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AMERICAN PATRIOT

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MAY 5, 2010

THE U.S. COAST GUARD ACADEMY THE SEA YIELDS TO KNOWLEDGE

GATEWAY ARCH SYMBOL OF WESTWARD EXPANSION

SESAME STREET AND ITS LEGACY


AMERICAN PATRIOT PEARY’S QUEST FOR THE NORTH POLE

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6 GATEWAY ARCH SYMBOL OF WESTWARD EXPANSION

THE COAST GUARD ACADEMY THE SEA YIELDS TO KNOWLEDGE


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12

ALMOST PRESIDENT SAMUEL J. TILDEN

REMINDER TO A M E R I C A N PAT R I O T SUBSCRIBERS

SESAME STREET AND ITS LEGACY

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14 QUOTE OF THE WEEK

15 THIS WEEK IN AMERICAN HISTORY


PEARY’S QUEST FOR THE NORTH POLE

4 AMERICAN PATRIOT


During the early years of the twentieth century, the conquest of the North and South poles were the object of fantasy and competition. Teams from Russia, Europe and the U.S. vied to be first. The man who accomplished it? American Robert E. Peary. Peary was born in Pennsylvania in 1856, moved to Maine after the death of his father in 1859, and graduated from Bowdoin College in 1877. He passed the civil engineering examinations of the U.S. Navy and was commissioned in 1881. Soon, he became interested in the Arctic, making a brief trip to Greenland. In 1891, he was ready to make a significant Arctic Expedition, bringing along his wife and five others, including Matthew Henson, Peary's assistant in all his subsequent Arctic expeditions, and Frederick A. Cook, the party's surgeon. The trip was a scientific and public relations success: he made the 1,300-mile trip to Greenland and discovered new lands. Building on his celebrity, liquidicity he organized another Greenland expedition, which lasted two years and was marked by the The triumph was dampened by a competing discovery of three huge meteorites. OK had claim that his old colleague, Frederick Cook, reached the poll first. After a long and bitter At this point, Peary’s quest turned to the North Cancel public controversy, Peary's claims were validated Pole. Several attempts ended in failure, though and recognized by Congress and the major gehe got as close as 175 miles away in one try, and Browse ographic societies of the world. He was feted as he lost eight toes to amputation in another. In a great hero until the day he died. Ironically, in July 1908 Peary embarked on one last attempt 1989, the National Geographic Society reexwith the support of, among others, the National amined the records made by Peary and Henson Geographic Society and Teddy Roosevelt. Briland concluded that their calculations were incorliantly and meticulously planned — he was acrect —leaving them slightly short of the pole. companied by his best trained team ever including 24 men, 19 sleds and 133 dogs — he tasted victory along with Henson as they reached the North Pole on April 6, 1909.

SEE A MUSEUM EXHIBIT OF PEARY AND HIS EXPEDITIONS

AMERICAN PATRIOT 5


GATEWAY ARCH SYMBOL OF WESTWARD EXPANSION

6 AMERICAN PATRIOT


The Gateway to the West also known as the St. Louis’ Gateway Arch was designed by Eero Saarinen. The tallest monument in North America, the Arch stands at 630 feet tall, spans 630 feet of width, and cost $13 million to build. It was created on the bank of the Mississippi

fashioned riverboat, rent bikes, or explore

to help memorialize Thomas Jefferson and

the Museum of Westward Expansion.

as a symbol of the westward expansion of the U.S. It has also evolved into a symbol of

As with so many cities, the neighborhoods

St. Louis. Interestingly, Saarinen, who won

that connect the Arch to downtown St. Louis

a very competitive national competition,

have deteriorated in recent years. Now, a

never saw his vision completed, having died

new urban planning and architecture com-

during the long period of construction.

petition is taking place “to reinvigorate the area around the Gateway Arch and connect

Completed in 1965 and dedicate in 1968,

it to downtown St. Louis, the Mississippi

the Gateway Arch design has two bases that

River and the Illinois bank.” The competition

are equilateral triangles. The sweeping design

is a public-private project of the CityArch-

is in the style of expressionist modern art.

River 2015 Foundation in collaboration with

Made of stainless steel structure, it is designed

the National Park Service. The teams’ final

to sway in winds over 20 mph. Visitors enter

entries will be put on public exhibition in

from an underground visitors enter are al-

August and the jury's decision will announced

lowed to visit the top of the Arch on a viewing

in September.

area that can hold up to 160 people with 16 windows on each side. Trams have been

Another date looms large. The competition

operating for over 30 years and have taken

envisions completion of the project by Oct.

over one million visitors annually up to the

28, 2015 — the 50th anniversary of the

top of the Arch. There, a visitor can see up

Gateway Arch's completion.

to 30 miles on a clear day; even from the platform you can see Illinois and the Mississippi River, which flows by at a leisurely three miles per hour. The waterfront on which Gateway Arch is built has many other

PLAN A VISIT TO GATEWAY ARCH RIVERFRONT AN EXHIBIT OF EERO SAARINEN’S GREATEST BUILDINGS

attractions: visitors can also ride an old AMERICAN PATRIOT 7


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FIND YOUR VOICE. GIVE 10%. GIVE 100%.

GIVE 110%. GIVE AN HOUR. GIVE A SATURDAY. THINK OF WE BEFORE ME. REACH OUT A HAND TO ONE AND

INFLUENCE THE CONDITION OF ALL.

GIVE. ADVOCATE. VOLUNTEER.

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THE COAST GUARD ACADEMY THE SEA YIELDS TO KNOWLEDGE

8 AMERICAN PATRIOT


The United States Coast Guard, founded in 1876, is the smallest of the five service academies. Approximately 250 students enter the beautiful New London CT campus, and roughly 200 graduate to become ensigns at the end of four demanding years. The academy’s motto is Scientiae cedit mare, Latin for “the sea yields to knowledge.” The roots of today's Coast Guard were established in 1790 by Alexander Hamilton who proposed the formation of the Revenue Marine, a seagoing military service that would enforce customs and navigation laws, collect tariffs, hail in-bound ships, make inspections, and certify manifests. The first academy was held aboard the schooner Dobbin in Baltimore harbor with nine cadets aboard. In 1890, the campus was moved inland into Maryland and in 1910 to the Revolutionary War fort and Army post at Fort Trumbull in

admission to the academy is based solely upon

Connecticut. BY 1915, the modern Academy

solely merit and does not require a congressional

was born and, in 1932, the citizens of New

nomination. Tuition for cadets is fully funded

London donated the land of the present site.

by the Coast Guard in exchange for an active duty

liquidicity

service obligation of five years upon graduation. The Coast Guard Academy experience is grounded in the Academy's philosophy, which

OKthe United States Coast OK Guard is notableOK While

grows from three fundamental and inter-woven

as the oldest life-saving service in the world, its

objectives: to provide a well-rounded under-

roles include more than just maritime safety

graduate education, including specialization

and security. The Coast Guard is also called Browse Browse Browse

in a field of interest to the cadet and the Coast

upon for critical service in protection of natural

Guard; to provide, by rule and example, an envi-

resources, maritime mobility (management

ronment that encourages a high sense of honor,

of maritime traffic, commerce and naviga-

respect and devotion to duty; and to provide

tion) and national defense.

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training that prepares each graduate to immediately assume the duties of a junior officer aboard ship. Unlike the other service academies,

A DAY IN THE LIFE OF THE COAST GUARD ACADEMY

AMERICAN PATRIOT 9


ALMOST PRESIDENT SAMUEL J. TILDEN

10 AMERICAN PATRIOT


In the most controversial presidential election of the nineteenth century, Samuel J. Tilden lost to Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876. The election was analogous to the presidential election of 2000, when George Bush defeated Al Gore. Like Gore, Tilden won the popular vote, but the American political system awards the presidency to the candidate who wins the Electoral College. Like the election of 2000, the results of 1876 remain to this day a matter of dispute and controversy. Tilden grew up in New Lebanon NY. He was a skilled corporate lawyer for most of his life until the candidacy. Throughout the Civil War, he supported the Union and President Lincoln. A long time Democrat Party activist and an avid reformer, Tilden worked on taking down Tammany Hall and the dishonest political machine that controlled New York City and State. Tilden served briefly and successfully as New York governor, and then was nominated for President at the Democratic convention of 1876. In the fall election against Hayes, it was estimated that Tilden won 51% of the popular vote while Hayes only had 48%, but when the Republican Party challenged the validity of several states’ votes, cases of fraud and intimidation by local Southern Democrats were discovered in South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana. Recounts showed the popular vote count closer and Hayes winning by one electoral vote. Democrats urged Tilden to fight the questionable challenges, but he refused. A 15-member Congressional Commission was set up to determine whether the votes were valid; it voted 8-7 along party lines to give the election to Hayes. Some have argued that the real reason the Democrats agreed to Hayes’ election was that it was part of a compromise: if the Democrats

went along with Hayes, he would remove all the post-Civil War troops from the South, something the Democrats desperately wanted. Tilden’s health suffered after the election, and he quietly retired to his estate near Yonkers NY. He died a bachelor in 1886 leaving most of his $7 million to the public. Approximately $4 million went to eventually partially funding the New York Public Library and his home was turned into the National Arts Club. AMERICAN PATRIOT 11


SESAME STREET AND ITS LEGACY 12 AMERICAN PATRIOT

Photo Credit: Karl Weisel (USAG Wiesbaden)


“Sunny day, sweeping those clouds away!” Sesame Street, America’s longest running children’s television series, pioneered educational television when it began in 1969. Sesame Street’s objective started and has continued to be to teach children rudimentary skills by holding their captive attention. With fun characters like Grover, Snuffleupagus, and Oscar the Grouch as well as human characters like Susan and Gordon, kids have learned their ABC’s and counting, of course, and also how to deal with emotions, feelings, sharing and other people. Founded by Joan Ganz Cooney and Ralph Rogers, the show tries to incorporate interesting images, action, and humor to engage toddler and pre-school age kids. To that end, the writers designed the show in short skits over the hour-long episode.

Sesame Street has been graced with 118 Emmy’s. To recognize its accomplishments, First Lady Michelle Obara appeared on the 40 year anniversary episode. She taught the basics of growing a fruit and vegetable garden and the benefits of eating healthily. When the series originated, the writers made She is fourth First Lady to visit the show: a conscious decision to base the show in Barbara Bush, Hillary Clinton and Laura an inner city setting, often on the steps of a liquidicity Bush have been there as well. Always inbrownstone. In this way, they hoped to ennovating, new additions in the 40th season courage inner-city audiences for the show include a new block format, new show open who were considered in great need of some OK and a new nature curriculum. early childhood education. Diversity was also a central point for reaching a large audience. With the concept of family unity in mind, the writers strove to create a show that parents and children could watch and enjoy together. The show has been entertaining and educating young people for four decades now, and estimated 77 million Americans so far have seen it at one time or another.

O

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Ca

While some have questioned the lasting Browse benefits Sesame Street’s teaching, few have challenged its intentions, execution and thoughtfulness in mixing education for kids with just enough entertainment to make it all work.

Bro

LAURA BUSH READS A BOOK TO BIG BIRD AND FRIENDS AMERICAN PATRIOT 13


QUOTE OF THE WEEK

“I have lost my right arm.” — GENERAL ROBERT E. LEE ON THE BLOW SUFFERED BY CONFEDERATE ARMY WHEN WARRIOR STONEWALL JACKSON DIES FROM HIS WOUNDS IN 1863

14 AMERICAN PATRIOT


THIS WEEK IN

AMERICAN HISTORY

1885. Good Housekeeping is founded, an iconic publication that gave advice on running a home, provided a broad range of literary offerings, pioneered many advertising and marketing breakthroughs including the Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval, and gave readers an opportunity for input.

AMERICAN PATRIOT 15


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American Patriot 26  

A Celebration of American Values

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