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M 1 • TUeSDAy • 03.12.2019

Blacks, Hispanics breathe more pollution than they make Study finds opposite for whites, who on average create more than they take in BY SETH BORENSTEIN Associated Press

WA S H I N G T O N • AfricanAmericans and H ispanics breathe in far more deadly air pollution than they are responsible for making, a new study said. A study looked at who is exposed to fine particle pollution — responsible for about 100,000 American deaths a year — and how much different races are responsible for the pollution based on their buying, driving and living habits. Scientists calculate that Hispanics on average breathe in 63 percent more of the pollution that leads to heart and breathing deaths than they make. For African-Americans the figure is 56 percent, according to a study published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. On the other hand, non-Hispanic whites on average are exposed to 17 percent less air pollution than they make.


Smog covers downtown Los Angeles in April 2009. Of 103,000 particle pollution deaths a year, 83,000 can be traced to the activities of people in the United States, a new study found.

“Even though minorities are contributing less to the overall problem of air pollution, they are affected by it more,” said study co-author Jason Hill, a biosystems engineering professor at the University of Minnesota, who is white. “Is it fair (that) I create more pollution and somebody else is disproportionately affected by it?” This pollution comes from gases from smokestacks, tail-

pipes and other places that then solidify into fine invisible particles small enough to pass through lungs and into bloodstreams. These particles, more than 25 times smaller than the width of a human hair, pose the greatest risk to people’s health, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency says. While other studies have shown minorities living with


Avery, Beatrice Lorene - Elsberry, MO Bell, Patricia Ann - St. Louis Boyer, Tammy - Arnold, MO Caputa - see Smith Eschbacher - see Linsin Gibbs, David Randall - St. Charles

Avery, Beatrice Lorene

91, of Elsberry, passed Friday, March 8, 2019. Visitation from 4 p.m. until the time of Memorial Services at 6 p.m. on Thursday, March 14, 2019, at Carter-Ricks Funeral Home in Elsberry.

Bell, Patricia Ann

passed on Tues., Mar. 5, 2019. Viewing Thurs., Mar. 14, at 9 a.m. with funeral service following at 10 a.m., at St. Mary Magdalen Catholic Church, 2618 S. Brentwood Blvd., St. Louis, 63144.

Boyer, Tammy

54, of Arnold. Visitation Wednesday, 3/13/19 from 4-8 p.m. at Alexander White Mullen Funeral Home. Service Thursday, 3/14 at 11 a.m. www.alexanderstlouis.com.

Gibbs, David Randall

March 10, 2019, age 76. Services: Vis. Wed., Mar. 13, 4 - 8pm. Svc: Thur., Mar. 14, 9:30 am, Baue Cave Springs, 3950 W. Clay. Contact 636) 946-7811 or visit baue.com.

Hurtt, Clyde

December 2, 1921-March 9, 2019. Beloved husband of the late Jean Ellen Hurtt (nee Spurling) for 71 years; dear father of Susan (Ron) Jackson, Julie Hurtt, the late Mark Hurtt and the late Karen Reed. He was the much loved grandfather of Leslie Chamberlin, Maren Wilker and Brady Wilker; greatgrandfather of Elizabeth, Piper and Graysen; great-great-grandfather of Alayna. Clyde was born and raised in the Baltimore, Maryland area. He served his country honorably from 1939-1944 on active duty in the US Army, and later joined the Army Air Force Reserves where he was a First Lieutenant until the late 1950's. He attended Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, where he met Jean, then later received degrees from the University of Missouri in Columbia. He was a high school history teacher and became superintendent of schools of a northern Missouri community. He went on to be a successful businessman, starting a school and public library book business with nationwide distribution, which he and Jean operated until their retirement in the mid 1990's. He will be very sadly missed. Services: Graveside service and interment at Oak Hill Cemetery Kirkwood, Missouri on Wednesday, March 13, 2019 at 2:30 p.m. with military honors. Family and friends can review and share stories, photos and condolences online at www.stlfuneral.com

Kellogg, Alice Joy

(nee Bradbury) was born to Jack and Katie Bradbury on July 17, 1926, in Nashville Tennessee. Joy, as she was known to family and friends, married Frank Kellogg on August 27, 1944. Joy went to be with the Lord March 9, 2019. Joy is survived by three children, Linda Hostetter (Jack), David K e l l o g g , J a me s K e l l o g g (M a rs h a M a n w a r r i n g ) ; n in e grandchildren and nineteen great-grandchildren. Memorials may be made to the Kellogg Health Sciences Scholarship Fund at Missouri Baptist University. Services: Visitation Thursday, March 14, 4 to 7 p.m. at the JAY B. SMITH MAPLEWOOD CHAPEL, 7456 Manchester, with a Funeral Service at 7 p.m. Interment J.B. National Cemetery Tributes at jaybsmith.com

Licavoli, Frank P.

age 91, fortified with the Sacraments of Holy Mother Church, Monday, March 11, 2019. Beloved husband of Billie Jean Licavoli (nee Johnson) and the late Betty Sue Licavoli (nee Flayer); dearest father of Francis and Michael Licavoli and Bobby (Justine) Gamblin; loving grandfather of Matthew, Zack, Michael and Hunter; great-grandfather of Benson; our dear brother, brother-in-law, uncle, cousin and friend. Member of St. Louis Soccer Hall of Fame. Services: Funeral from KUTIS AFFTON Chapel, 10151 Gravois, Friday, March 15 at 10 a.m. Interment Calvary Cemetery. Visitation Thursday, 4-8 p.m.

more pollution, this study is one of the first to combine buying habits and exposure into one calculation of inequity, Hill said. Hill and colleagues looked at pollution from highways, coalfired power plants, hog farms and other sources. They then looked in a large scale at who is driving more, buying more goods and food, spending more on property and using more electricity, then

Celebrations of Life

Hacker - see Schuchardt Hurtt, Clyde - St. Louis Kellogg, Alice Joy - Lake of the Ozarks Licavoli, Frank P. - St. Louis Linsin, Virginia C. - St. Louis Michael, June Evelyn - Town & Country

Linsin, Virginia C.

(nee Schroeder), baptized into the hope of Christ's resurrection, Sunday, March 10, 2019. Beloved wife of the late Russell J. Linsin; dear mother of Russell S. Linsin, Carol (Bernard) Eschbacher and Lawrence (Cathy) Linsin; dear grandmother of 6; and greatgrandmother of 4; our dear sister, sister-in-law, aunt and friend. Services: Funeral from KUTIS AFFTON Chapel, 10151 Gravois, Friday, March 15, 1 p.m. Interment J.B. National Cemetery. In lieu of flowers, contributions to The Alzheimer's Association appreciated. Visitation Thursday, 4-8 p.m.

Michael, June Evelyn

(nee Quaglia), born March 11, 1921 in Herrin, IL and passed away, Saturday, March 9, 2019 in St. Louis, MO. Preceded in death by her parents James and Ruby Quaglia (nee Hampton), her husband Vernon E. Michael, stepson Harvey Michael, uncle Rufus Hampton and aunt Ruth Chitty (nee Hampton). She is survived by cousins Shirley Aldag, Tod (Susie) Hampton, Brad Hampton, Tim Hampton and Neoma Chitty. Services: Visitation at the SCHRADER Funeral Home and Crematory, 14960 Manchester Road at Holloway, Ballwin, Thursday, from 9:00 a.m. until time of service 9:45 a.m. Interment Holy Cross Lutheran Cemetery, Collinsville, IL. Friends may sign the family's on-line guestbook at Schrader.com.

traced those purchases to end users. “On average whites tend to consume more than minorities. It’s because of wealth,” Hill said. “It’s largely how much you buy, not buying different things.” Of 103,000 particle pollution deaths a year, 83,000 can be traced to the activities of people in the United States — not government and not goods exported elsewhere, the study said. Several outside experts praised the research. “These findings confirm what most grassroots environmental justice leaders have known for decades, ‘whites are dumping their pollution on poor people and people of color’,” said Texas Southern University public affairs professor Robert Bullard, who was not part of the research. Bullard, often called the father of environmental justice, is African-American. Bullard said his and other past research shows that AfricanAmericans are 79 percent more likely than whites to live where industrial pollution is highest, with people of color overrepresented near Superfund sites and oil refineries. He said there are far more mostly minority schools within 500 feet of major highways than mostly white schools.

STLtoday.com/obits 314-340-8600 obits@post-dispatch.com

Roitman, Irwin M. - Perryville Schmitz, Dina T. - St. Louis Schuchardt, Dorothy C. - St. Louis Smith, Yolanda M. - St. Louis Wagner - see Schuchardt Wingbermuehle - see Smith

Schuchardt, Dorothy C.

(Voelkel), Fortified with the Sacraments of Holy Mother Church on Friday, March 9, 2019. Loving wife of the late Gene Schuchardt; beloved mother of Lynn (Kevin) Hacker and Beth Wagner; dearest grandmother of Matthew and Brian Hacker, Kimberly (James) Hansen and Molly (fiancé Cameron Marino) Wagner; special great-grandmother of Cooper and Mack Hansen; dear sister of the late Lois (Mickey) Wissehr and the late Ruth (Warren) Wissehr; beloved sister-in-law to Henrietta Frederick and the late Oliver, Ray, Will, Ed and Don Schuchardt, Gen Smith and Elise Leber; our dear aunt, great-aunt, cousin and friend to many. Services: Funeral from HOFFMEISTER COLONIAL MORTUARY, 6464 Chippewa, at Watson, on Thursday, March 14th at 9:30 a.m. to St. Mary Magdalen Catholic Church for Mass of Christian Burial at 10:00 a.m. Interment at Calvary Cemetery. If desired, please make expression of sympathy in Dorothy's memory to a charity of your choice. Visitation will be held at Hoffmeister Colonial on Wednesday from 4-8 pm. Please send condolences to www.hoffmeistercolonial.com.

Smith, Yolanda M.

(nee Caputa) Fortified with the Sacraments of Holy Mother Church Monday, March 11, 2019. Beloved wife of Zachary S. Smith; dear daughter of Tom and Debbie Caputa; dear sister of Maria (Matt) Passanise, Michelle (Michael) Westerfield, Francine (Andrew) Kreigshauser and Nina (Greg) McArthur; dear daughter-in-law of Steve (Phoebe) Smith and the late Diane Smith; our dear niece, aunt, sister-in-law, cousin, Godmother and friend to many. Services: Funeral from KUTIS CITY CHAPEL (not Affton), 2906 Gravois, Thursday, March 14, 9:15 a.m. to Our Lady of Sorrows Catholic Church for 10 a.m. Mass. Interment Resurrection Cemetery. In lieu of flowers, contributions to Siteman Roitman, Irwin M. Cancer Center or St. Louis University School of Medicine Ra76, of Perryville, died February 25, 2019 at his resi- diation Oncology Development Fund appreciated. Visitation dence. Burial was at Jefferson Barracks National Ceme- Wednesday, 4-8 p.m. tery on Monday, March 4, 2019. Young & Sons Funeral Home provided arrangements.


Schmitz, Dina T.

(nee Cucchi), fortified with the Sacraments of Holy Mother Church on March 8, 2019 at the age of 93. Loving wife of Paul Schmitz; beloved mother of Paulette (Klep) Turnbough, Rick (Sally) Schmitz, Denise (Frank) Vinciguerra, and Renee (Dave) Basile; dear grandmother of Christy (Andrew), Crystal (Justin), Jennifer (Dan), Holly (Kevin), Mary (Bill), Harry, and Jessica (Bill); dear great-grandmother to Jonny, Gabriella, Kacie, Dominic, Collin, Jessie, and Emma; beloved aunt of John (Sharon) Cucchi. Friend to many. Dina is preceded in death by her parents John Cucchi and Theresa (nee Restelli) Cucchi, brother Fred Cucchi and grandsons Brian and Richard. Services: Visitation Thursday, March 14, 2019 at St. Ambrose Catholic Church, 5130 Wilson Avenue 63110, 9-11 a.m. until time of Mass at 11 a.m. Interment Jefferson Barracks Cemetery. In lieu of flowers contributions appreciated to The Sick and Elderly Program of The Hill or Alzheimer's Association. ARRANGEMENTS UNDER THE DIRECTION OF MICHEL FUNERAL HOME.



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