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Yeah! Si! 是 Sim! Yera Yeah! Ja! ‫ معن‬Oui! Da! Tak! Jo! うん 是的

Bilingualism Se! Jei! Ef! The benefits of being bilingual

Campus University College Cork

Special Volunteering Adds Value to International Study Experience

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Marina Donohoe Education in Ireland

Destination Cork • Yasuni, Amazon in danger • Science Without Borders DCU

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EDITOR’S WORD The leaves are falling from the trees and autumn is imposing itself. With many now back from holidays, the new college year is resuming. This month’s edition of Yeah! Magazine will, we hope, give you some cheer as you try and settle back to the daily grind. Not everything has to be study related, so please take a few moments to curl up with a cup of coffee and peruse this magazine as we seek to relieve the stresses of college life for you.

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In October’s issue Sergio Angulo Bujanda reports on the advantages of being bilingual. According to research carried out at Princeton University, those who can speak more than one language have enhanced cognitive abilities compared to monolinguals. The cultural aspects associated with mastering a language are outlined in Sergio’s article, giving readers an idea of how advantageous it can be to speak more than one language as we progress through the 21st century.Cork, the birthplace of Roy Keane and Rory Gallagher among others, comes under the spotlight in this month’s Postcard feature Katiluz Garcia Lanz takes us to the southern capital and gives us a history of the place. Located by the river Lee, this is a part of Ireland where visitors are always warmly welcomed by locals and is added to by the city’s wonderful night life with plenty of pubs and clubs to socialise in. You’ll be booking a trip to Cork to check the place out, once you’ve read Katiluz’s report. Did you enjoy the recent London Olympics? This month we have testimonies from several Dublin-based international students who were present in the British capital for the duration of the Games. The students, from SEDA College, share their experiences and we are sure you’ll find their stories fascinating. Indeed they’ll probably turn you blue with envy at not only being at the Olympics, but also in one of the world’s most prestigious cities. For years into the future these students will be telling tales of London 2012 to their children and grandchildren. Historic! Elsewhere, in October’s edition, you can read about DCU’s links with Brazil.The Science Without Borders project seeks to attract more students, from the enormous South American nation, to DCU (one of Dublin’s three main universities). We cover this interesting development. Finally, in this month’s “Bit of Craic!” feature, Yeah reports on The Tall boat festival which came to Dublin city during this summer. We have a selection of images that will bring you a flavour of the atmosphere. Can’t beat that fiesta feeling!

Ian Gallagy

Ian Callagy Editor

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EDITORIAL Editor Ian Callagy Sub-editors Committee Ishmael Mwenda Chris O’Connell Richard Gibney Lydia Bigley EDITION # 4 COVER

DESIGN Designer Alex Olivera

Photography: Adilson Gandia Junior

WEB & BLOG Alex Oliveira EVENTS Team YEAH! MAGAZINE DIRECTOR Raffael Abarca +353 0 863367879 ADVERTISING & CONTACTS

CONTRIBUTORS Peter O’Neill Jose Sierra Miren Maialen Silvia Bernal Je Yuna Sergio Angulo Katyluz Garcia Rodrigo Lara Felipe Lopez /

Yeah! Magazine is published by DMP - Dreams Media Producers Address: 6 Cumberland Street Dun Laohaire, Co. Dublin Dublin, Ireland. - All the contents of Yeah! Magazine are only for general information and/or use. Such contents do not constitute advice and should not be relied upon in making (or refraining from making) any decision. Any specific advice or replies to queries in any part of the magazine is/are the personal opinion of such experts/consultants/ persons and are not subscribed to by Yeah! Magazine.

The Yasuni - ITT iniciative by Ecuadorian government

18 regulars

6Chat with...

6 features

student life

Marina Donohoe Education, Business, Enterprise Ireland & Education Ireland.

24In focus


Dublin Plays Host to International Educator at the Convention Centre.

University College Cork Campus

8In Focus


27Entertainment All


36Bit of Craic Inside

33Cover Story

38Yeah! Network

DCU Welcome Brazilian students

10Profile “What’s Life Like for Students in Other Countries?”

22Post Card

Destination Cork city, Ireland’s natural treasure.

The 10 of the best paid jobs and how to get them.

Volunteering Adds Value to International Study Experience

Ireland Music Competition.

August’s Dublin Tall Ships Races Festival

MULTI-LINGUALS monolinguals, a study has shown.

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chat with

Marina Donohoe

Education Ireland and Enterprise Ireland • To promote Ireland as a quality destination for students. • To promote and support the international activities of Irish education institutions. • To act as a national point of contact and referral to and from Irish suppliers of education services and the international market place. • To promote Irish education expertise as a valuable resource for international institutions, development agencies and governments. • To liaise with education interests and government to identify and remove barriers to the development of the international education sector. Marina Donohoe She hold’s a Diploma in Strategy & Innovation at Irish Management Institute. Marina is the head office of Education in Ireland & Manager - Business & Consumer Services Department at Enterprise Ireland. • Could you explain to our readers a little about what you do?

The Education in Ireland brand is managed by Enterprise Ireland the government organisation responsible for the development and growth of Irish enterprises in world markets. Education in Ireland has the following goals and objectives:

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• What challenges have you faced in attracting students to come to Ireland ? Ireland is an attractive destination for international education as it is safe and secure, English speaking, close to mainland Europe. Our Educational Institutions well regarded and high ranking for the quality of education we provide. However Ireland like other countries - is competing for students whose interests are often more diverse. They are very welcome. The city is very appreciative of them coming here. Dublin people, generally, give them a very good welcome. We want to see them coming here. Dublin is developing multiculturally the whole time and students add to that. So we are very happy to receive them.

Your organisation sponsored the American Football event, held in Dublin recently. What other events do you hope to sponsor in the future? We sponsored the Global International Football Tournament which took place in advance of Saturday’s American football game. We were not involved in sponsoring Notre Dame/Navy game. We will be sponsoring the EAIE conference which takes place from 11th-14th of September in Dublin . EAIE is considered by key industry players as the premier event and it is fortunate for Ireland that the global conference is taking place in Dublin this year. Over 4,500 Higher Education representatives from all over from all over the world and Education in Ireland will be involved in a number of initiatives and meetings to profile Ireland as a destination for International Education to these decision makers. To what extent, do you think, can the Irish economy benefit from greater numbers of international students coming here?

learning experience within HEI’s and the contribution they can make beyond their education in working in Irish businesses and establishing start-ups in Ireland . • What could the Irish government, in your view, do to encourage more students to study here? The Irish Government actively encourages students to come to Ireland and will continue to do so with Education in Ireland taking the lead on international marketing/brand awareness and stakeholders such as the Department of Education and Skills, SFI and Dept of Foreign Affairs and Trade working in a collaborative way to encourage the effort.

Visit the http://www. website. The website includes testimonials from international students currently in Ireland , profiles all the Higher Education Institutions and gives lots of information on living and studying in Ireland . Finally I would advise students to come here as they will not be disappointed with the experience and the value it will bring to their Resume/CV.

Are the current numbers of international students studying here sustainable, do you think? I do think the numbers are sustainable given the commitment and capacity of the Higher Education Institutes (HEI’s).

Aside from the direct economic impact of fee income and living expenses International Students can bring enormous value to the Irish economy in terms of the diversity they bring to

“ Intern

Finally, what advice would you have for international students thinking of coming to Ireland?

atio are very nal stu city d is ve welcom ents e. T ry a of th he p prec em c iativ omin e g he re”

I’m very positive about Dublin and the city itself. It’s hopping at the moment.

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in focus Dublin City University gets ready to welcome Brazilian students By Tracy Dixon DCU

Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP). Senior staff from DCU formed part of two Irish delegations to Rio in November 2011, and Brasília in July to promote Dublin City University as a choice location for Brazil’s aspiring researchers. The first students are expected to arrive in Ireland in early 2013.

Brazil’s Science Without Borders Programme (Ciência sem Fronteiras) aims to place 100,000 Brazilians in overseas higher education institutions over the next four years to study Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) subjects as part of a major Brazilian government initiative. The programme was launched by President Dilma Rousseff in April 2011 as an effort to close the skills and capacity gaps which have developed as Brazil has expanded to become the sixth largest economy in the world. On June 20 this year, Ireland joined a small number of countries including United States, Canada, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Australia and Belgium already participating in the programme, when Irish Minister for Environment, Community and Local Government Phil Hogan signed agreements with two Brazilian state agencies CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) and CNPq (Conselho Nacional

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de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico). As part of the programme, Ireland has indicated its capacity to receive up to 1,500 Brazilian students over the next four years, including 850 postgraduate research students who will undertake fully-funded PhD research programmes in Irish universities. Dublin City University (DCU) ( has now put preparations in place to welcome its share of these talented young STEM researchers from Brazil. DCU is ranked in the top four percent of universities worldwide, in the top 50 under 50 years old, and has a worldwide reputation as a major research institution. DCU also has a long history of links with Brazil including hosting staff, students and visiting academic researchers, as well as engaging in successful partnerships with Universidade de São Paulo (USP) and Universidade

For more information on the programme and the research projects on offer to Brazilian students, please visit DCU’s Ciência sem Fronteiras website: http:// borders./

Dublin Theatre Festival features the best in International Theatre By: Richard Gibney The Dublin Theatre Festival is one of the longest running festivals in Europe, with a season of the best of international theatre being held in the Irish capital almost every year since 1957. Historically, the festival has premiered or featured plays by Irish dramatists, directors and writers, such as Tony Award winner Brian Friel, Oscar winner Neil Jordan, Booker Prize winner Roddy Doyle and Nobel laureate Seamus Heaney. It courted controversy in its early years, with the Catholic hierarchy baulking at the inclusion of plays by James Joyce and Sean O’Casey. Samuel Beckett withdrew his piece, protesting the interference of the Catholic Church at the 1958 Festival.

The festival programme also sees innovative theatre of other kinds, with one-man or one-woman shows that are enthralling. There are also a number of events and performances at the festival that won’t require an ear for English dialogue, such as dance performances.

While there is always a strong Irish contingent among the theatre and performance groups represented at the festival, it has also played host to a diverse and eclectic mix of international theatre groups over the decades.

International companies at the festival include the Belgian group, Campo, who perform a wonderfully choreographed piece inspired by animation, with an emphasis on the visual and imagery rather than the spoken word. Another Belgian company comprises a duo of clowns. Okidok’s physicality impresses, and their performance is one of many ideal for family entertainment. Their show is suitable for four-year olds, but their acrobatic skills can be enjoyed by older viewers too.

The Dublin Theatre Festival is held each year between the end of September and mid-October, with performances in and around the city. If you can’t make it into the city itself, you might catch some of the shows at venues in Dublin’s surrounding towns, such as Tallaght’s Civic Theatre and Blanchardstown’s Draiocht venue.

There is also an American presence at the festival, including the New York based Elevator Repair Service, who deliver an adaptation of Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises, capturing the decadence and tragedy of the inter-war generation as a group of British and American expatriates travel through France and Spain.

This year’s festival features canonical pieces such as Shakespeare’s Hamlet and (a version of) King Lear, alongside adaptations of Hemingway, Wilde and Joyce, all performed with contemporary twists. You can enjoy new Irish company Wide Open Opera’s version of Richard Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde.

Irish students appear more goal-oriented and You can visit the Dublin Theatre Festival website for the details of this year’s less prone diverse programme and to book your to distractions. tickets, at yeah 9


? e k i L e f i L s ’ t a h W

Carlos Baltazar

Nadine Eckmann,

Age: 20, Setubal, Portugal, studying Irish education system.

Age: 19 Munster, Germany, studying theology and media science.

What is the defining factor of an English (or Irish) college student?

What is the defining factor of an English college student?

They seem to be smart – that is certainly a defining factor. Portuguese students are smart too, but the system is very different. So they tend to be smart in other ways.

I think, for me, the uniform is typical, and it impresses me. I think it’s a good thing because you don’t have to worry about this “brand” and that “brand”, so there’s no bullying.

What extra-curricular activities do you participate in? I play football. I also take part in music, rap music. I have a channel on Youtube. It’s going alright.

What extra-curricular activities do you participate in? I play piano and keyboard, and I sing. I like singing in a choir and playing instruments.

What is the teaching style?

What is the teaching style?

It’s very different – starting with the uniform. We don’t have uniforms in Portugal. There are a lot of government schools in Portugal that are not religious. Catholic schools or religious schools in Portugal would be private. Also, there are boys’ schools and girls’ schools, whereas in Portugal they are co-educational.

The teacher is really relaxed, and funny. He tries to entertain us!

What comes to mind when you think of a stereotypical Portuguese student?

I think that German students are – typically –

I think the Portuguese students are more stressed. The Portuguese lifestyle – family life and other factors – affect the Portuguese students, so they are under more pressure.

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What comes to mind when you think of a stereotypical German student? always busy. They make the best with what they can. They work very hard and they try to study. There are also lazy students. Meeting friends is important to German students – they are usually somewhere in the middle between studying hard and having a hectic party life.

By Richard Gibney

i recommend

Wstuhdaentts recommend!

, s n io ct ra t at , s nt ve e st e b ’s d Find Irelan restaurants and night life

Mario Palacios Guerra

Bonnie Yoon

Juliana Pereira

Age: 21 From: South Korea

Age: 25 From: Brazil is much more than just beaut

I love Ireland and I think it’s an

incredible country, really beautiful, with lots of places to visit. And, if you want the best out of your stay on the island, you need to meet people, learn about them and their culture. That is where comes in. You can sign up and be part of different groups around Ireland and the world. Look up for a group whose interests are similar to yours and enjoy the incredible experience. I am part of the Vegetarian Society of Ireland and we recently went for a walk from Bray to Greystones. It was amazing!

Alfredo Navas

Age: 38 From: Spain

For Bonnie Yoon from South Korea, Irish summers are very short and that is a bad thing for her, as she does not have the chance to wear all her clothes; she has loads of them gathering dust in her wardrobe. Shopaholic Bonnie’s wish is to go away on a long holiday so she can wear her vast collection. But there are benefits to being in Ireland, she says: “I do recommend the West of Ireland, it is fantastic. Connemara is the most beautiful place to visit in a weekend, everything is so green and the people you meet are very friendly.”

Everyone is friendly and kind in Ireland. Kilkenny, the Wicklow Mountains, Newgrange, Drogheda and Glendalough are some of my favourite places. Glendalough has its monastery and it has marvellous and romantic paths to the lakes. The lakes have a lot of greenery surrounding them, which is great for sunbathing and for picnicking. The view is marvellous and spectacular. Wonderful for nature watching. Kilkenny is a lovely city. Its main street has a lot of Irish character. You can see the castle from the town. The castle itself was a ruin

Age: 23 From: Venezuela Ireland has many pros and cons. Yes it’s expensive but it’s unique. We love to complain about Ireland, but so many people are sticking up for it on the other hand that it would warm your heart. I personally love Ireland especially the West (even though I can bitch about this country with the best of them!) and would definitely recommend people to come here to visit! Even if they go home broke after it! I travelled the 32 counties 2 years ago and I was delighted and surprised to see how nice it actually is! Especially the West and North. last century, but thankfully for the local population it’s been rebuilt and restored beautifully. Newgrange has an information centre, which provides a lot of the details about the historic site. The site of Newgrange itself is very impressive. My career is in building construction, and it is interesting to me to see how prehistoric humans made the buildings of the time, and how it is now believed that they transported their building materials from the mountains.

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Migration, Domestic Workers and Human rights: gender equality and the limits of rights, international conference. University College Cork 2.30pm – 6.30pm, Friday, 19 October, 2012 An international conference on migrant domestic workers will be hosted on October 19th, 2012, by the Centre for Criminal Justice and Human Rights and the Irish Human Rights Commission. The conference will mark European Anti-Trafficking day. Recent years have witnessed significant developments in international human rights standards relating to migrant domestic workers, including the adoption of the landmark 2011 ILO Convention on Decent Work for Domestic Workers, the CEDAW General Recommendation on Women Migrant Workers and a General Comment by the UN Committee on Migrant Workers. The conference will examine the continuing tensions between immigration laws and policies, limited access to employment rights protections and evolving human rights standards on the rights of migrant domestic workers. Guest Speakers. * Kathleen Lynch TD Minister of State for Disability, Equality, Mental Health and Older People. * Maria Grazia Giammarinaro, Special Representative and Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, OSCE *Dr Jean D’Cunha UN Women, Gender, Employment and Migration *Professor Janie Chuang American University, Washington DC & Open Society Justice Fellow *Dr Bridget Anderson COMPASS, Oxford University *Professor Siobhan Mullally Centre for Criminal Justice and Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University College Cork *Dr Cliodhna Murphy *Centre for Criminal Justice and Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University College Cork * Ludovica Banfi Social Research Programme Manager, Freedoms and Justice Department, EU Fundamental Rights Agency * Noel Waters Director General, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service (tbc) *Siobhan O’Donoghue Director, Migrant Rights Centre Ireland

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Kathleen Lynch TD, Minister of State for Disability, Equality, Mental Health and Older People.

* Marriam Bhatti Domestic Workers Action Group This event is supported by the Irish Research Council and the Faculty of Law, Gender Law and Sexuality Research Initiative For bookings or further information email:, mail , or contact Noreen Delea at +353-(0)21 490 2728. Conference places are limited, please reserve your place in advance.

Photography: W. Massafelli

in focus

SEDA students have Olympic fun in London By Viktor Posudnevsky

DOZENS of SEDA students took time off their books to attend the Olympic Games in Britain last month. The students, who took advantage of Dublin’s proximity to the host city, had an exciting holiday, watching athletes compete in their various disciplines. At least one had a different experience. Denis Miranda worked at the Olympics as a cameraman for TV Record, a Brazilian TV network which had exclusive rights to broadcast this year’s Games in the South American country. The SEDA student covered matches and training sessions of the Brazilian national team and also witnessed the South American President Dilma Rousseff’s visit to Britain.

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“I had worked for TV Record before I came to Ireland, and they asked me to join their crew in London,” Denis said. “I think they chose me because of my good English. My course at the college has helped me a lot. I could communicate well with everyone in London and I was one of the few Brazilians in our crew who spoke English.” A big party But for most SEDA students, the Olympics were a fun-filled holiday. Among the many students who enjoyed the games was Rafael Fradique. “The trip to the Olympics was amazing,” he said. “Like most Brazilians, I and my friends only went to football matches, although I wish I had seen other sports like swimming and athletics”. Rafael said he and his friends visited Manchester, Cardiff and also watched a soccer match at London’s Wembley Stadium. “The atmosphere at the venues was awesome, like a big party,” Rafael continued. “Everybody was celebrating, even when their team was losing. The games were well-organised.” Seeing Sir Bobby Charlton But Rafael’s most lasting memory was seeing the English football legend Sir Bobby Charlton at close range. “In Manchester while everybody was celebrating after the match, I saw Sir Alex Ferguson, (Manchester United manager), and Sir Bobby, a former United player, leaving the stadium. They passed right in front of me. I am a Manchester United fan, and I’ll never forget seeing them at close range!” Amazing organisation Carlos Akiyama is another SEDA student who had a great time at the Games. Carlos’ cousin lives in London and when he was planning his trip he found out that three of his friends would be in Britain during the games. “I arrived in London and immediately went to Coventry to watch wrestling and women’s football,” he said. “The organisation of the Olympics was just amazing.” Carlos is now looking forward to the 2014 soccer World Cup tournament in his native Brazil and hopes, too, to work as a cameraman.

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in focus


The French government was forced to backtrack Wednesday on an effort to tighten visa regulations for foreign students who want to stay on and work in France after graduating from elite French schools. The shift back to a more open policy came in response to an outcry from foreign students, university groups and the French Business Confederation. They said that the new rule not only betrayed France’s long tradition of welcoming foreigners but also risked depriving French universities of their standing abroad and French companies of valuable assets for winning lucrative foreign contracts.

SOUTH KOREA In its latest measure to crack down on substandard higher education institutions, South Korea’s Ministry of Education, Science and Technology has named 11 institutions that will be banned from admitting foreign students this year. Another 19 institutions have been ordered to improve policies on and management of international students if they are to retain the right to apply for visas for students from overseas in future. In total the ministry blacklisted 36 universities and two-year colleges for having inadequate standards in place regarding foreign students. The ministry said some 83,840 overseas students attended Korean universities in 2010, four times more than in 2006. The number is expected to reach 100,000 this year.

RUSSIA Russia is seeing a steady increase in the number of foreign students coming to study at its universities – and in contrast with the Soviet system of encouraging youngsters from the developing world to learn here, a growing number of Americans are now among the aspiring students of the country’s top institutions. Russia remains a major exporter of university students who choose to further their studies abroad, but the Education Ministry also reports that there are currently about 90,000 international students in Russia, up from 70,000 in 2008.

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Shatter announces two new initiatives: Immigrant Investor Programme and Start-up Entrepreneur Scheme Department of Justice and Equality

IRELAND is poised to see more migrant entrepreneurs and investors from outside the European Union following the approval of two initiatives by the government recently. The initiatives, according to Justice, Equality and Defence minister Alan Shatter, were introduced to save existing jobs as well as create new ones. “I am grateful for the support of my Cabinet colleagues in devising these important initiatives,” he said. The new initiatives are: • the immigrant investor programme; and • the start-up entrepreneur programme. Under the immigrant investor programme, investors and their immediate family members will be allowed multiple-entry visas for a defined period, to be reviewed after that period. They can invest in existing Irish businesses or in property, the arts or sport, and specially-created low interest government bonds held in fund form by Ireland’s National Treasury Management Agency. How large or sustained the investment is will depend on the nature of the investment itself. Properties that are involved in the investment initiative will include those currently held by the National Asset Management Agency. NAMA was established to take government control over properties that have come into state possession following the banking crisis.

Investors with a good, innovative business idea and funding of €70 000 or more can be given residency for the purposes of developing their business under the start-up entrepreneur programme. This sees a shift in focus on the part of the Irish government, with a loosening of certain regulations. Previously, a minimum of €300 000 was required – with the stipulation that two EU nationals be employed by the company to encourage job growth. But the job creation targets are not as stringent, given the difficulties known to hinder the establishment of successful businesses. The new scheme will be more flexible both in the requirements for seed money and employment. “We need to do more to tap into the entrepreneurial potential that exists among migrants,” Minister Shatter said. The Department of Justice’s previous business permission scheme was regarded as prohibitive in today’s climate. “Our existing business permission scheme lacked the sort of flexibility needed to attract start-ups. We have been looking at this issue for a while and have had very useful input from state agencies and other government departments in drawing up the proposals.” Refusing to speculate on how many migrants are likely to take up the scheme, the minister alluded to competition with similar schemes in other countries such as the UK, Canada and Australia.

Belfast & Giant’s Causeway One day trip


Belfast city

The Rope Bridge

The Giant’s Causeway

Meet students from other countries on this amazing tour Price includes: ·Qualified Driver/Guide on coaches ·Free professional photos with

trip highlights

Dunluce Castle





·Information pack including itinerary

-Free tshirt for the 10 first reservations

Reserve your seat: Raffael : 086 3367879 Departure: 8.00am from St. Stephens Green Park Return: About 9.00pm in Dublin


irish awareness BY. DR. IVONNE BAKI

Secretary of State for the Yasuní ITT Initiative (Secretaria de Estado para la Iniciativa Yasuní iTT, (Ecuador)

Natives Waorani , Yasuni-Ecuador, South America.

The Yasuni National Park, part of the Ecuadorian Amazon Jungle, is probably the most biodiverse place on the planet. Home to many unique and endemic species, the national park, almost one million hectares in size, was declared by UNESCO a “World Biosphere Reserve” in 1989. This biodiversity haven has been reported to contain 593 species of birds, 2,274 species of trees and bushes, 630 species of birds, 169 species of mammals, 141 species of amphibians, and 121 species of reptiles. There are also more than 100,000 species of insects per hectare. More species are constantly discovered. Far from the interference and destruction of civilization, it is a living laboratory where life flourishes in a complex equilibrium with nature, a magic place where new species have evolved and are still evolving. The Yasuni National Park is also home to Waorani, Kichwa and Shuar communities, as well as the Taromenane and Tagaeri, two native indigenous groups living in voluntary isolation so as to preserve their ancient culture and traditions.

In 1972, Ecuador became an oil exporter, and since then, this resource has been the main source of income of the national economy. Recently, large deposits of heavy crude oil have been identified in the ITT (Ishpingo-Tambococha-Tiputini) oil fields, located in the Yasuni National Park. These reserves represent around 846 million barrels of heavy crude oil. Not surprisingly, the petroleum industry’s eyes are focused on that fragile piece of land, in the hope to start extracting what represents as much as 20 percent of the national oil reserves. Most experts and scientists agree that if Ecuador decides to extract the oil from the Yasuni National Park, the opening of roads, the deforestation, and the contamination associated with oil exploitation will lead to the extinction of many of its unique species. The Yasuni-ITT Initiative aims to preserve the Yasuni National Park’s biodiversity by foregoing the exploitation of petroleum in the most pristine part of the Ecuadorian Amazon jungle, known as the lungs of the planet. By leaving this petroleum underground, the government of Ecuador is contributing to combating global warming by avoiding the emission of approximately 1.2 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. In exchange, the Ecuadorian government seeks the financial contribution of the international community as a gesture of co-responsibility in the fight for climate change. In 2007, it was estimated that the exploitation of petroleum could generate $7.25 billion over a 13-year period. The Ecuadorian government is seeking half of that amount from the international community in order to preserve this delicate part of the Ecuadorian Amazon jungle , with the perspective of shifting from an “extractivist” economy to an economy based on the development of renewable energies. Photography by: Ana Falconi - Iniciativa Yasuní ITT Social Communication Dpto in Ecuador .

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The contributions coming from governments, private sector, and civil society to support the Yasuni-ITT Initiative are deposited in a trust fund administered by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). A significant portion of the fund will be invested in renewable energy projects, and the interest produced by the fund will be allocated to reforestation and conservation projects, social development projects in the area covered by the Yasuni-ITT Initiative, and projects aimed at avoiding deforestation and promoting energy efficiency and research and development. By contributing to the fund, we are not only helping fight climate change, we are protecting thousands of endemic species living in a fragile environment threatened by extinction if it were altered.

The Yasuní-ITT initiative By Lydia Bigley

Lydia Bigley & Amilcar Villavicencio, Buque Escuela Guayas Captain.

ONE of the ships that graced the recent Dublin Tall Ships Festival was the Ecuadorian Ship, Guayas. Apart from promoting Ecuador as a tourist destination, it created awareness of the Yasuní National Park and the measures the Ecuadorian government has taken to preserve it. Yasuní National Park is located in the Ecuadorian Amazon jungle that borders Brazil. This biodiversity haven has been reported to contain 593 species of birds, 2,274 species of trees and bushes, 630 species of birds, 169 species of mammals, 141 species of amphibians, and 121 species of reptiles. There are also more than 100,000 species of insects per hectare. More species are constantly discovered. Far from being the interference and destruction of civilisation, it is a living laboratory where life flourishes in

How can you support the YasuniITT Initiative and help preserve one of the world’s last rainforests? Contributions from governments, non-governmental organizations, private sector and individuals can be made online to the Yasuni-ITT Trust Fund: www.yasunisupport. org For more information, please visit the Yasuni-ITT Initiative website:

a complex equilibrium with nature, a magic place where new species have evolved and are still evolving. The Yasuni National Park is also home to Waorani, Kichwa and Shuar communities, as well as the Taromenane and Tagaeri, two native indigenous groups living in voluntary isolation so as to preserve their ancient culture and traditions. However, beneath this amazing park lie unexploited oil reserves — 846 million barrels — which is the equivalent of 20 percent of the country’s reserves. This provides a major threat to the safe-keeping of Yasuní National Park and its unique ecosystem. In order to try and preserve the park, the Ecuadorean government has come up with the innovative Yasuní-ITT (Ishpingo-TambocochaTiputini) initiative.

As well as preserving the biodiversity of the park it will also prevent about 1.2 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide being emitted and avoid the environmental effects of deforestation. The Ecuadorean government will use the money raised by the initiative to develop renewable energy sources, maintain its ecosystems, reforestation, and to provide sustainable employment in the country. American actors Leonardo DiCaprio and Edward Norton, and former Vice President of the United States Al Gore, have all donated to the initiative as well as many countries including Belgium, Italy, Germany, Spain, Chile, and Australia. Although the initiative is said to have wide-spread support among Ecuadoreans, it hasn’t been without its critics. A lot of challenges lie ahead for the project. To date it has raised around $200 million, but a lot more money is needed. There is, however, no denying that the initiative is a novel way to try and prevent the destruction of a very special ecosystem. For more information about the project visit: http://yasuni-itt.gob. ec/Inicio.aspx “Buque Escuela Guayas”

Amazon Ecuador

The initiative aims to raise the equivalent of 50 percent of the profits that the oil reserves would generate (around $3.6 billion) and thereby leave the fragile ecosystem of the park untouched.

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UCC Campus

Established in 1845, UCC’s beautiful campus is set in mature parklands, just ten minutes walk from the heart of Cork city. UCC’s campus base, combined with its proximity to the city, makes it an accessible, compact and friendly place to study and work. The campus integrates a unique mix of cultural and heritage attractions, with its historical buildings and modern state-of-the-art facilities coexisting in perfect harmony. The beautiful grounds, which include the historic main quadrangle, landscaped gardens and riverside walks, provide an oasis of calm in the middle of a bustling city and an inspiring environment for students, staff, and visitors alike. University College Cork extends a warm welcome to visiting students from the United States, Canada and other non-EU countries. Those of you who do decide to come will be some distance from home; we will do our best to ensure that your stay with us will be academically rewarding and socially enjoyable. We have over 2400 international students studying at the University during a typical academic year. They come from a wide variety of backgrounds and cultures and do much to enhance and enrich life at the University.

In today’s global society, adding an international dimension to your studies will greatly enhance your experience of student life and will prepare you for a better future. A period of study spent abroad will enrich you personally and academically, will offer a significant advantage for your future career and will distinguish you from your competition. UCC offers a wide range of study abroad options across the globe but most particularly in Europe and North America. Through the ERASMUS programme, the University has developed extensive links with partner universities in virtually all member states of the EU.

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UCC also offers a wide range of links with North American universities and you may now also avail of the opportunity to study in the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Mexico and Singapore. UCC has taken a number of steps to ensure that visiting students coming here receive all the necessary attention and assistance they need. The International Education Office is responsible for the overall co-ordination of the many programmes in which we are partners and can assist with the various practical and personal matters which arise for any student settling into a new environment in an unfamiliar country. A number of special orientation programmes have been organised for incoming visiting students. We would like to take this opportunity to urge strongly your attendance at the appropriate orientation programme. It will allow us to provide you with a detailed introduction to the University and student life here, while giving you a little time to look around and familiarise yourself with Cork and with Irish life and culture before starting your studies.

UCC Choir The choir was newly formed in October 2011 under the baton of Dr Eva McMullan and consists of students and staff.

The Department of Music offers attractive exchange opportunities at Wesleyan University and Wheaton College, while students pursuing the BCL International degree may spend an academic year at Temple University Law School in Philadelphia or St. Louis University Law School in Missouri. In addition, each year one UCC student is selected to study at the University of Maine under the George J. Mitchell Peace Scholarship programme. In recognition of the growing demand for overseas partnerships, UCC is constantly adding to its complement of exchange partnerships in North America and elsewhere. University College Cork offers a range of Taught Postgraduate programmes at Diploma and Masters Level as well as a range of Research Masters and PhD's across the following four Colleges: College of Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences College of Business and Law College of Science, Engineering and Food Science College of Medicine and Health University College Cork offers approximately 140 Taught Postgraduate programmes across the four colleges to international students and is Ireland's premier research university.

A scientific testing laboratory and lecture centre with over 70% of the faรงade in a combination of Schuco RS50 windows, FW50 curtain walling, SD60V and SK60 roofing. Building also features a glass link corridor which links the new building to the existing campus.

If you are interested in applying to University College Cork as a postgraduate international student, we advise that you initially determine your status, as either a non-EU applicant or an EU applicant. More information telf 353 (0)21 490 3000

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post card

Destination Cork By Katiluz Garcia Lanz

LOCATED in the south of Ireland is the island’s second largest city – Cork. This year, Yeah! Magazine takes you to this metropolis.

St Patrick’s Street. This street just cannot be avoided — it is famous for its variety of shops.

Cork City is in County Cork in the province of Munster. It is home to over 190,000 and its main source of income is its seaport, which is used by many companies to import and export goods. “Flowing from the Shehy Mountains on the western border of County Cork, the River Lee splits into two for a short distance,” creating an island on which Cork’s city centre is built, and empties into the Celtic Sea at Cork Harbour on the south coast — one of the largest natural harbours in the world. Once in the city centre, you won’t stop wandering around the popular

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Cork is a beautiful city with a special charm. Its narrow streets and markets create a good atmosphere for shoppers. One of its main markets is called the English Market, where

fresh vegetables, fruits, spices and fish are sold. South of Grand Parade will see you crossing the River Lee onto Barrack Street where there is Elizabeth Fort, a star-shaped, seventeenth century castle. In nearby Dean Street is what could be described as the flagship church of Cork, the Church of Ireland Saint Fin Barre’s Cathedral.

Saint Fin Barre was the founder of a small monastery in the sixth century that ultimately led to Cork’s foundation. The city achieved an urban character at some point between 915 and 922 when Norseman (Viking) settlers founded a trading port. It has been said, like Dublin, Cork was an important trading centre in the global Scandinavian trade network. The city’s charter was granted by Prince John in 1185. It was once fully walled, and some wall sections and gates remain today. For much of the Middle Ages, Cork city was an outpost of old English culture in the midst of a predominantly hostile Gaelic countryside and cut off from the English government in Dublin. Neighbouring Gaelic and Hiberno-Norman lords extorted “Black Rent” from the citizens in

order to keep them from attacking the city. The city’s municipal government was dominated by about 12 to 15 merchant families, of Gaelic Irish origin. whose wealth came from overseas trade with continental Europe in particular the export of wool and hides and the import of salt, iron and wine. Other noteworthy architecture includes University College Cork, with its Tudor Gothic-style building that is the main seat of study in the region. The city’s nightlife is lively and noted across the island. Some of the iconic pubs around Barrack Street are “An Brog”, “An Spallpiín Fánach” and The Bierhaus. They are typical Irish pubs with an Irish touch. Cork Education Info

Cork is an important educational centre in Ireland. University College Cork (UCC), a constituent university of the National University of Ireland, offers a wide variety of courses in Arts, Commerce, Engineering, Law, Medicine and Science. The university was named “Irish University of the Year” in 2003– 2004[51] and 2005–2006 by The Sunday Times. Cork Institute of Technology (CIT) was named Irish “Institute of Technology of the Year” in 2006–2007 and offers a variety of third level courses in Computing and IT, Business, Humanities and Engineering (Mechanical, Electronic, Electrical, and Chemical). The National Maritime College of Ireland is also located in Cork and is the only college in Ireland in which Nautical Studies and Marine Engineering can be undertaken. CIT also incorporates theCork School of Music and Crawford College of Art and Design as constituent schools. The Cork College of Commerce is the largest post-Leaving Certificate College in Ireland and is also the biggest provider of Vocational Preparation and Training courses in the country. Other 3rd level institutions include Griffith College Cork, a private institution, and various other colleges.

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in focus Dublin Plays Host to International Educators By: Chris O’ Connell

Over 4,300 international education professionals from across the globe gathered recently in Dublin to exchange knowledge and make contacts at the annual conference of the European Association for International Education (EAIE). The four-day event in the Dublin Convention Centre took place from September 11 to 14, and focused on the highly relevant theme “Rethinking Education, Reshaping Economies”. Geovany Anzola International Affairs of La Along with a host of workshops and sessions Salle University in Colombia . focussing on all elements of the internationalisation of education, there were inspiring talks from keynote speakers Caroline Casey and - in particular - Indian scholar Sugata Mitra, who had the gumption to tell an auditorium full of third-level educators that the days of universities were numbered. It was not all work and no play for participants, however: there was time to enjoy what Dublin had to offer, with a dinner/dance at the Guinness Storehouse, whiskey tasting at the Jameson Distillery, and the Literary Pub Crawl all part of the busy social EAIE “Convention Center Dublin Sep. 2012 “ schedule.

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in focus Government launches ‘strategy’ to increase international student numbers in Ireland; Essential to police dodgy private education business firms. By Chris O Connel

By: Michael Hennigan, Founder and Editor of Finfacts.

The Government today launched a new strategy aimed at increasing international student numbers in higher education by 50% and in English language schools by 25% by 2015. However, it is essential to ensure that existing low standards and questionable business practices are eliminated among some dodgy private business firms and the bigger ones should not be allowed to suggest that they are universities. On the full implementation of the five year blueprint - Investing in Global Relationships - the international education sector will be worth €1.2 billion per year to the Irish economy by 2015. It is currently worth an estimated €900m annually. The Government also launched a new immigration regime for international students - - reforming entry requirements but imposing safeguards to prevent abuse of the system. The strategy was launched today by the Taoiseach, Brian Cowen, Tanaiste and Minister for Education and Skills, Mary Coughlan TD, and Minister for Justice and Law Reform, Mr Dermot Ahern TD.

The Taoiseach said: "Our aim is for Ireland to be regarded as a world-leading provider of international education. This strategy and new student immigration regime sets out a shared vision for how Ireland can compete to the highest international standards and recruit talented students from overseas. The Tanaiste said: "Ireland has a tremendous opportunity to become a global leader in the provision of high-quality education to the next generation of leaders, entrepreneurs, and decision-makers, who will make a difference in their own countries and who will form vital networks of influence for Ireland. A report by Enterprise Ireland last May claimed international students were generating almost €430m for the Irish economy annually. The report, International Students in Higher Education in Ireland 2009-2010, found a significant increase in the number of international students taking postgraduate programmes, especially at PhD level. The survey has found that 23% of international students in Ireland are studying at postgraduate levels. Of these, 8% - or over 2,000 students - are taking PhDs. Post-graduate students are mainly taking science subjects, although significant numbers are studying humanities, engineering, computer science and medicine courses.

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Musa and Nathan enjoying SARI SoccerFest. Photo by Ronan O’Sullivan.”

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SARI Sport Against Racism Ireland • Present sporting and cultural events that bring together people from different cultures and backgrounds • Create opportunities for young people to participate in social integration projects at home and abroad • Promote intercultural dialogue and celebrate cultural diversity through projects in schools • Encourage government agencies and national sports bodies to adopt anti - racism measures and inclusion of policies and practices.

Libian Team

”SARI is a not for profit organisation with charitable status, Charity Number 1327 and Company Number 292843, that was set up in July 1997 as a direct response to the growth of racist attacks from a small but vocal section of people in Ireland.

The annual event – which aims at “tackling racism, challenging discrimination and promoting dignity and respect for all” – attracted over 3,000 visitors from 60 countries to the sports grounds on September 8th and 9th. Along with the excellent matches produced by the participating teams (40 men’s, 8 women’s, 8 under-13’s), there were intercultural activities including drumming workshops, face painting, soccer skills, and some great street entertainment.

Photos by Ronan O’Sullivan.

Cultural diversity, high-quality football, and above all a fun-filled atmosphere were hallmarks of the recent Tesco Mobile SARI SoccerFest in the Phoenix Park.

Actor David Wilmot in the battle of the beards at the Tesco Mobile SARI Soccerfest 2012

A highlight was the All-Stars’ game, featuring boxer Darren O’Neill and Olympic silver-medallist John Joe Nevin, among others. The Tesco Mobile Cup was won by Antrim FC, featuring several Polish players – the first time in the event’s 16-year history that the cup has crossed the border – but in reality it was those who attended or participated in this wonderful event that were the winners.

St Catherine’s wins Tesco Mobile SARI respect cup

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entertainment 3 films, 3 venues, SepSep tember 30 – October 7, 2012. Venues : Belltable Arts Centre, Limerick Galway Film Society, Town Hall Theatre, Galway Mermaid Arts Centre, Bray Adila Bendimerad lead actress in Algerian film The Repentant, will introduce the film at the screenings at Galway Film Society and Mermaid Arts Centre.

Films from the Southern Mediterranean BRAY, GALWAY, LIMERICK Tour.



Dublin Theatre Festival

All Ireland Music Competition

The Dublin Theatre Festival is one of the longest running festivals in Europe, with a season of the best of international theatre being held in the Irish capital almost every year since 1957. Historically, the festival has premiered or featured plays by Irish dramatists, directors and writers, such as Tony Award winner Brian Friel, Oscar winner Neil Jordan, Booker Prize winner Roddy Doyle and Nobel laureate Seamus Heaney. You can visit the Dublin Theatre Festival website for the details of this year’s diverse programme and to book your tickets, at dublintheatrefestival. com.

The All Ireland Music Competition is a new talent competition searching for Ireland’s next big recording artist. Performers from all over the country can enter and be in with a chance to win a recording contract. The competition is under the leadership of Stephen Byrne, Founder and Festival Director of the Waterford Film Festival. The judging panel includes music icons Paul Harrington and Gemma Hayes, will be led by Darragh Galligan. You can apply for the All Ireland Music Competitition at LYNCH WEST COUNTY HOTEL , 27 Sep 2012 until Sun 30 Sep 2012. Clare Road Ennis County Clare Republic of Ireland,Clare, CE Ireland

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DSIDC PRESENTS ‘SQUEEZE ME’, A DOCUMENTARY ABOUT ROBOTS IN DEMENTIA CARE Which Course Expo 2012, the fifth annual instalment of Ireland’s only exhibition dedicated to adult education and training, will take place on Saturday and Sunday, August 25th and 26th, at the RDS Serpentine Hall in Dublin. Looking for a part time or evening course? From make-up to management, finance to sound engineering, Which Course Expo 2012 will feature hundreds of courses to satisfy every interest and ambition. Where: RDS, free admission. When: 25-26 Aug.


10 of the best paid jobs and how to get them By: Richard Gibney

“Among the best paid jobs are those that feature travel perks and excellent standards of living. Others may not feature such perks, but they feature some amazing pay scales, allowing you to live a life of luxury. Here are ten of the best roles available from around the globe.” 1. Investment Banker: Putting in 15 hour days – including weekends – with ulcer inducing mergers projects and takeovers, unless you strive under the kind of stress found in investment banking, this may not be the job for you. However, if you’re canny, you can take up offers of shares on the stock market, where there is a lot of money and, often, very little time over which it is accumulated. It’s a high testosterone world, with men working through breakfast, lunch and dinner, before their arrival home when the rest of the family is asleep. What university courses can get you into the high octane City of London, the New York Stock Exchange or the financial city of Shanghai? Try Administration, Marketing, Economics, Accounting and Finance, or International Business courses. 2. Chief Creative at an Advertising Agency: They still use the lingo seen in Mad Men, which is pretty awesome. The Chief Creative is responsible for the development and implementation of concepts and ideas, drilling jingles into the consumer’s brain. How you get ahead in advertising depends on just how creative you are, but a career in Communication Sciences may be a good one. Courses in the Liberal Arts and Psychology won’t hurt either. 3. Ambassador: A good salary, a free house in (what is usually) a beautiful city with the most impressive amenities and services that a country has, you will receive invitations to the best events and high social recognition. You can attend parties and network with people from all over the world. Your job is to improve civil and commercial relationships in your country. A rather noble purpose. What to study? Law is a good career. It won’t hurt to be in politics, and

to be on the right side so that when your party gets into power, you’re ready to pack your bags to Madrid, Tokyo or Washington DC. 4. Director of a private school in Ecuador: The most exclusive schools in Ecuadr feature some pretty impressive pay salaries to its directors – comparable to that of a middle manager in a multinational. You will find the time to enjoy the wonderful Ecuadorian weather. School directors usually work from 7:30 to 3:30 pm during school time. And when school is out? Holidays!

TOP JOBS . Investment Banker. . Chief Creative Advertising Agency. . Ambassador. . Director private school. . Cruise Worker. . Secretary General of Multinational Corporation. . Manager. . Multinational CEO. . Restaurant owner. . Partners in a law firm. . Seller a successful product. yeah 29

5. Inventor or Entrepreneur: It takes a very special kind of mind to be both inventor and entrepreneur. People are either sellers of successful products or their inventors – few are both: But there are many success stories of sellers of companies and products – and partnerships that have thrived – particularly in the telecommunications and technology sectors. We’ll assume that if you have the talent as an inventor, you won’t require an education in science: Therefore, marketing is among the best options when looking for a university course in this field.

9. Restaurant owners: Given the boom in European cui6. Cruise Worker: So you may work two months sine, the restaurant owner is making big money. Although among the most likely start-ups to fail, the most intereststraight with one month off (or similar hours). ing cases are the Chefs who are the sole shareholders of If you are adept at languages and you’re dedicated enough, you can access a cabin on a cruise their restaurants. Study in college: Administration, Cateraround the world, with great food and a lucrative ing, Tourism, Hotel Management or Economics – or all of the above. salary. Tourism and Hospitality. 7. Secretary General of Multinational Corporation: While they work less than many other kinds of executives, the general secretary’s job is far from a sinecure, as it requires attention to detail. The qualifications for this role are non specific, as the role requires qualities that often cannot be defined. 8. Multinational CEO: Corporate heads earn their positions through the results they have achieved – in their current roles, as well as their previous experience. Prepare to face angry shareholders if you have to, to explain yourself when things are going badly, and expect little praise when things are going well. But expect – above all – to be well remunerated. Studying a management course or even Industrial Engineering can ultimately lead to this career opportunity.

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10. Partners in a law firm: In their early years the lawyers work hard, but achieving partner status changes things. The partner receives compensation for billing clients he brings to the firm. By a smaller margin, those that have yet to make partner can also bill hours.



“Olympic boxers John Joe Nevin a Darren O’Neill at the SARI Soccer Fest. Photo by SARI.”

This unattributed quotation sums up the commonly held view of volunteering: that it involves giving of oneself self-sacrifice even - in order to contribute something to a particular group, or society in general. Data produced by Volunteer Ireland supports this impression, with the most popular reason for volunteering being a desire to “give something back”.

However as anyone who has volunteered instinctively knows, this is simply not the full picture. In fact, in the majority of cases it is the volunteer who ends up taking more from the experience than they give; and international students in Ireland have more to gain from a volunteer experience than most.

The Benefits of Volunteering As a variety of recent surveys have demonstrated, the value of volunteering goes far beyond mere altruism. Figures compiled by the European Volunteer Centre (CEV) in 2009 estimate that volunteering accounts for about 5% of global GDP – almost equivalent to that of the entire financial industry. In Ireland in 2011 the contribution of volunteers equated to €9.2 million, according to Volunteer Ireland. But it is the personal benefits to the volunteer that are perhaps the most profound and least appreciated. According to Phil Boughton, Communications and Events Officer at Volunteer Ireland - established in 2011 to promote and facilitate volunteerism – these can be classified as social, cultural/linguistic, and professional. The social advantages go beyond the “feel-good” factor that many get from an experience like this (although that feeling is not to be

underestimated). For many international students in Ireland, it can prove difficult to meet people and establish a social circle in a new country; volunteering, claims Boughton, opens a window into Irish society like few other activities can.

“Volunteers are not paid – not because they are worthless, but because they are priceless.” Beyond the social is the opportunity for participants from other countries to deepen their knowledge of Irish culture in a more participative manner than in a classroom setting. “What better way to immerse yourself in a new culture and community,” asks Boughton, “than by dealing with the public on a daily basis?”

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Figures compiled by the European Volunteer Centre (CEV) in 2009 estimate that volunteering accounts for about 5% of global GDP.

For those students who have come to Ireland hoping to improve their English language skills, volunteering is a wonderful way of getting muchneeded real-world practice. Liat Feldman, an experienced Language Instructor at the Horner School of English in Dublin, is convinced. “There is no better of learning a language than to use it in its proper context,” she says. “Volunteering is a win-win situation for the student and something they should do if possible; they have to be active if they really want to advance their English fluency.” Then there are the professional benefits to volunteering which, according to Boughton, are many: “Volunteering is a way of developing new skills or practicing existing ones; of meeting people and making contacts; of gaining real-world experience; and adding to your CV. A volunteer experience is increasingly necessary for this competitive jobs market.” These assertions are borne out by the data. A recent survey in the United Kingdom shows that 72% of employers agree or strongly agree that volunteering can have a positive effect on an individual’s career progression; while according to the CEV figures, almost threequarters of employers prefer to recruit candidates with volunteering experience on their CV. Important Considerations for Volunteering. Once the decision has been taken to volunteer, other considerations arise. To begin with, where should you go? As Boughton says: “For someone starting off in Ireland it can

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be incredibly daunting. This is a small country, but we have over 8,000 organisations that receive volunteers.” Before the “where” can be effectively answered, Boughton claims, there are some more fundamental questions to address. The first and most important is “why?” In other words, what is the primary motivation for volunteering? Is it social, i.e. to meet like-minded people? Or is it professional? Does it relate to a course of study? Or a desire to improve language skills? Analogous to that issue is the question of what the volunteer hopes to get out of the experience. A frank and honest assessment of the primary factors (there will always be a mix of motivations, but some are more prominent) should help the prospective volunteer decide where to target their energies. Added to this are some other considerations of a more practical nature. For example, there is the issue of time: not just the total number of hours you are prepared to volunteer, but also the times/days of the week you are available; whether you can commit on an ongoing basis (and if so for how long?), or are more interested in a one-off event. And what is your capacity, both physical (some roles involve heavy lifting) and in terms of the skills you have?

There is a lot to bear in mind when deciding whether or where to volunteer. Luckily Volunteer Ireland, with its mission of promoting volunteerism in general, is there to turn that desire to serve into a real-life experience which actually gives back to you far more than it takes. And yes, you will feel good too. In the words of Karolina Tomczynska, a Polish national living in Ireland: “My experience of working as a volunteer here is very positive. People are very nice and friendly but I guess it’s due to the Irish mentality, as you are an open and friendly nation. I think it makes the work much easier and therefore gives greater satisfaction.” Volunteering: Where to Look? Volunteer Ireland: The National Volunteer Development Agency acts as a centralised source of information for thousands of volunteer opportunities around the country, including a network of 22 Volunteer Centres nationwide. For more information go to the website, or call their offices in Temple Bar. Your Institution: Many third-level institutions have societies affiliated to particular charities or volunteer organizations. Information is usually available from the student union or volunteer office on campus, as well as at fairs at the beginning of the academic year. However, be aware that not all organizations or regions are represented there. By:Chris O’Connell

cover story

MULTI-LINGUALS Have more enhanced cognitive abilities than monolinguals, a study has shown. By: Sergio Angulo Bujanda

Recent research by Princeton University suggests that bilingual individuals are better able to reason about what others are thinking than monolinguals. This increased ability is thought to result from the habit of switching from one language to another depending on what language is being spoken. Bilingualism is seeing to effect, therefore, areas of daily life not related directly to communication, such as the improvement of cognitive abilities. her Photografy of . Carmen Sanjulian Teac

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These conclusions were drawn from an experiment which sought to discover whether adults might suffer from what is known as "egocentric bias" (selfishness) and, to what extent, this might depend on their being bilingual or monolingual. The experiment consisted of performing two exercises: the Sally-Anne and Simon tasks. The researchers, Paula Rubio-Fernandez and Sam Glucksberg, tested a total of 46 undergraduates at Princeton University: 23 bilinguals and 23 monolinguals. All participants were to some extent familiar with a second language. For the purpose of the study they distinguished between those participants who had been regularly using two languages most of their lives from those who had not. They used two methods in their research — the SallyAnne task and the Simon task. The Sally-Anne task, originally designed to be used on children, was modified to be conducted on adults. When applied to children, a correct answer determines the experiment’s success. However, as adults are already expected to know the right answer, the response time becomes the crucial factor.

The Sally-Anne method was originally developed by Baron-Cohen (1985). Children are asked where Sally would look for the marble. In order to pass the test, the child must be able to put themselves in Sally’s shoes. The Simon task is used, in turn, to evaluate the level of goal-orientated action that a given person is capable of performing. The task involves pressing a key on the right when the word "right" appears on the computer screen and a key on the left when the word "left" is shown. The difficulty is that the word “right” sometimes appears on the left hand side and vice-versa. The participants have to resist their initial impulse and press the correct key. It’s not as easy as it seems! The most remarkable conclusion of this research was that bilinguals are less affected by egocentric bias (selfishness) than monolinguals. They need less time to give the correct answer when doing the Sally-Anne task. This research suggests the increased ability to reason correctly about what others think is partly a result of increased goal-orientated action. This conclusion arises from the fact that bilinguals performed better on the Simon task. Such results confirm the proven benefits of being bilingual, not only in terms of communication but also in enhanced cognitive abilities. Bilinguals are thought to be more capable of showing empathy towards others than monolinguals. But what did our experts say? Yeah! magazine went to Dublin City University to see Jenny Bruen, a lecturer in German and researcher in the field of applied linguistics.

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Bruen said: “This research has clearly demonstrated the benefits of being bilingual. For example, in addition to the obvious practical benefits of being able to communicate in more than one language, bilingual children tend to be more creative, have greater problem-solving skills, and enjoy higher levels of language awareness in both their languages as well as an ability to acquire knowledge of additional languages with much ease than their monolingual counterparts.” She also emphasised the relationship between language and culture. “They (bilinguals) tend to have enhanced inter-cultural skills and a more open perspective regarding other cultures.” At the Insitituto Cervantes Dublin, Carmen San Julian, who has been teaching Spanish as a second language in Dublin for more than ten years, said: “Language reflects culture. Culture is formed not only by the so-called high art — books, paintings, music, architecture — but also by other factors that sometimes are almost imperceptible, such as beliefs, values, customs, manners, relationships and some unexpected behaviours of a given social group. Students will master a language only when they learn both its linguistic and cultural norms. “To take this into the language class becomes a real challenge for teachers. In my classes I tackle this by encouraging my students to reflect on their own culture, to compare it with the cultures of other people and see for themselves the fact that culture is not something absolute, but a social construction of conventions. There is more than one way to see and perceive the world.

“Students listen, ask, talk, laugh, interact and communicate with our guests and they use the language in a real context. But the most important aspect for me is that through these experiences, students become independent learners, researching on their own about the authors and their works. Through this research, they also learn about customs, beliefs, and behaviours — all those hidden cultural aspects of the target language. Experience has shown me that introducing culture in all its forms in the classroom, undoubtedly, helps to enhance the optimisation of learning a second language. “I believe that learning languages and doing it through culture, not only make you more aware of how others are feeling, but also help you to open your mind towards the cultural diversity of our modern society.”

ies vit ntes i t ac erva al ur to C t l cu titu ses Ins u t ián a jul nish n Sa Spa en ing m r h Ca teac n. to ubli D

“ Two years ago I started to take my students to cultural conferences given in the Cervantes Institute and also to invite those lecturers and artists to my classes to talk about books, movies, dances, foods and songs ... The experience is wonderful!. Jenny Bruen, DCU

Photos by Sergio

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bit of craic

August’s Dublin Tall Ships Race Festival. “ an event to remember “ By: Ishmael Mwenda

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Yeah! was among the more than a million visitors who thronged the Dublin Port, to view the spectacle. “Coming from a land-locked country,” “this is quite an experience.” The four-day event, which had 55 musical acts, among them Tom Jones and French DJ David Guetta, saw 40 majestic ships from around the world, docking in Dublin. The sunny weather helped too, as parents gave their children an outing before the schools opened the following week. At least €80 million was pumped into the Irish economy during the event.

Photography: Adilson Gandia Jr - Rodrigo Lara

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Certificate in Photography NCBA wellcome International Next intake April/May 2012Students accredited by

Use the camera and accessories to create images Modules covered include specialist subject areas such as lighting, exposure, landscape, still life, portraiture, film, darkroom skills and digital editing.

Understand and apply image production skills Student skills are advanced through the study of medium and large format cameras, Studio & location lighting for Fashion, Product, Wedding & PR. Digital workflow & image processing through Adobe Photoshop & Light-room, Desk top publishing with Adobe in design, Portfolio preparation & History of photography.

Produce and evaluate a range of photographic images. This course offers a challenging mix of camera, lighting & software skills and is taught through involved group practice, practical handouts and a final personal project based on documentary, still life or fashion.

National College Of Business Administration





7 Lower Hatch Street, Dublin 2 - Dublin, Ireland

TEL: +353 1 485 2790

Modern Studio Apple iMac Computers

Full Photography Lab and Nikon DSLR Camera's

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University College Dublin International Study Centre International Foundation Year Pre-Masters Programme Progression to a wide range of degree programmes including Business, Chemistry, Mathematics, Economics and more Entry from IELTS 5.0 or equivalent

NOW ACCEPTING APPLICATIONS FOR SEPTEMBER 2012 Top 1% world university* Ireland’s largest and most international university More than 5,000 international students from 122 countries 25% international staff Located in Dublin, Ireland’s capital *Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011

Programmes start on 17th September 2012. For more information or to make an enquiry, visit or call a Student Enrolment Advisor on +44 (0)1273 339333.

UCD International Study Centre, 19-20 Lower Leeson Street, Dublin 2, Ireland


Yeah! International Students Magazine


Yeah! International Students Magazine