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APRIL 27, 2011
THE OVAL OFFICE THE SUPER GLUE GUY JOHN WILKES BOOTH SHOT
AMERICAN PATRIOT AMERICAN INVENTORS
THE SUPER GLUE GUY
6 BUZZ ALDRIN
MAN ON THE MOON
ROY ROGERS AND DALE EVANS
THE OVAL OFFICE
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QUOTE OF THE WEEK
THIS WEEK IN AMERICAN HISTORY
THE SUPER GLUE GUY
Photo by CarbonNYC
4 AMERICAN PATRIOT
Harry Coover, the inventor of a powerful adhesive known today as Super Glue and Instant Krazy Glue, passed away late last month. Recently honored by President Obama with the National Medal of Technology and Innovation, the 94 year old admitted that the invention happened by accident. Harry Wesley Coover Jr. was born in 1917 in Newark DE. As a teenager, he was hit by a train as he drove over a railroad crossing, fell into a coma, but managed to survive. After college, he earned advance degrees in chemistry from Cornell University. He joined Eastman Kodak in 1942, Dr. Coover was asked to develop a plastic rifle sight for use in World War II. One of the compounds he tested was very durable but had one apparent drawback: it stuck to the molds and to everything else. Several years later, when he was testing a heat-resistant polymer for aircraft windshields when he remembered that encounter and had an epiphany — the material was “a super glue.” Dr. Coover introduced his product to the public in 1958 on an episode of the game show “I’ve Got a Secret,” hosted by then-celebrity host Garry Moore. Dr. Coover hoisted Moore in the air as the host dangled from a set of glued pipes. After its release, Eastman 910’s remarkable strength and sticky quality led to a wide variety of applications, e.g., for example, to glue leg fractures in animals, to reduce scarring in cosmetic surgery, to recover fingerprints at crime scenes, to manufacture atomic weapons, and to spray it on wounds as a coagulant that is said to have saved many soldiers during World War II.
In his career, Dr. Coover held more than 460 patents; many were for variations of his glue and, when the patents ran out, several companies began developing adhesives based on his original. Over the years, Super Glue has become a fixture in pranks, slapstick comedy and popular culture. Though he had a long and distinguished career as a scientist and entrepreneur, upon his death Dr. Coover’s family members noted that he got a special kick out of being known as “the Super Glue guy.”
BUZZ ALDRIN MAN ON THE MOON 6 AMERICAN PATRIOT
With a nickname like “Buzz,” Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. was destined for greatness. Born in Glen Ridge NJ in 1930, one of Edwin’s older sisters mispronounced “brother” as “buzzer” and the shortened version of the name just stuck. Buzz graduated from Montclair High School in 1946 with a full scholarship to MIT. However, he turned down this opportunity with his sights set on West Point. In 1951, Aldrin graduated third in his class at the U.S. Military Academy. Aldrin served as a pilot during the Korean War. He flew 66 combat missions. After being stationed at Nellis Air Force Base, West Point, and Bitburg Air Force Base, Aldrin decided to pursue a doctorate in astronautics from MIT. He wrote his thesis on Manned Orbital Rendevous. He eventually made his way to the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base. There he picked up another nickname: Dr. Rendezvous, the first astronaut to achieve a doctorate degree. Aldrin signed on as an astronaut with NASA and led one of the Gemini missions. He proved himself a knowledgeable and professional astronaut. Selected to command the historic Apollo 11 mission to the moon, he piloted the spacecraft while colleague Neil Armstrong became the first human being to step onto the moon’s surface. Aldrin then descended, becoming the second person to make the historic walk; he helped to collect over 46 pounds of moon rocks and spent 21 hours on the moon. When Aldrin retired from the Air Force in 1972, the space program still relied on him for advice and contributions to the program. In 1993, Aldrin patented his design for a permanent space station. During his retirement he also founded Starcraft Boosters, Inc., a company that designed rockets. His long list of accolades include a Congressional Gold Medal, the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. An entirely new generation has come to know about Aldrin, once again, when he recently appeared as a contestant on the “Dancing With The Stars” tv show.
CLICK HERE TO WATCH A VIDEO OF NEIL ARMSTRONG AND BUZZ ALDRIN FIRST’S WALK ON THE MOON
AMERICAN PATRIOT 7
The most dangerous animals in the forest donâ€™t live there.
ONLY YOU CAN PR E VE N T W I L D FIRE S. w w w. s m o k e y b e a r. c o m
ROY ROGERS AND DALE EVANS PHOTO CREDIT: ALAN LIGHT 8 AMERICAN PATRIOT
The sound of Dale Evans and Roy Rogers singing, “Happy trails to you, until we meet again,” once drifted through every American home. Roy Rogers, King of Cowboys, and his wife Dale Evans, Queen of the West, were the most popular radio, TV, and movie stars of the 1940’s. Roy Rogers had the image of the best cowboy
show had a touch of modernism, but main-
there ever was; he could shoot the straightest,
tained the same loveable western qualities.
ride the fastest, and play the sweetest tunes on
The show featured Rogers as a ranch owner
his guitar. The cowboy could always take down
and Evans as the proprietor of the Eureka Café.
the bad guy, and the prettiest cowgirl played by
The title sequence paid homage to Rogers as
Dale Evans would always swoon into his arms.
“King of the Cowboys” and to Trigger, his famous golden palomino. Dale and Roy wrote the
“It’s the way you ride the trail that counts.” – ROY ROGERS Roy Rogers really began his career as a cowboy
show’s theme song; the show opened and closed
in the singing group The Sons of the Pioneers
with the “Happy Trails” tune. In 1962, they
in 1937. He then signed with Republic Pic-
moved over to ABC with The Roy Rogers and
tures replacing Gene Autry. Rogers had a stel-
Dale Evans Show, a short-lived Western comedy.
lar career; he starred in over eighty westerns including The Arizona Kid, Jeepers Creepers,
The couple were beloved characters and major
Sunset in El Dorado, and In Old Amarillo.
stars of their time. They had the charisma, energy and clean-cut look that postwar Amer-
Dale and Roy, the real life couple, were married
ica so valued. As Roy Rogers himself once
on New Year’s Eve of 1947 after Roy’s first wife
said, “I did pretty good for a guy who never
died of complications during childbirth. Pre-
finished high school and used to yodel at
miering in 1951, the cowboy couple began their
TV careers’ on The Roy Rogers Show, broadcast for one hundred episodes on the NBC network. Previously aired on the radio, the
SEE ROY ROGERS AND DALE EVANS SINGING “HAPPY TRAILS” LATER IN THEIR CAREERS
AMERICAN PATRIOT 9
THE OVAL OFFICE
OFFICIAL WHITE HOUSE PHOTO BY PETE SOUZA
Some of the most important decisions in the world are made in the Oval Office. Over the years this symbolic center of The White House has become synonymous with the American presidency, giving the Oval Office a metaphorical prestige and importance. The actual physical office has a unique and interesting history, too. 10 AMERICAN PATRIOT
In 1909, President William Howard Taft recognized the need for a distinguished office for the president and commissioned the architect Nathan C. Wyeth to design it. The original Oval Office was badly damaged in a fire in 1929. Herbert Hoover rebuilt the Office to original specification, but Franklin D. Roosevelt was unhappy with the lack of natural lighting. FDR enlarged the West Wing and ordered Eric Gugler to design the space as it is today. The Oval Office’s name comes directly from the shape of the room. The peculiar shape allows the president easy access to both the West Wing offices, the Rose Garden, the main body of the White House, and the President’s residency. The architectural details are inspired by the baroque style, and the large windows allow for lots of natural light. Each president decorates the Oval Office to appeal to his personal taste. Most presidents use the Resolute Desk; all the presidents since the Hayes administration have used it except Johnson, Ford, and Nixon.
The desk was fashioned from the wood of the H.M.S. Resolute, a ship sent to the Arctic as a search and rescue mission by the British in the 1850’s. While searching, the H.M.S. Resolute was frozen in the ice. After two long years, the Captain ordered his men onto the other ships and they sailed away. The ice around the H.M.S. Resolute eventually thawed, Congress bought the boat, it was refurbished and given as a gift to England to signify the countries’ friendship. Ultimately, Queen Victoria decommissioned the boat and made two identical desks out of the timber — one for Buckingham Palace and one for the White House. The Oval Office typically serves as the backdrop for important scenes and events, such as a presidential address or international meetings. Just like every president before him, President Obama has the U.S. flag waving behind his desk and the presidential seal appears in the middle of the rug. CLICK HERE FOR A LOOK AT THE OVAL OFFICE DURING DIFFERENT PRESIDENCIES MAKE PLANS TO TOUR THE WHITE HOUSE
AMERICAN PATRIOT 11
THE BOSS HAS LEFT THE BUILDING
As the Yankees jump out to another fast start in 2011 under the ownership of Hank Steinbrenner, the memory of his recently deceased father — George Steinbrenner, known universally as “The Boss” — still lingers over the team and the shining new stadium he built. The nickname was earned the hardway: the controversial and hard-charging elder Steinbrenner purchased the Yankees for $8.8 million in 1973, turned it into the most valuable sports franchise in America, and saw the Yankees win seven World Series titles and eleven pennants during his stewardship. 12 AMERICAN PATRIOT
George Steinbrenner was born on July 4, 1930 in Rocky River OH. Though an average student at Williams College, he was active in many extracurricular activities, running track, writing for the newspaper, and participating in glee club with the famed Steven Sondheim. A would-be football coach, his father called him home to Cleveland in 1957 to run the family shipbuilding business. Back in Ohio, Steinbrenner would not let go of his love of big time sports. He invested most of his money in a pro basketball team, the Cleveland Pipers. The team failed. Meanwhile, Steinbrenner built up the already substantial shipbuilding business, earned millions, and sought a baseball team. Spurned by the Cleveland Indians, he grabbed the chance to purchase the famed Yankee franchise. Steinbrenner was opinionated, decisive and controversial. Yogi Berra said, “George was The Boss, make no mistake … He built the Yankees into champions, and that’s something nobody can ever deny.” Steinbrenner had the most success with his franchise in the 1990’s. The 1996 season with a come-from-behind victory over the Braves warmed the hearts of fans. They went on to win the World Series in 1998, 1999 and 2000, and to place in the playoffs for 12 straight years. Steinbrenner’s Yankees added another Series win just last year. Toward
These were highlights. Among the lowlights: a felony conviction for illegal contributions to the Nixon campaign; temporary suspension from baseball for hiring a gambler to try to destroy a player’s reputation; nasty feuds with rival owners; and publicly belittling players and managers (he fired and re-hired Bill Martin five times). George Steinbrenner changed the face of Yankee baseball, as Bud Selig so aptly put it: “He was and always will be as much of a New York Yankee as Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Joe DiMaggio, Mickey Mantle, Yogi Berra, Whitey Ford and all the other Yankee legends.” He died on July 13, 2010 of a heart attack. CLICK HERE FOR A TRIBUTE TO GEORGE STEINBRENNER
the end of his life, Steinbrenner set up a lucrative cable tv station and was hugely influential in the building of the new Yankee Stadium.
AMERICAN PATRIOT 13
QUOTE OF THE WEEK
“If you bungle raising your children, I don’t think whatever else you do well matters very much. " — JACQUELINE KENNEDY ONASSIS ON MOTHERS AND MOTHER’S DAY
14 AMERICAN PATRIOT
THIS WEEK IN
1865. Time ran out for John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of Abraham Lincoln, this week in 1865. Booth was tracked down to a Virginia farm 12 days after he had fled from Ford’s Theater, the scene of the assassination. After shooting Lincoln, Booth jumped to the stage below Lincoln's box seat. He landed hard, breaking his leg, before escaping to a waiting horse behind the theater. A famous actor, Booth was easily identified, chased through Maryland and across the Potomac into Virginia. Booth was discovered sleeping in a barn, the building was set on fire to flush him out, but he was shot while still inside. He died three hours later, muttering the word “useless” as he passed. AMERICAN PATRIOT 15
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