustainable healthcare while preparing for our transition to the Life Sciences sector.
Objective: Contribute to safer, smarter and greener oil&gas exploration and production while preparing DNV GL for a future change in the energy mix.
Themes: Offshore Safety Subsea systems Energy Efficiency and Foresight
Patient safety Healthcare sustainability Life Sciences, Preserving Health
POWER SYSTEMS & ELECTRIFICATION
Objective: To build competence, methods and tools to achieve competitive advantage in the rapid changing power industry.
Objective: To create new knowledge, tools, and business opportunities in the safe and sustainable use of materials.
Themes: Super Grid Smart Grid Storage Renewables
Materials in Energy Mix Risk Management of Corrodible Systems Advanced Materials and Sensors
CLIMATE CHANGE Objective: Contribute with knowledge and tools on the low-carbon energy transition and how to build resilience and support adaptation to Climate and weather-related risks. Themes:
Energy Transition Resilience and Adaptation
Objective: Provide insight to support development of midto long-term strategic plans. Themes:
Technology Outlook 2025 Ocean Space Opportunities Lean and Agile Service Development
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POSITION PAPERS PUBLISHED IN 2015 A Position Paper from DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation is intended to highlight findings and viewpoints from our research programmes.
POSITION PAPER 01-2015
WHAT'S DRIVING TOMORROW'S ELECTRICITY GRID Electric vehicles hold the potential for a more sustainable future for both the automotive and electric power industry. In this paper we investigate how collaboration between two historically distinct industries could reduce cost and create opportunities. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
POSITION PAPER 02-2015
HYBRID GRID Toward a hybrid AC/DC transmission grid With the changing generation mix, power grids need to be hybridized by integrating more HVDC systems. This paper explores the challenges and opportunities in this transition, along with the role of third party and advisory bodies. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org
POSITION PAPER 03-2015
THE FUEL TRILEMMA Trends in pricing are an obvious factor to consider when examining the feasibility of new fuels, but sustainability and safety also have an impact on the ultimate affordability of change. This Position Paper presents a methodology for evaluating alternative fuels based on those three factors.
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POSITION PAPER 04-2015
SHIP CONNECTIVITY Capacity and coverage of ship to shore communication has been gradually evolving. This paper describes the latest developments and the implications for shipping in the 21st century. Contact email@example.com
POSITION PAPER 05-2015
ROGUE WAVES This position paper summarizes our latest knowledge on rogue waves and their impacts on marine structures in general and ships in particular. It also focuses on research projects addressing rogue waves in which DNV GL has participated.
POSITION PAPER 06-2015
ADVANCED MATERIALS IN RENEWABLE ENERGY Tackling the reliability challenge The paper looks at the latest developments in materials for renewable energy (wind, solar and energy storage) and focuses on the challenge of establishing the long term reliability of novel materials.
POSITION PAPER 07-2015
SUBSEA SYSTEM QUALIFICATION Towards a standarized approach How can confidence in new subsea systems be demonstrated faster and more efficiently? This paper suggests developing a standardized system qualification approach which could reduce cost, complexity and development time.
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MODAM â€“ Digital twin Automated asset management for maritime
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The MODAM project is a substantial collaborative project between DNV GL, ABB and BW Gas supported by the Research Council of Norway. This was the first maritime project to introduce the concept of a digital twin supporting the classification process of ship components and systems in a lifecycle perspective.
The motivation of the project has been to combine the advent of digitalization in the maritime industry with increasingly advanced simulation tools in order to ensure the safety and reliability of shipboard assets. An increasing number of ship components are designed in digital format by means of modern computer-based design tools and evaluated by simulation tools. To make design approvals more efficient, information embedded in the models should be transferred in digital format to the classification society in order to populate rule checking tools of the classification society or alternatively, rule checking can be carried out directly in the simulation tool of the designer by developing rule checking algorithms. The simulation model of the component represents a digital twin. An increasing amount of components are outfitted with sensors in order to enable condition monitoring of the components. The sensor readings obtained from the factory testing of the component can then be used to calibrate the digital twin, which in turn may be used to assess the evaluation of the performance of the component.
Once the component is integrated on the ship, the sensor readings obtained in the sea trial of the ship can be used to calibrate the simulation model in a systems perspective, and the calibrated and validated digital twin may be used to evaluate the performance of the component on-board the ship as well as to establish an as-built, baseline performance of the component. Following this process will enable a real-time on condition maintenance and survey regime for the component in operation, supported by the sensor readings from the component combined with diagnostics and prognostics capabilities offered by the digital twin. The methodology has the potential to be applied to all ship assets, and could potentially transform asset management and assurance in the maritime industry. The methodology will be piloted in the MODAM project on an ABB designed asset operated on a BW Gas ship.
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COMPASS Condition and Operation Monitoring for Performance and Ship Safety
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The goal of the COMPASS project has been to define a framework for the remote monitoring of a ship's condition, supporting classification and predictive maintenance activities. To achieve this, the following areas have been identified as the constituents:
Sensor and instrumentation system Data quality verification Data handling standards Data modelling Data access and visualization Key performance & condition indicators Class & asset integrity analytics
The data collected on board has been transferred to an onshore database and analysed. To do so, the data has to be of sufficient quality for a given analysis. Data quality is affected by many factors, such as the sensor quality and placement, data collection equipment, timestamp handling, data gaps, compression schemes, metadata that describes the signals, etc. The project has also identified relevant standards for maritime condition monitoring and an important objective has been to determine where standardization can be most effective. Detection and diagnosis of faults Two different data analysis methodologies have been demonstrated in the project. A machine learning approach to detect anomalies and estimate component health indicators
services, the virtual testing of equipment calibrated by real data, and model-based diagnostics of system failures. A new methodology for handling sensor signals and related metadata has been suggested and demonstrated. This relies on an ontology built using the web ontology language (OWL) to describe the ship through a hierarchical breakdown into systems, subsystems and components, including descriptions of these and the relationships between elements. A demonstrator application has been developed in the project. This utilizes ontologies in order to browse sensor signals. The demonstrator app is web-based and capable of accessing and visualizing sensor time series of an arbitrary size stored in a big data cluster. This data is also combined with data from other sources, such as mapping services and AIS data. In sum, a visual breakdown of ship components integrated with a health indicator viewer, a modern information management system and advanced data analysis capabilities - represents great value for DNV GL work processes. It increases efficiency and makes it easier to obtain and analyse the data needed to improve performance and safety.
A model-based approach to detect and diagnose failures, utilizing COSSMOS modelling and machine learning.
The COMPASS project is a collaboration between DNV GL, Rolls Royce Marine and Farstad Shipping. Financial support has been obtained from the Norwegian Research Council. Project period: 01.2013-12.2015.
These show the potential for utilizing operational data to create applications - such as data-driven class
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Accounting for uncertainties in the design of marine structures
A 20 m plus rogue wave hitting the tanker Overseas Chicago running in rough seas heading south from Valdez, Alaska in February 1993. Photo courtesy NOAA Photo Library.
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The Extreme Wave and Climate Change (ExWaCli) research project has been initiated in order to understand how climate change will impact wave conditions in the northern ocean areas in the 21st century and to determine the uncertainties associated with their projections as well as the consequences for current design and operation procedures for marine structures. The global warming and extreme weather events reported in the last few years have attracted a lot of attention. The debate on the observed climate change has confronted the shipping and offshore industry with three important questions: Will the occurrence of extreme weather events increase in the future?
The project has proposed how uncertainties associated with climate change projections can be incorporated into the risk-based approach used in our current rules concepts. Further, it has demonstrated that an increase of the significant wave height beyond 0.5m in the North Atlantic will have a large impact on the current design practice for e.g. tankers.
Which ocean regions will be most affected? What will be the impact on the future operation and design of ships and offshore structures? Compared to other environmental phenomena, observed and projected changes in wave and wind climate are expected to have the largest impact on marine structure designs and operations. Climate change in terms of an increase in storm activity (intensity, duration and fetch) in some ocean regions, and changes to storm tracks, may lead to secondary effects such as an increased frequency of extreme wave events (abnormal waves, also called rogue or freak waves). The ExWaCli project aims to understand the impact of climate change on wave conditions and to specify uncertainties associated with projections of such changes. The projected wave climate for the period 2071–2100 is compared with the historical 1971– 2000 wave climate. The investigations show that wave climate changes are highly regional-dependent and that there are still large uncertainties associated with their projections. Changes in storm tracks have also been identified in the North Atlantic.
Longer ships would require a larger increase in the ship deck area than shorter ships. The steel weight of the deck in the midship region is to increase. If the significant wave height increases by 1.0m, the deck area will need to increase by 9% for a VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier) and by 5% for a Product Tanker in order to maintain the current safety level. Increasing the hull girder strength in a more optimal way without increasing the steel weight could also be considered. The project, which is partly funded by the Norwegian Research Council, will be completed in 2016. The Norwegian Meteorological Institute and University of Oslo participate in the ExWaCli project, which is coordinated by DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation.
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Digitalization and Big Data capabilities
P_Gen 2720–4353 4353–5986 5986–7619 7619–9252 252–10885 10885–12518
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Big data viewer – enabling rapid exploration of high resolution sensor data Fuel Consumption [kg/NM] The developed framework allows interactive visualization of many signals and geo-location. It also allows drill-in by selecting an area on the map or on the graphs. The above screenshot shows the AIS track and one day of data for 6 300 selected signals for a selected vessel outside Algeciras. The raw data is sampled at 1hz meaning that the displayed 250 signals has been aggregated/down-sampled from more than 500,000 raw data-points in the given period. For a full year200 this corresponds to almost 200 million data points for just these 6 signals. The tool is therefore built on scalable technology which will support interactive visualization and drill-in for arbitrary time periods for thousands of sensors. 150
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The IT & Analytics Research Programme is piloting a Big Data platform for DNV GL built on the open source Apache Hadoop ecosystem.
With every major technological shift in the maritime industries, DNV GL’s role has been to enable the industry to capitalise on the new opportunities offered by novel technologies – safely, sustainably and cost-effectively. This was the case when steam replaced sail, diesel replaced steam, welding replaced riveting, and with the adjacent development of the offshore oil and gas industry. DNV GL’s role is no different in relation to the impact of digitalization.
Key capabilities of the Big Data engine are: Efficient multi-scale queries and visualization of i.e time series data Data quality, profiling and indexing Merging of time series themselves and with other data such as geo-spatial information (GIS data) Linking of time series to high level data models
Sensor data A cornerstone of digitalization in the industries served by DNV GL is the use of data, and in particular sensor data, to manage operations and to optimise efficiency and reliability. For key decisions, risk assessments now have to include the quality of sensors, instrumentation systems, logging systems, data quality, security, quality of embedded knowledge in the form of analytic algorithms, etc. For DNV GL to effectively support risk management through our assurance and advisory services, we have to be able to perform some aspects of these services in the data streams themselves and therefore need capabilities to handle and process large amounts of sensor data in combination with multiple other datasets of varying format and type. Hadoop ecosystem Testing our ability to handle diverse data streams, and, indeed, developing the ‘know how’ to do so, is the key reason for us piloting a Big Data platform on an open source Hadoop eco system. In the realm of Big Data, open source software is the new norm, and is the natural choice to take us towards the future. The Hadoop eco system is a cluster of tools with varying maturity. The core tools that enable distributed storage and processing have a high degree of maturity whereas others to support, for example, advanced machine learning are less mature, but this is developing fast.
Access to state-of-the-art open source tools enabling amongst others advanced analytic functions and algorithms such as machine learning A flexible and easy-to-use interface to browse through raw data and analytics Framework for distributing data to customer stakeholders in a secure way
Hybrid cloud strategy (Mix of on-premises and cloud hardware). On-Premises Research Hadoop Cluster
21 nodes 680 cores 2.2 TB RAM 1.3 Petabytes of raw data
Cloud clusters in Microsoft Azuretailored to respective applications.
The platform can serve as a back end for existing software and analytic services, it can enable complete Big Data analytic applications to end customers and serve as a comprehensive analytic workbench for our technical analysts and researchers. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org
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A new healthcare standard being formed
SYSTEMS-THINKING IN HEALTHCARE, AS WELL AS OTHER SAFETY CRITICAL AND COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SECTORS, FOCUSES ON:
Establishing policies that set clear and explicit goals and directions regarding quality (including defining what quality means for an organization)
6 Continuously improving through the analysis of performance and the adoption of necessary process changes to achieve results
Creating pre-emptive and mitigation controls to deliver safe and consistently reliable results
5 Measuring process performance and monitoring the efficacy of controls
2 Mapping processes and identifying indicators to monitor those processes (including how they connect within and between organizations)
Identifying and assessing risks to human, technological and organizational safety and performance (including how these are distributed within and across organizations and who owns them)
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Strategic Research & Innovation is working to create an international evidenceinformed, consensus driven standard for integrated health care. DNV GL is committed to developing cutting edge assurance services that support healthcare in delivering safer, smarter and sustainable care for all. Strategic Research and Innovation (SR&I) is working with partners in patient empowerment, health policy, clinical practice and academia to improve health services through the co-creation of standards for integrated care. The rationale for this is that healthcare is increasingly complex as people live longer, often with multiple chronic illnesses. As a result, each of us now relies on simultaneous care from different health and social services both in person and through mobile health solutions. The net effect of this is that lapses in quality no longer relate only to single episodes of care and errors in procedures at specific times, but also to cumulative failures throughout a patient’s journey within a health system. There is therefore a need for standards that promote a safe, seamless patient journey across multiple care providers. Organisations that meet the standard's requirements will be confident that they are delivering a unified patient experience that engages service users, their families and communities as active partners in the design and supply of effective and efficient care including self-care - both within their organisation and in how they connect to other providers. The standard will improve the quality of health and social
care by assuring key stakeholders that processes are in place that can achieve the following outcomes across the value chain: Patients: fewer patient safety incidents, less time in hospital Professionals: increased satisfaction, greater collaboration and reduced duplication of effort Provider organisations (e.g. hospitals, primary care providers): improved efficient and effective use of resources Policy makers: improved population health and well-being outcomes per unit of currency spent The standard is being developed and tested with partners around the world reflecting different health funding and delivery models over the period 2015 to 2017. It will build on DNV GL’s vision of health and social care services that are characterized by the four P’s of; Prediction Prevention Participation Personalization In doing so, the standard will enable us to put into practice our earlier research on person-centred care and co-creation: making a difference to the lives of patients and health workers. Contact email@example.com
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Life Sciences Exploratory Project
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A project that aims to examine DNV GL - the roles of Business Assurance and selected value chains identified within the Life Science - Preserving Health branch.
DNV GL has developed a specific focus and attention to the Healthcare and Food &Beverage industries as one element in building a new industry vertical within Life Sciences. The Life Sciences Exploratory Project in the Healthcare program of SR&I serves to support this initiative by providing a deep investigative role to the important players of these complex value chains. In addition, the project will function as an important start to the collaboration between SR&I and Business Assurance (BA) by identifying the areas of research that SR&I can prioritize that align and support the strategic goals and ambitions of Business Assurance within Life Sciences – Preserving Health. The objective of the Life Sciences Exploratory project is to provide support to the new industry vertical by examining assurance roles within three value chains identified of high relevance and interest within the Life Science – Preserving Health branch. These value chains are: Patient journey through the healthcare system Medical Devices Pharmacology & Genomics All of which will include their value and interaction with medical Information technology. The value chains will focus on three regions: USA Selected countries in Europe China
The Life Sciences industry, which addresses the safety and sustainability of living organisms, has demonstrated great potential in tackling the serious threats posed to human health and the food supply chain that have been confounded by rapid global population growth and aging. The Life Sciences industry aims to generate new ways of delivering healthcare and food for all and DNV GL recognizes this industry as a new way to support global economic, social and environmental needs for a desirable and sustainable future. The results of this project will provide recommendations to providing a strategic plan for the Healthcare SR&I program to support the new DNV GL industry vertical within Life Sciences. Due to the vast breadth and scope of the business potential for DNV GL in to provide assurance services to the Life Sciences industry, this project will be able to identify strategic areas of interest that provide opportunity for collaboration in research as it pertains to the providers and suppliers of healthcare. The project was launched mid-November 2015 and will conclude early 2016 with a high level presentation to Business Assurance and Life Sciences management with a supplementary technical report. The project entails extensive collaboration between research and business to provide knowledge and support for the new vertical in Life Sciences. This close collaboration will carry on through future projects identified through the project to ensure connectivity between research activities in SR&I and Business Assurance and DNV GL Group. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
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Subsea System Qualification Towards a standardised approach
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Oil export pump Utilities Power transmission cable
Oil export pipeline
Gas export pipeline
Schematic representation of subsea production with pipeline to shore .
Unlocking value in new subsea solutions means seeing opportunities at system level, including process, power and control. But how can confidence in new subsea systems be established faster and more efficiently? How can already-qualified technologies be re-qualified in an effective manner for use in similar systems or under slightly different operating conditions? In short, what is the best way for qualifying subsea systems (see Figure above). The project team homed in on a systems approach to technology qualification to help the subsea sector boost value creation without compromising risk levels. Systems & Life Cycle This involved researching and combining systems engineering (SE) in various industries (aviation, defence, and automotive) and the state-of-the-art in technology qualification (TQ) in upstream oil & gas. Our conclusion is that the industry should take advantage of some SE principles while still adhering to some of the simplicity of the TQ process where DNV GL has a long established leadership through DNV-RP-A203 . The industry should have an increased focus on integrating the engineering development and qualification activities at system level from the start of the development and throughout the entire project life cycle. New concepts and tools A conceptualised framework for subsea system qualification, as well as a set of standard qualification cases, has been proposed as a step towards a more standardized qualification process for upstream oil & gas. This may help companies to better leverage each other’s qualification efforts and results.
The project has investigated new and more effective methods and tools for subsea system qualification. Numerical methods represent an inexpensive alternative to experimental system testing. Developing validated component and system simulations, which can be shared across systems and simulation platforms through model exchange or cosimulation, may enable virtual system testing. Focus on management and control of interfaces between system elements – such as functions, components, modules, or sub systems – is paramount to ensuring consistency and quality of such virtual system qualification methods. Way forward The project aims at developing an industry accepted standard and tools for qualification of technology with a system perspective. The project has been run as an internal research project in 2015, and suggests a joint industry effort in three steps: Establish common industry principles, and consolidate a common framework for system qualification based on existing industry procedures. Develop a methodology to standardize system qualification for common use across the upstream oil & gas industry. Piloting and demonstration of the developed methodology and roll-out of Recommended Practice. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org
 DNV-RP-A203, «Recommended Practise - Technology Qualification» 2013.  T. Kuhnle et al., «All Subsea – Creating Value From Subsea Processing. Position paper,» DNV GL, SR&I, 2015.
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The Future of Spaceship Earth
THE UN'S SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
Photo iStock. SDG Graphic courtesy globalgoals.org
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DNV GL has developed a forecast of what will happen on our planet through to 2050. Recently, we used this forecast to assess the likelihood of global society achieving each of the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The SDGs, adopted by the UN in September 2015, constitute the world’s common view of a safe and sustainable future, defined by 17 goals and 169 targets for the year 2030. Many organizations already track global performance on the SDGs, but no other organization is basing its assessment – as DNV GL is doing – on a quantitative, consistent and dynamic forecasting model, which also gives a regionalized view on future developments. Will the SDGs be reached? Our assessment is that while substantial progress will be made, none of the 17 SDGs will be reached in all regions of the world by 2030. But, human development goals like food, health and water/sanitation generally achieve high scores (i.e. higher likelihood of being reached), while the ambitions of stable climate, equality and sustainable consumption achieve low scores. The Spaceship Earth report released at the end of 2015 contains details of our assessment together with recommendations to close the gap between desire and reality. What will the world look like in 2050? From the perspective of human well-being, there will be progress. There will be much broader access to education, energy, food, clean water and sanitation. But there will still be distinct differences between the developed world – which in 2050 will include China – and the still-developing world. 2050 viewed from an environmental perspective is, sadly, a picture of deterioration. Resources will continue to be used beyond the carrying capacity of the planet, and emissions will stay high
enough to increase the global average surface temperature above the 2 °C target, in the absence of extraordinary action. To the extent that it highlights the need for extraordinary action, it is pleasing that the outcome of the COP-21 in Paris in December is consistent with our forecast. Competence (and relationship) building Spaceship Earth is a collaborative project between DNV GL’s Sustainability Office and the Climate Change Programme in SR&I. However, it has already benefited from the spirited input of dozens of DNV GL colleagues. The project has and will continue to benefit from inputs from a wide range of external experts, not least Jørgen Randers, Professor Emeritus at BI Norwegian Business School. Our picture of the future can and will be improved in the years ahead, and hence our work is published openly on dnvgl.com to encourage others to help us refine our forecast. DNV GL’s customers typically invest in assets with operating lives running into decades. As the world’s leading provider of rules, standards and technical assurance services, we see it as our duty to have a consistent and well-considered view of the future. Such a long-term outlook will serve as a useful guide when our customers and our own organisation prepare for the future. By building up increased and multifaceted competence on what are likely to be the most critical challenges for Spaceship Earth – climate, energy, water, ocean, food, and health – our mission is to help turn DNV GL’s vision of “Global Impact for a Safe and Sustainable Future” into action.
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MARV Smarter risk assessment for safer operations
The Materials Research Programme has spearheaded DNV GL’s smart asset risk assessment methodology: Multi-Analytic Risk Visualization (MARV) – packaged as a software tool that quantifies risks and presents them through a visual interactive display.
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Multi-Analytic Risk Visualization (MARV) software allows users to (1) perform flexible and rigorous quantitative risk assessments and (2) communicate individual and aggregate risks through a visual display to the stakeholders.
MARV displays risk information in a visual touchscreen interface that combines geographical maps, physical models, and risk outputs in one user-friendly interface. The user sees a virtual representation of the asset, is able to move back and forth in time, and observes how the risk changes from one location to another. On top of this, users can view effects of mitigation and monitoring activities on risk. MARV's risk assessments use Bayesian algorithms that are fully transparent, so clients can see the builtin logic. This allows automatic updating of risk, based on inspection, incidents, maintenance, or mitigation activities. Using the same tool, MARV users can perform fully quantitative risk assessments, evaluate life extension strategies, prioritize data gathering, plan mitigative actions, and explain the hidden rootcause of risks. MARV has a number of key advantages over other offerings in the market: 1. MARV fully quantifies risk and uncertainties in a way that shows the effects of individual scenarios over time. For example, it does not mask individual threats by aggregating unlikely catastrophic with frequent benign scenarios. Knowing certainty levels allows decision makers to trust or not trust risk results (and know what data will improve predictions). 2. MARV prioritizes data gathering. Uncertainties in the calculated risk drive data gathering activities. This is done by comparing the cost of data with the effectiveness of that data on risk results' uncertainty. This approach saves clients' resources that would be spent gathering unnecessary data.
3. MARVâ€™s role in failure analyses. Because MARV uses Bayesian networks, the more information is added to the network, the less uncertainty in the final probability of failure. Inferential reasoning also allows the model to predict likely causes of failure from the results of a failure (i.e. the model is run in reverse). 4. MARV visually displays risk. Even when risk management calculations are effective, clear communication of risk is needed for sound decision-making within operations and justification to various stakeholders. Deployment and next steps MARV has been successfully applied to onshore and offshore pipelines in various locations worldwide, analyzing threats like internal corrosion, external corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, third party damage, oil theft, etc. Since MARV is modular, additional threat and consequence models will be tailored to specific client needs and integrated with clients own expert knowledge. MARV is a common platform, and can be used in many other industries. The MARV team is working on implementing MARV in the chemical process industry (e.g. corrosion under insulation), associated pipeline facilities, power plant piping, and climate change effects on Oil & Gas infrastructure.
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VIMSEN Virtual Microgrids for Smart Energy Networks: Helping small-scale renewable energy producers
Desicion Support System
Active Energy Management
Info. Management & Desicion Making Communication 00:00
Intelligent Data Acquisition & Sensing
User Dashboard Global Demand Response Manager
Data communication broker
Meter Data Management System
Local Demand Response
Local Demand Response Manager
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The current centralized electricity generation market limits contributions from small energy producers. Moving to a more distributed model could boost the use of dispersed renewable power sources such as photovoltaics and wind turbines. Feed-in tariffs have been used to encourage investment in small-scale renewable energy production by individuals, communities and companies. The tariffs are based on the amount of power the prosumer feeds back into the grid, and they provide prosumers (someone who is both a producer and consumer of electricity) with a financial incentive for investing in renewable power systems. However, tariff schemes can become uneconomical the more they are taken advantage of, and DNV GL, through participation in the E.U. project Virtual Microgrids for Smart Energy Networks (VIMSEN), is helping to develop and demonstrate an alternative business model. If each prosumer (or a group of prosumers) is considered as a microgrid capable of monitoring and managing its local energy resources, it is possible to boost their commercial viability by virtually aggregating them into dynamic associations whose operation is coordinated by an aggregator. Such dynamic associations are called virtual microgrids. Using virtual microgrids, small energy producers have the flexibility of either redistributing energy between each other to satisfy varying production and demand cycles or participating in the centralized market by being part of a virtual microgrid which acts as a large power producer. Energy aggregators act on behalf of the prosumers so they can sell their excess energy collectively at a good price. This is how the concept is anticipated to reduce reliance on feedâ€‘in tariffs as an incentive for investing in small-scale renewable energy.
However, aggregators need a trading tool that will facilitate the clustering, so VIMSEN is developing a virtual microgrid management system that uses advanced information and communication infrastructure. The VIMSEN concept treats all energy producers equally and achieves better sales prices for prosumers through virtual associations. Ultimately, this should promote investment in renewable energy and make energy production more democratic, as almost all energy consumers can potentially be producers. The concept also brings benefits to network operators and large energy companies by enabling them to use a power production model that has reduced need for built-in redundancy for supporting peaks in electricity demand. The participants in VIMSEN are DNV GL, Cosmote Mobile Telecommunications, the Hellenic Distribution Network Operator (HEDNO) and Computer Technology Institute and Press Diophantus of Greece, Intelen Services of Cyprus, Telint RTD Consultancy Services of the U.K., Wattics of Ireland and Comune Di Sedini of Italy. Two VIMSEN demonstration sites have already been nominated: Sedini, on the island of Sardinia, Italy, and Athens, Greece, and they are expected to be fully operational later in 2016.
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Ocean Space Potential for changes across a wide range of marine industries
The Norwegian spring spawning herring population is one of the biggest migrating biomasses in the world. (Photo: GRID Arendal)
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The world’s oceans have always been a valuable resource for humanity. New and improved practices can help to maintain, and even increase, their potential for future generations.
DNV GL has established itself as a leader in sustainability and risk management in many of today’s marine industries, working together with those involved from the surface to the seafloor. In 2015, we ran a pre-project to investigate further opportunities– both on a general basis and for the particular industries that DNV GL is into. New Ocean Space activities will seek out the additional waters in between the surface and the seafloor and expose DNV GL to new opportunities. Not that long ago, the business environment was very different. Environmental and social issues were of little concern. Society has demanded change, and new ideals have been set forth in the United Nations’ sustainable development goals. Strategic project concepts are currently being developed for Ocean Space activities that will follow ocean products from their origin through to consumer products in order to identify potential areas for improvement in production, conservation and waste management. This approach will be applied to different ocean industries, including pharmaceutical manufacturing, fresh water production, minerals, transportation, oil & gas exploration and offshore energy. Even well-established businesses, such as the oil and gas
industry, are facing a variety of challenges, including an increase in extreme weather events and wave loads. None are immune from the need to critically examine their sustainability practices. Constantly changing environments demand the re-evaluation of existing practices, and DNV GL is well placed to manage and mitigate any impacts on ocean industries and, by extension, the ocean ecosystems they operate within. Still in its early stages, a potential Ocean Space project will position DNV GL to leverage its core competencies within marine, offshore, risk management and management systems to help bring about positive change. And, with much of their vastness still under-explored, new ocean industries will emerge. Through ongoing research, DNV GL will expand with them to help ensure a sustainable future for citizens and natural systems. The pre-project, run to frame future Ocean Space activities, demonstrates how DNV GL continues to actively seek out opportunities to live up to its global citizenship responsibilities and ideal of safeguarding life, property and the environment.
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PERSONAL HIGHLIGHTS Hans Anton Tvete Senior Researcher Maritime Transport The ReVolt project has opened a lot of doors this year. One door is the ReCharge project, where we explore how charging- and shore power infrastructure for ships can become more widespread, and also what environmental and societal benefits that delivers. Feedback from the Norwegian government indicates results from this project will directly impact public funding of these matters. So my most inspirational takeaway from 2015 has been witnessing the impressive reach and impact that DNV GL has on the industries we serve. We need to further capitalize on this!
Jørgen Kadal Programme Director Information Technology and Analytics I had the pleasure of coordinating dialogue on digitalization across all BAs, leading up to the final corporate and BA ‘data smart’ strategies. Working across our BAs was a great opportunity – in my 25 years in DNV GL I have never seen people so eager to collaborate on a topic. In addition, I was able to meet many existing customers and new players to learn what is happening in our industries and how our customers are responding. There are threats in this field, but also many opportunities for DNV GL.
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Jingyue Li Principal Researcher Information Technology & Analytics By collaboration with Airbus, SR&I colleagues and I developed a model-based testing method and tool to verify software-based control systems. We have piloted the method to verify satellite control software for European Space Agency and subsea control systems for FMC Technologies. In 2015, my most exciting contribution is that the method and tool has been successfully transferred to Marine Cybernetics through a Technology Leadership project. We foresee that, by using our method, Marine Cybernetics will be able to provide faster, cheaper, and better HIL test services.
Eva Turk Senior Researcher Healthcare Programme My most exciting contribution in 2015 was taking a leading role in the Technology Leadership programme on the Future of Management Systems. I was collaborating with highly competent team members from various disciplines and cultures. As importantly, this experience has given me insight into what is meaningful for Business Assurance in terms of being a thought leader in the area. I also acquired new knowledge and insight that I can use in my other projects, such as the Life Science project.
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Simen Eldevik Senior Researcher Oil & Gas Energy Systems Coming from a BA Oil & Gas challenged by a tough market, it’s been inspiring to see how dedicated the researchers of SR&I are to developing new and enhanced services. Personal highlights include the interesting work on system qualification (applied to subsea systems), as well on our core business of communicating risk. This isn’t straightforward; I strongly believe we should communicate how risk breaks down into lack of knowledge and physical uncertainties; how much of it can be reduced and by which means – and how large the irreducible risk is.
Mark Irvine Communication Manager Strategic Research & Innovation It’s been a serious pleasure to bring dedicated communication ‘help’ to our researchers. Getting up to speed with the content of the 8 programmes has been an enormous challenge and joy – in a sense this really is ‘seeing’ the future – whether it's a discussion about subsea factories on the ocean floor or the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere (and everything in between). Proud to have opened up new communication channels for SR&I, intensified the communication relationship with and through the BAs, and deepened internal communication of SR&I content.
Asun St. Clair Senior Principal Scientist Climate Change I am very satisfied to have achieved two main goals during 2015, my first full year with SR&I. First, 2015 has shown me that scientific rigour, international research networks and commercial relevance can be combined to develop climate services that our Business Areas could eventually integrate in their portfolios. Second, this year I have learned from colleagues how best practices and standards are in the DNA of our company, and I am excited about the work ahead on these issues in relation to climate change and the energy transition.
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Liu Cao Researcher Materials Programme My 2015 was brightened by looking into materials degradation and reliability issues in renewable energy. Stepping out from traditional energy industries, it was exciting to recognize similar challenges in renewables. There is a lot of focus on initial capital cost and high efficiency of energy conversion, but scant attention paid to long-term performance. In a position paper we show how a high-level predictive modeling tool, integrated with diverse sources of knowledge and sensor data, offers a tangible solution to this complex problem – and brings service opportunities to DNV GL.
Lars Landberg Group Leader SR&I Renewables In 2015 we formed the Renewables SR&I unit in Bristol! We had worked on this in 2014, but having the funding, doing the interviews, and seeing the group come together was very exciting. Finding the people we did for the group was so very fortunate – we cover all the right aspects with people with all the right skills. On a more personal note, 2015 also saw the publication (by Wiley) of my book about wind energy for meteorology, a small step for mankind but a big one for me!
Jørg Aarnes Head of Strategic Foresight 2015 has been stage setting for DNV GL, and therefore a particularly exciting year the Strategic Foresight unit. We have contributed to set direction for the corporate digitalization transformation and for activities to strengthen our position in ocean space, as discussed elsewhere in this report. We have also helped kickstart data smart pilots in the business areas using principles from lean and agile development, which we believe have potential to be transformative for how we engage with customers throughout our innovation processes.
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SR&I EVENTS The main internal events of 2015 – run by SR&I and open for all DNV GL employees:
Connectivity and big data Climate and energy mix changes
All events were well attended, some packed to capacity. Each event was also Livestreamed to thousands of colleagues worldwide, and can still be accessed in the archived section of http://livestream.com/dnvgl
UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL WITH
The Climate Change Seminar in february with two of the lead authors of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Synthesis report set in train a busy series of seminars with the BAs during the course of the year focusing on creating and responding to demand for climate change-related services in our markets. The historic accord at COP21 in Paris in early December brings this into sharper focus – as discussed at follow-up seminar hosted by the Climate Change programme in SR&I.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE IPCC
Making the IPCC scientific results meaningful and actionable for our staff and our customers”
A SEMINAR BY THE NORWEGIAN AUTHORS OF THE IPCC SYNTHESIS REPORT
Jan S. Fuglestvedt Research director and leader of the Climate System unit at CICERO. Karen O’Brien Professor in the Department of Sociology and Human Geography at the University of Oslo, Norway.
WHEN: Tuesday 24th February 201513.00 to 14.00 WHERE: Store Møtesal, Høvik
SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER
The main research themes were encapsulated in the ‘Connectivity, Fuels & Waves’ title given to the 2015 Maritime Research Seminar – presented to large audiences in both Høvik and Hamburg in May.
CONNECTIVITY, FUELS AND WAVES
Welcome to this seminar on three of the most important themes affecting the future of shipping. Remi Eriksen, Group EVP and COO
YOU’RE INVITED TO THE 2015 MARITIME SEMINAR 21 MAY, 10.00–11.30 IN STORE MØTESAL, HØVIK Hendrik Brinks on “Next generation alternative fuels”
Steinar Låg on “Ship Connectivity”
DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation
SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER
Erik Vanem on “Uncertainties of wave climate projections and their effects on ship design”
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Digitalization was the focus of the ‘sold out’ annual SR&I Open Innovation Seminar in september– with perspectives and synopses of developments on the subject given for each of the Oil & Gas, Maritime and Energy BAs.
DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION 2015 OPEN SEMINAR: DIGITALIZATION
PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE
DATE: 7TH SEPTEMBER 10.00 – 11.30 VENUE: STORE MØTESAL Come earlier at 9.30 for coffee and ‘boller’ and a chance to interact with the SR&I programme teams.
SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER
DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION
The first two Big Data Lunch & Learns took place in the closing quarter of 2015. These events focused on demonstrator projects and on the Hadoop Big Data analytics cluster constructed by the IT & Analytics Research Programme. Future Lunch & Learns will also feature cutting edge developments in the BAs to facilitate cross-learning.
BIG DATA LUNCH & LEARN NO.1 TUESDAY 13TH OCTOBER 11.30 TO 12.30 VENUE: LILLE MØTESAL, HØVIK & LIVESTREAMED
BIG DATA LUNCH & LEARN NO.2 TUESDAY 24TH NOVEMBER 11.30 TO 12.30 VENUE: STORE MØTESAL, HØVIK & LIVESTREAMED
Intro to Big data Analytics – 5 main differences from ordinary analytics
Playing with high resolution ship tracking (AIS) data
Blue Earth Analytics – Assessing uncertainty of climate models using Big Data Analytics
Arnaud Le Breton, senior researcher IT & Analytics Programme
Thomas Mestl senior researcher IT & Analytics Programme
Cecilie Mauritzen, chief researcher & VP Low Carbon Future group
Ken Tore Tallakstad, senior researcher IT & Analytics Programme
Tatjana Zivkovic Hansen, senior researcher IT & Analytics Programme
Big Data Analytics and Hadoop Part II
Automated Asset management for Maritime (HRS, Modam, Compass, Nauticus Twinity)
Using Big Data analytics to analyse high resolution AMI data from households
René Castberg, senior researcher IT & Analytics Programme
Grunde Løvoll, senior researcher IT & Analytics Programme
Erik Stensrud and Ovidiu Drugan, both senior researchers IT & Analytics Programme
Akos Buzinkay, senior engineer Digital Channels & Collaboration
This is the first in a series of ‘lunch and learns’ hosted by the IT & Analytics Group in Strategic Research & Innovation. The idea is to showcase Big Data related projects, pilots and prototypes to stimulate discussion, thinking and action.
This is the second in a series of ‘lunch and learns’ hosted by the IT & Analytics Group in Strategic Research & Innovation. The idea is to showcase Big Data related projects, pilots and prototypes to stimulate discussion, thinking and action.
If you come early there will be (limited) space for lunch trays.
If you come early there will be (limited) space for lunch trays.
SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER
SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER
FUTURE BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES FOR DNV GL
Sandwiched between the two Big Data events was the 2015 Extraordinary Innovation Projects (EIPs) presentation in early November. While EIPs are administered separately by the CTO and are not formally part of SR&I, several research officers from SR&I participated directly in three of the four EIP teams. Speaking at the EIP presentation, Group President & CEO, Remi Eriksen, said, "… Now is the time to have smarter and more efficient solutions. All four projects have looked at standardization, modularization and also using Big Data as a possible enabler.”
EXTRAORDINARY INNOVATION PROJECTS 2015 Livestreamed globally
TIME: NOVEMBER 2ND 09.00 – 12.45 PLACE: STORE MØTESAL 09.00-10.45 Floating wind
SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER
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PUBLICATIONS HEALTHCARE 2015-P034 The state of healthcare: From challenges to opportunities / Stephen Leyshon; Stephen McAdam; Eva Turk et al. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 167 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P034). Collaboration with DNV GL Heatlthcare and Monday Morning Sustainia. Sustainia was developed by Scandinavian think tank, Monday Morning, in a collaborative effort with global companies, foundations, organizations, and experts. Original document number: 2015-1135 Authors: Stephen Leyshon, Eva Turk, Stephen McAdam 2015-P035 Mixed methods: improving the assessment of safety culture in healthcare / Listyowardojo, Tita A. (Lead Author); Bobbie RaySannerud; Eva Turk; Melinda Lyons; Morten Pytte; Stephen Leyshon; Vibeke Vallevik. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – 43 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P035) (DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation – Position Paper; 11-2014) Authors: Tita Alissa Listyowardojo, Stephen Leyshon, Eva Turk, Morten Pytte, Melinda Lyons, Bobbie Nicole Ray-Sannerud, Vibeke Binz Vallevik 2015-P050 Slovenia / Tit Albreht, Eva Turk and Valentina Prevolnik-Rupel. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 4 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P050) [Published in] Economic crisis, health systems and health in Europe. Country experiences. Edited by Anna Maresso, Philipa Mladovsky, Sarah Thomson et al. Part of a study on the impact of the crisis on health and health systems in Europe prepared jointly by the WHO Regional Office for Europe and the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. It provides an overview of health system responses to the crisis by country and case studies of the impact of the crisis in selected countries. Author: Eva Turk 2015-P073 Scene setter: The importance of taking a systems approach to person centred care / Stephen Leyshon; Stephen McAdam. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 2 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P073) [Published in] BMJ (Online), Volume 350, 20 February 2015, Article number h985 Authors: Stephen Leyshon, Stephen McAdam 2015-P096 The future of management systems / Bertus Kroondijk (Project leader); Eva Turk; Vijay Telekicherla; Niall Pembery; Cecilie Løne; Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 34 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P096) Authors: Bertus Kroondijk, Stephen Leyshon 2015-P100 Introducing routine measurement of healthcare worker’s well-being as a leading indicator for proactive safety management systems based on Resilience Engineering / Bobbie N. Ray-Sannerud, Stephen Leyshon, Vibeke B. Vallevik. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P100) [Published in] Procedia Manufacturing 3, 2015, pages 319-326. [Presented at] 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2015) and the Affiliated Conferences, AHFE, Las Vegas, USA, 26. – 30. July 2015 Original document number: 2015-1117 Authors: Bobbie Nicole Ray-Sannerud, Stephen Leyshon, Vibeke Binz Vallevik 2015-P101 From knowledge to practice: does HTA need risk based approaches to enhance adoption of health technologies?: Poster / Eva Turk, Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 9 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P101) [Paper presented at] 12th Annual Meeting of Health Technology Assessment international (HTAi), Oslo, Norway, 15.–17. June 2015 Origianl document number: 2015-1118 Authors: Eva Turk, Stephen Leyshon
Note: Only DNV GL authors are listed in this publications list. External authors may have contributed to some of these publications/articles. They are fully referenced in the official versions of these documents, available from the DNV GL library.
2015-P102 Addressing organizational nurse turnover through Resilience Engineering: a perspective / Bobbie N. Ray-Sannerud. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P102) [Presented at] DNV GL Healthcare Symposium, Las Vegas, NV, USA, 2015 Original document number: 2015-1119 Author: Bobbie Nicole Ray-Sannerud 2015-P104 Measure what you treasure: assessment of healthcare safety culture / Bobbie N. Ray-Sannerud, Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015–11–04. –19 p. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P104) Original document number: 2015-1140 Presented on behalf of DNV GL SR&I for the USA DNV GL Healthcare to their external and internal customers via a webinar. Authors: Bobbie Nicole Ray-Sannerud, Stephen Leyshon 2015-P105 Improving the way safety culture is assessed in healthcare to manage people risk / Tita A. Listyowardojo. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 30 p. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P105) Original document number: 2015-1141 [Presented at] Human factors and best practice: Cross-fertilisation in research and industry seminar, Slovenia, August 2015 Author: Tita Alissa Listyowardojo 2015-P148 The BMJ spotlight: patient centred care / Stephen Leyshon; Eva Turk. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P148) [Published online in] British Medical Journal, BMJ, hosted content section, 2015 Original document number: 2015-1136 Authors: Stephen Leyshon, Eva Turk 2015-P149 Co-creating safer, smarter and sustainable person-centred healthcare / Stephen Leyshon; Eva Turk. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 13 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P149) [Presentation] EU-HEM, European Masters Programme in Health Economics and Management, invited masterclass, June 2015 Original document number: 2015-1127 Authors: Stephen Leyshon, Eva Turk 2015-P150 Characteristics of high performing hospitals: risk and controls in system-thinking: the missing elements in creating consistent change for improvement / Stepen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 30 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P150) [Paper presented at] Hospital Management Asia Conference, HMA 2015, 3. – 4. September 2015, Yangon, Myanmar Original document number: 2015-1122 Author: Stephen Leyshon 2015-P151 HTA and patient safety / Eva Turk. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 31 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P151) [Paper presented at] Evidence Based Medicine Workshop, 10. March 2015, Medical Faculty, University of Maribor, Slovenia Author: Eva Turk 2015-P155 Risk-based systems-thinking for safer and smarter person-centered healthcare / Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 41 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P155) [Presentation held at] Masterclass on high performing healthcare and accreditation, 2. July 2015, World Medical Center Bangkok, Thailand Original document number: 2015-1128 Author: Stephen Leyshon 2015-P157 Risk-based co-creation for safer, smarter and sustainable personcentred healthcare / Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 11 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P157)
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DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION PUBLICATIONS 2015
[Presentation held at] International Forum on Quality & Safety in Healthcare, April 2015, London, UK. The International Forum is jointly organised by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) and British Medical Journal (BMJ). Orginal document number: 2015-1133 Author: Stephen Leyshon 2015-P160 Physicians and hospital design – both! : Introduction and setting the scene / Stephen Leyshon et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 39 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P160) [Paper presented at] Hospital Management Asia Conference, HMA 2015, 3. – 4. September 2015, Yangon, Myanmar Original document number: 2015-1123 Author: Stephen Leyshon 2015-P161 Developing a collaborative approach to quality assurance and improvement for the patient pathway / Stephen Leyshon; Stephen McAdam. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 13 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P161) [Presentation held at] The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, 9. October 2015, Geneva, Switzerland Original document number: 2015–1126 Author: Stephen McAdam, Stephen Leyshon Alt title.: The development of quality assurance methods and standards: a collaborative effort between GF, GFF, DNV GL and partners 2015-P162 Patient safety in primary care: DNV GL primary care standard / Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 56 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P162) [Presentation held at] Polish Primary Care EEA (European Economic Area) Funded Collaborative, 12. June 2015, Gdansk, Poland Author: Stephen Leyshon 2015-P163 Healthcare and systems oriented design / Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 13 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P163) [Presentation held at] The Oslo School of Architecture and Design, AHO, 27. August 2015, Oslo, Norway Original document number: 2015-1129 Author: Stephen Leyshon Alt. title.: Patient safety and design 2015-P164 Pursuing quality in healthcare : the need for systems thinking and accreditation / Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 1 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P164) [Published in] Healthcare Asia Magazine, April 2015 p 32 Original document number: 2015-1134 Author: Stephen Leyshon 2015-P165 Patient safety and the potential of analytics in healthcare quality improvement / Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 15 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P165) [Presentation held at] Big Insight, Senter for forskningsdrevet innovasjon (SFI) 29th April 2015, Oslo, Norway. About Big Insight: http://biginsight.no/biginsight/drupal/node/1 Author: Stephen Leyshon 2015-P166 Excellence in IT innovation / Stephen Leyshon. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 10 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P166) [Presentation held at] Hospital Management Asia Conference, HMA 2015, 3. – 4. September 2015, Yangon, Myanmar Original document number: 2015-1125 Author: Stephen Leyshon 2015-0390 Safety culture assessment and organisational development. – Rev. 0. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015–04–07. – 24 p.. – (Safety culture for patient safety). – (DNV GL report) Author: Tita Alissa Listyowardojo Verified by: Kai Michael Zheng, Stephen Leyshon, Xin Yan Kimberly Yu Approved by: Morten Pytte Korp.: Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital
2015-0393 Safety culture assessment and organisational development. – Rev. 0. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015–04–16. – 26 p.. – (Safety culture for patient safety). – (DNV GL report) Author: Tita Alissa Listyowardojo Verified by: Kai Michael Zheng, Stephen Leyshon, Xin Yan Kimberly Yu Approved by: Morten Pytte Korp.: American Sino Maternity Hospital 2015-0421 Best practice in safety cases in industry. – Stockport, UK : DNV GL, 2015–04–23. – 34 p. – (Safety cases for healthcare). – (DNV GL report) Author: Melinda Lyons Verified by: Kathryn Moore, Cathal Maguire Approved by: Kristen Ulveseter Korp.: DNV GL 2015–1139 Murphy, M; Irvine, M; Wiggo, P & Leyshon, S (2015) The power of the story: teaching doctors to ‘feel’ patient-centred care. The Guardian – Sustainability Zone August 20th www.theguardian. com/dnv–gl–partner–zone/2015/aug/20/the–power–of–the– story–teaching–doctors–to–feel–patient–centred–care 2015-1139 Leyshon, S; Irvine, M & Wiggo, P (2015) The power of person-centred care for a sustainable healthcare system. The Guardian – Sustainability Zone April 21st www.theguardian. com/dnv–gl–partner–zone/2015/apr/21/the–power–of–person– centred–care–for–a–sustainable–healthcare–system 2015-1232 Safety culture assessment in healthcare: operations manual. – Rev. 0. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015–12–11. – 47 p.. – (DNV GL report) Authors: Tita Alissa Listyowardojo, Stephen Leyshon Approved by: Bobbie Nicole Ray-Sannerud Korp.: DNV GL Internal project
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 2015-P129 Interface information management tools for the maritime and oil & gas industry / Jingyue Li; Torbjørn Skramstad; Thierry Coq. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P129) [Paper presented at] 9th IEEE International Workshop on Quality Oriented Reuse of Software (co-located with The 39th Annual International Computers, Software & Applications Conference). Taichung, Taiwan, 1. – 5. July, 2015, pp. 164–169. Authors: Jingyue Li, Torbjørn Skramstad, Thierry Coq 2015-P130 Model based testing of satellite on–board software – an industrial use case / H.J. Herpel; M. Kerep; J. Li; J. Xie; B. Johansen, K. Kvinnesland; S. Krueger; P. Barrios. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2016. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P130) [Paper to be presented at] 37th IEEE Aerospace Conference, 5.–12. March 2016, Yellowstone, Montana, US Authors: Jingyue Li, Kenneth Kvinnesland, Bengt Solheimdal Johansen, Sabine Krüger 2015-0926 Hadoop learnings from SUS Energy use cases Rev. 0 Authors: Erik Stensrud, Rene Castberg, Tatjana Zivkovic Hansen Verified by: Ken Tore Tallakstad Approved by: Jørgen Kadal 2015–1043 Model and risk based verification of thruster control system. – Rev. 1. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015–12–03. – 42 p.. – (Technology Leadership: Integrated Systems & Software). – (DNV GL report) Authors: Jing Xie, Jingyue Li, Henrik Helgesen Verified by: Odd-Ivar Haugen Korp.: DNV GL
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PUBLICATIONS 2015-1209 A comparison of using AMI vs. monthly data for energy savings assessments – A case study Rev. 0 Author: Erik Stensrud Approved by: Jørgen Kadal 2014-1307 MATTS, model-based testing of spacecraft on-board software: final report. – rev. 1.3. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015–04–29. – 71 p. – (MATTS, model-based testing of spacecraft on-board software). – (DNV GL report) DNV GL reg. nr. MATTS-REP-DNV-104 Author: Jing Xie, Jingyue Li, Kenneth Kvinnesland, Sabine Krüger, Hans-Jürgen Herpel Verified by: Bengt Solheimdal Johansen Approved by: Petter Myrvang Korp.: ESA 2015-P185 Investigation of energy transport and thermospheric upwelling during quiet magnetospheric and ionospheric conditions from the studies of low- and middle-altitude cusp / Tatjana Zivkovic Hansen Published in: Annales Geophysicae, 33, 623-635, 2015 Co-authors: S. Buchert, L. Palin, H. Opgenoorth (Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division) and P. Ritter (Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, Telegrafenberg, Potsdam)
MARITIME TRANSPORT 2015-P015 ReVolt: on the horizon – shipping 2035 and beyond / Hans Anton Tvete. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P015) [Presented at] The Annual Marine Propulsion and Auxiliary Machinery Conference, 16 April, 2015, London, 2015–P019 ReVolt – the unmanned, zero emission, short sea ship of the future / Hans Anton Tvete. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 24 p. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P019) [Paper presented at] Green Ship Technology 2015, March 11-12, 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark Author: Hans Anton Tvete 2015–P020 ReVolt – the unmanned, zero emission, short sea ship of the future / Hans Anton Tvete. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 24 p. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P020) [Presented at] SJÖLOG, February 18, 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden SJÖLOG, is part of "Sjösektionen", Chalmerska Tekniska Högskola. Author: Hans Anton Tvete 2015–P021 Methods of computational modelling and simulation for the safety assessment of complex marine machinery systems (in Greek) / A.S. Zymaris; G. Dimopoulos; E. Rüde; N.M.P. Kakalis. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. - 22 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P021) [Proceedings of] Hellenic Institute of Marine Technology, ELINT 2014 Annual Meeting, November 2014, Athens, Greece. Authors: Alexandros Zymaris, George Dimopoulos 2015–P037 The fuel trilemma: Next genration of marine fuels / Christos Chryssakis; Henrik Brinks; Tobias King. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 37 p. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P037). (DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper ; 2015-03) Authors: Christos Chryssakis, Henrik Brinks, Tobias King 2015-P038 Ship connectivity / Steinar Låg (Lead Author); Bjørn-Johan Vartdal; Knut Erik Knutsen. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 48 p. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P038)(DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper ; 2015-04) Authors: Steinar Låg, Bjørn-Johan Vartdal, Knut Erik Knutsen
Note: Only DNV GL authors are listed in this publications list. External authors may have contributed to some of these publications/articles. They are fully referenced in the official versions of these documents, available from the DNV GL library.
2015-P047 Towards understanding the stepwise dissemination of shipping technologies / George Ad. Psarros; Thomas Mestl. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 18 p. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P047) [Published in] WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 7-24. Authors: George Psarros, Thomas Mestl 2015-P048 Comparing the navigator’s response time in collision and grounding accidents / Psarros, George Ad.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 9 p.. (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P048) [Paper presented at] ASME 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE2015, , 31 May-5 June 2015, St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada OMAE2015-41001 Authors: George Psarros 2015-P049 Bayesian perspective on the deck officer’s situation awareness to navigation accidents / George Ad. Psarros. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 8 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P049) [Published in] Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE2015), 26-30 July 2015, Las Vegas, NV, USA, pp. 207-214. Authors: George Psarros 2015-P052 Alternative environmental contours for marine structural design: A comparison study / Erik Vanem, Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen. Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 8 p. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P052) [Published in] ASME Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering Volume 137, Issue 5 (October) Authors: Erik Varnem, Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen 2015-P053 Reliability based approach for offloading operation realted to motion of two side-by-side moored LNG carriers / Ø. Hagen; E. Falkenberg; E. M. Bitner-Gregersen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 16 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P053) [Published in] Applied Ocean Research, Volume 51, June 2015, Pages 381-396 Authors: Øistein Hagen, Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen 2015-P054 Joint met-ocean description for design and operations of marine structures / Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 14 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P054) [Published in] Applied Ocean Research Volume 51, June 2015, Pages 279-292 Author: Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen 2015-P055 Impact of climate change and extreme waves on tanker design: Including reply to the Official Discussers / Elzbieta Bitner-Gregersen; Torfinn Hørte; L. I. Eide; Erik Vanem. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 17 p. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P055) [Published in] Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, SNAME Transactions, Volume 123, 2015 (In press) Authors: Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen, Torfinn Hørte, Erik Vanem, Lars Ingolf Eide 2015-P056 Wave steepness and rogue waves in the changing climate in the North Atlantic / Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P056) [Paper presented at] ASME 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE2015, , 31. May– 5. June 2015, St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada OMAE2015-41625 Authors: Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen 2015-P057 The ISSC 2015 Technical Committee No I.1 Environment: Report / Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen (Chair) et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 84 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P057) [Paper presented at] 19th International Ship and Offshore Structures Congress, ISSC 2015, 7 - 10 September 2015, Cascais, Portugal Author: Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen
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DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION PUBLICATIONS 2015
2015-P065 Modelling lithium-ion battery hybrid ship crane operation / Erik Ovrum; Trond Flisnes Bergh. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 11 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P065) [Published in] Applied Energy, Volume 152, August 05, 2015, Pages 162-172 Authors: Erik Ovrum, Trond Flisnes Bergh 2015-P069 Alternative environmental contours for structural reliability analysis / Erik Vanem et al. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 14 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P069) [Published in] Structural Safety, Volume 54, May 01, 2015, pages 32–45 Author: Erik Vanem 2015-P070 Uncertainties in extreme value modelling of wave data in a climate change perspective / Erik Vanem. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 23 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P070) [Published in] Journal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy, November 2015, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 339-359 Author: Erik Vanem 2015-P071 Non-stationary extreme value models to account for trends and shifts in the extreme wave climate due to climate change / Erik Vanem. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 10 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P071) [Published in] Applied Ocean Research, Volume 52, August 01, 2015, Pages 201-211 Author: Erik Vanem 2015-P072 Uncertainties in extreme value analysis of wave climate data and wave climate projections / Erik Vanem. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P072) [Paper presented at] ASME 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE2015, 31. May–5. June 2015, St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada OMAE2015-41077 Author: Erik Vanem 2015-P075 Climate penalty for shifting shipping to the Arctic / Magnus Strandmyr Eide; Trond Flisnes Bergh. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 7 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P075) [Published in] Environmental Science and Technology, Volume 48, Issue 22, 18 November 2014, Pages 13273-13279 Authors: Magnus Strandmyr Eide; Trond Flisnes Bergh 2015-P083 An importance measure approach to system level condition monitoring of ship machinery systems / Gabriele Manno, Knut Erik Knutsen; Bjørn Johan Vartdal. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – 15 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P083) [Paper presented at] 11th International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Machinery Failure Prevention Technologies, CM 2014 / MFPT 2014; Manchester; United Kingdom; 10.- 14. June 2014 Authors: Bjørn Johan Vartdal, Gabriele Manno, Knut Erik Knutsen
2015-P086 Heterogeneous redundancy analysis based on component dynamic fault trees / Gabriele Manno et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – 12 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P086) [Paper presented at] 12th International Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference, PSAM 2014; Honolulu; United States; 22. – 27. June 2014 Author: Gabriele Manno 2015-P106 Energy efficient safe ship operation (SHOPERA) / Papanikolaou, A., Zaraphonitis, G, Bitner-Gregersen, E., Shigunov, V., El Moctar, O., Guedes Soares, C., Reddy, D.N., Sprenger, F., 2015. Proceedings IMDC, Tokyo, May 11–14, 2015. Authors: A Papanikolaou, G Zaraphonitis, E. Bitner-Gregersen, V. Shigunov, O. El Moctar, C Guedes Soares, D. N. Reddy, F. Sprenger. 2015-P107 Potential changes of wave steepness and occurrence of rogue waves / E.M. Bitne-Gregersen and A. Toffoli – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P107) [Paper presented at] European Geosciences Union, EGU General Assembly 2015, EGU2015-15330, Wien, 17. April 2015. [Published in] Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 17, 2015 Emne: WAVE STEEPNESS / WAVE HEIGHT / WAVES / ROUGH SEA Co-author: Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen 2015-P108 Spectral shape parameters in storm events from different data sources / A.K. Magnusson and E:M. Bitner-Gregersen, Høvik: DNV GL, 2015-P108. - 34 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P108) [Paper presented at] International Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting/Coastal Hazards Symposium, Key West, 9. November 2015 Author: Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen 2015-P173 A framework addressing major accident risk in the maritime industry. SNAME, 2015. Presented at World Maritime Technology Conference 2015, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S. November 2015. Authour: O.C Astrup, A. Wahlstrøm and King T. 2015-0170 ReVolt. - Rev. 1. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015-02-27. - 83 p. - (ReVolt). – (DNV GL report) Author.: Hans Anton Tvete Verified by: Tobias King, Christos Chryssakis Korp.: Transnova Korp.: Statens Vegvesen 2015-P178 Crossing sea state and rogue wave probability during the Prestige accident Notes: [Published in] Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Published online 31 October 2015 Author: O. Gramstad et al
2015-P084 A pathway towards more sustainable shipping in 2050: A possible future for automation and remote operations / Gabriele Manno. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. - 13 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P084) [Paper presented at] International Conference on Maritime-Port Technology and Development, MTEC 2014; Trondheim; Norway; 27. - 29. October 2014 Author: Gabriele Manno
2015-P179 Energy efficient safe ship operation Author: Papanikolaou, A., Zaraphonitis, G, Bitner-Gregersen, E., Shigunov, V., El Moctar, O., Guedes Soares, C., Reddy, D.N., Sprenger, F., 2015. Energy Efficient Safe Ship Operation. Proceedings WMTC15, Rhode Island, USA, Nov. 3–7, 2015. Notes: [Paper presented at] World Maritime Technology Conference, WMTC15, 03-07 November 2015, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
2015-P085 Hybrid-pair modelling in dynamic reliability: Concepts, tool implementation and applications : Chapter 91 / Gabriele Manno; Alexandros Zymaris et al.. – London : CRC Press, 2015. – 10 p.. (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P085) [Published in] Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems, ESREL 2015; edited by Luca Podofillini et al.; September 2015, pages 713-723 Authors: Gabriele Manno, Alexandros Zymaris
2015-P180 ReVolt; the unmanned, zero emission, short sea ship of the future Notes: [Paper presented at] Electric and Hybrid Marine World Expo 2015, June 23-25, 2015, Amsterdam, Netherlands 2015-P181 Unmanned vessels, the DNV GL “ReVolt” project Author: H. A. Tvete Notes: [Paper presented at] International Union of Marine Insurance, IUMI2015, September 16, 2015, Berlin, Germany
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PUBLICATIONS 2015-P182 Developing new solutions with today’s technology: the ReVolt Author: H. A. Tvete Notes: [Paper presented at] Europort Masterclass: Vessels for the Future, November 3, 2015, Rotterdam, Netherlands 2015-0402 Analysis of wave conditions at the Banff Petrojarl location in the North Sea, Rev. 00 Authors: Odin Gramstad & Elzbieta Bitner-Gregersen Verified by: Bjørn Johan Vartdal, Approved by: R. V. Ahilan 2015-P184 Implementing a scalable condition monitoring system for ships [Paper presented at] 14th Conference on Computer and IT applications in the Maritime Industries, COMPIT’ 15, 11-13 May 2015, Ulrichshusen, Germany Authors: S.Låg, K.E.Knutsen, G.Manno and G.Løvoll 2014-1672 Statistical analysis of univariate extremes and bivariate distributions of wave data and climate change projections. – Rev. 02. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015-11-06. - 146 p. – (ExWaCli). – (DNV GL report) Author: Erik Vanem Verified by: Natvig, Bent Approved by: Bitner-Gregersen, Elzbieta M.
MATERIALS 6-2015 Advanced Materials in Renewable Energy – Tackling the Reliability Challenge, L. Cao, A. Sanchez, B. Gully, and N. Sridhar 2015-P022 Integrated multiscale modelling of materials / Christopher D. Taylor. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – 24 p. – (DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation – Position Paper; 8-2014) (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P022) Author: Christopher Taylor 2015-P045 Technology development for large scale electrochemical conversion of CO2 to useful products / Arun S. Agarwal; Yumai Zhai; Davion Hill; Shan Guan; Edward Rode; Narasi Sridhar. - Høvik: DNV, 2011. – 4 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P045) [Paper presented at] Nanotech 2011 Conference and Expo, 13. –16. June, Boston, MA, USA. Vol. 3, pp 805 – 808 Authors: Arun S. Agarwal, Narasi Sridhar 2015-P059 Multiphysics modelling, quantum chemistry and risk analysis for corrosion inhibitor design and lifetime prediction / C. D. Taylor; A. Chandra; J. Vera and N. Sridhar. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. 19 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P059) [Published in] Faraday Discussions, Volume 180, 2015, Pages 459-477 Authors: Christopher Taylor, Ashwini Chandra, Jose Rafael Vera, Narasi Sridhar 2015-P060 A multiphysics perspective on mechanistic models for chemical corrosion inhibitor performance / C. D. Taylor; A. Chandra; J. Vera and N. Sridhar. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 7 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P060) [Published in] Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Volume 162, Issue 7, 2015, Pages C369-C375 Authors: Christopher Taylor, Ashwini Chandra, Jose Rafael Vera, Narasi Sridhar 2015-P061 Design and prediction of corrosion inhibitors from quantum chemistry: I. Can effective partition coefficients for organic corrosion inhibitors be determined from first-principles? / Christpher D. Taylor. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 7 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P061) [Published in] Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Volume 162, Issue 7, 2015, Pages C340-C346 Author: Christopher Taylor
Note: Only DNV GL authors are listed in this publications list. External authors may have contributed to some of these publications/articles. They are fully referenced in the official versions of these documents, available from the DNV GL library.
2015-P062 Design and prediction of corrosion inhibitors from quantum chemistry: II. A general framework for prediction of effective oil/ water partition coefficients and speciation from quantum chemistry / Christopher D. Taylor; Ashwini Chandra; Jose Vera; Narasi Sridhar. Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 7 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P062) [Published in] Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Volume 162, Issue 7, 2015, Pages C347-C353 Co-author: Taylor, Christopher Author: Ashwini Chandra 2015-P063 Corrosion informatics : an integrated approach to modelling corrosion / Christopher D. Taylor. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – 6 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P063) [Published in] Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology. Advance article accepted 3. February 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1743278215Y.0000000012 Author: Christopher Taylor 2015-P066 Influence of the altered surface layer on the corrosion of AA5083 / J. Seong, F. Yang, F. Scheltens, G.S. Frankel, and N. Sridhar – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 10 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P066) [Published in] Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Volume 162, Issue 6, 2015, Pages C209-C218 Author: Narasi Sridhar 2015-P067 Corrosion inhibition of sensitized and solutionized AA5083 / J. Seong, G.S. Frankel, and N. Sridhar. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P067) [Published in] Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Volume 162, Issue 9, 2015, Pages C449-C456 Author: Narasi Sridhar 2015-P068 Corrosion threat assessment of crude oil flow lines using Bayesian network model / G Koch; F. Ayello; V. Khare; N. Sridhar et al. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 12 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P068) [Published in] Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, Volume 50, Issue 3 (May 2015), pp. 236-247 Author: Narasi Sridhar, Gerry Koch 2015-P087 Practical approach to introducing potential-dependent chloride corrosion threshold in reinforcement corrosion predictive models / Andrea Sanchez. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 12 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P087) [Paper presented at] NACE Annual Corrosion Conference and Exposition, Corrosion 2015, 15.-19. March 2014, Dallas, Texas, USA Paper No. 6063 Author: Sanchez, Andrea 2015-P088 Probabilistic assessment of external corrosion rates in buried oil and gas pipelines / Swati Jain; Andrea Sanchez; Shan Guan; Shanshan Wu; Francois Ayello; Narasi Sridhar. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 15 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P088) [Paper presented at] NACE Annual Corrosion Conference and Exposition, Corrosion 2015, 15.-19. March 2014, Dallas, Texas, USA Paper No. 5529 Authors: Swati Jain, Andrea Sanchez, Shan Guan, Shanshan Wu, Francois Ayello, Narasi Sridhar 2015-P089 Corrosion of Ni-based alloys and stainless steels in mixed acids and salts - Experimental and modeling results / Narasi Sridhar. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 15 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P089) [Paper presented at] NACE Annual Corrosion Conference and Exposition, Corrosion 2015, 15.–19. March 2014, Dallas, Texas, USA Co-author.: Sridhar, Narasi 2015-P126 Technetium incorporation into goethite (α-FeOOH): an atomic-scale investigation / Christopher D. Taylor et al. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P126) [Published in] Environmental Science and Technology, Volume 49, Issue 22, 29. October 2015, Pages 13699-13707 Author: Christopher Taylor
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2015-P134 The influence of iodine coverage on grain-boundary yielding via atomistic simulation using DFT and the reactive force field / Christopher D. Taylor. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P134) [Proceedings of] Materials Science and Technology (MS&T) 2015, 4. – 8. October 2015, Columbus, Ohio, USA Author: Christopher Taylor
2015-P074 Supplementing wind turbine pitch control with a trailing edge flap smart rotor / Bossanyi, Erwin et al. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P074) [Paper presented at] 3rd Renewable Power Generation Conference, RPG 2014; Naples; Italy; 24. – 25. September 2014 [Published in] IET Conference Publications, Volume 2014, Issue CP651, 2014 Author: Ervin Bossanyi
2015-P135 Performance prediction and risk assessment for additive manufacturing via Bayesian network analysis / Christopher D. Taylor, Shan Guan, Liu Cao. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P135) [Proceedings of] Materials Science and Technology (MS&T) 2015, 4. – 8. October 2015, Columbus, Ohio, USA Authors: Christopher Taylor, Shan Guan
2015-P076 Lab Tests: Verifying That Smart Grid Power Converters Are Truly Smart / Erik de Jong et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P076) [Published in] IEEE Power and Energy Magazine , Volume 13, Issue 2, 1 March 2015, Pages 30–42 Author: Erik de Jong
2016-9004 A Review of Engineering and Safety Considerations for Hybrid-Power (Lithium-Ion) Systems in Offshore Applications / Davion M. Hill, Arun S. Agarwal, Benjamin Gully, Oil and Gas Facilities 4.03 (2015): 68–77. 2016-9005 Effect of chloride concentration and temperature on growth of 1D Pit Jun, Jiheon, G. S. Frankel, and N. Sridhar. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry (2015): 1–9. 2016-9013 Localized Corrosion of Corrosion-Resistant Alloys in Environments Containing Hydrogen Sulfide, A. Anderko, G.R. Engelhardt, F. Gui, L. Cao, and N. Sridhar, [Paper presented at] NACE Annual Corrosion Conference and Exposition, Corrosion 2015, 15.–19. March 2014, Dallas, Texas, USA. Paper No. 5562 2016-9015 Modeling Localized Corrosion of Corrosion-Resistant Alloys in Oil and Gas Production Environments: Part I. Repassivation Potential, A. Anderko, F. Gui, L. Cao, N. Sridhar, and G.R. Engelhardt, [Published in] Corrosion 71, October, 2015, pp. 1197–1212. 2016-9016 Comparison of the Repassivation and Corrosion Potential in Sour Environments on IN718 and IN625+ with Model Predictions, Liu Cao, Ramgopal Thodla, Xiaoji Li, Jeff Hawk, and Margret Zimok-Moroz, [Presented at] Materials Science and Technology (MS&T) 2015, 4. – 8. October 2015, Columbus, Ohio, USA
POWER SYSTEMS & ELECTRIFICATION 2015-P036 Reliability of future power grids / Theo Bosma. – Arnhem: DNV GL, 2014. – 43 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P036) (DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation – Position Paper; 10–2014) Author: Theo Basma 2015-P051 Penetration rate and effectiveness studies of aggregated BESS for frequency regulation / Chen, S.; Zhang, T.; Gooi, H.B.; Masiello, R.D.; Katzenstein, W.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 11 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P051) [Published in] IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, June 2015 (Early Access Article) Author: Shuaixun Chen 2015-P064 Integrated design optimisation and pitch system safety system feathering with individual pitch control / Barbara Savini, Alexey Vinogradov, Ian Woodrow, Ervin Bossanyi. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – 9 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P064) [Paper and poster presented at] European Wind Energy Association Conference and Exhibition 2014, EWEA 2014, 10.– 13. March 2014, Barcelona, Spain Author: Barbara Savini, Ervin Bossanyi
2015-P077 Switching phenomena of HVDC circuit breaker in multi–terminal system / René Smeets; Alexander Yanushkevich et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P077) [Paper presented at] 11th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission; Birmingham; United Kingdom; 10. – 12. February 2015 [Published in] IET Seminar Digest, Volume 2015, Issue CP654, 2015 Author: René Smeets, Alexander Yanushkevich 2015-P078 Reliability and availability model of offshore and onshore VSC–HVDC transmission systems / Bertz Tourgoutian; Alexander Yanushkevich; Riaan Marshall. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P078) [Paper presented at] 11th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission; Birmingham; United Kingdom; 10. – 12. February 2015 [Published in] IET Seminar Digest, Volume 2015, Issue CP654, 2015 Author: Alexander Yanushkevich, Bertz Tourgoutian 2015-P079 Transient system behaviour under DC fault conditions in meshed HVDC system / Alexander Yanushkevich. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 5 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P079) [Paper presented at] International Conference on Power Systems Transients 15. – 18. June 2015, Cavtat, Croatia Author: Alexander Yanushkevich 2015-P080 Power flow analysis of meshed AC-DC super grid / Alexander Yanushkevich et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P080) [Paper presented at] IEEE PowerTech Eindhoven 2015 Conference, 29. June – 2. July 2015 Author: Alexander Yanushkevich 2015-P081 Investigation of circuit breaker fault clearing performance in radial multiterminal HVDC grid / Alexander Yanushkevich. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P081) [Paper presented at] International Council on Large Electric Systems, CIGRÉ, 2015 International High Voltage Direct Current Conference (HVDC 2015), 18. – 22. October 2015, Seoul, Korea Author: Yanushkevich, Alexander HVDC, se HIGH VOLTAGE DIRECT CURRENT 2015-P082 Fully integrated design: lifetime cost of energy reduction for offshore wind / James Dobbin; Andrew Cordle; Lindert Blonk; David Langston; Avishek Kumar; Ervin Bossanyi; Francesco Vanni; Marc de Batista; Oscar Hughes Salas; Fred Davison. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – 9 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P082) [Published in] Proceedings of the Twenty-fourth (2014) International Ocean and Polar Engineering (ISOPE) Conference, Busan, Korea, June 15–20, 2014 Author: James Dobbin, Marc de Batista
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PUBLICATIONS 2015-P090 Capacity fade-based energy management for lithium-ion batteries used in PV systems / Shuaixun Chen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 10 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P090) [Published in] Electric Power Systems Research, Volume 129, 31 December 2015, Pages 150–159 Author: Shuaixun Chen 2015-P091 Redundancy based PMU placement in state estimation / Shuaixun Chen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 9 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P091). [Published in] Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, Volume 2, June 01, 2015, Pages 23–31 Author: Shuaixun Chen 2015-P093 Optimization of a feed-forward controller using a CW-lidar system on the CART3 / Ervin Bossanyi et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 24 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P093). [Presentation held at] 2015 American Control Conference, ACC 2015; Chicago; United States; 1. – 3. July 2015. [Published in] Proceedings of the American Control Conference, Volume 2015, 28 July 2015, Article number 7171907, Pages 3715–3720 Author: Ervin Bossanyi 2015-P094 A Bayesian Network approach for risk assessment to a spatially distributed power infrastructure in a GIS environment / Byron Quan Luna; Luca Garrè; Yongtao Yang. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P094). [Published in] Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association Summer Safety and Reliability Seminars, Volume 6, Number 3, pp. 127–132. Authors: Byron Quan Luna, Yongtao Yang 2015-P097 A Bayesian Network approach for risk assessment to a spatially distributed power infrastructure in a GIS environment / Byron Quan Luna; Luca Garrè; Yongtao Yang. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P097). [Published in] Proccedings of 48th European Safety, Reliability and Data Association (ESReDA), 28.–29. May 2015, Warsaw, Poland. Authors: Byron Quan Luna, Luca Garre, Yongtao Yang 2015-P112 Demonstration of the smart energy neighbourhood management system in the VIMSEN project / Jos van der Burgt; Ganesh Sauba et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P112) [Paper presented at] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE PowerTech Conference, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 30. June 2015 Authors: Jos van der Burgt, Ganesh Sauba, Nandan Rooktabir, se Ganesh Sauba 2015-P113 Grid impact of charging electric vehicles: study Cases in Denmark, Germany and The Netherlands / Jos van der Burgt; Santiago Peñate Vera et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P113). [Paper presented at] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE PowerTech Conference, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 30. June 2015 Authors: Jos van der Burgt, Satiago Penate Vera 2015-P114 Safety of large stationary li-ion systems / Jos van der Burgt; Nynke Verhaegh. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 1 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P114). [Poster presented at] 9th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2015), 9. –11. March, Düsseldorf, Germany Authors: Nynke Verhaegh, Jos van der Burgt 2015-P115 Grid impact of charging electric vehicles : study cases in Denmark, Germany and The Netherlands / Jos van der Burgt; Santiago Peñate Vera; Martijn Huibers et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 1 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P115). [Paper presented at] 9th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (IRES 2015), 9. –11. March, Düsseldorf, Germany Authors: Jos van der Burgt, Santiago Penate Vera
2015-P116 Cost-effectiveness studies of the BESSs participating in frequency regulation / Shuaixun Chen; Terence Goh. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P116). [Paper presented at] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Power and Energy Society, 2015 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference – Asia (ISGT Asia), 3.–6. November 2015, Bangkok, Thailand Authors: Shuaixun Chen, Terence Goh 2015-P117 Modelling stability at microscale, both within and above the atmospheric boundary layer, substantially improves wind speed predictions / James Bleeg; Dnyanesh Digraskar; Ulrik Horn; Jean-François Corbett. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 10 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P117). [Paper presented at] European Wind Energy Association, EWEA 2015 Annual Event, 17. – 20. November 2015 Paris, France Authors: James Bleeg, Dnyanesh Digraskar 2015-P118 Flexible LV Grid for Dynamic Power Flow and Voltage Control / Erik de Jong; A. Yanushkevic. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 5 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P118). [Proceedings of] Congrès International des Réseaux Electriques de Distribution, CIRED, 23rd International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution, 15.–18. June 2015, Lyon, France Paper 1007 Author: Erik de Jong, Alexander Yanushkevich 2015–P119 A holistic approach to power system testing & validation / Erik de Jong; Yin Sun; Hongzhu Daniel Liang. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 5 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P119). [Proceedings of] Congrès International des Réseaux Electriques de Distribution, CIRED, 23rd International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution, 15.–18. June 2015, Lyon, France Paper 0318 Authors: Erik de Jong, Yin Sun 2015–P120 Hybrid grid: towards a hybrid AC/DC transmission grid / Yongtao Yang (Lead author); Muhammad Jafar, Peter Vaessen, Alexander Yanushekvich, Yanny Fu, Riaan Marshall, Theo Bosma, Mark Irvine (authors and contributors). – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 40 p.. – (DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation – Position Paper; 2-2015) (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P120) Authors: Yongtao Yang, Peter Vaessen 2015–P121 A novel approach to identify critical components in power grids due to large scale integration of wind power / Yongtao Yang; Peter Friis-Hansen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P121). [Paper presented at] 14th Wind Integration Workshop, 20.–22. October 2015, Brussels, Belgium Authors: Peter Friis-Hansen, Yongtao Yan 2015-P124 Coupling energy storage systems with renewable power plants for multiple functionalities / Zhen Shu. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – 1 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P124). [Presentation held at] Renewables Singapore International Energy Week, RE@SIEW /Asia Clean Energy Summit (ACES), Singapore, 28.–29. October 2014 Author: Zhen Shu 2015-P125 Power system reliability assessment considering bus load correlation and extreme events / Zhen Shu; Kian Hock Kelvin Tan; Shuaixun Chen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 10 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P125) [Paper presented at] World Engineers Summit on Climate Change (WES) 2015, 21.– 24. July 2015, Singapore Authors: Kian Hock Kevin Tan, Zhen Shu 2015-P127 Generic grid frequency response capability for wind power plant / Ervin Bossanyi. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 10 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P127). [Paper and presentation held at] European Wind Energy Association, EWEA 2015 Annual Event, 17. – 20. November 2015 Paris, France Author: Ervin Bossanyi
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2015–P128 Practical tools for optimisation of wind plant sector management strategies / Ervin Bossanyi; Tiago Jorge. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 26 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P128). [Presentation held at] Windfarms 2015: International colloqium on “Large wind–power plants: Interaction, control and integration”, 8.–10. July 2015, Leuven, Belgium Authors: Ervin Bossanyi, Tiago Jorge
2015-P098 Probabilistic risk assessment of infrastructure networks subjected to natural hazards / L. Garrè et al.. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 9 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P098) [Paper presented at] 12th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering (ICASP), 12.-15. July 2015,Vancouver, Canada. Author: Luca Garre
2015–P131 North Sea Grid: Offshore Electricity Grid: Implementation in the North Sea: Final report / Irena Gajic; Muhammad Jafar; Nicolaj Tidemand; Yongtao Yang et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 113 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P131). Available online: http://northseagrid.info/ publications/final–report–northseagrid–project North Sea Grid Consortium: 3E (Project coordinator), Intelligent Energy Europe Programme (ECN), DNV GL, IC Consultants Ltd (ICON), Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) and Deutsche WindGuard. Steering committee: North Sea Countries Offshore Grid Initiative Authors: Irena Gajic, Muhammad Jafar
2015-P099 Using random simulation of hurricane tracks for risk analysis / L. Garrè, L.; A. Dudek. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P099) [Paper presented at] 12th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering (ICASP), 12.-15. July 2015, Vancouver, Canada. Authors: Agnes Dudek, Luca Garre
2015–P167 How the due dilligence process adds to project value / Carla Ribeiro; Taylor Geer; Lars Landberg. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 21 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P167). [Paper presented at] Europe’s Premier Wind Energy Event, EWEA 2015, 17. – 20. November 2015, Paris, France Authors: Carla Ribeiro, Taylor Geer, Lars Landberg 2015–1210 Technical feasibility study of 7~9 GW HVDC system B: final report. – Rev. 6. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015–06–16. – 119 p. – (Technical feasibility study of 7~9 GW HVDC system B). – (DNV GL report) Original document number 15–1133 5 Authors: Yongtao Yang, Magnus Nielsen, Chandana Karawita, Nicole Denboer Verified by: Riaan Marshall Approved by: Wessel Bakker Korp.: Korea Electric Power Corporation 2015-1331 Example of EMT modelling and simulation of bipolar LCC HVDC in PSCAD, Rev.1 Authoratter: M. Jafar, 2015
CLIMATE CHANGE 2015-P13 DNV GL - CTCN Strategic Partnership : Private sector engagement review of existing mechanisms / experience / Matthew Jones; Debbie Stowell; Asun Lera St. Clair. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 36 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P136) DNV GL is a strategic partner of the Climate Technology Centre & Network (CTCN). The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) hosts the CTCN in collaboration with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the support of a consortium of partners that are engaged in some 1,500 activities related to climate technologies in over 150 countries. Authors: Asuncion LeraSt. Clair, Matthew Jones, Debbie Stowell 2015-P018 Multi-temporal LiDAR-DTMs as a tool for modelling a complex landslide: a case study in the Rotolon catchment (eastern Italian Alps) / Byron Quan Luna et al. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P018) [Published in] Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, vol 15, issue 4, pp 715-722. This journal is an open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union Author: Byron Quan Luna 2015-P026 A three-level framework for multi-risk assessment / Zhongqiang Liu; Farrookh Nadim; Alexander Garcia-Aristizabal; Arnaud Mignan; Kevin Fleming; Byron Quan Luna. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 17 p. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P026) [Published in] Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards; Published online 23. June 2015 Author: Byron Quan Luna
2015-P109 Commercial risks at the dawn of the low carbon future / Bent Erik Bakken. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 38 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P109) [Presentation held at] 27th European Conference on Operational Research, EURO 2015, 12. - 15. July, Glasgow, U.K. 2015 Co-author.: Bakken, Bent Erik 2015-P110 Creatures of habit: Do differences in feedback concepts matter for shaping recycling behavior? / Bent Erik Bakken et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 14 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P110) [Paper presented at] 2015 International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, 2015, 19. – 23. July, Cambridge, Massachusetts USA Authors: Bent Erik Bakken, Cecilie Mauritzen 2015-P122 Building resilience to climate-change-related disruptions in the global LNG supply chain / Braddd Libby; Alexander F. Christiansen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 17 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P122) [Proceedings of] 33rd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, 19.–23. July 2015, Cambridge, MA, USA Authors: Alexander F. Christiansen; Braddd Libby LNG, se LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS 2015-P123 Building resilience in global supply chains / Alexander F. Christiansen; Braddd Libby. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 3 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P123) [Paper presented at] World Engineers Summit on Climate Change (WES) 2015, 21.- 24. July 2015, Singapore Authors: Alexander F. Christiansen; Braddd Libby 2015-P137 Improving knowledge for enhanced climate change response and decision-making – Brussels April 21/22, 2015 : Report JPI Climate Workshop / Asuncion Lera St.Clair. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 16 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P137). JPI (Joint Programming Initiatives) Climate is a collaboration between 16 European countries to coordinate jointly their climate research and fund new transnational research initiatives. The joint programming concept was introduced by the European Commission in July 2008 to support the implementation of the European Research Area. Author: Asuncion Lera St. Clair 2015-P138 UNGC assessment framework: The spheres of transformation / Asun Lera St.Clair and Karen O’Brian. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 12 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P138) The United Nations Global Compact (UNGC) is a call to companies everywhere to voluntarily align their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption, and to take action in support of UN goals and issues. Author: Asuncion Lera St. Clair
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PUBLICATIONS 2015-P139 Climate Change and a multitude for decision making contexts / Asuncion Lera St. Clair. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 2 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P139) [Published in] From Science to Policy: How to improve the Dialogue, Report 2015. CICERO, Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo, Thursday 28. April 2015 Author: Asuncion Lera St. Clair 2015-P140 Social development at the heart of climate resilient pathways: Rethinking and strengthening social development in the contemporary world 2.04.15 / Asun Lera St. Clair. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 14 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P140) [Presentation held at] United Nations High Level Panel Rethinking and Strengthening Social Development in the Contemporary World, Commission for Social Development, UN DESA; UN National Assembly, New York, 4. February 2015 Author: Asuncion Lera St. Clair 2015-P141 Global governance, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the post 2015 process / Asuncion Lera St. Clair. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – mul. pag.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P141) [Presentation held at] World Social Science Forum 2015, 13.–16. September 2015, Durban, South Africa Author: Asuncion Lera St. Clair 2015-P142 Co-production of knowledge in climate services development / Asuncion Lera St. Clair. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 34 p. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P142) [Presentation held at] European Provision Of Regional Impacts Assessments on Seasonal and Decadal Timescales, EUPORIAS, General Assembly, Winterthur, Switzerland, 30. September 2015 EUPORIAS is a four-year collaborative project funded by the European commission under the seventh framework programme. Author: Asuncion Lera St. Clair 2015-P143 IPCC AR5 in Europe: Usability, framing, and communication of scientific knowledge / Asuncion Lera St. Clair. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 23 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P143) [Paper presented at] The Human Side of Climate Change International Conference, 16. – 17. October 2015, Bergen, Norway The IPCC-project focuses on the Fifth Assessment Report from the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR5), and aims to analyse how key messages from the reports are communicated and ultimately whether they are used by policy makes in creating climate policy. The project follows the knowledge from publication to decision making in Norway, UK, Poland, Spain and the Netherlands. Author: Asuncion Lera St. Clair
2015-P174 A systems perspective for resilient cities: Abstract / Alexander F. Christiansen: DNV GL, 2015. – 1 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P174) [Presentation held at] European Climate Change Adaptation Conference (ECCA), 12.–14. May 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark Author: Alexander Flesjø Christiansen 2015-1281 St. Clair, Asuncion Lera and Hermansen, Erlend (2015). Making climate science meaningful and actionable 2015-1282 St. Clair, Asuncion Lera, Aalbu, Kjersti and Ellefsen, Caroline Brun (2015). Exploring climate governance. 2015-P097/ 2015-P094 Quan Luna, Byron; Garrè, Luca; Yang, Yongtao (2015) A Bayesian Network approach for risk assessment to a spatially distributed power infrastructure in a GIS environment. Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association Summer Safety and Reliability Seminars, Volume 6, Number 3, pp. 127-132.
OIL & GAS AND ENERGY SYSTEMS 2015-P023 All subsea?: creating value from subsea processing / Tore Irgens Kuhnle (lead author); Tore Myhrvold, Øystein Grande, Frank Børre Pedersen; Yongtao Yang; Muhammad Jafar; Deepti Sewraz (authors and contributors). – Høvik: DNV GL, 2014. – (DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation – Position Paper; 9-2014) (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P023) Note: Published also i 2015 as Position Paper, but without numbering Authors: Tore Irgens Kuhnle (lead author), Tore Myhrvold, Øystein Grande, Frank Børre Pedersen, Yongtao Yang, Muhammad Jafar, Deepti Sewraz 2015-P058 Risk – from concept to decision making / A. Hafver; D. V. Lindberg; I. Jakopanec; F. B. Pedersen et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 6 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P058) [Paper presented at] 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, 7. – 10. September 2015, Zürich, Switzerland Authors: Andreas Hafver, David Volent Lindberg, Irena Jakopanec, Frank Børre Pedersen
2015-P169 Koefoed, Anne Louise, Ellefsen, Caroline B., Rinaldo, Mats (2015): Exploring opportunities in economic system and business model changes for the low carbon transition
2015-P092 A risk-based approach to handle environmental aspects in deep sea mining / Jens Laugesen; Daniel Millet; Sophie Davidsson; Erik Andreas Hektor; Karsten Hagenah and Tor Jensen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 20 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P092) [Presentation held at] The 3rd Annual Deep Sea Mining Summit in Aberdeen, 9-10 February 2015 Authors: Jens Laugesen, Daniel Millet, Sophie Davidsson, Erik Andreas Hektor, Karsten Hagenah, Tor Jensen
2015-P170 Building resilience in global supply chains / Alexander F. Christiansen; Bradd Libby; Edwin Aalders; Bente Pretlove. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 46 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P170) The report is published by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). It sets out to raise awareness and trigger meaningful discussions among businesses on the potential climate change risks to global supply chains and how to build resilience. Authors: Alexander Flesjø Christiansen, Brad Libby, Edwin Aalders, Bente Pretlove
2015-P144 A cradle to grave analysis of environmental impacts from nearshore underwater mining / Jens Laugesen, Daniel Millet, Sophie Davidsson, Erik Hektor, Tor Jensen. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 8 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P144) [Paper presented at] 44th Underwater Mining Conference, UMC 2015, Nearshore Underwater Mining: Critical Commodities for the Future, 1.– 6. November, Tampa Bay, Florida, USA Authors: Jens Laugesen, Daniel Millet, Sophie Davidsson, Erik Andreas Hektor
2015-P171 Deployment of low carbon technologies – A global review in line with the 2 degree target. 2015. [Dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Studies in Sustainability Leadership, Cambridge University. 2015,] Author: Mats Rinaldo
2015-P145 Deep sea mining: challenges of comparing environmental impacts with onshore mining / Erik A. Hektor, Danel Millet, Sophie Davidsson. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 11 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P145) [Paper presented at] 44th Underwater Mining Conference, UMC 2015, Nearshore Underwater Mining: Critical Commodities for the Future, 1.– 6. November, Tampa Bay, Florida, USA Authors: Erik Andreas Hektor, Daniel Millet, Sophie Davidsson
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2015-P146 Separating variability from uncertainty when treating critical assumptions in risk assessments / D. V. Lindberg, A. Hafver, I. Jakopanec, F. B. Pedersen, et al.. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P146) [Published in] Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems, ESREL 2015, Edited by Luca Podofillini et al., CRC Press, September 2015, pp 825 -832. Print ISBN: 978-1-138-02879-1 Authors: David Volent Lindberg, Irena Jakopanec
2015-0002 Management of uncertainty in offshore safety. – Rev. 2. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015-09-21. - 102 p. – (Management of uncertainty in offshore safety). – (DNV GL report) Authors: Andreas Hafver, David Volent Lindberg, Irena Jakopanec, Erik Sælen Verified by: Peter Friis-Hansen Approved by: Frank Børre Pedersen Korp.: DNV GL
2015-P147 Effective updates of risk assessments in operational phase / David Volent Lindberg, Andreas Hafver, Hilde Weir, Kjellaug Litland, Erik Sælen, Andreas Falck. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 9 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P147) [Paper presented at] Brazilian Association of Risk Analysis, Process Safety and Reliability, ABRISCO 2015 and Topical PSAM Meeting on Safety and Reliability of O&G Exploration and Production, 23rd - 25th November, 2015 , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2015-0037 Life cycle management of offshore safety Author: K.H. Næss, D.V. Lindberg Edition: Rev.1
2015-P152 Towards a standardized approach for subsea system qualification / Tore Myhrvold; Simen Eldevik; Øystein Grande. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 28 p.. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P152) (DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation – Position Paper; Draft) Authors: Tore Myhrvold, Simen Eldvik, Øystein Grande 2015-P153 High Performance Capture Evaluating Novel Capture Technologies / Jock Brown; Anastasia A. Isaenko; Tore Myhrvold; Gerben Jans; Patrick Wolber; Bert Heesink. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 17 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P153) [Paper presented at] 8th Trondheim Conference on CO2 Capture, Transport and Storage, TCCS-8, 16.-18. June 2015, Trondheim, Norway The HiPerCap project receives funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 608555 Authors: Jock Brown, Anastasia Alexandrovna Isaenko, Tore Myhrvold, Gerben Jans, Patrick Wolbers, Bert Heesink 2015-P154 HiPerCap WP4 – methodology for benchmarking / Jock Brown; Gerben Jans; Tore Myhrvold. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P154) [Paper presented at] Optimisation of CO2 Capture Technology Allowing Verification and Implementation at Utility Scale, OCTAVIUS, Conference 17.–19. November 2015, Paris, France Authors: Jock Brown, Gerben Jans, Tore Myhrvold 2015-P156 Trends & outlook : survey on subsea processing / Øystein Grande. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 10 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P156) Author: Øystein Grande 2015-P158 Assessment of various post-combustion technologies in the HiPerCap project / Jock Brown; Tore Myhrvold. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P158) [Paper presented at] IEAGHG, 3rd Post Combustion Capture Conference (PCCC3), 8.-11, September 2015, Regina, Canada The IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme (IEAGHG) is an international collaborative research programme established in 1991 as an Implementing Agreement under the International Energy Agency (IEA). Authors: Jock Brown, Tore Myhrvold 2015-P159 High Performance Capture Evaluating Novel Capture Technologies, HiPerCap, project report: Deliverable No D4.1; draft assessment methodology / Jock Brown; Tore Myhrvold; Gerben Jans; Patrick Wolber; Bert Heesink. - Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. - 110. - (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P159). The HiPerCap project receives funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 60855 Authors: Jock Brown; Tore Myhrvold; Gerben Jans, Patrick Wolber; Bert Heesink
2015-0715 Subsea systems qualification and systems engineering. – Rev. 0. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015-10-19. – 80 p. – (All subsea system qualification). – (DNV GL report) Authors: Øystein Grande, Tore Myhrvold, Simen Eldvik Verified by: Søgård, Bjørn Approved by: Pedersen, Frank Børre Korp.: DNV GL 2015-0980 System Qualification – Proposed Methodology and Tools Author: Simen Eldevik Edition: Rev. 0 2015-1234 Energy Efficiency - Opportunities in the upstream Oil & Gas industry Author: E.A. Hektor Edition: Rev. 0 2015-1241 Enabling confidence: Risk communication in offshore risk-related decision making Author: I. Jakopanec (main author) Edition: Position Paper, Rev. 1 2015-1242 Recommended practices for offshore risk communication Author: I. Jakopanec (main author) Edition: Rev. 1 2015-1243 Integration of physical and probabilistic models with empirical data Author: A. Hafver (main author) Edition: Rev. 1 2015-1244 Title: “How does a changing energy mix impact DNV GL business?” Final report from Energy Outlook Project Author: T. Kuhnle, F.B. Pedersen, E.A. Hektor, O. A. Flagstad, F. Jones, A. Yanushkevich, C. Mukherjee Edition: Rev. 01 2015-1246 Risk management in real-time Author: D. V. Lindberg (main author) Edition: Rev.0 2014-1674 Guideline for treatment of uncertainty in QRA. – Rev. 2. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015-11-02. - 26 p. – (Management of uncertainty in offshore safety). – (DNV GL report) Authors: Andreas Hafver, Irena Jakopanec, David Volent Lindberg, Erik Sælen, Frank Børre Pedersen, Andreas Falck Approved by: Pedersen, Frank Børre Korp.: DNV GL
50 RESEARCH 50 RESEARCH REVIEW REVIEW 2015 2015
PUBLICATIONS 2015-9501 Reliability Analysis of Safety Systems Subject to Multiple Testing Levels Authors: S. Eisinger ¹, L.F. Oliveira², L. Chame², J. Domingues², R. Fernandes² (¹DNV GL Norway, ²DNV GL Brazil) Notes: Presented at the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, 7. – 10. September 2015, Zürich, Switzerland 2015-9502 Safety Instrumented Systems Operated in the Intermediate Demand Mode Authors: S. Eisinger ¹, L.F. Oliveira², K. Tveit³, B. Natvig³ (¹DNV GL Norway, ²DNV GL Brazil, University of Oslo, Norway) Notes: Presented at the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, 7. – 10. September 2015, Zürich, Switzerland 2015-9503 Quantitative Real-Time Risk-Informed BOP Reliability Management System Authors: L.F. Oliveira¹, J. Domingues¹, G. Rocha¹ (¹DNV GL Brazil) Notes: Presented at ABRISCO 2015 and Topical PSAM Meeting on Safety and Reliability of O&G Exploration and Production, November 23rd - 25th, 2015, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2015-9504 Evaluation of the Probability of Failure on Demand of Safety Systems Subject to Multiple Testing Levels Authors: L.F. Oliveira¹, L. Chame¹, J. Domingues¹, S. Eisinger ², (¹DNV GL Brazil, ²DNV GL Norway) Notes: Presented at ABRISCO 2015 and Topical PSAM Meeting on Safety and Reliability of O&G Exploration and Production, November 23rd – 25th, 2015, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2015-9505 Evolution of Offshore Safety in Brazil and International Benchmarking Author: L.F. Oliveira¹ (¹DNV GL Brazil, ²DNV GL Norway) Notes: Presented in the Offshore Safety Panel at OTC Brazil 2015, October 27th – 29th, 2015, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2016-9009 Technical Specification for BOP-RDT Authors: Joaquim Domingues, Luiz Fernando Oliveira, and Gean Rocha Document Number: 1OXOMT9-6 Edition: Rev.4 2016-9010 User Manual for BOP-RDT Authors: Joaquim Domingues, Luiz Fernando Oliveira, and Gean Rocha Document Number: 1OXOMT9-4 Edition: Rev.1 2016-9011 BOP-RDT Testing Authors: Joaquim Domingues, Luiz Fernando Oliveira, and Gean Rocha Document Number: 1OXOMT9-5 Edition: Rev.0 2016-9012 Well Condition Evaluation Using Bayesian Network Author: Joaquim Domingues, Luiz Fernando Oliveira, and Gean Rocha Document Number: 1OXOMT9-7 Edition: Rev.0
OTHER 2015-P017 Emergency response / Peter Schütz; Espen Funnemark (Lead authors); Ole-Christian Ekeberg; Gjermund Gravir; Per Olav Moslet; Børre Paaske; Anders Rudberg and Elinor Turander (Contributors). – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 31 p.. – (DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation – Position Paper; 1–2015) (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015-P017) 2015-P040 Studies of ice ridge shape and geometry from upward looking sonar data : Thesis for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor / Ole-Christian Ekeberg. – Trondheim: NTNU, 2015. – 148 p.. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P040) Author: Ole-Christian Ekeberg 2015-P159 High Performance Capture Evaluating Novel Capture Technologies, HiPerCap, project report: Deliverable No D4.1; draft assessment methodology / Jock Brown; Tore Myhrvold; Gerben Jans; Patrick Wolber; Bert Heesink. – Høvik: DNV GL, 2015. – 110. – (DNV GL Paper Series; 2015–P159). The HiPerCap project receives funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under grant agreement no. 60855 Authors: Jock Brown, Tore Myhrvold, Gerben Jans, Patrick Wolber, Bert Heesink
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DNV GL Driven by our purpose of safeguarding life, property and the environment, DNV GL enables organizations to advance the safety and sustainability of their businesses. We provide classification and technical assurance along with software and independent expert advisory services to the maritime, oil and gas, and energy industries. We also provide certification services to customers across a wide range of industries. Operating in more than 100 countries, our 16,000 professionals are dedicated to helping our customers make the world safer, smarter and greener. DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation At DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation our focus is on new knowledge and technology areas that have a long term impact on the industries we serve. Our Position Papers highlight findings from our research programmes, and are intended to advance knowledge and to help prepare our customers, their stakeholders and our own organization for the future. Find out more at www.dnvgl.com/research
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