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7, 1898.

SEPTEMBER

of Commissioner to the State over Schools, 1\1:r. Stockwell. these Mr. Stockwell said;,. In accepting kPyi:: from your hands in behalf of the I can but recall to Board of Trustees mind the fact that this event practically of the first half marks the completion. of system Island's of Rhode century It is just ha If a century free schools. of system ag-o since the free school under the Rhode Island was introduced in thf care of Dr. Henry ·Barnard, over to YPa rs 1848 and 1849, and turned the school system of the bis successor form. its present St::i.te in practically at the close ·of the 19th Here to-day the 20th out upon lookingcentury, its inwith all the promises, century I think the State of Rhode spirations, upon the Island. is to be congratulated ago a century She began situation. to concircumstances peculiar under It '_Vas sider the subject of education. out concern, not a matter · of public citizen, and Wai:' left to the individual the first half century it was proved tha.t took alone the individual that It was not [ bunlcn upon his shoulders. I until the middle of the century that Dr. I Henry Barnard was brought ipto the the sentiment State a.nd revolutionized That Ide~ of public eduof the State. cat10n at public expense for every child as was accepted ln the commonwealth ' of the State. duty and privilege . th~ I And now at thf> close nf half "' "P.nturr I of P~ogress this building: it ~e'e'ins~tt of what has been me, Is a monument It is a during these 50 years. wrought of the deepest regret to me permatter is . unable to sonally that Dr. Barnard It seldom comes to a bA here to-day. to be so laid under c~mmonwealth to one person as the State of / frih~,ta Rhode faland owes to Henry Barnard and I am v:ery sure that I am doing the him tardy Justice Jn emphasizing owes him, a debt Island deht Rhode she can never repay, and a debt w: v. c.,.. he ought to consider her highest honor to owe to such a man. the work of Mr. Stock ell reviewed Island School in Rhode the Normal he said, has Its course in this State, The path. not been over a flowery Normal School was started in a hall in from building street old Benefit tho in ,·1 t 1•e school has just remo~ed wr S. Green, who gave a J , Samuel 18 of the to tbe teachers c . .:le of lectures This was the first no~city and State. in Rhode Island and it mal instruction the following that was so successful Normal School was es~ yea7: a distinct in rooms on Weyibosset street tabhshed of the work was followed The course time to the present b;i,· Mr. Stockwell the keys to an?- i.n closing, he handed emphasizing Gowing, Freo Prmcipa.1 the need of greater effort to bring about that degree of efficiency which can come, · work. only by steady and systematic

SCHOOL. NtWNORMAL Dedicated Tc-day with Appropriate 1 Ceremonies. 1

NlDIDER CIALS

OF DISTINGUISHED AND

EDUCATORS

OFFI~ PRESENT.

of of Board ICendrick Chairman ICeyn to Gov. Prei,iented 'l'rustees Then1 to State Who Handf'(l Dyer, Schools of Public Conunissioner Thein '!'urned "\'\'ho Stock"Well, Gowiug.-Inter0Yer to Principal Addresses. esting

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of the new exercises The dedicatory School were held in the 1 State Normal The prohall this forenoon. spacious one and the was an elaborate ' gramme was large. attendance with had been decorated The platform tropical plants, behind which were seatLieut. Gov. Gregory, ed Gov. Dyer, ·tcorr building of the Chairman <J. Frank Kendrick, E. John tee T. George Hill Frank Thompson, and White Charles Rev. Baker, of- the Board of B. Stockwell Thomas '.rhere were also seated on Trustees. the plat~orm William T. Harris, LL. D., Rev of Education· U. S. Cimmissioner s'. Tar: Henry W. Rugg, Supt. Horace bell, Mayor William C. Baker and I icy · Colwell. Francis Solicitor corner of in the northeast Stationed from view by the room, hidden partially was plants potted a line of huge some whi.ch rendered' Band, Ree:;res's during the course of choice selections the exercises. were spectators Among the interested of members citizens, many prominent members of the Provithe Legislature, and teachers. dence schooL...committee The exercises opened with a selection Dodworth'. Fantasia," "Grand N~tional followed by inby Reeves s Orchestra, by Rev. Dr. E. C. Bass. vocation Gov. Dyer as Chairmar.. of the Board presided over the exercises. of Trustees

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theGowing, upon receiving Principal "\Ve He said: keys, responded briefly. '\Ve of patriotiBm. have been speaking have . said that it was the sch,)ol miswho have won tresses of this country The song of our country. the battles it at Santiago; was heard of liberty has been it and 1ranila, at heard _-.Yas ·1rd in every school in the Ienisth D nd With ,he assist.i.dth of the land. a of the Board we shall try to rear who will be citizens this bu!lding ;~f~~~. of a noble State in this glorious

and said those Dresent, ~e welcomed b ey were her,1Lon this fine _s t this buiwi'1:P t;m day to dedicate is intended it which for P.~Poses r.~~ ere is a republic whose int "· ious r and whose an d enterprise 'he awe the command resources ,.,., We are in the , whole world. and, w:t change, an important em~rgI,ng from a war. we g[ Ontl of the finest buil ' ' dedica.e to the higher edu • the country .' our people, with the idea that ~ that goes out from this buil, , find an echo in the uttermo"' the / and that the earth, v may learn their les · natives up in the .i<.Ao, brought teachers The res land. ~tate Normal School. The 'b\ate upon us are great. slbihties of Rhode Island has never been backlaws for improving ward in enacting and LO of her schools the condition day, und~r the new law that require; the public schools to pass .in teachers that ~t is expected an exammation, v\ Ith WIii be achieved results greater like this and every advana building tage that modern science has produced

t;~

there is no reason why the best resuirn should not be obtained." selecanother rendered The orchestra Chairtion, and Gov. Dyer introduced over turned who man John E. Kendrick, to Gov. Dyer. the keys of the building reviewE;d _the In doing so :Mr. Kendrick of the bu'.ldmg. work of construction to called attention In 1892 the trustees the needs of a new Normal School,_ and app.oiI?-ted in 1893 the State Legislature the bmldmg. to construct a Commission of was the selection The first question the about, after looking and, a site, decided upon the old State Commission <?f the new The erection site. Prison depot rendered some change m the i\ ~irmand necessary mal School plans v.:ent Mr. Kehdrick the cost. creast'd of the const~uct10n, into the character which the and saicl it was a building was well fitted to committPC\ thought tho 1 ses to ,vhich it was to .be p_ut. TherP are over four and a half millrnn In in the -Cnited States. of children the StRte 0f Rhode Island .there arp school not attendmg over 4000 children 1600. and in the city of Providence the keys Mr. Kendrick then presented them on to Gov. Dyer, who accepted them and turned of the State behalf

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Rev. Gowing, Principal Followi11g Charles J. White offered prayer and the rendered overture "La Sir0ne." orchestra William '.r. Har. Gov. Dyer introduced of .Edurif, DL,I. D., U. S. Commissioner calion, who said in part: could speak through the nation If I am sure it would my voice to-day. to the people utter its congratulations of of Rhode Island on the completion this, the most finished piece of N orma.l in the land. That School architecture a temple of yrrnr State should provide for the school character this imposing for their proits teachers that trains whicll fession shows the high rega~ you hold the schools of the people. Yours Yiew which puts into IS the enlightened the school what 'it would have in the citizen, and it of the future chara~ter School what it puts into the Normal district in its realized have would and Happy school an :1 High Schools. of proud State, Whf'rP the accumulation of the proclucwealth an:~ the increase hn,ve wealth creates tive oower that of all the other the standards surpassed in this great republic! commonwealths of this new building / The dedication at for a State Normal School, happens ~he a1!SP~cio~s time when a nf'w epoch , ' m the study of educational is begmnmg There is a \.\·idespread move- ! methods. which I ment kn_own as "chil~-study," itself to learmng- the na.tnral devotes history of infancy, chilclhood and youth. the laws of developIt will 11iscover how to take tlw It will learn ment. child out of a lower form of intellectual form; how to into a higher activity, nf dearrest thr at mischievous prevent which is proc1uce1:1 at presPI!t velopment In mecha,11by too much thoroughness It will know the patholca.l methods. as it has never been j ogy of education known before. there is prog"child-study" Besides

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of devLces of inress in tl1e discovery These relate to the discovery struction. the child of ways and means, whereby in the process is made more self-active on tho of learning- and not so dependent powers of illustration. teacher's an entire new field, In this direction has Kindergarten, that of Froebel's under mand brought been occupied effects of the The educative spection. to been has first playthings child's The lullaby o! some extent measured. the nurse, the first sight of the moon of imitation. the meaning and stars, to is symbolic of what the relation hov\llhhe child bewhat is conventional, the merecomes original and outgrows to how stage of m.ind; ly imitative from step to step his interest preserve theM in a graded system of instruction, that furnish problems are kindergarten for the much that is of consequence study of method in normal schools. But in the advance the most important those methods, study of educational of a new us in speaking which warrant being as teachers of era in the training from the has resulted on its advent, and universities of colleges movement in education, professorships to establish up taking professor, The University of ~eachers, has th _work of preparation been obliged to plan for himself a difline of work from that of the ferent city the and schools Normal State schools.· He has to deal with trruning elementary beyond advanced students studies into the work of and secondarv and he must look up higher education, work for a class of students suitable in the traditional not easily interested This difference school work. Normal to both become apparent has gradually and of the theory of teachers classes become has It education. of _practice evident that the method of instruction of work of training ancl the organization to the should vary according teachers There is one method grade of education. 'for and another education for higher Within each of these there elementary. o! be furth - discrimination should stages of method so that methods should be note·-. lned these various ~::i. The speakel the trained teacn· :,r , stages in the each "'t bearing ers, and the i.n. Spealdng had on the succeE ..ix. • ;tage. he of the growth of the ~. Jrmal Sch~!, said the records show that in the past has increased 17 years the enrollment from 10,000 to something- over 40.000 puby city and supported piis in schools State and in Normal Schools supported has the increase enterprise by private been from about 2000 to ;,,-.,000. He be· conwould lieved that Rhode Island tinue to hold a leading place as heretoteacters fore in the work of preparing for its school!!. vVhile th0 exe,rcis-es were in progress, there was noticed on the .corner of the a statue, a form resembling· platform upon a mahogany which was resting by a cov~r. and concea.led p·e-destal l\liss Nellie address, After Dr. Harris's up to the platform, E. Wilcox stepped revealing a.nd the cover was withdrawn, This Miss W>'la bust of Dr. Barna.rd. to the school in behalf of c·ox presented Gowing n~the class of 1896. Principal of Miss Wilcox plied to the remarks to a. were brought a.nd the exercises close. The new building will be open for into-m()rspection by the public to-night, and night and Frl(lay row afternoon On the three eveand night. afternoon r.!ngs there will be concerts by Reeves's of the Th8 Superintendent Orcehstra. bu!lding is Philip "\V. Slocum. 0

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