Issuu on Google+

Market Report Bin Picking MARKET – VENDORS - TECHNOLOGIES - INDUSTRIES

Excerpt of the Market Intelligence Report „Bin Picking“ All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the author. This prohibition includes copying by a firm for its internal use. © 2011 by AMC Hofmann. For further information please contact us under sales@amc-hofmann.com .


Market Report Bin Picking

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................7 What is so difficult with bin picking?......................................................................................................... 7 Goals of the market report ...................................................................................................................... 8 Summary of the market Report ............................................................................................................... 8 Generation of data - Research ................................................................................................................ 9 Definition of used terms ........................................................................................................................ 10

2 Market Report Summary ..............................................................................................................11 Automation Technology opens up Bin picking solutions ......................................................................... 11 Common understanding of bin picking ................................................................................................... 11 Focus on solutions................................................................................................................................ 12 End user survey ................................................................................................................................... 12 Successful Solutions............................................................................................................................. 13 Solutions with additional mechanical part separation ................................................................................................ 13 Standardizing bin picking technology ......................................................................................................................... 14

Solution Concepts ................................................................................................................................ 15 Description Stationary Concept .................................................................................................................................. 15

Technologies ........................................................................................................................................ 16 Detection Technologies .............................................................................................................................................. 16 Vision Algorithms......................................................................................................................................................... 17 Handling, Robotics and Gripping ................................................................................................................................ 18

Market Overview .................................................................................................................................. 19 Vendor Overview .................................................................................................................................. 20

3 Market needs ................................................................................................................................21 End- User survey.................................................................................................................................. 21 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................. 21 Meeting technical criteria and budget needs ............................................................................................................. 21 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................................ 22 Parameterization of a cell for new parts ..................................................................................................................... 22 MMI – MAn Machine Interface .................................................................................................................................... 22 Responsibility and Competence ................................................................................................................................. 23

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 2 -


Market Report Bin Picking

4 Technologies................................................................................................................................24 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 24 Basic concepts for system set-up: ......................................................................................................... 24 Algorithms ............................................................................................................................................ 25 Basic Machine Vision tools ......................................................................................................................................... 25 Correlation based tools ............................................................................................................................................... 25 Point Cloud analysis.................................................................................................................................................... 26

Detection Technologies ........................................................................................................................ 27 3D- Detection Technologies .................................................................................................................. 28 3D (Laser-) Triangulation ............................................................................................................................................ 28 Photogrammetry .......................................................................................................................................................... 30 Photogrammetry- 3D with one camera....................................................................................................................... 31 Stereometry ................................................................................................................................................................. 32 3D Laser Scanning ...................................................................................................................................................... 33 3D ToF (Time of Flight) ............................................................................................................................................... 35

Gripping ............................................................................................................................................... 36 Robots & Handling................................................................................................................................ 37 Robot path planning ............................................................................................................................. 37

5 Turnkey- Concepts.......................................................................................................................38 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 38 Back- up Strategies .............................................................................................................................. 38 Cell Concepts ....................................................................................................................................... 39 Stationary Concept ...................................................................................................................................................... 40 Robot mounted ............................................................................................................................................................ 41 Hybrid .......................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Additional stationary Detection Unit ........................................................................................................................... 43 Additional station ......................................................................................................................................................... 44 Additional mechanical Part separation ....................................................................................................................... 45

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 3 -


Market Report Bin Picking

6 Market Overview ..........................................................................................................................46 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 46 Automotive Overview ............................................................................................................................ 47 Automotive – Body in White / Press shop .............................................................................................. 48 Overview, General description.................................................................................................................................... 48 Application Example: Unloading of pressed parts and De-Racking .......................................................................... 48

Automotive – Powertrain ....................................................................................................................... 49 Overview, General description.................................................................................................................................... 49 Application Example: Break Disk Handling ................................................................................................................ 50

Automotive – Tier 0.5 & Tier 1............................................................................................................... 51 Overview, General description.................................................................................................................................... 51 Application Example: Unloading of Gear Shafts ........................................................................................................ 52

Aerospace............................................................................................................................................ 53 Overview, General description.................................................................................................................................... 53

Food & Packaging ................................................................................................................................ 54 Overview, General description.................................................................................................................................... 54 Application Example: Picking of Food ........................................................................................................................ 54 Application Example: Picking of Packaged Food ...................................................................................................... 54

Logistics............................................................................................................................................... 55 Overview, General description.................................................................................................................................... 55 Application Example: Warehouse Automation ........................................................................................................... 55 Application Example: Distribution Center – The Parcel Robot .................................................................................. 56

Pharmaceuticals - Overview.................................................................................................................. 58 Overview, General description.................................................................................................................................... 58 Application Example: customizing daily packages .................................................................................................... 58

Bin picking related applications ............................................................................................................. 59 Overview, General description.................................................................................................................................... 59 Application Example: Picking of Bins ......................................................................................................................... 59 Application Example: De-Palettizing of sacked/Bagged goods ................................................................................. 60

How to find bin picking applications ....................................................................................................... 61

7 Supplier Overview ........................................................................................................................62 The Survey........................................................................................................................................... 62 Vendors by Core Competence .............................................................................................................. 62 Chart - Core Competences of the vendors ................................................................................................................ 62 Core Competence - Key figures ................................................................................................................................. 63 Chart - Core Competences of System Integration Vendors ...................................................................................... 63 Table, Core Competence ............................................................................................................................................ 64

Vendors by Business Activities.............................................................................................................. 65 Business Activities - Key figures ................................................................................................................................. 65 Chart - Robot & Automation Companies Supply of Machine Vision ......................................................................... 66 Chart, Machine Vision Companies Supply of Automation ......................................................................................... 66 Table, business fields.................................................................................................................................................. 67

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 4 -


Market Report Bin Picking

Vendors by Business Region ................................................................................................................ 68 Table, Vendor, Business Region ............................................................................................................................... 68

Vendors by Industries ........................................................................................................................... 70 Industries Overview - Key figures ............................................................................................................................... 71 Chart- Industries where Vendors are active ............................................................................................................... 71 Chart - Industry Distribution by Core Competence .................................................................................................... 71 Table, Industries where vendors are active ............................................................................................................... 72

Vendors by Industry - Automotive details ............................................................................................... 73 Chart - Automotive detailed Overview ........................................................................................................................ 73 Automotive detailed Overview - Key figures .............................................................................................................. 73 Table, Automotive detailed ......................................................................................................................................... 74

Vendors by Handling Systems Supported / supplied .............................................................................. 75 Handling Systems supplied and / or supported Key Figures..................................................................................... 75 Chart - Handling Systems Supplied and / or supported ............................................................................................ 75 Table, Handling Systems supplied / supported.......................................................................................................... 76

Vendors by Vision Systems & Sensors .................................................................................................. 77 Chart - Vision used and / or supported....................................................................................................................... 77 Vision Systems & Components Key Figures ............................................................................................................. 78 Table - Vision Systems Components ......................................................................................................................... 78

Vendors by Detection Technologies ...................................................................................................... 79 Detection Technologies Key Figures .......................................................................................................................... 79 Chart- Detection Technologies used, supported or provided .................................................................................... 79 Chart- Comparison, Detection Technologies used in Automation and Machine Vison ............................................ 80 Table - Overview Detection Technologies ................................................................................................................. 81

Vendors by Algorithms used or supported ............................................................................................. 82 Detection Algorithms Key Figures .............................................................................................................................. 82 Chart- Algorithms available......................................................................................................................................... 82 Table, Algorithms ........................................................................................................................................................ 83

Vendors by Gripping Technology used or supported .............................................................................. 84 Gripping Technologies Key Figures ........................................................................................................................... 84 Chart - Gripping Technologies .................................................................................................................................... 84 Table, Grippers............................................................................................................................................................ 85

Vendors by TurnKey Concepts.............................................................................................................. 86 Cell Concepts Key Figures ......................................................................................................................................... 86 Chart, Support of Cell Concepts ................................................................................................................................. 86 Table, Cell Concepts ................................................................................................................................................... 87

Overview Installed Systems & Prototypes.............................................................................................. 88 Installed Systems and Prototypes Key Figures ......................................................................................................... 88

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 5 -


Market Report Bin Picking

Appendix A, Publications ..........................................................................................................89 Advenovation: Manufacturing Operation ................................................................................................ 89 PointGrey and Cognex to unveil real-time 3D part alignment .................................................................. 92 DHL discover logistics: The comeback of the robots .............................................................................. 93 Fanuc Robotics: Robots Use 3D Vision to Improve System Costs and Product Quality ........................... 96 Fanuc Robotics: Fanuc Demonstrates Intelligent bin picking at IMTS 2006 ............................................. 99 Fraunhofer, IPA- bin picking................................................................................................................ 101 Isra Vision: bin picking with a 3D Sensor ............................................................................................. 103 Isra Vision: MONO3D Vision System Automates DaimlerChrysler Body Shop Operations ..................... 105 Mafu: bin picking ................................................................................................................................ 107 Profactor: iRobFeeder ........................................................................................................................ 108 Scape Technologies: Disc Bin- Picking and Loading ............................................................................ 110 Thyssen Krupp Krause: A helping hand from parcel robot .................................................................... 111 Tordivel: New 3D bin picking Concept in R&D Project Autocast............................................................ 113 VMT: Modular, Efficient, Versatile – Platform Strategy for Automated Material Handling ....................... 114

Appendix B, Vendor Listing in alphabetical order.......................................................................117 Appendix C, SOURCES.................................................................................................................123 Sources for additional internet-based research .................................................................................... 123 Copyright ........................................................................................................................................... 125

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 6 -


Market Report Bin Picking

1 INTRODUCTION WHAT IS SO DIFFICULT WITH BIN PICKING? Nothing! Bin picking simply means that a box or bin has to be automatically unloaded.

Typically by using a robot with a gripper and a vision system.

Everything! There are many different industries that have a need for bin picking. Due to the parts and conditions bin picking can be either a simple task or a very difficult application.

The range of complexity is very large The range of products to be picked is similarly large The tools / solutions to solve the task are extensive Different handling systems Different gripping technologies Different grippers Different detection technologies Different detection algorithms Different system set-ups (cell concepts)

Talking to companies, either suppliers or users of automation about bin picking can result in many different answers and conclusions about feasibility. This is mainly depending on their experiences from the past and their personal understanding of the application as well as their core competence and the industries where they are active. And all of them are right or wrong depending on the specifics of the application coupled with the customer´s expectation

Without much detailed information about the parts to be picked and all process and site conditions a serious statement about feasibility is not possible.

Different industries do have different needs and process conditions Different parts require different grippers Different parts require different detection technologies Different boxes & bins influence the process

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 7 -


Market Report Bin Picking

GOALS OF THE MARKET REPORT There are several goals of this report. It depends on your business and your responsibilities which of them to value the most.

Goals of the report Provide a better understanding about the “myth” bin picking Provide a deeper understanding on the available technologies and products Provide an overview on available solutions and concepts Provide a closer look at customer requirements and site conditions Provide overviews on new potential business opportunities (applications & industries) Provide an outlook to the near future opportunities for bin picking Provide information and contact data on vendors and suppliers

SUMMARY OF THE MARKET REPORT Industrial Automation – Market Report Bin Picking Bin picking is one of the applications in industrial automation still offering great potential for efficiency increase in production and material handling in many industries Especially in difficult market situations, like the one we are experiencing since the beginning of the financial crisis, manufacturers of goods as well as the whole automation market are looking for new or additional possibilities to open up efficiency and cost reduction potentials by introducing process automation. This might be one of the reasons for the recently increased interest in the application of “bin picking”, the automated unloading of unsorted parts from transport boxes. Now, a comprehensive market report on this topic is available for the first time ever. By interviewing both, suppliers and users in many different industries, such as Aerospace, Automotive, Food & Packaging, Foundry, Logistics, Medical Engineering, and Pharmaceuticals the compilation of an extensive survey of the market was achieved. The market report “bin picking” provides an in-depth insight into customer requirements, technologies, products, and turnkey solutions. The report presents information about turnkey suppliers, system integrators and product and component manufacturers out of Europe and North America. The report includes information about the automation industry and technology leading companies such as, e.g., ABB Robotics, Adept Technology, Cognex, Denso Robotics, Inos Automation, PPT Vision, Sick IVP, Motoman Robotics, MVTec and Tordivel. Over 40 companies focused on bin picking and related applications are covered by the report. Data comprised in the report has been mainly generated by direct interviews conducted with the leaders in this field of automation. In order to have a very comprehensive overview the results of additional research with a variety of sources such as internet, trade shows, presentations, publications and conferences have been included in order to complete a very thorough overview.

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 8 -


Market Report Bin Picking

GENERATION OF DATA - RESEARCH Data used:

All used information is either public or provided and submitted by the companies included in the survey.

Therefore the correctness of the information oblige to these sources.

Data handling and analysis within the tables and charts: X

Topic is represented by the company

P

Topic is represented by partners

---

Company does not provide the topic

No information was submitted on this topic

Due to the fact that not always information or statements have been submitted by the companies, adding the numbers in the charts does not necessarily add up to 100%

Note In order to give a broad and complete overview information provided in this report are not limited to the information of the questionnaires. Material available in form of presentations or out of websites is added as well. All sources been used are listed in the appendix.

Methods: Data generation of information was done by the following methods Web research Literature research Direct personal communication to vendors and users Questionnaires sent out to vendors Questionnaires sent out to users

Geography: In order to get an international overview, companies in the following regions have been involved in this survey: Europe North America Australia & New Zealand

Confidentiality:

All information / data published in this report has either been confirmed and publicly released by the

providing companies to be published in this report or derived from public sources.

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 9 -


Market Report Bin Picking

Industries:

In order to get a complete view on possible applications the following industries, with known interest in bin

picking, have been directly involved: Aerospace Automotive (BIW & Press shop) Automotive (Assembly) Automotive (Logistics) Automotive (Powertrain) Food & Packaging Foundry Logistics Medical Engineering Pharmaceuticals Recycling Tier 0.5 & Tier 1

By interviewing automation integrators and automation product manufacturers’ needs and potentials of other industries are indirectly covered as well. The report provides these information as far as the companies have approved / released them. In order to get a clear and better understanding of the numbers shown in the report provided by the companies it needs to be pointed out that some differ from industry to industry. So for example an application of handling cast parts for automotive can be counted under Foundry, Logistics, T0.5 & T1, or Automotive, depending on the vendor´s definition. In the same way end-users are organized differently; one manufacturer may be running their own foundry, a competitor is buying the parts from a supplier.

DEFINITION OF USED TERMS Many times terms are used in different ways. To avoid misunderstanding please read the following definitions. Detection unit- For this report “detection unit” is defined as the unit generating image information. The detection unit can consist of a full set- up of illumination and optics, combined with a single sensor, several sensors or a set-up of a scanner and single cameras. OEM- official definition is „original equipment manufacturer“. However, car manufacturers refer also to themselves as OEM. In this report the term OEM is used to describe automation equipment manufacturers, including machine builders, with a high degree of standardization. A robot manufacturer for example would be an OEM. Sensor- is generically used in this report to describe the various kinds of optical units integrated within one housing. This includes the entire range from simple standard sensors to stereo-optic and triangulation sensors. T0.5 & T1- Tier 0.5 & Tier 1 are terms specifying key automotive suppliers, classified into 0.5, 1 and 2 depending on their scope of delivery and the extent of involvement in the processes and in the research and development done by the car manufacturers. Powertrain- Powertrain is the naming for automotive manufacturing and parts that are used in underbody frame and engine and transmission manufacturing. Powertrain includes the car manufacturers´ facilities as well as the Tier Supplier. Random bin picking- Random bin picking many times is used instead of bin picking to indicate that the goods in a bin are without any known or defined orientation.

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 10 -


Market Report Bin Picking

2 MARKET REPORT SUMMARY AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY OPENS UP BIN PICKING SOLUTIONS Especially in difficult market situations, like the one we are experiencing since the beginning of the financial crisis, manufacturers of goods as well as the whole automation market are looking for new or additional possibilities to open up efficiency and cost reduction potentials by introducing process automation. This might be one of the reasons for the recently increased interest in the application of bin picking. By interviewing both, suppliers and end-users in many different industries, the compilation of an extensive survey of the market was made possible in this report. At the same time, the report advances a common understanding for bin picking applications by information and know how transfer. The market report “Bin Picking” provides an in-depth insight into customer requirements, technologies, products, turnkey solutions, and suppliers.

COMMON UNDERSTANDING OF BIN PICKING With the term “bin picking” most users associate the unloading of parts of random orientation out of a bin by gripping them part by part with a robot. Several scenarios can emerge which make it impossible to get all parts out of the box without additional tools or strategies:

a part cannot be recognized (detected), a robot path to grip a part cannot be created (caused, e.g., by the bin itself presenting an obstacle for approaching the part), a part cannot be gripped, because the gripping point is obstructed, a part cannot be taken out of the box because it is jammed with other parts.

Successful “bin picking”, without additional mechanics or part separation, requires all of these steps being successful: part detection, gripping, generation of the robot path, unloading.

Advenovation, typical random bin picking scenario.

So, what is necessary to solve more industrial “bin picking” applications successfully?

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 11 -


Market Report Bin Picking

FOCUS ON SOLUTIONS The common goal of users and suppliers of automation technology is always a working, cost efficient solution with high reliability. To meet this goal it is necessary to develop a common understanding of the real application requirements, the technologies being used, and the potential challenges coming with the application and the respective options for solutions. The expectation that it is possible to simply mount a camera on top of a box and have it transfer the position coordinates of randomly orientated parts to a robot which then picks all parts without any additional tools will never be met. Discussing about the application should mean thinking of the total solution rather then what components are to be used. There is no isolated view on robot, gripper or machine vision system. Each subsystem is capable of many things in general, but there needs to be a working solution consisting of all these subsystems cooperating. If the vision system detects a part, but the gripper cannot pick the part the application won´t work. And if there are parts left in the box that could be picked, but not being detected by the vision system, it will not work either. Deep understanding of the application and the subsystems used enable integrators to come up with the best solution possible.

END USER SURVEY It seems to be the normal evolution of automation applications that as soon as an application is solved, companies are pushing their suppliers to standardize and simplify. Therefore it is important to keep the most important topics of manufacturing companies always in mind. Manufacturing equipment needs to help produce parts. Success always depends on the following criteria that have been pointed out by the end-user interviewed as most important:

Investment needs to pay off, based on current conditions in a company Solutions need to be reliable and meet customer specifications Maintenance costs need to be low Technologies need to be understood, accepted and used by factory floor personnel

Certainly these criteria are always given and need to be fulfilled. However, since several applications are now being solved and since more and more companies come up with solutions, these topics become core topics for decision making and will be essential for the further success of the applications. It also became obvious by talking to end-users that the type of technology being chosen for use in bin picking applications was not top priority but rather the criteria listed above.

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 12 -


Market Report Bin Picking

SUCCESSFUL SOLUTIONS For many years now manufacturers wanting to employ automated bin picking as well as solution providers have found ways to automate several “bin picking” processes by changing the ground rules. In the automotive industry today, bins with pins are used for pressed or stamped parts like doors and hoods that enable automation with standard equipment. Many processes have been automated by using special inlets in bins or by introducing specially designed bins, for example, in automotive press shop and body in white manufacturing. This makes detection and gripping of parts easier. Sometimes a look at the previous process step can enable a solution by introducing rules on how to place parts into the bins in the first place. In 2002 the robot manufacturer Adept Technologies (www.adept.com) came up with its first Anyfeeder product, a solution that became a great success and standard for many industries and processes by separating parts before detection and gripping. Picture on the right top, Adept Anyfeeder

Adept, Anyfeeder

SOLUTIONS WIT H ADDIT IONAL MECHANICAL PART SEPARAT ION

Many System integrators have started to use different additional mechanical part separation strategies in order to create a scenario of roughly separated parts to be picked. Pictured on the right shows the Schimat, a 6 axes robot based flexible cell using vision to pick parts from a conveyor as developed by the German company Schindler Handhabetechnik (www.schindler-handhabe.de). Pictures below show only a small range of typical products that can be handled with this concept. Schindler, Schimat

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 13 -


Market Report Bin Picking

More than 40 % of all vendors making a statement on this topic recommend the use of additional mechanical part separation where it can be technically and commercially feasible. Table shows also the results divided by original core competence of the vendors System integrators Robot suppliers Machine vision

Percentage of companies involved

Recommendation for mechnical part separation, by core competence of vendor 100,% 90,% 80,% 70,% 60,% 50,% 40,% 30,% 20,% 10,% 0,%

Recommend part separation Vendors making statement

Overall

CC Turnkey

CC Vision

CC Robotics

CC = Core Competence of Supplier

ST ANDARDIZING BIN PICKING T ECHNOLOGY In

2008

Sweden

based

company

Dynamis

(www.dynamis.se) successfully introduced SensActive, a standard module for part detection in “bin picking” processes, that is already in use by several automation solution focused system integrators. Such smart solutions

on

the

one hand,

further

developments of technology, price reduction of standard components and a much higher level of understanding on the customer side on the other hand help to match expectation

with

capabilities

and

allows

the

implementation and standardization of more and more “bin picking” applications.

Dynamis, bin picking cell with SensActive technology

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 14 -


Market Report Bin Picking

SOLUTION CONCEPTS Offering different concepts for the realization of a project, based on the same core components is another important improvement. For quite some years now systems for robot guidance, such as gluing, assembly or inline measurement, are setup with fixed mounted detection units, robot mounted detection units or hybrid set-ups, based on application needs. Several more concepts based on these three general approaches are today part of the portfolio of turnkey providers.

All interviewed companies support a stationary set-up and around 50% name this set-up as their preferred choice.

DESCRIPTION ST AT IONARY CONCEPT The detection unit is mounted stationary over the bin Detection can be camera (single or multiple) or scanner based After picture acquisition the robot can start to move Calculation of data by the vision system can be done in parallel After data are processed robot pick the part

Process cycle

Cell Layout Start

Detection

Detection unit aquires picture(s), or scans the bin

Robot starts movement

Data for gripping becomes available Bin Robot

Part is gripped

Chapter 5, Turnkey Concepts: describes in detail all available and supported concepts. In chapter 7, Supplier Overview it is shown which of these concepts are supported and recommended by the suppliers.

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 15 -


Market Report Bin Picking

TECHNOLOGIES DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES The combination of detection technologies, for example classic 2D or 3D machine vision with laser scanning, enables high degrees of freedom and options to solve an application. All companies interviewed provide or use 2D vision technology. Numbers below show the distribution of 3D technologies. The overview shows that triangulation and laser scanning are the most widely used technologies.

The technologies most widely used are triangulation (63%) and Laser scanning (53%).

Detection Technologies 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

63% 53% 38%

30%

30%

18% 8% Laser scanning

23%

28%

3% Photogrammetry

Triangulation

Supplied and / or supported

Stereometry

Time of Flight

Not supported

The vendor overview in chapter 7 also gives the distribution by core competence as well as detailed information of the portfolio of technologies of the vendors, as far as they have provided this information.

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 16 -


Market Report Bin Picking

VISION ALGORIT HMS Machine Vision algorithms are one of the keys to a successful realization of robot guidance projects. On the one hand vision algorithms assure, based on the information provided by the detection unit, that location part data is available and reliable, on the other hand they can influence the user comfort for system setup enormously. Most of the 3D detection technologies are operated by standard algorithms, developed and extended from standard 2D machine vision algorithms. The increasing need for algorithms specifically dedicated to the analysis of 3D point clouds has pushed the market to consider this technology as viable in the near future.

Algorithms in use for bin picking and robot guidance applications that have been discussed in interviews for this report include: Contour based tools Correlation based tools Feature extraction Point cloud analysis

The analysis of point clouds requires a lot of computer processing power and processing time. Therefore many point cloud algorithms either work on reduced data or still need a lot of time for processing data. For many applications this processing time is not available. However, some suppliers have specialized algorithms capable of running at high speed. Further improvement in algorithms for analysis of point clouds, as offered for example by Spanish company Aqsense (www.aqsense.com), are about to bring the solution tool box to the next level.

Aqsense, Match 3D tool

Chapter 4, Technologies gives detailed information about the algorithms used in 3D Robot Guidance, especially bin picking as well as overviews and charts of suppliers and the supported algorithms.

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 17 -


Market Report Bin Picking

HANDLING, ROBOTICS AND GRIPPING Most bin picking applications allow the use of standard robots and handling systems. The robot technology used in an application depends on the application needs, the parts and the site conditions. The report shows that all types of handling technologies are in use for bin picking, including delta and SCARA robots. However, typically 6 axes robots are needed to handle the degrees of freedom in typical random bin picking applications. One of the applications shown in the report that uses bin picking technologies, is the parcel robot. Handling system and gripper are especially designed for the need of this application.

Parcel robot by DHL- Discover Logistics

In order to give end-users options to choose the handling system, machine vision companies try to support as many robot types as possible.

Only few companies being active in bin picking confirm the design of grippers as core competence. Gripper manufacturers on the other hand are not active in system integration and the other aspects of bin picking applications.

Companies report that mechanical and vacuum gripping technology are mostly used / supplied.

Chapter 6, Market Overview shows several applications of bin picking and associated applications in different industries. Chapter 4 Technologies describes the different robotic & handling technologies. Chapter 7 Supplier Overview shows which detection technologies are supported by the robot manufacturers and which robot types are supported by the integrators. Information about gripping is presented by gripping technologies used and vendor overview of suppliers offering grippers.

©AMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 18 -


Market Report Bin Picking

MARKET OVERVIEW Bins and boxes are used in many industries, therefore various industries do have a need and interest in this application as well. However, application parameters and site conditions differ in these industries.

Almost all vendors (98%) are active in the automotive industry.

Random bin picking is associated by most people with the typical automotive application unloading of un- orientated metal parts. The automotive industry has always been a driving force for many technologies, applications products and developments. A deeper look into the main automotive manufacturing steps shows where the existing and future potentials for bin picking can be found. Distribution and adaption of those technologies and applications developed for the automotive industry has brought automated bin picking to manufacturers outside of the automotive industry and pushes further developments. Besides automotive and their tier suppliers, industries such as logistics, aerospace, foundry, medical engineering, pharmaceuticals, food and packaging have already discovered the potentials of automated bin picking and the required technologies, or are about to do so.

Picking of gear shafts at Hirschvogel Umformtechnik, by Fraunhofer IPA

The report shows applications and distribution by the following automotive segments: Body in white & press shop Final assembly Powertrain Logistics Tier suppliers

Chapter 6, Market Overviews shows several existing and future bin picking applications and associated applications in several industries such as Aerospace

Logistics

Automotive

Medical Engineering

Food & Packaging

Pharmaceutical

Foundry

Recycling

ŠAMC Hofmann

Automation – Market – Competence

Page - 19 -


Market Report Bin Picking