THE CITY’S STORY OF MEDICINE LINKS CHARITY, TOURISM, EDUCATION, RESEARCH, AND THE MILITARY TO FORM A PIONEERING STORY THAT SHAPES THE WORLD TODAY.
public water system—are the key innovation in San ëďòëÔòȧĉÒÔĉďòąĪòÄď´¨ÒëòäòÅĪȊÒÔä´ëòďďÒ´ķąĉď acequias built by the Spanish in the Americas, San Antonio’s system of waterways was the most elabòąď´ȊnÒ´ķÄď´´ëȜêÔä´ĉĪĉď´êòÄ®Ôď¨Ò´ĉë®®êĉ ÄòąêĤÒďêĪ§´¨òëĉÔ®´ą´®ďÒ´ķąĉďê´ďąòĂòäÔďë water system in the Americas. Modern aquifer innovations include Twin Oaks, ëĄĔÔÄ´ąiďòąÅ´ë®e´¨òģ´ąĪȘieșĉĪĉď´êȅë® expansion of the River Walk north and south. The ASR system, according to the San Antonio Water System website, pumps water from the Edwards Aquifer to the Carrizo Aquifer in southern Bexar County. Later, during the hot, dry months, the drinking water is pumped back into the existing distribution system to help meet summer water demands. Once desalination starts at Twin Oaks, ÔďĤÔäääÔá´äĪ§´ďÒ´ķąĉďieäò¨ďÔòëÔëďÒ´sëÔď´® States providing water from three different sources ĸòĤÔëÅÄąòêòë´ĉÔď´Ȋ San Antonio recently unveiled a much-anticipated extension to its celebrated River Walk, one of the top tourist attractions in Texas. This 1.3 mile, $72 million addition nearly doubles the River Walk length. Attractions along the extended River Walk include the San Antonio Museum of Art and the historic Pearl Brewery featuring restaurants, shopping, a hotel, and urban living. Bio-Medical-Life: Seeds of San Antonio’s First High Technology Economy In 1853 the Bexar County Medical Society ȘKișÔëiëëďòëÔòĤĉďÒ´ķąĉď¨òĔëďĪê´®Ô¨ä society formed in the state of Texas. Today, San Antonio’s bio-medical-life industry cluster contributes $30 billion to the local economy and employs approximately 165,000 people, according to the San Antonio Economic Development Foundation. The city’s story of medicine links charity, tourism, education, research, and the military to form a pioneering story that shapes the world today. In 1869 Sisters St. Madeleine Chollet, Pierre Cinquin, and St. Agnes Buisson, journeyed from Galveston on a bumpy stagecoach ride to the Alamo City to heal the sick and start what would become Santa eòĉ4òĉĂÔďäȊsë®Ĕëď´®§Īķą´ďÒď®´ĉďąòĪ´® the center they planned to use on arrival, the Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word rebuilt and òĂ´ë´®iëďeòĉ6ëķąêąĪȅiëëďòëÔòȧĉķąĉď ĂąÔģď´ÒòĉĂÔďäȘiëďeòĉ4òĉĂÔďäșȊ According to Mary Pat Moyer, CEO and Chief i¨Ô´ë¨´TĴ¨´ąòÄ6ë¨´ääȊ¨òêȅiëëďòëÔòȧĉòąÔÅÔëä tourism economy was based on health resorts and
chronic disease recovery starting in the late 1800s. Early examples include the Terrell Wells Preventorium, Hot Wells Lodge, and Harlandale Hotel and Bath. The Hot Wells Lodge was a lavish 190-room, Victorian-style resort hotel. Originally built in 1893, the site along the San Antonio River on South Presa Street featured pools, a bathhouse, and a spa fed by hot sulfur spring water. The Army brought medicine to the city in 1879 by opening a small medical dispensary in a single ĉďòąĪȅĤòò®´ë§ĔÔä®ÔëÅĤÔďÒďÒ´ķąĉďĂ´ąêë´ëď hospital built in 1886. The Army medical presence would grow to become today Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston, housing the Brooke Army Medical Center and the San Antonio Military K´®Ô¨ä´ëď´ąȘiKKșȊiKKÔĉďÒ´´Ä´ëĉ´ Department’s largest inpatient hospital. Today, the Texas Biomedical Research Institute, founded in 1941, houses the world’s largest computing center dedicated to statistical analysis of the human genome. The facility is affectionately known as the Ranch. The Ranch is co-located on the Texas Biomed campus with a Biosafety Level 4 lab studying deadly viruses such as Ebola and the Southwest National Primate Research Center. The institute is leading the transition from live animal research to computer modeling, ultimately enabling the phaseout of many live animal research programs. K´®Ô¨äÔëëòģďÔòëĉĸòĤÔëÅÄąòêďÒ´äêòÔďĪ include creating a template to speed the indexing of genome for the Human Genome Project (Naylor and Garcia, UTHSCSA collaborating with Baylor òää´Å´òÄK´®Ô¨Ôë´șȏÔëģ´ëďÔòëòÄďÒ´bäêİȜiÒďİ Stent, revolutionizing the care of heart disease and one of the top-ten patents of all time (UTHSCA ë®ąòòáąêĪK´®Ô¨ä´ëď´ąșȏë®ďÒ´Ĕĉ´òÄ an excimer laser to indent eye tissue by Dr. John Taboada, leading to Lasik eye surgery. I
For more than a decade Jim Brazell has carried iââĆéâËéŦĀĀĆéüġéÃËââéĚĆËéâüéċâĆéěââ ¨üéĀĀĆÉ³ěéüÛŉ/üéáĶĴĴķĆéĶĴĵĺńAËá³ÛËĚ³ü³ speeches on San Antonio’s story of innovation from LéüěġĆéLË¨üÄċâÃüéá4ěËËĆébéüĆċÄÛŉ 4ËĀĀù³³¨ÉċË³â¨³ĀËâ¨Ûċ³ĆÉ³éüÛéâÄü³ĀĀéâ Information Technology, the International Confer³â¨³éân³¨ÉâéÛéÄġbéÛË¨ġâ6ââéĚĆËéâńĆÉ³n³ĠĀ "¨éâéáË¨e³¨éĚ³üġéâÃ³ü³â¨³ń/éüĆiá4éċĀĆéâńâĆÉ³6âĆ³üâĆËéâÛié¨Ë³ĆġÃéüb³üÃéüáâ¨³ 6áùüéĚ³á³âĆŉnÉ³Āù³³¨ÉńŤiââĆéâËéŃnÉ³/ċĆċü³ iĆüĆĀ4³ü³ńŤËĀĚËÛ§Û³ÃéüÛé¨ÛÄüéċùĀâ¨éâÃ³ü³â¨³ĀŉAËáâÉËĀěËÃ³DËĀâċÄÉĆ³üĚÛËĚ³Ëâ iââĆéâËéŉŨD³üâáéü³AËáŉüħ³ÛÛƓb³üĀéâŉ¨éá
ÔëĸĔ´ë¨´ĉȊ¨òê | APRIL / MAY 2017 | 25
April/ May 2017