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RE-IMAGINE RE-INVEST RE-MAKE

RE-STATE A MASTER PLAN FOR STATE STREET


INTRODUCTION RE-STATE is a vision and strategy seeking to RE-IMAGINE, RE-INVEST, and RE-MAKE State Street through Downtown

IMPLEMENT + DEVELOP

CHARACTER + IDENTITY

EIGHT THEMES

West Lafayette, Purdue University, and a newly opened western gateway. It is a commitment to a new State Street – as a place where people want to live, work, and play – connected to recreational, educational, natural, and cultural assets; connected to neighborhoods and transportation networks; and most importantly, connected to the heritage, character, and people of West Lafayette and Purdue University. This is a shared vision, crafted in 2014 by the City of West Lafayette, Purdue University, the Purdue Research Foundation, and community residents and business owners, facilitated by consultants MKSK.

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Because State Street is no longer a state highway and is now City-owned, we can create OUR street, one that: favors resident, business, student, and visitor needs over highway transportation objectives; addresses modal disparities; encourages economic development; and establishes a true sense of place and center to the City – a long-needed downtown West Lafayette. As an outcome, we anticipate transformational implementation to include: thriving, vibrant,

and economically diverse commercial districts that withstand the cyclical nature of the academic calendar; thoughtful integration of all modes of travel – vehicular, pedestrian, bicycle, and transit; a cohesive street character that is of West Lafayette; distinct identifiers for the special districts along State Street; a continuous tree canopy supporting social, environmental, and economic vibrancy; and creative use of green infrastructure tying to both functional and placemaking aspects of the street.

Within the initial phases of the project, a consistency emerged among consensus-building sessions. Commonly heard comments and concerns about challenges and opportunities were synthesized with team impressions and then identified and categorized as “Eight Themes”.

These themes were presented in subsequent consensusbuilding sessions as “what we’ve heard”. The intent with this phrasing was to check that we were “on the right track”. Positive feedback from these sessions solidified these “Eight Themes” as the foundation for the work to follow.

There persists a lack of identity to the City of West Lafayette and, to varying degrees, the districts along the corridor as well.

Each district is given a street character as well as identity through different methods of placemaking varying from allocation of roadway to changes to site furnishings and/or the addition of art as a gateway identifier.

This plan begins to establish those identities by recognizing three main districts along the State Street corridor: the Downtown District, which encompasses both the Riverfront and Village Districts on the east end; the University District; and lastly, the emerging, Gateway District to the west.

Implementation of proposed changes may be phased to align with other transportation projects throughout the City. It is thought that certain portions of the street could be re-constructed soon and as funding allows.

State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

Investing in the transformation of State Street encourages new development opportunities along the corridor where market data suggests current unmet demand. In concert with a new State Street, new development will help to create a vibrant, economically diverse corridor with a strong sense of place – a Downtown West Lafayette.


EIGHT THEMES

01

02

03

OF THIS PLACE CONTEXT-APPROPRIATE SOLUTIONS AND AN INCLUSIVE PROCESS

YOU ARE HERE A DOWNTOWN WEST LAFAYETTE EMBRACING, REINFORCING, AND STRENGTHENING DIVERSE DISTRICTS

COLLABORATION

05

INTEGRATION OF ALL TRAVEL MODES - PEDESTRIAN, BIKES, CARS AND BUSSES

06

COHESIVENESS COMPLEMENTARY TREATMENTS

OPEN SPACE & TREE CANOPY WELL-CONNECTED SIGNIFICANT OPENS SPACES AND A STRONG URBAN STREET CANOPY

07

VIBRANCY THRIVING AND ECONOMICALLY DIVERSE MIXED-USE DISTRICTS

A COMMON VISION BETWEEN THE CITY, PURDUE, AND PURDUE RESEARCH FOUNDATION

04

STREETS FOR ALL

08

GOING GREEN ENVIRONMENTALLY RESPONSIBLE INFRASTRUCTURE

State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

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CHARACTER + IDENTITY GATEWAY DISTRICT (AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, RECREATION, CULTIVATION)

UNIVERSITY DISTRICT (COLLABORATION, DISCO

PURDUE UNIVERSITY MASTER PLAN, PRINCIPLE 2: ESTABLISH STATE S STATE STREET MUST BECOME A UNIFYING FEATURE AT THE HEART OF STUDENT AND

4 LANES*

2 LANES

2 TRAVEL LANES EACH DIRECTION WITH MEDIAN TURN LANES WHERE NECESSARY * MAY INITIALLY BE 1 EACH DIRECTION WITH MEDIAN

1 TRAVEL LANE EACH DIRECTION TURN LANES WHERE NECESSARY

8’ BICYCLE PATH

8-10’ BICYCLE PATH

8’ SIDEWALKS/MULTI-USE PATH

12’ SIDEWALKS TREES IN PLANTERS

TREES BETWEEN BIORETENTION CEL

TREES IN LAWN

RUSSELL ST

US 231

TREES IN LAWN

RUSSELL ST

MARTIN JISCHKE DR

AIRPORT RD

V8

* SEE BALANCE OF DOCUMENT FOR V1-V8

MULTI-USE PATH COMBINATION OF BICYCLE PATH AND PEDESTRIAN WALK BIORETENTION CELL PROTECTED BICYCLE PATH

PEDESTRIAN PATH TREE LAWN EXISTING CURB (RED) FUTURE LANE LINE VEGETATED MEDIAN

4

State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

BUS SHELTER SITE FURNISHINGS/BUFFER TO BICYCLE PATH BUS LOADING ZONE BUS PULL-OFF COLLABORATION SPACE, TYP. VEGETATED BICYCLE LANE BUFFER BICYCLE PATH RAMP TO SIDEWALK GRADE

PROTECTED BICYCLE LANE BUS PULL-OFF COLLABORATION SPACE, TYP.


CHARACTER + IDENTITY DOWNTOWN WEST LAFAYETTE (VILLAGE + RIVERFRONT DISTRICTS)

OVERY, ACTIVITY HUB)

STREET AS COLLABORATIVE CENTER D ACADEMIC LIFE RATHER THAN A CAMPUS DIVIDER

VILLAGE DISTRICT (VIBRANT, ACTIVE, URBAN, CULTURE)

14-16’ BICYCLE PATH

2 LANES

4 LANES

1 TRAVEL LANE EACH DIRECTION TURN LANES WHERE NECESSARY

2 TRAVEL LANES EACH DIRECTION ON-STREET PARALLEL PARKING TURN LANES WHERE NECESSARY

8’ BICYCLE PATH

10’ BICYCLE PATH

WIGGINS STREET

8’ SIDEWALKS

TREES IN LAWN

TREES IN GRATES

TREES BETWEEN BIORETENTION CELLS

T ON S LET

EY A

VE

V3 V4 V5

LITT

CHAUNCEY AVE

ANDREW PL

V7

BUC

K

UNC

BROWN STREET

ER

RD

ROE

CHA

GRANT ST

MARSTELLAR ST

S UNIVERSITY ST

V6

SHEETZ ST

WALDRON ST

OVAL DR

N LLS

SALISBURY ST

11-14’ SIDEWALKS

NORTHWESTERN

13-22’ SIDEWALKS

PEIRCE ST

3RD STREET

RIVERFRONT DISTRICT (VALLEY, HYDROLOGY, TOPOGRAPHY, + GEOLOGY)

RIV

V2 V1

VEGETATED BICYCLE LANE BUFFER CURBED BICYCLE LANE BUFFER PROTECTED BICYCLE LANE TREE IN TREE GRATE PERMANENT FENCING

PLAZA BICYCLE PATH PARALLEL PARKING MOUNDED LAWN

PEIRCE ST

BOARDWALK STORMWATER FEATURE ART ELEMENT SITE FURNISHINGS

State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

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CHARACTER + IDENTITY: DISTRICTS RIVERFRONT DISTRICT: STREET CHARACTER Dramatic changes to the Riverfront District address a number of existing challenges. Reconfiguring this segment of State Street to make space for a boulevard, widening sidewalks for outdoor dining and display space, running the separated/dedicated bicycle path between the widened sidewalks and parallel parking would activate and revitalize Wabash landing. The plan recommends changing Tapawingo Drive’s signalized intersection to a roundabout and creating a new boulevard and park space in place of the surface parking lot in front of Wabash Landing. This configuration will place thousands of daily westbound vehicular travelers at the front doors of existing Wabash Landing shops and businesses.

V1

STREET TREES

BOULEVARD PARK

2 TRAVEL LANES WITH PARALLEL PARKING ON BOTH SIDES

V1 RAINGARDENS

SEPARATED BICYCLE PATH

EXISTING

WIDER WALKS WITH OUTDOOR DINING/ DISPLAY AREAS

PROPOSED

RIVERFRONT DISTRICT: IDENTITY + PLACEMAKING The boulevard is envisioned as a passive open space, expressive of natural riverine attributes: geology, hydrology, ecology, and topography. It is seen as an opportunity to promote connectivity to the river, wellness through new trail and path systems, social interaction within new gathering spaces, and economic development at its edges. The boulevard is proposed to include a productive landscape – a space dedicated to managing stormwater runoff from the street and sidewalks, gathering areas, walkways, undulating landform, stone outcroppings, and a potential Welcome Center at the east end of the boulevard. Meaningful, commissioned public art is envisioned as an integrated element reinforcing the character and identity of this space.

V2

STREET TREES

ON-STREET PARKING

UNDULATING LAWN

V2

WALKING PATHS

EXISTING 6

PROPOSED

State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

STORMWATER GARDEN


CHARACTER + IDENTITY: DISTRICTS CHAUNCEY VILLAGE DISTRICT: STREET CHARACTER Re-introducing two-way vehicular traffic, providing wider sidewalks, and safely integrating bicycle travel throughout the Chauncey Village District will correctively contribute to a more resilient the business district. Proposed enhancements, such as wider walks to accommodate outdoor dining and merchant displays, the separated/dedicated bicycle path, and street trees help to create a comfortable, multi-modal environment. These changes, along with new seating opportunities, embrace the notion of vibrancy by providing places for people to meet, mingle, gather, and spend time in this unique urban environment.

V3 STREET TREES

2 TRAVEL LANES

V3

SEPARATED BICYCLE PATH

PERMANENT RAILING

WIDER WALKS WITH OUTDOOR DINING/ DISPLAY AREAS

EXISTING

PROPOSED

CHAUNCEY VILLAGE DISTRICT: IDENTITY + PLACEMAKING Integrated placemaking elements celebrate the wonderful attributes associated with the Village; new gathering spaces invite residents to visit more often and stay longer. The proposed new gathering space at the Northwestern Avenue, South Street, and State Street intersection is one such element. It is envisioned that this space will be frequently programmed with live music, dance, and other visual performances that attract a diverse range of people and ages.

V4 OVERHEAD ART ELEMENTS

COLORFUL PERFORMANCE LIGHTING

CULTURAL DIVERSITY

V4 OUTDOOR DINING AREAS

NEW PLAZA/SMALL PERFORMANCE SPACE

EXISTING

FUNKY BENCHES

PROPOSED State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

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CHARACTER + IDENTITY: DISTRICTS CHAUNCEY VILLAGE DISTRICT: IDENTITY + PLACEMAKING South Street today is home to several festivals, during which the street is closed. New overhead elements and lighting support these events, and create a year-round festive atmosphere. Colorful cables randomly strung from light poles across spaces and streets create interesting overhead and ground plane shadow patterns. Some strands include small, colorful lights which decorate the street during evening hours and events.

V5

OVERHEAD ART ELEMENTS COLORFUL PERFORMANCE LIGHTING

OUTDOOR DINING AREAS

V5

FUNKY BENCHES

EXISTING

PROPOSED

UNIVERSITY DISTRICT: STREET CHARACTER The proposed condition through campus envisions tree-lined, broad, animated sidewalks; a generous, two-way separated/ dedicated bicycle path, protected and separated from vehicular traffic and pedestrian traffic; safe and well-marked pedestrian crossings at intersections; and a calmed street, functional and appropriately-scaled for local traffic. This vision of an integrated State Street not only balances travel modes, but also begins to address how the street can become, as campus master planners proposed, the “collaborative center” and “unifying feature at the heart of student and academic life rather than a campus divider”.

V6

STREET TREES

V6

2 TRAVEL LANES AND TURN LANE

PLANTED BARRIER EXISTING CURB LOCATIONS MAINTAINED SEPARATED BICYCLE PATH WIDER WALKS

EXISTING 8

PROPOSED

State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

CLEARLY MARKED AND DEFINED CROSSWALKS


CHARACTER + IDENTITY: DISTRICTS UNIVERSITY DISTRICT: IDENTITY + PLACEMAKING Often, establishing a true hub of activity can be challenging because those places need people to create social energy and animate the space. However, within campus is an abundant mix of people, constantly walking along or crossing State Street. This source of energy and animation fuels collaboration. State Street can be home to campus collaborative spaces as outdoor opportunities of learning, sharing, and cooperation for campus students, faculty, staff, and visitors. These spaces, distributed along State Street, coincide with established centers of activity which already enjoy a steady stream of people.

V7

OVERHEAD SHADE ELEMENTS

V7

CLEARLY DEFINED BIKE AND PEDESTRIAN AREAS AT BUS STOPS

COLLABORATIVE GATHERING SPACE

EXISTING

PROPOSED

GATEWAY DISTRICT: STREET CHARACTER West of Airport Road, a new district is emerging. In its initial stages, reconstruction of this segment of State Street may include two vehicular travel lanes and a wide, planted median. Over time, as traffic volumes dictate, additional travel and turn lanes can be taken from the median, while still preserving long-term a narrow, green boulevard. This district of State Street is characterized by linear/geometric themes that reflect current land use patterns: cultivation (Horticulture Park and Purdue Student Farms), aviation (Purdue Airport), transportation (US 231 and the Perimeter Parkway), and recreation (Intramural Fields). They provide a starting point for thinking about future public art.

V8

STREET TREES

2 TRAVEL LANES AND TURN LANE

V8

NEW WALKS

PLANTED BARRIER

SEPARATED BICYCLE PATH

EXISTING

PROPOSED State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

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IMPLEMENTATION + DEVELOPMENT CONSTRUCTION PHASING POSSIBILITY TITLE

PERIINMDEETPENDENT ER PARK OF WAY ELL

RUSS

PERDIMEPEETNDENT O ER PARKN W

AY

T EN R ND TE PE IME DE R Y IN PE WA OF RK PA

RIVER

ROAD

Improvements to the eastern and western segments of State Street could be implemented independently of the Perimeter Parkway project, an upgraded street network around campus that will reduce through-traffic on State Street. Early street implementation is seen as a catalyst encouraging additional private-sector investment.

HISTORIC BUILDINGS ALONG STATE ST. MILLER BUILDING

MORTON COMMUNITY CENTER

RETAIL: POTENTIAL USES HIGHLY ACTIVE ACTION

TRIPLE XXX FAMILY RESTAURANT

USE OFFERS USERS

VON’S SHOPS + HARRY’S CHOCOLATE SHOP

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SULLIVAN BANK BUILDING

State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

EXAMPLE

EAT Restaurant, Cafe Food, Drink, Internet Residents, Students, Employees, Visitors Bar/Grill, Espresso Royale


IMPLEMENTATION + DEVELOPMENT ANNUAL DEMAND SUMMARY

MARKET ANALYSIS Tippecanoe County and West Lafayette are undergoing significant changes in line with national trends. As a smaller, yet dynamic metropolitan area, this market is experiencing healthy population and white- and blue-collar job growth. Changing demographics, market trends, and consumer preferences can help to shape a different West Lafayette experience for the future. Demographic trends will drive demand for new housing types which are undersupplied in the market. Smaller attached residences in walkable environments, where more daily needs can be met by transportation options other than the car, will be needed to meet this new demand.

Opportunities exist to capture expenditures with a higher quality downtown along State Street and strategic tenanting to achieve an optimal retail mix. More housing options and downtown office space will also support a vibrant mix of commercial services.

ATTACHED HOUSING

In addition to housing, the retail experience needs to also shift to meet the changing preferences of West Lafayette consumers, and the changing character of a “downtown” West Lafayette. Conventional suburban shopping centers are oversupplied in West Lafayette presenting a market opportunity for more urban character retail that helps bolster a “sense of place” along State Street.

RETAIL

Urban character office space is also under-supplied in West Lafayette and can greatly establish downtown West Lafayette as an urban place with a mix of users throughout the day. A new downtown with office space, new housing and retail options, improved urban form and transportation options will keep West Lafayette on a positive trajectory.

OFFICE (ANNUAL)

(CURRENT UNMET) GROWTH (PER YEAR)

75 UNITS

30 UNITS

55,000 SQ. FT.

25,000 SQ. FT.

25,000 SQ. FT.

10,000 SQ. FT.

34, 000 SQ. FT.

13,000 SQ. FT.

LESS ACTIVE SHOP

EXERCISE

GATHER

Store, Credit Union, Gallery

Gym, Yoga, YMCA

Co-Working, Computer Lab, Lounge, Conference, University Office

Goods, Services

Membership, Exercise Equipment, Training, Classes

Memberships, Rentable Space, Tables, Chairs, Internet

Residents, Students, Employees, Visitors

Residents, Students, Employees

Residents, Students, Faculty/Staff

CVS, Urban Outfitters, Contemporary Art Gallery

YMCA, Yoga Studio, LA Fitness, Rec Center

Co-working Space, Student Union, Lounge, Conference Space, Career Services

State Street Master Plan | Executive Summary

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