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FALL 2016

A Little Disney In Central PA From the 25-foot high Sky Ride to an Amish barn raising, The 161st Bloomsburg Fair is Sure To Please $3.95

FALL 2016


Band of Brothers: Blue and White Ready To Fight

An Inside Look at 2 Caverns Valley Village A Casualty of World War 4 Ways to Savor Fall Foliage

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

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Football, fairs and fall foliage: a triple threat that keeps autumn on top of the seasonal standings each year. You can keep your heat waves and snow storms – they don’t hold a Jack-o-lantern tea candle to the traditions and experiences we savor each fall. From grandma’s pumpkin pie recipe to Bloomsburg Fair-fried funnel cakes, this is the season for fall-fueled culinary specialties. And while autumn eating is so delicious, finding the time to cook in our back-to-school shuffle can be a challenge. Thankfully, our new Inside Pennsylvania food feature will help you tackle that challenge quicker than J.J. Watt can take down an opposing running back. Football? The Valley bleeds blue and white, and new Inside Pennsylvania freelancer Meghan Delsite gives us an inside look, through the eyes of Trace McSorley and Jason Cabinda, at the band of brotherhood that has developed in the face of Penn State’s adversity the past several years. You’ve heard plenty of tips on how to best check out Pennsylvania’s natural fall foliage fireworks displays, but Connie Mertz goes beyond the typical hikes and vistas to give readers some truly unique viewing experiences that everyone should try at least once. There’s stories about so much more … from caves to Heritage Days. And Alvira (the local town that was a casualty of WWII) to the Nittany Mountain antique tractor and flea market extravaganza. We even have you political folks in mind … as John Moore shares some thoughts from five-time presidential speech writer James Humes and his take on a historic election season. All this and so much more … Inside Pennsylvania.

John Zaktansky, Editor

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016




SHARE W I T H US! Letters to Inside Pennsylvania are always welcome. We also like photos from around the Valley. Photos must be submitted via email untouched (right from the camera) at 300 dpi minimum. Submit photos and letters to us at 200 Market St., Sunbury, PA 17801 or email to VIKKI PETERSEN





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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


BACK-TO-SHOOL MEAL OPTIONS YOUR FAMILY WILL LOVE Geisinger dietician, Sarah Dayton, shares tasty tips and recipes.

contents FALL 2016 Volume 10 /// Issue 3

12 FARMING HISTORY TAKES CENTER STAGE More than 700 antique tractors displayed at the Nittany Antique Machinery Association spring show.



4 ways to take in Pennsylvania's foliage fireworks this Fall.


35 YEARS OF RE-ENACTING HISTORY One of the region's best-kept secrets will come to life October 1-2 at the annual Heritage Days recreation.

inside this issue 8

The 161st Bloomsburg Fair: A Little Disney in Central Pennsylvania

12 16

Back-To-School Meal Options Your Family Will Love Farming History Takes Center Stage in Epic Show

30 Lincoln Caverns: From Farmer's Field to Tourist Hot Spot

32 Get Kisses From Live Stalactites at Penn's Cave 36 Alvira: Valley Village A Casualty of WWII 42 The Band of Brothers: Penn State Nittany Lions Football Team

22 Heritage Days: 35 Years of Re-enacting History 48 Presidential Ponderings: Longtime 24 Four Exciting Ways To Savor Speech Writer Reflects on Autumn's Fall Foliage Fireworks


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

Relationships with 5 Presidents

36 ALVIRA: VALLEY VILLAGE A CASUALTY OF WWII 400 residents lose homes and property to U.S. Government for War Factory.

A publication of The Daily Item

Frank Leto Publisher Dennis M. Lyons Editor Patricia Bennett Director of Advertising

magazine staff John Zaktansky Editor


Bryce Kile Design Editor Elizabeth Knauer Advertising Sales Manager

The Penn State football team has gone through its fair share of change in the last five years. Now that the dust has settled, the Lions are ready to dominate once again.



departments HOPS & VINES: Wineries & Breweries You Should Visit CALENDAR: Things To Do Around The Valley PA PLANTS: The Autumn Fern SPRECKEN SIE: You Better Would Warsh The Dishes? CREATIVE CORNER: Fictional Writings

54 56 59 61 62

ON THE COVER The 25-foot-high, 120-car Sky Ride at the Bloomsburg Fair is the only ride of its kind at a county fair in the area, according to Paul Reichart, president of the Bloomsburg Fair Association. PHOTO PROVIDED

Connie Mertz Cindy O. Herman Tabitha Goodling Tricia Kline John L. Moore Meghan Delsite

photo staff Robert Inglis Justin Engle Jen Mertz Justin Kline

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Write: Inside Pennsylvania Magazine 200 Market Street Sunbury, PA 17801 Inside Pennsylvania (ISSN 1935-4738) is published quarterly at 200 Market St., Sunbury, PA 17801. Inside Pennsylvania magazine is not responsible for unsolicited submissions. Reproduction or use of editorial or graphic content in any manner, without permission, is prohibited. Copyright 2015 by Community News Group LLC. All rights reserved. Single issue: $3.95. Subscription: $10 annually (U.S. only). POSTMASTER: Send address change to Inside Pennsylvania magazine, 200 Market St., Sunbury, PA 17801. Advertising rates and specifications available online at Inside Pennsylvania was founded March 2007. A publication of The Daily Item, a member of Community News Group LLC.

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


That’s kind of important, that Sky Ride. That’s the only one (in a county fair) in the state that I know of. Paul Reichart, president of the Bloomsburg Fair Association


t’s fitting that the 25foot-high, 120-car Sky Ride would be unique to the annual event. From its top-name entertainment and amusement-parkquality thrill rides to its sheer size, the Bloomsburg Fair stands out among its peers. Drawing crowds of more than 400,000, it is the fair of choice in Central Pennsylvania, and has been for some time.

“I was born and raised in this area,” Reichart said, recalling days at the fair in the 1940s with his grandparents. “We packed a lunch and ate out of the car.” Bill May, 88, owns the local May’s Drive-Ins and remembers starting out at the Bloomsburg Fair. “My dad put me in the stand there,” he said. “I was 11 years old.” May’s family now operates three food stands at the fair, joining the 800 or so others there. “A lot of people come just for the food,” Reichart said. But that’s the thing with the Bloomsburg Fair. It’s got everything that every other county fair has. Food and rides. Cotton candy, Bingo and games where you can throw a ball at a target and win a stuffed animal. Cows, pigs, sheep, rabbits and other farm animals. Tractor pulls, musical entertainment, canned goods, quilts,


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


A Little Disney in Central Pennsylvania From the Sky Ride to an Amish barn raising, the 161st Bloomsburg Fair is sure to please CINDY O. HERMAN

photos and artwork … all the usual attractions. And a whole lot more. Try Cinderella-like carriage treks or breezy helicopter rides. Watch a demolition derby or a Double Figure 8 race. Check out the horse pulls or the Painted Pony Rodeo. Kick back and enjoy the free entertainment, including local high school bands, or take in a show — Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons, Lee Brice, Lauren Daigle and more. The Bloomsburg Fair takes the quaint county fair and magnifies it, creating an entertainment marvel worth penciling in on your calendar. “A lot of people take a vacation to work


the fair,” Reichart said. “They enjoy it so much.” Neighboring residents open their yards and driveways for parking spaces. Local schools close, farm kids spend the week tending their animals at the fair, and many teachers sign on to work at the stands. “I think it’s in their blood, the fact that they like to be there at the fair,” Reichart said of the workers and attendees who return year after year. “They see all their relatives and friends there. We have people bring in their motor homes and camp all week. I think a lot of people come back just as a reunion.” It’s that blend of familiar and thrilling,

traditional and cutting edge that draws people to the fair. “We still maintain the original farmhouse that was on the property, the Barton House,” Reichart said, referring to prominent businessman Caleb Barton’s spacious home, which still stands on the fairgrounds where Bloomsburg’s first “agricultural fair” was held in 1855. Fairgoers today enjoy tours of the home, with its fireplaces, Victorian-era décor, lye and water-treated floors, and pine woodwork. In fact, keeping with the tradition of authentic, time-honored agricultural skill, C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 10

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


C O N T I N U ED F R O M P A G E 9

this year’s fair will feature a most unusual sight: an Amish barn raising. “We’re going to have the Amish (crew) build a barn during fair week,” Reichart said, explaining that it will be framed with timbers from an 1800s-era barn that was carefully taken apart to be rebuilt. People can watch as the walls are raised in the famously dramatic Amish fashion. Like the horse races, pumpkin contests and farm animal competitions, the traditional agricultural aspects of the fair balance its whirling, twirling, entertaining traits. “The agricultural part of it is so important,” Reichart said. “You lose that, you’ll never get it back.” From Sky Rides to barn raisings, Bloomsburg Fair week offers oldtime craftsmanship and breathtaking fun that people eagerly await. “It’s like when you go to Disney World,” Reichart said. “Leave your worries behind you.” For more information, please visit www.

Grandstand Entertainment Schedule Friday, 9/23 - Preview Day Saturday, 9/24 1:00 PM - JM Productions Double Figure 8 Race w/ Rollover Grandstand - $18 7:00 PM - Full Pull Tractor and Truck Pulling Grandstand - $23 • Bleachers - $18 Sunday, 9/25 7:30 PM - for King and Country with Lauren Daigle and Jordan Feliz Track - $36 • Grandstand - $28 Monday, 9/26 7:00 PM - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons Track - $51 • Grandstand - $46


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

Tuesday, 9/27 7:30 PM - Jake Owen with Old Dominion Track - $41 • Grandstand - $36 Wednesday, 9/28 7:30 PM - Lee Brice Track - $41 • Grandstand - $36 Thursday, 9/29 7:30 pm - The Band Perry Track - $51 • Grandstand - $46 Friday, 9/30 7:30 PM - Painted Pony Rodeo Grandstand - $20 Saturday, 10/1 - Noon JM Productions Demo Derby Grandstand - $18 Saturday, 10/1 8:00 PM - Paul Zerdin Track - $43 • Grandstand - $38

Why go to the Bloomsburg Fair? Like fresh sweet corn and tomatoes in season, the Bloomsburg Fair comes and goes just once a year, and Central Pennsylvanians greet its annual appearance. “We have kind of a routine,” said Mary Oberlin, of Selinsgrove, who’s attended the fair with various family members and friends for the past 50 years. More recently, she goes with two friends: Jean Musser, of Selinsgrove, and Katie Faust, of Winfield. “We arrive early and have a big, fat doughnut or sticky bun with coffee,” she said. “By that time the buildings open, and we head into the craft building. I love the photos people submit. We stay in there till noon then head out for curly fries and lunch. We stroll the grounds, enjoying band shell shows and all the things.” The Bloomsburg Fair truly offers fun for all ages. Paula Cochran, of Mifflinburg, fondly recalled her daughter, Lauren, throwing straw bales with other kids in 4-H clubs. “They have a super cute mini bale for the wee ones,” Cochran said. Oberlin has entered photos and other items in fair competitions. “I entered fudge one year and got first place on the peanut butter fudge,” she said. She also won a blue ribbon for her Wire Fox Terrier puppies. “… and we sold a few there.” She snags front-row seats for shows at the Bloomsburg Fair and has seen some of her favorite entertainers, including Alabama, Kenny Rogers and the Statler Brothers. But some of the most enticing lures to the fair are the ones you put in your mouth. Who can say “No” to fair food? “I love that you can find absolutely anything fried,” said Lori Kinder Pickford, Chester Springs. “Oreos, Twinkies. Plus the potato cakes are the best!” Lori Reichenbach, of Winfield, said her husband, Kim, goes to the fair just for the food. Two of his favorites: Top of the Beef and Johnny’s Gyros. Oberlin, too, likes to sample the food. “We can’t leave that out,” she said with a little laugh, noting that curly fries are her favorite fair food. “And I like the deep-fried vegetables. You know, all those healthy things.” Agricultural exhibits and tractor pulls, crafts and competitions, swirling rides and crooning entertainers … the Bloomsburg Fair is a once-a-year event worth the wait. “Oh, I love it,” Oberlin said. “I just love that fair every year.”


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


Back-To-School Meal Options Your Family Will Love Geisinger dietitian shares tasty tips and recipes CINDY O. HERMAN


auliflower. It’s not just broccoli’s sidekick anymore.

“Cauliflower is the new kale,” said Sarah Dayton, registered dietician nutritionist at Geisinger Medical Center in Danville. She went on to explain cauliflower’s versatility: it can be eaten raw, cooked in soups and stir-fries, shredded and even creamed like a satisfying yet low-carb version of mashed potatoes. “I feel like you could put it into things, and people would not know. I put it (grated or shredded) in chili.” Naturally, Dayton also included it in her plan for a healthy, inexpensive dinner that is easy to make, especially as families heading into busy, back-toschool days. She started with the part of the meal we’d all like to eat first: dessert. “These fruit


rather than the olive oil called for in the cornucopias, I think, are adorable,” she recipe. said as she mixed a slew of diced and “I think that gives it a nice coat without sliced, fresh and frozen fruits and let being too much,” she said. them marinate together before spooning She kept an eye on the pepper halves into ice cream cones and topping with broiling in the oven while she sautéed whipped cream. “All the natural juices their filling, starting with garlic, onion, and acids are going to work together chick peas, spinach and millet, scenting here.” the air with a tantalizing fragrance. And Greek stuffed peppers formed the while the chick peas provide protein, core of Dayton’s meal. With their Dayton agreed they could be replaced Mediterranean influence, they even with ground beef or chicken, if preferred. sound healthy, but Dayton chose them for The millet kept the dish gluten free and another reason. inexpensive but could also be replaced “I just really like these flavors,” she with rice or pasta. said, as she halved red and green bell Dayton sautéed the mixture just long peppers and scooped out their seeds. “I enough to lightly wilt the spinach, love using peppers as the shells of things. saying, “I want to keep it nice and green. I think they’re fun. The perfect size.” I don’t want to lose any of the nutrients.” Meanwhile some cauliflower florets Perhaps part of cooking healthy is tossed with diced onion and garlic cloves — so easy — were roasting in the oven. In the spirit of keeping the meal healthy, Fruit Cornucopias Dayton had opted for 8 oz. Berries of your choice – blackberries, cooking spray blueberries, raspberries, strawberries 2 large Ripe peaches, nectarines or plums 1 large Pear 1 Apple 16-oz. can Mandarin oranges in juice, drained 1 Tbsp. Sugar (optional). Can also use a sugar substitute. 6 large Waffle cones Whipped topping

Cut all fruit and place in large bowl. Stir in oranges. Taste and add sweetener, if desired. Allow to sit 30 – 60 minutes. Scoop into waffle cones and top with whipped topping. (Can be served on a plate for less mess!)


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

Greek Stuffed Peppers 1 cup Raw millet 1 cup Low sodium vegetable stock/broth 4 Red, orange, yellow or green bell peppers 1 small Red onion, diced 2 cloves Garlic, minced 1 Tbsp. Dried oregano 1 15-oz. can Chick peas, rinsed and drained ½ cup Kalamata olives, pitted and chopped ½ cup Sundried tomatoes, chopped 6 handfuls Baby spinach 6 oz. Feta cheese 1 Lemon, juice and zest 2 tsps. Olive oil To taste Salt and Pepper Rinse millet and add to a pot with swirl of oil. Toast for 3 – 4 minutes. Add 1 cup of water and 1 cup of stock. Simmer for 20 minutes, covered. Fluff with fork. While millet is cooking, turn on broiler. Cut peppers in half and remove seeds. Place cut side down. Spray with cooking spray and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Broil 2 – 4 minutes on each side. In a large pan, sauté onion in olive oil for 2 – 3 minutes until translucent. Stir in garlic and cook 1 minute more. Add oregano and cook until fragrant. Wilt in spinach. Stir in millet, olives, and tomatoes. Remove from heat and add cheese and juice/zest of the lemon. Stuff peppers with mixture and return to broiler for 2 – 3 minutes. Serves 8.

finding delight in the ingredients that are good for us. Once the spinach had cooked just enough, Dayton said with a satisfied smile, “So then, it’s just my goodies that go in.” With the glee of a child adding sprinkles to a cupcake,

she tossed in some sundried tomatoes, Kalamata olives, feta cheese and a splash of fresh lemon juice — goodies that made the stuffed pepper filling pop with flavor. “I know this is vegetarian, but I would be surprised if anyone didn’t like this,” she said as she spooned the filling into C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 14

Notes: Gluten free/Vegetarian, Calories 185, fat 5.7 grams, carbs 24.8 grams, protein 7.4 grams

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016



the pepper halves before placing them under the broiler for a final crisping. Because meal replacement shakes are becoming more popular, Dayton shared a simple recipe that can be refrigerated for 24 hours. “I feel like protein shakes are in, and they can be really expensive,” she said. “And I think (a homemade version) tastes better than anything you can buy.” She added pineapple and banana to other ingredients in a blender, then cautioned, “I’m going to put a whole bunch of spinach in it, but I guarantee you’ll only taste the fruit.” The blender whirled everything into a spinach-green froth that lacked the eye appeal of, say, a strawberry shake. Not to worry, however. While it held all the color and health of a glass of spinach, it tasted amazingly delicious — pineapples and bananas ruled — and prompted one skeptical taste tester to declare, “This is a smoothie that even Popeye would like.” Try it along with the other recipes, Dayton shared! Your busy family will never know what a healthy meal they’re enjoying.

Healthy Lunch Suggestions Ask a chef how busy parents can make lunch prep easier on them while still providing a healthy, taste-tempting meal, and you get some surprising suggestions.

No 1: Do as I do.

“Everyone should eat healthy,” said Chef Paul Mach, certified hospitality educator and assistant professor at Pennsylvania College of Technology’s School of Hospitality, Williamsport. “Let your kids see you are eating the same type of lunch.”

This is a smoothie even Pop-Eye would like.

Meal Replacement Shake 1½ cups Unsweetened almond milk or Fat-free milk 4 oz. Orange juice 2 oz. Liquid egg whites, or 4 oz. plain Greek yogurt ¼ cup Rolled oats 1 Banana, ripe 2 Canned pineapple rings 2 cups Greens (spinach, kale, Swiss chard, etc.) 2 cups Frozen fruit of your choosing (berries, peaches, mangos, etc.) Optional add-ins: Ground flax, Chia seeds, Hemp seeds Place all ingredients in a high-powered blender until fully combined. Pour into 2 glasses and serve. Can be made up to 24 hours ahead of time and refrigerated. Serves 2. Calories 290, fat 2.7 grams, carbs 55 grams, protein 10.4 grams


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

More of Chef Paul’s healthy lunch tips:

» Serve healthy items at home, on the weekend, and make them fun. “Whole grain crackers, cheese and fruit don‘t have to be just a cocktail hour snack. With fresh vegetables, they can be a fine lunchy munch!” » When it comes to school, all ages can help. They can also read with parents about options. » Try changing from plain white to whole grain breads for sandwiches.

» There’s nothing wrong with a tried-and-true peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Choose a lowsugar jelly, but keep the peanut butter the same — you don’t have to change everything at once. » Salad can work. Talk about re-using the containers and the positive recycling impact — kids are sensitive to what parents believe is important. » Make your own dried fruit (raisins, apricots, dried cranberries) and nut/seeds (walnuts, sunflower seeds, peanuts) blend for a dessert. » Another dessert option is natural yogurt with fresh fruit and honey added to it for sweetening. » Don’t force it every day. Eating “healthy” two times a week can make changing easy when it tastes better and kids feel better! » “Don‘t give up after one week,” Chef Paul urged. “Change takes time. Discuss that together. Then make it happen!”

Roasted Cauliflower 11 head head Cauliflower, Cauliflower, cut cut into into florets florets 11 medium medium White White onion onion 44 whole whole Garlic Garlic cloves cloves (unpeeled) (unpeeled) 11 Tbsp. Tbsp. Dried Dried thyme thyme To To taste taste Salt Salt and and Pepper Pepper 11 Tbsp. Tbsp. Olive Olive oil oil ½ ½ cup cup Parmesan Parmesan cheese cheese Preheat Preheat oven oven to to 425°. 425°. Mix Mix Cauliflower, Cauliflower, onion onion garlic garlic cloves, cloves, thyme, thyme, salt, salt, pepper pepper and and oil oil together together on on aa rimmed rimmed baking baking sheet. sheet. Roast Roast 30 30 – – 35 35 minutes. minutes. Sprinkle Sprinkle with with parmesan parmesan cheese cheese and and cook cook 55 minutes minutes longer longer until until golden golden brown. brown. Serves Serves 4. 4. Calories Calories 140, 140, fat fat 6.9 6.9 grams, grams, carbs carbs 7.6 7.6 grams, grams, protein protein 2.8 2.8 grams grams

TIPS FOR AN EASY, INEXPENSIVE AND HEALTHY MEAL from Geisinger dietitian Sarah Dayton

“People who eat meatless one day a week can end up saving $500 a year,” Dayton said. “I think vegetables got a bad rap. People think they’re expensive. What people forget is that the meat is usually more expensive.” Dayton pinched dried thyme between her fingers when sprinkling it over the roasted cauliflower to help break the oils and flavors of the spice. Because she used salty ingredients like olives and sun-dried tomatoes, she did not need to add salt to the Greek stuffed peppers. Add fresh lemon juice toward the end of a dish’s preparation to keep the bright lemon flavor. The Greek stuffed peppers could be browned on an outdoor grill rather than a broiler, if you prefer. If using bell peppers as shells or cups for a meal, choose more rounded peppers for easy filling. This meal takes about 40 minutes to prepare and is great for involving kids in the kitchen, which can also help them feel more invested in the meal and more likely to give it a try!

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016



Farming History Takes Center Stage in Epic Show Miles of antique vendors add to atmosphere TRICIA KLINE


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016



entral Pennsylvania is home to one of the largest — if not the largest — antique machinery shows on the east coast. And why wouldn’t it be? The Commonwealth’s strong farm culture is well-represented in the 700 to 800 antique tractors on display at the Nittany Antique Machinery Association’s annual spring and fall shows.

The popularity and size of the main subject of these shows — antique machinery — is also a testament to the way many farmers in Pennsylvania use their mechanical skills to remain as costefficient as possible. “A lot of the old machinery, they keep up here,” said association secretary Bob Corman, when comparing Pennsylvania farms to the typical larger plantations of the south. “Here, there are typically smaller farm operations, and they keep using the same equipment for as long as they can. They’re talented to do the repair, and it saves money.”

This year, the association, based in Centre Hall, is celebrating its 42nd year. Its spring show was held the first week in June, and the fall show is scheduled for Sept. 8-11.


The association is overseen by 11 board members, and has a total of 1,200 members, including people from as far away as Texas and Saskatchewan. Exhibitors and vendors come from all over North America, as well. C O N T I N U ED O N N E X T P A G E

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


C O N T I N U ED F R O M P A G E 1 9

Bill Markle, currently serving as president of the association, has been a member for 41 years, following in the footsteps of his father, Richard, who was one of the founders. When Richard and fellow Centre County resident Russell Mark met up with each other at an antique machinery show elsewhere in Pennsylvania in 1974, a seed was planted for the eventual formation of one in the Nittany Valley. “They both enjoyed it, and got to talking,” Markle said, “(and said) ‘I think we could start something like this in Centre County.’ And they decided to give it a try.” The Nittany Antique Machinery Association was first formed in 1975, in Centre Hall, following their efforts to circulate their idea to see who in their area would be interested in helping to put a show together. A public meeting on the idea was held at the Ferguson Township Lions Club building in Pine Grove Mills. “Quite a few attended,” Markle said, explaining that the reason for the interest by these folks was “Mostly


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

nostalgia, remembering what they grew up with, and to see the old equipment in operation, how things were done back through the years.”


The event began with the use of one small field on former farm ground adjacent to Penns Cave in 1975. Then, it grew into a second field. Currently, the association utilizes 100 acres there for its shows that include live demonstrations of antique equipment, such as a sawmill, cider press, a self-rake reaper, binders and, of course, tractors. Visitors can bring their own wood for the sawmill and cut them into boards, and the cider press presses around 700 bushels of apples into cider for each show. Apple butter is also processed and sold on site, and an antique peanut roaster is used to roast peanuts that are sold as well. Kids can have fun with rides in a barrel train — plastic barrels pulled by a tractor — and the whole family can enjoy a variety of entertainment that is offered during the shows, as well as delicious

All About The Show Nittany Antique Machinery Association’s 42nd annual fall show will be held Sept. 8-11. The property is about 15 miles east of State College and is located next to Penns Cave. The annual spring show is held the Friday, Saturday and Sunday following Memorial Day. Admission is free. The fall show is Thursday through Sunday after Labor Day. Admission is $5 per day. The grounds offer space for your camper or tents, but without hookups. To be a member of the association, membership dues for an entire family is $10. An individual membership fee is less.

variety of entertainment that is offered during the shows, as well as delicious barbecue chicken meals prepared by the association’s ladies’ auxiliary. Visitors can also taste bean soup potpie, which is made the old-fashioned way, of course. A daily parade of the antique equipment also takes place, circling the perimeter of the showgrounds and led by an antique steam-whistle calliope that plays various tunes and is mounted on a 1928 Chevrolet truck. “We’ve got some dedicated people who really help put on the shows,” Markle said. “We try to keep it interesting, so there are always activities going on.” The association is currently in the process of building a grist mill to grind flour. And last, but certainly not least, is the ever-popular flea market with literally hundreds of vendors selling both antique treasures and modern wares and drawing hundreds of visitors each year.


Corman, the association’s secretary,

We’re preserving the past. We buy old equipment, fix it up and get it running.

has been involved with the association since the 1980s, when he started making the homemade ice cream for the annual shows. “People have a love to go back and understand their roots,” Corman said. The association is more than just about holding annual shows. According to Corman, they focus on offering a lot of educational activities, give out scholarships and support the purchase of jackets for kids in the high school FFA

(Future Farmers of America). Its membership consists of collectors who share the common appreciation for old tractors and other antique machinery. Markle also said that for the last several years, a Tuesday work crew has gotten together to keep the association’s equipment in operating condition. “We’re preserving the past,” Corman said. “We buy old equipment, fix it up and get it running.” That includes all kinds of steam engines, including ones that run their very own antique sawmill and rock crusher at the annual shows. A popular steam engine tractor pull is also held in the evenings, after dark. The association will host of series of limited-edition tractors during the show this September. “We try to maintain the old-time traditions,” Corman said, “let people see how it all happened.” And, he hopes, they will continue to bring their kids and grandkids, to keep an appreciation for antique machinery alive and well.

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


Heritage Days 2016 35 years of re-enacting history


erhaps one of the region’s bestkept secrets will come to life Oct. 1-2 in a picturesque setting behind the Warrior Run High and Middle school’s complex near Turbotville.

The two-day recreation of Battle of Fort Freeland at the historical HowerSlote House marks the 35th installment of the event, which has taken thousands of visitors back into the Revolutionary War era via exhibits, foods and battle re-enactments. “There is no other event like it in Central PA,”said Rich Nornhold, a longtime organizer and retired Warrior Run teacher. The first event that was held at this historic battlefield site was in July of 1979 to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Fort Freeland. It was not a big event and the heritage society wanted to more accurately depict


not just the battle but the conditions of the time. For two years, the group worked to create more demonstrations of colonial crafts and in 1981, the first Heritage Days was established.


The story of Fort Freeland began in 1772 when Garrett Vreeland moved from Essex County, New Jersey, to develop his farm, build a sawmill and a gristmill. By 1776, he owned 511 acres of land and in addition to the mills was taxed for a bound servant and a “negroe,” as well as four horses and five cows. The land, at the time part of Turbot Township, was one of the best developed properties in upper-Northumberland County. It was probably for this reason and because of its central location that local settlers endeavored to fortify the site following the Great Runaway of 1778, and at least 12 families spent the winter of 1778-79 inside this fortification. By spring, the fields had been planted under

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

the eyes of watchful guards and colonists seemed to accept a life of constant danger. In April, seven members of the militia were killed or captured at the fort, and a few miles north, near Muncy, 12 settlers were killed or captured by Indians when they went searching for stray horses. On July 20, five boys and young men were sent from the fort to hoe a nearby cornfield when they were attacked by a band of Indians. Isaac Vincent, Elias Vreeland, and Jacob Vreeland Jr. were killed. Michael Vreeland, age 17, and Benjamin Vincent, age 12, were captured and spent more than a year as prisoners of the British. It was a week later on July 28 that a large force descended on the fort and its 121 inhabitants. Frederick Godcharles, a well-respected Pennsylvania historian, quoted Mary Jamison as saying that the force consisted of 300 Senecas led by her husband, Hiokatoo, and perhaps as many as 100 British regulars led by Captain John McDonald. The outnumbered Americans fought until their ammunition was depleted and they were forced to surrender. Sometime later, a relief force of Americans led by Captain Hawkins Boone (who some historians claim is a cousin of Daniel Boone) arrived with a contingent of militia. Boone and his men attacked the much larger force and immediately suffered severe casualties and were quickly repulsed. One hundred eight Americans are believed to have been killed or captured in the three events. The women and children were set free to make their way to Fort Augusta. One of those set free was William Kirk, a 16-year-old boy, who was dressed as a girl and thus escaped with the women and children. Much later in life, he built the brick farmhouse which still stands across Interstate 180 from the Warrior Run C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 4 0


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


Exciting Ways to Savor Autumn’s Fall Foliage Fireworks CONNIE MERTZ


ennsylvania’s spectacular autumn foliage lures nature enthusiasts to practically any of the commonwealth’s 121 state parks.

It is estimated by the United States Department of Agriculture’s forest service that the Keystone State has 16.7 million acres of trees. Thousands of tourists will travel near and far to savor Pennsylvania’s explosion of autumn colors. Whether it’s a vista or a hillside view, the season puts on quite an amazing display. Here are some unique new ways to experience all that autumn’s color explosion has to offer:


Located in Carbon and Luzerne counties, the Lehigh Gorge State Park covers more than 6,000 acres and parallels the Lehigh River from Frances E. Walter Dam to the quaint little village of Jim Thorpe. The 20-mile Lehigh


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

Gorge rail-trail is open to bicyclists, walkers and photographers and is closed to motor vehicles. All told, there are 33 miles of walking trails. However, for a relaxing way to admire autumn’s flora and fauna in and near Lehigh Gorge State Park, board a train in Jim Thorpe. “All the train excursions in fall are very scenic and offer a chance to see fall foliage," said Matt Fisher, general manager of the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway. Hundreds of visitors bombard Jim Thorpe during the fall season. Visitors immediately realize the hub of activity is at the train station in the center of town. Train tickets are purchased here on a first-come, first-served basis. With trains running several times a day, advance tickets aren’t usually necessary. This particular train ride takes tourists on a one-hour, 16-mile scenic round trip, following the picturesque Lehigh River over bridges through Glen Onoko and into the Lehigh Gorge State Park. The Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway also offers a delightful autumn leaf all-day


excursion from Port Clinton to Jim Thorpe. "These are very popular," said Fisher. However, he recommends advance reservations as soon as possible. Bring a keen eye to observe all nature has to offer, including wildlife along the shores of the Lehigh River. It is best to check The Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway’s website for scheduling times and pricing. "The ticket office opens at 8 a.m. on the days on which the trains run," said Fisher.


Located in McKean County two miles north of Mt. Jewett, Kinzua State Park encompasses 339 acres of spectacular beauty overlooking the Kinzua Gorge. It was once regarded as the world’s longest and tallest railroad viaduct, measuring more than 2,000 feet long and 300 feet high. It was quite an

engineering feat when it was built in the late 1800s. For years, visitors could bravely walk its span, and even train rides were offered to the public. In 2002, it was closed to pedestrian traffic. Repair work began in the winter of 2003 to make it structurally safer, but nature intervened when an F1 tornado struck the area later that summer. In a matter of 30 seconds, 11 towers out of the 20 succumbed to the high winds and tumbled to the ground below. Despite the destruction, engineers in 2011 restored six of the original towers, allowing daring individuals to once again walk across a portion of the Kinzua Viaduct. It’s simply called the "Skywalk." An observation deck greets the adventurous walker and leads to a 225foot observation deck which gives a breathtaking view of the Kinzua Creek Valley. A partial glass floor gives people an unforgettable view of the bridge’s structure. Scheduled to open in September is a

visitor’s center and park office. "While it’s under construction now, its two floors will offer hands-on activities for children and give a little history of Kinzua State Park. From there, visitors can go directly to the Skywalk," said Holly Duzemyan, Environmental Educational Specialist at the park. Kinzua Bridge State Park is one of the most popular state parks for autumn’s striking spectrum of color. It was chosen by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (DCNR) as one of the 25 must-see state parks.


Located in Lycoming County, within the Williamsport city limits, lies Susquehanna State Park. Not well known outside the area, the 20-acre river front is a recreational area that originally was used for flood control. In fact, it is located on the flood plain between the Susquehanna River and the flood control levy. What makes this state park unique

is that it offers river boat rides on a paddle-wheeler called the "Hiawatha." A cruise on the Hiawatha is one of the most popular attractions in central Pennsylvania. For 35 years, its paddle wheels have taken thousands of people for a leisurely ride down the Susquehanna River. From May through October, six days a week, it chugs along gracefully, giving its passengers a beautiful view of not only the water, but the shoreline. Since Williamsport was once the "Lumber Capital of the World," a narration complements the one-hour public cruises. "The Hiawatha is family oriented. It’s a fun-filled experience," said Bethany Kerstetter, one of the employees. "We have a sit-down dinner Friday nights, Thursday is wing night and Tuesday is our ice cream social." During autumn, the scenery adds a delightful experience to any cruise. In all, there are 10 different cruises from C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 2 6

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which to choose. They even offer a Kids’ Karaoke Cruise. Private cruises are also available. The mirrored images of fall on the water truly do accent the season’s beauty giving the Susquehanna River a kind of elegance that has to be experienced.


Located only 10 miles north of Scranton, Lackawanna State Park surrounds a 198-acre lake which is its main focal point. There are also 18 miles of hiking trails and 15 miles of mountain biking. In all, there are 1,411 acres of outdoor opportunities to explore. So how can one truly enjoy its autumn beauty? Take a hot air balloon ride and get a panoramic view of the park and surrounding area. Hot air ballooning is the ultimate enjoyment in appreciating autumn’s scenic beauty. Tony Saxton, of Endless Mountains Hot Air Balloons, offers a launch site at Lackawanna State Park. "Normally we request about two weeks advanced notice to schedule a flight. We recommend reserving a date prior to August 1," he said. Licensed commercial pilots located at the park have the expertise to ensure a safe and memorable flight. Saxton and his flight crew pay particular attention to wind direction, velocity and weather forecasts. "We look at micro-meteorology. Local weather forecasters often cover a large geographic area, and we look at weather sometimes within a 10-mile radius,” he said. “Two of the major hindrances to hot air ballooning are thunderstorms and rain. "Our flights take place over the eastern edge of the Endless Mountains in northeastern Pennsylvania. We fly over rural farm land, residential areas and untouched woodlands." The altitudes range from just above treetop levels to several thousand feet above the earth, giving an awe-inspiring panoramic view of up to 40 miles on clear and cool fall flights. Flights are offered Monday through Friday evenings about two hours before sunset, and weekends at sunrise and C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 2 8


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


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sunset. As the hot air balloon rises above the autumn landscape and over Lackawanna State Park, scenic views that are not seen from the ground or a vista come alive with beauty. This is fall’s ultimate delight at its best. All flights include a traditional champagne toast — or a non-alcoholic champagne upon request — and a personalized flight certificate and pins to remember the awesome experience. "Balloon adventures make memories that last a lifetime," Saxton said. "Every flight is unique." Why not leave your comfort zone and experience autumn’s splendor by taking a train ride on the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway, walking on a 300-foot "Skywalk," cruising down the Susquehanna River in a paddle boat or braving a hot air balloon ride? Do something wild this fall, then share these places with friends and family. Our state parks offer plenty of untapped potential.

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Lincoln Caverns:

From Farmer’s Field to Tourist Hot Spot TABITHA GOODLING


farmer, a family and a fall into a dark hole is just some of the background of one of Pennsylvania’s eight public caves.

He purchased the cave from the farmer in a five-year lease at first, when the cave was known as William Penn Caverns. Later in the 1930s, he renamed the cave after his favorite United States president — Abraham Lincoln.

Lincoln Caverns, in Huntingdon, celebrated 85 years as a show cave this past summer. When Highway 22 was under construction in 1930 in the middle of the Great Depression, a cave was found on a farmer’s property in Huntingdon County. The farmer developed the land and opened it to the public the following year. However, the farmer was no longer wanting to “man” the cave, and put it up for sale. Myron Dunlavy Sr., of Buffalo, NY, was a man who had a heart for entertainment, which included doing vaudeville and running a circus — all while working for a telephone company by day.

Today the walk-through cave is filled with electricity that is powered by guides as you explore the many stalactites (ceiling formations) and stalagmites (formations from the ground.) Iron oxide creates a rusty, red appearance on the rocks. Mike Leonard is one of the tour guides of the cave. Often times people on the tour point out the white, ice-like formations in the corners. “That is not ice,” he said, “It is water and mineral which is known as calcite,” noting ice cannot form in the cave at 50 degrees. Leonard cautioned tourists not to touch the forms. The clay based material is very breakable. Another problem resulting from former viewers reaching


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


out to touch the walls is smudge marks. “We have oil on our thumbs, and there is water on the rock. Water and oil do not mix,”he said. When the rain trickles down again, it slides off the oil now on the surface. The result is no more growth for the formation. Another unknown fact and something a few tourists fear, is the possibility of a “cave-in.” Hundreds of feet of rock hover above the ceilings. The strength of the cave is unmatchable. Leonard pointed out the earthquake that rocked Washington D.C., a few years ago that was felt by many in Central Pennsylvania did not phase the cave. Two tours were in the cave at the time and no one felt a thing, he said.


An addition to the main cave is what is known as Whispering Rocks. The teenage son of Myron Dunlavy discovered the additional cave very close to the Lincoln Cavern. It was a snowy day and he noticed a hole near the

ground where there was no snow. Seeing that caves are typically 50 degrees, snow would melt in that area. He noted the discovery to his father, who told him he could start digging. “He dug for three years,” Leonard said. And one day, he literally fell upon the cave entrance in September, 1941. The cave was later named for the sounds inside on wet or rainy days that are similar to people whispering in the distance. Myron Jr. had served in World War II and was encouraged by Myron Sr. to make the cave a natural attraction and take over the cave business. He was also a student at neighboring Juniata College. “It was certainly a labor of love,” said Myron Jr.’s daughter, Patricia “Ann” Dunlavy, current owner.



In 1977, she returned full time. A

second passion began for her in the form of volunteering with Girl Scouts in the Huntingdon area in 1979. Girl Scouts have been visiting the caves and learning about the science of the formations for 38 years. It’s those visits from school groups and clubs that keep the cave business busy through the year. “We have groups coming from as far as D.C.,” she said. Summer time brings out families on vacation from all over the United States. Fall time is the most loved time of year for many visitors, Ann said. The 33rd Ghosts and Goblins Tour will take place 6-9:30 p.m. Fridays and 11 a.m.–9:30 p.m. Saturdays October 7-29. There is a “haunted” cave, trail and hayride. In the month of December, Lincoln Caverns offers “Santa in the Cave” 1-4 p.m. Saturday and Sunday, Dec. 10 and 11. Professional photos are taken with Santa by MJEMS Photography. For a full listing of activities and yearround events, go to www.lincolncaverns. com.

salon•spa•photography by Kristie

Myron Jr. moved his family to the Harrisburg area. When Ann was born, she said, “I think he probably took me into the cave before he took me home.” Myron Jr. was an owner of the cave

from afar. The family operated the business on the weekends with Ann visiting to help out as well. The third generation of the Dunlavy cave owners had no plans to take over the business. “I lived five minutes from the mall,” she said, “I worked at the mall. I liked clothes. I worked here like once or twice a year in high school.” In June 1972, Ann, who was about to attend Juniata College, worked the most difficult shift at the cave in history. It was the weekend of Hurricane Agnes. “I was shoveling mud and I told my dad, ‘I’m not ever coming back here.’” But she did. Ann came back every summer. In the summer of 1976, her father hired a retired Navy man to manage the cave business. Ann was a math major in college and had graduated, and began working an office job in Harrisburg. “I didn’t appreciate it here until I left it,” Ann said.

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Get Kisses From Live Stalactites at Penn's Cave TABITHA GOODLING


boat tour complete with kisses from above is just a sprinkling of what is offered in the Penn’s Cave in Centre County.

Penn’s Cave is what is considered a “live” cave. A “live” cave is one where stalactites, stalagmites and other formations are currently still being formed by water. A docked boat meets tourists after a stroll down several steps. At the entry, according to tour guide Kyle Rennell, the

water is up to 17 feet deep. As the boat progresses, the water is only three to four feet in depth. The actively growing stalactites give away “cave kisses” as they drip occasionally on those in the cave, a sign of “good luck.” The major rock formations consist of largely limestone, Rennell told the boat full of tourists. He said the cave is estimated at three million years old and was discovered in 1795.


A distant relative of popular poet Edgar Allen Poe, James Poe is best known in this area as being the name behind Poe

Valley State Park. But Poe acquired several pieces of land in Pennsylvania and Maryland, including the farm where the cave exists. The cave is named for a Selinsgrove native, John Penn, the nephew of Pennsylvania-founder William Penn. Poe built the first log house near the cave in what became Penn’s Valley. Poe left the farm to his daughter, Susanna. Susanna’s husband, Samuel Vantries later sold the property to George Long, who did not like people visiting the cave. After his death in 1884, his two sons purchased the cave, built the Penn’s Cave C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 3 4

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Hotel and made a boat to allow people to visit the cave with an admission charge. The business was not so successful and was sold at Sheriff’s Sale in 1905 to John Herman. Three years later, brothers Henry Clay Campbell and Robert Pearly Campbell bought 120 acres for $12,000. The Campbell family continued to operate the business through several generations. The fourth generation still operates the cave today, which is now owned by a trust. Terri Schleiden is married to the fourth generation of the family and serves as marketing director. She pointed out the trust is meant to preserve the cave and that no government subsidies fund the business despite the community’s assumptions.


There are two natural entrances to the cave. The first is the bottom of a sinkhole where visitors board the boat. The water flows for a half mile inside the cavern. There is another entrance in what is known as the “dry cave,” or the area where stalagmites and stalactites have finished forming. In 1927, a new entrance was added. It allowed boats to enter the man-made lake


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

known as Lake Nittanee. With the new entrance came electricity. Prior to this time, torches were used to guide tours on the boat. “Back then electricity was more exciting than the cave,” Rennell said, and tourists were lining up to see the lights. A hole in the ceiling of the middle of the cave once created a whirlpool in the water, too, Rennell said. As the boat approaches the end of the cave at the 1927 entrance, light shines through and tourists can see Lake Nittanee. A legend goes with the cave and the lake. Supposedly, Rennell explained, a Native American princess named Nittanee was in love with a French fur trader. Her brothers did not like this romance and were said to have tossed the Frenchman into the cave where he is thought to have hidden and died. The name Nittanee is more commonly known for the Mount Nittany and the Penn State University Nittany Lions. The boat winds its way onto the lake and gives an outdoor view of the landscaping, the dam and some of the wildlife.


A real Nittany lion inspired the most recent addition to the business in the

form of a wildlife park. Wildlife tours began on the campus in 1994. Whitetail deer, black bears, bison and bobcats are some of the animals folks can visit when they take a bus tour through the acreage. Roughly 1,600 acres make up the Penn’s Cave farm and forest. The property is open year round except for the month of June. Schleiden said it is not uncommon to hear a variety of languages spoken as tourists make their way through the cave and onto the land. “We have people come here from everywhere,” she said. “They are people who came here when they were young and come back with their children and then their grandchildren. We’ve had weddings here and marriage proposals.” Schleiden said her husband’s family will continue to play a part in keeping the business alive for both educational and entertaining purposes. “We feel it’s important to preserve (the cave) so it can continue to be seen in the future.” Penns Cave is part of the Pennsylvania Cave Association and the National Caves Association. More information on events and rates:

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Valley village a casualty of World War II Government fails to back up promises to former residents TRICIA KLINE


uring World War II, as in other conflicts throughout history, it wasn’t just the overseas soldiers who experienced the brutal effects of battle. Former residents (and their descendants) of the rural White Deer Valley, straddling both Union and Lycoming counties, can tell you how the war had not only reached into their quiet backyards — it took their homes. In February 1942, shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, officials from the War Department called a meeting of all the people of the village of Alvira and the surrounding White Deer Valley at the local Stone Church.


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


(The department) had promised the land would be returned, could be reclaimed at the price they were paid for it.

There, they announced to 400 residents that they intended to take land by eminent domain for the purposes of a war factory. In a subsequent meeting, they announced the amount of land they would be taking was 8,400 acres, and the property owners would have only six weeks to vacate. Local veteran researchers Steve and Martha Huddy and Paul Metzger have interviewed a number of people who were directly affected by this heartwrenching announcement, and say there is one clear memory that remains in all of their minds — and it’s not a happy one. The people were to be paid for their land 30 cents on the dollar, according to Martha Huddy. “(The department) had promised the land would be returned, could be reclaimed at the price they were paid for it,” Steve Huddy added. But that was never to be the case. Approximately 155 homes and other structures in the area were completely burned or blown up, and then construction on the ordnance works began in March 1942. Eleven months later, the entire $50 million Pennsylvania Ordnance Works was built, and 150 camouflaged underground bunkers (also called igloos) were constructed for storage of the 350,000 tons of TNT that was produced there every 24 hours. Eleven months after that, the 3,500man production suddenly stopped, leaving in its wake remnants of a successful war effort and the destruction of an entire community. Five generations of families, dating C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 3 8

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


C O N T I N U ED F R O M P A G E 3 6

back to a number of Revolutionary War heroes, and what was once a very close-knit community, “was gone in six weeks,” Metzger said. The people were never offered the opportunity to buy their land back. “Of all the people that we interviewed — the most consistent statement was that they heard the words from the front of that church, the promise that was made,” he said. “That promise is remembered and seen as a most violent betrayal of the people in this area,” Steve Huddy added.


The valley’s history has a personal connection for Metzger, with 40 percent of all the ancestors from the Alvira area related to him in some way, and reaching back to his great-great-grandfather who was a beloved doctor in the village and surrounding valley for many years. As he continues his research, including a deeper look into copies of a couple thousand deeds and other documents

he has in his office, Metzger said he continues to discover new relatives, meet more people, and put more pieces of the story together. “We keep the story alive,” he said of the purpose of his and the Huddys’ work. “We want to remember people’s roots, the great farmland, the tranquil valley.” Since the munitions factory was a topsecret undertaking during the war, and because the people who lost their homes didn’t want to talk about their loss in the years that followed, a lot of history had been locked away. But in an effort to unearth knowledge of Alvira and the ordnance works, the Huddys interviewed as many people connected with the story as they could and produced a 63-minute-long documentary, which they believed would be more effective than telling it in book form. Indeed it was, to actually listen and watch them share their stories firsthand. “We wanted to put it up on the big screen,” Steve said. “It was really amazing.” C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 6 0

More Information “Surrender! The Sudden Death of Alvira, Pennsylvania” is a 63-minute documentary created by Steve and Martha Huddy. The DVD is available at the Otto Bookstore in Williamsport, and the Union, Muncy and Montgomery Area historical societies. “Alvira and the Ordnance: An American Dream Denied,” photographed and written by Steve Huddy and Paul Metzger, explains and chronicles the history of the destruction of Alvira and the ascendance of the Pennsylvania Ordnance Works. The book, as well as a plot/property map of Alvira created by Metzger, is available at Otto Bookstore in Williamsport, and the Lycoming, Union, Muncy and Montgomery Area historical societies. Purchase proceeds benefit the Montgomery Area Historical Society. Metzger is currently working on a book that mostly focuses on the genealogy of the families who had many generations vested in the valley before the ordnance works took their properties. It will also cover the history of the churches and towns that came and went. Steve and Martha Huddy are currently writing the definitive history of Alvira (with previously unseen photographs and interviews) which defined the village and its takeover. Publication of this book, tentatively titled “Alvira’s Surrender: The Complete Saga,” is slated for spring 2017, to coincide with the 75th anniversary of the original land taking.


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

Former Resident Reflects On Trying Times Carl Jarrett was in his early 20s in 1942 when his family was told by government officials they had six weeks to vacate their land in the White Deer Valley. The War Department was planning to build a munitions factory to support the country’s fight in World War II.

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“The government was under a lot of pressure at that time,” Jarrett said. “We had relaxed everything, let Hitler go about his way. Then we got in trouble and started losing the war. They desperately needed a TNT plant.” In their search for the right place, government officials found the village of Alvira and the surrounding White Deer Valley, both near muchneeded water for their operation, and ripe for the taking through eminent domain. Jarrett and his family weren’t the only ones who were suddenly faced with the overwhelming task of figuring out where they were going to go next in such little time. “Everybody was scrambling for a place to live,” Jarrett said, adding, “My dad, if he had his choice, would have sat on the porch with a 12-gauge.” Fortunately, that didn’t happen, but Jarrett’s statement showed how violated the families felt.

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“It was a very emotional time for everybody,” he said. Jarrett would soon join the war effort, serving in the Air Force, but he made sure his family was settled first in a small farm about 20 miles away. They had been told, he remembered, that as soon as the war was over, they could have their home back. The Jarretts’ home happened to be located outside of the fenced-in area of the ordnance works, so it had not been demolished. When Jarrett returned home from service in 1946, he was newly married and was planning to raise a family there. But when he went to a local congressman and said he wanted their farm back, he was met with a grim response. “Young man,” the congressman told him, “don’t you realize the government lies a lot? Just forget it.” Jarrett, the fifth generation of Jarretts who lived in the valley, was forced to look for a place elsewhere, and he and his wife eventually settled on a 240-acre dairy farm in Elimsport.




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Now 95 years old, Jarrett, of Lewisburg, remains saddened at the fate suffered by both his family and their neighbors. “They had a close-knit valley,” he said, “and (the government) blew it apart.”


His opinion remains that there were possible political motivations involved as to why they chose to build the ordnance works where they did. “They could have gone elsewhere and not have torn up a whole community,” he said.

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


C O N T I N U ED F R O M P A G E 2 2

Church on what is today known as “Kirkland Estates.” A few weeks after the battle, Benjamin Franklin reported the event in the Pennsylvania Gazette where he talked about the “brave defenders of the Warrior Run” — the “Defenders” later became the mascot of the Warrior Run High School which today stands on the former Vreeland farm. Michael Vreeland eventually returned to the farm and rebuilt a house and the mills which he later sold to John Hower. When John Hower died in 1826, the farm was divided into two parts and his daughter, Susanna, was given the southern half of the farm where she and her husband, James Slote, built the brick house which still stands on the property. Mother Hower continued to live in the house which she and her husband had bought from Michael Vreeland.


When Heritage Days started 35 years ago, there were very few local artisans


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

It is the purpose of this program to foster and teach skills and crafts, which were important to the everyday life. that could effectively demonstrate the crafts from the time period of 1770 to 1920. “When the event started there were less than 15 crafts that were demonstrated,” Nornhold said. Over the years, that number has grown to more than 100 exhibits, demonstrations and lectures showing life in central Pennsylvania as it was over a period of nearly 200 years. One of the programs that has helped to facilitate growth the most is the

Apprenticeship Master Program that was started around the year 2000. “Most demonstrators are dressed in period costumes appropriate to the craft and period they represent. The apprentices are probably the most knowledgeable about how the style of clothing they are wearing ties to the time period they are portraying,” Nornhold said. There is no age limit to the program and ages range from middle/high school age to retired people from five different counties that want to learn a new trade. Apprentices practice their chosen trade year-round and present their skills and knowledge during Heritage Days. “The confidence that some of these young people develop is amazing,” Nornhold said, “Last year, a lady made it a point to come and tell me that she was most impressed with the boy who demonstrated 18th century paper making. He was only a ninth-grader and his knowledge of the topic and his ability to talk to crowds of adults while showing how paper was made was something she had not expected.” C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 5 8

Schedule of Events and New Features


Along with demonstrations by members of the apprentices, there are also lectures and reenactments of various aspects of life from colonial times. Some past talks have included herb gardening by Vicki Egli, â&#x20AC;&#x153;McCormick and his role in the Civil Warâ&#x20AC;? by Pastor Lee at the Warrior Run Church and PA German Flax Culture by Nornhold.

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These talks are meant to give practical knowledge and allow us to remember what we may otherwise forget about our heritage. Reenactments put attendees in the action whether it be with a Civil War era church sermon at the Warrior Run Church, strolling musicians, horsedrawn carriage rides, an authentic auction, Victorian tea, a wooden tire setting demonstration or the reenactment of the Battle of Fort Freeland. Many regular attendees rave about the homemade ice cream and apple butter among the many other foods that are available. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I personally like the cracklings which is a product from butchering the hogs,â&#x20AC;? Nornhold said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;some like the funnel cakes best, but I do know some people that come every year just to get a couple of jars of the apple butter, and it is difficult to find one of my apprentices without a piece of clear toy candy by their tools throughout the day. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The ladies (and probably a few men) make some of the best soup in the kitchen, but I hardly ever get any as it is usually sold out until I have time to get there,â&#x20AC;? Nornhold added. In honor of the 35th celebration of Heritage Days, a new exhibit will be introduced.

Indian Hills Golf & Tennis Club

â&#x20AC;&#x153;At the present time, a special exhibit of local coverlets (early bedspreads) made and signed by weavers who worked in Snyder, Union, Northumberland, Montour, Centre, Clinton and Lycoming counties is being planned,â&#x20AC;? Nornhold said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This will be a major exhibit featuring coverlets from every area county and almost all of the weavers whose work has been identified will be on display in this very special exhibit.â&#x20AC;?

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


Indian Hills Golf & Tennis Club 41

Band of Brothers: Blue and White Ready To Fight MEGHAN DELSITE


he Penn State football team has gone through its fair share of changes in the last five years.

The NCAA sanctions that were handed down as a result of the Jerry Sandusky sex abuse scandal started a long road of recovery for the team, and many were left wondering if the beloved program would even manage to survive. Thriving seemed to be out of the question. Although the program is still rebuilding, fans have been pleasantly surprised by the last four seasons, as both Bill O’Brien and James Franklin had winning records during their tenures as head coach, and both men brought in

It’s not something that’s really a big concern for me. We lost some guys, but as usual, we’ve got a lot of talent coming up.


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


stellar recruits. The path from 2011 to the present was long and winding for the program. Though the changes included staff and roster shake-ups in each off-season, it seems that the dust has settled and the Lions are ready to establish themselves once again as a dominating force in the college football stadium. Getting there won’t be difficult, said current head coach James Franklin at a spring practice, but it does involve mastering the typical challenges of a football season. For Penn State, those trials include plugging the holes of recently departed players, building bonds that will extend off the field, and staying consistent through the entirety of the season.


With the loss of dominating defensive forces like Austin Johnson, Carl Nassib, and Anthony Zettel, and the early departure of the unpredictable but undeniably skilled Christian Hackenberg, there is an irrational fear among fans that Penn State’s pool of skill has dried up. Jason Cabinda, a junior linebacker with more than 90 tackles in 2015, isn’t worried. “It’s not something that’s really a big concern for me,” he said. “We lost some guys, but as usual, we’ve got a lot of talent coming up.” Recent highly-rated recruits like Miles Sanders, Michal Menet, Shane Simmons, and Jake Zembiec bring a promising round of talent to the 2016 class, and

elevating their skills with good coaching and solid leadership bodes only good things for the Nittany Lions. “It’s all about strong, solid development,” Cabinda said, and added that he wanted to be involved in mentoring younger teammates. Trace McSorley, a redshirt sophomore who is also the early favorite to take over the starting quarterback position, says that it will be a challenge to bring in the new team members and “find a groove,”



Penn State quarterbacks Tommy Stevens and Trace McSorley joke around after spring practice on Wednesday, April 13, 2016.

but that he’s prepared for the challenge. While he admits that his personal goal for the season is to win the starting spot for quarterback, he also wants to inspire his teammates to get better. “Right now, I’m focused on getting better each day, and helping other guys on the team do the same thing.”


It is wellknown that a team can have the most talented players in the game, but that means nothing if there’s

Our players are all really great guys. Most of us have got a big brother, little brother relationship.

no respect, camaraderie and sportsmanship among the young men in uniform. College football is an entirely different animal than high school football, and many find it difficult to adjust to a new schedule, a more rigorous program and playing with all new teammates. Luckily, says Cabinda, Penn State has C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 4 4

Penn State quarterback Trace McSorley Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


C O N T I N U ED F R O M P A G E 4 3

both the skill and the chemistry, which allows the veteran teammates to better guide the new recruits. “Our players are all really great guys,” he says. “Most of us have got a big brother, little brother relationship. The older guys are watching out for the younger guys and training them in the right ways.” He later added, “We teach them how to act in college, on the field, in class, in the community, everywhere. What to do, what not to do. There’s a huge degree of

accountability among us.” McSorley agreed, and acknowledged that the “family rivalry” pushes the players to be their best. “I think that the team chemistry is at its highest point so far. It’s probably the best I’ve ever experienced,” he said. “Getting those new guys in here only brings competition to the old team, and that’s really what we need. It makes everyone play harder.” “We’re only going to go up from here,” McSorley added.


Any football analyst will agree that

I think that the team chemistry is at its highest point so far. It’s probably the best I’ve ever experienced.

Penn State’s deadliest problem is its inconsistency. A holey offense led to more than 100 sacks against Hackenberg

Penn State Nittany Lions Jason Cabinda


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


and final scores that left much to be desired. The installation of Coach Joe Moorhead as the offensive coordinator and quarterbacks coach indicates a bright future for Penn State. The former Fordham University head coach joined the program after it went 1-10 in 2011 and subsequently earned a 38-13 record over the next four years. The Nittany Lions’ former offensive coordinator, John Donovan, simply was not a good fit for the program, favoring offenses that did not match Hackenberg’s skill set. However, in early practices with the team, Moorhead’s different style appears to suit the abilities of this year’s players. “I love working with Coach Moorhead,” said McSorley. “The first few weeks have

I love working with Coach Moorhead, the first few weeks have brought a lot of changes from last year, but I think they’re all good.

brought a lot of changes from last year, but I think they’re all good. The offense is smoother.” Though it remains far too early in the season to make any definitive guesses, comments like McSorley’s bode well for the Penn State offense.

In all, Penn State fans have a great deal to look forward to in the 2016 season. With the addition of the talented new players and the chemistry that they bring, this promises to be a year of explosive and entertaining Nittany Lion football.

Penn State's Jason Cabinda (40) against Indiana in the first quarter on Oct. 10, 2015.

Penn State 2016 Football Schedule Sept 3: Host Kent State Sept. 10: At Pittsburgh Sept. 17: Hosting Temple Oct. 1: Host Minnesota Oct. 8: Host Maryland Oct. 22: Host Ohio State Oct. 29: At Purdue Nov. 5: Host Iowa Nov. 12: At Indiana Nov. 19: At Rutgers


Sept. 24: At Michigan

Nov. 26: Host Michigan State

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016



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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016




Longtime speech writer reflects on relationships with 5 presidents and the unprecedented 2016 election


nterviewing octogenarian James C. Humes in a presidential election year is like taking a universitylevel course in American political history. Some things he knows from a lifelong study of U.S. history, and others spring from his years as a White House speechwriter.

As it happened, the presidents that Humes served were all Republicans: Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush. As a speechwriter, Humes would come up with a polished draft of a speech, then submit it for the president’s review. “Of all the people I wrote for, Nixon was the brightest. He was the only one who rewrote it and rewrote,” said Humes, a Williamsport native who now lives in Pueblo, Colo. “Ford took it exactly as I wrote it. Bush Sr. never changed a word.” Reagan was an excellent speech writer. “He could write a better speech than any of his writers,” Humes said. Reagan was a polished speaker who knew how to engage the people in his audience.


It all began late in the Eisenhower administration. As Humes told television


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

broadcaster Brian Lamb during a 1997 interview on C-Span, “I wrote a speech … for Eisenhower … it was in the end of 1960.” Humes said that he had both talent and experience as a storyteller before becoming a speechwriter. That was

Of all the people I wrote for, Nixon was the brightest. He was the only one who rewrote it and rewrote.

important because journalists who become speechwriters tend to be printoriented and, as such, they write for the eye, but as a storyteller, “I wrote for the ear,” Humes said. “That’s better for a speech writer.” Born in Williamsport in 1934, Humes attended elementary school there, but went to a private high school, “I went to Hill School in Pottstown,” he said. “My father and grandfather had gone there.”

After high school, Humes spent a year studying in England, “where I met (Winston) Churchill. I’m one of the last people living in the United States who can say he met Churchill.” He quoted Churchill as advising him: “Study history. Study history. In history lie all the secrets of statecraft.” Returning from England, Humes studied at Williams College in Williamstown, Mass., eventually transferring to George Washington University where “I got my BA and law degree … while working part-time for Congressman (Kenneth) Keating and later for Vice President Nixon.” By then, Humes had become a speechwriter. “I did some speeches for Vice President Nixon, then when Nixon ran for president in 1968, I had a collection … of quotations, historical anecdotes and inspirational patriotic stories, and I had fed them to the Nixon operation in New York. … When Nixon was elected president, they asked me to come in as a speechwriter.”


The election of 2016 perplexes Humes. During a conversation several weeks prior to the Republican and Democratic conventions, Humes expressed reservations about Donald Trump and opposition to Hillary Clinton. He also discounted the possibility of anti-Trump Republicans mounting a third-party effort to win the White House.

“I want to vote Republican, but I’m very uneasy with Trump,” he said. “I am torn on this election. I do not want Hillary to be elected and frankly I think she’s going to have some legal problems,” Humes said. “I’m not enthusiastic about Trump. I agree with his positions. I just question his temperament to be president.”

“I do not see a major third party effort,” Humes said. “If you are a billionaire and have a household name, it is possible,” he said, but “time’s running out” for anyone to launch a third-party effort. Throughout U.S. political history, “I don’t think that third parties have been very successful.” Although Theodore

Roosevelt ran – and lost – on the Bull Moose Ticket in 1912, “Teddy garnered more votes than the Republican Party did,” Humes said. Incumbent President William Howard Taft was the GOP candidate. Woodrow Wilson, a Democrat, was elected president. C O N T I N U ED O N P A G E 5 2

I agree with most of what Trump says, but he just makes exaggerations and misstatements so I’m torn between voting Republican or writing in someone like Reagan or Nixon.

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016




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C O N T I N U ED F R O M P A G E 4 9

“I think Trump will win the nomination and I think he has a better than 50-50 chance of winning” in November, Humes said. Even so, Humes said that he wonders how Trump’s candidacy will ultimately compare with the 1964 candidacy of U.S. Sen. Barry Goldwater, the GOP nominee who suffered a huge defeat in the November election. “If I thought that Trump would be like Goldwater, I would vote for him like I voted for Goldwater, knowing he would lose. If I thought Trump was going to lose, I’d vote for him because I have always supported the Republican.” Asked whether he sees any parallels with this election, and past elections, Humes replied, “No. I agree with most of what Trump says, but he just makes exaggerations and misstatements so I’m torn between voting Republican or writing in someone like Reagan or Nixon.”


Taft sought re-election as the Republican candidate; Gov. Woodrow Wilson of New Jersey was the standard bearer for the Democrats, and Teddy Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate on the Bull Moose ticket. Even though Roosevelt received more votes than Taft did, Roosevelt split the GOP vote, and handed the election to Wilson, who subsequently served two terms as president. “Teddy Roosevelt really destroyed the Republican Party’s identity. … (By) running against President Taft, he opened it up for Wilson,” Humes said. “I’ve always thought that Wilson was overrated. He was a real racist. A real bigot.” When World War I ended, Wilson promoted the formation of a League of Nations, a forerunner of the United Nations. “For all of his international vision, he was a bigoted Virginian,” Humes said. By way of example, “Teddy Roosevelt had integrated the public schools of Washington, D.C. and some of the armed forces, which Wilson undid.” Also, “he would entertain people at the White House by telling” derogatory stories about racial minorities. In 1948, President Harry Truman campaigned by riding a special passenger train across the country. At each stop, a crowd would be waiting, and Truman would speak from the rear platform of the train’s last coach. Humes’ book relates that one passenger was a White House speechwriter, Ken Hechler. Humes met Hechler in 2013, and discussed Truman’s Whistle Stop campaign, with Hechler disclosing that he had had a special task at nearly every stop. “As Ken Hechler told me, he would disembark from the train and check out the gathering crowd until he found a barrel-chested guy in his bib overalls and whisper to him, ‘When the president comes out to the back of the train, yell, Give ‘em hell, Harry.’ ”

Nixon was very shy. He was an introvert in an extroverted profession, but privately he was warm in a small group. He would engage you and ask you your opinions in history.

In light of Humes’ experiences of writing speeches for a number of wellknown presidents, it was only natural that when he set about writing his 38th book, ”Presidents and Their Pens: The Story of White House Speechwriters,” he included chapters about Bush, Reagan, Ford, Nixon and Eisenhower. But George Washington, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt are also among the 23 presidents that readers encounter in the book, which Hamilton Books released in April. “Lincoln kept the Union together, but Washington carved out the Union,” Humes said. Humes said he believes that American intellectuals have devalued George Washington. “Because Washington was an aristocrat, they have always underplayed his intelligence. He was a very shrewd person,” Humes said. “… If he hadn’t refused to run after two terms,


we would have had a monarchy.” Humes said that Washington “was quite aware of his presence” and always made it a point to look his best. “He dressed like a king,” Humes said. “When his coach would arrive outside a city, he’d stop outside of town, put on a fresh coat, polish his boots and powder his hair – he didn’t wear a wig.” Humes added, “King George in one of his lucid moments said he (Washington) looked like a king.” In contrast, Abraham Lincoln had much humbler beginnings and struck a much less imposing figure. Even after being inaugurated as president in 1861, Lincoln often looked less than presidential. “Lincoln was much more a bareknuckled politician,” Humes said. Mary Todd, the well-educated Kentucky woman whom the prairie

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

lawyer married in 1842, “saw the greatness in Lincoln very early, and she deliberately picked him over Stephen Douglas who was also courting her, and Douglas certainly looked like a possible future president,” Humes said. “Lincoln is far greater in retrospect than he was in person.”


Not only has President William Howard Taft been overshadowed by his onetime political friend and benefactor, Theodore Roosevelt, but Roosevelt derailed Taft’s political career as well. President from 1901 to 1909, Roosevelt picked Taft to succeed him, but disliked Taft’s performance in the White House. When Taft ran for re-election in 1912, Roosevelt challenged him.

Truman would always respond: “I only tell them the truth and those Republicans think it’s hell.” “Give ‘em hell, Harry” quickly became a famous phrase in political Americana.


Humes had dealings with GOP presidents before and after the Watergate scandal of the 1970s. When Nixon resigned in 1974, Ford succeeded him, and one of Ford’s first acts was to grant Nixon a pardon for his part in Watergate. Several years later, Humes helped Ford

write his memoir, “A Time to Heal.” As they worked on the book, “he (Ford) told me very strongly that he pardoned Nixon not for Nixon’s sake but for the country’s sake because he felt … he had to wipe the slate clean in order to be an effective president,” Humes said. “Nixon was very shy. He was an introvert in an extroverted profession, but privately he was warm in a small group. He would engage you and ask you your opinions in history,” Humes said. “Eisenhower was gruff, (though) not towards women. (Grandson) David

(Eisenhower) told me he was scared of him.” In 1968, David married Nixon’s daughter Julie, which made him the president’s son-in-law. “David was much closer to Nixon than to his grandfather,” Humes said. “Julie’s a good friend. I talk to her once a month,” he said. Indeed, Julie wrote the introduction to the new book. All this raises the question of how a youngster from Williamsport, Pa., ever came to have associations with so many occupants of the White House.


ll writers dream of writing a line or two of immortal prose. James C. Humes said that he and fellow White House speechwriter William Safire worked together in the late 1960s to come up with an inscription for a special plaque, which astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong, the first humans to walk on moon, left on the lunar surface as part of the Apollo 11 mission in 1969, The sentence that Humes and Safire wrote said simply,

“We came in peace for all mankind.”


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


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August 18-20 ANNUAL SUNBURY RIVER FESTIVAL noon to 11 p.m. Friday, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Saturday, Downtown Sunbury. Live entertainment, car cruise-in, train rides, vendors, The Valley’s Got Talent event (7 p.m. Aug 18 at Shikellamy High School) cardboard boat regatta, boat parade, Animal Adventures, etc. www., (570) 286-7768

August 20 23RD ANNUAL PIONEER DAY 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Pioneer Tunnel Coal Mine, 19th and Oak streets, Ashland. Pioneer Tunnel Coal Mine & Steam Train in Ashland celebrates its 54rd anniversary; steam train rides and variety of special events will be held in Higher-Up Park adjacent to the Tunnel. Event always held the third Saturday in August. (570) 875-3850,

Old Colony Road, Selinsgrove. Exhibits and demonstrations of numerous antique equipment items from rural Pennsylvania. Massey Ferguson tractors and equipment and Wisconsin Hit and Miss Engines, antique tractor square dancing by the Middlecreek Tractor Swingers, antique sawmill demonstrations, shingle and broom making, antique stone crushing, antique tractor and machinery parades, antique and stock tractor pulls, flea market, crafts and antique dealers, farm, utility and garden tractors. Kids activities tent featuring a local celebrity milking contest, kids pedal pull, Dairy Princess Pageant and free ice cream sundaes. Free admission, free parking, free camping. (570) 837-0156,

september September 9-17 ANNUAL MILTON HARVEST FESTIVAL Since 1977. Various locations throughout Milton. Street festival, bike race, parades, princess pageant, scarecrow contests, Tomato Bowl football game. (570) 7135761, www.miltonharvestfestival. com, email

September 10 ANNUAL FALL ARTS & CRAFTS FESTIVAL Mill Street, Danville. Held the first Saturday after Labor Day. More than 100 crafters and artisans from throughout the state. Free parking, shuttle service and admission. (570) 284-4502,

August 24-27

September 10



3-9 p.m. Thursday, Friday; 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Saturday, Tall Cedars of Lebanon #65 grove, 522 Seven Points Road, Sunbury. Called The Biggest Little Fair in PA. Contests include bale stacking, water hauling, nail driving, corn shucking, etc.; animals, goat show, art contest, food, entertainment and vendors (570) 2865131, www.

August 19-27 CENTRE COUNTY GRANGE FAIR Grange Fairgrounds, Centre Hall. Concerts, rides, food, games, competitions. General admission. Season ticket: $20 (ages 11 and


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

9 a.m. registration; 10 a.m. walk Hufnagle Park, Market Street, downtown Lewisburg. Family-and pet-friendly charity walk to raise awareness about heart health and raise funds for the American Heart Association. Features a fitness walk, entertainment, activities for kids and health information. Register at www. or contact Kevin Paul, (614) 396- 3511 or


September 16-18 ANNUAL CENTRAL PA VINTAGE IRON CLUB FALL FESTIVAL Lincoln Park, Laurelton. Vintage tractors, International Harvester, steam engines, hit and miss engines. Tractor pulls, food, crafts, hay rides, tractor square dancing and games. Held rain or shine. Free nightly entertainment, free parking and admission.

September 19 4TH ANNUAL LAKE AUGUSTA WINE & BREW FESTIVAL 1-5 p.m. Sunbury riverfront ampitheater, Front and Chestnut streets, Sunbury. Wines and brews, music, food vendors. Tickets: $35. (570) 286-7768,

September 18-24 88TH ANNUAL BEAVER COMMUNITY FAIR Routes 522 and 235, Beaver Community Fairgrounds, Beaver Springs. Agricultural exhibits, baking contests, games, midway attractions, livestock and farm competitions. Two nights of Interstate Truck and Tractor Pulling Association events (general admission for these events is $3, age 5 and under free). Free parking. (570) 6584963 (fair week only), www.beaverfair. org, email

Do you have events you want to include in the Inside Pennsylvania calendar? Send your event information, including the date and time, event name and a brief description to


October 7-9



8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Market Street, Selinsgrove. Crafters, civic groups, food, games, entertainment, petting zoo and games for kids. (570) 541-1932,

September 24-October 1 161ST BLOOMSBURG FAIR Bloomsburg Fairgrounds, Bloomsburg. Largest ag fair in Pennsylvania. Rides, food, free entertainment, horse racing, monster truck show, helicopter rides and so much more. (570) 784-4949,

September 30-Oct. 1 12TH ANNUAL OKTOBERFEST 1-11 p.m. Friday, 11 a.m. to 10 p.m. Saturday, rain or shine, VFW Fairgrounds, Route 45, Mifflinburg. German bands and dancers, hayrides, German food, keg toss. IDs required for beer, wine. Free parking. (570) 966-1666, www.oktoberfest.

october October 1-2 WARRIOR RUN-FORT FREELAND HERITAGE DAYS 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday, 246 Warrior Run Blvd., Turbotville. Colonial foods, crafts, demonstrations and lectures that help visitors learn about the lives of the areaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s early settlers. Adult $6, students $2, under age 5 free. (570) 5381756, www.freelandfarm. org/heritagedays; email

October 2 HARVEST FESTIVAL AT THE MARINA noon to 5 p.m., Shikellamy State Park Marina, on the island between Sunbury and Northumberland. Sponsored by the Friends of Shikellamy State Park. Free admission


8030 West Branch Highway, Lewisburg. Antique tractors, gas engines and cars; demonstrations of antique farm machinery; homemade sausage, scrapple, apple butter and apple dumplings; kiddie peddle pull; antique tractor pulls; Powder Puff; entertainment.


40TH ANNUAL ELYSBURG HAUNTED HOUSE 7 p.m., rain or shine, Route 497 at the Elysburg Valley Gun Club, Elysburg. Tickets: $10. Benefits Ralpho Township and Elysburg fire companies. (570) 6722920, www.

October 8 65TH ANNUAL APPLE BUTTER BOIL 8 a.m. until â&#x20AC;&#x153;itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s all gone!â&#x20AC;? Barnerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Church Grove, 5 Barner Road, Liverpool. First come, first served; containers provided. Handmade crafts, cookbooks for sale; familystyle all-you-can-eat Dutch dinner (chicken and beef bott-boi, corn, slaw, homemade bread, apple butter, homemade ice cream and pie) 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Meal cost: $9.50 adults, $5 under age 12, free under age 3. Event is always the second Saturday in October.

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Call now to reserve your space in our most anticipated issue of the year!

9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Hufnagle Park, downtown Lewisburg. Crafts, food, games, exhibits and the annual â&#x20AC;&#x153;Woolly Work Wracesâ&#x20AC;? with fuzzy caterpillers. Free.

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October 15

October 15 ANNUAL APPLE BUTTER FESTIVAL 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. New Columbia Community Center, Third and Center streets, New Columbia. Features apple butter, apple dumplings, food, crafts and music. For more information: Visit the new Columbia Civic Associationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Facebook page.

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391 Knoebels Amusement Park, 391 Knoebels Blvd., Route 487, Elysburg. More than 380 crafters and 38 food vendors. agritourism fair, entertainment. Guided bus tours of Columbia County covered bridges ($15 per seat); seating is limited, make reservations early, call (570) 284-4455 or get form on the website. Free parking, free admission, free entertainment. (800) 847-4810, www.itourcolumbiamontour. com/events/covered-bridge-festival

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016



C O N T I N U ED F R O M P A G E 4 0

The mission statement for the program states â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is the purpose of this program to foster and teach skills and crafts, which were important to the everyday life of Pennsylvania, and in particular, the Warrior Run Area in the 18th and 19th centuries. By bringing together persons skilled in a particular area and young persons who wish to learn that skill, the Heritage Society will support in any way possible the development of this program.â&#x20AC;? Some of the skills that are available include farming, blacksmithing, coopering, spinning, gardening, weaving, tinsmithing, hearth cooking, rope making, butchering, rug making, woodworking, basket making, carpentry, woodcarving, masonry, tatting, butter making, broom making, tanning, pump making, hat making, whitsmithing, quilting, baking, timber framing, pottery, shingle making, beekeeping, soap making, genealogy, calligraphy and lace making. There are three stages: apprentice, journeyman and master craftsmen. More information on how to register for the program is available at


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

PA plants


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Autumn Fern W

hen picturing the images of autumn, one tends to think of red and golden leaves on the various trees here in Pennsylvania. Maples and oaks are not the only plant life that has the ability to give off a bronze appearance over time. The Autumn Fern (Dryopteris erythrosor) is a woodland fern that tends to grow better as the seasons are cooler. This family of ferns starts growth very early in the spring, and they tend to maintain foliage through the first few frosts in autumn. The color of the leaf on the crown of the plant changes throughout the growing season. It illuminates a red copper to bronze and back to the deeper green. The ferns are quite content in shady areas against trees, facing north or east.

About the PA Plant  Common Name: Autumn Fern  Botanical Name: Dryopteris erythrosora  Growth Habit: Mounding  Light Requirements: Shade  Cold Hardiness: Zone 5 (-10 to -20°F) Characteristics:  Brightens shady areas  Soft, deep green fronds  Young fronds are coppery-pink  Great in woodland gardens poor soils, compacted soils, or pollution

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


C O N T I N U ED F R O M P A G E 3 8

The film sold out to 1,600 people at the Williamsport Community Arts Center, and two showings were sold out at the Campus Theater in Lewisburg. Proceeds were donated to the Lycoming and Union county historical societies. The film drew three generations of families connected with the history of Alvira into one place to both relive and better understand the history. As they met more people and began to talk with them, Martha said, “Suddenly, all these little tidbits began to mesh and merge.” “We’re seeking answers,” she added, “and we’re giving people answers. That’s really special.” “No one (connected to Alvira’s past) still alive today expected this part of their lives would ever be resurrected,” Steve added. “They had closed the doors on what had happened to them.” The Huddys have also uncovered some untold stories about the ordnance works, Steve said, including the top secret storage of hundreds of tons of radioactive

material in four of the igloos as part of the Manhattan Project.


The Stone Church is the only building from the historical community still standing today. Sitting on what is now

No one (connected to Alvira’s past) still alive today expected this part of their lives would ever be resurrected.

land that belongs to the Allenwood federal prison; it is largely restricted but is opened to the public twice a year — Memorial Day and Christmas — for special celebrations. The rest of the land that was taken for the ordnance works, including the former Alvira village, is now home to state gamelands (offices are located in what was the center of the village), a golf course and Penn College’s environmental science building. But ghostly remnants of the area’s past remain. The 17 miles of perimeter roads that once surrounded tall fences to station off the ordnance works are still visible, along with sentry boxes. The former main road through Alvira — originally an old Indian trail — is a one-vehicle stone roadway still in use. A concrete barn, church and housing foundations are also still visible, though mostly hidden behind tree and plant overgrowth. The land also contains several cemeteries that pay homage to people who had once made their home there.

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Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


sprecken sie? BY CINDY O. HERMAN

You better would warsh the dishes


peaking in a Pennsylvania vernacular requires both some colorful “Dutchified” expressions as well as some unusual pronunciations. Standing in line at the deli counter at Heimbach’s Country Store in Selinsgrove one day, some local people chuckled over their ways of talking – ways that always seemed normal until people from outside the area questioned them. Lonny Hackenburg, of Selinsgrove, recalled that his family always “locked open the door.” Yes, the last one to leave the house should lock it. But when they come back home, why, lock open that door and step right in! Like “Throw the horse over the fence some hay” or “Tie the horse fast,” the sentence “Lock open the door” reminds me of that illustration where, if you look at it one way you see an old hag, but when looked at another way it’s a beautiful, young woman. It’s all a matter of perspective. Same, too, I suppose, with unusual pronunciations. Take the word “wash.” Pretty straightforward, right? Wash. Yet so many times I hear Pennsylvanians say “warsh.” I have no idea why. Even more baffling is the word “on.”

It just can’t get any simpler than that. “Ahn.” And yet, as a New York State friend pointed out, some Pennsylvanians have a unique way of pronouncing it. This pronunciation is tough to spell, and if you haven’t heard it, you might not be able to conjure it up. The closest I can describe it is to imagine the word “Juan.” Now, keeping “on” in mind as your ultimate goal, say “Juan” but put the W sound right after the vowels: (w)own. I’ve heard this pronunciation with other simple words like Dawn, John and lawn. And interestingly enough, I’ve heard John pronounced J(w)own, and Johnny pronounced Junny. We all have our quirks, and we should learn to appreciate them in each other. Or should I say, “We better would”? “I’ll warsh the dishes,” a teen might promise his mother. “You better would,” the mother might reply. It’s the same thing as “You should” or “You better,” just with a little, extra, unnecessary word thrown in. And while “You better would” is a fairly common expression, I don’t believe I’ve ever heard “You should would.” I guess that would just sound silly. We here in Pennsylvania are lucky to step out of our homes and hear so many colorful expressions bandied about us on a daily basis. But it’s always a relief at the end of the working day to go home, lock open the door and relax ahn or (w) own the couch.

Can you speak “Pennsylvania-ish?" » “Lock open the door” » “Throw the horse over the fence some hay” » “Tie the horse fast” » warsh – wash » (w)own – on » “You better would” – ‘You better,” or “You should”

Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016


creative corner


Grounded The cool autumn breeze did nothing to slow the steady flow of perspiration down Mason Cooperâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s dust-caked face. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You OK?â&#x20AC;? asked a familiar voice. The question â&#x20AC;&#x201D; combined with the salty sting of sweat in a fresh gash on his chin â&#x20AC;&#x201D; helped snap Mason out of a dazed sense of shock. He grabbed the outstretched hand of his group home counselor, Colton Briggs, and quickly stood up as gracefully as he could â&#x20AC;&#x201D; dusting off his blue jeans with his free hand while glancing around the round, metal-paneled pen in the middle of a dusty, over-grazed pasture on a small horse ranch near the tiny town of McEwensville, Pennsylvania. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Are you OK?â&#x20AC;? Briggs asked again. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Yeah,â&#x20AC;? Mason offered in a quiet, raspy voice. But that was a lie. The 15-year-old agreed to try out the new Equine Assisted Therapy program solely because it was a way to avoid the other teenagers at the adolescent facility he currently called home. Mason quickly grew tired of their constant bickering and whining â&#x20AC;&#x201D; as if they had any real reason to complain about their lives. Mason had been in and out of numerous foster and group homes since a state agency pulled him from his biological mother. She spent more time trying to score her next fix of heroin than she did parenting her then-5-year-old son. A series of failed foster home placements ending in various forms of abuse quickly taught Mason that adults â&#x20AC;&#x201D; especially those in authority â&#x20AC;&#x201D; could not be trusted. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You know what they say about falling off the horse â&#x20AC;&#x201D; you need to get right back up there,â&#x20AC;? Briggs said with a smile as he wrapped an arm across Masonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s shoulder in a quick side hug. Typically, Mason would recoil from such attempts at public affection. In the real world, they were nothing more than a sign of weakness. Here â&#x20AC;&#x201D; with only Briggs, one other counselor and a black-andwhite pinto-marked horse named Oreo that was more preoccupied with playing with the bit in her mouth than the groggy teenager standing near her â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the side hug felt oddly reassuring. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Maybe we should wait until next time,â&#x20AC;? Mason said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You in a rush to get back to the group home?â&#x20AC;? Briggs quickly responded. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I know youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re doing this to get away from there. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t blame you. We have some more time before we have to leave. Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s get that cut on your chin cleaned out, and then weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll start again, but this time by doing ground work first. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s all about the ground work.â&#x20AC;? A half-hour later, Mason found himself facing his equine-induced fear once again. He grew up dealing with tough situations â&#x20AC;&#x201D; in some cases life-or-death moments armed simply with instinct and adrenaline. Squaring off with a horse in a rural central Pennsylvania field seemed a far cry from facing a knife-wielding drug dealer in a dark Reading alley. Yet Mason preferred the latter. It was his element â&#x20AC;&#x201D; he knew how to react, and how to stay in control. You give up all control when sitting high on the back of a 1,500-pound horse with a mind of its own. Almost as if reading Masonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mind, Briggs handed him the reins. â&#x20AC;&#x153;With horses, you need to build respect, and that starts on the ground, not in the saddle,â&#x20AC;? Briggs said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Horses work in a herd mentality, and theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re constantly re-assessing their leadership structure. Get her to respect you and your decisions on the ground, and you will become the leader of her herd, even when on her back using just a pair of reins to guide her.â&#x20AC;? Following his counselorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lead, Mason started by applying a


Inside Pennsylvania | August 2016

light amount of downward pressure to the reins, releasing quickly whenever Oreo responded by lowering her head. Before long, Oreoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s muzzle was touching the ground with the gentlest of requests. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Excellent,â&#x20AC;? Briggs said with a genuine enthusiasm that caught Mason off guard. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Now weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll work on getting her to move her body different directions by using a light continual tapping on her right rump until she moves to the left. The same on her left rump to get her to swing to the right. Remember to reward her each time she responds to your cue.â&#x20AC;? And he did. Each exercise helped Mason connect with the horse in ways he didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think possible. Each time he tackled a new task, Briggs was right there to guide him, build him up and praise him when Oreo responded to Masonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s requests. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Now, letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s get you back in the saddle,â&#x20AC;? Briggs said. Suddenly, Mason felt the sweat return to his brow. His hands shook. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You can do this,â&#x20AC;? Briggs said, offering another oddly comforting side hug. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be right here the whole time, and I know, without a doubt, that you will be fine.â&#x20AC;? That makes one of us, Mason thought. As the teen warily stepped into the stirrup and swung his leg over Oreoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s back, every muscle in his body felt tense, stiff and sore. That feeling intensified later as Briggs coaxed Oreo to take a step forward. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not too sure about this,â&#x20AC;? Mason said through a clenched jaw. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I am,â&#x20AC;? Briggs responded, moving the looped reins over Oreoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s head and placing them in Masonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s seemingly paralyzed hands. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re ready.â&#x20AC;? As if on cue, Oreo took a step on her own. And another. And with each step, Mason felt a little less terrified. He took the reins more confidently, using them to turn Oreo while clicking to her and tapping her flank gently with his heels as Briggs encouraged him to do. Before long, the two were trotting around the small round pen together as one unit, Mason feeling a sense of accomplishment, pride and freedom he never knew existed. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thank you for helping me today. It really means a lot,â&#x20AC;? Mason said to Briggs after Oreo was unsaddled and happily munching on some hay. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Like I said before,â&#x20AC;? Briggs said with a smile. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s all about the ground work.â&#x20AC;?

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Inside Pennsylvania Fall 2016  

Inside Pennsylvania Magazine Fall 2016 edition featuring the Bloomsburg Fair