Description and Relevance
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1820 (2008), Resolution 1888 (2009) on sexual violence in conflict
UNSCR 1820 and 1888, two women, peace and security resolutions, set out of a mandate for addressing sexual violence in conflict.
Both UNSCR 1820 and UNSCR 1888 reference sexual violence against women and girls as it pertains to DDR processes. UNSCR 1820 calls for the development of effective mechanisms to provide protection from violence “in all disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration processes,” including through consultation with women and women-led organizations (para. 10). UNSCR urges the inclusion of sexual violence issues in DDR and SSR arrangements (para. 17).
International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (1999)
Legislation on moneylaundering and terrorist financing, including measures for detection, investigation, prosecution and extradition.
The convention, model-legislation and model provisions are gender-blind and do not discuss gender concerns in detection, prosecution and extradition efforts, nor the impact of suppressing terrorist financing on women’s organizations or women human rights defenders.
UNODC and IMF Model-Legislation on Money-Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (2005) and Model Provisions for Common Law Legal Systems on Money-Laundering, Terrorist Financing, Preventive Measures and the Proceeds of Crime (2009)
UNAIDS International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights (2006 Consolidated Version)
In fact, the structure of the legislation may negatively impact women’s organizations, human rights defenders, and civil society. The UNODC and IMF Model-Legislation for instance, states that “[The Minister, competent authority] may prescribe regulations to ensure that nonprofit organizations are not misused for the purpose of the financing of terrorism” (Art. 2.3., p. 21). Similarly, the Model Provisions call on States to consider oversight and regulation for “entities that can be abused for the financing of terrorism with particular attention to non-profits.”
Guidelines for the protection of human rights in the context of HIV/AIDS, to assist states in translating international human rights norms into practical observance.
The guidelines set important standards for the protection of human rights in the context of HIV/AIDS, and more broadly on public health. The application of these issues to reintegration and rehabilitation processes is not specifically mentioned in the guidelines, although they state that states should reform criminal laws and correctional systems “… to ensure that they are consistent with international human rights obligations and are not misused in the context of HIV or targeted against vulnerable groups” (p. 17). Guidelines on privacy and confidentiality, anti-discrimination laws to protect vulnerable groups, measures to reduce stigma, and the provision of medical and legal support may also apply to health dimensions of R&R programming (p. 1719). The guidelines dedicate a section to the need to enact anti-discrimination and protective laws to reduce human rights violations against women and ensure equality (p. 35).
ANNEX 1: POLICY MAPPING
Gendered Dimensions of Return, Rehabilitation and Reintegration from Violent Extremism