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Amnë¶m Vmã¶mV amhrb hmM CÔoe hmoVm. na§Vy Amd ‘mÌ bmoH$H$ë¶mUmMm hmoVm. åhUyZ ˶m§Zr ˶mH$mir Or g§gX V¶ma Ho$br hmoVr Vr EH$ WmoVm§S> Am{U ZmQ>H$ hmoV.o ˶m g§gXoZo Ho$bobm hm ‘yi H$m¶Xm, ^maVmVrb ^y‘r hr A§{V‘V: JìhZ©aÀ¶m ‘mbH$sMr Amho Am{U Amåhr eoVH$ar Vr H$gVmo åhUyZ ˶mMo Ho$di ^moJdQ>Xo ma AmhmoV. ‘mbH$ Zmhr. Agm hm Xmam H$aUmao B§JO « ˶m§Mo amÁ¶ MmbdʶmgmR>r Ho$ìhmhr eoVH$è¶m§H$S>rb O{‘Z Vmã¶mV (g§nmXZ) KoʶmgmR>r ¶m H$m¶ÚmMm dmna Ho$bm OmB©. na§Vy ˶mda ‘wbm‘m ‘mÌ "gmd©OZrH$ à¶moOZmMm' XmIdʶmMm ˶m§Mm H$mdm hmoVm. Agmo. na§Vy Ooìhm hm Xoe qhXÿñWmZ ñdV§Ì Pmbm, ˶mZo Amnë¶m OZVoÀ¶m {hVmgmR>r - ajUmgmR>r ñdV:Mr amÁ¶KQ>Zm V¶ma Ho$br. ˶mnmgyZ H$m¶ÚmMr {Z{‘©Vr Pmbr. na§Vy ˶mn¡H$s H$mhr H$m¶Xo B§JO « m§Mo Amho. Vgo H$mhr OwO~r empãXH$ ~Xb H$ê$Z ñdrH$mabo Job.o ˶mn¡H$s hm "^y{‘g§nmXZ A{Y{Z¶‘ 1894'. Ho$dT>r hr ~m¡{ÕH$ {XdmiImoar Amho. Am{U åhUyZM ñdmV§Í¶mnydu Am{U Z§Vahr eoVH$è¶m§daMm Aݶm¶ g§nbm Zmhr. Vmo Iè¶m AWm©Zo ñdV§Ì Pmbobm Zmhr. Aer ¶m H$m¶ÚmMr nmíd©^{y ‘ Amho. Varhr ˶mMm Amnë¶mbm ‘wH$m~bm H$amd¶mMm Amho. H«$‘e: ‘XZ Xoenm§S>o madhavsut@gmail.com

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4


OmJ¥Vr

A-1, A-2 XþYmMr Jmoï> àmܶmnH$ S>m°. AemoH$ H$mio ‘mZdr AmOmamÀ¶m H$maUo AZm{X H$mimnmgyZ Zoh‘rM {ddmXmñnX am{hbr AmhoV. nwdu ^aVr-AmohmoQ>r, A‘mdñ¶m-nmo{U©‘m, J«h{nS>m d H$mhrM {‘imbo Zmhr Va Zer~mbm Xmof {Xbm OmV Ago. Ogm Ogm emór¶ {dMma gwê$ Pmbm, ñd§^mdrV H$maUm§Mr {‘‘m§gm gwê$ hmoD$Z H$maU {ZpíMVrMr nÕV R>aV Jobr. BÝgwbrZ A{Zdm¶© ‘Yw‘oh (Q>mB©n 1 S>m¶~oQ>rg), Am°Q>moBå¶wZ amoJ, Am°Q>rP‘, BñMr‘rH$ hmQ>© {S>grO d nMZmMo H$mhr AmOma A-1 XþYmÀ¶m dmnamZo hmoV Agë¶mMm {gÕm§V (hm¶nmoWrg) ݶyPrb§S> ‘Yrb emókm§Zr ‘m§S>bm. A-1 XÿY ¶wamonrAZ d§emÀ¶m Jm¶rV (Ogu, hmobñQ>rZ, {’«$Or¶Z d BVa) AgVo ho Aä¶mgm§Zr XmIdbo. Am{e¶m¶r d§emÀ¶m Jm¶r A-1 XÿY XoV Zgë¶mZo ˶m XÿYmg A-2 åhUbo OmD$ bmJbo. ݶyPrb§S> d Am°ñQ´>{b¶mV hm A-1, A-2 {gÕm§V pñdH$mabm Joë¶mda VoWrb bmoH$m§À¶m ^mdZm bjmV KoD$Z A-2 XÿYmMo CËnmXZ gwê$ H$ê$Z ˶mMo {dVaU H$aʶmgmR>r eoH$S>mo XÿY H|$Ðo H$mT>br Jobr. OJmVrb emñÌkm§Zr A-1, A-2 {gÕm§VmMr ’o$aVnmgUr H$ê$Z kmZmV ^a Q>mH$br. {H$˶oH$ Xoem§Zr Am{e¶m¶r Jmod§emMr JaO ^mJ{dʶmgmR>r ^maVmVyZ Jra, H$m§H$aoO, gm{hdmb d BVa d§emMo diy ZodyZ A-2 XþYmMo CËnmXZ gwê$ Ho$bo. A-1, A-2 {gÕm§VmZwgma XÿYmVrb A-1 Jm¶rÀ¶m à{WZmMo nMZ hmoV AgVmZm ~rQ>mHo$Pmo ‘m°a’$sZ 7 (BCM7) {ZKVo d Vo S>oìhrb åhUOo amjg qH$dm {df Amho. A-2 XÿYmV Ago hmoV Zmhr. ¶m {df¶m§Mr gwédmV 1993 gmbr Am°H$b§S> {dÚmnrR>mÀ¶m àm. ~m°~ B{b¶mQ> ¶m§Zr Ho$br. Vo ~mb Amamo½¶mMo àmܶmnH$ hmoVo. BÝgwbrZ A{Zdm¶© ‘Yw‘oh (Q>mB©n 1 S>m¶~oQ>rg) hm ˶m§Mm Aä¶mgmMm {df¶ hmoVm. ¶m AmOmamV ‘mZdr e[aamVrb BÝgw{bZ {Z‘m©U H$aUmè¶m

J«§WrÀ¶m noetMr ( Pancreas ) g§»¶m H$‘r hmoV OmVo. BÝgw{bZMr {Z{‘©Vr H$‘r Pmë¶mda ‘wbm§Zm Am¶wî¶^a amoO BÝgw{bZMo B§Oo³eZ ¿¶mdo bmJVo. BÝgw{bZ {Z‘m©U H$aUmè¶m J«§WrÀ¶m noer ‘maʶmMo H$m‘ A-1 XÿYmVyZ {ZKmbobo ~rQ>mHo$Pmo ‘m°a’$sZ 7 ( BCM7 ) H$aVo. ~rQ>mHo$Pmo ‘m°a’$sZ 7 ( BCM7 ) {Z‘m©U H$aUmao A-1 XÿY ho A-2 XÿYmMo {dH¥$V ( Mutated ) ê$n Amho. ¶m XmoÝhr XþYmVrb ({df-A‘¥V) ’$aH$ àWrZ e¥§IboVrb 67 ñWmZmVrb "A‘m¶Zmo A°{gS>'Mm Amho. A-1 ‘ܶo ˶m ñWmZr "{hñQ>rS>rZ' AgVo, Va A-2 ‘ܶo "àmobrZ' AgVo. ¶m dada jwëbH$ dmQ>Umè¶m ’$aH$mZo à{WZmMo nMZ hmoV AgVmZm {df V¶ma hmoVo. A-1 ~rQ>mHo$grZÀ¶m nMZmV 7-A‘m¶Zmo A°{gS>Mo EH$ gwV ~ZVo Á¶mbm ~rQ>mHo$Pmo ‘m°a’$sZ-7 (BCM7) åhUVmV. Ago {dfgwV A-2 XÿYmVrb ~rQ>mHo$grZMo nMZmV V¶ma hmoV Zmhr. ~rQ>mHo$Pmo ‘m°a’$sZ-7 (BCM7) ‘Yo A’y$ (‘m°a’$sZ)Mo JwUY‘© AgVmV. (‘m°a’$g ho J«rH$ {ZÐmXodmMo Zm§d Amho). Ho$Pmo‘m°a’$sZÀ¶m, gwñVr {Z‘m©UmÀ¶m JwUY‘m©Mm emoY 1979 gmbr EH$m O‘©Z emókmZo bmdbm. A-1 XÿY ~rQ>mHo$Pmo ‘m°a’$sZ-7 (BCM7) {Z‘m©U H$arV Agë¶mMm emoY Xþgè¶m O‘©Z hmQ>©{dJ ¶m emókmZo d OnmZr emók ¶moerH$mdm ¶m§Zr 1997 gmbr bmdbm. ¶m g§emoYZmZo ào[aV hmoD$Z 2001 gmbr ݶyPrb§S> XÿY g§emoYZ g§ñWoZo XÿYmMm g§~§Y bhmZ ‘wbm§Vrb "Am°Q>rP‘'er bmdyZ ˶mMo noQ>§Q> KoVbo. ‘mZdr XÿYmVrb ~rQ>mHo$PrZ A-2 àH$maMo AgVo. ho g§emoYZ Ooao‘r {hb ¶mZo Ho$bo. eoirMo XÿY A-2 AgVo. ݶyPrb§S>À¶m àm. H$sW dyS>’$moS>© ¶mZo 'Devil in the Milk' ho Aà{V‘ nwñVH$ {bhÿZ ¶m {df¶mbm OmJ{VH$ ñVamda Zobo.

^maVr¶ Jmod§emda ¶m {df¶mVrb ^maV gaH$maMo Aܶ¶Z A-1 Jm¶rÀ¶m dmXmV OJmVrb hmbMmbrMr

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

5


OmJ¥Vr Zm|X KoD$Z ^maV gaH$maÀ¶m H$Zm©b ¶oWrb amï´>r¶ ney OoZoQ>rH$ g§emoYZ g§ñWoZo (National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal) ^maVmVrb Jmod§e d åh¡g d§emMo A-1 d A-2 g§~§YmV OoZoQ>rH$ g§emoYZ Ho$bo. Anojoà‘mUo ^maVr¶ d§e nyU©nUo (H$mhr AndmX dJiVm) A-2 Agë¶mMo AmT>ibo. hr A˶§V g‘mYmZmMr d AmZ§XmMr Jmoï> Amho. Jra, H$m§H«o$O, WmanmaH$a, amR>r, bmb qgYr d gmhrdmb hm ewÕ Jmod§e AOyZhr g§H$a qH$dm XþfrV Pmbobm Zmhr Ago {XgVo. Owb¡ 2009 gmbr àH$merV Xþgè¶m ^maVr¶ g§emoYZmV åh¡gd§egwÕm Jmod§em à‘mUo A-2 XÿY XoV Agë¶mMo gmnS>bo. ‘wèhm, ‘ohgmUm, n§T>anyar, Zrbadr, ‘amR>dmS>r, ‘¡Znwar OmVrÀ¶m åher A-2 Agë¶mMo {Xgbo. A{චd YmoH$mXm¶H$ A-1 ^maVr¶ àmʶmV Z AmT>iUo EH$ àH$maMm {dO¶M åhUmdm.

^maV gaH$ma Hw$R>o MwH$bo? Ago åhUVmV H$s AmnU aUm§JUmV qOH$Vmo; nU VhmV (Q>o~bmda) haVmo. "g¡Ý¶ qOH$Vo, ^maVr¶ amOH$maUr haVmV. 1947 (H$mí‘ra ¶wÕ); 1965 (VmíH§$X H$ama) 1971 ({g‘bm H$ama) hr ‘yVu‘§V CXmhaUo AmhoV. Am§Vaamï´>r¶ XS>nUmnwT>o amï´>r¶ {hVmbm {Vbm§Obr XoʶmV ^maV gaH$ma {díd{dH«$‘ H$aVo. ¶m ~m~VrV Am{O‘mOr H|$Ð gaH$mam§Mo dV©Z gmaIoM Amho (EZ. S>r. E. d ¶w.nr.E) A-1, A-2 XÿYm~m~V hr nam^dmMr na§nam Amnë¶m amOH$maʶm§Zr Onbr Amho. VrZ ‘{hݶm§nydu (16 ‘mM© 2012) H|$Ðr¶ H¥$fr {d^mJmZo "amï´>r¶ S>oAar ¶moOZm-’o$O 1' bmoH$mn©U Ho$br Amho. hr 2242 H$moQ>r én¶m§Mr Amho. ¶mV 1584 H$moQ>r IDA (International Development Accociation) Mo H$O© Amho. ^maV gaH$maMm dmQ>m 176 H$moQ>r (8%) Amho. 282 H$moQ>r amÁ¶ gaH$mam§Zr IM© H$amd¶mMo d 200 H$moQ>r amï´>r¶ S>oAar {dH$mg ~moS>© XoB©b. H|$Ð gaH$ma åhUOo "Am¶OrÀ¶m {Odmda ~m¶Or CXma.' ^maV gaH$ma Am§Vaamï´>r¶ XS>nUmnwT>o Z‘bo Ago åhUʶmg ~amM AmYma Amho. ¶m ¶moOZoZo H$Zm©bÀ¶m g§emoYZmH$S>o Xþb©j Ho$bo Amho. ^mOnÀ¶m amÁ¶ gaH$mam§Zr "nmQ>u {dW {S>’$aÝg'Mr AmR>dU R>odmdr. AmnU ^maVr¶ Jmod§emMo A{^‘mZr Agë¶mMo {gÕ H$aʶmMr hr g§Yr Amho.

amï´>r¶ S>oAar ¶moOZm ’o$O-1 ¶m ¶moOZoV ¶wamo{nAZ A-1 diy dmnê$Z, AOyZhr {eëbH$ Agboë¶m A-2 ^maVr¶ Jmod§emMo énm§Va {df-~rQ>mHo$Pmo ‘m°a’$sZ-7 (BCM7) {Z‘m©U H$aUmè¶m bmImo A-1 Jm¶r V¶ma hmoʶmMm YmoH$m g§^dVmo. hr ¶moOZm 14 amÁ¶m§gmR>r Amho. ¶mV CÎma àXoe, n§Om~ har¶mUm, JwOamV, amOñWmZ, ‘ܶ àXoe, {~hma, npíM‘ ~§Jmb, ‘hmamï´>, H$Zm©Q>H$, Vm‘riZmSy>, Am§Y« àXoe, Amo[agm d Ho$aiMm g‘mdoe Amho. hr gd© amÁ¶o ^maV gaH$maÀ¶m ‘Vo XoemVrb 90% XÿY CËnmXZ H$aVmV. ¶m ¶moOZoMo C{Ôï> ^maVmVrb XÿY ‘mJUr d nwadR>çmVrb V’$mdV Xÿa H$aʶmgmR>r ^maVmVrb XþYmi OZmdam§Mr CËnmXZ j‘Vm dmT>drUo Amho. Ago Agbo Var n[aUm‘ doJioM hmoVrb. hr ¶moOZm åhUOo amoJmnojm Cnm¶ ^¶mZH$ Aer Amho. ^maVmVrb ~mbH$m§À¶m {H$˶oH$ {nT>çm Jobr 50 df} A-1 XþYmda nmogë¶m Joë¶m AmhoV. ¶m ‘wio Anojoà‘mUo Am°Q>rP‘, BÝgwbrZ A{Zdm¶© ‘Yy‘oh (Q>mB©n-1 S>m¶~oQ>rg), Am°Q>moBå¶wZ amoJ, BñMr‘rH$ hmQ>© {S>grO d nMZmMo H$mhr AmOmam§Mo "nrH$' Ambo Amho. ZdrZ ¶moOZo‘wio ¶m A-1 XÿYOݶ amoJmMo CX§S> nrH$ ¶oB©b. A-2 H$m°nm}aoeZÀ¶m do~gmB©Q>Mm Aä¶mg Ho$bm Va, A-2 XþY J«mhH$mMo AZw^d Amnë¶m gdmªZm {ZU©¶ Koʶmg ‘XV H$aVrb. {díd Amamo½¶ g§KQ>Zm (World Health Organisation), OmJVrH$ ~±H$, Am§Vaamï´>r¶ ZmUo{ZYr, {~b JoQ>²g ’$mD§$S>oeZ d ˶m§Mo ^maVmVrb bm^mWu H$mhr dfm©Z§Va ¶m gd© amoJmMo Aܶ¶Z H$aVrb. ^maV A‘wH$ A‘wH$ H«$‘m§H$mda Agë¶mMo Ahdmb àH$merV H$aVrb. dV©‘mZ nÌo, g§nmXH$s¶ aH$mZoÀ¶m aH$mZo {bhrVrb d Aly T>miVrb. Amnbr ‘mZ ea‘oZo Imbr OmB©b. ¶m Am§Vaamï´>r¶ fS>¶§ÌmVyZ ~mhoa nS>Uo Amdí¶H$ Amho. ^maVaËZ ¶wJnwê$f ~m~mgmho~ Am§~oS>H$a Ago åhUVmV H$s, ""Jwbm‘mbm Jwbm‘rMr AmR>dU H$ê$Z Úmdr, nwT>Mo Vmo H$aob.'' A-1 XþYm~m~V ^maV gaH$ma d ^maVmVrb OZVoV OmJ¥Vr AmUUo Amdí¶H$ Amho. ~mH$s gd© B§Q>aZoÀ¶m ‘m¶mOmbmda CnbãY AmhoM.

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

6


Jmod§e

‘amR>dmS>m ^yfU "XodUr' Jm¶ ^maVr¶ {gÕ Jmod§em‘ܶo Zm‘m§H$Z{gÕ Pmbobm ‘hmamï´>m‘Yrb Jmod§e åhUOo ‘amR>dmS>m ^yfU R>abobr "XodUr' Jmod§e hmo¶. AmVaamÁ¶ newàXe©Zm‘ܶo àW‘/ {ÛVr¶ H«$‘m§H$ h‘Img {‘idUmam, g§H$arH$aUm‘ܶo A˶§V XþYmi Jm¶r {Z‘m©U H$aUmam, XÿY Am{U eoVrgmR>r g‘mZ Cn¶moJr R>aUmam, XþîH$mimV gwÕm g‘W©nUo Vm|S> XoUmam Agm hm ~hþ‘yë¶ d bmI‘mobmMm Jmod§e Amho. Jmod§emMr CnbãYVm : g§nyU© bmVya {OëømV CXJra, MmHy$a, ZiXþJ©, {eéa AZ§Vnmi, ha§Jwi, XodUr, {Zb§Jm, Ah‘Xnya ¶m {R>H$mUr àm‘w»¶mZo {‘iVmV. VgoM H$mhr à‘mUmV Cñ‘Zm~mX, Zm§XoS>, na^Ur, ~rS> ¶oWohr hm d§e CnbãY Amho. bmVya {OëømV "XodUr {~«S>g© Agmo.' ZmdmMr hm¡er d àJVrerb eoVH$è¶m§Mr g§ñWm Agë¶mMo EoH$sdmV Amho. ¶m OmVrÀ¶m ~¡bm§Zm ‘amR>dmS>m, {dX^©, Am§Y« ¶m ^mJmVyZ àM§S> ‘mJUr Amho. earamMr R>odU : g§nyU© earamMo ‘mZmZo ‘moR>çm à‘mUmda nm§T>am d M‘H$Xma a§J AgVmo. g§nyU© eara^a H$mù¶m a§JmMo ‘moR>çm AmH$mamMo {R>nHo$ AgVmV. Mohè¶mMm ^mJ àm‘w»¶mZo g§nyU© H$mim qH$dm H$mù¶mV nm§T>ar gmoS>dUyH$ Agbobm AgVmo. ˶m‘wio ñWm{ZH$ eoVH$ar ~mobr ^mfoV "H$miVm|S>çm' qH$dm "dmZaVm|S>çm' Ago dJuH$aU H$aVmV. H$mVS>r g§nyU© eara^a KÅ> {MH$Q>bobr AgVo. H$nmimMr R>odU ^aXma ZOaoV ^aUmar Aer AgVo. qeJo X§S>JmobmH¥$Vr ‘mJÀ¶m ~mOyZo nwT>o ¶oUmar d H$mirM AgVmV. S>moio bm§~Q> A§S>mH¥$Vr, nmnʶm g§nyU©nUo H$mù¶m AgVmV. ZOaoV Oa~ AgVo d H$m¶‘ amoIyZ ~KʶmMr gd¶ AmT>iVo. ZmH$nwS>çm Mohè¶mMo ‘mZmZo ‘ܶo ’w$Jra d H$mù¶mM a§JmÀ¶m AgVmV. dqeS> ‘moR>o, ^ard, earamg emo^m AmUUmao AgVo. ‘mZ bm§~ê§$X AgVo. ‘mZoÀ¶m Imbr nmoir (bmoir) ‘moR>r ZgVo. nwT>À¶m nm¶mV d ‘mJÀ¶m nm¶mV bm§~ Mm§Jbr AgVo. Iya g§nyU©V: H$mio d EH$‘oH$m§er gbJ d ^³H$‘ AgVmV. ˶m‘wio ~¡b H$‘r CJmiVmV d Zmb~§XmMm IM© H$‘r hmoVmo. ‘mJMo nm¶ d ‘m§S>çm nwð>o ^aXma AgVmV. nmR>r‘mJMr ~mOy dqeS>mH$S>o qH$MrV CVaVr AgVo. ˶m‘wio emo^m ¶oVo. eonyQ> bm§~bMH$ d Jm|S>m H$mim AgVmo. Jm¶rMr H$mg

H$mg§S>rgmaIr JmobmH$ma AgVo. Mmahr gS> g‘mZ C§MrMo gma»¶m A§Vamda d JmobmH$ma Am{U ~hþVm§er H$mio AgVmV. ¶m OZmdam§Mr C^o amhʶmMr T>~ {dbjU EoQ>~mO AgVo. hr OZmdao ~hþVm§er em§V ñd^mdmMr AgVmV. XodUr Jm¶ : àW‘V: ‘mOmda ¶oʶmMo d¶ 30 Vo 36 ‘{hݶm§n¶ªV AgVo. H$mhr CÎm‘[a˶m gm§^miboë¶m H$mbdS>r 24 Vo 27 ‘{hݶm§À¶mgwÕm àW‘ ‘mOmda ¶oD$Z Jm^U am{hë¶mMo AmT>ibo Amho. EoZ XþYmÀ¶m ^amV {XdgmH$mR>r 4 Vo 5 brQ>a XÿY gm‘mݶV: AmT>iVo. 12 ‘{hZo Vo 15 ‘{hZon¶ªV XÿY XoVmV. XmoZ doVm§‘Yrb H$mbmdYr 18 Vo 24 ‘{hݶm§Mm AgVmo. XÿY XoʶmMm H$mbmdYr d ^anya XÿY Agë¶mZo XÿYmi d§e åhUyZ Zmdbm¡{H$H$ Mm§Jbm Amho. ¶m Jm¶tnmgyZ n¡Xmg Ho$boë¶m Ogu Am{U ’«$sOr¶Z g§H$amÀ¶m Jm¶r CÎm‘ JwUdÎmoÀ¶m {gÕ Pmë¶m AmhoV. 50% g§H$arV H$mbdS>r XmoÝhr {dXoer d§emÀ¶m A˶§V XoIʶm, M‘H$Xma H$mVS>rÀ¶m, CÎm‘ XþYmiy d Mm§Jbr àOmoËnÞVm Agë¶mMo {gÕ Pmbo Amho. XodUr ~¡b : ‘amR>dmS>çmVrb àM§S> CÝhmù¶mV H$m‘ H$aʶmMr Z¡g{J©H$ XoUJr bm^bobo Ago ho ~¡b AgVmV. AmoT>H$m‘ d eoVrH$m‘mV OmñVrV OmñV doi H$m‘ H$aʶmMr j‘Vm Agbobo ho ~¡b AgVmV. ¶mM JwUm§‘wio ¶m ~¡bm§Zm ‘moR>çm à‘mUmda ‘mJUr AgVo. VrZ df} nyU© Pmbobr Im|S>o H$m‘mV Yaʶmg ¶mo½¶ R>aVmV. gmYmaUnUo d¶mMo 6 Vo 7 df© Mmby AgVmZm a³înrH$aU Ho$bobo Mm§Jbo. EH$ OmJr Mm§Jbo gm§^mibobo ~¡b 22 dfmªn¶ªV ghO {Q>H$VmV. ¶m OmVrMo ~¡b AJXr ³d{MVM ‘maHo$ {ZKVmV. ¶m OmVrÀ¶m Mm§Jë¶m ~¡bOmoS>rMr qH$‘V 70 Vo 80 hOman¶ªV AgVo d Mm§Jë¶m Jm¶rMr qH$‘V ê$ 25 Vo 30 hOma AgVo. H$mhr hm¡er eoVH$ar n¡Xmg H$ê$Z hm d§e OmonmgUmao XoIrb AmhoV. Va Agm hm ‘amR>dmS>m ^yfU XÿYmi d eoVrgmR>r Cn¶w³V Agm Xþhoar ’$m¶ÚmMm "XodUr' Jmod§e.

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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boI

eoVrbm CÚmoJmMm XOm© {‘imdm H$m? [XdmH$a ~moH$ao OmJ{VH$sH$aUm‘wio Amnë`m XoemÀ`m àJVrMr ì`m»`mM nma ~XbyZ Jobr Amho. ‘moR>o H$maImZo, ~hþamï´>r` H§$nÝ`m, AmYw{ZH$ V§ÌkmZ, ‘moR>çm à‘mUmV Am`mV-{Z`m©V, eoAa ‘mH}$Q>, B. åhUOoM àJVr g‘OÊ`mV `oV Amho. Ë`m‘wio eoVr hm Oar JaOoMm Am{U emœV ì`dgm` Agbm Var, Ë`mMo ‘hËd AmOÀ`m OmJ{VH$ ñVamda Jm¡UM ‘mZbo OmVo. Ë`m‘wio CÚmoJmbm gdm©V OmñV gmo`r, gdbVr, H$‘r H$a^ma, Img gdbVr àmá H$ê$Z XoUmao H$m`Xo d {Z`‘ gaH$ma H$Sy>Z XoÊ`mV `oVmV. Aem gdbVr d BVa gw{dYm eoVr ì`dgm`mbm {Xë`mV Va, eoVr gwÕm àJVr H$ê$ eHo$b, na§Vw Vgo gaH$ma ghO[aË`m H$aob H$m`? `mMo CÎma ‘mÌ ZH$mamWu {‘iVo. Amnë`m XoemV `m{df`mda AZoH$ df} MMm© Mmby Amho. AZoH$ eoVH$è`m§Zm CÚmoJg‘mZ Amnë`mbmhr gmo`r àmá ìhmì`mV d Amnbrhr àJVr gmYmdr Ago dmQ>Uo gmh{OH$ Amho. eoV ‘Owam§Zmhr H$maImÝ`mVrb H$m‘Jmam§gmaIo nJma, ^Îmo, gdbVr, ~moZg, ñdmñWgodm, noÝeZ, dJ¡ao {‘imdoV Ago dmQ>Uohr gmh{OH$M Amho. CÚmoJmbm àmoËgmhZ XoUmao gaH$mar YmoaU Agbo Va, eoVr ì`dgm`mbmgwÕm Aem YmoaUm‘wiogwÕm ~aH$V `ody eH$Vo, Ago eoVH$ar dJm©bm dmQ>Uo gmh{OH$M Amho. Vgo dmQ>Uo MwH$sMo R>aUma Zmhr. Joë`m gmR> dfm©V, ^maVmZo AZoH$ joÌmV Iyn àJVr Ho$br Amho, ho {Z{üV. Ë`mMm bm^gwÕm H$mhr ZmJ[aH$m§Zm Oê$a {‘iV Amho. Agm bm^ {‘iV Agboë`mV eoVH$ar dJm©Vrb {H$Vr bmoH$ AmhoV, `mMmhr {dMma H$am`bm nm{hOo. ehamV lr‘§Vr Va J«m‘rU ^mJmV ‘mÌ Ë`mÀ`m AJXr CbQ> pñWVr {XgVo. Ago H$m? ho {MÌ nmhÿZM AZoH$ OUm§Zm Amnë`mbmhr CÚmoJmgmaIo ’$m`Xo {‘imdo Ago dmQ>Uo ñdm^m{dH$ Amho. CÚmoJ joÌmbmgwÕm eoVr joÌmbm CÚmoJmMm XOm© {‘imdm Ago dmQ>VoM, na§Vw Vo ‘mÌ {Zamù`m H$maUmgmR>r. eoVrbm CÚmoJmMm XOm© {‘imbm Va eoVr joÌ H§$nÝ`m§Zm ghO hñVJV H$aVm `oB©b. Ë`mVyZ H§$nÝ`m§Zm XoemVrb ‘moR>o joÌ H$m~rO H$ê$Z Amnbm ì`mn d ‘ºo$Xmar dmT>{dUo ghO eŠ` hmoB©b. ZmhrVar AmO gaH$magwÕm H$m°nm}aoQ> eoVrMm {dMma H$ar AgVoM. eoV d gaH$ma

Ago XmoÝhr ‘ºo$Xmar dJ© `m EH$‘od CÔoemZo Ano{jV dmVmdaU {Z‘m©U H$arV AmhoV. hm àH$ma {Zìdi OmJ{VH$sH$aUmÀ`m {dMmamVyZ ‘m§S>ë`m OmV Amho. Ago Pmbo ZmhrVa Xoe ‘moR>çm àJVrMo d OJmVrb ‘hmgÎmm hmoÊ`mMr Xmao H$m`‘Mr ~§X nS>Vrb, Ago Ë`m§Mo ‘V Amho. `mg§X^m©V, CÚmoJ Am{U ehao `mVM ’$º$ àJVr gmYUmao gaH$mar YmoaU MyH$ {H$ ~amo~a `mMmhr {dMma H$aUo JaOoMo Amho. AmO gd© VéU ehamH$So> Am{U {deofV: CÚmoJmV amoOJma {‘iÊ`mgmR>r J«m‘rU ^mJ gmoSy>Z OmV Agë`mMo AmnU gd©OU amoO ~KV AmhmoVM. `m XþQ>ßnr gaH$mar YmoaUmMo g‘mOmda hmoUmao dmB©Q> n[aUm‘ AmnU gd©OU ~KVmo. Ago YmoaU `mo½` {H$ A`mo½` hm {dMma eoVrbm CÚmoJmMm XOm© {‘i{dÊ`mÀ`m {dMmam‘mJo Amho. ‘Ü`‘ dJ© gÜ`m IwerV Amho H$maU Ë`mbm ehamV amhÿZ gd© AmYw{ZH$ gwI-gmo`r Cn^moJVm `oV AmhoV. Vmo dJ© Ë`mV ‘íJwb AgVmo. Vmo dJ© Oar ~w{Õ‘mZ Amho Ago ñdrH$mabo Var Ë`mbm J«m‘rU ^mJm~Ôb d VoWrb gwI-gmo`r~Ôb ’$ma Am¡ËgwŠ` Amho Ago ‘mÌ Zmhr. eoVH$ar AmË‘hË`m Oar H$arV Agbm Var Ë`mMr Ë`mbm qMVm Zmhr. ZwgVo Ë`mda dada {dMma àH$Q> H$aÊ`mnbrH$So> Vmo dJ© H$mhrM H$aV ZgVmo. hmM àH$ma gaH$ma Xa~margwÕm {XgVmo. gaH$maMo Am{W©H$ YmoaU R>a{dUmamgwÕm ‘Ü`‘ dJm©Vrb A{YH$marM AgVmo. ‘wimV gaH$maMo 1990

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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boI nmgyZ Ambobo Am{W©H$ YmoaU hoM `m Ag‘mZ pñWVrbm ~hþVoH$m§Zm AmV~Q²>Q>çmMm ì`dgm` H$aUo ^mJ nS>V O~m~Xma R>aVo. eoVr joÌmMr XþX©em `m‘wioM Pmbr Amho Amho, Ago `m g§ñWoÀ`m AhdmbmV Amho. Ë`mVyZ Joë`m `mV e§H$m Zmhr. Xhm-~mam dfm©V XoemV XmoZ bmI OUm§Zr AmË‘hË`m CÚmoJmMm XOm© {‘imbm Va H$m` hmoB©b? Ho$ë`mV. gaH$ma CÚmoJmbm H$m` H$m` gmo`r gw{dYm XoVo, `mMr eoVH$ar dJm©À`m ‘ZmV Agm {dMma `oUo gmh{OH$ Amho. H$maU eoVr ì`dgm`mbm Joë`m gmR> dfm©V Zoh‘r `mXr ‘moR>r Amho. Ë`m n¡H$s ’$º$ H$mhr ‘hËdmÀ`m Jmoï>r Xþæ`‘ ñWmZ gaH$maV’}$ XoÊ`mV Ambo. `mVyZ gaH$maMr `oWo XoV Amho. eoVrbm CÚmoJmMm XOm© {‘iÊ`mgmR>r eoVrH$So> nmhÊ`mMr Ñï>r ñnï> hmoVo. CÚmoJM XoemMr ‘mJUr H$aVm§Zm H$Xm{MV `mMm Cn`moJ hmody eHo$b àJVr H$ê$ eH$Vo, hmM Ë`m‘mJo gaH$mar {dMma Amho. VgoM Ë`m~m~VMm {dMma H$am`bm gmo`rMo hmoB©b. Oar eoVrda Odinmg gÎma Q>¸o$ OZVm OrdZmMm 1. CÚmoJmgmR>r H§$nZr H$m`Xm H$aÊ`mV Ambm AmYma àmá H$arV Agbr Var Ë`mjoÌm~m~V gaH$ma Amho. hr Va EH$àH$maMr g‘m§Va (Am{W©H$) amÁ` Xa~mar ‘mÌ AmH$g AgVmo. eoVr Iao Va XoemMm KQ>ZmM åhUVm `oB©b. eoVrgmR>r Vgm H$m`Xm dm nmofUmMm g§nyU© ^ma ñdrH$maV Agbr Var, Ë`mMr KQ>Zm Zmhr. Ë`mZwgma H§$nZr ‘mbH$m§Mr (eoAaYmaH$ ndm© gaH$mabm Zmhr. OmJ{VH$sH$aUm‘wio Amnë`m Yê$Z) O~m~Xmar gr{‘V AgVo. H§$nZr Oar CÚm H$mhr XoemÀ`m àJVrMr ì`m»`mM nma ~XbyZ Jobr Amho. H$maUm§‘wio ~wS>mbr/~§X nS>br Var Ë`mMr Am{W©H$ ‘moR>o H$maImZo, ~hþamï´>r` H§$nÝ`m, AmYw{ZH$ V§ÌkmZ, O~m~Xmar ñdrH$maUo ‘`m©{XV AgVo. `mCbQ>, eoVrV ‘moR>çm à‘mUmV Am`mV-{Z`m©V, eoAa ‘mH}$Q>, B. ‘mÌ O~m~Xmar g§nyU© d A‘`m©X AgVo. H$mhr doim åhUOoM àJVr g‘OÊ`mV `oV Amho. Ë`m‘wio eoVr hm ~m`H$moMo Xm{JZo {dHy$Z{h O~m~Xmar nwar H$amdr bmJVo. Oar JaOoMm Am{U emœV ì`dgm` Agbm Var, Ë`mMo Vr pñWVr ‘mÌ CÚmoJmV Zmhr. ‘hËd AmOÀ`m OmJ{VH$ ñVamda Jm¡UM ‘mZbo OmVo. 2. CÚmoJ gmYmaUV: eha qH$dm ehamOdi Ë`m‘wio CÚmoJmbm gdm©V OmñV gmo`r, gdbVr, H$‘r H$mT>Ê`mV `oVmV Ë`m‘wio CÚmoJnVtZm gmo`rMo hmoVo. H$a^ma, Img gdbVr àmá H$ê$Z XoUmao H$m`Xo d {Z`‘ ñdñV XamV PmonS>nÅ>rVyZ ‘Oya {‘iVmV. gaH$maV’}$ gaH$ma H$Sy>Z XoÊ`mV `oVmV. Aem gdbVr d BVa Ë`mgmR>r gd© àH$maÀ`m gmo`r nwa{dÊ`mV `oVmV. eoVrbm gw{dYm eoVr ì`dgm`mbm {Xë`mV Va, eoVr gwÕm àJVr CÚmoJmMm Oar XOm© XoÊ`mV Ambm Var ho ’$m`Xo {‘iUo H$ê$ eHo$b, na§Vw Vgo gaH$ma ghO[aË`m H$aob H$m`? ‘hm‘wpíH$b Amho. gaH$maÀ`m YmoaUmV ho ~gUo eŠ` `mMo CÎma ‘mÌ ZH$mamWu {‘iVo. H$maU CÚmoJ joÌmbm Zmhr. Á`m gmo`r XoÊ`mV `oVmV Ë`m gd© gmo`r d gw{dYm eoVr 3. H$‘r dm eyÝ` H$a^ma, ñdñVmV O{‘Zr d joÌmbm {Xë`mV Va, Ë`mgmR>r bmJUmam n¡gm gaH$maH$So> H$moRy>Z `oB©b? Vmo IM© Oa H$a dmT>dyZ C^m Ho$bm drO nwadR>m, XrK© H$mimgmR>r ñdñV XamZo ‘moR>çm Va Ë`mbm gdmªMm {damoY amhrb. AmVmM Va J«m‘rU aH$‘oMo H$O©, aoëdo, JmoXm‘, ~§Xao, Mm§Jbo añVo, ^mJmVrb gmo`rgmR>r àM§S> H$O© H$mTy>Zhr gaH$maOdi ~gog, CÈ>mUnyb, ehamV {‘iUmè`m BVa gd© gmo`r, n¡gm Zmhr. Ë`m‘wioM AmOMr ‘mJmgbonUmMr pñWVr H$m‘Jmam§gmR>r gdbVrMr Kao d H$m‘Jma g§KQ>Z g§ajU eoVH$ar dJm©bm ghZ H$amdr bmJV Amho. CËnmXZ IM© H$m`Xo, XdmImZo, Am`mV-{Z`m©Vr gmR>r Img gdbVr, gwÕm ^ê$Z {ZKy eH$Uma Zmhr Ago AmYma ^md gaH$ma ñdñVmV {d‘m, Am{U BVa AZoH$ gmo`r gaH$maH$Sy>Z Xadfu Omhra H$aVo. `mMm nwamdm ‘w§~B© `oWrb Q>mQ>m nwa{dÊ`mV `oVmV. Aem gmo`r-gdbVr eoVr joÌmbm gmoeb gm`Ýg g§ñWoZo VoWrb hm`-H$moQ>m©bm 2005 gaH$ma XoB©b Ago AnojrV YaUo `mo½` Agbo Var Vo gmbr {Xboë`m AhdmbmV Amho. AmYma ^md 30- gÜ`mÀ`m Am{W©H$ ì`dñWoV H$Xmnr eŠ` hmoUma Zmhr. 50 Q>¸o$ CËnmXZ IMm©nojm H$‘r XoÊ`mV `oV Agë`mZo 4. H$m‘Jmam§Zm ñdmñÏ` gmo`r, Ý`yZV‘ nJmamMr ^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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boI h‘r, ~moZg, noÝeZ, ^{dî` {ZYr, no H${‘eZÛmao gVV nJma dmT>, ‘hmJmB© ^Î`mV gVV dmT>, amoOJmamMo H$m`‘ g§ajU, nJmar gwQ²>Q>çm, H$ë`mU {ZYr, àdmg ^Îmo, dJ¡ao, dJ¡ao gdbVr d ^{dî`m~ÔbMr h‘r Am{U ImÌr àmá hmoV AgVo. ho gd© ’$m`Xo d gmo`r eoVH$ar dJm©bm CnbãY H$ê$Z XoUo eŠ` hmoB©b H$m`? AmO gaH$maÀ`m amoOJma h‘r `moOZo‘wio eoVr H$m‘mgmR>r ‘Oya {‘iUo AeŠ` Pmbo Amho. Ë`m‘wio ‘OwarMo Xahr dmT>bo AmhoV. eoVrbm CÚmoJmMm XOm© XoUo eŠ` Pmbo Var Ë`m§Mo gaH$maZo CÚmoJmVrb H$m‘Jmam§gmR>r R>a{dbobo Ý`yZV‘ nJma d BVa gmo`r CnbãY H$ê$Z XoUo nadSo>b H$m`? Ë`mVyZ eoVr ì`dgm` ’$m`Xoera R>ê$ eHo$b H$m`? AmYma ^mdmV Ë`mà‘mUmV dmT> hmoB©b H$m`? `mMm {dMma H$aUo JaOoMo Amho. 5. AmO CÚmoJmbm Img V`ma Ho$boë`m H$m`ÚmÀ`m AmYmao OmñVrV OmñV Z’$m H$‘{dUo eŠ` Pmbo Amho. Iao Va, OmñVrVOmñV Z’$m H$‘{dUo hoM EH$‘mÌ Ü`o` CÚmoJ joÌmMo AgVo. Aem Zâ`mVyZ Ë`m CÚmoJm§Zm ‘moR>o ê$n KoVm `oVo Am{U {dñVmagwÕm H$��$Z A{YH$ Z’$m H$‘dVm `oVmo, `m H$m`ÚmV noQ>§Q>, H$m°nramB©Q>, ~«m§S>, Q´oS>‘mH©$, B. H$m`ÚmMm g‘mdoe hmoVmo. Ë`m‘wio Ë`m§À`mV ‘ºo$Xmar ñnYm© AgVo d H$mhr CÚmoJ ^a‘gmR> Z’$m H$‘dVmV. H$mhr à‘wI CÚmoJ KamUo (Q>mQ>m, {~bm©, A§~mZr B.) àË`oH$s VrZ-Mma bmI H$moQ>r én`mMr g§nÎmr {Z‘mªU H$ê$Z AmO gaH$mabm AS>MUrV AmUy eH$VmV d AmUV AmhoV. eoVr joÌmV ‘mÌ Aem H$m`Úm§Mm Cn`moJ H$aUo Am{U Q>mQ>m-{~bm©A§~mZr gma»`m ‘ºo$Xmar g§ñWm {Z‘mªU H$aUo AeŠ` Amho. Ë`m‘wio, eoVrV gVV Iwbr ñnYm© Mmby AgVo. Ë`m‘wio, eoVr ‘mbmbm ’$m`Xoera ^md {‘iV ZgVmV. gaH$mabmhr Vo ZH$moM AgVo H$maU Ë`m§Zm CÚmoJmVwZM àJVr hmoVo ho (AWm©V MwH$sMo) gyÌ AdJV Pmbo Amho. ‘J eoVrbm CÚmoJmMo ñdê$n {Xbo Var Ë`mMm gaH$mabm H$m` Cn`moJ hmoB©b? 6. eoVrbm CÚmoJmMm XOm© {Xbm Va, eoVr H$m‘mgmR>r bmJUmam H$m‘Jma dJ© Amnbr g§KQ>Zm ñWmnZ H$ê$Z CÚmoJmVrb H$m‘JmamgmaIo gd© gmo`r d gw{dYm {‘i{dÊ`mMm à`ËZ H$aVrb. Ë`mgmR>r

CÚmoJmVrb H$m‘Jmam§Mm VgoM amOH$s` njm§Mm ‘Vb~r amOH$maUm‘wio nmR>t~m amhrb. Ë`mVyZ g~§Y XoemV H$m‘Jma g§KQ>Zm A{YH$ ‘O~yV hmodyZ AamOH$mbm Am‘§ÌU XoVrb. Voìhm eoVr joÌmbm ’$m`Xm hmoÊ`mEodOr A{YH$ AS>MUtZm gm‘Zm Úmdm bmJob. AmO AZw^dmbm `oUmam h‘r amoOJma `moOZoMm H$m`©H«$‘ gwé Agë`mZo H$m‘Jma {‘iV Zgë`mMm Omo Ìmg hmoV Amho Ë`mnojm OmñV Ìmg `m ZdrZ ‘mJUr‘wio hmody eH$Vmo. hmhr {dMma bjmV KoUo JaOoMo Amho. 7. ZwgVm CÚmoJmMm XOm© {‘idyZ eoVrMo AmOMo àý {‘Q>Vrb, Ago H$mhr {XgyZ `oV Zmhr. CÚmoJmÀ`m XOm©~amo~a BVahr AZoH$ Jmoï>r Ë`mgmo~V ñdrH$mamì`m bmJVrb, ho {dgê$Z MmbUma Zmhr. H$m‘Jma g§KQ>ZoMm àý gdm©V ‘moR>m ÌmgXm`H$ amhÿ eHo$b. CÚmoJ joÌm gmaIo g‘m§Va eoVr-CÚmoJ-joÌ {Z‘m©U H$amdo bmJob d Ë`mgmo~V BVa AZoH$ àýhr ñdrH$mamdo bmJVrb. gaH$maMr Ë`mbm V`mar AgUo eŠ` {XgV Zmhr. EH$M gaH$ma H$ê$ BpÀN>Vo Vo åhUOo gÜ`mÀ`m XoemVrb CÚmoJm§Zm eoVr ì`dgm` H$aÊ`mMr AZw‘Vr XoUo. H$m°nm} aoQ> ’$m{‘ªJ AgoM nwT>rb ^{dî` amhrb Agm gaH$maMm à`ËZ amhUma Amho. `moOZm Am`moJmÀ`m CnmÜ`jm§Zr Joë`m dfuM åhQ>bo H$s, ^maVmMr eoVr 70-80 H$moQ>r bmoH$m§Mm ^ma ghZ H$ê$ eH$V Zmhr, OrS>rnr'V A{YH$ dmT> hmody eH$Uma Zmhr åhUyZ Ë`mn¡H$s Odinmg ZìdX Q>¸o$ bmoH$m§Zr (åhUOo Odi Odi gmR> H$moQ>r bmoH$m§Zr) eoVr ì`dgm` gmoSy>Z BVa ì`dgm` H$amdm. H$moUVm ì`dgm` H$amdm d Ë`mgmR>r H$moR>o Omdo, `m~Ôb Vo H$mhrM gm§JV Zmhr. hm eoVH$è`m§À`m {damoYmVrb S>md g‘Omdm. 8. nwT>rb 15-20 dfm©V ‘hmJmB© ^a‘gmR> dmT>Uma Amho. dmhVyH$ IM© {deof H$ê$Z A{YH$ ‘hmJ hmoUma Amho. Ë`mMo H$maU H$s, AmO OJmbm Omo Z¡g{J©H$ I{ZO VobmMm (noQ´mob, {S>Pob B. ) nwadR>m D$Om©gmR>r àmá hmoV Amho, Ë`mMo ñdñVmBMo {Xdg AmVm g§nbo AmhoV. I{ZO Vob `m H$mimV H$‘r hmoUma AgyZ Ë`mMm gmR>m bdH$a g§nUma Amho. Ë`m‘wio, dmhVyH$, amgm`{ZH$ IVo, ßbmpñQ>H$ dñVy, drO {Z{‘©Vr B. Xþ{‘©i hmoV OmUma Amho. Ë`mÀ`m {H$‘Vr gVV dmT>V OmUma

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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coI eoVH$è`m§Zr ñdV:Mr H§$nZr ñWmnZ H$ê$Z ~mhoê$Z amoOJma Z KoVm eoVr ‘mbmMr IaoXr-{dH«$s H$aÊ`mMr O~m~Xmar ñdrH$mamdr. `mV eoVrMo ñdm{‘Ëd A~m{YV amhrb. eoVH$ar dJm©Mo ‘wbo-‘wbr `mH$m‘mV Va~oO hmodyZ `mo½` H$m‘ H$ê$ eH$Vrb. hmhr à`moJ `eñdrarË`m JwOamV‘Ü`o H$aÊ`mV `oV Amho. AmhoV. CÚmoJ joÌmMm XOm© àmá H$aÊ`mÀ`m à`ËZmV `m Jmoï>rMmhr {dMma H$aÊ`mV `mdm. gd© OJ^a `m‘wio hmhmH$ma ‘mOUma Amho, ho Ü`mZmV ¿`mdo. 9. AmO OJm§V Odinmg ghmeo nÞmg H$moQ>r bmoH$ amhVmV. Ë`mV A{YH$ ^a nS>V OmUma Amho. 2050 ‘Ü`o OJmMr bmoH$g§»`m EH$ hOma H$moQ>r n`ªV OmÊ`mMr eŠ`Vm ~mobbr OmV Amho. ‘J BVŠ`m bmoH$m§gmR>r YmÝ` nwadR>m H$gm eŠ` hmoB©b `mMrhr qMVm OJmVrb Vkm§Zm nS>br Amho. Ë`m‘wio H$m°nm} aoQ> eoVr hmM Ë`mda Cnm` Amho Ago gaH$maMo ‘V ~ZVo Amho. eoVr ì`dgm`mbm A{YH$ gdbVr Am{U àmoËgmhZ XoÊ`m~Ôb gaH$ma ‘mÌ EH$ eãXhr ~mobV Zmhr. ‘J `mda Cnm` H$moUVm? H$mhr Cnm` gwM{dVm `ody eH$VmV. Ë`mn¡H$s H$mhr ‘w»` Ago : 1. eoVH$è`m§Mr ñdV: ñWmnZ Ho$bobr Am{U nyU© ‘mbH$s Agbobr ghH$mar eoVr Agmdr. Ë`mgmR>r ~mhoaMm H$m‘Jma Z KoVm eoVH$ar g^mgXmVrb ZmVodmB©H$ H$m‘ H$ê$ eH$Vrb. Ë`m§À`m EonVrZwgma Ë`m§Mm ‘ohZVmZm R>admdm bmJob. g§ñWoMo g^mgXñ`Ëd O{‘ZrÀ`m ñdm{‘ËdmZwgma AWdm BVa AÝ` gmo`rZwgma g^mgXm§Zr MM}Z§Va R>admdo. Agm `eñdr à`moJ JwOamV ‘Yrb H$ÀN> àm§VmV H$aÊ`mV `oV Amho. 2. eoVH$è`m§Zr ñdV:Mr H§$nZr ñWmnZ H$ê$Z ~mhoê$Z amoOJma Z KoVm eoVr ‘mbmMr IaoXr-{dH«$s H$aÊ`mMr O~m~Xmar ñdrH$mamdr. `mV eoVrMo ñdm{‘Ëd A~m{YV amhrb. eoVH$ar dJm©Mo ‘wbo-‘wbr `mH$m‘mV Va~oO hmodyZ `mo½` H$m‘ H$ê$ eH$Vrb. hmhr à`moJ `eñdrarË`m JwOamV ‘Ü`o H$aÊ`mV `oV Amho. ’$º$ H$V©~Jma ‘w»` A{YH$mar (H$m`©H$mar g§MmbH$) `m H$m‘mgmR>r H$mhr H$mimgmR>r ~mhoê$Z KoUo eŠ` Amho.

`mVyZ nwT>o ~mOmambm bmJUma`m dñVy/YmÝ`o ’$º$ eoVmV {nH${dUo ho gmYVm `oVo. Ë`mhrnwT>o OmdyZ H$sQ>H$ ZmeHo$, amgm`{ZH$ IVo, ñdV:M V`ma H$ê$Z IM© dmM{dVm `ody eH$Vmo. Ë`mMà‘mUo, eoVr ‘mbmMr {dH«$s ‘w»` J«mhH$m§Zm `mo½` d ’$m`Xoera ^md R>adyZ H$aUo eŠ` hmody eH$Vo. 3. eoV ‘mbmgmR>r CËnmXZ IMm©da AmYm[aV d Ë`mV `mo½` Z’$m OmoSy>Z AmYma ^md {‘i{dÊ`mgmR>r gaH$mada amOH$s` ‘mJm©VyZ XS>nU AmUUo. AmO lr AÊUm hOmao ho AgoM XS>nU AmUÊ`mMo H$m‘ H$arV AmhoV. Ë`mgmR>r ~è`mM amOH$maUmVrb ì`º$s¨Mm nmR>r~m Amdí`H$ amhrb. AOyZ Var Aem à`ËZmV `e àmá ‘mÌ Pmbo Zmhr. eoVH$ar Midir `mV H$‘r nS>ë`m AmhoV. {h Xþ^m©½`mMr Jmoï> Amho. CÚmoJ XOm© àmá hmoÊ`mEodOr gaH$maÀ`m gÜ`mÀ`m YmoaUmV gH$mamË‘H$ ~Xb KS>dyZ AmUUo gdm©V ‘hËdmMo R>ê$ eH$Vo. ho H$m‘ Oar H$R>rU Agbo Var VoM gdm©Wm©Zo Xoembm Am{U eoVH$ar dJm©bm ’$m`ÚmMo R>aob. AmUIr gaH$ma H$Sy>Z gÜ`mÀ`m Am{W©H$ YmoaUmV Am‘wbmJ« ~Xb H$aUo Amdí`H$ Amho. 4. AmYr dU©Z Ho$ë`mZwgma, I{ZO VobmMo gmR>o g§nV AgyZ Ë`mMm eoVr joÌmda {dnarV n[aUm‘ hmoUma Agë`mZo emœV (g|{Ð`) eoVrMmhr {dMma ìhmdm. amgm`{ZH$ IVo, H$sQ>H$ZmeHo$, ßbmñQ>rH$À`m gd© dñVy, drO d BbopŠQ´H$b n§n B. dñVy Iyn ‘hmJ hmoV OmVrb. Ë`m‘wio eoVrMm CËnmXZ IM© gVV dmT>V amhrb. OJm§V gÜ`m Mmby Agbobr Am{W©H$ ì`dñWm nwT>rb H$mhr H$mimV ‘moR>çm g§H$Q>mV gmnS>Uma Agë`mZo Ë`mÀ`m nmgyZ eoVr joÌmbm A{YH$ OmJê$H$ amhmdo bmJUma Amho. A‘o[aH$m, J«rg, ñnoZ, nmoVw©Jmb, AmB©ñb§S>, Am`bªS>, bmpËd`m, BQ>br gmaIo Xoe AmO H$O©~mOmar Pmbo AmhoV. A‘o[aH$mgwÕm AmO OJmVrb gdm©V ‘moR>m H$O©~mOmar Xoe Pmbm Amho. ho gd© nwT>rb Aën

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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boI H$mimV ‘hmg§H$Q> `oÊ`mMr Zm§Xr XoV Amho. AmnU gVV naXoemVyZ H$O} KoV Agë`mZo ^maV Ë`mnmgyZ Xÿa amhÿ eH$Uma Zmhr. 5. gaH$ma Zoh‘r gd© ZmJ[aH$ g‘mZ Agë`mMo ~mobV AgVo. H$m`Xo gdmªZm gmaIo AgVmV Agohr gm§JV AgVo. Ver VOdrO gwÕm Amnë`m amÁ` KQ>ZoV AmhoM. na§Vw, àË`jmV ‘mÌ H$mhtZm {deof A{YH$ma d gdbVr XoÊ`mV `oVmV Va BVam§Zm Ë`mnmgyZ d§{MV R>odÊ`mV `oVo. eoVH$arhr EH$àH$maMm CÚmoJnVrM AgVmo. na§Vw CÚmoJmVrb CÚmoJnVtZm eoVH$è`m§À`m VwbZoV A{YH$ gdbVr XoÊ`mV `oVmV. ‘J `mbm g‘Vm H$go åhUVm `oB©b? CÚmoJmVrb gd© {Z`‘ eoVr joÌmbm gaH$ma bmJy H$ê$ eH$V Zgob d XmoÝhr joÌmV g‘mZVm R>odm`Mr Agob Va, eoVr joÌmVrb gd© {Z`‘ CÚmoJmbmnU bmJy H$amdoV. Ë`m‘wio AmO Xoembm d OZVobm ghZ H$amdo bmJUmao àý {e„H$ amhUma ZmhrV. CÚmoJmbm bmJy Agbobo gd© H$m`Xo-H$mZyZ, gdbVr, A{YH$ma aÔ

Ho$bo VaM XoemV g‘mZVm `ody eHo$b. eoVr joÌgwÕm Ë`m~Ôb gaH$mabm Xmof XoUma Zmhr. WmoS>Š`mV gm§Jm`Mo åhUOo : 1. eoVr joÌmbm CÚmoJmMm XOm© {Xë`mg eoVH$ar dJ© AS>MUrV `oB©b. AZoH$ ZdrZ àý eoVrMo AW©emóM {~KS>dyZ Q>mHo$b. 2. Cnm` åhUyZ da gm§{JVë`mZwgma ghH$mar g§ñWmÛmao eoVr, eoVH$è`m§Mr H§$nZr, eoVr ‘mb à{H«$`m H§$nZr, BË`mXrÛmao Amnbr àJVr gmYmdr. na§Vw Ë`mgmR>r H$m‘Jma ‘mÌ ~mhoê$Z KoUo ÌmgXm`H$ hmoB©b. 3. gaH$maH$Sy>Z `m~m~V H$mhr Anojm R>odÊ`mV AmnbrM ’$gJV hmoÊ`mMr eŠ`Vm amhrb. CÚmoJnVr gwÕm `mbm `eñdr hmody XoUma ZmhrV. gaH$ma àË`jmV CÚmoJnVrM MmbdrV AgVmV, ho {dgaVm `oUma Zmhr. ho ‘mPo ‘V Amho.

‘mdi Jmoir~ma

Am§XmobH$m§Mm {Zamon {Oëhm{YH$mè¶m§n¶ªV nmohmoMdbmM Zmhr. ndZm Obdm{hZrbm {damoY H$aUmè¶m eoVH$è¶m§Zr amñVmamoH$mo Xaå¶mZ {Oëhm{YH$mè¶m§Mr ^oQ> ‘mJrVbr hmoVr; na§Vy nmo{bgm§Zr hm {Zamon {Oëhm{YH$mar Xoe‘wIm§n¶ªV nmohmoMdbmM Zmhr. VgoM Jmoir~mamMr ~mV‘r {Oëhm{YH$mè¶m§n¶ªV nmo{bgm§Zr {Xbr Zgë¶mMr gmj nwUo {Oëhm{YH$mè¶m§Zr Mm¡H$er Am¶moJmnwT>o {Xbr. E³gàog do da ~gbobo d nmo{bgm§Zr bmR>r‘ma Ho$bobo Am§XmobH$ Iao hmoVo. nmo{bgm§Mr JmS>r OmiUmao d qhgH$ H¥$˶ H$aUmao Am§XmobH$m§Mo amOH$s¶ {damoYH$ hmoVo Agm ¶w³VrdmX dH$sb gwerbHw$‘ma {ngo ¶m§Zr Ho$bm. Am§XmobH$m§da Jmoir~ma H$aʶmÀ¶m nmo{bgm§Mm nwd©{Z¶moOrV H$Q> Agë¶mMm ¶w³VrdmXhr {ngo ¶m§Zr Ho$bm. Á¶m {R>H$mUr qhgH$ KQ>Zm KS>V hmo˶m Vo Am§XmobH$m§Mo amOH$s¶ {damoYH$ hmoVo. ˶m‘wio nmo{bgm§Zr Xþgè¶m§Xm Ho$boë¶m Jmoir~mamV H$moUrhr OI‘r Pmbo

Zmhr. ¶m KQ>ZoXaå¶mZ OI‘r Pmboë¶m Am§XmobH$m§Zm CnMmamgmR>r hm°pñnQ>b‘ܶo XmIb H$aʶmMr VgXrhr nmo{bgm§Zr KoVbr Zmhr. ‘mdi ^mJm‘ܶo A{V[a³V nmo{bg ~i nmohmoMy eH$V Zgë¶mMo H$maU XoV ‘mdi ^mJ nmM dfmªgmR>r Aem§V Q>mny KmofrV H$aʶMr {d{MÌ ‘mJUr nmo{bgm§Mo ¶m àH$UmVrb dH$sb gwaoeM§Ð ^mogbo ¶m§Zr Ho$br. nmo{bgm§Zm åhUOoM amÁ¶emgZmbm VËH$mbrZ IXIXUmè¶m n[apñWVrMm A§XmO A{O~mV Ambm Zgë¶mMr d emgZ hr n[apñWVr hmVmiʶmV A¶eñdr R>aë¶mMr EH$ àH$mao H$~wbr nmo{bgm§À¶m dH$sbm§Zr {Xbr Amho. Mm¡H$er Am¶moJmÀ¶m H$jo‘ܶo Z ¶oUmao {df¶ ‘m§Sy>U nmo{bgm§Mo dH$sb Am¶moJmMm doi dm¶m KmbdV AmhoV d Am¶moJmMo bj Aݶ {df¶m§H$S>o didy nhmV Amho.

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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d¥Îmm§V

‘{hZm^amV

bm ¶oWo H$mnyg {~¶mZo IaoXr Xaå¶mZ Jm|Yi, amOH$s¶ h˶m Ho$ë¶mMr ‘m³g©dmXr H$å¶w{ZñQ> • ¶onmod{bgm§ • Mm bmR>r‘ma njmMo darð> ZoVo ‘Ur ¶m§Mr {Zb©‚m H$~wbr. Jm ZXr ewÕrH$aUmgmR>r ^mOn OUOmJaU • H$bH$Îmm ZmB©Q> am¶S>g©Zo Am¶.nr.Eb. ‘°M {OH$br. • J§H$aUma. gmYwg§Vm§Mmhr Am§XmobZmMm Bemam. ~mH$ ¶m AmñQ>o´br¶Z IoimSy>Mo ‘{hboer • ¶wJ¡aHdV©$ nm°Z‘.g©{gÔmW© ‘ëë¶mH$Sy>Z {Q‰>Q>ada Aíbm¿¶ Amo~rgr AmajrV H$moQ>çmVyZ Aëng§»¶m§H$m§Zm • {Q>ßnUr. 4.5% AmajU XoʶmMm H|$ÐgaH$maMm {ZU©¶ Am§Y« hm¶H$moQ>m©H$Sy>Z aÔ. Ym‘uH$ AmYmamda • ‘hmamï´>r¶ {J¶m©amohH$m§Zr ga Ho$bo EìhaoñQ>. AmajU KQ>Zm{damoYr Agë¶mMm {ZH$mb. hmM bmo H $nmb {dYo ¶ H$ AmVm g§ g Xo À ¶m nmdgmir {ZH$mb gdm}ƒ ݶm¶mb¶mZo H$m¶‘ R>odbm. • A{YdoeZmV ‘m§S>bo OmD$ eH$Uma. • lr. dm‘Zamd n¡ ¶m§Mo {ZYZ. AH$am {OëømVrb XþîH$mim‘wio • amÁ¶mVrb • bîH$a à‘wI ìhr.Ho$. qgJ {Zd¥Îm. {dH«$‘qgh Zdo ZwH$gmZ Pmboë¶m ’$i~mJm¶VXmam§Zm H|$ÐmMo 588

• • • • • • • • •

H$moQ>r én¶o. nmH$sñVmZmV noemda‘ܶo JmoaIZmW ‘§{Xamda XmoZ ‘{hݶmV {Vgam hëbm. ‘moS>VmoS> d Ominmoi. XþîH$mir OZVoÀ¶m g§Vmnm‘wio OV Vmbw³¶mMm Xm¡am ‘m{UH$amd R>mH$ao ¶m§Zm AmQ>monVm ¿¶mdm bmJbm. qgMZ joÌmÀ¶m Mm¡H$ergmR>r Vkm§Mr Vm§ÌrH$ g{‘Vr J¥hHw$b KmoQ>mù¶m‘wio OiJmd‘Yrb Am{O-‘mOr 29 ZJagodH$m§gh nmbH$‘§Ìr Jwbm~amd XodH$a ¶m§Zm AQ>H$. amï´>dmXrH$Sy>Z nmR>amIU. nßny H$mbmZr ¶m§Zm amï´>dmXr H$m±J«og‘ܶo àdoe. JmS>Jri g{‘VrMm n¶m©daU Ahdmb. ݶm¶mb¶mÀ¶m AmXoemZ§Va H|$ÐgaH$mbm àH$merV H$amdm bmJbm. Ahdmb J«m‘g^m§Zm g‘OʶmgmR>r AZoH$ ^mfm§‘ܶo àH$merV H$aʶmMr ‘mJUr. 1952 Z§Va H$mí‘ra‘ܶo bmJy Ho$boë¶m H$m¶Úm§Mm ’o$a{dMma H$aʶmMr nmS>JmdH$a g{‘VrMr {e’$mag H$mim n¡í¶m~m~VÀ¶m H|$ÐmÀ¶m ídoVn{ÌHo$V R>mog H$mhrhr hmVr Ambo Zmhr. ‘hmamï´>mVrb gd© O{‘ZtMr ‘moOUr ¶o˶m gmV dfm©V nyU© H$aUma.

• • • • • • • • • •

bîH$aà‘wI. ~wÕr~inQy> {dídZmWZ AmZ§X nmMì¶m§Xm OJÁOoVm MrZMm dmT>Vm g§ajU IM© ^maVmgmR>r S>moHo$XþIr. "g§ajU‘§Ìr A±Q>Zr' I§S>H$ar eoVH$è¶m§Zm gßQ>|~a‘ܶo O{‘ZrMm Vm~m {‘iUma. J^©qbJ {ZXmZ H$aUmè¶m amÁ¶mVrb 49 S>m°³Q>am§À¶m ì¶dgm¶ Zm|XUr aÔ H$aʶmMr {e’$mag. ’$ama S>m°. ‘w§S>o nVr nËZr AIoa eaU. ìhmB©g A°S>{‘ab S>r.Ho$. Omoer Zdo Zm¡Xb à‘wI. EAagob ‘°³grg àH$aUr {MX§~a‘ ¶m§Zr ‘wbmÀ¶m ’$m¶ÚmgmR>r ^y{‘H$m dR>dë¶mMm Amamon. "Q>°Q´>m' KmoQ>çmù¶mdê$Z ~r.B©.E‘.Eb. Aܶj ZQ>amOZ {Zb§~rV. amï´>nVr nXmgmR>r 19 Owb¡bm {ZdS>UyH$. àUd ‘wIOvMr {ZdS> Odinmg {ZpíMV. {eê$a Q>mobZmH$m àH$aUr N>JZ ^wO~im§gh 20 OUm§da JwÝhm XmIb. ‘ZgoMo Q>mob{damoYr Am§XmobZ gwê$.

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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d¥Îmm§V

• ~o{hemo~r ‘mb‘Îmm àH$aUmdê$Z OJZ‘mohZ AQ>Ho$V n¡H$s 15 {dYmZg^oÀ¶m OmJm qOHy$Z OJZ‘mohZ • 18 aoÈ>tZr gmoZr¶m Jm§YtZm {Xbm Y³H$m. ZohdmbZo "B§S>moZo{e¶m AmonZ {g[aO' • gm¶Zm ~°S>q‘Q>Z ñnYm© qOH$br. OZ Am¶moJmZo 2 Q>m°¶boQ> ~m§YʶmgmR>r IM© • {Z¶mo Ho$bo 35 bmI én¶o. • AÊUm hOmao Am{U am‘Xod ~m~m EH$Ì d ndmam§gh 15 H|$Ðr¶ ‘§Í¶m§da • n§^«VïàYmZ >mMmamMm Q>r‘ AÊUmMm Amamon. 2007 ‘Yrb Vm§Xÿi KmoQ>mù¶mV àUd ‘wIOu§Mm hmV Agë¶mMm AaqdX Ho$Oardmb ¶m§Mm Amamon.

gwerbHw$‘ma d AemoH$amd ¶m§Zm • {dbmgamd, gr.~r.Am¶. Mm¡H$ergmR>r ݶm¶mb¶mV hOa ìhmdo

• • •

bmJUma. amï´>dmXrMo ‘§Ìr gwZrb VQ>H$ao ¶m§Zr 193 H§$nݶm§À¶m Zmdo 10 hOma EH$a O‘rZ IaoXr Ho$ë¶mMm Amamon. g§J‘m ¶m§Mm amï´>dmXrbm am‘am‘. ‘wIOvZm VJS>o AmìhmZ {edgoZoMr, H$m±J«ogMr hmV{‘idUr. Aëng§»¶m§H$m§Mr MmQy>{Jar H$aʶmgmR>r n§VàYmZ go³¶yba hdm Ago {ZVreHw$‘mam§Mo d³Vì¶.

Mm§Jë¶m nmdgm‘wio ghm ‘{hݶmV ‘§XrMo gmdQ> Xþa hmoʶmMr e³¶Vm.

gamgarÀ¶m 96% Vo 104% nmD$g nS>ʶmMm A§XmO ¶mdfu dV©dʶmV Ambm Amho. A{Vd¥ï>r qH$dm Ad¥ï>r hmoʶmMr e³¶Vm ¶m dfu Zmhr. narUm‘r AmJm‘r df© eoVr CËnmXZmgmR>r Mm§Jbo OmUma Amho. ‘wiì¶mY/ Zmgwa / ^J§Xa / em¡À¶mMr OmJm nyU© ~mhoa ¶oUo ¶mMmM n[aUm‘ åhUyZ ‘§XrZo J«mgboë¶m CÚmoJ joÌmbm ISO-9001-2008 ‘mݶVmàmßV {Xbmgm {‘imbm Amho. Mm§Jbm nmD$g Pmë¶m‘wio CÚmoJ joÌmVrb ‘§XrMo gmdQ> ghm ‘{hݶmV Xÿa hmoʶmM ‘wiì¶mYrda CnMma H$aUmao A§XmO dV©dʶmV Ambm Amho. ^maVmVrb n{hbo hm°pñnQ>b

‘wiì¶mY-coga CnMma

em¡À¶mÀ¶m OmJr AmJ hmoUo, ImOdUo, a³V nS>Uo, H$m|~ ¶oUo, em¡À¶mÀ¶m OmJm nwU© ~mhoa ¶oUo d BVa JwXamoJmda boga, S>çwEb RF gh OJmVrb A˶mYwZrH$ Xhm {d{dY àH$maMo CnMma ^maVmV ’$³V "àm°³Q>mo p³bZrH$' ‘ܶoM S>m°. d¡Ú (M.B.B.S., M.S.) gO©Z, àm°³Q>m°bm°OrñQ> ¶m§Mo TM

àm°³Q>mo p³c{ZH$ gwna ñnoem{bQ>r nmB©ëg Ho$Aa BÝñQ>rQ>çyQ>, {Ma’$mS>, a³Vómd, S´>oqgJ, Q>mHo$, A°S>{‘Q> Zmhr.

gmB© gw‘Z hm°pñnQ>b ßbm°Q> Z§. 10, dg§V {dhma, OwZm nwZm ZmH$m Odi, gmobmnya - 1

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09823412144 / 09822709805

eaX ndmam§Zr {Xbr "MyH$ Pmë¶mMr' H$~wbr eaX ndmam§Zr ‘w»¶‘§Ìr AgVmZm eoVrÀ¶m nmʶmbm ‘rQ>a ~gdʶmg {damoY Ho$bm hmoVm. AmO ‘hmamï´>mVrb ^yOb nmVir 1972 À¶m XþîH$mimnojmhr Imbr Jobr Amho. O{‘ZrVrb nmʶmMm ~ogw‘ma Cngm ho Imbmdboë¶m ^yOb nmVirbm H$maU Amho. doirM nmʶmbm ‘rQ>a ~gdbo AgVo, Va ^yOb nmVir Imbmdbr ZgVr. VgoM A{V[a³V ObqgMZm‘wiohr Á¶m jmanS> O{‘Zr V¶ma Pmboë¶m AmhoV ˶mhr Pmë¶m Zg˶m. ˶mdoir ‘rQ>abm Ho$bobm {damoY hr MyH$ hmoVr Aer H$~wbr eaX ndma ¶m§Zr {Xbr. Ho$dT>m ˶m§À¶m ‘ZmMm ‘moR>onUm! ˶m§Zr ¶m {df¶mda ‘m’$s ‘mJrVbr Zmhr. ˶m§À¶m MwH$sÀ¶m {ZU©¶mMm ^wXªS> ‘mÌ gm‘mݶ OZVobm ^amdm bmJbobm Amho.

^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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^maVr¶ {H$gmZ g§K dmVm© ‘hmamï´> Owb¡ 2012

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RNI No. MAH MAR / 2000 / 2260 Regd. No. L2/RNP/PNW/M-49/2012-2014 Posted on 25 day of Every month from Market yard Post office.

JmoXmZ S>m°Q> BZ g§Ho$VñWimMm emZXma bmoH$mn©U gmohù¶mMr jU{MÌo

g§Ho$VñWimÀ¶m CXKmQ>Z àg§Jr {d{dY ‘mݶda

CX²KmQ>Z àg§Jr g§Ho$VñWimMr b°~Q>m°nda ‘m{hVr XoVmZm

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