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E-Mail : editorhans@gmail.com monthalyhans50@gmail.com website : www.hansmonthly.in

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1


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Ä≈ÍU’⁄U “„¥U‚” ∑§ ◊⁄‘U ‚¥¬ÊŒ∑§Ëÿ “ÃÈê„UË¥ Ÿ ÁŒ∞ „Ò¥U ÿ „UÁÕÿÊ⁄U” ∑§Ê ∞‚Ê ∑ȧ¬Ê∆U „UÊªÊ, ßU‚∑§Ê ◊ȤÊ •¥ŒÊ ÊÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ÕÊ. ÁË∑§-øÊ≈UËäÊÊ⁄UË „UË Ÿ„UË¥, •¬Ÿ ∑§Ê ÃÊÁ∑¸§∑§ (⁄‘U‡ÊŸ‹) •ÊÒ⁄U ’ÈÁh¡ËflË ◊ÊŸŸ flÊ‹ ÷Ë Á∑§ÃŸ ∑ȧÁà‚à •Õ¸ ÁŸ∑§Ê‹ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥U ßU‚∑§Ê ©UŒÊ„U⁄UáÊ „ÒU Á∑§ “⁄UÊ¡ãŒ˝¡Ë ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê øÁ⁄UòÊ„UËŸ, ∑ȧ‹≈UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄¥U«UË ’ŸŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ ©U∑§‚Ê ⁄U„U „Ò¥U.” •Ê‡øÿ¸ „ÒU Á∑§ ¬˝ÁÃÁ∑˝§ÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÿ„U ’Ê…∏U í∏ÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U ¬ÈL§· ¬Ê∆U∑§Ê¥ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‚ „ÒU, ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ ¬˝Êÿ— øȬ „Ò¥U.  ÊÊÁ„U⁄U „ÒU Á∑§ ¬ÈL§·Ê¥ ∑§Ë •ÊSÕÊ ∑§Ê ¤Ê≈U∑§Ê ‹ªÊ „ÒU. ◊Ò¥Ÿ ∑§„UÊ Á‚$»¸§ ÿ„U ÕÊ Á∑§ SòÊË ∑§Ê ’Ê¥äÊŸ ∑§ Á‹∞ øÁ⁄UòÊ, ‡ÊË‹, ‚ÃËàfl, ‚¥S∑ΧÁÃ, äÊ◊¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÃË-‚ÊÁflòÊË •Ê«¥U’⁄U ∑§Ê ¡Ê …UÄ∑§Ÿ SòÊË ¬⁄U «UÊ‹ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU fl„U „U ÊÊ⁄UÊ¥ fl·ÊZ ∑§ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ, ◊Á„U◊ÊãflË∑§⁄UáÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •èÿÊ‚ ‚ ßUÃŸÊ ¬ÁflòÊ „UÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ ÷Ë •¬Ÿ ∑§Ê ∑ͧ≈U-∑ȧø‹∑§⁄U ©U‚Ë •ÊŒ‡Ê¸ ◊¥ ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ë ‚ÊÕ¸∑§ÃÊ ◊ÊŸÃË „Ò¥U, fl„UË ©UŸ∑§ ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ê ø⁄U◊ äÿÿ ’ŸÊ ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU. ßU‚∑§ Sπ‹Ÿ ÿÊ Áflø‹Ÿ ¬⁄U ÿÊ ÃÊ •¬⁄UÊäÊË ◊ÊŸ∑§⁄U Sflÿ¥ •¬Ÿ •Ê¬∑§Ê Œ¥Á«Uà ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥ ÿÊ ŸÒÁÃ∑§ ¬ÈÁ‹‚ ∑§ $πÈŒÊ߸U Á$πŒ◊êÊ⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ê ∆UÊ∑§-¬Ë≈U∑§⁄U Á∆U∑§ÊŸ ‹ªÊ ŒÃ „Ò¥U. ßU‚ Œ◊ÉÊÊ≈ÍU πÍŸË ø¥ªÈ‹ ‚ ¿ÍU≈UË „ÈU߸U ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ ¡’ ßU‚ ÃÕÊ∑§ÁÕà ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ∑§ ’Ê„U⁄U ÁŸ∑§‹ •ÊÃË „Ò¥U ÃÊ ©Uã„¥U ŒÈ‡øÁ⁄UòÊ, ∑ȧ‹≈UÊ, Á¿UŸÊ‹, «UÊÿŸ ÿÊ ⁄¥U«UË ∑§„U∑§⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ ‚ ’Ê„U⁄U »¥§∑§ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò. ÿ ‹Ê¥¿UŸ ©UŸ∑§Ë „ÒUÁ‚ÿà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ ÊÊ ÁŸäÊʸÁ⁄Uà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U.  ÊÊÁ„U⁄U „ÒU •ÊSÕÊ ∑§Ë ª…∏¥Uà (∑§ãS≈˛Ä≈) ßUÃŸË ¬Ííÿ •ÊÒ⁄U •¬Á⁄UfløŸËÿ „ÒU Á∑§ ßU‚‚ ’Ê„U⁄U ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ SòÊË ∑§ •ÁSÃàfl ∑§Ë ’Êà ‚ÊøË ÷Ë Ÿ„UË¥ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË. Ÿ ¬ÈL§· •¬Ÿ ßUŸ ◊ŒÊ¸Ÿ Áfl‡Ê·ÊÁäÊ∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¿UÊ«∏ ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU, Ÿ ßUã„Ë¥ ‚¥S∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚Ê¥‚

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‹Ÿ ∑§Ë •èÿSà SòÊË ßU‚ ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ‚ ’Ê„U⁄U •Ê ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU. ÿ„U ©U‚∑§Ë ÿÊÒÁŸ∑§ÃÊ ∑§ Œ◊Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁÃ⁄US∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ÷Ê·Ê „ÒU. ßU‚∑§ Á‹∞ ©U‚ ‚ÃË Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU, «ÈU’ÊÿÊ ÿÊ «UÊÿŸ ’ÃÊ∑§⁄U ª‹Ê ÉÊÊ¥≈U∑§⁄U ◊Ê⁄UÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU. ÿÊ ‚ËäÊ-‚ËäÊ ‚¥ª‚Ê⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU. •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ M§¬ ‚ •Êà◊-ÁŸ÷¸⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ê„U⁄U ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UŸ flÊ‹Ë ‹ÊπÊ¥ ∑§Ê◊∑§Ê¡Ë ÁSòÊÿÊ¥, ÿÊ „U⁄U ‚◊ÿ ◊Ê’ÊßU‹, ÿÊ ∑¥§åÿÍ≈U⁄U ¬⁄U øÒ≈U ∑§⁄UŸ flÊ‹Ë Áπ‹¥Œ«∏Ë ‹«∏Á∑§ÿÊ¥ ÷Ë ÷ËÃ⁄U ‚ ‚¥S∑§Ê⁄UË •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ê„U⁄U ‚ ÁŸmZUmU •ÊäÊÈÁŸ∑§ÃÊ ∑§ mÒUà ◊¥ ‚Ê¥‚ ‹ÃË „Ò¥U. $πÃ⁄‘U ©UŸ∑§ ÷Ë fl„UË „Ò¥U. ◊ª⁄U ©UŸ◊¥ ‚ ‡ÊÊÿŒ „UË ∑§Ê߸U Á∑§‚Ë ‚àÿflÊŸ ∑§Ë ‚ÊÁflòÊË ’ŸŸÊ øÊ„U. •Ê¡ ÃÊ ‹ªÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ÁflÁ‹ÿ◊ ’Ò¥Á≈U∑§ ÿÊ ⁄UÊ¡Ê ⁄UÊ◊◊Ê„UŸ ⁄UÊÿ ¬⁄U◊ ’fl∑ͧ$»§ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑ȧ¬…∏U ‹Êª Õ Á¡ã„UÊ¥Ÿ ‚ÃË ¡Ò‚Ë ◊„UÊŸ ¬⁄¥U¬⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿ⁄U’Á‹ ¡Ò‚ ‡ÊÈh äÊÊÁ◊¸∑§ ‚¥S∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ Áπ‹Ê$»§ ∑§ÊŸÍŸ ’ŸflÊ∞ •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U ¬˝ÁÃ’¥ÁäÊà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ◊ÈÁ„U◊ ¿U«∏ ŒË. fl ÿ„U ÷Í‹ ª∞ Á∑§ ÿ„U •ÊSÕÊ, ‚¥S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄¥U¬⁄UÊ ∑§Ê ◊Ê◊‹Ê ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§ÊŸÍŸ ÿÊ ◊ÊŸflËÿ ‚¥flŒŸÊ ßU‚◊¥ ∑§Ã߸U ∑ȧ¿U Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§ÃË ÕË. ÷ÊflŸÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥ ©UŸ∑§Ê „USÃˇÊ¬ ŸÊ∑§ÊÁ’‹ ’ŒÊ¸‡Ã „ÒU. •ÊÒ⁄U «U…∏U ‚ÊÒ ‚Ê‹ ’ÊŒ „U◊ Á»§⁄U ©U‚Ë •ÊSÕÊ ÿȪ ◊¥ ‹ÊÒ≈U •Ê∞ „Ò¥U. •ÿÊäÿÊ ¬⁄U ßU‹Ê„UÊ’ÊŒ „UÊ߸U∑§Ê≈¸U ∑§Ë ‹πŸ™§ ¬Ë∆U ∑§ xÆ Á‚Ã¥’⁄U, wÆvÆ ∑§ $»Ò§‚‹ Ÿ Á‚h ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU Á∑§ •ÊSÕÊ ∑§ ◊Ê◊‹ ◊¥ $∑§ÊŸÍŸ ‚¥ÁfläÊÊŸ Á’À∑ȧ‹ •Ê«∏ Ÿ„UË¥ •Ê ‚∑§Ã. ¡’ ◊∆UÊ¥, ◊„¥UÃÊ¥, ¬¥«U-¬È¡ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ©Uã„¥U ¬Í¡Ÿ flÊ‹Ë ’„ÈU‚¥Åÿ∑§ Á„¥UŒÍ-¡ŸÃÊ Ÿ Ãÿ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ Á∑§ ⁄UÊ◊‹‹Ê ∑§Ê ¡ã◊ ’Ê’⁄UË ◊ÁS¡Œ ∑§ ∆UË∑§ ◊äÿ - ªÈ¥’Œ ∑§ ŸËø „UË „ÈU•Ê ÕÊ ÃÊ ßUÁÄUÊ‚∑§Ê⁄U, ¬È⁄UÊÃàflflûÊÊ ÿÊ ŒÍ‚⁄‘U ∑§ÊŸÍŸŒÊ¥ ÿÊ ’„ÈU‹ÃÊ ∑§Ë ‚¥S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U Á◊‹Ë¡È‹Ë ‚èÿÃÊ ∑§ Ã∑¸§‡ÊË‹ ‚∑ȧ‹⁄U uoacj] 2010


¬Ò⁄UÊ∑§Ê⁄U ¿UÊÃË-◊ÊÕÊ ∑ͧ≈UÃ ⁄U„¥U. fl ÿ„U Á‚h Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§Ã Á∑§ ⁄UÊ◊¡ã◊-SÕÊŸ fl„UÊ¥ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU. ÕÊ«∏Ë Œ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ◊ÊŸ ÷Ë ‹¥ Á∑§ ⁄UÊ◊ ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ‚ ∑§Ê߸U ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ √ÿÁQ§ Ÿ„UË¥ ÷Ë ⁄U„UÊ „UÊ ÃÊ ÷Ë ¡Ÿ◊ÊŸ‚ Ÿ ‚Ò∑§«∏Ê¥ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ‚ ¬Ê‹-¬Ê‚∑§⁄U “⁄UÊ◊” ŸÊ◊ ∑§ ∞∑§ Œfl-¬ÈL§· ∑§Ë ◊ÍÁø ’ŸÊ ‹Ë „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U fl„U ©U‚ ¬⁄U ∑§Ê߸U Ã∑¸§ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU. ªÊ¥fl-∑§S’Ê¥ ∑§ •Ê‚¬Ê‚ Ÿ ¡ÊŸ Á∑§ÃŸ ÷ÍÃ-¬˝à ÷ÊÒÁÃ∑§ ‚àÿ ’Ÿ∑§⁄U fl„UÊ¥ ∑§ ÁŸflÊÁ‚ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê «U⁄UÊÃ-‹È÷ÊÃ ⁄U„UÃ „Ò¥U. ©UŸ∑§ •ÁSÃàfl ∑§Ê ‹∑§⁄U ‹«∏Ÿ flÊ‹ ÷Ë ∑§◊ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃ. ◊ª⁄U ÿ„U ∑§Ê߸U ÄÿÊ¥ Ÿ„UË¥ ’ÃÊÃÊ Á∑§ ◊„UÊŸª⁄UÊ¥ ◊¥ fl ÷ÍÃ-¬˝à ∑§„UÊ¥ Á’‹Ê ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U? ÄÿÊ¥ ©UŸ∑§ ⁄U„UŸ ∑§Ë ¡ª„U Á∑¥§flŒ¥ÁÃÿÊ¥ ‚ ‹Œ ¬È⁄UÊŸ ’⁄UªŒ ÿÊ ¬Ë¬‹ „UË „UÊÃ „Ò¥? flSÃÈ× fl „UÊÃ Ÿ„UË¥ „Ò¥U, „UÊ¥, ©UŸ∑§ „UÊŸ ∑§Ê ÁflEÊ‚ „UË „U◊¥ ©UŸ∑§ ø‹Ã-Á»§⁄UÃ ÁøòÊ ÁŒπÊÃÊ „ÒU. •flL§h •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl∑§Ê‚-Áfl⁄UÊäÊË ¬˝ÊøËŸ ‚¥S∑ΧÁÃÿÊ¥ •¬Ÿ flø◊ÊŸ ¬⁄UÊ¡ÿ-’ÊäÊ ∑§ ©U¬øÊ⁄U ∑§ Á‹∞ ßU‚ Ã⁄U„U ∑§ Áfl‡fl-Áfl¡ÿË ŸÊÿ∑§ ª…∏U ‹ÃË „ÒU. ⁄UÊ◊ ∞∑§ ∞‚Ë „UË ª…∏¥Uà „Ò¥ ¡Ê Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë ôÊÊà ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ŸÊÿ∑§ ‚ ’«∏Ê ‚àÿ „ÒÒ¥. •ÿÊäÿÊ ∑§ ∑§◊-‚-∑§◊ Œ‚ ◊¥ÁŒ⁄U ∞‚ „Ò¥U ¡Ê ⁄UÊ◊ ∑§Ë ¡ã◊÷ÍÁ◊ „UÊŸ ∑§Ê ŒÊflÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U, ◊ª⁄U ⁄UÊ¡ŸÃÊ•Ê¥ Ÿ Ãÿ ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ⁄UÊ◊ Á‚$»¸§ ’Ê’⁄UË ◊ÁS¡Œ ∑§ ◊ÈÅÿ ªÈ¥’Œ ∑§ ŸËø „UË ¬ÒŒÊ „ÈU∞ Õ ÃÊ Á»§⁄U •Ê¬ ∑§Ê߸U ÷Ë ¬˝◊ÊáÊ ÿÊ ‚Êˇÿ ŒÃ ⁄U„¥U, •ÊSÕÊ ¡Ê ∑§„UÃË „ÒU fl„UË •¥ÁÃ◊ ‚àÿ „ÒU. ‚flÊ‹ Ãâÿ ∑§Ê Ÿ„UË¥, Áfl‡flÊ‚ ∑§Ê „ÒU. flSÃÈ× ⁄UÊ◊ ¡ã◊÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§Ë ÿ„U ‹«∏Ê߸U •ÊSÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§Ë m¥UmU-∑§ÕÊ „ÒU. •ÊSÕÊ Á‚»¸§ „UÊÃË „ÒU, ©U‚ •¬Ÿ „UÊŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê߸U ¬˝◊ÊáÊ Ÿ„UË¥ øÊÁ„U∞. ÁflôÊÊŸ Ã∑¸§ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝◊ÊáÊ øÊ„UÃÊ „ÒU. „U◊ ¡Ò‚Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÁŒÄ∏∑§Ã ÿ„U „ÒU Á∑§ •ÊSÕÊ ∑§Ê •¬ŸÊ ÁŒ‡ÊÊŒ‡Ê¸∑§ ◊ÊŸ¥ ÿÊ ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§Ê? ÄÿÊ ÿ„U ‚ø Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU Á∑§ ◊ÊŸfl-‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚ “∞¡ •ÊÚ$»§ $»§Õ” (•ÊSÕÊ ÿȪ) ‚ “∞¡ •ÊÚ$»§ ⁄UË ÊŸ” (Ã∑¸§ ÿȪ) Ã∑§ „ÈU•Ê „ÒU. •Ê¡ ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄UÊ ôÊÊŸ-ÁflôÊÊŸ, •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ÷ÊÒÁÃ∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§Ë ŒŸ „ÒU - ‚Ê⁄UË Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ©U‚Ë ‚ Áfl∑§Á‚à „ÈU߸U „ÒU - •¥äÊÁfl‡flÊ‚ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊSÕÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ‹«∏Ã „ÈU∞ „UË „U◊Ÿ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ÷⁄U ∑§Ë ©U¬‹ÁéäÊÿÊ¥ uoacj] 2010

„UÊÁ‚‹ ∑§Ë „Ò¥U - •Ê‚◊ÊŸÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊ÈŒ˝Ê¥ ◊¥ ÕÊ„U ‹ªÊ߸U „ÒU. •¬Ÿ ø‹Ã „UU◊Ÿ ÃÊ Á‚$»¸§ „UflÊ߸U ¬Èc¬∑§ Áfl◊ÊŸ ©U«∏Ê∞ „Ò¥U ÿÊ ÷Ë◊ ∑§ ÃË⁄UÊ¥ ¬⁄U ’Ò∆UÊ∑§⁄U „UÊÁÕÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê Sflª¸ ÷¡Ê „ÒU. •’ øÍ¥Á∑§ Ãÿ „UÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ∑§ÊŸÍŸ, ‚¥ÁfläÊÊŸ ∑ȧ¿U Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊSÕÊ „UË ‚’ ∑ȧ¿U „ÒU ßU‚Á‹∞ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ãÿÊÿ¬ÊÁ‹∑§Ê ¡Ò‚ $»§Ê‹ÃÍ ‚$»§Œ „UÊÕË ∑§Ê •‹ÁflŒÊ ∑§„U ŒŸÊ øÊÁ„U∞. ÄÿÊ  ÊM§⁄Uà „ÒU ÷√ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ⁄UÊ¡‚Ë ßU◊Ê⁄UÃÊ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UË ÃÊ◊¤ÊÊ◊ ∑§ ‚ÊÕ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ÷⁄U ∑§ ¡¡Ê¥, fl∑§Ë‹Ê¥, ¬‡Ê∑§Ê⁄UÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U •Œ¸Á‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë? •’ ÃÊ ŒÊ…∏UË-ÁË∑§ ¿Uʬ ¬¥Á«UÃ-¬È⁄UÊÁ„Uà Ãÿ ∑§⁄U Œ¥ª Á∑§ äÊ◊¸‡ÊÊSòÊ •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊSÕÊ ∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ ÄÿÊ „Ò. ◊ÈÀ‹Ê¡Ë ◊ÁS¡Œ ◊¥ $»§Ãfl Œ¥ª •ÊÒ⁄U »Ò§‚‹ ‚ÈŸÊ Œ¥ª Á∑§ ŒÊ·Ë ∑§ „UÊÕ, ¬Ê¥fl, ªŒ¸Ÿ ∑§Ê≈U ŒË ¡Ê∞ ÿÊ ¬øÊ‚-‚ÊÒ ∑§Ê«∏Ê¥ ‚ ©U‚∑§Ê ‡Ê⁄UË⁄U ©UäÊ«∏ «UÊ‹Ê ¡Ê∞. ¬Ë⁄U-¬Ò$ª¥’⁄U ÿÊ ‚¥ÃÊ¥-◊„¥UÃÊ¥ ∑§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ÷ªflÊŸ ∑§Ê ¡Ê •ÊŒ‡Ê „UÊªÊ ©U‚Ë ∑§Ê ¬Ê‹Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞ªÊ. ⁄UÊ◊-∑Χ¬Ê ‚ •ÿÊäÿÊ ∑§Ê ◊Ê◊‹Ê ‹ª÷ª Ãÿ „UÊ „UË ªÿÊ. •ª⁄U ∑ȧ¿U ⁄U„U ÷Ë ªÿÊ „UÊ ÃÊ ©U‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§ ’„ÈU‚¥Åÿ∑§Ê¥ ∑§ •ÊÃ¥∑§ ‚, ÷Ê߸UøÊ⁄UÊ ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄UπŸ ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ¬⁄U ◊È‚‹◊ÊŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê Œ’Ê-«U⁄UÊ∑§⁄U Ãÿ ∑§⁄U «UÊ‹Ê ¡Ê∞ªÊ. ∑§Ê≈¸U Ÿ ÃËŸ Á„US‚Ê ¡◊ËŸ ŒË „ÒU ©U‚◊¥ ŒÊ ÃÊ ⁄UÊ◊‹‹Ê ∑§ Á„US‚ „Ò¥U „UË. ÃË‚⁄‘U ¬⁄U Ÿ ∑§Ê߸U ◊ÁS¡Œ ’ŸªË Ÿ ’ŸŸ Œ¥ª. Œ⁄U-‚’⁄U ÿ„U ÃÊ •¬ŸË „Ò „UË. ©U‚ ¬⁄U ’ŸªÊ ∞‚Ê ÷√ÿ-◊¥ÁŒ⁄U Á∑§ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ŒπÃË ⁄U„U ¡Ê∞ªË. ŒÁπ∞, ∑Ò§‚Ë ∑ͧ≈UŸËÁà ‚ ◊¥ÁŒ⁄U fl„UË¥ ’ŸÊŸ ∑§Ê ⁄UÊSÃÊ ‚Ê$»§ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ - ¬„U‹ ◊ÁS¡Œ ◊¥ ◊ÍÁøÿÊ¥ ⁄UπË ªßZU, Á»§⁄U ∑§¬Ê≈U πÊ‹ ª∞, Ã’ •Ê«UflÊáÊË ∑§Ê πÍŸË ⁄UÊ◊⁄UÕ ÁŸ∑§‹Ê, Á¡äÊ⁄U ÷Ë ªÿÊ ©UäÊ⁄U Œ¥ª-$»§‚ÊŒ „UÊÃ ⁄U„. Á»§⁄U ÃÊ«∏Ë ªß¸U ’Ê’⁄UË ◊ÁS¡Œ. ∞‚Ë øÊ∑§-øÊÒ’¥Œ ÷Ë«∏ ¡◊Ê ∑§Ë ªß¸U Á∑§ •Ê∆U ÉÊ¥≈U ◊¥ ¬Ê¥ø ‚ÊÒ ‚Ê‹Ê¥ ∑§Ê ���UÊ¥øÊ äflSà „UÊ∑§⁄U øÊÒ⁄U‚ „UÊ ªÿÊ. „UÊÃ ⁄U„¥ ’¥’߸U, ‚Í⁄Uà ◊¥ ’◊ ÁflS»§Ê≈U, ßUŸ ‚ÊÒ-¬øÊ‚ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§ ◊⁄UŸ ÿÊ ◊Ê⁄U ÁŒ∞ ¡ÊŸ ‚ ∑§„UË¥ äÊ◊¸ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ L§∑§ÃÊ „Ò? ßU‚ ¬⁄U ÷ª-flÊ ’ÈÁh¡ËflË Sflÿ¥‚fl∑§ ÃL§áÊ Áfl¡ÿ “¡Ÿ‚ûÊÊ” ◊¥ Áfl‹Ê¬ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „Ò¥U Á∑§ „U◊Ÿ ∞∑§ ÁflflÊÁŒÃ …UÊ¥ø ∑§Ê „UË ÃÊ …U„UÊÿÊ ÕÊ. ∑§Ê߸U ◊Ä∑§Ê ¡Ê∑§⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ë ◊ÁS¡Œ ÃÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ÃÊ«∏ 3


«UÊ‹Ë ÕË. ’Ê’⁄U ∑§ •ÊŒ‡Ê ¬⁄U ◊Ë⁄U ’Ê∑§Ë Ÿ ¬Ê¥ø ‚ÊÒ ‚Ê‹ ¬„U‹ ¡Ê ◊¥ÁŒ⁄U ÃÊ«∏∑§⁄U ◊ÁS¡Œ ’ŸÊ ŒË ÕË, ©‚Ë ∑§Ê ÃÊ ¬˝ÊÿÁ‡øà Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU. •’ ŒÁπ∞, ßU‚ ¬Èáÿ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ ’ÊŒ ’¥ª‹ÊŒ‡Ê, ¬ÊÁ∑§SÃÊŸ ◊¥ Á∑§ÃŸ ◊¥ÁŒ⁄U ÃÊ«∏ ª∞, Á∑§ÃŸ Á„¥UŒÍ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U $∑§à‹ Á∑§∞ ª∞, •ÊÒ⁄UÃÊ¥ ∑§ ’‹Êà∑§Ê⁄U „ÈU∞ - ©Uã„¥U ÄÿÊ •Ê¬ ‚„UË ’ÃÊ∞¥ª? •Ê¬ ∑§„¥Uª Á∑§ ßUÃŸË ŒÍ⁄UŒÁ‡Ê¸ÃÊ ÃÊ ’Ë¡¬Ë ÿÊ Á„¥UŒÍ-‚¥ª∆UŸÊ¥ ◊¥ „UÊŸË „UË øÊÁ„U∞ ÕË Á∑§ fl ¡Ê „U ÊÊ⁄UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ë«∏ ‹ ¡Ê∑§⁄U ◊ÁS¡Œ ÃÈ«∏flÊ ⁄U„U „Ò¥U ©U‚∑§Ë ŒÍ⁄UªÊ◊Ë ¬˝ÁÃÁ∑˝§ÿÊ ÄÿÊ „UÊªË? ŒÍ‚⁄‘U Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ’‚ •⁄UÁˇÊà Á„¥UŒÈ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ÄÿÊ ÷ÈªÃŸÊ ¬«∏ªÊ? „U◊Ê⁄UÊ ¡flÊ’ ÕÊ Á∑§ •ª⁄U „U◊ ßU‚Ë Ã⁄U„U •¬Ÿ „U⁄U ÁŸáÊʸÿ∑§ $∑§Œ◊ ‚ ¬„U‹ Œ‡Ê-ÁflŒ‡Ê ◊¥ ’‚ Á„¥UŒÈ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê „UË ŒπÃ ⁄U„¥U ÃÊ „UÊ ªß¸U äÊ◊¸ ∑§Ë ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ...Ã’ ÃÊ „U◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ∑§⁄UŸÊ „UË Ÿ„UË¥ øÊÁ„U∞. Ÿ„UË¥ „ÈU¡Í⁄U, ◊⁄UŸ ŒËÁ¡∞ ¬ÊÁ∑§SÃÊŸ, ’¥ª‹ÊŒ‡Ê ◊¥ ÿÊ ’Ê„U⁄U ’‚ Á„¥UŒÈ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê, •Ê¬ ÃÊ •¬ŸÊ Á„¥UŒÈàfl ∑§Ê ∞¡¥«UÊ ¬‹ ⁄UÁπ∞...◊à ÷ÍÁ‹∞ Á∑§ •÷Ë ÃÊ ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ, ∑§Ê‡ÊË ∑§Ë ◊ÁS¡Œ¥ „Ò¥U. ÁŒÇª¡ ßUÁÄUÊ‚∑§Ê⁄U flË.∞Ÿ. •Ê∑§ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U Á∑§‚Ë Á„¥UŒÍ◊¥ÁŒ⁄U ∑§Ê ÃÊ«∏∑§⁄U ’ŸÊÿÊ „ÈU•Ê ÃÊ¡◊„U‹ ÷Ë Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ¿UÊÃË ¬⁄U π«∏Ê „ÒU. ‹ª „UÊÕ ¡ÀŒË-¡ÀŒË ©Uã„¥U ÷Ë ÁŸ’≈UÊ „UË ŒËÁ¡∞ - ¡ÈÁ«UÁ‡Êÿ⁄UË ÿÊŸË ãÿÊÿ◊ÍÁøÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë $»§ÊÒ¡ •Ê¬∑§ ‚ÊÕ „ÒU „UË. •Ê¬∑§Ê ¬ˇÊ ‹∑§⁄U ©UŸ∑§Ê ÷Ë ¬⁄U‹Ê∑§ ‚ÈäÊ⁄‘UªÊ. Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ◊„UÊŸ-÷√ÿ ¿UÁfl ¬⁄U ÃÊ¡◊„U‹ ¡Ò‚ ∑§‹¥∑§ ∑§Ê ÃÊ ¬Ê¥¿ „UË «UÊÁ‹∞. ¡M§⁄Uà ¬«∏ ÃÊ ‚Ê⁄‘U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ªÈ¡⁄UÊà ∑§Ë ‚$»§Ê߸U ŒÈ„U⁄UÊ߸U ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË „ÒU. Ÿ⁄‘UãŒ˝ ◊ÊŒË ¡Ò‚Ê •ŸÈ÷flË Á„U¥ŒÍ, Œ„UÊ«∏Ÿ flÊ‹ ‚ÊäÊÈ-‚¥Ã, äÊ◊¸ãŒ˝, ’˝rÊøÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë $»§ÊÒ¡¥ Á»§⁄U Á∑§‚ ÁŒŸ ∑§Ê◊ •Ê∞¥ªË? ◊ÊŸÊ Á∑§ „U◊Ê⁄‘U ¬«∏Ê‚ ◊¥ ⁄U„UŸ flÊ‹ ∑§À‹Í πÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚Êà ¬ËÁ…∏UÿÊ¥ ’…∏U߸UªË⁄UË ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „Ò¥U ÃÊ ÄÿÊ ßU‚Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ‚ fl„U •Ê∑˝§◊áÊ∑§Ê⁄UË Ÿ„UË¥ ⁄U„UÊ? „UÊŸ ŒÊ $∑§à‹•Ê◊, Œ‚-’Ë‚¬øÊ‚ ‹Êπ ÃÊ ◊È‚À‹ ∑§◊ „UÊ¥ª...‚‚È⁄UÊ¥ Ÿ ’ìÊ ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄U∑§⁄U∑§ …U⁄U ‹ªÊ∑§⁄U ÁŒ∞ - ‚Ê¥¬ ∑§ ’ìÊ. ßUŸ ¬⁄U ÄÿÊ ŒÿÊ ÁŒπÊŸÊ? ¡’ ŒÊ ‹Êπ ∑§‡◊Ë⁄UË ¬¥Á«UÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê ßUã„UÊ¥Ÿ ’Ê„U⁄U πŒ«∏ ÁŒÿÊ ÃÊ ßUã„¥U ŒÿÊ •Ê߸U ÕË? •’ ÃÊ ãÿÊÿ¬ÊÁ‹∑§Ê, ∑§Êÿ¸¬ÊÁ‹∑§Ê ‚’∑§ ‚’ Á‚$»¸§ ∞∑§ „UË flª¸ ‚ ‡ÊÊ¥Áà ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄UπŸ ∑§Ë •¬Ë‹ ∑§⁄UŸ flÊ‹Ê ◊ËÁ«UÿÊ „U◊Ê⁄‘U ‚ÊÕ „ÒU; ∞‚Ê Sfláʸ •fl‚⁄U „U◊¥ πÊŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ øÊÁ„U∞. ßUŸ∑§ ‚Ê⁄U S◊Ê⁄U∑§ „U◊¥ 4

äÊÊ-¬Ê¥¿U∑§⁄U ’⁄UÊ’⁄U ∑§⁄U ŒŸ øÊÁ„U∞ - fl „U◊Ê⁄UË ‚¥S∑ΧÁà ∑§ ÉÊÊfl „Ò¥U. •Ê∞ „UÊ¥ª fl „U ÊÊ⁄U ¬Ê¥ø ‚ÊÒ ’⁄U‚ ¬„U‹, ßU‚‚ ÄÿÊ fl „U◊Ê⁄‘U •¬Ÿ „UÊ ª∞? •ª⁄U ÃÊÁ‹’ÊŸ ’ÊÁ◊ÿÊŸ ◊¥ ’Èh ∑§Ë Áfl⁄UÊ≈U ◊ÍÁø ∑§Ê ÃÊ¬Ê¥ ‚ ©U«∏Ê ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥ ÃÊ „U◊ ÄÿÊ ÃÊÁ‹’ÊŸÊ¥ ‚ ∑§◊ ∑§^U⁄U „Ò¥U - ŒπÊ ∑Ò§‚ „U◊Ÿ ÷Ë ŒπÃ-ŒπÃ ’Ê’⁄UË ◊ÁS¡Œ äflSà ∑§⁄U «UÊ‹Ë. ◊ȤÊ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ê ÷Áflcÿ ’„UŒ ©Uíífl‹ ÁŒπÊ߸U Œ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU. „U⁄U ¡ÊÁà ∑§Ë πʬ ¬¥øÊÿÃ¥ ÿÈfl∑§-ÿÈflÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚⁄U $∑§‹◊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„UË „UÊ¥ªË. ⁄UÊ¡¬Õ, ¡Ÿ¬Õ ∑§Ë ◊ÈÅÿ ‚«∏∑¥§ »§Ê«∏∑§⁄U „UŸÈ◊ÊŸ, Á‡Êfl¡Ë ÿÊ ŒÍ‚⁄‘U ŒflË-ŒflÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÍÁøÿÊ¥ ¬˝ª≈U „UÊ ⁄U„UË „UÊ¥ªË. „U⁄U ∑§Œ◊ ¬⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ÷√ÿ ◊¥ÁŒ⁄U ’Ÿ ⁄U„U „UÊ¥ª - ∑§⁄UÊ«∏Ê¥ ÁŸ∆UÀ‹ ‚ÊäÊÈ-‚¥ÃÊ¥ ∑§Ê äÊ◊Ê¸à¬ÊŒŸ ∑§ √ÿfl‚Êÿ Á◊‹ ⁄U„U „UÊ¥ª, ÃÒ¥ÃË‚ ∑§⁄UÊ«∏ ÷ªflÊŸ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ‚Ë◊Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„U „UÊ¥ª, ÁflŒ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¡ÿ-¡ÿ∑§Ê⁄U „UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „UÊªÊ. ∑ȧ»˝∏§ ÿÊ •äÊ◊¸ Á‚πÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ‚Ê⁄UË ‚¥SÕÊ∞¥, flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§ ‚¥SÕÊŸ ’¥Œ ∑§⁄U∑§ ÉÊ¥≈U, ÉÊÁ«∏ÿÊ‹ ’ŸÊŸ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UπÊŸ πÈ‹ ⁄U„U „UÊ¥ª, ≈UŸÊ¥ ŒÍäÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ŸÊ¥ ÉÊË ÷ªflÊŸ ∑§ SŸÊŸÊ¥-•Ê⁄UÁÃÿÊ¥ ◊¥ «UÊ‹Ê ¡Ê∞ªÊ ÃÊ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ÃÊ ‡ÊÈh „UÊŸÊ „UË „UÊŸÊ „ÒU...ŒÍäÊ- •ãŸ ∑§ Á’ŸÊ ’ìÊ, ª⁄UË’ ÷Íπ ◊⁄‘¥U ÃÊ ◊⁄UÃ ⁄U„¥U...„U◊Ÿ ÄÿÊ ©UŸ∑§Ê ∆U∑§Ê Á‹ÿÊ „ÒU? •¬Ÿ-•¬Ÿ Á’‹Ê¥ ◊¥ Á¿U¬ ¤ÊÊ«∏-»Í¥§∑§ ∑§⁄UŸ flÊ‹ ‚ÿÊŸÊ, •Ê¤ÊÊ•Ê, •’ ¿UÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ÃÊŸ∑§⁄U ’Ê„U⁄U ÁŸ∑§‹ •Ê•Ê •ÊÒ⁄U •¬Ÿ ŒÊ¥Ã-¬¥¡ ¬ÒŸ ∑§⁄U ‹Ê. ∑§ìÊË ŒÊM§ ∑§Ë ’ÊË¥ ø…∏UÊ ‹Ê, ’Ê‹ Á’π⁄U∑§⁄U ÷ÿÊŸ∑§ ‡ÊÄ‹Ê¥ ‚ Áø◊≈U •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§«∏¿U, Œ„U∑§ÃË ÷Á≈˜≈UÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‹Ê‹ ∑§⁄U ‹Ê, ÁŸmZUmU ÷Êfl ‚ ¤ÊÊ¥≈UÊ ¬∑§«∏∑§⁄U øÈ«∏Ò‹, «UÊÿŸ ∑§Ê πË¥ø∑§⁄U ©U‚∑§ ‡Ê⁄UË⁄U ∑§Ê ‹„ÍU‹È„UÊŸ ∑§⁄U «UÊ‹Ê. øËπ-¬È∑§Ê⁄U ¬⁄U Á’À∑ȧ‹ äÿÊŸ ◊à ŒÊ. •ª⁄U ßU‹Ê¡ ∑§Ë ßU‚ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥ ◊⁄UË Ê ◊⁄U ÷Ë ªÿÊ ÃÊ ∑§ÊŸÍŸ, ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ÃÈê„UÊ⁄UÊ ’Ê‹ ÷Ë ’Ê¥∑§Ê Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§ªÊ, ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ÿ„U ◊Ê◊‹Ê •ÊSÕÊ, Áfl‡flÊ‚ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄¥U¬⁄UÊ ∑§Ê „Ò. •ÊßU∞, „U◊Ê⁄‘U ‚ÊÕ ’ÊÁ‹∞, ∑§ÊŸÍŸ-‚¥ÁfläÊÊŸ ∑§Ê ŸÊ‡Ê „UÊ, •ÊSÕÊ, •¥äÊÁfl‡flÊ‚ ∑§Ë ¡ÿ „UÊ...äÊ◊¸ ∑§Ê «¥U∑§Ê •Ê‹◊ ◊¥, ’¡flÊ ÁŒÿÊ ⁄UÊ◊ ‹‹Ê•Ê¥ Ÿ.

uoacj] 2010


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laiknd dh dSaph ds f[kykQ cgqr&cgqr /kU;okn] 'kqfØ;k] esgjckuh fd vkius ^gal* ds ekpZ 2010 esa Nis ofj"B leh{kd MkW- eSustj ikaMs ds vkys[k ds ckjs esa] vizSy ds igys lIrkg esa Hksth esjh fVIi.kh dks rFkkdfFkr laikndh; prqjkbZ dh rkfdZdrk dk vk/kkj cukdj igys mls laf{kIr djok;k] dqN vadksa rd Vkyk vkSj fu'p; gh vius laikndh; vkSnk;Z dks izekf.kr djus ds fy, varr% ^gal* ds vxLr vad ds 129osa i`"B ij izdkf'kr dj fn;k,d eqn~ns ij] cgSfl;r ,d ysf[kdk] viuh rhoz vlgefr ntZ djok jgh gwavad esa vius vkys[k ^D;k iq#"k vius ^lenq[kh ehr* dh O;Fkk&dFkk lekuqHkwfr ls fy[ksaxs\* ds izdkf'kr Lo:i esa cnyk gqvk 'kh"kZd ^D;k ifr vius jdhc dks lgkuqHkwfr nsaxs\* ns[kdj eq> ij xkt fxjh- esjs vkys[k esa u ifr gS] u jdhc vkSj u lgkuqHkwfr- fQj ^ifr* vkSj ^jdhc* tSls lekukFkhZ 'kCnksa dks viuh rjQ ls D;ksa tksM+k x;k\ vkys[k ds chpkschp ,d iafDr ij Hkh vkidh dSaph bjknru py xbZ] pwafd ;g ,slk lp Fkk tks dqN iq#"k jpukdkjksa dk xjscku idM+dj lPpkbZ dks dcwy djokrk gSµ^^,slh ehrk,a iq#"kksa ds ckSf)d Ny dk f'kdkj ugha gksrha] os rks lc dqN tkurs&le>rs] ,d firk vkSj ,d ifr ds nkf;Ro ls iq#"k dks fMxkdj] mldk izseh ds :i esa [kqn f'kdkj djrh gSa-** ¼i`- 130] uoacj] 2010

e/kqos'k dh x+t+y feys vxj NqV~Vh rks vcdh vk tkuk ?kj jktkth ns[ksaxs ge ckV rqEgkjh nhokyh ij jktkth nl #fi;k igys ls de Fks ysfdu xtc gqvk rks rc nl fnu iwjs ysV gks x;k tc efu;kMj jktkth lksuw&eksuw ds diM+s rks ykus cgqr t:jh gSa cpsa vxj iSls rks ysuk esjk uacj jktkth NqVdh&fcpdh galrha&xkrha ij cM+dh dqN xqelqe&lh ;gh lkspdj uhan u vkrh jkr&jkr&Hkj jktkth tue fnol NksVw dk fQj Hkh [kwc euk;k dM+dh esa dsd dkVdj ugha exj gka xhr xokdj jktkth blh chp Bkdqj dk cM+dk ykSV tsy ls vk;k gS lkjk xkao dgs Fkk ftldks 'kh'k uokdj jktkth ,d rjQ Msaxw dk [krjk ,d rjQ tequkth dk NksM+ ugha D;ksa nsrs lhyeiqj okyk ?kj jktkth b/kj xkao dk gky u iwNks m/kj 'kgj dk gky fy[kks bl ikrh dks rkj le>dj nsuk mÙkj jktkth laidZ % lh&4@316] ;equk fogkj] fnYyh&53 eks- % 9213887726

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pyrkÅ 'kh"kZd nsdj] xaHkhj ikB esa drjC;ksar dj mls euksjatd vkSj lrgh :i nsus dhbl fVIi.kh dks i<+us ds ckn esjs ikl dbZ ys[kdksa&ikBdksa ds Qksu vk, vkSj muesa ls dqN us ;g dgk fd vkys[k dh xaHkhjrk ds en~nsutj] 'kh"kZd dqN gYdsiu dh vksj bafxr djrk gS- muls rks eSaus gdhdr c;ku dh ij ^gal* ds reke ikBd dSls le> ik,axs fd ;g gYdk 'kh"kZd ysf[kdk dk fn;k gqvk ugha Fkk] ;g laiknd dh djker Fkh- njvly ;gh vkidk vHkh"V Hkh Fkk- ,d laiknd ds vf/kdkj dk vuqfpr mi;ksx djrs gq, vkys[k ds xaHkhj lqj dks 'kjkjru gYdk 'kh"kZd nsdj cslqjk dj nsukvkils vkxzg gS fd vkxs ls fdlh ys[kd dh dgkuh ;k vkys[k esa viuh ethZ ls vki gLr{ksi u djsa vkSj ys[kd vkSj laiknd ds :i esa nksgjs ekunaM u viuk,a- cktkj ij gh viuk thou vkSj ej.k r; dj pqdh i=kdkfjrk ds cfuLcr fganh lkfgR; vkSj lkfgfR;d i=kdkfjrk esa vc Hkh ewY; izk.k dh rjg cps gq, gSavki vkSj vki tSls nwljs laiknd vius gkFkksa ls mldk xyk ?kksaVus ij D;ksa vkeknk gSa\ lq/kk vjksM+k] iobZ] eaqcbZ

dgkfu;ksa us fujk'k fd;k ^gal* dk flracj 2010 vad i<+k- ^esjh rsjh mldh ckr* esa fgalk ij vkidk fopkj cgqr vPNk yxk- vkidk fopkj unh dh /kkjk dh rjg nksuksa fdukjksa dks Nwrk yxk- bl fo"k; ij vU; fo}kuksa ds er ls Hkh voxr gqvk- ,slk yxrk gS fd fujhg turk ,d xk; ds leku gS] ftldk ixgk dHkh bl dlkbZ ds gkFk rks dHkh ml dlkbZ ds gkFk tkrk gS] varr% xk; dks dVuk gh iM+sxk u\ dgkfu;ka ^fcQksj ØkbLV*] ^rhu vkSjrsa vkSj eSxuksfy;k dk isM+*] ^g;krh dcsza* i<+ha- bl ckj dh dgkfu;ksa us eq>s fujk'k fd;k- 'kksHkk ukjk;.k dh dgkuh ^rhu vkSjrsa---* esa n'kkZbZ vkSjrsa Hkh mruh gh nq[kh vkSj fujk'k ut+j vkb±] ftruh 6

ifr ij fuHkZj vkSjrsa- iq#"k ;k L=kh gks] ,dkdh thou lq[kh ugha gksrk;qxy fd'kksj ^fpafrr*] vkSjaxkckn] fcgkj

mUgsa lyke djus dks eu djrk gS ^gal* flracj 2010 ds laikndh; ^oSfndh fgalk] fgalk u Hkofr* dh okf"kZd xks"Bh dh foLr`r fVIi.kh i<+h- Lokeh vfXuos'k] vkfnR; fuxe] jke'kj.k tks'kh] foHkwfrukjk;.k jk; vkfn ds vkys[kksa ds fopkj vPNs yxs- 'kksHkk ukjk;.k dh dgkuh ^rhu vkSjrsa vkSj eSxuksfy;k dk isM+*] lfjrk fLuX/k T;ksRLuk dh dfork ^chekjh*] mn; izrki flag dh x+t+ysa vPNh gSalaikndh; esa vkius ^u;k Kkuksn;* csoQkbZ lqij fo'ks"kkad&2 esa foHkwfr ukjk;.k jk; ds lk{kkRdkj ls mBs coaMj dk Hkh ftØ fd;k gS- csoQkbZ lqij fo'ks"kkad&2 eSaus i<+k gS- blls iwoZ ^u;k Kkuksn;* ds izse fo'ks"kkad pkj&ikap rFkk csoQkbZ fo'ks"kkad&1 dks Hkh eSaus ns[kk&i<+k gS- ysf[kdkvksa dh vkRedFkkvksa dh ckr ls mith ^fNuky* 'kCn dh cgl dkQh xjekxje jgh- lkekU;r% cksypky dh Hkk"kk esa Hkh ^fNuky* 'kCn ^pfj=kghu L=kh* ;k ^cnpyu efgyk* vFkok ^vkokjk vkSjr* ds fy, lk/kkj.k tu loZ=k iz;qDr djrs] le>rs gSa- oSls ^fNuky* ;k ^fNuky&jkaM* 'kCn dh xkyh dks uhph ls uhph tkfr dh efgyk Hkh ¼;fn og ifrozrk gS rks½ lgu ugha djsxh- og iqfyl ;k dksVZ dh /kedh nsxh vkSj xkyh nsus okys dks dgsxhµ;fn eSa ^fNuky* gwa rks izek.k nks] ugha rks csotg eq>s csbTt+r fd;k gS vkSj ykaNu yxk;k gS mldk gtkZuk nks] tks Hkh iapk;r eqdjZj djrh gSesjk ekuuk gS fd foHkwfr ukjk;.k jk; us fdlh Hkh efgyk ysf[kdk dks O;fDrxr tyu ;k mlls }s"k Hkkouko'k HkM+kl fudkyus ds mn~ns'; ls mDr 'kCn dk iz;ksx ugha fd;k gksxk] cfYd vkRedFkkvksa esa Lora=k ;kSfudrk dks vfr mRlkg ls foKkfir dj tSls O;fDrxr ;kSu&izfr;ksfxrk esa ,d&nwljs dks iNkM+dj vkxs fudyus dh gksM+ ls {kqC/k gksdj ;k

xqatu 5

¼fe=k lnL; ys[kdksa dh if=kdk½ uoacj *10 esa miyC/k eS=ks;h iq"ik] jkts'k tks'kh] fo"kik;h] vfu#) flUgk] mn; flag vuqt] xksfoan lsu] Le`fr flag] eukst ikapky] cgknqj iVsy vkfn dh jpuk,aA lnL;rk % 1 vad 30 #¼lk/kkj.k Mkd ls½ 1 vad 65 #- ¼jftLVMZ Mkd ls½ okf"kZd % 3 vad 150 #laidZ % ftrsUnz pkSgku ¼laiknd½ 73,] }kfjdk iqjh] bankSj 452005 eiz eks- % 9165904583 vkos'k esa vkdj mDr 'kCn dg Mkyk gksxk- gks ldrk gS ckn esa mUgsa iNrkok Hkh gqvk gks- [kSj! mudks Hkh mDr 'kCn dk iz;ksx ugha djuk pkfg, Fkkvdlj dgk tkrk gS fd efgykvksa ds isV esa dksbZ ckr iprh gh ugha] rks vkf[kj efgyk ysf[kdkvksa us tkfgj dj gh fn;kµviuh xksiuh;rk dks lkoZtfud djds- oSls ns[kk tk, rks cgqr de efgyk,a bruh lkglh vFkok fgEer okyh gksrh gSa tks vius fny o pfj=k dh xksiuh;rk dks Hkax djsa- eSa mudh bl cgknqjh o nqLlkgl dh nkn nsrk gwa] mUgsa lyke djus dks eu djrk gSftrsanz flag ^ifFkd*] jryke] eiz

vfXuos'k us i=k fy[kus dks etcwj dj fn;k eSaus ^gal* dks dHkh i=k ugha fy[kk] ysfdu flracj vad esa izdkf'kr ^oSfndh fgalk] fgalk u Hkofr* esa Lokeh vfXuos'k }kjk fyf[kr ys[k ^;s vU;k; gesa Lohdkj ugha* us dye mBkus ds fy, foo'k fd;kokdbZ esa jktdqekj vktkn dk ekjk tkuk gR;k gh gS- iqfyl okys gh okLro esa ns'knzksgh gSa] tks vU;k; vkSj vR;kpkj dks c<+kok nsrs gSabl lanHkZ esa eSa ,d O;fDrxr izlax lqukuk pkgwaxkµebZ ds eghus esa nksigj ds uoacj] 2010


oD+r eSa vius ?kj vk jgk Fkk- 'kfupjh cktkj ds ikl ,d iqfyl okys ¼Fkkusnkj dk Mªkboj] tks u'ks esa /kqÙk Fkk½ us eq>s jksdk vkSj eq>ls Mªkbfoax ykblsal fn[kkus dks dgk- eSaus tc ykblsal dh Nk;kizfr fn[kkbZ rks mlus vkifÙk djrs gq, vksfjtuy dh ekax dh vkSj esjs ;g dgus ij fd vksfjtuy izfr ?kj esa gS] mlus ;g dgrs gq, fd xkM+h pksjh dh gS] esjh fiVkbZ 'kq: dj nh- tcfd eSaus mls crk;k fd eSa f'k{kd gwa] fQj Hkh og ugha ekuk- eSaus bl ckr dh f'kdk;r Fkkusnkj ls dh rks mlus eq>s iqfyfl;k /kkSal fn[kkrs gq, vanj dj nsus dh /kedh nh- fQj eSa tc ,l-ih- ds ikl f'kdk;r ysdj x;k rks eq>s lc dqN fyf[kr esa nsus dks dgk x;k vkSj vkt rd mlds f[kykQ dksbZ dkjZokbZ ugha gqbZvc eSa foHkwfr ukjk;.k th vkSj vkfnR; fuxe th ls iwNuk pkgwaxk fd dSlh gS vkidh iqfyl dh dk;Ziz.kkyh\ ohjsUnz flag jkBkSj] fcykliqj] N-x-

csckd ckrsa gh ^gal* dh izk.k&izfr"Bk gSa ^gal* dk flracj 2010 vad i<+k- pwafd bl vad esa dgkuh rks ek=k rhu gh gSa] vr% bldks myVh rjQ ls i<+uk 'kq: fd;k- ^ckr cksysxh* ds varxZr dkWeuosYFk xsEl ij latho us lgh izdk'k Mkyk gS,d yk[k djksM+ #i, [kpZ djds ns'k dh xjhc turk ds lkFk ,slk etkd djus dh dkSu&lh vko';drk gS\ ;s ckr fdlh cqf)thoh dh le> esa vkus okyh ugha gSltx ikBd Lo;a fu.kZ; fudky ysas fd ;g jk"Vªh; ioZ gS ;k jk"Vªh; 'keZ- rFkkdfFkr iwathifr bl ns'k dks dc rd xqyke cuk, j[ksaxs\ vktknh dk lPpk lq[k ns'k ds vafre vkneh rd dc igqapsxk\ ikfVZ;ksa us gesa grk'kk dh pje lhek rd igqapk fn;k gS^oSfndh fgalk] fgalk u Hkofr* ij pkj vkys[k gSa- vkfnR; fuxe us cgqr xSjftEesnkjkuk ckr dgh gS- fparu esa xgjkbZ dk vHkko gS- foHkwfr ukjk;.k jk; dk ys[k ekfeZd gS- eq>s ;g Lohdkj djus esa dksbZ fgpd ugha gS fd jkT; dh uoacj] 2010

vkarfjd fufeZfr gh vyksdrkaf=kd gS- Jh jk; [kjh ckr dgus esa ekfgj gSa] Hkys gh mudks var esa ekQh ekaxus ds fy, etcwj dj fn;k tk,- jke'kj.k tks'kh dk vkys[k Hkh iBuh; o fopkj.kh; gS- ns'k esa xjhch c<+ jgh gS- fodkl dk rks ek=k ukVd jpk tk jgk gS- Lokeh vfXuos'k ds fopkj vad dh tku gSa- vU;k; ls yM+us okys yksx bl ns'k esa jg gh fdrus x, gSa\ oDrO; nsus okys rks cgqr gSa] eSnku esa MVus okys cgqr de- fQj Hkh vk'kk dk nkeu NksM+k ugha tk ldrkeqds'k dqekj dh ^dlkSVh* iz'kaluh; gS- lqHkk"kpanz dq'kokgk us ^chp cgl esa* fcuk xgjkbZ esa x, viuh ckr dg Mkyh gS- fcuk leqfpr f'k{kk ds bl ns'k dh HkykbZ ugha gS- csfld f'k{kk dh xq.koÙkk ij fdlh us fdruk /;ku fn;k gS] ;g fdlh ls fNik ugha gS- izse dqekj ef.k dk vkys[k ^guqeku vkSj 'kacwd* ,d fujFkZd vkys[k gS- gka] MkW- ¼lqJh½ 'kjn flag dk vkys[k /kkjnkj gS- tks vius vki dks uaxk ugha dj ldrk] og ,d lPpk ys[kd ugha cu ldrk^jsr?kM+h* esa lwjt izdk'k us â"khds'k lqyHk ds ek/;e ls fny dks Nw ysus okyh ckr dgh gS fd oafprksa ds i{k esa [kM+s gksuk ,d ys[kd dh iwjh ftEesnkjh gS'khck vlye Qgeh bl ckj fQj ckth ekj xbZ gSaizsedqekkj dk 'kgj;kj ls lk{kkRdkj vad dks efgekoku cuk x;k gS- izlUu dqekj pkS/kjh ^jk"Vªokn vkSj fganh leqnk;* fy[kdj ,d mPp dksfV dk dke dj jgs gSa^gal* dks dgkfu;ksa dh if=kdk ekuk tkrk gS- vr% dgkfu;ka rhuksa gh viuh iBuh;rk dks cuk, j[kus esa l{ke gSatkQj esganh tkQjh] 'kksHkk ukjk;.k rFkk jkgqy czteksgu dks c/kkbZ^esjh rsjh mldh ckr* ij dqN u dguk ukbalkQh gksxh- csckd ckrsa gh ^gal* dh izk.k&izfr"Bk gSa- L=kh dk lEeku Hkkjrekrk dk lEeku gS^ij[k* o ^viuk ekspkZ* vad dks ifjiw.kZrk iznku djrs gSalkFkZ] dkuiqj] miz

Hkwy lq/kkj

vDVwcj 2010 vad esa vkius i`"B 83 ij esjh x+t+y izdkf'kr dh gScgqr cgqr vkHkkj- ij nwljk 'ksj 'kk;n izwQ dh xyrh ls xyr Ni x;k gSµ mlus tks ikao lÙkk dh lh<+h is j[k fn, dkfgy Fkk blds ckn oks dkfgy ugha jgk tcfd ;s 'ksj bl izdkj gSµ mlus tks ikao lÙkk dh lh<+h is j[k fn, dkfry Fkk exj vkt oks dkfry ugha jgk eerk fdj.k] ubZ fnYyh

^cgq&Fkheh* fo'ks"kkad ^gal* dh iPphloha lkyfxjg vFkkZr ^jtr t;arh o"kZ* ij vkidks vkSj gal ifjokj dks] fo'ks"kdj vkidh ^fdfpu dSfcusV* ds lnL;ksa dks ge ikBdksa dh vksj ls gkfnZd c/kkbZ vkSj <sj lkjh 'kqHkdkeuk,avkius bl vad dh dksbZ ,d Fkhe ugha j[kh gS- bls ^,d&Fkheh* fo'ks"kkadksa dh ijaijk ls gVdj ^pquh gqbZ jpukvksa ds laxzg* ds :i esa izLrqr fd;k] bl iz;ksx us bls ^cgq&Fkheh* fo'ks"kkad cuk fn;k- bl vad dh lHkh dgkfu;ka vPNh gSafo'ks"kdj nw/kukFk flag dh ^uke esa j[kk D;k gS*- yrk 'kekZ dh ^dks;y fQj dwdh*] euh"kk dqyJs"B dh ^,Mksful dk jDr vkSj fyyh ds Qwy*] iqf"irk voLFkh dh ^bfudk*] ulhe lkdsrh dh ^xqukg csyTtr* tSlh dgkfu;ka ;qxhu lpkbZ dks mtkxj djrh gSa] ân;Li'khZ Hkh gSajkedqekj Ñ"kd] tghj dqjs'kh dh x+t+ysa] iqf'du dk ns'k] ftUgksaus eq>s fcxkM+k] jk"Vª vkSj jk"Vªokn tSls ys[k fparuiw.kZ vkSj iBuh; gSajkelkxj flag] ekykM ¼iwoZ½] eqacbZ

flLVe viuh vka[ksa [kksys ^gal* flracj 2010 esa 'kksHkk ukjk;.k dh dgkuh i<+h gh ugha] cfYd dbZ feuVksa rd dgkuh dh mu fL=k;ksa ds thus ds Qyd ij lksprh Hkh jgh- dgkuh le; ds ;FkkFkZ ls dgha Vdjkrh gS] rks dgha le; ds fn, 7


mu ewY;ksa dks vkRelkr djrh gS- ;kuh ;s rhu fL=k;ka ^vk,'kk] ekFkkZ vkSj eSa* ;dhuu] L=kh tkfr dh ubZ lksp gSa- ;s ubZ fL=k;ka gSa] tks le; ds cnyrs ewY;ksa ds lkFk] thus ds dbZ izk:iksa ;kuh dYV ds lkFk&lkFk] dbZ dkuwuh fu.kkZ;d igyqvksa ds e/;] viuh vfLerk dks igpkurh gh ugha cfYd thrh Hkh gSa- n`<+rk ds lkFk LFkkfir Hkh djrh utj vkrh gSalatho HkkbZ! xse dks ysdj vPNk izgkj fd;k gS vkius- ^,d yk[k djksM+---*! ns'k D;k ik,axs\ D;k [kks,axs\ [ksy ds izfr ;g nhokuxh ugha] cfYd fnokfy;kiu gS- flLVe viuh vka[ksa [kksys ojuk latho dh ph[k] lkewfgd ph[k esa rCnhy gksrs nsj ugha yxsxhmfÙkek ds'kjh] iwf.kZ;k] fcgkj

eu tqM+rk pyk x;k tS fgan ^gal ,aM dUlfu±x ikVhZt~*- gkftj gwa eSa fQj vkids 'kkgh njckj esa- lyke dcwy Qjek,a- ^gal* dk vxLr 2010 vad- 25osa o"kZ dk igyk vad vkSj ^egaxkbZ Mk;u* dk ,slk VksVje pyk fd 25 dk ^gal* 40 dk gks x;k- igys xqLlk vk;k rks Hkjiwj] exj tc blds otu dh Fkkg yh rks irk pyk fd cM+s lyhds ls ltkbZ gqbZ ,slh lqn`<+ nqdku fudyh fd dye dh /kkj ij v{kj yxs cgus! lcls igys cgqr fnuksa ls izrhf{kr ^okilh*- vk/kqfud dgkfu;ksa esa m"kk fiz;aonk dh ^okilh* ij vPNh&[kklh ppkZ ds o'khHkwr eSaus mls i<+ Mkyk Fkk- eu tqM+k gqvk Fkk- vkidh ckj&ckj dh vihy us Hkh gfj 'kekZ dh ^okilh* ds fy, Øst+ txk fn;k Fkk- bls Hkh lcls igys i<+ x;k- eu fQj buds pfj=kksa ls tqM+rk pyk x;kµth tqM+krk pyk x;kiq#"kksÙke dqekj xqIrk] vklulksy

^yky js[kk* nsosUnz dk dq'kokgk dkar ij ^yky js[kk* ds lanHkZ esa xgu fo'ys"k.kkRed ys[k gS- t;ar dq'kokgk fyf[kr dM+h esa laHkor% vafre 8

dM+h ^uklwj* Hkh gS- dq'kokgk dkar vktknh ds iwoZ ls fy[k jgs Fks ij ^yky js[kk* vktknh ds rqjar ckn fy[kh ,oa izdkf'kr gS- mudk ,d nwljk miU;kl ftlesa ,d Økafrdkjh dSnh dk ,d iSjk esa ladsr ek=k esa o.kZu gS] tCr gqvk FkkmUgksaus ,sfrgkfld miU;kl ¼vkgqfr½] v/kZ ,sfrgkfld miU;kl ¼dqadqe½] tklwlh miU;kl ¼yky fu'kku½] frfyLeh miU;kl ¼^[kwu dk I;klk*] ^jDr eafnj*] ^nkuons'k*½] dbZ lkekftd] Økafrdkjh] jksekafVd miU;kl fy[ks- ^iihgjk* esa nks dFkkvksa esa ,d [kqn ys[kd ds Qjkj dh dFkk pyrh gS- ^uhye* Økafrdkjh miU;kl gS] Qyd Hkh foLr`r gS ij ^yky js[kk* okyk f'kYi ,oa dlk gqvk dFkk xBu ugha gS- ^/kk;&/kk;* ls 'kq: /kki&/kki ls var- ^ikjl* esa va/ks dykdkj ikjl dk o.kZu gS- vafre iafDr gSµdyk ty jgh Fkh txex] dykdkj jk[k gks x;k Fkk tydjos xqy'ku uank] bCus l=kh ds iwoZ ih<+h ds jpukdkj Fks- os ,d lkFk ^fpaxkjh*] ^fctyh*] ^ukfxu* rhu if=kdk,a laikfnr fd;k djrs Fks- ^rqju* ftls mUgksaus gj fdrkc lefiZr dh] laHkor% ogh ekSr dk dkj.k gqbZ- Tokyk izlkn ^ds'kj* muds lcls fiz; f'k"; Fks ftUgksaus ^cq)kpZu* ,oa vU; vPNs miU;kl Hkh fy[ks- ^fpaxkjh* dk J)katfy vad dgha miyC/k gks rks bu ij foLr`r tkudkjh fey ldrh gSnhid dq- flag] x;k ¼fcgkj½

^eqfDr* us eu eksg fy;k ^esjh rsjh mldh ckr* ¼laikndh; vDrwcj vad½ esa vkius lgh gh dgk gS fd ^vxj L=kh fNuky] nq'pfj=k] dqyVk gS Hkh rks mlds ihNs dksbZ u dksbZ yaiV] vkSjr[kksj iq#"k gh jgk gksxkµgok esa rks oSlh cuh ugha- viuh dkeka/krk esa iq#"k gh rks mls cktkj ;k vkt dh Hkk"kk esa [kqyk Lisl nsrk gS- vius gh ltk, [ksy ij bruh fpYyiksa\* uhysUnq lsu dh dgkuh ^eqfDr* us eu eksg fy;k- vPNh Hkk"kk&'kSyh esa ;g

euksgkjh dgkuh fy[kh xbZ gS- iUuk dk ;g dguk] ^eSa vLi`';] vNwr! 'kke gksrs&gksrs bl 'kjhj dks Nwus ds fy, fdrus gh lsB] lkgwdkj vkSj uSfrdrk ds Bsdsnkj ;gka ykbu yxkrs gSa] dHkh ns[kk gS---! dM+os lp dks csykx dguk gSeqds'k dqekj dh dlkSVh ^vkRek dSn gS vkSj eqag can* ds ek/;e ls ^VkbEl* xzqi dk lp irk yxk fd D;ksa ^VkbEl* xzqi jk"VªeaMy [ksyksa ds Hkz"Vpkj dh [kcjsa mNkyrk jgk- eqds'k dqekj us ;g Hkh lp gh dgk gS fd ^vkt ds le; esa vxj ;s nksuksa egku i=kdkj gksrs rks egkizy; ;k peRdkj dh [kcjsa fn[kk jgs gksrs ;k dgha fdukjs cSBdj Nkrh dwV jgs gksrs-* latho dk ^ºokV Mw ;w ehu ckbZ fgaMh\* Hkh vPNk jgk'k'kkad v=ks] ubZ fnYyh

tkfr ,d lPpkbZ gS ^gal* tqykbZ 2010 ds vad esa ^chp cgl esa* izdkf'kr eS=ks;h iq"ik dk ys[k ^enZu 'kqekjh cuke tux.kuk* rFkk uouhr dqekj >k dk ys[k ^ijek.kq ce ls Hkh vf/kd ?kkrd gS tkfr vkSj /keZ* i<+us dk volj feyk- tkfr bl lekt dh ,d csjge lPpkbZ gS15 tqykbZ] 2010 ds tulÙkk esa ,d lekpkj Nik gS] ftlesa lcy Hkkjr ds jk"Vªh; la;kstd MkW- osizrki oSfnd us iz/kkuea=kh vkSj ea=kh lewg ds izeq[k iz.ko eq[kthZ dks i=k fy[kdj dgk gS fd tkrh; tux.kuk dk ekeyk bruk xaHkhj gS fd bl ij tYnckth esa dksbZ fu.kZ; ugha fy;k tk,- osnizrki oSfnd tSls yksxksa dks 'kk;n bl ns'k dh tkrh; vkSj lkekftd lajpuk dh tkudkjh ugha gS^esjh tkfr fganqLrkuh* lquus vkSj i<+us esa vPNh yx ldrh gS] ysdu lPpkbZ ls vki dc rd Hkkxrs jgsaxs\ ftl ns'k esa bulku ctctkrh gqbZ ukfy;ksa ds Åij cSBdj viuh jksth&jksVh pykus ds fy, la?k"kZ dj jgk gks] vkSj mls ;g Hkh u ekywe gks fd ljdkj Hkh gksrh gS ;k ljdkjh ;kstuk,a Hkh gksrh gSa] muds vkxs uoacj] 2010


oSfnd th tkdj cdcdkrs jgsa ^esjh tkfr fganqLrkuh*] ns[ksa mudh fLFkfr esa D;k lq/kkj dj ikrs gSa\ iwjs ns'k esa ,sls yk[kksa yksx gSa tks eksph dk dke djrs gSa vkSj ukfy;ksa ij cSBdj viuk /ka/kk djrs gSa¼ns[ksa] iqLrd ^ukyh ij eksph*] MkW- eatw nsoh] jk/kkÑ".k izdk'ku½- D;k oSfnd th vkSj mudk lewg ^esjh tkfr fganqLrkuh* dgrs gq, ,sls ifjokjksa dh csfV;ksa dks vius ifjokj dh cgw cuk,axs\ tux.kuk esa tkfr;ksa dh x.kuk t:j dh tkuh pkfg,] rHkh ns'k esa lHkh tkfr;ksa dh okLrfod la[;k dk irk yx ldrk gS- ns'k esa yk[kksa&yk[k fo/kok,a gSa] tks eafnjksa] o`) vkJeksa] lM+dksa] esyksa] ?kkVksa] jsyos LVs'kuksa ij HkVdrh gqbZ ns[kh tk ldrh gSa- tux.kuk esa ;g Hkh iwNk tkrk fd D;k ifjokj esa efgykvksa ds uke ij edku] [ksr] cSad cSysal] ykWdj] xkM+h] jk'kudkMZ vkfn gSa] rks mlls efgykvksa dh fLFkfr dk dqN vkdyu fd;k tk ldrkiwjs lekt esa efgykvksa dks dkSu dqN Hkh nsuk pkgrk gS\ eS=ks;h iq"ik dks ;g Lohdkj djuk iM+sxk fd tkfr iwjs lekt dh lPpkbZ gS- ljdkj ;fn tux.kuk esa tkfr u Hkh fy[ks rks D;k fdlh nfyr] czkã.k] oS'; dh tkfr cny tk,xh\ dnkfi ugha- vkt d'ehj esa d'ehjh czkã.kksa dh leL;kvksa dh ppkZ dh tkrh gS] ysfdu mlh d'ehj esa d'ehjh czkã.kksa ds vykok vU; tkfr;ksa dk ukeksfu'kku Hkh ugha fn[krk- D;k vU; tkfr;ksa us ogka /keZ&ifjorZu dj fy;k\ mudh ppkZ rd ugha gksrh- D;ksa\ tux.kuk esa ;g Hkh iwNk tkrk fd fdu&fdu tkfr;ksa ij fdl&fdl rjg ds vR;kpkj gq, gSa\ mu ij vR;kpkj djus okys yksx dkSu Fks\ nfyrksa dh tehu&tk;nkn Hkh D;k fdlh us gM+ih gS\ efgykvksa ls iwNk tkrk fd D;k mu ij ikfjokfjd vkSj lkekftd fgalk gqbZ gS\ fgalk djus okys yksx dkSu gSa\ dqN iz'u ,sls gSa ftudk jk"Vªh; Lrj ij tokc vkuk vHkh ckdh gS- ;fn ;s lHkh vkadM+s Hkh vk tkrs rks cgqr lkjs iz'uksa dk tokc fcuk cgl ds fey tkrkeatw nsoh] okjk.klh] miz uoacj] 2010

NksVs i=k fy[kus dk vuqjks/k mfpr

^esjh iRuh vkSj HksfM+;k* i<+sa 'khckth

vkidk mfpr vuqjks/k fd ^Ñi;k NksVs i=k fy[ksa* dh dnz djrs gq, NksVk i=k fy[k jgk gwa- ^eqckjd igyk dne* fuLlansg vkidk lgh fn'kk esa mBk;k x;k ,d lelkef;d dne gS- vkt dk izfrHkk'kkyh ;qok jpukdkj ydhj dk Qdhj u gksdj laLÑfroknh fo"k;ksa ls gVdj mnkjhdj.k] ekuorkokn dh n`f"V ls ek=k jpuk gh ugha dj jgk gS] ubZ Hkk"kk] ;qx ds vuqdwy eqgkojs rFkk u;k lksp Hkh yk jgk gS- uokadqjksa dks mRlkg nsus ds fy, vkHkkj- jkgqy czgeksgu dh dgkuh ^fcQksj ØkbLV* bldk izek.k gS'kksHkk ukjk;.k dh dgkuh ^rhu vkSjrsa vkSj eSxuksfy;k dk ,d isM+* ^ukjh nsgeqfDr* dh ,d l'kDr jpuk gS tks iq#"k ds lÙkkokn dks udkjus esa iw.kZ lQy jgh gS- ysfdu esjs tSls dqN yksxksa ds fnekx esa ;g nsgeqfDr vfHk;ku ,d iz'u iSnk djrk gS- fookg laLFkk tgka dbZ ftEesnkfj;ka Mkyrh gS ogha dqN lhek rd laj{k.k Hkh iznku djrh gS- rhuksa vkSjrksa ekFkkZ] vk,'kk vkSj---¼uke ugha feyk½ ds fnyksa esa ukjh&lqyHk ekr`Ro dh dkeuk gSlHkh pkgrh gSa fd mUgsa oQknkj ifr feyslHkh vius&vius iSjksa ij [kM+h gSa- rhuksa ek=k larku gh ugha pkgrha] iq#"k lalxZ ls pkgrh gSa- rhuksa dk gh ifjokj ugha gS- D;k ukjh&eqfDr dh cgqr cM+h dher ;s Hknz efgyk,a ugha pqdk jgh gSa\ D;k ,slh ykokfjl vkSjrksa ds ihNs vlkekftd O;fHkpkjh dqÙkksa dh rjg ugha iM+ ldrs\ lkspsa^oSfndh fgalk] fgalk u Hkofr* ek=k ,d VkWfid gh ugha gS pkjksa ys[kdksa] [kkldj vfXuos'k th dk fparu fny dks Nw x;k- ;fn ijthoh laU;klh lekt esa ls 100 vfXuos'k Hkh fudysa rks dk;kiyV gks ldrh gS- foHkwfr ukjk;.k jk; ds fo#) ftl le; lkfgR;dkjksa esa lqukeh vkbZ gqbZ gks] ml le; mUgsa fopkj j[kus dk volj nsuk ^gal* vkSj jktsUnz ;kno ds gh ftxjs dh ckr gSBkdqj lksgu flag HknkSfj;k] chdkusj

^gal* ds flracj 2010 ds vad esa 'khck vlye Qgeh dk ys[k i<+k- 'khck th vius ys[k ^lkfgR; dh btkjsnkjh* dh 'kq#vkr Bhd&Bkd <ax ls djrh gSa- ysfdu MkW- /keZohj rd vkrs&vkrs Qrokdkj dh Hkwfedk esa vk tkrh gSa- yxrk gS 'khck th us MkW- /keZohj dk vkRedF; ^esjh iRuh vkSj HksfM+;k* i<+k ugha gS] vU;Fkk os MkW/keZohj ds leFkZu esa gh [kM+h gksrha'khck th] eSa vkils gh iwNrk gwa] tks vkSjr voS/k] vuSfrd] v'yhy ;k tkj laca/kksa esa fxj tk, rks D;k mls tkfj.kh ugha dgsaxs\ ,sls gh iq#"k dks tkj dgk tkrk gS- 'khck th ls vuqjks/k gS fd os igys ^esjh iRuh vkSj HksfM+;k* i<+ ysa] fQj ftEesokjh vkSj ekuoh; laosnuk ls ckr djsa- MkW- /keZohj us rks tkfj.kh iRuh ds psgjs dks m?kkM+dj vkSj mlds f[kykQ fy[kdj lekt dks psrk;k gh gS- fQj dksbZ L=kh Hkh rks lkeus vk,] tks vius ifr ds tkj laca/kksa dk [kqyklk djrs gq, rykd ekaxs- ,slh L=kh MkW- /keZohj ds i{k esa [kM+h fn[ksxh] u fd nSfgd Lora=krk ds i{kdkjksa ds lkFk- tkj deZ dh NwV f}t lkfgR; esa pyrh gksxh] nfyr lkfgR; esa blds fy, dksbZ txg ugha gSdSyk'k nfg;k] ubZ fnYyh

^jk; lkgc* dks i<+us esa f<ykbZ vk xbZ flracj 2010 vad esa tks dqN i<+ ik;k gwa] mlesa vki rFkk latho th nksuksa ds laikndh; izHkkfor djus okys gSavfXuos'k th us rks ljdkj] lekt ds fonzwi&Øwj psgjs dks ,dne ls uaxk dj fn;k gS- ^'kse&'kse* Lor% eqag ls fudy x;k- irk ugha eafnjksa&efLtnksa dh ctk; vke vkneh bu ij vkanksyu D;ksa ugha djrkizlUu dqekj pkS/kjh dk vkys[k fo}rk&n'kZu ls Hkjiwj gS tks fQj ls lkspus ij Kku esa o`f) djrk gS9


^jk; lkgc* dks i<+us esa f<ykbZ vk xbZ- mldk [kqyklk rks vkius gh dj fn;k gS- fy[kus dks rks geus Hkh dekscs'k L=kh vkRedFkkvksa ij oSlk gh fy[kk gS] ij coaMj rks uke&dek,] Åaps inksa ij cSBs yksxksa ij gh eprk gS- ;g] vkSj rFkkdfFkr L=kh cksYM ys[ku D;k ppkZ esa vkus ds fy, ugha fy[kk tkrk\ vki rks rtqcsZdkj gSagjn'kZu lgxy] chdkusj

fopkj&Lokra=; dk ukVd jktsUnz pksiM+k ¼Qjhnkckn½ us lokfy;k fojks/k ¼izksVsLV½ vaxzsth esa i=k fy[kdj fd;k gS- vkius mls fganh esa vuwfnr djds vkf[kj D;ksa ugha Nkik\ ca/kq dq'kkorhZ ds i=k ds 'kh"kZd esa eqnzkjk{kl dk izdksi ¼[kM+ks] oLrqr% ^[kM+s*½ rks v[kjk gh] i=k ds :i esa Nih 18&19 iafDr;ka i<+dj eglwl gqvk fd mudh vk/kh&v/kwjh ckr dks gh txg nh xbZ gS^gal* ds Lrj ij ;g vuqfpr gS- fuj{kj o csi<+s ,slh gjdr ¼nwljs ds fopkjksa esa drjC;ksar djds vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=krk dk guu½ djsa rks le> esa vkrk gS ysfdu ^gal* esa rks bls fopkj&Lokra=; dk ukVd gh dgk tk,xk- cfYd blesa i<+s&fy[ks yksxksa dh tgkyr utj vkrh gSdq'kkorhZ dk i=k i<+us ij yxrk gS fd dkS'kysUnz ;kno dh iqLrd esa lquh&tkuh ckrksa dks egRo feyk gS ^gal* ds iUuksa ij- blds foijhr lquh&tkuh ckrksa dks izpfyr ds fo#) izkekf.kd Bgjkrs vU; yksxksa dks ^gal* ds gh iUuksa ij /krk crkbZ xbZ gS- ;fn ,slk gS rks fuLlansg ,slk joS;k vkifÙktud vkSj fojks/k o vkØks'k dk dkj.k gksxk gh- bls vuqfpr Hkh dgk gh tk,xk- ij vkRekykspu vkSj dUQsl djuk 'kk;n ^gal* esa ijaijkxr <ksax tSlk dk;e gks x;k gSvouh'k] exjokjk] mUuko ¹ Ñi;k viuk ekspkZ dk gekjk laikndh; uksV Hkh ns[k ysaA µlaiknd 10

^fganh dks Hkh pkfg, v#a/kfr jk;* ,d lkIrkfgd if=kdk ¼'kqØokj 18 ls 24 flracj 2010½ esa jktfd'kksj th vius ^ut+fj;k* esa O;Dr djrs gSa fd ^fganh dks Hkh pkfg, v#a/kfr jk;*- bl lanHkZ esa os fy[krs gSa fd ^^jktsUnz ;kno fganh ds ,d vkSj cqf)thoh gSa] tks gj eghus fdlh u fdlh fooknkLin fo"k; ij iUuk nj iUuk fy[krs gSa---ij fganh ds O;kid ^f'kf{kr txr* esa mudh dksbZ yksdfiz;rk ugha gS-** blh rjg ukeoj flag ds ckjs esa Hkh jktfd'kksj fy[krs gSa fd ^^ukeoj flaag yxHkx jkst gh dksbZ u dksbZ ubZ ckr dgrs gSa---fQj Hkh] muds fopkjksa ij ^lkoZtfud cgl* ugha [kM+h gks ikrh-** blds fy, os fganh ehfM;k dks nks"k nsrs gSa] nwljh vksj os mls fopkjksa dk dnz u djus dk ladV Hkh crkrs gSairk ugha D;ksa ¼\½µmDr fo"k; dks ysdj vkils oSpkfjd 'ks;j djuk pkgrk gwa- rc loky mBrs gSaµD;k fganh ds jktsUnz ;kno tSls cqf)thfo;ksa dks v#a/kfr jk; dh rjg vaxzsth ehfM;k ls tqVuk vfuok;Z gksxk\ rHkh mudh jpukRed O;kidrk dks cM+s vkdk'k rys le>k tk,xk\ ;k fQj mUgsa fganh ehfM;k dh] mudh NksVh nqfu;k dh] NksVh n`f"V O;Dr djrh gS\ vk'kk djrk gwa fd ^esjh rsjh mldh ckr* esa mDr fo"k; ij [kkl foe'kZ gksv#.k vfHk"ksd] iwf.kZ;k] fcgkj

yhd ls gVdj gal ¼flracj 2010½ i<+us dks feyk- ges'kk dh rjg loZizFke vkids laikndh; ¼esjh rsjh mldh ckr½ dks i<+k- vkius ftu eqn~nksa dks mBk;k gS os fopkj.kh; gSa- jkgqy czteksgu us ^fcQksj ØkbLV* ds ek/;e ls gal esa viuk igyk vkSj izHkkoh dne j[kk gS] tks dgkuh dh vusd laHkkoukvksa dks tUe nsrk gS- blds vykok 'kksHkk ukjk;.k ,oa tkQj esagnh dh dgkfu;ka Hkh viuh Lrjh; mifLFkfr ntZ djkrh gSa- losZ'k dk vkoj.k fp=k cgqr dqN cksyrk gS- cgqr lqanjuoacj] 2010


izlUu dqekj pkS/kjh dk vkys[k ^jk"Vªokn vkSj fganh laiznk;* Jeiw.kZ yxk ,oa dbZ feF;k /kkj.kkvksa ij pksV djrk gS- ys[k vius vafre Hkkx dks i<+us ds fy, ykykf;r djrk gSdforkvksa ds lkFk x+t+yksa dks lEekfur LFkku nsus ds fy, vkHkkjh gwabl vad us ;g lkfcr dj fn;k gS fd x+t+yksa dks ^gal* esa fQyj ds :i esa vFkok ÑikiwoZd ugha Nkik tkrk- mn; izrki flag] jk?kosanz frokjh] xkSre jktfj'kh ,oa e/kqos'k dh x+t+ysa yhd ls gVdj izxfr'khyrk ls tqM+h gSa- Hkkjr Hkkj}kt dh vuqifLFkfr eu dks [ky xbZ- 'ks"k vU; LraHk iBuh; gSapanu v;ks/kh] fNanokM+k] eiz

D;k vki vius ?kj esa fdlh dks ?kqlus nsaxs \ ^gal* flracj 2010 ds vad esa vkius vius laikndh; esa ^u;k Kkuksn;* okys izlax esa larqfyr :i esa fy[kk gS] ijarq ckSf)d yksdra=k rks lcds fy, gksuk pkfg,- vkius bl ppkZ esa izsepan dk mYys[k vuko';d dgk gS ysfdu ;g rks [kqn foHkwfr ukjk;.k jk; us gh mBk;k Fkk vkSj og Hkh vkRe&j{kk ds fy,- vkidks bl i{k dks Hkh /;ku esa j[kuk pkfg,foHkwfr th ds O;k[;ku ds Hkh va'k bl vad esa gSa- muds dbZ fopkjksa ls esjh lgefr gS- jkT; dh fufeZfr yksdrkaf=kd gS] vyksdrkaf=kd ugha] ysfdu os Bhd dgrs gSa fd dksbZ Hkh jkT; gfFk;kjcanksa dks dqN Hkh djus dh NwV ugha ns ldrk- vki gh crk,a] D;k vki vius ?kj esa fdlh dks ?kqlus nsaxs\ ekvksoknh gksa ;k uDlyoknh ;k lkE;oknh] viuh lÙkk vkus ij D;k os fdlh dks Lisl nsaxs\ :l&phu dk mnkgj.k rks vkids lkeus gS- ;g fofp=k rdZ gS] ekvksoknh vkRej{kk esa gR;k,a dj ldrs gSa ij yksdra=k ugha dj ldrkvkidks foHkwfr th ds bl fopkj ij xkSj djuk pkfg, fd d'ehj esa bLykfed vkradokn vkSj Hkkjrh; jkT; ds chp eqdkcyk gS- vki crk,a vki fdlds lkFk gSa\ Hkkjrh; yksdra=k bLykfed vkradokn uoacj] 2010

ls yM+rk jgsxk vkSj var esa fot;h gksxk;g Bhd gS] dksbZ Hkh jkT; iwjh rjg ls turkaf=kd ugha gh gks ldrk] ij mldk fodYi D;k gS rFkk og fdl izdkj fgalkeqDr gksdj yksdrkaf=kd cusxk] bls rks vkidks Li"V djuk pkfg,dey fd'kksj xks;udk] fnYyh

fLFkfr;ka ,d&lh gksa rks vkoktsa Hkh ,d&lh mBrh gSa ^gal* flracj 2010 ds viuk ekspkZ esa vfer eukst }kjk mBk, x, ,d iz'u ^crk,a ^Fkhe* dgka ls yh\* ij eq>s dqN dguk gSµ *75 ;k *76 dh ckr gSµesjh ,d dgkuh ^lhf<+;ksa ds uhps* jk"Vªok.kh ¼iq.ks½ esa izdkf'kr gqbZ Fkh] ftldk lkjka'k ;g Fkk fd ,d x+jhc ;qok vius cki dks ¼tks fd ,d edku esa ckcw ds ;gka ?kj dk dke djrk Fkk½ lhf<+;ksa ds uhps BaM ls fldqM+dj ejk gqvk ikrk gS vkSj fØ;k&deZ ds ¼vkfFkZd½ >esys dks lkspdj mlh voLFkk esa NksM+dj pyk tkrk gSmlh njfe;ku fo'ofo[;kr funsZ'kd e`.kky lsu dh ,d fQYe vkbZ Fkh ^[kkfjt*] ftldk lkjka'k ;g Fkk fd ,d cki vius X;kjg&ckjg lky ds csVs dks ,d ckcw ds ;gka ?kj dk dke djus ds fy, j[krk gS tks fd vR;f/kd BaM ds dkj.k ,d dejs esa tyrs gq, pwYgs dh vkap dh xehZ esa lksrk gS] ysfdu /kq,a ls ej tkrk gS vkSj mldk cki Fkkuk&iqfyl&dksVZ dh egkekjh ds Mj ls ml cPps dks NksM+dj pyk tkrk gS;gka rks r; gS fd dgkuh cgqr gh vuke if=kdk esa Nih Fkh] ftls e`.kky lsu us i<+k ugha gksxk vkSj fQYe ns[kus dk iz'u blfy, ugha mBrk fd esjh dgkuh cgqr igys Nih FkheSaus dgha i<+k Fkk fd tc =kklnh ,d&lh fLFkfr esa gks rks ml fLFkfr dks >syus okys O;fDr fc[kjs fdlh Hkh dksus esa gks] muds lkspus dh fn'kk yxHkx ,d&lh gksrh gSµdHkh&dHkh Vdjkrh Hkh gS vkSj ;gh gS ekDlZoknh fparu/kkjk dk vk/kkj fd fLFkfr;ka tc ,d&lh gksrh gSa rks

dk vxyk vad fnlacj 2010 dgkfu;ka fnO;k ekFkqj] iadt lqchj] izR;{kk] t;Jh jk;] jktfjf'k xkSre] cztxksiky jk; papy dfork,a enu d';i] jatuk tk;loky fo'ks"k ekfj;ks cxkZl ykslk dks ukscy iqjLdkj % lqHkk"k 'kekZ oSKkfud ;qx esa /keZ dh izklafxdrk dk loky % MkW- lq/kk pkS/kjh ftUnk dgkfu;ka 'kf'kdyk jk; chp cgl esa fouksn 'kkgh] lqjsUnz JhokLro] dkS'kysUnz izrki ;kno O;aX; vlhl dqekj vkalw fu#Ùkj nfyr dqÙkk ysfdu njoktk 'kjkQr vyh [kku ij[k lfjrk 'kekZ] nhid 'kekZ] jes'k iztkifr] lqHkk"kpUnz dq'kokgk] dkyw yky dqyeh

lkFk esa jsr?kM+h vkSj vU; LraHk 11


phu ds fDoax oa'k ds jkT; esa nsgkr ds ,d eftLVªsV us nthZ ls ,d u;k

vHkh&vHkh vQ+lj cus gSa] ;k dksbZ u;k in laHkky jgs gSa ;k cgqr le; ls vQ+lj jgs gSa-** vQ+lj us gSjkuh ls iwNk] ^^u, pksxs dk bu lc ckrksa ls D;k eryc\** nthZ us tokc fn;k] ^^vksg] blh ij rks lc&dqN fuHkZj djrk gS- vxj vki vHkh&vHkh vQ+lj cus gSa rks dpgjh esa lkjs oD+r [kM+s jguk iM+sxkbl gkyr esa pksxs dh lkeus dh vkSj ihNs dh yackbZ cjkcj gksuh pkfg,u,&u, vQ+lj cus gSa rks yackbZ lkeus ls T;knk vkSj ihNs ls de gksuh pkfg, D;ksafd u, vQ+lj T;knk ?keaMh gksrs gSaos flj Åapk mBk, jgrs gSa vkSj Nkrh Qqyk, jgrs gSa- tks iqjkus vQ+lj gSa mudk pksxk vyx fdLe dk gksrk gSmudks bruh ckj vius mPpkf/kdkfj;ksa ls MkaV iM+ pqdh gksrh gS fd muds lkeus cjkcj >qdrs&>qdrs muds da/ks >qd tkrs gSa vkSj xnZu yVd tkrh gS- blhfy, mudks ,sls pksxs dh t:jr gksrh gS tks lkeus de vkSj ihNs T;knk yack gks- eq>s ugha ekywe fd vki fdl Js.kh ds

ljdkjh pksxk lh nsus dks dgknthZ us iwNk] ^^igys ;g crkb, fd vki fdl izdkj ds vQ+lj gSa- vki

vQ+lj gSa- fcuk ;g tkus vkids fy, pksxk dSls cuk ldrk gwa\** ¼phu½ egs'k oekZ] ljxqtk] N-x-

vkokt Hkh ,d tSlh mBrh gSdq'ks'oj] dksydkrk

;g pksjh gS ;k izsj.kk\ ^gal* ds vxLr 2010 esa dkQh yacs ^gkbZcjus'ku* ls ckgj vk, l`at; dh dgkuh ^eki* dks lcls igys i<+k- l`at; ds gh fiNys ys[ku ls rqyuk djsa rks Hkh dgkuh fujk'k djrh gS;g dgkuh ;k ;s dgsa fd bldk DykbZeSDl us'kuy cqd VªLV }kjk izdkf'kr iqLrd ^vkvks galsa ,d lkFk* ¼vuqokn eksfguh jko½ esa i`"B 142 ij ladfyr phuh y?kqdFkk ^u;k pksxk* dh gw&c&gw udy gS- vkids fy, eSa bl y?kqdFkk dh t+sjkWDl izfr Hkst jgk gwaesjk fuosnu gS fd ^gal* ds ikBdksa ds fy, ^viuk ekspkZ* esa gh bls txg nsa rkfd ikBd bldk l`at; dh dgkuh ls feyku dj ldsa vkSj fu.kZ; ysa fd bls pksjh ekuk tk, ;k ^izsj.kk*\ u;k pksxk

12

lkbizl dh yksddFkk vQokg

latho Bkdqj cgqr igys le; dh ckr gS- ,d taxy esa ,d isM+ ds uhps ,d pwgk lks;k gqvk Fkk- vpkud [kwc rst gok pyus yxhml gok ds >ksads ls ml isM+ dh ,d Mkyh VwV xbZ- isM+ dh VwVh Mkyh pwgs ij fxj iM+h- pwgs dh uhan [kqy xbZ vkSj og tku cpkdj ogka ls Hkkxk- Hkkxrs&Hkkxrs mls ,d [kjxks'k fey x;k- [kjxks'k us mlls iwNkµßrqe bruh rsth ls D;ksa Hkkx jgs gks\Þ pwgs us [kjxks'k dks crk;kµßgok us isM+ dh ,d Mkyh dks fxjk fn;k- og Mkyh esjs Åij fxj iM+h- eq>s pksV yx xbZ- blfy, eSa Hkkx jgk gwa-Þ [kjxks'k Hkh pwgs ds lkFk Hkkxus yxk- Hkkxrs&Hkkxrs jkLrs esa ,d fprjkyk mls feyk- mlus [kjxks'k ls iwNkµßrqe bruh rsth ls dgka Hkkx jgs gks\Þ [kjxks'k cksykµßxtc gks x;k! pwgk tc lks jgk Fkk] ,d lewpk isM+ gok ds dkj.k m[kM+dj fxj x;k- mlds uhps ds lkjs tkuoj ej x,- pwgk tku cpkdj ogka ls Hkkxk gS- eSa Hkh mlds lkFk Hkkx jgk gwa-Þ [kjxks'k dh ckr lqudj fprjkyk dkai x;k- og Hkh [kjxks'k vkSj pwgs ds lkFk Hkkxus yxk- ,d cdjh us fprjkyk ls iwNkµßrqe yksx bruh gM+cM+h esa dgka Hkkx jgs gks\Þ fprjkyk cksykµßcgqr cM+h ?kVuk ?kV xbZ gS- pwgk tc lks jgk Fkk] rc Hkwdai vk x;k- èkjrh QV xbZ- ogka ftrus Hkh tkuoj Fks] lHkh èkjrh esa lek x,- ge yksx tku cpkdj Hkkx jgs gSa-Þ cdjh dks ;g ckr lqudj cgqr Mj yxk- og Hkh muds lkFk Hkkxus yxhvkxs vkSj Hkh dbZ tkuoj feys- lcus cnyh gqbZ dgkuh lquh vkSj Mjdj Hkkxus yxs- Hkkxrs gq, tkuojksa dk dkfQyk c<+rk x;k- ml dkfQys dks jksduk cgqr eqf'dy dke Fkkuoacj] 2010


dgkuh

tUe frfFk % 13 Qjojh] 1973 tUeLFkku % xzkeµcjiqj] lqtkuxat] tuinµtkSuiqj] m-izf'k{kk % bafM;u Ldwy vkWQ ekbal] /kuckn ls izkS|ksfxdh Lukrd vkSj flVh ,aM fxYM~l yanu ls izkS|ksfxdh esa ijk&LukrdÑfr;ka % cky lkfgR;] dfork,a vkSj foKku esa fofo/k ys[kuA dgha Hkh izdkf'kr gksus okyh ;g igyh dgkuhlaidZ % ,&54] izFke ry] lsDVj&36] uks,Mk&201301] eks- % 9818908787 laizfr % ukWosZ dh ,d cgqjk"Vªh; daiuh esa O;kikj izca/kd dh ukSdjh-

cVslj us vHkh&vHkh chM+h lqyxkbZ Fkh fd [kkalh ,dne dqdqj [kkalh esa rCnhy gks xbZ- [kkal&[kkal ds iwjk Lye lj is mBk fy;k- ftxj&djstk] ipmuh] QsQM+kµ lc QV iM+us dks csrkc- csVk] vc bZ 'kjhj cgqr fnu ugha pysxkeujek dmuks fciklk clw rks gS ugha tks ^chM+h tybys ftxj ls fi;k* okyk xkuk xk,xh- Å rks chM+h ns[krs gh fQjaV gks tkrh gS- dgrh gS fd cVslj] rksgdk lhrk&jke] Qdhj&vYykg] bZlkelhg] egkrek xka/kh vkSj xmre cq) dh dle tkS rw bZ eqbZ chM+h dks gkFk yxk,! ;k r bZ rksgjs gksaB is yxh ;k r ge] vc lksp&lef> ds pquko dj ykscVslj dh [kkalh coaMj cu xbZ Fkhgkgkdkj epkdj de gqbZ rks cVslj dk xyk fNyk gqvk usuqvk vkSj vka[k Hkjk gqvk ugj cu pqdk Fkk- cVslj dh chM+h dgha ekVh esa fcyk xbZ vkSj ,d eqLdku dysts ds Hkhrj gqed xbZ fd ,ruh uoacj] 2010

[ksy /;kusUnz ef.k f=kikBh

eqckjd igyk dne ! fdlh laHkkouk'khy ys[kd dh igyh dgkuh ds varxZr bl LraHk esa fiNys fnuksa geus fefFkys'k fiz;n'khZ dh yksgs dk cDlk vkSj canwd] Luksok ckuksZ dh eq>s ?kj rd NksM+ vkb,] izfrHkk nkl dh tyeXuh] MkW- LofIuy lq/kkdj vtcs dh os vka[ksa] ';ke d';i dh tuq [klsm] fdj.k flag dh tks bls tc i<+s] viwoZ tks'kh dh ^;l lj---*] lfjrk 'kekZ dh oSD;we] t;Jh jk; dh fiaMnku vkSj jkgqy czteksgu dh fcQ+ksj ØkbLV izdkf'kr dh gSa- bl dM+h esa bl ckj izLrqr gS /;kusUnz ef.k f=kikBh dh [ksy- gal ,slh gj laHkkouk dks llEeku vkeaf=kr djrk gS[kkalh ds ckn Hkh eujek dmuks daVhyh upfu;k dh rjg eu esa ?kqeM+rh jgh- dk djsa! chM+h vkSj eujek nwuksa rM+ikrh gSa ysfdu nqum dks NksM+rs ugha curkns[kk rks lkeus deky [kku [kM+k Fkk- cVslj us [kkalh dk ,d&nks Vsd fy;k vkSj vka[k ukp ds cksykµdk js dekyok! viuh >ksiM+h esa ,lojok jk; dk QksVw dk yxok fy;k gS] [kqn dks lyeku [kku le>us yxk gS- lkyk viuk psgjk ns[kk gS dHkh lhlk esa\ jhN dk vorkj yxrk gS rqe---nksuksa BBkdj gal iM+s- xys feys vkSj >ksiM+h esa nkf[ky gks x,Q'kZ ij pVkbZ fcNh Fkh- Q'kZ ls fudyh lhyu ls pVkbZ dks xhyk dj fn;k Fkk- csrjrhc j[ks crZuksa ds ikl okyh ukyh ls vk jgh cncw us lkal ysuk

eksgky dj j[kk Fkk- deky us vius dqrsZ dh FkSyh ls nks ikmp fudkys- nksuksa us ikmp dh iUuh dks ,d dksus esa cM+h lQkbZ ls vius nkarksa ls dkVk] xks;k oks gS.MxzsusM dh fiu fudky jgs gksa- fQj nksuksa gkFkksa esa ikmp Hkjdj fdlh iihgs dh rjg xnZu Åij mpdkdj] 'kjkc gyd esa mrkjus yxs- ,d ds ckn ,d] rhu&rhu ikmp [kRe gks x,- iSekus ls ukik tkrk rks rhu ifV;kyk iSx dk cki yxk fy;k Fkk nksuksa us- deky dh vka[ksa fcYykSjh Fkha] yxrk Fkk u'ks esa ckgj vk tk,axh- dqN yM+[kM+krs gq, iwNkµvc cVslj! p[kuk&o[kuk j[kk gS rqe fd ugha\ cVslj eqLdqjk;k] u'kk Hkknksa ds ckny dh rjg Nk jgk Fkk- dHkh iwjk fnekx >Uuk tkrk rks dHkh xksM+ FkjFkjk tkrk- vHkh rks u'kk p<+uk 13


eky&vlckc m Vhu ds cDlk esa j[[ks gks] fudky ds yb pyks- cVslj us dksbZ tokc u fn;k- mlus ianzg&chl VsaVuqek 'kke <y jgh Fkh vkSj dukV Iysl dks >ksifM+;ksa ij ut+j Mkyh- ;gka lc mlds fnYyh dk fny cukus dh dok;n esa lkFkh&etwj jgk djrs gSaµ[ksy&xkao cukus mlds fny dh ckbZikl ltZjh dh tk dh igyh vkSj vkf[kjh dM+h- igyh jgh Fkh- Hkhrjh xksy pDdj ¼buj ldZy½ blfy, fd lkjk Je ;gh etwj yksx dks [kksn&[kksndj nqfu;k dh vk/kqfudre djrs gSa] vkf[kjh blfy, fd vkt Hkh fuekZ.k izkS|ksfxdh ds tfj, dukV Iysl lekt ds gkf'k, ds Hkh gkf'k, ij Fksdks LoxZ dk :i nsus dh ;kstuk cuh Fkhbl Vsaijsjh Lye ds yksx cngokl& ;s lc egku Hkkjr ds ukxfjdksa ds fy, ls viuk&viuk lkeku ysdj v{kj/kke ugha gks jgk Fkk- uk gh ukSdjhis'kk vkSj eafnj dh vksj Hkkxus dh dksf'k'k dj jgs O;olk; djus okys yksxksa] etnwjksa] Fks- uxsunj vius rhu lky ds cPps dh dkexkjksa] v/;kidksa] lSfudksa] fo|kfFkZ;ksa] vaxqyh Fkkes etnwjksa ds Bsdsnkj cyHknz MkWDVjksa ;k fHk[kkfj;ksa ds fy, gks jgk FkkflUgk dks th Hkj ds xfj;k jgk FkkfnYyhokfl;ksa ds fy, rks drbZ rkSj ij lkyk&gjkeh] fHkaMh dk ch;k] bgka ge ugha gh] ugha rks ;s nfl;ksa lky igys gh yksx dks vukFk dh rjg j[kk gSLoxZ cuk fn;k x;k gksrk- ;s lc ck<+&cwM+k dk ikuh esa ge yksx rks nklrk ds izrhd vkSj fQjaxh uxsunj vius rhu lky ds cPps dh vaxqyh Fkkes xkaM+ ejk jgs gSa vkSmj b lkyk mifuos'k ds xokg jgs ns'kksa ds etnw j ks a ds Bs d s n kj cyHknz flUgk dks th Hkj ds xfj;k yksx ,lh ?kj esa pkSM+k gksds lks lkewfgd [ksy ds nkSjku vkus jgk gksxk- esgur&etwjh djsa okys vfrfFk;ksa ds Lokxr esa gks jgk Fkk- lkyk&gjkeh] fHkaMh dk ch;k] bgka ge yksx dks jgk Fkk- ftrus eqag mruh ckrsa vukFk dh rjg j[kk gS- ck<+&cwM+k dk ikuh esa ge yksx xkaM+ ge yksx vkSj gekjs ilhuk dk deh'ku [kk;sa bZ lc HkMq,gks jgh Fkha- dksbZ dg jgk Fkk fd ejk jgs gSa vkSmj b lkyk yksx ,lh ?kj esa pkSM+k gksds lks fiNyk nw eghuk ls ldy ugha ftl [ksy ds eSnku dh ejEer jgk gksxk- esgur&etwjh djs ge yksx vkSmj gekjs ilhuk fn[kk;k lkykdke lkS djksM+ esa gksrh] mls ,d dk deh'ku [kkrk gS bZ lc HkMqvk- fiNyk nw eghuk ls djok&djok ds [kwu pwl fy;k gtkj djksM+ esa fjis;j fd;k ldy ugha fn[kk;k lkykgS ge yksxksa dk- cVslj ls jgk x;k rks dksbZ dgrk fd ukys dh u x;k- tkds uxsunj dk ihB dkyh xkn ds Åij dke djus okyksa us vlyh lksuk dkVk- dksbZ dgrk pwgk&fcYyh lc ,d&nwljs ds nksLr cu FkiFkik;k vmj cksykµvjs! uxsunj fd gj pht+ dh [kjhn esa ?kksVkyk gS rks x, Fks- ,d gh Mky is cbB ds ck<+ ds HkkbZ] cpok dks ys ds lM+d is pyks] dksbZ dgrk fd gj dsl gokyk gS- ikuh esa cg jgs Fks dqdqj&fcykj- vcs! gqaob VsaV&>ksiM+h xkM+saxs- jkr esa ikuh vke&/ku ¼dkWeu&osYFk½ [ksyksa esa Hkkx ckgj Hkkx·· cVsljk] py ukgha rks vmj Åij p<+k rks QykbZ vksHkj is ysus ds fy, vkus okys f[kykfM+;ksa dks tequk th vkt gh Hkdl ys tk,axh- f'k¶V djsasxsetnwjksa ds bl lewg esa pkyhl ds fdlh Ldwy ;k VIij esa rks Bgjk;k ugha cVslj dk u'kk >Uu rks ugha gqvk] ij tk ldrk Fkk] blfy, [ksy&xkao Hkh FkksM+k de gks x;k- nksuksa VsaV&>ksiM+h ds djhc enZ Fks- vkSjrksa dh la[;k enks± dh yxHkx vk/kh Fkh vkSj mrus gh cPpscuuk Fkk- [ksy&xkao D;k oks xkao ds uke ckgj fudy vk,ckgj tequk th bZ vLFkk;h cVslj dh choh vkSj pkj lky dh ij ,d cM+k etkd vkSj 'kkunkj fjgk;'kh bykds dks Hkh ekr nsus okyk >ksiM+iV~Vh VsaV&dSai dks rtcht jgh Fkha- fcfV;k vktex<+ esa jgrs gSa- oks rks 'kgj Fkk- mlds cxy esa ;equk unh cg fnYyh dh cgqeaftyk bekjrsa tgka vkjk&fcgkj dk eLrekSyk gS vkSj jgh Fkh tks [krjs ds fu'kku ls Åij vkleku ls ckrsa djrh xoZ ls lhuk rkus vktex<+ dh Nksdjh ls I;kj dj cSBkcgus ds ckn Hkh liuksa ds bl 'kgj dk [kM+h Fkha ogha bl dSai dh gj >ksiM+h ck<+ igyh ckj eujek dks bykgkckn esa uSuh dqN ugha fcxkM+ ik jgh Fkh- fcxM+h rks ds ikuh ds lkeus lw[ks iÙkksa&lh dkai jgh dk cM+dk iqy cuus ds nkSjku ns[kk FkkFkh- cVslj us deky dh vksj ns[kk- ewM+ is rlyk ys ds tk jgh FkhFkh flQZ cVslj dh VsaVuqek >ksiM+hmlds psgjs ij vthc&lh gSjkuh Fkh- lqijokbtj NsM+[kkuh fd;k rks ogh ikap&ikap ikmp [kRe gks pqds Fks- ck<+ deky cjcl cksy mBkµvjs cVslj rlyk ls ghad Hkj ekjk Fkk nfgtjs dksdk ikuh tks dy rd uhps okys ekSuh HkkbZ! tmu dqN diM+k&yÙkk] ogka ls etwjh fNu xbZ vkSj mls eujek ckck ds vkJe rd Fkk] vkt >ksiM+h ds ckgj ygjk jgk Fkk- vjs dekyok! b gekj xeNk dbls xhyk gks x;k cqM+cd\ ge xeNos esa fi'kkc dj fn;s dk\ fgfpd ··\ cVslj dks viuh vkokt+ mlds xkao ij/kku jke fd'kqu ikaMs ds yacs&pkSM+s nyku esa xwatus okyh vkokt+ yx jgh Fkh- vHkh bl lq:j vkSj xexekrs u'ks esa mBdj cVslj ;s le>us dh dksf'k'k djrk fd ektjk D;k gS] deky ,sls fpYyk;k tSls VsaV&>ksiM+h esa ukx ?kql vk;k gks- vjs cVsljk! bZ rks tequk th dk ikuh gS js! vYyk dle] bZ r xtcs gks x;k js! gejs ukuh ds ?kj tljk bykgkckn esa lu~ 78 esa vblk ck<+ vk;k Fkk- chNh&xkstj] lkai&es<d]

'kq: gh gqvk Fkk---

14

uoacj] 2010


tSlh esgjk: fey xbZ- fcydqy dmuks jktdqekjh tblh- mldh vka[kksa esa viuh fcfV;k lqHkkxh dh rLohj Mksy xbZfcYdqy viuh eka is xbZ gS- ,dne xqM~Mh yxrh gS- vPNk gqvk Å lc gejs lkFk ugha gS bgka ij] ugha rks dk gksrk\ exj vHkh mldk fnekx vius ml lkSHkkX; ij ,dkxz ugha gks ik jgk Fkkcwansa fQj ls iM+uh 'kq: gks xbZ Fkha] tequk dk ikuh QSydj fdukjs rd jsaxus yxk Fkk- tYnh&tYnh Mx c<+krs gq, og viuh cngkyh ij lkspus yxktc&tc etnwjksa us iSls ds fy, cyHkn~nj dks ?ksjk] mlus ehBs ygts esa dgk] lc feysxk] lc feysxk] lcj djks- dqfYg [kkdj <siqfu;k dks rhrk u djks- cdk;k rks cdk;k] Åij ls cdlhl yks] lks vyx-* ysfdu ^[ksy [kre gksus ij- vHkh pwa rd u djukns'k dh ukd dk loky gSukd dk loky! llqj ds ukrh ugha rks] rqejh ukd ukd vkSj gejh ukd uDdw! tequk th p<+ vkb± ukd rd] vc dc nksxs! u dekbZ lkcqr jgh] u ?kj! m/kj tks iqjkuh etwj cLrh esa jg x, mudks Hkxk fn;k x;k- gqvka ls Hkkx ds vk, tequk th dh xksn esa rks jPNd dh txg HkPNd cu xbZ- fg;ka ,d&,d fiykV lqurs gSa ,d&,d ls ikap&ikap djksM+ esa fcdsxkcVslj viuh jkS esa dksls tk jgk Fkkcngokl vkSj fujk'k yksxksa dks viuh enn nsus dh dksf'k'k djrs gq, cVslj us fQj ,d chM+h tykbZ- deky Hkh tgka t:jr Fkh] ogka Hkkx&nkSM+ dj jgk Fkk- jkr Hkj uoacj] 2010

crZu] [kfV;k] cDlk] pwYgk&pkSdk] LVkso vkSj fcLrjs dks <ksdj lM+d ij ys tkus dk dke pyrk jgk- cVslj us viuk VsaV [kksydj v{kj/kke eafnj ds lkeus Åaph lM+d ij yxk fn;k- dSai ds yksxksa vkSj lkeku dks egQwt <ax ls f'k¶V djk ds cVslj vkSj deky VsaV esa <sj gks x,lqcg ds pkj cts lks, rks fnu esa ukS cts vka[k [kqyh] oks Hkh rc tc ¶ykbZ vksoj ls ysdj futkeqn~nhu rd fogaxe tke yx x;k FkkfnYyh dh lM+dksa dkjksa] thiksa] eksVjlk;dyksa] Vªdksa vkSj clksa dks ns[kdj yxrk Fkk fd nqfu;k dk lkjk yksgk vkSj nqfu;k dk lkjk b±/ku bUgha xkfM+;ksa esa [kpZ gks x;k gksxk- ,d fnu cVslj dks dSVjfiyj ds vkWijsVj us crk;k Fkk fd ckcw! bgka fnYyh esa ,ruk dkj gS fd dydÙkk] cacbZ vkSj enzkl dk lc xkM+h tksM+ yks rc Hkh fnYyh dk lc dkj chls iM+saxhcVslj dh vka[k [kqyh- xkfM+;ksa dh fpYy&iksa dku ds insZ ugha fgykrh rks oks 'kk;n fnu Hkj lksrk jgrk- jkr dh Hkkx&nkSM+ vkSj nk: dh [kqekjh ls 'kk;n dqN gjkjr lh yx jgh Fkh- jkr Hkj dh ckfj'k us mldh VsaV&>ksiM+h dk gj dksuk xhyk dj j[[kk FkkfrypV~Vksa dks Hkh ;s txg egQwt yx jgh Fkh- dqN eksVs Hk;kud vkSj FksFkj pwgs bl VsaV&>ksiM+h dks dqrjus dh dksf'k'k dj jgs Fks- cVslj us ckgj fudydj ns[kkµ xkfM+;ksa dh yach drkjsa vkSj tke- tgka rd ut+j xbZ] flQZ dkjsa] eksVjlk;dysa vkSj clksa ls vVk iM+k Fkk jkLrk- mlus vka[ksa fepfepkb± vkSj xys rd vk x, cyxe dks [k[kkj dj lkQ fd;k-

bl tke esa mlds lkeus ,d yach xkM+h [kM+h Fkh- bl xkM+h ds 'kh'ks gYds dkys Fks- blds ckotwn xkM+h esa cSBh ,d [kwclwjr vkSjr dk psgjk fn[kkbZ iM+ jgk Fkk- cVslj viuk xeNk Bhd djrk FkksM+k&lk vkSj vkxs vk x;k- mls Hkze gqvk fd tbls eujek b xkM+h esa cbBh gqbZ gS- cVslj ds tsgu esa eujek dk gj ckr rktk gks xbZ- dblh dVkds dh vkSjr gS eujek- ,dne iksj&iksj esa jl Hkjy gS- gqa---lcsjs&lcsjs b lc lksp ds ?kaVk dqN gksxk- fnekxs [kjkc gksxk- vHkh m cyHknzok ds peps fHkaMh ds ch;s dh rjg vkrs gh gksaxs- irk ugha vkt dgka dkSulk dke djuk gksxk\ cVslj us cM+h fgdkjr ls [ksy xkao dh [kwclwjr vV~Vkfydkvksa dks ns[kk- lkyk gels vPNk /ka/kk rks irqfj;k yksx dk gS- de ls de mls bZ r irk gksrk gS fd ,ds rjg dk dke gS- bgka r dHkh ikFkj rksM+ks r dHkh chloka egyk esa jax&jksxu djksdHkh b±V <ksvks r dHkh lhoj lkQ djksvkSj iblk\ ckj&ckj iSls dk [;ky vk tkrk gS] cyHkn~nj cksyk gS fd iblk dk rxknk er djuk rqe yksx- ljdkj ls gedks tc&tc isesaV feysxk] rqe yksx dk iblk fcuk dgs pqdk nsasxs- ysfdu b gjkeh dk tUek dkgs ge yksx dk iblk nsxk\ rhu eghuk gks x;k] uk rks iblk feyk uk NqV~Vh- esgurkuk ekaxs rks xknj cSy tblk /kal tkrk gS cyHkn~njokjksekal] Øks/k vkSj [kh> Hkjs bl lksp ds vfojy izokg dks fojke yxkcVslj us ihNs ns[kk rks deky [kM+k Fkkvjs! Hkksdqvk] rqe dk bZ lc 'kgj dk frryh ns[k jgk gS- tkds diM+k&yÙkk lq[kkvks- cj[kk #d x;k gS- lq:t nknk Hkh fudys gSa- tk! u r vfHk;s cyHkn~nj dk pepk lc vk ds rksgkj lc Hknjk fudky nsxk- cVslj us deky dh ckrksa ij /;ku fn;k- lgh esa lkjk diM+k xhyk gks x;k Fkk- /kwi esa lq[kkus dk vPNk ekSdk gS vkt- pyks lq[kkrs gSa diM+k&yÙkk- cVslj eqM+k gh Fkk fd deky us mls jksdk- mlus deky dh vksj bl ckj cM+h vfuPNk ls ns[kk15


mldh vka[k Hkh mlh fn'kk esa dsafnzr gks iwjk djuk gS- vkWVks okys us dksbZ izfrjks/k vf/kdkjksa dk Hkku gqvk- fiNys ,d xbZ ft/kj deky ns[k jgk Fkk- tke esa ugha fd;k- ihNk 'kq: gks x;k] vkWVks dkj eghus esa oks fdlh dks th Hkj ds Qalh ml yach xkM+h dk njoktk dh j¶rkj ds vkxs dgka fVdrk\ Bhd /kfd;kus vkSj gpepkus dh ckr nwj] vHkh&vHkh [kqyk Fkk vkSj oks [kwclwjr ,d ?kaVs ckn <qa<kgkjk ds Vksy ukds ij dksbZ loky Hkh ugha iwN ik, Fks fd] HkkbZ vkSjr mlesa ls ckgj fudyh- cVslj dh dkj ,d 'kkunkj eSnku esa ?kql xbZ- ;gka ;k lj ;k eSMe th vkidks fdlfy, rks iwjh nsg xuxuk xbZ- b rks flQZ lk;k fy[kk gqvk Fkkµohoh vkbZ ih VsaV ?kj- vanj tkuk gS] D;ksa tkuk gS csykmt tblk dqN pht iguh Fkh- lk;k cVslj vkWVks jksddj mrjk- vkWVks okys ls bR;kfn&bR;kfn- mUgsa rks lSY;wV Hkh ?kqVuk ds Åij- iSj r tbls fpDdu feUur dhµHkb;k ;gha #ds jgs fQj pys ekjrs&ekjrs gkFkksa esa vkSj iSj laxejej yx jgk Fkk- ,dne tM+or gks ds ck- vkWVks okys dks u tkus D;k gqvk iVdrs&iVdrs ?kqVuksa esa nnZ gks x;k Fkkx, cVslj vkSj deky- vcs cVslj Fkk\ gSjku gqvk ysfdu bartkj djus dh cVslj rks mu nksuksa ds fy, tSls dksbZ NNqanj Fkk tks iaMksg ls fudydj lh/ks yxrk gS dmuks izkcye gS ns[kks- Mªkboj ewd lgefr ns nhcVslj us tgka rd ut+j nkSM+kbZ] egy esa ?kqlus dh dksf'k'k dj jgk FkkHkh ckgj fudyk- cVslj us Mªkboj dh vksj ns[kk vkSj mlds 'kCn xys esa vVd [kwclwjr ?kkl dh dkyhu vkSj djhus ls fygktk nksuksa xkMks± us vius cy dk x,- deky! cVslj QqlQqlk;k! vjs bZ lts lQsn VsaV ut+j vk,- dqN etnwj lE;d iz;ksx djrs gq, cVslj dks rks cyHkn~njok gS- bZ rks bldk esgjk: vHkh Hkh bl ?kkl ds eSnku esa dke dj QVdkj yxkbZ vkSj b/kj u fn[kkbZ nsus ugha gS- ge bl ikth ds esgjk: dks [kwc jgs Fks- cki js! b [kwclwjr VsaV] tbls dh psrkouh Hkh nhcVslj Vksy ls lVh ,d iqfy;k ij vPNk ls igpkurk gwa- ,d ckj iblk dmuks egy vmj ge yksx ds VsaV& cSB x;k vkSj eu gh eu vius nsus eSMe [kqns vkbZ FkhaladYi ij vkSj n`<+ mu nksuksa us cyHknz flUgk cVs l j us vVS p h dks vius xeNs ls <dk vkS j da / ks gqvkµvkt rks csVk irk djds dks ns[kk- mlus xkM+h dk cksuV ds uhps nck, gq, yacs Mx Hkjrk viuh >ksiM+h ds gh jgsaxs fd cyHkn~njok dk [kksyk] dqN Bhd fd;k vkSj fQj xqy f[kyk jgk gS\ fudyks ml [kwclwjr vkSjr ds lkFk ikl igqapk- vanj ?kqldj mlus vVSph [kksyh vkSj csVk bZ ek;kegy VsaV ls rks okil xkM+h esa cSB x;k- cVslj ns[kkµuksVksa dh ca/kh xfM~M;ksa ds Åij uke fy[ks rgkj vkt cdk;nk [kcj ysasdh vka[k xkM+h ij ls ugha gV Fksµizdk'k ;kno] lqjsUnz oekZ] bfy;kl vgen] ih-,uVsaV ifjlj esa ugha ?kql ikus jgh Fkh- vkt b gjkeh iwjk nw iafMr! v·· rsjh dh! bZ lc dk ercy gS fd bZ dk eyky cVslj ds psgjs ij eghuk ckn fn[kkbZ fn;k gScyHkn~ n jok bZ iblk ys d s bZ lc cM+ k &cM+ k us r k&ijs r k dks lkQ ns[kk tk ldrk Fkkbldk xqxkZ ywdj] fouk'kd vkSj ykpkjh vkSj xqLls dh lyhe lc pksj gSa- vkt bldks ?kwl&v[kksj dk iblk nsus tk jgk Fkk gjkehfeyhtqyh izfrfØ;k esa oks idM+ ds viuk lc gky crk,axs- ck<+ esa dk n'kk gks x;k gS ge >ksiM+h tbls iaMksg ¼ukcnku½- bZ viuh gFksfy;ksa dks jxM+ jgk Fkk- lkeus yksx dk\ iblk Hkh vkt gh ysaxs bZ etwj&dkLrdkj ds fy, liuk gh rks gS fu;ku jks'kuh esa yxs fcy&cksMZ fdlh llqj- dk bZ ge liuk ns[k jgs gSa\ fujks/k dk izpkj dj jgs Fks- v·b ns[kks jk{kl lscVslj Hkkx ds VasV&>ksiM+h esa x;k- cVslj cqncqnk;k- dkj vk/kk ehy vanj ,d vkneh ihNs ls xfgcj ds ,d esgjk: dks idM+k gS- 'kje fygkt dk rks dqrkZ&iktkek Mky ds mYVs ikao lM+d dh tkds #d xbZ FkhcVslj eSnku esa ?kqluk pkgrk Fkk] dmuks [k;ky fdlh dks ugha gS\ vjZjZ js vksj Hkkxk- tke vc [kRe gks jgk FkkxkfM+;ka ljduh 'kq: gks jgh Fkha- gYdh xkMZ yksxksa us jksd fy;k- vjs dgka eqag bZ esgjk: dk psgjk r· mgh esgjk: ls cwank&ckanh xkfM+;ksa ds okbij dh mBk, pys vk jgs gks\ ,d nqcys&irys feyrk gS tmu cyHkn~njok ds cxy esa cbBh Fkh- dgha Å dmuks lqysek oxSjg dksfj;ksxzkQj cu xbZ Fkh- tc cVslj ejfVaxgk xkMZ us iwNkvjs Hkb;k m cyHkn~nj Bsdsnkj ds esa dke djus okyh fgjksbu r ukgha\ gqa lM+d ds eqgkus ij igqapk] cyHknz flUgk dh xkM+h dqN j¶rkj idM+ pqdh Fkh- vkneh gSa ge- etwj gSa ge- vHkh;s u· b fujks/k dk ijpkj vmj bZgka b egyu la;ksx vPNk Fkk fd ,d vkWVks [kkyh Fkk- vanj gys gSa Bsdsnkj th- ge dkes ls tblu ?kj&nqvkj gegu ds ds djh cVslj /kEe ls vkWVks esa vk cSBk- vko vanj tk jgs gSa- nqcys&irys xkMZ us vka[kksa mn~/kkj\ og vHkh bl Hkaoj ls mcj ugha u ns[kk rko] lh/ks Mªkboj ls gh vka[kksa esa uqdhyh ewaNksa okys vius ckWl cksykµHkb;k Å tks Åaph&yach xkM+h dks ns[kk- nksuksa us cVslj dks yxHkx ihNs ik;k Fkk fd mlds flj ij fdlh dkS, fn[kkbZ iM+ jgh gS mgh ds ihNs yxk; yks- /kdsy fn;k- ,isDl lsD;qfjVht ds bu us fNidyh&lh pht fxjkbZµD;k gS] vjs iblk dk fpark er djuk- vkt b dke nksuksa xkMks± dks igyh ckj vius vFkkg cki js] bZ rks ogh gS bLrseky fd;k

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uoacj] 2010


gqvkA tSls dksbZ ukd fNud ds Qsad ns tSls dksbZ ! fujks/k! Nh! eu fxtfxtk x;k ,dne lscVslj us ns[kk cyHknz VsaV ls fudyk] mlds gkFk esa ,d vVSph FkhcyHknz us dkj ds vkxs dk njoktk [kksyk vkSj ftl lhV ij dqN nsj igys ,d [kwclwjr vkSjr cSBh Fkh ogka mlus oks pepekrh vVSph j[k nh Fkh- cyHknz flUgk us dkj LVkVZ dh vkSj gok ls ckrsa djus yxk- cVslj dk vkWVks fjD'kk Hkh py iM+k- eksckby Qksu ij ncax fQYe dk xkuk ct mBkµeqUuh cnuke gqbZ Mkfy±x rsjs fy,cyHkn~nj Qksu ij fdlh ls pgd&pgd dj crk dj jgk Fkk- og [kq'kh ds ekjs fpYyk jgk FkkcyHkn~nj us Qksu dkV fn;k- oks eksckby dk xkuk xquxqukus yxkµeqUuh cnuke gqbZ--cVslj ds vkWVks vkSj cyHknz dh ySaMØwtj esa Qklyk c<+rk tk jgk Fkk- cVslj tc bafM;k xsV igqapk rc mlus vuqeku yxk;k fd cyHknz flUgk izxfr eSnku igqap jgk gksxk- cVslj us vkWVks okys ls j¶rkj c<+kus ds fy, vuqjks/k fd;kvkWVks okyk Hkh Fkk FkksM+k&lk izfrLi/khZ vkSj gkSlys okyk- pkyku vkSj naM dh ijokg u djrs gq, mlus xfr cuk, j[kh- futkeqn~nhu ds eksM+ ij fQj cVslj us flUgk dh xkM+h dks ns[kk- vc cyHkn~njok rks ykycÙkh ij #dsxk Hkh ugha D;ksafd blh jk{kl dk cuk;k gqvk bZ ¶ykbZvksoj vkSj lM+d- ;gha ij ls guguk ds fudy tk,xk cntkrcnHkn~nj dh xkM+h ls vc cVslj flQZ vk/kk fd eh nwj jg x;k Fkk- cyHkn~nj dh xkM+h vc cVslj ds lkFkh etwjksa ds vLFkk;h dSai ds lkeus ls xqtj jgh Fkhckfj'k 'kq: gks xbZ Fkh] ijy; gS ijy;! vpkud tSls /kekdk gqvk- cVslj Åij ls uhps rd lUu jg x;k] tSls otzikr gqvk gks- mlus viuh vka[kksa ds lkeus ns[kk cyHknz dh xkM+h igys lM+d esa /kalh vkSj fQj fdlh uV dh rjg uoacj] 2010

dyb;k ekj xbZ- xkM+h rhu ckj iyVh vkSj ¶ykbZvksoj dh jsfyax ls tk VdjkbZcVslj bl Hk;kud nq?kZVuk dks viuh vka[kksa ds lkeus gksrs ns[k jgk Fkk,d&,d n`'; Hk;kog Fkk- mlus ikl igqaprs gh vkWVks ls ckgj Nykax yxk nhnkSM+dj cyHkn~nj dh xkM+h ds ikl igqapk- mlus le>us dh dksf'k'k dh fd vkf[kj cyHkn~nj dh xkM+h mNyh dSls\ mlus ns[kk fd ¶ykbZvksoj dk 'kq#vkrh fgLlk tks lM+d ls ¶ykbZvksoj dks tksM+rk gS] ogka dh lM+d QVdj uhps dh vksj /kal xbZ Fkh- vHkh ,d g¶rk igys rks cyHkn~njs dk Vhe us bZ ¶ykbZvksoj vkSj lM+d dks cuk ds iwjk fd;k gS- gesa rks ifgys gh irk Fkk fd fdruk ikuh esa nw/k feyk; gS cyHkn~njok- viuk lM+d ij [kqns ekSr dk tky cqurk fQj jgk Fkk bZ cuekuq"k- cVslj ds [k;kyksa ij nq?kZVuk esa 'kksj dh bd ijr lh te xbZbl lM+h cjlkr esa lM+d ij gqbZ bl nq?kZVuk ls dUuh dkV jgs eqlkfQj vkSj jkgxhj ns'k esa jkst gksus okyh lSdM+ksa lM+d nq?kZVukvksa dh dgkuh nqgjk jgs Fksiqfyl dk bartkj Fkk ftls fdlh us vHkh&vHkh nq?kZVuk LFky ls Qksu fd;k Fkkrek'kchu vHkh bl nq?kZVuk LFky ls nwj Fks- cVslj nkSM+rs gq, xkM+h rd igqapkmls mEehn Fkh fd cyHknz flUgk 'kk;n

ftank gks ysfdu xkM+h ds ij[kpksa dks ns[kdj bl ckjs esa dqN vankt yxkuk eqf'dy Fkk- cVslj us ns[kkµxkM+h ds Hkhrj ,d cM+k&lk xqCckjk fudyk gqvk Fkk vkSj cyHkn~nj viuh lhV vkSj xqCckjs ds chp esa Qalk Fkk- xkM+h ds ifg;s Åij Fks vkSj Nr uhps] cyHknz flUgk ds cxy okyk njoktk VwVdj nwj tk fxjk Fkk- cVslj ftls Qwyk gqvk xqCckjk le> jgk Fkk] njvly oks lqj{kk ,vjcSx Fkk tks bl Hk;kud VDdj ls ckgj vk x;k Fkk vkSj oks Hkh cyHknz dks cpkus esa ukdke jgk- cVslj us vuqeku yxk;k fd VwVs gq, njokts dk ;gh fgLlk 'kk;n jsfyax ls Vdjk;k gkscVslj us xkM+h ds Hkhrj ,d ut+j Mkyhoks flgj mBk- vjh Llkyk! bZ r cyHkn~nj dk ewM vkSj ukd ls jdr dk /kkj cg jgk gS- oks cyHknz flUgk dks ckgj fudkyuk pkgrk Fkk ysfdu bl Hkkjh&Hkjde Bsdsnkj dk 'kjhj vanj Qalk Fkk- mlus ,d ckj fQj cyHknz flUgk dks fgykus dh dksf'k'k dh- mlus ns[kk /kIi dh vkokt ds lkFk ,d pepekrh vVSph uhps fxj iM+h- vVSph dk eqag [kqyk Fkk vkSj uksVksa dh ,d xM~Mh ckgj >kad jgh Fkh- mlus mRlqdrk vkSj c<+rh /kM+duksa ds chp vVSph mBkbZ- vVSph VwV xbZ Fkh ysfdu vanj #i, yckyc Hkjs Fks- cVslj ixyk x;k- dHkh cyHkn~nj 17


dks ns[krk rks dHkh vVSph dks- d'ked'k tkjh Fkh fd dqN 'kksj lqukbZ fn;k- cVslj us ns[kk mlds yscj dSai ds yksx nkSM+s vk jgs Fks- vyxw] deky vkSj ykyrk mlds ikl igqap x, Fks- vjs cVsljk rqe\ bZ lc dk gqvk\\ deky ds eqag ls cjcl fudyk- deky! ifgys bZ cyHkn~njok dks ns[kks fd ftank gS Hkh fd ugha- dmuks gjdr ugha gS ljhj esa- bldk cuk;k gqvk lM+d gh /kal x;k vmj bZ csVk [kqn gh vius ikiu dk f'kdkj gks x;k gScVslj us vVSph vius gkFkksa esa Hkhap j[kh Fkh- mls vius Åij vk'p;Z gks jgk Fkk vkSj mldk varl mls f/kDdkj Hkh jgk Fkk fd ,d vHkkxk vkneh tks ej x;k gS ;k ekSr ds djhc gS] cVslj mldh enn u djds mu #i;ksa dh vksj /;ku ns jgk gS tks u tkus fdl en ds gksasxs\ nq?kZVuk LFky ls cVslj dh VsaV&>ksiM+h dqy ikap lkS ehVj nwj jgh gksxhdeky dh vkokt cVslj ds dkuksa esa xwatus yxhµbZ r [kre gks x;k cyHkn~njok- ej x;k bZ Bsdsnkj] bZ jk{kl- cVslj us vVSph dks vius xeNs ls <dk vkSj da/ks ds uhps nck, gq, yacs Mx Hkjrk vius VsaV ds ikl igqapk- vanj ?kqldj mlus vVSph [kksyh vkSj ns[kkµuksVksa dh ca/kh xfM~M;ksa ds Åij uke fy[ks Fksµizdk'k ;kno] lqjsUnz oekZ] bfy;kl vgen] ih-,u- iafMr! v·· nqr rsjh dh! bZ lc dk ercy gS fd bZ cyHkn~njok bZ iblk ysds bZ lc cM+k&cM+k usrk&ijsrk dks ?kwl&v[kksj dk iblk nsus tk jgk Fkk gjkeh- ,ruk :i;k\ bruk :i;k e r ge lkr tue dmuks jktk ds rjg jg ldrk gwa- ysfdu cVslj] bZ iblk dsdj gS] bZ r rgjk ds irk ub[ks! mldh vkRek dh dqfr;k HkkSadhtcnZLr }a} py jgk Fkk- dk djsa b :i;k dk- Llkyk lkS nks lkS :i;k dk fngkM+h esa Bsdsnkj] iwathifr] ljdkj gekjk [kwu pwlrk gS vkSj b ns'k pykus dk ckxMksj Fkkes yksx iblk dk b [ksy] 18

[ksy jgk gS- dy dks [ksy dk tylk gksxk] rks Hkh uke bUgha dk gksxk ge rks ,sls Hkh x, chrs] oSls Hkh---uk cVslj uk] b iki dk iblk gS] HkM+qvkxhjh vkSj HkjLVkpkj dk iblk gS- blls fdlh dk Hkyk u gksxk- cVslj ns ns b iblk iqfyl dks- cVslj dk flj QV jgk Fkk] ruko vkSj varj}a} us mls Hkzfer dj fn;k FkkcVslj us fQj lkspkµb usrk&ijsrk] iwathifr vmj nykyksa dk ftanxh rks ,s'kks&vkjke dk gksxk- lcdk ?kj&nqvkj lq/kj tk,xk- ge etwj&ethB yksx fQj eqag mBk, xyht dh rjg ykSV tk,axsuk csVk cVslj uk---bZ iblk ls viuk etnwj Vksyh dk mn~/kkj dj csVk- ckck dgrs Fks fd ljdkj dks iblk turk ls gh feyrk gS- m dk dgrs gSa bude VbDl ns ds- b iblk Hkh buds cki dk ugha gS- ge etnwj yksx is tqyqe dj dgkuh vkt [kRe gksxk- pkyhl ifjokj gSa b cLrh esa- iap&iap yk[k lc yksxu dks fey tk,xk r ftuxh dk vaf/k;kj feV tk,xk- ,d&,d iqfM+;k nokbZ ds fy, nqjnqjk, tkrs jgs ge- fdluk dh ekbZ ds gkVZ dk bykt ds fy, rhu yk[k ekax jgs Fks MkxMj lkys! ug! bZ iqfyl] bZ MkxMj] bZ vQlj] bZ usrk] bZ Bsdsnkj--lc ,d tSls- ml [ksy dks rks ns[kus dk lkSHkkx ugha gejk] exj bl [ksy dh >yd rks ns[k fy,- lc etwj yksx dk ftuxh esa jks'kuh gksxk- NksVk&lk ?kj gksxk- dksbZ Hkw[kk ugha lks,xk- py csVk cVslj cuk pkyhl xM~Mh ikap&ikap yk[k dk- blls cM+k iq.; dqN ugha gksxk cVslj- vkt rqe dmuks iki ugha dj jgs gks cVslj- cVslj us igyh xM~Mh ls izdk'k ;kno dh fpV dks m[kkM+ Qsadk vkSj ogka fy[kk deky] nwljh ij fy[kk fdluk---uksVksa dh xfM~M;ksa dks ltkus yxk- fQj xM~Mh esa Nih xka/kh ckck dh QksVw ds lkeus gkFk tksM+ dj iwNk] ^^xka/kh ckck eSaus dksbZ iki fd;k\** ^^ugha]** mls yxk xka/kh ckck us dgk gS-

eq[rlj Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk ifj"kn ¼dydÙkk½ ds dkWUÝsal gkWy esa pfpZr dfo fo".kq ukxj dfork lquk jgs Fks- 'kgj ds fof'k"V cqf)thoh rUe; gksdj lqu jgs Fks vkSj [;kfruke dfo dks le>us dh ps"Vk dj jgs Fks- ysfdu ftl uke vkSj 'kksgjr ls ca/ks dfo ds izfr os o"kks± ls vknj&lEeku j[ks gq, Fks] 'kk;n ml dlkSVh ij os dfo dks ugha ik jgs Fks^fj'rsnkj* dfork i<+rs gq, dbZ ckj fo".kq th vVd vkSj #d&#d tk jgs Fks tcfd muds ikB esa cgqr Li"Vrk vkSj 'kq) mPpkj.k dh xwat Fkh] tks mudh ÅcM+&[kkcM+ lh yxus okyh x| dfork dks Hkh lqxe] lq#fp vkSj xzkg~; cuk jgh Fkhµ^---fdlh dks fn[kkÅa dksV] ;s oSHko---* tSlh iafDr;ka i<+rs&i<+rs os #d x, vkSj mudh vka[ksa NyNyk xb±- p'es ds ihNs ls ue vka[kksa dks lkQ+ rkSj ij ns[kk tk ldrk FkkJksrkx.k Hkh LrC/k gks x, Fks--mUgksaus ladyu can dj ikuh fi;k- fQj vkxzg ij iqu% ^fj'rsnkj* i<+dj lqukbZ] ftls lqudj Jksrkx.k Hkh Hkkofog~oy gks x, Fkslp gS jpukdkj fdl futrk vkSj Hkkoqdrk esa viuh jpukvksa dh mRifÙk djrk gS vkSj fdl jpuk esa og fdruk VwVk gksrk gS] rFkk fdl nnZ dh vuqHkwfr ls xqtjrk gS] ;g ogh tkurk gS- pkgs og jpuk ikBd&Jksrk dks izHkko'kkyh yxs ;k u yxs- ysfdu og mlds vanj rd mrjh gqbZ gksrh gS] ftlls xqtjrs gq, og viuh Hkkoqdrk dks jksd ugha ikrkQ+St+ us ,d izlax esa dgk Fkk fd djkph esa tc os viuh e'kgwj uT+e ^eq>ls igyh lh eqgCcr esjs egcwc u ekax* lquk jgs Fks] rks rhljh iafDr esa csBh ,d efgyk QwV&QwV dj jksus yxh FkhQ+St+ dk ;g dkYifud lR; ml efgyk dh ftanxh ls fdl d+nj Vdjk;k Fkk fd og vius dks jksd ugha ikbZ Fkh[kSj] jpukdkj dh Hkkoqdrk gh mls fujarj fy[kus ds fy, izsfjr djrh gS] ;g fo".kq th dks ns[kdj le>k tk ldrk gS-

uoacj] 2010


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pfpZr ;qok dFkkdkj vksek 'kekZ dk tUe 11 tuojh] 1963 dks gqvkA f'k{kk] ,efQy ¼vFkZ'kkL=k½A ^Hkfo"; n`"Vk*] 'kqHkkjaHk vkSj vU; dgkfu;ka] dkjksckj ¼dgkuh&laxzg½] ^lkfgR; dk ledks.k* ¼x| laxzg½] vkfLVª;kbZ ys[kd LVhQu Lokbx dh vkRedFkk dk fganh vuqokn ^oks xqt+jk t+ekuk* izdkf'krA laizfr % ukSdjhA laidZ % 4] lsaVªy jsosU;w vikVZesaV~l] ukjk;.k nkHkksydj jksM] vkWQ usfi;u lh jksM] eqacbZ&400006 eks- % 9820688610

cSad ds dk;kZy; esa ;g esjh pkSFkh nLrd Fkh- esjs ØsfMV dkMZ ij fdlh us pkSarhl gt+kj ds diM+s] lM+lB gt+kj ds xgus vkSj vV~BkbZl gt+kj ds gokbZ fVdV [k+jhn Mkys Fks tcfd og eklwe vk;rkdkj vkSt+kj ets ls esjs cVq, ds dksus esa lks;k iM+k Fkk- tc m/kkj [kkrk ,d yk[k dks ikj dj x;k rks cSad ds flLVe us esjs eksckby ij bl ckcr lans'k fn;k- esjh rks flV~Vh&fiV~Vh xqe gks xbZ- eSa cSad dks lwfpr djus vkSj dkjZokbZ djus ds fy, nkSM+k- og ,d futh {ks=k dk cSad Fkk- ekWM~;wyj MSLd ij rSukr ;qok dehZ us [kklh nsj rd daI;wVj ij ekFkk&iPph dh] b/kj&m/kj Qksu ?kqek,] eq>ls reke nj;k¶r dh] bartkj djok;k exj ?kaVs Hkj dh dok;n dk urhtk jgk rks ;gh fd esjs ØsfMV dkMZ uoacj] 2010

,d le; dh ckr vksek 'kekZ dks Ýht dj fn;k x;k Fkk- fdl ejnwn us ;g fd;k] dgka ls esjs dkMZ dk uacj vkSj fiu&ikloMZ fy, x, blds ckjs esa mlus vlgk;rk ls eqag fcpdk fn;kbl njE;ku geus iqfyl esa ,d izkFkfedh ntZ djok nh ftldk iwjk fdLlk&dksrkg vyx gS- cSad esa ekeys dh iwNrkN djrs gq, g¶rk chr x;k Fkk vkSj dgha dqN gksrk ugha fn[k jgk Fkkrc eSaus jkoy dks idM+k Fkk- ,d rks blfy, fd og T;knk nqfu;knkj gS] [kqn cSad esa dke djus ds dkj.k ekeys dh ckjhfd;ksa dks csgrj tkurk&le>rk gS vkSj lcls cM+h ckr ;g fd O;oLFkk ds iwjh rjg lM+&xy tkus dks ysdj og esjh rjg ckr&csckr ykpkjh esa mQu ugha iM+rk gS- vly dke rks vkt Hkh vkxs ugha f[kldk Fkk exj cSad vkuk nwljs <ax ls dke;kc yx jgk Fkk- vc ml dqlhZ ij Lokfr [kkaMsdj uke dh ,d vkd"kZd v/ksM+ vk xbZ Fkh ftls ns[kdj jkoy dh mEehnsa vknru dquequkus yxh Fkha- mudh ckrksa ls eq>s irk pyk fd gksuk rks ugha pkfg, Fkk exj 'kk;n gqvk ;g gks fd fdlh us daI;wVj dh enn ls esjs ØsfMV dkMZ dh Dyksfuax dj yh gksvkSj jgh ckr mlds lkFk uRFkh gksus okys ikloMZ dh rks gSfdax ds bl tekus esa ;g dksbZ elyk ugha jg x;k gS- tks Hkh gks] geus r; dj fy;k Fkk fd cSad ds

tfj, tks gekjh tsc dkVh tk jgh Fkh mlesa gekjk dksbZ dlwj ugha Fkk blfy, pkgs dksVZ&dpgjh gks tk, ¼vius cSad ds iSuy ds dqN odhyksa ls eqykdkrh ifjp; bl xqeku dh tM+ Fkh½] cSad dks ,d iSlk ugha nsaxs gkykafd futh {ks=k ds cSadksa ds olwyh foHkkx ds xqaMbZ rRoksa dh yh tkus okyh enn dh gesa v[kckjh Hkud Fkh- ekeys dks lyVkus esa FkksM+h nsj yxsxh ysfdu Lokfr tSlh xqnkt vkSj blh dkj.k le>nkj L=kh ds yxkrkj laidZ ds pyrs gekjh ijs'kkuh esa dqN feBkl vk ?kqyh Fkh- jkoy rks [kSj iwjs okd;s dks Lokfr ds feyus ds vtc la;ksx ;k lkft'k ds :i esa gh ys jgk Fkk- ,d ykafNr el[kjkiu gekjs Hkhrj mRikr epkus dh tqxr fHkM+k jgk Fkk,d okLrfod nq?kZVuk }kjk pksfVy gks tkus ds [krjs ls [kqn dks eqDr&lk eglwl djrs gq, ge fQj Hkh 'kgj dh ubZ mHkjrh T;knfr;ksa ij pfdr gksrs gq, dquequk jgs Fks fd ns[kks rks] gekjs vkl&ikl] gekjh ukd ds uhps fdruk vkSj dSlk&dSlk Q+thZokM+k mxrk pyk vk jgk gS---fcuk fdlh vkgV] lqxcqxkgV ;k psrkouh ds dksbZ tc pkgs vkidks gykd dj ns vkSj vki flQZ le; vkSj O;oLFkk ij jksrs&fryfeykrs jg tk,a- ge viuh cksf>y ekufldrk ds fofPNUu ia[kksa ij yns viuh gh jkS esa eLrkrs c<+s 19


tk jgs Fks fd cSad ls ckgj fudyrs gh vf/kd gS- /kwi vkSj /kwy ls /kwlfjr lkFk Hkxoku tkus D;ksa mls de ru[okg os gels Vdjk x,- Vdjk D;k x,] dk cPpk bl lcls cs[kcj gh Fkk exj okyh Hkh dksbZ LFkk;h ukSdjh ugha feyhmUgksaus [kqn gh gesa idM+ fy;kµirk mldh fLFkfr bl ckr ds i;kZIr ladsr ?kj dk cM+k yM+dk] lkFk esa nks HkkbZiwNus ds lgkjs---ekjokM+h lekt dh dksbZ ns jgh Fkh fd ml tksM+s ds lkFk egky{eh firk lsoM+h esa cSx&csYV cukus dh peM+s ljk;---tgka rd igqapus dh rM+i ,slh LVs'ku vkSj ghjk&iUuk ekdsZV ds chp dh dh ,d x`g bdkbZ esa deh'ku ij dke ykpkjh ls fjl jgh Fkh fd dksbZ Hkh nwjh blh uqekb'kh vankt esa djrs Fks^^djrs Fks eryc---vc ugha---** dLckbZ mldh fxj¶r esa vk tk,- ;wa ukirs&HkVdrs mldk cgqr dqN fupqM+k mldh thouh esa vk, jgL; fcanq ij esjh lkjh igy mudk ljxuk ;kuh rhl dks tk pqdk gSljljh ftKklk BgjhBhd! Nwrk f[kpM+h nk<+h p<+k, og v/ksM+ gh ^^ugha lkc---oks ckr ugha gS[kkd Bhd! ;gh lc tkfgj djuk dj jgk Fkk exj ml m|e esa mldh firkth gSa- mUgha ds vk'khokZn ls lc cxy esa vk/kk dne lVdj [kM+h og rks mudh pky gksrh gS^^ysfdu gesa rks ;gh crk;k Fkk fd py jgk gS exj esjs ch, djrs gh muds fefe;krh&lh efgyk Hkh Fkh tks vkneh ls ikap lky NksVh yx jgh Fkh- lkFk esa egky{eh ds ikl ekjokM+h lekt dk 'kjhj ds vk/ks fgLls dks Qkfyt+ ekj xbZ Fkh- mUgsa ?kj cSBuk iM+k vkSj eq>s Mªkbojh pkjsd o"kZ dk dqN&dqN 'kekZrk dqN&dqN dqN gS-** lh[kuh iM+h- vHkh rd jkr dh ikyh esa ^^fdlus crk;k\** cs[kcj fn[krk ,d cPpk Hkh Fkk tks gh HkkM+s dk vkWVks pykrk Fkk D;ksafd bXuw ^^ckanjk esa fdlh us crk;k Fkk-** muds ,d naifr gksus ij eqgj yxk jgk ls ,d lky okyk ilZuy eSustesaV dk ^^rks rqe ckanjk ls vk jgs gks\** FkkfMIyksek dkslZ dj jgk Fkk---fdlh us bl 'kgj esa fiTtkgV] crk;k Fkk fd mlds ckn dgha jsLVksckj] ekWYl] ¶ykbZ&vksolZ mldk etek [kRe gks tkus ds ckn fdlh ew[kZ dh ukSdjh---** ;k eksckby daifu;ksa ds mldh dgkuh lqurs&lqurs 'kks:e rks t:j f'kuk[rh rjg eSaus mu ^nkrkvksa* ls mldh ckrksa dks iz'ukafdr gh eSa mls eq[; lM+d ls vius ySaMekdZ cu cSBs gSa exj fd;k rks ^rw dkSu fd eSa [kke[kka* ds pkS[kVs esa fujLr xarO; dh rjQ funsZf'kr djrk bl&ml rjg dh dksbZ igpku djrs gq, os eq> ij vjkZ iM+s- vkf[kj mlh dkWfyt ds tk jgk Fkk- vkWVks tc lkslkbVh rks---magqad- mudh enn dh va x z s t h foHkkx ds uhydka r xxZ vkS j tula p kj ds MkW ds }kj esa ?kqlk rc mlus mls fdlh dksf'k'k ls igys gh /khek djrs gq, og ,d 'kCn gekjs fnekx dh cÙkh tyus eDdM+] tSlk mlus crk;k mlds laLFkku ds vfrfFk la d k; es a 'kkfey Fks ia t kc us ' kuy cS a d ds Åij gky gh dgk Fkk ftls lqudj esjs dku yxh- ge pkgrs rks mUgsa ges'kk cnxqekuh esa [kM+s gksrs jgs vulquk dj vkxs c<+ ldrs esa ml uke dk ,d cksMZ muesa ls fdlh us ns[kk Fkk- lc gSa- ^^ckcwth---vkt dk fnu esjs Fks exj ØsfMV dkMZ dh xys ,sls gh gSa D;k\ fy, cgqr cM+k gS---vHkh rd vku iM+h gkfy;k ijs'kkuh ^^gka---uk---exj vk rks f'kjMh ls jgs HkkM+s dk vkWVks pykrk Fkk] vkt ls ;g vkSj Lokfr [kkaMsdj dk cks;k el[kjkiu esjk viuk gS vkSj vHkh rkt+k Fkk blhfy, lsaVhesaV~l cqfy'k gSa-** vki esjs bl vius vkWVks ds igys xzkgd ^^D;k djus x, Fks f'kjMh\** gq, tk jgs Fks^^ckck us cqyk;k Fkk ckcwth---n'kZu gSa---** ml tksf[ke ls fHkM+us ds fy, ge ^bl* vkSj ^vius* dks xyk js[kkafdr nksuksa fBBddj ogha #d x,- [ksy [ksyus- djus---** ;g ^ckcwth* cM+h ehBh Nqjh gksrh dj jgk Fkk^^b/kj ekjokM+h lekt dh dksbZ ^^cl&cl ;gha---** ,d Nrukj uhe ljk; ;k n¶rj ugha gS---fdlus gS- vaxzsth esa cksysa rks guh VªSi! ckanzk esa gh rks jgrk Fkk mu fnuksa ds isM+ ds uhps igqaprs gh eSaus mls #d crk;k---** eSaus mls rkSyrs gq, [kkfjt djrs gq, dgk- gekjs mÙkj dh l[rh us] eSa tc ml jkst LVs'ku ls ykSV jgk Fkk- tkus dks dgk vkSj [kkeks'kh ls mrjdj tSlh vis{kk Fkh] iq#"k dks ek;wl dj Vªsu lqcg Ng cts fcuk nsjh fd, igqap cVq, ls ipkl dk uksV fudkydj mldh fn;k- lkeus pyrs VªSfQd vkSj vklikl xbZ Fkh- mrjdj eSaus tks vkWVks fd;k og rjQ dj fn;kjkLrs esa HkhM+ u feys rks veweu f?kjh [kM+h gkbZ&jkbft+t us ;dhuu mldh cM+k lkQ&lqFkjk vkSj vxjcfÙk;ksa ls vka[kksa ds lwusiu dks O;kse esa lek tkus egd jgk Fkk- eSa [kq'k gksdj pkyd ls rhl&cÙkhl #i, curs Fksmls ns[kdj og esjh rjQ cM+h dk ekSdk ugha fn;k Fkk blfy, og cfr;kus yxk- cM+k lyhdsnkj yM+dk Fkk vleatl esa <gus lk yxk- blh ckr us tks viuh iztkfr ls rks foy{k.k gh Bgjs- fnO;&lh n`f"V ls eqLdjk;k vkSj fQj efgyk ds csjaxr psgjs dks ftl vutku rhu lky igys euksfoKku esa vkWulZ dj gkSys ls vka[ksa ewandj fnO;kRek dh rjg Mj ds pkcqd ls pyk;eku fd;k mlls pqdk Fkk- dbZ txg ukSdjh ds fy, gh cksyk] ^^vki esjs fy, Hkxoku leku lkQ Fkk fd og mldh lg/kfeZ.kh vktekb'k dh exj eanh ds dkj.k ;k gSa ckmth---vkils dqN ugha ywaxk---esjs 20 uoacj] 2010


[kqn ds vkWVks ds igys xzkgd---** eq>s vPNk yx jgk Fkk fd pyks] la;ksx tks Hkh gks] eSa fdlh ds thou esa ,slk vge gks x;k---,d i<+k&fy[kk ukStoku ftlds lkFk nqfu;k us ukbalkQh dh---eSa mlds thou dk fgLlk---^^vjs HkkbZ ,slk er djks---?kksM+k ?kkl ls ;kjh djsxk rks [kk,xk D;k---rqe vius thou dh ubZ 'kq#vkr dj jgs gks] cgqr [kq'kh dh ckr gS ij---yks] yks-** ckr [kRe djrs gq, eSaus vkns'kkRed l[rh dh rks fQj mlh y¶+t dk lgkjk ysrs gq, mlus fi?kydj dgk] ^^;s rks ckmth gks gh ugha ldrk gS- tks eq>s pkfg, vkils oks gSa vkidh nqvk,a] oks nhft,- vkSj dqN ugha- gka] fQygky cksguh ds rkSj ij vki eq>s ,d lkS ,d #i, nsa- eSa mUgsa j[kwaxk ugha- nksigj rd vkids ?kj ykSVk tkÅaxk-** usd dke esa fufeÙk gksus dk tTck balku dks fdrus mnkÙkius ls Hkj nsrk gS;gka rks ckr ,d lkS ,d #i, dh FkheSaus mls lkS #i, dk uksV idM+k;k rks viuh usdfnyh dk lcwr nsrs gq, mlus lkf/kdkj og ,d #i;k Hkh ekaxk tks mlds thou ds bl fu.kkZ;d fcanq ij 'kxqu gksus dh ik=krk j[krk Fkk- jde dks gkFk esa ysdj vpZuk esa dqN cqncqnkrs gq, mlus LVhvfjax ls rhu ckj ?kqek&?kqekdj mls ekFks ls yxk;k vkSj [kq'kh ls meM+dj esjs lwVdsl dks ?kj ds njokts rd ykdj j[k x;k ¼D;k t:jr Fkh] mlesa LVªkWyh Fkh uk!½ vkWVks LVkVZ djus ds lkFk mlus [kq'kh ls /kU;okn ds lkFk mlh nqigfj;k vkus dh ckr dgh Fkhog ml nksigj] ml 'kke] vxys jkst] mlls vxys jkst ;k vxys nks cjl ;kuh tc rd eSa ml edku esa jgk] dHkh ugha ykSVk- cM+Iiu dh ckr ugha gS] ml jkst rks eSa mlls og jd+e ugha gh ysrkml eqgwrZ esa mlds vkWVks dk uacj uksV djuk ljklj iki gksrk- benkn dh xqgkj ds lkFk ;g y¶t lkjh ckr dks rc ls esjs Hkhrj ,d Ny] ,d iziap ds jax esa ?kksydj NksM+ nsrk gS- ØsfMV dkMZ dh [kqUul ds cgkus bl naifr esa vkt eSa mlh vkWVks okys dks rks ugha <wa<+ jgk\ uoacj] 2010

esjs Hkhrj ?kwerh jhy dks jkoy dgka ls i<+rk exj ml oDr dgha u dgha og esjs lkFk t:j Fkk- esjs rsoj dh vkØkedrk dks vkxs iqpdkj ls c<+krs gq, og cksyk] ^^ckck ds n'kZu ds ckn rqEgkjh tsc dV xbZ gksxh vkSj rqe yksxksa ds ikl tgka ls Hkh vk, gks] okil tkus ds iSls ugha jgs gksasxs---;gh ckr gS ;k dqN vkSj---** ^^ckmth vkSju dh uk [kcj] gekjs lax rks tsbZ Hk;ks-** Hkk"kk ds Hknsl esa vkokt ilht jgh FkhrHkh jkoy ds Hkhrj Økbe czkap ds baLisDVj dh vkRek izos'k dj xbZ ftldk eSa Lo?kksf"kr vnZyh gks mBkge QqVikFk ij pk; dh nqdku dh cxy esa lV x,^^D;k uke gS rsjk\** ^^eku ljksoj-** ^^vkSj bldk\** vka[k dk b'kkjk L=kh dks lacksf/kr Fkk^^xhjk-** rHkh xhjk ds eqag ls fudyk] ^^jk[kh-** izkjafHkd fot;h Hkko ls jkoy us rjsjdj esjh rjQ ,ls Åagwa fd;k tSls baLisDVj cuk fQYeh jtuhdkar ,sls edke ij frjNh lwr&Hkj eqLdku ds lkFk gFksyh esa cSar Fkidkrs gq, djrk gS^^eSa bls xhjk dgrk gwa---oSls ?kj dk uke jk[kh gS-** ldidkdj mlus fcxM+rh ckr laHkkyh-

^^vkSj ;g cPpk-** ^^gekjk gh gS-** mudh eqnzk ;dk;d vkSj T;knk j{kkRed gks mBh---tSls cPps dk Mh,u, VsLV fd;k tkuk gks^^oks rks Bhd gS---uke D;k gS\** ^^izoh.k fd'kksj-** ^^fcgkj ls gks D;k\** ;qXe uke vkrs gh esjs eqag ls vdLekr fudyk^^ckcwth ge chdkusj ls gSa-** bl ckj izfrj{kk esa xqgkj djrh efgyk cksyhrks ;g Hkh ^ckcwth* okyh gS---ukWV tLV , Msely bu fMLVªsl cV n dkWu owesu---lkQ Fkk fd gekjs loky dh 'kjkjr muls vNwrh Fkh^^rqe nksuksa 'kknh&'kqnk gks ;k---** vk/kk [kqyk loky tSls mudk oL=kgj.k dj jgk Fkk- efgyk dh utjsa uhps xM+h Fkha- iq#"k us vycÙkk ^gka* ds vfHkizk; esa Åij&uhps xnZu fgykbZ^^vcs pqi D;ksa gS---Hkxk ds yk;k gS D;k\** nwljs nkSj dh vkHkklh; lQyrk ds vfHkeku ls jkoy yxHkx xqjkZ iM+k^^ugha lkc] ge lifjokj gSa-** mlus cgqr laHkydj] vius ij dkcw ikrs gq, vYQkt ljdk,- esjs vanj rHkh ;g [;ky dkSa/kk fd bl loky ls vkgr gksdj og vkSjr viuh fdLer dk jksuk jksrs gq, okLro esa jks iM+sxh vkSj gekjh cksyrh can gks tk,xhexj ,slk dqN ugha gqvk rks esjk iyM+k fQj jkoy dh rjQ >qd x;k21


dqN rks xM+cM+ gS! eqacbZ esa D;k eqefdu ugha gS\ gj caVh ds lkFk ccyh [kM+h gS- vkSj dgha gksa u gksa] cV~Vsckth esa vkSjrsa enks± dh [kwc cjkcjh dj jgh gSa- t:jr iM+s rks HkkM+s dh Hkk;kZ vkSj HkkM+s dk D;k dqN ugha fey tkrk gS ;gka! HkM+sfj;ksa dh djrwrksa ls v[kcj Hkjs jgrs gSa- pkj lkS chlh dk varr% rks ,d vkfFkZd i{k gh gksrk gS- iobZ ds dksLrqHk pksdlh dk fdLlk fdrus fnuksa rd lqf[kZ;ka ?ksjs jgk Fkk- mlus HkkM+s dh ,d choh ysdj ghjkuankuh esa lqanj&lk n¶rj [kksyk vkSj rhu eghus esa fuosf'kr jde nksxquh djus dh Ldhe turk ds chp pyk Mkyh- iwjs vfHk;ku esa ml rFkkdfFkr iRuh ehuycsu dh cM+h Hkwfedk Fkh- mlus gj Vkoj ds Dyc gkml esa tkdj ikWoj ikWbaV izstsaVs'ku nsdj flekus ij lksrh x`gf.k;ksa dks mdlk;k&yydkjk fd os D;ksa ugha pkgrha fd Xykscykbts'ku ds bl tekus esa tc nqfu;k Hkj dh cM+h daifu;ksa ds bafM;k esa vkus ls cktkj bruk cM+k gks x;k gS] muds ifjokj dh fnu nwuh jkr pkSxquh rjDdh gks ;k fQj dy muds ifr dks dqN gks&gok tk, rks ?kj&ifjokj dSls pysxk\ [kpsZ dHkh de gksrs gSa D;k\ Ldhe Fkh fd gj fuos'kd ,d yk[k lkB gtkj nsxk tks rhu eghus ckn rhu yk[k chl gtkj gks tk,axs- feyus okyh jde ds pSd Hkh vfxze :e esa ns fn, x,] os Hkh jk"Vªh;Ñr cSad ds tfj,- gj O;fDr dks vkxs rhu fuos'kd vkSj cukus Fks ftlds fy, cksul dk izko/kku vyx eqdjZj Fkk- vkuu&Qkuu esa lk<+s vkB djksM+ tek dj fy, x,- igyh fdLr ds pSdksa dks Hkqukus dk vkuan Hkh yksxksa dks feyk exj rhljs eghus tc cSad ls pSd ckmal gks x, rks ekeys dk HkaMkQksM+ gqvk- dksLrqHk rks [kSj fQj Hkh idM+ fy;k x;k exj ehuycsu rks vkt rd Qjkj gS- fL=k;ksa dh Hkkxhnkjh ds fcuk vktdy dksbZ pht iwjh gksrh gS\ iwjs iziap dks ,d ikfjokfjdrk vkSj urhtru fo'okl ls os gh rks lqokflr djrh gSa- ,d [kkl oxZ esa rks fcuk fdlh oS/krk ds os ^vkeZ&dSaMh* ds :i esa lekn`r gSa22

;gka Hkh mlh fdLls dh iqujko`fÙk ds vklkj Fks- xuher Fkh] eSa vkSj jkoy tSls nw/k ds tys buls fHkM+ x,- nksigj gksus tk jgh gS] ;kuh vHkh rd rks irk ugha fdruh eklwe tkuksa dks ;s viuh d#.k&dFkk esa Qkal pqds gksaxs- ykpkj jksuh lwjr ds lax cngky eksfguh ewjr vkSj lkFk esa uknku cPpk] d#.kk&tkxzfr vfHk;ku dks vkSj fdruk vlckc pkfg,\ ,sls gh fujhg nhu&ghuksa dks ns[kdj ckck Hkkjrh us Mkdw [kM+dflag ls Ñik&n;k cjrus dh xqgkj dh gksxh^^fdrus iSls pkfg,\** jkoy dks lksp esa ns[k eSaus ujekbZ ls iwNk^^lk<+s rhu lkS esa dke gks tk,xk ckÅth---j.kdiqj ,Dlizsl pyrh gS ckanjk ls---** ^^ckÅth dks NksM+] ;s crk fdrus cts pyrh gS\** xSj&t:jh fn[krs loky Hkh vUos"k.k dk t:jh fgLlk gksrs gSamuds tokcksa esa dHkh cM+s dke dh phtsa fudy vkrh gSa ;k de ls de >wB dh lhou rks m/kM+us gh yxrh gS] [kkldj vizR;kf'kr fcanqvksa ij-** ^^nksigj ckn rhu cts pyrh gS-** ^^rqEgkjs ikl eksckby rks gksxk\** eq>s oDr [kjkc djrs ns[k jkoy fQj ekspsZ ij vk x;k^^eksckby ugha yk, Fks lkc-** ^^ysdj gh ugha pys Fks ;k lkFk ysuk Hkwy x, Fks\** ^^lkFk ysdj gh ugha pys Fks-** ^^vPNk] ?kj ls fudydj dksbZ ckgj tkrk gS---bruh nwj] fcuk eksckby ds\** ^^ifjokj rks lkFk gh Fkk lkc-** ^^ifjokj esa choh&cPps ds vykok vkSj dksbZ ugha vkrk gS cs\** viuh ckr dks vkSj mesBrs gq, eSaus dlk^^ge Bhd dg jgs gSa lkcth---gekjs vkSj dksbZ ugha gS-** ^^D;ksa ek&ckiµHkkbZ&cgu---** ^^ugha oSls lc gSa---chdkusj esa gh gSa exj gels dksbZ okLrk ugha j[krs gSa-** ^^vkSj blds ?kj okys---rsjs llqjkfy;k---** jkoy us vk'k;iw.kZ <ax ls L=kh dks nk;js esa fy;k^^bldk Hkh dksbZ ugha gS-** ^^D;ksa] D;ksa\** eSa fQj chp esa dwn

iM+kd#.k dFkk esa ,d jgL;&dFkk vkdkj ysus yx jgh Fkh^^lkc] geus yo&eSfjt fd;k Fkk- eSa rks jktiwr gwa vkSj ;s czkã.k- ?kjokyksa us gesa Nsd j[kk gS-** eqacbZ dk leqanj Hkh dSlk [kVeanjk gS- reke Hkk"kkvksa dh ufn;ka dqN&dqN mM+syrh&ldsjrh gSa rks ;gka dk fetkt curk gS^fu"dkflr* ds fy, ^Nsd* dk iz;ksx ;gka lquuk fQj Hkh nqyZHk gh gksxk^^Hkxk ys x;k Fkk D;k\** eq>s Nsd ij Vsd yxkus ls cs[kcj jkoy us pqLdh ysrs gq, ,sM+ yxkbZ^^gka lkc---nks lky rd ge Hkkxs jgs- esjs f[kykQ ,QvkbZvkj djk nh xbZ] vigj.k dk dsl yxk fn;k- ckfyx Fks rks cp x,- t;iqj esa tkdj dksVZ eSfjt dj yh rks cp x,---** ^^t;iqj esa dkSu gS rsjk---fdlus xokgh nh Fkh] mldk uacj gS\** jkoy us fueZerk ls dV djrs gq, mls jksdkfdlh ySczkMksj dh rjg gj ckr esa og mudh pkj lkS chlh dk vlyk lwa?k jgk Fkkrsfy;k rsy dh iM+h] ela/kjk [ky dh iM+h^^guqeku eksgrk---mldk uacj ugha gS-** FkksM+s iz;kl ds ckn vkneh dh rjQ ls tokc vk;k^^irk gS\** ^^irk Hkh ;kn ugha-** ^^t;iqj esa dkSu ls bykds esa jgrk gS eksgrk\** vkneh cM+h nsj rd d'ked'k djrk jgk exj Li"V tokc ugha ns ik;k- jkoy dks yxk rhj lgh fu'kkus ij tk yxk gS- vkRefo'okl ls L=kh dh rjQ ?kwjdj dgk] ^^bls Hkh ;kn ugha-** xhjk ;k jk[kh tks Hkh og Fkh] bl ij Hkkoghu&lh [kM+h jgh- blls mRlkfgr gksdj jkoy us gqDe nssrs gq, dgk] ^^py viuk uacj crk---eSa viuh chdkusj czkap ls dgykdj irk dj ywaxk-** FkksM+h ldidkgV ds ckn iq#"k us ,d uacj crk;k ftls jkoy us thjks yxkdj vius eksckby esa ntZ djds uoacj] 2010


mldk gjk cVu nck fn;k- vkneh ds dkj.k tc dqN viuh tku ls [ksy uke&irk gS\ dgka D;k dke djrk gS\ fxM+fxM+kdj dgus yxk fd ;g uacj mBrs gSa rks ^VSdh ejMMZ* ;k ^VSdh yhIl rqe yksx iSls ysdj pair gks x, rks vHkh ugha yx ik,xk D;ksafd mldh Vw MSFk* tSlh ,d dkWye ;k ckWDl okyh gekjk rks iSlk x;k [kVkbZ esa- D;ksa\** oSls vc blesa 'kd Hkh D;k Fkk- mu cSVjh iwjh rjg fMLpktZ gks xbZ gksxh- [kcj curh gS ftldh tM+ksa dks dqjsndj nwljh rjQ dksbZ ?kaVh ugha cth rks utj lqyHkk tks'kh ;k flfjy esafMl tSlh lky nksuksa dh ftl rjg cksyrh can Fkh mls xM+krs gq, jkoy us vkneh dks fQj Hkj igys fjiksfV±x ls vkbZ i=kdkj viuh ns[kdj rks viuk 'kd lgh yx jgk Fkk yrkM+k] ^^chdkusj esa dksbZ rks gksxk laosnuk,a pedkrh gS- og yM+dh tks fd ;s yksx ,sls is'ksoj vkSj igqaps gq, ftlls ge dUQeZ dj ldsa fd bZ;j&Iyx yxk, rYyhurk ls dqN lqurh Q+dhj gSa tks e/;foÙkh; yksxksa dk rw okdbZ ogha jgrk gS] ogka dqN djrk vkSj dqN odkyrh <ax ls gok esa cgl HkkoukRed nksgu djds viuk isV ikyrs djrh tk jgh gS fdruh vkHkkghu gS- gSa- dkSu #i, nks #i, ds fy, gj gS-** cgqr okftc loky Fkk- m/kkj nsus Vh&'kVZ ij t:j dqN xqnxqnkrk&lk fy[kk vkus&tkus okys ls vikfgtksa dh rjg okyk gj cSad vius laHkkoh xzkgd dh Fkk exj mlh dks [kcj ugha jgh gksxh fxM+fxM+k,- vktdy vkSj og Hkh bl igpku vkSj _.k&okilh dh {kerk ds fd og D;k gS- LVkj&Iyl vkSj lksuh ds HkkxeHkkx&Hkjs 'kgj esa fdldk fdlds ckjs esa dqN rks lqfuf'pr djrk gS- ;gka lhfj;yksa esa rktxh fc[ksjrs deflu psgjs fy, fny ilhtrk gS- /ka/ks&/ka/ks dh ckrrks djsa viuk /ka/kk- ge mudh rks ;g vkneh igpkuxr lcwr dk ,d irk ugha dgka ls vkrs gSa] vD[kh eqacbZ js'kk rd ugha ns jgk gS ftlls yxs fd rks jkstejkZ ds varghu la?k"kZ esa Qalh pisV esa ugha vkus okys- vutkus esa tsc ;g og uVojyky ugha gS ftudh [kcjksa jgrh gS- cSad ds cktw esa ,d fLyfeax dV tk, oks vyx ckr gS exj fdlh ls vk, fnu ^feM&Ms* vkSj ^fejj* dk lsaVj ds baVhfj;j dk dke tksj&'kksj ls ds etywe gksus dh vkM+ esa rks tsc ugha dkjksckj pyrk gS- vkneh dks nkseus esa py jgk gS- lkeus yky cÙkh ij Hkh[k dVkuh gS- eq>s mlh oDr ;g Hkh yxk fd ge fdl ckr ds fy, viuk ns[k vkSjr lfØ; gks mBh oDr tk;k dj jgs gSa\ os vkSj og vkSj og Hkh [kkls nwljs dejs ls rHkh mlds NksVs&cM+s pkj&ikap lkFkh f[kykM+h gSa] Qjsch gSa] rks pyrk vkSjrkuk <ax lsµ;kuh gyd eq v kbuk djrh eq n z k es a fudy vk, rks eS a flgj mBkdjsa u mUgsa- ;k [kqn pyrs cusa! esa #ykbZ ds iqV dks iwjs dkSu gSa ;s yksx\ D;k fcxkM+k gS eSaus budk\ vkSj esjk vkSj nsus dh ckr gS rks lk<+s rhu vuqikr esa lkurs gq,dlw j \ tS l s loky eq > s Nw d j t:j Hkkx x, Fks exj ,d lkS #i, gh uk\ nks yksxksa ds ^^gesa vius cPps dh lkSachp D;k Hkkjh gSa\ --,d gh cPpk gS gekjk--- Hkhxs] dksaprs [kkSQ us iwjs otwn dks volUu dj Mkyk FkkfQj dqN lkspdj] FkksM+k Hkxoku u djs dksbZ ,slh vHkh >qViqVk&lk gh Fkk exj esjs vkxs ujd dks fuxyrk uje iM+rs gq, vkneh dks eqlhcr esa Qals---** vk'k; esa fytfytk va/kdkj ruk [kM+k Fkkeq[kkfrc gksdj jkoy us tksM+k] blh rjg dk dqN dgrs gq, ^^cacbZ egkuxjh gS] ;gka rqEgkjk mlus cPps dks vius ls lVk ekaxrs cPps ,d ?ksjk cukdj dqN dksbZ HkkbZ&ca/kq u gks ,slk rks eku Hkh yks fy;kA jkoy us bruh n{krk ls ekspkZ ckaV&[kk jgs gSa- ,d cPpk dykckth exj dksbZ nwj dk nksLr ;k nksLr dk laHkky j[kk Fkk fd esjh mifLFkfr djus esa exu gS- ewaN/kkjh iku okys dks nksLr&ifjfpr u gks] ,slk rks gks fuf"Ø; gksrh tk jgh Fkh- cxy esa [kM+s ,d xzkgd rhu erZck dydÙkk ,d lkS ugha ldrk- ,slk rks dksbZ t:j gksxk,lkj gkml ls yksx yxkrkj vk&tk jgs chl cukus dk vkxzg dj pqdk gS- gesa mlls dkWUVSDV D;ksa ugha djrk---igqapk Fks- tYnh&tYnh dne c<+krs yksx- 'kke tRFks esa [kM+k ns[k nks&rhu VSfDl;ka ean ge nsaxs-** bl ckj vkneh Qhds ls eqLdjk;kgksrs&gksrs ;s Ng&ckjg] Ng&vM+rhl] gksdj vkxs c<+ pqdh Fkha- csoDr fdlh lkr&pkj ;k vkB&NIiu dh fcfYMax ls fudydj rhu VkbZ/kkjh ;kuh jkoy ftl nwj dh dkSM+h dks viuh&viuh Lyks ;k QkLV yksdyksa esa dfVax pk; ij 'ks;j cktkj ;k rsanqydj rksM+dj yk;k Fkk] mls [kkfjt&lk djus ?kqlVdj vxys fnu vkB&c;kyhl] ukS& dh j{kkRed cYysckth dh dfe;ksa ij okys Hkko ls- mls /;ku ls ns[kus ij eq>s yxk ;g vkneh feruh eksVh peM+h dk l=kg ;k esjh okyh ukS&cÙkhl dh yksdy vkilh fpark,a ckaV jgs gSajkoy ds izfrokj us eq>s iqu% gS- iSlksa ds fy, fxM+fxM+kuk rks nwj] ;g idM+dj fQj ls vius ekspsZ ij yxs gksaxsrks dk;ns ls gekjs lokyksa dk tokc rd VªSd ds ml rjQ ,dk/k chihvkst gSa lfØ;rk esa [kM+k dj fn;k^^cPps dh dle rks ;wa [kk jgh gS ugha ns jgk gS- ge rks bl ckcr flj ftudh viuh Lok;Ùk] vHks| nqfu;k gSdksbZ ugha tkurk ;s yksx dc vkrs gSa] tSls ;gka vdky iM+ jgk gks- tks ckr QksM+ jgs gSa fd dgha og pkyckt rks ugha dc tkrs gSa- T;knkrj jkr dh ikyh esa iwNh xbZ gS mldk rks tokc ugha vkSj gS( mls dqN ugha iM+h gS fd trk, fd NwVrs gSa- ogha ls fid&vi vkSj MªkWi fd, gkad b/kj&m/kj dh jgh gS---vPNk ;s og oks dksbZ ugha gS- gekjh gh xyrh jgh tkrs gSa- f=kdks.kh; izse laca/kksa ;k volkn crk] ;s tgka dke djrk gS mldk dksbZ tks lh/ks jkLrs pyus dh ctk; 'kgj ds 23 uoacj] 2010


[kkl xyh&uqDdM+ksa ij nks&pkj jÙkh fNVdh jg xbZ balkfu;r dk xyk ?kksaVus okys 'kkfrj dykcktksa ds eqag yx x,jkoy ds eu esa Hkh ,slk gh Fkk D;ksafd vc ge cgl ds ewM ls fudydj mUgsa vius gky ij NksM+dj csjgeh ls vkxs c<+us tk jgs Fks fd vkneh us tt ds lkeus is'k fd, eqfYte dh rjg gkFkksa dks yqat&iqat tksM+dj leiZ.k esa iqu% vuqu; dh tks izdkjkarj ls jkoy ds fn, x, loky dk tokc Fkh^^lkc] gekjh le> esa dksbZ ugha gSnwj&nwj rd ugha gS-** vkneh ds i{k dks mruh gh rY[kh ls vkxs c<+krh vkSjr cksy iM+h] ^^ge rks f'kjMh x, Fks- ykSVus dk fVdV Fkk- n'kZu ls igys gh fdlh us ilZ ekj fy;k- bruh rks HkhM+ Fkh- cM+h eqf'dy ls rks ;gka igqaps gSa-** ^^vki gekjk dqN j[k ysa---;s ?kM+h gS-** iq#"k us pje grk'kk esa dwndj viuk ck;ka gkFk vkxs dj fn;k?kM+h py jgh Fkh exj lwjr&lhjr ls T;knk dke dh ugha Fkh^^vkSj blds ikl---blds ikl rks---** eSaus vkSjr dh rjQ erycijd <ax ls ns[krs gq, lq>k;k^^esjs---esjs ikl dqN ugha gS-** vkSjr us vius ftLe dks ;dc;d vkWQj&lk djrs gq, fpjkSjh dhvkSj okdbZ mlds ftLe ij dqN ugha Fkk] flok; ml fL=k;ksfpr ekalyrk ds ftlesa og Lokfr [kkaMsdj dks Li"V varj ls iNkM+ ns jgh Fkh- dksbZ vaxwBh ugha iguh Fkh- dkuksa esa 'keZlkj ls iM+s cwans Fks- iSjksa esa lk/kkj.k&ls IyksVlZ Fksvthc ckr Fkh fd mlds xys esa eaxylw=k ugha Fkk^^py ,slk dj] ;gka viuk irk fy[k---ge irk dj ysaxs----** jkoy us ckr [kRe djus ds vankt esa tsc ls fudkydj ,d dkxt mlds lkeus j[k fn;k- iy&Hkj og fy[kus ds fygkt ls lkns dkxt ds uhps j[kus gsrq dksbZ pht ryk'kus yxk- tc dqN ugha feyk rks ogha ?kqVuksa cSBdj fy[k fn;k vkSj [kM+s gksus ls igys gh jkoy dks ns fn;k^^iqfyl Fkkuk dkSu lk yxrk gS\** ?klhV dk eqvkbuk djus ds lkFk jkoy 24

us rquddj dgk rks mlus dgk ^xqlkblj* ftls jkoy us vius gkFk ls fy[kdj tksM+ fn;k^^ys]** cVq, ls lkS&lkS ds pkj uksVksa ds lkFk viuk dkMZ mldh rjQ djrs gq, jkoy us l[+r ygts esa psrkouh nh] ^^okil djus gSa] ugha rks ns[k ysuk-** jkoy ds fu.kZ; ij eSa pkSadklg;ksx ds rkSj ij nks lkS #i, vius dPpsiu esa mls ogha nsus dks fudkys rks mlus b'kkjs ls euk djrs gq, mUgsa psrkouh nsus dk Øe tkjh j[kkjkoy us mUgsa #i, D;ksa fn,\ dgka rks og gj vk<+s&Vs<+s dks.k ls mudh cksyrh can fd, tk jgk Fkk vkSj dgka ,slk] bruh tYnh ân; ifjorZu! ,d nqfu;knkj fdLe dk O;fDr ,sls eklwe dqdqjeqÙkksa ds lkeus <g tk, rks gSjr rks gksxh gh- viuh mRdaBk 'kkar djus ds fy, eSaus iwNuk pkgk Fkk exj ,d rks ml fnu bruk vodk'k ugha Fkk vkSj nwljs viuh gSfl;r ns[krs gq, og jde varr% bl dkfcy Hkh ugha Fkhlkeus vksfyo ij brus esa ,d NksVk iSx curk gSvxys nks fnuksa dk fQj Hkh gesa bartkj Fkk- ;dhu thrrk gS ;k thou\ nksigj nks cts rd mudh xkM+h chdkusj yx tk,xh- vktdy rks iksLV vkWfQl Hkh pkSchl ?kaVs esa dgha Hkh euhvkWMZj Hkstus dk ne[ke Hkjrs gSanwljs D;k rhljs fnu Hkh euhvkWMZj ugha vk;kpkSFks jkst esjs ikl cSad ls Qksu vk;k fd esjs ØsfMV dkMZ okys ekeys esa czsd&Fkzw feyk gS- jkoy dks lkFk ysdj eSa nkSM+rs gq, ,d ckj fQj cSad igqapkLokfr [kkaMsdj us vius fdlh lgk;d ds lkFk gesa xkensoh Fkkus Hkst fn;k- FkksM+s cseryc bartkj vkSj pkj&ikap dkxtksa&jftLVjksa ij gLrk{kj djus ds ckn ,d vnZyh gesa ykWdvi :e dh rjQ ys x;k tgka gekjk xqukgxkj can Fkk- mls ns[kdj gekjh vka[ksa [kqyh dh [kqyh jg xb±- cPpk lesr ;gka Hkh ,d naifr FkkµBhd oSlk tSlk ml jkst egky{eh LVs'ku ds ikl cSad ds lkeus

gels Vdjk;k Fkk- muds c;kuksa vkSj mudh ekQZr bdV~Bh dh xbZ tkudkjh ls tks rLohj mHkj jgh Fkh og dk;Zi)fr ds Lrj ij oSlh gh Fkh tks dqN fnuksa igys fdlh vU; cSad ds lanHkZ esa v[kckj ds rhljs ;k ikaposa iUus ij ^ØsfMV dkMZ ÝkWM cfLVM* tSlh lq[khZ ds uhps rhu LraHkksa esa ntZ Fkh- rc fdlus lkspk Fkk fd bruh tYnh eSa gh bldk f'kdkj cu tkÅaxk- ToSyj ds ;gka yxs Dykst lfdZV Vhoh dSejs rFkk eksckby ra=k us lc uhj&{khj dj fn;k- bu yksxksa us mlh fnu ,vjVSy ds ,d rduhdh eSustj ds ØsfMV dkMZ ij Hkh tsojkr [kjhns Fks- mlds dkMZ ij dh xbZ 'kkWfiax dh Vkbfeax dk iqfyl us mlds lg;ksx ls ml xksyka'k esa ml le; lfØ; eksckby uacjksa ls feyku djk;k vkSj dSejs ds dojst ls ml eksckby /kkjh dks i`Fkd dj fn;k- mlds ckn mUgsa VªSd djuk eqf'dy u Fkk- dy lqcg eykM ds ,d vikVZesaV ls bl tksM+s dks idM+ fy;k x;k- cPPkk HkkM+s dk Fkk exj fQygky mls Hkh ys fy;k x;k Fkk- dkQh tCrh Hkh gks xbZ Fkh- iwjs xSax esa ipkl ls vf/kd yksx gSa- ra=k ds ekLVj ekbaM vkbZ vkbZ Vh eqacbZ ds rhljs o"kZ ds nks MªkWivkmV~l gSa ftUgsa nwljs rduhdh fnekxksa dk vuqHko vkSj lg;ksx jgrk gSfQygky os Qjkj gSa- QthZ rjhds ls [kjhns gfFk;kj eky dks fMLdkmaV ij rqjar fudky nsuk gksrk gS D;ksafd j[kk eky ck:n ekfQd gksrk gS- T;knkrj vkneh&vkSjrsa jktLFkku vkSj e/;izns'k ds nwjLFk bykdksa ls gksrs gSa- ckrphr ds rkSj&rjhdksa ls gh vkneh&vkSjr vkSj cPps dh ;wfuV curh gS- laHkkfor detksfj;ksa vkSj :{k fcanqvksa dks izf'k{k.k ls ikV fn;k tkrk gSml Hkhxs vkSj Hkkjh&Hkjde pfdr izns'k esa lSj djuk tkudkjhijd t:j jgk gks] lq[kn drbZ ugha Fkk gkykafd eq>s jkgr feyh Fkh fd pyks uqdlku dh dqN HkjikbZ rks gks tk,xh- vkxs rks bl ØsfMV dkMZ ds laHkkfor nq#i;ksx ds f[kykQ Hkh ,d ba';ksjsal ys ywaxk- jkoy vycÙkk tkfgju dqN Bxk&lk eglwl dj jgk Fkkvksfyo ij ,d 'kke fcrkuk rks uoacj] 2010


T;ksxzkQh fMikVZesaV esa gks\** ^^th ugha] eSa rks lks'k;ks---** eSaus y¶+t /kdsysmudk psgjk fdlh efj;y ludh dh rjg daidaik jgk Fkk^^esjk csVk ;gka ¼fcfYMax dh rjQ ;g eqacbZ dk ifjfpr jgL; gS- vkius b'kkjk½---T;ksxzkQh esa gS- Qkbuy bZ;j esafnu esa ftruh Hkh ftYyr >syh gks] ckWl ysfdu vc irk ugha D;k gksxk esjs dh MkaV [kkbZ gks] cM+s DykbaV ds bartkj xqjcpu dk-** mudh osnuk gn ikj vkSj eqykdkr esa ?kaVksa fcxkM+us ds ckotwn djds vkRelacks/ku dh voLFkk esa tk mlls vkWMZj ysus esa ukdke;kc jgs gksa] pqdh Fkh gkykafd bl ckj vkokt esa etcwr QaMkesaVYl dh daiuh ds 'ks;jksa us gdykgV unkjn Fkh- mUgsa ns[kdj yxk fdlh fQjax gok ds pyrs vkidks iVdh ekuks esjs firk lkeus vk [kM+s Fksf[kykbZ gks] fdlh [kkl ds lkFk esjs gfuZ;k ds vkWijs'ku ds oDr eSaus iksf"kr&fuosf'kr Hkkoukvksa dk vkt mUgsa ,sls gh gkaQrs&?kcjkrs ns[kk Fkkcsrjg dpwej fudyk gks] cPps dh ^^D;k gqvk---D;k gqvk vkids lksgcr vkSj lywd dks ysdj Ldwy ls xqjcpu dks\** muls ,de,d gksrs gq, vkt fQj 'kkfe±nxh mBkuh iM+h gks] Hkjh esjk rkyw lw[kus yxknqigfj;k VªSfQd us f>yk;k gks] C;kt ;k esjk dkSrwgy tkurs gh mudh QksjsDl cnys esa nqyÙkh iM+h gks] [kkalh m[kM+ xbZ- [kkalh dk 'kke <yus ds ckn yqHkkouh dqN nsj igys ijh{kk dsanz ds Hkhrj eSa Hkkjrh; ,dk/k nkSj rks bruk foyafcr] [kkl lkt&lTtk ds chp xgjk vkSj tdM+u&Hkjk Fkk fd eksecÙkh dh e)e jks'kuh vkSj lafo/kku vkSj mldh yksd'kkgh ij lxfoZr fVIi.kh yxk] yM+ds dk rks irk ugha] gYds lqjhys laxhr dh laxr esa fy[k jgk Fkk vkSj vc yx jgk Fkk fd dSlk ukjdh; dgha cki u ;gha Vid tk,viuh ilanhnk ekxZjhVk] lekt gS gekjk- rc rd eSaus Ýh&dksIlZ] ,l,l vkSj [kqn ij ps"Vk ls dkcw ikrs gq, Mkbdhjh ;k ekfVZuh dk igyk os uhps cSBdj cyxe mxys tk ?kwaV xys ls mrkjrs gh vki ukft;ksa ds dkjukes ugha i<+s Fks- D;k bu nfjanksa dks buds fd, dh ltk feys x h\ tks mUgks a u s es j s lkFk fd;k og jgs Fks- rhu&pkj lgikfB;ksa us lkjs volkn] grk'kk vkSj lgkjk nsdj mu ij ^vjkeuky tatky dks foLe`r dj ,d ubZ igys Hkh djrs jgs gksaxs vkSj vkxs Hkh djsaxs- D;k dksbZ bUgsa ikIikth* dk ejge yisVknqfu;k] ,d ubZ tUur ls fBdkus ugha yxk ldrk\ [kkalh ds nkSjs us mudk psgjk eq[kkfrc gks tkrs gSa- ;g dksbZ lq[kZ dj Mkyk Fkk- ukd rd esa ikuh tknw ugha] cktkj dh gh lH;rkxr LoPNanrk dk t'u gS ftls vksfyo tSls jgk gS fd ok|ksa ls yrk dh vkokt esa mrj vk;k Fkk ftls nkb± tsc ls ipklksa fBdkuksa dks iukg nsuk ulhc gS- cksy QwVdj fudyus dks gks jgs gSa- gj xanyk&lk :eky fudkydj mUgksaus vdcdkdj iksaNk vkSj gkaQrs gq, gh =kkl vkSj la?k"kZ dh fnu&Hkj pyrh pht dh otg dgka gksrh gSekgkSy dk ,slk mnkÙkhdj.k vkSj ^FkSaDl* izsf"kr fd;k- ml vtuch cw<+s pDdh us vius fetkt dk larqyu cuk, j[kus ds fy, ekuks ,sls ^dwy tkWbaV~l* cwan nj cwan dkWdVsy dk vuqekiu jkoy dks lkaRouk nsus ds fy, ge dqN iwN&xN dks yksxksa dks QqlZr ls thus dk csiukg dks ml vuqHko dh Le`fr rd tkus ls djrs blls igys gh mlus ,d rqM+k&eqM+k ykblsal ns j[kk gS- fdlh ckgjh dks rks ugha jksd ik;k gS ftls xkensoh Fkkus esa ipkZ gekjh rjQ c<+k;k tks fdlh ufl±x T;knkrj ;qok tksM+s oSHko vkSj ,yhfVT+e gq, [kqykls us ,d NsM+ ds lkFk mdsj gkse dk izsfLØI'ku FkkMs'kuqek rhu&pkj lekarj js[kkvksa ds dk foKkiu djrs gq, yxsa exj mUgsa fn;k gSfnYyh ;wfuoflZVh ds fnuksa dh ckr lkeus ?klhVk etcwu nokb;ksa dk gks fdlh dh ugha iM+h gksrh gS- t'u vkSj vkuan ds chp ;gka Hkh Nn~e&ckSf)drk gS- dkWyst ds cl LVkWi ij mrjk gh Fkk ldrk Fkk^^V---Vhch gS mls---nht esfM'kal vkSj x.kukra=k tc ethZ cjxykrs& fd ,d cqtqxZ ljnkjth Vdjk x,HkVdrs fey tk,axs- lkeus dh rhljh fNNyh nwf/k;k nk<+h ds chp nks&rhu vkj fjDok;MZ vts±Vyh Qsfyax fOgp fgt Vscy ij dkWfyt dh yM+fd;ksa dk fxjksg txg dkys ckyksa ds pdÙks fy,- vka[kksa ykbQ---bQ ;w dSu dkWUVªhC;wV] vkbZ 'kSy gS tks yxkrkj pyrh galh&fBBksyh ls iwjs ij xka/khuqek xksy ysalksa dk p'ek- blls ,oj ch buMSfVM Vq ;w---tLV Vw gaMªM ,aM vklikl dks thoar fd, Mky jgh gS- igys fd eSa xkSj dj ikrk mUgksaus lkal FkVhZ Qkbo lj---ekb lu thch---vks fdlh ,d ds tUefnu ij nh tkus okyh Hkjrs gq, iwNk] ^^Cc---csVs lquks---r---rqe OgkV , czkbV ,aM oaMjQqy xk;---;w eLV 25 uoacj] 2010 oSls Hkh curk Fkkogka ls fudydj ^vkLd eh* lfoZl ls uacj ysdj eSaus vkfyo ij ^Vscy QkWj Vw* cqd djk nh-

VªhV dk ekeyk yxrk gS ftlesa ?kjokyksa dh mifLFkfr oT;Z gS- vksuyh ÝsaM~l ,ykmM- fdlh ukeh fMtkbuj dh esgjckuh ls vupkgs gh ,d deflu dh nkseV&lh uXu ihB dk cM+k {ks=kQy esjh utjksa ds nk;js esa tek cSBk gSvHkh&vHkh mUgksaus ^bZ;s* vkSj ^,s;s* ds dS'kks;Z mYykl ds lkFk eksckby ds dSejksa ls dbZ xzqi QksVks [khaps gSa ftUgsa tYn] 'kk;n ogha cSBs&cSBs] os Qslcqd ij viuh ,yce esa viyksM vkSj fQj VSx dj nsaxh] ftu ij fe=k nk;js ls ^ukbl fiDl* vkSj ^xzsV* tSlh izfrfØ;kvksa dh ckSNkj gksus yxsxh- ,slh gh fdlh 'kke irk ugha fdl jsLrjka esa fxVkj] ckalqjh vkSj larwj dh tqxycanh ls >jrk ^rsjk tkuk··] fny ds vjekuksa dk yqV tkuk ··* ;gka vkdj eu dks ;wa lgykus yx


gSo lVsZuyh lhu fge ,jkmaM----** vaxzsth esa mudh lhRdkj lqudj ge vkSj T;knk muds lkFk gks fy,- fdruk i<+k&fy[kk vkSj rgthcnkj vkneh gS\ bdykSrs csVs dh tku dh [kkfrj bl igj esa dSlh etcwjh mBk jgk gS- Hkxoku u djs fdlh ds lkFk ,slk gks! ml mez esa jkst Hkhrj dldrs dPps vkn'kks± dh ikS/k dks ;dk;d ,d edln is'k gks x;k,d lgh edln Hkhrj rd fdrus uSfrd mRd"kZ dh BaMd nsrk gSml le; ogka ge rhu Fks- FkksM+h nsj esa foHkkx dh rjQ tkrs rhu vkSj vk x,- lcus feyfeykdj ljnkjth dk dke dj fn;k^^xkWM CySl ;w ckW;t+---;w gSo xzkafVM ykbQ Vq ekb lu** dgrs gq, mUgksaus lcds gkFkksa dks ,sls gqeddj pwek fd ge lc vlgt gks x,nksigj dSaVhu esa v#.k ifjgkj ls tc eSaus lqcg ds okd;s dk ftØ fd;k rks QkSju dqN Hkkairs gq, mlus b'kkjksa dh laxr esa rquddj ljnkjth dk gqfy;k crkuk 'kq: dj fn;k] ^^---lQsn nk<+h gS--[kwc lkjk cyxe Fkwdrk gS] izsfLØI'ku ysdj ?kwerk gS---Hkys vkneh] izsfLØI'ku dh rkjh[k ns[kh Fkh\ Vhch dk bykt ,sls gksrk gS\ rqe cdjk cu x, I;kjs!** eSa viuh vkaf[ku ns[kh ij vHkh Hkh dk;e jguk pkgrk Fkk exj mlds Hkhrj dh rjsM+sa ,sls pqHkus yxha fd dqN cksyk u tk,- ok/kZD;] detksjh vkSj ykpkjh esa fBBqjrh mldh dk;k fdlh Hkh fygkt ls ml nwljh lPpkbZ dk vans'kk ugha ns ldrh Fkh tks ml oDr ifjgkj ds dCts esa jgdj gesa fcyk jgh Fkh- dSlh cngokl vkSj nerksM+ rks mldh [kkalh Fkh- D;k og udyh Fkh\ vkSj og cyxe\ ;d! daB dh [kj[kjkgV dks tkus Hkh nsa exj og VwVrh&fxjrh {kh.kdk; nsg;f"V! og feykoV&lk dqN dj fn[kkus yk;d jg Hkh xbZ Fkh\ furkar lnekxzLr gksdj mlds ohHkRl vkSj vlguh; ;FkkFkZ dk eSa vius ;FkkFkZ ls MctksM+ fcBk jgk Fkk fd izgkj dh rjg [kqyklk djrs gq, mlus tksM+k] ^^fnYyh esa lkS ls Åij dkWfyt vkSj brus gh NksVs&cM+s vLirky gksaxs26

'kfuokj&brokj vkSj nwljh NqfV~Vksa dks fudky nks rks ,d laLFkk dk lky esa ,d ckj Hkh uacj ugha vk,xk- fQj is'ksaV~l& LVqMsaV~l lc rks cnyrs jgrs gSa- oSls Hkh dkSu ;kn j[k ikrk gS fd brus fnu igys fdlh us---** viuh vka[kksa dk Hkjkslk Hkh dksbZ pht gksrh gS exj yx jgk Fkk ,d xeZ ngdrk pkdw eD[ku dh fVfd;k esa /kals tk jgk gS^^nks&rhu lky ckn] cSadksa ds bErgkuksa dh dksfpax ds flyflys esa ,d jkst tc eSa djksyckx x;k Fkk rc] ogha ns'kca/kq dkWfyt tkuk gqvk Fkk- eq[; njokts ls fudydj eksVjlkbfdy LVSaM dh rjQ tk jgk Fkk fd chp esa isM+ dh dycwr ij cSBs Nk=kksa dks og lacksf/kr djrk fn[kk- cl] Hkafxek vkSj vankt t+jk vyx Fks- 'kd dh dksbZ xqatkb'k ugha Fkh- pan iyksa ckn f'kdkj gksus okys fcjknjkuksa dh lkspdj] ,d BqdjkbZ izsfedk dh rjg esjs Hkhrj vieku vkSj /kks[ks dk t[e vpkud gjk gks x;k--yksxksa dh Hkkoukvksa ls /kks[kk/kM+h dk is'kk---blls t?kU;rj vijk/k D;k gksxk\ cM+s ukekywe <ax ls eSa isM+ dh xksykbZ ls fVddj ml ij xkSj djus nwljh rjQ eqag Qsjdj [kM+k gks x;k--^^viuh vnkdkjh dh bUrgk ds rkSj ij vc ;g yack [kkaldj Fkwdsxk] vc Vhch ls ihfM+r rFkkdfFkr bdykSrs csVs dk izsfLØI'ku fudkysxk---vc ;g---** esjs Hkhrj ;gh fotqvy vkus dks vkeknk Fkk exj mlus ,slk dqN ugha fd;k- eSa gSjku- lkekU; Kku vkSj bafXy'k dE;qfuds'ku dh nks iqfLrdk,a og lHkh dks ckaV pqdk Fkk vkSj bartkj dj jgk Fkk fd ^,DlSy ,dsMseh* esa 'kkfey gksus ds fy, os yksx tks viuk ukeµcrkSj Vksdu ,d vfxze jkf'kµds bPNqd gSa] vkxs c<+sa- izfr cSp flQZ rhl Nk=k fy, tkus gSa- nsj gqbZ rks x, dke ls- brus de nke esa ,slh DokfyVh dksfpax fnYyh rks D;k iwjs ns'k esa dksbZ ugha ns ldrk gS- D;ksa\ D;ksafd mlds fy, dksfpax dksbZ /ka/kk ugha] ifo=k edln gS---D;ksa] D;ksafd mlds yM+ds dks dksfpax u fey ikus ds dkj.k cpiu esa [okc dh rjg ns[ks ml

dkslZ esa nkf[kyk ugha fey ik;k Fkk ftldh otg ls---ugha] [kqndq'kh ugha dh Fkh mlus---mldk ekufld larqyu fcxM+ x;k Fkk---mldk etek [kRe gks tkus ds ckn fdlh ew[kZ dh rjg eSaus mu ^nkrkvksa* ls mldh ckrksa dks iz'ukafdr fd;k rks ^rw dkSu fd eSa [kke[kka* ds pkS[kVs esa fujLr djrs gq, os eq> ij vjkZ iM+s- vkf[kj mlh dkWfyt ds vaxzsth foHkkx ds uhydkar xxZ vkSj tulapkj ds MkWeDdM+] tSlk mlus crk;k mlds laLFkku ds vfrfFk ladk; esa 'kkfey Fks- iatkc us'kuy cSad ds Åij gky gh esa ml uke dk ,d cksMZ muesa ls fdlh us ns[kk Fkklc ,sls gh gSa D;k\ mls ysdj eq>s nwljh 'kfe±nxh mBkuh iM+h Fkh- rc og thr x;k Fkk gkykafd tYn gh irk py x;k fd og lc mldh ,d vkSj ubZ dgkuh Fkh ftlds rarqvksa dks og ckjhdh ls cqurk Fkk vkSj [kkl cjlkrh >haxqjksa dh rjg FkksM+h nsj dk vfLrRo iznku dj ogka ls dwp dj tkrk FkkµdqN u;k ;k ftls dgrs gSa vfHkuo djus dks----oDr dh NksM+h xfnZ'kksa dks pqukSrhiw.kZ <ax ls cqgkjrk&idM+rk---eq>s vanktk ugha Fkk fd jkoy ds Hkhrj ,slk Hkh dqN fnypLi Hkjk iM+k gksxkvk, jkst rks mlds lkFk cSBd jgrh gScjlkrh esa<dksa dh rjg gekjs rtqcsZ lgh oDr vkrs gh dSls tkx&dwnrs gSa- ihus ds nkSjku gh geus gYdh lfo±x ds tks fØLih izkWu vkSj lht+lZ lSyM pqipki mnjLFk dj fy, Fks- mlds ckn dqN [kkus dh bPNk ugha Fkh fQj Hkh fMuj Lo:i ,d fjlksVks eaxk&[kkdj vius dks v'kkyhu gksus ls cpk;k vkSj mB fy,xsV ls ckgj fudyrs gh ^eksdk* ij bl igj dkWQh ihus dk jkoy dk lq>ko eq>s nq#Lr yxk- mlds uke esa ekStwn ^dkWQh ,aM duolsZ'kal* cgqr ekdwy yxrk gSvkius vkWMZj fn;k gks ;k u fn;k gks] [kkus&ihus ds ckn fcy Hkh vnk dj fn;k gks] dksbZ vkils txg NksM+us dks ugha dgsxk- blhfy, drkj jgrh gS- exj ,d ckj vanj pys x, rks iV~Vk vkidkdkWQh ds lkFk rackdw foghu lqxaf/kr uoacj] 2010


gqDds dh laxr izºykn dDdM+ Nki nslh ,M&xq# dh djkekr yxrh gS- vkt fdLer vPNh Fkh tks FkksM+s bartkj ds ckn gh ,d [kkyh dksuk fey x;k- gqDds dh iqnhus ds Lokn okyh nks&rhu xqM+xqM+ksa us vksfyo esa lquk, mlds fdLls ls tksM+ Mkyk^^rqEgkjs bl vuqHko dks tkudj rks vkSj gSjkuh gksrh gS fd pkj jkst igys rqeus ml ukekdwy chdkusjh dh dSlh enn dj nh- tks gekjs lkFk vk, jkst gksrk jgrk gS ml lcdks ns[kdj D;k cprk gS\** pkj jkst igys dk okd;k cgqr vgfe;r pkgs u j[krk gks exj mldh oknkf[kykQh fnu&c&fnu tk;dk fcxkM+rh tk jgh Fkh---;s D;k fd dksbZ Hkjh nqigfj;k vkidks mYyw cukdj pyk tk,! ;gh gS vkneh&vkneh dh vkidh le>\ gj yky cÙkh ij xkM+h #drs gh tjk&tjk ls fHkudrs cngky cPps vkSj cw<+h fucZy vkSjrsa vuar vk'kh"kksa dh >M+h vkSj feUurksa ds lkFk vkils #i, nks #i, ds jge dh Hkh[k ekxrh gSa vkSj vki mudh xqgkj dks ,d minzo ;k 'kgj esa O;kIr iznw"k.k ekudj mudh rjQ ns[ks cxSj vkxs c<+ tkrs gSa- vkSj m/kj dksbZ vkidks fnu&ngkM+s Nydj] cdjk cukdj pyk tkrk gS! yksxksa dks le> D;k j[kk gS bUgksaus\ ^^bldk dksbZ cM+k dkj.k ugha gSge yksxksa ds fgLls cM+h phtsa vkrh Hkh dgka gS fM;j- fnYyh ;qfuoflZVh esa feys ml cw<+s ljnkj ls Hkh igys esjs lkFk ,d nq?kZVuk gqbZ Fkh ftlds HkXukos"k vkt rd ugha fudys gSa- crkus yk;d rks ugha gS exj tks Hkh gks] lquks,d izfr;ksxh ijh{kk nsus esjB x;k Fkk- nksigj nks ls ikap mldk Vkbe Fkkijh{kk [kRe gksus ls igys gh fdlh ckr dks ysdj 'kgj esa naxk gks x;k- ge tSls gh lsaVj ls ckgj fudys] Qal x,- d¶;wZ uoacj] 2010

yxus dh rS;kjh Fkh- mlh vQjkrQjh esa ,d gV~Vs&dV~Vs onhZokys ls eSaus cl vM~Ms dk lqjf{kr jkLrk iwNk D;ksafd tks Kkr jkLrk Fkk og can fd;k tk pqdk Fkk^^dgka tkuk gS\** ^^fnYyh-** ^^fnYyh esa dgka\** ^^vkj ds iqje-** ^^vkj ds iqje esa dgka\** ^^lsDVj rhu-** ^^py rsjk dke gks x;k-** mlus ,sls Hkjkslsean ygts esa dgk fd vkus okyh vugksuh dk vans'kk gks gh ugha ldrk Fkk- ^^gekjh ,d xkM+h tk jgh gS m/kj-**

ladV rks vHkh vk;k ugha Fkk exj fQj Hkh eSaus jkgr eglwl dh vkSj mlds lkFk gks fy;k- nks&rhu xfy;ka yidrs gq, ikj djds FkksM+h nsj esa gh ge ,d lqulku vgkrs esa ?kql x,- ogka dksbZ xkM+h [kM+h u ns[kdj eu esa dqN 'kadk rks gqbZ exj yM+diu esa dkSu bruk ;k ,slk&oSlk lksprk gS- og ,d cM+h rhu eaftyk dksBhuqek iqjkuh bekjr Fkh ftldh ry eafty ds ,d dejs esa eq>s pqids ls ?kqlkdj mlus flVduh yxk nh^^fudky tks dqN gS rsjs ikl-** irk ugha dgka ls QuQukrk jkeiqjh pkdw okj dh eqnzk esa esjh Nkrh dh rjQ lk/krs gq, og xqjkZ;k- eSa lksp Hkh ugha ldrk Fkk fd onhZ esa dksbZ ,slk Hkh dj ldrk gS-

rks ;g iqfyl&oqfyl ugha gSa! esjh f?kXxh ca/k vkbZnwljs dejs ls rHkh mlds NksVs&cM+s pkj&ikap lkFkh eqvkbuk djrh eqnzk esa fudy vk, rks eSa flgj mBk- dkSu gSa ;s yksx\ D;k fcxkM+k gS eSaus budk\ vkSj esjk dlwj\ tSls loky eq>s Nwdj t:j Hkkx x, Fks exj ,d Hkhxs] dksaprs [kkSQ us iwjs otwn dks volUu dj Mkyk FkkvHkh >qViqVk&lk gh Fkk exj esjs vkxs ujd dks fuxyrk fytfytk va/kdkj ruk [kM+k Fkk- tsc ds dye&dkxt vkSj NksVs&ls cVq, dks muds vkxs vfiZr djrs gq, eSa vthc rjg ls] Åag&vkg ds #nu ls] daidaikrs fujhgrk esa tqM+s gkFkksa ls HkS;k&HkS;k cqncqnkrs gq, c['ks tkus dh Hkh[k ekax jgk FkkMs<+ lkS ds djhc dh jde fxudj eq> ij mudh [kqUul vkSj Hkh c<+ xbZ^^vkSj dgka gSa\** dgrs gq, fdlh us esjs iqV~Bs ij tksjnkj fdd tM+h- mldk nleka'k Hkh esjh cnkZ'r ds ckgj Fkk- u tkus fdrus cy [kkrs gq, lkeus nhokj dh can f[kM+dh ds uhps tk fyFkM+k- dgka xweV iM+k] dkSu&lh ul pVdh] dgka ls [kwu cgk bldh dkSu lq/k ysrk D;ksafd ml pkdw dh yach rst /kkj] vka[kksa esa mrjs [kwu vkSj muds psgjksa ij fpids jk{klhiu ds vkxs yx jgk Fkk fd ftanxh dk dke reke gksus okyk gSigys ,d iy dks [kqn dks eSa fdlh xQ+yr dk f'kdkj gqvk eku jgk Fkk exj Ms<+ lkS #i, ij mudh grk'kk ds ckn le> vk;k fd ;s xqaMs&yqVsjs gSadqaMy ds fy, dku drj ysus okys- vkSj dqN ugha^^mV~B!** esjh rjQ pys vkrs ewaN/kkjh dk dM+d gqDe esjs dkuksa esa lhls dh rjg fxjk- esjk vopsru rd rkehy djus ds fy, f?kf?k;k jgk Fkkml cngoklh esa yq<+ddj tSls gh esjk 27


^^esjk ru&eu ywV&[klksVdj mUgksaus #nu dqN c<+k fdlh us ,d dM+d dqN nsj igys ijh{kk dsanz ds Hkhrj ^pksIi* dks eka dh xkyh ds lkFk Qhapdj eq>s ml Hkqrgh dksBh ls ckgj [knsM+ eSa Hkkjrh; lafo/kku vkSj mldh mYVs gkFk dk rekpk tM+k tks eugwfl;r fn;k- eq>s dkV Hkh Mkyrs rks 'kgj ds yksd'kkgh ij lxfoZr fVIi.kh fy[k jgk dh jaHkkrh esjh cfN;k dks csvkokt djus lwpdkad esa dksbZ Q+dZ ugha iM+rk- naxs ds Fkk vkSj vc yx jgk Fkk fd dSlk esa dkjxj FkkoDr rks vkSj Hkh ugha- ,d fiNM+s] chekj ukjdh; lekt gS gekjk- rc rd eSaus lkal u ysus dk gqDe Hkh ogka dcwy bykds esa tgka m|eghurk vkSj [+kqnx+thZ Ýh&dksIlZ] ,l,l vkSj ukft;ksa ds gksrkxqukg ds pkd dh feV~Vh x<+rs jgrs gSa dkjukes ugha i<+s Fks- D;k bu nfjanksa dks ^^iSaV mrkj-** xgjs erycijLr ogka fdlh dh enn djuk LoHkko esa buds fd, dh ltk feysxh\ tks mUgksaus ygts esa eqPNM+ us bl ckj uje gksdj 'kkfey ugha gksrk gS-** esjs lkFk fd;k og igys Hkh djrs jgs vkns'k fn;k^^rqEgkjs lkFk D;k gqvk\** gksaxs vkSj vkxs Hkh djsaxs- D;k dksbZ bUgsa ^^HkS;k··---esjs ikl tks dqN gS vki iBkj ds dxkj ls lkcqr ;k thfor fBdkus ugha yxk ldrk\ iqfyl dks rks lc ys yks ij eq>s NksM+ nks---Iyht-** eSaus cp tkus dh nkLrkusa eq>s pgdkrh gSa;s feykdj j[krs gksaxs- fdruh gR;kvksa ;Fkk laHkydj] vuqu; ls fi?kydj ,d ^^lc dqN rks ugha exj gka] ds dkfryksa dk blhfy, irk rd ugha ekfeZd izkFkZuk mudh eatwjh dks ljdkbZ- FkksM+k&cgqr--py ikrk gS- vius lkfFk;ksa dks FkksM+h ^^ogh rks dj jgs gSa fpdus-** vgkrs ds ckgj eq>s iVddj os fQj enkZuxh fn[kkus ds tkse esa ml /k/kdrs eq>s vanktk ugha Fkk fd 'kCnksa ds dgha pys x, Fks- ekSdk jgrs 'kk;n dgha jkeiqfj;k ls dksbZ esjk xyk jsr nsrk rks vykok esjs lkFk os dSlh xqaMbZ djus tk vkSj nwljs f'kdkj djus&ryk'kus- naxk dksbZ D;k dj ysrk- naxk rks QqVdj jgs Fksvijk/kksa ij oSls Hkh feV~Vh Mky ^^D;k---D;k mUgksaus---** nsrk gS- Hkhrj ls ,d Øwj ladYi exj ,d vkneh dks Hkh rks es j h rjQ ns [ kus ] es j k vHkh rd rYyhurk ls txk fd iqfyl esa HkrhZ gksdj gky lquus dh QqlZr ugha Fkh- D;k muesa ls fdlh dk dHkh budk fglkc lh/kk jkoy dh dFkk lqurs gq, bl fcanq ij vutkus gh esjh ph[k esjh mez dk cPpk ugha gksxk] ,slh gkyr esa buesa dHkh d:axk- iqfyl u lgh rks HkkM+s fudy xbZ- ,d&nwljs ds dksbZ ugha Qalk gksxk\ Bhd gS] naxs ds gkykr gSa vkSj naxk ds buds tSlksa dks gh yxkÅaxklax&lkFk vkSj ckrksa dh gj pht+ dks ,d fuyZTt foosdghurk esa cny nsrk gS exj ;g rkjh[k vkSj txg rks ftanxh ukSdkfogkj djrs dbZ iM+kslh b/kj rks ,slk&oSlk vHkh py Hkh ugha jgk gSHkj lkFk jgus okyh gSpsgjksa us vylkbZ ekufldrk izfr'kks/k dh ml n;uh; ls yxHkx lkoZHkkSfed fujis{k vkx dks laHkkys] fdlh rjg ^D;k gqvk* esa esjh rjQ #[k fd;k dkSu&lk jkst&jkst gksrk gS- ;k irk ugha vius dks cpkrs&yM+[kM+krs gq, eSa vkSj okil vius esa je x,vkSj dqN djus- va/ksjk f?kj vk;k Fkk- lqulku xyh ds nwljs Nksj ij vk x;k;g Hkh eqacbZ dh [kwch gS % tc rd f[kM+ats dh VwVh lM+d ij fdlh dh m/kj dqN NqViqV nqdkusa Fkha tks d¶;wZ ds tku ij u vku iM+s] fdlh vU; ds lkFk vkoktkgh ugha n[k jgh Fkh- txg&txg dkj.k can Fkha- dgha ls vkdj nks&,d okLrk j[kuk gLr{ksi dh Js.kh esa 'kqekjk pdÙkksa esa mxh ljdaMksa dh c<+okj vthc xc: dqÙks eq>s QkM+ nsrs rks eq>s lpeqp tkrk gSrjg ls ohHkRl yx jgh Fkh- [kwc dqÙks dh ekSr feyrh- eSaus b/kj&m/kj viuh ph[k ij eSa [kqn Hkh >sai x;k lkai&fcPNw gks ldrs Fks- eSa ogka ls Hkkxuk edkuksa dh ukeifV~V;ka ns[kuh 'kq: vkSj ^^---rqEgkjs lkFk dqdeZ fd;k Fkk** pkg jgk Fkk exj le> ugha vk jgk Fkk dhaµdksbZ rks esjh tkfr ;k {ks=k dk ds ml v/kwjs NwVs iz'u dks /khes ls iwjk fd/kj tkÅa- gkyr iLr Fkh vkSj fdlh gksxk\ ml :i esa T;knkrj vuke gh Fksdj x;kjkLrs dh [kcj ugha Fkh- esjh =kklnh ls ukeiV~Vh okys ftu njoktksa dks ^^dg ldrs gks- dksf'k'k rks dh gh cs[kcj ?kjokys irk ugha D;k lksp jgs [kV[kVk;k mldk dksbZ urhtk ugha xbZ Fkh- ck;ykWth ds fglkc ls u lgh] gksaxs] D;k dj jgs gksaxs- vkSj dqN u lgh fudy- esjh Mjh gqbZ vkRek fdlh fruds fQftDl ds fglkc ls rks---** rks Qksu djds naxs ds dkj.k vius ;gka dk lgkjk <wa<+ jgh Fkh tks yxkrkj Ndk, ^^fQj D;k gqvk\** eSaus nq%LoIu& Qal tkus dh lwpuk rks mUgsa ns nsrk gwa- tk jgk Fkk- I;kl ls esjk xyk rd iiM+k dFkk ds vuafre ik;nku ij dne /kjrs gks ldrk gS ;gka jgusokys fdlh nwj ds x;k Fkk- yx jgk Fkk esjk var fudV gSgq, gkSys ls iwNknksLr ;k ifjfpr dh tkudkjh gkFk yx fdlh Hkh iy dksbZ eq>s ihNs ls okj dj ^^fQj D;k gksuk Fkk-** tk,- ;g lksprs gh esjh #ykbZ NwVus dks ;k lkeus ls vkdj phjdj j[k nsxk^^eryc\** gh vkbZ D;ksafd eSa bl le; fcYdqy dqN nsj ckn eksVjlkbfdy ij x'r ^^fQj esjk nwljk tue gqvk-** QIQl Fkk- Qksu djus dks Hkh rks dqN yxkrs iqfylokyksa dks ns[kdj esjh dqN ^^eryc\** iSls pkfg, vkSj og gksxk Hkh dgka lsvkl ca/kh- mudh eksVjlkbfdy esjs ikl 28 uoacj] 2010


vkdj #dh- batu can fd, fcuk mUgksaus eq>ls pkj&Ng loky iwNs vkSj esjh gkyr esa dksbZ #fp fn[kk, cxSj eq>s ogka ls QkSju nQk gks tkus dh fgnk;r nsdj pys x,- nks&rhu xyh nwj 'kk;n naxk vius jax esa mrj jgk Fkk- esjk eu gqvk eSa m/kj gh pyk tkÅa- xqeuke ejus ls rks vPNk gksxk- lp] ml nj~n] mldh ijrksa] mlds dlSysiu dk c;ku djuk ukeqefdu gS- Hkk"kk ds reke vkStkjksa ds ckotwn og ykc;ku gS- ,slh fLFkfr esa dHkh Qals yksx ckn esa tc crykrs gSa rks mldk cgqr dqN lery dj cSBrs gSa D;ksafd Le`fr vkSj foLe`fr dh vopsru esa pyrh eqBHksM+ ds pyrs bZekunkjh rch;r ls grkgr gksrh gS- tSls izlo ds le; Øe'k% c<+rs ladqpuksa esa nnZ dh bargk >sy tkus ds vglkl ds ckotwn gj eka ds Hkhrj] ckn esa ml nnZ dh ,d /kqa/kyh&lh Nfo] ,d Hkwyh&lh ;kn&Hkj 'ks"k jg tkrh gS- oSls gh- dksbZ uhe ftcg fd;k x;k eseuk Fkk eSa rc- ,d txg Bksdj [kkdj esjk iSj ukyh esa tk fxjk- ogha ij fdlh okgu ds uhps vkdj ejs fiYys dk fipdk gqvk /kM+ Fkk- bl txg cSBdj ml dhpM+ dk D;k ftØ d:a] cl ;g le> yks fd ogka dksbZ lhoj ykbu ugha jgh gksxhfdlh Hkh lwjr ogka ls fudyus dks NViVkrs gq, eSa ;g Hkh lksps tk jgk Fkk fd bruh tjk&lh nsj esa thou dSlh djoVsa [kkus yx jgk gS- eksckby dk tekuk gksrk rks fdruh jkgr gks tkrhogka ls gVdj eSa xyh ds eksM+ ij tkrh nwljh lM+d ij vk x;k tgka vius&vius egQwt+ fB,&fBdkuksa dh rjQ Hkkxrs yksxksa dh HkkxeHkkx Fkhfdrus [kq'kulhc gSa ;s yksx! nl&chl feuV ;k vk/ks ?kaVs esa ;s lc vius ?kjksa esa gksaxs- fnu&Hkj dh xbZ esgur&e'kDdr dk ilhuk lq[kkrs] jkLrs esa naxs dh ns[kh&lgh fLFkfr dk ets ls rCljk djrs] Nqdh fephZ ;k djsys ds VqdM+ksa ds lkFk nky&jksVh dk Lokn lgstrs] rktk gkykr dh Vhoh ;k jsfM;ks ¼lekpkjksa ds fy, mu fnuksa ftldk dku igys mesBk tkrk Fkk½ ls tkudkjh ysdj Mdkj ekjrsuoacj] 2010

ysfdu Åij&Åij ls Hkys ;k lkekU; fn[krs ;s yksx fdrus Hkkoghu] ik"kk.kân;] [kqnxtZ vkSj Øwj Fks] ;g eSaus rHkh tkuk- eSa HkkbZlkgc] HkS;k] vady] HkS;kth] vks vadyth vkSj irk ugha fdu&fdu y¶+tksa ds lgkjs] #a/ks xys ls muls ,d tjk&ls lgkjs dh Hkh[k ekax jgk Fkk % vkt dh jkr dksbZ eq>s cpk ys] lgkjk ns ns] eq>s fdlh dk [kkus dks ugha pkfg, ¼;kn vkrs gh esjs Hkhrj Hkw[k dk HkHkwdk nkSM+ x;k½] eSa tehu ij] dgha Hkh ysV tkÅaxk---exj flj ds Åij fdlh balku dh Nr dh lqj{kk ulhc gks tk,- D;k og cgqr cM+h pht Fkh\ exj ,d vkneh dks Hkh rks esjh rjQ ns[kus] esjk gky lquus dh QqlZr ugha Fkh- D;k muesa ls fdlh dk esjh mez dk cPpk ugha gksxk] ,slh gkyr esa buesa dHkh dksbZ ugha Qalk gksxk\ Bhd gS] naxs ds gkykr gSa vkSj naxk gj pht dks ,d fuyZTt foosdghurk esa cny nsrk gS exj b/kj rks ,slk&oSlk vHkh py Hkh ugha jgk gS,sls gh nsj rd fxM+fxM+kus&lkspus ds ckn eSa ogha gkaQdj ilj x;kØeghurk esa Hkkxrs yksxksa dks ml iLr gkyr esa dgha eglwl djrk gqvk- Hkw[k vkSj v'kfDr ds dkj.k fupqM+k iM+k Fkkgks ldrk gS dksbZ nkSM+rk&Hkkxrk okgu vutkus gh eq>s iaxq djds pyk tk,dksbZ ?kkr yxkrk naxkbZ gh vius gRFks p<+k nsyksxksa ds pyus&fQjus dh vkokt+sa de gks pqdh Fkha tc ,d lkbfdy /kkjh us fdlh nsonwr dh rjg FkksM+h QVdkj ds lkFk eq>s ml ukmEehnh ls psrk;kukekfn iwNk vkSj lkFk py iM+us dk fcjknjkuk ^pyks* mpkjk- rks D;k eSa cp tkÅaxk\ og v/ksM+ dgha iku&chM+h dk [kks[kk pykrk Fkk- rhu cts ds djhc ml bykds esa naxk HkM+dk Fkk ftlesa mls /kj fy;k x;k Fkk- vHkh ogha ls NwVdj vk jgk Fkk- mlh us crk;kD;k d:a] py nwa blds lkFk ;k dgha ;s Hkh ml onhZokys dh rjg---- gS u vthc ckr- dqN nsj igys rd eSa yksxksa ls ,d lgkjs ds fy, fxM+fxM+k jgk

Fkk vkSj vc dksbZ eq>s blh ckcr le>k jgk gS! rc esjh psruk ugha] ftanxh ykSVh FkhvU;Fkk cp Hkh tkrk rks fdruk cpk gksrk\ [kSj] vc mldk T;knk ftØ D;k djuk- bruk le> yks fd og ,d csgn ekewyh vkneh Fkk- exj ,d jh;y áweSu Mk;eaM- esjB ds ckgjh bykds esa ,d dksBjhuqek dejs ds lkFk irjs ds cjkens ftruh laink dk ekfydckdh jkr ogka brus ldwu ls dVh fd lqcg rjksrktk eglwl djrk mBklkbfdy ij gh mlus LVs'ku igqapk;k vkSj fnYyh rd dk fVdV idM+k;knqfu;knkj gks x;k gwa exj mldk dt+Z vkt Hkh eglwl djrk gwa- dHkh Vp gh ugha jgk mllsblls igys fd ekeyk foxfyr gksrk] eSaus jkoy ls iwNk] ^^rks D;k rqeus ml chdkusjh tSls vkSjksa dh Hkh enn dh gS\** ^^vkWQ dkslZ] db;ksa dh-** ^^D;k urhtk jgk gS\** ^^dqN Hkh ugha-** ^^rqeus dHkh crk;k ugha-** ^^vjs] blesa crkus tSlk D;k Fkk-** ^^vthc vkneh gks ;kj-** ^^rqe tks Hkh ekuks-** ^^;kj rqEgkjk chdkusjh rks xM+cM+ fudyk-** nks fnu ckn NwVrs gh viuh ckr dks jgL;kRedrk esa fijksrs gq, jkoy eksckby ij 'kq: gks x;kckr dh pgd mlds dgs ls vyx Fkh^^D;k\** eSa Qksu laHkkyrs gh pkSadk^^;kj os yksx oSls ugha Fks-** ^^D;k\** bl ckj esjk vk'p;Z nks xquk gks x;k^^;l-** ckr esa vkLFkk dh flf) FkheSa ckr ds foLe; ls vius eu dk lkeatL; fcBkrk gqvk dgha xM+cM+ eglwl fd, tk jgk Fkk29


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eSdMkWuy dey dqekj vkf[kjh f'k¶V Fkh- tc rd lc fuiVk ckjg ct pqds Fks- os rhuksa ,d Vscy ij cSB xbZ Fkha- lqfo/kk blh esa Fkh fd dqN [kkdj gh ?kj tk,alksuw fpgqadh Fkh- eksuk dks fgyk;k FkkµfQj] dy D;k gqvk\ vk;k Fkk oks\ vk;k Fkk] ij ogh xqLls ls ruk [kM+k Fkk- cksykµnsj ls D;ksa vkbZ gks] fdruh ckj dgk gS rqEgsa---- bart+kj djuk eq>s vPNk ugha yxrknsj gks xbZ! rks D;k gqvk! rqe ykSV ldrs Fks- D;ksa bartkj fd;k\ mldk psgjk yVd x;k Fkk- eSaus cgyk;k Fkkµcqjk yxk\ rks\ eSaus 'kq: esa gh dgk Fkk] MkaV xsV beks'kuy fon eh- esjh viuh izkWCyEl gSa- esjk ,d NksVk cPpk gSifr uke/kkjh ,d O;fDr gS esjs thou esamlus eq>s nksuksa gkFkksa ls idM+dj viuh rjQ [khapk Fkkckagksa esa ?ksjdj pwek FkkrqEgsa bl ujd ls eqfDr fnykuk pkgrk gwa- esjs fy, ,d u;k ujd cukuk pkgrs 30

gksµeq>s galh vkbZ Fkh- fQj ukjkt gks x,- ns[kks] eSaus rqEgsa 'kq: esa gh dg fn;k Fkk- ge yksxksa ds chp dksbZ fjIyslesaV] dksbZ foLFkkiu tSlk ugha gksxkij eq>s rqEgkjh gkyr ns[kdj xqLlk vkrk gS- D;ksa lg jgh gks ;g lc--og ,d ckj dafifV'ku esa ikl gks tk,] lc Bhd gks tk,xk- rc eq>s ;g ukSdjh djus dh t:jr ugha gksxh- bl ckj og t:j dafifV'ku esa vk gh tk,xk- fQj lc cny tk,xkvkSj vxj ugha vk;k rks\ D;k t:jh gS og bl ckj ikl gks gh tk,vkf[kj mldh cSdxzkmaM D;k gS\ ml NksVs ls dLcs esa mls ,Dlikstj D;k feyk gksxk- mlus dksbZ vdkneh Hkh

tUe LFkku % vackyk ¼gfj;k.kk½ dk;Z{ks=k % fnYyh lesr dbZ fo'ofo|ky;ksa esa v/;kiuA izdkf'kr Ñfr;ka % dgkuh&laxzg % igpku] Øe'k%] fQj ogha ls 'kq:] oSyuVkbZu&Ms] ?kj&cs?kj] var;kZ=kk] ;knxkjh dgkfu;ka] izse laca/kksa dh dgkfu;kaA miU;kl % vikFkZ] vkorZu] gSecjxj] ;g [kcj ugha] eSa ?kwej ukpwa] ikloMZA dfork laxzg % c;ku] xokg] lk{kh gSa ge] lw;Z nsrk gS ea=k] ?kj vkSj vkSjrA laidZ % Mh&38 izsl ,UDyso] lkdsr] ubZ fnYyh&110017 eks- % 9810093217

Tokbu ugha dj j[kh- bruk gkMZ dafifV'ku gS- mlds tSls] mlls vPNs cgqr ls gSa---D;k lHkh vk tkrs gSa\ eq>s xqLlk vk;k Fkk] rqe esjs ?kj dh jkek;.k er ckapks- vius eryc ls eryc j[kksrqEgkjs ikl vkbZ Fkh dqN vPNk le; xqtkjus ds fy,---- ,d rqe gks fd vks-ds-- mlus viuh xyrh ekuh Fkh- geus jsLrjka esa lkFk cSBdj [kkuk [kk;k Fkk- mlus tkrs gq, eq>s pwek Fkk- ,d jkr esjs dejs esa vk tkvks- jkr dh M~;wVh okys fnu- ge lkr&vkB ?kaVs lkFk fcrk,axs- M~;wVh [kRe gksus ds le; eSa rqEgsa uoacj] 2010


gS\ og ukjkt gqvk FkkNksM+ nwaxkiM+rk gS QdZ- eq>s blls mlds Hkhrj jsr ds cxqys eSaus >Vds ls gkFk NqM+k;k Fkkµrqe tkuuk gh pkgrs mB jgs Fks- ckrphr dk vkf[kjh gks] t:j tkuuk pkgrs gks- rks lquks- ;g cl LVkWi gS QdZ iM+rk gS- tc rqe eq>s pwers gks rks can vka[kksa ds fgLlk mlus mUgsa ugha crk;k urq e Hkh cl LVkW i gks eS a rc rd ;gka [kM+ h jgw a x h tc lkeus Hkh rqEgkjk ;g nkar Fkkfn[kkbZ nsrk gSvkSj oks rqEgkjk :e rd vkxs dh cl ugha vk tkrh- mlds vkrs gh eSa mlesa p<+ tkÅa x hle>s LVkW i ij cl vkdj #dh FkheS a ukWulsalikVZuj\ oks ugha gS] ?kj x;k gSD;ksa] ukWulsal D;ksa\ esjs vk tkvks] dc vkvksxh\ og Hkkxdj mlesa p<+ xbZ Fkh- vkSj QqVcksMZ ij iSj j[kdj tksj fy, bruk ugha dj ldrs- bls cspSu Fkkls ph[kh Fkhµcl LVkWi dgha dk!! fudyokdj ikslZyhu dk nkar Hkkjcjh csjh rys tSls dksbZ yxok yksNkag <wa<+rk gks- og Hkh mlds ekjdj ga l h Fkha xq M ou! es u dks l Z og og >Yyk;k Fkk- ikxy gks xbZ gksikl vk xbZ Fkh- og igys ls gh mldk bartkj dj jgk Fkk- mUgksaus lkr&vkB rsjk ifr vkSj ;g lSyM- oSjh buksosfVo- eSa Hkh rks dg ldrk gwa] rqEgkjk dn ij lSyM gh D;ksa] og MlZV Hkh rks fdruk NksVk gS] rhu bap dh ghy okyk ?kaVs lkFk xqtkjs Fks- tkus yxh rks mlus gks ldrk gS\ lSafMy iguk djks- ;g ljkstuh uxj dh Hkjiwj pqacu fy;k Fkk] oh gSM ykWV~l ugha ] MlZ V eq > s ila n ugha lkS #i, dh pIiy er iguks- rqeus vkWQ Qu! fQj dc vkvksxh\ lksuw] rsjk D;k gky gS\ dSlk py vius ckyksa esa tks dyj djok;k gS] mlus jksdk Fkk] vHkh dh lkspks vkSj jgk gS\ vuq us iwNk Fkk,dne cdokl gS- cjxaMh eq>s ilan tYnh ls ?kj ds eksM+ rd NksM+ks eq>sdqN ugha- lc [kRegh ugha gS- rqeus ;g tks thal igu j[kh vc og ckj&ckj ftn djus yxk D;k gqvk\ vuq mlds ikl f[kld gS--Fkk] vk tkvks- dc vkvksxh\ :eesV vk LVkWi fnl! LVkWi fnl ukWulsal! tk,xk rks fQj dSls vkvksxh\ ysfdu vkbZ Fkh;wa rks lc Bhd Fkk- mldk eqag can D;ksa vc D;ksa xqLlk gks! esjh ckr bl rjg ugha vk&tk ldrh Fkh- ij og jgrk rks lc Bhd gh yxrk Fkkij tS l s ukWulsal D;ksa gS\ ekurk gh ugha- vc mldk beks'kuy gh og viuk eqag [kksyrk mldk ,d gekjh vkil esa gkFkkikbZ rd gks CySdesy djus yxk FkkeS V y dk nka r fn[krk FkkeS a u s iw N k xbZ Fkh- var esa eSa mldks /kfd;kdj ykSV eksuk us mls lksprs ns[k vkf[kjh vkbZ Fkh- vPNk gqvk] vkbZ ,e fjyhOMVqdM+k idM+k Fkk- jsLrjka ds ckn dgka x, Fkkµ;g eSVy dk nkar D;ksa yxok;k\ eks V jckbd ls ,d ,DlhMs a V gks x;k pyks] Bhd gh gqvk- eksuk us dgk Fks\ D;k gqvk Fkk\ dqN ugha- mlus ckgj vkdj va/ksjs esa ,d gXxyh Fkh vkSj pwek Fkk- nkar VwV x;k Fkk- ij ;g loky D;ksa FkkiwNk\ vc rd pqi cSBh Fkh vuq- fjadw us Fkk;w a gh eu es a vk;k Fkkdq N ns j pq i mls mdlk;k Fkk] rqe dCt esa D;ksa cSBh ij rqe rks ijs'kku yx jgh gks- D;k jgdj eSaus viuh ckr iwjh dh Fkhµeq>s gks\ tks eu esa gS] dg nks- ugha rks isV gqvk] D;k gS\ esa nnZ gksxk- os galh FkhadqN ugha] ij og cgqr ftn djus ;g vPNk ugha yxrkD;ksa\ rqEgsa blls D;k QdZ iM+rk vuq HkM+dh yxk gS- eq> ij jksc FkhµdksbZ t:jh ekjrk gS- ftn djrk gS\ rqEgkjk gS fd eSa mlds ikl dFkk&iqjk.k dkQh vkÅa----gj jkstugha gS D;k\ fQj D;k djksxh t:jh gS rqe\ Qal xb± u vuq! ge rsjh pDdj esaviuh gh gSa] ;gka og lh/kh cSB xbZ vkSj dksbZ ugha gSFkh- vcdh mldks u rsjs ?kj ds yksx lh/ks vkSj lkQ 'kCnksa vkSj u gh gekjs esa dgwaxhµrqe lSyM ?kj ds- ge gks ;kuh lykn clvkil esa feydj esudkslZ ds lkFk fy;k gal ldrh gSa rks rks fy;k] ugha rks feydj jks Hkh t:jh ughaldrh gSa- ;gka os rhuksa Bgkdk 31 uoacj] 2010


rqEgkjh eka ugha gS ftldh xksnh esa flj j[kdj] pSu fey tk,xk- gka] dksbZ rqEgkjk izseh gks rks dg ugha ldrhvuq xeZ ?kh esa Mkys c?kkj dh rjg fNVdh Fkh- dksbZ izseh ugha pkfg, eq>sftanxh esa eq>s D;k djuk gS] tkurh gwaeq>s D;k pkfg, ;g Hkh tkurh gwa- eq>s lkjh ftanxh bl eSdMkWuy dh ukSdjh ugha djuh- ch-,- gks tk,xh- eSustesaV d:axh- vkxs tkuk gS eq>sBhd gS] Bhd gS---lHkh tkurs gSa vius ckjs esa- ge lHkh ;gka ges'kk ds fy, jgus okys gSa D;k\ i<+kbZ dk [kpZ pyk jgs gSa cl! vuq dqN nsj pqi jgh Fkh- fQj cksyh Fkhµbl ckj og cl LVkWi ij igqap x;k Fkk- esjh f'k¶V M~;wVh gksrh gS] og tkurk gS- le; Hkh ,d rjg ls fuf'pr&lk gh gksrk gS- eq>s ns[kdj ikl vk x;k Fkk] gk;! dSlh gks\ fdrus fnu ls ugha feyha- Qksu D;ksa ugha fd;k\ dj ugha ldh- brus dLVej gksrs gSa fd lkal ysuk rd eqf'dy gks tkrk gS;g le; gh ,slk gksrk gSM~;wVh ds ckn rks dj ldrh Fkhacgqr Fkd pqdh gksrh gwa- ?kj tkdj lks tkrh gwadqN u;k rks ugha gS- igys Hkh rks fd;k djrh Fkha- vc D;k gks x;k\ dqN ugha gqvk- crk;k u vHkh rqEgsafdruk ijs'kku jgk eSa- esjh feLM dkWy dk Hkh tokc ugha nsrh gks- D;ksa\ dqN [kkl ugha- jg xbZ gksxhvkSj esjs ,l,e,l] mudk D;k gqvk\ Qksu djrk gwa rks vVsaM ugha djrh gks- og xqLls esa FkkeSa vkxs c<+h Fkh] esjh cl vk xbZ Fkh] mlus esjh ckag idM+ yh Fkh- #d tkvks] vxyh cl ls pyh tkuk[khapkrkuh esa cl fudy xbZ Fkhcsdkj esa esjh cl fudyok nh rqeus- vc nsj ls igqapwaxhrks D;k gqvk\ ,d fnu nsj ls ugha igqap ldrha- cl dh T;knk fpark gS] vkSj esjh\ eSa tks ;gka [kM+k gwa vk/ks ?kaVs ls] mldk dqN ugha- og fryfeyk;k Fkk32

gS- ,d flDds cgw tc ls ?kj esa y?kqdFkk y?kqdFkk la n w d dk nke lkS #i, vkbZ gS] ydM+h ;qxy ls de D;k ds ml cM+s&ls gksxk\ ikap lkS lanwd dks rHkh ls ns[k jgh gS- ftl dejs esa lkl jgrh flDds ds fdrus #i, gksaxs\Þ cgw fglkc tksM+rh] ßdksbZ iPpkl gS] og lanwd mlh esa ,d fdukjs j[kk gS- lkl mlh ij lksrh gS- lanwd dh gtkj] vEek!Þ lkl crykrhµßcgw] eSa cgqr nks dqafM;ksa esa nks rkys yVds jgrs gSadHkh&dHkh nsj jkr esa cgw us ns[kk LokFkhZ jgh- bl lanwd dk rkyk fdlh gS fd cqf<+;k lanwd [kksyrh gS- ykyVsu dks [kksyus ugha fn;k- ifr dks Hkh ys mlesa >kadrh gS- fQj lanwd dks can ugha- Mjrh Fkh- mudks 'kjkc vkSj tq, dj rkys yxkrh gS vkSj pkHkh vius dh yr Fkh- cspkjs pys x,- Hkxoku xys esa yVdk ysrh gS- èkhjs ls ml mUgsa LoxZ dk Hkksx ns- csVk deklqr gSlanwd ij ysV tkrh gS- fQj mlds ?kj vkuan ls py jgk gS- lanwd [kksyus flldus dh vkokt vkrh gS- jksrs&jksrs dh t:jr gh D;k- dHkh [kqysxk gh] og lks tkrh gS- mldk fcLrj lanwd tc esjh vka[ksa can gks tk,axh-Þ cgw euqgkj djrhµß,d fnu ij ls ugha gVrk- ;nk&dnk [kqn gVkrh [kksfy, ekrk th] esjs lkeus-Þ gSßvka[ksa QVh dh QVh jg tk,axhtc&rc og cgw dks lqukrh gSµßeSa cgqr cM+s ?kj ls vkbZ Fkh- esjs rqe bl ?kj esa D;k ysdj vkb±\ lksus firk us D;k ugha fn;k! ihry vkSj ds uke ij ekFks dk Vhdk] gkFk esa pkanh ds crZu- rc ;g LVsuysl crZu daxu- cl- pkanh ds uke ij rhu&pkj dk fjokt ugha pyk Fkk- LVsuysl Hkj dh ik;y- gekjh dksbZ ekax ugha D;k\ gS rks ;g yksgk gh- eq>s pkanh Fkh- csVk vkn'kZoknh gS- nku ugha ysaxs] dh Fkkfy;ka nh xbZ Fkha- pkanh ds fryd&ngst ugha ysaxs- ugha ysaxs] rks uDdk'kh okys dVksjs&fxykl- lksus ds csVh dk cki D;k csVh dks blh rjg nks lsV tsoj- rc esjs ukuk ftank Fks- llqjky Hkst nsrk gS\ esjk rks lc rqEgha ,d lsV mUgha dk fn;k gS- foDVksfj;k yksxksa dk gS- cl] vka[ksa can gksus nks-Þ vkSj ,d fnu cqf<+;k dh vka[ksa can Nki okys pkanh ds ikap lkS #i, U;ksNkoj esa feys Fks- lc blh lanwd esa gks xb±- lanwd [kqyk- lanwd [kkyh Fkkj[ks gSa- cgw fdlh ls iwNuk fd pkanh laidZ % eksghmíhu uxj&848501 ds flDds dk vktdy D;k nke gS¼leLrhiqj½] fcgkj lquk gS pkanh dk Hkko dqN rst tk jgk eks- % 9631361689 vkf[kj eSa D;k gwa\ D;k gwa eSa rqEgkjs fy,\ mlus dlds esjk gkFk idM+ fy;k FkkeSaus >Vds ls gkFk NqM+k;k Fkkµrqe tkuuk gh pkgrs gks] t:j tkuuk pkgrs gks- rks lquks- ;g cl LVkWi gS u- rqe Hkh cl LVkWi gks- eSa rc rd ;gka [kM+h jgwaxh tc rd vkxs dh cl ugha vk tkrhmlds vkrs gh eSa mlesa p<+ tkÅaxhle>sLVkWi ij cl vkdj #dh Fkh- eSa

Hkkxdj mlesa p<+ xbZ Fkh- vkSj QqVcksMZ ij iSj j[kdj tksj ls ph[kh Fkhµ cl LVkWi dgha dk!! eksuk us Bgkdk yxk;k Fkk- dkQh etsnkj uke gSos rhuksa ckgj vkbZ Fkhackgj HkhM+ NaV pqdh FkheSdMkWuy ds iqrys dh xksn [kkyh Fkh- mlesa vc dksbZ cPpk ugha cSBk FkkmUgksaus vkWVks jksdk Fkk vkSj mlesa ,d lkFk rhuksa cSB xbZ Fkha-

uoacj] 2010


pyk x;k uanu uke dk gjfny vt+ht+ balku cyjke dUgS;kyky uanu ugha jgs] 25 flracj] 2010 dh lqcg&lqcg izse tuest; vkSj lqjs'k mfu;ky ds Qksu vk, rks lglk ;dhu ugha gqvk- muds iM+kslh iznhi iar ds ?kj Qksu fd;k rks iqf"V gks xbZ fd uanu th vc ugha gSayksnh jksM ds 'konkg x`g ij ml jfookj fnYyh vkSj vklikl ds gtkj ls vf/kd yksx tqV x, Fks mUgsa vafre fonk nsus ds fy,] ftlls irk pyrk Fkk fd mUgsa pkgus okyksa dh la[;k fdruh cM+h Fkh- vtqZu flag ls ysdj jktsUnz ;kno rd lSdM+ksa yksx yksnh jksM fLFkr fpUe; fe'ku esa Hkh mUgsa J)katfy nsus igqaps Fks vkSj cgqr lkjs yksxksa us vktkn Hkou lHkkxkj vkSj dqN us :lh laLÑfr dsanz esa vk;ksftr J)katfy lHkkvksa esa 'kkfey gksdj dUgS;kyky uanu uke ds gjfny vt+ht+ balku] ys[kd vkSj laiknd ds izfr viuh J)k dk btgkj fd;k- ,slh fonk cgqr de fganh ltZdksa dks ulhc gksrh gSdFkk lkfgR; dh cgqpfpZr jgh if=kdk ^lkfjdk* ds laiknd eaMy esa baVjO;w ysus ds fy, cSBs Fks ^uoHkkjr VkbEl* ds laiknd vKs;] ^lkfjdk* ds laiknd dUgS;kyky uanu] VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k lewg ds ps;jeSu v'kksd dqekj vkSj dk;Zdkjh funs'kd jes'kpUnz tSu- baVjO;w nsdj dkuiqj ykSVus ds fy, VkbEl gkml dh lhf<+;ka mrj jgk Fkk fd vpkud ihNs ls uanu th us iqdkjk vkSj vk'kh"k esa mBk viuk gkFk flj ij j[krs gq, cksys] ^^fyf[kr vkSj ekSf[kd] nksuksa esa rqe VkWi ij jgs- tkvks vkSj fpV~Bh dk bartkj djks-** uanuth ls 'kq#vkrh eqykdkrsa dqN blh rjg gqb± tks ckn esa l?ku ls l?kurj gksrh pyh xb±1 tqykbZ] 1933 esa mÙkj izns'k ds Qrsgiqj tuin ds xkao ijlnsiqj esa tUes dUgS;kyky uanu dh f'k{kk&nh{kk dkuiqj vkSj bykgkckn esa gqbZ- ^Hkkjrh; dykvksa esa Ük`axkfjd jgL;okn* ij ih&,p-Mh- djus ds ckn eqacbZ fo'ofo|ky; ds fofHkUu dkWystksa esa ikap o"kZ rd izk/;kid jgs vkSj fQj /keZ;qx] lkfjdk] ijkx] fnueku] uoHkkjr VkbEl] laMs esy] xxukapy mRlo vkfn dbZ i=k&if=kdkvksa ds laiknd cus- dfork] dyk] ukVd] ;k=kko`Ùk] laLej.k] fjiksrkZt vkSj lk{kkRdkj vkfn vusd fo/kkvksa esa dksbZ pkyhl fdrkcsa fy[kus okys uanu th in~eJh ls lEekfur gq, FksvPNh vkRedFkk,a fganh esa cgqr ugha gSa- bl fojy fo/kk esa uanu th dh vkRedFkk ^xqtjk dgka&dgka ls* vkSj ^dguk t:jh gS* fganh esa ,d ubZ /ked gS] ftUgsa cM+s pko ls i<+k] D;ksafd vlsZ rd geus ^fnu&izfrfnu* mudk nhnkj fd;k Fkk- bl ukrs tkurk gwa fd 'kk;n gh dksbZ fganh ikBd&n'kZd ;k Jksrk jgk gks] tks muds uke ls ifjfpr u gks] D;ksafd ^lkfjdk* tSlh igqifBr if=kdk ds tfj, mUgksaus nqfu;k Hkj dh reke Hkk"kkvksa ds lkfgR; dks fganh ds fo'kky ikBd oxZ rd igqapk;k Fkk rks fganh lesr reke Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa dh vkokt nqfu;k Hkj ds

ikBdksa rd ys tkus dk HkxhjFk iz;kl Hkh fd;k Fkk- bl iz;kl esa mUgsa nqfu;k ds cM+s ls cM+s vkSj fganh ds u, ls u, jpukdkj ls tqM+us vkSj mls izdkf'kr djus dk volj miyC/k gqvk] ysfdu os flQZ foy{k.k laiknd gh ugha jgs] jpukdkj Hkh fojy fdLe ds jgs- dyk vkSj ukV~; leh{kk ds lkFk vusd Ñfr;ksa ds vuqoknd rks jgs gh] dforkvksa vkSj xhrksa dh nqfu;k ds tkus&igpkus Hkkjrh; gLrk{kj Hkh jgs- dksbZ pkyhl cjl rd os lq#fpiw.kZ dfo lEesyuksa dh Hkh 'kksHkk cus jgs- ^lkfjdk* ds laiknd ds :i esa vxj deys'oj us ^dye gq, gkFk* Nkidj vf[ky Hkkjrh; Lrj ij jpukdkj ds :i esa igpkus tkus dk volj eq>s fn;k rks mlh ^lkfjdk* dk laiknd gksdj dUgS;kyky uanu us laiknd eaMy esa 'kkfey dj [kkdlkj dks laikndh; izfrHkk vkSj {kerk iznf'kZr djus dh fLFkfr;ka iznku dha vkSj dkuiqj ds nsgkrh ifjos'k esa jgrs gq, [ksr tksr jgs ,d vKkr dqy'khy fdlku iq=k dks fnYyh dh pdkpkSa/k Hkjh nqfu;k dk ckf'kank cuk fn;kvius fookg o`Ùkkar dks viuh vkRedFkk ^xqtjk dgka&dgka ls* esa uanu th us vudgk NksM+dj flQZ bruk fy[kk gS fd psru th us cgu ls fookg dk izLrko j[kk] ftls mUgksaus Lohdkj dj fy;k] ysfdu ;g ugha crk;k fd og ,d lo.kZ ;qod vkSj fiNM+s oxZ dh cky fo/kok ds chp gqvk vartkZrh; fookg Fkk] ftldh mu fnuksa muds xzkeh.k ifjos'k esa dYiuk rd ugha dh tk ldrh Fkhe`R;q ls igys vkRedFkk dk rhljk [kaM ^eSa Fkk vkSj esjk vkdk'k* Nius ds fy, vius izdk'kd egs'k Hkkj}kt dks lkSai x, gSa] ftlesa muds fnYyh ds thou dk o`Ùkkar gS- ^dguk t:jh gS* esa mudk eqacbZ dk thou eq[kj gqvk gS rks vkRedFkk ds igys [kaM ^xqtjk dgka&dgka ls* esa mUgksaus tUe ls ysdj f'k{kk&nh{kk rd ds C;kSjs ikBdksa dks lkSais gSa- uanu th dh vkRedFkk ds ;s rhuksa [kaM chloha lnh ds yxHkx vk/ks fgLls ds fganh lkfgR; vkSj i=kdkfjrk ij ,d fogaxe n`f"V Mky nsrs gSa- blfy, muds xqtj tkus ds ckn vc mUgsa nLrkost dh rjg Hkh i<+k tk,xkfiNys dbZ o"kks± ls os Mk;fyfll ij py jgs Fks- muds nksuksa xqnsZ Qsy gks pqds Fks- blds ckotwn os vafre fnuksa rd lfØ; jgsmudh nqLlkgfldrk vkSj lân;rk ds izek.k ds fy, T;knk nwj ugha] lu~ 1984 dh ?kVuk,a ;kn dh tkrh jgsaxh] tc bafnjk th dh gR;k ls mRiUu naxs ds le; Hkh f=kyksd nhi th dks viuh dkj esa laj{k.k nsdj ?kj igqapk;k- fQj mUgha fnuksa jktsanz flag csnh dh dgkuh ^ljnkj th* dks lkfjdk esa izdkf'kr fd;klaidZ % lh&69] midkj vikVZesaV~l] e;wj fogkj] Qst&1] fnYyh&1100091] eks- 9810333933

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uoacj] 2010

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iqujoyksdu

cnhmT+t+eka % dqN uksV~l egs'k niZ.k

tUe % 30 flracj] 1928 fu/ku % 16 ebZ] 1986 lS¸;n [okt+k cnhmT+t+ek x;k ¼fcgkj½ esa tUes vkSj ogha izkjafHkd f'k{kk ds ckn izxfr'khy vkanksyu ls tqM+ x,- 1945 esa cnh e'kgnh ds uke ls mnwZ esa dFkk&ys[ku dh 'kq#vkr dh- djhc 15 cjl ckn fganh esa dFkk&ys[ku djus yxs^,d pwgs dh ekSr*] ^Nkdks dh okilh*] ^viq#"k* vkSj ^NBk ra=k* ds ckn pfpZr miU;kl ^lHkk ioZ*- dgkuh&laxzg ^vfuR;*] ^iqy VwVrs gq,* vkSj ^pkSFkk czkã.k*iVuk fo'ofo|ky; ls fganh vkSj mnwZ esa ,e-,-dqN le; vksfM+lk ds ,d dkWyst esa v/;kiu vkSj fQj fnYyh vkdj dsanzh; vuqokn C;wjks esa dk;Z djrs jgs- fganh] mnwZ] mfM+;k vkSj vaxzsth ij leku vf/kdkj j[kus okys cnhmT+t+eka us fnudj ij ,d fdrkc fcgkj mnwZ vdkneh ds fy, fy[kh- cVªsaM jlsy dh ^daDosLV vkWQ gSihusl* dk vaxzsth ls fganh] ykyk yktir jk; dh ^xSjkckYMh* vkSj ^esft+uh( dk mnwZ ls fganh] gkyh dh eqdn~ek&,&'ksjks 'kk;jh* dk mnwZ ls fganh] fMIVh ut+hj vgen dh ^rkScUuq lwg* dk mnwZ ls fganh] MkW- uxsUnz dh ^vjLrw ds dkO; 'kkL=k dh Hkwfedk* dk mnwZ ls fganh] dfiyk okRL;k;u dh ^VªSfM'kuy bafM;u fFk,Vj* dk vaxzsth ls fganh vkSj MkW- Mh- ,l- dksBkjh dh ^U;wfDy;j ,DlIykstal( dk vaxzsth ls fganh esa vuqokn fd;k- buds fy[ks vusd jsfM;ks o Vhoh ukVd vkSj ^iapra=k dh dgkfu;ka* vkSj ^dqjku dh dgkfu;ka* Hkh [kwc pfpZr jghafnYyh ds jkeeuksgj yksfg;k vLirky esa fu/ku-

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Lora=krk ds ckn nks n'kd rd mÙkj&Hkkjr ds lkekftd] jktuhfrd] ckSf)d vkSj lkfgfR;d ifjn`'; ij Nk;k gqvk e/;oxZ gh Øe'k% vrhr ugha gks x;k cfYd ml le; ds lkFk viuh le> esa dkyt;h vkSj vej jpuk,a nsus okys ys[kdksa dks Hkh vkt 'kk;n gh dksbZ ;kn djrk gks- os gekjs lkfgR; ds mTToy bfrgkl gSa- mUgha esa eg#fUulka ijost] 'kkuh] jkgh eklwe jt+k] [okt+k cnhmT+t+eka] 'kga'kkg vkye [k+ka tSls ys[kd Hkh 'kkfey gSa- ubZ dgkuh dh =k;h vkSj 'kSys'k efV;kuh tSlksa dks dkSu ;kn djrk gS\ gka] js.kq] vKs;] eqfDrcks/k] Jhyky 'kqDy tSls nks&,d ys[kdksa dk t:j uke lqukbZ nsrk jgrk gS- [okt+k cnhmT+t+eka dks mlh lanHkZ esa ns[kk tkuk pkfg,- 30 flracj dks muds tUefnu ij ge mUgsa ÑrKrkiwoZd Lej.k djrs gSa- µlaiknd

^,d pwgs dh ekSr* vkSj ^Nkdks dh okilh* dh ppkZ ds chp ncdj jg xb± cnhmT+t+ek dh dgkfu;ksa ds lkFk balkQ ugha gks ik;k- lS;n eksgEen [+oktk cnhmT+t+ek us dgkuh&ys[ku dh 'kq#vkr ikaposa n'kd esa gh dj nh Fkh] ysfdu rc og mnwZ esa cnh e'kgnh ds uke ls fy[kk djrs Fks- crkrs gSa] mudh igyh dgkuh ^fVdfVd* 'kh"kZd ls izdkf'kr gqbZ Fkh- izxfr'khy ys[ku dks fcgkj ls rkdr nsus okyksa esa cnh e'kgnh dk [kklk #rck jgk crk;k tkrk gSlu~ 1955 esa fnYyh vkus ds ckn cnh lkgc us Hkkjr ljdkj dh ukSdjh dh dsanzh; vuqokn C;wjks esa- bl rjg fganh ls u flQZ tqM+ko gqvk cfYd lu~ 1960 ds vklikl vkius fganh esa ckdk;nk fy[kuk Hkh 'kq: dj fn;k^vfuR;*] ^iqy VwVrs gq,* vkSj ^pkSFkk czkã.k* muds dgkuh laxzg gSa- fu'p; gh vHkh dbZ dgkfu;ka fc[kjh iM+h gksaxhdFkk dh [kkst esa dFkkdkj

izxfr'khy #>ku dk ,d vankt+ ;g Hkh gS fd reke vk/kqfud fodkl dh xfr ds chp ge ;g u Hkwysa fd ekuoh; laosnuk ls c<+dj dqN ugha^vfuR;* dh 'kq#vkr rks gksrh gS ,d

[k+cj ls] tks crkrh gS fd varfj{k esa euq"; dh igyh pgydneh gks pqdh gS- ;g ,d lnZ jkr gS vkSj dFkkokpd dks ,d fe=k ds ;gka nkor ij tkuk gS- tkrs gq, mls lM+d ds fdukjs iM+k ,d balku ut+j vkrk gS- og mlds thfor gksus dh laHkkouk ds ckotwn] mls NksM+] cl idM+ ysrk gS- rHkh mls ,d ifjfpr vkokt+ lqukbZ nsrh gS tks 'kk;n mldh eka dh gS- ;g mls cjkens esa lks jgh ,d cqf<+;k dks dacy m<+kus dks dgrh gS;FkkFkZ vkSj Qarklh ds chp c<+rh dgkuh dk lp ;g gS fd dFkkokpd 'kkunkj nkor ls ykSVus ds ckotwn lM+d fdukjs ds ml O;fDr ls vyx ugha gks ik jgk Fkk- dgkuh LFkwy n`';ksa esa dgrh gS fd ge viuh ethZ ls fo"k; dh izkFkfedrk dks njfdukj dj nsrs gSa- ysfdu gekjh ewy laosnuk gesa mlls iwjh rjg vyx ugha gksus nsrh,sls esa gekjh varjkRek gesa >d>ksjrh gS- ijs'kku gksus ds ckotwn ge viuh fnup;kZ esa ca/ks fQj viuh izkFkfedrk,a cny Mkyrs gSa- ^vfuR;* dk dF; ;g ckr xgjs esa iSBk nsrk gSgekjs lkFk cph jg tkrh gSa dqN vkoktsa+egkuxj ds euq"; dks mldh lewph det+ksfj;ksa vkSj 'kfDr ds lkFk uoacj] 2010


ij[krs gSa cnhmT+t+ek- ^fojspu* esa eqnks± ds 'kgj ds yksxksa dk ftØ rks gS gh] tks oDr iM+rs gh th mBrs gSa] vkSj fQj flQ+Z psgjksa esa rCnhy gks tkrs gSa] ,d tSls- dFkkuk;d Hkh ;gka cspsgjk gS] ysfdu vdsys esa og lkspus yxrk gSmldh vU;euLdrk mls lqjsanz ds cPps ds cFkZMs esa ugha tkus nsrh- og fVdV feyus ij Hkh fQ+Ye ns[kuk ugha pkgrkyrk dh 'kknh ls nq[kh gS- [k;kyksa esa gh og mlds 'kjhj ds Li'kZ dks idM+ ysuk pkgrk gS vkSj lksprk gS fd ^ge lc fdrus foo'k gSa---vius gh cqus tky esa [kqn Qal tkrs gSa-* viuh vfLrRoghurk dk ;g vglkl mls det+ksj dj nsrk gS;gka Hkh ,d vkokt+ gS tks bl oD+r mld dkuksa ls Vdjkrh gS- ysfdu og yrk ls vius laidZ ds vrhr esa [kks;k jg tkrk gS- mls lM+d rd ml L=kh dh rjg ut+j vkus yxrh gS ftldh dke&okluk dks vHkh&vHkh r`fIr feyh gks- dFkkar esa viuh vU;euLdrk ls ckgj vk uk;d ?kj ykSVus dh lkspus yxrk gS] tgka mldh iRuh izrh{kkjr gS;g dFkk esa vkRefujh{k.k Hkh gS vkSj ifjos'k o le; dh j¶+rkj dk tk;t+k Hkh- vPNh ckr ;g gS fd mudh jpuk Hkkoqd ugha djrh] cfYd fopkj'khy foosd ds lkFk ,d lE;d~ ifj.kfr ryk'krh gS- mldh ut+j bl nkSjku tu folaxfr;ksa ij cjkcj cuh jgrh gS tks ,d euq"; dks Øe'k% laosnu'khy cukrh pyh tkrh gSan`'; vkSj fopkjksa dk vn~Hkqr esy gS cnhmT+t+eka dh dgkfu;ksa esa- dqN n`'; eu esa [kqcs jg tkrs gSa vkSj dqN fopkj&izfØ;k,a- njvly] ;s vdsys O;fDr dk vkRekyki gksus dk vkHkkl Hkj nsrh gSa] tcfd ;s xgjh lkekftd fparkvksa ls ;qDr gSa- dgha ;s fpark,a ?kVukvksa ds ek/;e ls [kqyrh gSa rks dgha pfj=kksa vkSj Le`fr;ksa ds tfj,- ^[kqjaM* dh fcfV;k eekuh Le`fr;ksa dk t+[khjk [kksy nsrh gS- buesa laHkw ds lkFk fcrk;k okpd dk le; gS vkSj vEek o fcfV;k eekuh dh >M+isa gSa- Qsy gksdj ?kj ls Hkkx x;k laHkw gS vkSj vius ikl gksus ij Hkh [kq'k u gksus okyk okpd- chekj laHkw dh uoacj] 2010

vkf[kjh >yd dh ;kn gS vkSj ;kn gS vEek dh fgnk;r fd ^mldh ijNkb± ls Hkh cpks---* vius lq[k&lqj{kk ds fy, nwljs ds nq[k dh dksbZ dher ugha- yssfdu dgkuh ;gh ugha] dgkuh gS ml [kqjaM dh tks okpd dks ns[kdj fcfV;k eekuh ds Hkhrj fNy x;k gS;gka rd ykus ds fy, dFkkdkj fMVsYl dk [kwclwjr bLrseky djrk gSogka fQj mlds fy, ,d&,d n`'; vkSj laokn egRoiw.kZ gks mBrk gS- ckgj ls Hkhrj dh vksj gksrh bl dFkk&;k=kk dk :i cnhmT+t+eka dh vusd dgkfu;ksa esa feyrk gS- ^?kj* dks gh ysa! firk ds lkFk ukfljiqj dh ;k=kk dj jgs csVs dh eu%fLFkfr ds lkFk gh] firk ds vius x`g&{ks=k ds yxko dks njlkus okyh ;g ekfeZd dFkk gScnhmT+t+eka ds dFkkdkj ds fy, Le`fr;ksa dk cM+k egRo gS- og muds lgkjs vius euq"; dh vkRekykspuk [kwc djrs gSa- ^_.k* dgkuh bldk vn~Hkqr mnkgj.k gS- ;s ,sls pfj=k dh Le`fr dks lesVrh dgkuh gS ftldk thou ri vkSj R;kx ls Hkjk LoPN] fueZy vkSj fu"diV gS- D;ksa u gks] vkf[kj jkefd'ku dks xq# Hkh rks oSls gh feys Fks- okpd bl vafre le; esa e`rd ds psgjs dh vkHkk dks ;kn j[krk gS] rks ;gh dFkkdkj dk earO; Hkh gS- vkReh;rk dk _.k dksbZ pqdk ldrk gS D;k\ dksbZ vfrfjDr dFku ugha] f'kYi dh dljr ugha] cl ftanxh ls fudyh ,d Nw ysus okyh dgkuh gS ;g^?kj* ds j'khn vkSj ^ed+cjs dk vkneh* ds vyrkQ ekewa esa dbZ lekurk,a gSa- nksuksa gh dgkfu;ka csVs ds izfr dBksj crkZo dh lwpuk,a nsrh gSanksuksa ds izeq[k pfj=kksa ds lkFk vrhr dh Le`fr;ka mHkj vkrh gSa- varjky us nksuksa dks cnydj j[k fn;k gS- nksuksa dk csVk ikfdLrku pyk x;k gS- nksuksa dks eqYd ds caVokjs] [kkunku ds caVokjs] tehankjh ds [kkRes vkSj csVs ds pys tkus dk xgjk nq[k gS- QdZ flQZ ;g gS fd vyrkQ ekeaw esa ,d vkReLohdkj gS muds vga ds ckotw+n- og dgrs gSa] ^^vPNk gh gqvk fd og ¼csVk½ esjs lkaps esa u <y ldk-

,sls lkaps esa <yus dk D;k Qk;nk tks csdkj gks pqdk gks-** bl dgkuh esa [kkeks'kh ftl rjg cksyrh gS] og fdlh lkekU; dFkkdkj ds cl dh ckr ughadgkuh pqids ls dg tkrh gS fd csVs dks vius tSlk cukus dh ft+n ?kj dks edcjs esa rCnhy dj tkrh gScnhmT+t+eka ds dgkuhdkj dk ;dhu dF; dh [kkst esa cjkcj ut+j vkrk gSog ftanxh ds gj vuqHko ls viuh dgkuh [kkst ysrs gSa- bl n`f"V ls ^iqy VwVrs gq,* ,d vyx gh vuqHko gS- eqaMk Hkk"kk ds Lisflesu ,d=k djus x;k okpd ;k=kk dh Fkdu ls grksRlkfgr gks pqdk gS] ysfdu vius ewy pfj=k ij fopkj djus ls ugha cprk- dgrk gS % ^^ge lc fdrus uiqald gSa] eSaus lkspkckWl ds lkeus fdl rjg f?kf?k;krs gSaeu esa Øks/k Hkjk jgrk gS] exj ckWl ls dqN dgus dk lkgl ugha gksrk- ckWl Hkh fdruk ew[kZ gksrk gS fd og bruh NksVh&lh ckr Hkh ugha le> ikrk fd mldk ekrgr mlds lkeus fjfj;k ugha jgk gS] cfYd egt+ fn[kkok dj jgk gS---** dgkuh esa] fopkj dh 'kDy dh ;g ;k=kk,a cnhmT+t+eka vDlj djrs nh[krs gSa- izk;% ;s ckgj ls Hkhrj dh vksj gh gksrh gSa- ysfdu vki mUgsa vlaxr ugha dg ldrs] D;ksafd izk;% os lks;s gq, euq"; dks /khjs&/khjs txkus dk dke djrh gSa- etwenkj ds cgkus bl dgkuh esa ys[kd us ;gh dke fd;k gS- vthc ckr ;g gS fd lc dqN le>rs&cw>rs okpd ;gka [kqn clar dk ckWl gh rks cu cSBrk gS- ysfdu mldh laosnu'khyrk mls mlds ckjs esa lkspus ij Hkh etcwj dj nsrh gS- ysfdu dgkuh njvly okpd ds Hkhrj cSBs ml Mj dh gS tks dHkh [kRe gksus dk uke gh ugha ysrk- etwenkj dh e`R;q ds vglkl us mls vkSj xgjk fn;k gS- mls yxrk gS tSls og fdlh /khjs&/khjs VwVus okys iqy ij py jgk gS- dksbZ 'kd ugha fd vf/kdka'k jpukvksa esa okpd&ik=k Lo;a jpukdkj gS- og dgrs Hkh gSa fd ^bu ¼jpukvksa½ esa eSa gwa- esjk ifjos'k gS- esjh og nqfu;k gS ftls eSaus viuh jx&jx esa 35


eglwl fd;k gS-* ckotwn blds] ;g dguk gksxk fd bl nqfu;k ds reke ik=kksa dks ge vius bnZ&fxnZ Hkh eglwl dj ldrs gSa- buds ljksdkj cgqr lkQ vkSj le> esa vkus okys gSa^pkSFkk czkã.k* 'kh"kZd dgkuh dks gh ysa! vkt ds euq"; dh ^HkhM+ ds chp ,dkar* [kkstus dh fo'ks"krk ls izkjaHk gksrh dgkuh Øe'k% ,d laokn esa ifjofrZr gks tkrh gS- laokn esa ,slh dgkfu;ka vkidks xksdhZ ds ;gka Hkh feysaxh- njvly] ;g dgkuh ,d iwjs lekt dh igpku gh gS tks m[kM+s gq, yksxksa ls cuk gS- vius vrhr dh nq[kn Le`fr;ka ge Hkys u Hkqyk ik,a] ysfdu ;g t++:jh ugha fd gekjh gennhZ oafprksa ds izfr gks- vius lekt ds izfr xgjk O;aX; fy, ^pkSFkk czkã.k* ekuo laca/kksa dks ifjHkkf"kr djus yx tkrh gS- lp mHkjdj vkrk gS fd fj'rs gekjs fy, dsoy bl n`f"V ls egRoiw.kZ gksrs gSa fd os gesa dgka rd larqf"V vkSj lqj{kk iznku dj ldrs gSa- mi;ksfxrk ;gka ,d izeq[k ekud cu tkrh gSizk;% ,dkyki&lk yxus okyk ;g dFkk&laokn varr% ml nkSM+ ls tksM+ nsrk gS tks varghu gS- ftls iapra=k ds pkSFks czkã.k ds tfj, le>k tk ldrk gSftls rkacs] pkanh vkSj lksus dh ctk; ghjs dh [kku dh ryk'k gS- ;gh ge lcdh vlfy;r gSdksbZ dg ldrk gS fd ;g rks dgkuh gh ugha] ,d c;ku Hkj gS] ysfdu vki i<+saxs rks ik,axs fd ;g ,d u, gh fdLe dh dgkuh dh [kkst dk vH;kl gS- vPNh ckr ;g gS fd og dgha Hkh vius ekuoh; ljksdkjksa vkSj izxfr'khy lksp dk nkeu ugha NksM+rs^ijnslh* vkSj ^Nkdks dh okilh*

^ijnslh* dgkuh dks i<+rs gh mudk miU;kl ^Nkdks dh okilh* ;kn gks vkrk gS- eSa ;g ugha tkurk fd dFkkdkj us ^ijnslh* dk foLrkj miU;kl esa fd;k gS ;k miU;kl ds fo"k; ij dgkuh Hkh cquh gS] ysfdu r; ;g gS fd eqfLye lekt dh Hkhrjh cspSuh vkSj foHkktu 36

dh =kklnh dks js[kkafdr djrs gq, nks lÙkkvksa ds chp euq"; dh fLFkfr dh igpku dh n`f"V ls ;g jpuk cnhmT+t+eka dh lcls ;knxkj Ñfr gSviuh feV~Vh ls yxko dks njlkus ds fy, dFkkdkj ;gka fdlh peRdkj dk lgkjk ugha ysrkNkdks dgha Hkh jgs] lky esa nks&,d pDdj ?kj ds t+:j yxkrk gS- mlds [k+r okpd vkSj mlds chp laca/k dks vkSj xgjk nsrs gSa] tcfd og bUgsa fy[krk gS tuok ds fy,- Nkdks dh csVh Hkh tuok ds lkFk jgrh gS- tuok Nkdks dh csok cgu gS- ysfdu dFkk esa eksM+ rc vkrk gS tc ,d [kr ikfdLrku ls vkrk gSbykgh Vsyj ekLVj ds dgs esa vkdj og ikfdLrku pyk x;k gS- ;g ?kVuk ikfdLrku cu tkus ds pkj&ikap cjl ckn dh gS- Nkdks dk ogka pys tkuk okpd dks ,d xgjh cspSuh ls Hkj nsrk gS- ;g cspSuh fQj [kksyrh gS Le`fr;ksa dh iksVyh tgka foHkktu ,d cM+h leL;k ds :i esa ekStwn gS- laoknksa esa [kqyrk le; gS vkSj balkuh fnDdrsa- ,d rjQ rjDdh vkSj et+gch ns'k ds lius gSa rks nwljh rjQ vius ?kj vkSj t+ehu ls yxkovEek dh ikfdLrku u tkus dh ft+n bls vkSj xgjk nsrh gSysfdu cnhmT+t+eka ;gka flQZ Åijh rkSj ij foHkktu dk vlj ns[kdj ugha jg tkrs] og jke/kuh ukbZ ds lkeus vkbZ fodV ifjfLFkfr dks Hkh le>uk pkgrs gSa- tks phtsa jok;rh rkSj ij pyh vk jgh Fkha] mUgsa dksbZ ,dk,d NksM+ dSls ns\ eqgYys dh cukoV] ftanxh ds jax] <Yyuflag dh tkrh d'ked'k] Nkdks ds lkFk ckyiu esa gq, [ksy&dwn] ftanxh ds <ksax] Nkdks dh ukjkt+xh vkSj fQj vCck dk mls eukus ds mipkj djuk----dFkk dks jokuh nsrk gS- ysfdu ogka Hkh firk dh vksj ls Nkdks ds fy, feyk lans'k xkSjryc gSµ^^cM+ksa dh ckr dk cqjk ugha ekurs- tks oDr rqe csdkj [ksyksa esa tk;k djrs gks] mls fdlh vPNs dke esa yxkvks-** egewn [kyhQk] njksxk c'khj] lkgsctku vkSj vCck ds lkFk eqgYys dh ,d&,d pht+ rks f[kaph pyh vkbZ gh gS]

vCck dh ;g ea'kk Hkh tkfgj gks xbZ gS fd dSje ykdj njvly] og okpd ik=k dks ckgj] ;kuh Nkdks ls vyx dj nsuk pkgrs gSa- dgkfu;ksa dh rjg ;gka Hkh firk dk pfj=k rkj&rkj gksrk gS- ysfdu Nkdks dk vkd"kZ.k rks vyx gh gSikfdLrku ls vk;k [k+r orZeku ls vrhr esa [khap ys tkrk gS [kkts ckcw dks] D;ksafd Nkdks ds cgkus og viuh dgkuh Hkh rks dgrs gSa- nwjh mudh djhch dks vkSj c<+k nsrh gS- D;ksa u c<+k,] ogka ftanxh ds lk>s vuqHko tks gSa- vuqHkoksa dh gjh Le`fr;ka gSa] tgka naxk gS] naxs ds ckn dh raxh gS] egewn [kyhQk vkSj Nkdks dh dgk&lquh esa ruko gS] vkSj fQj gS [k+rksa dk flyflyk tks dksMjek ls 'kq: gksdj ikfdLrku rd tk igqaprk gS- jktuhfr dh Nk;k esa foHkktu ds dkj.k [kkstrh fMcsV gh ugha] mlds vke balku ij iM+us okys vljkr Hkh bl miU;kl esa lkeus gSa- caVrs gq, unh ds fganw&eqfLye ?kkV gSa] <Yyuflag dh fpark,a gSa] vkSj fQj mudh ekSr ds ckn [kM+k iz'u gS fd ejk dkSu gS\ fganw ;k eqlyeku\ miU;kl dh [kkl ckr ;g gS fd uSjsVj vkSj izeq[k pfj=k dh cnyh gqbZ [kqf'k;ksa dh lrg Hkh igpku esa vkus yxrh gS- ;g nwjh vc ehyksa esa ugha ukih tk ldrhpwafd dFkk uSjsVj dks viuh Hkh dguh Fkh] blfy, vCck dh ekSr ds ckn vEek fcYdqy cny xbZ gSavEek&vCck ds cgkus L=kh&iq#"k laca/kksa esa njts ds iz'u gSa- pkgdj Hkh u cksyus dks etcwj vEek gSa- vkSj gS muds cgkus vkSjr dh dqckZuhikfdLrku ls vk, [k+r egt+ tkrh lans'k ugha gSa- <kdk dh vlfy;r [kqyrh gS gchc HkkbZ ds [k+rksa esa- cht ekStwn gSa ftudh otg ls ckn esa ckaXykns'k cukmudk [k+r Lora=krk vkanksyu esa tu dh Hkkxhnkjh dk ,d vkReh; bfrgkl ;kn fnyk x;k gS- ;gka xka/kh HkkbZ gSa] 1942 dk vkanksyu gS] fxj¶+rkfj;ka gSa vkSj gS xqykeh dk lrr fojks/k- dkaxzsl vkSj yhx dh jktuhfr gS- O;fDr ls lekt rd dk la?k"kZ gS vkSj le;&la?k"kZ dh uoacj] 2010


dFkk esa leh{kk gS- vPNh ckr ;g gS fd okpd eaqflQh ds fy, pqus tkus ds ckn] ,d&,d dj vius xqt+js oDr vkSj la?k"kk±s dks ;kn djrk gS- ;kn djrk gS fd cqjs oDr esa dSls yksx ckjackj ikfdLrku tkus dh lykg nsrs Fks- vthc ckr ;g Fkh fd lykg nsus okyksa esa fganw Hkh Fks vkSj eqlyeku Hkh- dFkk ds ,d Nksj ij Hkkjr vkSj okpd dh nqfu;k gS vkSj nwljs Nksj ij Nkdks ds [k+rksa ds tfj, [kqyrh ikfdLrku dh gkyr gSogka jgrs gq, Hkh mlds Hkhrj fganqLrku ds fy, clh vkReh;rk gS- dFkk dgrh gS fd nwjh yxko vkSj c<+k nsrh gSNkdks [kkts ckcw ds Hkhrj ,d gypy iSnk djrk jgrk gS- cnyrs jktuhfrd psgjksa vkSj pkyksa esa cnyrk Hkkjr gS- <grk gqvk lkearokn gS vkSj gS eqfLye lekt dh eu%fLFkfr- ysfdu ;gh dFkk dh ifj.kfr ugha gS- og gksrh gS Nkdks dh okilh ls- og fganqLrkuh cuuk pkgrk gS] vkSj bldk bljkj vius cpiu ds nksLr vkSj miU;kl ds okpd ls djrk gS- ysfdu dkuwu bldh btktr ugha nsrk- ;g le; dh vtc djoV gS fd ftlds ikl tgka dk dkxt+ gS] og ugha jgsxk- pkgs og txg mlds fy, ijnsl tSlh gh D;ksa u gks- ;gh otg gS fd blh Fkhe ij fy[kh dgkuh dks ys[kd 'kh"kZd nsrk gS ^ijnslh*Nkdks dh ekfeZd okilh gS] fganqLrku esa mlds ?kj dh gkyr ^eycs dk ekfyd* dh ;kn fnykrh gS- xuher gS fd Nkdks us ;gka vius <g jgs ?kj dks ugha ns[kk- gchc HkkbZ ds ikfdLrku ls vk, [kr crkrs gSa fd fcgkj ds fganw ikfdLrku ds caxkyh eqlyekuksa ls dgha csgrj Fks- D;k gksxk ckaXykns'k ds fcgkjh eqlyeku dk\ mls dgka dk ekuk tk,xk\ ikfdLrku dk] ckaXykns'k dk ;k fganqLrku dk\ ;kn jg tkrk gS Nkdks dk laokn] ^^tsgy ns ns pkgs Qkalh] ge rks NksM+ ds u tScbZ viu ?kjok-** Nkdks ugha] ;g ,d lewph dkSe dh ts+gfu;r gS- miU;kl egkiz'u mBkrk gS fd vkf[kj euq"; dk vfLrRo lqjf{kr jgs rks dSls\ uoacj] 2010

flLVe dks csudkc djus okyk dFkk&iz;ksx

^Nkdks dh okilh* vkSj vusd dLckbZ vuqHkoksa ls ,dne vyx nqfu;k cnhmT+t+ek dks feyh fnYyh esa- ;gka og u flQZ ,d cnyh gqbZ ftanxh thus dks foo'k gq,] cfYd lfpoky; dh ca/kh&ca/kkbZ Qkbyuqek ftanxh esa jgdj Hkh ,slh QsaVslh cqu x, fd ^,d pwgs dh ekSr* lewps flLVe dks csudkc djus okyk ,d lQy dFkk&iz;ksx cu x;kmlds vekuoh; psgjs ds js'ks&js'ks dks m?kkM+rs gq, mUgksaus ukxfjd&fujhgrk dks [kwclwjrh ls lkeus j[kk,slk djrs gq, cnhmT+t+eka vPNh rjg ls tkurs Fks fd ikjaifjd miU;kl dh yhd ls gVdj] og ,d dFkk&vUos"k.k dj jgs gSa- mUgsa vius n¶+rjh ifjos'k] mldk vly :i vkSj Qkbyksa ljh[ks pwgksa esa rCnhy gksrh ftanfx;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk vkRefujh{k.k Hkh djuk Fkk- bl dke esa mUgksaus dFkk ds pys vk jgs jkspd rRoksa dh Hkh ijokg ugha dh vkSj lpeqp bl ckr dh Hkjld dksf'k'k dh fd fganh dk miU;kl :f<+&eqDr gks- og njvly fn[kkuk ;g pkgrs Fks fd ;g dSlk lks'ky&flLVe ge cuk jgs gSa] tks iwjh rjg euq"; fojks/kh gS- fojks/kh gh ugha] ,d rjg ls mldh xfjek vkSj vfLrRo ds fy, gh [krjk curk tk jgk gS! vuqdwyu ds fo#)

rhljs ntsZ ds ,d pwgsekj dks uk;d cukdj dFkk dk rkuk&ckuk [kM+k t+:j fd;k gS] ys[ku us] ysfdu og vuqdwyu dh laLÑfr ij izkjaHk ls gh gSjr Hkjh ut+j ls ns[krk gS- mls [kqn ij gSjkuh gS fd mlus dgka ;g lkspk Fkk fd pwgs ekjuk mldh fu;fr gks tk,xh- ysfdu ;g lkspuk Hkwy gksxh fd ;g miU;kl egt+ n¶+rjh ftanxh dk [kkdk gS] ;gka uSjsVj us ¼tks fd tkfgj gS] ys[kd Lo;a gS½ [kqn dks nwj ls ns[kus dh dksf'k'k Hkh dh gS- ogh gS rhljs ntsZ dk pwgsekj ftls cpiu ls lius ns[kuk vPNk yxrk gS;g vknr mls eka ls feyh gS- ;gka ifjokj] mlds lnL;ksa vkSj thou&;FkkFkZ

dks dM+oh lPpkb;ksa ds lkFk ij[krk nh[krk gS dFkkdkj- ,d fodYighu thou esa mls Hkw[ks ejus ls csgrj vxj pwgs ekjuk vPNk yxrk gS] rks ;g foo'krk mls le; us nh gS- bl vFkZ esa equ"; ;k ukxfjd dh bPNk,a vkSj #fp;ksa dk dksbZ egRo jg gh dgka tkrk gS] tks gS og ,d foo'krk ds flok; dqN ughaC;wjksØslh dks cuk, j[kus ds fy, ftl rjg ds Qhrsnkj fu;e O;oLFkk us cuk, gSa] ogka rjg&rjg ds dsl dqN pwgksa esa gh rCnhy gksdj jg tkrs gSa] ftu ij ykxw gksrs gSa fQj vyx&vyx rjg ds fu;e&dkuwu- eksVs pwgs] nqcys pwgs] yky pwgs] ihys pwgs] lQsn pwgs] lk/kkj.k pwgs] vlk/kkj.k pwgs] xqIr pwgs] vxqIr pwgs] gtkjksa fdLe ds pwgs- bUgsa O;ofLFkr j[kus ds fy, ekuoh; /kjkry ij lkspus ds ctk; lkspk ;g tkrk gS fd fu;eksa dk ikyu dM+kbZ ls dSls gks! mlds ifj.kke dh ijokg djuk pwgs[kkus dh lksp dh ifjf/k esa gh ugha vkrk- O;oLFkk dk fgLlk cudj gh okpd ;gka mldk et+kd mM+krk gS- crkrk gS fd fu;eksa vkSj muds la'kks/kuksa ij bruk cy fn;k tkrk Fkk fd vDlj budk mn~ns'; gh lekIr gks tkrk Fkk- mlds Hkhrj bl O;oLFkk ds f[kykQ ,d dhM+k t+:j dqycqykrk jgrk gS] ysfdu foo'krkvksa vkSj ftEesnkfj;ksa ds pyrs og Øe'k% vuqdwfyr gksrk pyk tkrk gSlfpoky; ds Hkhrjh n`'; vkSj O;oLFkk esa oxZ vkSj mudk foHkktu] ,d oxZ dk nwljs ls laca/k vkSj lrdZ O;ogkj gh ugha flLVe ds fMflfIyu o pkiywlh ij Hkh djkjk O;aX;kRed izgkj bl dFkk dks xfr nsrk gS- bl nqfu;k esa ljdkjh fjdkWMZ ls c<+dj dqN Hkh ugha- gj fdlh ij bldk vkrad cuk gS] ysfdu ^x* gS fd vyx gh <c dk pwgsekj gS- iwjh dk;Z iz.kkyh dks gh pqukSrh ns Mkyrk gS- og pwgsekjksa dks balku ugha] pwgs dh 'kDy esa gh ns[krk gS- ns[krk gh ugha] blh :i esa mudk fp=k Hkh cukrk gS- og eka ds dkj.k etcwju pwgs[kkus esa fVdk jgk] mlds ejrs gh viuh Lora=krk dh ?kks"k.kk dj nh- ysfdu ukSdjh NksM+us ds 37


ckn mls tYn gh ;g ,glkl Hkh gks tkrk gS fd bl ukSdjh ds cxSj thuk eqf'dy gS- mldk vius O;fDrRo dks ftank j[kuk okpd dks vPNk blfy, yxrk gS fd igys mlesa Hkh ml tSlh bPNk,a Fkha- mldh vkRedFkk dh [kcj dFkk esa vkdj pkSadkrh ugha gS- bl oDr dks fdlh thfu;l dh ugha] pkiywlksa dh t+:jr gSbl dFkk esa fMcsV~l dk cM+k egRo gS! ^x* ds ?kj ij feyh L=kh ls gqvk okpd dk laokn vkSj ^x* dk i=k u flQZ vka[ksa [kksy nsus okyk gS] oju~ og le; ds Øwj ;FkkFkZ dks Hkh [kksyrk gS;g crkrk gS fd lkjh nqfu;k gh ,d pwgs[kkuk cu pqdh gS- vPNh ckr ;g gS fd dFkk dk okpd vkRekykspuk ls Hkh ijgst ugha djrkdFkk esa QsaVslh dk l/kk :i crkrk gS fd vuqdwyu fdruh [krjukd pht+ gS- og Hk; iSnk djrk gS- det+ksj djrk gS- vfo'oklh cukrk gS- vuqdwfyr O;fDr vklkuh ls xqyke cuk;k tk ldrk gS- og ca/ks&ca/kk, <jsZ ls ckgj ugha fudy ldrk- ysfdu vxj flQZ ;gh fn[kkuk cnhmT+t+eka dk /;s; gksrk] rks 'kk;n og ^,d pwgs dh ekSr* fy[krs gh ugha- dFkkuk;d] ftlds Hkhrj okpd Hkh gSa] yhd ls gVdj lkspus yxrk gSmls pwgs ekjus dk viuk dke fujFkZd yxus yxrk gS- og iz'uksa ls f?kj tkrk gS] ysfdu mÙkj u mlds ikl gS vkSj u dksbZ ns ikrk gS- og pwgs[kkus ds lewps dkjksckj ls ?kksj vlarq"V gks tkrk gS;gha ls 'kq: gksrh gS Lokra=;ksÙkj Hkkjr ds ra=k vkSj O;oLFkk dh dM+h vkykspuk] D;ksafd ;g lc bruk vLi"V vkSj Hkzked gS fd pkgdj Hkh dksbZ dqN <ax dk dj ugha ldrk- dFkkuk;d dks eqgkfQt+[kkus esa Hkh iz'u u NksM+rs- mls yxus yxrk gS fd og [kqn /khjs&/khjs ,d pwgs esa rCnhy gks x;k gS- ;gha vkdj ^x* ds cuk, fp=k dk jkt+ [kqyrk gSmiU;kl iz'u mBkrk gS fd fdruk csvkokt+ gksrk gS ;g cnyko\ [kqn pwgsekj dks [kcj ugha gks ikrh- ;gh pkgrk gS ra=k- vU; dqN jpukvksa dh rjg ;gka Hkh cnhmT+t+eka ^iapra=k* dks 38

;kn djrs gSa- lp iwNk tk, rks ;gh bl miU;kl dk izsjd Hkh gSikWft+fVo var

dFkkar esa ftl rjg vuqdwyu ds fo#) vkokt+ mBkrs dFkk ds izeq[k ik=k dks fn[kk;k x;k gS] og miU;kl dks ikWft+fVo var nsrk gS- viuh ckr t+ksjnkj vkokt+ esa dgdj ;FkkFkZ dks izLrqr djus dh bZekunkj dksf'k'k mls cks>eqDr dj Mkyrh gS- ;g vius oDr dks lPpkbZ dk vkbZuk fn[kkuk gScks/kxE; vkSj 'kq: ls var rd l/kh ,slh Qarklh&dFkk fganh esa nwljh dksbZ ughaviuh vkRek ij cks> ds bl vglkl dks cnhmT+t+eka us viuh ,d dgkuh ^cks>* esa Hkh [kwclwjrh ls vafdr fd;k gS- ,d fe=k ds izfr dFkkuk;d dh d#.kk dk Øe'k% fueZerk esa ifjofZrZr gksrs tkuk gh bldk ewy dF; gS- vkSj bldk dkj.k gS ftEesnkjh u mBk ikus dk Hk;- vk/kqfud euq"; dh laosnughurk ds lkFk gh mlds VqPpsiu dks lkeus j[kus okyh ;g dgkuh vkSj cxSj 'kksj epk, bl lPpkbZ dk [kqyklk djrh gS fd bldh otg gesa vius le; dh LokFkZijd ;kaf=kdrk esa [kkstuh gksxh D;ksafd ogh gekjs lekt dks lapkfyr dj jgh gS- ,sls esa euq"; flok; >wB cksyus ds vkSj dqN ugha djrk] tSlk bl dgkuh dk uk;d- egkuxjh; thou dh ;g ,d dM+oh lPpkbZ gSviq#"k % fujhg xfr esa cqf)thoh

cnhmT+t+eka dk dFkkdkj u rks ?kVukvksa ds fooj.kksa dk eksg djrk gS vkSj u ikjaifjd dFkk&fo/kku esa Qalrk gSlkadsfrdrk mldh izeq[k fo'ks"krk gS] ftlds tfj, og ekStwnk le; esa euq"; dh fLFkfr vkSj mldh fu;fr dh nq[kn foMacuk,a lkeus j[krk gS- vkt ds Hkz"V gksrs pys tk jgs f'k{kk laLFkkuksa esa dksbZ cqf)thoh fdruh fujhg xfr esa thus dks foo'k gS] ;g ns[kuk gks rks ^viq#"k* dk ikB vfuok;Z gS- cgqr NksVk ;g miU;kl fganh ds dbZ o`gnkdkj iksFkksa ls cM+k gS;gka Hkh mls viuh fLFkfr fdlh

pwgs tSlh gh yxrh gS- pwgsnkuh esa Qalk pwgk- ftls ;g lykg nh tkrh gS fd dkWyst dh ikWfyfVDl ls nwj jgs] dkWyst ds ea=kh dks ukjkt u fd;k tk, vkSj tSls gh ekSdk feys ;gka ls ukS nks X;kjg gks tkvks- ekgkSy ,slk fd osru fey tk, rks ea=kh dh esgjckuh le>ks- ?kks"k ckcw dh rjg viekutud fLFkfr dks Hkh lEekutud le>ksmiU;kl dh dFkk esa ruko rc vkuk 'kq: gksrk gS tc izk/;kid uk;d lksprk gS fd D;k og Hkh mruk gh VqPpk ugha gS ftrus nwljs izk/;kid- D;k mlesa ;g lkgl gS fd og ea=kh ds lkeus og lc mxy ns tks eu esa Hkjk jgrk gS! vxj ,slk ugha] rks ;g cspSuh fujFkZd gS- ysfdu tc og ,slk djus dh lksprk gS] rks blds ifj.kkeksa ds ckjs esa lkspdj ?kcjk mBrk gS[kqn ls rqyuk eaxy dh djrk gS] rks ikrk gS fd eaxy Hkh ugha cu ldrk tks dydÙkk ls dkedkt NksM+ bl dLcs esa pyk vk;k Fkk- r; djrk gS fd [kqn dh NViVkgV ij dkcw ik,xk- ;gh gS tks dke;kch esa #dkoV Mkyrh gS- vkRe leh{kk dk ;g ekn~nk cnhmT+t+eka ds ;gka iwjh lgtrk ls feyrk gS- ?kks"k ckcw dh lh[k mls vuqdwfyr gksus dh vksj /kdsyrh gSdkWyst dk Hkhrjh ekgkSy] i<+kus okyksa dk nCcwiu vkSj fn[kkoVh vkn'kZ izLrqr djus esa dFkkdkj us xt+c dh 'kkfCnd ferO;f;rk fn[kkbZ gS] ^^fcjknjh rks ,d gh Fkh ge lcdh] ysfdu bu vkn'kks± dk] bu lqugys fl)karksa dk gekjs thou esa nwj&nwj rd irk ugha Fkk- os mu gkFkhnkarksa dh rjg Fks tks flQZ ns[kus ds fy, gksrs gSa] [kkus ds fy, ugha-** vkxs dh dFkk esa dFkkuk;d dh pkfjf=kd lhek nkeksnj&izlax esa Li"V Hkh gks tkrh gS- NksVs&NksVs n`';ksa esa dFkk dg Mkyus dh dyk bl miU;kl esa ns[kh tk ldrh gS- nkeksnj dk euksgj ckcw ds eqag ij dkxt ekjdj dkWyst ls ckgj pys tkuk gh ugha] mUgsa ,d rjg dk pSysat Hkh vius laokn esa Fkek tkuk] dFkk esa ruko dh l`f"V djrk gS- pkSdhnkj dh uoacj] 2010


nkeksnj ds izfr lgkuqHkwfr dFkkuk;d dks fopfyr t+:j djrh gS] ysfdu og varjkRek dh vkokt+ lquus rd lnZ ekSle esa ckgj fudy tkus ds vykok vkSj dqN dj ugha ikrk- ;g vkokt+ gh mls crkrh gS] ^^Hkwaduk Hkh fujFkZd gS tc rd fd dkVus dh 'kfDr u gks-** ;g miU;kl vkt ds ikBd dks ;g lkspus ij foo'k djrk gS fd tks tgka gS] og vius iwjs lPps O;fDrRo ds lkFk D;ksa ugha jg ikrk! mldk O;fDrRo Øe'k% det+ksj D;ksa iM+rk pyk tkrk gS\ lHkk ioZ % le;] lekt vkSj foHkkftr euq";

^lHkk ioZ* vis{kkÑr vkdkj esa cM+k miU;kl gS- ^egkHkkjr* ds lHkk ioZ dks ;kn dj bl miU;kl dh jpuk dk ,d [k+kl vFkZ gS tks Øe'k% miU;kl ds ikB ds lkFk [kqyrk pyk tkrk gS- bldk igyk [kaM gh crk nsrk gS fd ;g vkRedFkkRed iqV fy, gS- dFkk dk uk;d vkSj uSjsVj firk dks ,d Øq) O;fDr ds :i esa ;kn djrs gq, muds lkeus vuq'kkflr jgus dh ckr ls dFkk dh 'kq#vkr djrk gS- ?kj] eqgYyk] 'kgj vkSj mldh laLÑfr ls jph&ixh bl dFkk esa ?kwjs dh mi;ksfxrk ds vusd :i iwjs jl ds lkFk f[kyrs gSa- eqgjZe dk v[kkM+k gh ugha] vCck dk is'kk ¼ekLVjh½] ml ij gksus okys migkl] cqykdu cqvk dk ykyVsu tykuk] vtesjh ls >xM+k] u'ksckt+ enZ] ekSyfo;ksa dh vkn'kZ Hkjh ckrsa vkSj vly nqfu;k dk QdZ vkSj eqgYys dk fetkt+ dFkk esa 'kq#vkrh jokuxh Hkjrs gq, ikBd dks ,d cM+h pht+ i<+us ds fy, rS;kj djrs gSa- eqgYyk gS] xyh gS- vkl&ikl ds pfj=kksa dk ckjhd c[kku gS cnhmT+t+eka dh dgu esa- ;gka vkidh eqykdkr gksxh Qjhn fe;ka ls] tks ,d csgrjhu jkt feL=kh gSa- iwjh rjg bl lkekftd pfj=k dks ys[kd us mlds ifjokj ds lkFk [khapk gS- ,slk djrs gq,] og Lo;a dks rVLFk j[kus dh dksf'k'k Hkh [kkl rjg ls djrk gS- D;ksafd og ;g ckr t+kfgjk rkSj ij dgrk gS fd ftu O;fDr;ksa ls uoacj] 2010

gekjk laidZ jgrk gS] muds ckjs esa rVLFk gksdj dqN lksp lduk vDlj gekjs fy, eqefdu ugha gksrk- Qjhn fe;ka dh choh ds ckjs esa cnyrs ys[kd ds [k+;kykr ;gh crkrs gSadFkk ds uSjsVj ds vykok ;fn dFkk&le; dks lkFk j[kk tk, rks cl gehn tesnkj gSa tks miU;kl ds igys [kaM esa Hkh ekStwn gSa vkSj vafre [kaM ds vafre n`'; esa Hkh- nknk dks Hknklh ls xgjk yxk gks rks gks] okpd ik=k dks drbZ ugha- nknk dh dFkk ds lkFk pys vk, gSa vCck vkSj j'khn pkpk- dFkkdkj us buds O;fDrRo dks iwjs eu ls mdsjk gS budh pkfjf=kd fo'ks"krkvksa ds lkFkvkdkj ysrh ftKklk,a

ftu yksxksa us blls igys ds cnhmT+t+eka dks i<+k gS] mUgsa dbZ pht+sa ckdk;nk ;kn vkrh jgsaxh- dbZ ?kVuk,a] dbZ&dbZ ik=k vkSj jpuk,a- yxko vkSj vyxko ds Hkko dks ,d lkFk ns[kuk gks rks Hknklh dk fooj.k djrs vCck vkSj Åcrs gq, okpd dks ns[kk tk ldrk gS- vU; ik=kksa dh rjg ;g okpd viuh dFkk Hkh iwjs ifjokj dh i`"BHkwfe ds lkFk izLrqr djrk gS- vCck vkSj ckyslj ppk dh nksLrh gS] ckyslj dk #rck gS] fnynkj gS vkSj gS mldh fxj¶+rkjh] gehn vkSj dqjS'kh dh djhch gS vkSj u, lkb± ckck dh vken gS- gtjr ljen dh dFkk gS] [kkudkgksa dh njxkgksa dks ns[k [kqyrk gqvk ftKklq eu gS] pwUuw nknk gSa vkSj 'kQkdr ekew] igys gh cnhmT+t+eka dh dgkuh esa fey pqds jkefd'ku ekLVj gSa vkSj mudh ikWfyfVdy ckrsa Hkh- bfrgkl ds izlax gSa vkSj tkudkfj;ka gSa] vkSj gSa ckyslj ppk dh ckrsa % ^^bZ'oj] vYykg] [kqnk lc ew[kks± ds fnekx dh mit gS vkSj ew[kks± dks gh buesa vkLFkk gks ldrh gS-** xt+Z ;g fd dgkuh c<+us ds lkFk&lkFk ftKklk,a vkdkj ysrh pyrh gSa- okpd dk fopkj'khy eu vke yksxksa dks ns[k lksprk gS % ^^---eqgYys ds ;s QVsgky yksx Hkh HksM+&cdfj;ksa ds >qaM dh rjg gSa- budh le> dk nk;jk Hkh cl mruk gh gS ftruk i'kqvksa dk gks ldrk

gS-** miU;kl dh fo'ks"krk ;gh gS fd ;g vrhr] orZeku vkSj ftanxh ds vkbZus esa le; vkSj euq";&lekt dh dgkuh curk pyk tkrk gS- ik=k vkSj mudh ftanxh dh dFkk,a mlds fy, egt+ miknku cu tkrh gSa- vly loky dFkk esa ;g mBrk gS fd vxj etgc dk fj'rk etcwr Fkk] rks bldk nk;jk efLtnksa vkSj /kkfeZd mRloksa rd gh D;ksa lhfer Fkk\ ;s iz'u dFkk ds izokg esa mBrs t+:j gSa] ysfdu dFkk dk ewy <kapk dgrk gS fd ftanxh ls cM+h dksbZ pht+ ughadqjS'kh] fnynkj vkSj Qjhn izlax bldk vizfre mnkgj.k gS- 'ks: mLrkn ds csVs bykgh ds lkFk ^Nkdks dh okilh* ;kn gks vkrh gS- igyk [kaM [kRe gksrs&gksrs tks pht+ t+sgu esa vVdh jg tkrh gS] og gS vkSjrksa dk viuh fLFkfr ds ckjs esa lkspuk,d iz'u mBkdj] izk;% miU;kldkj mls rQlhy ls gy djrk nh[krk gS- blh Øe esa [kqyrh tkrh gSa vusd ik=k&ik=kk,aµNksVs vCck] NksVh vEek] vgenw ukuk] vCck vkSj vEek dk fetkt vkSj ÝLVs'ku lgt Hkk"kk esa ftanxh dh rjg tkfgj gksrh gSdgu dk ;g vankt+ mnwZ vQlkuksa vkSj fganh miU;klksa dk feyk&tqyk :i fy, gS- ;gka laf{kfIr dh vksj cnhmT+t+eka dk /;ku viuh vU; jpukvksa dh rjg ls ugha gS- og vius ifjokj vkSj 'kgj ds lkFk Øe'k% lewps le; dh dFkk dguk pkgrs gSa] iwjs /kS;Z ds lkFk- NksVh&ls&NksVh ckrsa] ?kVuk,a vkSj izlax ;gka iwjs bRehuku ds lkFk dFkk dk fgLlk bl rjg ls cus gSa fd i<+rs oDr vki fdLlk fo'ks"k dks ,d vyx dFkk&[kaM dh rjg jl ysdj i<+rs pys tk,anknh vEek ds] NksVh vEek ds fy, rat+ gksa ;k vEek dh ckrksa ds t+fj, [kqyrk nknh vEek dk cgqvksa dh tku dk nq'eu :i] 'kkeks cwwcw ds tUe dh [kq'kh gks ;k ?kj dk mRloh ekgkSy] ckyslj ppk dh vkykspuk,a gksa ;k tu&thou dk jax&<ax] 'kkg lyheqYykg dh et+kj ij yxus okyk esyk gks ;k 39


mlesa fganw&eqlyekuksa dh cjkcj dh f'kjdr] dkSeh ;dt+gnh dh ftank felky dh ;g ftanxh,d rjQ le; vkSj lekt dh dFkk c<+ jgh gS] rks nwljh rjQ okpd ik=k ds tUe ds lkFk vEek ds nCcwiu ds dkQwj gksus dh dFkk vk fcjkth gScsVk iSnk gksus ds ckn tSls og vc [kqn dks gs; ugha le>rha- ?kj dk caVokjk gS] mls ysdj dgkfu;ka gSa vkSj yksxksa ds eu esa teh lkaiksa ds izfr J)k gS- fganw vkSj eqfLye feFkd dFkk,a gSa vkSj muls izHkkfor vke tu&thou gS] cxSj ;g igpku lkeus j[ks fd fganw dFkk fganqvksa esa vkSj eqfLyeksa esa eqfLye dFkk gh pysxh----,d&lk jl ysdj nksuksa dFkk,a b/kj ls m/kj vkSj m/kj ls b/kj ;k=kk djrh gSa- duht+ok vkSj deky ds fj'rs ds lkFk gh eqUuw vkSj duht+ok dh nq[kn nkLrku vkrh gS- lknks vkSj duht+ok dks ysdj vQ+okgsa gSadFkk 'kgj x;k dh gks vkSj iaMks dk ft+Ø u gks] ;g dSls laHko gS! ;tekuksa dh nqxZfr vkSj iaMksa dh [khaprku gS] vkSj gS vius oDr dh desaVjh- miU;kl dk rhljk [kaM lqgjkbZ ds lkFk eqgYys dh ftanxh esa vkus okys fu[kkj dh [kq'k[kcj ykrk gS- ysfdu lqD[kh fe;ka ljh[ks 'kgukbZ oknd ds lkFk nq[k dh ,d /kqu Hkh dFkk esa cSB tkrh gS- <yrh mez esa 'kgukbZ&oknu djrs lqD[kh dks ns[k rjl [kkus ds ctk; galus okys lekt ds lkFk tSls okpd viuh Hkh vkykspuk lkadsfrd :i esa dj tkrk gSik=k&nj&ik=k fdLlk&nj&fdLlk gSdgha dk+t+h t+Q+j vglu tSls ukeh jbZl t+ehankj dh nkLrku ds lkFk og pky [kksyus dh dksf'k'k dh gS jpukdkj us ftlds t+fj, lkear oxZ viuh vgfe;r cuk, j[kuk pkgrk Fkk % ^^ftl rjg dksbZ cw<+h os';k cu&Budj xzkgdksa dks yqHkkus dh dksf'k'k djrh gS] mlh rjg ;g oxZ Hkh yksd&dY;k.k vkSj tu&fgr dk eq[kkSVk vks<+dj vius x<+ dks lqjf{kr j[kus dh dksf'k'k dj jgk Fkk-** d+kt+h lkgc dh fdrkc ^lykerh dk jkLrk* Hkh ,d ,slh gh dksf'k'k dk 40

urht+k gS ftls miU;kl esa rQlhy ls is'k fd;k x;k gS- ykWMZ dtZu ds bl le; esa] tcfd <kdk esa eqlyekuksa ls ;g lkQ dgk tk jgk Fkk fd caxky dk foHkktu muds Qk;ns ds fy, gh djuk pkgrs gSa] dkt+h lkgc tSls vusd yksx eqfLye yksx ds tyls esa 'kkfey gks x, Fks- njvly] ;s izrhd&ik=k gSa Hkkjrh; lekt ds] tks vaxjstksa dh pky esa Qalrs pys x, ckotwn blds fd dgha fganw&eqfLye HkkbZpkjk mUgsa t+:jh yxrk Fkk tcfd dkaxzsl caxky&foHkktu dk fojks/k dj jgh Fkh- bu ik=kksa ds varfoZjks/k ;gka rjhds ls mtkxj gq, gSaVsyj lkgc vkSj dqaoj flag izlax ;g crkrk gS fd vaxjstksa dh ut+j esa gj fonzksgh cjkcj Fkk- ihj vyh dk fuHkhZd rsoj vkSj fQj mls gqbZ Qkalh] ogkch vkanksyu dk vlj vkSj ekSyoh jger vyh dh VwVu ds lkFk gh dkt+h vuoj glu ds Hkhrj dh mFky&iqFky us miU;kl dks le; ds xaHkhj vkSj t+:jh iz'uksa ls tksM+k gS- ;gka bfrgkl orZeku dks le>us dh ,d dqath ds :i esa iz;qDr gqvk gS- yksd&O;ogkj lkekftd v/;;u dk vk/kkj cuk gSdFkk esa ukV~;

^lHkk ioZ* dk pkSFkk [kaM lnkdr ppk ds uokls ds tUe dh [k+cj ls 'kq: gqvk gS- mlds cgkus yksd xhr vkSj xkFkk ds lkFk ukV~; dk dFkk esa izos'k gS lfoLrkj- dFkk ;gka fdlh cM+s n`'; esa cny tkrh gS- mRlkg gS] rjax gS] vkeaf=kr fd, tkus dh [kq'kh vkSj u fd, tkus dk vQlksl gS] NksVs&NksVs n`';ksa esa thou dh thoar >kadh gSlqD[kh ukuk dh nkLrkuxksbZ ,d vyx gh yksd esa ys tkrh gS- cqYyk'kghn dk izlax] egewn HkS;k dh eqlhcrsa vkSj j'khn ppk dk vuq'kklu] xqyke jlwy [kka dk O;fDrRo vkSj okpd ds fd'kksj eu ij mldh Nki gh ugha] fdlkuksa ij t+ehankjksa ds vR;kpkj Hkh le; dh lgh rLohj lkeus j[krs gSa- le; ds >wB dks ys[kd us ;gka cM+s ilZiSfDVo esa ns[kus dh dksf'k'k dh gS-;gh dkj.k gS fd Hkk"kk

ds {ks=k esa O;kIr >wB dks Hkh og [kwclwjrh ls lkeus j[k nsrk gS'kh;k&lqUuh ds chp ds QdZ dks lgt ftKklq eu ls [kksyus dh dksf'k'k Hkh ;gka [kklh bZekunkj gS- dHkh og bl dke ds fy, ekt+h dh 'kj.k esa igqaprk gS rks dHkh cqtqxks± ls loky djrk gS;gka ys[kd dk 'kks/kkFkhZ eu vkSj ckyslj ppk ds cgkus bl fo"k; ij laokn cM+k dke dj x;k gS- jet+kuh dqvk vkSj eq[+rkj ppk dh 'kknh tSls nks fofo/k izlaxksa dks izLrqr djrs gq, ,d&lh layXurk ;g crkrh gS fd ys[kd thou esa fdlh pht+ dks NksVk ugha le>rkmlds fy, jet+kuh dh pk; vkSj eq[rkj ds cgkus ,d vthcksxjhc cnyko ij ckr djuk] nksuksa t:jh gSa pwafd os ftanxh dh vly rLohj cukrs gSa- eq[rkj ppk dh choh dh 'kh;k ekgkSy ls fudydj lqUuh fQ+tk ds eqrkfcd [kqn dks <kyus dh etcwjh ds izlax ijs'kku djus okys gSa- ,sls esa cnhmT+t+ek dk ys[kd ;g ckr iqjt+ksj rjhds ls dgrk gS fd bfrgkl njvly cgqr xM+cM+ iSnk djus okyh pht Hkh cu ldrk gS D;ksafd mldh lPpkbZ ds ckjs esa dbZ ut+fj, gks ldrs gSa- dkSu&lk ut+fj;k lgh gS] ;g r; djuk eqf'dy gks tkrk gS- blh izfØ;k esa dFkkdkj [kqn Hkh bfrgkl vkSj mlds eqn~nksa ds chp my>rk ut+j vkrk gS;gka rd fd x;k ds 'kh;kvksa dh rdyhQ+ dks ysdj iVuk esa gqbZ ehfVax ds izLrko dks gw&c&gw j[k nsuk] 'kh;k&lqUuh fookn dks nwj djus dks ysdj dh xbZ dksf'k'ksa] vye ds tqywl dks ysdj gqbZ rukruh] bLyke ds bfrgkl dh viuh ut+j esa csckd leh{kk] x;k ds 'kh;k&lqUuh >xM+s esa otkgr ekew dh Hkwfedk] mudk egRokdka{kh vkSj golHkjk pfj=k] Lora=krk vkanksyu ds ,d [kkl nkSj dh mit ekSyoh c'kkjr vkSj f[kykQ+r vkanksyu dh vkykspuk miU;kl dks ubZ jaxr nsrh gS- Øe'k% ;g vius le; dh dFkk&leh{kk esa rCnhy gksrk yxrk gSgejkt+ cgknqj tSls CySdesfy, pfj=kksa dh f'kuk[+r djrs gq, iwjk jl uoacj] 2010


ysdj muds blh uke ds v[kckj dks dFkkdkj ,Dlikst+ djrk gS- mldh [kksth bfrgkldkj ut+j ;s crkrh gS fd y[kuÅ esa igys fganw&eqfLye naxs ls Hkh 12 cjl igys gqvk Fkk 1908 esa 'kh;k&lqUuh naxk- ys[kd vius 'kgj esa cu jgs blh fdLe ds bfrgkl dh vksj Hkh ladsr djrk gS- lS;n ckdj vyh vkSj mudh fy[kh fdrkc dk izlax vkSj ruko Hkjs ekgkSy esa mldh vken vkSj gejkt+ }kjk mldk pkykdh ls bLrseky dFkk esa ,d Vas'ku Hkj nsrk gS- ;g crkrk gS fd lgt xfr ls py jgs lekt dks fdl rjg ls cjxyk;k tkrk jgk gS ! vPNh ckr ;g gS fd pwafd dFkkdkj ds ljksdkj vkSj uh;r ,dne lkQ vkSj ekuoh; gSa] blfy, dFkk dksbZ xyr eksM+ ugha ysrh- bl ekeys esa lekt dk dksbZ Hkh rcdk csodwQ cu ldrk gS'kgj dh ftanxh esa balkuh fo'okl vkSj vfo'okl] foyk;r ukuk ds la?k"kZ vkSj vCck dh muds izfr cs#[kh] viuh gM~Mh ds [kksV dks /kksus dh dksf'k'k esa otkgr ekew dh dksf'k'ksa balku ds VqPpsiu dh felky gSa- ekSyoh c'kkjr dks Ldwy ls vyx dj nsuk mudk ,slk gh [ksy gS tks miU;kl ds pkSFks [kaM esa vafre fdLls dks jokuh nsrk gSbl miU;kl dh [kwclwjrh ;g gS fd ;gka fdLlksa dh Hkjekj Hkj ugha gSgj fdLls ;k nkLrku dks vOoy rks lh/ks ftanxh ls ckedln mBk;k x;k gS] nwljs pwafd ;g ,d vkRedFkkRed egkxkFkk Hkh gS] fygkt+k pht+sa [k+kls fo'oluh; <ax ls lkeus vkbZ gSa- ikaposa [kaM dh 'kq#vkr dh gh ckr djsa] rks deky HkkbZ ds t+fj, eqfLye lekt ds e/;oxhZ; ukStokuksa dh lkbds dks [kksyus dh dksf'k'k dh xbZ gS- vyhx<+ ;wfuoflZVh esa i<+us dh mudh ft+n iwjh djus ds fy, NksVs vCck ds la?k"kZ dks cgqr FkksM+s esa] ysfdu xgjkbZ ls vafdr fd;k x;k gS- ys[kd dh ut+j ml t+gj ij Hkh gS tks lekt esa gj rjQ QSyk gqvk gS- mlls iSnk gksus okys [krjs dks og igys ls Hkkai ysrk gS'kh;k&lqUuh [khaprku gks ;k uoacj] 2010

fganw&eqlyeku ruko] dk;LFk&czkã.k fookn gks ;k jktiwr&czkã.k la?k"kZ] caxkfy;ksa ds eu esa fodflr gks jgh xzafFk gks ;k vlqj{kk dk Hkko] ^lHkk ioZ* cM+h lathnxh ls pht+ksa dks dFkk esa fijksrk gSokpd ds lgikBh lqHkk"k eq[kthZ ds t+fj, ys[kd bl dFkk&le; dh jktuhfrd leh{kk Hkh djrk pyrk gSjkex<+ dkaxzsl vf/kos'ku] lqHkk"k panz cksl vkSj xka/kh ds izfr yksxksa ds Hkko] lqHkk"k eq[kthZ ds ifjokj ds cgkus caxkfy;ksa ds eu esa vk jgs cnykoksa ;k Bgjkoksa dks lkeus j[kuk vkSj ^vkuaneB* tSls miU;kl dh lPpkbZ dks vius <ax ls vaxhdkj djrs ik=kksa dh ;g dFkk ml Ågkiksg dks Hkh izLrqr djrh gS tks rc Hkkjrh;ksa ds Hkhrj py jgk Fkk- vaxzstksa dh pkysa] ykWMZ dtZu dk fet+kt vkSj 'kkfrj ut+j ds lkFk&lkFk mudh ijs'kkfu;ksa dks Hkh ys[kd us ,sfrgkfld izek.kksa ds lkFk dFkk esa cka/kus dh dksf'k'k dh gS- fnDdr flQZ ;g gS fd tgka bl miU;kl esa NksVs ls NksVs izlaxksa ds Hkh ckjhd fMVsYl ekStwn gSa] ogha dtZu ds le; vkSj muds ckn ds oDr esa vk jgs egRoiw.kZ cnykoksa dks og foLrkj ugha fey ik;k gS- ;g lwpukRed vf/kd gS- gka] ihf<+;ksa ds chp lksp ds QdZ dks bl dFkk esa rkjk'kadj vkSj lq'khy ds tfj, c[kwch is'k fd;k x;k gS- lq'khy Hkh ubZ ih<+h dk izfrfuf/k ik=k gS- og ih<+h tks lewps caxky esa vaxzstksa ds fo#) vaxM+kbZ ys jgh gS- eqlyekuksa dh vksj >qd jgh vaxzsth gqdwer] Øe'k% dSls mUgsa viuk cukuk pkg jgh Fkh vkSj mlds fy, iz;kljr Fkh bls ys[kd us lj MCY;w gaVj ds oDr ls mudh fdrkc ^bafM;u eqlyekUl* ds t+fj, le>us dh dksf'k'k dh gS- ;gka igqapdj yxus yxrk gS tSls miU;kl fdlh 'kks/k&xzaFk esa ifjofrZr gqvk tk jgk gScaxky&foHkktu ds ykWMZ dtZu ds rdZ caxkyh eqlyekuksa dks izHkkfor dj jgs gksaxs- ubZ ih<+h bls ^fMokbM ,aM :y* ds rgr Bhd gh ns[k jgh Fkh- lq'khy eq[kthZ dh vkRekykspuk ;gka lgh yxrh gS fd gekjh jk"Vªh;rk mlh {k.k nwf"kr gks xbZ

Fkh tc geus caxky ds eqlyeku uokcksa ds eqdkcys esa vaxzsth lÙkk dk xq.kxku djuk 'kq: dj fn;k Fkk- vPNh ckr ;g gS fd rkjk'kadj ds ek/;e ls cnhmT+t+eka ;g fn[kkus esa dke;kc jgs gSa fd fiNyh ih<+h Hkh vaxzstksa dks le>us yxh Fkh vkSj Øe'k% caxky&foHkktu dh vaxzsth uhfr dk fojks/k djus yxh Fkhvar rd vkrs&vkrs deky HkkbZ ls okpd ik=k dh eqykdkr vkSj laokn Hkh le; ds nks izfrfuf/k ik=kksa dk gS- ,d dk;ns vkt+e ls izHkkfor gS vkSj ;g ekurk gS fd eqlyekuksa dk eQ+kn blh esa gS fd og th&tku ls ikfdLrku gkfly djus esa mudk lkFk nsa- nwljk foHkzfer gS vkSj bu ckrksa dks le> ugha ik jgk gS- ;g vyhx<+ ls vk, ,d ukStoku vkSj ,d dLcs ds demez ;qod dk QdZ gS- dgkuh ;gka ls ,d ubZ mBku ysrh vxj cnhmT+t+eka dks dqN vkSj oDr feyk gksrk- ysfdu yxrk gS] ,slk u gks ldk] vkSj vuk;kl eUuw&duhtok&lknks izlax us dFkk dk #[k gh dFkkar esa eksM+ fn;k- ysfdu Bgfj,] ;g pwafd ?kj] dchys vkSj eqYd ds uD'ks vkSj balkuh rkYyqdkr ds cuus&fcxM+us okyh ekufldrk dh igpku dh dFkk Hkh rks gS] tks gtkjksgtkj cjl ls pyrh pyh vkbZ gS] blfy, vki bls ladsr&dFkk Hkh dg ldrs gSa- ;g foHkktu ls igys dh dFkk gS- ,d vkSj lHkk ioZ- ys[kd ds fu/ku ds vkB lky ckn ;fn muds csVs 'kkt+h t+eka us bls O;ofLFkr dj izdk'ku ;ksX; fd;k gS rks ;g u flQZ ljkguh; cfYd mYys[kuh; Hkh gS- D;ksafd bls O;ofLFkr djus dh dgkuh ds ladsr Hkh laiknd us izkjaHk esa fn, gSa- ;g t+:jh gS fd cnhmT+t+eka ljh[ks egRoiw.kZ ys[kd dh vU; vizdkf'kr Ñfr;ka Hkh tYn gh lkeus vk,a- D;ksafd ;g r; gS fd Loka=;ksÙkj fganh dFkk lkfgR; dk bfrgkl cxSj cnhmT+t+eka ds ugha fy[kk tk ldrk- mudh dgkfu;ksa esa miU;klksa ds cht ekStwn gSa] rks miU;klksa esa Hkkjrh; lekt dh xgjh ij[k41


, osjh bth MsFk % vkRedFkkRed miU;kl fo'ks"k

lheksu n cksmokj

24 vDVwcj] lu~ 1963 dks Qksu ij ekeu ds pksfVy gksus dh [kcj] cksLV us nh- cksLV vkSj vksYxk us ekeu dks vLirky igqapk;k- cspkjh ekeuµikap g¶rs igys eSaus mls ns[kk Fkk- og ekLdks ls rqjar ykSVh Fkh vkSj csgn Fkdh gqbZ fn[kkbZ ns jgh Fkh- dkSu dg ldrk Fkk fd ;s ogh L=kh gS tks ges'kk [kqn dks ;qorh le>rh vkSj le>krh vkbZ Fkh;q) ds ckn gh ekeu dks xfB, us tdM+ fy;k Fkk] reke ekfy'k vkSj nok&nk: ds ckotwn og ceqf'dy py&fQj ikrh Fkh] fQj Hkh ekeu us dHkh gkj ugha ekuh- fxjus ls] mldh tka?k dh gìh f[kld xbZ Fkh- ufl±x gkse esa 'kkar ysVh ekeu! ftanxh ds reke >a>kokrksa dks >sydj pqdh&Fkdh lrgÙkj o"khZ; o`)k] eq>s vifjfpr&lh yxh- eq>s ns[k cksyhµßrqeus eq>s nks eghuksa ls dksbZ i=k ugha fy[kk-Þ eSaus crk;k fd eSa jkse ls] yxkrkj i=k nsrh jgh gwa- ekeu us cgqr vfo'oLr Hkko ls] ;g lc dqN lqukmldh vkarksa esa detksjh Fkh- MkWDVj dk dguk Fkk yxkrkj rhu eghus fcLrj ij vkjke djus ls og iwjh rjg Bhd gks tk,xh- cksLV dks ekeu ds iw.kZ LoLFk gksus esa lansg Fkk- fcLrj ij yxkrkj ysVus ls ihB esa ?kko gksus dk [krjk Fkk] bl mez esa ?kko Hkh rks tYnh Bhd ugha gksrs- ysVus ls] QsQM+s Fkd tkrs gSa vkSj U;weksfu;k dk [krjk c<+ tkrk gS- ysfdu eSa] ekeu dh csVh] tkurh Fkh fd eka l[rtku gS- oSls Hkh og cgqr cw<+h gks pyh Fkh] ml mez rd igqap pqdh Fkh] tc e`R;q dh izrh{kk gh cp jgrh gSesjh cgu iisV! mls igys ls gh vk'kadk Fkh- fiNyh ckj ekeu] tc iisV ds ?kj xbZ Fkh rks mlus ,d jkr rst 42

vuqokn % xfjek JhokLro

isV&nnZ dh f'kdk;r dh- lqcg rd nnZ de gks x;k- ekeu ogka ls ykSVrs oDr [kq'k Fkh] exj vHkh nlsd fnu igys Ýkafll fnvkrks us iisV ls Qksu ij dgkµßvkt eSa rqEgkjh eka ds lkFk ^yap* dj jgk Fkk- og cgqr&gh vLoLFk vkSj th.kZ fn[k jgh Fkha] lkspk rqEgsa vkxkg dj nwa-Þ isfjl vkdj iisV us ekeu dks jsfM;ksykWftLV dks fn[kk;k] MkWDVj us dfCt;r nwj djus okyh vkSj 'kfDroèkZd nokb;ka nha- ge pkgrs Fks fd vius ¶ySV esa og vdsyh u jgss] de ls de jkr esa dksbZ vkSjr lkFk esa jgs] ysfdu ekeu dHkh rS;kj ugha gqbZvLirky esa ,d jkr xqtkjdj] ekeu 'kgj ds lcls vPNs ufl±x gkse esa ys vkbZ xbZ- yxkrkj daiu djus okys midj.k ls tqM+k fcLrj] f[kM+dh ds ikj gjk&Hkjk cxhpk] vkjkensg vkSj lkQ&lqFkjk dejk] ns[kHkky ds fy, gjne rSukr uls±] lqLoknq Hkkstuµdqy feykdj ekeu dh ns[kHkky cgqr vPNs <ax ls gks jgh Fkhekeu] vkt dqN csgrj <ax ls ckr dj ik jgh Fkh] ysfdu D;k og dHkh Åaph vkokt esa cksy ik,xh\ bruh Åaph vkoktµtks mls [kqn lqukbZ ns! 'kk;n ugha] dHkh ugha- ysfdu mlesa thus dh vnE; bPNk gSµvifjfer ftthfo"kkµvHkh Hkh- iisV dks nq%LoIu ds ckjs esa lquk;k mlusµßyxrk gS dksbZ esjk ihNk dj jgk gS] nkSM+ jgh gwa- nkSM+rh gh tk jgh gwa- nkSM+rs&gkaQrs ,d nhokj rd vk igqaph gwa] eq>s cpus ds fy, nhokj ds ikj dwnuk gS- nhokj ds ikj D;k gSµekywe ugha! ;s LoIu Mjkrk gS eq>s- oSls] e`R;q vius&vki esa eq>s Mjkrh ugha] ij ml Nykax ls Mjrh gwa] vkrafdr

jgrh gwa tks thou ds ikj] e`R;q dh lhek esa ys tk,xh eq>s!---nq?kZVuk ds ckn tc eSa VsyhQksu rd igqapus ds fy, Q'kZ ij jsax jgh Fkh] rks yxk fd ;gh oDr ^Nykax* dk gSµtks vc vku igqapk gS-Þ ekeu fxjus ds oDr dks ;kn ugha djuk pkgrh] u gh vius ¶ySV esa okil tkuk pkgrh Fkh] tgka og pksfVy gqbZgkykafd og ¶ySV mls cgqr fiz; Fkk] ftls mlus ifr dh e`R;q ds ckn vius <ax ls ltk;k Fkk- ;s ckr vkSj Fkh fd eq>s ogka jguk vPNk ugha yxk] ,d vthc&lh eugwfl;r dh xaèk Fkh] ml ¶ySV esa- vc ekeu dh fpark Fkh fd ufl±x gkse ls og dgka tk,xh! mlds fy, ^jsLV gkml* <wa<+us dh ftEesnkjh esjh Fkhekeu dHkh&dHkh LoLFk&lh fn[kkbZ nsrh ysfdu dHkh&dHkh vlac) ckrsa djrh- jfookj dks rks mldh tqcku Hkh yM+[kM+kus yxh] vka[ksa vèkeqanh gks xb± ysfdu lkseokj dh lqcg og vklkuh ls ckrphr vkSj vklikl dh phtksa dks igpku ik jgh Fkh- og mu iqfylokyksa dks èkU;okn nsuk pkgrh Fkh] ftUgksaus nq?kZVuk ds ckn ekeu dh lgk;rk dh] mu yksxksa vkSj iM+ksfl;ksa ds izfr ÑrKrk Kkfir djuk pkgrh Fkh] ftUgksaus gesa nq?kZVuk dh lwpuk nhrfd, ds lgkjs ihB fVdk,] esjh vksj lhèks ns[krh gqbZ Hkh og dgha vkSj Fkh] ßt:jr ls T;knk gh dke fd;k] eSaus brus lky- [kqn dks Fkdk Mkyk] csbargk! lkspk ugha Fkk fd bruh cw<+h vkSj ykpkj gks tkÅaxh- ysfdu mez rks lHkh dks Lohdkj djuh gh iM+rh gS- dqN gh fnuksa esa vBgÙkj dh gks tkÅaxh- ifjiDo mez gS] vc blh ds fglkc ls eq>s viuk uoacj] 2010


thou O;ofLFkr dj ysuk pkfg,- ;gka ls fudydj thou dk u;k vè;k; 'kq: djus dh lksp jgh gwa----Þ esjh fuxkg esa mlds fy, rkjhQ Fkh- ;g ogh L=kh Fkh] ftls dHkh Hkh mez ;kn fnyk;k tkuk ilan ugha vk;k] vkt og cM+h cgknqjh ds lkFk viuh mez Lohdkj dj jgh FkhfiNys rhu fnuksa ds èkqaèkyds ds ckn mls viuk psgjk lkQ fn[kkbZ nsus yxk Fkkµmlus viuh vBgÙkj o"kZ dh mez Lohdkj djus dh 'kfDr cVksj yh Fkhog Hkfo";ksUeq[k Fkh] bl fu'p; ds lkFk ^eSa vius thou dk u;k vè;k; 'kq: djus dh lksp jgh gwa-* ifr ds ejus ds ckn Hkh nq[kh] O;fFkr vdsyh ekeu us thou dk u;k vè;k; 'kq: fd;k Fkk- pkSou o"kZ dh mez] nks csfV;ka] fuèkZurkµekeu us lkgl fn[kk;k- i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ dh] ykbczsfj;u cuh] vkWfQl tkus ds fy, fQj ls lkbfdy pykuh lh[kh- ekeu dHkh csdkj ugha cSBh- esjs vkRefuHkZj gksus vkSj gekjh vkfFkZd fLFkfr lqèkjus ds ckn Hkh ekeu dke djrh jgh] dHkh ykbczsjh esa] dHkh pSfjVh&'kks esa- mls rdjhjsa lquuk] ;k=kk djuk] yksxksa ls ?kqyuk&feyuk [kwc ilan Fkk- ¶yksjsal] jkse] feyku ?kweh] gkWySaM vkSj csfYt;e ds laxzgky;ksa esa Hkh xbZ- xfB, ds ckotwn] ;k=kk ds uke ls gh mlesa LQwfrZ vk tkrh] mls dkj esa ?kweuk csgn Hkkrk ysfdu fe=kksa vkSj fj'rsnkjksa ds vkea=k.k ij Vªsu ls Hkh ;k=kk djrh- esjs firk dh cnfetkth ds dkj.k nksLrksa us muls nwjh cuk yh Fkh] mudh e`R;q ds ckn ekeu us VwVs gq, lacaèkksa vkSj laidks± dks lkèkk] mUgsa ?kj cqyk;k vkSj eku&lEeku fn;kekeu ds thoV vkSj lkgl ds izfr eq>esa vk'p;ZfefJr lEeku dk Hkko Fkk- bu fnuksa] ekeu dbZ ckj vlac) ckrsa Hkh djrh- vHkh dy gh rks og xjhc] fupys rcds dh vkSjrksa ds izfr vLirky okyksa ds nqO;Zogkj dh vkykspuk dj jgh Fkh] fQj dqN cqncqnkbZµtks eq>s le> esa ugha vk;kmldk jksxh 'kjhj vkSj mlds fnekx esa Hkjh ;s ckrsa fojksèkkHkklh yxha- eSa mnkl vkSj fpafrr gqbZuoacj] 2010

fQft;ksFksjsfiLV ekeu dks ns[kus vk;k- ekeu ds 'kjhj ij iM+h pknj dks ljdkdj ck;ka iSj mBk;k- ekeu us lkeus ls [kqyh ukbVMªsl igu j[kh Fkhog yxHkx vuko`Ùk Fkh- isV dh peM+h lw[k xbZ Fkh- vkM+h&frjNh ydhjsa] vufxur >qfjZ;ka Fkha] isM+w vkSj mlds uhps jkseghu] lw[kh&lh ;ksfuµlc dqN fn[kkbZ ns jgk Fkk- ßvc eq>esa fdlh pht dks ysdj dksbZ 'kfe±nxh ugha cph gSÞµmlds fu%ladksp] vlai`Dr Loj us vk'p;Z esa Mky fn;k- ßrqe fcYdqy Bhd dgrh gksÞµeSaus dgk rks ij cxhps dh rjQ vka[ksa ?kqek yha- uXuizk; eka!! uXurk] ekeu dh uXurk us eq>s fopfyr dj fn;k- cpiu esa] eSa blh 'kjhj ds fdrus utnhd Fkh- dS'kks;Z esa] ekeu ls 'kkjhfjd uSdV~; dqN ladqfpr dj nsrkysfdu cq<+kis dk ;g ^'kjhj* eq>s for`".k vkSj vlgt dj x;k- D;k eSa ekeu dks ges'kk ;qok vkSj LoLFk ns[kuk pkgrh Fkh\ ysfdu ekeu Hkh rks lkèkkj.k L=kh gh Fkh uk- rks fQj eSa mlds th.kZ&uXu 'kjhj dks ns[k bruh O;fFkr D;ksa gwa\ ,slh tSls dksbZ frfyLe VwV x;k gksekeuµesjh ekeu] fuR;izfr Nhtrs tk jgs 'kjhj dks ogu dj jgh gS- og lkekU; gS] fo'ks"k ughaµD;k bl lR; ds lk{kkRdkj ls fopfyr gwa] ;k ekeu dk fufyZIr Loj] 'kjhj ls ijs gksdj ckr djuk eq>s Mjk x;k\ ekeu ml 'kjhj ls eqfDr ik jgh Fkh] ftlus brus fnuksa mls ckaèks j[kk Fkkog L=kh&lqyHk ladksp vkSj yTtk] tks izR;sd L=kh ds caèku vkSj neu ds dkj.k gSaµdks Hkh R;kx jgh Fkh- ^vkSjrius* ds caèku ls eqfDr dh Hkwfedk gh rks Fkh ;gµ'kjhj ds eksg ls eqfDrµvuar vkdk'k esa fopj.k dh LoPNanrk- vc eq>s vius&vkidks mlds 'kjhj dk var] thou dk var ns[kus ds fy, rS;kj djuk gksxk- blls igys eSa tc dgrh ^vjs mldh rks ejus dh mez gks pyh gS* rks [kqn dks le>kus ds fy, dgrhµmlesa ekeu ls foyxko dh O;atuk ugha gksrh- igyh ckj] mldh dYiuk ^e`r 'kjhj* ds :i esa ewfrZeku gks mBh vkSj og okD;µesjk [kqn dk

okD;] vFkZoku gksdj Hkhrj rd] xgjs èkalrk pyk x;k^,sbZ* ¼isfjl dk ,d miuxj½ esa ge fdjk, dk ?kj ysaxs] tgka og [kqyh èkwi esa fdrkcsa i<+sxh vkSj flykbZ&cqukbZ dj thou ds fnu vkjke ls xqtkj ldsxh- og vk'oLr gks cksyhµßvc rd rks eSa flQZ nwljksa ds fy, gh thrh vkbZ- blds ckn flQZ vius fy, thuk pkgrh gwa-Þ ,d vU; ;qok MkWDVj ekeu ds isV dk ,Dljs nqckjk djuk pkgrs Fks- eq>s rhu&pkj fnuksa ds fy, ckgj tkuk iM+k] ykSVdj ns[kk ekeu vR;ar nqcZy vkSj chekj nh[k jgh Fkh- mldh vkokt [kj[kjk jgh FkhµßmUgksaus eq>s lewpk fupksM+ fy;k-Þ ,Dljs ds pkSchl ?kaVs igys ls mls [kkyh isV j[kk x;k Fkk- og fpafrr vkSj Hk;Hkhr Fkh- jkr dks] iisV isfjl vkus okyh Fkh- ?kj ykSVdj eq>s Qksu ij lwpuk feyhµekeu dh fjiksVZ fparktud gS] NksVh vkar esa ,d V~;wej gS- ekeu dks dSalj FkkdSalj! rks ;g dSalj Fkk- ekeu dh fxjrh rfc;r] vka[kksa ds fxnZ dkys lk,ysfdu ge brus fnuksa ls MkWDVjksa ds ikl nkSM+ jgs Fks] lcus dSalj dh vk'kadk ls Hkh badkj fd;k Fkk- vkarksa dh detksjh] dCt] xfB;k vkfn dh nok,a pyrh jgha] ysfdu varr% fudyk ^dSalj*µykbykt jksx] ftls esjk eu Lohdkj djus dks izLrqr ugha- dSaljµftl jksx ls og thou Hkj Mjrh jgh- rhl lky igys og Nkrh ds cy fxj xbZ Fkh] rc ls og dgk djrh] ^vc eq>s Nkrh esa dSalj gks tk,xk-* ,d fe=k ds isV ds dSalj dk vkWijs'ku gqvk Fkk] rks ekeu cksyhµßesjs lkFk Hkh ;gh gksus okyk gS-Þ eSaus csijokgh ls dgk FkkµßdCt vkSj dSalj esa cgqr varj gksrk gS] rqEgkjs fy, rks beyh dh tsyh gh dkQh gS-Þ D;k irk Fkk fd ekeu dh nqjk'kadk gh lp fudysxh- og vius 'kjhj dh cnyrh xaèk ls dSalj dks igpku xbZ FkhiisVµmls dSls crkÅa- og esjh vis{kk ekeu ds T;knk djhc Fkh- og cqèkokj 6 uoacj dk fnu Fkk- xSl] fctyh] ifjogu dh lkoZtfud gM+rky 43


Fkh- vLirky ls Qksu vk;k fd ekeu us jkr Hkj dS dh gS vkSj 'kk;n vfèkd fnu u th ik,xh- ogka igqapdj ns[kk] iisV vk pqdh gS] jks&jksdj csgky gS vkSj u;k MkWDVj ekeu dh ukd esa uyh yxkdj isV dh lQkbZ dj jgk gS- iisV dh xqtkfj'k Fkh] ßekeu rks oSls gh ejus okyh gS] rks mls vkSj rdyhQ nsus ls D;k ykHk!Þ eSaus ml likV izfrfØ;kghu psgjs okys ;qok MkWDVj dh vksj ns[kk] ftlds fy, ekeu euq"; ugha cfYd ijh{k.k dh oLrq Fkh] ^^tc dSalj dk irk py gh x;k gS] vkSj mEehn dh dksbZ fdj.k Hkh ckdh ugha rks mls bruh ;a=k.kk nsus ls D;k ykHk\Þ ßtks djuk pkfg, eq>s] ogh dj jgk gwaÞµ:[kk mÙkj feykekeu dk fcLrj fQj ls iqjkuh txg ij f[kldk fn;k x;k Fkk- mldh ckab± vksj baVªkosul fMªi] ukd esa ikjn'khZ uyh] ftldk nwljk fljk ,d cM+h&lh e'khu ls gksdj 'kh'ks ds erZcku esa Myk gqvk Fkk- ekeu us èkheh vkokt esa crk;k fd V~;wc ls dksbZ [kkl fnDdr ugha gS] ysfdu mls cM+h I;kl yx jgh gS- ulZ gksaBksa dks FkksM+k&lk xhyk&Hkj dj ns jgh Fkh- ekeu ikuh dh cwanksa dks pkVus ds fy, gksaBksa dks xksy dj ys jgh Fkheq>s mlds xksy gksaB ns[kdj ;kn vk;k fd tc Hkh og 'kfe±nk gksrh Fkh] ;wa gh gksaBksa dks xksy dj fy;k djrh FkhMkWDVj us tkj esa Hkjrs tk jgs ihys fylfyls inkFkZ dh vksj bafxr djrs gq, dgkµßD;k vki pkgrh gSa fd eSa ;s lkjk dpjk buds isV esa gh NksM+ nwa\Þ eSaus dksbZ mÙkj ugha fn;k- MkWDVj dk dguk Fkk fd 'kke rd ekeu ds ikl ceqf'dy pkj ?kaVs dh ftanxh cph Fkh] mlus mls iquthZou ns fn;kßthou---fdlfy,\Þ mldh vksj ns[kdj iwNus dk lkgl] eSa tqVk ugha ikbZfo'ks"kKksa ls lykg&e'kfojs dk nkSj pyrk jgk- lwts gq, isV vkSj nnZ ls djkgrh jgh ekeu- jkgr ds fy, ekjQ+hu batsD'ku fn, tkrs] ysfdu mldh Hkh rks ,d lhek Fkh- T;knk ekjQ+hu mldh vkarksa dks lqUu dj 44

ldrk Fkk- MkWDVj ekeu ds vkWijs'ku dk fopkj dj jgs Fks- ltZu dk dguk Fkk fd jksxh cgqr detksj gS vr% vkWijs'ku rRdky laHko ugha- ,d cqtqxZ vkSj vuqHkoh ulZ xksaVªka ds eqag ls vpkud fudyk] ßmls vkWijs'ku ls nwj j[kks-Þ esjs ckj&ckj dkj.k iwNus ij Hkh og pqi jgh vkSj eSa lksprh jgh vkf[kjdkj ulZ us ,slk D;ksa dgk! ikap cts 'kke dks iisV us eq>s lk=kZ ds ?kj Qksu fd;k- og vk'kkfUor FkhµßltZu vkWijs'ku djuk pkgrs gSa[kwu dh fjiksVZ Bhd&Bkd gS- MkWDVj dk dguk gS fd ekeu vkWijs'ku >sy ysxhvkSj oSls Hkh] ;g rks iDdk ugha fd mls dSalj gh gS] gks ldrk gS ;g flQZ isfjVksukbfVl ¼isV dh f>Yyh dk jksx½ gks- D;k rqe lger gks\Þ eSaus dgk rks fd ^eSa lger gwa* ysfdu dkuksa esa ulZ dh psrkouh xwat jgh Fkhµ^^mldk vkWijs'ku er djkvks-Þ ^^rqe nks cts rd vk tkvks- ekeu dks vkWijs'ku ds ckjs esa ugha crk,axsdgsaxs fd mldk ,Dljs fy;k tkuk gS-** mUgsa vkWijs'ku er djus nksµ fo'ks"kKksa] MkWDVjksa ds Bksl fu.kZ; ds fo#) ,d #aèkk] VwVk&lk izfroknh Loj dkuksa esa fQj xwat x;k- cgu dh vk'kkvksa dk ef)e izfrokn Hkh ugha dj ldh] ckotwn ;g tkuus ds] fd laHko gS ;g ekeu dh vafre uhan gksrks---rks D;k chekjh bruh c<+ xbZ gS fd rqjar vkWijs'ku t:jh gS\ ,slk rks ugha fd ekeu ekSr ds cgqr djhc gS\ ;k---;k bl vkWijs'ku ds ckn og rqjar ej ldrh gSµD;k ml ulZ dk ;gh eryc rks ugha Fkk\ ,d ?kaVs ds Hkhrj gh iisV Qksu ij lqcdrh gqbZ cksyhµ��tYnh vkvks lheksu! ekeu ds isV ls dSalj dh cM+h xkaB fudyh gS----Þ esjs gkFk ls fjlhoj NwV x;k- lk=kZ us eq>s lgkjk fn;k vkSj uhps vkdj ufl±x gkse ds fy, VSDlh esa fcBk fn;k- esjk xyk #aèkk tk jgk Fkkufl±x gkse igqapus ij] O;fFkr iisV dks ns[k th meM+ vk;k- MkWDVjksa us ekeu dks LokHkkfod <ax ls flQZ ;gh crk;k fd mls ,Dljs ds fy, ys tk jgs gSa-

,uhfLFkfl;k ds nkSjku iisV mldk nkfguk gkFk Fkkes jgh- iisV fdl ekufld ruko ls xqtjh gksxh] bldk vanktk eq>s Fkk- cw<+h] Fkdh] detksj] iwjh rjg uXu L=khµtks mldh eka Fkhµmls ns[kuk vkSj vk'oLr djukµfdruk dfBu jgk gksxk ;g lc! dqN nsj esa ekeu dh vka[ksa eqan xb± vkSj eqag FkksM+k [kqy x;k- iisV dSls Hkqyk ik,xh og n`';! MkWDVjksa dk dguk Fkk fd isV esa txg&txg eokn tek cSBk gS] f>Yyh QV xbZ gS vkSj ,d cM+h xkaB gSµcgqr gh Hk;adj fdLe dk dSalj- ltZu isV ds oks&oks fgLls dkVdj vyx dj jgk Fkk] ftUgsa vyx fd;k tk ldrk Fkk;qok MkWDVj vkWijs'ku dh lQyrk ls vkËkfnr Fkk- vkWijs'ku ds ckn iSnk gksus okyh fnDdrksa ls mldk dksbZ ysuk&nsuk ugha Fkk- iisV us mlls igys gh dg fn;k FkkµßvkWijs'ku dhft,] ysfdu ;fn dSalj fudyk rks oknk dhft, fd vki mls vkSj ;a=k.kk ugha nsaxs] mls pqipki NksM+ nsaxsµckdh fnu 'kkafr ls thus ds fy, e`R;q dh izrh{kk esa-Þ ltZu us oknk rks fd;k] ysfdu fuHkk;k D;k\ ekeu ,uhfLFkfl;k ds izHkko ls vHkh Hkh lks jgh Fkh] ekse&lk fu"izHk psgjk] lw[kh ukd] eqag [kqyk gqvkµeSa ?kj ykSV vkbZ- lk=kZ ls ckrsa dha- fQj geus laxhr lquk- vpkud yxHkx X;kjg cts Hkhrj ls #nu dk vkosx vk;k] yxk eSa mUekn ds nkSj ls xqtj jgh gwa- bruk jksbZ fd [kqn ij vk'p;Z gqvk- firk ds ejus ij rks esjh vka[k ls ,d cwan vkalw u Vidk- eq>s yxk Fkk fd ekeu ds oDr Hkh eSa jksÅaxh ugha- irk ugha] dSls ml ,d jkr esa] lHkh nq[k ck<+ dh rjg meM+ vk,- ihM+k] mnklh] ;a=k.kk] #nuµfdlh ij esjk o'k ugha Fkk- tSls esjs Hkhrj gh dksbZ nwljh vkSjr lek xbZ Fkh tks pqi gksus dk uke gh ugha ys jgh Fkh] fcy[krh tk jgh Fkh vuojr! lk=kZ dks crk;k eSaus lc dqN µekeu dk [kqyk eqagµtks lqcg ns[kk Fkk] viuk ykypµekeu dks vkSj thrk ns[kus dk ykyp- nhurk] uezrk] vk'kk] O;Fkk] vkSj ihM+k;qDr ekeu dk d#.k uoacj] 2010


iqLrdsa feyha 1- felst etwenkj] izdk'k euq] bUnzizLFk baVjus'kuy] fnYyh 2- nfyr eqfDr vkanksyu] MkW- lqHkk"k pUnz] vk/kkj izdk'ku] iapdwyk] gfj;k.kk 3- dkyk lQ+sn esa izfo"V gksrk gS ¼dfork laxzg½] ujsUnz tSu] ogh 4- u;k fygkQ ¼dgkuh laxzg½] jekdkar 'kekZ] ogh 5- 20 dgkfu;ka] nso fueksZgh] ogh 6- fiad fLyi MSMh ¼rhu yach dgkfu;ka½] xhr prqosZnh] jktdey izdk'ku] fnYyh 7- lkoar vkaVh dh yM+fd;ka ¼rhu yach dgkfu;ka½] ogh 8- flre dh bafrgk D;k gS] lR;sUnz dqekj rustk] jk"Vªh; ukV~; fo|ky;] ubZ fnYyh 9- Hkkjr ,d ckt+kj gS] fo".kq ukxj] jktdey isijcSd] ubZ fnYyh 10- pk# pUnzys[k] gtkjhizlkn f}osnh] jktdey izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh 11- ykyQhrk] gsear f}osnh] yksdHkkjrh izdk'ku] bykgkckn 12- ut+hj cukjlh dh 'kk;jh] ewypan lksudj] jktdey izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh 13- vkilh enn] fizal ihVj] ,ysDlspsfop ØksiksfRdu] jktdey izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh 14- fojke fpºu D;ksa vkSj dSls\] egsUnz jktk tSu] fdrkc?kj izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh 15- lEHkkth] fo'okl ikVhy] Hkkjrh; KkuihB] ubZ fnYyh&3 16- bZgke`x] uhjtk ek/ko] ogh 17- Hkw[k rFkk vU; dgkfu;ka] lqHkk"k 'kekZ] ogh 18- txnhith dh mÙkj dFkk ¼miU;kl½] jktsUnz ygfj;k] ogh 19- xkSjk xuoarh ¼dgkuh laxzg½] lw;Zckyk] ogh 20- js[kk,a nq[k dh] fo".kq panz 'kekZ] ogh 21- nklh dh nkLrku] fot;nku nsFkk] ogh 22- dk'k esa iyk'k rd] MkW- jkeoj.k pkS/kjh] eatqyk izdk'ku] nqedk

uoacj] 2010

psgjk- mlds lewps thou dk lwukiu] e`R;q dk Hk;µvkSj u tkus D;k&D;klk=kZ dk dguk Fkk fd eSa [kqn dks ekeu le> jgh gwa] mldh izfrfyfi- mldh ihM+k] O;Fkk lc vius Åij vks<+ yh gSµesjs Hkhrj esjh eka gh lek xbZ gS] blfy, esjk #nu esjs Hkhrj dh ekeu dk #nu gSeq>s ugha ekywe fd ekeu dk cpiu [kq'kuqek jgk gksxk- og cpiu dh ppkZ cgqr de djrh- mldh ;knsa eèkqj u Fkha- mlds firk gekjh fyyh ekSlh dks ekeu ls T;knk I;kj djrs] og cpiu esa xqykch [kwclwjr xqfM+;k yxrh] mlds lkeus ekeu vfr lkèkkj.k Fkh- fyyh ekSlh mlls ikap lky NksVh Fkh] fQj Hkh ekeu ges'kk mlls bZ";kZ djrh- Ldwy ds fnuksa esa og enj lqihfj;j ls cgqr izHkkfor Fkh] iqjkuh QksVks esa vU; yM+fd;ksa ds lkFk can xys ds LosVj] yach LdVZ vkSj Vksih esa ekeu Hkkoghu psgjs lesr dSn Fkh- uuksa }kjk Fkksis vkpkj& fopkj] uSfrd dk;ns&dkuwu mlus ckus dh rjg vks<+ fy, Fks- chl o"kZ dh mez esa izse dh vlQyrk ls mls xgjk vk?kkr yxk] ftls og rkmez Hkqyk ugha ikbZfookg ds izkjafHkd o"kks± esa mlus 'kkjhfjd] ekufld vkSj HkkSfrd :i ls ifjr`Ir thou ft;k- firk ds vusd izse&lacaèk Fks] fQj Hkh ekeu ifr ls cgqr izse djrh- firk dk fo'okl Fkk fd j[kSy vkSj ;qok iRuh ls leHkko ls izse djuk pkfg,- ekeu muds lacaèkksa ds ckjs esa tku xbZ Fkh- os dbZ ckj mls izrkfM+r Hkh djrs] ysfdu og fdlh ds lkeus okLrfodrk tkfgj ugha djrh;kn gS ,d lqcgµeSa Ng ;k lkr o"kZ dh jgh gksÅaxh- ekeu dkjhMksj ds yky dkyhu ij uaxs ikao] lQsn xkmu esa py jgh Fkh] eSa mldk vkËkfnr eq[k ns[krh gh jg xbZ- mldh eqLdku esa ,d jgL; Fkkµftls eSa vktrd Hkwy ugha ikbZ- og jgL; ml 'k;ud{k ls tqM+k Fkk] ftlls og vHkh&vHkh fudydj vk jgh Fkho;Ld gksus ij eSa ml ifjr`Ir L=kh dh vkËkfnr jgL;e;h eqLdku dk vFkZ le> ikbZµtks esjh eka Fkhfirk LokFkhZ Fks] ekeu mnkj- ekeu

dks cgqr&lh bPNk,a ifr ds dkj.k nckuh iM+rha- os vgaeU; vkSj dM+s LoHkko ds Fks- ukuk ds fnokfy;k gks tkus ds dkj.k mUgsa 'kknh esa ok;ns ds vuq:i ngst ugha feyk Fkk] ekeu dks rkftanxh bldk vijkèkcksèk jgk] blfy, vkSj T;knk D;ksafd firk us blds fy, iRuh dks dHkh ftEesnkj ugha Bgjk;kbu lcds ckotwn] og vius oSokfgd thou] [kwc I;kj djus okyh nks csfV;ksa vkSj FkksM+h le`f) lsµde ls de ;q) lekIr gksus rd] larq"V Fkh- mls vius HkkX; ls dksbZ [kkl f'kdk;r ugha Fkh- feyulkj] galeq[k] Lusgh ekeuµ ftldh eqLdku cgqr vPNh yxrhifjfLFkfr;ka cnyha] ge fuèkZu gks x,- vc ekeu ds varfoZjksèk lkeus vkus yxs- ?kj dk lkjk dke og [kqn djrh] ysfdu futh #fp;ka] ilan&ukilan lcdks dqckZu djuk laHko ugha gks ikrk mlls- og ukSdjh djuk pkgrh Fkh] exj ijaijkxr uSfrdrk vkSj ikfjokfjd ewY;ksa ls tdM+h gqbZ FkhèkukHkko gksus ij Hkh mlus ?kj ls ckgj dne ugha j[kk] tcfd blds Bhd chl o"kZ ckn mlus ukSdjh dh] ?kweh Hkh vkSj viuh fe=keaMyh Hkh cukbZ- ekeu us bPNkvksa dk neu fd;k] èkhjs&èkhjs ;kSou dh rktxh [kks nh] firk us izse dh yyd- firk fnu&jkr vkSjr vkSj 'kjkc esa Mwcs jgrs] ekeu ?kj esa! ekeu dh vkRek cM+h vkrqjrk ls ifr ls izse dk izfrnku pkgrh] mèkj firk ^dSQs n osjkbys* dh ;qofr;ksa dk lgkjk ysrs- dbZ ckj os iwjh jkr ckgj xqtkjdj lqcg ?kj vkrs] 'kjkc esa èkqr! cqncqnkrs] cM+cM+krs] ÅViVkax fdLls lqukrs- ekeu dHkh dksbZ dkaM ugha djrh] ysfdu og eu ls vdsyh gksrh xbZ- ekeu dh fLFkfr ns[kdj dkQh gn rd esjk fo'okl iq[rk gks x;k Fkk fd cqtqZvk fookg laLFkk csgn vLokHkkfod gSlaidZ ¼vuqoknd½ % foftfVax izksQslj] tkxjsc fo'ofo|ky;] Øks,f'k;k] iw- e- ;wjksi }kjk % fuR;kuan frokjh] lh&1] U;w eqyrku uxj] ubZ fnYyh&110056 eks- % 9810435834

45


fu#Ùkj

^fxuht cqd* ds vlyh gdnkj

ikap twu dk fnu fo'o Hkj esa ^i;kZoj.k o i`Foh fnol* ds :i esa euk;k tkrk gS- dbZ izdkj ds dk;ZØe vk;ksftr fd, tkrs gSa- lEesyu cqyk, tkrs gsa- Xykscy okfe±x rFkk fcxM+rs i;kZoj.k vkSj xM+cM+krs izkÑfrd larqyu dks ysdj fpark O;Dr dh tkrh gS- ikap twu ds fganh lekpkj i=k nSfud tkxj.k ds izFke i`"B ij gkf'k, ij ,d lekpkj dk 'kh"kZd FkkµßMsjk lPpk lkSnk dk uke fQj fxuht cqd esa-Þ lekpkj i<+kirk pyk fd fo'o esa lokZfèkd ikSèkkjksi.k ds fy, Msjs dk uke ^fxuht cqd* esa ntZ fd;k x;k gS- ,d ?kaVs esa 938007 ikSèks yxkdj ;g lEeku ik;k gS- igys Hkh vkB ?kaVs esa 6873451 ikSèks yxkus dk fjdkWMZ Msjs ds uke ij ntZ gSnksuksa ckj yxk, x, ikSèkksa dh la[;k dks tksM+ fn;k tk, rks dqy la[;k 7811458 curh gS- gfj;k.kk] iatkc o jktLFkku esa Msjk lPpk lkSnk ds vuq;kf;;ksa dh vPNh [kklh rknkn gS- laHko gS mUgksaus vius b"V nso xq# jke jghe ds vkg~oku ij bruh cM+h rknkn esa isM+ yxk fn, gksaexj isM+ dgha Hkh fn[kkbZ ns ugha jgsvBgÙkj yk[k X;kjg gtkj pkj lkS vëkou isM+ ;fn okLro esa yxk, tkrs vkSj uCcs izfr'kr isM+ ej Hkh tkrs vkSj dsoy nl izfr'kr thou izkIr djrs rks Hkh n`'; dqN vkSj gh dgkuh dgrs- tgka yxHkx iwjk xkao lPpk lkSnk dk vuq;k;h gS ogka Hkh u, isM+ fn[kkbZ ugha nsrs- ;fn 78 yk[k dh txg dsoy 78 isM+ yxk, gksrs vkSj mudh Bhd rjg ls ns[kHkky djds thfor j[kk tkrk rks ;g iwjh izÑfr i;kZoj.k o ekuork ij fd;k x;k ,d egku midkj gksrk- exj bl midkj ds fy, ^Msjk lPpk lkSnk* dk uke fxuht cqd esa ntZ ugha gks ikrkbl >wBh 'kku dh izo`fÙk ls gekjs èkeZxq# dc eqDr gksaxs- xq#&xíh ij vklu yxkdj fojkteku gksus okys eBkèkh'k 46

deys'k pkS/kjh vkSjksa dks fu"dke deZ dh f'k{kk nsrs gSa exj Lo;a >wBs uke o >wBh 'kku ds fy, fdl izdkj ds <ksax&<dkslys djrs gSa] ;g fopkj.kh; ekeyk gS- isM+ksa dks yxkuk gh dkQh ugha gS] dqN le; rd mudh ns[kHkky Hkh t:jh gksrh gSvc rLohj dk ,d nwljk igywesjk iSr`d xkao fnYyh&gfj;k.kk lhek ij clk gS- eSa vdsyh xkao tkrh gwa rks futh okgu ds LFkku ij Vªsu ls tkrh gwadq#{ks=k ls fnYyh tkrs le; ujsyk mrjrh gwa- dq#{ks=k vkrs le; ujsyk LVs'ku ls Vªsu idM+rh gwa- Vªsu dk le; lqcg 9%2 dk gS- twu] 2009 esa eSa dq#{ks=k tkus ds fy, ujsyk igqaphLVs'ku ls igys IysVQkWeZ ij esjs vkxs ,d o`)k ftldh vk;q 65&70 ls de ugha jgh gksxh] flj ij eVdk o gkFk esa ikuh ls Hkjk Mksy fy, tk jgh Fkh- mls pyus esa dfBukbZ gks jgh Fkh- mls ns[kdj esjs eu esa rjg&rjg ds fopkj vkus yxsirk ugha blds ?kj esa dksbZ vkSj gS ;k ugha] fdl foo'krk esa ;g ikuh <ks jgh gS\ irk ugha] 'kk;n cgw&csVs vPNk lywd u djrs gksa] gks ldrk gS ;g efgyk LokfHkekuh gks] fdlh ij cks> ugha cuuk pkgrh gks blfy, ifjokj ls vyx jgrh gks- ujsyk fnYyh dk vPNk [kklk miuxj gS rks D;k bl efgyk ds ?kj rd ikuh dh ikbi ykbu u igqaps] ;g Hkh laHko ugha gS- fQj blds ikuh <ksus dk D;k dkj.k gks ldrk gSvpkud og #dh- esjs fopkjksa dks Hkh fojke feyk- eSa Hkh #d xbZ- og ?kwedj cksyhµ, csVh esjk Mksy idfM+;ks- eSaus viuh pqUuh dk vkèkk fgLlk yisVdj flj ij j[kk vkSj dgkµrkbZ] yk viuk eVdk Hkh eq>s ns ns] eSa LVs'ku ikj djok nwaxh] esjh jsy vkus esa dkQh nsj gS- ^uk csVh] euS vkxs uk tkuk-* eSaus mldk Mksy idM+ fy;k- mlus flj ls eVdk mrkjk- lkoèkkuh ls IysVQkWeZ ds lkFk

yxrh dPph tehu ij mrjh- ?kkl o >kfM+;ksa esa jkLrk cukrh ,d LFkku ij #dh- mlus ,d >kM+h dks gVkdj jkLrk cuk;k- eSaus ns[kkµogka ,d Ms<+ QqV xgjk xM~<k Fkk ftlesa yxHkx nks QqV yack uhe dk ikSèkk >kad jgk Fkk- rkbZ us vkèkk eVdk ikuh ml xM~<s esa Mkyk vkSj IysVQkWeZ vk xbZ- vkèkk cpk gqvk ikuh ysdj vkxs pyh- eSa Mksy mBk, mlds ihNs&ihNs- djhc 15&20 dne IysVQkWeZ ij pydj og fQj dPph tehu ij mrj xbZ- ogka Hkh ,d xM~<s esa nks QqV ls T;knk yack dPps&dPps iÙkksa okyk ihiy >kad jgk Fkk- mlus cpk gqvk ikuh ihiy dh tM+ esa Mkyk- ihiy ds fgyrs gq, iÙks ml izÑfr dh j{kd ekrk dks vk'kh"k nsrs gq, izrhr gks jgs Fks- vc mlus [kkyh eVdk esjs gkFk esa idM+k;k vkSj Mksy dk ikuh esjs gkFk ls ys fy;k- vkxs ,d cjxn dk uUgk ikSèkk 'kk;n mlh dh izrh{kk dj jgk Fkk- Mksy dk ikuh mlus ml uUgs cjxn dh tM+ dks viZ.k dj fn;k- ßvjs rkbZ] eSa rqEgkjs ckjs esa D;k&D;k lksp jgh Fkh] rqEgkjs lkeus rks esjh lksp thjks gks xbZ- rqe rks vPNh [kklh izÑfr&izseh o i;kZoj.kfon fudyha-Þ eSaus eu esa lkspk- eSa mlds bl dk;Z ls vfHkHkwr gks pqdh Fkh- eSaus bruk dgkµrkbZ D;ksa d"V mBkrh gks] ?kj esa dksbZ vkSj ugha gS tks vkidk ;g dke dj lds- mldk pkSadkus okyk mÙkjµ csVh ;k f=kos.kh ¼rhu isM+½ euS vius ne ds Hkjksls iS yxkbZ lS- Hkxoku iS bruh rkdr ekaxw fd ,d cjl rd bl f=kos.kh dks ik.kh ns ldwa- cjl ds gks.ks iS ;s cjlk dh cwan esa thrs jg ldsaxsfQj buS esjs ik.kh dh t:jr uk iM+Sxhblds ckn fnlacj] 2009 esa fQj jsy ls ?kj tkuk gqvk- ujsyk mrjrs gh eSa xkao dh foijhr fn'kk dh vksj pyhmu isM+ksa dks ns[kus ds fy,- mudh yackbZ 6&7 QqV gks pqdh Fkh] Vgfu;ka QwVus yxh uoacj] 2010


Fkha- eSaus J)k Hkko ls ml o`)k dks ;kn fd;k- dgka 78 yk[k ls vfèkd isM+ksa dks yxkus dk foKkiuh izpkj! dqN irk ugha bruh la[;k esa isM+ fdlus yxk,] dgka yxk,] vkSj vc os dgka gSa\ D;k bldk mÙkj Msjk lPpk lkSnk dk izpkj djus okys ;k fxuht cqd ds dÙkkZ&èkÙkkZ ns ldrs gSa\ nwljh rjQ ,d cqf<+;k ds yxk, x, rhu isM+ tks fxuht cqd esa rks D;k fdlh lekpkj i=k ds LFkkuh; i`"B ij Hkh LFkku ugha ik lds] exj thfor gSa vkSj i;kZoj.k dh pqukSrh esa ekuo ds lkFkh cuus dks rRij gks jgs gSablh lky dh ,d vkSj rLohj- 22 twu dks ge vius fdlh ifjfpr ds ikl HkfVaMk x, Fks- mUgksaus gels ryoaMh lkcks dk xq#}kjk ns[kus ds fy, dgk- eSa vius LoHkko ls dHkh èkkfeZd Hkko ysdj fdlh Hkh rhFkZ dh ;k=kk ugha djrhi;ZVu o ns'k n'kZu dk Hkko gh eu esa jgrk gS- blfy, esjs eu esa jk.kk izrki dk Lekjd ns[kuk rFkk uhep ekrk ds n'kZu djuk yxHkx leku Hkko j[krk gSge HkfVaMk ls ryoaMh lkcks ds fy, lqcg lk<+s Ng cts fudy iM+s- 35&40 fdyksehVj ds lQ+j esa geus ns[kk fd lM+d ds nksuksa fdukjksa ij uhe o 'kh'ke ds isM+ksa dh drkj Fkh- n`'; cM+k lqanj Fkk- lM+d ds nksuksa fdukjksa ij lQsns ds Jh'kksHkkghu isM+ ns[kus dh vH;Lr gks pqdh vka[kksa dks ;g u;k n`'; dkQh ldwu nsus okyk yx jgk Fkk- eSaus dgkµlQsns ds isM+ gkfudkjd fl) gks jgs gSa- 'kk;n fdlh ou&foHkkx ds vf/kdkjh us bl ckr dks le>dj bl ekxZ ij lQsns ds isM+ksa ds LFkku ij 'kh'ke o uhe yxok fn, gksaxs- gekjs LFkkuh; ifjfpr us dgkµou&foHkkx bruh ckr dgka le>rk gS- ;g rks xq#}kjs ds lsoknkjksa dh lksp o deZ dk ifj.kke gS tks bl lM+d ij lQsnksa dh txg uhe o 'kh'ke tSls ykHknk;d isM+ ygygk jgs gSa- esjs fnekx esa fQj ls nSfud tkxj.k ds lekpkj dh lq[khZ ?kwe xbZ- ßMsjk lPpk lkSnk dk uke fQj fxuht cqd esa-Þ dgka x, 78 yk[k isM+ ftuds dkj.k Msjs dk uke fxuht cqd esa ntZ gks [qdk gS\ ^fxuht cqd* esa uke ikus ds vlyh gd+nkj dkSu gSa- ;g uoacj] 2010

fu.kZ; eSa bl ys[k ds ikBdksa ds fy, NksM+rh gwavktdy fdlh Hkh lekjksg ;k dk;ZØe esa cqyk, x, eq[; vfrfFk ls ,d isM+ yxokuk QS'ku cu x;k gSblesa dksbZ i;kZoj.k o izÑfr dh j{kk dk Hkko u gksdj <ksax] fn[kkok o pkiywlh dk izn'kZu gksrk gS- ,d lekjksg esa f'kdjr djrs le; dh ,d ?kVuk eq>s vDlj ;kn vk tkrh gS- lekjksg lekiu ls dqN nsj igys fdlh cqf)eku O;fDr dks è;ku vk;k fd lekjksg dh 'kku c<+kus ds fy, eq[; vfrfFk ls ikSèkkjksi.k djok;k tk,- vfrfFk egksn; dks tkus dh tYnh Fkh- vk;kstd bruh tYnh fdlh ulZjh ls ikSèkk ykus ds dke esa vleFkZ Fks- ekyh dks tYnh&tYnh xM~<k [kksnus dk vkns'k fn;k- laLFkk ds izkax.k esa mxs gq, vke ds iqjkus isM+ dh NksVh o lhèkh gjh Vguh dks rksM+dj mlds uhps xhyh feêh dk yksank yisVdj ikSèkk rS;kj dj fn;k x;k- eq[; vfrfFk dks vknjiwoZd lacksèku djds ikSèkkjksi.k dk vuqjksèk fd;k x;k- mUgksaus cM+h 'kku ls ml udyh ikSèks dks xM~<s esa j[kkvk;kstdksa us muds gkFk esa ikuh dh Qqgkjs okyh ckYVh idM+kbZ- pkjksa vksj dSejksa dh ¶yS'k ykbVsa ped mBhavfrfFk egksn; dks gkFk lkQ djus ds fy, rkSfy;k is'k fd;k x;k- pyrs le; mUgksaus laLFkk ds ekyh ls dgkµbl ikSèks dk è;ku j[kuk- ßdk crkbcs lkfgc] bZ ikSèkk dk dkSuks è;ku ugha j[k ldr gS] ckr bZ gS fd bl ikSèkk esa tM+ rks gbZ cS ugha-** vk;kstdksa us bl izdkj dh fLFkfr mRiUu dj nh Fkh fd 'kksj'kjkcs esa bl ekyh dh ckr ij fdlh us è;ku ugha fn;k- bl rjg Hkh gksrk gS ikSèkkjksi.kvar esa ,d ckr vkSj] ;fn eq>s vuqeku gksrk fd eq>s ikSèkkjksi.k ij ys[k fy[kuk iM+sxk rks eSa ml rkbZ dk uke irk ysdj vkrh vkSj mldh egkurk dks lEeku nsus ds fy, mldk mYys[k bl ys[k esa djrhlaidZ % xkao +Mk-µckcSu] ftykµdq#{ks=k&136156 eks- % 9813446370

iqLrdsa feyha 1- Hkkerh ¼miU;kl½] m"kk fdj.k [kku] lkef;d cqDl] nfj;kxat] ubZ fnYyh&2 2- ;gha dgha Fkk ?kj ¼miU;kl½] lq/kk vjksM+k] ogh 3- vafre fgrxzkgh rd igqap] v#.kk ^fye;s* 'kekZ] fganh vuqokn % fnus'k ekyoh;] lkef;d izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh 4- vukjks vkSj xath ¼eatqy Hkxr ds nks miU;kl½] lkef;d cqDl] ubZ fnYyh&2 5 iqf'du ds nsl esa] egs'k niZ.k] dY;k.kh f'k{kk ifj"kn~] ubZ fnYyh&2 6- rg[kkuksa esa can vDl] fp=kk eqn~xy] ogh 7- vkoka foe'kZ] laiknd d#.kk 'kadj mik/;k;] lkef;d cqDl] ubZ fnYyh&2 8- dqekfjdk,a ¼miU;kl½] Ñ".kk vfXugks=kh] dY;k.kh f'k{kk ifj"kn~] ubZ fnYyh&2 9- rhljs yksx] xhrkatfy pVthZ] lkef;d izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh 10- dcz dk equkQk ¼dgkuh½] rstsUnz 'kekZ] ogh 11- eSa cny tkrh gwa ¼dgkuh½] iSfeyk ekulh] ogh 12- tyrjax ¼miU;kl½] flEeh gf"kZrk] lkef;d izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh 13- eS=ks;h iq"ik % rF; vkSj lR; ¼vkykspuk½] la- % n;k nhf{kr] lkef;d cqDl] ubZ fnYyh&2 14- frCcr bl lalkj ls ijs] ykWosy FkkWel twfu;j] fganh vuq- % jkenÙk iar] la- % egs'k niZ.k] lquhy lkfgR; lnu] ubZ fnYyh&2 15- fdrus 'khjha gSa rsjs yc fd ¼dgkuh½] jktsUnz jko] lkef;d cqDl] ubZ fnYyh&2 16- ikloMZ ¼miU;kl½] dey dqekj] lkef;d izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh&2 17- iÙkksa esa dSn vkSjrsa ¼L=kh foe'kZ½] 'kjn flag] lkef;d cqDl] ubZ fnYyh&2 18- 'kqHkkjax vkSj vU; dgkfu;ka ¼dgkuh½] vksek 'kekZ] lkef;d izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh&2 19- fiatjs esa mM+ku] fufdrk ykyokuh] vuq- % e`nqyk gkyu] isaxqbu cqDl] ubZ fnYyh

47


dfork,a

fnfod jes'k dh pkj dfork,a

lqugjh i`Foh lwjt jkrHkj ekatrk jgrk gS dkyh i`Foh dks rc tkdj dgha lqugjh gks ikrh gS i`Foh-

iwjk vkneh vkdk'k ph[k ugha ldrk ge ph[k lds gSa vkdk'k esadksbZ D;k ph[k ldrk gS ge esa\

[k+kSQ ds ckgj eSa pkSadk tc dgk mlus fd tc Hkh pkgk ?kj ykSVuk yxrk jgk [+kkSQ xks fd gtZ u Fkk ykSVus esalksprk gwa ykSVuk rks pkfg, gh ?kj tcfd jguk iM+ jgk gks dgha ?kj ykSVus gh dh rjgykSVuk ?kj njvly gksrk gS ykSVuk [kqn vius esaA ?kj tc rd jgrk gS ?kj dHkh [k+Re ugha gksrh mldh }kj&vka[kksa dh cspSu mRlqdrk,a mlds vkaxu&창n; dh epyrh izrh{kk,a-

lqjs'k lsu ^fu'kkar* dh nks dfork,a

ugj unh ugj gksdj esjs xkao vkbZ ugj fQj Hkh unh u gks ikbZ48

jke cgqr xgjs rd Mwck gqvk gwa eSa ml jke esa cgqr xgjs rd esjs varl esa cSBh gS ekul dh pkSikb;ka xkrh jkeyhyk dh og ukVd eaMyhdldj idM+s gq, gwa nknh eka dh vaxqyh uoacj] 2010


yckyc mRlkg ls Hkjk fnu <ys tk jgk gwa jkeyhyk ns[kuscgqr xgjs rd nknh eka dh xksn esa eSa /kalk gqvk gwa ugk jgk gwa nknh dh vka[kksa ls >jrs vkalqvksa esa jke ouokl ij gSajke yM+ jgs gSa jk{klksa ls jke yM+ jgs gSa njckj dh ykyph bPNkvksa ls jke yM+ jgs gSa vius vki ls cgqr xgjs rd Mwck gqvk gwa eSa ml jke esa cpiu esa irk ugha fdrus gh va/ksjs Hkwfr;k jkLrs blh jke dks djrs gq, ;kn fd, gSa ikj cpkbZ gS bl thou dh ;g dksey&lh lkalog jke ftls ^NksVs eqgEen* fuHkkrs jgs yxkrkj X;kjg lky dLcs dh jkeyhyk esa Nwrh Fkha vkSjrsa J)k ls ftlds ikao vfHkHkwr Fks ge cPps ml jke ds lkSan;Z ij irk ugha dc can gks xb± os jkeyhyk,a irk ugha dc og jke eqlyeku esa gks x;k ifjofrZr Mjk&Mjk xqtjrk gS vktdy jkelsodksa ds lkeus ml jkeyhyk ds iqjkus eap ds ikl ls og jkeoSls esjk og jke ekuo dh pkSikb;ka vkt Hkh mruh rUe;rk ls xkrk gS mruh gh lkSE; gS vHkh Hkh mldh eqLdku mruk gh e/kqj gS vHkh Hkh mldk xyk ij fn[k gh tkrh gS mnklh uoacj] 2010

mldh vka[kksa esa frjrs ml I;kj&Hkjs ty esa Nqih cgqr xgjs rd Mwck gqvk gwa eSa ml 'kke esa-

lh[kuk cPpk lh[k jgk gS pyuk bl dksf'k'k esa fxj Hkh jgk gS ckj&ckj cPpksa dh bl dksf'k'k esa ek,a Hkh 'kkfey jgrh gSa os Hkh fxjrh gSa cPpksa ds lax ij os jksrha ughalh[kus dh bl fdz;k esa fxjuk fdruk t:jh gS ekavksa dks gh jgrk gS bldk irk ;k fQj mUgsa tks ikjaxr gq, gSa vius dk;Z esa jkr&fnu dh vFkd esgur ds ckniwNks ml cM+s fp=kdkj ls tc igyh&igyh ckj [kM+k gqvk Fkk og jaxksa vkSj dkx+t+ ds lkeus vius vukM+h gkFkksa esa cz'k ysdj fdruh gh ckj jaxksa ds fc[kj tkus ij dkslk mlus vius vki dks fdruh gh ckj cuk og galh dk ik=k nwtksa ds lkeus 'kq#vkrh mu fp=kksa ds dkj.kfdruh gh ckj cgqr eqf'dy ls jksdh gS #ykbZ ml izfl) xk;d us tc l/krs gh ugha Fks lqj] NaVrk gh ugha Fkk va/ksjk f[kyrh gh ugha Fkh [kq'kh [kqyrs gh ugha Fks jgL; Lojksa dsfdruh gh ckj vius ij >qa>yk;k gS og fdzdsV dk og csgrjhu xsanckt

tc lq/kjrh gh ugha Fkh mlls xasn dh fn'kk fdruh gh ckj yrkM+k Fkk ml izf'k{kd us Hkh mls fd va/kdkje; gS mldk Hkfo";ij pyuk lh[kus dh izfdz;k esa cPps Hkwy tkrs gSa fxjus dh fiNyh pksV vkSj fQj ls djrs gSa iz;Ru pyus dk ,d Mx pyus ij Hkj tkrs gSa [kq'kh ls eka ctkrh gS rkyh ij gj ckj igyk dne mBus ij rkfy;ka gh ugha feyrhai<+ks ml fo'ofo[;kr dfo dk laLej.k tc mldh igyh&igyh dkO; iafDr;ksa dks fugkjk rd ugha Fkk fdlh usvlQyrk dh fdruh gh pksVsa fdruh gh ihM+k,a lgus ds ckn NaVh gS mnklh dh /kqa/k igqaps gSa f'k[kj ij os lc ioZrkjksgh f[kyh gS muds psgjs ij rc tkdj og fot;h eqLdkudq'ky f'kfYi;ksa dh eqLdku ds ihNs vc Hkh fn[k tkrh gS og ihM+k tks f'kYi lh[kus ds 'kq#vkrh fnuksa esa nh Fkh NSuh vkSj gFkkSM+h us mudh dksey maxfy;ksa dkscPpk lh[k jgk gS pyuk bl dksf'k'k esa ckj&ckj fxj Hkh jgk gSlaidZ % }kjk Jh dqynhi flag lsu] xkao lykg] Mk- lqanjuxj&1] ftyk eaMh ¼fg-iz-½ eks- 98162&24478

49


ftUgksaus eq>s fcxkM+k

^vkg dks pkfg, bd mez vlj gksus rd* enu dsofy;k

eSa rks isM+ Fkk] panu dh laxr esa iM+k] panu cuk] panu cudj fcxM+kA yksgk Fkk] ikjl dh laxr esa iM+k lksuk cuk] lksuk cudj fcxM+k- ikuh Fkk] xaxk esa feyk] xaxkty cuk] xaxkty cudj fcxM+k- cpuk esjs HkkbZ] dgha rqEgsa Hkh dksbZ fcxkM+ u ns---µdchj

glha liuksa dh toku ekSr] ftthfo"kk dh d'ked'k] Øwj jktuhfr dh HkwyHkqyS;k] [kafMr fd'kksjkoLFkk] O;oLFkk dk djkjk rek'kk] izfr&fgald i'kqvksa dh pjkxkgµHkkjr&foHkktu ds le; ;e ds QkSth cwVksa ds izgkjksa ls cprs&cpkrs tc bl e#Hkwfe ij ge igqaps rks thou dk bfrgkl gh ugha] Hkwxksy Hkh cny pqdk Fkk- Ng cguksa rFkk pkj Hkkb;ksa ds la;qDr ifjokj dks ekrk&firk us lc dqN xaokdj vk, 'kj.kkFkhZ ds :i esa dSls >syk gksxk] ;g vc nkao&isp esa my>h dgkuh Hkj jg xbZ gSmnwZ vkSj xq#eq[kh ¼iatkch½ ds LFkku ij nsoukxjh fyfi lh[kuk ,d fd'kksj ds fy, naM&}hi ij vdsys jgus ds leku Fkk- fojksèk dk igyk v{kj rHkh lh[kk- jkst fiVus ls rks fganh lh[kus dh e'kDdr T;knk lgh tku iM+h- flgjrh vkdka{kkvksa dh xquxquh èkwi esa cSBdj rS;kjh djus yxk- bl pDdj esa xf.kr fo"k; gh ugha] thou dk xf.kr Hkh Mxexkus yxk] ij dHkh fu;froknh n'kZu dks xys ugha yxk;kfganh lh[kus ds ckn cM+s HkkbZ lkgc dh Nih dgkfu;ka] dfork,a vkfn ij VwV iM+k- yxk fd ftanxh ds banzèkuq"kh jax lkfgR; esa fc[kjs iM+s gSa- bèkj ?kj dh vkfFkZd foiUurk vkSj dyg us T;knkrj le; ?kj ls ckgj jgus ij etcwj fd;kchdkusj fj;klr dh ykbczsjh esa 'kj.k yh vkSj ogka dq'kokgk dkar] I;kjs yky ^vkokjk* tSls ^yksdfiz;* jpukdkjksa dh fdrkcksa ls lk{kkRdkj gqvk- cl] ?kj dh 50

ihM+k dk vgkrk NksM+dj iqLrdky; dh jloarh vkap esa >qyluk lq[kn yxktklwlh miU;klksa us T;knk fcxkM+k- ?kj vkdj vkl&iM+ksl ds gj O;fDr ij tklwlh ut+jsa j[kus yxk- ijra=krk ds vfHk'kki ls vkgr eu fonzksg Hkh djus yxk- fQYeh xhrksa dh fdrkcsa vkSj fQYeh if=kdk,a Hkh fe=kksa ls ykdj i<+us yxk- ?kj okys rks laLdkjoknh ewY; ns[kus ds vknh Fks] os eq>esa iljrs fo[kaMuokn dks ns[kdj pkSads fd blesa laLdkjh voewY;u dh LFkkiuk dSls gks xbZ\ ,d fnu tc eSa ^esjk fet+kt yM+diu ls vkf'kdkuk gS* xkrk gqvk ?kj esa ?kqlk rks iM+ksl dh ,d efgyk cksy mBhµ&^Nksjks fcxM+ x;ks gS-* ml jkr eq>s izfr"Bk vkSj e;kZnk dk vadxf.kr Hkh i<+uk iM+k Fkk- ij ^et+Z c<+rk gh x;k] T;ksa&T;ksa nok dh-* dqN&u&dqN fy[kus Hkh yxk- rc rd fganh esa fy[kus dk vH;kl cgqr de Fkk- Hkkjr ljdkj dh mnwZ cky if=kdk ^ukSfugky* ¼la- tks'k eyhgkcknh½ esa ^xqYyw* dgkuh D;k Nih fd ?kj esa rwQku vk x;kµ^vc ;g iwjh rjg ls fcxM+ x;k gS- vkBoha dh i<+kbZ u djds vQlkus fy[kus yxk gS- ij tc ml ^vQlkus* ds 1948 esa rsjg #i, vk, rks lcds fxys&f'kdos [kRe gks x, vkSj viqu ,d ys[kd ds :i esa ?kj vkSj Ldwy esa izfr"Bk ik x,oSls mu fnuksa fcxM+us ds ^Ldksi* dkQh de Fks- bl dLcs esa rks ugha ds cjkcj Fks- ?kj okys lksp gh ugha ldrs

Fks fd ;g ^i<+kdw* dkslZ dh fdrkcksa dks gkFk gh ugha yxkrk vkSj ^fp=kys[kk* ^Vs<+s&es<+s jkLrs*] ^'ks[kj % ,d thouh* vkfn esa viuh thouh [kjkc dj jgk gSrHkh ^lkjk vkdk'k* gkFk yxk- ysdj eSa ^ifCyd ikdZ* pyk x;k vkSj 'kke rd mls iwjk i<+dj ykSVk- jktsUnz ;kno ds bl miU;kl us fcxM+us dh izfØ;k iwjh dj nh- dkWih esa dqN iafDr;ka uksV dhafuEueè;oxZ dk rks eSa Fkk gh] vc vkSj Hkh leL;k,a rSjus yxha- la;qDr ifjokj esa ^O;fDrRo dk fodkl ugha gksrkvkneh viuh izfrHkk vkSj 'kfDr;ksa dk izlkj ugha dj ikrk-* eq>s yxk fd ;gh ckr gS fd esjh ^izfrHkk* D;ksa dqafBr gks xbZ gS\ ?kj esa tc Hkh tkvks] yM+kbZ&ekjdqVkbZ ds n`'; gh ns[kus dks feyrs gSa- eSaus uksV fd;kµ^;g ?kj gS ;k HkfV;kj[kkuk! gj oDr cl ,d gh ckr! dksbZ ,d iy 'kkafr ls ugha cSB ldrk-* ;s okD; ckn esa vius xqLls esa iz;qDr Hkh fd, Fks,d ckj iM+ksl dh ,d yM+dh dksbZ fdrkc ekaxus vkbZ- og fnYyh ls vkbZ Fkh] blfy, ;gka dh yM+fd;ksa ds f[kykQs&ekewy mls fdrkcsa i<+us dk 'kkSd Fkk- eSaus lkspk fd bls Hkh lLrh] Lrjghu fdrkcsa i<+us dk 'kkSd gksxk- eSa ^lPps fdLls* Vkbi eSxthu ¼doj p<+k,½ mlds ikl ys vk;k- eka vkSj cgusa f'k{kk ls nwj gh Fkha] vr% csf>>d ;s eSxthu mls ns nha- dgkµ^i<+us yk;d rks ;gh gSa- ckdh ^lkjk vkdk'k* uqek fdrkcsa gSa] oks vkidks vPNh ugha uoacj] 2010


eq[rlj bUnkSj- ßfoykl xqIrs dh jpuk izfØ;k esa dgha Le`fr;ksa dks laiknu gS] rks ,safnzdrk Hkh gS- blh dkj.k os viuh vyx jk; cukrs gSa-Þ bu 'kCnksa ds lkFk dfo&leh{kd yhykèkj eaMyksbZ us foykl xqIrs ds ikaposa dgkuh&laxzg ^iUukyky ds twrs* ij ciuk vè;{kh; oDrO; fn;k- dk;ZØe ds izeq[k vfrfFk dfo&dFkkdkj larks"k pkScs us crk;k fd ;s dgkfu;ka ik=kksa ds i{k esa gSa o bUgsa i<+rs gq, ikBd dks dgkuh ls] ik=kksa ls ys[kd ls I;kj gksus yxrk gS- dFkkdkj lw;Zdkar ukxj dk er Fkk fd ys[kd dh dgkfu;ksa esa de ik=k o de laokn gksrs gSa- dgkuhdkj&fp=kdkj izHkq tks'kh us crk;k fd ys[kd us LFkkuh; ekyoh cksyh dk cM+h [kwch ds lkFk bLrseky fd;k gSyfyr dykvksa ds fy, lefiZr laLFkk ^Lianu* }kjk LFkkfir iqjLdkjksa dh Ük`a[yk esa ^f}rh; Lianu dFkk f'k[kj lEeku* fganh ds iz[;kr dFkkdkj vkSj dfo fouksn dqekj 'kqDy ds uke dk p;u fu.kkZ;d eaMy ¼fo'oukFk izlkn frokjh leUo;d] xksfoan feJ] izHkkdj Jksf=k;] fp=kk eqn~xy rFkk deyk izlkn½ }kjk loZlEefr ls fd;k x;kiqjLdkj lfefr dh la;kstd mfeZyk f'kjh"k ds vuqlkj] iqjLdkj ds :i esa bdrhl gtkj #i, dh jkf'k] 'kkWy] JhQy rFkk Le`fr&fpºu Hkksiky esa ¼fnlacj ekg½ vk;ksftr lekjksg esa fn;k tk,xk-

yxsaxh-* mlus ^fdLls* rks ykSVk fn,] ij ^lkjk vkdk'k* ys xbZ- fny [kq'k gks x;k- lkbfdy mBkdj ykbczsjh Hkkxk^[ktkus dk jgL;* fdrkc tek djkbZ vkSj ^insZ dh jkuh* rFkk ^lquhrk* ys vk;k- vc gj oD+r vka[ksa mlds ?kj dh vksj Vaxh jgrha] ij ^vkg dks pkfg, bd mez vlj gksus rd-* oks ^mez* yacs vlsZ ckn vkbZBaM dkQh rst+ Fkh- ?kj esa QuhZpj ds uke ij flQZ pVkb;ka gqvk djrh Fkhauoacj] 2010

eSa ckgj ds njokts ds ikl pVkbZ ij cSBk ^lquhrk* i<+ jgk Fkk- rHkh ^lkjk vkdk'k* okyh ckyk cktkj ls vkbZ- eSaus ^lquhrk* vanj tkdj j[k nh- ^dksbZ vkSj fdrkc ekaxsxh rks yk nwaxk-* ij Hkhrj vkrs gh mls Bksdj yxh vkSj gkFk esa yxh L;kgh dh nokr esjs fudV Q'kZ ij fxjdj VwV xbZ- Hkhrj ls esjh eka nkSM+h vkb±- L;kgh ds NhaVs esjs eq[k ij iwjs QSy x, Fks] og ckyk ?kcjkbZ] ^vjs] ;g D;k gks x;k\* oks jksus dks gqbZ] rks eka us rlYyh nh] ^dksbZ ckr ugha] eqag èkksus ij lkQ gks tk,xk-* og dgus yxh] ^bUgsa rks ugkuk iM+sxk] L;kgh dkQh QSy xbZ gS-* eSa ph[k iM+kµ^ugkuk! vjs vHkh rks tuojh dk eghuk gS- gksyh ekpZ esa gSeSa gksyh ij gh ugkrk gwa-* esjk bruk dguk Fkk fd og yM+dh galrs&galrs nksgjh gks xbZ vkSj fQj ^lkjk vkdk'k* vkys esa j[kdj Hkkx xbZ- vkSj eq>s ethZ ds f[kykQ nks eghus igys ugkus dk lkspuk iM+k- ^lkjk vkdk'k* us fcxkM+us dh rS;kjh dj nh Fkh- ^lquhrk* ml dU;k dks u ns ldk rks cM+k eyky jgk- bl chp xqy'ku uank dh fdrkcsa Hkh ys vk;k vkSj muesa vkdaB Mwcrk pyk x;k- ^ts cw<+s lc vax-* rHkh è;ku vk;k fd ^lkjk vkdk'k* dk thoar ik=k ^lej* gekjs ?kj esa ekStwn gS- lej us rks iRuh ls ek=k ukS lky rd laokn ugha fd;k Fkk ij gekjs HkkbZ lkgc us rc rd 32 o"kZ iRuh ls fcuk laokn ds fcrk fn, Fks- ,d QdZ Fkkµ^lkjk vkdk'k* ds ifr&iRuh ,d gh ?kj esa jgrs Fks] ij gekjs HkS;k&HkkHkh vfèkd le; rd vyx&vyx 'kgj esa jgs- tklwlh fdrkcksa dk gh vlj Fkk fd ,d fnu pqids ls ^lkjk vkdk'k* muds dejs esa bl i=k ds lkFk NksM+ vk;kµ^J)s; HkkbZ lkgc] ^lkjk vkdk'k* ¼jktsUnz ;kno½ vo'; if<+,] fo'ks"kdj mu i`"Bksa dks tgka eSaus iUus yxk j[ks gSa-* ?kj vkdj vius ,Mosapj ds ckjs esa iRuh dks crk fn;k ij mls Hkh esjh rjg lansg Fkkµ^mez rks xqtkjh gS b'ds cqrka esa eksfeu---* vc os D;k cksysaxs- lpeqp ckr cuus ls igys gh fcxM+ xbZ- os ^lkjk vkdk'k* ykSVk x,- lpeqp]

la;qDr ifjokj esa muds O;fDrRo dk fodkl ugha gks ik;k vkSj os NksVh vk;q esa gh py clsfcxM+us ds ^tElZ* cpiu esa gh vk tkrs gSa- eSaus lekt ds fo#) dbZ dk;Z fd,- uqdlku Hkh [kwc mBk,] ysfdu fdrkcksa dk fiaM ugha NksM+k- jks'kuh dk iwjk è;ku ugha j[kk ftldk vatke gqvk vka[kksa dk Xywdksek ¼dkyk eksfr;kfcan½] yksxksa dks Lokèkhurk laxzke ds le; ^dkyk ikuh* dh ltk feyrh Fkh] eSaus mls oSls gh vka[kksa esa clk fy;k gS] tSls xkao ls vk;k vQlj] xzkeh.k iRuh dks NksM+ 'kgjh iRuh dks ?kj esa clk ysrk gSµ^fljh miek tksx* ¼f'koewfrZ½- f'k{kk ds {ks=k esa Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj dk cksyckyk gSbl ^CySd gksy* dh eSaus iwjh {kerk ls ^[kkst* dh- ;g ^rhl lky dk lQjukek* Jh latho dh fdrkcksa ls igys 'kq: gqvk Fkk vkSj vkt Hkh py jgk gSofj"B ukxfjd cuus ds ckn ^fcjknjh ckgj* ¼jktsUnz ;kno½] ^okilh* ¼m"kk fiz;aonk½] ^phQ+ dh nkor* ¼Hkh"e lkguh½ dgkfu;ksa dk ,d&,d 'kCn ;kn dj fy;k rks ?kj dk iwjk ekgkSy gh fcxM+k gqvk utj vkus yxk- ^dkyk ty* ¼'kkuh½] ^'kgj esa d¶;wZ* ¼foHkwfrukjk;.k jk;½] ^vkidk caVh* ¼eUuw HkaMkjh½ vkfn vla[; miU;kl i<+s] ij lqèkkj ugha gqvk- thou esa ^,d bap eqLdku* rd ugha vkbZ- vc rks dqN Hkh ^gkfly* ¼jktsUnz ;kno½ gksus okyk ugha gS- 13 lky dh mez ls fcxM+us dk tks lQj 'kq: gqvk oks vkt rd py jgk gS- tks fey x;k mlh dks eqdn~nj le> fy;k ^ysfdu* u xqysjh tSlk ys[kd cuk vkSj u gh ys[ku dks lqèkkjus okyk f}osnhth tSlk dksbZ laiknd feykµ ^u [kqnk gh feyk] u folkys lue u bèkj ds jgs u mèkj ds jgs-* fQj Hkh ?kcjk;k ugha gwa eSadgha i<+k Fkk] 'kk;n MkW- lqokl dqekj ^dksf'k'k djks rks va/ksjs esa Hkh lw>rk gSnjkckn gSA* vc fcxM+us dh gh ckr gqbZ u ;g! laidZ % ^izfrek*] lh&68] lknqyxat] chdkusj&334003 ¼jkt-½

51


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uSf"Bd ewy vksfM+;k dgkuh % izfrHkk jk; vuqokn % ,uh jk; fo'kq ftruh ckj vius igys ikfyr firk ds ?kj Hkkxdj vkrk Fkk] ykSVus ds ckn nwljs ikfyr firk ds ;gka mls 'kjhj 'kqf) ds fy, mruh ckj xkscj ikuh ihuk iM+rk Fkk- D;ksafd fo'kq ds igys ikfyr firk dk;LFk tkfr ds Fks vkSj nwljs ikfyr firk uSf"Bd czkã.k tkfr dsfo'kq tc fu#fn~n"V ckyd ds :i esa b/kj&m/kj HkVd jgk Fkk] rc fo'kq ds tkfr&xkS=k ds ckjs esa fdlh dks dqN irk u Fkk- lq;ksx ds vuqlkj oks [kqn dks czkã.k tkfr dk crkrk Fkk- ysfdu lp rks ;g gS fd mls [kqn vius tkfr&xks=k ds ckjs esa dqN irk u Fkk- ikap&Ng lky dh mez esa ,d fnu fo'kq us cktkj esa ?kwers gq,] dkSrwgy esa] ,d ykjh ds Åij p<+us dh ftn dh- ykjh ds Åij eky p<+kus okys etnwjksa us cPPks dh ftn ds dkj.k mls ykjh ds Åij p<+k fn;k vkSj FkksM+h nsj ckn Vªd esa yns gq, lkeku ds chp fo'kq dh vka[k yx xbZ- laHkor% ogka dke dj jgs etnwj fo'kq ds ckjs esa Hkwy x, gksaxs vkSj xkM+h Hkh py iM+h gksxh- fo'kq ykjh ds lkeku ds chp gh ik;k x;k] tc xkM+h cgqr nwj fudydj nwljs 'kgj esa eky mrkj jgh Fkh- ogka ds etnwjksa us eky ds lkFk fo'kq dks Hkh uhps mrkjk vkSj mlls mlds ?kj ds ckjs esa 52

iwNkfo'kq us fuHkZ; gksdj gkFk vkxs c<+kdj dgk] ^^ogka gS esjk ?kj----** laHkor% fo'kq ds fu"iki f'k'kq ân; esa vHkh rsjk&esjk] viuk&ijk;k dk HksnHkko tUek u Fkk- mls lkjk fo'o ,d tSlk fn[kkbZ nsrk Fkk vkSj lcds ?kj vius ?kj tSls yxrs Fks- fo'kq ds ckjs esa tkuus ds fy, etnwjksa ds ikl oD+r u Fkk- fo'kq vius uUgss dneksa ls vkxs c<+k ysfdu 'kk;n mls viuk ?kj dgha u feykvius 'kgj dk uke o viuk irk& fBdkuk oks ugha crk ik jgk Fkk- mlh fnu ls oks ykirk gks x;k- fo'kq ds cky Le`fr iV esa bruk vLi"V :i esa fy[kk Fkk fd mldh eka nks fnu dh chekjh esa rM+irh gqbZ Hkxoku ds ikl pyh xbZ gS vkSj ,d ubZ eka vkbZ gSmlds firk igys ls T;knk [kq'k ut+j vkrs Fks vkSj nhnh igys ls T;knk nq%[kh ut+j vkrh Fkh vkSj fo'kq igys ls T;knk vogsfyr- blhfy, nksigj esa ?kj esa foJke djus ds ctk; pqipki ikl fLFkr cktkj dh vksj Hkkx vk;k Fkk vkSj ogha ls ykirk gks x;k- fo'kq ds ?kj ds cxhps esa rjg&rjg ds Qwyksa ds ikS/ks Fks- Qwyksa dk xtjk cukdj nhnh jkst vius ckyksa ij yxkrh Fkh- ysfdu ubZ eka

tUe % 21 tuojh 1944] txrflagiqj ¼vksM+hlk½ in~eJh vyaÑr izfrHkkth ds vc rd 22 miU;kl vkSj 300 ls vf/kd dgkfu;ka izdkf'kr gks pqdh gSa^nzksinh* ds fy, Hkkjrh; KkuihB dk ewfrZnsoh lEeku] ^lkjyk iqjLdkj* ¼vksM+hlk½- dFkk laxzg ^mYya?ku* ds fy, lkfgR; vdknseh vkSj dsjy ljdkj ls ve`r dhfrZ lEeku] vka/kz izns'k ljdkj ls xksihpan eseksfj;y lEekulaidZ % 27] xtifr uxj] Hkqous'oj&751005 vuqoknd laidZ % ts&4] 28ch MhMh, ¶ySV~l] dkydkth] fnYyh&19 eks- % 9968549992

vkus ds ckn nhnh vc vius ckyksa ij xtjk yxkuk Hkwy xbZ Fkh- vc ubZ eka ds ckyksa ij xtjk yxkuk nhnh dk jkst dk dke Fkk- ysfdu fo'kq dks viuh nhnh ds ckyksa ij xtjs dh ekyk ftruh lqanj fn[krh Fkh mruh ubZ eka ds ckyksa ij u taprh Fkh- fo'kq ds firk fdlh dkj[kkus esa dqN dke djrs Fks- oks dke czkã.kksa dk Fkk] ;k dk;LFk Fkk] ;k ik.k

uoacj] 2010


tSlh uhp tkfr dk Fkk ;s mls irk u cuk;k gS] eSaus ugha- ;fn czkã.k tkfr Ñ".k dks irk Fkk fd ;s ?kj flQZ ,d Fkk- fo'kq dkSu&lh tkfr esa iSnk gqvk Fkk] Js"B gS] rks rw Hkh Js"B tkfr dk gS] ikB'kkyk ugha] ,d /keZ'kkyk Hkh gS- tks ;s ckr le>us dh mez 'kk;n mldh D;ksafd rsjs ân; esa esjk fuokl gS-** fo'kq vk;k ogh esgekuµtks ,d&nks fnu ;gka mlh jkr mu yksxksa ds ?kj ls Hkkx x;k- jg x;k] oks csVk&csVh] ukrs&fj'rsnkj dh vHkh ugha gqbZ Fkhysfdu fo'kq us D;ksa [kqn ds czkã.k flQZ balkuksa dh rjg thus dh pkg esa] Mksj esa ca/k tkrk gSeuksjek dh utj fo'kq ij iM+rs gh tkfr ds gksus dk ifjp; fn;k\ czkã.k bl chp oks fdrus yksxksa ds ;gka jgdj tkfr Js"B gksrh gS ;s ckr fo'kq dks Hkkx pqdk Fkk] bldk fglkc mlds ikl mldk ân; okRlY;] eerk ls Hkj x;kekywe ugha Fkh- 'kk;n viuh ;k;kojh u Fkk ysfdu] oSlk dksbZ balku mls feyk lkr&vkB lky dk yM+dk xksn esa cSBdj vfHkKrk ls fo'kq us ,d ,slk ugha- ;s liuk ns[kus ds ckn fo'kq us [kqn nqykj ikus ds ctk;] vkt HkkX; nks"k ds lqfo/kktud ifjp; izLrqr djuk gh dks czkã.k tkfr dk crkus dk fu'p; dkj.k---!! euksjek us fo'kq dks eerk Hkjh mfpr le>k- igys&igys tc dksbZ fo'kq fd;k- ,slk dgus ij mls twBs crZu u ls mldh tkfr ds ckjs esa iwNrk Fkk] rks /kksus gksaxs] twBk u [kkuk iM+sxk] vkSj u fuxkgksa ls fugkjrs gq, iwNk] ^^D;ksa js oks vk'p;Z Hkjh fuxkgksa ls lkeus okys gh rcsys esa jkrsa xqtkjuh gksaxh- mlus [kqn igys rw dgka Fkk\ D;k djrk Fkk\** fo'kq us dgk] ^^tgka ij jgk ogka dks ns[krk jgrk Fkk- blfy, n;k vkt rd ukSdj cudj jgk-** Hkko ls mls vius ?kj esa iukg ^^ysfdu ;gka---\** euksjek nsus dh pkgus ij Hkh] dksbZ igys&igys tc dksbZ fo'kq ls mldh tkfr ds ckjs esa fo'kq dks eerk Hkjh fuxkgksa ls mls u j[k ikrk Fkk- vxj oks iwNrk Fkk] rks oks vk'p;Z Hkjh fuxkgksa ls lkeus okys jghvNwr gksxk rks ?kj dh dks ns[krk jgrk Fkk- blfy, n;k Hkko ls mls vius ?kj esa fugkjrh fo'kq euksjek dks fcuk ifo=krk] vkpkj&fopkj lc iyd >idk, ns[krk jgk- eka feV~Vh esa fey tk,axs] dqy iukg nsus dh pkgus ij Hkh] dksbZ mls u j[k ikrk Fkkvxj oks vNw r gks x k rks ?kj dh ifo=rk] vkpkj&fopkj lc dk psgjk mls ;kn ugha] ysfdu nsork ukjkt gksaxs- n;k dk euksjek dh eerk Hkjh rLohj ifj.kke var esa foifÙk gh feV~Vh esa fey tk,axs] dqy nsork ukjkt gksaxs- n;k dk eka dh rLohj ds flok; nwljh yk,xk- tks ifjokj fo'kq dks ifj.kke var esa foifÙk gh yk,xkdqN ugha gks ldrhvNwr ekudj Hkh ?kj esa jgus fo'kq us n`<+ vkRefo'okl ds nsrs Fks] mudk fo'kq ds lkFk dVqrkiw.kZ O;ogkj Fkk- oks fo'kq ls xank viuh vka[kksa ls ns[kk gS fd czkã.kksa ds lkFk dgk] ^^;gka ij eSa csVk cudj dke djokrs Fks] rcsyk lkQ djokrs Fks] izfr yksxksa dk crkZo dqN vyx gksrk gS- jgwaxk-** lkr larkuksa dh eka euksjek dk rcsys ds fdlh dksus esa mls jkr xqtkjus dgrs gSa fd czkã.k cPps dks twBk [kkuk ekr`Ro bl okD; dks lqudj fi?ky x;kdks dgrs Fks- [kkus dks twBk nsrs Fks- ,sls nsus ij iki p<+rk gS[kqn dks czkã.k crkus ds ckn fo'kq fo'kq dks viuh xksn esa ysdj cksyh] O;ogkj ls fo'kq cgqr nq%[kh Fkk- oks lksprk Fkk fd balku ds 'kjhj dh dks vc fdlh ds lkeus gkFk QSykus ij ^^vkt ls esjs rhu csVs gSa- rw lcls NksVk rdyhQ vkSj isV dh Hkw[k] tc ,d FkksM+h&cgqr nku&nf{k.kk fey tkrh Fkh- csVk gS- vkBoha larku- rw fo'ofcgkjh tSlh gSa rks tkr fHkUu gksus ij balku ds ysfdu fo'kq dh fdLer ml fnu cny fo".kq-** euksjek ds vkapy esa eqag izfr fHkUu crkZo djus ds D;k dkj.k gSa\ xbZ] tc ,d vkneh us ml vutku fNikdj vijk/kcks/k ds lkFk fo'kq ls ,d ifjokj ds ;gka jgrs tkM+ksa ds fnuksa xkao ds cktkj esa Hkw[ks isV HkVdrs gq, iwNk] ^^eSa vxj czkã.k yM+dk u gksrk rks esa rcsys esa BaM ds ekjs fBBqjrh ,d jkr dqN [kkus dks fn;k vkSj] vius lkFk mls D;k vki eq>s viuk csVk cukrha\** euksjek fo'kq ds dksey psgjs dks fo'kq us Hkxoku dks cgqr dkslk] vxj xkao ds Ldwy gSMekLVjth ds ;gka ys Hkw[k] nq%[k] chekjh] BaM lHkh balkuksa ds x;k- oks vkneh Ldwy dk fivu] Ñ".k vius vkapy ls iksaNrh gqbZ cksyh] ^^bl fy, ,d tSls cuk, gSa rks tkr dks Fkk- gSMekLVjth dh choh euksjek ds ?kj esa fdlh dh dksbZ tkfr&/keZ ugha gSfHkUu&fHkUu D;ksa cuk;k\ vxj ,d lkeus fo'kq dks [kM+k dj Ñ".k us dgk] euq"; tkfr ds fy, bl ?kj ds njokts tkfr u cukbZ rks eq>s czkã.k tkfr esa ^^eka] ;s vukFk czkã.k yM+dk gS- Hkh[k ges'kk [kqys gSa- vius firkth ds vkxs ;s D;ksa u tue fn;k\ u tkus fo'kq dks ekaxdj [kqn dk xqtkjk dj jgk gS- ;gka tkfr&/keZ dh ckrsa dHkh er mBkuk-** ml fnu ls fo'kq dHkh [kqn dks ,slh fBBqjrh gqbZ lnhZ dh jkr esa dSls vkids ikl jgdj [kk&ihdj eSfVªd ikl uhan vk xbZ- cspkjk fnu&Hkj dke djrs dj ysxk- ?kj dk iwtk&ikB djsxk] czkã.k tkfr dk eglwl ugha djrk Fkkgq, Fkdk&gkjk lks x;k- mlus liuk ns[kk Hkkxor ikB djsxk] Qwyksa dh ekyk igyh ckj mls vglkl gqvk fd og fd Hkxoku mlds lkeus [kM+s gksdj dg xwaFksxk- ;s ?kj rks loZ/keZ vkJe gS- ;gka balku gS- fo'kq ds fy, u, diM+s cuok, jgs gSa] ^^fo'kq] fdlus dgk rw vNwr gS\ ij fdrus xjhc cPps jgdj] x,] u;k fcLrj cuok;k x;k- fo'kq dks balku us gh bl /kjrh ij tkfr&Hksn i<+&fy[kdj vius iSjksa ij [kM+s gks x,- lkQ&lqFkjs crZuksa esa pkoy] nky] lCth] 53 uoacj] 2010


nw/k vkfn rjg&rjg ds Lokfn"V Hkkstu [kkus dks nsrh Fkh euksjek- igys&igys fo'kq HkjisV Hkkstu djrk Fkk vkSj lkQ fcLrj ij lksrk Fkk- dqN fnu ckn fo'kq ds u, diM+s NksVs gksus yxs- mlds fy, cktkj ls u, diM+s yk, x,euksjek ds pkj cPps ?kj ls ckgj 'kgj fLFkr dkWyst esa i<+rs Fks- mudh rhuksa yM+fd;ka xkao ds Ldwy esa i<+rh Fkha- blfy, os ?kj esa jgrh Fkha- ,d fnu fo'kq vius [kkus dh Fkkyh NksM+dj rhuksa cguksa ds lkFk [kkus cSBk- dgus yxkµvxj eSa bl ?kj dk csVk gwa rks vyx Fkkyh esa D;ksa [kkÅa\ vyx fcLrj ij D;ksa lksÅa\** euksjek ds yM+ds ?kj vkus ij viuh eka ds lkFk ,d gh Fkkyh esa [kkuk [kkrs Fks vkSj nksuksa HkkbZ ,d lkFk ,d gh fcLrj ij lksrs Fks- fo'kq vius dks bl ?kj dk csVk lkfcr djus ds fy, euksjek ds lkFk [kkus cSBrk Fkk] ij'kqjketh ds fcLrj ij lksrk Fkkij'kqjke vkSj euksjek dks bl ckr ij dksbZ vkifÙk u Fkh- ij'kqjke vius eqlyeku nksLrksa ds lkFk ,d gh Fkkyh esa [kkuk [kkrs Fks- euksjek muds twBs crZu lkQ djrh Fkh- fo'kq rks fu"iki ckyd gS- lkQ&lqFkjk gksus ds ckn fo'kq Hkh euksjek vkSj ij'kqjke ds cPpksa ls vyx u fn[krk Fkk- lp esa mlds fy, vyx&lh O;oLFkk D;ksa\ xkao ds izkbejh Ldwy esa fo'kq dk nkf[kyk djok;k x;k- fo'kq ds fy, u;k Ldwy cSx] fdrkc] u, diM+s [kjhns x,- ij'kqjke fo'kq dks vius lkFk ysdj Ldwy NksM+us x,- mPp fo|ky; ds iz/kku f'k{kd] ij'kqjke dk ml bykds esa cM+k uke Fkkizkbejh Ldwy f'k{kd uV ekLVjth lqcg&lqcg ij'kqjke dks ns[kdj cM+s ladqfpr voLFkk esa [kM+s gks x,- dgk] ^^ekLVjth] vkius D;ksa rdyhQ dh\ eq>s lans'k fHktokrs rks eSa [kqn tkdj fo'kq dks vius lkFk ys vkrk-** ml bykds esa ;s ckr fdlh ls fNih u Fkh fd fo'kq ij'kqjketh dk csVk cudj muds ;gka jg jgk gS- rc xkao esa ?kj&?kj dh ckr lcdks irk gksrh Fkh- rc vkt dh rjg vfo'oklh can njoktk 'kgjh 54

lH;rk u Fkkij'kqjke cM+s lTtu O;fDr Fks- uV ekLVjth ds lkeus gkFk tksM+dj dgk] ^^ugha] ekLVjth] fo'kq esjk csVk gS- vkt Ldwy esa mldk igyk fnu gS- vkt eq>s mls Ldwy ysdj vkuk Fkk- eka ds ykM+&I;kj us mls fcxkM+ fn;k gS- Ldwy vkus esa mldk fcYdqy eu ugha gS- blds vykok] o.kZcks/k ls i<+kbZ 'kq: djus ds fy, mldh mez dqN T;knk gks xbZ gSbl ij tjk fuxjkuh jf[k,xk] dgha ;s [kqn dks nwljksa ls vyx u eglwl djsLdwy ds cPpss dgha ml ij maxyh u mBk,a fd fo'kq ikfyr iq=k gS- lM+d ls mBkdj yk;k x;k gS] oks vukFk gSvkils bruh gh fourh djus eSa ;gka vk;k Fkk- fo'kq cgqr cqf)eku vkSj Hkkoqd yM+dk gS- ckr FkksM+h&lh b/kj&m/kj gksus ij oks ukjkt gks tk,xkmls cM+h lko/kkuh ls i<+kbZ ds izfr vkdf"kZr djuk gksxk- njvly] ckr ;g

gS fd ;fn fo'kq Ldwy ds ifjos'k dks] vkidks] vius nksLrksa dks u viuk,xk rks og Ldwy vkuk u pkgsxk- ew[kZ cudj jg tk,xk- esjk NksVk yM+dk ew[kZ jg tk,] ;g ckr D;k vkidks vPNh yxsxh\** u, ekLVjth ij'kqjketh dh rjg ljy vkSj lTtu O;fDr Fks- gkFk tksM+dj fouez Loj esa cksys] ^^vkids

lHkh cPps esjh xksn esa cSBdj i<+uk lh[ks gSa- i<+us esa dksbZ fdlh ls de ugha- mUgsa ysdj eSa [kqn dks xfoZr eglwl djrk gwafo'kq Hkh esjh xksn esa cSBdj i<+uk lh[ksxk- esjh utj esa fo'kq ijk;k ugha gSeSa Hkh mls ;s ckr dHkh eglwl ugha gksus nwaxk- vkt ls vki fo'kq dk lkjk nkf;Ro eq>s lkSaidj] fuf'apr jfg,-** ysfdu ij'kqjke fo'kq ds fy, fuf'apr u jg lds- Ldwy tkus esa ;k i<+kbZ esa fo'kq dh dksbZ #fp u Fkh- jkst lqcg fo'kq ds Ldwy tkus dks ysdj ,d ubZ leL;k [kM+h gksrh Fkh- dHkh&dHkh euksjek fo'kq dks iqpdkjrh&nqykjrh gqbZ Ldwy NksM+us tkrh Fkh- ysfdu dqN nsj ckn fo'kq jksrs gq, ?kj ykSV vkrk Fkk- euksjek ds vkapy esa eqag fNikdj jksrs gq, dgrk Fkk] ^^eka Ldwy esa cPps eq>s fp<+k jgs gSa fd eSa vkidk csVk ugha gwa- eSa vukFk gwa- esjh tkfr&xks=k dk dqN irk ugha- eSa lM+dksa ij Hkh[k ekaxdj [kkrk Fkk----** fo'kq dh ,slh ckrksa ls euksjek dk ân; fi?ky tkrk Fkk- Ldwy ds cPpksa dk D;k nks"k gS- ?kj esa vius eka&cki ls tks lqurs gSa] ogh fo'kq ds vkxs Ldwy esa dgrs gSafdlh dk eqag rks ugha can dj ldrs- uV ekLVjth viuh vksj ls cPpksa dk eqag can j[kus dh iwjh dksf'k'k djrs Fks ysfdu cPpksa dk eqag can u gksrk Fkkfo'kq dks fp<+kus ds fy, cPps lnk mrkoys jgrs Fks- cPpksa ds eqag ls ,slh ckrsa lqudj fo'kq xgjh izfrfØ;k O;Dr djrk Fkk- dHkh oks xqLls esa vius ckyksa dks tksj ls idM+rk Fkk] rks dHkh iSj iVdrs gq, jksrk Fkk vkSj dHkh&dHkh rks cPpksa dks ekjus&dkVus dks nkSM+rk Fkk- cPps Hkh mldk izR;qÙkj nsrs Fks- cPpksa ds fy, fo'kq dk jksuk] xqLlk djuk] ekjuk&ihVuk lc dqN euksjatu dk fo"k; Fkk- fo'kq dks ysdj jkst ,d u;k gaxkek- xkaookys Hkh jkst fo'kq ds fojks/k esa gSMekLVjth ds ;gka f'kdk;r djrs FksuV ekLVjth us fo'kq dks i<+kus esa viuh rjQ ls iwjh dksf'k'k dh] ysfdu fo'kq ds Ldwy esa dne j[krs gh ,d u;k gaxkekvar esa fo'kq dk Ldwy tkuk can gqvkij'kqjketh us r; fd;k fd oks [kqn ?kj uoacj] 2010


esa gh fo'kq dks i<+k,axs- oSls Hkh fo'kq dh mez FkksM+h T;knk gks xbZ Fkh- Ldwy esa viuh d{kk esa oks lcls cM+k Fkk ysfdu ,d v{kj dk Kku mls u Fkk- m/kj fo'kq dh igpku dks ysdj cPpksa esa rjg&rjg dh ckrsa- lkjh ckrsa my>dj fo'kq ds eu esa ,d tfVy ladV iSnk djrha- fo'kq dk mxz O;ogkj mlh dh izfrfØ;k Fkk- oks ?kj esa ftruk 'kkar vkSj ljy jgrk Fkk] Ldwy esa mruk gh v'kkar vkSj mxzvusd yksxksa us fo'kq dks laLÑr i<+kus dh lykg nh- czkã.k yM+dk gS- nks v{kj laLÑr i<+us ij Hkfo"; esa viuk isV ikysxk- ges'kk rks gSMekLVj dk ykM+yk yM+dk cudj ugha jgsxkgSMekLVj Hkh fo'kq ds Hkfo"; ds ckjs esa lkspdj fpafrr jgus yxs- mUgksaus lkspk Fkk fd fo'kq varr% muds ;gka jgdj eSfVªd ikl dj ys vkSj vius iSjksa ij [kM+k gks vk,- mlds ckn vkxs i<+uk pkgs rks i<+s ugha rks u i<+s- gSMekLVjth dh Hkh oSlh dksbZ laifÙk&tk;nkn u Fkh fd fo'kq ds uke dqN fy[k nsrs] ftlls fo'kq viuk Hkfo"; fuf'apr gksdj galrs&[ksyrs fcrk ysrk- fo|k gh gSMekLVjth }kjk vftZr ,dek=k laifÙk gS- mls oks lg"kZ fo'kq dks mÙkjkf/kdkjh ds :i esa vfiZr djus dks jkth gSaysfdu fo'kq mls xzg.k djs rc rks---gSMekLVjth dk laLÑr esa vxk/k ikafMR; Fkk- os fo'kq dks 'kkL=k ls dgkuh lqukrs gq, laLÑr i<+kus dh dksf'k'k djrs Fks- ysfdu laLÑr i<+us esa Hkh fo'kq dh #fp u Fkh- mldk lkjk Lusg] lkjk vkxzg viuh eka ls&viuh nknh ls! gSMekLVjth dh ea>yh csVh uferk rc dVd 'kgj esa jgdj viuh i<+kbZ djh Fkh- gkWLVsy esa jgrh Fkh- NqfV~V;ksa esa ?kj vkrh Fkh- ftrus fnu uferk ?kj ij jgrh Fkh] fo'kq ijNkbZ dh rjg mlds lkFk jgrk Fkk- lqcg&'kke Qwyksa dk xtjk cukdj] uferk ds ckyksa ij yxkrk Fkk- dgrk Fkk] ^^vki fcYdqy esjh nhnh dh rjg fn[krh gSa- cpiu esa ns[ks gq, psgjksa esa] eq>s] flQZ esjh nhnh dk psgjk ;kn gS- ;gka rd fd] firkth dk psgjk Hkh vc ;kn ugha-** fo'kq dh ftn ij gh uferk 'kjekrh gqbZ ckyksa esa uoacj] 2010

xtjk yxkrh Fkh] D;ksafd muds xkao esa yM+fd;ksa dk xtjk iguus dk fjokt u Fkk?kj esa fo'kq dk cM+k vknj Fkk- igys fo'kq] ckn esa nwljs cPps- ysfdu dy lkjs cPps i<+&fy[kdj vius iSjksa ij [kM+s gks tk,axs vkSj fo'kq vui<+ jg tk,xknwljksa ij fuHkZj jgsxk- gSMekLVjth ds ckn] dkSu mls ?kj esa cSBkdj [kkuk f[kyk,xkfo'kq ds crk, gq, irs ij] mlds ?kjokyksa dks <wa<+us dh cgqr dksf'k'k dh xbZ ysfdu ogka oSlk dksbZ ifjokj u feykblhfy, fo'kq dks vius ifjokj ds ikl ykSVkus dh ckr eu ls Hkqyk nsuh iM+hfo'kq ds Hkfo"; ds ckjs esa fparkxzLr gSMekLVjth ds lkeus lgdkjh f'k{kd jfo ckcw us ,d izLrko j[kk- izLrko ;wa Fkk fd] bPNkiqj xkao ds uSf"Bd czkã.k lq/kkdj ifr fu%larku Fks- mez ipkl&ipiu ds vklikl gksxhtehu&tk;nkn FkksM+h&cgqr Fkh- ?kj&?kj esa iwtk&ikB djds nks iSls dek, Fks- ?kj esa nks nq/kk: xk,a Fkha] cxhps esa nks ukfj;y ds isM+ vkSj rkykc esa eNfy;ka Hkh iy jgh Fkha- lky Hkj ds fy, pkoy ugha [kjhnuk iM+rk Fkk- vius thrs&th fdlh czkã.k yM+ds dks xksn ysus dk QSlyk fd;k Fkk- varr% muds ckn muds Jk)&deZ vkfn] vafre le; esa xaxkty xzg.k djokus ds fy, rks dksbZ jgus okyk pkfg,] ugha rks vkRek dks eks{k izkIr u gksxk- vo';] lq/kkdj ifr dk Hkkutk] Hkrhtk vkSj ukrs&fj'rsnkj Hkh iks";iq=k cuus dh rkd esa cSBs Fks] ysfdu iafMrth dks irk gS fd ;s J)k dsoy laifÙk ikus dh pkg esa gS- csVk cudj ?kj esa vkus ds ckn cqM~<k&cqM~<h ds ejus ds fnu fxurs jgsaxs- ftuds lkFk [kwu dk fj'rk gS] mUgsa iks";iq=k cukus cukuk foifÙk dks xys yxkus ds cjkcj gS- [kwu ds fj'rs dks NksM+dj dkSu vius ejrs gq, ikyd firk ds eqag esa ikuh nsxk\ flQZ laifÙk dh pkgr esa gh iM+s jgsaxs- blhfy, iafMrth pkgrs Fks] [kwu ds fj'rs dks NksM+dj fdlh vukFk cPps dks xksn ysukfo'kq dh rjg ,d czkã.k cPps dh mUgsa ryk'k Fkh- ^^vki vkSj fo'kq nksuksa dh

jtkeanh gksxh rks os fo'kq dks viuk iks";iq=k ds :i esa xzg.k djsaxs-** ij'kqjketh tjk Øksf/kr gksdj cksys] ^^fo'kq vukFk ugha gS- ge mlds eka&cki gSa- esjs cPps mlds HkkbZ&cgu gSa- fo'kq ds dku esa vxj ;s ckr iM+sxh] rks og vkleku lj is mBk ysxk- blh ckr dks ysdj rks mlus Ldwy tkuk NksM+ fn;k-** jfo ekLVjth ij'kqjketh dh Hkkoizo.krk ls vPNh rjg ifjfpr Fks'kkar Loj esa cksys] ^^ekLVjth eSaus lksp&le>dj ;s izLrko vkids lkeus j[kk gS- fo'kq rks ges'kk ukS&nl lky dk yM+dk cudj u jgsxk] oks Hkh cM+k gksxki<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ rks mlls u gks ikbZ- D;k gksxk mldk Hkfo";\ ges'kk rks vkids cPps fo'kq dks ?kj esa cSBkdj [kkuk u f[kyk,axs\ rc ?kj esa cM+k vuFkZ gksxkvkids cPps vki gh dks nks"k nsaxs- fo'kq Hkh vkidks nks"k nsxk] fd firkth us esjs fy, dqN ugha fd;k gS- fo'kq iks";iq=k cu tk,xk rks iafMrth ds ckn mudh laifÙk dk mÙkjkf/kdkjh cu tk,xklaLÑr ds nks v{kj i<+dj ?kj&?kj esa iwtk&ikB djds lq[k ls viuk thou fcrk,xk- ;s lp gS fd fo'kq dks vkius vius csVs dh rjg ikyk gS] ysfdu D;k vki viuh tk;nkn dk ,d fgLlk mlds uke dj ldrs gSa\ D;k vkids csVs bl ckr ls lger gksaxs\ ,d ckj vki viuh iRuh ls bl ckjs esa ckr djds nsf[k,- bl ckr ls fo'kq dh ftanxh laoj tk,xh-** gSMekLVjth vkSj mudh iRuh euksjek iwjh jkr tkxrs jgsdSls fo'kq dks vius ls vyx djsaxs\ D;k fo'kq bl ckr ij jkth gksxk\ vxj fo'kq lger u gqvk] rks D;k oks fo'kq ds izfr vU;k; u djsaxs\ Hkkoqdrk esa cg tkus ls dqN u gksxk- mUgsa oLrqoknh gksuk iM+sxk- eka&cki gksus ds ukrs os ogh dne mBk,axs ftlls fo'kq dk eaxy gksxk;s ckr r; gqbZ fd fo'kq bPNkiqj xkao ds lq/kkdj ifr ds ;gka iks";iq=k cudj tk,xk- igys fo'kq us tc ;s ckr lquh] rks mldh le> esa dqN u vk;ktc le> esa vk;k] rhoz izfrokn djrs gq, dgk] ^^eSa eka&firkth dks NksM+dj dgha ugha tkÅaxk- eq>ls tkus dh ckr 55


dgh tk,xh rks eq>ls cqjk dksbZ u vM+k gqvk Fkk- fo'kq dks eukus dk dke ckr dk dksbZ Qjd ugha iM+rk fd oks gkssxk-** bl ckr ls euksjek dh vka[ksa Hkj jfo ekLVjth us vius gkFk esa fy;k- czkã.k gS] ;k nfyr gS ysfdu mudh vkb± vkSj ij'kqjke xaHkhj gks mBs- okRlY; lq/kkdj ifr] jfo ekLVjth ds fj'rsnkj utjksa ds lkeus fo'kq >wBk lkfcr gksxkizse esa cPps ds Hkfo"; dks va/kdkj esa Fks- blhfy, muds izfr jfo ekLVjth dh vc rd cPps mls flQZ iks";iq=k] vukFk >ksad nsus ds vusd n`"Vkar ?kj&?kj esa xgjh laosnuk Fkh- mUgksaus fo'kq dks vdsys dgdj fp<+krs Fks] ysfdu vc fo'kq ds ns[kus dks feyrs gSa- ,d f'k{kkfon~ gksus esa cqykdj] mls pkdysV] feBkbZ [kkus dks lkFk ^>wBk* gksus dk ,d u;k fo'ks"k.k ds ukrs D;k ij'kqjke dk ,slk djuk nsdj le>k;k] ^^vjs fo'kq] rw D;k lp tksM+ fn;k tk,xk- mls ik.k¹] daMjk¹ mfpr gksxk\ mUgsa dBksj gksuk gksxk- fo'kq esa czkã.k gS\ u tkus D;ksa vius psgjs] dgk tk,xkysfdu fo'kq >wBk ugha gSdks lq/kkdj ifr ds ;gka iks";iq=k cukdj vius jax] vka[k] ukd dgha ls Hkh] rw fo'kq us jksrs gq, dgk] ^^eSaus dksbZ Hkstus ij nks egr~ mn~ns'; iwjs gksaxs- czkã.k ugha yxrk! eq>s yxrk gS fd rw lq/kkdj naifr ds fu%larku gksus dk nq%[k gfjtu gS- rsjk ?kj D;k xkao ds chp Fkk] >wB ugha cksyk- eq>s esjh tkr ds ckjs esa dksbZ tkudkjh ugha Fkh- Hkxoku us esjs nwj gksxk] ,oa fc'kq dk Hkfo"; lq/kj ;k xkao ds vafre Nksj ij---\** liuksa esa vkdj tks dgk] eSaus viuk ogh fo'kq nsj rd lkspus yxktk,xk- lq/kkdjth lTtu O;fDr gSajfo ekLVjth us dgk] ^^eq>s rks ifjp; crk;k-** ekLVjth us I;kj ls cgqr gh uSf"Bd vkSj la;fer ftanxh fcrkrs gSa- ?kj esa ges'kk iwtk&ikB gksrk ;dhu gS fd rw czkã.k ugha gS- rsjs fo'kq dks xys yxk fy;k- lgkuqHkwfr Hkjs jgrk gS- 'kkL=k& iqjk.k dh vkykspuk vkSj eka&cki dk jax xksjk Fkk ;k rsjh rjg daB ls cksys] ^^gks ldrk gS fd rw czkã.k gks! ysfdu bldk D;k izek.k gS\ vkt osn&ea=k dk mPpkj.k ?kj esa gksrk jgrk lkaoyk\** dqN nsj lksprs gq, fo'kq us flj ds ;qx esa liuksa dh ckrksa dk dksbZ ;dhu gS- lq/kkdjth dh iRuh ckjg eghus esa u djsxk!** ^^rks fQj eSa D;k d:axk\** rsjg ozr miokl djrh Fkha- ?kj esa ,d fgyk;kfo'kq us nq[kh gksdj iwNk- jfo lkfRod ifjos'k- ;gka ij fo'kq ekLVjth us fo'kq dh ihB HkkbZ&cgu] euksjek] Ldwy dk ^^nqfu;k esa vusd ckrsa dgus esa tSlh gksrh gSa] O;ogkj lgykrs gq, I;kj ls dgk] ^^rw fivu Ñ".k ,oa f'k{kdksa ds vikj Lusg] J)k ds chp esa oSlh ugha gksrha- gekjs xkao dk enu iafMr fdruh lq/kkdj ifr ds ;gka pyk tkogka ij tusÅ /kkj.k djus ds jgdj fcxM+ x;k gS- vc gh cgw&csfV;ksa dh bTtr ywV pqdk gS- mlds ;gka ekal] rw uSf"Bd czkã.k dk yxrk ugha fd oks ;gka jgdj eNyh] xkatk lc dqN pyrk gS] ysfdu fQj Hkh oks eafnj ckn yM+dk cu tk,xk- uhfr 'kkL=k lgh jkLrs ij vk,xkij'kqjketh ds xqtj tkus ds esa iwtk djrk gS- gekjs ij'kqjke gSMekLVjth nsork leku ds vuqlkj czkã.k dk yM+dk ckn fo'kq dk D;k gksxk\ ;s rks balku gSa ysfdu os eafnj ds panu QkVd ds bl ikj jgdj czkã.k- ;gka ij gSMekLVj dk csVk cudj jgus ls rw czkã.k vPNk gksxk fd lq/kkdj ds iqtkjh ds gkFkksa ls izlkn ysrs gSau dgyk,xk- dk;LFk tkfr fu;e&la;e ds chp jgdj oks czkã.k tkfr ls uhps gksrh gS- ;s laLÑr ds nks v{kj i<+ ik,xk^^rc rks rsjs czkã.k gksus dh de ckr rq>s irk gS fd ugha] fo'kq\** ,d ckj lgh jkLrs ij vkus ds ckn] gkjs gq, xys ls fo'kq us dgk] dkSu tkus Hkfo"; esa oks dgha laLÑr laHkkouk gS- rsjs firk D;k FkksM+s [kkus ds iafMr cu tk,! mUgsa vius fny dks ykyph Fks] fo'kq\** jfo ekLVjth us iwNk- ^^firkth dgrs gSa fd ,d gh tkfr gS] le>kuk gksxk fd oks csVs ds Hkfo"; ds ^^gka---gka---**] fo'kq us dqN lksprs gq, ^euq"; tkfr*- balkuksa ds chp dksbZ fy, mls xq#dqy vkJe Hkst jgs gSa- tokc fn;k ysfdu mldk psgjk ,dne Åap&uhp ugha gS- vPNk dke djus ij mPp tkfr vkSj cqjk djus ij uhp igys tekus esa cPps de mez esa xq#dqy Qhdk iM+ x;k Fkkjfo ekLVjth us fo'kq ds HkkX; ds tkfr----** vkJe tkrs Fks- bruh de mez esa gh xys ds chp lkal jksdrs gq, jfo fo'kq vusd foijhr ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds chp] ckjs esa vafre fu"ifÙk lqukrs gq, dgk] rjg&rjg ds yksxksa ds ;gka jg pqdk gS- ^^rc rks rw czkã.k ugha gS] fo'kq-** czkã.k ekLVjth us dgk] ^^nqfu;k esa vusd ckrsa lq/kkdj ifr dk ?kj rks vkJe tSlk gh gksus dk ifjp; nsus ls fo'kq dks twBk dgus esa tSlh gksrh gSa] O;ogkj esa oSlh gS- ,slh gh vusd ckrksa ls ij'kqjketh [kkuk u iM+rk Fkk] u gh twBs crZu lkQ ugha gksrha- gekjs xkao dk enu iafMr vius fny dks rlYyh nsrs Fks- jfo djus iM+rs Fks vkSj u gh nwljksa dh ykr] fdruh gh cgw&csfV;ksa dh bTtr ywV ekLVjth] ij'kqjke th dk ihNk u NksM+rs xkyh lgus iM+rs Fks- fo'kq dks bTtr ds pqdk gS- mlds ;gka ekal] eNyh] xkatk Fks- ij'kqjke vkSj euksjek cM+h eqf'dy lkFk thus dh ,d ubZ jkg feyh Fkh- lc dqN pyrk gS] ysfdu fQj Hkh oks ls fo'kq dks xq#dqy vkJe Hkstus dks vHkh ;s ekLVjth lc dqN mxyokdj ;s eafnj esa iwtk djrk gS- gekjs ij'kqjke jkth gq,- ysfdu fo'kq ekusxk] rHkh rks lkfcr djuk pkgrs gSa fd oks czkã.k ugha ckr vkxs c<+sxh- fo'kq viuh ftn~n ij gS- ;s lp gS fd mlds eka&cki dks bl ¹vksfM+'kk esa jgus okyh nfyr tkfr56 uoacj] 2010


gSMekLVjth nsork leku balku gSa ysfdu os eafnj ds panu QkVd ds bl ikj jgdj iqtkjh ds gkFkksa ls izlkn ysrs gSagSMekLVjth eafnj esa iwtk&ikB dk dke ugha dj ldrs] rw le> jgk gS fo'kq] lgh&xyr vius jkLrs vkSj lekt ds jhfr&fjokt vius jkLrs- tc rd ;s lkjh ckrsa rsjh le> esa vk,axh rc rd cgqr nsj gks xbZ gksxh- tks Hkh djuk gksxk] rsjh nl&X;kjg dh mez ds igys gksxk- mlds ckn uSf"Bd czkã.k cuus dk dksbZ mik; u gksxk- eSa rsjs Hkys ds fy, gh dg jgk gwa- gSMekLVjth vkSj mudh iRuh vPNs balku gSa- ysfdu muds ckn rw fQj lM+d ij Hkh[k ekaxrk fQjsxk- mudh bruh tk;nkn dgka tks vius csVksa ds fgLls ls rq>s dqN nsaxs---! fo'kq dks vc bl mxz esa tehu& tk;nkn dk yksHk u Fkk ysfdu lEeku ds lkFk thus dh pkg esa mlds eu esa uSf"Bd cuus dk eksg txkfo'kq us iwNk] ^^ekLVjth czkã.k rks ,d tkfr gS] rks fQj ;s uSf"Bd D;k gS\** ekLVjth us galrs gq, dgk] ^^czkã.kksa esa Hkh Åap&uhp tkfr dk Hksn gksrk gS- uSf"Bd czkã.k dk vFkZ gS] /keZoku czkã.k vFkkZr~ mPp czkã.kczkã.k dk csVk tSls czkã.k] oSls gh uSf"Bd dk csVk uSf"Bd gksrk gS- lq/kkdj iafMr ds ;gka csVk cudj jgus ij rw Hkh uSf"Bd cu tk,xk-** vc fo'kq ds eu esa flQZ czkã.k ugha uSf"Bd cuus dh pkgr Hkh iyus yxh- viuh nl lky dh NksVh mez esa gh mlus vusd vieku] vR;kpkj] fgdkjr vkSj Hkw[k dh rdyhQ lgh gSmlds vanj fNih balkfu;r us] lEeku ds lkFk] fdruh gh ckj viuk vf/kdkj tkfgj djus ds fy, izfrokn djus dh dksf'k'k dh gS- ysfdu [kqn dk czkã.k ds :i esa ifjp; nsus ds ckn mlus lkekU; :i ls bTtr ds lkFk thus dk Lokn p[kk Fkk- uSf"Bd cuus ds ckn oks lEeku ds lkFk thus ds vf/kdkj dks n`<+rk ds lkFk tkfgj dj ik,xk- fo'kq us vius eu dks n`<+ fd;kij'kqjke vkSj euksjek igys ls gh uoacj] 2010

viuh rhuksa yM+fd;ksa dh fonkbZ dj pqds Fks- mUgsa bl ckr dk vglkl Fkk fd fonkbZ dk xe vLFkk;h gksus ij Hkh mlh {k.k vlá gksrk gS- ysfdu csVs dh fonkbZ dk xe mUgksaus dHkh u lgk Fkkfo'kq dh fonkbZ ds oDr ;s xe mUgsa lguk iM+k- csVs dh fonkbZ ds xe ds lkeus rhu&rhu yM+fd;ksa dh fonkbZ dk nq%[k dqN de u FkkyM+fd;ksa dh fonkbZ ds xe esa fNik gksrk gS ,d lQy fir`Ro vkSj ekr`Ro dk xkSjo] vius drZO; laiknu dk vkRelarks"k- ysfdu fo'kq dh fonkbZ ds nq%[k esa fNik Fkk vijk/kcks/k- ;fn fo'kq mudk viuk [kwu gksrk rks D;k laifÙk ikus dh pkgr esa ij'kqjke vkSj euksjek mls iks";iq=k cuus nsrs! euksjek Ng larkuksa dh eka viuh tsBkuh ds gkFkksa viuh ,d Hkh yM+dh lkSai u ldh ;|fi lHkh la;qDr ifjokj esa ,d lkFk] ,d gh ?kj esa jgrs Fks- tehu&tk;nkn Hkh bdV~Bh Fkh- D;k lp esa mudh utj esa vius cPps vkSj fo'kq ,d leku Fksfo'kq dh fonkbZ ds oDr u flQZ ij'kqjke vkSj euksjek cfYd lkjs xkaookys] ;gka rd fd fo'kq dks fp<+kus okys mlds Ldwy ds lgikBh] lHkh jks,uV ekLVjth jksrs gq, cksys] ^^esjk f'k{kd gksuk f/kDdkj gS! vxj eSa fo'kq dks i<+kbZ dh vksj vkÑ"V dj ikrk rks mls vkt xkao NksM+dj tkuk u iM+rk-** fo'kq Hkh jks jgk Fkk ysfdu vius vkalw jksdrs gq, dgk] ^^uSf"Bd czkã.k cuus ds ckn eSa ;gka vki yksxksa ds ikl ykSV vkÅaxk-** jfo ekLVjth fo'kq dks vius lkFk ysdj pys x,- lHkh us mls le>kdj dgk] ^^fo'kq chp&chp esa gesa feyus vkuk- cl ls vk/kk ?kaVs dk gh rks jkLrk gS-** fo'kq dks Hkh ogh dgk x;k Fkk fd og eghus esa nks ckj ij'kqjke vkSj euksjek ds ;gka feyus vk ldrk gSbPNkiqj esa igqapdj lq/kkdj ifr dks ns[krs gh u tkus D;ksa fo'kq dh uSf"Bd cuus dh lkjh pkgr feV~Vh esa fey xbZ- jfo ekLVjth dh dgh gqbZ ckrksa ds eqrkfcd lq/kkdj ifr ds psgjs

ij mls dgha Hkh lkSE;Hkko utj u vk;k- uSf"Bd rks cgqr nwj dh ckr iafMrkbu ds iku pckusokys nkar vkSj fo'kkydk; cnu dks ns[krs gh euksjek dh y{eh izfrek tSls lqanj psgjs dh ;kn us mldh vka[kksa ds lkeus vkalqvksa dh ,d ijr Mky nh- mls vc iafMrkbu ds cnys euksjek dk lkSE; psgjk ut+j vkrk Fkk- mlus iafMrkbu ls ut+j Qsj yhysfdu lq/kkdj ds uSf"Bd gksus esa tjk Hkh lansg u Fkk- uSf"Bdrk ds igys lksiku esa] fo'kq dks vius diM+s mrkjdj ?kj ds lkeusokys isM+ ds ikl j[kus iM+slHkh ds lkeus myax gksdj mls xkscj ds ikuh ls Luku djuk iM+k- ukS lky ds f'k'kq ds lEekucks/k ds izfr fdlh dks tjk Hkh lgkuqHkwfr u Fkh! laiw.kZ myaxkoLFkk esa fo'kq lq/kkdj ifr ds vkaxu esa [kM+s gksdj cgqr nsj rd jksus yxk- 'kjhj dh 'kqf) ds fy, mls xkscj dk ikuh ihuk iM+k ftls ihrs gh mls mYVh gqbZlq/kkdj ifr us dgk] ^^xkscj&ikuh fo'kq ds 'kjhj dks 'kq) djsxk- fo'kq vczkã.k yksxksa ds chp jgdj vk;k gSmlesa mPp tkfr ds laLdkj ykus ds fy, vHkh mls vusd lk/kuk djus gksaxs-** lq/kkdj naifr ds ?kj esa fo'kq dks Lusg&J)k dh dksbZ >yd utj u vkbZflQZ dM+k 'kklu vkSj la;e- ge mPp tkr vkSj nwljs uhsp tkr gksus dh nsook.kh lqu&lqudj fo'kq dk eu ij'kqjke ds ehBs opu dks rjlus yxkfo'kq lq/kkdj iafMr dks dHkh Hkh firk vkSj iafMrkbu dks dHkh Hkh eka lacksf/kr u dj ik;k- fo'kq ds [kkus&ihus esa Hkh cgqr O;frØe gqvk- iafMrth T;knkrj iwtk&ikB ds pDdj esa xkao&xkao ?kwers Fks vkSj ;teku ds ;gka fnO; Hkkstu djds ykSVrs Fks- blfy, ?kj esa T;knkrj [kkuk u curk Fkk- ?kj esa tks dqN FkksM+k&cgqr fey tkrk Fkk] iafMrkbu mlh ls viuh Hkw[k feVkrh Fkh- ?kj esa iq#"k yksxksa ds u [kkus ij dkSu vkSjr vius fy, [kkuk cukrh gS tks iafMrkbu cuk,xh! fo'kq rkss vHkh cPpk gS] balkuksa esa mldh D;k fxurh gS] tks [kkl mlh ds fy, [kkuk cusxk! u tkus muds ?kj og jgsxk Hkh 57


;k ugha] mlds fy, dkSu nky&pkoy cuk,xk\ [kkus ds ikl cSBrs gh fo'kq >xM+k djuk 'kq: dj nsrk Fkk- ckr&ckr ij ij'kqjke vkSj euksjek dks firkth vkSj eka lacksf/kr dj mldk ;'kksxku djrk Fkk- ogka ds [kkus&ihus ds ckjs esa c[kkurk Fkk- HkkbZ&cgu ds ykM+&I;kj dks rjlrk Fkk- iafMrkbu ds fy, ;s lc lquuk ,dne vlá Fkk- tc ns[kks ckr&ckr ij iafMrkbu ml ij fpYykrh Fkh] dgrh Fkh] ^^;gka dh laifÙk dks Hkksxsxk vkSj ijk, dks eka&cki dgsxk\ bruk le> vxj ;gka csVk cudj jguk pkgrk gS rks fdlh nwljs dks eka&cki u dg ldrk!** ;s lp gS fd fo'kq iafMrkbu ds lkeus ij'kqjke vkSj euksjek dks cki&eka lacksf/kr u djrk FkkµiafMrth dks rks firkth lacksf/kr djrk Fkk ysfdu iafMrkbu dks eka u cqykrk Fkkij'kqjke ds ?kj esa tkfr&/keZ ds fufoZ'ks"k esa lHkh euq";ksa dk esyk yxk jgrk Fkk- ogha ij fo'kq balkuksa ls I;kj djuk lh[kk Fkk ysfdu uSf"Bd cuus ds fy, lkjh /kjrh dks uQjr djuk gksxk ;s ckr fo'kq ;gha ij lh[kk Fkklq/kkdj ifr ds ;gka dksbZ u vkrk Fkk- muds vkaxu esa flQZ mUgha ds tSls dbZ uSf"Bd czkã.k vkrs Fks ftuds eqag esa gj ckr ij balkuksa ds izfr uQjr ds 'kCn Vidrs Fks- muesa n;k] {kek] izse dh dksbZ Hkkouk u Fkhlq/kkdj ifr ds ;gka fo'kq dk dksbZ nksLr u Fkk D;ksafd uSf"Bd czkã.k ?kj ds cPpksa us vc rd fo'kq dks uSf"Bd :i esa xzg.k u fd;k Fkk vkSj nwljh tkfr ds cPpksa ls fo'kq dk [ksyuk l[r euk Fkkvxj xyrh ls Hkh oks nwljh tkfr ds cPpksa dks Nw nsrk Fkk] rks mls csoDr ugkuk iM+rk Fkk- fo'kq dks Hkh ;s ckr vPNh rjg irk py xbZ Fkh fd vxj mls uSf"Bd cuuk gS rks mls balkuksa ls nwj jguk gksxk- fo'kq dks vius 'kjkjrh nksLrksa dh cM+h ;kn vkrh Fkh- fo'kq dks fp<+kus ij Hkh oks mUgsa Nw ikrk Fkk- muds lkFk [ksy ikrk Fkk- 'kk;n fo'kq mUgsa cgqr pkgrk Fkk] ugha rks fo'kq dh fonkbZ 58

ds oDr mlds nksLr D;ksa bruk jksrs\ fo'kq viuh eka] Ldwy] xkao ds isM+&ikS/ks lHkh dks rjlrk Fkk;gka ij fo'kq fdlds ckyksa ij Qwyksa dk xtjk cukdj yxk,xk\ ,d fnu iM+ksl esa jgus okyh ,d czkã.k yM+dh muds ;gka vkbZ Fkh- mez esa fo'kq ls cM+h] yach vkSj xksjh Fkh- mlds cky cgqr ?kus Fks- fo'kq us ,d xtjk cukdj mlds ckyksa ij yxkrs gq, dgk] ^^vki cgqr lqanj fn[krh gSa- gw&c&gw nhnh ds tSlh tks dVd esa fdlh dkWyst esa jgdj i<+rh gSa-** yM+dh 'kjekbZ- iafMrkbu fo'kq ds xkyksa ij tksj ls ,d FkIiM+ yxkrh gqbZ cksyh] ^^rw rks cgqr cnek'k gS- rsjs gSMekLVj cki us rq>s ;gh f'k{kk nh gS-

mez esa bruk NksVk gksdj rw vHkh ls yM+fd;ksa ds ckyksa esa Qwy yxkuk lh[k x;k gS vkSj dgrk gS fd vki cgqr lqanj fn[krh gSa! vkt ls bruk u---** ikl [kM+h yM+dh rc rd vius ckyksa ls Qwy mrkjdj fo'kq ds gkFkksa esa Fkekdj ogka ls Hkkx pqdh Fkh- iafMrkbu ds FkIiM+ ls fo'kq dks mruk cqjk u yxk ftruk mudh ckrksa ls- mlh dh xyrh ds dkj.k mlds firk dks xkyh nsa] bl ckr ds dkj.k mlus [kqn dks f/kDdkjkmlh fnu ls mlus dHkh xtjk u cuk;k;gka rd fd Hkxoku ds fy, Hkh ekyk u cukrk Fkk- ;gka ij fo'kq dks lkjk ewY;cks/k mYVk yxrk Fkk- /khjs&/khjs mlds dksey eu esa ;g ckr n`<+ gksus

yxh fd uSf"Bd dk vFkZ fu"Bqjrk gSlq/kkdj iafMr vius okns ds eqrkfcd fu;fer :i ls fo'kq dks ij'kqjke th ds ;gka u Hkstrs Fks- nks eghuksa esa ,d ckj Hkstrs Fks vkSj ,d fnu dgk] ^^tusÅ /kkj.k djus ds ckn rw muds ;gka ugha tk ldrk- ogka [kkus ij rsjk tusÅ vifo=k gks tk,xk- muds ;gka tkr&ikr dk dksbZ Hksn&Hkko ugha gksrk- bl ckj Hkh ogka ls vkus ds ckn eq>s izk;f'pr ds fy, iPphl #i, nsa- vxj u nsa rks rq>s ogka tkus dh dksbZ t:jr ugha- ge brus iSls dgka ls yk,axs\** fo'kq tc ij'kqjke ds ;gka x;k rks euksjek dh xksn esa fNidj cgqr nsj rd jksrk jgk- T;knk rks dqN ugha] cl bruk gh dgk fd ^^eka] vc eSa ogka ugha tkÅaxk- eq>s ogka vPNk ugha yxrk-** fo'kq dk detksj psgjk ns[kdj euksjek vkSj ij'kqjketh dks cM+h rdyhQ gqbZ] fo'kq tc muds ;gka Fkk rc mldh lsgr vPNh Fkh- ysfdu ;s ckr lgh gS fd ca/kuksa ds chp jgus ls 'kq:&'kq: esa cgqr rdyhQ gksrh gS ysfdu ckn esa vknr iM+ tkrh gSvxys fnu lqcg fo'kq dks cl esa Hkst fn;k x;k- izk;f'pr ds fy, fo'kq us ij'kqjke ls iSls u ekaxs- u tkus D;ksa mls iSls ekaxus dh fgEer u gqbZ- ysfdu lq/kkdj ifr ds ;gka igqapus ij mls cgqr dqN lquuk iM+k- mUgksaus lkQ&lkQ dg fn;k] ^^vkxs fQj dHkh ij'kqjketh ds ;gka tkus dh dksbZ t:jr ugha- vxj x;k] rks fQj dHkh ;gka u ykSVuk- ftanxh Hkj uSf"Bd cudj jgdj Hkh ge rsjs gh dkj.k D;ksa ujd Hkksxsa\** fo'kq dk tusÅ egksRlo gqvkysfdu fo'kq us tusÅ iguus ls euk dj fn;k- cSy ds xys dh jLlh dh rjg balkuksa ds xys ij jLlh D;ksa\ lq/kkdj iafMr ds xys esa yVdk eSyk&lk eksVk tusÅ ns[kus ls fo'kq dks tSls mYVh vkrh Fkh- uSf"Bdrk ds bl ca/ku dks fo'kq dHkh Hkh Lohdkj u dj ikrk Fkk- mlus tusÅ mrkj fn;k- dksbZ iwNus ij dgrk FkkµtusÅ Mkyus ij eq>s yxrk gS tSls uoacj] 2010


dksbZ esjh ihB lgyk jgk gks- jgus nksckn esa MkywaxkiafMrth cM+h nqfo/kk esa iM+s- 'kjhj ij ifo=k tusÅ u igudj vxj ;s muds fiaM esa ikuh nsxk] rks mUgsa ujd ds flok vkSj dqN u feysxk\ mUgsa bl ckr dk lansg gqvk fd ;g yM+dk uSf"Bd cusxk fd ugha] ;k muds ckn mudh lkjh tk;nkn cspdj gSMekLVj ds ?kj pyk tk,xk! iafMrth vkSj mudh choh us vkil esa fopkj fd;k fd fo'kq muds ?kj csVk cudj ugha ukSdj cudj jgsxk- xk;&cSy dk] ?kj dk vkSj [ksr dk dke laHkkysxkczkã.k tkr dk ,d ukSdj Hkh cM+h eqf'dy ls feyrk gS- ;fn fo'kq var rd uSf"Bd u gqvk rks mlds gkFkksa lkjh laifÙk lkSaiuk lgh ugha gksxk- vc iks";iq=k cukus ds ckn vkus okys dy ij lc NksM+ fn;k- fo'kq dh vc ,d ubZ igpku cuh fd og iafMrth dk ukSdj gS- fo'kq us r; fd;k fd og fdlh fnu cl esa cSBdj vius eka&firkth ds ;gka pyk tk,xk- mlds ikl dqN iSls Fks tks vkrs oDr euksjek us mls fn, Fks- ,d fnu lqcg og cl esa cSBk- mlls nks fnu igys Ldwy dk fivu Ñ".k mldk gkypky iwNus lq/kkdj iafMr ds ;gka vk;k Fkkchp&chp esa euksjek fo'kq dk gkypky irk djus ds fy, Ñ".k dks Hkstrh Fkh- iafMrth vkSj mudh choh fo'kq dh gtkjksa f'kdk;rsa djrs- Ñ".k dh le> esa bruk gh vkrk Fkk fd fo'kq dHkh Hkh iafMrth vkSj mudh choh dks eka&cki dk ntkZ u ns ik;k gS- ysfdu ;gka jgrs gq, mls vius xqtkjs ds fy, Hkfo"; esa dqN tk;nkn rks fey tk,xhml fnu fo'kq us Ñ".k dks viuk QSlyk lquk fn;k Fkk fd og t:j ,d fnu ;gka ls Hkkx tk,xk- vxj eka&firkth le>k&cq>kdj mls fQj ls ;gka Hkst nsaxs rks og dVd esa i<+kbZ dj jgh viuh nhnh ds ikl pyk tk,xk- Ñ".k us Hkh mls le>k;k Fkk fd ^^vxj rw dHkh tk,xk rks crkdj lh/ks eka&firkth ds ikl tkuk- os yksx rq>s nksckjk ;gka u Hkstsaxs- eSa bl ckj eka&firkth dks lkjh ckr crkÅaxk-** euksjek us Ñ".k ds gkFkksa fo'kq ds uoacj] 2010

euilan [kkus dk lkeku Hkstk Fkk- Ñ".k ds tkus ds ckn fo'kq ?kj ds ihNsokys vkaxu esa cSBk mls [kk jgk Fkk- eka dks ;kn dj jks, Hkh tk jgk Fkk- iafMrkbu dh utj ml ij iM+hfo'kq dk 'kjhj vifo=k gks x;k gS] ;g ekudj mls vc ?kj esa txg u feyh- xkscj&ikuh ds ckn gh og ?kj esa izos'k djsxk] ?kj ds crZuksa esa rHkh [kkuk [kk ldrk gS- ugha rks mldh fxurh uSf"Bd czkã.k ds cnys gfjtuksa esa gksxhfo'kq viuh ftn~n ij vM+k Fkk fd og xkscj&ikuh u fi,xk- eka dk fn;k gqvk [kkuk [kkus ls fdlh dk 'kjhj vifo=k ugha gks ldrkyM+ds dh ftn vkSj lkgl ns[kdj iafMrth Hkh rVLFk jg x,- vc muds eu esa lansg gqvk fd fo'kq mPp laLdkjh yM+dk ugha gS- lp esa oks czkã.k gS fd ugha] dkSu crk,xk\ lnhZ dh fBBqjrh gqbZ BaMh jkr esa fo'kq dks rcsys esa jkr xqtkjuh iM+h- lcsjs gksus ls igys gh og ogka ls Hkkxdj cl esa cSB x;k ysfdu euksjek ds ;gka u vk;k- xkao ds ,d vkneh ds dgs vuqlkj fo'kq ml fnu dVd dh vksj tkus okyh cl esa p<+ jgk Fkk- ysfdu fo'kq dVd esa jgus okyh viuh nhnh ds ;gka Hkh u igqapk- 'kk;n fo'kq dks ;g irk u Fkk fd dkSu&lh fn'kk esa tkus ls uSf"Bdrk ds Hk;adj taxy ls cpus dh ubZ jkg feysxh- 'kk;n fo'kq fdlh rjg dVd tkus okyh cl esa rks cSB x;k gksxk] ysfdu ogka igqapdj nhnh dk irk mls u feyk gksxk- vusd fn'kkghu cPpksa ds chp vdsys jkg ryk'kus esa dgha HkVd jgk gksxkij'kqjketh us dVd vkdj fo'kq dks cgqr <wa<+us dh dksf'k'k dh- iqfyl dh Hkh enn yh- v[kckjksa esa Hkh ykirk gksus dk b'rgkj fn;k- ysfdu lkjh dksf'k'ksa ukdke gqb±- fo'kq ds ykirk gksus ds rhl lky ckn Hkh ij'kqjke vkSj euksjek vijk/kcks/k ds dkj.k [kqn dks ekQ u dj ikrs Fks- vafre fnuksa rd fo'kq dh ;kn ?kko cudj ij'kqjke vkSj euksjek dks [kyrh jgrh Fkhvxj fo'kq vkt dgha gksxk rks u

tkus mldh d#.k Le`fr;ksa esa mlds gSMekLVj firk] eka vkSj dkWyst esa i<+us okyh nhnh dh ;kn lekbZ gksxh fd ughavc euksjek vkSj ij'kqjke bl lalkj ls vyfonk gks pqds Fkstc Hkh Qwyksa dh ekyk ;k fdlh ds ckyksa ij Qwyksa dk xtjk ns[krh gwa rks mu fnuksa dkWyst esa i<+us okyh fo'kq dh nhnh ds pkyhlosa p'es dk dkap Hksndj fo'kq dk psgjk Li"V fn[kkbZ nsrk gS-

eq[rlj tks/kiqj- egkuxjksa ls dkslksa nwj yksd thou vkSj vke thou ds chp je.k djus okys lkfgR;dkjksa dh jpukvksa ,oa vkykspukvksa us eq>s vk'oLr fd;k gS fd vke vkneh ds lius] mldh vkdka{kk,a vkSj Hkfo"; dh fpark djus okys bZekunkj lkfgR;dkj okLro esa yksd esa gh ekStwn gSa- bl euq"; fojks/kh le; esa lkfgR;dkj mEehn dh vkf[kjh fdj.k gSa] fdlkuksa dh vkl gSa] 'kks"k.k] vU;k; vkSj vkrad ds f'kdkj tu ds laxh vkSj lkFkh gSami;qZDr fopkj lqizfl) leh{kd MkW- jkepanz ¼ts-,u-;w-] ubZ fnYyh½ us ;gka vk;ksftr jkT; Lrjh; lkfgR;dkj lEeku lekjksg esa eq[; vfrfFk ds :i esa O;Dr fd,MkW- jekdkar 'kekZ] tks/kiqj dks mudh vkykspuk Ñfr ^dfork dh yksd/kfeZrk* ij lw;Zuxj f'k[kj lEeku] ofj"B dfo xksfoUn ekFkqj] t;iqj dks mudh dkO;&Ñfr ^cph gqbZ galh* ij izdk'k tSu dfork lEeku rFkk ofj"B dFkkdkj&miU;kldkj gchc dSQh] tks/kiqj dks muds lexz dFkk l`tu ij iafMr panz/kj 'kekZ xqysjh dFkk lEeku iznku fd;k x;k- MkW- vkbZnku flag HkkVh] tSlyesj dks mudh jktLFkkuh dkO;&Ñfr ^vka[k gha;s jk gfj;y liuk* ij lR;izdk'k tks'kh dfork&lEeku rFkk MkW- Hkjr vksyk] uksgj&guqekux<+ dks muds jktLFkkuh miU;kl ^?kqGxkaB* ij lkaoj nb;k dFkk lEeku ls lEekfur fd;k x;klekjksg dk vk;kstu dFkk lkfgfR;d ,oa lkaLÑfrd laLFkku] tks/kiqj }kjk fd;k x;k-

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60

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iÙkk- og iÙks ds ihysiu ls Hkj mBh gS] mlus iÙkk mBkdj viuh gFksyh ij j[k fy;k- mls yx jgk gS fd pkjksa vksj ls nhokjksa ij vufxur uD'ks cu x, gSa- mu ns'kksa ds tgka ij og dHkh ugha xbZ] 'kk;n os ns'k i`Foh ij gSa Hkh ugha- nhokjsa mlds bruk djhc vk jgh gSa fd mldk ne ?kqVus yxk gSnhokjksa us mls tdM+ fy;k gS vkSj tdM+u bruh l[r gS fd os mlds vanj lek xb± gSa- vc flQZ og gS] ugha! og Hkh dgka] flQZ ,d ihyk okrkoj.kuoacj] 2010


lges jgrs FkslM+d ij pyrs gq, og nwj fudy t:j mM+waxh-Þ os nq'euksa ds f[kykQ dqN djuk mldh uhyh vka[ksa McMck vkb±xbZ- lM+d lwuh Fkh- nksuksa vksj v'kksd ds ,d drkj esa [kM+s nj[r Fks tks ihys mlds lkeus QSyk vNksj vdsykiu Fkk- pkgrs Fks- ysfdu os ;q) yM+us dh lqfoèkkvksa ls oafpr Fks- D;k Fkk muds iÙkksa ls yns Fks- lM+d ij Hkh ihys iÙkksa dk xyhpk fcNk Fkk---ihyh&ihyh èkwi uks,y ds lHkh lkfFk;ksa us ;kn dj j[kk ikl flok jks"k ds\ 'kk;n nq'euksa dk NksM+k gqvk VSUV Fkh---lSfudksa ds cwVksa dh vkokt---èkka;! Fkk mldk tUefnu- os ;q) ds fnu Fksèkka; xksfy;ka py jgh Fkha---mUgksaus esjs leqnz ds fdukjs] taxy esa fdlh ?kus isM+ Fkk og tgka lHkh nksLr bdës gq, Fks- VSUV uks,y dks Hkwu fn;k Fkk- gok pyrh rks ds uhps gj txg lSfud VSUV yxk, jg ds Hkhrj ef)e jks'kuh Fkh- ,d ydM+h iÙks Vidrs---og fxjs iÙkksa dks mBkus jgs Fks- Ldwy vkSj dkWyst lSfudksa dh dh ttZj frikbZ ij Ms<+ QqV Åapk vkSj yxh---gj iÙks ij vkdj mlds vkalw Bgj Nkouh cus gq, Fks- e`rdksa ds [kkyh iM+s mruk gh xksy dsd j[kk Fkk ftl ij tkrs---og bu vVds vkalqvksa dks viuh ?kjksa esa Hkh os jg jgs Fks- fQj Hkh ftanxh fy[kk FkkµßMkfy±x ,Xusl uks,y ÝsM ds gFksyh ij cVksjus yxh] ;s vkalw gSa ;k Fkh muds chp tks cps Fks] ;k lSfudksa dh fy,-Þ ns[kdj u tkus fdl ladksp ls mlds ,dkdh thou dk---- og ihys iÙkksa igqap ls nwj Fks- uks,y ds nksLrksa ds lewg mldh vka[ksa xM+ xb±- rc BaM dk ekSle ds xyhps ij cSB xbZ- mlus lkeus dh esa xksjs&dkys lHkh fe=k Fks- mudh vkil 'kq: gh gqvk Fkk- ysfdu taxy esa 'kjhj dks fBBqjkus okyh BaM Fkh- lc txg lkQ dj yh vkSj lw[krh ihyh fe=kksa us feydj vkx tyk yh ?kkl ij ,d&,d iÙkk fcNkdj uks,y dk uke fy[kk ^uks,y ßdkSu pkgrk gS ;q¼\ cksyks\ ;s nqfu;k ds 'kfDr'kkyh vkSj os cFkZMs xhr xkus yxsvkx dh lqugjh jks'kuh esa ÝsM*- mlus ns[kk fd gj iÙks ij ns'k tks viuh lÙkk vkSj c<+kuk pkgrs gSa\ ;k ge---\ mldk psgjk lqugjk ped uks,y dk eqLdqjkrk psgjk mHkj ;k rqe---\** og 'kwU; esa rkd jgh Fkh] ^^bZjku esa D;k jgk Fkk- mlus dsd dkVus dh vk;k gS vkSj gj psgjk vc gq v k\ bjkd es a D;k gq v k\ D;ks a u"V gq v k fgjks f 'kek\ D;k Nqjh mBkbZ rks lHkh fpYyk f[kyf[kykdj gal jgk gS- lkjs iM+sµßugha! ugha] igys ,d okrkoj.k esa fjp ds fxVkj dh ;g izse Fkk\ rqe dkyksa ls uQjr djks] mUgsa xqyke pqacu uks,y ysxk ,Xusl dk-Þ >adkj Hkj xbZ gS vkSj xhr ds cukvks] tathjksa ls tdM+dj ihVks] dkyh uLy dh nsg dks og 'kjek xbZ---uks,y >qdk Loj ygjkus yxs gSaphFkks] D;k ;g izse gS\** ml ij---,d nh?kZ pqacu vkSj ßvkbZ MksUV uks OgkV yo fQj uks,y ds izfrpqafcr vèkjbt] cV vkbZ fFkad vkbZ ,e dh nksLrh [krjukd Fkh- ysfdu os vkil nwj canwd ls fudyh xksfy;ksa dh ckokt vjsLVsM bu bV-Þ mlh jkr tc og cFkZMs ikVhZ ls esa nksLr Fks- fdlh us fdlh dks ugha NksM+k lqukbZ nh- fjp us viuh fxVkj ij ogh ykSVh Fkh] uks,y mls igqapkus ?kj vk;k Fkk- uks,y mu lHkh dk cpiu dk fe=k fpjifjfpr xhr ctk;kµßvkbZ MksUV uks Fkk- og Hkh uks,y dks cpiu ls tkurh OgkV yo bt] cV vkbZ fFkad vkbZ ,e FkkvjsLVsM bu bV-Þ mlus dsd dkVk vkSj Fkhml fnu tc og vkSj uks,y vius rHkh uks,y dh xksn esa vk fxjh ,dne mls dSai dkWQh gkml dh ohjku lM+d ilan Fkh- lM+d ds nksuksa vksj yacs lQsnk ?kj dh Nr dh cjlkrh esa Nqis ckgj dk ljizkbt dh rjg oksndk dh iwjh ,d ds nj[r yxs Fks tks viuh lQsn ihM+ tk;tk ys jgs Fks] rHkh lhVh dh vkokt cksry- uks,y vpdpk mBk---ßvjs dgka vkSj 'kk[kkvksa ls fpdus vkSj [kwclwjr ls mUgksaus uhps ns[kk] tgka fjp [kM+k Fkk- ls bartke dj fy;k rqe nksuksa us!Þ og Hkh vk'p;Z esa Mwch Fkh- og ugha fjp us uhps vkus dk b'kkjk fd;kyx jgs Fks- ,sls gh nj[r ogka Fks tgka og vkSj uks,y gkFkksa esa gkFk Mkys ?kwek os uhps mrjs- ßpyks] lHkh taxy dh vksj tkurh Fkh fd I;kj D;k gS] ysfdu og djrs Fks- fdruh gh ckj uks,y us mlls gSa-Þ nksuksa fjp ds lkFk taxy dh vksj lpeqp mldh t+cjnLr fxj¶r esa FkhlHkh ihus yxs Fks- dsd vkSj LuSDl dgk Fkkµßbu nj[rksa dh ihM+sa rqEgkjh py iM+s- nwj] cgqr nwj] pyrs&pyrs og [kwclwjr lQsn Vkaxksa ls [kwclwjr ugha-Þ Fkd xbZ Fkh- xHkZèkkj.k ls og vfèkd [kkrs gq, os iqjkus fnuksa dh eLrh esa vkrs og gal nh Fkh vkSj vkdk'k esa mM+rs py ugha ikrh Fkh- txg ogh Fkh] tgka tk jgs Fksß;q) dh lekfIr ds ckn ge nksuksa iafN;ksa dh vksj ns[krs gq, dgk os vDlj bdëk gksrs Fks- ikl gh unh Fkkµßuks,y] esa mM+uk pkgrh gwa- rqe fcuk 'kksj ds cg jgh Fkh- ;q) ls igys fookg dj ysaxs-Þ mlus dgkßD;k rqEgsa ;g ;q) bruh tYnh D;k le>rs gks fd os detksj vkSj fdruh gh ckj blh txg ij mUgksaus eqyk;e ij gSa] ftlls i{kh mM+rk gS\ fidfud eukbZ Fkh vkSj vkx tykdj lekIr gksrk fn[krk gS\Þ fjp us dgkuks,y us yach lkal Hkjh] ftlesa ugha] og mldh mM+us dh bPNk gS] lhaddokc cuk, Fks- fdruh eLrh Hkjs ftlls og mM+ ldrk gS] cl bPNk gksuh fnu Fks os- ysfdu ;q) us pkjksa rjQ ekSr xgjh fujk'kk Fkh- cpiu ls jax&Hksn dk pkfg,] vkSj ns[kuk uks,y] eSa ,d fnu dk lUukVk QSyk fn;k Fkk- lHkh Mjs& ;q) rks os ns[k gh jgs Fks- uks,y us vius 61 uoacj] 2010


ifjokj dks [kks;k Fkk cjlksa igys ;q) dh foHkhf"kdk esa- og ukuk&ukuh ds ikl iyk&c<+k Fkkßpyks vkx cq>k,a] ojuk os ge rd igqap ldrs gSa- jkr Hkh xgjk jgh gS] gedks pyuk pkfg,- uks,y rqe ,Xusl dks ?kj rd igqapkvks-Þ xSjh us dgkß,xh pyks-Þ uks,y us ,Xusl ds daèks ij vius gkFk j[krs gq, dgk- og ,Xusl dks blh uke ls iqdkjrk FkkfQj xksfy;ksa dh vkokt xwath- og FkjFkjkdj uks,y ls fyiV xbZ- ekfj;k Hkh FkjFkjkus yxh- tkWu] ekfj;k] xSjh] ekxzsZV] jSpy] Vksuh] fty] ekdZ] Msful lHkh lewg esa [kM+s Fksß,slk D;ksa yx jgk gS fd ;g vafre fonkbZ gS\Þ ekfj;k us dgkßugha] ge fQj feysaxs-Þ tkWu cksykßvkSj 'kk;n ;g Hkh gks fd ge dHkh u feysa] tSlk ekfj;k us dgk-Þ ekdZ dh vkokt Hkh FkjFkjk jgh Fkhß,slk er dgks-Þ ,Xusl us #vkalh vkokt esa dgkßge t:j feysaxs-Þ yxk fd og jks iM+sxhßvksds ,Xusl tkvks] rqe èkhes Hkh pyrh gks-Þ fjp us nksuksa dks fonk fd;kihNs os Hkh lewg esa pyrs jgs] vkxs tkdj lHkh ds jkLrs vyx gks x,ß'kgj esa ek'kZy ykW yxk gS-Þ MSMh us [kcj nh- mUgksaus uks,y dks ml jkr ?kj ij gh #dus dh lykg nh] ysfdu uks,y ugha ekuk- mUgsa vk'oLr djrk gqvk og pyk x;kogh jkr vafre jkr Fkh] mlds uks,y ds fy,---MSM vkSj eek ds fy,fMuj ds ckn og vius fcLrj ij ysV xbZ- ysVus ds ckn mls dgha Hkh eglwl ugha gqvk fd ;g mldh ftanxh dh lcls eugwl jkr lkfcr gksxh- og rks ;knksa ds [kq'kxckj >wys esa tkus dc rd vdsyh >wyrh jgh Fkh- vufxur xqykcksa dh [kq'kcw lesVs ,d psgjk tks vaèksjs esa yxkrkj jkS'ku gksdj ikl vkrk jgk] og uks,y gh rks Fkk- os nksuksa gkFk 62

idM+s pednkj Qwyksa ls Hkjh okfn;ksa dks yka?krs gq, nkSM+rs jgs Fks^eSa csVs dk uke j[kwaxh ^fde*fde uks,y ÝsM- og xksjk gksxk ;k vius firk tSlk dkyk\* og lksp jgh Fkh---fQj fopkjksa dks >Vdk---^D;k QdZ iM+rk gS---og ifo=k cPpk gekjk gksxk---flQZ gekjk- mldk [kwu yky gksxk-* lksprs&lksprs og eqLdqjk iM+h;q) esa cph Fkha mldh 72 o"khZ; nknh vkSj og- mlds I;kjs MSM vkSj eek dks lSfudksa us vius cwVksa rys jkSan fn;k Fkk- jkSank Fkk eek dh ukjh nsg dks---mlh jkr tc og vius fcLrjs ij uks,y ds [;kyksa esa Mwc&mrjk jgh Fkh--mlh jkr lSfudksa us mlds ?kj vkSj vklikl ds lHkh ?kjksa ij dgj cjik;k Fkk- MSM us mls ry?kj esa Nqik fn;k Fkk Nqikuk rks os eek dks Hkh pkgrs Fks] ysfdu os ugha ekuha- os MSM dks vdsyk ugha NksM+ jgha Fkha- vkSj ?kaVksa ckn tc og ry?kj ls Åij vkbZ Fkh rks mls feyk Fkk eek dk dVk {kr&fo{kr uXu 'kjhj- l=kg lSfudksa ls vdsys tw>rs MSMh eek dks ugha cpk ik, Fks- lSfudksa us eek dh gj ph[k ij canwd dk cSusV MSMh dh nsg ij Hkksadk Fkk vkSj Øwj fot;h vêgkl fd;k Fkk- nknh igys gh csgks'k gks xbZ Fkha- MSMh mlds lkeus rM+i&rM+idj ej jgs Fksvar esa mUgksaus ;gh dgk Fkkµ^^csVh] ;fn tk ldks rks fdlh nwljs ns'k pyh tkvks--;g ;q) varghu gS] rqe vdsyh D;k djksxh\** fQj os fcy[kdj jks iM+s Fks^^eSa rqEgkjh eek dks ugha cpk ik;k-** MSM uhxzks tkfr ds Fks vkSj eek xksjh esenksuksa dk izse gqvk Fkk] fQj fookg vkSj nksuksa us ikbZ ;g [kwclwjr xksjh yM+dh ,Xuslxksjs lSfudksa us viuh gol dk f'kdkj viuh gh tSlh] viuh gh uLy

dh xksjh L=kh dks blfy, cuk;k D;ksafd ml L=kh us ,d dkys enZ ls fookg djus dh xyrh dh Fkh- os gj jkr ,sls gh enks± dks pqurs] ;k dkyh vkSjrksa dks- MSMh us ejrs le; dgk Fkkµ^^,Xusl] os l=kg lSfud Fks---lkspks tjk rqEgkjh eek ds 'kjhj dks uksprs&phFkrs l=kg yksx---** mlus MSMh ds gksBksa ij maxyh j[k nh--tkvks MSM---eek rks igys gh lQj ij tk pqdh Fkha---nknh dks gks'k vk;k rks muls jks;k Hkh ugha x;k---cl tSls vopsru esa cM+cM+krh jghaµß;q) dk ;gh var gS] ;gh var-Þ xHkZ dk NBk eghuk Fkk- og vdsyh Fkh] furkar vdsyh- vDlj 'kke dks og dSai dkWQh gkml pyh tkrh tgka ;qok vkSj vèksM+ oxZ cgl esa e'kxwy feyrkcglsa---cglsa---flxjsV dk èkqavk---dkWQh vkSj idkSM+s rys tkus dh xaèk iljh gksrhfjdkWMZ Iys;j ij ctrh dksbZ èkqu--uoacj] 2010


flDdk Mkyks vkSj viuk euilan xkuk lquks---og vÝhdh xkuk lqurh tks mlds MSM dks ilan Fkkß>wB er cksyks-Þ og ph[k iM+hlHkh estksa ij lUukVk Nk x;k- og vdsyh cSBh Fkh vkSj lkeus j[kk Fkk dkyh dkWQh dk I;kyk- lHkh mldh vksj ns[kus yxsßdkSu pkgrk gS ;q)\ cksyks\ ;s nqfu;k ds 'kfDr'kkyh ns'k tks viuh lÙkk vkSj c<+kuk pkgrs gSa\ ;k ge---\ ;k rqe---\** og 'kwU; esa rkd jgh Fkh] ^^bZjku esa D;k gqvk\ bjkd esa D;k gqvk\ D;ksa u"V gqvk fgjksf'kek\ D;k ;g izse Fkk\ rqe dkyksa ls uQjr djks] mUgsa xqyke cukvks] tathjksa ls tdM+dj ihVks] dkyh uLy dh nsg dks phFkks] D;k ;g izse gS\** og fcy[kdj jks iM+hßdgka gks uks,y rqe\Þ mlus est ij ckagksa ds chp viuk flj fVdk fy;k- og fcy[krh jgh---dkWQh gkml fQj cglksa esa my> x;k- mlus flj mBk;k] cq>h flxjsV ,s'kVªs ls fudkyh vkSj iqu% tykbZ- ckn esa flxjsV ds lqyxrs fljs dks maxfy;ksa ls elyrh jgh- vc u gkFk tyrs gSa---u maxfy;ka] og vanj ls èkèkdrh jgrh gS- ;q) us mlds uks,y dks Nhuk] MSM vkSj eek dks Nhuk- lkjs cpiu ds nksLr tqnk gq,- uks,y ds tkus ds nwljs fnu mlus ogha ls os [kwu ls lus iÙks cVksjs Fks tgka mlds uks,y dks lSfudksa us ekjk Fkk- fjp us crk;k Fkk fd uks,y mls igqapkdj tc ykSV jgk Fkk rHkh og f?kj x;k Fkk- lSfudksa us mls lrk&lekdj ekjk---nkSM+k;k] diM+s mrkjs vkSj gj vax ij xksfy;ka cjlkb±og mu iÙkksa esa dkyk&xksjk [kwu <wa<+us yxh- iÙks lges Fks] dkai jgs Fks] ekuks Hk; ls og ihys iM+ x, gksa- og Hkh dkai jgh Fkh---fjp dh Vkaxsa dkai jgh Fkha- Øwjrk vêgkl dj jgh Fkhjkr ds gknls ds ckn lqcg yk'ksa cVksjus xksjs lSfud vk x, Fks- gkFk&xkM+h esa dVh&QVh yk'kksa dks os bdëk dj jgs Fksnknh us muls iwNk Fkkµßvkf[kj dc rd yM+ksxs\ dksbZ var gS\Þ uoacj] 2010

os fp<+s gq, Fks- ;gh jkst dk flyflyk gS- cksysµßge yM+ jgs gSa ;k os\Þ nwljs us mls pqi djkrs gq, dgkµßpqi jgks] cw<+h lnes esa gS] vka[kksa ds lkeus mlds csVs dh yk'k gS---mldh iRuh dk cykRdkj gqvk gS] ;gh gj ?kj dh dgkuh gS-Þ fQj mpVrh&lh fuxkg ml ij Mkyh---mlds mHkjs isV dks ns[kk vkSj gkFkxkM+h dks ?klhVrs os pys x, fdlh vkSj ds ?kj ds lkeusog jks jgh Fkhµrks ;wa x, mlds MSM vkSj eek---,d gkFkxkM+h esa---ml ij p<+s gksaxs fdlh vkSj ?kj ds MSM&eek] 'kk;n toku csVs&csVh Hkh gksavc thus ls Qk;nk\ ysfdu xHkZ esa Fkk uUgk uks,y- lkjk thou ,dne vaèkdkje; mlds lkeus eqag ck, [kM+k FkkMSM us dgk Fkkµdgha pyh tkuk ,Xusl- ysfdu nknh dks NksM+uk ukeqefdu Fkk- vkSj os dgha tkuk ugha pkgrh Fkhatkrh Hkh dgka\ dbZ Hkkjrh; ifjokj ns'k NksM+ jgs Fks- ;q) dk uaxk lp lkeus Fkkvikj laifÙk vkSj dkjksckj NksM+dj os Hkkx jgs Fks- nknh us ,sls gh ,d lân; Hkkjrh; ifjokj ds lkFk mls vkxzgiwoZd ;gka fHktok fn;k- mlds lwVdsl esa Hkj nha dherh phtsa] vkHkw"k.k vkSj #i,nknh us dgk Fkkµß,Xusl tkvks] ;s yksx efrHkze gks pqds gSa] ;gka gj vksj flQZ vc ekSr gh gS-Þ mldk lwVdsl Hkh Hkkjrh; ifjokj us laHkkyk- mldh tSdsV esa Fks [kwu ls fyFkM+s ihys iÙks- uks,y ds [kwu ls lusnknh dh vka[kksa esa mlus e`R;q dh ijNkb± ns[k yh Fkh- vc flQZ uUgs uks,y dks cpkuk gS- nknh cpk jgh Fkha mlh dh tkfr] mlh dh uLy ls mldk cpkovka[ksa fdruh nsj cjlha] dc lw[k xb±] irk gh ugha pyk- vHkh rks 'kke iwjh ugha f?kjh Fkh vkSj mlds ru&eu esa vaèksjk Nk;k Fkk- Hkkjrh; ifjokj us ,d dejk mls ns fn;k Fkk- vc ,Xusl ds iwjs fnu Fks- cPpk dHkh Hkh iSnk gks ldrk Fkk- vaèksjs thou esa mtkys ls Hkjk mlds gkFkksa esa uUgk uks,y gksxk- ;q) dh foHkhf"kdk ls nwj] og ,d lqcg vka[ksa

[kksysxkß>Uu&>Uu · · · ·Þ fjdkWMZ Iys;j ij vÝhdh Mªe ct jgk Fkk- og pkSad iM+h- est ij ls flj mBk;k rks lkeus fjp [kM+k Fkk- og fxVkj ctk jgk Fkk vkSj uks,y Mªe ctk jgk Fkk- og vkSj ekfj;k fFkjd jgh Fkhaßugha] uks,y #d tkvks---ckgj ek'kZy ykW yxk gS-Þ og ,dk,d ph[k iM+hrHkh LuSDl loZ djus okyk yM+dk mlds lkeus ls IysV esa idkSM+s ysdj xqtjk rks mlus ,d idkSM+k mBk fy;k vkSj mls 'kqfØ;k dgk- yM+dk HkkSpd mls ns[k jgk- idkSM+k dqrjrs gq, og fpYykbZ] ßeSa mM+uk pkgrh gwa- ;g cgqr fFkzfyax gksxk- eSa uks,y ds ikl mM+dj igqapuk pkgrh gwa-Þ dkWQh gkml esa fQj lUukVk Nk x;k- fQj og fcy[kdj jks iM+h] ßdgka gks rqe uks,y---tkurs gks u] eSa rqEgkjs cxSj ugha th ldrh-Þ ,d xksjk yM+dk] dksbZ fons'kh] 'kk;n vesfjdu gks] mlds lkeus dh est ij vkdj cSB x;k vkSj mldh fldqM+h cVu VwVh deht ls mHkj vk, Lruksa dks ns[krs gq, cksykµ^^Mkfy±x! dqN dguk pkgrh gks] eq>ls dgks-Þ yM+ds us mldk gkFk idM+uk pkgkßfN%Þ] og ph[kh ß;w OgkbV eSu--rqe l=kg Fks ftUgksaus esjh eka dks] ,d L=kh dks ekjk---mldk cykRdkj fd;kesjk MSM uhxzks 6 QqV dk] 80 fdyks otu dk Fkk ysfdu og dqN ugha dj ldk] D;ksafd rqEgkjs ikl canwdsa Fkha---og fugRFkk Fkk ysfdu mlds ân; esa vikj izse Fkk---iwjs fo'o ds fy,---og dqN ugha dj ldk---dqN ugha- ,d usd fny balku---Þ og jksus yxhßgks'k esa vkvks---eSa rks lSfud ugha gwa---lSfud pys x, gSa-Þ yM+ds us dgkßrks D;k gqvk] cu tkvks lSfud- vcdh ckj esjh nknh dks Hkh er NksM+uk-Þ mlus ikWfdV esa gkFk Mkydj ml ihys iÙks dks idM+ fy;k tks dkai jgk Fkk63


dgkuh

ik.kh foPp e/kkuh tlchj pkoyk ?kj&ifjokj okyksa us] nksLrksa&;kjksa us] iM+kslh&'kqHkfpardksa us] lcus ;gh le>k;kµßik.kh foPp eèkkuh] uk ik!---dksbZ QSnk ugha---eD[k.k ugha fudy.k okyk!Þ ij mls ,srokj gh u gks] vka[ksa QkM+s rdrk jgs---cLl! tSls dqÙks HkkSad jgs gksa] [kqn gkFkh&tSlk eLr--viuh jkg- dksbZ QdZ ugha- yxk jgs fjM+dus---eFkrk tk,---eFkrk tk, ikuhmldk rdZ ;g Fkkµxk; gks] HkSal gks] cdjh&ÅaVuh&'ksjuh&tuk.kh tks gks! fdlh dk nwèk gksos mlesa ikuh gksrk gS ;k ugha\ nwèk fcuk ikuh ds gks gh ugha ldrk! ftldh Hkh nsg esa nwèk gS---ikuh ds lkFk gS- mlh rjg ikuh Hkh fcuk nwèk ds ugha gks ldrk! pkgs fdruk gh de D;wa u gks---ij gS t:j! vkSj vxj nwèk gS rks mldk eD[ku t:j gksxk] fdruk gh de D;wa u gks! vc ;g fjM+dus ij gS] fjM+dus okys ij gS!! fdruk dgka vkSj dSls fjM+dk tk, blh dh [kkst gksuh pkfg,- fygktk] mlus fdrkcsa vkSj rjg&rjg ds u,&iqjkus xzaFk i<+s- mls ;g irk yx x;k fd vR;fèkd esgur vFkok [kpsZ dh otg ls cgqr lkjs laHko mRiknu Hkh NksM+ fn, tkrs gSa- furkar O;kolkf;d dkj.kksa ls <sj lkjh rduhdsa jí dj nh xb± tcfd os lS)kafrd :i ls] iz;ksx'kkyk esa fl) dj nh xb±cgqr&lh rduhdsa NksVs mRiknu&Lrj ij 64

lQy ij equkQs dh dlkSVh ij njfdukj dj nh xb±- ik.kh fop eèkkuh Hkh ,slk gh ,d FkdkÅ&ÅckÅ&Qkyrw dke gks rks gks! 'kfDr dh gkfu gS ;k ;wa dg ysa ?kkVs dk lkSnk gS---rks gks! mruk eD[ku ugha fudyuk ftruh mlesa esgur dh iwath yxuh gS- bUgha dkj.kksa ls gj v;Ld ¼vksj½ feujy gksrk gS ijarq gj feujy vksj ugha gksrklkFk gh mlds ikl bfrgkl dh xokfg;ka Fkha ftuesa ik.kh foPp eèkkuh ljh[ks dke;kc rtq+csZ gq, Fks- LoxZ ls lqjlfj dks mrkj nsuk] igkM+ksa esa nwèk dh unh cgk nsuk tSls mnkgj.k og vius i{k esa bLrseky djrk Fkk- 'kkL=kksa ls <wa<+&<wa<+dj ,slh dFkk,a fudkyrk ftuesa vkRek&ijekRek dh ,d:irk crkbZ xbZ Fkh- gj vkRek esa ijekRek gS] pkgs fcanq&ek=k gh gks] ij nksuksa ,d&nwljs ds fcuk ugha gSa] fHkUu ugha gSa] oSls gh tSls ikuh vkSj nwèk! blfy, og eFk jgk Fkk---fjM+d jgk Fkk ikuh foPp eèkkuh ik- dbZ ckj mlus ?kj&ifjokj okyksa] nksLrksa&;kjksa] iM+kslh&'kqHkfpardksa] ikVhZ&odZjksa lcdks lkFk yxk fy;k- feydj Hkh fjM+dkxyh&eqgYyksa ds cPpksa ls Hkh fjM+d&jfLl;ka f[kapokb±---ij lc csdkj! turk Fkd&gkj pqdh Fkh- ;g jLlkd'kh T;knk ugha pyh- iPphl lky ls Åij

tUe % 7 flracj 1963 tUe LFkku % bVkok ¼m-iz-½ 'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk % ch-Vsd ¼esVythZdy bathfu;fjax½] ,e-bZ¼esVythZ ,aM baLVªh;y esVhfj;Yl½ izdkf'kr Ñfr;ka % psjuksfcy jksVh dh xa/k] gyQukek lesr 9 dfork laxzgA uhps okyh fpV[kuh lesr 5 y?kqdFkk laxzgA iatkc % njkjsa vkSj nyky] ut+j&ut+j&ut+fj;k ¼2 fuca/k laxzg½] bLikr ifjp; ¼Hkkx 2½] bLikrh Åapkb;ksa dh vksj ¼2 rduhdh iqLrdsa½A laizfr % bLikr ea=kky; esa ojh; mi&funs'kd ¼jksfyax fey½ ds in ij eaMhxks fcan x<+ fLFkr us'kuy baLVhV~;wV vkWQ VsDuksykWth esa dk;ZjrA laidZ % 123@1] lsDVj&55] paMhx<+&160055] eks- % 94172&37593

chr pqds Fks ij eD[ku---\ nwj&nwj rd dgha ut+j ugha vkrk Fkkmlds n`<+ fo'okl dks pqukSrh Fkh] riL;k dh ijkdk"Bk Fkh- rc fdlh us mls lykg nhµßfdlh xq# dks [kkstks! xq# fcu Kku u gksbZ----ogh ikuh esa ls eD[ku fudky ldrk gS!Þ ckr tap xbZnjvly] eu gh eu mls Hkh viuh gBèkfeZrk ij lansg gksus yxk Fkkfo'okl flQZ Mxexk;k gh ugha] pjejk;k Hkh Fkk- [kSj---dgrs gSa [kkstks rks Hkxoku Hkh fey tkrk gS- mls vjkM+ dyke fey x;k- pj.kksa ij <g iM+kµßegkjkt! vkius fl)kFkZ dks fn'kk nh rks og cq) cu x;k Fkk( fo'o&xq# cu x;k Fkk- eq> ij esgj djsa! ikuh ls eD[ku fudkyus dk iwjk rtq+jck vkSj viuh ri&;k=kk dk iwjk uoacj] 2010


riLoh grizHk Fkk- xq# ds pj.kksa esa o.kZu dj x;k fd dSls bldh otg ls og lw[kdj dkaVk gks pyk Fkk- dyke us cSB x;kµß;g ubZ&ubZ 'kCnkoyh fdlh u, igys rks mlds er dh iqf"V dh] mlds rdZ dks U;k;&laxr] 'kkL=k&lEer crk;k n'kZu dh tku iM+rh gS---èkU; gSa xq#! vkSj fQj mldh riL;k dh Hkwfj&Hkwfj vkius crk;k ojuk eSa rks bl vykSfdd iz'kalk dh- riLoh dks egk vk'p;Z gqvk Kku ls oafpr gh jg tkrk-** µßik.kh esa nwèk gksrk gS---;g fd lkjh nqfu;k >wBh cdokl dj jgh gScl ;gh ,d cank feyks tks esjh ckr dks rqEgkjh izrhfr Fkh- ik.kh ls eD[ku mHkkj ysuk ;g budh izrhfr gS] lgh Bgjk jgk gSµßxq#nso! ,slk dksbZ gS czãkaM esa rqEgkjk vkHkkl gS! vc ;g ftls&ftls tks ik.kh ls eD[k.k cuk jgk gks bl feysxk mudh izrhfr gksxh---vkvks ns[krs gSa-Þ dyke xq# us Kku&p{kq mUehfyr fofèk\Þ µßgS D;ksa ugha\ t:j gS! vkvks esjs dj fn, Fks- vc os mls vkxs ys pyuk lkFk! nwj D;k tkuk] ;gha gekjs Hkkjro"kZ pkgrs FkseD[ku ikus okys [kq'k Fks- os [kkus esa fn[kkÅa\Þ dyke mls fnYyh ys dh estksa dh rjQ NwV iM+s Fksvk;kµßY;ks n~;s dks!---,sbZ rks!Þ riLoh us ns[kk lpeqp ;g rks cgqr xjekxje nky] nwèk] jksVh---uku--vklku gS- ikap lkyksa ckn dqN yksx dgha ij os eD[ku myV&iyV nsaxsikuh esa eèkkuh Mkyrs gSa- ,d rjQ jLlh eD[ku ml xehZ ls fi?ky tk,xkls ,d ny [khaprk gS] nwljh rjQ jLlh os pEep ls mls feyk nsaxs( og ?kqy ls nwljk ny! Åaph&Åaph ßtksj yxk tk,xk] cpsxk ughaµog ,d rjy inkFkZ gS!¹ eèkkuh gS Hkh] ugha Hkh- cgqr dqN ds---· gS lk---gqLlkÞ tSlh vkoktsa ls fudyk Fkk] nwljk rjy inkFkZ! Qkuh izrhfr gS] cgqr dqN vkHkkl gS-Þ mls fudkyrs gSa vkSj ,d fnu igys vpkud gS! eD[ku uked dksbZ Bksl inkFkZ ugha Hkku gks vk;k Fkk fd vkxs dyke D;k lkjs pqik tkrs gSa- fpYykuk can dj dqN cpsxk! mldh vfLerk [kRe! flQZ dgus okys gSa- mlus vkRek fFkj QqlQqlkrs&cqncqnkrs jgrs gSa- dqN fnu vkHkkl jg tk,xk- [kkus okys dks mldh dhµvkRek vyx ugha gS---ijekRek ?kM+s ij <Ddu dldj lhy dj fn;k izrhfr gksxh---rdus okys dks mldk vyx ugha gS- ,s izrhfr gS rks nwljk tkrk gS- fQj <Ddu mBkrs gSa---eD[ku vkHkkl gksxkvkHkkl gSrSj jgk gksrk gS ikuh ij! nksuksa nyksa µßrqEgsa vkRek dh izrhfr ds yksx nksus ys vkrs gSa- ,d gS---mls ijekRek ls feyk nksxseq[kh tks ixM+h ckaèks jgrk gS] ikap lkyksa ckn dqN yksx ikuh esa eèkkuh Mkyrs gSa--vkHkkl gksxk- ijekRek dh eD[ku mBkrk gS vkSj nksuksa ij izrhfr gksrh gS---og eD[k.k gS,d rjQ jLlh ls ,d ny [khaprk gS] nwljh rjQ j[krk tkrk gS- lqanj pedhys [kkus okyk mls lrjaxh iSjgu dkxtksa ls iSfdax dj nh tkrh jLlh ls nwljk ny! Åaph&Åaph ßtksj yxk ls fudkyrk gS-Þ xq# ds cksy gS- ßeD[k.k lcdks feysxk--- ds---· gS lk---gqLlkÞ tSlh vkoktsa fudkyrs gSa vkSj ,d xaHkhj gksrs tk jgs Fksµßnsg lcdks feysxkÞ dk 'kksj xwatus fnu igys vpkud lkjs pqik tkrs gSa- fpYykuk can :ih r'rjh esa j[krk gS] yxrk gSdj dqN QqlQqlkrs&cqncqnkrs jgrs gSa- dqN fnu ?kM+s ij ijekRek Bksl jgrk gS---lxq.k eD[ku dk riLoh <Ddu dldj lhy dj fn;k tkrk gS- fQj <Ddu :i- rqe mls lxh vka[kksa ns[krs gDdk&cDdk jg tkrk gS- og mBkrs gSa---eD[ku rSj jgk gksrk gS ikuh ij! nksuksa nyksa ds gks! reke vkRekvksa esa vius yykV ij ckj&ckj gFksyh fo|eku egku vkRek! mldh yksx nksus ys vkrs gSa?kqekus yxrk gS- xq# dyke izrhfr gksrh gS] og eksgd gS-mlds eu dh voLFkk le> ->ViV feyk ysuk pkgrs gks! tkrs gSa- os cksy mBrs gSaµß;g og fey tkrk gs---vfLrRo&foghu gks µßvkHkkl & izrhfr---izrhfr& tkrk gS- mldk vkHkkl cuk jgrk gS-Þ izrhfr gS!Þ µßizrhfr gS---\Þ mlus igys dHkh vkHkkl!Þ riLoh dqN&dqN le>us dh dksf'k'k dj jgk Fkk,slk 'kCn ugha lquk Fkkog Qal x;k Fkk- dyke mls u;k µßnqfu;k esa cgqr lkjh izrhfr;ka gSa- thou esa cgqr lkjs vkHkkl gSa---Þ xq# dyek i<+k,axs- ^^eD[k.k gS Hkh---fQj ¹ eafnj gS Hkh ij ugha Hkh gS! efLtn ugha gS] fQj ugha Hkh gS- ik.kh gS Hkh---ij ugha Hkh eftLn gS Hkh gS! vc fo"k; dh xgjkbZ esa tk jgs Fks65 uoacj] 2010


ij[k

fuckZ/k&fuO;kZt vuar izse gS % VsEl dh ljxe

^VsEl dh ljxe* miU;kl vHkh&vHkh i<+dj lekIr fd;k gS- pfpZr ,oa iz'kaflr ysf[kdk larks"k JhokLro ds bl miU;kl us eq>s xgjs blfy, Nw fy;k gS D;ksafd blesa ftl izse rRo dk o.kZu gS mls eSaus cgqr xgjkbZ ls vkSj thdj tkuk gS- izse ds bl cht rRo dks LFkkfir djus ds fy, larks"k us ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe esa viuh dFkk dk rkuk&ckuk cquk gS- bfrgkl rks vrhr dk bfro`Ùk gksrk gS- og vrhr tks xqtj pqdk gSµe`r gks pqdk gS- ysfdu larks"k dh lèkh gqbZ dye dk deky gS fd ikBd ml bfrgkl dh uCt dks Nwdj mldh èkM+du lqu ldsaxsµxqtjrs le; dh ixèofu lkQ&lkQ lqu ldsaxs- bfrgkl blesa thfor èkM+d jgk gS- ;g miU;kl dksbZ ,sfrgkfld miU;kl ugha gS ij blesa of.kZr izsedFkk ds lkFk&lkFk bfrgkl bl rjg xqaFkk gqvk gS fd miU;kl ds vU; ik=kksa dh rjg og Hkh ,d ik=k utj vkrk gSlarks"k vaxzstksa ds tekus dh fQVu dh lSj Hkh djk nsrh gSa vkSj vaxzst gqDejkuksa dh fo'kky dksfB;ksa ds [kwclwjr ckxhpksa ds iqdqj Hkh fn[kk nsrh gSa- eSa cM+h nsj rd mlh i`"B ij fBBd xbZ Fkh vkSj yky&lQsn dey ds Qwyksa dh [kwclwjrh utj ls ihrh jgh Fkh- bfrgkl dk ?kVukpØ gh ugha] larks"k us chp&chp esa lkfgR; ls b=k [khapdj tks egd fc[ksjh gS mlus Hkh eu dks cgqr Nqvk- miU;kl dh ukf;dk Mk;uk vkSj uk;d paMhnkl ds ekè;e ls HkfDrekxZ vkSj KkuekxZ dk laxe lkQ fn[kkbZ nsrk gS- tc Mk;uk dgrh gSµßbl fo'o dk lkjk Kku 66

iq"ik Hkkjrh

iqLrd % VsEl dh ljxe ¼miU;kl½ ysf[kdk % larks"k JhokLro izdk'kd % ekuo izdk'ku] 131] fpÙkjatu ,osU;w] dksydkrk&700073

gekjs Hkhrj ekStwn gS ysfdu mls ns[kus okyh gekjh vka[ksa can gSa] mUgsa [kksyus ds fy, ,d xq# dh t:jr gksrh gS tks KkuekxZ ds n'kZu djkrk gS-Þ paMhnkl dgrk gSµßeSa Kku ugha tkurk] cl ,d 'kCn tkurk gwaµizse] vkSj bl ,d 'kCn esa czãkaM lek;k gksrk gS-Þ nksuksa ds izse dh O;k[;k larks"k us cM+h xgjkbZ rd tkdj dh gS- paMhnkl ls ;g dgyokuk fdµßvkSj Mk;uk] rqe l`f"V gks] rqe l`tu gks] rqe eafty gks esjh-Þ cM+s Åaps vkSj xgjs èkjkry ij ys xbZ gSa larks"k bl izse dks- ij ,d f'kdk;r gS eq>s larks"k ls fd vius vutkus gh og chp&chp esa fQly iM+rh gSa] tSlsµ^pan ?kaVs igys og viuh egcwck ds lkFk èkqaèk ds leanj esa Mwc x;k Fkk-* bl ^egcwck* 'kCn us l`f"V vkSj l`tu dks vFkZ nsus okys Hkkocksèk dks vpkud Mqckdj foyqIr dj fn;k- paMhnkl Mk;uk dks jkèks dgrk gS vkSj Mk;uk paMhnkl dks fdluk- tc ;s nksuksa ik=k Mkfy±x dgrs gSa rks ,d >Vdk&lk yxrk gS- Hkk"kk yM+[kM+krh utj vkrh gSbfrgkl dks dFkk esa xwaFkus esa rks larks"k dh dye dk tokc ughamiU;kl ds ik=k VkWe ¼Mk;uk dk ifr½ Mk;uk vkSj ukfnjk ¼Mk;uk dh lgsyh½ ds ekè;e ls ml le; dh vaxzsth

gqdwer dh ckuxh nsrk bfrgkl vkSj paMhnkl ds ifjokj ds ekè;e ls ml le; ds Hkkjrokfl;ksa dh eu%fLFkfr dk thrk&tkxrk fp=k.k miU;kl esa gS- ,d gh ifjokj ds ikapksa lnL; viuh vyx&vyx thou i)fr th jgs gSalcds ewy esa ns'k&izse dh Hkkouk gSrRdkyhu Hkkjr ds lHkh ifjokjksa dh yxHkx ,slh gh fLFkfr Fkh- pwafd miU;kl dh i`"BHkwfe dydÙkk gS vkSj ogka lqHkk"kpanz cksl dk opZLo Fkk] blfy, paMhnkl dh cgu xquxqu vkSj mldk izseh lq'kkar Nk=kksa dh etnwj ;wfu;u dks ysdj vkxs c<+s] ohj lkojdj ls tqM+s vkSj tc lqHkk"k ns'k NksM+dj tkus yxs rks ml lR; izekf.kr ,sfrgkfld izlax esa os cM+h [kwclwjrh ls xwaFk fn, x, vkSj larks"k dk ;g iz;kl dFkk dks cgqr thoar vkSj laosnu'khy cuk nsrk gSns'k dh rRdkyhu jktuhfr ds [kwclwjr o.kZu ds lkFk&lkFk miU;kl esa ekuks izÑfr vkSj vklikl dk ifjos'k thfor ik=k gks mBs gSa- elyuµèkwi dk VqdM+k dejs esa pqids ls vkdj cSB tkrk gS-µgok dk >ksadk gjh nwc ds fljksa dks Nwdj vkrk gS-µjkr èkhjs&èkhjs vius iSj èkjrh dh vksj c<+k nsrh gS-µdejs esa ef)e jks'kuh ugha gksrh oju ogka rks jks'kuh nhokjksa ij fp=k mdsjrh jgrh gSmiU;kl dh dFkk ds izokg esa chp&chp esa ,sls vusdkusd I;kjs&I;kjs fcac xehZ vkSj mel esa BaMh c;kj ds >ksads tSls eglwl gksrs gSaMk;uk dk pfj=k ikBd dh laiw.kZ lgkuqHkwfr vkSj izse ikus esa leFkZ jgk gSmldk ifr VkWe mldh viuh ilan dk uoacj] 2010


O;fDr ugha Fkk] mls rks mlds firk us pquk Fkk vkSj fcuk ;g ijokg fd, fd mldh csVh dh izÑfr fcYdqy ml rjg dh ugha gS tks VkWe tSlh izÑfr okys O;fDr ds lkFk [kq'k jg ldsxh- nksuksa esa dgha dqN Hkh rks esy ugha [kkrk- VkWe ls cspkjh dks okLrfod izse dk ,d d.k Hkh dHkh ugha feyk] dsoy viuh nsg ds nksgu ls og Hkhrj gh Hkhrj ,dne [kkyh] vdsyh vkSj mnkl gksrh tk jgh Fkh- ,sls esa ,d fnu tc mldk lgt laosnukRed vkSj dykfiz; eu paMhnkl ds laidZ esa vk;k rks lgt izkÑfrd <ax ls èkhjs&èkhjs izse vadqfjr gqvk vkSj nksuksa ,d&nwljs dks th&tku ls pkgus yxslhèkk&lPpk ljy izse- ysfdu larks"k us bl izse dks dksjh okluk ls u tksM+dj mlesa bZ'ojh; rRo dk lekos'k dj fn;k- ;g okD;µ^Mk;uk ,sls èkjkry ij [kM+h Fkh tks lhèkk Ñ".k ds ihrkacj dks Nwrk Fkk-* eu dks Ñ".ke; cuk x;kjkèkk ;kuh izse rRo vkSj blh izse rRo dks vkèkkj cukdj miU;kl dh dFkk jph xbZ gS- bl izse dks dFkk dk ewy vkèkkj cuk larks"k bfrgkl dks lkekftd laiw.kZrk ds lkFk miU;kl esa 'kkfey dj ysrh gSa- ^Hkkjr dh èkulaink dk vaxzsth 'kklu Bhd mlh rjg nksgu djrk gS tSls xaxk ds ikuh dks Liat esa lks[kdj yanu dh VsEl unh ds fdukjs ys tkdj fupksM+ fn;k tk,-* nknk HkkbZ ukSjksth ds fy[ks bl okD; ds lkFk vktknh dh yM+kbZ esa ikjlh leqnk; ds ;ksxnku dh dFkk Hkh js[kkafdr dh xbZ gS- lc dqN bruh pqLrh ls larks"k djrh gSa fd dFkk dHkh dgha ls Hkh cksf>y ugha gksrh- dFkk esa izse dk izokg fuckZèk xfr ls pyrk jgrk gSdFkk lcls T;knk thoar gks mBh gS tc vius ifr ds gkFkksa vius izseh ds dRy ds ckn Mk;uk ds pfj=k dk yksgk tkxrk gS- larks"k dh dgkuh dyk esa ekfgj dye us fy[kk] ßVkWe flQZ xks'r izseh gS- jkr gksrs gh mls Hkquk xks'r Hkh pkfg, vkSj thfor Hkh- ysfdu og VkWe ls ?k`.kk Hkh rks ugha dj ikrh---paMhnkl uoacj] 2010

ds izfr vFkkg izse mls ,sls 'kSrku ds izfr ?k`.kk djus dk vodk'k gh dgka nsrk gS\ vkSj mlds thou esa og gS gh dgka\ D;ksafd paMhnkl mlds thou ls x;k gh ugha vkSj VkWe mlds thou esa dHkh vk;k gh ugha-Þ dsoy ,d iafDr esa lkjs pfj=k fp=k.k dk fupksM+! pfj=k ds blh ikjn'khZ yksgs dks ysdj Mk;uk viuk 'ks"k thou thrh gS- mls ek=k nks phtsa egRoiw.kZ yxrh gSaµviuk ekr`Ro vkSj vius fiz; ds ifjokj ds izfr ÑrKrk vkSj drZO;cksèk- og tkurh gS fd VkWe dks rks vFkkg nkSyr vkSj vkSjr dk 'kjhj pkfg,- nksuksa gh phtsa mls Mk;uk ls feyrh jgh gSa- ysfdu vc cl! mls vc ftanxh vius fy, viuh rjg ls thuh gS vkSj fcuk fdlh fxYV dh Hkkouk ds og l[r QSlyk ysdj VkWe ls le>kSrk djrh gS fd vc og mlds lkFk rHkh jgsxh tc og vafre lkal rd mldk ftLe ugha Nq,xk- gka] ,s'k ds lkFk thou xqtkjus yk;d èku og mls vo'; gj eghus eqgb;k djkrh jgsxh- Mk;uk ds pfj=k dh ;g mBku var rd cuh jgh- paMhnkl ds ifjokj dks laHkkyuk] mldh iq=kh dks tUe nsuk vkSj uke Hkh ogh nsuk tks paMhnkl us lkspk Fkkµjkfxuh- Mk;uk dk pfj=k vkx esa ris dqanu&lk pedus yxk- HkO;] deZB] lefiZr vkSj laiw.kZr% bZekunkj ukjh pfj=k dk xBu vkSj izse dh dkfcysrkjhQ ifj.kfrµfd Mk;uk dh e`R;q ds ckn mldk nkglaLdkj gqvk vkSj mldh jk[k iape<+h dh mlh ?kkVh esa folftZr dh xbZ ftlesa <dsydj VkWe us mls ekjk Fkkvkxs dh dFkk dks fcuk vuko';d foLrkj fn, izse ds bl o`Ùk ds vèkwjs va'k dks iwjk xksykdkj :i feyk jkfxuh ds thou izlax ls tqM+dj- Hkkjr dh vktknh ds ckn Mk;uk ds lg;ksfx;ksa nhuk vkSj tkWtZ ds laj{k.k esa yanu esa viuh eka dh le`f) ds chp jkfxuh ds thou esa izse izoapuk vkSj èkks[ks ds :i esa vk;k vkSj tc mlds Hkze VwVs rc rd mlds ikl flok; dqpys&elys vrhr

vkSj <yrs ;kSou ds vykok dqN ugha cpk Fkk- Hkkjr esa viuh cqvk equequ dh izsj.kk ikdj og lc dqN NksM+&NkM+dj vkbZ vkSj Ñ".k rRo dh [kkst okyh viuh Fkhfll iwjh dh vkSj viuk lc dqN nku djds o`ankou esa Ñ".ke; gks xbZbl miU;kl ds lHkh ukjh pfj=k Bksl] eqdEey vkSj lkFkZd gSa- izse dk eqtLle :i Mk;uk] ns'k dh vktknh ds fy, ej&feVus okyh deZB xquxqu] vkt ds fyo bu fjys'kuf'ki dks ml nfd;kuwlh tekus esa thrh equequ] Js"B thou eqY;ksa dks lefiZr nhuk] laiw.kZ L=kh ukfnjk] bu pfj=kksa ds lkFk lcls T;knk è;ku vkÑ"V djrh gS paMhnkl dh ekax`gLFkh ds cks> ls filrh lkèkkj.k&lh x`fg.kh vpkud fdruh cM+h cu tkrh gS tc csVh xquxqu ds volku ij jksrh& dyirh ml eka ls Mk;uk dgrh gSµßvki 'kfDr gSa vkSj jksrh gSa\ vkt rks xoZ djus dk fnu gS-Þ vpkud eka vklwa iksaN] dej esa iYyk [kksal vkSj gkFk dk iatk ekFks rd ys tkdj tksj ls cksyhaµ^t; fgan-* vkSj eSa larks"k dh dye ij fQnk gks xbZ- jkfxuh dk pfj=k Hkh lkgl dh felky gS- mls izse dh ihM+k dks thoui;±r >syuk xokjk ughamlus viuh eka ds la?k"kZ vkSj ihM+k lesr [kqn dh ihM+k dks Hkh ml ;K esa vkgqfr cuk Lokgk dj fn;k ftlesa flQZ ,d pht cprh gSµizse! laiw.kZ izse- futh izse dks vlhe foLrkj nsus okys O;f"V ds }kjk lef"V dks eqfDr nsus okys ,sls gh pfj=kksa dks x<+uk vkt ds ;qx dh t:jr gSeq>s fo'okl gS fd larks"k dk ;g miU;kl thou dks xgjkbZ ls le>us vkSj ljkgus okys ikBdksa dk fiz; miU;kl cu tk,xk vkSj lkfgR;&izseh ikBdoxZ bls gkFkksgkFk ysxk vkSj ljkgsxklaidZ % 5] 'kkdqary] lkfgR; lgokl] ckanzk ¼iwoZ½] eqEcbZ&51

67


Xykscy xkao ds nsork ij[k

izsedqekj ef.k

^Xykscy xkao ds nsork* j.ksUnz dk igyk miU;kl gS ftls Hkkjrh; KkuihB us izdkf'kr fd;k gS- dqy lkS i`"Bksa dk miU;kl vius dysoj esa rks y?kq ls T;knk dgykus yk;d ugha gS fdarq blds Hkhrj tks egkxkFkk gS mls i<+dj ge pfdr rks gksrs gh gSa] lkspus ds fy, foo'k Hkh gksrs gSa;g vlqjksa dh egkxkFkk gS- mu vlqjksa dh ftUgsa geus vius bfrgkl vè;;u ls nwj gh j[kk gS- os feFkdksa esa feyrs gSaµnso&vlqj laxzke esa- fQj dbZ&dbZ vlqjksa ij geus vius uk;d nsoh&nsorkvksa dks fot; izkIr djrs lquk gS- efg"kklqj efnZuh nqxkZ dh xkFkk ls gekjk vopsru xf>u :i ls cquk gS vkSj ge tc Hkh vlqjksa dh ppkZ djrs gSa rc fodjky&vekuoh; vkÑfr;ka gekjs ekul ds bnZ&fxnZ gksrh gSaj.ksanz bfrgkl] feFkd vkSj orZeku dks ,d=k;h esa bl rjg ys pyrs gSa fd ge ,d&nwljs esa vkoktkgh dj ldrs gSadgkuh og orZeku ls mBkrs gSadFkkokpd f'k{kd ds :i esa vius ?kj ls <kbZ&rhu lkS fdyksehVj nwj dks;ych?kk ds HkkSajkikV esa inLFkkfir gksrk gS- igkM+ ds Åij] taxyksa ds chp dk vkoklh; fo|ky;µfizfefVo VªkbOl xYlZ jsftMsafl;y Ldwy esa- vueusiu ls vk;k dFkkokpd dqN gh le; esa bykds ls tqM+ tkrk gS vkSj HkkSajkikV Ldwy mls vPNk yxus yxrk gS- ysfdu dne&dne ij eqf'dysa- dFkkokpd bu eqf'dyksa ls tw>rk gS vkSj varr% ml dFkk ls 68

iqLrd % Xykscy xkao ds nsork ¼miU;kl½ ys[kd % j.ksUnz izdk'kd % Hkkjrh; KkuihB] ubZ fnYyh

:&c&: gksrk gS tks vudgh dgkuh dh rjg gtkjksa o"kZ ls gekjs bnZ&fxnZ ?kwe jgh Fkhaekè;e curs gSa #e>qe- laLÑr esa vkWulZ fd;k gqvk ,d csjkstxkj vlqj tks Lo;a ,d f'k{kd dk csVk gS- ys[kd ds 'kCnksa esa ghµ^lkaoyk&pedrk psgjk] rh[kh ukd] cksyrh gqbZ vka[ksa- ?kqa?kjkyh nk<+h vkSj ckyksa dh Hkh ?kaq?kjkyh yVsa daèkksa dks Nwrh gqbZ-* #e>qe mls vius bykds ls ifjfpr djkrs gSa- viuk bfrgkl crykrs gSa vkSj Hkfo"; dks ysdj loky djrs gSa^---vlqj lqurs gh nks ckrsa è;ku esa vkrh gSa- ,d rks cpiu esa lquh dgkfu;ksa okys vlqj] nSR;] nkuo vkSj u tkus D;k&D;k! o.kZu Hkh [kwc Hk;adjnl&ckjg QqV yacs] nkar&okar ckgj] gkFkksa esa rjg&rjg ds gfFk;kj] ujHk{kh] f'koHkDr&'kfDr'kkyh- fdarq var esa ekjs tkus okys- lkjs nsoklqj laxzkeksa dk ykLV lhu igys ls fQDLM- nwljh ,aFkzksikWyksth dh 1926] 1947 ;k 1966 dh fdrkcksa esa Nih dsoy dkWihu igus enZ vkSj Nkrh rd uaxh vkSjrksa okyh rLohjksa okys vlqj- vc vki [kqn gh r; dj yhft, ekLVj lkgc fd ge D;k gSa\*

^bl nsoklqj laxzke us eq>s Hkh cgqr my>k;k Fkk ekLVj lkgc- blhfy, eSaus i<+kbZ ds fy, laLÑr dks pquk- ckck dh tek dh xbZ fdrkcksa us Hkh blesa Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ gksxh-* #e>qe crkrs gSaµ^ge vlqj yksx eksVk&eksVh rhu Hkkx esa caVs gSa----ohj vlqj] vxfj;k vlqj vkSj fctqfj;k vlqj---_Xosn ds vkjaHk ds yxHkx Ms<+&lkS 'yksdksa esa vlqj nsorkvksa ds :i esa gSa- fe=k] vfXu] o#.k] #nz lHkh vlqj gh iqdkjs tk jgs gSa- ckn esa ;g vFkZ cnyus yxrk gS vkSj vlqj nkuo ds :i esa iqdkjs tkus yxs-* #e>qe crykrs gSa fd fdl rjg taxyksa dks dkVdj [ksr cukus okys] vkx iSnk djus okys vkSj v;Ldksa dks fi?kykdj èkkrq cukus okys vlqj gh gSavFkd ifjJeh vkSj dykdkj tkfrlH;rk ds igys oSKkfud- ^vius nsork flaxcksxk dh rjg vlqj vkfn tkfr Hkh dHkh Fkdrh ugha- vkx ls mRiUu] dHkh yksgk fi?kykus vkSj [kkus okys yksx [kqn Hkh yksgk Fksysfdu ;s vlqj vkt nl gtkj ls Hkh de dh la[;k esa >kj[kaM izkar esa jg jgs gSa vkSj vkt Hkh ^vU;* cudj lrk, tk jgs gSa- reke ljdkjsa buds chp ls gh lkjs uDlyoknh] ekvksoknh vkSj mxzoknh <wa<+ ysrh gSa vkSj flj mBkus ds igys gh budk dRy gks tkrk gS- bl miU;kl dh xkFkk ;gh gS- varj ;gh gS fd igys nsork budk uk'k djrs Fks] vkt iwathifr&m|ksxifr djrs gSacM+h&cM+h daifu;ka djrh gSa- miU;kl esa uoacj] 2010


dFkk vkSj bfrgkl&o`rkar lkFk&lkFk pyrs gSa- ^Hkksjs&Hkksj ml fnu pk; dh nqdku ij lekpkj feyk fd uhps vack Vksyh nsoh Fkku ij ykypu nk ds pkpk dks iwt fn;k yksx- dVk flj ogha iM+k Fkk-* ^;g dsoy ,d ykypu nk ds pkpk dh gR;k dk loky ugha Fkk vkSj u fdlh vlqj ij igyh ckj vkSj vkf[kjh ckj vkØe.k gqvk Fkk- ;g gtkjksa&gtkj lky ls py jgs ?kksf"kr&v?kksf"kr ;q) dh uohure dM+h ek=k Fkk- dVs flj us gekjh dky vkSj ns'k dh le> dks xM+cM+k fn;k Fkk- le> esa gh ugha vk jgk Fkk fd ge oSfnd dky esa gSa ;k bDdhloha lnh esa- orZeku vrhr esa <yrk tk jgk Fkk vkSj vrhr dh dRyks&xkjr orZeku esa utjksa ds lkeus ukp jgh Fkh-* ys[kd loky djrk gSµ^og D;k Fkk ftlds dkj.k ,d leqnk; cgqla[;d leqnk; ds fy, ^vU;* esa rCnhy gks x;k- gels vyx] ^vU;*] ,d 'k=kqpwafd mlds thou&;kiu dk rjhdk gels fHkUu Fkk] blfy, og gR;k ds ;ksX;] xkfy;ka nsus ;ksX; dSls gks x;k\ vkx dh [kkst] èkkrqvksa dh [kkst] èkkrq fi?kykus dh dyk fdUgha dks bruh cqjh D;ksa yxh fd bl dkjhxj tkfr dks ckj&ckj vkØe.kksa esa u"V gksus vkSj ihNs gVus ds fy, etcwj gksuk iM+k-* miU;kl esa #e>qe vlqj Hkkjr ds izèkkuea=kh dks ,d i=k fy[krk gSµ^--gekjs iwoZtksa us taxyksa dh j{kk djus dh Bkuh rks mUgsa jk{kl dgk x;k- [ksrh ds QSyko ds fy, taxyksa dks dkVus&tykus dk fojksèk fd;k rks nq"V nSR; dgyk,mu ij vkØe.k gqvk vkSj yxkrkj [knsM+k x;k---ysfdu chloha lnh dh gkj gekjh vlqj tkfr dh vius iwjs bfrgkl esa lcls cM+h gkj Fkh- bl ckj dFkk&dgkuh okys flaxckssxk us ugha] VkVk tSlh daifu;ksa us gekjk uk'k fd;kuoacj] 2010

mudh QSDVfj;ksa esa cuk yksgk] dqnky] [kqjih] xSark] [ksrh lqnwj gkVksa rd igqap x,- gekjs xyk, yksgs ds vkStkjksa dh iwN [kRe gks xbZ- yksgk xykus dk gtkjksa lky dk gekjk gquj èkhjs&èkhjs [kRe gks x;k--gekjh csfV;ka vkSj gekjh Hkwfe gekjs gkFkksa ls fudyrh tk jgh gSa- ge ;gka ls dgka tk,axs\ ;g gekjh le> esa ugha vk jgk-* i=k dh vkf[kjh iafDr;ka gSaµ^lp dgsa rks ge fcuk psgjs okys balku gksdj thuk ugha pkgrs Jheku] gesa cpk yhft,- gekjh vkf[kjh vkl vki gh gSa-* #e>qe vlqj vU;=k blh miU;kl esa dgrk gSµ^ge oSfnd dky ds lIrfla/kq ds bykds ls yxkrkj ihNs gVrs gq, vktex<+] 'kkgkckn] vkjk] x;k] jktxhj ls gksrs gq, bl ou&izkarj dhdV] ikSafMd] dksdjkg ;k pqfV;k ukxiqj igqapsgtkjksa lky esa fdrus banzksa] fdrus ikaMoksa] fdrus flaxcksxkvksa us fdruh&fdruh ckj gekjk fouk'k fd;k] fdrus x<+ èoLr fd,] mldh dksbZ x.kuk bfrgkl esa ntZ ugha gS- dsoy yksddFkkvksa vkSj feFkdksa esa ge ftank gSa-* miU;kl i<+dj [kRe djrs gh gekjs eu esa lSdM+ksa loky mB [kM+s gksrs gSabfrgkl vkSj feFkdksa ij geus vc rd f}toknh O;oLFkk dks dksbZ pqukSrh ugha nh gS- lkfgR; esa Hkh csèkM+d vkSj vka[k ewandj f}toknh O;k[;k dks gh izJ; fn;k gS- vkt Hkh taxyksa esa vkfnoklh tc viuh vfLerk ds fy, csnkark tSlh daifu;ksa ls tw>rs gSa rks gekjh egku laln lsuk dks xzhu gaV ij Hkstus ds fy, yydkjrh gS- tSls jkejkt esa 'kacwd dk flj dkVus ds fy, jke dks jktifj"kn us etcwj dj fn;k Fkk,d ekfeZd dFkk ds chp bfrgkl vkSj feFkd ls tw>uk] ml ij loky mBkuk eqf'dy dk;Z Fkkµysfdu

dFkkdkj j.ksUnz us mls laHko fd;k gSxzhu gaV dh jktuhfr ds chp bl miU;kl dks i<+uk lkfgR;dkjksa ls T;knk lkekftd&jktuhfrd dk;ZdrkZvksa ds fy, t:jh gS- lkfgR;dkj&ys[kd rks vius lkekftd nkf;Roksa ls ;wa Hkh nwj gksrs tk jgs gSa-

eq[rlj jkgh eklwe jtk ds tUe fnol ¼1 flracj½ ds volj ij y[kuÅ ds izsl Dyc lHkkxkj esa jkgh eklwe jtk lkfgR; ,dsMseh ds rRokoèkku esa fnukad 1 flracj 2010 dks tuoknh] èkeZfujis{k] tq>k: lkfgR;dkj] ^orZeku lkfgR;* if=kdk dh laiknd uferk flag th dks ^MkW- jkgh eklwe jtk lkfgR; lEeku* ls lEekfur fd;k x;klekjksg esa jktèkkuh ,oa izns'k ds vU;kU; ftyksa ls ièkkjs vusd lkfgR;dkjksa] dykdkjksa] c`)thfo;ksa] jaxdfeZ;ksa] lektdfeZ;ksa] f'k{kkfonksa ds vfrfjDr jkgh eklwe jtk ds ikfjokfjd lnL;ksa dh Hkh mifLFkfr Fkhbykgkckn % ^ehjk QkmaMs'ku* ,oa ^lkfgR; HkaMkj* ds la;qDr rRokoèkku esa 12 flracj 2010 dks mÙkj eè; {ks=k lkaLÑfrd dsanz] bykgkckn esa ^ehjk&Le`fr lEeku lekjksg* ds varxZr ^ehjk Le`fr O;k[;ku ekyk* dk vk;kstu fd;k x;klkfgR;dkj dsnkjukFk vxzoky dh tUe'krh ds miy{; esa O;k[;ku dk fo"k; Fkkµ^dsnkukFk vxzoky % n`f"V vkSj lanHkZ-* izks- deyk izlkn dh vè;{krk esa vk;ksftr bl laxks"Bh esa eq[; oDrk Fks bykgkckn fo'ofo|ky; ds fganh foHkkx ds iwoZ&vè;{k izks- jktsanz dqekjf}rh; l=k esa lkfgR; HkaMkj ds LoRokfèkdkjh lrh'kpanz dh v)k±fxuh ehjk vxzoky dh Le`fr esa vk;ksftr ehjk Le`fr lEeku lekjksg esa nwèkukFk flag] deys'knÙk f=kikBh] fuf'kdkar Bdkj] fp=kk eqn~xy] yfyr lqjtu dks vaxoL=ke~] iz'kfLri=k ,oa Le`fr&fpg~u iznku fd;k x;k-

69


ij[k

L=h&foe'kZ dk lgh jkLrk fn[kkrk gS eS=s;h dk lkfgR;

L=kh&foe'kZ] L=kh&eqfDr] ukjhoknh vkanksyu vkfn fdlh Hkh fn'kk ls fopkj fd;k tk, bu lHkh ds ewy esa ,d gh fparu n`f"Vxr gksrk gS] L=kh ds vfLrRo dks mlds ekSfyd :i esa LFkkfir djukL=kh&foe'kZ dks ysdj dHkh&dHkh ;g Hkze mRiUu gks tkrk gS fd blesa iq#"k dks ihNs NksM+dj mlls vkxs fudy tkus dk iz;kl gS fdarq ^foe'kZ* rks fparu dk gh ,d :i gS ftlds varxZr fdlh Hkh fo"k; dh xgu iM+rky djds mldh vPNkbZ vkSj cqjkbZ nksuksa i{k mtkxj fd, tkrs gSa ftlls fopkjksa dks lgh :i esa xzg.k djus esa lqfoèkk gks lds- L=kh& foe'kZ ds varxZr Hkh ;gh lc gks jgk gSlekt esa L=kh ds LFkku ij fparu] L=kh ds vfèkdkjksa ij fparu] L=kh dh vkfFkZd voLFkkvksa ij fparu rFkk L=kh dh ekufld ,oa 'kkjhfjd voLFkkvksa ij fparuµbu reke fparuksa ds }kjk iq#"k ds led{k L=kh dks mldh laiw.kZ xfjek ds lkFk LFkkf;Ro iznku djus dk fopkj gh L=kh&foe'kZ gSL=kh&la?k"kZ dk bfrgkl cgqr iqjkuk gS- mUuhloha lnh ls vkt rd L=kh Lora=krk dh lfØ; gygy jgh gS- lnh esa dne j[kk gS- og le; ds lkFk pyuk pkgrh gS] [kqydj lkal ysuk pkgrh gS] eqLdqjkuk pkgrh gSµD;k ;g lc mlds fy, vklku gS\ eS=ks;h iq"ik dk L=kh foe'kZ L=kh dh laiw.kZrk esa fo'okl djrk gS] iq#"k dks uhpk fn[kkus esa ugha- os L=kh dh laiw.kZrk dk vFkZ ml ijaijkoknh <ax ls ugha ysrh gSa ftlesa ekr`Ro gh L=kh dh laiw.kZrk ekuk tkrk gS- os ekurh gSa fd L=kh ek=k 70

'kjn flag

iqLrdsa % ^fi;jh dk liuk* ¼dgkuh laxzg½ vkSj ^ppkZ gekjk* ¼L=kh&foe'kZ½ ysf[kdk % eS=ks;h iq"ik

'kjhj ugha gS] og ,d euq"; gS] mlesa os lkjs xq.k vkSj nqxqZ.k gSa tks fdlh Hkh euq"; esa gksrs gSa ;k gks ldrs gSa- blhfy, eS=ks;h iq"ik ds ukjh&ik=k viuh laiw.kZrk ds lkFk lkeus vkrs gSa vkSj mu lHkh xyfr;ksa dks lqèkkjdj lkeus j[krs gSa ftuds }kjk lekt us L=kh dks nks;e ntsZ dk izk.kh ?kksf"kr dj j[kk gSvkèkqfud fganh dFkk lkfgR; esa L=kh& foe'kZ dks xaHkhjrkiwoZd LFkkfir djus dk Js; ;fn fdlh dks fn;k tk ldrk gS rks og gSa eS=ks;h iq"ik- os fL=k;ksa dh fLFkfr;ksa&ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds lw{e vkdyu rFkk dq'ky izLrqfrdj.k esa fl)gLr gSamudh dgkfu;ksa ,oa ys[kksa ls xqtjrs gq, L=kh ds vfLrRo ds mu reke i{kksa ls lk{kkRdkj dk volj feyrk gS ftUgsa tkus fcuk L=kh ds iwjs otwn dks le> ikuk dfBu gS- L=kh&foe'kZ ds lacaèk esa eS=ks;h iq"ik ,dne Li"V gSa- os dgrh gSa fd ^euq"; dh ewy :i L=kh dh uSlfxZd izo`fÙk;ksa dks vkSj iq#"k dh LokHkkfod o`fÙk;ksa dks leku :i ls ns[kuk] nksuksa dh t:jrksa dks leku egRo nsuk rFkk nksuksa dh leku :i ls Hkkxhnkjh gksuk L=kh& foe'kZ dk y{; gS-* ¼ppkZ gekjk½ ^fi;jh dk liuk* ¼dgkuh laxzg½ vkSj ^ppkZ gekjk* ¼L=kh&foe'kZ½] bu nksuksa esa eS=ks;h mruh gh f'kír ds lkFk fL=k;ksa

ds i{k esa [kM+h fn[kkbZ nsrh gSa ftruh fd ikBdksa us mUgsa ^[kqyh f[kM+fd;ka* esa ik;k Fkk- ^fi;jh dk liuk* vkSj ^ppkZ gekjk* bu nksuksa vyx&vyx foèkkvksa dh iqLrdsa eS=ks;h ds ys[kdh; lalkj ds foLrkj vkSj ckjhfd;ksa ls ifjfpr djkrh gSa^fi;jh dk liuk* dh dgkfu;ka lalkj esa L=kh vkSj L=kh ds lalkj dks lkeus yk [kM+k djrh gSa- blesa L=kh psruk dh os dgkfu;ka gSa tks bl ckr dh iSjoh djrh gSa fd L=kh Hkh ,d balku gksrh gS- L=kh vius thou dks vius <ax ls thuk pkgrh gS] og eqLdqjkuk pkgrh gS] f[kyf[kykuk pkgrh gS vkSj izse djuk pkgrh gS- foMacuk ;gh fd mls viuh bl pkgr ds cnys ykaNu vkSj csfM+;ka feyrh gSa- iq#"k pkgs fookfgr gks ;k vfookfgr] og izse ds }kj esa vckèk izfo"V gks ldrk gS] ,d ls vfèkd izsfedk,a tqVk ldrk gS fdarq L=kh ;fn vfookfgr gS rks izse ugha dj ldrh vkSj ;fn fookfgr gS rks flQZ vius ifr ls izse djs- D;k iq#"k vkSj L=kh dh Hkkouk,a vkSj laosnuk,a bruh vfèkd vyx gksrh gSa fd muds izse ds vfèkdkj Hkh ?kksj vlarqfyr gksrs gSa\ eS=ks;h iq"ik ds ys[ku esa L=kh lkFk fd, tkus okys blh Hksn&Hkko dh ihM+k vkSj NViVkgV fn[kkbZ nsrh gS- bldk ,d dkj.k ;g Hkh gks ldrk gS fd eS=ks;h iq"ik us ,d vke L=kh dh Hkkoukvksa vkSj bPNkvksa dks xgjkbZ ls eglwl fd;k gS- ftl izdkj eS=ks;h us ^ppkZ gekjk* esa izfrHkk dfV;kj ds lanHkZ esa ^vkSjr gh vkSjr dk foLrkj gS* dh fVIi.kh djrs gq, fy[kk gS fdµ^eq>s yxk ,d L=kh dh lksp dks uoacj] 2010


psruk laiUu L=kh ls T;knk dksbZ le> ugha ldrk- ukrs&fj'rksa ds caèkuksa us eqDr ;g vkSjr gh vkSjr dk foLrkj gS-* ;g Lo;a eS=ks;h iq"ik ij lVhd cSBrk gS- os L=kh gksdj vU; fL=k;ksa ls bZ";kZ ¼ftlds fy, fL=k;ksa dks cnuke fd;k tkrk gS½ ugha djrh gSa oju~ os muds Hkhrj iSBdj muds vfLrRo ls ,dkdkj gks tkrh gSablhfy, eS=ks;h dh dFkk ukf;dk,a viuh laiw.kZrk ds lkFk eq[kj gksrh gSa^fi;jh dk liuk* dh dgkfu;ksa dh L=kh vius izfr lekt ds joS;s ls pfdr gS fdarq Hk;Hkhr ugha- Hkys gh mls ^vkokjk* ¼eqLdqjkrh vkSjrsa½ dgk tk,] mls mu {ks=kksa esa ?kqliSB djus ls jksdk tk, tks iq#"kksa ds fy, jf{kr ekus tkrs gSa ¼vkokjk u cu½ fQj Hkh og ^ekr nsus dks dej dldj [kM+h yM+dh* ¼fj'rs dk uD'kk½ ds :i esa n`<+ fn[kkbZ nsrh gSdgkuh dh ukf;dk iapk;r dks pqukSrh nsus dk ne j[krh gSµ^D;ksa ugha ekusxh\ iap dk QSlyk rks gj vkneh dks ekuuk iM+rk gS] izèkku th us dgk Fkk rks cksyh] ^blfy, fd vkidh iapk;r esa lnL; rd rks iwjs ugha- nks fL=k;ksa ds uke gSa] exj os gSa ugha- muls gh U;k; dh mEehn djrh Fkh] ojuk! rqEgkjh iapk;rsa rks cjlksa ls vU;k; ckaVrh pyh vk jgh gSa] vkt dh rjg- ,sls yksxksa dk esjs fy, dksbZ egRo ugha gS-* iapk;rksa dk lp ;gh gS- dgus dks fL=k;ksa ds fy, lhVsa vkjf{kr dj nh tkrh gSa fdarq ifr ds dgus ij L=kh pquko esa [kM+h gksrh gS] ifr ds iz;klksa ls thrrh gS vkSj pquko thrus ds ckn jcj&LVSai dh Hkwfedk vnk djus yxrh gS- ljiap ;k iap iRuh ds uke ij ifr dk njckj ltrk gS vkSj mlh dh lÙkk ltrh gS- ;g xkao dk jktuhfrd lp gS tgka L=kh lÙkk&lq[k ikus dh lh<+h ek=k gS- ^fj'rs dk uD'kk* dh ukf;dk bl dVq lR; dks u dsoy mtkxj djrh gS vfirq mldk fojksèk Hkh djrh gS^fi;jh dk liuk* dh igyh dgkuh ^eqLdqjkrh vkSjrsa* ds ekè;e ls eS=ks;h iq"ik us L=kh ds izfr iq#"klÙkkRed uoacj] 2010

n`f"Vdks.k dks mlh laosnu'khyrk ds lkFk lkeus j[kk gS ftlds fy, os lqfo[;kr gSa- gj O;fDr izfrfnu lekpkji=k ds iUus iyVrk gS vkSj mls mlesa yxHkx izR;sd lanHkZ esa ;qofr;ksa ds Nk;kfp=k fn[kkbZ iM+ tkrs gSa- elyu] Hkh"k.k xehZ iM+us dk lekpkj gks rks psgjs ij nqiês yisVs gq, yM+fd;ksa dk Nk;kfp=k jgrk gS- Lokxr lekjksg gks ;k gM+rky gks mlesa Hkh fL=k;ksa vkSj yM+fd;ksa ds Nk;kfp=k dks izkFkfedrk nh tkrh gSfdlh flusek?kj ds ifjlj esa HkhM+ dk n`'; gks rks ogka Hkh fL=k;ksa vkSj yM+fd;ksa dks <wa<+dj rLohj esa dSn fd;k tkrk gSckfj'k gksus ij ckfj'k esa Hkhxrh ;qofr;ksa dh rLohj rks cM+s gh jkspd <ax ls eq[ki`"B dh oLrq cu tkrh gS- vc iz'u mBrk gS fd lekpkji=k ftruh lgtrk ls fL=k;ksa vkSj ;qofr;ksa dks vius dysoj dks thoar djus ds fy, lkeus j[krs gSa] D;k lekt dk gj O;fDr mUgsa lgt :i esa Lohdkj dj ikrk gS\ ckfj'k esa Hkhxrh gqbZ ?kj ykSVrh ;qorh dk Nk;kfp=k ;fn ^csijokg ;kSou* tSls 'kh"kZd ds lkFk izdkf'kr gks vkSj nq;ksZx ls og yM+dh fdlh ladqfpr ekufldrk okys dLcs vkSj ladh.kZ fopkjksa okys ifjokj dh gks rks ml ij D;k dgj cjisxk] ;g mldk fp=k izdkf'kr djus okyk lksp Hkh ugha ldrk- ledkyhu nkSj dh pfpZr ofj"B ysf[kdk eS=ks;h iq"ik us blh vuNq, eqís dks cM+h gh ckjhdh ds lkFk viuh dgkuh esa fijksdj ,d dVq lPpkbZ c;ku dh gS fd tks ckr fdlh ;qorh ds fy, t?kU; vijkèk gS og fdlh ;qod ds fy, dksbZ ek;us ugha j[krh- lekt dk n`f"Vdks.k Hkh iq#"k }kjk fd;k x;k vijkèk L=kh ds flj gh e<+rk gSblhfy, ckfj'k esa Hkhxrh gqbZ rLohj Nius ds ckn ;qorh dk HkkbZ mlls vdM+dj dgrk gS] ^eSa yM+dk gwa lks enZ gwa- esjh QksVw dksbZ dSls [khaprk\ [khapdj djrk Hkh D;k\ dksbZ mls D;ksa ns[krk\ lc yksx rsjh vkSj jsuw dh QksVw ns[k jgs Fks vka[ksa QkM+&QkM+dj vkSj fQj vkokjk dgdj ,d&nwljs dks vka[k ekj jgs Fks-

eq>ls lgu ugha gqvk] eSa Hkkx vk;k-* vdlj iq#"k L=kh ds i{k dks le>us dh esgur djus ds ctk; iyk;u djus dks vfèkd vklku ekurk gS vkSj blh ij vey djrk gS- ;fn dksbZ L=kh viuh leL;k crk, fd Qyka iq#"k mlds ihNs iM+k gS rks ml L=kh dks igyh lh[k ;gh nh tkrh gS fd ^rqe mls fy¶V D;ksa nsrh gks\ mls MkaV nks u!* xks;k ml L=kh us ml iq#"k ls dgk gks fd rw esjs ihNs yxdj eq>s ijs'kku djftl lekt esa ^b'd dks lsDl cukdj le>k x;k gS* ¼fi;jh dk liuk½ ml lekt esa fdlh L=kh dks izse dh lgt vuqefr feyuk fdruk dfBu gS] bls bl laxzg dh dgkfu;ksa ds tfj, c[kwch le>k tk ldrk gS- ^NqVdkjk*] ^cgqr igys dk pyu*] ^tokch dkxt*] ^lacaèk*] ^1857µ,d izsedFkk* os dgkfu;ka gSa tks ikBd dks vius lkFk&lkFk ml xksiu d{k esa ys tkrh gSa tgka izR;sd ml O;fDr ds fy, izos'k laHko ugha gS ftlesa fof'k"V laosnuk,a ugha gSa- ^fi;jh dk liuk* ,d L=kh ds fnokLoIuksa dh dFkk,a ugha oju~ L=kh&vfLrRo dh eeZLi'khZ dgkfu;ka gSa tks igyh ckj esa gh eu&efLr"d ij vfeV Nki NksM+ tkrh gSaeS=ks;h viuh dgkfu;ksa esa gh L=kh ds foe'kZ dks ugha jprh gSa oju~ ys[kksa ds ekè;e ls Hkh L=kh dh leL;kvksa ij nks&Vwd ckr djrh gSa- vkSjr dh csckd dye dk pyuk] flj ij dQu ckaèkdj fudyus tSlh ckr gS* 'kh"kZd ys[k esa eS=ks;h fy[krh gSa fd ^L=kh dh lPpkbZ ls iq#"k opZLo Mjrk gS-* vkxs fy[krh gSa fdµ^L=kh ftls VwVdj I;kj djuk pkgrh gS] mlh dks fNik, jgus esa ftanxh dk xyk ?kksaVrh jgrh gS] D;ksafd mlds fy, ijLij dh e;kZnk vkSj v{kr'khy gksuk blh izfØ;k dk uke gS-* ^ppkZ gekjk* ds bl ys[k dh ;g iafDr;ka lglk ^fi;jh dk liuk* dh jfr frokjh dh ;kn fnyk nsrk gS tks vius izFke izse dks lhus esa nck, ml iq#"k ds lkFk thou O;rhr djrh gS tks 71


iqLrdsa feyha 1- eq>s tUe nks eka ¼L=kh foe'kZ½] larks"k JhokLro] dY;k.kh f'k{kk ifj"kn~] ubZ fnYyh&2 2- vkSjr bfrgkl jpk gS rqeus ¼L=kh foe'kZ½] dqlqe f=kikBh] ogh 3- nkLrkus yNquh ¼dgkuh laxzg½] fot;] us'kuy ifCyf'kax gkml] t;iqj 4- diwjukek % diwj [kkunku dk fQYeh lQj] e/kq tSu] vuqokn % f'kokuh [kjs] isaxqbu cqDl] ubZ fnYyh 5- forku ¼dfork laxzg½] 'kga'kkg vkye] leh{kk izdk'ku] fnYyh 6- uko u cka/kks ,slh BkSj ¼miU;kl½] fnus'k ikBd] ijes'ojh] izdk'ku 7- izsepan dh n`f"V esa /keZ dk O;kogkfjd Lo:i] MkW- e/kqckyk flUgk] leh{kk izdk'ku] fnYyh 8- gR;kjs ¼dgkuh laxzg½] lq'kkar lqfiz;] us'kuy ifCyf'kax gkml] fnYyh 9- uk eSa fcjok] uk eSa fpfj;k] la- % xhrk xSjksyk] efgyk lek[;k mÙkjk[kaM dk izdk'ku 10- LoxZ ls tEew }hi rd] MkW- osn oekZ] osnkar izdk'ku] eFkqjk 11- fuea=k.k ¼vuqokn½] rlyhek uljhu] vuq- lq'khy xqIrk] ok.kh izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh&2 12- jftLVMZ ua- 1038 ¼miU;kl½] egk'osrk nsoh] vuq- lq'khy xqIrk] ogh 13- nq"dj ¼miU;kl½] egk'osrk nsoh] vuq- lq'khy xqIrk] ogh 14- nkS vkSjrksa ds i=k ¼miU;kl½] rlyhek uljhu] vuq- lq'khy xqIrk] ogh 15- 'kkgdkj dgkfu;ka] tksxsUnj ikWy] vuq- uch vgen] ogh 16- 'kkgdkj dgkfu;ka] jktsUnz flag csnh] vuq- uch vgen] ogh 17- xksg] egk'osrk nsoh] vuq- lq'khy xqIrk] ogh 18- rhu vrhr ¼rhu y?kq miU;kl½] ohjsUnz tSu] ogh 19- vQ+he lkxj] vferkHk ?kks"k] ;k=kk cqDl] fnYyh 20- tula[;k % leL;k ds L=kh ikB ds jkLrs] johUnz dqekj ikBd] jk/kkÑ".k izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh

72

mldk ifr gS] izseh ugha^'yhyrk dh j{kk ds fy, ftanxh dks rckg dj nwa] ,sls ncko ls badkj djrh gwa-* ys[k esa eS=ks;h iq"ik us ml ^vk;ju&ekWLd* dks c[kwch ukssp Qsadk gS tks 'khyrk] v{krrk vkfn ds :i esa L=kh ds psgjs ij lfn;ksa igys e<+ fn;k x;k gS- eS=ks;h dh dFkk&ukf;dk,a viuh uSfrdrk Lo;a jprh gSa- ;g og rF; gS tks L=kh ds Hkfo"; dks Bksl vkèkkj ns ldrk gS vkSj lqjf{kr dj ldrk gS] c'krsZ L=kh bl n`<+rk dks vkRelkr dj ys- ;gh rks viuRo Hkjk vkxzg gS eS=ks;h iq"ik dk lHkh fL=k;ksa ls^NqVdkjk* dh jTtks vkSj NUuks nfyr fL=k;ksa dh nks ihf<+;ksa dk izfrfufèkRo djrh gSa- NUuks ds lhus esa fpaxkjh gS rks jTtks dh vfHkO;fDr esa vkx gS- ^1857µ,d izsedFkk* esa xafx;k csM+uh vkSj jTtks dk ,d fHkUu fdarq O;kid lalkj gS- ^vkokjk u cu* dh uhyw esa og lkgl gS tks mls viuk lalkj jpus esa enn djrk gSL=kh ij ncko cuk, j[kus vkSj mls ekufld izrkM+uk nsus dk lcls ljy rjhdk gksrk gS mlds pfj=k ij ykaNu yxk nsuk- ^eqLdqjkrh vkSjrsa* dgkuh esa gh fodkl[kaM dh lgk;d fodkl vfèkdkjh Qwydyh eSMe xkao dh fL=k;ksa dks ftruh Lora=k vkSj Lokoyach fn[kkbZ iM+rh gSa] lPpkbZ mlls myV fudyrh gSQwydyh eSMe vius ifr ds gkFkksa cqjh rjg fiVrh jgrh gSa] lkoZtfud :i ls viekfur Hkh gks pqdh gSa- mudk ;g nq[k lqudj tc dqlqe mls jhtuy Mk;jsDVj ds ikl tkdj ifr dh f'kdk;r djus dh lykg nsrh gS rks Qwydyh eSMe dgrh gSa] ^gekjh eSMe euh"kk pkSgku] jhtuy Mk;jsDVj efgyk fodkl laLFkku rks cs'kd gSa] exj gSa rks os vkSjr gh---* [kqneq[rkj fn[kus okyh L=kh vkSj vYgM+ ;qorh ij lekt dh dqafBr lksp dk ncko ,d&lk gS- mls Lora=krk dgha ugha gS- ysfdu tc ikuh flj ls Åij xqtjus yxrk gS rks L=kh vdqykdj fonzksg

gkbdw ¼1½

gjs isM+ksa dks ns[k&ns[k eSaus dh èkwi dh ;k=kk ¼2½

cuk fn;k gS lw;Z us dqafr;ksa dks udkciks'k ¼3½

dc vk,axs es?k ikolèkehZ cM+h gS xehZ ds'ko 'kj.k laidZ % ,l 2@564] fldjkSy] okjk.klh&221002

dj cSBrh gS D;ksafd ;gh mlds ikl vafre ekxZ 'ks"k jgrk gS- ;g foMacuk ugha rks vkSj D;k gS fd L=kh dekrh gS fdarq mls Lora=krkiwoZd [kpZ djus dk vfèkdkj ugha gS] L=kh ikfjokfjd fj'rksa dks tksM+s j[krh gS fdarq mls vius eu ds fj'rs thus dk vfèkdkj ugha gS] L=kh dh iq#"kksa ls cjkcjh dh ckrsa rks c<+&p<+ dj gksrh gSa fdarq mls cjkcjh dk okLrfod vfèkdkj ugha gS- ;fn og iq#"kksa ij vkfJr jgs rks nsoh gS] vU;Fkk dqyVkeS=ks;h iq"ik bl foMacuk dks Hkyh&Hkkafr le>rh gSa vkSj bl ij rh[kk izgkj djus dk lkgl j[krh gSa- fganh ds vkèkqfud lkfgR; esa os ml ykbV gkml dh Hkkafr gSa tks L=kh&foe'kZ ds uke ij fnXHkzfer gksus okyksa dks lgh jkLrk fn[kkrh gSaeS=ks;h iq"ik ds lkfgR; dks i<+uk L=kh& thou ls gksdj xqtjus tSlk gSlaidZ % ,e&111] 'kkafrfogkj] jtk[ksM+h] lkxj&470004 ¼eè;izns'k½ nwjHkk"k&¼07582½230088

uoacj] 2010


uoacj] 2010

73


chp cgl esa

dqN vkSj ;g Hkh---

^ckr cksysxh* ¼gal] vxLr 2010½ LraHk esa HkkbZ latho us fdruk lgh vkdyu fd;k gS fd ^f'kokth* us czkã.k }kjk {kf=k; ?kksf"kr djus gsrq cM+h jde nh Fkh- ;g vdsyh ?kVuk f'kokth ds lkjs 'kkS;Z dh ped fNik nsus ds fy, dkQh gS- D;k fcuk {kf=k; cus thou dh y{;& flf) iwjh ugha gksrh gS\ muls yk[k xqus csgrj N=kifr 'kkgw egkjkt Fks] ftUgksaus vk'khokZn ckaVus vk, iafMrksa dks èkrk crkdj vkbZuk fn[kk;k Fkkblh ckr dks eSa dqN vkxs c<+kuk pkgrk gwa- lu~ 1882 esa tc dksYgkiqj fj;klr ds jktk prqFkZ f'kokth dk nsgkar gqvk] rc mudh fu%larku jkuh vkuanhckbZ us lu~ 1884 esa ;'koarjko ?kkVxs dks xksn fy;k rFkk mldk uke j[kk ^'kkgq*- 1894 esa ykWMZ gSfjl us 'kkgq egkjkt dks lÙkk ds lw=k lkSais- ml le; mudh vk;q dsoy chl o"kZ FkhBhd ,d o"kZ ckn mUgksaus vaxzstksa] czkã.kksa rFkk ikjlh;ksa ds fo'ks"kkfèkdkj lekIr fd,] ftldk czkã.kksa us cgqr fojksèk fd;k Fkk- egkjkt us f'k{kk ds izlkj gsrq MsDdu ,tqds'ku lkslk;Vh dh LFkkiuk dh- czkã.kksa }kjk lapkfyr jktkjke dkyst dks vkfFkZd enn iznku dh- os dgrs gSa---iztk esa f'k{kk ds ekè;e ls gh tkx`fr ykbZ tk ldrh gS] ftlls tkfrxr HksnHkko rFkk lkekftd dqjhfr;ksa dks nwj fd;k tk ldrk gS26 tqykbZ] 1902 dks N=kifr 'kkgq egkjkt us ,d Økafrdkjh fu.kZ; fy;k Fkk] tks dksYgkiqj fj;klr gsrq gh ugha oju~ laiw.kZ Hkkjro"kZ gsrq vn~Hkqr felky cuk- mUgksaus fiNM+s oxZ ¼czkã.ksrj½ gsrq 50 izfr'kr vkj{k.k dh ?kks"k.kk dh- bl 74

izHkkdj xtfHk;s

vè;kns'k ds ihNs ;gh ea'kk Fkh fd igyoku ds lkFk yaxM+s O;fDr dks nkSM+kuk ljklj vU;k;iw.kZ gS rFkk Åij ls ;g vis{kk djuk fd yaxM+s dks igyoku dh cjkcjh djuh pkfg,- ;g Hkh O;oLFkk dh xbZ fd gj rhu ekg esa vkj{k.k lacaèkh izxfr dh leh{kk gksrh jgs] ftlds fy, vkschlh oxZ ls gh fo'ks"k dk;Zdkjh vfèkdkjh dh fu;qfDr dh xbZ Fkh- lkFk gh dksVk iwjk gksus rd mPp oxZ dh HkfrZ;ksa ij jksd yxk nh xbZ Fkh- bl dkuwu ij czkã.kksa us cgqr coky epk;k Fkk- ogha ^LojkT; esjk tUefl) vfèkdkj gS* dgus okys yksdekU; fryd us vius lekpkj&i=k ^dsljh* esa bl Økafrdkjh dne dh fuank dh Fkhblh o"kZ egkjkt fons'k nkSjs ij x, Fks- okfil vkus ij fj;klr esa muds HkO; Lokxr dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k Fkkblh nkSjku tc 'kkgq egkjkt viuh vkjkè; nsoh Hkokuh ekrk ds n'kZu gsrq tkus okys Fks] rc czkã.kksa us ,d Qrok tkjh fd;k Fkk---^egkjkt us flaèkq canh dks rksM+k gS] vr% izk;f'pr Lo:i mUgsa iapxO; ¼nwèk] ngh] ?kh] xkscj] ew=k½ [kkuk iM+sxk- N=kifr us czkã.kksa dh bl csgwnh ekax dks Bksdj ekjh Fkh- è;ku nsus ;ksX; ckr ;g gS fd tc yksdekU; fryd fons'k x, Fks] rc okil vkdj mUgksaus crkSj izk;f'pr iapxO; [kk;k Fkkjktf"kZ 'kkgq egkjkt us osnksDr@ iqjk.kksDr izlax ¼lu~ 1899½ ls gh czkã.kksa ls fdukjk dj fy;k Fkk rFkk iwtk fofèk gsrq cgqtuksa esa ls vkpk;ks± dk fodkl fd;k Fkk- mUgksaus cgqtuksa gsrq oSfnd 'kkyk,a [kksyha- egkjkt viuh iRuh y{ehckbZ dks ges'kk le>krs Fks fd

czkã.kksa ds gkFkksa iwtk djkuk mfpr ugha gS] fdarq egkjkuh ij èkeZ O;oLFkk dh idM+ bruh etcwr Fkh fd os czkã.kksa ds gkFkksa iwtk djokuk ugha NksM+rh Fkhavkf[kj ,d fnu egkjkt us y{ehckbZ ds le{k eRL;iqjk.k j[k bu iafDr;ksa dks i<+us dks dgk---ßxSj czkã.k L=kh dks pkfg, fd og czkã.k dks larq"V gksus rd Hkkstu djk, rFkk izR;sd jfookj dks ml czkã.k dks laHkksx gsrq viuk 'kjhj vfiZr djs-Þ ¼MkW- oztyky oekZµjktf"kZ N=kifr 'kkgq] 288½ ;g i<+dj y{ehckbZ ds eu esa czkã.kksa ds izfr ?k`.kk mRiUu gks xbZ rFkk ml fnu ls mUgksaus czkã.kksa ls iwtkikB djokuk can dj fn;k- ;g lc czkã.k fojksèkh dk;Z ns[k iksaxkiaFkh fryfeyk x,- tc jktekrk lDojckbZ dk nsgkar gqvk] rc vafre laLdkj ds i'pkr jkr esa iksaxkiafFk;ksa us iqjkus jktegy dks vkx yxk nh rFkk vQokg QSykbZ fd ^jktk èkeZ foèkku dks ugha ekurk gS] blh dkj.k jktegy esa vki gh vki vkx yx xbZ-* tc dqN eafnjksa rFkk eBksa dh vpy laifÙk dk nq#i;ksx gksus yxk] rc egkjkt us mu laifÙk;ksa dks fj;klr ds fu;a=k.k esa ys fy;k- mUgksaus 1917 esa eafnjksa dh vk; jktdks"k esa tek djokdj fu%'kqYd f'k{kk dh O;oLFkk dh rFkk f'k{kk dks vfuok;Z ?kksf"kr fd;kegkjkt us vius jktLo dk 23-5 izfr'kr f'k{kk en ij [kpZ fd;k- 'kkgq fLifuax&ohfoax fey rFkk MsDdu esp QSDVjh [kksydj Lons'kh vkanksyu dks c<+kok fn;k- lgdkfjrk vkanksyu dks vkxs c<+k;k- vktknh ds fy, la?k"kZ dj jgs Lora=krk lsukuh vjfoan ?kks"k dks uoacj] 2010


fganw

{kf.kdk,a

fganwµ ftlds [kljkµ [krkSuh dk irk ugha ysfdu nkok gjsd txg Bksdrk gSckS)

ckS)µ QkWflYl ftldh [kkst vHkh tkjh gSvkehu!! ikjlh

ikjlhµ thvks phy] dkSvks dh fpark er djksesudk gSa uk!! jes'k ikjlukFk laidZ % flèkkjh] vktex<+&276001¼m- iz-½ eks- % 9415831546

vkfFkZd enn nh- yksdekU; fryd] egkRek xkaèkh] izcksèkudkj ds-lh- Bkdjs rFkk MkW- Hkhejko vacsMdj vkfn dh vkfFkZd lgk;rk dh- fQj Hkh czkã.k dêjiaFkh mUgsa cnuke fd, jgrs Fks- ,d vksj mUgksaus inkZ izFkk dk fojksèk fd;k] lkewfgd vartkZrh; Hkkst rFkk foèkok fookg dk leFkZu fd;k] rks nwljh vksj fdlkuksa gsrq NksVs&cM+s rkykc o ckaèk cuokdj lgh ek;us esa gfjr Økafr dhegkjkt us vuqfpr dk;Z ds fy, odhy vkM+rsdj dh lun jí djok nh rFkk xks[kys dks ns'knzksgh djkj fn;k FkkU;k;izkfIr ds fy, egaxs odhy j[kuk vNwrksa dh dwor ds ckgj dh ckr Fkhvr% bl yksdksidkjh jktk us dsoy rhljs ntZs rd i<+s vNwr nÙkksck iokj ¼eksx½ rFkk lhrkjke x.ks'kkpk;Z ¼pekj½ dks odkyr dh lun cgky dh Fkh- lu~ 1918 esa jktf"kZ us vius jktegy esa vNwrksa dh ukSdjh gsrq HkrhZ dk fo'ks"k vfHk;ku ¼Lis'ky Mªkbo½ pyk;k Fkkuoacj] 2010

,sls le; eq>s cM+ksnk ds egkjktk l;kthjko xk;dokM+ dk Lej.k gks vkrk gS] ftudk fczfV'k lkezkT; esa viuk fo'ks"k LFkku Fkk- l;kthjko us mPp f'k{kk ds fy, Hkhejko vacsMdj dks fj;klr dh vksj ls Nk=ko`fÙk iznku dh Fkh- 1917 esa tc vesfjdk ds dksyafc;k fo'ofo|ky; ls MkW- vacsMdj ih&,p-Mhdh inoh ysdj vk,] rc egkjktk us mUgsa viuh cM+ksnk fj;klr esa j{kk lfpo ds in ij fu;qDr fd;k Fkk- fdarq vQlksl! bl mPp fo|k foHkwf"kr ¼vNwr½ j{kk lfpo dks cM+ksnk fj;klr esa jgus dks ,d dejk u fey ldkvkf[kj MkW- vacsMdj dks viuh tkfr Nqikdj rFkk Nn~e ikjlh uke èkkj.k dj ikjlh gksVy esa jguk iM+k- fdarq dqN fnu esa gh vlfy;r dk irk py x;k rFkk mUgsa cgqr viekfur gksdj ml gksVy ls fudyuk iM+k- tc nq[kh gksdj MkW- vacsMdj us ;g nkLrku l;kthjko dks crkbZ] rc egkjkt cksys---^vacsMdj] lekt dk ân; ifjorZu pqVdh ctkrs ugha gks ldrk- mlds fy, cgqr èkhjt dh vko';drk gksrh gS-* vkf[kj ukSdjh ls R;kxi=k nsdj MkW- vacsMdj eqacbZ pys vk,rks nwljh vksj] lu~ 1920 esa MkWHkhejko vacsMdj tc yanu Ldwy vkWQ bdkWukWfeDl ,aM ikWfyfVdy lkbal esa ,e-,l&lh- o Mh-,l&lh- rFkk xzst bu esa ckj ,V ykW djus ds fy, baXySaM tk jgs Fks] rc mUgksaus tkus ls igys vius vknj.kh; rFkk fiz; 'kkgq egkjkt ls tkdj dksYgkiqj jktegy esa HksaV dh Fkhegkjkt cgqr gh vkuafnr gksdj cksys--ßvki mPp f'k{kk ds fy, baXySaM tk jgs gSa- ;g esjs fy, gh ugha] vNwr lekt ds fy, Hkh cgqr xkSjo dh ckr gS- vki yanu tkus ls igys jekckbZ dks ¼MkWckcklkgc vacsMdj dh iRuh½ esjs ?kj NksM+rs tkb,- jekckbZ esjh lxh cgu dh rjg gSa- vkids vkus rd og esjs ?kj ij gh jgsaxh-Þ dgka nfyrksa] xjhcksa] ihfM+rksa ds lPps fgrS"kh jktf"kZ 'kkgq egkjkt vkSj dgka cM+k vksgnk j[kus okys l;kthjko

eq[rlj jkek;.k dh ewy dFkk ij vk/kkfjr izfl) O;aX;dkj MkW- izse tuest; dk ukVd ^vk/kqfud ;qx esa lhrk&vigj.k* vkt dh iz'kklfud O;oLFkk esa O;kIr folaxfr;ksa dh ,slh cf[k;k m/ksM+rk gS fd LrC/k gq, n'kZd ;g lkspus ds fy, ck/; gks tkrs gSa fd okLro esa ;fn vkt ds ;qx dh gh rjg =ksrk esa Hkxoku jke dks vius HkkbZ y{e.k ds lkFk lhrkgj.k dk ekeyk iapoVh ds Fkkus esa ntZ djokus ds fy, tkuk iM+rk rks D;k gksrk- lekt ds [kks[kysiu dks n'kkZus okys bl ukVd dh izLrqfr igyh ckj gSnjkckn dh jaxeap laLFkk ^lw=k/kkj* }kjk] fcM+yk lkbal lsaVj ds HkkLdj vkWfMVksfj;e esa] mldss laLFkkid fou; oekZ ds dq'ky funsZ'ku esa dh xbZukVd esa lius ds ek/;e ls ;g dYiuk dh xbZ gS fd ;fn lhrk ds vigj.k ds ckn jke&y{e.k vPNs ukxfjdksa dh Hkkafr iapoVh ds Fkkus esa lhrk ds xqe gksus dh fjiksVZ ntZ djokus vkrs rks Fkkusnkj muds lkFk dSlk Hkn~nk O;ogkj djrk- ;gh fLFkfr ukVd dh /kqjh gSfganh ds pfpZr dfo iou dj.k ds dfork laxzg ^L=kh esjs Hkhrj* ds ejkBh vuqokn ^L=kh ekÖ;k vkr* dks xka/kh Lekjd fuf/k ukxiqj us vuqokn iqjLdkj iznku fd;k gS-

xk;dokM+! ¼;gka ;g crkuk cgqr t:jh gS fd vaxzstksa ds njckj esa 'kkgq egkjkt dk mruk otu ugha Fkk] ftruk fd l;kthjko dk Fkk-½ lgh ek;uksa esa ns[kk tk, rks fganqLrku dh lkjh ¼565½ fj;klrksa esa dksYgkiqj fj;klr ds jktf"kZ 'kkgq egkjkt lcls vyx] lPps yksdksidkjh rFkk Økafrdkjh lekt&lqèkkjd FkslaidZ % jsYos dkWyksuh] ejkjVksyh] xksafn;k&441614 ¼egkjk"Vª½ eks- % 9421808772

75


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bZ'oj dh e`R;q dk ?kks"k.kk&i= % fganh ukVd

lkfgR;] bfrgkl] jktuhfr vkSj vU; reke fo"k;ksa ds mÙkjvk/kqfudrk ds uke ij thou dh okLrfodrkvksa ls vkeus&lkeus gksus ij Hkh iwjs fo'o esa laLÑfr;ksa vkSj lH;rkvksa dk jksuk vkt rd can ugha gqvk- ekuo vkSj ekuosrj tkfr;ksa ds fouk'k dk ftruk cM+k dkj.k laLÑfr vkSj ml 'kk'or laLÑfr dk tUenkrk bZ'oj jgk gS mruk fo/oald dkjd 'kk;n gh dksbZ vkSj jgk gksoLrqr% ekuo lekt us viuh vgaoknh rkdrksa vkSj v{kq..k ew<+rkvksa ds uke ij lkfgR; esa [kkl rkSj ij ,slk forku pkjksa vksj Nk fn;k fd mlls ckgj fudyus ds fy, vkdk'k dk ,d VqdM+k Hkh fjDr ugha NksM+k x;kik'pkR; lkfgR; esa lqdjkr] vjLrw tSls fonzksgh vfLrRoksa dk izHkko vk tkus ds dkj.k ogka le; ls bZ'oj ds Hkjksls cSBs jgus ds ctk; vo'; deZ dh egÙkk c<+us ds lkFk&lkFk thou esa fo|eku dVq ls dVq ;FkkFkZ vkSj bZ'oj dh Ñfr dh lksp ls ckgj vkdj vkneh vkSj mlds Ñfr;ksa] izo`fÙk;ksa] fopkj] laosnuk] Hkko ij cgl 'kq: dh xbZ- mlesa tks tSlk Fkk mlds Hkhrj ls oSlk gh lkfgR; ltZu dk izkjaHk gqvk- ik'pkR; =kklnh dk vkfoHkkZo ijks{k :i ls bZ'oj dh Ñik ds izfr vfo'okl vkSj bl nqfu;k ds lp gksus dk igyk izek.k Fkk] ogha Hkkjrh; ukVdksa ds vfLrRo dks iapeosn ls ckgj ugha vkus fn;k x;k- vtk xhr ds :i esa t:j xzhd ukVd Hkh nsorkvksa dks izlUu djus ds ek/;e ls mn~Hkkflr gq, ysfdu os tYnh psr x, vkSj tks :i vkxs pydj lkfgR; dk vk;k og fo'kq) ekuoh; laosnukvksa ds ,d&,d lw{e rkus&ckus dh izÑfr dk gh Fkk76

MkW- equh'k 'kekZ

fdarq laLÑr lkfgR; vkSj ckn esa mlds v;ksfut :i fganh esa iwjh rjg ls bZ'oj vkSj mldh cukbZ nqfu;k ds vk/kkj ij gh ukFk fl) lkfgR; ls ysdj iwjk HkfDr lkfgR; vius vkdqy vkIykfor HkfDr :i dks gh lkfgR; esa efTtr dj ,d detksj vkLFkkoknh] fuf"Ø; lekt dk fuekZ.k djrk jgkbl vkLFkkoknh ijaijk dk lcls Hk;kud ifj.kke bl lekt us viuh vka[kksa ls ns[kk- eafnj tgka bZ'oj fojkteku Fkk] buds lkeus jkSans x,] vkjrh dk vkjr nqcZy #nu cudj HkfDr vkSj J)k ds :i esa izdV gqvkosn] iqjk.k tSlh vuqekuoknh jpukvksa ds vk/kkj ij feFkdksa dh yach ijaijk Hkkjr esa jgh- ,d&,d iqjk.k dks vkt [kaxkyk tk, rks flok; ,d Mjs gq, vkneh dh Hk;fefJr dkrjrk ds ogka 'kk;n gh dqN gks- leLr osn izÑfr ds ekuoh; :i dh Lrqfr _pk,a Hkj gSaMkfoZu tSls iwT; 'kks/k&f'k{kd dh vlhe [kkst ds ckn Hkh vkt rd ;g ew<+ ns'k Hkkjr ds dky dks lr;qx] }kij =ksrk vkSj dy;qx esa foHkkftr djus esa gh Lo;a dks /kU; ekus cSBk gS- oLrqr% vuqekuoknh Hkkjrh; lksp vfirq lksp dguk Hkh Bhd ugha gS- njvly] eku ysus dh uiqaldrk us vkt rd lR;ukjk;.k dh dFkk dks vej dj fn;k tgka lh/ks&lh/ks bZ'oj dks oS'; deZ esa lgk;d ,d cfut ds :i esa izLrqr fd;k x;k- lcls cM+k iz'u ;g mBrk gS fd ekuo thou esa bZ'oj dh D;k vko';drk gS vkSj ;g iz'u ,dk,d vFkok fdlh ekDlZoknh lksp ls xzflr gksdj ugha mBk;k tk jgk gS vfirq fopkj Lokra=; (Love of Wisdom) ds

vkyksd esa- D;k vkt ;g t:jh ugha gks tkrk fd uhR'ks dh ?kks"k.kk ij iqu% fopkj fd;k tk,- iwjs thou esa bZ'oj dh Hkwfedk ij fcuk vkØks'k /kek±/k vFkok Hk;Hkhr gq, ;fn fopkj fd;k tk, rks D;k bZ'oj ;k bZ'oj dh Ñik ds ifj.kke dgha fn[krs gSa- bZ'oj ds Ñik ik=k Hkkjr dh nqnZ'kk bl ckr dk lcls thrk&tkxrk izek.k gS fd bZ'oj ikxyksa] fudEeksa ;k cfu;ksa dk elhgk gS ftlls dsoy ikxyksa dh jVar] fudEeksa dk nkrk ;k cfu;ksa dk LokFkZ fl) fd;k tk ldrk gS- O;fDroknh LokFkZijdrk ls Åij mBdj bZ'oj dh Ñik] mldk fo/kku] vfLrRo Lo;a [kkfjt gksus yxrs gSa- vkSj fQj bl bZ'oj dks ekuus okys lqlaLÑr Hkkjrh;ksa dk bZ'oj Hkh mUgha dh Hkkafr jgL;oknh] fujkyk gSÑ".k ds pfj=k dks jpus okys O;kl vius pfj=k uk;d Ñ".k ls mudh cgu nzkSinh dh ykt dsoy oL=k nsdj cpk ik,] dSlk ew<+rk Hkjk pfj=k fp=k.k gSuiqald vkneh Hkh viuh cgu dh ykt yqVrh ns[kdj vius ls dbZ xqus rkdroj dk xyk idM+ ys- exj Ñ".k gSa fd gj iy nzkSinh dks uXu gks tkus vkSj oL=k vkPNkfnr djus esa gh viuh vykSfdd yhyk ls larq"V vkSj eqX/k gSa] fdruh ew[kZrk dh ckr gS- xyk idM+ fy;k gksrk nq;ksZ/ku dk exj os lkM+h dk phj c<+k, tk jgs gSa fd HkbZ eSa rks ru ij diM+k gh ns ldrk gwa- esjh lwjr esa lkM+h dh fey gS- jke gSa fd lhrk tSlh iRuh ij fo'okl ugha tks viuk jktlh lq[k NksM+ ou esa lkFk pyh vkb± exj vfXuijh{kk fy, fcuk ugha ekus- lhrk dk rks Hkjkslk fd;k tk ldrk Fkk] exj iq#"k jke dk Hkh Hkjkslk D;k fd;k tk ldrk Fkk\ uoacj] 2010


exj iq#"koknh ekufldrk ls fy[ks x, leLr iqjk.kksa] laLÑr lkfgR; dks fnO; eafMr dj mudh gd+hd+r ij inkZ Mky fn;k x;k- Ñ".k dk tks f'k{kd :i Fkk og bu pfj=k ys[kdksa us viuh vuqekuoknh] vykSfddrkoknh lksp ds dkj.k /kwfey dj fn;k- og egkiq#"k Hkkjr dk lqdjkr Fkk ftlus lR; dks tkuus dh ckr dgh- Ñ".k igyk nk'kZfud Fkk ftlus deZ vkSj deZ ds ek/;e ls ykSfdd txr dks gh lR; Bgjk;k- ysfdu muds deZoknh fl)kar ij /kwy Mky mldh euksgkjh Nfo;ksa] ikyuk] uan] ;'kksnk] ek[kupksj] vfHklkj] fnO; fojkV :i esa gh viuh vr`Ir oklukvksa dks iwjk bu pfj=k ys[kdksa us fd;k- ;g ikxyiu dk [ksy vkt rd pyk vk jgk gS- Ñ".k dk ikyuk >qykuk] iwruk] uan] ;'kksnkµblh dk Fkwd fcyks&fcyksdj rFkkdfFkr cnek'k dFkk ckapdj turk dks ew[kZ cukuk tkjh j[ks gSa- thou dk lPpk Kku ogka [kkfjt gSeuq"; dks laiw.kZ lp u ekuus dh fljfQjh ekufldrk dk gh deky gS fd ;g ns'k daxky gS exj ;gka ds fr#ifr] i'kqifr] i{khifr] ckyk th vkSj mudh v;ksfut larku ykyk th ekSt dj jgs gSa- ftl ns'k dk Hkxoku djksM+ksa #i, dk fglkc&fdrkc gj o"kZ djrk gks exj mlh ns'k esa gtkjksa ckyd Hkw[k ls ej tkrs gksa ogka flok; 'keZ vkSj csg;kbZ ds lkFk gh bZ'oj ds gksus dh ckr dgh tk ldrh gS- vkfn iq#"k f'ko dh tVkvksa ls fudyus okyh xaxk] fnO; vykSfdd iq#"k Ñ".k dh cgu] lw;Z dh iq=kh tequk fdlh xVj ;k ukys ls vkt de ugha gSeafnjksa esa gqbZ HkxnM+ ls fdrus ikxy gj o"kZ ekjs tkrs gSa- vkfn iq#"k f'ko dh iSr`d tehu dSyk'k bZ'oj dks u ekuus okys phu ds dCts esa gS- exj blds ckotwn vkt fdlh ls ugha dg ldrs bZ'oj uked dksbZ tho ugha gksrk- ,sls jgL;e; iz'u lkeus yk [kM+k djsaxs fd vki pqi jgus ds flok; dqN ugha dj ldrs- tks rqEgkjs vanj cksy jgk gS og dkSu gS\ e`R;q ds ckn vkRek dgka tkrh gS\ njvly] iwjk fo'okl flok; LokFkZ uoacj] 2010

vkSj Hk;kfJr vkLFkk ds dgha vk/kkfjr ughafganh ukVdksa esa igyh ckj bZ'oj dh Ñik dks udkjk- bZ'oj us blls iwoZ Hkkjr ds iru esa egrh Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ Fkh- eqxyksa dk vkØe.k] eafnjksa dk fo/oal] yk[kksa tusmvksa dh vkgqfr] vaxzstksa }kjk yk[kksa nzkSifn;ksa dk izfrfnu phjgj.k bZ'oj dh mifLFkfr esa gks pqdk Fkk- ysfdu igyh ckj fganh lkfgR; dh fofHkUu fo/kkvksa ls iwoZ ukVd us ml bZ'oj dk lh/ks&lh/ks fojks/k fd, fcuk mlds uk gksus ds izek.kksa dks viuk ukV~; fo"k; cuk;k- Hkkjrsanq tSls Ñ".k lk/kd dks dguk iM+k] ^^dgka d#.kkfuf/k ds'ko lks,-** ^oSfndh fgalk] fgalk u Hkofr* ukVd esa Hkkjrsanq iwjh rjg ls bl ckr dks lkeus j[kuk pkgrs gSa fd osnksa&iqjk.kksa ds uke ij Lo;a dks czãk dk oS/k iq=k ekuus okyk czkã.k vius deZ esa fdruk fuÑ"V gS vkSj mldh ;g fuÑ"Vrk leLr osnksa dh lkFkZdrk o izklafxdrk dks [kkfjt djrh gS- /keZ dh vkM+ ysdj njvly ekal& efnjk [kkuk&ihuk T;knk lqxe vkSj /keZ& lR;kfir gks x;kusiky dh ;k=kk esa eSaus dbZ yksxksa ls ckr dh rks ik;k fd i'kqifrukFk ds eafnj esa ,d ewfrZ foHkwfr HkSjo dh Hkh gS] mldk flj gh flj ewfrZ :i esa LFkkfir gS] mldh Bks<+h Hkh ugha Fkh- tc tkudkjh yh rks ,d o`) czkã.k us dFkk crkbZ fd tc Hkw[k esa ;s HkSjo egk'k; viuk lkjk 'kjhj [kk x, vkSj mUgksaus Bks<+h Hkh [kk yh rks f'ko us dgk fd rw viuk 'kjhj er [kk] eSa rq>s HkSals dk ekal vkSj cdjh nsrk gwa] rw ;s [kk- bl f'ko ds okD; dk vlj iwjs usiky dh lM+dksa vkSj ?kjksa esa eSaus ns[kk Hkh- HkSals dk ekal lM+dksa ij fc[kjk iM+k jgrk gSekal vkSj efnjk dk pyu nky] jksVh dh rjg ogka gS- ,d vkfnoklh iq#"k f'ko dh iwtkLFkyh i'kqifr ogka iwtuh; gS ysfdu ogha dfiyoLrq ¼yqafcuh½ esa thou dk cks/k fnykus okys fo'ofo[;kr f'k{kd cq) dks ogka dksbZ ugha ekurk;g lksp ml vkfne izo`fÙk dh lwpd gS ftlus gesa thou vkSj laosnukvksa ds

fodkl dh ;k=kk ij vkxs ugha c<+us fn;k- bldk ifj.kke usiky dh xjhch gS- ml vkfnoklh dks fufoZpkj ekuus okyk ns'k rks le`) gksuk pkfg, Fkk ysfdu flok; os';ko`fÙk o i;ZVdksa dh rhekjnkjh ds flok; ogka dqN Hkh ugha gS- bZ'oj dks ekuus dk bruk fouk'kdkjh :i vka[kksa ds lkeus Fkk- bls gh lk{kh eku Hkkjrsanq tSls lekt lq/kkjd us nsoksa dh [kcj yh- ysfdu ckotwn blds dqN fo}ku vkykspd ;g ekuus dks rS;kj ugha fd Hkkjrsanq ekDlZokfn;ksa dh Hkkafr ukfLrd ugha Fks- ukfLrd gksuk gesa le> vkrk gS exj vkfLrd gksuk D;k gS\ bldk mÙkj ugha gS- D;k bZ'oj dks ekus fcuk lkekU; ekuoh; ewY;ksa] lkekftd U;k;] lerk dks eku Hkj ysuk i;kZIr ugha gS\ ^Hkkjr nqnZ'kk* vkSj mudh ^va/ksj uxjh* o ^uhynsoh* esa os lh/ks rkSj ij mu leLr :f<+;ksa] ijaijkvksa o laLÑfr ij izgkj djrs gSa ftudk lzksr osn&iqjk.k vkSj feFkdh;rk jgs- blhfy, os bl ns'k dks ftlesa dbZ djksM+ nsoh&nsork appointed gSa] lkjs vkfn iq#"k czãk] fo".kq] egs'k fojkteku gSa] dks jgus ds dkfcy ugha ekursµ ^^dksfdy ck;l ,d le] iafMr ewj[k ,dbanzk;u nkfM+e fo"k;] tgka u usdqfoosdcfl, ,sls ns'k ufga] dud o`f"V tks gks;jfg, rks nq%[k ikb,] izku nhft, jks;-** njvly] lkjs osnksa] Le`fr;ksa esa flQZ fuBYys cSBus dks gh laiw.kZ czkã.k gksus dh laKk nh] deZ djus okys czkã.kksa dks czkã.kRo ls ckgj dj fn;k- vkfod ¼HksM+ksa ls thfodk djus okyk½ fp=kdkj oS|] u{k=k ikBh ;s pkj czkã.k ;fn c`gLifr ds leku fo}ku Hkh gksa rks Hkh iwT; ugha- ¼3 vf=k Le`fr 'yksd 484½ n/khfp] xkSre vkfn ds oa'ktksa dks oSfnd deks± esa osn ea=kksPpkj.k djus dk 'kki o'kkr vf/kdkj ugha gS- ¼f'ko iqjk.k fo|s'oj lafgrk,a 21] 'yksd 43½njvly] Hkkjrsanq gfj'panz us vius ukVdksa ds ek/;e ls iwjh ml Hkkjrh; 77


laLÑfr ftls bZ'oj dk i;kZ;okph ekuk x;k] fojks/k fd;k- ;g fojks/k dk Lrj muds Hkkjrsanq eaMy ds 'ks"k lnL; ckyÑ".k HkV~V] izrki ukjk;.k feJ vkfn ds ukVdksa] fuca/kksa esa [kqydj izdV gqvk- ckyÑ".k HkV~V dk fuca/k ^lkfgR; tu&lewg ds ân; dk fodkl gS* [kqydj fl) djrk gS fd osnksa ls ysdj vU; Le`fr;ksa rd dk jpko dksbZ vkIr ?kVuk ;k nSoh; foLQksV u gksdj ml le; ds O;fDr dh ekufldrk] le> vkSj vuqekuoknh voSKkfud lksp dk ifj.kke FkkfL=k;ksa dh fLFkfr bl Hkxokuoknh ns'k esa tks jgh og fdlh ls fNih ugha gS- ets dh ckr bl ij ;g fd ftruk tks lekt vkt Hkh laLÑfr dh nqgkbZ nsrk gS og mruk tkfgy] vkfne o Hkxokue; lekt gS- mldk dkj.k gS] D;ksafd muds vkjk/;ksa dh rLohj iq#"koknh o enZoknh gS- f'ko du[ky ¼gfj}kj½ esa Hkkax [kkdj viuh llqjky esa mRikr epk vkrs gSa- 'keZlkj gksdj ikoZrh dks lrh gksuk iM+rk gS- jke xHkZorh lhrk dks dqy oa'k dh e;kZnk gsrq NksM+dj e;kZnk iq#"kksÙke gks ldrs gSa- fo'okfe=k egf"kZ gksdj ,d vIljk ¼os';k½ ds o'khHkwr gks ldrs gSa- ml ij nks"k moZ'kh dk fd ,d egf"kZ dh riL;k Hkax dj nh- t:j okluknfer lk/kuk jgh gksxh- vU;Fkk dksbZ dkj.k ugha fd cks/k ds i'pkr Hkh okluk bruh ?ksj tk,- oSfnd dky esa lHkk&lEesyuksa esa fL=k;ksa dk tkuk oftZr crk;k x;k gS¼eS=kk;.kh la-] 4-76] vFkoZosn 7-38-4½ eS=kk;.kh lafgrk esa mls tq, ,oa e| ds leku dgk x;k gS] ekuo lekt ds egknks"kksa esa ls ,d ekuk x;k gS rFkk ^ve`r* ekudj fu_fr ls mldk laca/k crk;k x;k gS- L=kh dks cqjs vkneh ls Hkh uhp dgk x;k gS- ¼rS- la- 6-5-8-2( 'kriFk czk- 1-3-1-9-12-13½ ifr ds Hkkstu dj pqdus ij gh iRuh dks Hkkstu djuk pkfg,- ¼'kriFk czk- 5-2-1-10½ og L=kh iz'kaluh; gS tks ifr dks izR;qÙkj ugha nsrh ¼,srjs; czk- 3-24-7( xksiFk czk2-3-22½ jktk dh pkj jkfu;ka efg"kh ifjo`fDr] okokyk rFkk ikykxyh uke ls 78

oSfnd dky ls gh yh tk jgh Fkha¼okYehfd jkek;.k 1-73-39½- n'kjFk dk var%iqj vusd jkfu;ksa ls iw.kZ Fkk ¼okYehfd jkek;.k 2-20-1]6½ dqy feykdj bl bZ'oj ds fo/kku dh yhyk dk dqfRlr :i 'kkL=k cudj Hkkjrh;ksa dh ul&ul esa cg jgk gS- vr% L=kh ds izfr mis{kk gksuk LokHkkfod Fkk- vkfLrd gksus esa xkSjo eku djus okyk O;fDr thou Hkj esa ,d Hkh vkfLrd dk;Z ugha djrk- D;ksafd vkfLrdrk dk vFkZ bZ'oj dks eku ysuk Hkj gS- ysfdu eku ysus Hkj ls fdl iz;kstu vkSj lkFkZdrk dks og fl) djrk gS] bldk mÙkj mlds ikl ugha- fL=k;ksa ds ekuoh; vf/kdkj] Lora=krk o lekurk o mudh O;fDrxr igpku dks lkeus ykus dk Hkjld iz;kl fganh ukVdksa esa gqvk- ckcw jk/kkÑ".knkl us igyh ckj Hkxoku vkSj mldh izsr lsuk }kjk lrkbZ tk jgh vcyk ds eu dh ckr dks VVksydj vkdka{kkvksa] dkeukvksa ds egRo dks fl) fd;k^nqf[kuh* ckyk :id ds eapu dh Hkwfedk esa gh uVh lw=k/kkj ls dgrh gSµ^^izk.kukFk! tks vkius fopkjk] mlesa esjh Hkh lgefr gS- gka! bl Hkkjro"kZ esa cgq fookg] cky&fookg ds gksus vkSj fo/kok fookg ds u gksus ls dSlh gkfu gS- nsf[k, ml cspkjh ';kek dk gh dSlk cqjk gky gS- vPNk rks pfy, vc nsjh djuk mfpr ugha] ge yksxksa ds }kjk ;g dqjhfr ftruh mBs mruk gh ge vius dks /kU; le>sa-** ¼nqf[kuh ckyk] jk/kkÑ".knkl½ bZ'oj ds cuk, HkkX; fo/kku ij Hkkjrsanq us ^Hkkjr nqnZ'kk* esa djkjh pksV dh gS- mldk ,d pfj=k Hkkjr HkkX; gS ftls Hkkjrsanq us Hkkjr dk 'k=kq fl) fd;k gS- Hkkjr HkkX;] ^^gk; ! vc eSa th ds D;k d:axk\ tc Hkkjr ,slk fe=k bl nqnZ'kk esa iM+k gS- vkSj mldk m)kj ugha dj ldrk rks esjs thus ij f/kDdkj gS-** ^uhynsoh* esa Hkkjrsanq iwjh Hkkjrh; ijaijk ds izrhd uk;d jktk lw;Znso dh iq#"koknh /keZoknh uhfr ds fo#) uhynsoh ds egRo dks LFkkfir dj L=kh o u, ewY;ksa ij fo'okl dh odkyr

djrs fn[krs gSa- jktk lw;Znso /keZ ds uke ij Nn~e ;q) djus dh lykg dks Bqdjk nsrk gS ftldk ifj.kke mls viuh ekSr o ns'k dh gkj ds :i esa pqdkuk iM+rk gS tcfd uhynsoh vius foosd dk iz;ksx dj /keZ&v/keZ ds <dkslyksa dks NksM+ Nn~e ;q) dk fu.kZ; ysdj fot;h gksrh gSizlkn tks izlkn;qxhu ukVdksa ds i;kZ; gSa] ewY;xr dksbZ Økafrdkjh ifjorZu ugha dj ik,- muds L=kh ik=k Hkkjrh; laLÑfr dh eksgd NVk ls mcj ugha ik,- izse] d#.kk] R;kx] J)k dk ,di{kh; pfj=k muds O;fDrRo esa vk/kqfud L=kh dk :i mn~Hkkflr ugha dj ik;k- Hkkjrsanq tSlh vkØkedrk ogka ns[kus dks ugha feyrh- f'kYi vkSj ukV~;dyk ds fy, izlkn vo'; fn'kk ns ik, ysfdu ml le; ftu dBksj fu.kZ;ksa dh vko';drk Fkh] mUgsa ysus esa izlkn /kS;Zoku fn[kkbZ iM+rs gSa- ^/kzqoLokfeuh* esa t:j L=kh&eu dks egRo fn;k x;k gSysfdu ogka Hkh mldh vkdka{kkvksa] fopkjksa dk Nk;koknh :i gh lkeus vk ik;k gS- ^uhynsoh* tSlh jkSnzrk ogka ugha gS- bldk ewy dkj.k izlkn dh Hkkjrh; laLÑfr esa vkLFkk Fkhvkxs pydj foHkktu ds le; ns'k dk tks gky gqvk og txtkfgj gSHkq[kejh] vdky] naxs] Qlkn] ikfjokfjd VwVu us iwjh rjg bZ'ojh; Ñik ij vfo'okl O;Dr fd;k vkSj ubZ pky ds ukVdksa dk fganh lkfgR; esa tUe gksuk 'kq: gqvk ftlesa Hkkjrh; xkSjo'kkyh bfrgkl] ijaijkvksa] feFkdksa ds izfr udkj lh/ks&lh/ks fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSS- Hkkjr ds egkiq#"kksa ds thou dh okLrfod fonzwirkvksa] fL=k;ksa ij muds vR;kpkjksa] mis{kkvksa dks vk/kkj cukdj vusd ukVd fy[ks x, tks vius lgh vFkks± esa le; dh izklafxdrk ds lkFk bZ'oj dh e`R;q dh ?kks"k.kk djrs gq, fganh ukVd dks ;FkkFkZ dh l?kurk esa mrjus ds fy, iszfjr djrs gSalaidZ % Jh vjfoan egkfo|ky; ¼lka/;½ fnYyh fo'ofo|ky;] ubZ fnYyh

uoacj] 2010


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ekuoh; ljksdkj dh dgkfu;ka lfjrk 'kekZ ^vudgh* dFkkdkj t;Jh jk; dk igyk dgkuh laxzg gS ftldh dgkuh ^fiaMnku* us viuh Hkk"kk vkSj dF; ls ikBdksa dks js.kq vkSj f'kokuh dh ;kn fnyk nh Fkh- bu dgkfu;ksa ds pfj=kksa vkSj fLFkfr;ksa dks lhèks&lhèks thou ls mBk;k x;k gS- 'kgjksa esa cls fuEu vkSj eè;e oxZ ds yksxksa ds thou dks laosnu'khy ysf[kdk us uSlfxZdrk] la;e] lathnxh vkSj ekfeZdrk ls vfHkO;Dr fd;k gSdgkfu;ksa esa xjhch] 'kks"k.k] chekjh] ekSr] dkSVqafcd O;fHkpkj vkSj L=kh&iq#"k lacaèkksa dks ekuoh; ljksdkj ds lkFk n'kkZ;k x;k gS- pfj=kksa dh detksfj;ksa dks ifjfLFkfrtU; ekudj mudk lgkuqHkwfriwoZd fp=k.k djus ls os thoar vkSj okLrfod yxrs gSa- fo'ks"k :i ls ukjh pfj=kksa dks dfBu ls dfBu gkykr esa la?k"kZjr vkSj iq#"kksa ds eqdkcys vfèkd rkdroj lkfcr fd;k x;k gS- laxzg dh Hkk"kk izokg;qDr] eqgkojsnkj vkSj vkapfydrk dk iqV fy, gq, gSbu dgkfu;ksa esa izÑfr vius cgqjaxh :iksa esa mHkjdj Vkel gkMhZ dh jpukvksa dh rjg HkkoHkwfe rS;kj djrh gS- ysf[kdk dgrh gS] ^gj ekSle vius reke rsoj vkSj fetkt ds lkFk eq>ls gksdj xqtj tkrk gS] eSa eqanh iydksa ls Hkh Qwyksa dk f[kyuk ;k rkjksa dk VwVdj fxjuk eglwl dj ysrh gwa-* isM+&ikSèks vkSj i'kq&i{kh dgkfu;ksa esa brus egRoiw.kZ gSa fd foHkk dh ekSr ij xqyeksgj ds Qwy >M+ tkrs gSa] 'kjkch eaxjk dk eqag dqÙkk pkVrk gS] vdsys HkVdrs iz.k; dks dqÙks dk lkFk vPNk yxrk gS] lqtk feëw rksrs dk fiatjk [kksydj Lo;a dks eqDr eglwl djrh gS- iRuh ds izseh ds lkFk Hkkx tkus ij ikik vius pgsrs dcwrjksa dks xksyh ekj nsrs gSa vkSj èkwi dk VqdM+k ruq ds vdsysiu dk lacy cu tkrk gSbu dgkfu;ksa esa vdsykiu ckj&ckj iwjh f'kír ds lkFk mHkjrk gS- ^vkaxu ds dksus esa [kM+k vdsyk >jcsjh dk isM+ èkwi ih&ihdj pqi lk x;k Fkk-* ---^;g esjs vdsysiu dh gn Fkh] blfy, ,d rjg uoacj] 2010

iqLrd % vudgh ¼dgkuh&laxzg½ ysf[kdk % t;Jh jk; ewY; % 150 #i, izdk'kd % f'kYik;u] oSLV xksj[k ikdZ] 'kkgnjk] fnYyh&32

ls eSa fuf'par gks xbZ Fkh-*---^,slh vuke bPNkvksa ds {k.kksa esa vdsyh jg xbZ fVVgjh&lh og bl NksVs ls ¶ySV esa HkVdrh jgrh gS-* ^vdsyk* dgkuh esa iz.k; 'kgj dh HkhM+ esa VwVs iÙks dh rjg cgrk gS] ^fdlh Hkh psgjs ij igpku dh dkSaèk ugha] vkReh;rk ds 'kCn ugha] cl ,d vFkZghu&lk 'kksj gS-* og ,d os';k ds ikl tkrk gS- ^iwjh jkr ml cnuke eqgYys esa nks ckagksa ds ?ksjs esa viuk ?kj <wa<+rk gqvk og lqèk&cqèk [kks;k iM+k jg x;k Fkk- viuh iRuh dks og Qksu ij crkrk gSµlp] eSa fdlh ls flQZ cksyuk pkgrk Fkk-* lcls eeZLi'khZ vkSj izHkko'kkyh dgkuh dSalj ls ihfM+r foHkk dh ekufld vkSj 'kkjkfjd ihM+k dks mtkxj djus okyh ^xqyeksgj* gS- blesa ?kj ls nwj vLirky esa iy&iy ejrh gqbZ ukf;dk ifr dh csoQkbZ ls iwjh rjg VwV tkrh gS- ^mnklh dk ,d nck&lk vglkl var%lfyyk unh dh rjg vanj gh vanj pqipki cgrk jgk Fkkµmlds vfLrRo dks fdLrksa esa rksM+rs gq,-* dSalj ds bykt ds fy, fd, tkus okys [krjukd VsLVksa vkSj vkWijs'kuksa dks >syrs ejht dk nqyZHk ;FkkFkZoknh o.kZu mls djhc ls ns[kus ij gh laHko gSxjhch dh ijkdk"Bk fn[kkus okyh dgkfu;ka izsepan dh ^dQu* vkSj ^iwl dh jkr* dh ;kn rkt+k dj nsrh gSa^'kfupjh* esa yksxksa ds ?kjksa esa dke djds 'kjkch ifr vkSj cPpksa dk Hkj.k&iks"k.k djus okyh 'kfupjh ds vHkkoxzLr vfLrRo dks fn[kk;k x;k gS- ^Hkw[ks&uaxksa dh nqfu;k cgqr NksVh gksrh gSµgkFk ls

eqag] eqag ls isV rd lhfer-* nq?kZVuk esa mlds ejus ij ^xeZ pk; dh pqfLd;ka ysrs gq, jruckcw vkSj baLisDVj lkgc us r; fd;k fd 'kfupjh us vkRegR;k dh gS-* mldh csVh egqvk 'ko ds vafre laLdkj ds fy, HkVdrh gS- ckfj'k esa dQu mM+dj nwj pyk tkrk gS rks egqvk ^gj rjQ ls vutku gkFk esa QVh èkksrh dk VqdM+k fy, viuh eka ds 'ko dh vksj c<+ jgh Fkh tcfd ogka bdëh HkhM+ ewd rek'kchu cuh nksuksa dks ?kwj jgh FkhµvèkZuXu csVh dks] iwjh uXu eka dks] lj ds Åij vkleku QVk iM+ jgk Fkk] exj tehu ugha-* ^vkneh dk cPpk* esa dwM+k chuus okyh ykyerh vius csVs Jo.k ds ejus dh nqvk ekaxrh gS rkfd yk'k dks ns[kdj yksx n;k djds T;knk Hkh[k nsa- ^dHkh&dHkh mls Lo;a Hkh yxrk gS] og euq"; ugha] i'kq gS- D;k djs] thou dh dSfQ;r us mls isV ls Åij mBus gh ugha fn;k-* lp gS ^cqHkqf{kr% fde~ u djksfr ikia-* jkeèkkjh dks nfyrksa ds mRFkku dh lc ckrsa csekuh yxrh gSa] ^gksus ds uke ij mlds ikl cl ,d cM+k&lk isV gS tks jkr&fnu Hkw[k ds nkokuy esa tyrk jgrk gS- bls Hkjrs&Hkjrs og Lo;a [kkyh gksdj jg x;k gSµf'kjk&eTtk rd-* ^ikik ij pqds gSa* vkSj ^xqfM+;k* dgkfu;ksa esa yM+fd;ksa ds lkFk ifjokj ds lnL;ksa }kjk fd, x, ;kSu&'kks"k.k ds nq"ifj.kkeksa ij utj Mkyh xbZ gS- ,sls lacaèkksa ij inkZ Mky fn;k tkrk gS exj budh f'kdkj yM+fd;ka Hk;] dqaBk vkSj fujk'kk esa thrh gSa- ^ikik ej pqds gSa* esa uSjsVj dks mldk firk go'k dk f'kdkj cuk ysrk gS rks og dgrh gS] ^esjh elyrh gqbZ nsg ds vanj ml le; ,d lkFk u tkus D;k&D;k ,d gh èkekds ls VwVk Fkk] u tkus fdruh ekSrsa gqbZ Fkha--balku ej x;k Fkk] Hkxoku ej x;k Fkk] esjs ;dhu dh ,d iwjh nqfu;k ej xbZ Fkh-* ifr ds lkFk Hkh og ;kSu lacaèk LFkkfir ugha dj ikrh gS- ^ikik dk iq#"k cu tkuk ;k iq#"k dk ikik cu tkuk 79


dSlk =kkln vuqHko gks ldrk gS] esjk eeZ gh tkurk Fkk-* ikik ds ejus ds ckn gh og iq#"kksa ds izfr ?k`.kk dks lekIr dj ikrh gS^xqfM+;k* esa HkkbZ ds tUe ds ckn xqfM+;k dh mis{kk djds lkjk è;ku uotkr f'k'kq ij fn;k tkrk gS] ^mldk rks dksbZ uke Hkh ugha ysrktgka tkvks yksx mls ijs èkdsy nsrs gSaµvjs ;gka ugha ckgj tkvks] pqi jgks] ;s D;k dj fn;k-* eesjk HkkbZ mls lrkrk gS vkSj ekek mlds lkFk vthc gjdrsa djrk gS- ekek ls cpus ds fy, og HkkbZ ds dejs esa Nqi tkrh gS- HkkbZ jksus yxrk gS rks ?kcjkdj mldk eqag nckdj pqi djkus dh dksf'k'k esa mls ekj Mkyrh gS- ,aVu ps[ko dh ,d dgkuh esa ukSdjkuh Fkdku vkSj uhan ls cksf>y gksdj ekyfdu ds csVs dh gR;k djds lks tkrh gS- lgh&xyr dk QSlyk u djds ik=k dh euksfLFkfr dks ekuoh; n`f"Vdks.k ls le>k x;k gSysf[kdk us L=kh&iq#"k lacaèkksa ij ^vfHku;* vkSj ^vkSjr tks unh gS* esa fopkj fn;k gS- ^vfHku;* esa izkS<+ vkSjr ;qod ls izse ds Hkze ls gh larq"V gS- og mlds 'kCntky ds Ny dks le>rs gq, Hkh izse ds ukVd dks pyus nsrh gS- ^,d fj'rk ftlesa lekt dh xokgh ugha vkSj izse dk vkèkkj Hkh ugha] mls ftyk, j[kus ds fy, cgqr dqN vizrhfrdj thuk&lguk iM+rk gS-* bl fj'rs dks <ksrs jgus dh etcwjh dk vkSfpR; utj ugha vkrk gS- ^vkSjr tks unh gS* esa vkSjr dks cukZMZ 'kkW ds 'kCnksa esa ^ykbQ QkslZ* ekuk x;k gS- ^;s vlgk;&lh vkSjrsa njvly fdruh l{ke gksrh gSaµenks± dks vkdaB ysrh gSa] Lo;a esa mrjus nsrh gSa] fQj foèkkrk dh ml jpuk dks vius lkaps esa <ky mls nqckjk iSnk dj nsrh gSaµmldh dfe;ksa esa viuh iw.kZrk dk feJ.k djds-* uSjsVj os';k ls ijkftr eglwl djrk gS] ^gj enZ ekuks eNyh Fkk vkSj og ikuh Fkh- uhy frfyLe Hkjk tky Fkkµ[kqn esa lqy>h] vkSjksa dks csrjg my>krh gqbZ-* rFkkdfFkr Luksok ckuksZ dh 'kSyh esa fy[kh bl dgkuh esa nsg foe'kZ vfèkd gS- os';k ds eqag ls vkSjrksa dh efgek esa dgh xbZ ckrsa mldh fLFkfr ds vuq:i ughas yxrha] ^vkSjr unh dh rjg gksrh gS- dgha Bgjrh ugha] exj vius fdukjksa esa thou dks Bgjko nsrh gS-* dgkuh esa ;g Hkh Li"V ugha gS fd uSjsVj mlls nsg ds vfrfjDr D;k pkgrk gS vkSj fdl fu.kZ; ij igqapuk pkgrk gS- ^lfn;ksa dh ngyht ij [kM+k eSa tSls fu.kZ; ds ,d {k.k dk eq[kkis{kh Fkk-* thou ds izfr vkLFkk ls Hkjh foMacukvksa vkSj eukso`fr;ksa dks ckaèks j[kus okyh 'kSyh esa fp=k.k djus okyh ;s dgkfu;ka xgjh varn`Zf"V okyh vkSj iBuh; gSa- buesa vn~Hkqr dFkkjl gS vkSj dgu dk u;kiu gS- fueZe le; dh fonzwirkvksa ij rh[kh fVIi.kh Hkh dh xbZ gS- lekt vkSj ekuoh; laosnukvksa ds }a} dks tknqbZ ;FkkFkZokn dh 'kSyh esa fn[kk;k x;k gS- 'kCn la;kstd ds dkj.k ohHkRl fLFkfr;ka Hkh lguh; gks tkrh gSa- laxzg dh igyh dgkuh ^caèku* dh 'kq#vkr ^jkejfr xBjhHkj gkM+ dh rjg vius vkils caèkh iM+h gS- dksbZ ns[ks rks diM+ksa dk vackj le>s- chp&chp esa tc og fgyrh gS] pwM+h] iktsc Nu&Nu] >u&>u dj mBrh gSa vkSj rc yxrk gs] iksVyh esa tku èkjh gS* ikBd dks vius lkFk cgk ys tkrh gS- og ?kVukØe vkSj o.kZu esa [kks tkrk gS vkSj ;gh laxzg dh [kkfl;r gSlaidZ % 1975] lsDVj&4] vcZu ,LVsV] xqM+xkao&122001 eks- % 9871948490

80

eap

if=kdkvksa ds ifjokj esa ,d vkSj if=kdkµeap dqN vyx] dqN fof'k"V djus dh dksf'k'kA u, ukt+&vks&vankt+ esa ,d u;k eapA vkxkt xzkE; psruk ds lkFkZokg dFkkdkj f'koewfrZ ij dsfUnzr vad lsA ¼1½ f'koewfrZ vkSj xzkE; psruk dh ijaijk,aA ijEijk ¼d½ laLÑr] ikfy] izÑr] viHkza'k esa xzkeA ijEijk ¼[k½ yksd Hkk"kkvksa esa yksdA ijEijk ¼x½ ckaXyk] vksfM+;k] ejkBh] xqtjkrh] rfey] rsyqxq] dUuM+] iatkch] ey;kye esa xzkE; ys[ku dh fLFkfrA ijEijk ¼?k½ f'koewfrZ dh ijEijk esa f'koewfrZA ¼2½ f'koewfrZ dh dgkfu;kaA ¼3½ f'koewfrZ ds vizdkf'kr miU;klA ¼4½ vkf[kjh Nykax ij fo'oukFk f=kikBhA ¼5½ f'koewfrZ vkSjksa dh ut+j esaA ¼6½ f'koewfrZ] f'koewfrZ dh ut+j esaA ¼7½ f'koewfrZ dh dgkfu;ksa dk ukV~;karj.kA ¼8½ ukVdksa ij uUny fgrS"khA ¼9½ ^dlkbZ ckM+k* fQYe ij funsZ'kd lq'khy dqekj flagA ¼10½ f'koewfrZ dh fQYesaµlq'khydqekj flagA ¼11½ f'koewfrZ dh ^frfj;k pfjÙkj* fQYe ij funsZ'kd cklq pVthZ vkSj dey ikaMs;A ¼12½ f'koewfrZ dh iRuh lfjrk th dk lk{kkRdkjA ¼13½ f'koewfrZ vkSj xkSre lkU;kyµ vkeus&lkeusA ¼14½ fp=k] i=k vkSj vU; lkefxz;kaA vU; laHkkfor jpukdkj % ukeoj flag jktsUnz ;kno eSustj ikaMs; Kku jatu fo'oukFk f=kikBh jktsUnz jko MkW- vjfcank{ku MkW- jfo Hkw"k.k t; izdk'k /kwedsrq iz.k; Ñ".k ohjsUnz eksgu 'kaHkq xqIr ,lvkj- gjuksV lat; jk; izHkkr jatu l`at; egs'k dVkjs cyjke ohjsUnz ;kno fp=kk eqn~xy eS=ks;h iq"ik HkksykukFk flag dey u;u ikaMs; 'kf'kdyk ujsu gfj ukjk;.k izse 'k'kkad fnus'k jk; euh"kk dqyJs"B uUny fgrS"kh jkds'k dq'kokg fcgkjh lw;Z ukjk;.k flag foosd fujkyk uhjt [kjs panzHkw"k.k vkSj vU; A vxys vad ds fy, jpuk,a vkeaf=kr gSaA

laiknd % latho laidZ % ¼1½ latho % 61&,] xyh ua- 8] izrki uxj] e;wj fogkj&1] fnYyh&110091 eks- % 09910021256 ¼2½ e;ad [kjs % ,&56] bafnjk uxj] VsyhQksu vkWfQl ds lkeus] ckank&21001 eks- % 09450169406

uoacj] 2010


jksM Vq ds mQZ ,l-,e-,lyrk 'kekZ ij[k

euh"kk dk igyk miU;kl f'kxkQ+ vius f'kYi ls vuk;kl gh ^vius&vius vtuch* ¼vKs;½ dh ;kn fnykrk gSvtuch vkdk'k esa mM+kbZ xbZ irax! nwljk lanHkZ yTtk ¼rlyhek uljhu½ gSv[kckjh drjuksa ds lgkjs vkxs c<+rk dF;! miU;kl d'ehj esa iM+h njkj& f'kxkQ+ ds ckjs esa gS- vkt ds daèkksa ij otu Mkys fujarj vkxs c<+rk dy! bl fo"k; ij nqgjko ls cpuk yxHkx vlaHko gS- fQj Hkh csgn rlYyh esa fy[kh xbZ fdrkc gS- 'kCn fp=k lqanj vkSj laiw.kZ gSa- csgn fc[kjs fo"k; ij lqxfBr miU;kl gSbl fdrkc ls CykWx] bZesy oxSjg&oxSjg dCtkèkkfj;ksa dks LFkk;h vkokl dk iêk fey x;k- lkfgR; esa daI;wVj foèkkvksa dk n[ky c<+ jgk gS] ns[kuk ;g gS fd laosnu laizs"k.k dks vkSj rh{.k èkkj nsrk gS ;k rduhdh ;FkkFkZ cudj jg tkrk gSmiU;kl foLFkkfir d'ehjh vferk dh HkwyHkqyS;k tSlh ftanxh ds ckjs esa gSvHkh og jksM Vw yk ekapk ij gS vkSj vHkh---fyíj unh dk 'kksj lqu jgh gS\ b;ku ckaM ls eqDr ugha gqbZ vkSj teku o 'kkaruq mldh jkg jksds [kM+s gSa- vferk [kkrh&ihrh&thrh vkSjr gS] ok;oh; ughaog iq#"k xaèk] vpkud tkx mBh dkeukvksa vkSj 'kkjhfjd izfrfØ;kvksa dks vR;ar lgt&ljy] lqanj <ax ls lkeus j[krh gSvferk us d'ehj ds b';w dks fojkV Qyd ij j[kdj ns[kk gS- jksM Vw yk ekapk dk ;gh ;FkkFkZ gS\ ogka Hkh LofLrd ds i{k vkSj foi{k esa ukjsckth uoacj] 2010

iqLrd % f'kxkQ+ ysf[kdk % euh"kk dqyJs"B izdk'kd % jktdey izdk'ku izk-fy-] 1&ch] usrkth lqHkk"k ekxZ] ubZ fnYyh&110002 ewY; % 300 #i,

gS---ßdsoy ge gh ugha gSa tks ihNs dh rjQ ykSV jgs gSa] ccZj ;qx esaÞ--;q) rks ges'kk gq,- ij rc ¼vkfne ;qx esa½ uLyoknh 'kq)rk dk elyk Fkk gh ugha- ßog yM+kbZ otwn dh gksrh gksxh-Þ d'ehj ds ckjs esa dqN Hkh fy[kuk ;k dguk lkspuk ek=k Hkh nq"dj gSvferk >qa>ykdj Le`frfoghu gks tkuk pkgrh gSµßtSls nhokj ;k udyh Qwy-Þ fdruk LokHkkfod vkSj Toyar iz'u! ßvkt ekuokfèkdkj dh ckr djus okys rc dgka Fks tc ,d iwjh dkSe dks dk'ehj ls fu"dkflr dj fn;k x;k Fkk-Þ b;ku ckaM vferk ls d'ehj ij fdrkc fy[kus dk vkxzg djrk gSotg\ ßlkfgR; vkt fooj.k&o.kZu ugha] fopkj pkgrk gS-Þ ß,d iwjh dkSe dk bl tehu ls m[kkM+ Qsaduk fdlh ^bdksykWftdy flLVe* dks fcxkM+us tSlk gS-Þ vferk dks yxrk gSµßesjs ;gka gksus dk lanHkZ vkf[kj D;k gS\Þ lanHkZ gS ekuoh; nq[kksa dk] vHkkoksa dk jax] tks ,d tSlk gksrk gS- b;ku ckaM vkSj vferkµnksuksa foLFkkfir gSa- b;ku ds firk us vius cpiu esa ^xq,fuZdk* dh foHkhf"kdk ns[kh Fkh- ml Hk;kud

vuqHko dks firk us vius cPpksaµfo'ks"k :i ls b;ku ckaM ds lkFk ckaVk Fkk- ;g Hkw[k] ;g oafpr gksus dk vglkl vkSj ck:n dh xaèk gh b;ku vkSj vferk ds chp ukekywe&lk rarq gSvferk Lisu ls Hkkjr ykSVrh gSµd'ehj ij fdrkc fy[kus ds fy,Lisu esa vkfFkZd vkSj HkkoukRed ncko Fks] Hkkjr esa lkekftd ruko ls fuLrkj ugha! vferk ds fy, ^;ksX; oj* dh ryk'k tkjh gS- estj 'kkaruqµlaHkkfor ;ksX; oj! d'ehj izokl esa ^ds* b';w dks yxHkx gj dks.k ls èkks;k&iNhVk x;k gSot+hj] ut+e] ;kLehu] tqys[kk] vrgj] okfgn] olhe vkSj tekuµdk'ehj dk csrjg my>k lp lkeus j[krs gSa- ßrqEgsa m[kkM+dj ge fdruk te lds gSa-Þ ;gh eq[; eqík gSestj 'kkaruqµHkkjrh; lsuk dkßtjk lkspks ml flikgh ds Åij ekufld ncko dk---lansg gksus ij Hkh og fcuk iwNrkN xksyh ugha pyk ldrk exj ml ij dksbZ lafnXèk vkdj xksyh pyk ldrk gS---Þ miU;kl dk ;g fgLlk fopkj@fookn cgqy gS- fQj Hkh jkspd gSfujarj xkaoksa dh vksj ykSVdj] NksVh&eksVh ?kVukvksa ¼lkèkughu >ksaiM+h esa izlo½ ds lgkjs dgkuh vkxs c<+rh gS vkSj ,djlrk VwVrh gSvU; varjkZ"Vªh; leL;kvksa ¼tSls Lo'kkflr ckLd½ dh rjg ^ds* b';w dk gy vklku ugha! ;gka phu vkSj vesfjdk Hkh vius dkaVs Mkys cSBs gSaHkkjh ek=kk esa vkrh lgk;rk fdls 81


cqjh yxrh gS] ßfdldks Hkq[kejh esa fyiVk veu pkfg,\Þ ßd'ehjh vkSjr viuh gh tehu ij foLFkkfir gS-Þ d'ehj---,d vktkn bLykfed eqYd- ßdke fudkyks---ckdh eryc u j[kks---Þ lÅnh vjc---vkseku] nqcbZ dh rjgvkSj vferk dh viuh futh leL;k\ b;ku] 'kkaruq ;k teku! LokHkkfod gS fd bl miU;kl dks i<+rs le; oks lc fdrkcsa ;kn vk,a tks ^ds* b'kw ij fy[kh xbZ- fo'ks"kr;k ^ukS'khu* ¼inek lpnso½- blfy, miU;kl dk ;g va'k tkuk&igpkuk cfYd vfr ifjfpr yxrk gS- mckÅ gksus dh gn rd- cf<+;k pk; ds lkFk dM+oh lqf[kZ;ka ihus dh vknr iM+ xbZ gS gesa- dksbZ Hkh ljksdkj LFkk;h ugha- gj gknls dh mez ,d lIrkg ds vkxs ugha c<+rh! ¼;g Hkh vfèkd gS-½ veu&pSu ls Hkjiwj ftanxh esa dgha nwj foLFkkfir dh Hkw[kh] oafpr f?klVrh ftanxh dh dksbZ lekukarj mifLFkfr ugha- lhèkh&ljy js[kk d'ehj 1947 ds ckn ls fujarj oØ js[kkvksa dk xqt+yd curk tk jgk gStc bu oØ js[kkvksa dk fonzksg lqf[kZ;ksa ls QwVrk gS] gesa d'ehj ;kn vkrk gSysf[kdk bl rF; dks cM+h csckdh ls js[kkafdr djrh gSß---vxj eSa bls dkxt ij mrk:a rks nwljs yksx bls ,d dgkuh dh rjg i<+saxs vkSj eSa mEehn djrh gwa fd ,d fnu ;g Hk;kogrk esjs fy, Hkh ,d dgkuh cudj jg tk,xh- gkykafd bls dgkuh esa fy[kuk fQj ls fopfyr dj nsus okyk vuqHko gksxkµysfdu bldk ;g eryc drbZ ugha gS fd bldk fooj.k gj fdlh dks fopfyr dj ns!Þ fdlh gn rd fooj.k fopfyr djrs gSa D;ksafd f'kYixr iz;ksx lqanj gSdgkuh fujarj vkxs&ihNs pyrh gS- vHkh 'kkaruq vkSj teku gSa vkSj vHkh ;kLehu vkSj tqys[kk dh izsexkFkk gS- ;kLehu dh Mk;jh] bZesy vkSj CykWx yach&yach dqykapsa Hkjrs le; dk varjky r; djrs gSaMk;jh varr% olhe ds vkt dks dy ls tksM+] mls iwjh ftanxh dk fglkc&fdrkc 82

yxkus ij etcwj djrh gS- miU;kl esa tUe&fookg&e`R;q] iÙkksa dk >juk] Qwyksa dk f[kyuk vkSj fQj Qyksa ls yn tkuk] cQZ dk fxjuk] o"kkZ dh mifLFkfr cgqr lqanj vkSj thoar i`"BHkwfe ds :i esa iz;qDr gqbZ gS- dslj dk tkequh jax] uhys lysVh jax vkSj lQsn Qwy] fopkj&fookn dks xfr nsrs gSa- dfork,a] xhr vkSj 'ksj lc cgqr [kwclwjrh ls vk, gSavuk;kl! lk;kl] liz;Ru vxj dqN gS rks miU;kl dk ukeµf'kxkQ+! vxj dSQh vkt+eh vkSj ehuk dqekjh dh uTe fudky nh tk, rks bl miU;kl dk uke cM+h vklkuh ls ^njkj* gks ldrk gS- vklkuh ls le> esa vkus okykmiU;kl dh Hkk"kk fyíj unh dh rjg gS- dHkh 'kksj epkrh gS] dHkh xquxqukrh gS- mnwZ&cgqy gksrs gq, Hkh lkèkkj.k ikBd dh laosnu'khyrk dh lhek esa gS- d'ehjh feFkd] yksddFkk,a euksjatd gSa- gka] d'ehjh idokuksa dh >M+h] og Hkh ikdfofèk lfgrµ;[kuh dSls curh gS] ;frHkax gS- lw[kh [kqckfu;ka nqyZHk gSa] iSlk ;k I;kj Hkh ugha tqVk ldrk mUgsa! ;g iSlk ;k I;kj vaxzsth Ýst ^QkWj yo vkWj euh* dk 'kCn'k% vuqokn gS- nq"izkI; ds fy, fganh esa tku nsdj ;k [kky cspdj Hkh u feyus dh ckr dgh tkrh gStjk ;g :id nsf[k,- ß---iy dBiqrfy;ksa dh 'kDy ys ysaxs vkSj vn`'; èkkxksa esa caèks chrs le; dks vfrjaftr vkSj vfr ukVdh; rjhds ls is'k djsaxs-Þ ßdqN iy ge e`R;q rd cpkdj ys tkrs gSa-Þ b;ku ckaM ls pje lq[k feyus ds {k.kksa esa ihNs gV tkukµßviusiu dh pkS[kV ij [kM+k csxkukiu-Þ Qyr% ß'kjhj dke dj jgk Fkk] eu ij ifê;ka caèkh Fkha- bruh O;Lrrk---fny VwVus dk irk gh ugha pyk-Þ cgqHkk"kh ukf;dk ns'k&dky ds vuqdwy Hkk"kk pqurh gS- tc vferk d'ehj ij fy[kus dh ckr lksprh gS rks lcls cM+h leL;k gS] Hkk"kk dkSu&lh gks\ ckgjh oy; bafXy'k dk gS---ßlcls

Hkhrjh dksey dsanz d'ehjh] tks eu&izk.k gS----mUgsa dye esa mrkjk rks fNy tk,xk varl-Þ jkst gh v[kckj crkrk gS] dgka fdrus yksx ejs- D;k {k.k Hkj Hkh pk; ihuk LFkfxr djrs gSa ge! ugha u! ß'krjat dh xksfV;ksa dh rjg yk'ksa gVkrs vkSj [ksy fQj 'kq:Þ--,d okD; esa fdruh cM+h ckr lekbZ gS\ ßoknh esa dgha gfj;kyh ugha fn[krh ---vEeh ugha jgha-Þ èkekdksa dh otg ls ;kLehu ds xHkZLFk f'k'kq us fgyuk&Mqyuk can dj fn;k- ßD;k esjs Hkhrj ;g uUgk iaNh ftank gS] ;k eSa vius Hkhrj ,d dcz fy, cSBh gwa!Þ dSlk yx jgk gS vkidks---bl fpjaru iz'u dk fdruk lqanj tokc gSßD;k vki fdlh tukts esa 'kkfey gksdj ejgwe ls Hkh ,sls gh loky djrs gSa\ dSlk yx jgk gS vkidks ejdj\Þ ßd'ehj---dsd esa jstj ds VqdM+sÞµD;k ^ds* b'kw ij blls lqanj miek vkidh utj ls xqtjh gS\ var cgqr lVhd gS- oghµrksi dh cxy esa isafly] laxhu ds Qy ij xqykc! ^dy dk bartkj D;ksa vkt gh dldj gkFk Fkke yks dy dHkh&dHkh ugha Hkh vkrk dg nks lc dqN-----rqEgsa jksddj dgrk I;kj djrk gwa] rqels--ctk; ;g eku ysus fd bl dgus esa j[kk D;k gS;g rks rqe tkurh gksxh-* dfork i<+dj vferk ^t:jh eSlst* Hkstrh gSteku dk Qksu ?ku?kuk;k vkSj flj ij ls tgkt gqek dh rjg mM+k! lkt&lTtk funksZ"k gS- dqy feykdj jkspd vkSj iBuh; miU;kllaidZ % ^#nzfiz;e*] 1&x&9] foKku uxj] dksVk&324005

uoacj] 2010


jke] Ñ".k] guqeku vkSj 'kacwd

feFkd bfrgkl ls cM+k gksrk gS- gekjh ekufldrk] gekjh laosnuk esa xgjs xaqFkk gksrk gS- mlesa bfrgkl ls T;knk rkdr] vfèkd LFkkf;Ro gksrk gS- ge bfrgkl ds ik=kksa dks] vdcj vkSj jk.kk izrki dks] vkSjaxtsc vkSj f'kokth dks] LVkfyu vkSj fgVyj dks viuh t:jr ds eqrkfcd cM+k&NksVk dj ldrs gSa- v#.k 'kkSjh us vacsMdj ij] èkeZohj us dchj ds vkykspdksa vkSj izsepan ij dqN iz;ksx fd,- os iw.kZ lQy ugha rks iw.kZ vlQy Hkh ugha jgs- feFkdh; pfj=kksa ds lkFk ,sls [ksy ugha py ldrs- ,slk djus okys dh vlgk;rk >yd tk,xh vkSj pfj=k viuh ewy Nfo esa ltk&laojk ut+j vk,xk- ,slk ,d :id vkWLdj okbYM us miU;kl ^fiDpj vkWQ Mksfj;uxzs* esa [kM+k fd;k gSjktk gfj'panz us viuh èkeZiRuh csp Mkyh- _f"k fo'okfe=k us vius csVs dh txg uj&cfy nsus ds fy, 'kqu%'ksi dks [kjhnk- jktk jke us _f"k 'kacwd dks ekj Mkyk- lqykspuk lrh gks xbZ- jkuh ifn~euh us 'krl% {k=kkf.k;ksa ds lkFk tkSgj ozr fd;k- fu%lansg ;s lHkh vius dky[kaM ds HkVd x, vkpj.kghu tu ugha Fks- vkSj fu%lansg euq";&foØ;] ujcfy] lrh&izFkk vkSj tkfrizFkk ?kksj fuanuh; vkpj.k gSa- lekèkku dgka gS\ vkfndfo okYehfd us jke dks jkek;.k eas e;kZnk&iq#"kksÙke ds :i esa izfrf"Br fd;k vkSj muds gkFkksa 'kacwd dh gR;k djk nh- mUgsa dksbZ varfoZjksèk ugha nh[kk- iz'u dh ,d [kjksap rd mUgsa ugha yxh- fQj] rqylhnkl jke ds gkFkksa 'kacwd dh gR;k djkus dk lkgl] dSlh Hkh O;k[;k ds lkFk D;ksa ugha tqVk ik,\ uoacj] 2010

D;ksa iwjh 'kacwd&dFkk fuxydj yksdeaxydkjh jke ds i{k esa 'kcjh&dsoV ds Qkyrw lk{; tqVkus esa tqV x,! bls le>us ds fy, gesa rF; vkSj lR; dh O;k[;k esa tkuk pkfg,- rF; ;gh gS fd èkjrh dHkh piVh ugha Fkh vkSj u dHkh lwjt èkjrh ds pkjksa vksj ?kwek- fdarq D;k vkneh dk lp lnSo ,slk gh Fkk\ bZlk dh ikapoha lnh ds vk;ZHkê vkSj vk;ZHkVh;e ds iwoZ ;qx&lR; rF; ds vuq:i ugha FkkrRdkyhu dksbZ pfj=k rRdkyhu ;qx&lR; dh ppkZ djss vkSj ge mls csodwQ dgsa rks D;k ;g gekjh gh csodwQh ugha gksxh\ Vsyhfotu ;k eksckby ls fpids fdlh lkekU; cPps dh loZKrk ij jh>dj] loZKrk rd gesa igqapkus okys Kku&foKku ds [kksth egkjfFk;ksa dh vYiKrk ij ge galsa] rks dSlk jgs\ euq"; tc èkjrh ij mrjk rks u rks mlds ikl Kku dh fdrkc Fkh vkSj u vkpj.k dk dksbZ pkVZj- gksrk] rks bfrgkl ds lkjs pfj=kksa dks mu dlkSfV;ksa ij dldj ge mUgsa lgh&xyr Bgjk ikrs- fdarq] euq"; us rks viuh yach Øfed fodkl ;k=kk esa ;g lkjk Kku] ekU;rk,a] voèkkj.kk,a] e;kZnk,a] vkn'kZ vkSj ewY; vftZr fd, gSa- gj egkiq#"k ,d Økafrdkjh ewY;&cksèk ysdj vk;k vkSj ;gh mlds egkiq#"k gksus dh lkFkZdrk Fkh- fdarq] og dHkh vius ;qx&lR; ls] ;qx ds ewY;ksa&e;kZnkvksa ls vyx ugha Fkk- gks gh ugha ldrk Fkkge ns[k ldrs gSa fd jke vkSj okYehfd vius le; ds ;qx&lR; ls] ;qxhu

chp cgl esa

MkW- gfj'panz fiz;n'khZ

o.kkZJe èkeZ ds ewY;ksa&e;kZnkvksa ls caèks Fks- fdarq] rqylh ds le; ;qx&lR; vkSj ewY;&cksèk cny pqdk Fkk- o.kkZJe èkeZ ds iw.kZ i{kikrh rqylh mls iwoZ ,oa iw.kZ ekU;rk ugha fnyk ldrs FksoSf'od voèkkj.kk ds :i esa geus vkisf{kdrk ds fl)kar dks Lohdkj dj fy;k gS- bfrgkl] lekt'kkL=k rFkk lkfgR; ds {ks=k esa Hkh D;k gesa le;&lkisf{kdrk dks Lohdkj ugha dj ysuk pkfg,\ Hkkjr dh euqLe`fr] ;wjksi ds dksM usiksfy;u rFkk ;w- ,u- vks- ds áweu pkVZj ds dky&[kaM vyx gSa- ;s ekuork ds Øfed lksiku gSa- ge bu lcdks ,d lkFk xM~MeM~M dj ^lc èkku ckbZl ilsjh* ugha dj ldrs- ge vkt dh dlkSVh ij lkjs dky&[kaMksa dks ugha dl ldrs- oSls gh] tSls ge mu dky&[kaMksa dh dlkSVh ij vkt dks ugha dl ldrsizsedqekj ef.k us nfyr&fiNM+k foe'kZ dh vkt dh t:jrksa ds fglkc ls jkek;.k vkSj egkHkkjr dk iquikZB fd;k gS- guqeku vkSj 'kacwd dks] jke vkSj Ñ".k dks mUgksaus ^chp cgl esa* [kM+k fd;k gS- muds 'kacwd ^'kwnz fo}ku gSa ftudh fo}rk ls lkdsr ds czkã.k f}tksa dh Nkrh ij lkai yksVrs gSa-* rRdkyhu ekvksokfn;ksa ds fo#) f}tkfHkeq[k laln ds ncko ij ^varr% jke dks xzhu&gaV ij fudyuk iM+k vkSj 'kacwd dk lkfFk;ksa lfgr dRy gqvk-* mèkj] guqeku vkSj Ñ".k nksuksa ^vks- ch- lh-* pfj=k gSa- fQj] nksuksa ds lkjs dk;Zdyki mudh tUexr ihM+k ds ifj.kke Fks- rHkh guqeku ijkØeh gksdj Hkh thou&Hkj lkear ds vkxs iwaN fgykrs jgs- ^Ñ".k us viuh 83


ihM+k dks lkoZtfud fd;k] mls jktuhfrd eqík cuk;k vkSj egkHkkjr djk fn;k-* ^os lksyg gtkj ,slh fL=k;ksa ds ifr gq, ftuds cky&cPps rks Fks] dksbZ ifr ugha Fkk- os vkt dh lsDl&odZj tSlh dqN jgh gksaxh- fuf'pr :i ls vf}t&vks- ch- lh- Js.kh ds yksx-*

eq[rlj Xokfy;j- lqizfl) fganh x+t+ydkj tghj dqjs'kh ds thou ds lkB o"kZ iwjs gksus ij tuoknh ys[kd la?k dh Xokfy;j bdkbZ ,oa "kf"BiwfrZ lekjksg lfefr }kjk ,d ,sfrgkfld lekjksg dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k ftlesa 'kgj ,oa ns'k&Hkj ls vk, ys[kdksa] dfo;ksa o laLÑfrdfeZ;ksa us Hkkx fy;k- ^tghj dqjs'kh % egRo vkSj ewY;kadu* dk yksdkiZ.k lekjksg ds eq[; vfrfFk [;kfryC/k xhrdkj o vkykspd ufpdsrk us fd;kmDr fdrkc ds laiknd MkW- fou; feJ us tghj dqjs'kh dh x+t+y ;k=kk o l`tu/keZ ij foLrkj ls ppkZ djrs gq, dgk fd mudh 'kk;jh lPps vFkks± esa thou dh dfork gS[;kfryC/k x+t+yxks o dFkkdkj Kkuizdk'k foosd us vius oDrO; esa dgk fd tghj dh x+t+yksa dh rkdr mldh ftn gS vkSj blh esa mldh vfHkO;fDr dk eeZ Nqik gqvk gS- ofj"B vkykspd MkW- thou flag us dgk fd fujkyk vkSj rqylh dh rjg tghj dh x+t+ysa Hkh iz;ksx/kehZ gSa vkSj ;g iz;ksx/kfeZrk gh mUgsa cM+k 'kk;j cukrh gS- fganh dfork ds egRoiw.kZ dfo&dFkkdkj jkts'k tks'kh us tghj dqjs'kh dh x+t+yksa esa ekStwn dyk n`f"V ,oa oxZ n`f"V ij foLrkj ls izdk'k Mkykeq[; vfrfFk ufpdsrk us mUgsa fdlku psruk dk ,d egRoiw.kZ x+t+ydkj ekurs gq, dgk fd tghj dh x+t+ysa turk ls lh/kk laokn djrh gSabl yksdkiZ.k l=k dh v/;{krk izdk'k nhf{kr] lapkyu jkeizdk'k f=kikBh ,oa /kU;okn Kkiu vrqy vtuch us fd;k-

84

D;k cxSj ifr dh larkuksa okyh lsDl&odZj gksus dh ik=krk vf}t&vksch- lh- fL=k;ksa dk fof'k"V 'khy xq.k Fkk] fuf'pr :i ls Fkk] ftlls 'ks"k fL=k;ka oafpr Fkha\ Ñ".k dh ifRu;ksa dks lsDl&odZj&os';k crkus okyk ;g dFku gj Lrj ij 'keZukd gSrqylhnkl us guqeku dks ^vatfu iq=k iou lqrukek* dgk] rks ^fdlh nwljs ds iq=k vkSj uke fdlh vkSj dk* dSls gqvk\ D;k eka&cki ds ,d lkFk ukeksYys[k ls larku tkjt gks tkrh gS] fdlh ,d ds mYys[k ls tk;t jgrh gS\ rqylhnkl rks izxfr'khy fudys] ukjh&foe'kZ dh ubZ ekax iwjh dj x,pfj=kksa dh eupkgh drjC;ksar ds ckn ;g Hkh fd guqeku ,sls u gksdj ,sls gksrsµÑ".k us ,slk u dj ,slk fd;k gksrk! ^xkfyc* ej x,] ij D;k [kwc dg x, % gqvk eqír fd ^xkfyc* ej x;k] ij ;kn vkrk gS oks gj ,d ckr ij dguk fd ;wa gksrk rks D;k gksrk vQlksl] iqjkus pfj=kksa esa nfyr&fiNM+k&foe'kZ ds u, dFkkf'kYih dks u, ØqlsM dk iqjkuk uk;d ugha fey jgk- mudk] muesa vks- ch- lh- ns[kuk fnXHkze gS- ikaMo vkSj dkSjo 'kwnz&i{k vkSj {kf=k;&i{k ugha Fks- nksuksa ppsjs HkkbZ Fkslkr v{kkSfg.kh ikaMo lsuk mruh gh dqyhu&vdqyhu Fkh ftruh X;kjg v{kkSfg.kh dkSjo lsuk- ;knoh lsuk dks ysdj ikaMoksa dks vkf[kjh le; esa dksbZ èkks[kk ugha gqvk Fkk- iwjs brehuku ls vtqZu us fugRFks Ñ".k dks pqudj ;knoh lsuk nq;ksZèku ds gokys dj nh Fkh- Ñ".k dks egkHkkjr thrus ds fy, vaxwBk&foghu ,dyO; dh dksbZ t:jr ugha Fkh- muds ikl vaxwBk vkSj xkaMho ls ;qDr vtqZu Fkk- ,dyO; dh dFkk esa Ñ".k ugha vkrs] nzks.kkpk;Z vkrs gSa- Ñ".k ccZjhd dh dFkk esa vkrs gSalaidZ % d#.kkckx] lksgljk;&803118¼ukyank½ eks- % 9334879824

eq[rlj f'keyk dh lkfgfR;d laLFkk ^viZ.kk* vkSj ^fgeky; lkfgR;] laLÑfr ,oa i;kZoj.k lqj{kk eap* us LVªkcsjh fgy esa iz[;kr dFkkdkj cyjke ds u, dgkuh laxzg ^xksvk esa rqe* ij xks"Bh vk;ksftr dh- ofj"B bfrgkldkj MkW- Ñik'kadj flag dh vè;{krk esa laiUu gqbZ bl xks"Bh esa iz[;kr dfo&dFkkdkj ds'ko] pfpZr dFkkdkj cnzhflag HkkfV;k] jktdqekj jkds'k] MkW- txu flag rFkk vkRekjke jatu us cyjke dh dgkfu;ksa ij vius&vius fopkj O;Dr fd,fo'o vkfFkZd mnkjhdj.k vkSj cktkj dh uhfr;ksa us u dsoy Hkkjrh; lekt ds lkekU; tuthou ds lkeus dfBu pqukSfr;ka mifLFkr dh gSa] cfYd ,d ,slh fopkj'kwU; laLÑfr dks tUe fn;k gS] ftlls mldh laosnuk vkSj fparu&'kfDr dk rsth ls gzkl gksrk x;k gS;g dguk gS izfl) i;kZoj.kfon~ ,oa ex/k fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr MkWvjfoan dqekj dk- os foxr 24 vxLr] 2010 dks iVuk ds LdkMk fctusl lHkkxkj esa izfl) dfo&lekykspd ,oa ^ubZ /kkjk* ds laiknd MkW- f'koukjk;.k dh iqLrd ^laLÑfr dk foosd* dk yksdkiZ.k dj jgs Fks- lekjksg dk vk;kstu MkW- f'koukjk;.k ds ipkl lky iwjs gksus ij muds lEeku esa ^lkef;d ifjos'k* us fd;k Fkk- lekjksg dh v/;{krk fcgkj ds iwoZ pquko vk;qDr o lkfgR;dkj ft;kyky vk;Z us dhpfpZr dFkkdkj ,oa i=kdkj gjh'k ikBd us eq[; vfrfFk ds :i esa lHkk dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, dgk fd lkekftd lfØ;rkvksa esa Hkkxhnkjh] laiknu dk lqnh?kZ vuqHko rFkk Hkk"kk vFkkZr lkfgR; dh lk/kuk ds jlk;u ls rS;kj MkW- f'koukjk;.k dk jpukRed foosd /keZfujis{k thou&ewY;ksa dk laiks"k.k gh ugha] muds tui{kh lksp dks Hkh mtkxj djrk gS-

uoacj] 2010


ftrsu Bkdqj ^yky js[kk* ij nsosanz dk vkys[k i<+knsosanz us fy[kk vkSj vkius fy[kok;kµ nksuksa dks lkèkqokn! ^yky js[kk* fo'o lkfgR; dh Ñfr gS ijarq nqHkkZX; fd fganh lkfgR; esa Hkh mls Hkqyk;k tk pqdk gS^yky js[kk* esjh psruk ij lnk NkbZ jghirk ugha ;g ml vk;q dh :ekfu;r gSµfd tc geus ^yky js[kk* i<+h Fkh ;k fQj ,d n`'; LoIu ds izfr eksg] ij tks Hkh gS ^yky js[kk* esa dqN vyx] dqN fof'k"V rks gS gh- rHkh og Hkwyrh ughaeSaus ,d dgkuh esa mlds fcljs gq, ik=kksa dk lkdkj gksuk n'kkZ;k Fkkµ;g dgkuh Hkh ^gal* gh esa Nih Fkh- la;ksx nsf[k, fd fiNys eghus gh eSaus bldk ftØ ,d vkSj vkys[k esa Hkh fd;k gSdkQh igys lkfgR; dh ^eq[;èkkjk* vkSj brj jg x, lkfgR; vkSj lkfgR;dkjksa ij vkidk ,d laikndh; Hkh izdkf'kr gqvk Fkk- ^yky js[kk* dk fdLlk Hkh mlls dqN vyx ugha gSnjvly] ;g foMacuk gh gS fd vkèkqfud lkfgR; ds bfrgkl dks latksus ds tks Hkh iz;Ru gq, ;k gks jgs gSa muesa mnkjrk ds lkFk Lohdkjus dh ugha] ladh.kZrk ds lkFk vLohdkjus dh izo`fÙk c<+h gSlacaèkksa] laidks± vkSj lqfoèkkvksa dk izHkko gS lks vyx- blls cgqr&lh phtksa dk NwV tkuk LokHkkfod gh gS- fQj ^yky js[kk* rks x, tekus dh ckr gks xbZnsosanz us jkuw] izse oktis;h vkSj duZy jathr dks Hkh dq'kokgk dkar ds nkSj dk fy[kk gS- ;s yksx dkQh ckn ds gSaµ,slk esjk [;ky gSdq'kokgk dkar dk nkSj rks dq'kokgk dkar dk gh nkSj FkkµvkSj fdlh dk ugha;|fi mlh nkSj esa izsepan] 'kjr] cafde vkSj izlkn Hkh [kwc i<+s tk jgs Fks- dqN vkSj uke Hkh gks ldrs gSa tks eq>ls csgrj vkidks irk gks- ij yksdfiz;rk esa ^yky js[kk* dk viuk ,d vyx gh eqdke Fkk- fganh lkfgR; esa fdlh Hkh Ñfr dks mldh yksdfiz;rk ds dkj.k uoacj] 2010

R;kT; eku ysus dh izo`fÙk le> ugha vkrh- ijarq fQj ^xqukgksa dk nsork* dks Lohdkjus vkSj ^yky js[kk* dks vLohdkjus ij Hkh ckr gksuh pkfg,;|fi dq'kokgk dkar dh ckdh jksekfu;r Hkjh dksjh Hkkoqdrk vkSj ekalyrk okyh Ñfr;ksa dh rks dksbZ odkyr ugha djsxkijarq mu Ñfr;ksa ds fcukg is ^yky js[kk* dks Hkh misf{kr djuk mfpr ugha tku iM+rk- bl rjg rks jpuk dh ugha] O;fDr dh vkykspuk gksxhcgqr ls lLrs yksdfiz; miU;kl fy[kus okyk ys[kd ;fn ,d vPNh Ñfr nsrk gS rks Hkh oks misf{kr gh jg tkrh gS- njvly ;g ,d ,slh eghu rkar gS tks lkfgR; dks nks Hkkxksa esa ckaV nsrh gSvc ;fn i<+us dk èkS;Z vkSj Lohdkjus dh mnkjrk gS rks Bhd ojuk ^eq[;èkkjk* dk jkx vykirs gq, dwieaMwd cus jfg,- ij blls tks gkfu gksrh gS mls iwjk ugha tk ldrk'kk;n vkidks yxs fd eSa dqN T;knk gh uhps mrj jgk gwa] ij ,d vkSj miU;kldkj dk uke ;kn fnykuk pkgwaxkµnÙk Hkkjrh- nÙk Hkkjrh ds dqN miU;kl vkt dh rFkkdfFkr eq[;èkkjk esa èkU; gksdj cg jgs dbZ miU;klksa ls Js"B Fks ;k gSaµ,slk esjk ekuuk gS- ;|fi ^yky js[kk* tSlh ckr rks ugha ij 1962 ds Hkkjr&phu ;q) ij nÙk Hkkjrh }kjk fy[ks x, miU;kl ^lryqt ls czãiq=k rd* vkSj ^dSIVu _f"k* esa os lc iz'u mBk, x, gSa ftUgsa rRdkyhu ljdkj us nckus ;k Nqikus dh ps"Vk dh Fkh- Ñ".kk esuu dk phu&izse] vkfMZusal QSDVfj;ksa esa iSd gksrs dkWQh ds fMCcs] ?kfV;k gfFk;kj] nks;e ntsZ ds [kM+[kM+krs lSfud okgu tSls cgqr ls lkef;d eqís bu miU;klksa esa mBk, x, Fksvktknh ds ckn lÙkk ds xfy;kjs ls gksdj fudyrh nyky eaMh ls ,d oxZ dk jkrkssjkr vehj gks tkuk vkSj ml vehfj;r ls Hkz"V gksrs lkekftd

chp cgl esa

vjktd HkhM+ esa Hkqyk nh xbZ ^yky js[kk*

rkus&ckus dks Hkh nÙk Hkkjrh us vius dbZ miU;klksa esa mdsjk gS- lLrs ?ku ls mits u, vehjksa dh lkekftd QwgM+rk] eè;oxZ dh vkReghurk] ubZ jks'kuh esa ugkrk lekt vkSj Qwyrk&Qyrk Hkz"Vkpkj] vkt ls iSarkyhl&ipkl lky igys nÙk Hkkjrh ds miU;klksa dk fo"k; cu pqds Fks- muesa u rks xqy'ku uank tSlh ,djlrk Fkh vkSj u gh jkuw tSlh Hkkodqrk ij oks Hkh èkhjs&èkhjs oSls gh [kks x,µtSls dq'kokgk dkar- Ñ".kpanj ds dqN miU;kl rks fn[kkbZ ns tkrs gSa ij lkear'kkgh dh Øwj >yd fn[kykrk ^feêh ds lue* Hkh vc fn[kykbZ ugha nsrk- ;|fi dbZ dkj.kksa ls bl Ñfr dks

eq[rlj cqèkokj 29 flracj 2010 dks lkekftd ifjorZu ;k=kk dk vkjaHk ubZ fnYyh esa fd;k x;k- fofHkUu jkT;ksa ls vkbZ eSyk <ksuk NksM+ pqdha lQkbZ deZpkjh efgyk,a ljkstk] ek;k xkSre] vfurk] uhrw vkSj eerk us fofHkUu :Vksa ds uD'kksa dks izrhdkRed :i ls tkjh fd;k- bl volj ij ljkst ,oa vU;ksa us eSykizFkk ls tqM+s vius ihM+knk;h vuqHkoksa dks 'ks;j fd;k- mUgksaus crk;k fd fdl rjg muds llqjkyokyksa us mUgsa bl vekuoh; is'ks esa <dsyk ftlesa os Lo;a Hkh ih<+h&nj&ih<+h tqM+h gqbZ FkhamUgksaus crk;k fd 'kq"d 'kkSpky; ekfydksa ,oa lekt us muls NwvkNwr dk O;ogkj fd;k- vc mUgksaus eSyk <ksuk NksM+ fn;k gS vkSj Lo;a dks Lora=k eglwl dj jgh gSa- vc mUgksaus vius jkT; ,oa ftyksa esa bl lans'k dks ysdj tkus dk n`<+ fu'p; fd;k gS- ljkstk us izfrKk dh fd og rc rd pSu ls ugha cSBsxh tc rd fd bl ns'k esa eSyk <ksus okyh gjsd efgyk bl izFkk ls eqDr ugha gks tk,xheSyk izFkk 'keZ dh izrhd Vksdfj;ksa dks tykus esa] jSyh èkjuk djus esa mUgsa xoZ dk vuqHko gqvk-

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MkW- vEcsMdj jk"Vªh; lkfgR; lEeku

nfyr lkfgR; ,oa lkaLÑfrd vdkneh Hkkjr nsgjknwu izfro"kZ ,d ew/kZU; lkfgR;dkj dks MkW- vEcsMdj jk"Vªh; lkfgR; lEeku iznku djrh gSA ;g xkSjo'kkyh lEeku iz[;kr lkfgR;dkj o gal ds laiknd Jh jktsUnz ;kno] 'kh"kZ vkykspd izksukeoj flag] izks- jke'kj.k tks'kh o nfyr fpard o lekykspd izksrstflag dks iznku dj pqdh gSA o"kZ 2010 dk MkW- ^vEcsMdj jk"Vªh; lkfgR; lEeku* ;qok dgkuh o miU;kldkj MkW- vt; ukofj;k dks iznku fd;k tk,xkA ohjkaxuk >ydkjhckbZ ohjrk lEeku nfyr L=kh vkUnksyu dh vxqok L=kh fojks/kh ys[ku ds fo#) vkokt mBkus okyh iz[kj oDrk o ysf[kdk vfurk Hkkjrh dks o"kZ 2010 dk ^ohjkaxuk >ydkjhckbZ ohjrk lEeku* iznku fd;k tk,xkA fnlEcj 2010 esa gksus okys lEeku lekjksg esa :iukjk;.k lksudj ds uohure miU;kl ^lwvjnku* dk yksdkiZ.k fd;k tk,xk ,oa bl miU;kl ij foLr`r ppkZ dh tk,xhA bl miU;kl esa va/k&/kkfeZd iznw"k.k dks lekt esa QSyus ls jksdk x;k gSA tks nfyrksa] fiNM+ksa vkSj xjhc lo.kks± ds mUufr ds jkLrs ij ,d cM+k iRFkj gSA ^Mad* miU;kl dh tksjnkj lQyrk ds ckn ^lwvjnku* miU;kl Hkh lkfgR; txr dh ,d csfelky Ñfr lkfcr gksxkA bl volj ij :iukjk;.k lksudj dh dgkuh ij ^Nfo fQYEl izksMD'ku* }kjk fufeZr ^xkao dk lh,e* VsyhfQYe fjyht dh tk,xhA

:iukjk;.k lksudj jk"Vªh; dk;Zdkjh v/;{k nfyr lkfgR; ,oa lkaLÑfrd vdkneh Hkkjr nsgjknwu eks- % 09410778718 E-mail : sonkar.ddn@gmail.com

86

js[kkafdr gksuk pkfg, Fkkvkius fy[kk gS fd gal us ikBdksa dh pkj&ikap ihf<+;ksa dks laokn&lsoh t:j cuk;k gS- blesa nks jk; ugha] ij ;g Hkh ekuuk iM+sxk fd vkius ys[kdksa dh pkj ihf<+;ksa dks Hkh [kksus ls cpk;k gSlgefr&vlgefr vyx ckr gS ij ;g Hkh lR; gS fd vkius lkfgR; dks lekt'kkL=kh; ifjizs{; nsus dh gh dksf'k'k dh gS- ijarq gal ds i`"B 38 ij Nik gqvk foKkiu fodV fn'kkHkze mRiUu dj jgk gS- ,slh fLFkfr;ka ipkl&lkB o"kZ iwoZ cuh gksrha rks cspkjs dq'kokgk dkar vkSj ckn esa nÙk Hkkjrh le> tkrs fd vkykspd vkSj ys[kd ikydj dSls eq[;èkkjk esa cuk jgk tk ldrk gS- rc 'kk;n mudh fdrkcsa LVky ij cph jg ikrha- ftl nkSj esa ?kksj okeiaFkh if=kdk,a Hkh Hkxokèkkfj;ksa ds foKkiu Nki jgh gksa ml nkSj esa 'kk;n ,sls efrHkze dks utjvankt dj gh nsuk pkfg,ppkZ dh gksM+ esa pkan ij Fkwdus esa gtZ gh D;k gSµfQj ykSVdj oks Fkwd tgka fxjs] D;k QdZ iM+rk gS- ppkZ dh Hkw[k us lkfgR; esa fookn dh ,slh dbZ fo"kcsysa cksbZ gSa- ;g vdsyh igyh ,slh eqfge ugha gS tks ubZ ih<+h ds ikBdksa dks Hkzfer djsblls igys Hkh ,slh dbZ lQy eqfge pykbZ tk pqdh gSa- ij vkt tc vki gal dks pkSchl lky ds vFkd lQj ds ckn bl eqdke rd ys vk, gSa rks eq>s yxrk gS fd lkfgfR;d vjktdrk dks QVdkjus dk vkidk gd c<+ tkrk gS- ojuk vxj c<+rh gqbZ bl vjktd HkhM+ esa ^yky js[kk* dks Hkqyk fn;k tkrk gS rks fQj fdlh dks Hkh dSls nks"k fn;k tk ldrk gS¼bl ppkZ esa ftl egRoiw.kZ ys[kd dks Hkqyk fn;k x;k gS] mldk uke gS osn izdk'k 'kekZ- buds miU;kl us ,d eghus esa ikap yk[k izfr;ka cspdj fjdkWMZ cuk;k Fkk- ^onhZ okyk xqaMk* jktho xkaèkh dh gR;k ij fy[kk x;k Fkk- ns'k dh vusd Toyar leL;kvksa ij vkseizdk'k 'kekZ us Hkh vusd miU;kl fy[ks ysfdu ;s lc yqxnh&lkfgR; ds [kkrs esa Hkqyk fn, x,A µlaiknd½ laidZ % 4] vksYM losZ jksM] nsgjknwu&248001

y?kqdFkk-dkWe vad % uoacj 2010 ns'k % izoh.k dqekj jktu] jkosUnzdqekj jfo] uhye jkds'k] vuqjkx ,oa v#.k vfHk"ksd dh y?kqdFkk,¡ ns'kkUrj % [kyhy ftczku Hkk"kkUrj % mnwZ % BaMh jtkbZ % vuqokn % vkfny j'khn lap;u % Ñ".kkuan Ñ".k nLrkost % va/kk eksM+ ¼laiknd % dkyhpj.k izseh] iq"ik j?kq½ ij vkseizdk'k d';i v/;;u d{k % y?kqdFkk&ys[kd [kqn leh{kk Hkh fy[ksa % gfj'kadj ijlkbZ ls eqds'k 'kekZ dh ckrphrA esjh ilan % vatuk vfuy ppkZ esa % feUuh }kjk vk;ksftr iatkch&fgUnh y?kqdFkk ys[kd lEesyu 23 vDVwcj dks paMhx<+ ¼iapdwyk½ esa laiUuA ekrk 'kjcrh nsoh Le`fr lEeku 2009 ,oa 2010 lqjs'k 'kekZ ,oa jkes'oj dkEckst fgeka'kq dks jpuk,¡ vkeaf=kr % jpuk,¡ ;wuhdksM] lq"kk vFkok Ñfrnso QkaV esa fuEu irs ij izsf"kr djsa laghukatha89 @gmail.com

www.laghukatha.com laiknd % lqds'k lkguh jkes'oj dkEckst ^fgeka'kq* izdk'kd % jhrk lkguh vfHkdYi % lq'kkUr dkEckst 193@21] flfoy ykbal] Ckjsyh&243001 Developed and designed : Hans India.com

uoacj] 2010


jsr?kM+h

^lkFkZd fQYe dk;Z'kkyk* dk vk;kstu ^igy* vkSj ^tu&laLÑfr eap* dh vksj ls tcyiqj esa vèkkjrky fLFkr egkRek xkaèkh jkT; xzkeh.k fodkl laLFkku esa nks&fnolh; ^lkFkZd fQYe dk;Z'kkyk* dk vk;kstu laiUu gqvk- fnukad 4 flracj 2010 dks lqcg 10-30 cts dk;Z'kkyk dk 'kqHkkjaHk fQYe m|ksx ls lac) Mhih- cktis;h us eq[; vfrfFk ds :i esa fd;kmn~?kkVu Hkk"k.k esa mUgksaus dgkµß;g dk;Z'kkyk izksQs'kuYl ds lkFk&lkFk izcq) n'kZdksa dks flusek ds fofHkUu vk;ke le>us esa lgk;d gksxhbl izdkj dh dk;Z'kkyk,a fQYe vkanksyu dks l'kDr cukus esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrh gSa-Þ dk;Z'kkyk esa fQYe xzqi la;kstd lat; tks'kh vkSj izfl) MkD;wesaVjh fQYe fuekZrk lat; dkd us izfrHkkfx;ksa dks O;k[;ku fn,pkj l=kksa esa vk;ksftr bl dk;Z'kkyk esa yxHkx 70 izfrHkkfx;ksa us Hkkx fy;k- lat; tks'kh rFkk lat; dkd us izfrHkkfx;ksa dks ns'kh&fons'kh y?kq

fQYeksa vkSj fQYe&[kaMksa ds ekè;e ls MkD;wesaVjh ls lacafèkr ckjhfd;ksa dks le>k;kizFke l=k ds vkjaHk esa izfl) fQYe fuekZrk lR;thr js dh ckaXyk fQYe ^iFksj ikapkyh* ds n`';ksa ds ekè;e ls lat; tks'kh us dgk fd] ßfQYe fuekZ.k ds fy, fQYe dh Hkk"kk le>uk t:jh gS- fQYe m|ksx vkt O;kid Lrj ij dke dj jgk gS- ,d le; CySd ,aM OgkbV fQYeksa dk Fkk] rc lR;thr js us ;g fQYe cukbZ- fQYe esa n`';kadu] fQYekadu] dSejs ds ,axYl vkfn ds mi;ksx vkSj de ls de laokn ds tfj, vkSj lkFk esa izHkkoh ik'oZ laxhr dh fQYe esa izLrqfr dSls lhu fØ;sV dj ldrh gS] fotqvy ds bQsDV~l vkSj flusek ds esftdy ehfM;k dk dSls mi;ksx fd;k tk,] mUgksaus foLrkj ls crk;klat; dkd us MkD;wesaVjh dh ckjhfd;ka le>krs gq, crk;k fd buesa vkSj ckWyhoqM vkSj gkWyhoqM dh fQYeksa ds fuekZ.k esa D;k varj gksrk gS-

nksuksa fQYe&izf'k{kdksa us vius tehuh vuqHko izf'k{kkfFkZ;ksa ds lkFk ckaVs- bl volj ij izfrHkkfx;ksa }kjk mBk, x, lokyksa ds tokc Hkh izf'k{kd&}; }kjk fn, x,dk;Z'kkyk esa izf'k{kdksa }kjk rF;ksa dks Li"V djus ds fy,] pqfuank ns'kh&fons'kh fQYeksa dk izn'kZu Hkh vko';drkuqlkj fd;k x;kdk;Z'kkyk esa fQYe ,oa MkD;wesaVjh ls lac) izksQs'kuYl] ekWl&dE;wfuds'ku fLdYl ls tqM+s yksx] izkè;kid] i=kdkfjrk ds fo|kFkhZ] rFkk ,uhes'ku dkslZ esa #fp j[kus okys fo|kFkhZ iwjs mRlkg ds lkFk mifLFkr jgsKkujatu ds ekxZn'kZu esa vk;ksftr bl dk;Z'kkyk esa la;kstd jktsanz panzdkar jk;] iadt Lokeh] jktsanz nkuh] v#.k ikaMs;] olar dk'khdj] v#.k ;kno rFkk jes'k lSuh dh lfØ; mifLFkfr fujarj cuh jghizLrqfr % euksgj fcYykSjs] tcyiqj ¼e- iz-½

y?kq if=dkvksa ij lsfeukj Åuk ds cpr Hkou esa y?kq if=kdkvksa dh Hkwfedk ij lsfeukj laiUu gqvk- eq[; vfrfFk Fksµdfo&dFkkdkj vkSj Åuk ds ftyk/kh'k ds-vkj-Hkkjrhofj"B dfo&dFkkdkj vkSj ^f'k[kj* ds laiknd ds'ko] iz[;kr dFkkdkj vkSj ^yksdk;r* ds dk;Zdkjh laiknd cyjke] ^vkdaB* ds uoacj] 2010

laiknd gfj'kadj vxzoky] vkykspd rFkk ^vflDuh* ds laiknd fujatu 'kekZ us Hkh vius&vius fopkj O;Dr fd,- vkRekjke jatu] vts; dqekj] dqynhi] iznhi lSuh rFkk bf'krk vkj- fxjh'k tSls lkS ls vfèkd u,&iqjkus jpukdkjksa us bl lsfeukj esa Hkkx fy;k-

'kke ds l=k esa dfork ikB gqvk] ftlesa LFkkuh; dfo;ksa ds lkFk nwj&njkt ls vk, dfo;ksa uss Hkh viuh dfork,a i<+halsfeukj esa lqjs'k lsu fu'kkar ds vfrfFk laiknu esa izdkf'kr ^vkdaB* ds ^fgekpyh dfork fo'ks"kkad* dk yksdkiZ.k 87


Hkh gqvk- vkt dh fgekpyh dfork dk ;g izfrfufèk lap;u cu iM+k gS] ftlesa Jhfuokl Jhdkar] ds'ko vkSj lqanj yksfg;k ls fy, x, lk{kkRdkj cgqr egRoiw.kZ gSa- blds fy, vfrfFk laiknd lqjs'k lsu fu'kkar ds lkFk eq[; laiknd gfj'kadj vxzoky Hkh cèkkbZ ds ik=k gSay?kq if=kdkvksa dh Hkwfedk vkSj egRo ij cksyrs gq, ds'ko us bl volj ij dgk fd ,d loky esjs tsgu esa ges'kk [kncnkrk jgk fd lkfgfR;d if=kdkvksa ds lkFk y?kq 'kCn dk izpyu dc vkSj D;ksadj gqvk gksxk] cM+k dke djus ds ckotwn lkfgfR;d if=kdk ds lkFk tqM+k y?kq 'kCn dqN vViVk yxrk gS! bu if=kdkvksa ds vfu;rdkyhu ;k =kSekfld gksus ds dkj.k gh 'kk;n bUgsa y?kq dh Js.kh esa Mky fn;k tkrk gSmUgksaus vkxs dgk fd ftu fnuksa èkeZ;qx] lkIrkfgd fganqLrku] lkfjdk] jfookj] fnueku vkSj ek;k tSlh cM+h if=kdkvksa dk cksyckyk Fkk] rc Hkh ns'k dh T;knkrj ubZ izfrHkk,a y?kq if=kdkvksa ds ekè;e ls lkfgR; txr esa izos'k fd;k djrh Fkha- cM+h if=kdkvksa ds eqdkcys y?kq

if=kdkvksa esa Nius okys ys[kdksa dh la[;k Hkh cgqr T;knk gqvk djrh Fkh- ,sls esa bUgsa y?kq if=kdk dguk eq>s ges'kk [kyrk jgk- geus tc ^f'k[kj* 'kq: fd;k rks mlesa tSusanz] vKs;] deys'oj] izHkkdj Jksf=k;] ijekuan JhokLro tSls izfrf"Br ys[kdksa ls ysdj u, ls u, ys[kdksa rd dks LFkku feyrk jgk- gesa dHkh Hkh fdlh us ;g ,glkl ugha gksus fn;k fd ^f'k[kj* y?kq if=kdk gS] blfy, ge blesa viuh jpuk,a ugha nsaxs- vkt ;g ns[kdj vPNk yxrk gS fd fgekpy ls foik'kk] bjkorh] lsrq] ioZrjkx rFkk vflDuh tSlh lok±x&laiw.kZ lkfgfR;d if=kdk,a fudy jgh gSabl volj ij eq[; oDrk ds :i esa ièkkjs iz[;kr dFkkdkj cyjke us dgk fd y?kq if=kdk fudkyuk fdlh lkfgfR;d }kjk dh tkus okyh lekt& lsok tSlk gS] tks vkfFkZd :i ls izk;% ?kkVs dk m|e lkfcr gksrk gS- blds ckotwn ns'k ds dksus&dksus esa ?kkVs dk m|e djus okys yksx ekStwn gSa] ftuds ne ij chloha lnh esa mHkjk y?kq if=kdk vkanksyu vkt rd xfjek ds lkFk vkxs

c<+ jgk gS] tks O;kolkf;drk ds fo#) lfØ; gLr{ksi fl) gqvk gS] ftlus izxfr'khyrk] èkeZfujis{krk vkSj ukxfjd vktknh ds fy, fujarj dke fd;k gSmUgksaus vkxs dgk fd ^igy* tSlh if=kdkvksa us rks oSKkfud fopkjèkkjk ds izlkj dks gh viuk eq[; mís'; cuk j[kk Fkk- ^ledkyhu olqèkk* Hkh ;gh dke dj jgh gS- gal] dFkkns'k] rn~Hko] u;k iFk] orZeku lkfgr;] vdkj] dFkkØe] vkdaB] ruko] Ñfr vksj] leh{kk] jpuk le;] laosn] c;k] f'k[kj] lkis{k] tuiFk] vuHkS lkapk] mn~Hkkouk] dyk iz;kstu] lk[kh] yegh] ledkyhu tuer] ubZ èkkjk] lekiorZu] dyk le;] nLrkost] tui{k] loZuke] vDlj] ik[kh] ifjans] izsj.kk] bjkorh] vflDuh] ioZrjkx] lsrq rFkk oh.kk tSlh y?kq if=kdkvksa ds u,&u, vad ns[kdj yxrk gS fd y?kq if=kdk vkanksyu yxkrkj u flQZ py jgk gS] cfYd og igys ls Hkh vfèkd etcwr gksdj oS'ohdj.k vkSj mnkjhdj.k ds uke ij Fkksi fn, x, cktkjokn dks pqukSrh Hkh ns jgk gSizLrqfr % fufèk 'kekZ] f'keyk ¼fg-iz-½

^fganh vkykspuk vkSj eSustj ikaMs;* fo"k; ij f=fnolh; jk"Vªh; laxks"Bh gSnjkckn dsanzh; fo'ofo|ky; ds fganh foHkkx }kjk dsanzh; fganh laLFkku] vkxjk ds lg;ksx ls 1 ls 3 flracj 2010 rd ^fganh vkykspuk vkSj eSustj ikaMs;* fo"k; ij f=kfnolh; jk"Vªh; laxks"Bh dk vk;kstu fd;k x;k ftldk mn~?kkVu gSnjkckn fo'ofo|ky; ds ledqyifr izksQslj izdk'k lh- lkjaxh us fd;klaxks"Bh dh 'kq#vkr eSustj ikaMs; ds vkReoDrO; ds lkFk gqbZ- mUgksaus vkykspuk dks yksdra=k ds fuekZ.k esa lg;ksxh rFkk vkykspuk ds yksdra=k ds fuekZ.k ds fy, vko';d crk;kdfo&vkykspd rFkk yfyr dyk vdknseh ds v/;{k v'kksd oktis;h us 88

eSustj ikaMs; ds ;ksxnku dks fganh vkykspuk ds fodkl ds lanHkZ esa js[kkafdr fd;k- Jh oktis;h ds vuqlkj reke oSpkfjd erHksnksa ds ckotwn eSustj ikaMs; dh vkykspuk ds lkFk mudk okn&fookn ,oa laokn tkjh jgk gSbl mn~?kkVu l=k ds v/;{kh; Hkk"k.k esa ekufodh ladk; ds v/;{k izksQslj eksgu th- je.ku us izks- eSustj ikaMs; dks Hkkjrh; vaxzst+h ys[ku ds {ks=k esa izks- vk;axkj ,oa izks- lh-Mh- uflZegS;k ljh[ks nks egRoiw.kZ vkykspdksa ds led{k fganh vkykspd crk;k ftuds ÑfrRo ij fopkj fd;k tkuk cgqr vko';d gS- bl l=k ds var esa /kU;okn Kkiu fganh

foHkkx ds izks- vkj-,l- ljkZtq us fd;k2 flracj dks nwljs l=k ds varxZr T;ksfr"k tks'kh us eSustj ikaMs; ds lekt'kkL=kh; fparu ds fofHkUu vk;keksa dks O;kidrk vkSj xgjkbZ ds lkFk js[kkafdr fd;k- izfl) ejkBh nfyr fpard ,oa vuqoknd lw;Zukjk;.k j.klqHks us eSustj ikaMs; dh vkykspuk dks nfyr lkfgR; ds lanHkZ esa fo'ysf"kr fd;kizfl) L=kh vkykspd jksfg.kh vxzoky us eSustj ikaMs; dh L=kh fo"k;d vkykspuk ds egRo dks js[kkafdr fd;k- jkaph fo'ofo|ky; ds iwoZ v/;{k jfo Hkw"k.k us eSustj ikaMs; dh vkykspuk ds leLr iM+koksa dks js[kkafdr djrs gq, rsyaxkuk uoacj] 2010


fdlku vkanksyu] uDlyckM+h vkanksyu] laiw.kZ Økafr vkfn vkanksyuksa dh Hkwfedk dks mudh vkykspukRed psruk ds fuekZ.k ds lanHkZ esa ns[kus&le>us dk izLrko j[kk- l=k ds var esa v/;{kh; Hkk"k.k nsrs gq, v'kksd oktis;h us crk;k fd eSustj ikaMs; dh vkykspuk dk lokZf/kd egRo lkfgR;okn ls eqfDr ds iz;kl esa fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSrhljs l=k ds varxZr Jh osadsVs'oj fo'ofo|ky; ds vkbZ-,u- panz'ks[kj jsM~Mh] ;qok vkykspd vfHk"ksd jkS'ku] dfo&vkykspd Ñ".keksgu >k ,oa iadt prqosZnh rFkk t-l-e- ds egklfpo vkSj ;qok fpard iz.k; Ñ".k us eSustj ikaMs; ds dkO;kykspu ds fofHkUu i{kksa ij vius

orZeku lkfgR; deys'oj dgkuh iqjLdkj] 2010 ^orZeku lkfgR; % deys'oj dgkuh iqjLdkj*] 2010 ds fy, ekSfyd] vizdkf'kr dgkfu;ka vkeaf=kr gSaiqjLdkj jkf'k 11000@& gS] tks deys'oj th ds ifjokj us bl iz;kstu gsrq ^orZeku lkfgR;* dks iznku dh gSdgkfu;ka lkQ+ Vkbi dh gqbZ gksa rFkk rhu izfr;ksa esa gksa- dgkuh dh gj izfr ij ys[kd dk uke o irk vo'; gksdgkuh Hkstus dh vafre frfFk 30 uoacj] 2010 gS- fyQkQs ij ^orZeku lkfgR; % deys'oj dgkuh iqjLdkj* vo'; fy[ksadgkfu;ksa dk p;u ,d fu.kkZ;d eaMy }kjk fd;k tk,xk- p;fur dgkuh ij iqjLdkj tuojh] 2011 esa iznku fd;k tk,xkdgkfu;ka laiknd] orZeku lkfgR; dks fuEufyf[kr irs ij Hkstsalaiknd] orZeku lkfgR; 28&,e-vkbZ-th-] vofUrdk&1] jke?kkV jksM] vyhx<+

uoacj] 2010

fopkj izLrqr fd,- l=k dh v/;{krk izfl) vkykspd ,oa ^okxFkZ* ds laiknd fot; cgknqj flag us dh- bl l=k dh lekfIr ds mijkar fganh foHkkx ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk f'koizlkn flag jfpr ^uUgksa* dgkuh dh ukV~; izLrqfr Hkh dh xbZ3 flracj dks prqFkZ l=k ds varxZr ^lkis{k* ds laiknd egkohj vxzoky us eSustj ikaMs; ds lk{kkRdkj ds lanHkZ esa] dfo ykYVw us lekt'kkL=k] ;qok vkykspd nsosUnz pkScs] oSHko flg us eSustj ikaMs; dh bfrgl&n`f"V ds lanHkZ esa rFkk xtsUnz ikBd us eSustj ikaMs; dh vkykspuk vkSj izR;kykspuk ds egRo ij vius fopkj izLrqr fd,- l=k dh v/;{krk Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk dsanz ts-,u-;w- ds izksQslj jkec{k us dh- vius vfHkHkk"k.k esa izks- jkec{k us dgk fd eSustj ikaMs; lkfgR; dks fopkj/kkjkRed :i ekurs gSaiape l=k ds varxZr vle fo'ofo|ky; ds izHkkr feJ] nso?kj dkWyst ds jkgqy flag] gSnjkckn fo'ofo|ky; ds vkyksd ikaMs; ,oa jkds'k dqekj flag us eSustj ikaMs; ds ;ksxnku dks fofHkUu lanHkks± esa O;k[;kf;r fd;klekiu l=k esa eSustj ikaMs; us iwoZ oDrkvksa ds lokyksa] vkifÙk;ksa ,oa ftKklk dk foLrkj ls tokc fn;k- izksikaMs; us vkykspuk dh igyh 'krZ nqjkxzg vkSj i{kikr ls eqfDr dks ekuk- mUgksaus lqfo/kk dks fl)kar cukus dh jktuhfr dks vkykspuk ds fy, [krjukd crkrs gq, vkykspuk dks lqfo/kk dh lk/kuk ,oa nqfo/kk dh Hkk"kk ls cpus dk vkg~oku fd;k- mUgksaus crk;k fd vkykspuk dh eqfDr/kfeZrk D;k gSµlkFkZd vkSj lekt&lkis{k vkykspuk ds lanHkZ esa eqfDr dk vFkZ ^eks{k* ugha cfYd ;gka eqfDr lekt&lkis{k 'kCn gS tks lekt ls eqDr gksus ds ctk; ;qDr gksdj gh viuh lkFkZdrk fl) dj ikrk gS- muds vuqlkj dyk vkSj jpuk dh [kkst djrh

dk u;k vad

O;oLFkk ds njdrs LraHk ns'k ds yC/k izfrf"Br ys[kdksa }kjk Hkkjrh; O;oLFkk dk lkaxksikax fo'ys"k.k okf"kZd 'kqYd % 200 #i, bl vad dk ewY; % 40 #i, laidZ % laiknd] ewyiz'u] ,&3] vfgalkiqjh] Qrgiqjk] mn;iqj ¼jkt-½

vkykspuk gh eqfDr/kehZ vkykspuk rFkk bfrgkl dh izfØ;k dk cks/k djus okyh vkykspuk gh lkFkZd gSjk"Vªh; laxks"Bh ds vafre l=k esa lekiu Hkk"k.k nssrs gq, iz.k; Ñ".k us eSustj ikaMs; dks vius le; dk lcls egRoiw.kZ vkykspd crk;k- mUgksaus eSustj ikaMs; dh jpukRed ;k=kk dks vkykspukRed la?k"kZ crk;k] ftls muds jpukdeZ ds izkjaHk ds le; Hkkjr ,oa fo'o esa py jgs reke lÙkkfojks/kh] lkezkT;okn fojks/kh tukanksyuksa dks fcuk tkus] laiw.kZrk esa ugha le>k tk ldrkiz.k; Ñ".k ds vuqlkj eSustj ikaMs; dh vkykspuk ds rhu dsanzh; rRo ;FkkFkZokn] bfrgkl&n`f"V vkSj fopkj/kkjk gSa- bUgha ds ek/;e ls os fdlh Hkh jpuk dh foxr vFkZoÙkk vkSj orZeku lkFkZdrk dks js[kkafdr djrs gSa- bl l=k dh v/;{krk dsanzh; fganh laLFkku] gSnjkckn dsanz dh {ks=kh; funs'kd izks- 'kdqaryk jsM~Mh us dh/kU;okn Kkiu laxks"Bh funs'kd izks- jfo jatu us fd;k- Nk=kksa dh mifLFkfr yxkrkj mRlkgtud cuh jgh- laxks"Bh esa gSnjkckn ds lkfgR;izseh ,oa fo}r lekt dh lgHkkfxrk us laxks"Bh dks xfr'khyrk iznku dhizLrqfr % jktho dqekj] 'kks/k Nk=k] gSnjkckn fo'ofo|ky;

89


eq[;/kkjk ds vgadkj

fl;klr vkSj bLyke ds xBtksM+ dk Hk;kud psgjk

fiNys 30 lky ls py jgh bLykeh gqdwer us bZjkuh vkSjr dks ;g d+kuwu fn, gSa\ 8 lky 9 ekg dh mez dh yM+dh d+kuwuh :i ls ckfyx+ gS vkSj d+kuwu ds mYya?ku dh lwjr esa ml ij ogh lt+k,a ukfQ+l gksaxh tks fd fdlh Hkh vk;q oxZ dh efgyk dks- elyuµdksM+ksa dh ekj] tqekZuk] mez d+Sn] laxlkj] Qkalh] csfe;knh d+Sn oxSjgflQ+Z 13 lky dh yM+dh 'kknh djus yk;d+ gS vkSj mldk firk vkt+kn gS mldh fdlh ls Hkh 'kknh djus ds fy,] pkgs yM+dh dh et+hZ uk Hkh gksrykd+ ysus ds d+kuwu l[+r vkSj vkSjr&eq[k+kfyQ+ gSa ftlls og ,d cnlwjr&vft+;rukd fj'rs ls ckgj gh u vk ldsrykd+ dh lwjr esa cPps dks tc rd nw/k fiykus] ikyus dh t+:jr gS rHkh rd cPps eka ds ikl jgsaxs- lkr lky ds gksus ds ckn cPps cki ds lqiqnZ?kjsyw fgalk ^lkfcr* djus ds fy, vkSjr dks nks enZ xokg pkfg,] tcfd bLyke esa ,slh dksbZ 'krZ ughaenZ pkgs rks pkj 'kkfn;ka dj ldrk gS] lkFk esa eqrk%&fudkg }kjk vLFkk;h vufxur vkSjrksa ls ftLekuh rkYyqd Hkh pyk ldrk gScykRdkj dh f'kdkj efgyk dh ft+Eesnkjh gS fd og pkj p'enhn enZ xokg is'k djs ;k rhu enZ vkSj nks vkSjrsa- ¼bZjku esa nks vkSjrksa dh xokgh ,d enZ dh xokgh ds cjkcj gksrh gS-½ vxj vkSjr Åij fy[kh rknkn esa p'enhn xokg is'k djus esa ukdke jgh rks iyVdj mlh ij eqd+nek pysxk,d rks vnkyr esa >wBk ekeyk ykus dk vkSj nwljk fookgsrj 'kkjhfjd laca/k j[kus dk] ftldh lt+k ,d 'kknh'kqnk ds fy, laxlkj }kjk ekSr ;k lh/ks Qkalh ls de ugha- vxj x+Sj 'kknh'kqnk gS rks 99 dksM+ksa 90

'khck vlye Q+geh dh ekj- vc ;g mldh x+yrh gS fd og flQ+Z 80 dksM+ksa dh ekj ls gh ej tk,µrc ckd+h dksM+s mldh d+cz ij yxk, tk,axs- bu d+kuwuksa dks ^gqnwn* dgrs gSa- ;g d+qjkuh vkns'kksa dh [kqyh L=khfojks/kh O;k[;k gSifjokj dk eqf[k;k 'kkSgj gksrk gS ftlds ukrs mls dbZ [kkl gd+ gkfly gSa- lHkh fu.kZ; mlh }kjk fy, tk,axs'kkSgj vxj choh dks fdlh vkSj ds lkFk jaxs gkFkksa idM+ ys vkSj bl otg ls og mlh oD+r mldh gR;k dj ns rks og gR;k dk vijk/kh ugha- ysfdu vxj mlus choh dks ml oD+r ft+ank jgus fn;k vkSj ,d&Ms<+ ?kaVs ckn okil vkdj mldh tku yh rks fQj mls gR;k ekuk tk,xk] blfy, u dqN lkspks&le>ks] u iwNks&tkuks] cl gkFk ds gkFk d+Ry dj nks] irk ugha nwljk ekSd+k feys u feysysfdu Bhd blds myV vxj choh 'kkSgj dks vtuch vkSjr ds lkFk gefcLrj ns[k ys rks og 'kkSgj dh gR;k rks nwj ml ij gkFk Hkh ugha NksM+ ldrh D;ksafd rdZ ;g gS fd D;k irk og vkSjr mldh nwljh@rhljh@pkSFkh choh gh gks ;k mlus ^VsEizsjh* fudkg fd;k gksvki dgsaxs fd tc igyh choh dks fcuk crk, 'kkSgj 'kknh ugha dj ldrk rks ;g dSls eqefdu gS\ rks bldk tokc ;g gS fd choh dks bfÙkyk djuk rks 'ks[k+@dkt+h dk dke gS] gks ldrk gS choh dk irk&Q+ksu cny tk, vkSj ml rd tkudkjh nsj ls igqaps] blfy, mls ifr dh ft+ukdkjh d+kuwu ds lkeus ^lkfcr* djuh gksxh- rc mldk Q+Slyk vnkyr djsxh fd mls lt+k&,&ekSr nsuh gS ;k ugha- ysfdu choh lkfcr dSls djsxh\ pkj enZ xokg dgka ls yk,xh\ vkSj ,slh lwjr esa vnkyr esa >wBk ekeyk ykus ij [k+qn lyk[k+ksa ds ihNs gksxh- blfy, ifr dks ^lc dqN* djrk ns[kdj Hkh mlds

ikl [k+keks'k jgus ds vykok nwljk jkLrk ughavkSj bu lcls Åij lcls cM+h /kka/kyh ;g fd tqeZ] lt+k] lt+k dh f'kn~nr] lHkh dqN dk dksbZ ,d e;kjh iSekuk ugha ftlls og [k+kl&vks&vke lcds fy, ,d gks- tt pkgs rks ,d gh tqeZ ds fy, nl vyx yksxksa dks nl vyx&vyx lt+k,a ns- lt+k&,&ekSr Qkalh ls gksxh ;k xksyh ls mM+k;k tk,xk ;k laxlkj fd;k tk,xk ;k dksM+ksa dh ekj ls tku yh tk,xh ;k fQj flQ+Z tqekZuk ysdj NksM+ fn;k tk,xkµlc dqN tt dk ewM vkSj okjnkr ij mldh ^futh O;k[;k* r; djsxhbZjku ds d+kuwu esa bLyke ds gokys ls ;g izko/kku gS fd ;fn d+Ry ds ekeys esa eD+rwy ds vkfJr@ jDr&laca/kh ekQ+h ns nsa rks lt+k&,&ekSr dks cnyk tk ldrk gS ;k fQj iwjh eqvkQ+h Hkh nh tk ldrh gS- ,sls ekeyksa esa vDlj eqvkot+s dh jd+e ds ,ot+ esa ?kjokys lt+k&,&ekSr dh eqvkQ+h nsrs gSabl d+kuwu dh c`gÙkj uSfrdrk ij lekt esa cgl gS fQj Hkh ;g bZjku esa ,d ekU; d+kuwu gS- ysfdu ldhuk eqgEenh vkf'r;kuh ekeys esa ekSr dh lt+k dk dkj.k 'kkSgj dh gR;k crk;k tk jgk gS- ejus okys dh nksuksa vkSyknsa viuh ljdkj vkSj lkjh nqfu;k ls ldhuk ds i{k esa xqgkj yxk jgh gSa fd og gR;k ds ekeys esa csd+qlwj gS mlds f[k+ykQ+ >wBs ekeys cuk, tk jgs gSa ysfdu ljdkj bl izko/kku dks vey esa ykus ds ckjs esa ugha lksp jgh- vxj ldhuk dh lt+k&,&ekSr mlds nks enks± ds lkFk fookgsrj laca/k cukus ds fy, gS rks fQj mu nks enks± dks Hkh ogh lt+k&,&ekSr feyuh pkfg, tks bl vijk/k esa ldhuk ds fgLls esa vkbZysfdu ugha! vejhdk&ijLr jt+k 'kkg igyoh dk uoacj] 2010


r[+rkiyV dj bZjku esa tks bLykeh fut+ke&,& gqdwer otwn esa vk;k ml ij rd+jhcu nqfu;k Hkj dk vke eqlyeku fQ+nk jgk gS- bl ubZ gqdwer dh ?kksf"kr vejhdk bt+jkby&eq[k+kfyQ+ vkSj fQ+fyLrhu&fgek;rh fons'k uhfr dh lQyrk gh gS fd bZjku ls ckgj Hkkjr& ikfdLrku] [kkM+h ds vusd eqfLye ns'kksa ls ysdj bjkd rd esa bZjkuh O;oLFkk dk xq.kxku djus okys fey tk,axschloha lnh dh 'kq#vkr ¼1927½ ls gh eqlyekuksa dh feYyh ;k lkewfgd psruk esa vaxzst+ [k+kldj baXySaM&vejhdk vkSj t+k;fuLV ;gwnh ¼dV~VjiaFkh& foLrkjoknh] fQ+fyLrhu&eq[k+kfyQ+ bt+jkbyoknh ;gwnh½ dks ysdj 'kd& [kkSQ+&uQ+jr gh LFkk;h Hkko ;k ^ijekusaV lsaVhesaV* gS- ,slh lwjr esa vejhdh fiNyXxw lÅnh 'kgu'kkfg;r ds myV] rky Bksadrk bZjku] viekfur eglwl djus okys eqlyeku ds pwj&pwj vkRelEeku dks dqN jkgr igqapkrk gSblfy, bZjku dh jktlÙkk ls Lo;a eqfLye nqfu;k }kjk xaHkhj loky ugha iwNs tkrs] ftldk [k+kfe;kt+k ogka dh voke [k+kldj vkSjr Hkqxr jgh gSbZjku ds ekStwnk iz/kkuea=kh vgenh ftukn bldh lcls eqdEey felky gSa] ftudh fl;klr bZjku ds vanj&ckgj mlh eqfLye ghjksbT+e ;k vf/kuk;dokn dks jpdj iwjs eqfLye txr esa vejhdk&bt+jkby dh ukd esa ne djus okys ds rkSj ij tkjh gS- bZjku dh blh VQ+&ikLpfjax dk deky gS fd nf{k.k ,f'k;k esa lqfUu;ksa dks f'k;k fQ+jd+s dh ekStwnxh cnkZ'r ugha- ikfdLrku esa rknkn dh rkd+r ds ?keaM esa lqfUu;ksa us eqfge pykbZ fd f'k;k fQ+jds+ dks Hkh ^vgenh* dh rjg bLyke ls [k+kfjt djok fn;k tk,] ysfdu bZjku dh lÙkk ;k otwn ij bl rjg dk dksbZ fu'kkuk ugha lk/kk tkrk- vejhdk vkSj bt+jkby ds f[k+ykQ+ c;kuckt+h ls bZjku ds ckgj ds lqUuh eqlyekuksa esa Hkh os yksdfiz; cus gq, gSabZjku ls ckgj jg jgs bZjkuh tks fd vDlj bLykeh 'kklu dh vekuoh; Øwjrkvksa ls tku cpkdj Hkkxs gSa] os bl ckr ls cgqr grk'k gSa fd eqfLye nqfu;k bZjku ds van:uh gkykr] vke turk dh vkt+knh] vkSjr&eq[k+kfyQ+ 'kfj;k d+kuwu uoacj] 2010

vkSj eqYykra=k dh tM+rk D;ksa ugha ns[krh\ 2010 dh xfeZ;ksa esa tc ldhuk eqgEenh vkf'r;kuh dk ekeyk Ýkalhlh&teZu vkSj vejhdh ehfM;k }kjk mBk;k x;k rks vuk;kl gh ukbthfj;k ds ^vehuk ykoy* 2003 ds ekeys dh ;kn rkt+k gks xbZ- t+jk lh Nkuchu ls irk pyk fd ,d ldhuk gh ugha] dbZ ldhuk,a lt+k&,&ekSr ds bart+kj esa bZjkuh tsyksa esa can gSa- gkykafd varjkZ"Vªh; ncko ds pyrs fnlacj 2002 esa gh v;krksYykg 'kgjksnh tks fd loksZPp bZjkuh vnkyr ds izeq[k gSa] us laxlkj }kjk lt+k&,&ekSr ij jksd yxk nh Fkh ysfdu D;ksafd bZjkuh naM fo/kku esa bls [k+Re djus ds fy, t+:jh rCnhyh ugha dh xbZ fygkt+k laxlkj dh lt+k yxkrkj tkjh jgh- bl ekeys ij bZjku tc T+;knk f?kjk rks uoacj 2006 esa bZjkuh vnkyr ds izoDrk teky djhfejkn us ,yku fd;k fd ^^bZjku esa jte ¼laxlkj½ vc ugha gksrk] ;fn dqN vnkyrsa ;s lt+k lquk Hkh jgh gSa rks mUgsa ckn esa cny fn;k tkrk gS-** bl c;ku esa lkQ+ t+kfgj gks jgh pkykdh ls dSls fucVk tk,\ blds fy, d+kuwu dks cnys cx+Sj dksbZ nwljk pkjk ugha- bZjku ds bl d+kuwuh] ljdkjh] lekth ileat+j esa vc bu gkykr esa ldhuk eqgEenh vkf'r;kuh dk ekeyk ns[ksa rks lkQ+ t+kfgj gS fd ^bLykeh tEgwjh bZjku* esa ^bLykeh balkQ+* dh gd+hd+r balkfu;r dks 'keZlkj dj nsus okyh gSbZjku&jkt cgqlaLÑfrokn ds mlwyksa ds fl)kar ij lkjh nqfu;k fo'ks"kdj if'pe dks ;g dgdj pqi dj nsuk pkgrk gS fd os ¼if'pe½ nwljh laLÑfr;ksa dh bT+t+r djuk lh[ksa- if'peh laLÑfr ogka ds fy, vkSj bZjkuh laLÑfr bZjku ds fy,- frl ij rqjkZ ;g fd ge rks bLykeh gqdwer gSa- vjc] ukbthfj;k] lwMku] rqdhZ] bjkd] bZjku] vQ+xkfuLrku] ikfdLrku vkSj ckaXykns'k bLyke ds uke ij gh vkSjr&eq[k+kfyQ+ ^gqnwn*&laxlkj] dksM+ksa dh ekj] vka[k&ukd&dku&t+cku dkV ysuk tSlh lt+k,a tkjh fd, gSaeryc ;g fd bl iwjh d+chykbZ iV~Vh dks tc Hkh lÙkk feys] og vkSjr&eq[k+kfyQ+ bLyke ^bZtkn* dj d+gj

cjik djus ls ckt+ ugha vkrh- ,sls esa vkSjrksa ds fdlh Hkh rjg ds izn'kZu] fojks/k] vkanksyuksa dks Hkh bLykeh jkt fojks/kh dgdj udkjk gh ugha tkrk cfYd neupØ vkSj rst+ dj fn;k tkrk gS- cscqfu;kn vk/kkjksa ij fxj¶+rkfj;ka dj cs&fe;knh d+Sn esa mudk eukscy rksM+k tkrk gS- izn'kZudkjh efgykvksa&;qokvksa dks ljsvke xksyh ls mM+kdj ng'kr iSnk dh tkrh gS vkSj muds o muds ifjokjksa ij fofHkUu izko/kkuksa ds rgr f'kdatk dlk tkrk gS- bZjkuh fta+nxh esa ;g lc bruk vke gS fd ckd+h vklikl dk lekt bls dqcwy dj thus dk vknh gks pqdk gSvkf'r;kuh ekeys esa Hkh muds iq=k vkSj odhy nksuksa dks nks vU; teZu i=kdkj@,fDVfoLV ds lkFk baVjO;w djus ds vkjksi esa fxj¶+rkj dj fy;k x;kteZu ukxfjdksa dks rks mudh ljdkj vkt+kn djk ysxh ldhuk dh iSjoh djus okys nksuksa rks x,! nqfu;k&Hkj ds lqdwuilan] balkQ+& ilan vkSj vkt+kn fta+nxh dh pkg j[kus okys voke] [k+kldj eqlyekuksa ds fy, blesa D;k lans'k gS\ ;gh fd tgka dgha Hkh eqYyk d+;knr dks gnksa esa cka/ks j[kus ds fy, muds flj ij ,d lsD;wyj vkSj et+cwr ljdkj ugha] ogka&ogka og voke [k+kldj vkSjrksa ij tqYe <kus esa dksbZ dksj&dlj ugha mBk j[krs- bZjku vkSj ,sls gh eqfLye ns'kksa ds eqYykvksa us lÙkk vkSj bLyke ds lkFk feydj tks Hk;kud] Mjkouk vkSj d+kfcys&uQ+jr fut+ke jpk] og lkfcr djrk gS fd fl;klh rkd+r fey tk, rks et+gch d+;knr dh csjgfe;ksa dk dksbZ vksj&Nksj ugha gksrkd+qjku esa ckjgk dgh xbZ vk;rksa dk buds fy, dksbZ eryc ugha fd vYykg jghe gS] vkSj rkSck djus okys dks ekQ+ djrk gS- ysfdu rc tc os bu tYyknksa ds d+gj dk f'kdkj gksdj nqfu;k ls dwp dj tk,axs\ bLyke ds uke ij py jgs bl ,drjQ+k d+Rysvke ij Hkkjr lesr nqfu;kHkj ds ekSykuk&vkfye [k+keks'k gSa;d+huu bl [k+keks'kh dk eryc leFkZu ds flok dqN ughasheeba_atplus@yahoo.com

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?kj flQZ laKk ugha] loZuke] fo'ks"k.k vkSj fØ;k Hkh gS D;ksafd blls gekjs laca/kksa vkSj ljksdkjksa dk ?ksjk cgqr cM+k gksrk gS- eq>s yxrk gS iwjs fo'o lkfgR; esa thou] e`R;q vkSj izse ds vfrfjDr lcls T;knk fy[kk x;k gS ?kj vkSj 'kCn ij- pkgs fdjk, dk ?kj gh D;ksa ugha gks] mlesa vki jgrs gSa viuk ?kj le>dj gh- vkSj tc vki ml ?kj dks NksM+dj vU;=k u;k clsjk cukrs gSa] etcwjho'k] rks ihNs cgqr dqN NwV tkrk gS- ml ?kj esa fcrk, vkids lq[k&nq[k gh ugha] dqN Le`fr;ka] dqN lq[kn ;knsa Hkh gksrh gSavki eglwl djrs gSa tSls flj ls vkidk /kM+ vyx gks x;k- ifjos'k gh ugha] Qwy&iÙkh ftUgsa vki f'kn~nr ls I;kj djrs gSa] lglk vkils vyx gks tkrs gSa?kj uksLVsyft;k gh ugha] ;wVksfi;k Hkh gS blfy, fd vius euilan ?kj dh ryk'k ge thou Hkj djrs jgrs gSa- bl ?kj dh ryk'k eksgu jkds'k] Jhdkar oekZ vkSj jktsUnz ;kno dks Hkh jgh gS- ;g vdkj.k ugha gS fd fganh vkSj mnwZ ds ukeh&fxjkeh ys[kdksa us ^?kj* dks dsanz esa j[kdj miU;kl fy[ks- rRdky eq>s bartkj gqlSu ¼ikfdLrku½] Jhyky 'kqDy vkSj foHkwfrukjk;.k jk; ;kn vk jgs gSa ftUgksaus Øe'k% ?kj] edku vkSj ?kj 'kh"kZd ls vius miU;kl fy[ks- tgka rd ^'kCn* dh ckr gS rks lk=kZ dh vkRedFkk dk gh 'kh"kZd gS ^fn oM~lZ* vkSj f=kykspu ds dfork laxzg dk Hkh 'kh"kZd gS ^'kCn*oSls muds ,d dfork laxzg dk 'kh"kZd gS ^esjk ?kj*eSa ?kj 'kCn dk dksbZ :id ugha cuk jgk- cfYd ?kj cnyus ls esjs Hkhrj tks HkkoukRed {kfr gks jgh gS] eSa mlds Hkhrj mrjus dh ps"Vk dj jgk gwa92

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ljdkjh ukSdjh ls tqykbZ 2005 esa vodk'k xzg.k ds ckn eSa vizSy 2006 esa Åuk ,uDyso ds 113&ch esa vofLFkr gqvk- ogka Ng eghus jgus ds ckn vDrwcj 2006 esa eSa 11@,&1] fganqLrku VkbEl ds fdjk, ds edku esa vk;k] ftls esjh csVh yhuk ¼o"kkZ½ [kkyh djds Bhd cxy ds ikW'k lkslk;Vh vkbZ,Q,l vikVZesaV~l esa xbZ Fkh- bl fdjk, ds edku esa eSa yxHkx pkj lky jgk- vc ;gka ls 18&ch] Åuk ,uDyso tkrs gq, eSa ,d cM+s ladV esa Qalk gwa- eq>ls igys blh vikVZesaV~l ls ^gal* laiknd jktsUnz ;kno us vkd'k n'kZu vikVZesaV~l ds 176] edku esa f'k¶V fd;k Fkk- muds lkFk Hkh iqLrdksa dks NkaVus dh leL;k Fkh- ysfdu viuh cqf)eÙkk ls fueZerk iwoZd mUgksaus vius fiz; vkSj vfiz; ys[kdksa dh iqLrdsa NkaV nha- dqN fx¶V dj nha- eSa mudh rjg dBksj ugha gks ldrkfQj Hkh dgka rd vkSj dc rd yxHkx 5 gtkj iqLrdksa dks <ksrk fQ:axkcgjgky] ;g fo"k;karj gS f=kykspu ds laokn dh rjg- edku cnyus ds Øe esa iqjkus dkxt&iÙkjksa dks myVrs&iyVrs gq, eq>s dkWyst ds fnuksa dh ,d yky ikWdsV Mk;jh feyh ftl ij fy[kk FkkµHkkX;ksn;] 1965] tks esjh jkfxuh HkkHkh us eq>s HksaV dh Fkh- pedrh gqbZ ml yky Mk;jh ds Hkhrj ;Ru ls j[kh 45 o"kZ iwoZ ds ,d v[kckj dh dfVax feyh] ftldk 'kh"kZd gSµfn fofty nSV MsFk ,aMsM* ¼vuar izrh{kk dh e`R;q½vaxzsth nSfud ^fn LVsV~leSu*] fnlacj 3] 1965 ds lekpkj i=k esa ihVhvkbZ ds gokys ls ¼MsVykbu iVuk] flracj 1½ tks [kcj izdkf'kr gqbZ Fkh] mldk v{kj'k% vuqokn gSµ^,d nqcyh&iryh] ysfdu

vkd"kZd] [kwclwjr v/ko; efgyk] ftlus yxHkx 20 o"kks± rd iVuk taD'ku jsyos LVs'ku dh rhljh Js.kh ds izrh{kky; esa le; xqtkjrs vius ml iszeh dk bartkj fd;k] ftls mlus Vªsu ;k=kk ds nkSjku ^fel* fd;k Fkk] pqipki xgjh uhan esa lkseokj dks lks xbZvrhr dh mldh ftanxh ds ckjs esa dqN Hkh irk ugha py ldk- ;|fi yach vof/k rd vius izseh dk bartkj djrs mldk ogka jguk 'kgj esa fujarj ppkZ dk fo"k; jgk Fkk- mlds ttZj vkSj {kfrxzLr LVhy Vªad esa j[ks vkSj fganh esa fy[ks mlds nks vLr&O;Lr uksV~l ls mldh =kklnh dk lqjkx feykviuh VwVh pkjikbZ ij izk;% og ysVh jgrh Fkh- vkSj dHkh&dHkkj gh eqag [kksyrh Fkh- ,d dkuk lk/kq] tks dbZ o"kks± rd mlds ikl Fkk] jsyos iqfyl }kjk mldh vaR;sf"V ds i'pkr xaxk esa mldh vfLFk&foltZu ds ckn lglk xk;c gks x;keqM+s&rqM+s dkxtksa] tks le; ds lkFk ihys iM+ x, Fks] ij fy[kh mldh nks bckjrksa esa fy[kk Fkkµ^dc vkvksxs th\ dgka gks th\ bartkj djrs cgqr fnu gks x,* ¼rqe dc vkvksxs\ rqe dgka gks\ eSaus rqEgkjk yack bartkj fd;k-½ og tks dksbZ Hkh Fkh] eq>s ugha ekyweysfdu mldh iks'kkd] vkpj.k vkSj O;ogkj ls ;g Li"V Fkk fd og ,d laHkzkar ifjokj ls lac) Fkh- mldh e`R;q ds ckn mlds LVhy Vªad esa 500 #- vkSj dqN vkHkw"k.k feys Fks- dgkuh ;gka [kRe ugha gksrh gS- lpeqp og i<+h&fy[kh efgyk Fkh- Vªsu ;k=kk ds nkSjku dgha vius izseh ls fcNqM+ xbZ Fkh- ysfdu mldk irk rks yxk gh ldrh Fkh- ;k ;g Hkh gks uoacj] 2010


ldrk gS fd Vªsu ;k=kk ds nkSjku mlds izseh us mls /kks[kk fn;k- lp D;k gS] 45 o"kks± ckn vc crkus okyk dksbZ ugha gSysfdu le; ds f'kykys[k ij bl ixyh vkSjr us izse ds fy, tSlk R;kx fd;k] tkus ;k vutkus Hkkoqdrkiw.kZ] Hkwyuk dfBu gS- ;g dgkuh lp gS D;ksafd bls ,d izeq[k ,tsalh us izeq[krkiwoZd vius v[kckj esa izdkf'kr fd;k FkkfiNys fnuksa cukjl ¼izkphu dk'kh vkSj orZeku okjk.klh½ ij dsafnzr nks iqLrdsa esjs gkFk yxha- igyh iqLrd gS ey;kye ds izfl) ys[kd ,e-Vh- oklqnsou uk;j dk miU;kl ^okjk.klh*] ftldk oh-MhÑ".ku usfi;kj us fganh esa vuqokn fd;k gS vkSj nwljh iqLrd gSµ^dk'kh dh lkfgfR;d ijaijk*] ftlds ys[kd gSa vt; feJey;kye miU;kl ^okjk.klh* lkfgR; vdknseh] ubZ fnYyh dh dFkk Hkkjrh Üka`[kyk ds varxZr Hkkjrh; lkfgR; xkSjoxazFk iqLrdky; ds varxZr lkfgR; vdknseh }kjk lh-vkbZ-vkbZ-,y¼lsaVªy baLVhV~;wV vkWQ bafM;u ySaXostst½ eSlwj ds la;qDr iz;kl ls izdkf'kr igyh iqLrd gS] isijcSd esa] ftldh dher gS vLlh #i,- bl iqLrd ds ^izdk'kdh;* esa fy[kk x;k gSµ^gekjh lHkh izeq[k Hkk"kkvksa ls mRÑ"V ys[ku varjjk"Vªh; {ks=k rd igqapsµigys vaxzsth esa vkSj fQj nwljh Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa- bl ifj;kstuk dk eq[; y{; gSµ,d lkS mRÑ"V Ñfr;ksa dks varjjk"Vªh; ikBd lekt dks miyC/k djkuk] ftUgsa ge ^ledkyhu Dykfld* ¼vf/kdka'k dFkk lkfgR;½ dguk pkgsaxs vkSj tks ewyr% fofHkUu Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa fy[kh xbZ gSa-* ^okjk.klh* yxHkx Ms<+ lkS i`"Bksa ls Hkh de dk ,d NksVk miU;kl gS ysfdu vius dF;] f'kYi vkSj Hkk"kk esa iqLrd ds vkjaHk esa dBksifu"kn~ ls ;ejkt vkSj ufpdsrk ds ek/;e ls e`R;q vkSj thou ds jgL; dk mn~?kkVu fd;k x;k gSiqLrd ds Ng v/;k;ksa esa okjk.klh dk bfrgkl] iqjk.k vkSj vk[;ku ftl rjg izLrqr fd;k x;k gS] i=kksa vkSj uSjs'ku esa ikBdksa dh mRlqdrk dks ijoku p<+krk gS- iqLrd dk vkjaHk lq/kkdj ds uke izksuoacj] 2010

Jhfuoklu ds i=k ls gksrk gS vkSj var lq/kkdj }kjk dHkh okjk.klh ij 'kks/k dj jgh cw<+h lqferk ukxiky dh igpku ls- eSa iwjs fo'okl ds lkFk dg ldrk gwa fd vc rd esjs }kjk i<+h xbZ fof'k"V iqLrdksa esa bls ifjxf.kr fd;k tkuk pkfg,- oSls Hkh ^cukjl] vk/kk ty esa gS vkSj vk/kk ea=k esa* ¼dsnkjukFk flag½nwljh iqLrd ^dk'kh dh lkfgfR;d ijaijk* ÑikiwoZd ^iDdk egky* tSls yksdfiz; miU;kl ds ys[kd vt; feJ us Hksth gSa- ;|fi bl iqLrd esa dk'kh dh lkfgfR;d ijaijk] cukjl esa dfork fQygky!] cukjl esa ^igy* lEeku] cukjl dh vfLerk KkusUnzifr vkSj ^;g cukjl dk 'kksd xhr gS* tSls ikap v/;k; gSa- ysfdu LFkkuh; lkfgfR;d jktuhfr dh m[kkM+&iNkM+] dq'rh&naxy dqN T;knk gh gS- vt; feJ dh ukeoj&xzafFk ckj&ckj mHkjrh gSdk'khukFk flag ds izfr Hkh os vuko';d :i ls vuqnkj jgs gSa- blhfy, muds miU;kl ^dk'kh dk vLlh* dks os cukjl dk 'kksd xhr dgrs gSa- oSls bl iqLrd esa dbZ jkspd izlax gSa- ^,d jkr ekyoh; iqy ls ykSVrs f=kykspu dks iqfyl us jksdk- cgqr lQkbZ nh- flikgh ugha ekukjkr Hkj gokykr dh gok f[kyk nh- lqcg eqfDr feyh- rc nks iafDr;ka muds lEeku esa lqukbZ tkrh Fkhaµ ^;g va/ksj jke&jkT; ds tekus esa] fganh dk dfo can gks x;k Fkkus esa-* Hkkjrh; laLÑfr dk bfrgkl gtkjksa o"kZ iqjkuk gS- mruh gh iqjkuh gS vk[;ku dh ijaijk] pkgs og oSfnd vk[;ku gks ;k egkHkkjr tSls egk[;ku! dFkk lfjRlkxj ds ckn vk[;ku dh okfpd ijaijk esa gh iapra=k] csrky iphlh] flagklu crhlh vkSj vlyh fdLlk rksrk&eSuk tSlh iqLrdsa] xq.kk<~; lfgr] vkt ikBdksa ds lkeus izLrqr gSa- ;s lkjh iqLrdsa oLrqr% ekuo lH;rk ds fodkl ds iqathHkwr vuqHko gSa- iapra=k ewyr% uSfrd mins'kksa ls Hkjk gqvk gS- csrky iphlh Hkkjrh; yksdthou esa fdLlkxksbZ dh le`) ijaijk dk ,d foy{k.k mnkgj.k gS ftlesa csrky vkSj jktk f=kfoØe lsu ds chp ,d uSfrd iz'u gksrk gS ftldk

mÙkj jktk dks nsuk iM+rk gS- ;fn vki xkSj djsa rks irk pyrk gS fd izkphu Hkkjrh; dFkk lkfgR; dh nks ijaijk,a gSaµigyh ^o`gRdFkk* dh ijaijk vkSj nwljh ^iapra=k* dh ijaijk- ^o`gRdFkk* ds dkyt;h jpf;rk xq.kk<~; gSa] tks jktk lkrokgu ¼bZ- izFke 'krh½ dh fo}r lHkk ls lac) egkdfo Fks- ^dFkk lfjRlkxj* ¼lksenso½] ^c`gRdFkk eatjh* ¼tSusUnz½ vkSj ^o`gRdFkk 'yskd laxzg* ¼cq) Lokeh½] bl ijaijk dh egRoiw.kZ dfM+;ka gSa- ^iapra=k* ds jpf;rk fo".kq 'kekZ gSa- ^iapra=k* ds ckn ^fgrksins'k* dh yksdfiz;rk mYys[kuh; gSvkpk;Z cynso mik/;k; ds vuqlkj ^flagklu cÙkhlh* ds jpf;rk {ksedj eqfu ¼rsjgoha 'krh½ gSa- bldh ewy dFkk ;g gS fd jktk Hkkst tehu esa xM+s gq, foØekfnR; ds flagklu dks m[kkM+rs gSa ftlesa cÙkhl iqrfy;ka yxh gqbZ gSa- cÙkhl iqrfy;ksa }kjk dgh xbZ jktk foØe dh cÙkhl dgkfu;ka bl dFkk Ñfr esa ladfyr gSa] blfy, bldk uke ^flagklu cÙkhlh* gS- fo'ofo|ky; izdk'ku] okjk.klh ds fy, bl iqLrd dk laiknu Jh jatu lwfjnso us lw>&cw> ds lkFk fd;k gS^vlyh fdLlk rksrk&eSuk* fdlus fy[kk fooknkLin gS- ysfdu ;g lp gS fd ;g NksVh&lh fdrkc vius le; esa [kwc yksdfiz; gqbZ- rRdky esjs ikl bl iqLrd dh miyC/k izfr dks ia- Hktuyky Ñr dgk x;k gS vkSj blds vkB Hkkxksa esa vkSjr o enks± dh csoQkbZ dh nkLrku of.kZr gS- bl iqLrd esa rksrk&eSuk iq#"k vkSj L=kh tsaMj ds fo'okl?kkr ds vusd ykseg"kZd vkSj ekfeZd n`"Vkar nsrs gSavHkh johUnz dkfy;k ds laiknu esa izdkf'kr ^u;k Kkuksn;* ds csoQkbZ fo'ks"kkad dks bl lanHkZ esa Hkh ns[kk tkuk pkfg,- ysfdu ge vius vklikl ds ;FkkFkZ ls vka[k ewans ml fVVgjh ds leku gSa tks vius Åij iwjk vkleku mBk, gq, gS- vafre ckr] bu reke iqLrdksa esa u dsoy ,dlw=krk gS] cfYd n`"Vkarksa esa Hkh yxHkx lkE;rk gS- ,slk yxrk gS] ,d gh dgkuh 'kgj vkSj pfj=k cnyrs :i xzg.k dj jgh gS93


fiNys fnuksa nSfud ubZnqfu;k us ^y?kq if=kdkvksa dk cM+k lp* ij ,d ifjppkZ vk;ksftr dh] tks i=k ds nks vadksa esa izdkf'kr gqbZ ftlesa y?kq if=kdkvksa ds chl&iPphl laikndksa us lgHkkfxrk dhy?kq if=kdk ;k NksVh if=kdk vkanksyu lkrosa n'kd esa if'pe ds ^fyVy eSxthu* vkanksyu dh ifj.kfr Fkh ftlesa ,d rjQ O;oLFkk fojks/k rks nwljh lÙkk izfr"Bkuksa dh if=kdk }kjk ;qok ys[kdksa ds Økafrdkjh Loj dk fu"ks| Fkkif=kdk,a

1- ik[khµvDVwcj 2010 ¼ukeoj flag ij dsafnzr½] laikndµizse Hkkj}kt] laidZ % bafMisaMsaV ehfM;k bfuf'k,fVo lkslk;Vh] ch&107] lsDVj 63] uks,Mk&201303] ewY; % 30 #ledkyhu fganh vkykspuk ds ifjn`'; ij yxHkx 60 o"kks± ls MkWukeoj flag tSls izfrf"Br vkykspd dh mifLFkfr yxHkx peRÑr djrh gS- vc rd mu ij yxHkx pkj iqLrdsa vkSj yxHkx ,d ntZu if=kdkvksa ds fo'ks"kkad fudy pqds gSa- iwoZxzg ls ysdj igy] olq/kk] iy&izfriy ds- ysfdu ukeoj th fQj Hkh yxkrkj vkd"kZ.k ds dsanz fcanq cus gq, gSa- ik[kh ds bl vad esa mu ij dqN ubZ&iqjkuh lkexzh Nih gS] ftlls muds ys[ku vkSj O;fDrRo ds ckjs esa btkQk gksrk gS- vPNh ckr ;g gS fd ukeoj th djoV ugha cnyrs gSa] ekDlZ ds lkFk&lkFk ledkyhu fganh lkfgR; ds foe'kZ vkSj :id ds Hkh lkFk gSa- ik[kh dk ;g vad ukeojth dks le>us dh vxyh dM+h gS2- izLFkku ¼'krkCnh Le`fr vad % jke/kkjh flag fnudj] laikndµnhid izdk'k R;kxh] fganh foHkkx] nh-n-mxksj[kiqj fo'ofo|ky;] xksj[kiqj] m-iz-] ewY; % 50 #lpeqp fnudj Nk;koknksÙkj fganh dfork dh ,d cM+h ihB Fks- ;g vdkj.k ugha Fkk fd ^dYiuk* if=kdk esa fnudj dh dkO;Ñfr ^moZ'kh* ij gekjs le; dk lcls cM+k fookn gqvk- vkSj MkW- ukeoj flag us viuh iqLrd ^dfork ds u, izfreku* esa mu ij ,d iwjk v/;k; fy[kkµ^moZ'kh % ewY;ksa dh VdjkgV*- ^izLFkku* ds bl vad esa 94

fnudj ij dqN ubZ lkexzh izdkf'kr gqbZ gS] ftl ij fopkj djus dh t:jr gS3- 'khry ok.kh ¼tqykbZ&flracj 2010½] laikndµohjsUnz ^vt;*] laidZ % 2 lh@755] i=kdkj ysu] iz|qeu uxj] eYghiqj jksM] lgkjuiqj ¼m-iz-½] ewY; % 25 #izLrqr if=kdk ds 'ke'ksj cgknqj flag vad esa dqN ,slh ubZ lkexzh gS tks 'ke'ksj ds thou vkSj mudh dfork dks le>us esa enn djsxh- [kkldj MkWukeoj flag dk vkys[k- bCckj jCch vkSj enu d';i ds vkys[k ds lkFk mudh pquh gqbZ dfork,a vkSj js[kkfp=k- 'khry ok.kh dk ;g iz;kl ljkguh; gSif=kdkvksa esa mYys[kuh;

1- foQksj ØkbLV ¼dgkuh½] ys[kdµ jkgqy czteksgu] gal] flracj 2010 2- jafM;ka ¼dgkuh½] ys[kdµ jke/kkjh flag fnokdj] gal] vDVwcj *10 3- fx) ¼dgkuh½] ys[kdµujsUnz ukxnso] dFkkns'k] flracj 2010 4- esjs vanj cgqr HkhM+ gS ¼Mk;jh½] ys[kd % uhyk izlkn] dFkkns'k] vDVwcj 2010 5- ,d vkneh ft;k djrk Fkk yxkrkj % ekdZ.Ms; ¼dfork½] ys-µlarks"k dqekj prqosZnh] orZeku lkfgR;] flracj 2010 6- dfork,a] eukst dqekj >k] ik[kh] flracj 2010 7- fgan LojkT; % lH;rk foe'kZ ¼ys[k½] ys- % ohjsUnz dqekj cjuoky] u;k Kkuksn;] flracj 2010 8- oSfndh fgalk fgalk u Hkofr ¼laikndh;½] jktsnz ;kno] gal] flrcj 2010 9- xka/kh % viuk lkeuk ¼ys[k½] ys % lq/khj panz] rn~Hko&22] tqykbZ 2010 10- dfork,a] ys- % fouksn dqekj 'kqDy] ogh 11- [okc bd nhokus dk--¼dgkuh½] ys- % ftrsUnz HkkfV;k] ogh 12- lkfgR; dh btkjsnkjh ¼foe'kZ½] ys- % 'khck vlye Qgeh] gal] flracj 2010 13- vjs bu nksmu jkg u ikbZ ¼fookn½] ys- % Ñ".k fcgkjh] ik[kh] flracj 2010

14- fo/kk dh nqfo/kk ls eqDr O;aX;dkj] ys- % jes'k nos] lekorZu] flracj 2010 u, izdk'ku ¼p;u½

1- nklh dh nkLrku ¼jktLFkku ds lkr izsek[;ku½] ys[kd % fot;nku nsFkk] izdk'kd % Hkkjrh; KkuihB] 18] bafLVV~;w'kuy ,fj;k] yksnh jksM] ubZ fnYyh&110003] ewY; % 390 #2- lEHkkth ¼miU;kl½] ys[kd % fo'okl ikVhy] izdk- % ogh] ewY; % 650 #3- otg csxkuxh ugha ekywe ¼mi-½] ys- % fouksn dqekj JhokLro] izdk- % laHkkouk izdk'ku] jsorh dqat] gkiqM+&245101] ewY; % 250 #4- phy okyh dksBh ¼mi-½] ys % lkjk jk;] izdk- % gkiZj dkfyal ifCy'klZ bafM;k] ,&53] lsDVj&57] uks,Mk& 201301] ewY; % 250 #5- jke/kkjh flag fnudj jpukoyh ¼pkSng [kaM½] laiknd % uanfd'kksj uoy] r#.k dqekj] izdk- % yksdHkkjrh izdk'ku] igyh eafty] njckjh fcfYMax] egkRek xka/kh ekxZ] bykgkckn&211001 6- js[kk,a nq[k dh ¼nks miU;kfldk,a½] ys- % fo".kq panz 'kekZ] izdk- % Hkkjrh; KkuihB] ewY; % 120 #7- jktdiwj % l`tu izfØ;k] la- % t;izdk'k pkSdls] izdk- % jktdey izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh&110002] ewY; % 500 #8- bgk e`x ¼mi-½] ys % uhjtk ek/ko] izdk- % Hkkjrh; KkuihB] ewY; % 180 #9- xkSjk xquoarh ¼dgkuh½] ys- % lw;Zckyk] izdk- % Hkkjrh; KkuihB] ewY; % 120 #10- xka/kh ds ns'k esa ¼foe'kZ½] ys- % lq/khj panz] jktdey izdk'ku] ubZ fnYyh] ewY; % 200 #11- dksbZ 'kksj ugha gksrk ¼dfork½] ys- % ohjsUnz dqekj flag] 'kCnlÙkk izdk'ku] ih&14@415] lh&eqjkn] vyh ysu] ubZ cLrh] y[kuÅ] ewY; % 40 #laidZ % 18&ch] Åuk ,uDyso] e;wj fogkj] Qst&1] fnYyh&01 eks- % 9313034049

uoacj] 2010


latho ;g dksbZ la;ksx ugha fd jk"VªeaMy&19 ds mn~?kkVu vkSj lekiu lekjksg rFkk yxHkx lkjh izfrLi)kZ,a ftu LVsfM;eksa esa laiUu gqb±] muds uke tokgjyky usg: vkSj bafnjk xka/kh ds uke ij Fksgekjk ns'k ek=k gh O;fDr iwtd gSvius ykHk vkSj yksHk ds fy, dqN yksxksa ds t;dkjs yxkus dh yksyqi ekufldrk ls xzLr- fdlh dks Hkh ;g ns[kdj gSjkuh gksxh fd bl ns'k dh vf/kdka'k lM+dsa] lHkkxkj] LVsfM;e] fo'ofo|ky; vkSj vU; laLFkku [kkl jkt ifjokj ds ukeksa ij gSa- ;g lc 'kkld oxZ ds NqVHkS;ksa dk djrc gS- vxj turk }kjk ;g ukedj.k fd;k x;k gksrk rks fdlh dks D;k vkifÙk gks ldrh Fkh- ^Hkkjr jRu* lEeku rd] nks&pkj dks NksM+dj ek=k jktusrkvksa ds uke ij vkjf{kr gSa] tSls ftrus ^jru* gSa] os jktuhfr esa gSa] ckdh dgha ugha- in~e xksiky 'kj.k flag usikyh th dh bu iafDr;ksa ds lkFk vkSj vU; iqjLdkjksa dh Lrjh;rk gekjs lkeus gSFkksM+h dksf'k'k dhft,] vkidks Hkh fey ldrk gS- ^eSa Hkh /kkjk esa cg ysrk rks eSa Hkh lÙkk xg ysrk---* ;kn vk;k fd vkxs&ihNs usikyh th lesr dbZ lkfgfR;d fnXxtksa dh tUe 'krkfCn;ka py jgh gSa buesa ls dqN gekjs fiz; jgs] dqN ls ge vkrafdr gksrs jgs rks dqN ds izfr rVLFkµdkt+h ut+:y bLyke] dsnkj ukFk vxzoky] 'ke'ksj cgknqj flag] vKs;] ukxktqZu] QSt vgen QSt] dFkkdkj Hkqous'oj ,sls gh dqN uke gSai=k&if=kdkvksa] laLFkkvksa us dgha&dgha ij vk;kstu Hkh dj j[ks gSa- ysfdu O;fDriwtd gekjh tkfr dks blls vkxs dqN lw>rk gh ugha- gekjs ns'k ds myV vU; cgqr&ls ns'kksa esa jktuhfrd gh loksZifj ugha gSa- ukosZ esa bIlu vkSj baXySaM esa pkYl fMdsUl rFkk 'ksDlfi;j dks ftl xfjek ds lkFk ;kn fd;k tkrk gS] uoacj] 2010

ftl xfjek ds lkFk vU; {ks=kksa dh izfrHkk,a vknj ikrh gSa] og gekjs fy, dYiuk ls ijs gS- ge gn ls gn pkSjkgksa ij mudh izfrek,a [kM+h dj vius drZO; dh bfrJh dj ysrs gSa- blesa Hkh cM+h ekjkekjh gS- ,d ckj iVuk esa fdlh pkSjkgs ij ^js.kq* dh izfrek yxuh Fkh exj ugha yx ikbZ] yxh fdlh usrk dhgekjk Li"V ekuuk gS lkfgR;dkj gks tkus ek=k ls fdlh dk dn cM+k ugha gks tkrk] ewY;kadu dk vk/kkj O;fDr ds R;kx] riL;k] fu"Bk vkSj ÑfrRo ls gksuk pkfg,] pkgs og lkfgR;dkj gks ;k dksbZ vkSj- bl [kkdlkj us lekt fgr viuk izk.k mRlxZ djus okys ,d udLykbV lkFkh ds uke ij ,d lM+d dk ukedj.k djus dk izLrko fd;k- yksxksa us mls cnydj ,d vk/;kfRed xq# dk uke dj fn;k- ,slh rks Mjiksd tkfr gS gekjhizfrekvksa ds uke ij if'pe caxky esa izfrekvksa dk BkB gS flj ij ifjans fo"Bk djrs gSa- vkSj cgqrksa ds ckjs esa dksbZ tkurk Hkh ugha- ek;korh us muls Hkh vkxs c<+dj y[kuÅ ds iwjs vacsMdj ikdZ dks izLrj izfrekvksa dk ikdZ cuk fn;k- gkFkh gh gkFkh! vxj izfrekvksa ls gh ekufldrk,a cny tkrha rks izkjafHkd nkSj ls vkt rd xkSre cq) dh gh izfrek,a lcls T;knk jgh gSa] exj izfrek,a jg xb± vkSj yksxksa us cq) dks ns'k fudkyk ns fn;k- ;gh gky f'ko ¼f'kofyax½] guqeku] nqxkZ] dkyh] MkWvacsMdj vkSj vU; nsoh&nsorkvksa] egkiq#"kksa dh izfrekvksa dk gS- ek;korh us vkxs pydj nfyr vfLerk ds mn~nhiu ds fy, xkSre cq)] fl)kFkZ] isfj;kj] egkRek Qqys] lkfo=kh Qqys] vacsMdj] N=kifr lkgw th egkjkt ds uke ij ftyksa dk uke j[kk- ysfdu xkSre cq) uxj dks dksbZ ^xkSre cq)

ckr cksysxh

va/kh O;fDr iwtk dh vfr

uxj* ugha dgrk] ^uks,Mk* dgrk gS- blh rjg fl)kFkZ uxj] dq'kh uxj] vacsMdj uxj] N=kifr lkgwth uxj vHkh Hkh vius iqjkus ukeksa ls tkus tk jgs gSaftruh rRijrk mUgksaus ;gka fn[kkbZ] dk'k] mldk 'krka'k Hkh isfj;kj] Qqys] lkfo=kh Qqys] vacsMdj] N=kifr lkgwth egkjkt] dka'khjke ds vonku ls turk dks ifjfpr djkus esa [kpZ dh gksrh rks os izLrj izfrek,a foosd vkSj psruk dh tkxzr izfrek,a gksrhaxka/kh dk uke bruh ckj brus :iksa esa fy;k tkrk gS fd iwjs ns'k dks xka/khe; gks tkuk pkfg,] exj ugha- xka/kh dk tUe&LFkku Lexyjksa dk vM~Mk gS- eSaus ,d ckj ns[kk ,d ekyxkM+h ftls Hkxr flag uke dk batu [khap jgk Fkk ij iqfyl ds lg;ksx ls tedj dks;yk pksjh gks jgh Fkh- ckn esa lquk fd Hkxr flag dh tUeLFkyh esa Hkxr flag dk dksbZ uke ysok Hkh ugha gS- ikB~;Øeksa dh ,d dehVh ds vnus lnL; ds :i esa geus vkSj gekjs lkfFk;ksa us dksf'k'k dh fd n'kjFk eka>h ds O;fDr vkSj ÑfrRo ls gekjs ukSfugky ifjfpr gksa vkSj vkt py jgs tula?k"kks± ls Hkh- vQlksl f'k{kdksa rd dh blesa #fp ugha FkhvkSj var esa--eSaus ianzg o"kZ iwoZ ,d dgkuh fy[kh Fkh ^eSa pksj gwa] eq> ij Fkwdks* ftlesa Lok/khurk lekjksg esa xka/kh dh rLohj u feyus ij xka/kh dh Hkwfedk fuHkkus okys fons'kh vfHkusrk foax fdaXLys dh rLohj yxkdj Lok/khurk fnol euk;k tkrk gSeq>s ekywe u Fkk fd esjs O;aX; dh Hkfo";ok.kh dqN gh o"kks± esa lp gksus okyh gS- blh vDrwcj esa ^eSa pksj gwa] eq> ij Fkwdks* gw&c&gw ?kfVr gqvk- rks ;g gS gekjh vka[k ewandj fjpqvYl dh rjg dh tkus okyh O;fDr iwtk dk vH;arj95


jk"Vªh; ukV~; fo|ky; ds egRoiw.kZ izdk'ku u, izdk'ku

flre dh bfUrgk D;k gS@lR;sUnz dqekj rustk 500-00 iatkch ukVd vkSj jaxeap dh ,d lnh@lrh'k dqekj oekZ 125-00 izoklh dh dye ls@ckny ljdkj] vuq- izfrHkk vxzoky 300-00 jax nLrkost % lkS lky ¼nks [kaMksa esa½@la- egs'k vkuan 2500-00 mnwZ fFk,Vj dy vkSj vkt@la- e[+kewj lbZnh]vuhl vkteh 250-00 jax gchc@Hkkjr jRu HkkxZo 250-00 uqDdM+ ukVd % jpuk vkSj izLrqfr@izKk 175-00 jax Hkwfedk,a@eqnzkjk{kl 150-00 Hkkjrh; jax dks'k&Hkkx&2@izfrHkk vxzoky 400-00 ijaijk'khy ukV~;@txnh'k panz ekFkqj 160-00 fxjkZt izlkn@MkW- 'kjn ukxj 200-00 eksgu mizsrh % n eSu ,aM fgt+ vkVZ@nhoku flag ctsyh 300-00 fofoèk

dgkuh dk jaxeap@la- egs'k vkuan vaèkk ;qx % ikB vkSj izn'kZu@t;nso rustk t;'kadj izlkn % jaxn`f"V] Hkkx&1@egs'k vkuan t;'kadj izlkn % jaxl`f"V] Hkkx&2@egs'k vkuan jaxHkk"kk@fxjh'k jLrksxh iq=kh dk dFku@lkavksyh fe=k gs lkekftd@MkW- lqjs'k voLFkh LrkfuLykoLdh % Hkwfedk dh lajpuk@MkW- fo'oukFk feJ LrkfuLykoLdh % pfj=k dh jpuk&izfØ;k@MkW- fo'oukFk feJ LrkfuLykoLdh % vfHkusrk dh rS;kjh@MkW- fo'oukFk feJ csrkc pfjr@ukjk;.k izlkn ^csrkc* dqN vkalw dqN Qwy % t;'kadj lqanjh@fnus'k [kUuk ukV~; foe'kZ ¼eksgu jkds'k½@la- t;nso rustk vfHku; fparu@fnus'k [kUuk jax;k=kk@la- lqjs'k 'kekZ jaxeap ds ljrkt i`Fohjkt@;ksxjkt VaMu xzhd ukV~; dyk dks'k@MkW- dey ulhe

300-00 280-00 350-00 750-00 300-00 150-00 400-00 350-00 300-00 300-00 95-00 225-00 195-00 350-00 350-00 250-00 250-00

esjk ukVd dky@dfojRu ia- jkèks';ke dFkkokpd jax LFkkiR; % dqN fVIif.k;ka@,p- oh- 'kekZ Hkkjrh; jax dks'k] Hkkx&1@la- izfrHkk vxzoky Hkkjr jax egksRlo % ,d ifjn`';@la- panznÙk frokjh Hkkjr jax egksRlo@la- lksuy ijekj

225-00 95-00 500-00 1000-00 500-00

ukVd

vaèkkj ;k=kk ¼xks- iq- ns'kikaMs½@vuq- olar nso foØe lSaèko ¼'kSDlih;j½@vuq- vjfoan dqekj jkLrs ¼xks- iq- ns'kikaMs½@vuq- T;ksfr lqHkk"k e`PNdfVde~ ¼'kwnzd½@vuq- eksgu jkds'k egkdfo dkfynkl Ñr 'kkdqary@vuq- eksgu jkds'k egkdfo dkfynkl Ñr foØeksoZ'kh;e~@vuq- banqtk voLFkh csxe cosZ ¼lrh'k vkysdj½@vuq- olar nso nkarkSa dh ekSr ¼tktZ C;q[kuj½@vuq- ts- ,u- dkS'ky fgEerekbZ ¼crksZYr czs"V½@vuq- uhykHk ,d 'kwU; ckthjko ¼fpa- =;a- [kkuksydj@ vuq- deykdj lksuVDds vkxk gJ dk'ehjh ds pqfuank Mªkes Hkkx&1@ la- vuhl vkt+eh vkxk gJ dk'ehjh ds pqfuank Mªkes Hkkx&2@ la- vuhl vkt+eh

125-00 150-00 125-00 225-00 225-00 125-00 125-00 125-00 150- 00 150-00 550-00 550-00

jax O;fDrRo

'khyk HkkfV;k@la- ts- ,u- dkS'ky js[kk tSu@egs'k vkuan euksgj flag@t;nso rustk ch-,e- 'kkg@la- t;nso rustk usfepanz tSu@eqnzkjk{kl

200-00 150-00 175-00 250-00 125-00

if=kdk

jax izlax 2 ls 4@la- iz;kx 'kqDy jax izlax 5 ls 36@la- iz;kx 'kqDy jax izlax 37@la- uhykHk

25-00 izR;sd 50-00 50-00 izR;sd

jax izlax =kSekfld if=kdk ds vc rd dbZ fo'ks"k vad izdkf'kr gks pqds gSa] ftuesa ikjlh jaxeap vkSj eq[kkSVksa] dBiqrfy;ksa] cky jax&eap vkSj ekbe ls lacafèkr fo'ks"k vad mYys[kuh; gSavfèkd tkudkjh ds fy, Ñi;k fuEu irs ij laidZ djsa %

foØ; ,oa izdk'ku foHkkx cgkoyiqj gkml] Hkxokunkl jksM] ubZ fnYyh&110001 nwjHkk"k % 011&23389402] 23387916] 23382821 ,DlVsa'ku&61 ¼Mh½ 23387563 E-mail : nsdr@rediffmail.com,Website:www.nsd.gov.in

96

uoacj] 2010


Hans November 2010