© WWF 2011
Living Amazon Initiative
A contribution towards a greener development model in the Amazon
Es equ ibo
One in ten known species on Earth lives in the Amazon. Its forests contain 90-140 billion metric tons of carbon, the release of even a portion of which would accelerate global warming significantly. Over 30 million people living in the Amazon depend on its resources and services – not to mention many millions more living as far away as North America, Europe, Asia and Africa, but still within the Amazon’s far-reaching climatic influence.
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Black spider monkey (Ateles chamek)
Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa)
Broad leaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)
Although WWF’s presence in the region has been key to many conservation results over the years, it is with the articulation of the Living Amazon Initiative in 2008 that WWF has been able to bring together 40 years of experience as part of a unified front to address the challenges to the Amazon Biome as a whole.
Santarem Manaus on Amaz
Giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis)
B ra n c o
Rapidly expanding global markets for meat, soy and others, and the imminent realization of large-scale transportation and energy infrastructure projects coupled with poor planning are contributing to deforestation and increased pressure on the natural resources and environmental services upon which millions of people depend. Increased temperatures and decreased precipitation caused by global warming will exacerbate these trends.
Mara n ño
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Over the next years WWF will develop far reaching and powerful partnerships with governments, civil society, and the private sector to promote the transformational processes needed to foster a common vision for an ecologically healthy Amazon Biome that maintains its environmental and cultural contribution to local peoples, the countries of the region, and the world, within a framework of social equity, inclusive economic development and global responsibility.
Young white-lipped peccary (Tayassu tajacu)
LIMA Puerto Maldonado
AMAZON BIOME AMAZON BASIN NATIONAL BOUNDARIES CAPITAL CITIES REFERENCE CITIES PROTECTED AREAS INDIGENOUS TERRITORIES MAIN RIVERS ROADS DEFORESTATION HYDRO-POWER INFRASTRUCTURE*
Jaguar (Panthera onca)
BOLIVIA BRASILIA Mismi Mountain
MARIO PANDURO / KJELD NIELSEN / Juan Carlos Riveros / MARCO FLORES
ALTITUDE AND DISTANCE OF KEY GEOGRAPHIC POINTS TO THE MOUTH OF THE AMAZON RIVER Andes
Mismi Mountain, Arequipa - Peru (source of the Amazon) 5500
Cochabamba 2500 Puerto Asís 260
Puerto Leguízamo 190
Porto Velho 90
4500 Km 4400 Km
Andean highlands (5500 - 2500 m.a.s.l.) Montane forest (3000 - 500 m.a.s.l.)
VALUING NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
SOUND LAND PLANNING
One of the main drivers of forest conversion in the Amazon is the perceived low economic value of ecosystem goods and services compared to other uses of the natural systems.
Opportunistic land use, characterized by land grabbing, speculation and a tenure system fraught with inefficiencies and lack of enforcement is one of the Amazon’s most critical threats.
Through the promotion of sustainable extractive activities and others such as forest based carbon initiatives, WWF fosters the appropriate valuation of natural ecosystems, based on their key environmental goods, the services they provide and the livelihoods they sustain.
Through capacity building, improved policy proposals and the promotion of creative conservation and sustainable land use schemes, WWF works by advancing appropriate land use planning as a means to ensure optimum design and enforcement of tenure and rights to land.
Extensive cattle ranching is the number one culprit of deforestation in virtually every Amazon country. Eighty per cent (80%) of deforested areas of the biome are occupied by cattle pastures. Agriculture is the second main cause of forest conversion, and it is also a main cause of soil erosion and river water siltation.
In the past, the building of roads has facilitated uncontrolled migration to inaccessible areas with the result of increased land-grabbing, deforestation, and expansion of unsustainable extractive activities. Dam construction, as well, entails a major disruption to river connectivity and severely impacts on aquatic species.
WWF works fostering best agricultural and ranching management practices on lands that are appropriate and legal for such activities.
Together with the public sector, civil society and private companies, WWF works based on scientific methodologies to ensure infrastructure is planned, designed and implemented to minimize impact on natural ecosystems and cultural diversity.
Lowland forest (500 - 0 m.a.s.l.)
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The geographical designations given here do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WWF concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. * Active and proposed projects.
LIVING AMAZON INITIATIVE by WWF