Legislation: The Nature Directives
The EU’s policy on nature conservation consists of two legal instruments:
The Council Directive 79/409/EEC on the protection of wild birds (april 1979) -- Birds Directive The Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (may 1992) -- Habitats Directive
Species & habitats protection provisions – valid on all territory / sea of a MS Site protection provisions – Natura 2000
Two pillars to the Habitats Directive:
Over 220 habitat types (Annex I) & over 1.000 species of Community interest (Annex II, IV, V) "all areas that are protected under the Birds and Habitats Directives form an ecological network known as NATURA 2000. The main purpose of this network is to maintain or restore the habitats and species at a favourable (good) conservation status (FCS) in their natural range".
N a t u r a 2 0 0 0 U n it D G E n v ir o n m e n t D a n n y C h a r b o n n e a u