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Mining and our Daily Lives Canada’s mining industry is one of the largest in the world, producing more than 60 minerals and metals. We consume or use products derived from rocks and minerals every day. For example:

They’re in much of the infrastructure we rely on, from highways and electrical and communications networks to housing. The gritty substance in our toothpaste is pumice. The grit in sandpaper is crushed garnets . The

Canadais the world’s third largest nickel producer. The greater demand for nickel is in the production of stainless steels, common in our house hold utensils and appliances.

Canadais one of the world’s leading producers of gold. While gold is used in electronic devices, such as computers and cell-phones, and in dentistry and the aerospaceindustry, nearly 85 percent of gold is used to make jewellery and coins.

The average home has more than 180 kilograms of copper. Throughout our lives, each of us will use about 680 kilograms of copper in electrical and telephone wiring, appliances, vehicles and plumbing. A hybrid car usesan average of 13.6 kilograms more copper than a regular car.

Canadais the third largest producer of diamonds in the world after Botswana and Russia. While the diamond is the best known and most sought after gem for jewellery, more of these gems are used for industrial applications, such as drill bits and saws and laser components. Diamond production has gone from zero to almost five million carats in five years.

Zinc is a natural element found in the earth’s crust and is used in many consumer products including dietary supplements. Zinc is essential to our health, and boosts our immune system.

Canadais also the world’s third largest Metallurgical Coal producer. Metallurgical Coal is essential in steel making. The average modern windmill used for green power generation is manufactured with approximately 140 tonnes of Metallurgical Coal .

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