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Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2018 Ho Man Leung

(915383) Michael Mack + Studio 4

Week One

Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.

According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)

Diagram is a tool to describe relationship and function of spaces which helps designers to capture their concept precisely. It creates a pathway for them to the goal. As the result, it provides an organisational and performative quality. On the other hand, signs and symbols are expression of the designers which have no correlation with the process of the development. Therefore, it only plays a representational role.


Week One

Precedent Analysis

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Far left: Sylvain Deleu, Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2002 / Toyo Ito + Cecil Balmond + Arup, 2002.

Top left: Ho Man Leung, Plan, 2018.

Top: Ho Man Leung, Elevation, 2018.

Left: Ho Man Leung, Isometric view, 2018.

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The plan and sections were traced in Rhino according the provided drawings from the LMS. Extrusions and caps were used to create polysurfaces. Boolean operation was used to create the complex frame. Online images of the pavilion are an important tool to clarify which openings had been glazed since I did not have enough information. Stairs, ramp and other details were added at last.


Week Two

Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discuss how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)

Pavilions are designed for testing out new architectural ideas without defining its function. Toyo Ito’s Serpentine Pavilion has no exception to that. It is a hollow rectangular box with openings that is made up of complex geometry. It can not only use as a shelter for people to gather, but also an attraction for exhibitions. As the result, it maximised the utility of the space by not being extreme in its functionality.


Week Two


Isometric The modelling process is relatively easy yet time consuming. Structural joints and glass panel holders were added to enhance the quality of the isometric diagram. I had since then discovered that the geometry of the structure was not generated randomly. It is consisted of multiple parallel lines which intersect with one another. As the result, numerous squares that face in different directions are formed. However, this geometrical form is slightly off centre which makes it hard for people to take notice straight away. Moreover, the geometry has an influence on its interior layout. They aim to draw people to a certain direction. It is essential for this building to have various openings at its sides since they maximise air circulation which lower the temperature. They will be discuss in further detail on the next page. Toyo Ito used multiple squares and parallel lines to create this design as an attempt to make a simple structure into a complicated monster.

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Week Two Diagrams

Geometry Main Structure

Square Axis

Circulation Primary circulation space


Circulation route


Base and entrances

Information board Coffee shop Sitting area Entrance

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It shows that by what means the entrances are related to the geometry and the interior layout intensifies the effect on drawing the masses to the centre point, in which the coffee shop is faced directly toward.

It reveals the openings of the structure in all directions. They are not only used as an access to the building, but also increase air circulation. Openings are hardly present at the top as that will cause the structure vulnerable to rain.




Left: The openings and solids were traced by using the plan and sections provided in the LMS.

Right: The frame was created by using Boolean Difference. It subtracts the solids and openings from the hollow box that I had created.


Appendix Process

Left: The modeling was at its final stage which all the details were finally added. However, I turned the glazing into curves in order to achieve the transparency that was needed for.

Right: The model was transferred into Illustrator. Lineweight had been adjusted according to its distance. Live paint bucket was then used for colouring the glasses.




Left: Parts of the circulation diagram were made in Rhino. They were then transferred into Illustrator for refinement. The circulation path would also be made in the software.

Right: On the other hand, the threshold diagram was all done in Rhino and transferred to Illustrator for editing.


Module 01 journal  
Module 01 journal