Issuu on Google+

Le Corbusier

Pioneer of Modern LE CORBUSIER | 1 architecture


2 | LE CORBUSIER


CONTENT 4

7. Ville Savoye 7. Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut 8. Unitéd'Habitation 9. L'Esprit Nouveau Pavilion

Modulor

5

Le Corbusier´s five points of architecture

9. Curutchet House, La Plata, Argentina 9. Villa la Roche/ Villa Jeanneret Paris 10.Mill Owners' Association Building, villa Sarabhai and villa Schodan 10.Government College of Art and the Chandigarh College of Architecture 10.United Nations headquarters 11. Quartiers Modernes Frugès 11. House of Man

6

Le Corbusier´s Works

7

HIS MOST IMPORTANT WORKS

11. Museum at Ahmedabad

12 16

Other construction

Team information LE CORBUSIER | 3


Charles-Édouard

Jeanneret,

La

Chaux-de-Fonds, 1887 - Cap Martin, 1965. Swiss-born French architect who was,

along with Walter Gropius,

the

main protagonist of the international architectural

renaissance

of

the

twentieth century. Besides being one of

the

great

innovators

of

modern

architecture. With his writings a welldeserved

reputation

earned

debater

and provided a real flow of innovative ideas

that

have

made

his

work

a

decisive influence on later architecture.

Modulor Le Corbusier

In

1946

created

a

model

of

harmonic

patterns

human

scale,

applied

to

Architecture

and

Industrial Design, named for the author

Modulor,

which

was

a

rapprochement between the metric system Germany, inches,

used the used

in

France

English in

system

England

and of and

America. The Modulor also passed heights and lengths to determine the performance of various household activities and work, being widely adapted by architects and industrial designers worldwide. 4 | LE CORBUSIER


Le Corbusier´s five points of architecture Le Corbusier established the five basic points on which the theory of modern architecture, which is based are:

1.

Building on pilotis

2. Free ground 3. Free facade 4. Horizontal windows 5. Roof garden

5. Roof garden

3. Free facade

2. Free ground 1. Building on pilotis 4. Horizontal windows

LE CORBUSIER | 5


Le Corbusier´s Works

6 | LE CORBUSIER


HIS MOST IMPORTANT WORKS

Ville Savoye (1928-30) La casa Savoye o Villa Savoyees considerada como el paradigma de la Arquitectura Internacional y dela

nueva

viviendas

del

manera siglo

de

construir

XX

(junto

edificios

con

la

de

Casa

Farnsworth de Ludwig Mies van der Rohe y la Casa de la Cascada de Frank Lloyd Wright), así como de los Cinco Puntos para una nueva Arquitectura desarrollados por el propio Le Corbusier.

Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut, Ronchamp, France (1950–1954) Notre Dame du Haut is commonly thought of as a more extreme design of Le Corbusier’s late style. Commissioned

by

the Association de l'Oeuvre

Notre

Dame du Haut, the chapel is a simple design with two entrances, a main altar, and three chapels beneath towers.

LE CORBUSIER | 7


Unitéd'Habitation

1947–1952: Unitéd'Habitation, Marseille, France 1952: Unitéd'Habitation of Nantes-Rezé, Nantes, France 1957: Unitéd'Habitation of Briey en Forêt, France 1957: Unitéd'Habitation of Berlin-Charlottenburg, Flatowallee 16, Berlin 1957: Unitéd'Habitation of Meaux, France 1964: Unitéd'Habitation of Firminy, France

8 | LE CORBUSIER


L'Esprit Nouveau Pavilion

The L'Esprit Nouveau Pavilion was a temporary building constructed in 1925 within the framework of the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Paris. For Le Corbusier was the occasion to show provocative way, his ideas on the architecture and urbanism that had begun to develop with Pierre Jeanneret from 1922.

Villa la Roche/ Villa Jeanneret Paris

Curutchet House, La Plata, Argentina (1948) This house is a masterpiece of Corbusian architecture, a superb example of the so-called“machine

á habiter”, where the experienced Swiss architect superbly solved its form, function, space and This double house designed in

lighting, using the elements and

1923 for Raoul La Roche and

paraphernalia which are typical of

Albert Jeanneret, a milestone in architectural reflection of Le

its prolific theoretical and practical architectural background.

Corbusier, very attentive to the approaches of the European avant-garde. The regulating lines composing the facade and 'fenêtres in longueur' are of course present, as well as high ceilings and balconeos characteristic of the interior spaces of the author. LE CORBUSIER | 9


1951: Mill Owners' Association Building, villa Sarabhai and villa Schodan, Ahmedabad, India

1949–1952: United Nations headquarters, New York City (Consultant) The complex has served as the official

Is a modern architecture building

1959: Government College of Art (GCA) and the Chandigarh College of Architecture (CCA) (Chandigarh)

in Ahmedabad, India

Chandigarh College of

designed by French

Architecture was

architect Le

established on 7

Corbusier. Its many

August 1961 in

walls (with windows in

Chandigarh, India, and

between) slant, and

was set up to impart

there are trees

education in

actually growing out

architecture. Le

of the side of it.

Corbusier, who

Also, the drainage

developed

system is built into

Chandigarh's master

the handrails of the

plan in 1951, got

balconies.

CCA established as a part of the Chandigarh Experiment.

10 | L E C O R B U S I E R

headquarters of the United Nations since its completion in 1952. It is located in the Turtle Bay neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan, on spacious grounds overlooking the East River. Its borders are First Avenue on the west, East 42nd Street to the south, East 48th Street on the north and the East River to the east. 'Turtle Bay' is occasionally used as a metonym for the U.N. headquarters or for the U.N. as a whole.


Quartiers Modernes Frugès By this time the postulate of the five points in the architecture and developed in different projects of Le Corbusier , however this project was the first version

of

"

The

Garden

City

horizontal",

the

utopian city that later work on different projects. One of the main ideas that started this project was that of a house of " low - cost" . This would be the beginning of a redefinition of man , society and art.

House of Man, Zurich, Switzerland (1963) This building on the shores of Lake Zurich marks the culmination of a reflection the architect began in the 1930s, on the architecture of modular, movable exhibition pavilions. Its shape is the direct descendent of a prototype Le Corbusier proposed for Paris in 1950 by way of promoting “the synthesis of the major arts.� Before finally being built in 1964-65, variants of this pavilion type, intended for temporary exhibitions, appeared in several of his projects.

Museum at Ahmedabad, Ahmedabad, India (1956) The museum was designed in the Modernist style by the renowned French architect Le Corbusier. It was named Museum of Knowledge during designing. It was originally a part of a large complex of Cultural Centre of Ahmedabad which had separate pavilions and areas for different subjects like anthropology, natural history, archaeology, monumental sculptures, workshops and depots, folklores in open air. It also included a pavilion for theatre called miracle box. But out of whole planned cultural center, only museum was built. L E C O R B U S I E R | 11


OTHER CONSTRUCTION

12 | L E C O R B U S I E R


Three in one 1952: Palace of Justice (Chandigarh)

Le Corbusier

1945: Usine Claude et Duval, Saint-DiĂŠ-des-Vosges, France

1936: Palace of Ministry of National Education and Public Health, Rio de Janeiro (as a consultant to Lucio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer and others)

1933: Tsentrosoyuz, Moscow, USSR is a government structure in Moscow, Russia, constructed in 1933 by Le Corbusier and Nikolai Kolli.

1964–1969: Firminy-Vert

1953: Secretariat Building (Chandigarh) 1955: Palace of Assembly (Chandigarh)

1952: Museum and Gallery of Art (Chandigarh)

L E C O R B U S I E R | 13


Villa Cook

Other construction

Villa at weissenhof estate

Villa stein

Ozenfant house and studio

Villa Besnus"KerKa-Re" Vaucresson, France, 1922

The Villa Jeanneret-Perret (also known as Maison Blanche)

The SCHWOB house

1908 stotzer house 6 chemin de pouillerel, chaux de fonds.

Villa Fallet, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland, 1905

14 | L E C O R B U S I E R

Maisons Jaoul, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, 1951


1956: Saddam Hussein Gymnasium, Baghdad, Iraq

1957: National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

1957: Maison du BrĂŠsil, CitĂŠUniversitaire, Paris

1961: Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

1965: Maison de la culture de Firminy-Vert

L E C O R B U S I E R | 15


UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE SINALOA Comprensión de documentos de arquitectura en ingles

Facultad de Arquitectura Licenciatura en Arquitectura

Teacher: Claudia Aispuro Group: 4-4

Members: Heredia Alvarado Diana Laura Leyva Medina Ismalia Karely Sicaeros Tomas Jesús Javier Marzo / 2014 16 | L E C O R B U S I E R


Le Corbusier