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Serving Southeastern Ohio

now then For the mature reader

July 2017

PAINTERS HOLLOW

Overflows With Creativity

Ohio Historical Marker Histories & Mysteries CELEBRATING TODAY...REMEMBERING YESTERDAY


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Welcome to “Now & Then”, a free monthly publication designed for mature readers in the Southeastern Ohio region Guernsey, Muskingum, Belmont, Tuscarawas, Noble and Harrison counties!

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Our PASSPORT services are likened as a Nursing Home without walls. If you meet the level of care that would require you to go to a nursing home, we can meet those needs in the comfort and familiarity of your own environment surrounded by the people you love and trust receiving the care that you need. If this sounds like a “novel” idea, well it’s not. It’s just another person - centered care program from the Area Agency on Aging, Region 9. Our services include; personal care, homemaker services, home delivered meals, minor home modifications and repairs, medical equipment, emergency response systems, nutrition counseling, adult day services, and transportation. Here at AAA-9, we like to call this “Aging in place”. Long-term services and supports don’t necessarily have to be met in a nursing home. These services can be administered in the comfort of your own place of residence, wherever that might be. If you would like any information regarding staying in your own environment & aging in place instead of nursing home placement, call us at 1-800-945-4250 for honest. Answers. Now.

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CONTENTS

04 16

26

Now & Then

04 08 14 16 26 32 36 38

Lifestyle

Painters Hollow Overflows with Creativity Wellness

Explore Dental Crowns

Car Tips Getting the Better of Grease

Looking Back

Ohio Historical Marker Histories & Mysteries

Temperance Tavern Museum Fun Facts

Now & Then

Inside

10 Recipes 22 Games & Puzzles 24-25 Crossword & Sudoku Answers 30 Word Search 34 Events 40 The Last Word Liberty

About America’s National Anthem

Holiday

The History of the American Flag

How-To

Grilling Foods to Be Safe & Healthy

Serving Southeastern Ohio

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Painters Hollow

O V E R F L O W S W I T H C R E AT I V I T Y Story and Photos by BEVERLY KERR

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“ I ’ V E G O T A B L A C K S M I T H S H O P A N D T H E B E S T PA R T N E R A N YO N E C O U L D H AV E .” – Gene Jorgensen “ L I F E H E R E I S F U N : T H E J E W E L R Y, G A R D E N A N D E V E R Y D AY L I F E .” – Maggi Jorgensen

T

eamwork best describes the lifestyle of Gene and Maggi Jorgensen, the artistic couple from Painters Hollow near Salt Fork State Park. Working together, they have accomplished more than the average couple because they love what they do. “If we can’t have fun, we’re not going to do it.” Farming runs in Gene’s blood as his dad farmed in New York and white-washed barns to help with expenses. For many years Gene worked as a sheet metal worker, which led him on varied adventures all over the United States and beyond. Once he even climbed a mountain in Peru. Maggi worked in the engineering department at NCR until its closing. Not wanting to transfer, she trained to become an RN. We’ll talk more about those necklaces she wore to work later. Stopping by on a warm spring day, the first thing they’re eager to talk about is their garden, “We live out of our garden.” They even pick fresh lettuce from their basement all winter long. Their small greenhouse provides the perfect place to start plants for transfer to their garden and straw bales, which produce a bumper crop of tomatoes and eggplant. Their newest experiment this year was starting strawberry plants from seed. It worked! Now they have a small strawberry patch as well. The lumber for their home came out of their own woods. In 2000, they decided to build using square-cut, white pine logs with foam log tape in between to seal all cracks. This resulted in a beautiful home in the country. Gene had always wanted a blacksmith shop. In 2005 when  he bought a knife at the Salt Fork Festival, the gentleman told Gene about a blacksmith class being

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Photo Top Left: Maggi wears the first necklace Gene made, of five quarters trimmed in brass. Photo Top Right: Gene’s dream of a blacksmith shop has become a reality. Photo Bottom Left: Maggi and Gene’s home, which they built themselves with pine logs from their own woods. Photo Right: Since they raise most of their own food, the first thing Maggi and Gene discussed building was their greenhouse.

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offered. Maggi thought it seemed like the perfect Christmas present. If someone took the class with Gene, they could do it for half price. The artistic Maggi took the class with him. Maggi made her first nail, a towel bar and towel rack in that class. Gene has metal creations all over the house inside and out. One of his favorites is making a cross out of a railroad tie. Now Gene has his own magnificent blacksmith shop containing a coal forge and filled with power tools such as: a power hack saw, rod shear, punches, and a stake plate. This class has led them on an exciting new adventure. Gene had already been making jewelry for Maggi to wear to work. They were so popular that she sold almost every one she wore. Making copper jewelry became a favorite pastime with the blacksmith skills being used to make and repair needed tools. Wishing to improve her natural creative talents, Maggi took watercolor and acrylic classes. They both want to make themselves the best they can be. Their favorite metal for jewelry remains copper, which is always covered with a clear shellac. Recently, they’ve added sterling with brass and bronze for special touches.

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Now & Then

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PA I N T E R S H O L L O W P R O D U C T S H AV E B E C O M E A P O P U L A R E X H I B I T AT T H E S A LT F O R K F E S T I VA L . V I S I T T H E M I N A U G U S T AT T H I S Y E A R ’ S F E S T I VA L Photo Top Left: A sampling of jewelry that will be on display at the Salt Fork Festival. Photo Bottom Left: Rings will be a new feature this year. Finished rings are shown on the pliers handle. Photo Top Right: Evidence of Gene’s blacksmith skills can be seen in the iron rails he made for their library. Photo Bottom Right: Certain crops like tomatoes and eggplant grow best for them in bales of straw. The red glass ball rests on a decorative iron holder made by Gene.


Rings are a new item this year. Five unique patterns come in various sizes. Watching Gene follow the steps for making a ring, it makes you realize how time consuming it is to get that perfect product. This work requires great patience. Their first show happened in 2011 at Octoberfest in downtown Cambridge. The following year they started sharing their products at the Salt Fork Arts & Crafts Festival. Maggi enjoyed coming to the festivals for years, but never expected to be showing at one. Now Painters Hollow Products have become a popular exhibit. Visit them in August at the Salt Fork Festival. Gene and Maggi are perfectly content on their farm. For them, it’s a good life and they never want to leave. They don’t even want to travel, except to craft shows, and their idea of a perfect evening would be sitting on their porch with a glass of wine. “I’ve got a blacksmith shop and the best partner anyone could have,” explained Gene. As for Maggi, “Life here is fun: the jewelry, garden and everyday life.” I imagine everyone would wish for that kind of contentment. Contact Bev at GypsyBev@hotmail.com or follow her blog at www.GypsyRoadTrip.com

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WELLNESS

Exploring

Dental Crowns Many people visit their dentists and learn they have a tooth that requires a crown. In many instances, dental crowns are necessary for proper tooth care.

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C

rowns were once widely referred to as “caps.” A crown is a permanent cover for a tooth that would otherwise require a very large filling after dental decay has been removed. Crowns also may be used to repair cracked or broken teeth so that extraction is not necessary. Sometimes crowns are used for cosmetic modifications or to hold a dental bridge in place. The crown itself can be made from different materials, like stainless steel, gold or metallic alloy, porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, and resin. A dentist will determine which material will work best depending on the application and tooth location. Understanding your appointment(s) Crowns are typically installed in two appointments. The first appointment requires prep work so the tooth can hold the crown.This is typically a painless procedure, and one in which the dentist will anesthetize the tooth and gum tissue and then file down the tooth along the chewing surface and sides to make room for the crown covering. If the tooth was decayed or insubstantial, the dentist may have to “build up” the tooth instead of filing it down. Again, these determinations are made by the dentist who has the expertise to gauge how much


workable tooth is left. Once the tooth has been prepared, an impression will be made of the bite area. That’s because the permanent crown will be fabricated in a laboratory and the fit/color will need to be exact for comfort — and also to ensure that bacteria and food debris do not get caught between the crown and tooth. The final component is a temporary cap that will keep the prepared tooth clean. This is molded in the office and will be worn only until the custom-made crown is ready. When the permanent crown is delivered, the patient will return to the office to have it checked for fit and then cemented into place.

CROWNS CAN BE EXPENSIVE. ACCORDING TO THE RESOURCE COSTHELPER, CROWNS C AN R ANGE FROM $500 TO $3,000 D E P E N D I N G O N T H E M AT E R I A L U S E D A N D T H E PAT I E N T ’ S I N S U R A N C E C O V E R A G E .

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CostHelper, crowns can range from $500 to $3,000 depending on the material used and the patient’s insurance coverage. Dental insurance may cover a predetermined percentage of the cost when the crown is medically necessary, but insurance may not cover anything if the procedure is only cosmetic. It’s always a good idea for patients to express their Full and partial crowns concerns and ask questions about crowns prior to A partial crown may be used if only a portion of the starting the procedure. Understanding the potential outtooth needs to be covered. Dentists will often rely on full of-pocket costs is essential as well. crowns to get maximum coverage and strength. Dental crowns can last several years and represent the best way to salvage a tooth that is cracked or damaged. Cost factor Crowns can be expensive. According to the resource

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RECIPES

While many people may not eat hot dogs during much of the year, come summertime when the grills are fired up, hot dogs take center stage. Those who really want their hot dogs to pack a flavorful punch can try this fun recipe.

Hot Dogs Stuffed with the Works

Ingredients: 2 teaspoons spicy brown mustard 2 tablespoons ketchup 1 cup refrigerated sauerkraut, drained, rinsed and coarsely chopped 4 large hot dogs, such as knockwurst 1â „2ounce cheddar cheese, cut into 4 small sticks 4 slices bacon Oil for coating grill screen 4 long hot dog buns or small sub rolls, split The Grill Gas: Direct heat, medium high (425 F to 450 F); Clean, oiled grate Charcoal: Direct heat, light ash; 12-by-12-inch charcoal bed (about 3 dozen coals); Clean, oiled grate on lowest setting Wood: Direct heat, light ash; 12-by-12-inch bed, 3 to 4 inches deep; Clean, oiled grate set 2 inches above the fire.

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Serves 6

Directions:

1. Heat the grill as directed. 2. Mix the mustard, ketchup and sauerkraut in a small bowl. 3. Slit the hot dogs lengthwise, forming a deep pocket end to end in each one. Fill the pockets halfway with the sauerkraut mixture. Put a stick of cheese in the center of each and top with the remaining sauerkraut mixture. Wrap a bacon slice around each hot dog to hold it together, and secure the ends of each bacon strip with wooden toothpicks. 4. Put the grill screen on the grill and coat it with oil. Wait a minute or two, until the surface is hot. Grill the hot dogs until the bacon is cooked through and the hot dogs are browned on all sides, about 2 minutes per side. 5. To toast the buns, put them cut-sides down directly over the fire for the last minute of cooking. Serve the hot dogs on the buns.


Sandwiches may not be the first thing to come to mind when the dessert tray is rolled out, but this delicious recipe is more than a childhood saying. Knuckle Sandwich

Ingredients: 1⁄2 cup whole hazelnuts, ideally blanched (skinned) 2 tablespoons butter 2 pears, skin on, cut into 1⁄8-inch-thick slices, then cored 1 store-bought pound cake 6 tablespoons Nutella or other chocolate-hazelnut spread

Directions:

1. Preheat oven to 350 F. 2. Put hazelnuts on a baking sheet and bake for 12 minutes, or

12 Bite Size Sandwiches

until they begin to brown. If hazelnuts are still in their skins, bake until skins begin to darken, or for blanched nuts, until they turn golden. Remove from oven and let cool. If hazelnuts are still in their skins, place nuts in the center of a clean dish towel, fold the towel around the nuts, and rub vigorously between both hands for 15 seconds to release the skins. Discard skins and reserve the nuts. 3. In a sauté pan over medium heat (err on the low side of medium), melt butter and sauté pear slices for approximately 5 minutes per

side, or until they begin to brown. Reserve. 4. Cut 6 slices of pound cake, 1⁄4inch thick. Toast the pound cake in a toaster oven, or on a baking sheet in a 300 F oven. (It will fall apart in an upright toaster.) 5. Smear 3 cake slices with Nutella or chocolate-hazelnut spread. Cover entire Nutella/spread surface with hazelnuts, then press them into the Nutella/spread. Top with a layer of pear slices and cover with second slice of pound cake. Secure each knuckle sandwich with 4 toothpicks, then cut into 4 pieces

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RECIPES

Yep, that’s right. Fried Green tomatoes... as a sandwich. You will have to try it to believe how delicious it really is.

Grilled Green Tomato “Sandwiches” with Herbed Cream Cheese

Ingredients: Herbed Cream Cheese 1 8-ounce package cream cheese at room temperature 1 garlic clove, minced

2 tablespoons chopped fresh basil 1 tablespoon snipped fresh chives Tomatoes 4 large green tomatoes (about 11⁄2 pounds), sliced 3⁄4inch thick (to make 12 slices) Olive oil, for brushing 2 teaspoons kosher salt Dash of ground black pepper

Directions:

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Serves 6

1. Prepare a medium-hot fire in your grill. Place a well-oiled perforated grill rack over direct heat. 2. In a bowl, blend the cream cheese, garlic, basil, and chives together until smooth. Set aside. 3. Brush the tomato slices with olive oil on both sides and season with seasoning salt and pepper. Place the slices on a baking sheet and bring out to the grill with the bowl of Herbed Cream Cheese and a knife for spreading. 4. Grill all of the tomatoes on one side for about 3 minutes with the lid open, then flip and grill on the other side for 3 minutes more, or until the tomatoes have good grill marks. 5. Remove the tomato slices from the grill and allow to cool slightly on the baking sheet. Spread Herbed Cream Cheese on half of the slices, top with a second slice and set the sandwiches on a platter. Serve the sandwiches hot, with oozing cream cheese filling. 6. Variation: Grill all of the tomato slices as above and top each grilled tomato with a dollop of the cream cheese and serve open-faced.


Banana Split with Fudge Sauce

Ingredients:

Serves 4

Directions:

4 small bananas 4 scoops each of strawberry, vanilla and chocolate ice cream 4 maraschino cherries 1/2 cup chopped, toasted pecans Hot fudge sauce 3 ounces semisweet chocolate, chopped 3/4 cup heavy cream 2 tablespoons butter 1/4 cup light corn syrup 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract 1/2 cup sugar Whipped cream 1 cup heavy cream 1 tablespoon superfine sugar 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract

1. To make the hot fudge sauce, put the chocolate, cream and butter in a medium saucepan. When melted, add light corn syrup, tvanilla extract and sugar, stirring constantly over medium heat. When nearly boiling, turn the heat down to low and simmer for 15 minutes without stirring. Let cool for 5 minutes before using. 2. To make the whipped cream, beat the heavy cream with the sugar and vanilla, and set aside. Peel the bananas and cut in half lengthwise. Take the dessert dishes and along the sides of each one, put 2 banana halves. Put one scoop of each flavor of ice cream between the bananas. Top with one spoonful of the whipped cream, a sprinkling of pecans and a cherry on top. Serve with a small pitcher of the hot fudge sauce to pour over.

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CAR TIPS

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Now & Then

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How DIYers and mechanics can combat grease and stains

easoned do-it-yourselfers and mechanics know that DIY projects and working on cars and trucks can sometimes be messy business. While work stations can often be cleaned in a matter of minutes, grease and other stains on clothing can linger for some time, even remaining in the washing machine long after wash cycles have ended. Combating grease stains and their resulting odors has long been a problem for DIYers, auto mechanics and technicians. But there are ways to get the better of grease and even prevent future stains. • Act instantly. Allowing grease stains to linger on clothing can make them harder to remove. Professional mechanics and weekend DIYers should check their work gear for stains when they finish working for the day, immediately treating any areas that have been blemished by grease or other stains. The quicker such stains are treated, the less likely they are to set and become permanent.


• Treat stains with specialized detergents. Ordinary laundry detergents may effectively combat everyday stains, but such products are often ineffective at treating the stains and grease that technicians’ work clothes are vulnerable to. Permatex®, a leading innovator in chemical technology for automotive maintenance and repair and the maker of Fast Orange® hand cleaners, has developed Fast Orange Grease X Mechanic’s Laundry Detergent (www. fastorangelaundry.com). Designed to quickly and effectively remove grease, stains, tar, oil, automotive fluids, and odors from technicians’ work clothes, Fast Orange Grease X features a built-in pretreater that is powerful enough to remove up to 99 percent of automotive stains and odors. Ideal for professional mechanics and automotive hobbyists alike, this specially formulated detergent also disintegrates grease and soil as it cleans, ensuring no residual grease remains in the washing machine after each load. • Maintain a clean work area. Stains are a fact of life for mechanics, DIYers and hobbyists, but maintaining a

clean, clutter-free work area can reduce the risk of accidents that lead to staining. Clean work areas at the end of each workday or DIY session, being sure to put all tools and gas cans away. • Take steps to prevent future stains. New projects tend to excite DIYers, mechanics and automotive hobbyists. But before diving into a new project, professionals and novices alike can take steps to prevent the stains that can form as they learn on the job. Research how to approach a new project to reduce the likelihood of accidental spills. Washing work clothes with Fast Orange Grease X can even make work clothes less vulnerable to future stains. “When formulating Fast Orange Grease X, we added a proprietary soil release/antistatic agent that repels future soil and stains,” said Permatex senior product manager Dan Clarke. Stains and spills come with the territory of automotive and DIY work. But mechanics and DIY enthusiasts can employ several strategies to get the better of grease and other stains.

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LOOKING BACK

OHIO HISTORICAL MARKER

HISTORIES & MYSTERIES “B a l d w i n wa s r i d i n g w i t h t h e d r i ve r and was killed when the stage rolled over on him. ” — O hio Historical Markerexplanation of the 1835 death at Nor wich of Christopher C. Baldwin, said to be O hio’s first traffic fatalit ys

C

hristopher Columbus Baldwin never in his life expected to become the claim to fame of the village of Norwich in Muskingum County. Indeed, he may never even have heard of the town. He was a sickly 35-year-old Harvardtrained lawyer traveling all the way from Massachusetts to Story by RICK BOOTH inspect and report upon the Indian mounds of Southern Ohio for the American Antiquarian Society, for which he worked. The trip to the West, it was hoped, might restore his health. Instead, thanks to pigs, it did the opposite. As Mr. Baldwin’s stagecoach descended the National Road hill into Norwich, it met an unruly herd of hogs which panicked the horses. Despite the driver’s attempts to slow the team and the coach, it overturned, killing Mr. Baldwin by means of a fractured skull. He was buried in Norwich.

Norwich’s two historic signs about a traffic death

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Today, this incident would likely have been forgotten by all, were it not for two historical markers erected at Norwich, commemorating the accident of October 20, 1835, the first documented traffic fatality in the state of Ohio – an odd claim to fame, at best, but a memorable one. The Ohio History Connection, formerly known as the Ohio Historical Society, oversees the authorization of both these types of historic markers. The smaller, less wordy type of marker is known as a corporate limit marker, meant to be placed at a town’s entrance, describing some historic significance of the place. The other, larger type of marker can be found just about anywhere along the public highways and byways of Ohio. The latter type can commemorate anything deemed “historic,” from a specific event to a broad representation of an area’s cultural or geographic history. Many commemorate the places famous Ohioans lived or worked. But you have to be not only famous, but dead, to be honored with such a cast-metal, state-authorized historical plaque. The corporate limit signs cost about $2,000 each. An official Ohio Historical Marker goes for roughly $2,500 to $3,000, depending on complexity. I was inspired to research this article when I attended the recent unveiling of Guernsey County’s newest Ohio Historical Marker, believed to be the county’s sixth, commemorating the site of the Richland Friends Meeting House, a Quaker meeting house and cemetery location a mile and a half east of Quaker City in the southeastern corner of the county. The meetings held there ran continuously from 1828 to 1973. The old meeting house is gone now, but the ceremony was attended by several who once attended it. The marker sits high on a bank


above Shannon Run Road, about a third of a mile north of its intersection with State Route 265. The weather was perfect for the ceremony that day. Unlike many markers set in bustling cityscapes, this one sits calmly amidst quiet green hills and fields. Birds and the occasional baaing of nearby sheep provide life’s soundtrack there. If you look about and listen, it’s not hard at all to imagine the horses and buggies arriving for meeting as they did there nearly 200 years ago. In fact, during the ceremony, an Amish horse and buggy clipclopped right by. Its timing was perfect! As the marker was unveiled, it was explained that the notation reading “6-30” in the lower right corner of the plaque meant that it was the sixth Ohio Historical Marker placed in Guernsey County, alphabetically Ohio’s 30th county. “Where are the others?” I wondered to myself. It turns out that the website RemarkableOhio.org lists all the known markers in the state.

Markers 2-30 and 3-30 were missing, and 4-30 had been erroneously assigned to two of our plaques! I contacted the Ohio History Connection office in charge of the markers and asked what and where the missing signs were. The surprise answer: They’re not exactly sure. The state’s historical marker program has been in existence for 60 years now. The earliest records were not, of course, computerized, and it is believed some were lost over the years. So there may, in fact, be historical markers around the state, and even somewhere within Guernsey County, that the Ohio History Connection doesn’t know about. Here is what I do know about the known markers. The “Wreck of the Shenandoah” marker, dated 1969, is actually a set of two identical markers installed at Interstate 77 rest stops near Buffalo, one each on the northbound and the southbound side of the highway. Though the airship fell just south of the Guernsey County line in Noble County, and has its own marker at the crash site, the nearest high-traffic rest stops on the Battle of Midway continues on pg 18.

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I went to the official marker website and discovered several more mysteries about Guernsey County’s markers. Since the meeting house marker was our sixth, I was expecting to find five others on the website. Instead, I found only four: “Wreck of the Shenandoah” (erroneously labeled 1-1), “The Scottish Rite in Ohio” (labeled 4-30), “Morgan’s Raid in Old Washington” (also labeled 4-30) and “Salt Fork Wildlife Area” (labeled 5-30).

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Ohio Historical Marker continued from pg 17.

interstate highway are seven miles to the northeast in Guernsey County. It is not clear whether these signs are meant to count as one marker or two in the state’s marker numbering system. They are both labeled “1-1” instead of “1-30” and “2-30.” Maybe the state considered them to be two separate markers in the numbering system, in which case the next marker should have been “3-30.” billing and tearis sheets But there no 3-30to: in the database! The next known marker is for “The Scottish Rite in ell Behavioral Health Services Ohio,” numbered 4-30 and installed in 1978. It sits in Ray Bishoff front of the Scottish Rite building on Wheeling Avenue Bell Street in Cambridge, opposite the post office. It commemorates sville OH 43701 the founding of the first Scottish Rite body west of the Alleghenies at Cambridge in 1852. The man who founded it was the superintendent of the tunnel project through Tunnel Hill, connecting Cambridge to points west by rail. dy copy: It would appear that as of 1978, it was believed there were three other markers in Guernsey County. Even if the Shenandoah markers counted as two, that still means one is missing! In 2002, a marker for the 1863 Civil War skirmish at

Old Washington, part of Morgan’s Raid, went up beside the cemetery on the south side of that town where three Confederate soldiers killed in the action are buried. It is easy to find that marker beside the road on top of Cemetery Hill. Perhaps it received the duplicate designation “4-30” because the two Shenandoah signs and the Scottish Rite marker in the records made it appear to be the fourth in the county, even though the Scottish Rite had already used that number. The next sign, “Salt Fork Wildlife Area,” was really hard to find. Installed in 2003 as part of an Ohio bicentennial project to commemorate important natural areas of Ohio, the sign was given number 5-30. The database gave for its location the general mailing address of the park, all 17,000 acres. I checked the park entrance area. No luck. The lodge area? No luck there, either. How about the designated Salt Fork Wildlife Area office building? Nope. After asking a lot of questions and making several phone calls, I finally got the answer: It was stolen years ago! Back in 2003, the sign was installed beside a boat launch on Sundew Road, within sight of U.S. Route 22, the main road through the park. I was told that just a few years after the sign was installed, it disappeared. I therefore informed the Ohio History Connection that the sign has vanished so they can make that notation in their database. It seems there is a chance there is one more historical marker somewhere in Guernsey County. If so, both the Ohio History Connection and I would like to know where it is. I thought I had seen one of the markers at the Peters Creek “S” Bridge beside U.S. Route 40 a few miles west of Cambridge. So I went there and checked.

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At Peters Creek: Not a true Ohio Historical Marker


LOOKING BACK Yes, there is a big historical marker at the Peters Creek “S” Bridge. Yes, it looks very much like the other markers. But no, it’s not one of the official set. Fine print on the marker says it was put up in 1954 by the Society of Professional Engineers. That was four years before the state started its official program. Furthermore, it lacks the big Ohio logo with the words “OHIO HISTORICAL MARKER” at the top of the sign. The Ohio History Connection confirms it’s not one of theirs. Both Belmont and Muskingum Counties have official “S” bridge markers, but the one in Guernsey County is an earlier version of very much the same general form of plaque. The database at RemarkableOhio.org currently lists 1,455 Ohio Historical Markers, but based on the highest sign number assigned in each county, there should be 1,514, a difference of 59 signs which perhaps exist, but for which records may have been lost. That’s about four percent of the total! We may even have an orphaned sign locally. If found, please go to OhioHistory.org and report it on their contact form, or call them at (614) 2973200. The online list of Ohio Historic Markers, which includes pictures and plaque inscriptions, makes for interesting reading. The Ohio History Connection administers a grant program that awards $750 toward the purchase of each of up to 20 new plaques every year. That is not to say, though, that only 20 new plaques go up each year. Any organization that can foot the entire bill for plaque purchase and installation (circa $3,000), convince the state that the subject of the marker is worthy of historical recognition, and present a plan for long-term upkeep and maintenance of the marker has a good chance of getting one. Our local Shenandoah markers are among more than a dozen historic “accident” recognitions around the state, including explosions, fires, ship sinkings, train wrecks, and one coal mine disaster. Our local Morgan’s Raid marker is one among 15 along his destructive swath through the state during the Civil War. Meigs County alone has six of them. The lost Salt Fork sign was one among ten celebrating natural features of the state. Others in the series include Clifton Gorge near Dayton in Green County, showing an example of Ice Age glaciers’ effects, and the Magee Marsh Wildlife Area in Ottawa County, a remnant of Ohio’s Great Black Swamp that delayed settlement in the northwest corner of our state until drainage reclaimed the land.

There are at least 14 markers in the state noting Masonic organizations like our Scottish Rite. Zanesville has one for its large Masonic building right behind their courthouse. Our new Richland Friends Meeting House sign appears to be the fourth in the state for an old Quaker meeting house site. Nearby Harrison County has just four markers, but one of those is for the birthplace of General George Armstrong Custer. That’s an important one! Tuscarawas County has 24 markers, though their most recent marker is designated 23-79. Both Cy Young and Zoar Garden have markers designated 19-79. Belmont County sports 19 markers, including two labeled “10-7.” Those are for Morristown and the Watt Car and Wheel Company at Barnesville, once the world’s largest manufacturer of mine cars. They even have a pair of markers honoring markers! Two rest stops along Interstate 70 have historic plaques telling of the old National Road mile markers in the area. Coshocton County has eight markers. One honors one of the oldest historical events in our area. In 1764, Lt. Col. Henry Bouquet led 1,500 soldiers from Pittsburgh to the Coshocton area to thoroughly intimidate the area’s Indians into peaceful relations with the British (because this was before the American Revolution) and ask them to turn over all the white people they had captured and kept living among them. In return, he agreed to not burn down their villages. About 200 captives were recovered this way. Franklin and Cuyahoga Counties have the most markers, 119 and 118 respectively. But Noble County, alas, is tied with Madison County, just west of Columbus, for the fewest total markers: two. One of Noble’s is for the actual crash site of the Shenandoah airship near Ava. The other is for the 1814 Thorla-McKee Well, dug to find salt brine for refining salt, but also discovering more annoying gas and oil than they knew what to do with. Before the days of internal combustion engines, finding gas and oil in your salt brine well did not bring leasing agents running. There are, no doubt, many more sites in Southeastern Ohio worthy of a historical marker which have yet to receive one. The trick is the money, the long-term promise of marker maintenance (which involves doing nothing, most likely, nine years out of ten), and the people to push the cause. I would actually like to propose Battle of Midway continues on pg 20.

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Ohio Historical Marker continued from pg 19. Guernsey County’s next Ohio Historical Marker in this article and suggest a change to the corporate limit marker for Cambridge as well. Since John Glenn died last winter, his name is eligible for marker recognitions. If there is to be a large historic marker, though, it probably belongs in Muskingum County at New Concord, which he always considered his home town. But he was born in Cambridge. Currently, the corporate limit marker text on Cambridge signs reads “CAMBRIDGE, SITE OF FIRST BRIDGE AUTHORIZED BY LEGISLATURE OF NORTHWEST TERRITORY.” It’s true, historically significant, and very obscure; but it doesn’t exactly make the pulse quicken. What if, instead, it read “CAMBRIDGE, BIRTHPLACE OF ASTRONAUT JOHN H. GLENN, JR., THE FIRST AMERICAN TO ORBIT THE EARTH.” At a glance, instant Space Age relevance! I can likewise easily think of a number of worthy candidates in Guernsey County for a large historical marker. But the one I think best combines need of

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Proposed new markers for Guernsey County

recognition with loss of current memory is the U.S. Army’s Fletcher General Hospital, known for decades after World War Two simply as the State Hospital, a few miles north of Cambridge. Built to care for America’s wounded servicemen and women, it cared for more than 17,000 such patients in the three years from the spring of 1943 when it opened to the spring of 1946 when it closed and was turned over to the state. More than a hundred buildings, along with their water, sewer, power, and transportation infrastructure, went up in four and a half months of bad weather in the winter of 1942-3. A rail line spur connected the hospital to town. At least 200 German prisoners of war were housed there, too, helping to do work at the facility. Fletcher General Hospital is nearly a forgotten memory in Guernsey County now. It deserves to be remembered. All it takes is the dream, the will, and about $3,000 (or as little as about $2,000 with a state grant) to make it happen. Not that Guernsey County will be in competition with Franklin County anytime soon, but anyone or any organization can go about fundraising and promoting a local marker. We could easily have more than six in Guernsey County. For that matter, the lost Salt Fork marker could even be replaced.

Forgotten history is all around us. The signs simply help us remember.


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45. Month 48. Nanosecond 50. Domestic 52. What a boy becomes 53. Breezes (anc. Greek) 55. Jogged 56. At the stern 57. Lawrencium 58. Destructive to both sides 63. Arterias 65. Removes 66. Pretentious people 67. Tropical Asian plant CLUES DOWN 1. Type of whale 2. Type of medication 3. Land of the free 4. Formed an opinion of 5. Logo 6. No (Scottish) 7. Leaves tissue 8. Sacred state to Muslims 9. Thus 10. African nation 11. Someone who has a stake in 13. Parties 15. Subsystem producers 17. Large, flightless birds

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Sudoku Answers July 2017

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TEMPERANCE TAVERN MUSEUM HOLDS TALES OF NE WCOMERSTOWN AREA Story & Photos by BEVERLY KERR

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IN 1841, ANDREW CRETER BUILT TEMPERANCE TAVERN, WHICH TODAY IS ONE OF THE OLDEST HOMES IN TOWN.

T

he Delaware Indians settled a village along the Tuscarawas River at what is today Newcomerstown. In 1776, over 700 Delaware Indians lived there with a few English colonists.  The Indians called their village Gekelemukpechunk, but the settlers renamed it Newcomerstown after the Delaware Chief Newcomer of the Turtle Tribe. In 1814, it became a village when more English settlers came to live there, and the Delaware Indians moved west to Coshocton. About ten years later, work began on the Ohio & Erie Canal and eventually locks twenty and twenty-one were located in Newcomerstown.  During the time of the Ohio & Erie Canal, the tavern and inn in Newcomerstown, Ohio became a popular stop for canal boats. In 1841, Andrew Creter built Temperance Tavern, which today is one of the oldest homes in town. Built of black walnut, it still contains many of its original features. Temperance Tavern was conveniently located between

the canal and the stagecoach trail. To help keep the canal history alive, one home on Canal Street still has the original canal ditch in their front yard, never filled in. The Creter family lived on the first floor of the inn, while rooms on the second floor housed only women. Single men were literally locked in the attic to keep any embarrassing moments from happening with the lady guests. The basement contained Temperance Tavern. While the names seems contradictory, no alcohol was served in this tavern. Miss Elizabeth, wife of Andrew Creter, still visits the house in spirit. While her form is seldom seen, frequently doors move and cabinets open. She keeps watch over her house, which is today called Temperance Tavern Museum. The kitchen has a large fireplace where all the tavern meals were cooked. The cast iron utensils hung over the fireplace for easy access in meal preparation. Meals were cooked and served here for people from the canal and

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Photo Top Left: These Delaware Indian arrowheads and artifacts are an important part of their history. Photo Top Middle: These Delaware Indian arrowheads and artifacts are an important part of their history. This stone fireplace provided a place to cook meals for visitors to the inn. Photo Top Right: A sign in front of the museum explains the history of the town. Photo Bottom Left: Temperance Tavern Museum, a beautiful old tavern and inn, is one of the oldest houses in Newcomerstown. Photo Bottom Right: Outside the museum stands a monument to Freeman Davis, a local Civil War hero. Photo Above: The wedding dress of Maude Scott highlights the display of clothing from 1800-1900.

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stagecoach, but it was also a local gathering place. The table served not only as a place for meals, but surgical operations on the sick or injured took place there as well. This was also a stop for the Underground Railroad. Slaves were hidden in the cellar of this house. You can still see a cabinet that concealed where slaves hid on their Underground Railroad route. The dining room table displayed a beautiful Moss Rose Tea Set, which was brought to Newcomerstown from Virginia in 1820 by Mrs. John Snyder. The living room features military artifacts as well as a collection of dresses from the 1800-1900 time frame. A wedding dress, from 1894 belonging to Maude Scott, shows the style of the time. The museum also gives history of some of those early prominent women in the Tuscarawas County area. Maude Scott was the first woman in the county to be elected to public office and formed the first Republican Women’s Club there. Here also you will find memorabilia honoring two of Newcomerstown’s favorite sons, Cy Young, the most winning pitcher in baseball, and Woody Hayes, Ohio State’s well-known and adored coach. One special item in the museum is Cy Young’s complete 1908 Boston Red Sox uniform. Their memorabilia span

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Photo Above Top: This beautiful tea set came all the way from Virginia in 1820. Photo Above Bottom: A 1908 Boston Red Sox uniform belonging to Cy Young is on display at the museum. Photo Right: Ohio State University football coach Woody Hayes went to school here.


his life from baseball player to retiree, who enjoyed sitting on his front porch in a rocking chair, which is also in the museum today. From 1890-1911, Young won 511 games with an ERA of 2.63. No wonder he is a local hero. Woody’s dad was superintendent of schools in Newcomerstown. After graduation from Newcomerstown High School, Woody coached football at Mingo Junction and New Philadelphia before moving on to Ohio State. Outside the Temperance Tavern Museum, a monument honors Freeman Davis, a local man who earned the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Civil War. Davis served as a sergeant with Company B, 80th Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the war and his commendation came due to his bravery in the Battle of Missionary Ridge in Tennessee. Located at 221 West Canal Street in Newcomerstown, the Temperance Tavern Museum opens its doors each Memorial Day weekend through the end of October on Tuesday -Sunday. Every small town has interesting history to share. Stop by and explore Temperance Tavern Museum this summer! Contact Bev at GypsyBev@hotmail.com or follow her blog at www.GypsyRoadTrip.com

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FUN FACTS

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A poem is born America began its fight for independence from Great Britain in 1775, and the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 to identify the 13 colonies that succeeded in winning their independence from Britain. However, the battles with Britain stretched on. Fights over territories kept disputes between the British Empire and the newly formed United States raging on, and it was during one such fight, and not during the Revolutionary War as some may think, that “The Star Spangled Banner” was written.


“The Star-Spangled Banner” takes off “The Star-Spangled Banner” became one of the nation’s most beloved patriotic songs in the 19th century. According to Smithsonian, the song gained special significance during the Civil War, a time when many Americans turned to music to express their feelings for the flag and the ideals and values it represented. The military used the song for ceremonial purposes, requiring it be played at the raising and lowering of the colors. But many versions of the song were used during these ceremonies and celebrations. By the 20th century, President Woodrow Wilson wanted to establish a standard version, so he tasked the United States Bureau of Education to provide an official version. In response, the Bureau of Education enlisted the help of five musicians, including Walter Damrosch, Will Earhart, Arnold J. Gantvoort, Oscar Sonneck and John Philip Sousa, to agree on an arrangement. This new standardized version was first played on December 5,

KEY WAS SAID TO HAVE NOTICED A HUGE AMERICAN FLAG STILL WAVING ABOVE FT. MCHENRY IN DEFIANCE TO THE BRITISH ATTACK. THIS IMAGERY HELPED INSPIRE THE WORDS OF A POEM THAT EVENTUALLY WOULD BECOME THE NATIONAL ANTHEM. 1917, at Carnegie Hall. It wasn’t until March 3, 1931, that “The Star-Spangled Banner” became the official national anthem of the United States when President Herbert Hoover signed this designation into law. This Fourth of July, people may be struck by the magnificence of the fireworks or the enjoyment of the parades. But as the music swells, they also can think about the significance of the events that inspired the creation of the country’s national anthem.

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The War of 1812 was declared by the United States to set right some of the issues that were not resolved after the Revolutionary War. Francis Scott Key was an American lawyer at the time of this war, negotiating for the release of an American hostage being held by the British. Although Key won the hostage’s release, he was not able to leave the British fleet where the negotiations took place until the British completed their attack on Baltimore. Key witnessed the British fiery bombs on Ft. McHenry at Chesapeake Bay. Just before dawn on the morning of September 14, 1814, Key was said to have noticed a huge American flag still waving above Ft. McHenry in defiance to the British attack. This imagery helped inspire the words of a poem that eventually would become the national anthem. Key penned the poem on the back of a letter he held in his pocket. After the battle was over and Key was released, he completed the poem at the Indian Queen Hotel, where he was staying. The poem was titled, “Defense of Fort M’Henry.” The poem was put to music to fit the popular melody “The Anacreonic Song” by English composer John Stafford Smith. Key’s brotherin-law, Judge Joseph H. Nicholson, anonymously made the first printing of the lyrics to the melody, and the song was printed in two newspapers. The song quickly became popular, and soon after, Thomas Carr of the Carr Music Store in Baltimore, Maryland published the words and music under a new title, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

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EVENTS FOR SENIORS: Barnesville Senior Center 229 E. Main St, Barnesville 740-425-9101 Bellaire Senior Center 3396 Belmont St, Bellaire 740-676-9473 Bethesda Senior Center 118 S. Main St, Box 243, Bethesda 740-484-1416 Centerville Senior Center 46642 Main St, (Centerville) Jacobsburg 740-686-9832 Colerain Senior Center Box 305 72581 US 250, Colerain 740-633-6823 Coshocton Senior Center 201 Browns Ln, Coshocton 740-622-4852 Flushing Senior Center 208 High St, Flushing 740-968-2525 Glencoe Senior Center 3rd St, Box 91, Glencoe 740-676-4484 Guernsey County Senior Citizens Center 1022 Carlisle Ave, Cambridge 740-439-6681 Lansing Senior Center 68583 Scott Rd, Box 353, Lansing 740-609-5109 Martins Ferry Senior Center 14 N. 5th St, Martins Ferry 740-633-3146 Monroe County Senior Services 118 Home Ave, Woodsfiled

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JULY Muskingum County Center for Seniors 160 N Fourth St., Zanesville 740-454-9761 Valley Gem Paddle Wheeler Ride to Blennerhassett Island September 21, 2017 Depart 7:30am - arrive 8:30am to board for a 9:00am departure for a 2 hour narrated ride to Blennerhassett Island. Tour the island plus a 45 minute tour of the mansion. Board boat at 12:45pm for a buffet lunch (included) and return to mainland at 3:00pm. 3-4:30pm tour the River Museum (learn of the river and steamboat history) and / or the Campus Maritus Museum (the history of Marietta).Both museums are walking distance from the Valley Gem. 4:30pm depart and return to Zanesville approximately 5:30pm. Cost $135.00 - $25.00 deposit Final payment due: 7/28/17 Powhatan Senior Center 97 Main St, Powhatan Point 740-795-4350 Secrest Senior Center Activities 201 High St, Senecaville 740-685-6345 St. Clairsville Senior Center 101 N. Market St, St. Clairsville 740-695-1944 Tuscarawas County Senior Center 425 Prospect St, Dover 330-364-6611 Dinner Theatre Tuesday, July 11, 6 p.m.- 9 p.m. Little Theatre and Tuscarawas County Senior Center present: The Adventures of Glenn Ferrari, a comedy detective story told in one act. Join us as we enjoy a fantastic meal prepared by Chef Ed Osborne and entertainment by Little Theatre’s traveling showcase of adequate acting. Dinner/show tickets are $19 each. Show only tickets can be purchased for $10 and will be available presale or at the door. We accept cash or check. Doyle & Lillian Chumney Monthly Dance Thursdays, July 20, August 17 and September 21, 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. Join us for a fun-filled dance at the Senior Center! Doors open at 5:30 p.m. Concession stand, raffle and 50/50. Tickets are $5.00 in advance and at the door.


COMMUNITY EVENTS Cambridge Mainstreet Farmers Market Every Friday, May through September 9 a.m. - 1 p.m. The mission of the Cambridge Main Street Farmers’ Market is to provide a venue where local farmers, producers, crafters and artisans come together to provide a variety of fresh produce and related products directly to the consumer. The market encourages direct communication between consumers and growers, fosters social gathering and community building, and promotes nutritious food choices. 740-439-2238 | 700-788 Turner Ave, Cambridge | www.downtowncambridge.com Cambridge City Band Tuesday, July 04, 2017 7:30 p.m. Though it has changed names throughout the decades, the Cambridge City Band is celebrating its 176th year this summer. The hard work and dedication from all the members and directors have made the band what it is today. The “Concert in the Park” admission is free and open to the public. 740-439-5551 | CambridgeCityBand.wordpress.com Ohio Hills Folk Festival Saturday, July 08, 2017 10 a.m. Spend time with family and friends at the 113th Ohio Hills Folk Festival. Four parades, free entertainment, art, quilt, and car shows, crafts, flea market, Country Store with homemade items, 5k run, kids games, bike and duck races, contests, amusement rides and lots of great food! 2016 Queen will crown the new queen Friday night before the Big Mile Long Parade. Large fireworks display on Saturday night. There is something for everyone at our festival. 740-679-2954

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HOLIDAY

The History of the

AMERICAN FLAG

N

ational flags serve to unite citizens of a given country. Flags wave proudly in front of government buildings and schools, and they also identify athletes during international sporting competitions. In many countries, flags also serve as symbols of honor for members of the military and their families. For more than 200 years, the American flag has been a symbol of unity and pride in the United States. The red, white and blue flag has a storied history and has gone through various incarnations. The following are some of the more interesting facts pertaining to the American flag. • Six different flag designs were flown before Betsy Ross announced that she had sewn the official American flag. These designs included a series of alternating red and white stripes, the Liberty Tree, the Sons of Liberty, and the Forester flag designs. The Continental Army once used a flag featuring a snake with the mantra “Don’t Tread on Me.” • On June 14, 1777, the Second Continental Congress

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• •

proposed and passed the Flag Act of 1777. This resolution was designed to facilitate the creation of an official flag for a nation that was aiming to earn its independence from Great Britain. The flag was to have thirteen stripes, alternating red and white, with thirteen white stars on a blue field. The thirteen stars signified the original members of the Union. The American flag remained unchanged until 1795, when the stripes and stars were increased to 15 for the addition of Kentucky and Vermont to the Union. After seeing the new 15-star and striped flag flying over Fort McHenry during the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the poem that would eventually become the nation’s national anthem. A sea captain from Massachusetts named William Driver named a large, 10-foot-by-17-foot flag “Old Glory” after it survived multiple defacing attempts during the American Civil War. Driver’s nickname of the flag inspired the name to be used for all American flags. Although Flag Day was established as a formal national holiday in 1949, it was not made a federal


HOLIDAY holiday. Flag Day is only an official holiday in the state of Pennsylvania. This may be fitting because legend holds that Betsy Ross sewed the first flag in Pennsylvania. • Today’s flag features the original 13 alternating white and red stripes (in 1818, another design went into effect, permanently setting the number of stripes at 13 in honor of the original colonies) and 50 stars to represent the states of the Union. The colors of the flag signify as follows: red for hardiness and valor, white for purity and innocence, and blue for vigilance, perseverance and justice.

THE AMERICAN FLAG HAS BEEN A FIXTURE OF THE UNITED STATES FOR CENTURIES AND CONTINUES TO SERVE AS A SYMBOL OF PRIDE, VALOR & HISTORY.

The Color Association of the United States creates the palette of colors used for both private and public institutions and the U.S. Army. Mass-market flag manufacturers tend to use Pantone Matching Shade of Dark Red (193 C) and Navy Blue (281 C).

CA-10514040

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HOW-TO

GRILLING FOODS TO BE

SAFE & HEALTHY

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P

eople rely on indoor and outdoor grills to prepare foods all year long. Not only can menu items made on the grill taste delicious, but they also may be healthier than foods cooked via other methods. When done correctly, grilling is a versatile way to cook tasty foods relatively quickly. One of the challenges of cooking over high, open heat is the difficulty in determining just how long to keep foods over the flame. Take them off too soon and they may be undercooked. Wait too long and items may be dry and charred. Use these tips to make grilling easy and safe. Preheat and prepare the grill Be sure to preheat the grill to between 400 F and 500 F. Use a nonstick spray on the grates while the grill is heating. This way foods will not stick and create a mess that will ultimately require considerable cleaning. Buy a meat thermometer One of the easiest ways to take the guesswork out of grilling is to use a meat thermometer. By knowing internal temperatures in a few seconds, grillmasters can have juicy foods that are cooked to the correct temperature so foodborne illnesses do not become a problem. Cooking by sight is inaccurate, as the outside of


HAVE AN UNHEATED AREA OF THE GRILL OR ONE THAT IS SET TO A LOW TEMPERATURE SO THERE IS SOMEWHERE TO MOVE FOOD IF A FLARE-UP OCCURS OR IF SOMETHING IS COOKING TOO FAST. the food may look well done even though the inside is still pink. Thermometers allow cooks to avoid cutting open foods to check doneness, spilling out tasty juices in the process. The U.S. Department of Agriculture advises on minimal internal temperatures for meats and poultry (https:// www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/food-safetyeducation/get-answers/food-safety-fact-sheets/safefood-handling/safe-minimum-internal-temperaturechart/ct_index). Keep in mind that food continues to cook when it is taken off the grill. Therefore, removing a few minutes before it has reached a certain temperature is ideal.

Fish is fast Don’t avoid grilling fish because of its delicacy. Using wood planks or any of the newer grilling gadgets available can keep flaky fish from falling through the grates. Plus, fish is an ideal go-to when one is really short on cooking time. If necessary, experiment with varieties of fish that are durable, such as salmon or tuna. Leave an empty spot Have an unheated area of the grill or one that is set to a low temperature so there is somewhere to move food if a flare-up occurs or if something is cooking too fast. This is also a good spot to finish foods that may need a little more time over indirect heat — such as burgers that require melted cheese. Use sauce at the end Avoid charring foods by using sugary sauces toward the end of cooking. Otherwise, the sauce can burn quickly and contribute to potentially carcinogenic char. Grilling can be made easier with a few tricks of the trade. The results will be delicious, healthy and safe to enjoy.

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–THE L AST WORD– We on this continent should never forget that men first crossed the Atlantic not to find soil for their ploughs but to secure liberty for their souls.

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– Robert J. McCracken

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Now & Then: Southeastern Ohio - July 2017  

Now & Then is a monthly magazine published by GateHouse Media, serving Southeastern Ohio.

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