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¡OMAƒXIA A£HNøN / PREFECTURE OF ATHENS

ÕıÏ· ÂÓ ∞ı‹Ó·È˜ ∞thletics in Athens


• Ñ Ó ßš È × ß ß } Ø Ò ( Ò ñ Ð Î Û Ú Û Ý Ì Ë Î Û ÑÚ ß Ì Ø Û Ò Í


∏ ∞ı‹Ó· ÛÙÔÓ ·fiË¯Ô ÙˆÓ √Ï˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ Î·È ¶·Ú·ÔÏ˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ·ÁÒÓˆÓ ÙÔ˘ 2004, ¤¯ÂÈ ÂÈÛ¤ÏıÂÈ Û ÌÈ· Ó¤· ÂÔ¯‹ ·ıÏËÙÈ΋˜, ÔÈÎÔÓÔÌÈ΋˜ Î·È ÔÏÈÙÈÛÙÈ΋˜ ·Ó¿Ù˘Í˘. ∏ ∞ı‹Ó· ‰È·ı¤ÙÂÈ Û‹ÌÂÚ· Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ˜ ˘Ô‰Ô̤˜ ÔÈ Ôԛ˜ ÙËÓ Î·ıÈÛÙÔ‡Ó ÌÈ· ÚˆÙÂ‡Ô˘Û· ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ· Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓË, ·ÏÏ¿ Î·È ÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ ÏÂÈÙÔ˘ÚÁÈ΋ Û ۯ¤ÛË Ì ÙÔ ·ÚÂÏıfiÓ. ¡¤· Û˘Ó‰Úȷο Î·È ÂÎıÂÛȷο ΤÓÙÚ·, ˘ÂÚÛ‡Á¯ÚÔÓ· ΤÓÙÚ· ÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÔ‡ Î·È „˘¯·ÁˆÁ›·˜, ÚÔÛʤÚÔ˘Ó ˘„ËÏ‹˜ ÔÈfiÙËÙ·˜ ˘ËÚÂۛ˜ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÙÔÌ›˜ ÙÔ˘ ÔÏÈÙÈÛÌÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ·ıÏËÙÈÛÌÔ‡, ÙÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÌÔ‡ Î·È Ù˘ „˘¯·ÁˆÁ›·˜, ‰È¢ڇÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÙȘ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÙÈΤ˜ ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙËÙ˜ ÔÏfiÎÏËÚÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ §ÂηÓÔ‰›Ô˘. ™‹ÌÂÚ· Ë ÌÂÁ¿ÏË ·ıÏËÙÈ΋ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË Ì·˙› Ì ÙÔ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓÔ ÚfiÛˆÔ Ù˘ ∞ı‹Ó·˜ ‰ËÌÈÔ˘ÚÁÔ‡Ó Ó¤· ‰Â‰Ô̤ӷ ÁÈ· Ó· Á›ÓÂÈ Ë ∞ı‹Ó· Ì›· ·fi ÙȘ ÎÔÚ˘Ê·›Â˜ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÙÈΤ˜ ÂÈÏÔÁ¤˜, Ô˘ Û˘Ó‰˘¿˙Ô˘Ó ÛÙÔÓ ˘„ËÏfiÙÂÚÔ ‚·ıÌfi fiϘ ÙȘ fi„ÂȘ ÙÔ˘ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓÔ˘ ÙÔ˘ÚÈÛÌÔ‡.

¡Ô̿گ˘ ∞ıËÓÒÓ

πˆ¿ÓÓ˘ ™ÁÔ˘Úfi˜

Echoing the success of the Olympic and the Paralympic Games of 2004, Athens has entered a new era of athletic, economic and cultural development. Present-day Athens has modern infrastructure venues and stands out as a capital not only modern, but also more accessible than it was in the past. New conference and exhibition centres, as well as top modern cultural and entertainment centres offer high quality services for culture, for sport activities, for tourism and for entertainment, broadening the touristic venues of the whole metropolitan area. Today the great athletic tradition alongside with the modern face of Athens open new perspectives, so that the city can become one of the top priority tourist destinations, combining at the highest standards all the facets of modern tourism.

The Prefect of Athens

Ioannis Sgouros


∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ ™ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ Ù˘ ·Ú¯·ÈfiÙËÙ·˜ ¤ˆ˜ ÙÔ 720 .Ã. Ù· ÔÏ˘Ìȷο ·ıÏ‹Ì·Ù· ÂÚÈÔÚ›˙ÔÓÙ·Ó Û ·ÁÒÓ˜ ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘. ™Ù·‰È·Î¿ ¿Ú¯ÈÛ·Ó Ó· ÚÔÛÙ›ıÂÓÙ·È Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ·ıÏ‹Ì·Ù·, fiˆ˜ Ë ¿ÏË Î·È ÙÔ ¤ÓÙ·ıÏÔÓ (¿ÏÌ· ÂȘ Ì‹ÎÔ˜, ‰ÈÛÎÔ‚ÔÏ›·, ·ÎÔÓÙÈÛÌfi˜, ‰ÚfiÌÔ˜, ¿ÏË) ÙÔ 708 .Ã., Ë ˘ÁÌ·¯›· ÙÔ 688 .Ã., Ë ·ÚÌ·ÙÔ‰ÚÔÌ›· Ì ٤ıÚÈ· ÙÔ 680 .Ã., Ë ÈÔ‰ÚÔÌ›· Î·È ÙÔ ·ÁÎÚ¿ÙÈÔÓ (Û˘Ó‰˘·ÛÌfi˜ ÂχıÂÚ˘ ¿Ï˘ Î·È ˘ÁÌ·¯›·˜) ÙÔ 648 .Ã., Ë ÔÏÈÙÔ‰ÚÔÌ›· (·ÁÒÓ·˜ ¤ÓÔÏˆÓ ‰ÚÔ̤ˆÓ) ÙÔ 520 .Ã., Ë ·ÚÌ·ÙÔ‰ÚÔÌ›· Ì ‰›È· ÙÔ 408 .Ã., ηıÒ˜ Î·È ¿ÏÏ· ηٿ ÂÚÈfi‰Ô˘˜. ∞fi ÙËÓ ¤Ó·ÚÍË ÙˆÓ ÓÂÒÙÂÚˆÓ √Ï˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ∞ÁÒÓˆÓ ¤ˆ˜ ÙȘ ̤Ú˜ Ì·˜ ÔÈ ·ıÏËÙ¤˜ ‰ÔÎÈÌ¿˙Ô˘Ó Ù· fiÚÈ¿ ÙÔ˘˜, ÛÙԯ‡ÔÓÙ·˜ ¿ÓÙÔÙ ÛÙÔ ‚¿ıÚÔ, ... Ù·¯‡ÙÂÚ·, „ËÏfiÙÂÚ·, ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙÂÚ·. ∆· Â›ÛËÌ· ÔÏ˘Ìȷο ·ıÏ‹Ì·Ù· (ÙˆÓ ıÂÚÈÓÒÓ Î·È ¯ÂÈÌÂÚÈÓÒÓ ∞ÁÒÓˆÓ) ¤¯Ô˘Ó ÍÂÂÚ¿ÛÂÈ Ù· ÂÓ‹ÓÙ·, ÂÓÒ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó Î·È ÙÔ˘Ï¿¯ÈÛÙÔÓ ¿ÏÏ· ÙÚÈ¿ÓÙ·, ·Ó·ÁÓˆÚÈṲ̂ӷ ·fi ÙË ¢ÈÂıÓ‹ √Ï˘Ìȷ΋ ∂ÈÙÚÔ‹.

°È· ÙȘ ·Ó¿ÁΘ ÙÔ˘ ·ÚfiÓÙÔ˜ Ï¢ÎÒÌ·ÙÔ˜ ÂÈϤ¯ıËÎÂ, fiˆ˜ ı· ÌÔÚÔ‡Û ̤۷ ·fi Ù· Ì¿ÙÈ· ÂÓfi˜ ı·ً, Ë ıÂÒÚËÛË ÙˆÓ ·ÁˆÓÈÛÌ¿ÙˆÓ Û ÙÚ›· ‚·ÛÈο ÛÙÔȯ›·, ˆ˜ ‰›· ·Ó·ÊÔÚ¿˜ Ù˘ ·ıÏËÙÈ΋˜ ÚÔÛ¿ıÂÈ·˜: ÙÔ ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô Ù˘ Á˘, ÙÔ ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô ÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú· Î·È ÙÔ ˘ÁÚfi ÛÙÔȯ›Ô. ª¤Ûˆ ÙˆÓ ·ıÏËÙÈÎÒÓ ÛÙÈÁÌÈÔÙ‡ˆÓ Î·È ÙÔ˘ Û˘ÌÏËڈ̷ÙÈÎÔ‡ ÔÙÈÎÔ‡ ˘ÏÈÎÔ‡ ·ÎÔÏÔ˘ıÂ›Ù·È Ë ‰È¿ÚıÚˆÛË Û ÙÚÂȘ ıÂÌ·ÙÈÎÔ‡˜ ¿ÍÔÓ˜ (°Ë - ∞¤Ú·˜ - ¡ÂÚfi), ÂÛÙÈ¿˙ÔÓÙ·˜ Û ÂÓ‰ÂÈÎÙÈο ·ÁˆÓ›ÛÌ·Ù· Î·È ÛÙËÓ ¤ÓÙ·Í‹ ÙÔ˘˜ ÛÙËÓ ∂ÏÏ¿‰· ÙÔ˘ Û‹ÌÂÚ·. π‰È·›ÙÂÚË ¤ÌÊ·ÛË ‰›ÓÂÙ·È ÛÙËÓ ¿ÚÙÈ· ·ÈÛıËÙÈ΋ ·ÚÔ˘Û›·ÛË Î·È ÛÙËÓ ·‹¯ËÛË ÙˆÓ ·ıÏËÙÈÎÒÓ ‰Ú·ÛÙËÚÈÔÙ‹ÙˆÓ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÔÓÙÔ˜ ¯ÒÚÔ˘, ÒÛÙ ӷ ÙÚÔÊÔ‰ÔÙËı› ÙÔ Î›ÓËÙÚÔ Î·È Ó· ˘¿ÚÍÂÈ Ë Î·Ù¿ÏÏËÏË ÒıËÛË ÁÈ· ÙÔ˘˜ ÂÈÛΤÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ ÙfiÔ˘ Ì·˜.

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∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction


Introduction In antiquity, until 720 BC, the athletes participating in the Olympics competed only in runner races. Gradually, more sports were added, such as wrestling and pentathlon (long jump, discus throw, javelin throw, running, wrestling) in 708 BC, boxing in 688 BC, four-horse chariot racing in 680 BC, horse racing and pankration (a mix of freestyle wrestling and boxing) in 648 BC, hoplitodromia (a race of hoplite runners) in 520 BC, two-horse chariot racing in 408 BC, and other sports becoming part of the games for short periods. From the launch of the modern Olympic Games until the present day athletes test their limits … Citius, Altius, Fortior, aiming always to stand on the podium. The official Olympic sports (of the Summer and Winter Olympic Games) have risen to more than fifty, while there are at least thirty more, recognised by the International Olympic Committee.

For the needs of this album it was chosen to view the sports, like through the eyes of a spectator, in three basic elements, as fields embracing the athletic efforts: the element of earth, the element of air and the element of water. With the help of athletic imagery and supplementary visual material a presentation is employed in three thematic areas (Earth Air - Water), focusing on a selection of sports and their incorporation in modern-day Greece. Particular emphasis is given to showcase in high aesthetic standards the appeal of the athletic activities and the surroundings, in order to motivate and intrigue the visitors of this land.

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction

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πÛÙÔÚÈ΋ ·Ó·‰ÚÔÌ‹ ∏ Á¤ÓÂÛË ÙÔ˘ ·ıÏËÙÈÛÌÔ‡ ÛÙÔÓ ÂÏÏËÓÈÎfi ¯ÒÚÔ ·ÓȯÓ‡ÂÙ·È Û ‰ÈËÁ‹ÛÂȘ ̇ıˆÓ Ô˘ ·Ó¿ÁÔÓÙ·È ÚÈÓ ·fi ÙÔ ¤Ú·ÛÌ· ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÈÛÙÔÚÈÎÔ‡˜ ¯ÚfiÓÔ˘˜. ÷ڷÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈΤ˜ Â›Ó·È ·Ó·ÊÔÚ¤˜ Ô˘ Û˘Ó‰¤Ô˘Ó ÙÔÓ ∏Ú·ÎÏ‹ ‹ ÙÔÓ ¢›· Ì ÙËÓ ›‰Ú˘ÛË ÙˆÓ ·ÁÒÓˆÓ Ù˘ √Ï˘Ì›·˜ Î·È ÙÔÓ ∞fiÏψӷ Ì ÙËÓ Î·ıȤڈÛË ÙˆÓ ¶˘ı›ˆÓ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ¢ÂÏÊÔ‡˜. ™‡Ìʈӷ Ì ÙËÓ ·Ú¿‰ÔÛË Ë ÚÒÙË √Ï˘ÌÈ¿‰· ÙÂϤÛÙËΠÙÔ 776 .Ã., Ì ÌÔÓ·‰ÈÎfi ·ÁÒÓÈÛÌ· ·Ú¯Èο ÙÔÓ ·ÁÒÓ· ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘ (ÛÙ¿‰ÈÔÓ), ÂÓÒ ¿ÏÏ· ·ıÏ‹Ì·Ù· ÚÔÛÙ¤ıËÎ·Ó ÛÙË Û˘Ó¤¯ÂÈ·. ™ÙËÓ ∞ı‹Ó·, Ô ¶ÂÈÛ›ÛÙÚ·ÙÔ˜ ÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÛ ÁÈ· ÚÒÙË ÊÔÚ¿ ÙÔ 566 .Ã. Ù· ªÂÁ¿Ï· ¶·Ó·ı‹Ó·È·. ™ÙÔÓ ÂÔÚÙ·ÛÌfi ÙÔ˘˜, ÂÎÙfi˜ ·fi Ù· ÔÏ˘Ìȷο ·ÁˆÓ›ÛÌ·Ù·, ηıÈÂÚÒıËÎ·Ó ÂÈϤÔÓ Ï·ÌÚÔ› ÌÔ˘ÛÈÎÔ› Î·È ÔÈËÙÈÎÔ› ·ÁÒÓ˜, ηٿ Ù· ÚfiÙ˘· ÙˆÓ ‰ÂÏÊÈÎÒÓ ·ÁÒÓˆÓ. ∂ӉȷʤÚÔ˘Û· ÚÔÛı‹ÎË ÁÈ· Ù· ÛËÌÂÚÈÓ¿ ‰Â‰Ô̤ӷ ·ÚÔ˘ÛÈ¿˙ÂÈ Ë ‡·ÚÍË ·ÁÒÓ· Ï·Ì·‰Ë‰ÚÔÌ›·˜ ·fi ÙÔÓ ¶ÂÈÚ·È¿ ÛÙËÓ ∞ı‹Ó· —Ô˘ ÌÔÚ› Ó· ıˆÚËı› Úfi‰ÚÔÌÔ˜ Ù˘ ÔÏ˘Ìȷ΋˜ ÊÏfiÁ·˜.

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2 ™ÎËÓ¤˜ ·fi ·Ú¯·›· ·ÁÁ›·: 1. §·Ì·‰Ë‰ÚÔÌ›·. 2. ¢ÚÔÌ›˜. Illustrations from ancient vases: 1. Torch racing. 2. Runners.

√È ·ıÏËÙ¤˜ Ô˘ Û˘ÌÌÂÙ›¯·Ó ÛÙÔ˘˜ ÌÂÁ¿ÏÔ˘˜ ·ÓÂÏÏ‹ÓÈÔ˘˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜ (√χÌÈ·, ¶‡ıÈ·, ¡¤Ì·, ÿÛıÌÈ·) ÁÈ· ÔÏÏÔ‡˜ ·ÈÒÓ˜ ·ÁˆÓ›˙ÔÓÙ·Ó ÌfiÓÔ ÁÈ· ÙË ‰fiÍ· Î·È ÁÈ· ¤Ó· ·Ïfi ÛÙÂÊ¿ÓÈ ÂÏÈ¿˜ —ÁÈ· ÙÔ ·ÁÚ›ÏÈ ÙÔ˘ ∏Ú·ÎϤ·. ™Ù· ¶·Ó·ı‹Ó·È· ˆ˜ ¤·ıÏ· ‰›ÓÔÓÙ·Ó ·ÁÁ›· ÁÂÌ¿Ù· Ì ÂÏ·ÈfiÏ·‰Ô, ÔÈ ÂÚ›ÊËÌÔÈ ·Ó·ıËÓ·˚ÎÔ› ·ÌÊÔÚ›˜. ∂›Ó·È ‚‚·›ˆ˜ ÁÓˆÛÙfi fiÙÈ Î·Ù¿ ÂÚ›ÙˆÛË ·Ó·Ê¤ÚÔÓÙ·È ÚÔÓfiÌÈ· Î·È ˘ÏÈΤ˜ ·ÔÏ·‚¤˜, ÂÎÙfi˜ Ù˘ ·ÁˆÓÈÛÙÈ΋˜ ‰È·‰Èηۛ·˜, ÁÈ· ÔÏ˘ÌÈÔӛΘ, ˆÛÙfiÛÔ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·˘ÙÔÎÚ·ÙÔÚÈÎÔ‡˜ ¯ÚfiÓÔ˘˜ ϤÔÓ ·Ú·ÙËÚÂ›Ù·È ‰È¿‰ÔÛË ÙÔ˘ Ê·ÈÓÔ̤ÓÔ˘ ÙˆÓ Â·ÁÁÂÏÌ·ÙÈÒÓ ·ıÏËÙÒÓ Ô˘ ‰ÈÂΉÈÎÔ‡Û·Ó ¯ÚËÌ·ÙÈο ‚Ú·‚›·. ∏ ··ÁfiÚ¢ÛË ÙˆÓ ÂȉˆÏÔÏ·ÙÚÈÎÒÓ ‰ÚˆÌ¤ÓˆÓ ÙÔ 393 Ì.Ã. ÛËÌ·ÙÔ‰ÔÙ› ÙÔ Ù¤ÏÔ˜ ÙˆÓ ·Ú¯·›ˆÓ ·ÁÒÓˆÓ Ô˘ ‹‰Ë ÁÓÒÚÈ˙·Ó ÙËÓ ·Ú·ÎÌ‹. £· Ú¤ÂÈ ¿ÓÙˆ˜ Ó· ÛËÌÂȈı› fiÙÈ Î·È ÛÙÔ µ˘˙¿ÓÙÈÔ ÔÈ ·ıÏËÙÈΤ˜ ‰ÈÔÚÁ·ÓÒÛÂȘ ‹Ù·Ó ȉȷ›ÙÂÚ· ‰ËÌÔÊÈÏ›˜, Ì Â›ÎÂÓÙÚÔ ÙÔÓ πfi‰ÚÔÌÔ Ù˘ ∫ˆÓÛÙ·ÓÙÈÓÔ‡ÔÏ˘.

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∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction


Historical retrospective The birth of athletic activities in Greece can be traced in myths that go back to prehistory. There are accounts that characteristically associate Herakles and Zeus with the foundation of the Olympic games and Apollon with the introduction of the Pythic games at Delphi. According to tradition the first Olympiad was held in 776 BC, initially with only one competition, the foot race (stadion), while other sports were added later. In Athens, Peisistratos organised the Great Panathenaia for the first time in 566 BC. In the festivities, besides the inclusion of the Olympic sports, there were also established illustrious musical and poetic competitions, modelled on the Delphic games. From today’s point of view an interesting addition was a torch race from Piraeus to Athens —this event can be considered a forerunner of the torch relay of the Olympic Flame.

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2 1. ∞˘ÙÔÛÙÂÊ·ÓÔ‡ÌÂÓÔ˜ ·ıÏËÙ‹˜ (·Ó·ıËÌ·ÙÈÎfi ·Ó¿ÁÏ˘ÊÔ). 2. ™ÎËÓ‹ ¿Ï˘ ·fi ÎÏ·ÛÈÎfi ·ÁÁ›Ô. 1. Self-crowned athlete (votive relief). 2. Wrestling scene from Classical vase.

The athletes that participated in the great Panhellenic contests (the Olympic, Pythic, Nemean and Isthmian games) for many centuries competed only for glory and for just an olive wreath —for the olive-branch of Herakles. In the Panathenaic games vases full of olive oil, the celebrated Panathenaic amphoras, were given as winner prizes. It is well known, of course, that beyond contest procedures there are reported privileges and material prizes on occasion for Olympic winners. However, it was during the imperial times that it became common to have professional athletes competing for money prizes. Pagan rituals were forbidden in AD 393, thus signalling the end of the ancient athletic games which already were in decline. It has to be noted though that athletic events remained very popular in Byzantium; the center stage was now the Hippodrome of Constantinople.

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction

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¶·ÚfiÏÔ Ô˘ Ô ·ıÏËÙÈÛÌfi˜ οı ¿ÏÏÔ ·Ú¿ ¤·„ ӷ Û˘ÁÎÈÓ› Ù· Ï‹ıË ·Ó¿ ÙÔ˘˜ ·ÈÒÓ˜, ÛÙË Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓË ÂÔ¯‹ ÎÔÌ‚ÈÎfi ÛËÌÂ›Ô ·ÔÙ¤ÏÂÛ ÁÈ· Ù· ·ıÏËÙÈο ȉÂÒ‰Ë Ë ·Ó·‚›ˆÛË ÙˆÓ √Ï˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ∞ÁÒÓˆÓ. ∫·ıÔÚÈÛÙÈ΋ Ì¿ÏÈÛÙ· ÛÙÈÁÌ‹ ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Â¿ÓÔ‰Ô ÛÙÔ Â˘ ·ÁˆÓ›˙ÂÛı·È ÛÙ¿ıËÎÂ Ë ÚÒÙË Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓË √Ï˘ÌÈ¿‰· Ô˘ ¤Ï·‚ ¯ÒÚ· ÛÙËÓ ∞ı‹Ó· ÙÔ 1896. ŒÎÙÔÙÂ Ô ÂÁ¯ÒÚÈÔ˜ Î·È Ô ‰ÈÂıÓ‹˜ ·ıÏËÙÈÛÌfi˜ ‰È‹Ó˘Û·Ó Ì·ÎÚ‡ ‰ÚfiÌÔ, ·Ó·˙ËÙÒÓÙ·˜ ηÙÔÚıÒÌ·Ù· Ù˘ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓ˘ ı¤ÏËÛ˘ Î·È ‰¿ÊÓ˜ ÌÂÁ·Ï›Ԣ ÛÙÔ˘˜ Û˘Ó‹ıˆ˜ Ù·Ú·Á̤ÓÔ˘˜ ηÈÚÔ‡˜ Ù˘ ÂÔ¯‹˜ Ì·˜. ∆Ô 2004 ÔÈ √Ï˘ÌÈ·ÎÔ› ∞ÁÒÓ˜ Â¤ÛÙÚ„·Ó ÛÙË ¯ÒÚ· Ô˘ ÙÔ˘˜ Á¤ÓÓËÛÂ, ÛÙËÓ fiÏË Ù˘ ¶·ÏÏ¿‰Ô˜ ∞ıËÓ¿˜, ÁÈ· Ó· ·Ó·‚·ÙÈÛÙÔ‡Ó ÛÙÔ Ó‡̷ Ù˘ ¢ÁÂÓÔ‡˜ ¿ÌÈÏÏ·˜. ∏ ÂÈÙ˘¯‹˜ ‰ÈÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÛË ÙˆÓ √Ï˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ Ù˘ ∞ı‹Ó·˜ η٤‰ÂÈÍÂ, ÁÈ· Ì›· ·ÎfiÌË ÊÔÚ¿, fiÙÈ ÛÙËÓ ∞ÙÙÈ΋ ˘¿Ú¯Ô˘Ó ÂÍ·ÈÚÂÙÈΤ˜ ·ıÏËÙÈΤ˜ ÂÁηٷÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ ηıÒ˜ Î·È ÔÈ ··Ú·›ÙËÙ˜ ˘Ô‰Ô̤˜, ¯¤ÁÁ˘· Ô˘ ÌÔÚÔ‡Ó Ó· ·ÔÙÂϤÛÔ˘Ó fiÏÔ ¤Ï͢ ÁÈ· οı ÂӉȷÊÂÚfiÌÂÓÔ.

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4 1896: 1. ¢›ψ̷ √Ï˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ∞ÁÒÓˆÓ. 2. ¶Ô‰ËÏ·ÙÔ‰ÚfiÌÈÔ º·Ï‹ÚÔ˘. 3. ªÂÙ¿ÏÏÈÔ ÓÈÎËÙÒÓ. 4. ¶·Ó·ıËÓ·˚Îfi ™Ù¿‰ÈÔ. 1896: 1. Olympic Games diploma. 2. Velodrome, Phaleron. 3. Winners medal. 4. Panathenaic Stadium.

6

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction


Although sports never stopped to generate intense feelings for the masses through the ages, a turning point in modern times for the athletic ideals was the revival of the Olympic Games. Moreover, a critical moment for the promotion of fair play was the first modern Olympiad which was held at Athens in 1896. Since then sports came a long way both locally and internationally, seeking achievements of the human will and glimpses of grandeur in the rather uneasy times of our era. In 2004 the Olympic Games came back to the land that nurtured them, in the city of Pallas Athena, so that they would be baptized again in the proper spirit of sport. Successfully organized, the Athens Olympics have shown, for one more time, that in Attica there are superb athletic installations, as well as the necessary venues, that can act like a beacon for anyone interested in visiting.

1

2

2004: 1. ∞Ê‹ ºÏfiÁ·˜. 2. ∆ÂÏÂÙ‹ ¤Ó·Ú͢. 3, 4. §ÔÁfiÙ˘· √Ï˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ Î·È ¶·Ú·ÔÏ˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ∞ÁÒÓˆÓ. 2004: 1. Lighting of the Flame. 2. Opening Ceremony. 3, 4. The logos of the Olympic and the Paralympic Games.

3

4

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction

7


1896: ∏ ·Ó·‚›ˆÛË ÙˆÓ ÔÏ˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ·ÁÒÓˆÓ ∞fi Ù· ̤۷ ÙÔ˘ 19Ô˘ ·ÈÒÓ· ÚÔÛˆÈÎfiÙËÙ˜ ÙÔ˘ Â˘Úˆ·˚ÎÔ‡ ¯ÒÚÔ˘ Û˘ÏÏ·Ì‚¿ÓÔ˘Ó ÙËÓ È‰¤· Ù˘ ·Ó·Á¤ÓÓËÛ˘ ÙˆÓ ÔÏ˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ·ÁÒÓˆÓ. ¶ÚˆÙÔfiÚÔÈ ˘‹ÚÍ·Ó Ô William Penny Brookes ·fi ÙÔ 1850 ÛÙËÓ ∞ÁÁÏ›· Î·È ∂˘¿ÁÁÂÏÔ˜ ∑¿·˜ ÛÙËÓ ∞ı‹Ó· Ì ٷ ∑¿ÂÈ· √χÌÈ· (ÙÔ 1859, ÙÔ 1870, ÙÔ 1875 Î·È ÙÔ 1888). ∆Ô ÔÏ˘ÌÈ·Îfi fiÚ·Ì· ·›ÚÓÂÈ Û¿Úη Î·È ÔÛÙ¿ Ì ÙÔÓ ¶ÈÂÚ ÓÙ ∫Ô˘ÌÂÚÙ¤Ó Î·È ÙÔÓ ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚÈÔ µÈΤϷ Ô˘ ÚˆÙÔÛÙ·ÙÔ‡Ó ÁÈ· ÙËÓ Ù¤ÏÂÛË ÙˆÓ Ó¤ˆÓ √Ï˘ÌÈ·ÎÒÓ ∞ÁÒÓˆÓ ÛÙË ¯ÒÚ· Ô˘ ˘‹ÚÍ ÙÔ Ï›ÎÓÔ ÙÔ˘˜. ∏ ‰ÈÔÚÁ¿ÓˆÛË Ù˘ ÚÒÙ˘ Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓ˘ √Ï˘ÌÈ¿‰·˜ Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÂÈ ¯ÒÚ· Ì ÂÈÙ˘¯›· ÛÙËÓ fiÏË ÙˆÓ ∞ıËÓÒÓ. ∂Ì‚ÏËÌ·ÙÈ΋ ÛÙÈÁÌ‹ ÙˆÓ ·ÁÒÓˆÓ ·ÔÙÂÏ› Ë ıÚÈ·Ì‚Â˘ÙÈ΋ ›ÛÔ‰Ô˜ ÙÔ˘ ŒÏÏËÓ· Ì·Ú·ıˆÓÔ‰ÚfiÌÔ˘ ™‡ÚÔ˘ §Ô‡Ë ÛÙÔ ∫·ÏÏÈÌ¿ÚÌ·ÚÔ ¶·Ó·ıËÓ·˚Îfi ™Ù¿‰ÈÔ, Ô˘ ÂÚÓ¿ ÛÙËÓ ·ÈˆÓÈfiÙËÙ·. ªÂÙ¿ ·fi ÙȘ Ì¿ÏÏÔÓ ·ÔÙ˘¯Ë̤Ó˜ ‰‡Ô ÂfiÌÂÓ˜ √Ï˘ÌÈ¿‰Â˜ (1900 Î·È 1904) Ë ∞ı‹Ó· ı· Û˘Ì‚¿ÏÂÈ Î·È ¿ÏÈ ÛÙËÓ ÈÛ¯˘ÚÔÔ›ËÛË Ù˘ ÔÏ˘Ìȷ΋˜ ȉ¤·˜ Ì ÙËÓ ÂÈÙ˘¯‹ ªÂÛÔÏ˘ÌÈ¿‰· Ô˘ ‰ÈÔÚÁ·ÓÒıËΠÙËÓ ¿ÓÔÈÍË ÙÔ˘ 1906.

8

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction


1896: The revival of the Olympic Games From the middle of the 19th century onwards several eminent Europeans grasp the idea of the revival of the Olympic Games. Among the forerunners were William Penny Brookes in England since 1850 and Evangelos Zappas in Athens with the Zappeia Olympia Games (in 1859, 1870, 1875 and 1888). The Olympic vision becomes reality with Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas who were the main persons to support the organization of the new Olympic Games in the land that had been their cradle. The first modern Olympiad was organized with success in the city of Athens. The highlight of the Games was the triumphal entry of the Greek marathon runner Spyros Louis in the Kallimarmaron Panathenaic Stadium, achieving eternity. After the next two rather disappointing Olympiads (1900 and 1904) Athens again contributed in strengthening the Olympic idea with the successful Intercalated Games which were held in the spring of 1906.

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction

9


2004: ∏ ·Ó·‚¿ÙÈÛË ÙÔ˘ ÔÏ˘ÌÈ·ÎÔ‡ Ó‡̷ÙÔ˜ ™Ù· Ù¤ÏË ÙÔ˘ 20Ô‡ ·ÈÒÓ· Ë ∞ı‹Ó· Â·Ó¤Ú¯ÂÙ·È ÛÙÔ ÚÔÛ΋ÓÈÔ ‰ÈÂΉÈÎÒÓÙ·˜ Î·È ·Ó·Ï·Ì‚¿ÓÔÓÙ·˜ ÙËÓ ÂÈÎÔÛÙ‹ fiÁ‰ÔË Û‡Á¯ÚÔÓË √Ï˘ÌÈ¿‰·, ÙËÓ ÚÒÙË Ù˘ Ó¤·˜ ¯ÈÏÈÂÙ›·˜ Ô˘ ‰È·Ó‡Ô˘ÌÂ. ∏ ¤ÌÊ·ÛË ‰fiıËΠÙfiÛÔ ÛÙË Û˘Ì‚ÔÏ‹ Ù˘ fiÏ˘ ÛÙÔ ·ıÏËÙÈÎfi ȉÂ҉˜ fiÛÔ Î·È ÛÙËÓ ÚÔÛ¿ıÂÈ· ÙÔ ÔÏ˘ÌÈ·Îfi ΛÓËÌ· Ó· ÂÈÛÙÚ¤„ÂÈ ÛÙȘ Ú›˙˜ ÙÔ˘. ÷ڷÎÙËÚÈÛÙÈÎfi ‹Ù·Ó ÙÔ Û‡Ì‚ÔÏÔ Ô˘ ˘ÈÔıÂÙ‹ıËΠˆ˜ ÏÔÁfiÙ˘Ô — ¤Ó· ÛÙÂÊ¿ÓÈ ÂÏÈ¿˜ — Î·È ÙÔ ÔÔ›Ô Â·ÓÂÌÊ·Ó›ÛÙËΠˆ˜ ‚Ú·‚Â›Ô Î·Ù¿ ÙȘ ·ÔÓÔ̤˜ ÌÂÙ·ÏÏ›ˆÓ ÛÙÔ˘˜ ·ıÏËÙ¤˜ ÙËÓ ÒÚ· Ô˘ ·Ó¤‚·ÈÓ·Ó ÛÙÔ ‚¿ıÚÔ. ∏ ∞ı‹Ó· Ì ÙȘ Ӥ˜ ·ıÏËÙÈΤ˜ ÂÁηٷÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ Î·È ÙȘ ¿ÏϘ ··Ú·›ÙËÙ˜ ˘Ô‰Ô̤˜, Ô˘ ÔÏÔÎÏËÚÒıËÎ·Ó Û ¯ÚfiÓÔ ÚÂÎfiÚ, ΤډÈÛ ÙȘ ÂÓÙ˘ÒÛÂȘ. ∆ËÓ ·Ú¿ÛÙ·ÛË ¤ÎÏ„·Ó Î·È ÔÈ ˘Ô‚ÏËÙÈΤ˜ ÙÂÏÂÙ¤˜ ¤Ó·Ú͢ Î·È Ï‹Í˘ ÛÙÔ √Ï˘ÌÈ·Îfi ™Ù¿‰ÈÔ, Ô˘ ηٿÊÂÚ·Ó Ó· ÌÂÙ·‰ÒÛÔ˘Ó ÙÔÓ ·ÏÌfi ÙˆÓ ‰ÚˆÌ¤ÓˆÓ ÛÙËÓ ˘Ê‹ÏÈÔ. ™˘ÁÎÈÓËÙÈΤ˜ ÛÙÈÁ̤˜ ¯¿ÚÈÛÂ Î·È Ë ÂÈÙ˘¯‹˜ ¶·Ú·ÔÏ˘ÌÈ¿‰· Ô˘ ¤Ï·‚ ¯ÒÚ· Ï›Á˜ Ë̤Ú˜ ·ÚÁfiÙÂÚ·. Ÿˆ˜ ÙfiÓÈÛÂ Ô ¶Úfi‰ÚÔ˜ Ù˘ ¢ÈÂıÓÔ‡˜ √Ï˘Ìȷ΋˜ ∂ÈÙÚÔ‹˜ ∑·Î ƒÔÁÎ: «◊Ù·Ó ·ÏËÛÌfiÓËÙÔÈ, ÔÓÂÈÚÂ̤ÓÔÈ ∞ÁÒÓ˜».

10

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction


2004: The Olympic spirit rekindled In the end of the 20th century Athens came forth again by bidding for and undertaking the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, the first of this new millennium. Emphasis was given both to the contribution of the city in the athletic ideals and to the effort that the Olympic Movement would return to its roots. A characteristic emblem — an olive wreath — was adopted as logo; this was also used at the time of the medal award ceremonies for crowning the victorious athletes on the podium. With newly constructed athletic facilities and the necessary infrastructure venues, which were finished in record time, Athens gained general approval. A source of major acclaim were also the magnificent Opening and Closing Ceremonies held at the Olympic Stadium, which managed to transmit the pulse of the happenings throughout the world. A few days later the successful Paralympic Games moved the spectators again. As Jacques Rogge, the President of the International Olympic Committee, remarked: “These were unforgettable, dream Games”.

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction

11


1 1. ¶·Ó·ıËÓ·˚Îfi ™Ù¿‰ÈÔ 1896. Panathenaic Stadium 1896. 2. ¶·Ó·ıËÓ·˚Îfi ™Ù¿‰ÈÔ 2008. Panathenaic Stadium 2008. 2

12

∂ÈÛ·ÁˆÁ‹ / Introduction


°Ë

Earth

°È·Ù› ‚·ıÈ¿ ÌÔ˘ ‰fiÍ·Û· Î·È ›ÛÙ„· ÙË ÁË

Because I deeply exalted and trusted earth

ÕÁÁÂÏÔ˜ ™ÈÎÂÏÈ·Ófi˜, §˘ÚÈÎfi˜ µ›Ô˜

Angelos Sikelianos, Lyrikos Bios

∞fi Ôχ ·ÏÈ¿ Ô ¿ÓıÚˆÔ˜ Â›Ó·È Û˘Ó‰Â‰Â̤ÓÔ˜ Ì ÙÔ Á‹ÈÓÔ ÛÙÔȯ›Ô, ›Ûˆ˜ ÂÚÈÛÛfiÙÂÚÔ ·fi ÔÙȉ‹ÔÙ ¿ÏÏÔ. ™·Ó ÙÔÓ Ì˘ıÈÎfi ∞ÓÙ·›Ô, Ô˘ fiÙ·Ó ¿ÁÁÈ˙ ÙË ÁË ÁÈÓfiÙ·Ó ‰˘Ó·ÙfiÙÂÚÔ˜, ·ÓÙÏÒÓÙ·˜ ‰‡Ó·ÌË ·fi ÙÔ ›‰ÈÔ ÙÔ ¯ÒÌ· Ô˘ ·ÙÔ‡ÛÂ, Ô ¿ÓıÚˆÔ˜ ÂÈÛÙÚ¤ÊÂÈ ‰È·ÚÎÒ˜ ÛÙË ªËÙ¤Ú· °Ë, ÁÈ· Ó· ÍÂÎÈÓ‹ÛÂÈ ·fi ÂΛ ÙȘ ÚÔÛ¿ıÂȘ ÙÔ˘ Ìfi¯ıÔ˘ ÙÔ˘.

Man is connected to the element of earth, probably more than anything else, from long time ago. Like the mythical Antaios, who became stronger when in touch with the earth, sapping power from the soil itself on which he stood, man is constantly returning to Mother Earth to renew from there his strenuous efforts.


1

1. 100 Ì. √Ï˘ÌÈ¿‰·˜ 1896. 1. 100 m, 1896 Olympics. 2. ∞Á·ÏÌ¿ÙÈÔ ÎÔÚÈÙÛÈÔ‡ ‰ÚÔ̤·. 2. Statuette of a girl runner. 2

14

ÁË / earth


¶ÂÚÈÎÏ‹˜ π·Îˆ‚¿Î˘. ¶ÚˆÙ·ıÏËÙ‹˜ ∂˘ÚÒ˘. Periklis Iakovakis. European champion.

µÔ‡Ï· ¶·ÙÔ˘Ï›‰Ô˘, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢. Voula Patoulidou, Olympic champion.

∫ÒÛÙ·˜ ∫ÂÓÙ¤Ú˘, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢.

º·Ó‹ ÷ÏÎÈ¿, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢.

Kostas Kenteris, Olympic champion.

Fani Chalkia, Olympic champion.

∞ı·Ó·Û›· ∆ÛÔ˘ÌÂϤη, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢. Athanasia Tsoumeleka, Olympic champion.

ÁË / earth

15


1

3

2

1, 2. ™ÎËÓ¤˜ ·fi ·Ú¯·›· ·ÁÁ›·: ¿ÏË, ˘ÁÌ·¯›·. 3. ™ÎËÓ‹ ¿Ï˘ ·fi ‚¿ÛË ·Ú¯·˚ÎÔ‡ ·Á¿ÏÌ·ÙÔ˜. 1, 2. Scenes from ancient vases: Wrestling, boxing. 3. Wrestling scene from the base of an Archaic statue.

16

ÁË / earth


™Ù¤ÏÈÔ˜ ª˘ÁÈ¿Î˘, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢, ¿Ï˘.

ªÈ¯¿Ï˘ ªÔ˘ÚÔ‡ÙÛÔ˜, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢ Ù·Â΂ÔÓÙfi.

∏Ï›·˜ ∏ÏÈ¿‰Ë˜, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢ Ù˙Ô‡ÓÙÔ.

Stelios Mygiakis, Wrestling, Olympic champion.

Michalis Mouroutsos, Taekwondo Olympic champion.

Ilias Iliadis, Judo Olympic champion.

ÁË / earth

17


1. ™ÎËÓ‹ ·fi ÂÈه̂ȷ ÛÙ‹ÏË: ¡¤Ô˜ ·ÛÎÂ›Ù·È ÛÙÔ ¿ıÏËÌ· Ù˘ ÛÊ·›ÚÈÛ˘, ÂÚ. 400-375 .Ã.

1. Scene from a grave stele: Youth practising in an ancient ball game, ca. 400-375 BC.

18

ÁË / earth

1


2

2, 3. ∂ÏÏ¿‰·: ÚˆÙ·ıÏ‹ÙÚÈ· ∂˘ÚÒ˘ 2004. 2, 3. Greece: Football champion of Europe, 2004. 3

ÁË / earth

19


1, 3. ™ÎËÓ¤˜ ·fi ·Ú¯·˚ο ·ÁÁ›·: ∞ÚÌ·ÙÔ‰ÚÔÌ›· Î·È ÈÈÎfi˜ ·ÁÒÓ·˜. 2. π›˜ ‰˘ÙÈ΋˜ ˙ˆÊfiÚÔ˘ ¶·ÚıÂÓÒÓ·.

1, 3. Scenes from Archaic vases: Chariot race and equestrian race. 2. Horsemen on the west frieze of the Parthenon.

2

20

ÁË / earth

1


™ÎËÓ¤˜ ·fi ÈÈÎÔ‡˜ ·ÁÒÓ˜. Scenes from equestrian contests.

3

ÁË / earth

21


22

ÁË / earth


∆¤ÓÓȘ. ¶ÈÁÎ ÔÁÎ (·¤Ó·ÓÙÈ). ™ÎËÓ¤˜ ·fi ÙÔ ‰ËÌÔÊÈϤ˜ ƒ¿ÏÏ˘ ∞ÎÚfiÔÏȘ. Tennis. Table tennis (opposite). Scenes from the popular Rally Acropolis.

ÁË / earth

23


1

1. ¶Ô‰ËÏ¿Ù˘ Û ·ıËÓ·˚Îfi ÚÔ¿ÛÙÈÔ. 1. Cyclist in an Athenian suburb.

24

ÁË / earth


∞Ó·ÚÚ›¯ËÛË. ¶Â˙ÔÔÚ›·. ¶Ô‰ËÏ·Û›·. Climbing. Hiking. Cycling.

ÁË / earth

25


26

ÁË / earth


A¤Ú·˜

∞ir

∫È ·˜ Ì·˜ ʈӿ˙Ô˘Ó ·ÂÚÔ‚¿Ù˜…

And let them call us airwalkers…

√‰˘ÛÛ¤·˜ ∂χÙ˘, ◊ÏÈÔ˜ Ô ÚÒÙÔ˜

Odysseus Elytis, Sun the First

∆Ô ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô ÙÔ˘ ·¤Ú· ·ÔÙÂÏ› ÙÔ ˘¤ÚÙ·ÙÔ fiÚÈÔ, Ë Î·Ù¿ÎÙËÛË ÙÔ˘ ÔÔ›Ô˘ ¿Ú¯ÈÛ ۯÂÙÈο ÚfiÛÊ·Ù·. ™˘Ó˘Ê·Ṳ̂ÓÔ Ì ٷ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓ· fiÓÂÈÚ·, ÂÚÈ‚¿ÏÏÂÈ ÙË ÛÙfi¯Â˘ÛË ÚÔ˜ οÔ˘ ‰È·ÚÎÒ˜ „ËÏfiÙÂÚ· Î·È Ì·ÎÚ‡ÙÂÚ·. fl˜ ÙËÓ ÔÚÈÛÙÈ΋ ·Ó·›ÚÂÛË Ù˘ ‚·Ú‡ÙËÙ·˜.

The element of air constitutes the final frontier, whose conquest started rather recently. The human dreams are woven into it; the air encompasses our aims constantly towards some place higher and further. Until the ultimate nullification of gravity.


ÕÓÓ· µÂÚÔ‡ÏË - ™ÔÊ›· ™·ÎÔÚ¿Ê·. ∫ÔÚ˘Ê·›Â˜ ∂ÏÏËÓ›‰Â˜ ·ÎÔÓÙ›ÛÙÚȘ.

∞Ó·ÛÙ·Û›· ∫ÂÏÂÛ›‰Ô˘, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢ ‰ÈÛÎÔ‚fiÏÔ˜.

Anna Verouli - Sofia Sakorafa. Eminent Greek javelin throwers.

Anastasia Kelesidou, discus thrower, Olympic winner.

1. ÿÏÎÈÓÔ ·Á·ÏÌ¿ÙÈÔ ‰ÈÛÎÔ‚fiÏÔ˘, ÂÚ. 480 .Ã. Bronze statuette of discus thrower, ca. 480 BC. 1

28

·¤Ú·˜ / air

2. ∞ÚÁ˘Úfi ÓfiÌÈÛÌ· ∫ˆ Ì ·Ú¿ÛÙ·ÛË ‰ÈÛÎÔ‚fiÏÔ˘, ÂÚ. 470 .Ã. Silver coin of Kos depicting a discus thrower, ca. 470 BC.


∫ˆÓÛÙ·ÓÙ›ÓÔ˜ ∆ÛÈÎÏËÙ‹Ú·˜, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢ ¿ÏÙ˘.

ÃÚ˘ÛÔËÁ‹ ¢Â‚ÂÙ˙‹, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢ ¿ÏÙÚÈ·.

Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, jumper, Olympic champion.

Chrysopigi Devetzi, jumper, Olympic winner.

2

·¤Ú·˜ / air

29


¢ËÌÔÛı¤Ó˘ ∆·Ì¿ÎÔ˜, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢. Dimosthenis Tampakos, Olympic champion.

πˆ¿ÓÓ˘ ªÂÏÈÛÛ·Ó›‰Ë˜, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢. Ioannis Melissanidis, Olympic champion.

30

·¤Ú·˜ / air

∂ÓfiÚÁ·ÓË - ƒ˘ıÌÈ΋ °˘ÌÓ·ÛÙÈ΋. Artistic - Rythmic Gymnastics.


∫¿¯È ∫·¯È·Û‚›ÏÈ, ÙÚÂȘ ÊÔÚ¤˜ √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢. Kakhi Kakhiashvili, thrice Olympic champion.

¶‡ÚÚÔ˜ ¢‹Ì·˜, Ù¤ÛÛÂÚȘ ÊÔÚ¤˜ √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢. Pyrros Dimas, four times Olympic winner.

·¤Ú·˜ / air

31


¶ÚˆÙ·ıÏ‹ÙÚÈ· ∂˘ÚÒ˘ ª¿ÛÎÂÙ 1987. European Basketball Championship 1987.

¶ÚˆÙ·ıÏ‹ÙÚÈ· ∂˘ÚÒ˘ ª¿ÛÎÂÙ 2005. European Basketball Championship 2005 .

32

·¤Ú·˜ / air


ªÔÓfi˙˘ÁÔ. ª¿ÓÙÌÈÓÙÔÓ. ¶ÂÙÔÛÊ·›ÚÈÛË. Horizontal bar. Badminton. Handball.

·¤Ú·˜ / air

33


34

·¤Ú·˜ / air


ªËÙ˜ ‚fiÏÂ˚ - µfiÏÂ˚: ÂÁηٷÛÙ¿ÛÂȘ Î·È ÛÙÈÁÌÈfiÙ˘·. Beach volleyball - Volleyball: facilities and highlights.

B. ∫·Ú·ÓÙ¿ÛÛÈÔ˘ - µ. AÚ‚·Ó›ÙË, ÚˆÙ·ıÏ‹ÙÚȘ ∂˘ÚÒ˘ ªËÙ˜ ‚fiÏÂ˚. V. Karadassiou - V. Arvaniti, Beach volleyball European champions.

·¤Ú·˜ / air

35


∏ ı¿ ÕÚÙÂÌȘ ¤ÙÔÈÌË Ó· ÙÔ͇ÛÂÈ. The goddess Artemis ready to shoot her arrow.

36

·¤Ú·˜ / air


1

2

1. ∆ÔÍÔ‚ÔÏ›·. 2. ™ÎÔÔ‚ÔÏ‹. 1. Archery. 2. Shooting.

·¤Ú·˜ / air

37


38

·¤Ú·˜ / air


NÂÚfi

Water

∆Ë ı¿Ï·ÛÛ· ÙË ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·, ÔÈÔ˜ ı· ÌÔÚ¤ÛÂÈ Ó· ÙËÓ ÂÍ·ÓÙÏ‹ÛÂÈ;

The sea, the sea, who will be able to dry it up?

°ÈÒÚÁÔ˜ ™ÂʤÚ˘, ª˘ıÈÛÙfiÚËÌ·

George Seferis, Mythistorema

™ÙËÓ ·ÁηÏÈ¿ Ù˘ ı¿Ï·ÛÛ·˜ ÙÔ ·ÓıÚÒÈÓÔ Á¤ÓÔ˜ ÁÓÒÚÈÛ ÌÂÚÈΤ˜ ·fi ÙȘ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚ˜ Û˘ÁÎÈÓ‹ÛÂȘ Î·È ·ÓÙÈÌÂÙÒÈÛ οÔÈÔ˘˜ ·fi ÙÔ˘˜ ÌÂÁ·Ï‡ÙÂÚÔ˘˜ Êfi‚Ô˘˜ ÙÔ˘. ¶·Û¯›˙ÔÓÙ·˜ Ó· ÙÈı·Û‡ÛÂÈ ÙÔ ˘ÁÚfi ÛÙÔȯ›Ô, ÙfiÛÔ ÛÙËÓ ÂÈÊ¿ÓÂÈ¿ ÙÔ˘, fiÛÔ Î·È Î¿Ùˆ ·fi ·˘Ù‹. ¢·Ì¿˙ÔÓÙ·˜ Ù· ·̷ٷ.

In the bosom of the sea humans have met some of their greatest excitements and have faced some of their greatest fears. Striving to master control of the watery element, both on its surface and under it. Breaking the waves.


40

ÓÂÚfi / water


ÓÂÚfi / water

41


¡›ÎÔ˜ ™˘Ú·Ó›‰Ë˜ - £ˆÌ¿˜ ª›Ì˘, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛΘ ηٷ‰‡ÛˆÓ. Nikos Syranidis - Thomas Bimis, Diving Olympic champions.

∫Ôχ̂ËÛË - ∫·Ù·‰‡ÛÂȘ: ÛÙÈÁÌÈfiÙ˘·. Swimming - Diving: highlights.

42

ÓÂÚfi / water


™ÔÊ›· ªÂηÙÒÚÔ˘ - ∞ÈÌÈÏ›· ∆ÛÔ˘ÏÊ¿, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛΘ. Sofia Bekatorou - Aimilia Tsoulfa, Olympic champions.

AÚ˘ °ÚËÁÔÚÈ¿‰Ë˜, ¶·ÁÎfiÛÌÈÔ˜ ÚˆÙ·ıÏËÙ‹˜. Aris Grigoriadis, world champion.

ÓÂÚfi / water

43


∞Ú¯·›· ÂÏÏËÓÈ΋ ÙÚÈ‹Ú˘ (·Ó··Ú¿ÛÙ·ÛË). ∆Ô ÔÏÂÌÈÎfi ·˘Ùfi ÏÔ›Ô ¤ÊÂÚ ÙÚÂȘ ÛÂÈÚ¤˜ ΈËÏ·ÙÒÓ. Ancient Greek trireme (reconstruction). This war ship had three rows of rowers.

44

ÓÂÚfi / water


∞ıÏ‹Ì·Ù· ˘‰¿ÙÈÓÔ˘ ÛÙÔÈ¯Â›Ô˘. Water sports.

µ·Û›Ï˘ ¶ÔχÌÂÚÔ˜ ¡›ÎÔ˜ ™ÎÈ·ı›Ù˘, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛΘ ΈËÏ¿Ù˜. Vasilis Polymeros Nikos Skiathitis, rowers, Olympic winners.

ÓÂÚfi / water

45


46

ÓÂÚfi / water


N›ÎÔ˜ ∫·ÎÏ·Ì·Ó¿Î˘, √Ï˘ÌÈÔӛ΢ ÈÛÙÈÔÏfiÔ˜. Nikos Kaklamanakis, windsurfer, Olympic champion.

ÓÂÚfi / water

47


∆Ô ·ÚfiÓ Ï‡Έ̷ ÂΉfiıËΠ˘fi ÙËÓ ·ÈÁ›‰· Ù˘ ¡ÔÌ·Ú¯›·˜ ∞ıËÓÒÓ Î·È ÙÔ˘ ∂ÏÏËÓÈÎÔ‡ √ÚÁ·ÓÈÛÌÔ‡ ∆Ô˘ÚÈÛÌÔ‡ Â› ÓÔÌ·Ú¯›·˜ °È¿ÓÓË ™ÁÔ˘ÚÔ‡.

∂›‚ÏÂ„Ë ¡Ô̷گȷ΋ ∂ÈÙÚÔ‹ ∆Ô˘ÚÈÛÙÈ΋˜ ¶ÚÔ‚ÔÏ‹˜ ¢È‡ı˘ÓÛË ∂ÌÔÚ›Ô˘ & ∆Ô˘ÚÈÛÌÔ‡

∫·ÏÏÈÙ¯ÓÈ΋ ÂÈ̤ÏÂÈ· Î·È ·Ú·ÁˆÁ‹ MOD Advertising ∫·Ô‰ÈÛÙÚ›Ô˘ 44, ºÈÏÔı¤Ë 151 23, ∞£∏¡∞ ÙËÏ. 210 822 5646, www.modad.gr

∫›ÌÂÓ·, ÌÂÙ¿ÊÚ·ÛË Î·È ÂÈ̤ÏÂÈ· ‡Ï˘ °È¿ÓÓ˘ ™ÙfiÁÈ·˜

ºˆÙÔÁڷʛ˜ ∂ıÓÈÎfi ∞Ú¯·ÈÔÏÔÁÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ¡ÔÌÈÛÌ·ÙÈÎfi ªÔ˘ÛÂ›Ô ∂ÏÏËÓÈÎfi˜ √ÚÁ·ÓÈÛÌfi˜ ∆Ô˘ÚÈÛÌÔ‡ ¢‹ÌÔ˜ ∞ıËÓ·›ˆÓ ¢ËÌ‹ÙÚ˘ ∞ÏÂÍfiÔ˘ÏÔ˜

¢ÈηÈÒÌ·Ù· ¤Î‰ÔÛ˘ © ¡ÔÌ·Ú¯›· ∞ıËÓÒÓ

The album at hand was published under the auspices of the Prefecture of Athens and the Greek National Tourism Organisation during the tenure of Prefect Ioannis Sgouros.

Supervision Tourism Promotion Prefectural Committee Directorate of Trade and Tourism

Art design and production MOD Advertising Kapodistriou 44, Filothei 151 23, ATHENS tel. 210 822 5646, www.modad.gr

Texts, translation and editing Yannis Stoyas

Photos National Archaeological Museum Numismatic Museum, Athens Greek National Tourism Organisation Municipality of Athens Dimitris ∞lexopoulos

Copyright © Prefecture of Athens


• Ñ Ó ßš È × ß ß } Ø Ò ( Ò ñ Ð Î Û Ú Û Ý Ì Ë Î Û ÑÚ ß Ì Ø Û Ò Í


www.nomarxia.gr


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