Turenscape Shenyang Campus, Shenyang City, China, 2004 Project Location: Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, China Project Size: 21ha Date of Complete: 2004; Owner/Client: Shenyang Architectural University This project demonstrates how agricultural landscape can become part of the urbanized environment and how cultural identity can be created through an ordinary productive landscape. The overwhelming urbanization of China is encroaching upon much arable land. With a population of 1.3 billion people and limited tillable land, food production and sustainable land use is a survival issue that landscape architects must address. The scope and challenges In March of 2002, the Shenyang City in North Chinaâ€™s Liaoning Province commissioned the designer to create a new, 80 hectares suburban campus for Shenyang Architectural University. Originally located downtown, the university was established in 1948 and played an important role in educating architects and civil engineers for the city of Shengyang and for the country as well. But due to a recent dramatic national surge in interest for architecture in China, the enrollment of the school ballooned, creating congestion and overcrowding in its downtown, urban location. After much deliberation, the school decided the best solution was to move the entire campus to the suburbs. The project submitted here is one portion of the campus at the southwest side of the campus, with an area of 3 hectares The design had to contend with the following existing site conditions and budgetary limitations: (1).Former agricultural use: the new site for the proposed campus was originally a rice field, the origin of the famous â€œNortheast Rice,â€? known for high quality due to cool climate and its longer growing season than the those from the southern China (one single crop of rice in this area will last from the mid May till the end of October, while in south China it can only last 100 days, this is one reason that rice can be used as a landscaping material). The soil quality was good and a viable agricultural irrigation system was still in place. (2). Small budget: only about one US dollars per square meter was allocated for landscaping. Most of the budget funded the design and construction of 320,000 sq m of new university buildings. (3). Short timeline: the university required the design to be developed and implemented within one year. Classes were expected to begin in the fall semester of 2003.