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A structured approach to facades


Contents

Basics of ventilated facades ..................................................................... 3 Building physics

Service package

Static analysis ................................................................................................................................................... 4 Installation training .................................................................................................................................. 4 Installation plans ............................................................................................................................................ 5

Brackets

MacFOX .......................................................................................................................................................... 6 – 7 XFOX ................................................................................................................................................................. 8 – 9 MacWUDI ........................................................................................................................................................... 10 MacUNI .................................................................................................................................................................. 11

Project-Checklist ................................................................................................................ 12 Reference projects ......................................................................................................... 13 Fixing systems

Metal ........................................................................................................................................................... 14 – 20 ACM ............................................................................................................................................................. 21 – 26 Fibrecement / HPL .......................................................................................................................... 27 – 34 Ceramic / Thin Stone ..................................................................................................................... 35 – 41 Terracotta ............................................................................................................................................... 42 – 49 Render ................................................................................................................................................................... 50

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Changes reserved.

Edition 2007


Advantages of ventilated facades Building physics Rain protector / humidity / dew protector Thermal insulation-Cold

Sound insulation

Thermal insulation-Heat

Thermal expansion

Fire safety / lighting arrester

Versatile facade design

Alignment and levelling

Large tolerances

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Service package EUROFOX project specific assesment with installation drawing We can create a “project specific” assessment for your scheme – including static calculations. We can provide an installation plan and a EUROFOX components schedule.

EUROFOX static analysis ■ Primary fixing dimensions in accordance with local authority regulations and local pull out testing (primary fixing) ■ Verification of flexible points (dynamic load / pressure) and fixed points (deadload, cladding and windloads) ■ Verification of profiles Verification of sliding points input data

a

n= 1

d = 1,85 cm

Szul = 0,80 kN

m= 2

f = 3,69 cm

L=

3,00 m

cantilever length

k=

0,435 m

effective span

a=

1,065 m

unit spacing

b=

0,60 m

H zul,1 =

tension:

�f

a

profile length

� W 1, 2 f � � � 0 , 75 � d

zul

H zul,2 =

� zul � W 1 , 2 � �d � 0 , 75 �

H zul,D =

�f

k

Example of static

Verification of anchor points

Dzul = 1,60 kN Zweifeldtr‰ger Felder: 2

0

site:

V 40

wind load acc. To

÷N B 4014 / T1 vorh

GF I

q0=

support structure

c druck = 1,000

0,81 kN/m�

c sog = 1,375

H s = | 0,712 kN |

1,19 kN

60%

1,07 kN

67%

min

H s,zul = 0,89 kN

80%

vorh

H d = | 0,518 kN | g=

material:

Mustermontage Mustergasse 1 2700 Mustervillage

1,11 kN/m�

w=

1,11 kN/m�

0,10 kN/m�

Al Mg Si 0,5 F25

H=

0,71 kN

G=

0,180 kN

e1 = 2,6 cm

compression:

2

0,54 kN

�= �� =

H/G= HS / G =

3,954 3,954

34%

bolts / rivets 2

verification by the permissible bolt / rivet shear force: v = 0,1667 e = 3,00 cm

x= j=

fyk =

25,0 kN/cm�

�zul =

10,0 kN/cm�

�zul =

6,0 kN/cm� 14,6 kN/cm�

Hd ,zul, 4 =

t

Hd ,zul, N =

vorh

� A4

zul

Szul * m =

13,04 kN

4%

1,60 kN

32%

H d = 0,52 kN

min

H d,zul = 1,60 kN

0,500 0,500

number of spans:

2

05.09.2007

results:

facadeweight: 1,00 m

-0,06

wind: 0,60 m

centre distance:

-0,06

horizontal: L 40/60/1,8

-0,06

wind load: moment and deflection diagram

W u = 1,373 cm� E*I = 3,9760 kNm�

0,00

0,00

W o = 0,305 cm�

0,00

vertical:

M zul = 0,137 kNm

0,00

Verification of anchor profiles

0,00

44 cm

107 cm

107 cm

0 cm 44 cm

0,03

0,03

0,541

0,493

system:

load: 25%

M zul = 0,137 kNm

49%

column:

0,585 0,000

1,00 kN/m� 0,10 kN/m�

serviceability:

0,00

0,0027

4

0,128 *b * w * L / (E * I) =

0,6

0,77 mm

0,690

facade load: moment and deflection diagram

wind load:

0,00

M St¸tz = 0,067 kNm

wind: facadeweight:

0,6

0,6

44 cm

107 cm

0,00

0,00

0,000

0,000

0,00

M zul = 0,137 kNm

0,00

0,00

k=

1,065 m 0,435 m

0,00

M Feld = 0,035 kNm

2x

0,00

span: cantilever:

0,6

107 cm

0 cm

44 cm

facade load: 0,000 0,000

0,000

0,0027

0,00 kN/m

0,00 kN/m

44 cm

0,00 kN/m

107 cm

0,00 kN/m

107 cm

0 cm

44 cm

profile:

L-40/60/1,8

stress ratio:

support system:

MacFox 40

load:

EUROFOX installation training ■ We can provide your installation personnel with on-site instruction www.eurofox.com Changes reserved.

56,9%

n � D zul

G zul,D =

dowel w=

2

� �( f � d) � �1 � w� � 1 � � � f

0,0000

0,27 kN

67,7%

G zul = 0,27 kN

67,7%

32%

Eurofox - dimensioning 05.09.2007

vertical supporting profile

f = 3,69 cm

Dzul = 1,60 kN

vorh

system:

1

verification by the permissible dowel force:

A4 = 1,50 cm�

�e � v � j � � �2 � x 2

0,32 kN

36,0

� = 1,15

�v,zul =

S zul

t = 0,25 cm

��= e 1 � 12

Eurofox - dimensioning

4

2

� d � e1 � � � � � 3�� d � � �W � �W �h � � t ,4 � � b,4 1 �

G zul,S =

05.09.2007

f=

e1 = 2,60 cm

� v , zul

80%

G zul,4 =

f � n � D zul � � d�

H s = 0,71 kN

h 1 = 6,00 cm

d = 1,85 cm

0,89 kN

0,81 kN/m�

ws = max max

MTA_v-100

company

wd =

vorh

wall weight

max

V 40

Wt,4 = 0,1667 cm�

HPL 6 mm terrain categories

date:

FP - M /2

Wb,4 = 0,0417 cm�

Verification in section 4:

loading:

facade element

1x

W1,2 = 0,1307 cm�

system:

Nr.:

GP - S

(horizontal loads only)

k

STATICAL ANALYSIS

65,17% H: 0,64 kN V: 0,18 kN

G = 0,18 kN

min


EUROFOX installation plans

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Brackets MacFOX MacFOX Bracket sizes

Installation | vertical fixing V 40 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300

1 Clipped Connection, adjust ■

For initial line and level adjustment the EUROFOX profiles are clipped into the MacFOX-brackets.

2 Final Fixing ■

After adjustment the EUROFOX profiles are fixed to the MacFOX-brackets with screws (or rivets). Round holes and elongated holes in the MacFOX-brackets allow for the creation of both, fixed points (FP) and flexible points (GP)

FP GP

FP GP

Clipped Connection

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Changes reserved.

1

Final Fixing

2


Structural system 3 MacFOX – fixed point ■

The vertical profile is fixed to the MacFOX support bracket by screws (rivets) through the round holes. The MacFOX bracket absorbs both vertical dead loads and horizontal wind loads. MacFOX MacFOX bracket bracket

5 Structural system vertical fixing ■

Each vertical profile is fixed to one MacFOX fixed point and a number of MacFOX flexible point brackets. As a consequence of thermal expansion, the length of the profiles normally does not exceed the storey height. The bracket spacing is determined by cladding options such as the dimensions and weight of the facade cladding, wind loads and cladding zone.

screw screw

MACFOX MacFOX flexible GleitGleitpoint punkt punkt

HH

dowel dowel

vertical vertical profile profile

MACFOX

facade facade element element

MacFOX fl exible GleitGleitpoint punkt punkt

3

MacFOX – fixed point 4 MacFOX – flexible point ■

Screws (rivets) fixed through the elongated holes connect the vertical profile to the MacFOX bracket. Consequently, thermal expansion is not constrained by the support system. The MacFOX flexible point bracket absorbs windloads only.

storey height Geschoßhöhe

GG

MACFOX fixed MacFOX Fixpoint Fixpunkt punkt

MACFOX MacFOX flexible GleitGleitpoint punkt punkt

MacFOX MacFOX bracket bracket

screw screw

HH

MACFOX MacFOX flexible GleitGleitpoint punkt punkt

dowel dowel vertical vertical profile profile

MacFOX – flexible point

facade facade element element

4

vertical section -V-

5

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Brackets XFOX XFOX Bracket sizes

Installation | horizontal fixing V 70 90 120 150 180

1 Clipped Connection, adjust â–

For initial line and level adjustment the EUROFOX profiles are clipped into the XFOX-brackets.

1

Clipped Connection

2 Final Fixing â–

After adjustment the profiles are fixed to the XFOX-brackets with screws (or rivets). Round holes and elongated holes in the XFOX-brackets allow for the creation of both, fixed points (FP) and flexible points (GP).

FP FP

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Changes reserved.

GP

Final Fixing

GP

2


Structural system ca. 3,0 m

flXFOX exible point Gleitpunkt

flXFOX exible point Gleitpunkt

structural system – horizontal fixing

fixed XFOX point Fixpunkt

flXFOX exible point Gleitpunkt

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3 Horizontal section ■

flexible point L-profile

To enable thermal movements, the horizontal L-profiles are fixed by one XFOX fixed point and a number of XFOX flexible points.

flexible point L-profile

storey height

4 Vertical section ■

Vertical profiles Each vertical profile is fixed to one horizontal fixed point L-profile and flexible jointed to a number of flexible point L-profiles. The length of vertical profiles should not exceed the storey height. Consequently, thermal expansion is not constrained by the support system. Fixpoint L-profiles Due to the rigid connection, fixed point Lprofiles are able to absorb both, vertical dead loads and horizontal wind loads. Flexible point L-profiles Flexible point L-profiles take wind loads only.

flXFOX exible point Gleitpunkt

fixed point L-profile

flexible point L-profile flexible point L-profile

Vertical section

4

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Brackets MacWUDI MacWUDI compensation of tolerances

is an ideal solution for the support of timber battens used for timber cladding (soft and hardwood). For smaller cladding zones, the design easily accommodates any uneveness in the timber and allows the battens to be quickly and accurately lined, levelled and secured. Distance of fixing (a) depends usually on: ■ allowed pulling test of the dowel (substrate) ■ weight / m2 ■ distance from wall = V max. Number of MacFOX/dowels in case of buildings up to 20 m are normaly (windloads acc. DIN) app./m2. (b) = static requirement (c) = panel dimension / grid

timber battens

distance

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Brackets MacUNI compensation of tolerances

MacUNI

The assembly of MacUNI to MacFOX or XFOX brackets provides an ideal element for the fixing of timber battens where medium to large cladding zones are required. Distance of fixing (a) depends usually on: ■ allowed pulling test of the dowel (substrate) ■ weight / m2 ■ distance from wall = V max. Number of MacFOX/dowels in case of buildings up to 20 m are normally (windloads acc. DIN) app. 2 piece/m2. (b) = static requirement (c) = panel dimension / grid

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Project-Checklist Info from

Date

Project name

Project address

Area

m2

New building

Facade Element

Renovation

Metal

Ceramic

Fabricate

Compound/ACM

Brick

Dimension

mm

HPL

Render

Weight

kg/m2

Thickness

mm

Fibrecement

Fixing method

EUROFOX-system

Visible Rivets

Invisible Mechanical

Screws

Project data

Panel Portrait

Adhesive

Landscape

Other

Building Height

m1

Windloads

Storey Height

m1

General

kN/m2

Window Height

m1

Special

kN/m2

Wall condition

Other

CertiďŹ ed pullout of anchor

kN

Brick

Insulation

mm

Steel

Cavity depth

mm

Concrete

CAD-Plans

View of claddings

Plan view

Arrangement of sheets

Client/Architect

Installation company

Dates

Name

Name

Planning

Address

Address

Offer

E-Mail

E-Mail

Installation

Details

To provide you with an offer please complete and submit a project checklist, ideally accompanied with elevation and plan AutoCAD drawings, indicating your proposed cladding requirements. This will allow us to prepare a project speciďŹ c cladding solution, including static calculations, setting out information and overlay drawings for the system and panels.

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Changes reserved.


Reference projects

Leatherhead House | Surrey, UK application: Compound material: Etalbond 1500 m2 designed: 2003

Towson University | USA application: Keramik material: Mirage 2000 m2 designed: 2005

Vardo Headquarter | Rumänien application: HPL material: Trespa Meteon 800 m2 designed: 2002

Terrington House Cambridge, UK application: Compound material: Aluminium 500 m2 designed: 2003

LBS Fürstenfeld Österreich application: Glasfaserbeton material: FibreC 700 m2 designed: 2005

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Fixing systems Metal System MLA-v-100

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

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vertical section


System MLA-v-570

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Metal System XLA-h-100

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

16

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MLA-v-400

secret fixing with special profile

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Metal System XLA-h-100

secret fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

18

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MUH-v-200

secret fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Metal System MUH-v-200

secret fixing with nails / screws

horizontal section

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Changes reserved.

vertical section


ACM System MUK-va-100

visible fixing with aluminium bolts / rivets (screws)

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems ACM System MTA-v-400

visible fixing with rivets

horizontal section

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Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MTA-v-900

visible fixing with rivets

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems ACM System MTK-v-900

secret fixing with adhesive system

horizontal section

24

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MYH-v-900

visible fixing with special profile

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems ACM System MYA-v-900

visible fixing with rivets

horizontal section

26

Changes reserved.

vertical section


Fibrecement / HPL System MTA-v-100

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Fibrecement / HPL System MLZ-v-500

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

28

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MTK-v-100

secret fixing with adhesive system

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Fibrecement / HPL System XLZ-h-100

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

30

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MLV/k-v-20

secret fixing with hangers / stud anchors

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Fibrecement / HPL System MLZ/k-v-00

secret fixing with hangers / stud anchors

horizontal section

32

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System XLP-v-300

secret fixing with stud anchors / adhesive system

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Fibrecement / HPL System MWH-h-100

visible fixing with screws

horizontal section

34

Changes reserved.

vertical section


Ceramic / Thin Stone System MTC-v-300

visible fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Ceramic / Thin Stone System MTC-v-100

visible fixing with stainless steel clamps

horizontal section

36

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System XLC-h-350

visible fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Ceramic / Thin Stone System MLV/k-v-20

secret fixing with hangers / stud anchors

horizontal section

38

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MLZ/k-v-00

secret fixing with hangers / stud anchors

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Ceramic / Thin Stone System XLP-v-300

secret fixing with stud anchors

horizontal section

40

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MTK-v-100

secret fixing with adhesive system

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Terracotta System XLP-v-400

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

Fehlt 42

Changes reserved.


System MTS-v-400

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Terracotta System MTS-v-500

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

44

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MTS-v-700

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Terracotta System MTS-v-710

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

46

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System XLT-v-100

secret fixing with special profile

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Terracotta System XLS-h-400

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

48

Changes reserved.

vertical section


System MUH-v-600

secret fixing with screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Render System MTA-v-300

secret fixing with rivets

horizontal section

50

Changes reserved.

vertical section


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EUROFOX GmbH A-2821 Lanzenkirchen, Gewerbepark 10 Tel.: +43 (0)2627 42400-0, FAX: +43 (0)2627 42400-40 E-Mail: eurofox@eurofox.com Internet: www.eurofox.com

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