“…any entity, digital or non digital, which can be used, re-used, referenced during technology supported learning…Examples of learning objects include multimedia content, instructional content, learning objectives, instructional software and software tools, and persons, organizations, or events referenced during technology supported learning.”
Graphical user interface of SCELE
development of analytical-thinking (soft skill), that are very useful to face and solve the complexities of real world problems. The idea of student-centered learning is not limited to campus-based teaching and learning but it can be extended to distance learning. Overall, establishing studentcentered, e-learning systems for distance learning will improve the quality of education, at the same time as increasing the possible number of students’ participating in higher education. In order to accomplish such objectives, digital library application LONTAR and LOM module are integrated.
LONTAR: Library automation and digital archive Digital library is a system, which has various service and information object to support users who need the information object. The information object can still be a book or paper, but the metadata is formatted electronically which can be accessed through digital devices. Digital library feature is integration of LONTAR digital library into e-learning system, SCELE. By using this feature, users can search documents in the library.
Learning Object Manager Learning Object Manager (LOM) is a feature used as repository of learning materials (LOs) which has upload, 34
Architecture of Learning Object Recommender Based on the existing curriculum and analysis on SCELE, Learning Object Recommender’s architecture has been designed that focus on prior knowledge assessment. Writers propose four main components: Prior knowledge assessment engine: This function is used for generating instrument of assessments, such as pre-assessment, mid-assessment, and final-assessment. An assessment contains several questions related to the course and type of assessment. Records of students’ performance: Used to collect all results of assessment; then the data of all assessment for each student can be analysed for tracking student’s learning progress. Measuring student’s learning progress can be done by comparing results of assessment. LO repository: Used to manage LOs after creation and manage their version. LO recommender: This function used to provide LOs for students based on result of assessment.
download, and searching facility. The definition of LO from Learning Technology Standards Committee Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, is:
LOM’s main page consists of search facility (Cari LO) and viewer facility (Tampilkan LO File). LO searching facility offers searching’s category to be selected by users, they are searching based on title or description. LO viewer facility can provide LO based on subject, sorting by, and sorting technique. In order to upload new learning object (LO), users can choose their file by selecting LO’s source: (a) File –his own LO or (b) Link to LONTAR – LONTAR’s LO. Edit Folder is used to add new subject folder. Integrating SCELE, LONTAR, and LOM into one system is similar to the idea of having ERP system. Having only such system is not enough to support ideal teaching and learning processes that take various levels of prior knowledge to a course. Hence, now follows an additional feature, LOR that enables to support personalised learning.
Personalised learning at Fasilkom UI Fasilkom UI has around 800 students for bachelor, magister, and doctoral programme. The curriculum shows that in bachelor programme, from 72 courses (except thesis, seminar, and special topic), one course needs five prerequisite courses, seven courses need three prerequisite courses, 16 courses need two prerequisite courses, 30 courses need one prerequisite course, and only 18 courses do not need prerequisite course. In magister programme, from 21 courses, all of them need prerequisite course to be taken by the March 2007 | www.digitalLEARNING.in
Published on Mar 9, 2010
[www.digitallearning.in] With the aim of promoting and aiding the use of ICT in education, Digital Learning education magazine focuses on th...