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SOUTH AFRICA

NEW ZEALAND

AUSTRALIA

INDIA

These countries, which are culturally different, have English as their official language. Teacher: Dina amorim


REVISING RELATIVE PRONOUNS AND RELATIVE CLAUSES WHO

WHOM THAT WHICH WHOSE

Teacher: Dina amorim (2010-2011)


Complete with the correct relative pronoun.

• New Zealand, ________capital is Wellington, is a country with low crime rates. whose • India, ________ is a vast country, is the birthplace of four world religions. which

• The girl ________ is over there is Australian. who Teacher: Dina amorim (2010-2011)


• New Zealand, whose capital is Wellington, is a country with low crime rates. • India, which is a vast country, is the birthplace of four world religions. • The girl who is over there is Australian. How different are sentences 1 and 2 from sentence 3?

Teacher: Dina amorim


Defining relative clauses • They help us identify the person, thing or animal • There is no comma separating the relative clause. The boys who wanted to meet me are in my class.

Teacher: Dina amorim (2010-2011)


Non-defining relative clauses • They add extra information about someone or something • “That” can not be used.

South Africa, which is known for Apartheid, is a very beautiful country.

Teacher: Dina amorim (2010-2011)


Join the sentences below by using a relative clause. 1. People face many problems. They leave their home country. People … 2. Portugal is great. It is an old country. Portugal, … 3. Nelson Mandela won the Peace Prize. He is a symbol of forgiveness and acceptance. Nelson Mandela, … Teacher: Dina amorim (2010-2011)


4. Taj Mahal is an inspiring place. I have been reading about it. Taj Mahal, … 5. The Aborigines are the native people of Australia. We have talked about them before. The Aborigines, … 6. The Maoris were the indigenous people of New Zealand. Their culture is still present today. The Maoris, …

Teacher: Dina amorim (2010-2011)


1. People who leave their home country face many problems. 2. Portugal, which is an old country, is great. 3. Nelson Mandela, who is a symbol of forgiveness and acceptance, won the Peace Prize. 4. Taj Mahal, which I have been reading about, is an inspiring place. 5. The Aborigines, who(m) we have talked about before, are the native people of Australia. 6. The Maoris, whose culture is still present today, were the indigenous people of New Zealand.

Teacher: Dina amorim (2010-2011)

Reviewing relatives  

A brief explanation of the difference between defining and non-defining clauses and a few sentences to practise.