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now then For the mature reader
Tis the Season to Catch the Christmas Spirit Thornville, Ohio: Small Village Charm
INSIDE Holiday Calendar Hot drinks & toasty bites!
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Welcome to “Now & Then”, a free monthly publication designed for mature readers in the southeastern Ohio region- Guernsey, Muskingum, Belmont, Tuscarawas, Noble and Harrison counties! For information about submitting articles or giving us suggestions, call 800-686-2958 ext. 1668. We look forward to hearing from you!
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4500 Peters Creek Rd., Cambridge Now & Then • 1
Bruner Land Company, Inc.
Hospice of Guernsey, Inc. Serving Belmont, Guernsey and Noble Co.
Each year Hospice of Guernsey creates a dove ornament to honor your loved ones. This year’s ornament is a bell with a poem and white feathers. A donation of $6 per ornament is requested. The ornaments will decorate Dove Trees in each community Hospice of Guernsey serves. Funds raised will go to patient care and bereavement services.
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The holiday season can be a difficult time for those grieving the loss of a loved one. Hospice of Guernsey will host a “Candlelight Memorial” service on Thursday, December 8th from 6 to 7 pm at Southgate Hotel in Cambridge. It is our hope that the service will offer peace and comfort to grieving families during the holiday season. Anyone who has experienced a loss is welcome to attend.
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4 Now & Then
04 09 10 12 14 24 30
Now & Then
Avoiding Seasonal Scams
Now & Then
Tis the Season to Catch the Christmas Spirit
3 Ways to Improve Headlights
Thornville, Ohio Learn about product recalls for safe holiday giving Looking Back The Stereograph: History’s First “Virtual Reality” Machine
Walt Taylor: Creative Inspiration to the Community
Serving Southeastern Ohio
08 18 28 34 36 38 40
Wellness Column Another Reason to Quit Smoking
Health Column Understanding Health Savings Accounts
Who Am I? Recipes Games & Puzzles Wordsearch Holiday Calendar
FULL OF FUN & FESTIVE EVENTS THIS SEASON
Events For Seniors The Last Word Now & Then • 3
Tis the Season to Catch the Christmas Spirit Story & Photos by BEVERLY KERR
Now & Then â€¢ 4
ecorating for Christmas helps lift the spirits of a world which is normally a bit on the gloomy side at this time of year. If you need any ideas, Tis the Season Christmas Shoppe near Berlin might be the perfect place to visit. With over 20,000 square feet to explore, you’ll feel like you’re in a Christmas Wonderland. The story of Tis the Season Christmas Shoppe and Jo Ann Schrock-Hershberger are inseparable. Over twenty years ago, Jo Ann was traveling and visited a Christmas store. She wondered if that idea would work back at her home near Berlin, Ohio. Jo Ann’s grandfather served as an Amish bishop. Her father and mother broke away from the Amish tradition when Jo Ann was two years old. She wasn’t sure if Christmas would be an attraction in Amish country. So she tried a small shop first. It worked! Their unique round barn became the home for Tis the Season. When designing the layout of the entire shoppe herself, Jo Ann made sure “no matter where you are, you can see the reason for the season.” A large nativity scene sets high in the center, with the Alleluia Chapel on the main floor. When you step through the front door, it’s like walking into Christmas. Greeted by the sounds of Christmas music, spectacular trees, beautiful collectibles, and innumerable ornaments, you are immediately filled with the holiday spirit. Three levels provide room to explore. The main level has decorated trees of every style and color while the upper loft, with circular walkway, has rooms filled with specific decorations. One room overflows with snowmen, while another has various Santa ornaments. A room brimming with gingerbread decorations also holds various candy canes. The bottom floor contains examples of many trees, ranging from 2’ to 10’. Here you’ll find a great variety of trees: silver, twig, slim, prelit and more. There are over a hundred decorated trees throughout the building with varying themes from reindeer to angels. Each one is beautiful in its own way and gives you many ideas for decorating your own tree. Their constantly expanding inventory now includes thousands of bulbs, tree toppers and garlands. Over a hundred different kinds of lights are available. It’s
THERE ARE OVER A HUNDRED DECORATED TREES THROUGHOUT THE BUILDING WITH VARYING THEMES FROM REINDEER TO ANGELS. Ohio’s largest year round Christmas shop. Not only will you find everything you need to give your home a festive Christmas appearance, but they also have unique home decor and holiday gifts from dolls to gift baskets. Many collectibles are available here that can’t be easily found elsewhere. Happy employees abound, but who wouldn’t be happy surrounded by Christmas? However, the main reason the employees enjoy working here is Jo Ann. She works side by side with them, roasting nuts or running the cash register. Everyone has a headset, which keeps them all
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Now & Then • 5
in close contact. People come here from all over the world because they love Christmas and can find unique Christmas decorations. Men, women, and children enthusiastically explore all three floors. Once in a while a husband can be found patiently waiting on one of their many comfy sofas and chairs. Many come on family outings. Almost everyone leaves with a piece of Christmas. When Jo Ann has time, she and her husband enjoy traveling and most likely visit Christmas shops along the way. While they have traveled extensively throughout the United States and taken many cruises, one place left on her bucket list is the homeland of her ancestors – Southern Germany and Austria. Everyone needs a change of pace now and then. Plan an escape from your daily routine and catch the spirit of the holidays at Tis the Season Christmas Shoppe. It’s the kind of place you return to time and time again...I do.
PEOPLE COME HERE FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD BECAUSE THEY LOVE CHRISTMAS AND CAN FIND UNIQUE CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS.
There’s only one problem, which lovely Christmas decorations should you take home with you? Several of their ornaments hang on my tree every year, and an old-fashioned Santa was added on this road trip. Visit Tis the Season Christmas Shoppe where it’s nothing but Christmas all year long. Contact Bev at GypsyBev@hotmail.com or follow her blog at www.GypsyRoadTrip.com Photo Top by Catie Noyes Photo Bottom: Jo Ann Schrock is pleased with her new White on White Christmas display surrounded by angels.
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Cambridge Packaging’s Box & Gift Shop • 60794 Southgate Rd. • Cambridge, OH • (740) 432-8023
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Now & Then â€¢ 7
1. He was born circa 280 in Patara, Lycia, an area that is part of present-day Turkey 2. He was a Christian bishop who provided for the poor and sick. 3. In the Catholic Church, his feast day is still celebrated on December 6th. 4. Historically, in the Netherlands children would place their shoes out the night before Dec. 6th with the hope of receiving gifts from this chartiable man.
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Now & Then • 8
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Avoiding Seasonal $cams Story by KATE MINNICH Now & Then WRITER & DESIGNER
s we enter the holiday season our to do lists seem to extend ten fold. In addition to our regular routine there is extra cooking, gatherings to attend and shopping to complete. While many are aware of their financial security while shopping online and around town, they tend to let their guard down when its for a good cause. Unfortunately, con artists take advantage of the holiday hustle and bustle and play on our yearning to help others. Through an increased number of phone calls, emails and mailings, it can become difficult to weed out the scams from the worthy causes. Toying with our heart strings, several con artists have posed as charities or non-profits and while it is understandable to reach for that credit card there are several hazards to keep in mind. Sound-alike charities are commonly used to lull people into a sense of security. By providing a name for a charity that sounds close to a well-known organization the scammer can trick your mind into mistaking their venture for a legitimate charity. In order to determine if the charity is genuine and a cause you wish to donate toward here are a couple habits to follow. Ask a couple questions about the charity. A legitimate charity should be able to provide answers on things such as tax deductions and provide a mission statement. If the person on the other end of the line become frazzled by your questions and is unable to answer, the call is probably a scam. Do your research. Take down the name of the charity and ask for a number to donate at a later date. A genuine charity should be more than happy to provide this information. The Better Business Bureau (www.bbb. org/us/charity) maintains a list of area charities, making it easy to identify and contact legitimate organizations. If it sounds too good to be true... When you get that phone call and the person on the other end has a voice full of excitement announcing you have won a free trip and all you have to do to claim your prize is answer a few questions, chances are this is not legitimate. If you are required to send a payment or give a valid credit card number the call is most likely a scam. One of the best questions you can ask yourself if you receive this call or email is: did you sign up for any
sweepstakes that would have resulted in this phone call? If the answer is no, then the vacation should be regarded as suspicious. After all, as mothers always says, nothing is free. The Grandparent Scam. During the holiday season, college age students are often traveling home by themselves. This scam plays on the fear that their loved one may end up stranded. It begins with a phone call supposedly from a relative saying they have gotten into some crisis and need money to get home. The crisis can range from missing their flight and needing to purchase another plane ticket to a stolen purse in the bus terminal. When one of these calls is received it is easy to believe. The caller may provide some personal information on the family member found on social media sites such as Facebook in order to make their case believable. A good portion of our population has a cell phone, with the majority of that number being young people. A good safe guard is to save the phone numbers of your loved ones in your phone, that way a caller from another number can be scrutinized as possible fraud. The relative on the phone scam is perhaps one of the most dangerous because we are often blinded by emotions. It is important in this scenario to try and keep a level head. Know the itinerary of your loved ones or know who does. Should you receive a similar call, cross reference their story with others before giving them money. Another safe guard is to offer to purchase the plane or bus ticket online or via phone through the proper channels. Do not give them your credit card number over the phone or transfer money to an account. Our digital age makes it easier for con-artists to impersonate someone we love and to scam us into giving away large sums of money. These are just some of the possible scams many will encounter this holiday season. A quick Google search or simply watching the nightly news will help you stay aware of whatâ€™s out there. Always double check and cross reference what an individual on the phone states as fact.
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3 Ways to Improve Headlights for Safer Nighttime Driving Winter, with its dark evenings and snowy nights, is a vital time to maintain strong visibility. Vehicle with standard headlight bulbs (left) and vehicle with Philips X-treme Vison Headlight Bulbs (right), which can put up to 100 percent more light on the road.
M Merry Christmas! FROM THE
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Now & Then â€˘ 10
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any motorists find it more difficult to drive at night than during the daytime. Drivers may fear nighttime driving because they feel their comfort levels behind the wheel are compromised when the sun goes down. Statistics show those fears are not unfounded, as a 2016 analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportationâ€™s Fatality Analysis Reporting System found that 43 percent of motor vehicle crash deaths in the United States in 2014 occurred between the hours of 6 p.m. and 3 a.m. But drivers should not simply blame their nerves for the discomfort they feel when driving at night. A recent study from the AAA automotive club found that the halogen headlights in more than 80 percent of the vehicles on the road today fail to safely illuminate unlit roadways, even when vehicles are moving at speeds as low as 40 miles per hour. To maintain their vehicles, many drivers take their cars and trucks in for routine oil changes and tire rotations. But headlight maintenance can go a long way toward making drivers feel safer at night, when visual acuity of the human eye is reduced by up to 70 percent. The following are three ways drivers can improve the performance of their headlights.
1. Upgrade headlight bulbs. A recent report from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety was critical of headlight design, painting a bleak picture for headlight performance in 30 of the 31 vehicles tested for the report. Many vehicles on the road today are equipped with standard halogen headlights that begin to break down in two to three years, potentially reducing light output by as much as 30 percent. Philips X-tremeVision Bulbs employ advanced technology that can deliver up to 100 percent more light on the road than standard halogen bulbs. Compatible with various makes and models, each bulb produces a longer beam pattern than standard halogen headlights, vastly improving nighttime visibility on even the darkest roadways. 2. Turn headlights on earlier. Another way to improve headlight performance is to start utilizing them earlier. Once manufacturer-supplied bulbs have been replaced, drivers can make a conscious effort to turn their lights on before the sky goes completely dark. Many drivers feel their vision is most compromised during twilight hours, when a setting sun and shifting shadows combine
to greatly compromise driver visibility. By turning headlights on during twilight hours, drivers can counter the effects of Mother Nature during those hours when they feel most vulnerable. 3. Maintain clean headlights. Drivers wouldn’t spend hours on the road driving with dirty windshields, but many are unknowingly driving with clouded headlamps that could be compromising their nighttime visibility and reducing light output by as much as 40 percent. The Philips Headlight Restoration Kit is designed to restore headlamp lens clarity to “like new” condition. Utilizing a protective UV coating that produces longer lens clarity and prevents clouding for up to two years, the kit can effectively improve lenses that turn hazy and yellow after years of exposure to sunlight, ozone, pollution and other environmental factors. Many drivers are naturally more nervous at night than during the daytime. But upgrading headlights and taking steps to maintain headlight performance can calm those nerves and make for safer nighttime driving. More information is available at www.philips.com/automotive.
Where physicians refer their patients. 740.695.1058 (Business Office)
Questions? www.davisonaudiology.com or e-mail: email@example.com Now & Then • 11
Thornville, Ohio Story by MARY HELEN STRAKER
got the dickens!” said Lotta Maybelle Clum, when she broke curfew at eleven p.m. on a school night in Thornville, Ohio, in 1916. Lotta, daughter of Charles and M. Eva Clum, and grandmother of Nancy Rutledge of Zanesville, lived on Main Street in Thornville. Her father, Charles, worked on a farm southeast of Thornville, settled by Charles’ father, George Washington Clum. G.W’s parents, John and Mary Clum, came to Ohio from Sheperdstown, Virginia in a conestoga wagon pulled by six horses, in 1835. Like most of the first settlers, they were of
274 West Main St., Byesville, Ohio 740-241-2219 11-5 Mon. Fri., 11-4 Sat.
Now & Then • 12
German descent. G.W. founded the Peoples Bank in 1911 and served as its president until he died, in 1914. Nestled in the northwest corner of Perry County in Thorn Township, the name was changed from Lebanon to Thornville in 1820 and became a village, officially, in 1877. The nearby swamp, dug to supply water for the Ohio Canal, became Buckeye Lake, a popular resort area. Until 1880 Thornville was a center of trade with many shops, two large grain warehouses, hotels, restaurants and bait shops. In 1871 a railroad replaced canals as
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Photo Left: Lotta’s graduation photgraph Photo Above: Lotta posing in the driver’s seat of “the machine”.
the primary transportation system. Perry County clay made fine brick, as attested to by the town’s many fine nineteenth century homes. Lotta’s family owned a Ford, which they called, “the machine.” Entertainment included picture shows, such as Pearl White movies, box lunch socials at the Grange and parades. “We went up town to see the Industrial Parade until some boys came along and asked us to ride with them on a wagon. Of course we did.” Of course. This year, the Backwoods Fest celebrated its twenty-second year in September with more than 300 vendors, a wide variety of food, bluegrass music, an auction and thousands of visitors. The largest incorporated community in the township, Thornville’s population was 992 in 2014. It has three schools, five Protestant churches, two banks, and, in addition to the Blackwoods Fest, hosts the Thorndunker Tournament, Lions County Craft Fair and a variety of parades. Thornville’s quaint tree-lined streets are cozy and inviting. Here, in Thornville, a place of small village charm, the community spirit endures.
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Learn about Product Recalls for Safe Holiday Giving
ach year, certain gifts emerge as trendy crowd favorites. However, no matter how coveted a gift may be, it pays to investigate its reputation for safety and to find out if any product recalls have been instituted. The hoverboard craze of the 2015 holiday season provided a recent example of the need to investigate an item’s reputation for safety. Thousands of these devices flew off of the shelves. Children across the country took their hoverboards for test runs early Christmas morning, yet many hoverboards soon ignited while charging or in operation. Some even ignited while sitting idle. As of July 2016, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission indicated at least 60 reports of hoverboard fires totaling more than $2 million in property damage. Similar problems arose with certain Samsung Galaxy Note 7 phones in late 2016. The phone was recalled officially in the United States through Samsung, and the company launched exchange programs in other countries. Samsung ultimately told Note 7 owners to stop using the phones and return them before permanently
discontinuing the product. Shortly thereafter, the U.S. CPSC officially issued a second recall. These are just two instances of how products that might have made great holiday gifts posed safety issues. Consumers should learn how they can protect themselves and others from injury, especially when giving holiday gifts. Searching for product recalls and reading product reviews from previous customers are both effective safety measures. Here are a few websites to help you stay informed this holiday season: • Recalls.com - posts government-initiated recalls from federal agencies • Safercar.gov - offers safety information on vehicles and car equipment, such as children’s safety seats • SaferProducts.gov - enables consumers to report incidents and safety concerns with regard to consumer products • Cpsc.gov/Recalls - includes recalls published by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
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WINTER BLUES? LET US HELP YOU. Now & Then • 15
Cognitive Decline Provides Another Reason to Quit Smoking
mokers have scores of reasons to give up the habit. In addition to contributing to cardiovascular disease, lung cancer and other lung ailments, cancers elsewhere in the body, wrinkled skin, and diseases of the eyes, nose and mouth, smoking may also contribute to cognitive decline. There’s growing evidence suggesting that using cigarettes can affect the brain in negative ways, including
Smoking can damage blood vessels, which may be linked to cognitive decline and dementia.
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SYMPTOMS OF COGNITIVE DECLINE THAT MAY RESULT FROM SMOKING AND VASCULAR DEMENTIA CAN INCLUDE: • • • • • • • •
problems with short-term memory wandering or getting lost trouble managing money difficulty planning or following through on activities loss of bladder or bowel control delusions or hallucinations inappropriate emotions impaired coordination or balance
More research is needed with regard to the association between smoking and cognitive decline related to dementia. If research continues to prove a correlation, greater warning may be issued about smoking and its effect on parts of the body beyond the heart and lungs. Even at this early junction, current research suggests yet another reason to quit lighting up.
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causing cognitive decline as early as age 45. According to the study “Impact of Smoking on Cognitive Decline in Early Old Age,” led by Severine Sabia, as published in the journal Archives of General Psychiatry, smoking is a possible risk factor for dementia, although the impact smoking has on the brain may have been underestimated in elderly populations because of the general shorter life span of smokers. Study participants were given a battery of tests in memory, vocabulary and executive function that included reasoning and fluency, and a global cognitive score. Both men and women participated (5,099 men and 2,137 women, with a mean age of 56), and smoking history was recorded over the 10-year assessment period. An analysis revealed that a cognitive decline occurred in all tests except vocabulary among all participants, but mostly in men. However, faster cognitive decline was observed among current smokers compared with those who had never smoked. The size of the effect associated with smoking was similar to that of 10 years of aging. Findings are similar to other research being done on the topic of smoking and its impact on the brain. The Alzheimer’s Society states that smoking is bad for the heart, lungs, and vascular system — including the blood vessels that feed oxygen and nutrients to the brain. Recent research has shown that smoking is a significant risk factor for vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, with smokers twice as likely to develop the disease as nonsmokers. The Mayo Clinic defines vascular dementia as problems with reasoning, planning, judgement, memory and other thought processes caused by brain damage from impaired blood flow to the brain. Factors that increase the risk for vascular dementia are high cholesterol and smoking. Dementia can be brought on by a stroke, whether it’s a large stroke or a series of mini-strokes. WebMD says vascular dementia can occur over time as “silent” strokes build up — something that seems to occur more readily in smokers and those with cardiovascular disease.
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Recipes Mulled Wine is a lovely winter drink filled with spice, sweetness, and the richness of red wine. It can also be a drink for the whole family when made as a non-alcoholic punch. Here we have both recipes for you to enjoy this season.
1 (750 milliliter) bottle red wine (such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, or Merlot) 1 orange, peeled and sliced 2/3 cup honey
1/4 cup brandy
3 cinnamon sticks
8 whole cloves, or more to taste 1 teaspoon grated fresh ginger
1. Combine red wine, orange slices, honey, brandy, cinnamon sticks, cloves, and ginger in a slow cooker. 2. Cook on Low until wine is steaming, 20 to 25 minutes.
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1/2 cup of orange juice 1/4 cup of apple juice 1/4 cup of cranberry juice 1 cup of water One peeled (for zest) & sliced orange 1/3 cups of castor sugar 8-10 cloves 2 cinnamon sticks 1 orange cubed 1 apple cubed 2 tsp of allspice Pinch of Nutmeg
1. Add the 8-10 cloves to the peeled and sliced orange. Put the orange slices along with all the other ingredients into a large pot and if you have time leave over night to infuse. 2. Stir and gently warm for 10 to 15 minutes, occasionally stirring but do not boil. 3. Serve without the cinnamon sticks, orange and apple but with a little bit of the orange peel zest.
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Now & Then • 19
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Cell: (740) 255-6416
Recipes This low-fat version of a high-fat classic tastes delicious and will surely be a favorite at holiday parties. Wickedly Decadent Deep Chocolate Truffles
2. In a separate bowl, whisk chocolate on a plate. Scoop out together the yogurt and sugar. the chilled chocolate mixture 6 ounces semisweet chocolate Whisk in the vanilla. in teaspoonfuls, roll into balls, 3. When the chocolate is melted then roll the balls in the grated 6 ounces zero-fat Greek yogurt and smooth, remove from the chocolate and put on the 2 tablespoons confectioners’ sugar heat and allow to cool slightly. prepared baking sheet. Cover 1⁄2 teaspoon vanilla extract Slowly whisk the chocolate with plastic wrap and refrigerate 1⁄2 ounce semisweet chocolate, grated into the yogurt mixture, using until firm. a rubber spatula to incorporate 5. Put the truffles in small paper every bit of chocolate. Cover and cases. Store in an airtight chill for an hour. container in the refrigerator until 1. Break chocolate into a bowl over ready to use. a pan of simmering water. Let it 4. Line a baking sheet with waxed paper. Scatter the grated melt, stirring occasionally.
Traditional Shepherd’s pies in mini form perfect for a cold night when you’re in the mood for comfort food. Mini-Shepherd’s Pies
12 jumbo-size (3 1/2-inch) foil baking cups 1 pound ground beef 2 cloves garlic, minced 1 (10.75 ounce) can Campbell’s(R) Condensed Cream of Mushroom Soup 1 cup frozen mixed vegetables 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce 3 cups hot prepared mashed potatoes 3/4 cup shredded Cheddar cheese
about 1/4 cup beef mixture into each baking cup. Spread or pipe 1. Heat the oven to 350 degrees F. about 1/4 cup potatoes on top of Line 12 (2 1/2-inch) muffin-pan each. cups with the baking cups. 4. Bake for 20 minutes or until the 2. Cook the beef in a 10-inch skillet minis are hot. Top each with 1 over medium-high heat until tablespoon cheese. well browned, stirring often to 5. Bake for 5 minutes or until the separate meat. Pour off any fat. cheese is melted. 3. Add the garlic to the skillet and cook and stir for 1 minute. Remove the skillet from the heat. Stir in the soup, vegetables and Worcestershire sauce. Spoon
Now & Then • 21
Understanding Health Savings Accounts
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What is an HSA? HSAs are like any other savings account, except they can be used for medical, vision and dental expenses. HSAs are tax-advantaged, meaning that income can be deposited into an HSA before it is taxed. HSAs can only be opened and used in conjunction with a high-deductible health insurance plan, or those with a deductible of at least $1,300 for an individual or $2,600 for a family.
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of HSAs? There are advantages and disadvantages to HSAs. HSA account holders can control how their saved money is spent, and there’s no risk of losing the money at the end of the year because it rolls over. Taxes are not paid on money going into the HSA. In addition, employers can contribute to HSAs, and account holders do not lose their balances when they change jobs
Disadvantages include the challenge of setting aside money EMPLOYERS CAN to put into the CONTRIBUTE TO HSAs, HSA, especially if finances are tight. AND ACCOUNT HOLDERS One who has DO NOT LOSE THEIR certain medical situations that are BALANCES WHEN THEY urgent may find CHANGE JOBS. that budgeting for an HSA is impractical. A retirement saving vehicle In addition to the other benefits mentioned, HSAs can be used as a way to invest in retirement. The resource NerdWallet, which offers financial tools and objective advice to help people understand their options and make the best possible decisions,
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says an HSA is a good retirement savings option, especially for high-income earners who can’t make deductible contributions to a traditional IRA or any contributions to a Roth IRA. HSAs can help offset healthcare costs and even help with long-term financial planning.
Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) were created in 2003 so that individuals covered by highdeductible health plans could receive tax-preferred treatment of money saved for medical expenses. Generally, an adult who is covered by a highdeductible health plan (and has no other first-dollar coverage) may establish an HSA.
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The Stereograph: History’s First “Virtual Reality” Machine “The first effect of looking at a good photograph through the stereoscope is a surprise such as no painting ever produced. The mind feels its way into the very depths of the picture.” — Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., praising the recently-invented stereoscope and its stereographic images, 1859
hese days, “virtual reality” is a hot topic in the consumer technology world. It is becoming increasingly easy and affordable to immerse oneself in digitally rendered three-dimensional worlds simply by putting on a headset. There, you can tour a museum or fight zombies, Story by RICK BOOTH inspect planets as they orbit a virtual sun, or sculpt with light in what seems to be thin air. The leap from two dimensions to three in virtual reality’s visual domain is perceptually stunning when first experienced. Yet it simply echoes man’s first enjoyment of virtual reality experiences – by way of stereograph images viewed on old stereoscope devices – more than a century and a half ago. Those old stereo pictures, once shared and admired in Victorian parlors – but long since forgotten – are gradually making their way into today’s 3-D virtual world systems. The old stereo images are accessible, interesting, and relevant once more. They’re a remarkable window into history and times past. What’s old has become new again. This is the story of the stereographs. Though the ancient Greeks are credited with understanding that stereoscopic vision had to do with
Now & Then • 24
A vintage stereoscope with stereograph slide.
the slightly different viewing positions of two eyes in a pair, it wasn’t until the early 1800s that anyone tried to produce “fake” three-dimensional images by presenting separate, slightly differing images to each of the eyes. The invention of stereographic images and stereoscope viewers is credited to a British man, Sir Charles Wheatstone in 1838. Using mirrors, he directed light from two separate pictures into an observer’s eyes and announced to the world that he’d been able to trick the brain into perceiving a sense of depth in the combined effect of the two images. He created
the image pair not from photographs, but by hand- lithographs enabled publishers to “colorize” black and drawing pictures in perspective. Fortunately, the very white photographs to bring an immediacy and vividness next year, Louis Daguerre announced his first practical to stereographs that further enhanced their popularity. form of photography to the world. The marriage of Wheatstone’s concept of picture pairs and Daguerre’s photographic technique soon made possible experiments with stereo photography. Slightly over a decade later, Queen Victoria was said to marvel over a stereograph demonstration at the great Crystal Palace Exhibition of 1851. She liked it so much, she posed for a stereo photograph herself. Victoria may have thus been the first monarch to enter into the world of virtual reality. To this day, as a consequence, we know what she looked like in 3-D. Charles Dickens likewise struck a pose. Venice’s famous Rialto Bridge, circa 1900.
Companies emerged to feed the growing appetite for visual entertainment and education with stereograph images. The Underwood & Underwood Company was one such dominant company at the turn of the century,
The great doctor, poet, and general polymath, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., (father of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., the famous Supreme Court justice), was particularly taken by stereographic imagery in the late 1850s. He excitedly sang its praises, suggesting entire libraries be devoted to stereographs representing all things tangible. He himself invented a low-cost, very practical version of the stereoscope which he refused to patent because he wanted to see it copied and distributed as widely as possible to the American public. That was more important to him than money. His design and its descendants swept the country. American interest in stereographs became the rage and it was said to have eclipsed even Europe’s fascination by the end of the 1860s, when virtually every home in the nation was said to have a viewer. The old stereographs allowed people to see sights all over the world – the Seven Wonders and so much more – firing up the imagination and spurring interest in lands and countries beyond our North American borders. Though color photography was a long way off, color
Charles Dickens recorded in an 1860s stereograph.
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but the Keystone View Company grew even larger in the early 1900s by marketing sets of 600 and more educational 3-D stereograph slides to schools. They were shipped with their own handsome wooden cabinets for easy classroom storage. Many of these slides documented visually interesting aspects of agriculture and industry. Today, they provide a good remembrance of American work, life, and aspirations from a century ago.
Stereograph production began to drop off in the years shortly before World War Two, perhaps as a reflection of radio’s intrusion into the personal entertainment space at home. The invention of View-Master personal stereo slide viewers in the 1940s further displaced the old stereograph slides and viewing machines of Oliver Wendell Holmes, but also breathed new life into the stereo imagery business with simple 7-slide disks that were easy and fun to view. With further refinements, View-Masters became as widespread as the early stereoscopes had been a century earlier. They were a standard item in nearly every child’s inventory of educational toys by the early 1960s. New sets of slide wheels made great Christmas presents from aunts and uncles each year.
With video games and electronic toys of all sorts saturating children’s lives in recent years, ViewMaster use quite understandably saw a decrease as the competition for kids’ attention heated up. But then, in 2014, Google introduced a simple and very inexpensive way to turn modern smartphones into stereo virtual reality viewers. The product, known as Google Cardboard, is little more than two inexpensive lenses in a cardboard enclosure that also holds one’s cell phone. Running apps that split the cell phone screen into left and right halves, it makes a virtual reality engine out of what also, almost incidentally, happens to be a telephone. Alexander Graham Bell would be stunned! Various forms of the Goggle Cardboard enclosures can be had for as little as five or ten dollars. More expensive and durable plastic versions can be had for a few dollars more. They make great Christmas presents for the smartphone owner who already has everything (except a virtual reality headset on a phone). Three-dimensional viewing has also taken a new twist these past few years with digital projector technology. I was recently pleased to find out that many digital image projectors which display images generated by normal personal computers have built-in support for 3-D projection. Having recently acquired such a 3-D-capable projector for the Guernsey County Historical Society with monies from a generous local Shepard Fund grant, I was successful with converting old stereograph pictures into easily projected 3-D images which can be viewed and enjoyed when wearing appropriate viewing glasses. Just the day before writing this article, I had the first successful showing of over a hundred old stereographs projected before an appreciative audience wearing relatively inexpensive “active shutter” viewing glasses. Most of the long-forgotten slides had likely not seen the light of day for almost a hundred years!
A popular View-Master model.
A Google Cardboard cell phone-based viewer.
A popular View-Master model.
Now & Then • 26
Looking Back son recently installed a “Vintage VR” application well suited to my own more staid, historical tastes. I now just put on the helmet, grasp the control wands, and find myself transported back in time to an elegant Victorian parlor, complete with working grandfather clock and roaring fire in the fireplace. A fine upholstered chair appears to be set in the room for my comfort, though I’d be a fool to actually try to sit in it. Before me, on the wall, old stereograph slides protrude in full 3-D. I skip among them with the triggers on my wands. It’s surreal.
A 19th Century stereograph in 21st Century “VR”!
Browsing through the old stereo images, I find the situational irony particularly intense when the pyramids of Egypt appear. My head knows it’s the 21st Century, but the 19th Century parlor about me seems real, too, as does the projected stereo image before me of a pyramid, the most solid and stable and truly “stereo” of manmade objects on our planet, all of 46 centuries old. For a moment, I’m lost in time. What’s old has become new again. The stereographs have returned!
Right now, old stereograph images are just beginning to filter out onto the Internet in forms appropriate for viewing on a cell phone in a Google Cardboard type of viewer. The main trick at that point is to fill the phone’s screen with the two side-by-side stereograph images. The excellent free picture-hosting website, Flickr.com, is a good place to find a few such appropriate picture repositories, including one that I have posted for the Guernsey County History Museum. If you want to view stereographs on Flickr with your cell phone in a Google Cardboard setup, I recommend installing the Flickr app first. Use it to locate an “album” of side-by-side image pairs, bring up a picture in the Flickr app at full screen, then place the phone in the Cardboard viewer to see things in 3-D! To find the local museum’s images, go to http://guernseycountyhistory.com and click on the “FLICKR PHOTO COLLECTION” link to be taken to a page that includes an album of stereographs. Besides the Guernsey County collection (which currently features only generic stereograph images, not taken in Guernsey County), one of the most fascinating Cardboard-ready Flickr image galleries is provided by the U.S. Geological Survey. One of their albums contains over 700 Cardboard-ready stereographs made a century and more ago as the USGS surveyors mapped the land. Another magnificent source of antique online stereographs, though not in Cardboard-ready Flickr form, is provided by the New York Public Library. Their Robert N. Dennis collection of over 42,000 old stereograph slides is almost entirely available for download and use without restriction. There are, no doubt, untold photographic gems in that collection just waiting to be rediscovered and displayed. Beyond 3-D rejuvenation using today’s Cardboard viewers, one more step into virtual reality brings the tale of the old stereographs full circle to their beginnings in a curious sort of way. My 16-year-old son, David, recently decided to launch his own virtual reality catering business of sorts, taking one of the most advanced current “VR” environments on the road for special events like parties, fairs, and business promotions. He’s excited about sharing advanced virtual reality worlds with others who have likely never before experienced the feel of total immersion in a computer-generated landscape where you can walk around and see and manipulate objects that aren’t really there. Though some may prefer to fight digitally-generated zombies in such an environment, my
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Now & Then • 29
WALT TAYLOR: Creative Inspiration to the Community
Story & Photos by BEVERLY KERR
Now & Then â€¢ 30
Photo Left: Walt instructs one of his students in the proper way to use a pottery wheel. Photo Below: Walt has a smile on his face while working with youngsters at Art in the Park during the Salt Fork Festival.
ne of the things Walt Taylor excels at is passing on his love for art. That's why he enjoys sharing his knowledge with adults and especially children, as they are our future artists. As a small child he lived on a farm in Lebanon, Ohio where he attended a one-room school that was very typical of those days: no running water, out door toilets, a pot bellied stove, and a paddle hanging on the wall behind the stove. Walt had an encounter with that paddle. A school bully pushed him around one day and Walt swung his lunch bucket, and hit the bully in the head knocking him to the ground. Both were taken inside and leaned over a desk for a paddling. First, the bully received a stern thrashing while Walt quaked. When it was Walt's turn, the teacher swung the paddle one time so hard it hit the side of the desk and broke in two. No paddling for Walt that day. Doesn't sound like an accident on the part of the teacher to me. The family moved often. His father said, “A rolling stone gathers no moss, but it gains a great polish.” At one time they lived near Fort Ancient where Walt followed his dad around the field when he was plowing. Many arrowheads were uncovered for Walt's collection. He often made bows, and his own arrows out of cedar shingles, which split evenly. After high school graduation, Walt recalled that FDR
sent him a welcome notice to the Army in 1943. During WWII, Walt served as a combat engineer in a medical detachment. Using a freeze liquid, a local antiseptic, they would break the tails off lizards that climbed their tent poles in Texas. He always remained stateside. Walt took courses in Industrial Engineering while working at NCR in Dayton and eventually transferred to Cambridge NCR. Here he learned to enjoy the lakes in the area. Hunting and fishing provided great hobbies, but most of all he liked working with his hands. Woodworking has been a hobby since he was a young man. For the past few years, he has been making one new chair for their dining room each year. But he said he has been procrastinating about finishing the last two. He even joined the Procrastinators Anonymous - but they haven't had a meeting yet. He also enjoyed working on automobiles so developed mechanical skills as well. That came in handy as he and his wife, Sheila motorcycled all over the country. His favorite places to ride were in the mountains out west. In those mountains of Montana, where they saw the work of western potters, an interest for making pottery began. It wasn't until 1992 that Walt tried his hand at pottery. At Octoberfest, he purchased his first kiln and making
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For the last ten years, Walt has portrayed Father Christmas for Dickens Victorian Village. He would meet buses on the street or in the Welcome Center and probably has his picture in many family albums as a result. He's not sure if he'll be able to do that this year at the age of 91. Even though the business is closed, they still enjoy making pottery. Now they make just what they like. Right now Raku, a Japanese style is a favorite. It was first used by the Japanese Emperor and was known as a 'throw away pottery'. The emperor would drink his tea, then throw the cup against the wall. Raku is a 'quick fire, quick cool' kind of pottery so it could be fired and ready for supper quickly. Today in the United States a glaze is added and it's no longer a throw away. Actually it's so attractive you'd want to treasure it. Walt is just 'a good old boy', who has taken an interest in the community in many different ways. Thoughts of travel still skip through his mind and he often dreams of living in Hawaii or Tahiti...or at least visiting. Our world could use more of those 'good old boys'. Contact Bev at GypsyBev@hotmail.com or follow her blog at www.GypsyRoadTrip.com Photo Top: Walt’s current favorite project centers around Raku, a Japanese style pottery. Photo Bottom: Walt greeted visitors as Father Christmas for ten years at Dickens Victorian Village.
Now & Then • 32
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pottery has become his passion ever since. The first bowl he made was out of 'unused' kitty litter! He learned that kitty litter had a clay base and when mixed with a little bit of water could be worked into shapes. That bowl still sets on his bedroom stand today. At first, he made pottery items just because he enjoyed doing it. Then he began giving them to his friends, who told him he should be selling them. That began a business they ran until last year, Taymoor Pottery, a combination of his last name and Sheila's maiden name. They are well known at area festivals and have even sold items internationally. Walt and Sheila hope to teach youngsters to enjoy art as much as they do. Talking about children always brings a smile to his face as, “They are fun to work with. If you treat them as equals, they accept you as you are.” They helped teach children's art classes at the Salt Fork Festival for several years and also helped in the Student Art & Craft Tent. Walt especially enjoyed demonstrating the kick-wheel in the Heritage Tent so people could see how things were made 'in the good old days'.
Now & Then â€¢ 33
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Holiday Calendar DICKENS VICTORIAN VILLAGE
December 1st through the 31st Take a trip back in time and experience old-world England as historic downtown Cambridge, Ohio, is charmingly transformed into a Dickens Victorian Village. Visitors are invited to stroll amidst 86 life like displays representing classic scenes from Victorian society. www.DickensVictorianVillage.com. Location: 745 Steubenville Ave., Cambridge Contact: 800-933-5480
GUERNSEY COUNTY COURTHOUSE HOLIDAY LIGHT SHOW
COAL MINERS & TRAINS: A PHOTOGRAPHIC JOURNEY Tuesdays & Thursdays 4pm-8pm & Saturdays 1pm-8pm November-December. (Runs through December 29th) Admission: $5 for adults $3 for children. Location: 218 N. 8th Street, Cambridge Contact: 740-439-5884 WINE AND CHEESE TASTING Friday, Dec 9th 4:00pm - 7:00pm Enjoy delicious wine and cheese pairings at downtown Cambridge's "foodie" destination - McKenna's Market. Location: 705 Wheeling Ave., Cambridge Contact: 740-432-8990
Runs December 1st through New Year's Day 2017 5:30pm - 9:00pm The courthouse comes alive nightly with thousands of pulsating lights synchronized to holiday music.This magnificent 1881 building jumps into the 21st Century as it is bathed in colored lights, 36 animated light displays, and 15,000 lights outlining the building. 2016 SPECIAL EXTENDED SHOW DATES: (5:30pm until 11pm) Thanksgiving Day, 11/25, 11/26 (following the Christmas Parade), 12/2, 12/3, 12/9, 12/10, 12/16, 12/17, 12/23, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, 12/26, New Year’s Eve and New Year’s Day (Final show of season). Location: 801 Wheeling Ave., Cambridge Contact: 1-800-933-5480 or www.DickensVictorianVillage.com. A CHRISTMAS STORY BY PHILIP GRECIAN
Runs Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays starting Dec 2nd through Dec 11th Based on the book “In God We Trust, All Others Pay Cash” by Jean Shepherd. Humorist Jean Shepherd’s memoir of growing up in the midwest in the 1940s follows 9-year-old Ralphie Parker in his quest to get a genuine Red Ryder BB gun under the tree for Christmas. Friday and Saturday shows begin at 7pm. Sunday shows begin at 3pm. Tickets: $10 adults, $8 for seniors and students unless otherwise noted. Children under 2 are free. www.cambridgeperformingartscenter.org Location: 642 Wheeling Ave, Cambridge Contact: 740-261-4304
“You’ll shoot your eye out!”
Now & Then • 36
TROLLEY RIDES THROUGH HISTORIC DOWNTOWN CAMBRIDGE Saturday, Dec 3rd and Saturday, Dec 10th 10:00am - 5:00pm Discover the amazing story of Dickens Victorian Village and the 186 characters that the community built as your costumed guide escorts you around Historic Downtown Cambridge. $10 per person. Tickets available at the Welcome Center or online at www.DickensVictorianVillage.com Location: 745 Steubenville Ave., Cambridge
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF CAMBRIDGE GLASS - WINTER HOURS & OPEN HOUSE Saturdays and Sundays through Dec 18th 12:00pm - 4:00pm The National Museum of Cambridge Glass is open special holiday hours. The museum is beautifully decorated for the season and volunteers and staff are dressed in Victorian attire. If you are looking for a special gift made in Cambridge, Ohio USA, visit the museum gift shop where you will find a variety of jewelry and Christmas decorations made from Cambridge Glass, as well as beautiful handmade pieces. Regular Admission: $5 Seniors/AAA: $4 12 and under are FREE www.cambridgeglass.org Location: 136 S Ninth Street, Cambridge Contact: 740-432-4245 GINGERBREAD HOUSE CONTEST AND DISPLAY
Gingerbread Houses will be on display for public viewing & voting at the Guernsey County Senior Citizens Center. Entrants must be 6 years and older. Individual and group entries available. Winners announced on December 9th. Free admission! Monday-Friday 8:30 am-3:30 pm For information, contact Shon Gress or Janie Downerd, 740-439-6681 or email@example.com Location: 1022 Carlisle Ave., Cambridge Contact: 740-439-6681
Sunday services will be held on Christmas Morning at 9:30am We are also hosting a Friends Serving Friends Christmas Day Dinner at the Youth Activity Center from 11:00-1:00pm
Meal Deliveries can be arranged by calling 740-685-2591 by Noon on December 23rd
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Now & Then • 37
Events for Seniors: December 2016 Barnesville Senior Center 229 E. Main St, Barnesville 740-425-9101
Flushing Senior Center 208 High St, Flushing 740-968-2525
Bellaire Senior Center 3396 Belmont St, Bellaire 740-676-9473
Glencoe Senior Center 3rd St, Box 91, Glencoe 740-676-4484
Bethesda Senior Center 118 S. Main St, Box 243, Bethesda 740-484-1416
Guernsey County Senior Citizens Center 1022 Carlisle Ave, Cambridge 740-439-6681
Centerville Senior Center 46642 Main St, (Centerville) Jacobsburg 740-686-9832 Colerain Senior Center Box 305 72581 US 250, Colerain 740-633-6823 Coshocton Senior Center 201 Browns Ln, Coshocton 740-622-4852
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Holiday Craft & Bake Sale Friday, December 2nd The Guernsey County Senior Citizens Center will be hosting a Holiday Craft & Bake Sale on Friday, December 2nd from 9:00 AM - 2:00 PM. There will be several items for purchase including: Holiday Decorations, Gifts, Baked Goods and much, much, more. We hope to see you then.
December Square Dances You are cordially invited to attend your monthly square dances, hosted by the Senior Center. The dances begin at 6:45 PM and admission is $4.00 per person. The first dance of the month will be held on Tuesday, December 6th. The entertainment for the evening will be Rex VanDyne & The Boys and this will be a snack night. The next dance will be held on Tuesday, December 20th. The entertainment for the evening will be The Ohio Swing Band and this will be a concession night. The square dances are open to the public. You can also enjoy a 50/50 drawing, door prizes, and a cake walk. Join us for a fun evening of socializing with friends and good old fashion square dancing. “Our Christmas Dinner” Show at the Carlisle Inn Thursday, December 8th
Celebrate the holiday season with a trip to the Carlisle Inn to see the “Our Christmas Dinner” with the Guernsey County Senior Citizens Center on Thursday, December 8th. We will depart from the Senior Center at 8:15 AM and will begin the day with some Holiday shopping. Lunch will follow, which will be on your own, at the Dutch Valley Restaurant. After the meal, we will be heading to the Carlisle Inn to see the “Our Christmas Dinner” show.“Expect the unexpected when an unlikely mix of strangers and kinfolk are thrown together in the middle of a snowstorm.” The show “is a hilarious look at family tradition, holiday expectations, and the real meaning of Christmas”. We will return at
Events for Seniors: December 2016 approximately 4:30 PM. Due to prepayment of this trip, there will be no credit given to individuals who are unable to attend. To make reservations for this delightful trip, please stop by the guest services desk or, for your convenience, call (740) 439-6681. Cost: Members: $48.00 and Non Members: $56.00. New Year’s Eve Party & Luncheon Friday, December 30th Celebrate the beginning of 2017 early with GCSC as they count “up” to 12:00 at the New Year’s Eve Party & Luncheon on Friday, December 30th at 11:30 AM. To make your reservations, please stop by the guest services desk or, for your convenience, please call (740) 439-6681. Lansing Senior Center 68583 Scott Rd, Box 353, Lansing 740-609-5109 Martins Ferry Senior Center 14 N. 5th St, Martins Ferry 740-633-3146
Monroe County Senior Services 118 Home Ave, Woodsfiled Muskingum County Center for Seniors 200 Sunrise Center Dr, Zanesville Powhatan Senior Center 97 Main St, Powhatan Point 740-795-4350 Secrest Senior Center Activities 201 High St, Senecaville 740-685-6765 St. Clairsville Senior Center 101 N. Market St, St. Clairsville 740-695-1944 Tuscarawas County Senior Center 200 Sunrise Center Dr, Zanesville 740-454-9761
Happy Holidays from:
McElroy TREE SERVICE & LAND CLEARING
Bless Your Heart Folk Art
157 E. Main Street • Barnesville, OH 43713 740-425-9289
“Serving Southeastern Ohio Since 1993”
Monday - Friday 10am to 5pm Sat. 10am-3pm • Sun. 12pm-4pm
Now & Then • 39
The Last Word
Winter is the time for comfort, for good food and
warmth, for the touch of a friendly hand and for a talk beside the fire: it is the time for home.
– Edith Sitwell Come Sparty with Us!
ANIMAL CLINIC AT CAMBRIDGE
Holistic Day Spa
U.S. 40 WEST, 6679 GLENN HWY. CAMBRIDGE, OHIO 43725
Massages, Body Wraps, Body Scrubs, Body Waxing, Facials,Peels,Pampered Hands/Feet
RACHEL ELLIOT, D.V.M.
With purchase of a Spa Service, Enjoy FREE ACCESS to Hot Tub, Sauna, Steam Shower, and Aqua Massage Bed
PHONE (740) 439-1728 Mon & Thurs 7:30am - 6pm; Tue, Wed, Fri 7:30am - 5pm; Sat 8am - Noon
Adding Hair & Nail Salon in December... Gift Certificates! Make it a SPA DAY!
Now & Then • 40
740.489.5393 • www.creating-hope.us 65124 Wintergreen Rd, Old Washington
Winter Hours: Tues-Thurs: 9-4 Fri-Sat: 9-12 (by appt. only 12-4) Mindfulness Classes: Zumba, Yoga, Meditation, and Transforming Art 6pm-8pm
120 N. 11th St. • Cambridge
Mr. James M. Law Mr. Jacob Koch President Director
Mr. Kris R. Gibson Director
Helping Area Families Through Difficult Times Since 1924
Brenda Watson-Dodd, MA, FAAA Southeastern Med Audiologist
At Southeastern Med, your complete care is our passion. Hearing loss affects roughly 28 million Americans and can occur at any age. If you think you may be experiencing hearing impairment, talk to your doctor today about a hearing evaluation with Southeastern Med’s Audiology. We are proud to be your destination for care.
We’re in this together. seormc.org | 740.439.8000 CA-10471204
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Now & Then is a monthly magazine published by Dix Communications, serving Southeastern Ohio.