Vietnam and Korea war
By Paul Davis Diana Locklear
At the end of world War II Korea became a divided nation Japanese troops surrendered to soviet Forces.
The soviets gambled that America would not defend South Korea from North Korea so the soviets supplied North Korea with tanks, airplanes, and money in attempt to take over the peninsula.
On June 25, 1950, North Koreans swept across the 38th parallel in a surprise attack on South Korea. President Truman was convinced that the North Korean aggressors were repeating what Hitler, Mussolini, and the Japanese had done in the 1930â€™s. Harry S. Truman, Thirty-third President (1945-1953)
Trumanâ€™s policy of containment was being put to the test. Truman resolved to help South Korea resist communism. Korea asked the united nations to intervene in the invasions the united nations came to a vote to decide. The Soviets were absent at the time so they couldnâ€™t veto the United Nationâ€™s plan to send an international force to Korea to stop the invasion. A total of fifteen nations participated under the command of general Douglas MacArthur.
Meanwhile, the North Koreans continued to advance. By September 1950 they controlled the entire peninsula of Korea except a tiny area around Pusan. The South Korean resistance
The fighting starts
MacArthur launched a surprised attack. Troops moving north from Pusan met with forces at Inchon. Caught in pincer action about half of the north Koreans surrendered the rest retreated.
The fighting continues
Over the next two years, UN forces fought to drive Chinese and North Korea back. By 1952, UN troops had regained control of south Korea. Finally, in July 1953, the UN forces and north Korea signed a ceasefire agreement. The border between the two Koreas was set near the 38th parallel, almost where it had been before the war. In the meantime, four million soldiers and civilians had died.
Aftermath of the war
After the war Korea remained divided. A demilitarized zone, which stills exists, separates the two countries. In North Korea the communist dictator Kim Jong II is the current dictator of North Korea. Even though now they have nuclear weapons they are still in a economic crises. on the other hand South Korea is thriving thanks to their industries.
War breaks out in Vietnam
In the 1990â€™s France controlled most of the of resource-rich southeast Asia. (French Indochina includes what are now Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia) but nationalist independence, Ho chi Minh, turned to the communists for help in his struggles. During the 1930â€™s, Hoâ€™s Indochinese Communist party led revolts and strikes against the French.
The fighting begins
Vietnamese nationalists and Communists joined to fight the French armies. The French held major cities, but the Vietminh had widespread supports in the countryside. The Vietminh used hit and run tactics.
The united states get involved
After the French were defeated, Faced with the possibility of a communist victory, the united states decided to escalate, or increase, its involvement. Some U.S troops had been serving as advisers to the south Vietnamese since the late 1950s. But their numbers steadily grew, as did the numbers of planes and other military equipment sent to south Vietnam.
U.S Troops Enter the Fight
In august 1964 the U.S President Lyndon Johnson told Congress that North Vietnamese patrolled Boats had attacked two U.S destroyers in the gulf of Tonkin. Congress authorized the president to send U.S troops to fight in Vietnam by the late 1965 more than 185,000 U.S. soldiers were in combat on Vietnamese soil.
Support for the Vietcong grew, with the help and supplies from Ho Chi Minh, the Soviet Union and china, unable to win a decisive victory on the ground, the United States turned to attempt to destroy enemy hideouts. By bombing millions of acres of land.
The united states with draws
During the 1960s, the war grew increasingly unpopular in the United States. Dissatisfied young people began to protest the tremendous loss of life in a conflict on the other side of the war. President Nixon had a plan called Vitalization. It allowed troops to gradually pull out, while the South Vietnamese increased their combat role.
The united states with draws cont.
The war ended, but more than 1.5 million Vietnamese and 58,000 Americans lost their lives.
Iraq war By: Diana Locklear And Paul Davis
War & Peace
After WW II the cold war created new divisions and tensions among the worlds nations. This threatened the economic, environmental, and personal security of the people. Therefore the nations was forced to work together
After WW II nations banded together to create military alliance. (NATO) and (SETO) In addition to military alliances, world leaders also took steps to reduce the threat of war
Taking action cont.
-the Un promoted world peace. -the UN provides a public forum, private meetings and skilled mediators to help nations try to resolve conflicts.
Taking action cont.
-they also provide peace keeping forces. -by the end of 2002 the un had close to 40,000 soldiers and police in 13 peace keeping countries.
Weapons of mass destruction
-nations have also limited the test and trade of weapons. -most important are the ones that include nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons that could kill millions.
Weapons of mass destruction
-in 1968 nations signed a nuclear nonproliferation or the spread of nuclear weapons to other nations -1970 U.S & soviet union signed the strategic arms limitations treaties
War in Iraq
-other nations have tried to develop weapons of mass destruction (WMS). -Iraq used chemical weapons during the 1980â€™s, many people thought Sudan Hussein had to plans to develop biological and nuclear weapons. -Iraq agreed to destroy these weapons.
War in Iraq cont.
-the Un inspectors was sent to monitor this disarmament process. -in 1998 the Iraqis ordered the UN inspectors to leave. -2002 Sudan Hussein was once again suspected of develop WMS -the un inspectors returned but he seemed reluctant.
War in Iraq
-former president George Bush argued that Hussein might be close to building powerful weapons to use against the US of it allies. -march 2003 George Bush ordered American troops to invade Iraq. After 4 weeks of fighting Husseinâ€™s government fell. -but violence in Iraq continued.
In 1948 issued the Universal Declaration of human rights. It states â€œAll human being are born free and equal in dignity and rightsâ€? Despite the best efforts of various human rights organizations protecting human rights is still an uphill battle.
In the past woman in the western nations entered the work force, they faced discriminations in employment and salary. In the 1970â€™s a heightened awareness of human rights encouraged women in many countries to improve there lives.
Women Status cont.
In 1975 the UN held the first of several international conferences on women's status in the world. In 2000 the UN reviewed the status of women and found that women the had made notable gains during the 1990â€™s.
The greatest global health issue is the disease known as AIDS. It was first detected in the early 1980s. Has claimed the lives of nearly 25 million people. The disease is world wide but sub-Saharan Africa has suffered most.
Population movement The global movement of people has increased dramatically in recent years. There are push-pull factors. Push factors are the reason they want to move. Pull factors are the reasons they want to move to a certain country.
Terrorism is the use of violence against people or property to force changes in societies or governments. Since the 1960s 14,000 terrorist attacks have occurred.
The weapons most frequently used or bullets and bombs. There targets are crowded places where people normally feel safe. Such as subway stations, bus stops, restaurants, or shopping malls. They might also target something they are against like a government building or religious place.
Terrorist methods cont.
Cyber terrorism is another recent development. It involves hacking computers and spreading viruses.
McDougal Littell, World History Pattern of Interaction. http://historymatters.gmu.edu/mpimages/mp241.jpg http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&rlz=1T4ADBS_enUS243US245 &um=1&q=the+body+count+of+the+Vietnam+war&sa=N&start=36&nds p=18