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ENERGY, OIL & GAS

The best of our worlds Fuel from Ocean Space

ENERGY, OIL & GAS

23 January 2017

A Sustainable Energy Future will be Hybridized André Rauwerda

14th June 2017

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SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER


DNV GL enables right decision making in a complex world

MARITIME

OIL & GAS

ENERGY

BUSINESS ASSURANCE

SOFTWARE

We are a global classification, certification, technical assurance and advisory company

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Picture of the Sustainable Future

Lowering CO2 emissions is crucial. We support all stakeholders in making the right decisions, minimising risk, improving performance for a fast and smooth transition to a sustainable energy future.

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The Variability Challenge … what to do … storage, or?

Example for The Netherlands, based on e-highways 2050

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North Sea power engine for Europe: a roadmap

SYSTEM COMPLEXITY 

TIME AND SPATIAL CONSTRAINTS

SHORTCUT ‘FUEL’ PRODUCTION BY RES

GOAL

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PRESENT SITUATION


Building Expertise: Vision and Roadmap

Ocean

Electricity & gas hybridization

space

Stepping stones

North Sea area Single domain & band-aid solutions

Offshore

wind

Onshore wind

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North Sea area: Energy Storage Island (a stepping stone) Wind farm - ring dyke Wind farm - island lake

P2G

Connecting surrounding wind farms

Wind farm industry

Pumped Hydro

Nature reserve & preservation

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Re-use of gas infrastructure


Ocean Space: our vision

Dogger Bank

IJmuiden Ver

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Gas Value Chain

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Electricity and Gas Hybridization Fluctuating electricity generation from renewable energy sources

H2

Electrolysis

Electricity

H2

H2

Gas conversion

CH4

Pumped hydro Natural gas grid

Domestic use

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Industrial use

Mobility

Electricity generation

Gas storage

Heat supply


Cost Comparison of Transport and Storage of Hydrogen (based on 20% coverage of Europe’s energy demand)

300 300

Annual cost (B€)

Annual cost [B€]

250 250 200 200 150 150

100 100 5050 -

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Cables

Cables

Turbines Turbines Desalination Desalination Pipeline Pipeline

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Piped hydrogen

Piped Hydrogen Float piping piping Float Liquefaction Liquefaction Tankers Tankers

Liquid hydrogen

Liquid Hydrogen

P2G P2G Cables Cables Regasification Regasification


What does meeting 20% of European Energy Demand look like?

Highlights

Size, Number, Amount

Comparable to

12 MW Wind turbines

61,000 = 1,300 GW

Globally installed up to 2015: 433 GW

Floating pipeline grid

130,000 km length

EU Natural Gas Grid: 250,000 km

Surface

70,000 km2

Surface area of Ireland

Total mass

230 MTonne

Global steel production: 1,600 MTonne/a

Hydrogen

230,000 Tonne/day

85% EU Natural Gas demand (2014)

Pipelines

31

Investment

2,000 B€

Annual Capex+Opex

165 B€

Price

5 €ct/kWh

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Today’s electricity price 4 €ct/kWh


DNV GL: the best of O&G, Maritime, and Energy worlds combined

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Global presence with 15,000 professional employees

Integrated energy coverage (electric power, traditional + RES, oil & gas)

Logistics (vessels, pipes, wires, cables)

Fully knowledgeable

Authority, demonstrated by international recognised recommended practices

Vision on energy transition, demonstrated by Technology Outlook

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Stakeholder involvement Research

Cooperation

Funding

Overarching design

Governments

Governments

Maritime approach

Manufacturers

EU

Sub sea pipelines

Operators

Consortium/JIP

Hydrogen application

Engineering firms

Pension Funds

Fuel production

Economists

Health, Safety & Environment

Research institutes

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A Sustainable Energy Future will be Hybridized

André Rauwerda T. +31263566289 E: andre.rauwerda@dnvgl.com

www.dnvgl.com

SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER

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A sustainable future will be hybridized  

Windday Conference 14-06-2017