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Say yes to new adventures

Vintage City Julius Caesar

Assasination Conspiracy and Baby with Cleopatra??

Twin Son’s rasied by a She-wolf in Rome

GELATO TIME! Learn how to make gelato!

Rome


Contents

Letter from Diana

Meet the Designer and Editor Dear Reader,

Features

Departments

5-9/ Julius Ceasar

2/ Editors note

Roman Delicacies

11-16/ Twin Sons rasied by a She-wolf in Rome

10/ Tips to

3/Gelato Time

Travel Rome

17/ Pear Patina 20/ Roman Short Story by Jeanette Winterson

1 February 2018 vintagecity.com

MY NAME IS DIANA DOMINGUEZ and I am the Editor and Graphic Designer of Vintage City magazine. I am twenty-one years old and started my graphic design career in 2011 during my high school days. I learned to develop my design skills by following proper design criteria and. As part of a project in my college Typography II class, I have created this magazine layout in order to demonstrate that I understand and follow proper magazine grid work and other magazine elements to succesfully create a layout that can speak for itself. I have yet to develop many graphic design techniques and look forward for the reader reading this to enjoy the unity, harmony and uniqness that this magazine, as a whole , demonstrates. With perseverance and patience anything can be done. When I first started in this career it was a little hard to understand all of the different elements that are tied into graphic design. Learning all of Adobe’s design software to learning how to export the software files into pdf files or other low quality files, was a challange for me to understand. After some time I

new that it was graphic design that I wanted to persue as my full-time job due to the weird and cooky ideas that I obtain. Creating new things and acquiring fresh ideas for the future generations of graphic design is a technique that must be present for any graphic designer. If you think that you want to pursue a career in graphic design as well, than go for it. Follow your dreams and keep being creative but most importantly, have fun for what you do. Your work will pay off down the road.

Diana Dominguez

Editor & Graphic Designer dianadominguez503@gmail.com

2 February 2018 vintagecity.com


Bi e nve nue a bo r d Gelato Time! Serves: 6-8

2 1/4 cups whole milk 3/4 cup heavy cream 1 vanilla bean split length wise 3/4 cup sugar

1. Put 1 1â „4 cups of the milk, cream, and vanilla bean into a heavy-bottomed medium saucepan and heat over medium heat until bubbles appear around the edge of the saucepan and mixture is about to boil. 2. Meanwhile, put remaining 1 cup milk, sugar, and cornstarch into a small bowl and stir until well combined. Remove saucepan from heat and stir in cornstarch mixture. Return saucepan to heat and cook, stirring frequently, until sugar dissolves and mixture thickens slightly, 8-10 minutes. Remove saucepan from heat.

2 tbsp. cornstarch 1 egg yolk

3 February 2018 vintagecity.com

3. Put egg yolk into a medium bowl and whisk until slightly thickened. Pour 1 cup of the hot milk mixture into the yolk, whisking constantly, then gradually add mixture back into the hot milk mixture in the saucepan, stirring with a wooden spoon. Set aside to let cool, stirring often, then cover with plastic and refrigerate overnight. Remove and discard vanilla bean. 4. Process in an ice cream maker according to manufacturer’s directions.

F or Sp eed , Comfort , Cour tes y

FLY DIA AIRLINES 4 February 2018 vintagecity.com


Julius Caesar A baby with Cleopatra and assasination by conspiracy? By: Anonymous


A

AFTER 450 YEARS AS A REPUBLIC, Rome became an empire in the wake of Julius Caesar’s rise and fall in the first century B.C. The long and triumphant reign of its first emperor, Augustus, began a golden age of peace and prosperity; by contrast, the empire’s decline and fall by the fifth century A.D. was one of the most dramatic implosions in the history of human civilization. As legend, has it, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and rescued by a she-wolf, the twins lived to defeat that king and found their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B.C. After killing his brother, Romulus became the first king of Rome, which is named for him. Rome’s era as a monarchy ended in 509 B.C. with the overthrow of its seventh king, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, whom ancient historians portrayed as cruel and tyrannical, compared to his benevolent predecessors. A popular uprising was said to have arisen over the rape of a virtuous noblewoman, Lucretia, by the king’s son. Whatever the cause, Rome turned from a monarchy into a republic, a world derived from res publica, or “property of the people.” Julius Caesar (c. July 12 or 13, 100 BC to March 15, 44 BC) was a politically adept and popular leader of the Roman Republic who significantly transformed what became known as the Roman Empire by greatly expanding its geographic reach and establishing its imperial system. Allegedly a descendant of Trojan prince Aeneas, Caesar’s birth marked the beginning of a new chapter in Roman history. By age 31, Caesar had fought in several wars and become involved in Roman politics. After several alliances, he became dictator of the Roman Empire, a rule that lasted for just one year before his death. 3 February 2018 vintagecity.com

Who Killed Caesar? Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus, former enemies of Julius Caesar who’d joined the Roman Senate, led Caesar’s assassination, dubbing themselves “the liberators.” Brutus’ involvement in the killing packed the most complicated backstory. During Rome’s earlier civil war, he had originally sided with Caesar’s opponent, Pompey. After Caesar’s victory, Brutus was encouraged to join the government. His mother, Servilia, was also one of Caesar’s lovers. When and Where Was Julius Caesar Born? While the date has long been disputed, it’s estimated that Julius Caesar was born in Rome on July 12 or 13, 100 BC. While Julius Caesar hailed from oman aristocrats, his family was far from rich. When Caesar was 16, his father, Gaius Caesar, died. He remained close to his mother, Aurelia.

Wife and Kids In 84 BC, Julius Caesar married Cornelia, the daughter of a nobleman. Together they had a daughter, Julia Caesaris, in 76 B.C. In 69 BC, Cornelia passed away. In 67 BC, Caesar married Pompeia, the granddaughter of the Roman dictator Sulla. Their marriage lasted a handful of years; in 62 BC, the couple divorced. In 59 BC, Caesar wed Calpurnia, a teenager to whom he remained married for the rest of his life. He also had several mistresses including Cleopatra VII, the queen of Egypt, with whom he had a son, Caesarion. Ptolemy was the child of Cleopatra and Caesar, although a few classical authors, perhaps for political reasons, expressed doubts about his paternity. After Cleopatra’s arrival in Rome in 46, Caesar himself, however, officially recognized the child.

Early Life During Caesar’s youth an element of disorder and instability ruled the Roman Republic, which had discredited its nobility and seemed unable to handle its considerable size and influence. Around the time of his father’s death, Caesar made a concerted effort to side with the country’s nobility. Caesar’s marriage to Cornelia drew the ire of the dictator Sulla, as Cornelia’s father was Sulla’s political rival. Sulla ordered Caesar to divorce his wife or risk losing his property. The young Roman refused and escaped by serving in the military,

first in the province of Asia and then in Cilicia. With the help of influential friends, Caesar eventually convinced Sulla to be allowed to return to Rome. After Sulla’s death, Caesar began his career in politics as a prosecuting advocate. He relocated temporarily to Rhodes to study philosophy. During his travels he was kidnapped by pirates. In a daring display of his negotiation skills and counter-insurgency tactics, he convinced his captors to raise his ransom, then organized a naval force to attack them. The pirates were captured and executed. Caesar’s stature was further enhanced in 74 BC when he put together a private army and combated Mithradates VI Eupator, king of Pontus, who had declared war on Rome. Caesar began working with Pompey and soon after, in 68 or 69 BC, he was elected quaestor (a base political office). He went on to serve in several other key government positions. In 61 to 60 BC Caesar served as governor of the Roman province of Spain. Caesar maintained a close alliance with Pompey, which enabled him to get elected as consul, a powerful government position, in 59 BC.

First Triumvirate The strategic political alliance among Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus and Pompey came to be known as

the First Triumvirate. At the same time Caesar was governing under Pompey, he aligned himself with Crassus, a Roman general and politician who served valiantly during Sulla’s rule. Crassus and Pompey, however, were intense rivals. Once again Caesar displayed his abilities as a negotiator, earning the trust of both Crassus and Pompey and convincing them they’d be better suited as allies instead of enemies. For Caesar, the First Triumvirate partnership was the perfect springboard to greater domination. Crassus, a leader who was cited as the wealthiest man in Roman history, offered Caesar financial and political support that proved to be instrumental in his rise to power.

Early Rule and Gallic Wars In an early controversial move, Caesar tried to pay off Pompey’s soldiers by granting them public lands. Caesar hired some of Pompey’s soldiers to stage a riot. In the midst of all the chaos, he got his way. Not long after, Caesar secured the governorship of Gaul (now France and Belgium). This allowed him to build a bigger military and begin the kind of campaigns that would cement his status as one of Rome’s all-time great leaders. Between 58 and 50 BC, Caesar conquered the rest of Gaul up to the river Rhine.

4 February 2018 vintagecity.com


As he expanded his reach, Caesar was ruthless with his enemies. In one instance he waited until his opponent’s water supply had dried up, then ordered the hands of all the remaining survivors be cut off. All the while, he was mindful of the political scene back home in Rome, hiring key political agents to act on his behalf.

War Against Pompey As Julius Caesar’s power and prestige grew, Pompey grew envious of his political partner. Meanwhile, Crassus still had never completely overcome his disdain for Pompey. The three leaders patched things up temporarily in 56 BC at a conference in Luca, which cemented Caesar’s existing territorial rule for another five years, granted Crassus a five-year

Tips from Shivanni Vora

Death Two days after the assassination, Mark Antony summoned the senate and managed to work out a compromise in which the assassins would not be punished for their acts, but all of Caesar’s appointments would remain valid. By doing this, Antony most likely hoped to avoid large cracks in government forming as a result of Caesar’s death. Simultaneously, Antony diminished the goals of the conspirators. The result unforeseen by the assassins was that Caesar’s death precipitated the end of the Roman Republic. The Roman lower classes, with whom Caesar was popular, became enraged that a small group of aristocrats had sacrificed Caesar. Antony, who had been drifting apart from Caesar, capitalised on the grief of the Roman mob and threatened to unleash them on the

Tips to Travel Rome

For the best travelers!

By: Shivani Vora

“He also had several mistresses including Cleopatra VII, the queen of Egypt, with whom he had a son, Caesarion.” term in Syria and accorded Pompey a five-year term in Spain. Three years later, however, Crassus was killed in a battle in Syria. Around this time Pompey revisited his old concerns about Caesar. On January 10 to 11, 49 BC, Caesar led troops across the river Rubicon. As Pompey further aligned himself with nobility, who increasingly saw Caesar as a national threat, civil war between the two leaders proved to be inevitable. In the end, however, Pompey and his troops were no match for Caesar’s military campaign. By late 48 BC, Caesar had pushed his enemies out of Italy and pursued Pompey into Egypt. There Pompey was killed, and Caesar aligned himself with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra.

Dictatorship Upon his return to Rome, Caesar was made dictator for life and hailed as the Father of his Country. Although he would serve just a year’s term before his assassination, Caesar’s rule proved instrumental in reforming Rome for his countrymen. Caesar greatly transformed the empire, relieving debt and reforming the Senate by increasing its size and opening it up so that it better represented all Romans. He reformed the Roman calendar and reorganized the construction of local government. He resurrected two city-states, Carthage and Corinth, which had been destroyed by his predecessors. And he granted citizenship to a number of foreigners. A benevolent victor, Caesar even invited some of his defeated rivals to join him in the government. At the same time, Caesar was also careful to solidify his power and rule. He stuffed the Senate with allies and required it to grant him honors and titles. He spoke first at assembly meetings, and Roman coins bore his face.

9 February 2018 vintage.com

Optimates, perhaps with the intent of taking control of Rome himself. But, to his surprise and chagrin, Caesar had named his grandnephew Gaius Octavius his sole heir, bequeathing him the immensely potent Caesar name as well as making him one of the wealthiest citizens in the Republic. Upon hearing of his adopted father’s death, Octavius abandoned his studies in Apollonia and sailed across the Adriatic Sea to Brundisium. Octavius became Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus or Octavian, the son of the great Caesar, and consequently also inherited the loyalty of much of the Roman populace.

for a bowl of pasta (around $12) such as his favorite, cacio e pepe. This strategy allows you to save your money for a nice dinner or two with wine in some of Rome’s terrific seafood and fine dining spots. His top recommendations are Assunta Madre for seafood and Ristorante Tullio for classic Italian dishes like cannelloni and Roman-style artichokes.

Time It Right

January through March and November and December (the week before Christmas is the exception) are the best times to visit Rome, especially if you’re looking for a break on lodging. High-end travelers can get between 30 and 50 percent off usual rates at five-star hotels. This also when hotels offer special promotions, like a third night free or a spa treatment and daily breakfast included with your stay. For those who can’t travel to Rome during off-peak season, Mr. Amorico said that it’s best to stay in hotels in less touristy but still located in well-situated neighborhoods such as Monti, Testaccio and Parioli. The properties in these areas have nightly rates at least 20 percent lower than ones in touristy spots. Or, consider renting a luxury apartment, which can be between 30 and 50 percent less expensive than a luxury hotel. Sites like Access Italy and OneFineStay offer a portfolio of Rome apartment rentals

Dine Smart

Stay away from the overpriced, average restaurants sit-

uated in Piazza Navona, Pantheon and Campo dei Fiori, Rome’s main squares. You’ll enjoy less expensive and tastier meals and also get more of a local flavor of the city by dining at spots in Monti, especially on Via Urbani, where there are some excellent trattorias. Other areas worth visiting for great local restaurants include Via del Corallo, Piazza del Fico, Via Giulia and Via del Governo Vecchio. When it comes to lunch, Mr. Amorico suggested enjoying a thincrust pizza (around $10) at a pizzeria or going to a trattoria

Book Private Tours on Weekdays

A private guide is a pricey indulgence and worthwhile mainly if you’re interested in learning more about a particular topic, like historic architecture or art. But if you plan to hire one, do it during a weekday. During the week, guides in Rome cost usually around 20 percent less compared with weekends (and during low season, they can be up to 40 percent less). If you’re in the city between May and October and want to hire a guide to see the Vatican Museum, do it on a Friday night, when the museum is open late. “A guide will charge a lower price on these Friday nights than during the day because it’s a lot cooler and less crowded,” Mr. Amorico said.

Walk Everywhere

Finally, regardless of your budget, the best way to see Rome is by walking. Don’t bother spending your money on a car and driver or taxis, Mr. Amorico said. “Rome is like an open-air museum, and the only way to experience it is on foot,” he said.

10 February 2018 vintagecity.com

Vintage City Magazine  

Love to travel? How about knowing more about old cities all around the world? Vintage Magazine will sharpen your knowledge about jaw droppin...

Vintage City Magazine  

Love to travel? How about knowing more about old cities all around the world? Vintage Magazine will sharpen your knowledge about jaw droppin...

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