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Ramadan: More than just a religious practice

Shraban 18, 1420 Ramadan 23, 1434 Regd. No. DA 6238 Vol 1 No 133

International

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Snowden gets asylum in Russia

FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 2013 | www.dhakatribune.com

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Ekram Kabir: Good terrorist, bad terrorist

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Jamaat’s registration illegal: HC One judge dissents; Jamaat files appeal; no bar on political activities

‘The party has plans to reconstitute itself’

n Nazmus Sakib

n Probir K Sarker

The High Court yesterday declared the registration of Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami as a political party illegal. A three-member HC bench comprising Justice M Moazzam Husain, Justice M Enayetur Rahim and Justice Quazi Reza-Ul Hoque gave the judgment without mentioning details. Two judges of the panel declared Jamaat’s registration illegal while the other judge differed with the decision. The majority judges’ decision was upheld in the verdict. The panel head, Justice M Moazzam Husain who pronounced the judgment,

however, did not disclose the names of the judges who had favoured the decision or the one who had dissenting opinion. Counsels of the Election Commission and Jamaat said the party would not be able to participate in parliamentary polls as a result of the judgment, but it had the right to conduct political activities as the verdict concentrated only on the party’s registration. Jamaat’s counsel Shishir Manir filed an appeal with the Appellate Division immediately after the pronouncement of the verdict, seeking a stay order on the verdict. However, the appeal hearing might

not start before September 15 as the Supreme Court would go on vacation from August 3, said Jamaat’s chief counsel and Assistant Secretary General barrister Abdur Razzaq. Advocate Mohsin Rashid, a lawyer for the Election Commission, said: “As a result of the verdict the registration of Jamaat has been annulled and the party cannot participate in any election. However, if the Appellate Division stays the High Court verdict, the party can contest polls.” Shahdin Malik, another lawyer for the EC, said the judgment did not curtail Jamaat’s rights to organising political meetings. “The party could apply

for registration as a political party again if it wants to continue its electoral politics.” In an immediate reaction, Syed Rezaul Haque Chandpuri, secretary general of Tarikat Federation whose writ petition was resolved through yesterday’s HC verdict, told the Dhaka Tribune that Jamaat had no right to do politics “ethically and ideologically” after the verdict. “The party is an enemy of Islam, and during the Liberation War it committed many serious crimes in the name of Islam,” he said. At a press briefing later, Jamaat leader  PAGE 2 COLUMN 1

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INSIDE Metro

7 Eight extortionist groups are said to be involved in collecting tolls in the areas of Sadarghat and Wiseghat throughout the night, divided in groups according to location and vessel type.

International

9 Syrian President says he is confident of victory against rebels in a devastating 28-month-old civil war that has killed more than 100,000 people and sent nearly two million fleeing abroad.

Business

B1 Online sales of products doubled ahead of this Eid thanks to traffic jam, political unrest and flourishing online accessibility.

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EC to decide after going through full verdict

Jamaat calls 48 hours shutdown on August 12-13 n Manik Miazee Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami yesterday called a non-stop 48-hour shutdown from August 12 to August 13, protesting the High Court verdict declaring the party registration with Election Commission illegal. The Islamist party in a statement, signed by its acting secretary general Rafiqul Islam, made the announcement yesterday evening. The statement said: “It was wrong judgment to declare Jamaat-e-Islami’s registration as a political party illegal. This judgment is totally politically motivated.” “The writ petition against Jamaat registration is immature and it cannot be continued,” the statement added, and alleged that the HC verdict contradicted people’s basic rights. “We will continue our movement against this unconstitutional and undemocratic ruling.”

Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islamihad kept back-up plansready as it sensed thepossibility of either aban following the abolition of the Fifth Amendment which introduced religion-based politics in 1979 or cancellation of its registration as a political party because of the provisions in its charter which were contradictory to the country’s constitution. The trial of its top leaders for their key role against the birth of Bangladesh during the 1971 Liberation War also worried the party high-ups about its existence, according to a US embassy

cable leaked by whistleblowing website WikiLeaks on September 1, 2011. Banned after the country’s independence, Jamaat, a key ally in the present opposition alliance, floated as a party again in 1979. The Supreme Court on February 2, 2010 dismissed two petitions challenging a 2005 High Court ruling that declared the constitution’s Fifth Amendment illegal. However, while bringing the 15th Amendment to the constitution in 2011, the government did not remove the provision of allowing religion-based politics. Moreover, pressed repeatedly by

n Mohammad Zakaria Chief Election Commissioner Kazi Rakibuddin Ahmad yesterday said the Election Commission would decide on the registration of Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami after examining the full verdict of the High Court. “We will be able to take further steps regarding Jamaat-e-Islami’s registration only after getting the full copy of

Jamaat members can take part in polls as independent candidates. But they will not be able to join any alliance

A family riding a rickshaw get scared as activists of Jamaat-e-Ilsmai vandalise vehicles at Kamalapur in the city after the High Court verdict cancelling the party’s registration with the Election Commission DHAKA TRIBUNE

the verdict. It would be wrong to make any comment on the issue right now,” Rakibuddin told reporters after the High Court declared Jamaat’s registration as a political party illegal. Asked about Jamaat lawyer barrister Abdur Razzaq’s comment that the party would still be able to participate

in elections, CEC Rakibuddin again declined to comment on the matter before going through the full verdict. “First, we have to see whether the High Court says Jamaat’s registration is cancelled or illegal,” he added. “After we get the verdict, we will call a meeting of the full commission as soon as possible. The Election Commission will follow the verdict of the court,” he said. Asked if Jamaat could get new registration from the EC, the CEC said it would not be possible for Jamaat to apply for new registration this year. The registration of new political parties ahead of the next general elections is already in the last stage. “As per the election laws, if a party’s registration is cancelled, no one can participate in the elections using that party’s symbol. The party members can, however, take part in the polls as independent candidates. But they will not be able to join any alliance,” Rakibuddin said. l

Tarek’s killing is a Rab drama: Suranjit

Jamaat: Its history and controversy

n Partha Pratim Bhattacharjee

The Jamaat-e-Islami has always taken stand on anti-people interest since its creation in 1941 by Abul Ala Maududi who mixed Islam with politics, an idea opposed by democratic forces advocating separation of religion from politics. Due to his controversial political stance the party was banned four times – once in India before the creation of Pakistan, two times during the Pakistani regime and once in Bangladesh in 1972. The party Jamaat-e-Islami Hind opposed the creation of Pakistan in 1947 alleging that the Muslim League had no Islamic views. His argument behind Pa-

The death of Jubo League leader Jahid Siddiqui Tarek in a Rab “crossfire” was a “drama,” ruling party Awami League’s Advisory Council Member Suranjit Sengupta has said. Suranjit, also a minister without portfolio, came down hard on the elite crime busters, while addressing a discussion at the Dhaka Reporters’ Unity yesterday. “Such incidents before the national elections will encourage the anti-election campaigners. It will also inspire the anti-Awami League forces,” he said.

“Rab again staged a drama yesterday and two more people lost their lives,” Suranjit said, adding that the country must see an end to such incidents. Tarek, along with one of his associates, was killed in what Rapid Action Battalion claimed was a gunfight late Wednesday night in the capital’s Khilkhet area. He was the prime accused in the case filed in connection with the murder of another Jubo League leader Reazul Haque Milky, who was shot by criminals a day before, in front of a shopping mall in the capital’s Gulshan area.  PAGE 2 COLUMN 5

Reza Chowdhury n Kamran and Manik Miazee

kistan creation was: a Muslim-majority state could not be an Islamic state. Muslim League pressed for the creation of a separate state for the Muslims named Pakistan. After the sub-continent was divided into two parts – India and Pakistan – the party was split into two entities: The Jamaat-e-Islami Hind (in India) and The Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan. In 1953, the Jamaat-e-Islami and its leader Abu Ala Moududi led a campaign against the minority Ahmadiyya community leading to a riot and subsequent military intervention the same year. The administration of military ruler Lt Gen Azam Khan handed him down capital punishment. Giving in to the

international pressure, the Pakistan government first commuted his death sentence to life imprisonment. He was later set free. Owing to his opposition to the Muslim Family Ordinance-1961 considered as a progressive law the military ruler Field Marshal Ayub Khan banned the activities of the Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan on January 4, 1964. The party could later restore political rights. The Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan contested the polls in the general elections in 1970 but got poor votes. As the war of independence started on March 26, 1971 it sided with the killer Pakistan forces for exterminating the Bangalees in the name of saving  PAGE 2 COLUMN 5


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DHAKA TRIBUNE

News

Friday, August 2, 2013

Jamaat keeps dodging EC Reza Chowdhury and n Kamran Mohammad Zakaria Jamaat-e-Islami never quite fully obeyed the directives the Election Commission had issued from time to time asking it to make its charter consistent with the country’s constitution. As a result, the commission had never approved the party’s charter. Since Jamaat got registered for the first time in 2008, the EC, then headed by ATM Shamsul Huda, had issued a total of five letters asking for amendments in its constitution so it could fully continue operating as a political entity. According to the Constitution of Bangladesh, all political parties must accept people as the source of sovereign authority of the country. The Jamaat charter, however, refers to “Allah as the only sovereign authority and formulator of laws.” It also stipulates that the party will not accept anyone as sovereign other than the Allah.

At the time of registration in 2008, Jamaat’s Legal Affairs Secretary Jasim Uddin Sarker agreed to erase six sections of the charter which the EC identified as against the constitution and the Representation of the People Order Act 1972. Jasim then submitted a charter penning through the inconsistent words and sentences in red ink and promising to drop them from the final document. But the printed charter that was eventually placed with the EC, contained many of the words and sentences that were inconsistent with the country’s constitution. On December 4 last year, Jamaat submitted a printed charter (49th edition) to the current Kazi Rakibuddin Ahmad-led EC. That charter contained the name of Dr Shafiqur Rahman as the party’s acting secretary general in the printer’s line. Death row war criminal Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujaheed is the secretary general of the party.

The charter also said Jamaat-e-Islami did not recognise anyone other than the Allah as the sovereign authority. The EC once again asked the party to get the expression consistent with the country’s constitution. In addition, the EC asked Jamaat to ensure 33% representation of women at every stage of its leadership by the year 2020. In March, the EC once again identified six sections of the charter that were in conflict with the country’s constitution and the RPO. Although the commission discussed the issue in a meeting soon after, it refrained from cancelling Jamaat’s registration because the High Court was hearing a writ petition in this regard. Article 38 of the Constitution of Bangladesh stipulates a political party will lose its right to attend assembly if it disrupts religious, social and communal harmony. Similarly, the RPO determines the qualification of political parties to compete in the polls. l

Armoured vehicle patrols city streets after the High Court declared Jamaat’s registration Illegal yesterday

Family alleges Rab killed Tarek n Kailash Sarkar The family of Jubo League leader Zahid Siddiki Tarek, who was killed in a Rab “shootout” after his arrest in connection with the killing of another Jubo League leader, Reazul Haque Khan Milky, has ruled out the force’s claim that Tarek was identified from a video footage as the murderer of Milky. Mahbubur Rahman Siddiki, elder brother of Tarek, who was a joint secretary of the Dhaka City (south) unit, yesterday alleged Rab men killed his brother through a staged gunfight. Milky, an organising secretary of the same unit, was killed by an armed gang early Tuesday in front of Shoppers World in the capital’s Gulshan.

“My brother Tarek and Milky were close friends and party fellows. They have no feud between them. Tarek did not kill Reazul,” he told the Dhaka Tribune at Dhaka Medical College morgue yesterday afternoon. When asked about the very recent relationship between them and intra-party feuds, Mahbubur declined to continue the conversation saying he would talk about it later although he could not be found later. Contacted, Lt Col Ziaul Ahsan, director of Rab’s intelligence wing refuted the allegation that the force staged a drama to kill Tarek. “He himself admitted to us that he was the person found in the video footage [of a closed circuit camera at Shop-

per World] shooting at Milky. Tarek also admitted, he along with his cohorts made the gun attack following feuds among them,” the Rab official claimed. Four hours into Milky’s murder, Rab personnel arrested Tarek and six other leaders and activists of Jubo League and Bangladesh Chhatra league, the youth and student wings of Awami League. Tarek was arrested at a private hospital in Uttara where he was undergoing treatment with a bullet wound at his back. Rab claimed Tarek received the bullet fired by one of his associates during the attack on Milky. After the seven were arrested, Milky’s younger brother Maj Rashidul Haque Khan, who is a former official of Rab 8, filed a case with Gulshan police

station accusing 11 leaders and activists of Jubo League and Chhatra League, including those seven persons. Former Chhatra League leader Enayet Kabir Chanchal, an organising secretary of Dhaka City (north) Jubo League, is among the four others accused in Milky murder case. He is on the run. Meanwhile, Tarek and another person named Shah Alam were shot dead on Wednesday night in the capital’s Khilkhet during a “gunfight” which took place when an armed gang attempted to snatch Tarek away from the Rab custody. According to Rab, the armed gang swooped on the law enforcers to snatch Tarek while he was being taken to Gul-

PM hosts iftar for political leaders

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Tarek, who sustained bullet wounds during Tuesday’s incident, was being treated in a private hospital in Uttara. Rab claimed that Tarek tried to escape when they were taking him to the Gulshan police station. Suranjit also termed the murder of Milky as an instance of “mental disorder” on the part of the killer. On the issue of the Election Commission planning to strip itself of the

Abdur Razzaq said the EC could not cancel the party’s registration as the matter was sub-judice because of the appeal. “The Election Commission can cancel its registration to stop the party from participating in polls if the Appellate Division upholds the judgment.” Referring to an EC memo dated January 2010, the chief counsel for Jamaat said except the charters of the Awami League and Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal, those of the remaining 11 registered political parties were contrary to the Representation of the People Order 1972. “So, we believe annulling Jamaat-e-Is-

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Jamaat lawyer and leader barrister abdur razzak talking to the journalists in a press conference after a court verdict yesterday

RAJIB DHAR

lami’s registration the court has opened the Pandora’s Box, which is harmful to democracy and the rule of law.” The EC registered Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami on November 4, 2008 as a political party. Tarikat Federation Secretary General Syed Rezaul Haque filed the writ petition on January 27, 2009, seeking cancellation of the Islamist party’s registration with the EC. On January 27, 2009, a two-member HC bench issued a rule, asking the EC to explain why Jamaat’s registration as a political party should not be declared contrary to the constitution and the RPO.

In its reply, the commission admitted that some provisions of Jamaat’s charter were against the constitution and the RPO. Jamaat, however, claimed that the EC had not done anything illegal by registering the party. The writ petition had specified four grounds considering which Jamaat’s registration was illegal: Jamaat does not believe in the principle that people are the main source of power; according to the RPO, no communal party can be registered as a political party, but Jamaat’s activities proved it to be a communal party; the RPO stipulates that no

political party can discriminate based on religions, sexes and castes while selecting its leadership, but Jamaat does not allow a non-Muslim or a woman to be its leader; and, no political party can have any branch operating abroad, but Jamaat maintains its foreign branches. The petition also claimed that Jamaat was founded in India. On June 12 this year, the three-member HC bench kept the verdict pending after all proceedings were completed. Barrister Tania Amir had moved the petition while barrister Abdur Razzaq appeared for Jamaat and advocate Mohsin Rashid for the EC. l

‘The party has plans to reconstitute itself’  PAGE 1 COLUMN 6

the Election Commission since 2009, Jamaat in December last year amended its party charter – forthe 49th time – andreplaced most of the “objectionable” provisions, including its objective to establish an Islamic state. Razzaq briefed US envoy on ‘rebirthmethod’ On February 10, 2010, Jamaat Assistant Secretary General Abdur Razzaq, who is also the chief counsel for the party leaders facing war crimes charges, had discussed the possibility of a ban on Jamaat with the then US ambassador in Dhaka,James F Moriarty, and pleaded for US assistance to handle the situation. He also revealed how the party would re-emergeif declared outlawed, reads the confidential cable Moriarty

BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia, now in Saudi Arabia, performed Umrah at the holy Kaba Sharif in Makkah early yesterday. Khaleda, also leader of the opposition in parliament, along with her entourage started performing the Umrah after taking sehri around 3pm (Saudi time), her press secretary Maruf Kamal Khan told UNB. Later, she offered Fajr prayers at Masjid Al-Haram and prayed for the peace, progress and prosperity of Bangladesh and its people as well as the unity and solidarity of the Muslim Ummah. Earlier, the BNP chief left Madinah for Makkah in a domestic flight on Wednesday night. l

power to scrap election candidature if anyone breached electoral codes of conduct, the minister without portfolio said the ruling party had “no headache” regarding this. He said the politicians would rather have to act more responsibly to make the democratic process in the country stronger. The senior Awami League leader called upon main opposition party BNP to stop critising the EC for the sake of strong democracy. l

Jamaat calls 48 hours shutdown

Jamaat’s registration illegal: HC  PAGE 1 COLUMN 4

Khaleda performs Umrah n Tribune Desk

Tarek’s killing is a Rab drama: Suranjit

n Tribune Desk Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday hosted an iftar party for political leaders at her official residence Ganobhaban. The Prime Minister went round different tables set for the guests, exchanged pleasantries with them and enquired about their well-being, reports UNB. Before the iftar, a special munajat was offered seeking continued peace, progress and prosperity of the nation. Khatib of Baitul Mukarram National Mosque Maulana Mohammad Salahuddin Ahmed conducted the munajat. Prayers were also offered seeking eternal peace for the departed souls of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Bangamata Fazilatunnesa Mujib and other martyrs of the August 15 massacre, four national leaders, martyrs of the War of Liberation and heroes of democratic movements. l

shan police station from Uttara to hand him over to the station. Monetary interest behind Milky murder Apart from influencing tender schedules and prevailing feud centring committee formation, Milky was killed due to a conflict over income from “housie games” (gambling) in Motijheel and collection of tolls. Sources said one of the top leaders of Dhaka City (south) unit Jubo League used the feud as a trick. He reportedly played the key role in executing his planning using Tarek and some others. A senior Jubo League leader, on condition of anonymity, said: “The top leader spent Tk7m to make the killing mission successful apart from supplying arms, ammunition and vehicles. l

DHAKA TRIBUNE

had written to Washington on February 16 under the subject line of “Jamaat pleads its case before ambassador.” The US envoy mentioned that Razzaq repeatedly stressed Jamaat’s commitment to the Bangladesh constitution and the rule of law. “Razzaq contended that recent events had betrayed the government’s lack of interest in the rule of law and highlighted its desire to crush the Jamaat-e-Islami. “Turning to the reason he had sought the meeting, Razzaq provided his perspective on the recent judicial decisions that repealed the Fifth Amendment of Bangladesh’s Constitution. The repeal of the Fifth Amendment paved the way for the government to outlaw religious-based political parties, including Jamaat.” Razzaq said by fighting Jamaat, the

government would foster an autocratic nation without constructive mechanisms for dissent. “If Bangladesh banned religious-based political parties, Jamaat will emulate the response of religious-based political parties in Turkey. Jamaat will rename itself and remove religious tenets from its constitution, but will at the same time challenge the ruling in court,” reads the cable. The Jamaat leader said a ban on religious parties would cost the party some money that was tied to bank accounts and trusts in the party’s name, but it would survive. “It will be a wound, but a wound that could be healed.” However, Razzaq at the same time uttered warningagainst the “autocratic government”while claiming that Jamaat was a “democratic organisation

in belief and practice.” “It will be disappointing – and potentially dangerous – ifthe government silenced the voices of moderation in this way. If the government tried to control democracy [if it closes democratic avenues] then it is breeding the discontent that led to the September 11 attacks in the United States,”Moriarty quoted Razzaq as saying. In his remarks,the envoy wrote to Washington about his suspicion over Razzaq’s claims that “the party would accept the rule of law” when the hardliners within the Awami League believed that “the time is right to crush Jamaat and other Islamic parties.” Moriarty observed that the Jamaat was facing “its greatest challenge since 1971” as the government increased pressure on it. l

Earlier yesterday, the bench of justices M Moazzam Husain, M Enayetur Rahim, and Quazi Reza-Ul Hoque declared the registration of Jamaat, a key ally of the BNP that was registered with the EC in 2008, “illegal and void,” after accepting a writ petition that challenged the legality of Jamaat-e-Islami’s registration as a political party. Bangladesh Tariqat Federation’s Secretary General Rezaul Haque Chandpuri and 24 others filed the writ peti-

tion on January 25, 2009. The party has moved the Appellate Division to overturn the judgment, which makes the party’s participation in the looming general elections uncertain. Jamaat-Shibir men ran mayhem in several districts including Naogaon, Rajshahi, Chittagong, Faridpur, Shatkhira, Chuadanga, Noakhali headquarters following the HC verdict. Law enforcers detained a number of activists there. According to the party sources, number of detainees was over 200. l

Jamaat always against people  PAGE 1 COLUMN 6

Pakistan, the country they vehemently opposed during its creation led by the Muslim League in 1947. Jamaat mobilised its leaders and activists to aid the occupation army of Pakistan. The party formed paramilitary forces such as Peace Committee, Razakar, Al-Badr and Al-Shams which killed millions of innocent people and violated thousands of women in the erstwhile East Pakistan that emerged as independent Bangladesh on December 16, 1972. Abu Ala Moududi was the chief of Jamaat until 1972. After Bangladesh’s independence, most of its leaders were charged with war crimes. They were jailed for the crimes against humanity. The Awami League, which led the country’s liberation against the Pakistan forces, adopted a secular constitution on December 1972 banning the religion based parties in the newly created country. The Bangabandhu government enacted the International Crimes Tribunal Act-1973 to try the war criminals who were involved in murder, rape, arson and other crimes against humanity. The murder of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on August 15, 1975 crated a favourable atmosphere for their political rehabilitation. The BNP’s de facto founder and military ruler Major Gen Ziaur Rahman who usurped power in November 1975 lifted the ban on the religion-based political parties ultimately returning the

war criminals the political rights. All of the jailed leaders came out of the jail as the trial of the war criminals was suspended by Zia government that ruled the country up to May 30, 1981. In 1976, former Jamaat leader Abdur Rahim obtained political permission to run a new party styled the Islamic Democratic League in the same manner Jamaat was run. The ban on the religion-based parties was lifted in 1979 ahead of the second parliamentary polls. The same year, the Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh was revived with Abbas Ali Khan as its Ameer. The party enjoyed free political atmosphere during the regime of military dictator H M Ershad who ruled between March 1982 and December 1990. The party took part in the third general elections in 1986 securing 10 seats. The Jamaat was actively involved in anti-Ershad movement in 1990. In the fifth general elections in 1991 the Jamaat won 18 seats. Jamaat got only two seats in the seventh parliamentary polls in 1996. In 2001, Jamaat aligned with the BNP and secured 17 seats. In the last general elections on December 29, 2008, Jamaat also aligned with the BNP and bagged two seats. The party activities turned violent after the Awami League government initiated the trial of its leaders for war crimes. Jamaat killed many police officials as part of its movement demanding the abrogation of the trial of the war criminals, who were their top leaders. l


DHAKA TRIBUNE

News

3

Friday, August 2, 2013

Banks, telcos team up with shops EC shooting its feet, Unlike shops dealing in clothing and footwear, jewellery stores can be seen devoid of customers

n Kayes Sohel With only a week left before Eid-ul-Fitr traders from various shopping malls and shops across the capital are offering special packages and discounts, in collaboration with various banks and telecom companies, in an effort to try and attract customers through promotional and discount offers upon the usage of credit or debit cards and mobile packages from particular companies. Mohammad Kabir a patron of the men’s clothing store MENZ KLUB used his credit card and received a 10% discount on purchasing clothes from there. He said: “I think this is a new and smart business strategy for both banks and shopping centres. Discount offers benefit the buyers and also increase sales. I am happy with the offer of the credit card that I use.” Shoab, a sales executive in an outlet of the Richman clothing shops, said though the number of customers has seen an increase the actual sales have not met their expectations. “Banks and mobile companies pay us back the same amount that we give away as discounts. The subscribers of different packages of Standard Char-

tered Bank and Grameenphone mostly throng our shop,” he said. Several of the top local brands in clothing, footwear and furnishing such as Cat’s Eye, Ecstasy, Artisti, Apex shoes, Bata, Otobi, Hatil, etc have come up with special packages for Eid to promote sales. Akter, a sales executive of a Cat’s Eye outlet, said sales was not bad but

the discount offers did not make much of a difference as their regular customers hardly bother about the price. Most of the shops were found to offer discounts up to 25% on a range of commodities including kids’ and men’s wear. “The offers increase the variety of choices for the customers, however, prices are a bit too high despite imply-

ing the discounts,” said Zunaid Ahmed while buying clothes from a garment shop. Unlike shops dealing in clothing and footwear, jewellery stores can be seen devoid of customers. Rana, Head Sales Executive at Venus Jewellers, said: “People love to buy garments rather than ornaments during Eid. Not a single customer has visited us till noon. The sales executives are sitting idly.” While the focus is on clothing and footwear shoppers also browse through a wide range of products such as mobile phones, notepads and laptops despite no discounts being offered on such products. The view is drastically different at the makeshift shops operating over pavements when compared to shopping malls and big brand outlets. In these places customers have to bargain hard as they offer no discounts on their wares. While haggling with a salesman, Habibur Rahman, who admitted to having a monthly income of Tk15,000, said it was tough to shop with limited budget. “However, I am trying to cut coat according to my cloth as I have to think about the next month as well,” he said. l

says former CEC Huda n Ashif Islam Shaon Former chief election commissioner ATM Shamsul Huda yesterday said scrapping article 91E of the Representation of the People Order (RPO) would be like “immersing idols in water” as the Election Commission struggled hard for having it inserted back in 2008. He said the previous election commissioners had undergone a lot of pain while trying to incorporate the article 91(E) in the RPO, but the present EC excluding it voluntarily, which will weaken the Election Commission (EC). “Article 91E of the RPO was one of the major achievements in 2008 which had empowered EC to cancel candidature for gross violation of the electoral code of conduct. We had to change the schedule for the national polls five times to keep the articles in RPO as BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia would not agree with the provision. She was repeatedly denying to take part in the elections if the article 91E was included,” he said. “But, we were determined and finally the article was included. If the EC scraps the article now, it will be like shooting your own feet. It will be heartrending,” he said.

Law Commission chairman should quit: Rafiqul Islam Miah

HC stops Purbachal project in Gazipur n Nazmus Sakib

n Nazmus Sakib

BNP standing committee member barrister Rafiqul Islam Miah yesterday lambasted former chief justice ABM Khairul Haque for holding the post of chairman at the Law Commission and urged him to resign. At a press briefing in the Supreme Court Bar Association building, he claimed that by holding the post, Khairul Haque had violated his own judgement given in a case regarding 13th amendment to the constitution, following which the caretaker government provision was scrapped. According to the BNP leader, in the judgement the former chief justice had observed that judges should not hold the post of chief adviser to a caretaker government as there was a possibility that the judges might be influenced. Barrister Rafiqul opposed the “chief justice status” given to Khairul Haque, saying: “In our constitutional scheme, only one person can be the chief justice of Bangladesh.” AM Mahbub Uddin Khokon, secretary of Supreme Court Bar Association, and Raghib Rauf Chowdhury of Jatiyatabadi Lawyers’ Forum were also present at the briefing. l

Activists of Jamaat-e-Islami set fire to two vehicles at Demra yesterday after the High Court declared the party’s registration with the Election Commission illegal

‘Razakar founder’ Yusuf indicted for war crimes n Udisa Islam The war crimes tribunal yesterday indicted Jamaat-e-Islami leader AKM Yusuf for 13 charges of crimes against humanity that include genocide, killings, arson, religious conversion and deportation of people. The three-member International Crimes Tribunal 2, led by Justice Obaidul Hassan, gave the indictment order and fixed September 5 for the opening statement. It also asked the prosecution to submit the list of witnesses, seizure list and evidence on the same day. The prosecution submitted 15 formal charges against the senior nayebe-ameer (equivalent to vice-president) of Jamaat to the tribunal’s registrar on May 8. The tribunal’s investigation agency began the probe on January 22 last year and submitted its report to the prosecution on April 22. They charged Yusuf for his alleged involvement in the murder of eight people the mass killing of 700 others, looting 300 houses and 400 shops and forcing 200 Hindus to convert to Islam. The prosecution says Yusuf established the first team of razakars (collaborators who sided with the Pakistani occupation army) on May 5, 1971 at an Ansar camp on Khan Jahan Ali Road in Khulna with 96 Jamaat activists. He also formed peace committees in every sub-division, police station and union in Khulna. Yusuf, 84, was arrested on May 12

Addressing the EC, he asked, “Why you people are scrapping the power that was gained through a war like situation with Khaleda [BNP chairperson]? I don’t know what good is in it [the decision].” The ex-CEC made the remarks while addressing a roundtable titled “Reform of electoral laws: where we stand” arranged by the Shushashoner Jonno Nagorik (Sujan) at the National Press Club. With M Hafiz Uddin Khan, former adviser to the caretaker government in the chair, the roundtable was addressed by former Election Commissioner Brig Gen (retd) M Sakhawat Hossain, Columnist Syed Abul Moksud and others. Badiul Alam Majumdar, secretary of the group presented the keynote paper. In the key-note paper, Badiul placed a seven-point proposal to amend the RPO, comprising, inclusion of defence forces in the list of law enforcement agencies, to reintroduce “no vote” and EC’s authority to cancel candidature for violating the electoral code of conduct. Sakhawat Hossain suggested reincorporating the provision of “No Vote.” He also urged giving a scope to the army for playing a role during national elections. l

at his Dhanmondi residence for his alleged involvement in war crimes during the Liberation War in 1971. He is now in Kashimpur jail. The tribunal on July 3 ordered jail authorities to provide a comfortable transport for the accused. He hails from Rajair Kaliarpar under Sarankhola upazila in Bagerhat. The case was transferred to tribunal 2 from tribunal 1 on July 1 for quick disposal.

tributing to the actual commission of offence of ‘persecution’ as crimes against humanity by directing attack against the civilian population as specified in Section 3(2) (a) (g) of the [ICT] Act which are punishable under Section 20(2), read with Section 3(1), of the Act. You are thus liable for the above offences under Section 4(1) of the Act.” The tribunal further said: “You have allegedly committed the of-

FACT SHEET Charge 1

Looting and burning At Morelganj 400 shops and houses

Charges 2-6

Genocide

Ranjitpur, Morelganj Bazar, Rampal, Chulkuthi Bazar, Bhasha Bazar

Charges 7-8

Genocide or Murder

Shakharikathi Bazar, Shakharikathi village,

Charges 9-13

Murder

Barukhali, Raeda Bazar, Tafalbari Bazar, Morelganj Bazar

On June 14 the tribunal began hearing on the charge framing against the Jamaat leader. The prosecution during the hearings said they would be able to prove the case against Yusuf. The defence appealed for his acquittal as he had been detained after Bangladesh’s independence and later received general amnesty. They argued that had Yusuf been involved in crimes against humanity, he would have been prosecuted at that time. In its order yesterday the tribunal said: “You [Yusuf] have charged for abetting and substantially con-

fences under Section 3(2) (a) (c) (i) (g) which are punishable under Section 20(2) read with Section 3(1) of the Act. The aforesaid charges of crimes against humanity and also complicity to the commission of such crimes described under Section 3(2) (a) (c) (i) (g) of the Act are punishable under the provisions of section 20(2) read with Section 3(1) of the Act which are within the cognisance and jurisdiction of this tribunal. And we hereby direct you to be tried by this tribunal on the said charges.” The accused in the dock claimed that he was innocent. l

Deposition of witness against Nizami deferred n Udisa Islam A war crimes tribunal yesterday deferred the deposition of the 16th prosecution witness in the case against Jamaat-e-Islami chief Motiur Rahman Nizami. The three-member tribunal-1, headed by ATM Fazle Kabir, set August 11 for recording the statement as the prosecution failed to produce the witness yesterday. Prosecutor Mohammad Ali told the tribunal that they could not produce the witness because of unavoidable circumstances. The prosecution started placing witnesses on August 26 last year. Nizami was indicted on May 28 last year on 16 counts for crimes against humanity which he allegedly committed in Pabna and Dhaka during the 1971 Liberation War. The charges include genocide, rape, torture, abduction, confinement and conspiracy. l

Boy injured in shoe factory fire dies n Tribune Report Mohammad Dipu Bepari, the 12-yearold who suffered third degree burns from a shoe factory fire on Monday, died at the Dhaka Medical College Hospital’s Burns and Plastic Surgery unit yesterday. The fire at the factory in the city’s Chawk Bazar area also took the life of another worker, Sabbir, 24, and injured six others. l

DHAKA TRIBUNE

The High Court yesterday ordered the authorities concerned to cease activities of Rajuk’s Purbachal housing project in Borakau and Parabat areas of Gazipur until further directives are given. The court also issued a rule asking the government and the project authorities to explain within four weeks why the layout plan of the project should not be declared illegal and against the people’s interest. It also asked the authorities concerned to explain why the unique ecology, forest wetland and cultivable land of the two areas should not be protected. The court ordered to form a committee, headed by an expert, and submit a report considering the overall conditions of the area in question. The bench of Justice Mirza Hossain Haider and Justice Md Khurshid Alam Sarkar gave the decision after hearing a writ petition lodged by Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers’ Association (BELA) and six other organisations on Wednesday. Iqbal Kabir Lytton, a counsel for BELA, told the Dhaka Tribune that the project authorities had no environmental clearance certificate for earth filling and constructing infrastructure on the 1,600-acre-land of Borakau and Parabat areas, but they were continuing the illegal activities since 2010. l

Defence argument starts in SQ Chowdhury case n Udisa Islam The counsels for war crimes suspect Salauddin Quader Chowdhury yesterday began closing arguments saying that the accused was not involved in committing any crimes against humanity during the 1971 Liberation War. After the first day’s argument, the tribunal adjourned the session till Sunday. In the beginning, junior defence counsel Md Huzzatul Islam Khan sought adjournment until Sunday saying that senior counsel Ahsanul Huq was sick. However, Ahsanul was present at the tribunal at that time. Justice ATM Fazle Kabir, chairman of the tribunal 1, then asked the defence to begin the arguments. In his first statement, Ahsanul said Investigation Officer Md Nurul Islam, who is also a police officer, had personal interest in the case against Salahuddin Quader.

The counsel claimed that the accused was put in the dock only because of his family tradition. He also claimed that Salauddin Quader was not in the country from March 29, 1971 and that his client had no involvement in the crimes mentioned in the charges. Ahsanul also accused some media house of spreading propaganda against the BNP standing committee member, son of Muslim League leader Fazlul Quader Chowdhury. The six-time Chittagong MP is facing 23 charges of crimes against humanity he allegedly committed during the war in Raozan and Rangunia of Chittagong. However, the accused denies all the charges claiming that he had been in Pakistan during March 30, 1971 to April 20, 1974. Earlier, the prosecution took part in closing arguments from July 28 to July 31. l


4

DHAKA TRIBUNE

NU failing to ensure quality education since its inception

News

Friday, August 2, 2013

S TA L L I N G A G O N Y

Prolonged session jam: four years’ courses not completed before six to seven years n Mushfique Wadud Classes not held on regular basis Since its inception in 1992, the National University (NU) has been struggling to provide quality education and has largely failed to supervise as many as 2000 colleges and institutes across the country with more than a million students. Moreover in its 21-year journey, it has given birth to many controversies over a string of debatable decisions. The recent controversy has been raised by giving promotions to students, who had failed in five subjects in the first year honours examinations, against an uproar from educationists saying it will lead to low quality graduates. Approximately, 60-70% of the total graduates of the country come through the NU, and its failure to breed better graduates have been putting a negative impact on the total education system. Since most of the students who enrol into colleges of NU, belong to low and mid-income families. University Grants Commission (UGC) in several of its annual reports, expressed concern over the low quality of education provided in many colleges under the NU, holding it responsible for the overall low standard of education in the country. Students cannot complete the fouryear honours course before six to seven years. A prolonged session jam is prevalent in almost all the courses. On several occasions, students have taken to streets to demand an end to the session jam, without any result. Students even went on a hunger strike and only stopped on the Education Minister Nurul Islam Nahid’s promise of taking proper steps to end the session jam, the trend however continues. Interestingly, the university was actually created to save students from the session jam. Before the creation of NU, colleges were run under public universities. Students said due to the prolonged session jam, they could not apply to government jobs on time. “Large number of National University students are unemployed and this is due to the session jam,” said Ibrahim Hossain, an honours third year student of the National University.

The 2009 committee recommendation not implemented yet University cannot monitor the 2000 colleges and institutes He said being a National University student was the worst thing as its graduates were largely overlooked by everyone for its low quality education. “The students also suffer a lot because of the session jam and the NU authority has a lot to do if they want to solve the crisis,” said S M Mokfur Hossain, principal of the Government Bangla College while talking to the Dhaka Tribune. When asked about irregular classes, he said they were trying to make sure that classes were held on regular basis but admitted that due to shortage of teachers and some other reasons it was not always possible. In 2009, the government formed a high-powered committee to formulate recommendations on the NU. It pointed out that the high number of colleges is a major constraint for NU, which is struggling not only to supervise them but also to maintain a standard in terms of education. The committee suggested decentralising the university. However, most of the recommendations have not been implemented in the last five years. Former chairman of UGC Nazrul Islam, who headed the committee believes that the recommendations should be implemented immediately. “A large number of colleges are under the NU. It is not possible to fully monitor the large number of colleges and as a result quality is being hampered. We suggested full decentralisation of the university.” he said, adding the decision to promote the failed students would hamper the quality of education. “The authorities concerned should seriously think about the NU as this impacts the total education system,” Nazrul Islam said. Meanwhile, National University ProVC Munaz Ahmed Noor told the Dhaka Tribune that they were trying to implement the recommendations. l

Construction work of the Jatrabari flyover coupled with the rush of Eid holiday-makers heading home causes heavy traffic jam for 2 to 3 hours daily

Opec Fund pledges $30m for road widening n Tribune Desk The Opec Fund will provide $30 million to Bangladesh for the ‘Upgrading and Widening of the road section of Joydevpur-Chandra-Tangail-Elenga to a four-lane carriageway’ component of the SASEC Sub-Regional Road Connectivity Project. Of the total project cost of $344.7 million, some $258m will come in project assistance, while the rest from the national exchequer, reports UNB. The Opec Fund is the co-financier of the project along with ADB $198m and Abu Dhabi Fund $30m. Loan agreements with ADB and Abu Dhabi Fund have already been signed, said an official at the Economic Relations Division (ERD). He said the government would ink the deal with the Opec Fund on August 13 in Austria. ERD Additional Secretary Kazi Shofiqul Azam and Opec Fund for International Development (OFID) Di-

rector General Suleiman J AL Herbish will sign the agreement on behalf of their respective sides. The concessional loan of the Opec Fund bears an interest rate of 1.25 percent with a grace period of five years.

The fund will be used to upgrade to four-lanes the 70 km-long South Asia Sub-regional Economic Cooperation or SASEC Road Connectivity Project in Bangladesh, which links it with Bhutan and Nepal through India The maturity period of the loan is 20 years, which will be paid in 30 installments. The fund will be used to upgrade to four-lanes the 70 km-long South Asia Sub-regional Economic Cooperation or SASEC Road Connectivity Project in

10 missing after jumping off trawler n Tribune Desk

WEATHER

Temperature unlikely to change

n UNB

Light to moderate rain or thundershowers accompanied by temporary gusty wind is likely to occur at many places over Dhaka, Khulna, Barisal, Chittagong and Sylhet divisions and at a few places over Rajshahi and Rangpur divisions until 6pm today. Moderately heavy to heavy falls were also likely at places, Met Office said. Day and night temperature may remain unchanged over the country. The sun sets in the capital at 6:41pm today and rises on Saturday at 5:29am tomorrow. Country’s highest temperature 35.0 degree Celsius was recorded at Sylhet and lowest 24.0 degrees at Cox’s Bazar yesterday. Highest and lowest temperatures recorded in some major cities yesterday were: City

High

Low

Dhaka Chittagong Rajshahi Rangpur Khulna Barisal Sylhet Cox’s Bazar

32.0 30.6 34.3 33.0 33.0 31.2 35.0 30.0

25.5 26.0 25.5 26.5 26.0 25.5 25.4 24.0

Shehri and Iftar time Day

Shehri

Iftar

Ramadan 23/Aug 2 Ramadan 24/Aug 3 Ramadan 25/Aug 4

4:01am 4:02pm 4:02pm

6:44pm 6:44pm 6:44pm

PRAYER TIMES Fajar Sunrise Zumma Asr Magrib Esha

4:07am 5:28am 12:05pm 3:29pm 6:41pm 8:03pm

Source: IslamicFinder.org

Bangladesh, which links it with Bhutan and Nepal through India. Under this component of the project, some 70 km existing 2-lane road in Joydevpur, Chandra, Kaliakoir, Mirzapur, Tangail and Elenga will be upgraded to four-lanes alongside completion of some other construction works. The project got the Executive Committee of the National Economic Council (ECNEC) approval on April 23, this year to be completed by March 2018. The project will boost travel volumes, improve traffic flows and reduce the loss of perishable goods. Besides, it will boost regional agriculture, fishing, and tourism and facilitate the transport of products to domestic and international markets as well as to increase revenues of the country. The ERD official said the cumulative grant element in loans of the three cofinanciers – ADB, Abu Dhabi Fund and Opec Fund – is above 35%. l

Activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League pounce on a demonstrator of Jamaat-e-Islami, which took out a procession in Dhanmondi yesterday protesting the High Court verdict terming it’s registration ‘illegal’.

At least 10 people went missing as they jumped into the sea off a trawler in Sandwip upazila yesterday for fear of vessel capsize. Fish trader Nasir, who was rescued, said the Guptachhara-bound trawler from Sitakunda’s Kumira which had 60-70 passengers onboard started tilting after it went out of order. Some passengers jumped off fearing it would sink. Three speedboats rescued some passengers from the sea while at least 10 remained missing. Giasuddin, officer-in-charge of Sandwip police station, said the family members of five victims lodged complaints with the police station in this connection. Police arrested Maksudur Rahman, manager of Kumira Ghat, in this regard. l

‘Excessive’ use of force on street protest worries HRW n Tribune Desk New York-based Human Rights Watch has expressed concern over the use of excessive force by the Bangladeshi law enforcers in tackling street protests that killed least 150 protesters and injured at least 2,000 this year since February. The global rights watchdog also feared that there will be a lot more blood and fierce violence on the streets before the year is over if the government does not strictly control the law enforcers, reports UNB. “With the national election and more war crimes verdicts ahead, street protests are likely to be frequent and the risk of further violence is high,” said Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch. He said: “Unless the government takes firm action to rein in the security forces, there is going to be a lot more blood on the streets before the year is over.”

Bangladeshi security forces have frequently used excessive force in responding to street protests, killing at least 150 protesters and injuring at least 2,000 more since February 2013, the rights body said in a new report released on Wednesday. While large numbers of protesters have been arrested, the Bangladeshi authorities have made no meaningful efforts to hold members of the security forces accountable, it added. The 48-page report, “Blood On The Streets: The Use of Excessive Force During Bangladesh Protests,” is based on 95 interviews with victims and their family members, witnesses, human rights defenders, journalists, and lawyers. The report documents case after case in which police, the paramilitary Rapid Action Battalion (Rab), and the Border Guards Bangladesh (BGB) opened fire into crowds or beat protesters in a brutal and unlawful manner. In

some cases, security forces carried out extrajudicial executions. Referring to security forces’ action against Hefazat-e-Islami activists on May 5 in the capital, it said security forces confronted tens of thousands of protesters. “While some police efforts at dispersing crowds appeared to adhere to international standards, in other cases the police use of force was unlawful. This left at least 50 dead and more than 2,000 injured,” it added The Bangladeshi government needs to ensure that the security forces immediately stop using excessive force against protesters, Human Rights Watch said. The government should appoint an independent commission to investigate the deaths of dozens of protesters, including children, and prosecute anyone responsible for unlawful killings. Bangladesh should also allow United Nations special rapporteurs into the

country to conduct independent assessments. “The government’s claims to be the most open and democratic in Bangladesh’s history are undermined by censorship of critical voices,” Adams said. “The government can take reasonable steps to restrict incitement to violence, but this doesn’t mean closing down opposition media.” Opposition parties such as the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and the Jammat-e-Islam Party, as well as independent organisations such as Hefazat, should take steps to deter their supporters from carrying out unlawful attacks, including on law enforcement officers or members of the public with different political views, the rights watchdog opined. “Bangladesh’s reputation is at stake, and all responsible leaders should counsel calm, avoidance of violence, and respect for the law,” Adams said. l

MAHMUD HOSSAIN OPU

ACC files case against six Sonali Bank officials n Tribune Report The Anti-Corruption Commission yesterday filed a case against seven people, including six Sonali Bank officials and a businessman, for their alleged involvement in embezzling roughly Tk10m from the Gulshan branch of the bank. The commission’s Deputy Assistant Director M Wahiduzzaman filed the case with the Gulshan police station against former Gulshan branch manager M Akhtaruzzman who is now temporarily suspended, Principal Officer Santosh Chandra Sen, Executive Officer Abul Hasem, Senior Officer AHM Khairuzzaman, Assistant Officer M Sahidul Islam, and Principal Office Assistant General Manager Gopal Chandra Das, ACC sources said. An entrepreneur named Masudur Rahman Mazed, proprietor of Fahim Attire Limited, was also accused in the case. According to the first information report, the accused people, in cooperation with each other, misused their power and allocated loans to Fahim Attire Limited, showing forged land deeds as mortgage on behalf of the company. They also made a false inspection report to do the forgery. From 2008 to 2011, the accused people collected the money from the bank. ACC sources said the accused had swindled a total of Tk20.3m from the bank, but later returned Tk10.3m. l

Madrasah student held for doctoring PM’s picture n Tribune Desk Police arrested a madrasah student at Baligaon village in Kamalganj upazila of Moulvibazar yesterday for doctoring the picture of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. The arrested was identified as Saifur Rahman, an Alim 2nd year student of Showkat Ali Madrasah and son of late Habibur Rahman of Rajtila village in the upazila, reports UNB. Police arrested Saifur from in front of his madrasha at about 2pm. Police said the madrasah student doctored the picture of the prime minister and released it through mobile phones. l

Eid vacation begins today at JU n JU Correspondent A 15-day long vacation begins today at Jahangirnagar University (JU) for the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr, the Muslim community’s biggest religious festival. The university authorities said in a statement yesterday the vacation would continue till August 17. However, the administrative office of the university, including all departments and institutions, would remain open until August 6, the statement added. Classes and examinations will resume from August 17. l


DHAKA TRIBUNE

Long Form

5

Friday, August 2, 2013

Ramadan: More than just a religious practice

I

n Badiuzzaman Bay

f Islam is the religion of over one billion people, roughly one-sixth of humanity, Bangladesh houses a sizeable percentage of them on its soil. It ranks second on the list of nations with Muslim populations, preceded only by Indonesia – the world’s most populous Muslim nation; Pakistan and India rank third and fourth. Nearly 90% of the population here are of Islamic faith and an overwhelming majority of those are of Sunni denomination. It is little wonder then that the month of Ramadan – ninth in the Islamic calendar – holds a special place in the hearts of the Muslims of this country. Despite having the garb of a “moderate” Muslim nation with secularism as one of the four founding pillars of its constitution, Bangladesh has Islam deeply rooted in its culture, in its veins. Islam influences it in a way that no other religion or institution does, and controls the way public decisions are made or not made. There are many who talk about a declining popularity and even acceptability of religious norms and practices these days – an idea often supported with updated records of criminal behaviour and statistics on recidivism. These figures are presented to reinforce the ideas of “moral decadence” and growing “religious dissidence” in society.  

Bangladesh has Islam deeply rooted in its culture, in its veins. Islam influences it in a way that no other religion or institution does, and controls the way public decisions are made or not made

However, while the issues remain debated in the contemporary theological discourse, as far as performing rites and prayers are concerned, people are no less religious now than they used to be 20-30 years ago. There is a greater number of houses of worship now – mosques, churches, temples, monasteries, seminaries. More people now queue up at the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia than before to obtain a visa for the two holiest cities for Muslims – Makkah and Madinah – to perform Hajj, or Umrah when it is not the time for Hajj. The same can be said of the holy places and shrines of other religions. More and more funds are being pumped into religious missions and projects for the purpose of preaching. The physical expansion of religion, at least on the face of it, is evident across the globe. Going by this line of thought, one would be hard-pressed to deny the influence that religion has over our life and society.

SYED ZAKIR HOSSAIN/DHAKA TRIBUNE

In Bangladesh, where religious and social customs are primarily based on Islamic principles but are not enforceable legally, Ramadan holds a special place because it has a unifying effect on the people of any faith and any class. But I will come to that point later. In this month of fasting, it would perhaps be an opportune moment to reflect on the way Ramadan is viewed and observed in the world’s second most populous Muslim nation and more importantly, the way it impacts people’s lives. First, a few words about the “violent” start of this year’s Ramadan. The country, in recent times, witnessed an unprecedented wave of chaos and violence breaking on its shore, following the start of a highly divisive trial on the crimes committed during the 1971 nine-month war of liberation. It became quickly divided into two sides: one supporting the trial terming it a “fundamental necessity” and the other opposing it, in apprehension of politically motivated verdicts. With the political parties throwing their weight behind the two fronts, armed with their own sets of agenda, the situation became too murky to allow sane and rational thinking. Scores of precious lives were lost in the process. However, Ramadan came with the promise to put an end, if temporarily, to the past months’ hue and cry and trial-triggered aftershocks. It was expected that things would slow down a bit and all parties involved would behave responsibly. It didn’t happen. The war crimes tribunal, which delivered four verdicts in the first six months of the year preceding Ramadan – having started the trial proceedings over four years ago in 2009 – delivered two verdicts in three days alone, in its very first week. Independent analysts called it an “ill-timed coincidence,” but trial opponents censured the move as “a deliberate attempt” intended to cash in on the holy occasion. But what the latter did instead to vent their anger and frustration – setting off a fresh round of unrest and agitation – wasn’t seemly for a holy occasion either. This Ramadan may have had the worst start in the country’s recent past, politically speaking, but let’s not lose sight of the fact that there are certain things that make Ramadan special, regardless of intervening disruptions.

Iftar

There is a sense of universal brotherhood embedded in the rites and rituals of iftar, and in the way hospitality is extended towards the unfed. People of different faiths and people with no faiths are treated equally in a spirit of bonhomie. Iftar, in Bangladesh, is as much a social occasion as it is a religious one. At the newspaper office where I work, we have colleagues coming from all kinds of faiths and descents. There are Muslims, of course, as well as Hindus, Christians, Buddhists – people of mixed race and of distinct tribal backgrounds. Split in separate groups formed section-wise, we have our iftar meals as soon as the muezzin’s melodious call to prayer (Maghrib adhan) is aired. It doesn’t happen at our office only. A similar situation is seen in many other offices too.    Out on the streets and pavements, you see people who have no past acquaintance of any sort but still exchange mutual invitations for iftar, prepared with greasy food items bought from makeshift iftar shops and served either on plates or spread newspaper sheets. The only thing they and Muslims all over the world have in common is perhaps the dates, imported mostly from the Middle East – and usually eaten in threes in emulation of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him). That aside, food prepared for breaking the fast are predominantly indigenous. Restaurants and food outlets prepare special meals and desserts for iftar, and even for sehri of late, as a growing number of people now prefer eating from roadside takeaways for a change. Political parties, in a rather perfunctory display of fraternity, host iftar parties, in which they invite both their allies and adversaries. To the general public, however, these parties mean little and are half-hearted attempts aimed to bring political stalwarts on a single podium – and have them snapped together! What amazes a foreigner, however, is the making of “exotic” dishes that typify a Bengali fast-breaking celebration. A trip to the Chawk Bazaar or Kaptan Bazaar in the old part of the capital will confirm that. The two places are noted for serving savoury iftar delicacies, including Boro Baper Polai Khai (a famous Dhakaite chicken cocktail,

Iftar delicacies being sold at Chawk Bazar literally meaning “What sons of well-off fathers eat”), lip-smacking kebabs and caramelised golden jilapis to name a few. They are put on display in open-air food stalls or the numerous shops lined side by side in long rows.

Sehri

Sehri makes the start of something that iftar ends – a daylong abstinence from food, drinks, and sexual intercourse. It is the last meal before a Muslim gets to start his or her fast. What typifies a Bengali way of sehri? Is there anything distinctive about this “optional” observance of Ramadan in Bangladesh? Generally speaking, iftar or fasting is nothing exclusive to Islam, but sehri is. All major religions like Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism and Sikhism prescribe fasting and iftar (to mean ending the fast) in one form or another. Even, believers in lessfollowed Jainism, Taoism and Bahá’í faith observe fast for a certain period and break it at the day’s end – either before sunset, during or after. But none of these religions have sehri as such. In Islam, it is not “compulsory” for a Muslim to have food in the early hours, but it is highly advisable that one does. In the religious jargon, sehri was termed as a Sunnah – something the Prophet (peace be upon him) set a precedent for himself doing. Muslims eat and do niyaat (make their intention for fasting known to Allah) before the call to Fadr prayer is announced. The fast commences about five minutes before that call. While Bangladeshi Muslims observe this rite quite religiously, there is one particular thing that deserves a mention. In many neighbourhoods in Dhaka, especially in the older part of it, there are always some people who decidedly wake a little before others do. They take it upon themselves to wake early so as to wake everyone else up for sehri. To that end, what they do is take to the streets, walk in groups, bang their fists or sticks on gateways as they march forward, and gives everyone their “wakeup call.” The message is loud and clear for everyone to hear: Get up, get up, and get up. Your time to sleep is up, now it’s time for sehri! These groups are usually formed by members of local youth clubs, though anyone can volunteer regardless of age. Each group consists of 10-15 volunteers, armed with double-sided drums slung over their necks, or flutes, or whistles, or tinplates, or anything capable of making loud sounds. In the quietude of night, they make their rounds of the alleys, lanes and street corners through the sleepy neighbourhood. In India, and Bangladesh too, there are certain places where sirens and trumpets are blown to signal the approaching time of an iftar. But these techniques are more effective before sehri. In many railway stations, mosques, fire service offices and mills in Bangladesh, sirens are blown with the perceived start of the sehri time. It happens usually one hour before the muezzin’s call to Fadr prayer. In some places, especially in the countryside, school bells are rung. These techniques, however, are not greeted as heartily in uptown neighbourhoods where people prefer discretion and tranquillity. They are more inclined to do things on their own. Night guards can blow whistles alright, but anything more than that is discouraged. But the most common type of wake-up call is that which comes from the mosques by the

SYED ZAKIR HOSSAIN/DHAKA TRIBUNE

muezzin or the imam (prayer leader) or a third person. They, using microphones, exhort people to prepare for sehri, conduct their niyaat and stop eating when the time is up. Whilst saying all these, they, intermittently, recite verses of the holy Quran and sing devotional songs.

Changes during Ramadan

The holy month of Ramadan has profound implications, some of which I would try to reflect on below. Ramadan heralds various changes – both spiritual and physical – in the society, ranging from daily schedules to patterns of conduct. Its influence is profound and all-inclusive. To begin with, major government and non-government re-scheduling is done in light of the spirit of the month. Most schools and colleges – private and public – are closed in the first week of the month. They reopen only after Eid-ul-Fitr. Some institutions may push back their closing time to the second week, given the challenges of meeting exam deadlines and preparing students for that. Universities, on the other hand, have no option but to go for a shorter vacation, but they will invariably have their timetables rescheduled in order to conform to the changing needs of time. 

ground in between. With fast, however, comes a whole array of responsibilities that take it to a whole new level – which are primarily the reasons it is so important. Fasting teaches you to strive for moral and spiritual attainment. Through the physical exercise of restraint, your efforts should be directed to purging yourself of envy, falsehood, malevolence, pettiness, selfishness, greed, evil-speaking, and all that drives you off the path of enlightenment. Fasting teaches honesty, tolerance, moderation, humility, truthfulness, discipline, punctuality, dutifulness and all that makes a man a “balanced individual.” Jakat (obligatory almsgiving) and Sadqa (charitable giving) – traditionally given during Ramadan – underline the importance of distribution of wealth in creating a balanced society. The Prophet (peace be upon him) highly recommended helping those in need in this month, which only strengthens the idea of charity in general. Likewise, Taraweeh (prayer) and Itakaf (reclusion) are of crucial importance and both have important messages to deliver. None of the two rituals are compulsory, contrary to popular belief, but given the persistence of the Prophet (peace be upon him) on saying the post-Isha special

Ramadan is not just a bunch of do’s and don’ts. It is more. It demands full awareness of its values and messages, and people who are fasting are expected to keep its spirit alive all year long

Office-goers have shorter office hours. Transaction hours in banks and non-bank financial institutions are cut short. With these changes, the society also learns to adapt itself to a few changes of its own. Fasting is held in such high esteem in the country that eating, drinking and smoking, between dawn and sunset – in public view – are done without. One may risk being chastised for doing these things, with a person fasting watching him. This is not to mean that Ramadan, a religious occasion of the majority of people, imposes restrictive measures on the religious minorities. It is just that believers in other faiths are expected to return the same gesture of courtesy and openheartedness that they are shown during their respective occasions. That said, the kind of interfaith harmony seen in Bangladesh can be an example for countries seized with ethnic and religious divides. Especially, during these thirty or so days, Muslims are nudged into reaching out to their non-Muslim counterparts and driving home the message of love and unity – which is at the core of the Islamic faith.

The spirit of Ramadan

It is not without reason that fasting is viewed as the most important of all physical ibadahs (worships) in Islam. Fasting is viewed as so not because of its being a strenuous physical exercise, but because of what comes along with it. For one, you cannot fake it. You cannot, and do not, pretend to be fasting as you have only yourself to be accountable to. Either you exercise restraint or don’t – there is no middle

prayers and the self-imposed retreat from daily life through Itakaf – it is understandable that they have high spiritual values. To conclude, I must say what was perhaps said over and over before: if you want to have the full benefits of Ramadan, a perfunctory association with its rituals is the last thing you should do. Ramadan is not just a bunch of do’s and don’ts. It is more. It demands full awareness of its values and messages, and people who are fasting are expected to keep its spirit alive all year long. l Badiuzzaman Bay is a senior editorial assistant at Dhaka Tribune. He can be reached at badiuzzaman.bd@gmail.com.


6 Violated girl rescued in Chandpur n Tribune Desk A girl who had been raped for nine consecutive days since July 21 was rescued in Matlab Uttar upazila, Chandpur early on Tuesday. She was later admitted to Chandpur General Hospital for medical examination and released yesterday. According to the police, the 17-yearold girl from Bara Laxmipur village, in the Sultanabad union of the upazila, was rescued by her uncle, Khokan Mia, from a location near to the Torki Launch dock where the rapists dumped her, reports UNB. A case was filed with Matlab (north) police station against nine alleged rapists. The accused were Mohan, 27, Jamal, 25, Rahmat Ali, 25, Kamrul, 28, Regan, 28, Arab Ali, 27, Saiful Sarker,32, Rubel, 26, Shafique, 27. According to the case statement, Mohan, Jamal, Rahmat and Shafique dragged the girl into a CNG-run taxi on July 21 and took her to Shafique’s grandmother’s home. The girl was subsequently repeatedly violated by the accused. On Tuesday morning, Mohan, Rahmat and Rubel left the girl at Torki Launch dock and fled, threatening her with dire consequences if she disclosed any details. Later that day, she was rescued by her uncle. Police arrested two of the alleged rapists, Mohan and Jamal. l

Female councillor assaulted in Magura n Our Correspondent, Magura A female councillor from Magura Municipality was allegedly assaulted by her male colleague in an office of the municipality yesterday. The victim was Sabana Khatun. The female councillor said the municipality mayor introduced the quota for female councillors on the VGF (Vulnerable Group Feeding) card distribution, however, Muntaj Hossain, another councillor, was against the mayor’s decision. When Sabana voiced protest against Muntaj, she was allegedly assaulted. Muntaj however, denied the allegation. l

DHAKA TRIBUNE

Nation

Friday, August 2, 2013

Alleged robber lynched in Mymensingh n Our Correspondent, Mymensingh

Protest against High Court verdict on Jamaat

Activists of Jamaat-Shibir blockaded Dhaka-Sirajganj Highway in Nalka area of Sirajganj yesterday, protesting the verdict of High Court that declared illegal the registration of Jamaate-Islami with the Election Commission FOCUS BANGLA

Illegal medical services abound

An alleged robber was killed in a mob beating at Tangabo village under Pagla police station in Gafargoan upazila early yesterday. The deceased was identified as Razib Hossain alias Raju, 28, leader of a gang that engaged in robberies, and was the son of Nurul Islam of Pachahar village in Gafargoan. Police said the gang leader; Raju along with accomplices had been preparing to commit a robbery at Tangabo at around 1am. As the villagers sensed their presence, they encircled the gang. In a desperate attempt to get away, the robbers fired two rounds at locals, said Md Kamal Hossain, officer-in-charge of Pagla police station. While the gang was trying to get away, locals chased them and managed to catch and beat Raju to death at around 2am, said the OC. On receiving information, police rushed to the spot and recovered the body. The body was then sent to Mymensingh Medical College and Hospital morgue for autopsy. Police also recovered a pipe gun and four rounds of bullets from the spot. A case was lodged in this regard. Raju was also accused in four cases of banditry, three filed with Kapasia police station in Gazipur and one with Pagla police station, the OC added. l

Robbers kill two Out of 56 clinics and diagnostic centres in Khagrachhari 49 are running illegally night guards, “It is my only source of income to have their own lab technicians or gal activities by staff of the government loot Tk1m n Our Correspondent, Khagrachhari not support my family. I do not think it is hospital. doctors. Patients said they had to spend large illegal,” said Taposh Tripura. He said Pathological labs, medical and diagOut of 56 clinics and diagnostic cenn Tribune Desk tres in Khagrachhari 49 are illegal and nostic centres, and clinics, have mush- sums on unnecessary medical tests. Ef- the doctors and senior nurses were inoperating despite local administration being aware of the situation. According to the Khagrachhari district civil surgeon’s office, only seven out of the 56 medical centres in the district are registered. The remaining 49 unregistered and unlicensed clinics are still conducting brisk business. Thirteen of the illegal clinics are in Matiranga upazila, seven in Dighinala, eight in Ramgorh, five in Panchhari, four in Manikchhari, four in Mohalchhari, two in Lakshmichhari and 11 in Sadar upazila, according to sources in the civil surgeon’s office. Sources also said majority of the labs, diagnostic centres and clinics do

roomed in the district, with unscrupulous groups of government doctors and health care professionals taking advantage of local people’s medical needs. Most of the clinics are reportedly operated by these doctors and nurses, said sources. In Khagrachhari Adhunik Sadar Hospital and other government hospitals, brokers are a common sight, openly hounding prospective patients to go to the private medical centres and clinics instead. Nurses and other hospital staff are also allegedly working as brokers. Many patients and their attendants told the Dhaka Tribune of alleged ille-

fective medical treatment is however unavailable or not provided, the patients complained. During a visit to Khagrachhari Adhunik Sadar Hospital and three upazila health complexes across the district, the Dhaka Tribune spoke several brokers. Taposh Tripura, Rana Barua, Mofizul Islam, Abdur Rahim, Mizanur Rahman and Kala Chakma admitted they were brokers, and their job entailed convincing prospective patients in government hospitals to opt for private medical centres instead. The brokers said they were paid to bring patients to the private clinics.

volved. Dr Sanjib Tripura, resident medical officer of Khagrachhari Adhunik Sadar Hospital said he had taken steps to restrict brokers from entering the hospital. He however admitted brokers were helped by staff to operate in the hospitals. Khagrachhari’s Civil Surgeon Dr Narayon Chandra Dash said he took office last month and did not know yet how many of the private clinics are operating illegally. Dr. Dash said he would take measures to ensure all the unlicensed clinics, diagnostic centres and labs are legalised. l

Two night guards of a pharmaceutical company were killed by a group of armed robbers who were looting Tk1m from its office during the early hours of yesterday at Sutrapur of Bogra. The deceased were Tajul, 28, a resident of Shukhanpukur area in the district’s Gabtali upazila and Rasel, 26, from the district of Gaibandha, reports UNB. Masudul Hasan, Branch Manager of Jewelic Pharma, said the bodies of the night guards were found inside the company’s office room with their throats slit, in the morning. They later informed the police after they had found the locker in the account section broken and with Tk1m missing. l

Sugar worth Tk470m lying unsold Pabna Sugar Mill n Tribune Report About 9,500,000kgs of sugar worth Tk470m has been kept at Pabna Sugar Mill situated at Ishwardi in Pabna. Mill officials said dealers have lost their interest in local sugar, as imported sugar is cheaper than the sugar produced in mill. They added, not a single kilogramme of sugar has been sold during the month of Ramadan. Meanwhile, the unsold sugar has become a threat to the wages and salaries of workers and employees.

A human chain was formed in Gaibandha town yesterday with a call to put an end to all violence against women

FOCUS BANGLA

Expanded Parija farming stressed n BSS

Agriculture experts at a ceremony today stressed the need for expanded cultivation of short duration, off-season and indigenous parija paddy adopting newer cropping pattern for food security amid adverse climate. They were addressing the ceremony arranged at a farmers’ field day on cutting parija paddy organised by RDRS Bangladesh at the filed of farmer Ershadul Haque in village Darar Par under Sadar upazila in Lalmonirhat. With Gokunda Union Federation President Abdul Bari in the chair, Deputy Director of Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) Lalmonirhat Abdul Mazid attended the ceremony as the chief guest and launched crop cutting. Assistant Agriculture Extension Officer of DAE Ismail Hossain addressed the ceremony, participated by over 200 male and female farmers of the area, as the special guest. Sub-assistant Agriculture Officers of

DAE Fulchan Mian and Krishna Pado Sarker, Lalmonirhat Programme Manager of RDRS Bangladesh Ziaul Haque, its Technical Officer Nirmal Kumar Kundu and farmer Ershadul Haque spoke. Assistant Agriculture Coordinator of the NGO Enamul Haque narrated technology of short duration (100-110 days) parija paddy cultivation during the Aus season adopting the short duration Aman paddy-mustard-mug bean-parija-paddy cropping pattern. RDRS Bangladesh has been expanding parija paddy cultivation under assistance of Bangabandhu Agriculture University and Krishi Gobeshona Foundation to increase rice production promoting four crops farming annually on the same land. “The farmers are getting 3.3 to 3.75 tonnes parija paddy yield per hectare through farming during off season between late- May and early-August after Boro harvest and before T-Aman transplantation without affecting Boro or TAman cultivations,” he said.

He said harvest of the additional crop continues from July 25 to August 10 and the farmers transplant of TAman seedlings in the same land from August 15 to have four crop harvests from the same land annually. Programme Manager of RDRS Bangladesh Ziaul Haque said parija seeds could be sowed using Direct Seeded Rice method to harvest in 90 days or transplanted 20-day old seedlings to harvest in 75 days to get the maximum yields. The chief guest asked the framers for large-scale cultivation of the eco-friendly parija paddy farming to increase rice production amid adverse impacts of climate change to ensure national food security. Agriculture and Environment Coordinator of RDRS Bangladesh Mamunur Rashid today said pariza can be cultivated in 35-lakh hectares suitable land all over the country without supplementary irrigation to produce additional 90-lakh tonnes paddy annually. l

Officials said the mill was in great trouble with a total of 9,380,000kgs of sugar, of which 3,000,000kgs are from Nator Sugar Mill and 6,380,000 metric tonnes are from their own mill, according to online news agency banglanews24.com. While asked about the reason behind the sugar of Nator Sugar Mill stored at the Pabna Sugar Mill, the mill authority said Nator Sugar Mill has kept their sugar here as they don’t have enough space to store it. A manager of the mill, seeking anonymity, said: “The dealers are not buy-

Miscreants damage idols of goddess, temple property n Our Correspondent, Barisal Unidentified miscreants damaged idols of the Hindu Goddess Durga, along with electrical items of a temple at Harta, Uzirpur upazila, Barisal in the early hours of yesterday. Harta Radha Govinda Mandir Secretary Sunil Biswas said they found a hand of the Durga idol broken, the idol’s hairs torn, and the temple’s electrical bulbs and connections damaged in the morning.

Anwar Hossain, who is in charge of Uzirpur police station, said police after visiting the spot assured the maintenance law and order, communal harmony and the arrest of the miscreants. Police also started investigating after the temple committee secretary lodged a case without naming any suspected accused, he said. Sunil Biswas said this was the first incidence of an attack on the temple since it was established in 1938. l

Ambassadors of Netherlands and Australia recently visited Kurigram and took part in a discussion on socio-economic development of rural people DHAKA TRIBUNE

ing sugar from the mill as imported sugar is cheaper than the produced sugar of the government-run mill. Since the mill authority could not sell the sugar, they are now worried about handing out salaries and bonuses to its workers and employees before Eid.” Amjad Hossain, managing director of Pabna Sugar Mill, said, “We have made many attempts to sell the sugar but have been unable to do so. It is uncertain whether the salary of the current month can be given before Eid, although bonuses can be managed from the head office.” l

3 missing children found drowned in pond in Chandpur n Our Correspondent, Chandpur Bodies of three children including two siblings, who have been missing since Tuesday noon, were found in a pond at the Toragor area of Hajiganj yesterday. The cause of death has not yet been determined, police informed, adding that primary evidence suggests that the children had drowned. The deceased are Sharmin, 8, and Ishita, 6 – daughters of Abdul Kader of Toragor Talukdar Bari and Lima, 7 – daughter of Emran Hossain. Bodies of two children were pulled from a pond at around 2am after a fisherman spotted them floating in the water. Later, officials from the Fire service and civil defense department extensively searched the pond and were able to recover the body of the third child. Family sources said the kids had left their homes to play on Tuesday noon, but did not return after that. Search drives were carried out in nearby areas, while loudspeakers were used to ask for help in locating the missing children. Sufia, grief-stricken mother of Sharmin and Ishita, continued to faint since the bodies were found. l


DHAKA TRIBUNE

Metro

Eight extortionist groups active on the Buriganga River They target all water vessels; collect money at night and disappear before dawn

n Mohammad Jamil Khan At the break of dusk, several groups, riding on small boats, come out from Keraniganj and adjoining areas and begin collecting tolls from launches and boats running on the river Buriganga. Eight extortionist groups are said to be involved in collecting tolls in the areas of Sadarghat and Wiseghat throughout the night, divided in groups according to location and vessel type. They disappear as the sun rises. According to sources, the groups go into hiding during daytime in areas of Keraniganj, Kamrangirchar, Mohammadpur and Narayanganj. Kala Jahangir, Ratan, Humayun, Nurul Haque, Mazahar, Hasibul and Sona Mia are known to be the leaders of these criminal groups. The name of another leader could not be ascertained. The extortionists allegedly receive

regular support of the law enforcers. If any boatmen or businessmen refuse to hand over the tolls, the criminals attack them and at times even throw them into the river with their hands and feet tied. Such kinds of incidents are occurring in those areas frequently and it is only possible by the absence of police patrols on the river. Ashraf Uddin, a vegetable trader from the Shyambazar area, told the Dhaka Tribune on July 16, he brought vegetables from Daudkandi of Comilla by boat to sell in Shyambazar. On that day, a group of men stopped him under the first Buriganga Bridge around 11:30pm and demanded Tk3,000 as toll. However, when he told them of not having the money they attacked him and left him stranded after taking his valuables and the boat. A similar story was told by Ali Hos-

sain, a sand seller from Kaliganj area of Keraniganj. He explained river users must pay Tk1,000 for the passage of small trawlers and Tk2,000 to Tk3,000 for larger ones. These groups’ activities are not restricted just to launches. Passenger trawlers on the river are also their targets. The extortionists collect the tolls under various guises of workers’ organisations, including the pro-Awami League Sramik League, Lal Bahini, Workers League and Sramik Federation. When contacted, Shakhawat Hossain, officer-in-charge of South Keraniganj police station, told the Dhaka Tribune his officers give particular attention to the river route to prevent attacks by criminals and miscreants. He noted the arrests of Kamal Hossain, alias “Spring Kamal,” 37, Kabir Hossain, 38, Israfil, 40, and Shahrukh Talukder, 42, who were caught on the river.

7

Friday, August 2, 2013

According to terminal sources, a total of 120 passenger launches leave the terminal every day, taking 98 different routes towards the southern part of the country with Tk600 collected from each vessel in the name of various different groups. Shah-Alam, vice-president of Bangladesh Noujan Sramik Federation, an organisation representing workers of water vessels, said their activists would never be involved in any kind of extortion as they earn their money legitimately through hard work. “It must be another group which is involved in these activities”. On the other hand, Moinul Islam of Noujan Sramik League, also blamed other unknown groups for such activities. He said his group did not trouble the river-goers, but “rather they do their best do ensure that their journeys are hassle free.” l

Eid book fair starts at four spots in the capital n Tribune Report Eid book fair started at four venues in the capital with the slogan “Stay with Books during Eid festivities.” The three venues where the fair has been continuing were Cloud BD at Bashundhara City Shopping Complex, Concord Emporium at Kataban, and Jagriti Prokashoni in Aziz Super Market at Shahbagh. Some 40 leading publishing houses are offering 30% discounts on 800 selected books by famous Bangladeshi writers in the fair. Organized by “Window,” the festival will continue until August 8. Another venue where boinews24. com organized a special Eid book fair was Aziz Super Market at Shahbagh. Boinews24.com is offering 400 books at a 30% discount. The participating publishing houses were Agamee, Onnoprokash, Ononna, Shomoy Prokashon, Kakoli, Onupom, Vashachitro, Biddyaprokash, Adorn, Onkur, Jagriti,

Shovaprokash, Nalonda, Utsho, Onindo Prokash, Adorsho, Polol, Charulipi, Nowroj Shahittya Shomvar, Parjeree, Banglaprokash, Shongbed, Murdhonno, Shamprotik, Bivash, Muktodesh, Oyon, Parijaat, Muktochinta, Ogrodut, Joyoti, Prokriti, Bengal Foundation, Onnesha, Perl, Tamrolipi, Rodela, Goddopoddo, Ittyadi Gronthoprokash and Nowroj Kitabistan. Books written by acclaimed Bangladeshi writers including Shamsur Rahman, Al Mahmud, Humayun Ahmed, Humayun Azad, Muhammad Jafor Iqbal, Syed Shamsul Haque, Hasan Azizul Haque, Selina Hossain, Muntasir Mamun have been put on display for sale. A number of foreign-language books translated into Bangla are also available at the festival. The books feature a variety of topics such as poetry, liberation war, politics, economics, novels, culture, drama, films, history and heritage, among other things. l

Transport owners busy giving a facelift to old, worn-out vehicles n Mohammad Jamil Khan Transport owners are busy giving a facelift to old and worn-out vehicles at the city’s repair shops just to hide their unfitness from the eye of administration. The proprietors are refurbishing their vehicles to make them look fit for operation only to draw homebound passengers before Eid. The vehicles hit the roads specially to deal with the influx of passengers before the auspicous festivals. All garages are now up and passing a busy time to do the repairs to the transportation. Every garage of the capital has three to four such vehicles waiting in a queue for facelift. Some countermen at Sayedabad bus terminal alleged that a number of bus companies sold additional tickets more than their capacity to accommodate passengers in their transport. It was alleged that the transport companies hired the repaired buses to deal with the Eid time passengers’ rush. Visiting different garages of the capital, it was learnt that repairs to the unfit passenger vehicles were going on in the workshops of Jatrabari-Demra, Jurain, Babubazar, Keraniganj, Tangi, Gazipur, Savar and Nobinagar areas. The repairmen are working round the clock to complete the repairs and deliver the vehicles to their owners before August 2. Sources said around 15,000 buses would leave Gabtoli, Mohakhali and Sayedabad bus terminals ahead of Eid festival. Shahabuddin, owner of three worn-

out buses plying on Dhaka-Gazipur route, told the Dhaka Tribune he was giving his buses a facelift at a workshop in Keraniganj. These vehicles were mainly reserved for carrying homebound passengers to districts before Eid festivals, he added. Asked about the risk of using such unfit buses, he said they had been doing such practice for years and no harm befell them so far. Seeking annonimity, an official of Bangladesh Road Transport Authority told the Dhaka Tribune transport owners cashed in on the Eid time passengers’ rush in collusion with some administrative officials. The plying of such vehicles not only created traffic jam on highways but also led to road accidents during Eid festivals, he added. Contacted, Iqbal Hossain, deputy commissioner of traffic of Dhaka Metropolitan Police, said they had already instructed all traffic departments to take stern action if any worn-out vehicles were found plying on the streets. In this regard, Khondokar Enayet Ullah Khan, general secretary of Bangladesh Road Transport Workers’ Union, said they had some complaints every year that some bus companies sold additional tickets before Eid more than their capacity and transported passengers to their destinations later by the repaired vehicles. “We are concerned about such practices every year and our members and monitoring team will be deployed at terminals to take action against such transport companies,” he added. l

Low-income people shopping at a roadside market at Gulistan in the city

FOCUS BANGLA

Many home-bound people start leaving the city by launch. The photo was taken from Sadarghat Launch Terminal yesterday

Home-goers preferring launch, train journey n Mohammad Jamil Khan Fearing traffic congestion on highway, many homebound people are now choosing launch and train journeys to go to their native home. Many potholes riddle the Dhaka-Mymensing Highway and the Dhaka-Chittagong Highway at many points, according to transport workers. The three-day Eid holiday will start from August 8 but many people, managing three more days of leave, will start leaving the city from August 5. It is expected that around 5m people will leave the capital to celebrate Eid with their family and friends. Khondokar Enayet Ullah Khan, general secretary of the Bangladesh Road Transport Owners’ Workers’ Union, told the Dhaka Tribune the number of bus passengers had declined in almost all the routes due to run-down state of highway.

Rajshahi City Corporation to conserve natural ponds n BSS, Rajshahi The Rajshahi City Corporation (RCC) has implemented a Tk2.06b project to save 53 natural water bodies in the city to retain its surface water sources as well as protect the environment from further degradation. Under the project Natural Water Bodies Conservation and Development in Rajshahi City, at least one pond of ward will be preserved, and no one would be allowed to fill them up, Ashraful Haque, chief engineer of RCC, told BSS. About 40 hectares of land would be acquired for the purpose, he added. Shariful Islam Babu, mayor-in-

charge of RCC, said the project has been adopted to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change. He hoped that it will get government approval as early as possible. The ponds will be dredged as needed, and embankments will be reinforced with concrete. In addition, benches, walkways and stairs will be constructed around the ponds for local residents to enjoy the natural scenery. Ashraful said there were 729 ponds and canals in the metropolis in 2002, but the number has declined to 393 in a decade due to indiscriminate earth-filling and unplanned urbanisation. Due to the decline in surface water

FOCUS BANGLA

sources, dependence on groundwater has been increasing to ensure water supply to city residents, which is causing unusual depletion of the groundwater table, he added. The situation becomes worse during the dry season, leaving most tube wells inoperative. “We have to conserve the surface water resources from all sorts of depletion to leave the groundwater table intact,” he said. Upon successful implementation of the project, fish production will also be enhanced, along with the protection of endangered fish species, he said. Besides, the developed water bodies will provide water for fire-fighters to deal with fire incidents in the city. l

“Passengers are afraid of accidents and grueling traffic congestions on roads. So many people are avoiding bus journey,” he said, adding that the number of passengers on Dhaka-Mymensingh highway has dropped drastically. Ismail Hussein Bacchu, general secretary of Dhaka District Bus Workers’ Association, said: “If the entrance of the capital is not free of traffic congestion, passengers will have to suffer a lot ahead of Eid.” “The authorities need to take measures to ensure smooth vehicular movement on the roads of Jatrabari, Postagola, Demra, Gazipur and Aminbazar area,” he added. Transport owners have held several meetings with the government officials and expressed concerns over the dilapidated condition of highway. Officials at Sadarghat Launch Ter-

minal yesterday said the number of home-bound passengers on waterways has increased by 10% this year. So far the rise in railway is around 15%, sources of railway authorities told the Dhaka Tribune yesterday. During a visit to Sadarghat Launch Terminal yesterday, this correspondent found hundreds of city-dwellers leaving the city to celebrate the Eid with their relatives. “I travelled by bus last year. But I preferred launch this year to avoid congestion and accident on the miserably broken roads,” said Atikur Rahman, who was waiting for a Barisal-bound launch at the terminal. The number of passengers is increasing every day at the terminal and it seems to be more than that of last year, said Khairul Bashir, station manager of Kamlapur Railway Station. Mosharraf Hossain was waiting at the

Withdrawal of ban on cargo vehicles demanded n Tribune Report Breeders Association of Bangladesh, Feed Industries Association of Bangladesh and Bangladesh Poultry Industries Coordination Committee protested the government’s decision to impose a seven day ban on trucks, lorries and covered vans on highways. In a joint statement issued yesterday, leaders of the organizations said the decision would bring disaster for the poultry industry. It would hamper the supply of eggs and chickens during eid and cause the death of at least 10 million day-old chickens. The government recently decided that the movement of cargo vehicles on highways would remain restricted for a week. The ban would start three days before Eid-ul-Fitr. BAB President and BPICC Convener Moshiur Rahman said the industry was producing around 11.5m day-old chickens every week. BAB General Secretary Saidur Rahman Babu said the decision to impose ban on cargo vehicles would affect the lives of around seven million people involved in the poultry sector. l

launch terminal with his wife and two children in the afternoon. Last year he went to Barisal by bus. He chose launch this time to avoid rush on the highway or any unexpected situations due to its sorry state. Mahmudul Alam Montu, member secretary of Bangladesh truck-covered van transport agency, said the condition of road is very bad and if the concerned authorities do not take immediate actions then it will turn out to be the nation’s bane. Asaduzzaman Mia, Deputy Inspector General of Highway Police told the Dhaka Tribune that they have already taken several initiatives to tackle the highway jam, such as take actions against faulty vehicles, removal of hawkers, special security on bridge and toll section and deployment of mobile courts to take immediate actions against any irregularities. l

NOTE: The price sensitive information of ICB Islami Bank Ltd that was published in Dhaka Tribune, page-3 on 1 August, 2013 carried an inadvertent graphical mistake in use of colour. The bank regrets the inadvertent error.


8

DHAKA TRIBUNE

International

Snowden gets asylum in Russia Leaves Moscow airport, lawyer says he is in a ‘safe’ place

n AFP, Moscow Fugitive US intelligence whistleblower Edward Snowden has left the Moscow airport where he had been holed up for over a month, after being granted temporary asylum for one year in Russia. “Snowden has left Sheremetyevo airport. He has just been given a certificate that he has been awarded temporary asylum in Russia for one year,” his lawyer Anatoly Kucherena told AFP on Thursday. His lawyer said Snowden was in a “safe place” and the location would not be disclosed. An airport spokeswoman added that he had left within the past two hours. Holding up a scanned copy of

A protester wearing a Guy Fawkes mask attends a demonstration against secret monitoring programmes and showing solidarity with whistleblowers in front of Berlin’s Brandenburg gate REUTERS

Snowden’s certificate granting him a year’s temporary asylum in Russia, his lawyer Kucherena said: “He has gone to a safe place. I hope you will be understanding about this information.” Kucherena separately told AFP: “His location is not being made public for security reasons since he is the most pursued man on the planet. He himself will decide where he will go.” Kucherena said Snowden had left in a normal taxi on his own. Snowden has been staying in the transit zone of the Sheremetyevo airport outside Moscow since he flew in from Hong Kong on June 23 and has never formally crossed the Russian border. l

New NSA surveillance information revealed n AP, London Documents published by the Guardian newspaper are providing new insight into the National Security Agency’s (NSA) surveillance of world data, giving an over-the-shoulder look at the programmes and techniques US intelligence analysts use to exploit the hundreds of billions of records they gather each year. Dozens of training slides published Wednesday divulge details about XKeyscore, one of a family of NSA programmes that leaker Edward Snowden says has given America the ability to spy on “the vast majority of human communications.” Some of the slides appear to carry screenshots showing what analysts would see as they trawled the intercepted conversations and include sample search queries such as “Show me all encrypted word documents from Iran” or “Show me all the word documents that reference Osama Bin Laden.” One question-and-answer slide asks what to do if a terror cell isn’t associated with any particular search term. The answer: Look for “anomalous events,” which the NSA defines as “someone whose language is out of place for the region they are in” or, rather more vaguely, “someone searching the web for suspicious stuff.”

In an indication of the programme’s importance, one slide says that XKeyscore has led to the capture of more than 300 terrorists. In a statement, the NSA said that figure only included captures up to the year 2008, and pushed back against any suggestion of illegal or arbitrary collection of data. “These types of programmes allow us to collect the information that enables us to perform our missions successfully — to defend the nation and to protect US and allied troops abroad,” the statement said. How and from where the programme harvests its information isn’t completely clear, nor is it obvious how XKeyscore fits in with other recently revealed NSA activities, such as the PRISM programme, which draws data from Silicon Valley firms. Hints as to the programme’s size and scope are scattered across the documents. One slide said XKeyscore was supported by 700 servers and 150 sites across the globe, and the volume of data available to analysts through XKeyscore appears to be vast. The Guardian quoted another slide as saying that nearly 42bn records had been captured by the system during a onemonth period in 2012. So much content was being collected, the newspaper said, that it could be stored only for short periods of time — generally just a few days.

“At some sites, the amount of data we receive per day (20+ terabytes) can only be stored for as little as 24 hours,” the paper quoted one document as saying. The leaked documents also give new insight into how analysts determine that their target is a foreigner — a key issue thrown up in the debate over the American surveillance programme. In a statement broadcast in June, Snowden warned he had the authority to spy on any American he pleased — “you, your accountant, to a federal judge, to even the President if I had a personal email.” The NSA has strongly denied that claim, and on Wednesday it repeated past assurances that it had “stringent oversight and compliance mechanisms built in at several levels” and that analysts were unable to “operate freely.” The new documents may provide fodder for both sides of the argument. On the one hand, it appears that NSA analysts were required to fill out forms asserting that their target was a foreigner before they could pore over the intercepted data. On the other hand, the forms published by the Guardian did not appear terribly exhaustive. One was a multiple-choice list explaining why a target was believed to be foreign (one option: “Phone number is registered in a country other than the US.”) Another form,

for reading intercepted emails, had a field for “justification,” but the brief sample justification provided appeared to be only five words and refer vaguely to a “ct target” in “africa.” Like past stories on NSA surveillance, the Guardian’s most recent article drew on documents supplied by Snowden to journalist Glenn Greenwald in Hong Kong, according to newspaper spokesman Gennady Kolker. They’re the first to have been published in the Guardian since Snowden, who remains stuck at a Moscow airport, applied for temporary asylum in Russia on July 16. It’s not clear whether that may complicate the leaker’s asylum bid. Russian President Vladimir Putin said he’d be inclined to accept the bid on condition that Snowden agreed not to hurt US interests — implying that the American would have to stop spilling US secrets if he wanted safe harbor. But Snowden’s Russian lawyer, Anatoly Kucherena, said Wednesday that the material for the article was provided to the media long before Snowden promised to stop leaking. “He warned me that he had already sent to the press an array of revealing information and secret documents and, unfortunately, could not stop its publication,” Kucherena was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency. l

Nepal on Thursday banned the sale of chicken after health workers found cases of bird flu at several poultry farms on the outskirts of the capital Kathmandu, officials said. Officials at Kathmandu District Animal Health Office said the government had imposed a week-long ban on the supply and sale of poultry products to prevent the H5N1 virus from spreading to humans.

“We have taken this decision to save both human lives as well as the industry,” said Bolraj Acharya, the head of the office. He said authorities could extend the ban unless the virus was under control within a week, adding that security forces had been deployed in markets to enforce the restrictions. “We have also sent surveillance teams in the poultry farms. They will report to us if there’s any violation of the ban,” Acharya said. Since the latest outbreak of bird flu two weeks ago, health workers have culled 20,000 chickens and destroyed more than 12,000 eggs at 30 affected farms, said Bijay Kant Jha, the head of the government-run Directorate of Animal Health. “This is the biggest outbreak in Nepal so far,” he said. Nepal’s first outbreak of bird flu in poultry was in January 2009. Since then, a total of 200,000 chickens have been culled and more than 400,000 eggs destroyed, Jha told AFP. H5N1, a common strain of bird flu, killed 377 people globally from 2003 until July 5 this year, according to the World Health Organisation. l

John Kerry in Pakistan on unannounced visit n Reuters, Islamabad US Secretary of State John Kerry landed in Pakistan late on Wednesday for a day of talks aimed at easing tensions over US drone strikes while putting pressure on the nuclear armed nation to do more to eliminate militant havens on its territory. In Pakistan on an unannounced visit, Kerry is also likely to discuss ways to revive deadlocked talks with the Taliban and broader efforts to stabilise neighbouring Afghanistan as US-led forces prepare to pull out most combat troops by late 2014. Kerry is keen to put a fresh focus on a relationship severely strained by US drone strikes which Pakistan says breach its sovereignty, and the raid by US special forces which killed Osama bin Laden in a Pakistani town in 2011. Pakistan itself has seen a spate of attacks by the al-Qaeda-linked Taliban across the country since the new prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, was sworn in more than a month ago, raising concerns about regional stability. The United States, Pakistan’s biggest donor, wants Pakistan to come up with

a clear plan and to step up its campaign against groups such as the Haqqani network, which regularly attacks US forces in Afghanistan from its mountain hideouts in Pakistan. It is Kerry’s first visit to Pakistan as Secretary of State although he has visited the country in other capacities before. Both sides appear keen to start a new chapter in their relationship. President Barack Obama hailed Sharif’s victory in May as a “significant milestone” for Pakistan’s democracy. Speaking on condition of anonymity, an official praised Sharif for taking “pretty remarkable” steps to address domestic economic problems such as crippling power shortages. “Unlike previous visits, we are not going at a moment of crisis, which has defined the relationship over the last several years, but at a moment of quite unique and aligned interests,” they said. Security will be the toughest item on the agenda. The Haqqani network is allied to the Afghan Taliban and has bases in the rugged borderland between Afghanistan and Pakistan where other militant al-Qaeda-linked groups are also based. l

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, right, meets with Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in Islamabad AP

Mugabe’s party claims victory in Zimbabwe election n Reuters, Johannesburg A senior source in Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe’s party claimed a resounding victory in Wednesday’s parliamentary and presidential election against Prime Minster Morgan Tsvangirai’s Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). “We’ve taken this election. We’ve buried the MDC. We never had any doubt that we were going to win,” the source, who could not be named, told Reuters by phone on Thursday. Releasing results early in Zimba-

Nepal bans chicken sales after bird flu outbreak n AFP, Kathmandu

Since the latest outbreak of bird flu two weeks ago, health workers have culled 20,000 chickens and destroyed more than 12,000 eggs at 30 affected farms, said Bijay Kant Jha, the head of the government-run Directorate of Animal Health

Friday, August 2, 2013

bwe is illegal, and police have said they will arrest anybody who makes remature claims about the result. Zimbabwe Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai’s MDC party said Zimbabwe’s elections had been a “monumental fraud” after Mugabe’s sources claimed victory. “It’s a monumental fraud. Zimbabweans have been taken for a ride by ZANU-PF and Mugabe, we do not accept it,” a senior source in the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) told Reuters. l

WORLD WATCH Spanish PM faces lawmakers over corruption scandal

A supporter of Morsi chants slogans and wears a sticker on her face with Arabic writing that reads: ‘A martyr project,’ at Nasr City

AP

As Egypt turns up heat, Muslim Brotherhood struggles for strategy n Reuters, Cairo Behind sandbags at the Muslim Brotherhood’s protest camp in Cairo, an activist urges supporters to embrace martyrdom. It is not a call to arms, but a message that they shouldn’t fear death as they demonstrate against the military’s overthrow of Islamist President Mohamed Morsi. “Martyrs don’t die. Martyrs go to paradise,” he said through a megaphone as people held aloft symbolic coffins to commemorate more than 100 Morsi supporters already shot dead in the street. Caught in one of the fiercest crackdowns in its history, the Muslim Brotherhood is using such rhetoric as part of a strategy to survive, mobilising its followers around a dramatic narrative of good versus evil. The government signalled on Wednesday it could further turn up

the heat, saying Brotherhood protest camps that have sprung up in support of Morsi were a threat to national security that could no longer be tolerated, and referring the group’s three top leaders for trial. How the Egyptian Brotherhood handles this crisis could shape the fate of Islamists across the Middle East. Spurred on by the army takeover in Egypt, the Islamists’ opponents are stepping up pressure on like-minded groups in Tunisia and Libya. The Brotherhood’s situation in Egypt appears desperate even as its leaders speak in upbeat terms about victory over the generals, who accuse it of inciting violence and taking up arms. The Brotherhood says that would be political suicide. The Brotherhood hopes the sit-in at a traffic intersection in northeast Cairo can rob the army-backed government of the semblance of normalcy it needs to get the economy on track – the same tactics

used by the opposition against Morsi. At the same time, the Brotherhood believes the growing death toll of protesters will make life uncomfortable for the government on the international scene. Brotherhood leaders have tried to make their case abroad through the international media, even inviting journalists to take guided tours of the protest site with officials who until last month were government ministers. Despite a sense of siege, Brotherhood leaders say they will never resort to violence. The army is too powerful to defeat. The Brotherhood hopes its followers will be content to wait it out at the highly organised sit in, where kitchens staffed by volunteers and equipped with dozens of donated refrigerators churn out tens of thousands of meals a day. With its top leaders in jail, however, many question whether the group is capable of recovering. l

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy acknowledged on Thursday he made a mistake in his handling of a major corruption scandal in the ruling centre-right People’s Party, but vigorously denied he or other party leaders had received illegal payments. It was the first time Rajoy has admitted any error since it came out in January that former PP treasurer Luis Barcenas - in jail pending trial on charges of bribery, tax evasion and other crimes - hid up to 48m euros in Swiss bank accounts. Luis Barcenas, a former treasurer of the party jailed on bribery and tax evasion charges, told a judge he collected millions of euros in cash donations from construction magnates and distributed them to senior PP figures including Rajoy. However, he is expected to hold on to power because the party has a strong majority in parliament.

Thai king to leave hospital after four years

Thailand’s 85-year-old King BhumibolAdulyadej, the world’s longest-reigning monarch, is to leave the Bangkok hospital where he has been for almost four years to live in his palace by the sea, a government official said on Wednesday. “We have been told by the Royal Household Bureau that His Majesty King Bhumibol will leave Siriraj hospital on Thursday and return to Hua Hin to reside,”said the governor of PrachuapKhiri Khan province. The king is seen as a unifying figure in a country that has suffered bouts of violent political upheaval in the past eight years.

Vatican bank opens website in transparency drive

The Vatican bank opened its website www.ior.va on Wednesday as it steps up efforts to improve its tarnished image after a succession of scandals and repeated

criticisms of its lack of transparency. Bank President Ernst von Freyberg told Vatican Radio the site would publish an annual report. The bank, formally known as the Institute for Works of Religion (IOR), has been the target of several investigations by Italian magistrates, and European anti-money laundering committee Moneyval said last year it fell short of international transparency standards.

South Sudan frees two Ugandan journalists

Two Ugandan journalists were freed in South Sudan on Wednesday after four nights in detention for filming in the capital Juba. South Sudanese radio reporter Sunday David Tut, who had been helping the Ugandans, as well as their driver, were also arrested but were both also released on Wednesday, said Justin Dralaze, a freelancer, after being released along with his colleague Hillary Ayesiga. The pair were arrested by security officials on Saturday. The journalists, who were not expelled but were due to fly home to Uganda later Wednesday, had been reporting for the US-based Feature Story News (FSN) agency.

Mexican President set to undergo thyroid surgery

Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto arrived at a military hospital early on Wednesday morning for surgery to remove a benign nodule on his thyroid gland. The procedure is expected to last an hour and a half under general anaesthesia and his recovery time is estimated at four days. Pena Nieto, 47, took office in December, returning Mexico’s Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, to power. Thyroid surgery is recommended for several conditions, including removing nodules suspected of being cancerous as well as for benign growths, according to the American Thyroid Association.


DHAKA TRIBUNE

International Chemical weapons inspectors to visit 3 Syrian sites: UN n Reuters, United Nations

The inside of the Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque in Homs, which was captured by government forces on July 27

Syria’s president ‘sure of victory’ over rebels

AP

Assad comments as troops recapture key Homs neighbourhood “If we in Syria were not sure of vic- have carried out war crimes including n Reuters, Beirut tory, we would not have had the will to unlawful killing, torture, sexual vioThe 28-month conflict has killed more than 100,000 people, according to the United Nations, but UN efforts to convene a Russian- and US-backed peace conference have stalled. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said on Thursday he was confident of victory against rebels in a devastating 28-month-old civil war that has killed more than 100,000 people and sent nearly two million fleeing abroad. Insurgents have seized large swathes of territory, but Assad’s forces have staged a counter-offensive in recent weeks, pushing them back from around the capital Damascus and retaking several towns near the border with Lebanon. “If we were not sure that we were going to win in Syria, we would not have the ability to resist and the ability to continue fighting for more than two years against the enemy,” state news agency SANA quoted Assad as saying.

resist nor been able to persevere in the face of more than two years of aggression,” AFP quoted Assad as saying. “I have great faith in you and confidence in your ability to... fulfil the national mission that has been assigned to you,” “You have shown rare courage in the battle against terrorism and you have impressed the whole world with your resistance... in one of the most brutal and ferocious wars of modern history,” he said. Assad has framed the revolt against four decades of his family’s rule as a foreign-backed conspiracy fought by Islamist “terrorists.” When pro-democracy protests started in March 2011, a military crackdown eventually led to an armed insurrection. Addressing officers on the 68th anniversary of the Syrian army’s creation, Assad said soldiers had shown “courage in the face of terrorism ... and the fiercest barbaric war in modern history”. UN investigators say Assad’s forces

Anti-Telangana protesters demonstrate for 2nd day n Tribune Desk Protests against the decision to divide Andhra Pradesh rocked Rayalaseema and coastal Andhra regions for a second day on Thursday, reinstating their disagreenment with Indian government decision to carve out Telangana as a separate state from Andhra Pradesh, The Hindu has reported. United Andhra supporters took out rallies and prevented public transport buses from plying, the news website read. Protests were reported in the districts of Krishna, East Godavari, Visakhapatnam, Kadapa, and Anantapur regions in Adhra Pradesh. A hunger strike launched by students from the Andhra University entered its third day, and local lawyers refrained from attending courts. In places like Visakhapatnam, the second largest city of Andhra Pradesh, some pro-united Andhra outfits were in the midst of observing a 72-hour shut down. In Hyderabad, government-run RTC sources said they were operating. Long route bus services were operational since morning and there was no dam-

age to the vehicles in the district since Wednesday. Educational institutions and commercial establishments remained shut at several places, according to The Hindu’s website. Some public representatives’ resignations were demanded by protesters who demonstrated outside the representatives’ offices and residences. No major incident of violence was reported. In a small town, Anantapur, in Andhra Pradesh, three policemen were injured when they were pelted with stones by protesters on Wednesday. “Other than the incidents in Anantapur, the law and order is well under control in districts of coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions. Basically it (bandh) was marked by rallies and demonstrations,” The Hindu quoted a police official as saying. Central paramilitary forces and state police were deployed in large numbers for the three-phase Gram Panchayat elections that concluded yesterday. The ruling Congress and UPA had on Tuesday decided to carve out separate Telangana state out of Andhra Pradesh. l

lence, indiscriminate attack and pillaging in what appears to be a state-directed policy. They say rebels have also committed war crimes, including executions, but on a lesser scale. The struggle in Syria has become markedly sectarian, broadly pitting majority Sunni Muslim rebels and against Assad’s minority Alawite sect, which is an offshoot of Shia Islam. Assad has relied on Alawite-led army units and security forces from the start, but has turned increasingly to loyalist militia armed and funded by Damascus to fight the rebels. He has also received solid support from Shia regional powerhouse Iran, Lebanon’s Hezbollah movement and longtime ally Russia, while his fragmented foes have received little military aid from their Western backers wary of the growing presence of hardline Islamist rebel groups, some of them linked to al-Qaeda. l

Instagram Assad’s latest platform n AP, Beirut Syria’s embattled president already has a Facebook page, Twitter account and a YouTube channel. Now Bashar Assad is turning to the popular photo-sharing service Instagram in the latest attempt at improving his image as his country burns, posting pictures of himself and his glamorous wife surrounded by idolizing crowds. The photos show a smiling Assad among supporters, or grimly visiting wounded Syrians in the hospital. He is seen working in his office in Damascus, an Apple computer and iPad on his desk. His wife, Asma, who has stayed largely out of sight throughout the conflict, features heavily in the photos, casually dressed and surrounded by Syrian children and their mothers. The sophisticated PR campaign is striking for an isolated leader who has earned near pariah status for his military’s bloody crackdown on dissent. It is also in stark contrast to the machinations of other dictators at the centre of Arab Spring revolts. While the ousted Egyptian and Libyan leaders relied on antiquated methods such as state-run media to transmit stilted propaganda, Assad — a 47-year-old British-trained eye doctor — has

increasingly relied on social media to project an image of confidence to the world. The result is an efficient, modern propaganda machine in keeping with the times — but one that appears completely removed from the reality on the ground. “These are all dismal and useless attempts at polishing up his image,” said Mamdouh, a Syrian activist based in the northern province of Idlib, who declined to give his full name, for fear of retaliation. “I wish he would turn his attention to more important things, such as saving the country,” he said,. This week’s launch of the presidency’s Instagram page is Assad’s latest attempt at burnishing his image. The 73 photos posted so far show Assad in situations that portray normality, compassion and confidence: Talking earnestly to a group of workers in hard hats, clutching the hand of a wounded man swathed in bandages in the hospital, being kissed on the cheek by a little girl with blond curls. US State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf called the postings “nothing more than a despicable PR stunt.” The pages are professionally managed by censors who appear to work around the clock to keep off offensive remarks. l

A photo on Assad’s Instagram shows first lady Asma Assad embracing a relative of a Syrian conflict victim AP

1,000 killed in deadliest month for Iraq in 5 years n AFP, Baghdad

Violence killed around one thousand people in July, government and United Nations figures show, making it Iraq’s deadliest month since 2008 when the country was emerging from a bloody sectarian conflict. Bombings ripped through crowded cafes and mowed down worshippers at mosques last month, when militants also carried out brazen assaults on two prisons. “The impact of violence on civilians remains disturbingly high,” UN envoy Gyorgy Busztin said in a statement. “We haven’t seen such numbers in more than five years, when the blind rage of sectarian strife that inflicted such deep wounds upon this country was finally abating,” he said. Iraq was racked by a bloody Sunni-Shia sectarian conflict that peaked in 2006-2007, when thousands of people were killed because of their religious affiliation or forced to abandon

their homes under threat of death. “I reiterate my urgent call on Iraq’s political leaders to take immediate and decisive action to stop the senseless bloodshed, and to prevent these dark days from returning,” Busztin said. According to Iraqi government figures, 989 people were killed in July, including 778 civilians. More than 1,350 civilians were wounded in attacks, according to the figures compiled by the health, interior and defence ministries. The figures make July the deadliest month since April 2008, when 1,428 people were killed. The UN for its part put the toll for July at 1,057 people killed and 2,109 wounded. According to the United Nations, more than twice as many civilians were killed in Iraq during the first six months of 2013 as were killed over the same period in Afghanistan. In one of the month’s deadliest single attacks, a suicide bomber detonated explosives in a cafe in the northern

New sanctions on Iran will not end nuclear dispute: Russia n Reuters, Moscow

A statue of India’s former PM Rajiv Gandhi lies on a road after being vandalised by anti Telangana protestors in Ananthapur, Andhra Pradesh AP

UN inspectors will travel to Syria “as soon as possible” to investigate claims of chemical weapons use during the country’s civil war after President Bashar al-Assad’s government granted access to three sites, the United Nations said on Wednesday. The head of a UN chemical weapons investigation team, Ake Sellstrom, and the head of the UN Office of Disarmament Affairs, Angela Kane, visited Damascus last week at the invitation of the Syrian government to discuss access and obtained an understanding that it would be granted. The Syrian government, backed by its ally Russia, accused rebels of using chemical weapons in Khan al-Assal in Aleppo province in March. The United Nations did not identify the other two locations to be visited by investigators. Ban appointed Sellstrom at the end of March to investigate the Khan al-Assal complaint, as well as claims by Britain and France of chemical weapons use elsewhere in Syria, where a two-year revolt has descended into civil war. But diplomatic wrangling and concerns over safety have prevented Sellstrom and his team of experts from entering Syria. The United Nations has been demanding unfettered access to conduct the chemical weapons investigation. The United Nations says it now has 13 reports, mostly from Britain, France and the United States, of chemical weapons attacks. The Syrian government and the opposition both deny using such weapons. The UN inquiry will only try to establish if chemical weapons were used, not who used them. US congressional panels this month agreed to a White House plan to provide arms to the Syrian rebels. Syria is one of seven countries that has not joined the 1997 convention banning chemical weapons. Western countries believe it has stockpiles of undeclared mustard gas, sarin and VX nerve agents. Damascus had been refusing to let UN investigators go anywhere except Khan al-Assal. Ban had insisted that Sellstrom’s team be permitted to visit at least one other location, the city of Homs, site of an alleged chemical attack by government forces in December 2012. l

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Friday, August 2, 2013

Russia said on Thursday a vote by the US House of Representatives to tighten sanctions against Iran would not help resolve the dispute over Tehran’s nuclear programme. Congress passed a bill on Wednesday that will cut Iran’s oil exports to nearly zero, in an attempt to reduce the flow of funds to its nuclear programme and send a strong message to Tehran before President-elect Hassan Rouhani is sworn in. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov said that United Nations Security Council sanctions already in place against Tehran were sufficient. He suggested the US bill, which still has more steps to clear before becoming law, was counterproductive.  “Any additional sanctions are actually aimed at the economic strangula-

tion of Iran, but not at solving the problem of non-proliferation,” Gatilov told Interfax news agency. “What has been done through the Security Council is quite adequate and sufficient.” World powers hope Iran’s relatively moderate new leader will comply with demands for Tehran to scale back nuclear work, which they suspect is aimed at enabling it to make bombs. Iran says the nuclear activities are purely for civilian purposes. Russian President Vladimir Putin is expected to push for concessions from Iran on its nuclear programme when he meets Rouhani in Kyrgyzstan in September. Russia is a veto-weilding permanent member of the UN Security Council and one of six world powers involved in talks on Iran’s nuclear programme. l

city of Kirkuk, killing 41 people. Militants frequently targeted cafes, where Iraqis often gather after breaking their daily fast during Ramadan, and also attacked mosques, where extended evening prayers are held during the month. Al-Qaeda front group the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed assaults on Abu Ghraib and Taji prisons that killed over 50 people and saw at least 500 inmates, including senior al-Qaeda leaders, escape. “The prison attacks demonstrate that the security forces are poorly resourced and unable to protect what should have been well-defended facilities,” said John Drake, an Iraq expert with risk management firm AKE Group. And in an incident reminiscent of the worst years of sectarian conflict in Iraq, militants set up a checkpoint on a highway north of Baghdad, examined the IDs of truck drivers and then executed 14 who were Shia Muslims. Widespread discontent among

members of Iraq’s Sunni Arab minority is a major factor behind the heightened violence this year, experts say. Protests broke out in Sunni-majority areas of Iraq at the end of 2012, and are still ongoing. International Crisis Group Iraq analyst Maria Fantappie said an April 23 security forces operation at a protest camp near the town of Hawijah, sparking clashes that killed dozens, was a key factor in the unrest. The incident triggered the reactivation of some insurgent groups in the north and also corresponded to increasing al-Qaeda activity and sectarian attacks -- three main factors driving the heightened violence, she said. It is ultimately up to the government to act to curb the violence, she said, with negotiating local ceasefires with Sunni officials being one option. The government “was part of the problem, and it is part of the solution,” Fantappie said. “It’s the only actor that can bring things (back) on track.” l

Australia’s Papua New Guinea asylum deal takes effect n AFP, Sydney The first asylum-seekers to be sent to Papua New Guinea under Australia’s new hardline refugee policy arrived in the impoverished Pacific nation Thursday, with Canberra declaring people-smugglers no longer had a product to sell. Their arrival formally brought into effect a bilateral agreement reached last month that asylum-seekers arriving in Australia on unauthorised boats will be sent to PNG for processing and resettled there - even if judged to be genuine refugees. The 40 asylum-seekers, mainly Iranian and Afghan men, were flown from Australia’s Indian Ocean territory of Christmas Island Wednesday night, accompanied by Australian police and medical staff, the immigration department said. Immigration Minister Tony Burke said it showed Canberra was serious about not resettling boatpeople in Australia. “Over time, every single person who

arrives under these new rules will find the government is true to its word,” he said. “As of now there are the first 40 people in Papua New Guinea who are realising that the people-smugglers no longer have a product to sell. Asylum-seekers are a sensitive issue in Australia, and one featuring prominently in the lead-up to national elections due this year, which will pit the Kevin Rudd-led Labour government against the conservative opposition headed by Tony Abbott. Both are promising a harsh stance, with Abbott unveiling rival plans for a military-led operation and detention for arrivals in a tent city on far-flung Nauru. Despite the tough talk, more than 1,400 asylum-seekers have arrived on 18 boats since the government announced its new stance. Australia’s Manus Island facility in PNG is currently only able to accommodate 500, although there are plans to expand it to cater for at least 3,000. l


10 DHAKA TRIBUNE

Editorial

Letters to

www.dhakatribune.com

the Editor facebook.com/DhakaTribune

LETTER OF THE DAY

Let the voters decide

Backing fuel inefficient power plants!

T

his newspaper has no sympathy for the ideological position of the Jamaat-e-Islami, and even less for its history, its criminality, and the values that it seeks to impose on the nation. Under the law, there exist more than sufficient grounds for the judicial decision cancelling the party’s registration with the EC, and the judgment cannot be faulted as a matter of law. However, we feel that it is wrong, in principle, to stop political parties from participating in the electoral process, and that doing so is at best ineffectual, and at worst, dangerous. The acceptability of parties is best left to be sorted out at the ballot box. If a party We fear that retains sufficient popularity yesterday’s to command votes, then verdict could cancelling its registration is form a dangerous no solution. precedent that could The best case scenario be used against now is that the Jamaat other parties in simply reorganise under a future new banner, in which case we are back to square one. It is highly unlikely that the verdict will prompt the party to genuinely reform itself. At worst, cancellation will drive the party and its supporters underground. Those who genuinely support the party will feel cheated of their choice, and the more radical supporters and members will now be encouraged to abandon electoral politics altogether for militancy. The verdict will serve only to heighten the party’s sense of victimisation and to give a boost to militants. Bangladesh has not had a happy experience with proscribing political parties in the past, and we fear that yesterday’s verdict could also form a dangerous precedent that could be used against other parties in future. While we acknowledge that the cancellation of Jamaat’s registration is perfectly justifiable, we have to ask the question as to whether it is wise. In such cases, it is always best to let the voters decide.

Let the Karnaphuli spill be a test for the government

A

t least 60,000 litres of furnace oil are feared to have seeped into the Karnaphuli river following a train accident near Chittagong on Tuesday. The consequences have already been deadly for fish in the river. However, it is not too late for the authorities to take remedial action to urgently clean Cleaning up up the contamination that the oil spill is an has occurred. important test of Citizens have a right the effectiveness to see clean up action as for the Department matter of urgent priority. of Environment Remediation will be vital and, by extension to bring back biodiversity this government, to the river and protect in dealing with this local livelihoods. Cleaning up the oil spill is an importype of incident tant test of the effectiveness for the Department of Environment and, by extension, this government, in dealing with this type of incident. Undoubtedly, Bangladesh Railway also has questions to answer about the crash and needs to review the robustness of its equipment. However, the priority for the government must be to focus on the river’s remediation. Bangladesh’s small land area means environmental sustainability is not a luxury but must be an integral part of economic growth. It is vital to sustainable development that this clean up is acted on without hesitation.

CROSSWORD

July 28 This front page headline news was in a local English daily of July 27. The report presented a rather absurd idea on the subject. Maybe the report did not express the matter in better technical and cost-benefit lingo that can be fully understood by serious and technically aware readers. Also there is no “about” in the calorific value or BTU as stated. For any fuel, this is not done. Usually, the minimum BTU, which is the minimum acceptable value for the fuel, is specified and nothing else. No upper limit is stated, as the higher the BTU value the better for the buyer. I wonder if the fuel specification was prepared by a properly qualified technical person, when buying the fuel. Who set the specifications in the buying organisation? Or was it on the basis of a note started by a clerk, winding its way up the bureaucratic ladder? Or maybe the technical person was neither a mechanical, chemical or metallurgical engineer, nor even a graduate in the applied sciences (non-biological). It points to the horribly poor technical capability of the buyer, more so as the CV or the BTU value is what we are really paying as price for the fuel! As this is a very important matter for the country, I would request you to kindly look into the matter seriously, and give a detailed investigated report on this important issue, and publish it in overall national interest. SAM

dhakatribune.com

The two-taka note July 28

Marzuk Ma sha’Allah bro. Nice article. So what do you think people need to do for us to improve? Is it that most people don’t “know” that damaging public property is bad, or lying and cheating in business creates a vicious cycle of distrust, opportunistic behaviour and social breakdown etc? Or is it that they know but don’t care? So what will make them care? Fines?

DOWN 1 Talisman (6) 2 Curve (3) 3 Govern (4) 4 Layer (4) 5 Interior decoration (5) 6 Newspaper executive (6) 7 Cereal (3) 13 Denial (2) 14 Constraint (6) 16 Behold! (2) 17 Acquires knowledge (6) 19 Flowers (5) 20 As stated (2) 23 Worry (4) 24 Wager (3) 26 Anger (3) 27 Lair (3)

Shahtab Mahmud • Marzuk Most includes people outside Dhaka who actually are not privy to the ideas of citizenship, public property, rights, responsibilities. Actually this is the main reason why politics and governance can get away with the stuff they do. And my point is that there needs to be consequent improvement in both the service and in the people who enjoy these services. Otherwise, sustainable improvement will not be possible.

LETTER OF THE WEEK

Dhaka’s criminals back on track ahead of Eid July 27

Sheikh Jinat Mahmid So scary! Jashedul Alam Rifat So sad, government has to be concerned about this issue.

India, Pakistan edge toward talks but old distrust remains July 29

No doubt, it’s a good step, but where it headed it’s a big question. There is a history of a series of confidence-building measures and sitting on tables to negotiate. But, most of the time, all have been rotten. Likewise, now there is open proof that there is no Pakistani hand behind parliament and Mumbai attacks. In the background of Mumbai attacks was a time when there appeared to be a little achievement in negotiations between India and Pakistan but nothing has been achieved. It is a matter of intentions to solve the issues not for the sake of face value to the world. monika

Six tips for a healthy and safe Eid July 27

Very informative article.

Dmitri

The government must honor people’s wishes July 28

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at an iftar programme organised by a faction of the Dhaka Journalist Union on July 27 said, “If any unconstitutional and undemocratic government assumes office, no election will take place in next 10 years.” But we think she is wasting her breath. 95% people of the country want caretaker government system. People do not want to speculate; they want immediate relief from the unbearable situation prevailing in the country. This year people will celebrate Eid under the shadow of fear and anxiety, not knowing what might happen if the government does not agree to the people’s demand of the CTG. They are in the grip of a foreboding calamity. We are praying for deliverance from it. Nur Jahan

America: A love letter

July 28 This kind of writing is often so bad: overwritten in purple prose and with too few original or personal ideas. But this essay is none of that. Truly moving and touching. Complex without being showy, sincerely happy and sad. I’m impressed by how honest you’ve been with us, and I want to thank you for that. William

CALVIN AND HOBBES

PEANUTS

CODE-CRACKER ACROSS 1 Separated (5) 5 Expensive (4) 8 Destroyed utterly (6) 9 Family member (5) 10 Quote (4) 11 Disease of rye (5) 12 Finish (3) 15 Turn over and over (4) 18 Pleasure trips (5) 21 Fish eggs (3) 22 Building cover (4) 24 Insects (4) 25 Added clause (5) 28 Harsh (6) 29 Throw (4) 30 Looks after (5)

Friday, August 2, 2013

YESTERDAY’S SOLUTIONS Crossword

Sudoku

6 5 9 7 2 1 8 4 3

4 1 3 6 9 8 5 2 7

2 7 8 5 4 3 6 9 1

9 2 7 8 3 6 4 1 5

3 8 5 2 1 4 9 7 6

1 4 6 9 7 5 2 3 8

8 3 1 4 6 2 7 5 9

7 6 2 1 5 9 3 8 4

5 9 4 3 8 7 1 6 2


Op-Ed

DHAKA TRIBUNE

Friday, August 2, 2013

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Israel-Palestine talks no fix for regional problems n Ian Bremmer

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Who gets to decide if this man is a terrorist?

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Good terrorist, bad terrorist

W n Ekram Kabir

henever there has been violence, there has been terrorism. This is true of any country, since the beginning of history. However, the states across the world have always differentiated between terrorists: good and bad. When I don’t like a terror-monger, he’s bound to become a bad terrorist for me; but when a terrorist serves my interests, he’s surely a good one, whose means of terrorism can then be referred to as “counter-terrorism.” The glaring example, for Western powers, was Osama Bin Laden. When he was fighting against the Soviets, he was “our man”; but when he changed his ideals and aimed the gun at me, he was branded as a terrorist, “bad” enough to be killed. Previously, Laden was a terrorist in the eyes of the Soviets. The same thing happened in 1971 when Pakistan branded the Muktibahini (Bangladeshi freedom fighters) as terrorists. Why? They were against the Pakistani interests and fighting the war of independence for Bangladesh. On the other hand, the anti-liberation forces – razakar, al-Badr and al-Shams – who, apart from the Pakistani army, were committing most of the terror acts, were regarded as the good ones.

The trend of branding someone as a terrorist and the whole question of terrorism, still remains the same. Someone’s freedom fighters are still termed as terrorists by somebody else, and somebody’s terrorists are still called freedom fighters by others. Have a look at Syria. This country is markedly divided into good and bad (terrorists) by the Western powers. The government of Syria, and its supporters such as Russia, terms the rebels as terrorists, saying that Western support to the rebels (terrorists, according to Russia) is absolutely unacceptable. On the other had, the terrorists in the eyes of Assad are good terrorists according to Western powers. Even the media is supporting the respective causes. When the “good terrorists” (the rebels) attacked a university (January 15, 2013) and killed 87 people, the western media kept quiet; they didn’t want to give this incident any prominence, but the Russian and others reported it in-depth. Presently, there is a “good” al Qaeda, the ones Western powers are arming in Syria; and a “bad” al Qaeda, the ones they are killing with drones in Yemen. Now, how far can you trust the issue of fighting terrorism across the world with this so-called war on terrorism? Not much, right? We can also read the minds of the French when its military, in a recent operation in Mali, had brought to the

fore another example. In Mali’s case, Paris, with the support of London, Berlin and Washington, has committed itself to fight the militants who wanted to use violence in order to establish their power and authority. The French interests were quite simple. They had to defeat, according to them, the “bad terrorists” because, as we understand, France imports huge amounts of uranium from that country for its nuclear plants that generate 80% of its electricity.

The war isn’t fighting the terrorists; rather, it has now become a tool for nurturing them

It is not because France hates terrorism or terrorists or wanted to save lives in Mali; it simply wanted to maintain its influence in West Africa and parts of North Africa for its own purposes. But in Libya in 2011, the same international community and their allies in Asia and Africa weren’t very focused on taking the Libyan militant groups along with them while they were unseating Muammar Gaddafi when tens of thousands of people were killed. Tricky, eh?

The Israel-US issue is more interesting. America often condones what Tel Aviv does to the Palestinians and other Arabs, but Washington never dictates any of the actions of Israel. The world silently watches how the Palestinians are suffering due to state-sponsored terror acts. If we remember correctly, Turkey was fighting against all forms of terrorism for a long time. In 1984, more than 30,000 people were killed because of PKK. That was 10 times more than the casualties of 9/11 attacks, 150 times more than the casualties of Madrid bombings, and 600 times more than the casualties of the London bombings. At that time, most of Europe and the West didn’t help that country. Having said that, we’re led to believe that the entire question of terrorism actually centres around power. Terrorism has always been a tool for establishing supremacy and hegemony. The recent global terror scenario also shows that this post-9/11 war on terror hasn’t brought about good results; the great majority of the world population can clearly see that the war isn’t fighting the terrorists; rather, it has now become a tool for nurturing them. It has now added “double standard” to its characteristcs. l The author is Executive Editor of Natunbarta.com and can be reached at ekram@natunbarta.com.

The power of stereotypes n Rubayat Khan

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nce upon a time, there was a king, a benevolent king. He strived for the prosperity of his people, and sacrificed many an opportunity for personal gain, silently and without demanding credit. But in one exceptionally bad year of flood and famines, he was forced to raise taxes to finance a necessary war with a neighbouring kingdom. Maybe this was excusable for a man of his track record. But there was one little problem– his ancestors had been ruthless rulers for centuries, callous to their subjects’ needs. And this one inadvertent decision helped brand him as the same – a brutal dictator – and spurred a revolution that ended with his head at the guillotine. A good man, victim of nothing but a stereotype. I have always heard about the power of stereotypes, but being a able bodied mentally capable, heterosexual, man, I have experienced little myself. Recently, however, something changed when I left my razor behind on a trip and ended up with stubble half-an-inch long. Looking at the mirror, I realized to my delight that facial hair suited me better than ever before and kept my new look going despite my wife making acerbic remarks. Little did I know this was going to teach me a valuable life lesson!

The first instance that struck me was when some folks at home and work began asking if I was going to go pray the Taraweeh, a good deed I had never done in my life. When I asked why this was suddenly a relevant question, they claimed they saw my ‘new look’ as a sign of Ramadan-induced piety!

I have always heard about the power of stereotypes, but being a able bodied mentally capable, heterosexual man, I have experienced little myself

Some interpretations were less innocent. Amidst the more political of my compatriots, it quickly became a hypothesis that if AL’s days were numbered and Jamaat was likely to be back in power with the BNP, maybe I was trying to hide my largely agnostic religious views behind a cover of facial vegetation. Needless to say, I played along gleefully. Then one day, I was on my way to work when my rickshaw was suddenly stopped at a police checkpoint. A couple of non-bearded policemen came over and began asking me who I

was, what office I worked for and why I was apparently so late for work. They asked me to open my bag. I was fascinated to observe as they unpacked every single compartment, felt around for hidden ones, and whispered to each other while they did so. Every electronic gadget (of which there were many) became an object of added suspicion. The icing on the cake was some homeopathic medication – they opened the packaging and when they discovered a white powdery substance inside some capsules, one of them ran to their bosses while the other held on to the rickshaw as if I were going to fly away with it. I heard the first guy gasping excitedly, “Boss, paisi… heroine!” Of course it was their mistake and they duly apologized and let me go. But I pondered over how they had transitioned between two facial-hair-related stereotypes even without thinking about it. When they first stopped me, it was probably because of the ongoing hoopla about the Hefazat and Shibir. Perhaps they reasoned they were looking for a bomb, or something that resembled a component, in my bag fat with gadgets. When they found the white substance however, it immediately reshaped their mental model of who I was – this time an addict with stooped shoulders and dark sunken eyes. Somewhat of an antithesis to the original stereotype but equally impossible to resist!

I must confess I myself am not immune to these stereotypes. Many a time, I have myself made sweeping generalizations and judgments about people’s worldviews, their behavior, their preferences and their predilections, simply based on their physical appearance and attire. But there is nothing innocent about relying on stereotypes. Our mental models shape how we interact with those around us. And with such stereotypes clouding our mind, it is impossible to take everything and everyone for who they are, instead of how we imagine they are. Our mental stereotypes determine our approach, and perhaps we force them (those being stereotyped) to adapt and internalize certain behaviors to fit our mental models and to feel a sense of belonging to the group that resembles them. And so back to the good king. He may have been forced to punish and execute some of the revolutionaries in his quest to survive, something which he might otherwise have never done had he not been branded a dictator. A chilling reminder that it’s not just people who generate stereotypes. Maybe sometimes stereotypes determine who we become. l Rubayat Khan is CEO and Co-founder DevIntel Inc and Co-founder & Director mPower Social Enterprises he can be reached at rubayat.khan@gmail.com

n Monday, the Obama administration announced that U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry had convinced Israel and the Palestinian Authority to sit down for negotiations for the first time in three years. Coming out of Monday and Tuesday’s meetings, Kerry announced a goal of working out a comprehensive peace agreement within nine months. Simply reviving talks at all is a highly impressive achievement. Getting both sides to the table would have been impossible without Kerry’s relentless effort, but if the Obama administration thinks this will change the dynamic in the Middle East, it is mistaken for two reasons. First, the initiative is unlikely to succeed, and second, even if it did, it would have little impact on other more immediately pressing Middle East conflicts. It’s not that pushing for an Israel-Palestine solution isn’t a valiant cause. It’s that there is a full tray of conflicts in the Middle East that exist independently from the Israel-Palestine question: the growing rifts in Egypt or Iraq, the Syrian crisis that has claimed over 100,000 lives, or Iran’s nuclear program. Even Israel and Palestine themselves prioritize many other regional concerns over making any significant progress with each other. Don’t get me wrong, the chances of success are not zero. But no matter how legacy-defining a lasting breakthrough would be for Obama and Kerry, the odds are incredibly long. The Israeli-Palestinian peace process has started and stopped countless times before. So what are the biggest structural impediments to a deal? Obama’s envoy, former Israeli ambassador Martin Indyk, will only be speaking with representatives of Palestinians’ Fatah party. Since Hamas’ electoral victory in 2006, the territories have been divided into two entities, with Gaza in Hamas’ hands and the West Bank under Fatah control. Fatah lacks the legitimacy at home to negotiate, and later implement, any final agreement with Israel.

Getting both sides to the table would have been impossible without Kerry’s relentless effort, but if the Obama administration thinks this will change the dynamic in the Middle East, it is mistaken

The exclusion of the more fundamentalist Hamas from the diplomatic process gives Hamas every incentive to undermine any possible deal. If we begin to see substantial progress, expect Hamas to scuttle it with a violent display of force. Israel Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, buoyed by a strong economy and relative peace, has little incentive to back down during negotiations. Israel has continued its settlement expansion and flouted its borders as defined in 1967 with relative impunity.

Peace in Palestine is no panacea

For the last decade or so, left-wing parties have been increasingly marginalized and the public has grown more disenchanted with the peace process. These trends have led to a more uncompromising center-right government that’s less interested in negotiating a settlement with the Palestinians. Recently, Israel has released prisoners and somewhat halted settlement construction in advance of the talks, but that may just be a short-term favor to Kerry that reaffirms the United States’ leverage and importance. It doesn’t suggest Netanyahu is ready to do an about-face on years of policy. The administration is well aware of the massive hurdles that an Israel-Palestine solution faces. So then why is John Kerry forging ahead regardless?

The administration is well aware of the massive hurdles that an Israel-Palestine solution faces. So then why is John Kerry forging ahead regardless?

The key lies in the mistaken belief that the Israel-Palestinian conflict remains the linchpin of a dysfunctional Middle East. As the thinking goes, without fixing this issue, nothing else of deep substance can be solved. Today, this is patently untrue. Peace between the Israelis and Palestinians would not unwind the Iranian nuclear program, mend Syria’s sectarian hellscape, or put Egypt back together again. It wouldn’t keep Iraq from drifting perilously closer to civil war. The Middle East is now filled with relatively independent crises, and few of them have to do with Israel, even if Israel is subject to their effects. A more cynical possibility? It’s more politically palatable to fail on Israel-Palestine than on anything else. As opposed to Egypt, where the United States is torn between the security benefits and secularism of the military versus the democratically-elected status of the Muslim Brotherhood, Israel-Palestine is a clearer brokerage deal where, at the least, the United States’ good intentions cannot be questioned. If Obama’s learned anything over the last two terms, it’s that low expectations are a president’s best friend. They provide room to surprise, or, if things go poorly, room to scapegoat. And there is a long and prestigious list of those who have failed on Israel-Palestine before this administration decided to attempt the feat. In getting the Israelis and Palestinians to the table, something that was a complete non-starter at the beginning of the year, John Kerry has demonstrated his remarkable savvy as a diplomat. That’s all the more reason it’s a pity that the talks are unlikely to gain traction, and even if they did, a breakthrough deal still wouldn’t douse the conflicts that would burn on throughout the region. l Ian Bremmer, the president of Eurasia Group, created Wall Street’s first global political risk index, and has authored several books, including “The End of the Free Market: Who Wins the War Between States and Corporations?”

REUTERS


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DHAKA TRIBUNE

Entertainment

Friday, August 2, 2013

Serigraph show on at Gallery Chitrak n Shadma Malik

Apurbo in ‘Gangstar’

Apurbo debuts in silver screen as action hero n

Punny Kabir

Popular TV actor Apurbo emerges as an action hero of silver screen through Ashikur Rahman’s upcoming film “Gangstar.” Fans of Apurbo are in for a pleasant surprise, as they will get to see their “romantic hero” in actions of gun fighting and some daring stunts. Apurbo, who had no specific plan for working in films, is overwhelmed by having the opportunity. “I wanted everything– from script to co-artists – to be perfect to debut in the world of cinema. Hence, ‘Gangster’ is really

a promising one to start the journey with.” Few years back Apurbo started shooting for the film “Brishti Din” by Morshedul Hasan, but the film was stopped abruptly for some unavoidable reason. Ashikur Rahman is also debuting as a film director with the same venture. Earlier, Ashikur started shooting for “Gangstar” to make it a drama series for the channel Asian TV. However, the channel officials, after watching some footages of the drama, became very excited and shifted their plans to

make it even bigger. The second phase shooting, eventually the first phase as a film, of “Gangster” will begin from tomorrow. “I believe I can adopt to any kind of character as I am an actor by profession and also by passion. However, the audience has never seen me in this kind of role and breaking my set notion as a romantic hero is the most challenging and exciting part for me. But I am very hopeful that my new avatar would be well accepted.” Pia and Arabi will be seen opposite to Apurbo in this film. l

Gallery Chitrak organised a seven day long exhibition “Sentiments of the Masses” on serigraph featuring 15 renowned Indian and Bangladesh artists. The show is dedicated to recently deceased Indian artist Amitabha Bandyopadhyay. The exhibition will run till August 3. On the occasion of the exhibition, Kolkata-based artist Sukhamoy Majumder has taken an initiative to publish a folio of the fifteen works of the fifteen artists. Indian artists displaying works at the show includes Ganesh Haloi, Sunil Das, Suhas Roy, Amitabha Bandyopadhyay, Lalu Prasad Sahu, Joya Gangopadhyay, Joyoshree Chakraborty, Samir Aich, Aditya Boshak, Atin Boshak, Dilip Ranadey and Kashinath Salve. Two Bangladeshi artists, Monirul Islam and Shahabuddin Ahmed, are participating in the group show. In the fine art printing process serigraphy, the artists have had their

special images onto the paper. Mostly the artists has expressed their medium in drawing, which depicts their sentiments, patriotism, portraits, forms and compositions, animals and abstractness, which have been well interpreted on prints. The artist preferred prints in black and white, which has the essence of enigma. A piece of horse done by Sunil Das shows the vibrant spirit of mane and tail of the stallion. The young woman’s portrait by Suhas Roy creates personal disposition. An attractive, sleekly modern print with semi abstract form by Joyoshree Chakraborty has been well credited with the composition of serigraph. Monirul Islam has emphasised mostly on lines in his prints. The dramatic motion of his work appealed to the audience. Shahabuddin’s signature mark has also shown in serigraphs. The artist also portrays force in his artwork. The horns and hooves of the bull make the force more visible. l

ON TV MOVIES 4:30pm Star Movies This Means War

6:30pm Star Movies Gladiator

6:55pm WB

Sherlock Holmes

7:20pm Zee Studio

Confessions Of A Teenage Drama Queen

7:45pm HBO High Lane

9:30pm WB

Welcome To The Jungle

9:30pm HBO

The Matrix Revolutions

9:30pm Star Movies

Pirates Of The Caribbean 3

11:00pm Zee Studio

The Haunted Mansion

11:35pm WB

Enter The Dragon

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Shasto Protidin

10:40am RTV Taroka Alaap

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Connecting Bangladesh

6:30pm Independent TV

Rajdhanir Bairey Rajnitir bhitorey

9:00pm Asian TV Raater Tara

10:15pm ATN News News Hour Extra

11:00pm Maasranga TV Life to the Fullest

11:30pm NTV

Hello America

COMEDY 9:30am Star World

Artwork of Shahabuddin Ahmed

Big Bang Theory

11:30am Comedy Central

Popular star couple Bipasha Hayat and Toukir Ahmed paired up in an Eid special play ‘Mukhosh Jibon’ where the actress plays role of an artist who is forced by her husband to produce corporate products

Kristen Stewart at odds with the press

Anger Management

n Entertainment Desk

Mrs Pammi Pyarelal

The Twilight actress, who’s returned home following a short stint of filming her new military movie Camp X-Ray, was plagued by the paparazzi as she hopped into a waiting car with her assistant. The whole uncomfortable scenario was captured on video and posted to TMZ’s website. It begins with Kristen shouting abuse at a pap, saying: “Because you’re a piece of s**t and you don’t deserve to breathe the same air I do.” It’s not clear what the photographer had asked, but following her response, he adds: “Are you back together with Robert Pattinson? Are you dating anyone right now?” A distressed Kristen then gets into her car while the pap adds: “We’ll still watch your movie.” Awkward right? The video sees Kristen continue an increasing trend of stars standing up to cameramen. Last month Suri Cruise made headlines after she shouted angri-

ly at a bunch of paps in New York, and Kanye West went crazy at another pap at LAX airport recently, saying: “I don’t want to hear paparazzi talk to me. Or anybody I know. At all, don’t ever talk again!” So why the sudden interest in Kristen’s love life again? She was spotted on the set of her new movie Camp X-Ray looking cosy with Lane Garrison, prompting speculation she’s finally moved on from Robert Pattinson. But there’s only one love interest she has eyes for this week, and that’s her brand new puppy. Last week, Kristen was spotted out and about with her new black pooch, and she’s been inseparable from the young pup ever since. Kristen appears to have bought herself the new pet after Robert Pattinson took the couple’s dogs Bear and Bernie when he moved out of their shared Los Feliz home earlier this year. Who needs a man when you have a cute pooch, hey? Perhaps Kristen’s training him to ward off those pesky paps. l

3:30pm Colors

Just For Laughs

7:30pm Sony SAB

Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashma

8:30pm Big CBS Love Rules Of Engagement

9:30pm FX

8 Simple Rules

DRAMA 12:30pm Zee Studio Girl Interrupted

2:00pm Sony Raaz3

6:30pm Zee Tv Jodha Akbar

9:00pm Sony

Amita Ka Amit

9:30pm Star Plus

Diya Aur Bati Hum

9:30pm Zee Café Lost

10:30pm Colors

Denzel Washington reveals comedic flair in ‘2 Guns’

n Entertainment Desk

n Entertainment Desk

American pop singer Selena Gomez topped the Billboard 200 album chart for the first time on Wednesday, besting rapper Jay-Z and the soundtrack to “Teen Beach Movie.” Backed by her hit single “Come & Get It,” 21-year-old Gomez’s fourth studio album, “Stars Dance,” sold 97,000 in the past week, according to figures compiled by Nielsen SoundScan. The soundtrack to “Teen Beach Movie,” a Disney Channel film, rose to No 3 from No. 8 with 57,000 in sales during the week. Walt Disney Co’s Disney Music

The Simpsons

5:00pm Z Cafe

Singer Selena Gomez tops Billboard for first time Group labels Walt Disney Records and Hollywood Records released “Teen Beach Movie” and Gomez’s “Stars Dance,” respectively. Compilation album “Kidz Bop 24” of children singing pop hits fell one spot to No. 4, selling 39,000 copies, and Latin pop singer Marc Anthony’s Spanish-language album “3.0” debuted at No 5, selling slightly fewer than 39,000 copies. Anthony’s album is the highest-selling opening week for a Spanish-language album since 2011. Overall album sales for the week ending July 28 totaled $4.68m units according to Billboard, down 4 percent from the same week in 2012. l

1:30pm FX

Katrina erases past with Salman n Entertainment Desk With Katrina going strong with her new love interest Ranbir, Kat is trying her best to entomb the past and concentrate on her future. It is for this reason, she is doing away with everything that reminds or links her to Salman. It is alleged that Katrina is selling off her black SUV that was once gifted to her by her former boyfriend Salman. She has already found a buyer for her car but is keeping quiet about the deal as she is avoiding any attention. The car was gifted to Katrina last year on her birthday by Salman. At that time, they were in a relationship and Salman used to shower Kat with love, praise and gifts. However, with Salman out of the picture, Katrina is trying to get over her past and concentrate on her rosy future. l

Denzel Washington was looking for something light after his role as an alcoholic airline pilot in “Flight” and found it in “2 Guns,” an action buddy film that showcases the two-time Academy Award winner’s flair for comedy. The film, which opens in US theaters on Friday, is new territory for Washington, who was nominated for his sixth Oscar for “Flight” and took home golden statuettes for the 2001 crime drama “Training Day” and the 1989 Civil War film “Glory.” Based on a 2008 BOOM! Studios graphic novel by Steven Grant, “2 Guns” pairs Washington, 58, with Mark Wahlberg, 42, who is fresh from his success with the 2012 talking teddy bear comedy “Ted,” which earned nearly $550m at the global box office. “I was looking to do something to have more fun, so when I read the script and heard Mark was involved I was like, ‘Oh I could be safe because Mark is not just funny, he has a warmth and heart about him,’” Washington said. “We’re buddies. It’s a buddy movie, so it was a chance to do that and to have fun.”

It’s the first time the pair has worked together and they emit an easy rapport, like Paul Newman and Robert Redford in “Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid” and Mel Gibson and Danny Glover in the “Lethal Weapon” films. Washington plays the smooth, goldtoothed, undercover narcotics cop Robert “Bobby” Trench, who with Wahlberg’s bythe-code, sharpshooter US Navy intelligence officer Marcus Stigman, is trying to infiltrate a Mexican drug cartel run by Papi Greco, played by Edward James Olmos. l

Uttaran

5:30pm Star World Revenge

11:00pm Star Plus Veera

11:30pm Star World Breaking Bad

NEWS 10:00am Diganta

Diganta Shongbad

12:00pm RTV

Modhhaner Bulletin

2:00pm Desh Tv

Shongbad Shomoi

5:30pm Independent TV Purba paschim

7:00pm Channel i

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10:00pm Maasranga Primetime news

MISC 9:30am NDTV Yogasutra

11:30pm Fox Traveller Twist Of Taste

1:30pm MTV Hit IT

3:30pm FTV Models Talk

5:00pm Zee TV

india’s Dancing Superstar

7:30pm National Geographic Secrets of The Taj Mahal

8:30pm TLC Nigellissima

9:30pm AXN

The Apprentice Asia


Did you know? Dilshan is the third Sri Lankan to be dismissed for 99 in ODIs on Wednesday following two other openers – Sanath Jayasuriya and Rumesh Kaluwitharana

Sport

Friday, August 2, 2013

14 Roma rout MLS All Stars in Kansas

14 Gerrard tells Suarez to snub Arsenal

DHAKA TRIBUNE

13

15 India exert control with nine-wicket win over Zimbabwe

BCB yet to sell TV rights n Minhaz Uddin Khan

Squad Goalkeepers Zahid Hossain, Ashim Gope. Defenders Mamunur Rahman Chayan, Khorshedur Rahman, Moshiur Rahman Biplob, Imran HasanPintu, Rokonuzzaman, Tapash Barman Midfield Farhad Ahmed Shitul, AHM Quamruzzaman Rana, Abdul Malek, Sabbir Hossain, Rumman Sarker Forwards Md. Sabbir (center) and Farhad Ahmed Shitul, (right) the two newcomers in the national hockey team concentrates upon the ball in a practice match at the hockey stadium yesterday MUMIT M/DHAKA TRIBUNE

Russell Mahmud Jimmy, Krishna Kumar, Pushkor Khisha Mimo, Mainul Islam Koushik, Hasan Jubaer Niloy

New Zealand are set to visit for two Tests, three ODIs and a Twenty20 international in October, but it is still uncertain whether the matches will be televised as Bangladesh Cricket Board is yet to find an interested buyer for the television rights of the upcoming home series. A tender was floated for the TV rights on July 15 and with much surprise the board did not receive any bid though the deadline passed yesterday afternoon, informed BCB’s acting chief executive officer Nizam Uddin Chowdhury to the media. BCB couldn’t manage to pen down a long-term TV right since the expiry of the previous contract in April 2011 with Nimbus and the present situation has left the board with only one option find, discuss and sell the rights with an interested buyer. Earlier, Nimbus brought the rights of the home series against West Indies and Pakistan in 2011 while local Channel 9 bought the rights of the home series against West Indies last year. “We will have to discuss and sell the rights to those who bagged the rights

the last time as no bid has been made for it within the given deadline. We will have to make sure of it or else the series will be in jeopardy,” said Nizam. The bilateral series between Bangladesh and New Zealand might not be profitable which the board assumes is the chief reason for not getting an interested buyer. On the other hand, the board is looking forward to pen down contracts with international insurance companies for the health insurance of the cricketers. The BCB did not extend its previous contract with Bupa International which expired two years ago as the return compared to the premium paid was not satisfactory. BCB had to spend a huge sum of money from its own fund for treatment purpose of the cricketers in last one year. This has made the board rethink of getting the contracted cricketers’ health insured. “There have been many cricketers who were troubled with injuries in last one year. This is why we are thinking to get under contract with international insurance companies like Bupa and Allianz,” informed Nizam. l

Hockey squad announced

Jurgensen assesses World Cup chances

n Raihan Mahmood

n Mazhar Uddin

Bangladesh Hockey Federation yesterday included three new faces in the 18-member squad for the Asia Cup, which is scheduled to start at Ipoh, Malaysia, on August 24. National U-16 player Rumman Sarker and talented youngsters Sabbir Hossain and Farhad Ahmed Shitul were included in the national team for the first time. To make way for the new players, experienced winger Sheikh Md. Nannu who has been part of the national side for the last few years was omitted, as well as Shoaib Ali and Abdullah Al Monsur. Talented midfielder Md. Sarwar Hossain, who played well in the World Hockey League in New Delhi last February, was kept in the stand-by list along with Irfanul Haque, Sadikur Rahman Shitul and Rubel Hossain.

Head coach Naveed Alam expressed satisfaction over the team. “Overall it’s a good team, thanks to the selection panel. They have done good work and picked out the players who suit the plans that Bangladesh want to implement in the Asia Cup,” said Naveed. About the exclusion of Nannu, Naveed said the road is not finished for him. “At the moment, I think there are better options in the position of Nannu. However it is not the end of the road for him - he is a good player and may stage a comeback in the future,” said the coach. Selector Mamunur Rashid was of the same opinion, “At the moment Nannu’s performance was a little down and he is out only for his performance.” Bangladesh start their campaign against Korea on August 25, face Oman next day, and complete the group formalities against India on August 28. l

Bangladesh national team coach Shane Jurgensen said that he is not worried about the 2015 World Cup venues nor the opponents and the Australian is hoping to play the second round of the elite tournament as he went to watch the Bangladesh U-23 side practice at the Mirpur Sahara-BCB national academy ground yesterday. “Australia and New Zealand, both the host countries are in the same group, along with Sri Lanka, England and two associate countries. We have beaten Sri Lanka and all the other countries in the past and I think it’s possible to beat them in the World Cup,” said Jurgensen. The Tiger’s coach pointed out Bangladesh had comprehensively defeated New Zealand and was confident that the team could prosper at the World

Islami Bank remain as BFF school football sponsors n Raihan Mahmood

Mahfuzur Rahman Tushar, the first Bangladeshi to participate in the Formula-4 circuit

Tushar leads Bangladesh to Formula 4 circuit n Shishir Hoque Mahfuzur Rahman Tushar, the first Bangladeshi to participate in the Formula competition, finished 11th in the first round of the Formula four in Chennai and due to a shortage of funds, the 24-year-old driver may not be able to take part in the second round. The race was held at the Kari Motor Speedway in Chennai, India between July 19-21 and Tushar, who qualified for the fourth level of the Formula series last year, drove for Madras Motor Sports Club and competed against 22 others from India and England. Tushar did enough to qualify for the second round which will begin in August but the Bangladeshi racer is now short of funds and seeking sponsorship. “I hardly managed Tk300,000 to

take part in the first round but now I need Tk150,000 in sponsorship money for the second round. I don’t know where I could get the money,” said Tushar. Despite qualifying for the Formula four, Tushar could not participate in the race last year due to shortage of funds. “I raised my own fund from family and friends for the first round. But now the major problem is Tk150,000. No sponsors yet. The amount is too much for me but not for the sponsors. So if anyone comes forward to make my dream true, I can assure I will fight till the end to bring glory for the country,” said the racer. “Same problem happened to everyone at the beginning, financial problem is always there. Same thing happened to me. But everything will be alright soon,” he added hopefully. l

Islami Bank Bangladesh Ltd agreed to remain as the sponsor of the National School Football Championship for the second consecutive year after penning a deal worth Tk40m with the Bangladesh Football Federation yesterday. About five thousand schools are expected to take part in the biggest school level competition of the country which will kick-off from October. However, the sponsors who provided a purse of Tk50m last season added one more clause which is the introduction of nationwide college football. BFF vice-president Tabith Awal disclosed this information in a press conference after signing a MoU at the Islami Bank head quarters yesterday. “We have signed a MoU with Islami Bank for this championship. They will give us Tk40m for the championship. We will use their logo in the jerseys. They will also help us organize the college championship next,” said Tabith. Managing director of Islami Bank Bangladesh Ltd Mohammad Abdul Mannan also expressed his delight of partnering the largest football event in the country. “We are very happy to sponsor the school football for the second time. The amount of money we are giving is not the final. After observing the situation we will give more in the future.” BFF senior vice-president Abdus Salam Murshedy, vice-president Kazi Nabil Ahmed, general secretary Abu Nayeem Shohag, Islami Bank deputy managing director Md. Nurul Islam and other BFF and Islami Bank officials were also present. l

Cup. “In the ODI’s anything is possible. We have beaten New Zealand at our home 4-0 in the one day series and I think on our day, we can beat any team in the world either - whether it’s in our home or abroad. Jurgensen added that he did not think the pitches would be a problem. “I think all the wickets will not behave abnormally for us. Only the Gabba wicket is pacer friendly but there will be turn in the other venues where the spinners will come in to play.” Bangladesh will play their second match against Australia at the Gabba on February 21 and the other venues for the Tigers are Canberra, Melbourne, Nelson, Adelaide and Hamilton. Though the coach was hopeful that his team could make it to the quarterfinal of the tournament, he had reservations about the lack of experience his team had of playing in the condi-

tions. The last time Bangladesh toured Australia was in 2008 and the last tour to New Zealand was in 2010. “Our main challenge will be adopting the condition but we have some secret plan which I am not going to tell right now. Tamim played in New Zealand at the domestic T20 tournament in

In the ODI’s anything is possible. We have beaten New Zealand at our home 4-0 in the one day series New Zealand last season and I hope Tamim along with Shakib may play there in the next season” said Jurgensen. One of Jurgensen’s concerns was a reliable opening partner for Tamim. “We are thinking about this position and I think it will be a great opportunity for Anamul and Jahurul. Jahurul has made some good starts,” he said.

The coach felt that not playing more matches in the longer format had contributed to batsmen’s inability to capitalize on starts. “We need to play more three-four day matches and I think last year’s Bangladesh Cricket League (BCL) was a good initiative. “The fast bowlers need to take more responsibility but there are some injury concerns at the moment. We need cure them and create competition among them. Still we have time and I hope we can prepare ourselves properly.” Meanwhile, the fitness report for the players who attended the recent fitness camp came back yesterday and chief selector Akram Khan said that six players were found to be below the required standard. Sources said that the players concerned are Mashrafe Mortaza, Shamsur Rahman, Ziaur Rahman, Sohag Gazi, Elias Sunny and Shahriar Nafees. l

Bangladesh cautious ahead of Saff n Shishir Hoque Bangladesh skipper Mamunul Islam Mamun is hopeful his team can perform well in the upcoming Saff Championship but admitted that in terms of playing strength, Bangladesh were third of fourth in their group, which has India, Nepal and Pakistan in it. Bangladesh is in Group B, which is being called the “group of death”. Bangladesh defeated Nepal 2-0 in the AFC Challenge Cup on home soil and outplayed Pakistan 3-0 in the World Cup pre-qualifiers. They are also ahead of Nepal and India in the Fifa rankings, but Mamun seemed was cautious in his assessment of the team’s prospects in the tournament. “We are in the death group. If you count on the quality, we are on third

or fourth in our group. India are the defending champions, while Nepal will have the home advantage. Pakistan and we are on almost same level. Hopefully we will perform well in the tournament,” said Mamunul. Bangladesh national team enjoyed a practice session at National Football Center in Nangchok, Bangkok yesterday ahead of their second practice match tomorrow. “The training is going well. We all are working hard and trying to implement the coach’s instructions and information perfectly,” said the captain. Zahid Hossain missed the training session again due to injury, as did new addition Mobarak, who is carrying a minor injury. Star striker Emily was philosophic in looking ahead to the tournament.

”All the players are giving their best to the trainings. They are fully focused on the Saff. You all know that this is a death group. But we are focusing on each match and we will try to play good football.” Another striker Shakhawat Hossain Rony said, “We all know that our group is pretty hard. We have been practicing for quite a time now. I don’t think players are taking the group as a big pressure. We have to be strong both mentally and physically, follow our coaches - learn from the mistakes, these things will help us in the long run. “The team is in good shape and we are practicing sincerely. In every position, we have two players so players are playing their heart out to play to make the starting eleven. If we keep up this mentality, I think we will do well. ” l

BFF and Islami Bank officials hold the replica cheque of the Tk. 40M after signing the deal at the Islami Bank head office yesterday

BFF


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Commons gives Celtic edge over Elfsborg n AFP, Glasgow Celtic needed a late strike from Kris Commons to secure a 1-0 home win over Elfsborg in the first leg of their Champions League third qualifying round match on Wednesday. Anthony Stokes missed an early chance for the Hoops before James Forrest saw his effort hit the crossbar. However, Elfsborg, who named onloan Celtic striker Mohamed Bangura in their starting line-up, had opportunities of their own and Hoops keeper Fraser Forster did well to stop a fierce strike from veteran Anders Svensson. Things turned ugly in a fiercelycontested second half in Glasgow with a spate of bookings for both sides. Celtic had a penalty appeal turned down and a Scott Brown strike blocked before Commons headed Celtic into the lead in the 76th minute. It means the Scottish champions will only take a slender advantage to the Boras Arena, where Elfsborg haven’t been beaten since September 2011. Celtic manager Neil Lennon was delighted with his side’s performance and result. “It was our first real competitive game and there was obviously some rust there,” he said. “We had to be patient and Elfsborg made it difficult for us to break them down but the crucial thing is a clean sheet as well. “The tie is probably still in the balance but we are confident we can go there and get a result as well.” His Elfsborg counterpart, Jorgen Lennartsson, was disappointed with

Roma rout MLS All Stars in Kansas n AP, Kansas City

their second half showing. “It was a very good first half and we played exactly in the way that we hoped tactically,” he said. “In the second half we were a little bit too deep defensively and we didn’t have enough possession but we think the tie is still alive and we are a very good side at home.” Celtic had named an unchanged line-up to the one that saw off Cliftonville last week as they looked to make home advantage count. They nearly got off to the perfect start when Samaras nodded on a ball

Results Molde (NOR) 1-1 L Warsaw (POL) APOEL (CYP) 1-1 Maribor (SLO) Ludogorets (BUL) 2-1 Partizan Bel (SRB) Salzburg (AUT) 1-1 Fenerbahce (TUR) Celtic (SCO) 1-0 Elfsborg (SWE) for Stokes who hooked his shot wide after just 15 seconds. Before the match the headlines had all been about Bangura and the on-loan striker’s every touch was accompanied by a chorus of jeers from the home fans. The Sierra Leone forward had failed to score for Celtic in 16 appearances but soon tested Forster with a low drive from 25 yards that the keeper got down well to stop. Celtic came close to breaking the deadlock after 20 minutes when Commons’ cross from the left was met by James Forrest at the far post and his firsttime effort clipped the top of the bar. l

Thierry Henry (L) of the MLS All-Stars controls the ball during the 2013 Major League Soccer All Star Game against AS Roma at Sporting Park in Kansas City, Kansas on Wednesday AFP

Spurs pay 30m euros for Soldado n Reuters, London

Real Madrid's Cristiano Ronaldo throws the ceremonial first pitch before the Interleague MLB baseball game between the New York Yankees and the Los Angeles Dodgers in Los Angeles on Wednesday REUTERS

Tottenham Hotspur have reached an agreement with Valencia for striker Roberto Soldado and will pay the player’s buyout clause of 30 million euros ($39.84 million), the La Liga club said on Thursday. “Valencia have reached an agreement with Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, pending the corresponding medical examination, for the transfer of Roberto Soldado for the amount equivalent to that of his release clause,” the club said in a statement on their website (www.valenciacf.com). A Valencia spokesman told Reuters the buyout fee was 30 million euros, which will be a record transfer for the north London club. Spurs spent some 17 million pounds ($25.94 million) to bring in Brazil midfielder Paulinho from Corinthians last month, a similar amount to the record fee they paid Blackburn Rovers for winger David Bentley in 2008. Valencia’s president, Amadeo Salvo, had said on Wednesday that a deal was in place but the formalities were being held up until a problem with the player’s agents had been resolved. “The club wishes Roberto the best of luck in this new professional phase and we also wish to point out the professionalism and great performance of

Everton beat Juventus on penalties in friendly  n AFP, San Francisco English Premiership club Everton beat two-time reigning Italian champions Juventus on 6-5 on penalties Wednesday after playing to a 1-1 draw in the International Champions Cup friendly tournament. The match at AT&T Park, home of baseball’s World Series champion San Francisco Giants, drew a crowd of 22,208, who saw Everton seal the victory when their American goalkeeper Tim Howard stopped defender Federico Peluso’s penalty. It was the first match in the United States among the eight teams playing in the tournament, which also include Chelsea, AC Milan, Inter Milan, Real Madrid, Valencia and the Los Angeles Galaxy. Belgian forward Kevin Mirallas delivered Everton’s only goal in the 61st minute, eluding Peluso and firing home. Ghanaian midfielder Kwadwo Asa-

moah grabbed the equalizer in the 80th, sliding a left-footed shot past Howard. Everton will face either Real Madrid or the Galaxy on Saturday at Los Angeles’ Dodger Stadium in the winner’s bracket of the tournament. Real and the Galaxy play on Thursday in Phoenix, while Chelsea face Inter in Indianapolis. The title match will be in Miami on August 7. “It’s always nice to play for something,” Everton captain Paul Jagielka said before the contest. “Sometimes it can be more of a fitness session, but when there is something to play for... you can get those positive vibes going.” With the start of the Serie A season looming later in August, the tournament gives Juventus coach Antonio Conte a chance to evaluate his players. He started three newcomers — Spain’s Fernando Llorente, Italy’s Angelo Ogbonna and former Manchester City star Carlos Tevez. l

the footballer in the matches where he has worn the Valencia shirt,” the La Liga side added. The 28-year-old Soldado, who scored 30 goals in 46 appearances for Valencia last season, is part of a growing number of Spain internationals who are leaving their homeland to play in the Premier League. Eight of Spain’s recent Confederations Cup squad will be plying their trade in England next season, a figure that has gradually increased over the years. One player who could be heading

The club wishes Roberto the best of luck in this new professional phase and we also wish to point out the professionalism and great performance of the footballer in the matches where he has worn the Valencia shirt in the opposite direction is Tottenham forward Gareth Bale, who is strongly linked with a move to Real Madrid. Media reports say the Spanish giants have offered a world-record fee in excess of 85 million pounds for the 24-year-old Wales midfielder. Soldado began his career in Real Madrid’s B team where he scored 63 goals in 120 league appearances. He has played 11 times for Spain and scored six goals. l

Real working to bring Bale to Madrid: Ancelotti n Reuters, Barcelona Real Madrid are in talks to buy Tottenham Hotspur midfielder Gareth Bale, coach Carlo Ancelotti said on Wednesday, amid widespread speculation that the Wales international is poised to move to Spain for a world record fee. “It is difficult to talk about Bale because at the moment he is not a Real Madrid player,” Ancelotti told a news conference at Real’s training camp in Los Angeles. “I believe the club is in talks to find a solution and we will see what happens,” said the Italian, adding that he had not spoken to Bale. “I am not used to talking about players who are not in my team and it would not be right to do so.” According to media reports in Spain and England, Real are leading the chase for Bale and are prepared to offer Spurs what would be a world-record fee of 85 million pounds ($129 million) for the 24-year-old. It would eclipse the fee of around $125 million the world’s richest club by income agreed to pay Manchester United for Portugal forward Cristiano Ronaldo in 2009. Tottenham manager Andre Villas-Boas said on Friday the club had opened new contract talks with Bale and were confident of keeping him. l

A raucous crowd packed into one of Major League Soccer’s glitzy new stadiums to watch a team comprised of its best players on a picturesque latesummer night. All that was missing was the outcome fans desired. Italian powerhouse AS Roma, led by longtime star Francesco Totti and American midfielder Michael Bradley, scored 4 minutes into the game Wednesday night, then added two second-half goals to rout a team of MLS All-Stars 3-1 and dampen what had been a festive celebration of football in Kansas City. Kevin Strootman and Alessandro Florenzi each had a goal and an assist, and Junior Tallo also scored for Roma, the three-time Serie A champions. Omar Gonzalez of the Los Angeles Galaxy scored the only goal for the MLS side in second-half stoppage time. “Every time you step inside the white lines you want to win, but I don’t think the result was the focus,” said MLS coach Peter Vermes. “When you look at the overall picture of what transpired the last few days, it was a great opportunity.” The MLS had been 7-2-1 against international opponents since the league adopted the current All-Star game format, the only losses coming to English Premier League club Manchester United. Maybe it’ll think twice about inviting Italy’s top teams. “You give these guys a half-second or a half-step and you’re not all together after one training session, it’s tough,” MLS defender Matt Besler said. “These guys are world class.” Most of a sellout crowd had barely found its seats at Sporting Park, the $200 million home of Sporting KC. l

Gerrard tells Suarez to snub Arsenal n Reuters, London

Liverpool captain Steven Gerrard has urged Luis Suarez to shun suitors Arsenal, saying a move to their Premier League rivals would not represent a step up for the unsettled Uruguayan. Suarez has been the subject of two bids from the north London club, the second an eye-catching 40 million and one pounds ($60.64 million). Gerrard believes Arsenal are one of three clubs in a tussle for fourth place and a spot in the Champions League alongside Liverpool and Tottenham Hotspur. “I don’t think Arsenal is a step up,” he said in the Daily Telegraph on Thursday. “Us, Arsenal and Tottenham are fighting for one of the Champions League places. In an ideal scenario we keep Suarez, make one or two more signings and Tottenham lose (Gareth) Bale. “Of course, we’re slightly behind the big three (Manchester United, Manchester City and Chelsea), who are powerhouses at the moment. “I don’t want to disrespect Arsenal. They’re a wonderful club with a manager who I’ve an awful amount of respect for and they have talented players throughout the team. But so have we. We’ve got just as good a chance of

achieving things as Arsenal have.” Liverpool have rejected both offers for Suarez and their manager Brendan Rodgers was quoted by British media as saying the player “totally understands the club’s point of view”. Gerrard believes Liverpool must keep hold of the striker and strengthen the forward line with a high-profile addition if they are to be move forward. “We need that one exciting marquee signing who can play in one of the attacking positions [working with Suarez]. That’s why we are talking along the lines of keeping Luis because if the club lose Luis we take a step backwards. He’s the best footballer I’ve ever played with. l

Dzeko brace powers Man City past Milan n AFP, Munich

Manchester City outclassed AC Milan to set up a showdown with Bayern Munich in the final of the pre-season Audi Cup tournament following a 5-3 victory at the Allianz Arena on Wednesday. Last year’s English Premier League runners-up dominated the opening half hour against an experimental Milan side, taking the lead after just three minutes through Spanish winger David Silva. With Stevan Jovetic looking impressive on his City debut, Manuel Pellegrini’s men doubled their lead on 19 minutes thanks to Micah Richards before Aleksandar Kolarov added a third shortly after. Edin Dzeko then struck twice within the space of four minutes to put City 5-0 ahead but the Italians rallied through two goals from Stephan El Shaarawy and an Andrea Petagna strike to reduce the deficit going into half-time. l

Brazilian legend Pele poses with children during a football camp at Chelsea Piers in New York on Wednesday

AP


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Quick Bytes Cardiff City sign defender Caulker for record fee Cardiff City have signed England defender Steven Caulker from Tottenham Hotspur for a club record fee on a four-year deal, the promoted Premier League side said on Wednesday. “Cardiff City can this evening confirm the club record signing of England international Steven Caulker from Tottenham Hotspur,” a statement on the club website (www.cardiffcityfc. co.uk) said. No details of the fee were revealed but the previous club record was set when Denmark international striker Andreas Cornelius moved from FC Copenhagen for 7.5 million pounds ($11.37 million) on July 1. Caulker, 21, is the fourth signing by manager Malky Mackay since the Welsh club won promotion to the top flight in April following a 51-year absence. – Reuters

Bubka urges clampdown on drugs cheats 

International Olympic Committee presidential candidate Sergey Bubka urged athletics authorities to clamp down on drug cheats and increase the length of their bans. The 49-year-old pole vaulting legend is backing fellow athletics great Sebastian Coe’s recommendation that athletes who fail drugs tests be banned for four years instead of the current two-year sanction. Bubka was speaking on Wednesday in the wake of a recent wave of high profile positive dope tests that have seen sprinters such as Asafa Powell and Tyson Gay sidelined and have damaged the credibility of the sport. The Ukrainian is adamant bans must be longer if youngsters are to be attracted to track and field and the sport is to retain its integrity and that athletes must not hide behind the use of supplements if they fall foul of the drug testers. – AFP

Indonesia moves Islamic games for second time

Indonesia has moved the venue for the Islamic Solidarity Games for a second time, an official said Thursday, this time to a city that co-hosted the ill-fated 2011 Southeast Asian Games. It is the latest twist in the country’s efforts to host the games, which have been delayed by months and hit by a strike of construction workers. The event, which brings together athletes from member countries of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, was originally scheduled to be held in April at Pekanbaru on Sumatra island. But it was postponed after construction workers shut down the main stadium in protest at unpaid salaries, and the local governor could do little to help as he was caught up in corruption scandals. – AFP

Sacked coach Arthur in job talks  Dumped Australia cricket coach Mickey Arthur said Thursday he is in talks about his next career move, but wants to stay in Perth. Arthur reached a settlement Wednesday with Cricket Australia over his sacking after he “significantly reduced” his claim for damages. The South African had been suing for his job back or up to Aus$4 million (US$3.7 million), claiming there was a deliberate campaign against him and he had no choice but to take legal action. Arthur was ousted two weeks before the start of the Ashes series in England, with two years left on his contract, and was replaced by Darren Lehmann. Arthur did not go into detail about his future job prospects, but hinted it didn’t necessarily have to be associated with cricket. “There are a couple of options out there. I’ve had a couple of discussions. I’ll see how that unfolds over the next few weeks,” Arthur told Perth radio. – AFP

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Australia's captain Michael Clarke (R) watches as England's Matt Prior (L, facing camera) and Ian Bell try in vain to catch a ball during the third Ashes Test at Old Trafford in Manchester yesterday

Clarke takes attack to England n AFP, Manchester Australia captain Michael Clarke led from the front as England suffered their share of Decision Review System (DRS) angst on the first day of the third Ashes Test at Old Trafford. Australia were 180 for three at Thursday’s tea in Manchester, with Clarke, who won the toss, 55 not out. Steven Smith, who survived two unsuccessful England reviews as the hosts used up all their challenges for the innings, was 20 not out after so far helping Clarke add an unbroken 51 for the fourth wicket. The tourists lost just one wicket in the session when opener Chris Rogers, in sight of a maiden Test hundred, was lbw to off-spinner Graeme Swann for 84. In a match Australia, 2-0 down, had to win to regain the Ashes — a drawn series would see holders England retain the urn — Clarke opted to bat first after winning the toss despite his side being

dismissed for just 128 in the first innings of their 347-run second Test defeat at Lord’s. Although Australia had recalled

At Tea Australia 1st Innings

S. Watson c Cook b Bresnan 19 C. Rogers lbw b Swann 84 U. Khawaja c Prior b Swann 1 M. Clarke not out 55 S. Smith not out 20 Extras (lb1) 1 Total (3 wkts, 53 overs, 242 mins) 180 Fall of wickets: 1-76 (Watson), 2-82 (Khawaja), 3-129 (Rogers) Bowling: Anderson 15-2-54-0; Broad 13-1-50-0; Bresnan 12-3-38-1; Swann 13-2-37-2 David Warner, usually an opening batsman, they stuck with all-rounder Shane Watson and left-hander Rogers as their first wicket duo. The pair responded by putting on 76

Azarenka celebrates birthday with win

n AFP, Carlsbad Top-seeded Victoria Azarenka, playing for the first time since an injury withdrawal from Wimbledon, celebrated her birthday with a WTA win at Carlsbad on Wednesday. Australian Open champion Azarenka, ranked third in the world, cruised into the quarter-finals with a 6-2, 6-3 secondround victory over former French Open champion Francesca Schiavone of Italy. “Just going on the court and competing was so much joy for me,” said Azarenka, who turned 24 on Wednesday. She hadn’t played since limping out of Wimbledon after hurting her right knee in her first-round win over Portugal’s Maria Joao Koehler.

“I missed playing and I was just happy to be able to do something I’ve been training for,” Azarenka said. “I enjoyed the time I had to go through rehab and learn so many new things. I was excited to see how I would handle it in the match. It was a good feeling to have that platform, and I’ll just try to make it better and better now.” Former Wimbledon champion Petra Kvitova, the third seed, also eased into the quarters, beating Britain’s Laura Robson 6-1, 6-2. Kvitova hadn’t been counting on an easy passage. “I didn’t know exactly what to expect from myself because the first match after preparing for the US hardcourts is always difficult, plus I lost to her at the Australian Open,” Kvitova said. “But this is tennis, and every day is different, and that’s how I approached the match. I played well and my serve was great today. We practiced very hard on my serve back home after Wimbledon.” Fourth-seeded Roberta Vinci of Italy advanced with a 6-4, 6-2 win over American Bethanie Mattek-Sands. Vinci will next face either US qualifier Coco Vandeweghe or former world number one Ana Ivanovic. Ivanovic, the seventh seed from Serbia, rallied to beat defending champion Dominika Cibulkova 4-6, 6-3, 6-2 in the last match of the first round. Cibulkova was looking perfectly able to maintain her momentum as she took the opening set. But with the second set deadlocked at 3-3, Ivanovic came alive, winning eight games to take the second frame and build a 5-0 lead in the third. l

before Watson was caught at first slip by England captain Alastair Cook for 19 off first change Tim Bresnan after James Anderson, on his Lancashire home ground, and Stuart Broad had seen several good outswingers go unrewarded. The 35-year-old Rogers scored briskly to complete a 49-ball fifty, including 10 fours, with two successive boundaries off Anderson. But after 81 minutes Watson, as he is prone to do, pushed firmly forward and edged Bresnan to Cook. And 76 for one became 82 for two when left-hander Usman Khawaja, playing forward to a sharply turning delivery from Swann, was caught behind by wicketkeeper Matt Prior for one. Khawaja immediately reviewed onfield umpire Tony Hill’s decision. The Hot Spot thermal imaging did not appear to show an edge but there was a noise on audio. After several minutes’ study, third umpire Kumar Dharmasena decided

Score Card Zimbabwe

Sibanda b Jadeja Raza c Karthik b Sharma Masakadza run out Taylor lbw b Jadeja Williams b Unadkat Waller c Karthik b Sharma Chigumbura not out Utseya c R Sharma b Ahmed Chatara c Jadeja b Mishra Vitori b Mishra Chinouya c Kohli b Mishra Extras (2b, 2lb, 4w) Total (all out, 42.4 overs)

24 7 10 0 0 35 50 1 1 8 0 8 144

Bowling

M Sharma 10-3-26-2, Shami Ahmed 8-134-1, Unadkat 7-0-27-1, Jadeja 9-1-28-2, Mishra 8.4-0-25-3. India

Pujara b Chatara Sharma not out Raina not out Extras (1lb, 2w) Total (1 wkt, 30.5 overs)

13 64 65 3

there was not enough evidence to overturn Hill’s verdict and Khawaja had to go as Swann took his 14th wicket of the series — the most by any bowler on either side. Clarke, caught at leg-slip off the bowling of part-time spinner Joe Root at Lord’s, almost went the same way Thursday as Swann, utilising the bounce of the pitch, produced a turning ball that looped over Jonathan Trott. But Swann had figures of two for 12 in five overs when he spun one back across Rogers to have the opener lbw to end a near three-hour innings of 114 balls including 14 fours. Smith was on nought when Swann had an lbw appeal rejected by New Zealand official Hill. As the DRS indicated the ball was only clipping leg stump, Hill’s verdict was upheld by Sri Lanka’s Dharmasena. Meanwhile Clarke showed why he is one of the world’s best players of spin by several times advancing down the pitch to drive Swann for boundaries on his way to a 67-ball fifty featuring seven fours. l

REUTERS

Australia PM blasts Khawaja decision n AFP, Manchester Australia Prime Minister Kevin Rudd added his voice to the latest Ashes umpiring controversy on Thursday by blasting the dismissal of Usman Khawaja as “one of the worst” decisions he has ever seen. Khawaja was given out by on-field umpire Tony Hill having made just one with Australia at 92 for two on the first day of the third Test at Old Trafford. The decision, after the batsman was adjudged to have edged Graeme Swann to wicketkeeper Matt Prior, was endorsed by third official Kumar Dharmasena despite evidence which appeared to suggest it should have instead been reversed. “I’ve just sat down to watch the Test,” tweeted Rudd. “That was one of the worst cricket umpiring decisions I have ever seen.” Former Austalia leg-spinner Shane Warne was stunned by the decision, the latest in a series of controversies involving technology in the Ashes series. l

India exert control with thumping win n Reuters India romped to a nine-wicket win in the fourth one-day international against Zimbabwe in Bulawayo on Thursday to underline their superiority in the five-match series. The tourists raced to the modest target of 145 with nearly 20 overs to spare after skittling the Zimbabwe top order and bowling out the home side for 144 at Queens Sports Club. Only an unbeaten half-century from Elton Chigumbura saved Zimbabwe from a more emphatic defeat. India have won all four ODIs in the

series by a comfortable margin. Suresh Raina scored 65 not out and Robin Sharma an unbeaten 64 as India chased down the target in 30.5 overs for the loss of only debutant Cheteshwar Pujara. “There was something in the wicket early on and we sought to extract that, and the bowlers did that to good effect,” India captain Virat Kohli said. Debutant Mohit Sharma took the first wicket in the seventh over and there was a steady procession of batsmen back to the pavilion thereafter as Zimbabwe slumped to 47 for five in just the 16th over. l

145

Bowling

Vitori 5.5-1-21-0, Chinouya 4-0-14-0, Chatara 5-1-31-1, Utseya 9-0-42-0, Chigumbura 2-0-12-0, Williams 4-0-210, Waller 1-0-3-0. Result

India won by nine wickets Series

India lead the five-match series 4-0

Indian batsman Suresh Raina in action against Zimbabwe in the 4th ODI at Queen's Sports Club in Harare yesterday

AFP


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DHAKA TRIBUNE

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Friday, August 2, 2013

Government steps in again to stop “coaching business” HSC results on August 3, medical and dental college admission tests planned for end of September n Moniruzzaman Uzzal The government intends to hold the medical college and dental college admission tests by the last week of September, in a bid to stop the rampant business of coaching centres. Seeking anonymity, several officials of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare told the Dhaka Tribune the admission tests were likely to be held on September 20 or 27. The date would probably be finalised next week when Health Minister AFM Ruhul Haque returns from a trip abroad. Millions are spent on tuition fees for coaching centres every year, by candidates desperate to pass the competitive medical and dental admission tests and secure a place in medical or dental colleges.

Those who run the coaching centres allegedly turn to “backdoor lobbying” tactics to delay the date to earn more cash. With the results of the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) examinations due to announced on August 3, if the ministry does decide to hold admission tests on the third or last Friday of September, the coaching centres would not have enough time to enrol students in classes. In this case, most would have to prepare on their own for the tests. However, coaching centres start classes immediately after the end of HSC examinations. Coaching centres at Farmgate in the capital are crowded with HSC examinees attending classes to prepare for admission tests for higher studies before knowing their results in HSC exams.

Usually, the admission tests are held in November giving candidates enough time to seek help. The Dhaka Tribune has learnt it may not be possible for the Directorate General Health Services (DGHS) to hold the tests in September because a number of writ petitions against the directorate are pending with the High Court (HC). On Wednesday, a writ petition by one Dr Md Eunus Ali Akond was filed with the HC challenging the legality of the medical and dental admission policy. Following which, the HC issued a show cause notice to the DGHS asking it to explain, within four weeks, why the policy should not be declared illegal. The petitioner stated according to section 5(5)(6) of the Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council Act 2010, the

health ministry and the DGHS were not at liberty to decide on the admission policy. It stated that according to the law, only the Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council (BMDC) had the legal right. Existing policy states 0.25 is deducted for every wrong answer given in the admission tests. DGHS Director (medical education) Professor Dr ABM Hannan however said the health ministry had all the right and had always taken on board suggestions from the BMDC when deciding on the admission policy. BMDC Registrar Dr Jahedul Haque Basunia told the Dhaka Tribune the council had always been actively involved with admission policy decisions. In November 2012, a lawyer called Eunus Ali Akond filed a writ petition

where he challenged the legality of keeping aside 20% of the seats for district quota and the provision for deducting 0.25 marks. He said the quota system barred meritorious students from being selected. He stated computers can make mistakes when evaluating the optical mark recognition (OMR) answer sheets. Akond’s daughter sat for medical admission tests in 2012-13 but failed to qualify. He said his daughter would have qualified if her answer script was not erroneously marked. According to health ministry officials, Akond’s daughter attempted a total of 81 out of 100 MCQ questions in the test, with 62 correct answers and 19 wrong answers, earning her 57.25%. As per the rules, after adding the marks she obtained in HSC and SSC, her ag-

gregate mark stands at 157.25. In the 2012-13 admission tests, the lowest number for a candidate to qualify came to 162. Last year, in order to rein in the coaching centres, the health ministry decided to enrol students on the basis of HSC and SSC results instead of holding competitive admission tests. However, faced with students protesting, the government had to retract its decision. An HC order issued consequently asked the government to return to the previous system. Last year an unofficial announcement by the government said the current academic year (2013-14) would be the last for traditional tests. No official announcements have however been made since, about how admissions would be made for the next academic year. l

100 DAYS OF RANA PLAZA

1

Rana Plaza victims left ignored to suffer BGMEA could not even reach all victims in NITOR “missing” from their beds as they were n Muktasree Chakma Sathi taken by “owners’ men” to attend a

In clockwise: The disaster site of Rana Plaza, ‘Ground Zero’, bears the horror of April 24 Savar tragedy which killed more than 1,131 people and injured thousands more; A moment of silence is observed at a programme organised at the BGMEA Bhaban to remember the victims of Rana Plaza on the 100th day of the disaster; A victim of the disaster practices standing on artificial legs; A victim of the disaster compares an artificial limb which replaces her arm with which she stitched hundreds of dresses for European and American users NASHIRUL ISLAM/DHAKA TRIBUNE

Garment disaster victims’ lives a ‘waking nightmare’

Tazreen and Rana Plaza victims continue to suffer from physical and mental trauma “When any disaster happens we were under the rubble. Rafiq, one such which over 1,100 workers died and n Udisa Islam volunteer, rescued at least 20 workers take only short term actions. But 2,500 others were injured, many surviSumaya, a worker of Tazreen Fashions, received a blunt head trauma on the night the factory burnt down. Afterwards for several days, she was bleeding through the nose. On July 4, eight months after the incident, doctors at Dhaka Medical College Hospital diagnosed her with exophthalmos, a swelling of the eye which is common among patients suffering from blunt head traumas. On July 14, she had a surgery. Further diagnosis suggested that she had developed a tumour which was cancerous. Three months after the collapse of Rana Plaza in Savar on April 24, in

vors and even the rescue workers are facing post-traumatic problems. Rubina Begum, who worked at one of the factories in Rana Plaza for two years, is suffering from a serious pelvic fracture. She has been unable to work and has been told by doctors that she may never engage in strenuous activities, such as intercourse. Speaking to our correspondent, Rubina expressed her fear that she would be “neither valued as a worker nor as a wife.” During the Rana Plaza rescue operations, many locals and activists volunteered to rescue the workers who

alive and recovered many dead bodies. Rafiq has been traumatised since the incident, his family members said. Rafiq has not slept peacefully in the last three months, they said. In his dreams he always sees rubble, dead bodies and hears people calling to him to be rescued. Doctors have told rescue worker Yusuf Ali he will never be able to walk normally again because of an injury to his spinal cord that he got in the Rana Plaza rescue operation. “I have rescued many people who are now living a good life? What will happen to me?” he said.

no one even thinks about what will happen in the long term. The survivors are living an almost dead life. But nobody comes forward to help them,” said Kolpona Akter, executive director of the Bangladesh Centre for Workers Solidarity. Saydia Gulrukh, an anthropologist and activist working for Tazreen victims, said, “When one incident happens authorities create a fund. This is a very short term initiative. After sometime they close the fund, and the victims of the incident who are long term sufferers do not get any help from them. What should they do then?” l

Even though the owners of Bangladeshi garment factories vowed not to forget the victims of the Rana Plaza disaster _ as written on a banner at their association’s headquarters yesterday to mark 100 days of the tragic incident _ it meant nothing to injured survivor Ashraful Sujon, now under treatment at a Dhaka hospital. Sujon, who used to work in a garment factory on the fifth floor of Rana Plaza, was admitted at the National Institute of Traumatolgy and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (Nitor) as one of his legs was badly damaged in the building collapse on April 24. He has neither received his due salary, nor did he get any sort of government aid, including donations made by the prime minister from the Bangabandhu Memorial Trust. “I have not received a single penny of my salary. I asked my factory’s senior officials about my salary. Their response was: ‘You are too late in claiming.’ Getting my salary now seems an unattainable fact, although I am in Dhaka, close to the owners’ organisation,” said the 35-year-old worker, who has undergone three surgeries to repair the damaged muscle tissue in his crushed left leg. “I was shifted from Enam Medical to Nitor on the day the prime minister was giving donations. I was unconscious then. Later, my wife tried to get money from the prime minister’s fund, which was allocated for the wounded victims. But the PM’s office said that since I was late in claiming, there was nothing they could do now,” Sujon said from his hospital bed. At present, nine other victims of the Rana Plaza disaster are undergoing treatment at Nitor. Meanwhile, during a visit to the specialised hospital yesterday, this reporter found two of the victims, Farhad and Sabina, who are comparatively in better condition now,

memorial programme. Farhad is now able to walk and Sabina is supposed to be released today. The Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA) organised the programme at its auditorium yesterday to observe 100 days of the building collapse. “We will not forget you” read a huge banner hanging from the association’s glass office building in the capital. Rebeka Begum, who lost both her legs, said she had only received her salary, but no other compensation. The 20-year-old also lost six relatives in the disaster, but their salaries were not handed over to their surviving family members. “The dead bodies of my mother, grandmother, two cousins and my aunt could not be found. We only received the headless body of one of my cousin brothers,” she said. Another injured victim, Afroza, said she, too, was waiting to receive her salary. The “owners’ men” asked had her to provide “bKash” mobile banking number. But since she is not registered with bKash, she gave her sister’s registration number for the money to be sent. She also provided her own mobile phone number. “A few days later, I checked with them why my money was not sent, and they told me that unless I get my own bKash number, I will not get my salary,” said Afroza, who has been raising her three children alone after her husband abandoned the family three years. Deemed as one of the country’s worst industrial disasters, the collapse of the shoddily-built Rana Plaza on April 24 claimed at least 1,131 lives, mostly and a massive rescue operation had done for 20 days. The rescue operation saved 2,438 people. Hundreds of peoples are still missing. l

Rana Plaza site can not be returned to owner: Nanak n Tribune Desk State Minister for LGRD and Cooperatives adv Jahangir Kabir Nanak has said the land on which Rana Plaza had been built cannot be returned to Rana as the garment workers bloodspots are there in the tragic site. Indicating that the land will be confiscated, he said the government is planning to build a monument at the site in honour of the workers who lost their lives following the biggest tragedy in the RMG sector. Nanak was addressing a reminiscence programme at BGMEA auditori-

um in the city yesterday remembering the 100-day of the tragedy, reports UNB. Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour and Employment Ministry M Israfil Alam, founder of Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralyzed (CRP) Valerie A Taylor, Director of National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR) Prof Dr KH Abdul Awal Rizvi, Chairman of Enam Medical Dr Enamur Rahman, Bangladesh Diabetic Samity President Prof Dr AK Azad Khan, Dhaka Medical College Director Brig General Mustafizur Rahman, Director

of Prime Minister’s Office Dr M Zulfikar Ali, Somokal Editor Golam Sarwar and BGMEA vice president Reaz-Bin-Mahmood (Sumon), among others, spoke the programme held with BGMEA President M Atiqul Islam in the chair. Nanak said there was a conspiracy to blame the government of concealing bodies but nobody had been able to fish in the troubled water as the government and media played a very active role. “It was a big challenge for the government to handle the situation. We did it with the support of people from all walks of life,” he said. He said the government did not

spare anybody responsible for the Rana Plaza collapse. “Even the engineers and mayor haven’t been spared.” Nanak alleged that there are still conspiracies to destroy the RMG industry and thus put over 40 lakh people dependent on the sector into an immense trouble. “We’ll resolve all the problems of the sector and make it stronger ensuring better ties among workers, owners and the government.” He said the government has taken an initiative for a garment village in Boushia, Munshiganj. “Some 550 acres of land have already been acquired to this end.” l

Editor: Zafar Sobhan, Published and Printed by Kazi Anis Ahmed at Romask Limited, 184, Tejgaon Industrial Area, Dhaka-1215. Editorial, News & Commercial Office: FR Tower, 8/C Panthapath, Shukrabad, Dhaka 1207. Phone: 9132093-94, Advertising: 9132155, Circulation: 9132282, Fax: News-9132192, e-mail: news@dhakatribune.com, info@dhakatribune.com, Website: www.dhakatribune.com


Continue to the Business section...

Business


B2 Ailing jute sector needs special privileges

B3 GPIT’s transfer of 51% share approved

Friday, August 2, 2013

Business www.dhakatribune.com/business

Online sales boom ahead of Eid Thanks go to traffic jam, political unrest and increased online access n Muhammad Zahidul Islam Online sales of products doubled ahead of this Eid festival than the previous Eid and other festivals as it is booming in the country thanks to traffic jam, political unrest and flourishing online accessibility. People who are outside the country preferring online trading for sending gifts to their friends and relatives by using credit cards, also helps to increase the market, traders said. At the same time, some traders also running their company from abroad to give a boost to the business. Normally, per day sales was not less than Tk1m and now ahead of Eid it increased five to ten times, businessmen attached with this infant industry told the Dhaka Tribune. Shameem Ahsan, Chief Executive Officer of country’s top listed e-commerce site akhoni.com said: “Eid is an opportunity for us and we want to take it as our best to flourish the online trading in the country.” If online traders could ensure the services, he said it can be said that these types of business will lead the market in next few years. The akhoni.com is offering 30% discount on different products and, at the same time, they are offering Tk50 discount on shopping order of Tk500 each. All branded and non-branded products are now available here at the online shops. Local banks relaxed rules of issuing credit and debit cards while expanding mobile banking services also contributed to increase the

A VISA logo is seen on a door outside a superstore in Dhaka. People are trying to move from the traditional to the online shopping experience as the increased online access and unbearable traffic jam act as catalysts Syed Latif Hossain online shopping, and at the Eid time, it gets a tremendous boost, business owners said.

While visiting some online shops, it was found that traders also decorated their

shops like the regular shops and displayed products suitable for the festival. It was also found that some online shops like MarketA2Z.com launched just before Eid to take advantage of the festival business. “We started our journey just two weeks ago and now mainly different types of dress are selling using our platform as before Eid,” Shahinul Islam, marketing manager of MarketA2Z.com, a new platform of buying and selling products, told the Dhaka Tribune over phone. MarketA2Z.com also serves their website rental information too. People also can post free advertisement on it, Shahinul Islam he added. Bikroy.com is now very popular in the country for online buying and selling of products in the country. But this shop is running from outside the country. When contacted, Bangladesh marketing manager Eshita Sharmine declined to make any comment, but sources say the online shop spent a huge amount of money on its marketing and grabbed most of the market share of the country’s total online purchases. Bangladesh brands, another leading online shopping center in the country, running their business with local 54 brands and more than 31,000 products, authorities said. Sadek Hasan of this company said they can deliver not only inside the country, but also anywhere on the globe within five days. Before Eid, their orders have increased substantially, he informed. l

Condensate policy to be finalised soon n Aminur Rahman Rasel The government will finalise a draft gas condensate policy soon for the country’s private fractionation plants allowing import of the byproduct. The policy drafted by Energy Division is now online seeking views from the stakeholders till August 2. One can find it in the website of Energy Division. “We are going to finalise the policy in 2-3 months,” said Energy Secretary Md Mozammel Haque Khan this week. The condensate is a byproduct of natural gas, which is used in the production of petrol, diesel, octane and kerosene. But the government said the condensate produced

in the fractionation plants of the country is too little. If the use of it was increased, the fuel imports would ease to a certain amount,

If the use of policy was increased, the fuel imports would ease to a certain amount, saving a good deal of foreign currency saving a good deal of foreign currency, it said. The government, therefore, decided to increase the use of condensate through import and raising the number of condensate companies. Already, three companies have been

given permission to set up fractional plants while application of several others are under consideration. Currently, there are a total of 13 fractional plants in the country- of which six are private and seven are government-run. The plants have a capacity of processing 300,000 metric tons of condensate. “After finalisation, energy ministry’s approval and law ministry’s vetting, the draft will be placed before the cabinet for approval,” said Mozammel Haque Khan. According to the draft, the private entrepreneurs will be allowed to import condensate and export the refined products of the condensate by building infrastructures with their own means.

The draft said the condensate left in the companies under Petrobangla or in the international oil companies can be sold to the private condensate plants with recommendation from the Energy Ministry. The draft states that since the Platts Asia Pacific/Arab Gulf Market Scan does not separately set a price for condensate, following the trait of South and South-East Asian markets, the price of Naptha according to Mean of Platts Singapore (MOPS) would serve as a reference for the condensate supplied to the privately established condensate plants. The government will set price of local condensate after including the fixed premium and import tax or vat to the MOPS value. l


2

DHAKA TRIBUNE

Business

Friday, August 2, 2013

Ailing jute sector needs special privileges

Foreign reserves reach $15.5bn in July

n Tribune Business Report

n Asif Showkat Kallol The Jute Ministry has sought four special privileges from the Finance Ministry to revive the country’s once golden fibre industry rescuing it from severe financial crisis, said the officials while talking about a recent letter yesterday. Earlier, the officials informed that a letter was sent on 17 July to the finance ministry seeking fund for the ailing industry to repay its loans which had already been reported in the Dhaka Tribune on July 15. The officials now said there were actually four privileges sought in the letter. According to them, the privileges included extension of loan repayment deadlines, low-rate funding for the entrepreneurs, providing loans to the importers of jute industrial machineries and grants. “The growth of Bangladesh’s jute sector currently relies on private entrepreneurs, but they are in trouble now,” Md Asraful Mukbul, Jute Secretary, told the Dhaka Tribune. Finance ministry will give those financial facilities to private jute sector to stay in global competition, he pointed out. Official data showed jute production declined by 850,000 bales in the past two years. Besides, there was 21% fall in the export of jute goods in last fiscal year as the destination countries were facing financial meltdown. Bangladesh Jute Association figures showed the raw jute exports during FY20122013 till March stood at 1.5m bales worth Tk10.43bn. “The sooner the rescue efforts taken, the better for the industry,” said Sab-

A worker poses while carrying raw jute bir Yusuf Chowhury, ex-president of Bangladesh Spinners Association. He opined that a good decision could change jute sector, one of the country’s oldest industries. “Already, we have been affected by the country’s political unrest while we are losing market in the EU and Middle-Eastern countries. The government has to take decision

Nashirul Islam

earlier,” commented Sabbir Yusuf Chowhury. Earlier, the officials said the letter recommended four things that included giving blocked account facilities to private jute factories against bank loans and interests since July 30, 2011. The facilities include repayment of loans with the interest rate at 8-10%. Finance Minister is to decide on the privileges sought, said sources. l

World Bank to review FY14 financial sector performance n Asif Showkat Kallol The World Bank would review the country’s financial sector performance, especially the issue of lack of good governance in the banking sector, in the current fiscal year. “A WB mission will sit with the finance division officials on Sunday to look into the issues related to country’s financial sector,” said a senior official of the finance division said yesterday. He said the global lender takes it as a routine job but the finance division is serious as it would review the financial sector, which was seriously affected by the big financial scams related to business enterprises like Hall-Mark Group, Bismillah group and the loan forgery in Basic Bank revealed recently. “The scam incidents have clearly showed lack of good governance in the banking sector, indicating the failure of authorities like Bangladesh Bank and Banking and Financial Institutions Division,” said the official.

Sources in the banking division said the Banking Secretary Dr Aslam Alam will chair the meeting at the finance division and World Bank Country Director Johannes Zutt would attend the review meeting. WB mission will stay more than two weeks for the review of the overall economic situation of Bangladesh.

‘The scam incidents have clearly showed lack of good governance in the banking sector, indicating the failure of authorities like Bangladesh Bank and Banking and Financial Institutions Division’ Other economic issues to come under the review would include implementation of budget, balance of payment situation, revenue earnings, foreign exchange reserve and export performance. In its recent report titled Global Econom-

ic Prospects (GEP), the World Bank said the political obstacles to passing and executing reform legislation by Bangladesh pose downside risks to the economic growth outlook. In this situation, it projected Bangladesh’s gross domestic product growth at 5.8% for the outgoing fiscal year, down by 0.23 percentage points than the estimate by Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. “In countries either exiting (Pakistan) or entering electoral cycles (Bangladesh, India, Nepal), spending pressures associated with elections could boost fiscal expenditure, adding to inflationary pressures and both internal and external imbalances,” said the GEP report. It said risks in the post-election period include the possibility that past reforms are reversed or implementation delayed. However, the global lender forecasts that the Bangladesh economy might pick up modestly to 6.1% in fiscal 2013 -14 and 6.3% in fiscal 2014 -15, as external demand strengthens gradually, and agricultural output returns to more normal levels. l

Bangladesh’s foreign exchange reserves rose for a second straight month to hit a record $15.53bn in July, the central bank said on Thursday. The reserves at the end of last month were up from previous record of $15.31bn at end-June and $10.38bn the same month last year. The reserves equal five months of imports, reports Reuters. Strong remittances from Bangladeshis working abroad, soaring exports and slower imports have helped build the reserves, a senior central bank official said. The inward remittance flow to the country during the first 26 days of the last month showed an encouraging sign, totalling slightly above $1bn as of July 26. The remittance inflow in June totalled $1bn, according to the latest data provided by the Bangladesh Bank. The central bank data also showed that some $14.5bn came as remittance in the last fiscal year. The central bank data showed till July 26, the highest $630m came through the private commercial banks. The figure was followed by $354m through four state-owned commercial banks, $11.02m through two specialised banks and $12.33m through foreign commercial banks operating in Bangladesh. According to the BB data, the highest amount of $253m was channelled through Islami Bank Bangladesh Ltd, followed by $123.59m through Agrani Bank, $109.53m through Janata Bank Ltd, $109.97m through Sonali Bank Ltd, $53.78m through National Bank Ltd, $43.15m through Brac Bank Ltd and $10.98m through Rupali Bank. In addition to remittances, other macro-economic factors assisted foreign reserve to touch the Tk15.5bn mark. Taka-dollar exchange rate showed that the taka appreciated slightly as it was trading at Tk77.75 against the dollar on July 30 against Tk77.76 on June 30. The revenue collection by the National Board of Revenue during the last fiscal marked an encouraging 14.26% growth to stand at Tk1.1bn, as reported by BB Statistics. The current account balance is in a moderate position as it was $2.6bn for the July-May period of the last fiscal year. Buoyed by the moderate performances of the RMG, leather and leather products, frozen foods, the exports maintained a growth of 11.18% during the last fiscal totalling $27bn. The imports amounted to $31bn during the July-May period having a fall of 5.95%. The central bank statistics also showed that during the period of July-May, LCs worth $33bn for food grains, capital machinery, petroleum and industrial raw materials were opened, while LCs worth $29.5bn were settled preventing the foreign reserve from shrinking. l


DHAKA TRIBUNE

Business

GPIT’s transfer of 51% share approved n Muhammad Zahidul Islam Grameenphone shareholders have approved transferring 51% shares of GPIT, a subsidiary of the country’s leading mobile phone company, to internationally renowned IT firm Accenture Holdings at an Extra-ordinary General Meeting (EGM) in Dhaka yesterday. Grameenphone and Accenture reached an agreement on June 27 about GPIT to acquire the 51% stake at US$10m. Sources in the company said within a short period of time, Accenture will take up the management of GPIT. They also changed the brand name of GPIT. The shareholders approved the transfer of 382,500 shares of Tk100 each to Accenture Holdings. GPIT was formed on January 28, 2010 to provide end-to-end IT solutions to different companies and organisations. Accenture Holdings is a globally renowned group in management consulting, technology services and outsourcing company, with approximately 261,000 people serving clients in more than 120 countries.

Khulna Hardboard Mill resumes production

n Tribune Business Desk

The state-owned hardboard producing organisation Khulna Hardboard Mill Limited (KHML) was reopened from Thursday, after two years into the suspension of operation due to financial crisis and technical glitches. Kazi Ruhul Amin, Managing Director of the mill confirmed the matter to the journalist on Thursday at around 10.15am, according to banglanews. He said, “I hope that our hardboard will be available in markets by next week.” Sources said, on July 16, 2011, the production of the mill came to a halt due to fund crisis and technical problem. Later, Finance Ministry has decided to release a fund of Tk 10 crore in condition of no profit no loss (breakeven) as running capital and maintenance cost needed to resume the production of the mill. The ministry has ordered the Bangladesh Chemical Industries Corporation (BCIC) to deliver the amount of money to the mill authorities from its own fund. The ministry also said, after fulfilling the condition, this Tk 10 crore will be added to the fund of BCIC. Earlier on November 22, 2012, a Tk 94,50,000 was given as first installment to resume the production of the mill. The mill authorities repaired its equipment with the money. Later on, a Tk 1,82,50,000 as second installment and Tk 1,07,95,000 as third installment were given to the KHML authorities. The mill established on 9.96 acres of land by Initiative of Canadian Commercial Corporation in 1965 on the banks of Bhairab River in Khalishpur area of Khulna city, went into commercial production in 1966. It has now at least 250 manpower. l

3

Friday, August 2, 2013

Teletalk launches 3G in Sylhet n Muhammad Zahidul Islam

Teletalk, the state-owned mobile phone operator, started its trial 3G services in the divisional city of Sylhet yesterday. Officials said, they will launch 3G commercially within a short time. Initially city’s five areas: Darga Mahalla, Mendibag, Mira Bazar, North Baluchar and Sagardeghari Par will be under the 3G coverage. So far, Teletalk has upgraded 29 base transceivers (BTS) to 3g standards and plans for a total 40 BTSs.

The only state-owned mobile operator started its 3G services after receiving a $211m foreign supplier’s credit from China and Tk4.24m from local funds Accenture is a USA owned company and, at the same time, they have sprayed their business in more than 120 countries and more than two hundred cities. The company generated net revenues of $27.9bn for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2012.  In India Accenture have nine stations –

Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Gurgaon, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Noida and Pune. This strategic partnership with Accenture is expected to boost GPIT to grow its global and local business and develop its capability to provide Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) services on an international scale. l

DSEX slips to 12-week low n Tribune Report Stocks fell for the third consecutive session yesterday, with the benchmark index DSEX slipping to almost 12-week low. The market started with red in the morning but continued to scale up on buying binge mostly from institutional investors, dealers said. The DSEX ended at 3,912 with a drop of 29 points or 0.8%. The index fell its lowest since May 9 this year. The blue chip index DS30 was down 6 points or 0.4% to 1,477. The bourse discontinued the general index, DGEN, from yesterday. The Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE) Selective Categories Index, CSCX, declined 102 points to 7,703. With Q2 declarations slowly passing by, and a long vacation of Eid-ul-Fitr approaching, the bourse observed another session of fading excitements, said IDLC Investment in its daily market analysis. It said participation continued to shrink, as cautious investors kept on rebalancing their portfolios keeping in mind the long Eid vacation ahead. The market will remain closed from August 6 to August 11 marking

the festival. Especially, worries over potential postEid political volatility have been a driving factor behind wary attitude of investors, it said. Scrip wise movements were significant, as several companies declared earnings. However, since no strong movements were present amid large caps or major sectors, aggregate movement was mostly weak. The turnover value at DSE continued to decline as it stood at Tk3bn, a sharp decrease of more than 19% over the previous session. Out of 287 issues traded, 111 gained, 139 declined and 37 remained unchanged. Apart from pharmaceuticals that gained 1.6%, none of the other major sectors ended in green. Banks fell the most 1.5%, followed by financial institutions 1.24%, power 1% and telecommunications 0.4%. Olympic Industries was the most traded stock of the day with Tk302m changing hands. It was followed by Bangladesh Submarine Cable Company Ltd, Meghna Petroleum, Family Textile, Square Pharmaceuticals, Padma Oil, Grameenphone, Jamuna Oil and RN Spinning. l

Before Eid, Teletalk can reach the Shahjalal University of Engineering and Technology (Sust), according to Muntaserur Rahaman Rumman, assistant Manager (Transmission) of Teletalk. Earlier, Teletalk had planned to launch 3G in Sylhet within March, but they could not do so due to lack of technical support. It has been running its 3G services in Dhaka since October 14, last year and brought Narayangan, Gazipur and Chittagong under coverage. It also preparing to launch in Cox’s Bazar within the next few days. The only state-owned mobile operator started its 3G services after receiving a $211m foreign supplier’s credit from China and Tk4.24m from local funds. For the other private operators, the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission is preparing a spectrum auction on September 8 this year. The other four operators of the country will be given 3G services licence for a period of 15 years. l

DHL partners with Aarong to offer international delivery

n Tribune Business Report DHL Express has recently partnered with the retail fashion chain Aarong to provide international express delivery to Aarong’s customers exclusively. The customers of Aarong’s Gulshan, Uttara and Sholashahar (Chittagong) outlet can ship their shopping from these outlets via DHL to more than 220 countries and territories worldwide directly. DHL has already set up service points in three of Aarong’s outlets to provide delivery service to Aarong’s customers. In addition, DHL’s service to Aarong’s customers feature automated shipment preparation, free packaging and new age shipment tracking mechanism. Desmond Quiah, country manager of DHL, said: “This agreement shows DHL’s passion for being insanely customer centric and closer to the market.” DHL is happy to serve the international express delivery needs of the customers of country’s largest retail chain.” l


4 Indian Factory PMI near contraction as orders sink: poll

n Reuters, Bangalore A slowdown in the Indian factory activity deepened in July as order books shrank by the most in over four years, suggesting a broad stagnation in the manufacturing sector, a survey showed on Thursday. The HSBC Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI), compiled by Markit, edged down to 50.1 in July from 50.3 in May. The index, which gauges business activity in Indian factories but not its utilities, has been running close to the 50 mark that separates growth from contraction since May, but has held above it for over four years. “Activity in the manufacturing sector was broadly flat in July. Output fell by less, but order flows weakened led by slower growth in export orders,” said Leif Eskesen, a chief economist at HSBC. The new orders sub-index, an overall indicator of firms’ order books, fell to 49.5 in July from 49.7 in June, as growth in export orders, while still positive, slowed sharply in July. The survey also showed output shrank for a third consecutive month in July, while employment rose fractionally. The Indian economy is stuck in a quagmire of low growth, persistent inflation, a wide current account deficit and a rapidly weakening currency. Policy measures to tackle any one of these will likely worsen the other factors. While the economy grew at its slowest pace in a decade in the last fiscal year, economic data since then has suggested further pain amidst an exports slump, while the rupee has fallen to record lows. By virtue of being a net importing country, a weakening currency quickly inflates India’s import bill leading to higher inflation and a wider current account deficit, which in turn pressures growth and the country’s foreign exchange reserves. The Reserve Bank of India, in a bid to support the rupee, tightened liquidity conditions in money markets and increased short term interest rates. While those measures supported the rupee and helped it ease off its record low of 61.21 to the dollar, the currency headed back to those levels on Wednesday after the central bank governor said those steps were temporary and would be rolled back once the currency stabilised. Even so, the central bank has limited tools to handle the situation. Whatever it does will do little more than buy time for Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s weak coalition government to undertake reforms needed attract foreign capital inflows, reduce the current account deficit and boost investment. With the economy growing at a snail’s pace and inflation well under the five percent considered as the central bank’s comfort zone, increasing the benchmark rate would further deepen the downturn while having limited impact on the currency. The latest PMI however showed inflation pressures intensified in July with both the input and output costs rising at a faster pace. “The data suggests that the RBI will likely have to keep policy rates on hold for a while given lingering inflation risks and that the recently introduced currency stabilisation measures will not be lifted anytime soon,” Eskesen said. l

DHAKA TRIBUNE

Business

Friday, August 2, 2013

China factory sector perks up, elsewhere gloomy n Reuters, Beijing China offered a rare bright spot in an otherwise sluggish Asian manufacturing sector in July with a stronger than expected government purchasing managers index that eased some concerns over the health of the world’s second-biggest economy. Although the China PMI surprised and gave a boost to regional share prices and commodities, it also signaled only a modest pace of growth. A rival report from HSBC was much more gloomy, showing factory activity fell to its lowest in nearly a year. “I think the official report does offer a slim hope that the economy is stabilizing at least, but it is still a bit early to conclude that things have turned around decisively,” Wei Yao, China economist at Societe Generale in Hong Kong. Elsewhere in Asia, other PMI reports suggested factory output and new orders falling in July in India, South Korea and Taiwan. In Indonesia, a PMI report signaled that output and new orders were holding at similar levels to June. New export orders also fell broadly in Asia. However, overseas demand was still growing in India, although at a weaker pace than in June. The Asian PMIs, which seek to measure a range of conditions in manufacturing including employment, stock levels and backlogs of work, were released ahead of similar reports on the euro zone and the United States, which are expected to show factory activity picking up at a more robust pace than in Asia. The euro zone’s PMI is expected to show

A labourer walks past piles of steel coils at a steel wholesale market in China the manufacturing sector grew for the first time in well over a year with the index rising to 50.1 from 48.8 in June. The data is due at 0758 GMT (4.58 a.m. ET). A PMI reading above 50 points to expansion from the month before, while a reading below suggests contraction in activity. In the United States, the Institute for Supply Management is expected to report that its PMI rose to 52.0 in July from 50.9 in June, extending a rebound from a contraction in factory activity in May. The figures are due to

REUTERS

be released at 1400 GMT. China’s official PMI rose to 50.3 in July, contrary to expectations that it would fall to 49.9 from 50.1 in June, suggesting a pick up in activity as growth in new orders quickened. Beijing, which is targeting GDP expansion this year of 7.5%, a 23-year low, has become more concerned at the slowdown in the economy this year and has offered reassurances in a flurry of announcements in the past two weeks that the government will safeguard growth. l

China’s banking sector achieves goal of risk control

Oil prices up after US Fed meeting

n BSS

Oil prices rose in Asian trade Thursday as the US Federal Reserve’s view that the economy was growing modestly eased fears it would soon wind down its huge stimulus programme. Investors were also cheered by better-than-expected US growth figures for the April-June period, fuelling hopes for a pickup in energy demand. New York’s main contract, West Texas Intermediate for delivery in September, climbed 34 cents to $105.37 a barrel in mid-morning trade, and Brent North Sea crude for September rose 17 cents to $107.87. After a two-day meeting, the Fed’s policy committee said growth was at a “modest” pace and pledged to keep its $85bn a month bond-buying programme in place for now. “Oil prices remain supported by the US Fed’s clear signal regarding retaining monetary stimulus for now,” David Lennox, resource analyst at Fat Prophets in Sydney, told AFP. Also Wednesday, Washington said gross domestic product grew 1.7% in April-June, above the 1.1% pace expected by analysts - although it also included a steep downgrade in growth for the previous three months to 1.1% from 1.8%. l

The chief of China’s top banking regulator said yesterday that the banking sector has achieved its risk control goal in the first half of 2013, with growth in some financial products slowed and loan risks in a few target sectors under control. In the January-June period, loans via local government financing vehicles (LGFVs), wealth management products (WMPs), as well as businesses of trust companies all grew at a slower pace, said Shang Fulin, president of the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC). By the end of June, outstanding loans via LGFVs stood at 9.7tn yuan (1.57tn US dollars), up 6.2% year on year. The growth rate was 9%age points lower than the average growth rate for all categories of banking loans, the CBRC data show. The balance for WMPs came at 9.08tn yuan by the end of June, with non-standard credit assets totaling 2.78bn yuan, 7% short of the level recorded in late March, when the CBRC released a notice on regulating the WMP business of the country’s commercial banks. The balance of trust assets totaled 9.45tn

yuan, with monthly growth rates gradually slowing from 5.2% in January to 0.44% in June. Shang also said that credit risks for certain sectors have been put under effective control. By the end of June, commercial banks’ non-performing loans (NPL) stood at 539.5bn yuan, representing an NPL rate of 0.96%. The real estate sector’s new loans in the first half also demonstrated a better structure, with the proportion of loans extended for property development dropping to 24.55% and that for personal home purchases rising to 74.17%. Meanwhile, bank liquidity has returned to normal levels, according to the CBRC. The loan-to-deposit ratio stood at 72.43%, with the reserve requirement ratio kept above 20% as of the end of June. China’s bank regulator has moved to tighten regulation over some financial services to dissolve risks in the country’s shadow banking system amid the central government’s call to guard against financial risks. In June, China’s banking sector experienced a liquidity crunch that sent interbank rates to double digits, which some analysts believed to be the pain resulted from the country’s economic deleveraging. l

n AFP, Singapore


DHAKA TRIBUNE

Business

MetLife profit plunges on derivative losses n Reuters MetLife Inc’s second-quarter profit plunged 80% due to derivative losses but still managed to beat analysts’ estimates as operating earnings increased in the company’s retail insurance business. The largest life insurer in the United States, like its peers, is heavily exposed to persistently low interest rates. But it has long had a substantial derivatives program designed to smooth out that risk. The company’s derivative net losses during the quarter ended June 30 was $1.2bn, compared with a profit of $1.3bn a year earlier. Operating earnings rose by 18% to $1.3bn in the insurer’s Americas unit, driven by retail and group, voluntary & worksite benefits. Retail operating earnings rose 42% to $581m. The insurer is close to being designated as a non-bank Systemically Important Financial Institution (SIFI), which would subject it to greater regulatory oversight in spite of shedding its bank-holding status. Earlier this month, the US financial risk council designated American International Group and General Electric Co’s GE Capital as systemically risky, bringing them under stricter regulations. As a part of stricter regulations, top global insurers, which include MetLife, will also have to hold more capital from 2019, according to the rules by the International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS). MetLife’s net profit fell to $471m, or 43 cents per share, in the second quarter from $2.26bn, or $2.12 per share, a year earlier.

Facebook lets users showcase posts on other websites n AFP, San Francisco Facebook on Wednesday began letting people share social network posts at blogs or other spots on the Internet. An Embedded Posts feature being tested out at CNN, Huffington Post, Bleacher Report, PEOPLE and Mashable websites lets Facebook members broadcast posts in real-time to broader online audiences. “We are beginning to roll out Embedded Posts to make it possible for people to bring the most compelling, timely public posts from Facebook to the rest of the Web,” Facebook software engineers Dave Capra and Ray He said in a blog post. “When embedded, posts can include pictures, videos, hashtags and other content,” they continued. “People can also like and share the post directly from the embed.” Facebook posts that people allow to be shared publicly can be fired off to blogs or selected outside websites, with the list of venues to grow quickly, according to the engineers. Examples given by Facebook included an official British Monarchy Page publishing a picture of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge with their newborn son. l

On an operating basis, it earned $1.44 per share. Analysts on average had expected earnings of $1.33 per share, according to Thomson Reuters. MetLife dropped its bank holding status earlier this year after closing the sale of its deposit-taking business to General Electric Co’s (GE.N) GE Capital unit. However, the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC) feels that MetLife’s failure could still pose grave threats to the country’s financial stability. An SIFI is a designation that is given to financial companies, specially banks, who are deemed “too big to fail.”

Eurozone joblessness still at ‘horrendous’ levels

n AFP, Brussels

Chief Executive Steve Kandarian had said the price of insurance products would go up if a handful of large life insurers were designated as systemically risky. The company’s net investment income fell about a percent to $5.1bn. Low interest rates have led MetLife to focus on alternative businesses to boost profit. The company bought BBVA’s Chilean pension fund for about $2bn earlier this year to expand its presence in emerging markets. New York-based MetLife’s shares, which have risen 26% since the company reported its last quarterly results, closed at $48.42 on the New York Stock Exchange on Wednesday. l

A statue stands atop Grand Central Station in front of the MetLife building in New York

REUTERS

ECB to hold rates steady: analysts n AFP, Frankfurt The European Central Bank is expected to hold its key interest rates steady at its regular policy meeting Thursday given recent signs of economic improvement in the eurozone, analysts said. “When the ECB meets, it will face a much more favourable market environment and evidence that the eurozone has left the recession behind,” said UniCredit analyst Marco Valli. “Accordingly, we expect no change in interest rates and no announcement of further unconventional measures.” Berenberg Bank economist Christian Schulz agreed. “Financial tensions have eased further, monetary policy is gaining traction and the economy is on the verge of a recovery,” Schulz said. “Against this background, we expect that the ECB will keep interest rates unchanged and not announce any new non-standard measures,” he said. But RBS economist Richard Barwell suggested the decision to hold rates steady

5

Friday, August 2, 2013

would “likely be a close call”. Recent data “may have corroborated the governing council’s forecast of recovery, but money market rates are back at levels which led to an extensive discussion of rate cuts last month,” he argued. A need to preserve precious monetary ammunition would probably persuade the ECB not to cut interest rates still further for now, but it could do so if money market rates rise much more, Barwell believed. The ECB pared back its key interest rates to a new all-time low of 0.5% in May. At the beginning of July, ECB president Mario Draghi pledged to keep them low for as long as necessary or even cut them still further if the need arose. The comments were seen by some economists as a “mini-revolution” in the ECB’s communication policy, since it has never issued such “forward guidance” until now. Draghi insisted that the policy change was a unanimous decision on the ECB’s governing council, but some dissent has become apparent as to the significance of such a change. Draghi is likely to be quizzed about this at his regular post-meeting news conference. l

Eurozone unemployment continued at record highs in June and while a first fall in “horrendous” jobless numbers for more than two years offers some hope, officials and analysts were cautious on the outlook. “The figures remain horrendously high,” a European Commission official said, stressing the need to press ahead with economic reforms needed to boost employment. “Let’s be frank. There is no silver lining here...the figures are pretty much the same as the previous month.” The 17-nation eurozone jobless rate came in at 12.1%, unchanged from May, the Eurostat data agency said on Wednesday. The jobless numbers, however, were down 24,000 to 19.26 million. In the 27-member European Union, 10.9% of the workforce was out of a job, down from a revised 11% in May, it said, as the total unemployed fell 32,000 to 26.42 million. Analysts had been looking to the report to back up recent data which suggested the stuttering eurozone economy was on the point of escaping a deep and damaging recession which has cost millions of jobs. The damage done by the debt crisis and slump is clear in the figures - in June 2012, the eurozone jobless rate was 11.4%, with the EU on 10.5%. The crisis has affected the 16-25 age segment worst of all, with jobless rates running at catastrophic levels of 58.7% in Greece and 56.1% in Spain. The data showed the eurozone youth unemployment rate rose to 23.9% in June from 23.8% in May, with the EU up to 23.2% after 23.1%. Compared with June 2012, Eurostat noted that youth jobless numbers in the EU had fallen by 43,000 to 5.51m but in the eurozone, it had increased by the same amount to 3.52m. Inflation meanwhile was flat in July at 1.6%, suggesting that there was little increase in demand to drive prices anywhere near the European Central Bank target of just below 2.0% in the medium term. Analysts found little comfort in the figures. Jonathan Loynes of Capital Economics said the two reports were “a little sobering after the recent run of stronger activity data.” If the June fall in eurozone jobless numbers was the first since April 2011 and the headline 12.1% rate was below forecasts for 12.2%, this “reflected a downward revision to previous months’ data,” Loynes said. The unemployment rate “is still at a record high,” he added, while huge differences Austria on 4.6% and Spain 26.3% - “are a powerful reminder of the still enormous economic imbalances” at work in the bloc. Howard Archer of IHS Global Insight was slightly more positive. The fall in the jobless numbers “is likely a reflection of recent increased signs...activity has stabilised and it fuels hopes that the eurozone can eke out marginal growth over the second half,” Archer said in a note. At the same time, “we doubt that June marks a decisive turnaround...and we suspect that unemployment will trend modestly higher over the coming month,” he said. l


6

Share

DHAKA TRIBUNE

Friday, August 2, 2013

DSE Broad Index: 3911.75 ⇓ 9.92% Turnover: 3028.36 M.Tk ⇓ 18.94%, PE: 12.31 Turnover 3,291.87 MTk. ⇓ 18.84% August 1, 2013 MarketCap. 1,906.06 BTk. ⇓ 0.50% CSE All Share Index: 12143 ⇓ 0.71% Turnover: 263.51 M Tk. ⇓ 4.67%, PE: 12.12 Combined Turnover Leader Olympic Ind. -A

1391989

BD Submarine Cable-A

685310

Meghna Petroleum -A

CompanyCode | EPS | BV | Volume Traded (Share) DSE/CSE: ClosePrice ⇓/⇑ Chn % | Avg.Price | Hi / Lo

BANK ABBANK | 2.95 | 32.60 | Vol. 339682 D: 23.80 ⇓ 2.06% | 23.72 | 26.70 / 22.00 C: 24.20 ⇓ 1.22% | 24.09 | 24.80 / 23.80 CITYBANK | 1.15 | 25.97 | Vol. 621646 D: 17.00 ⇓ 5.56% | 17.17 | 19.80 / 16.20 C: 17.20 ⇓ 5.49% | 17.19 | 18.20 / 16.90 IFIC | 1.10 | 18.34 | Vol. 679691 D: 21.00 ⇑ 0.96% | 20.63 | 21.50 / 18.80 C: 20.40 ⇓ 1.92% | 20.46 | 20.80 / 20.00 ISLAMIBANK | 3.78 | 27.16 | Vol. 322119 D: 35.90 ⇑ 0.00% | 35.82 | 36.20 / 35.00 C: 35.60 ⇓ 0.84% | 35.48 | 35.90 / 35.00 NBL | 1.05 | 15.76 | Vol. 4193370 D: 11.70 ⇓ 6.40% | 11.55 | 12.50 / 11.30 C: 11.80 ⇓ 5.60% | 11.70 | 12.30 / 11.50 PUBALIBANK | 1.92 | 21.18 | Vol. 183131 D: 31.20 ⇓ 1.58% | 31.37 | 32.20 / 29.00 C: 31.20 ⇓ 1.58% | 31.20 | 31.40 / 29.00 RUPALIBANK | 6.70 | 64.27 | Vol. 17072 D: 58.90 ⇓ 1.34% | 58.95 | 59.70 / 57.00 C: 58.60 ⇓ 2.82% | 59.57 | 60.00 / 58.00 UCBL | 1.90 | 21.72 | Vol. 1787624 D: 18.50 ⇓ 0.54% | 18.40 | 19.00 / 17.00 C: 18.40 ⇓ 1.08% | 18.36 | 18.50 / 18.00 UTTARABANK | 3.42 | 26.97 | Vol. 156408 D: 25.20 ⇓ 1.18% | 25.33 | 26.00 / 25.00 C: 25.30 ⇓ 0.78% | 25.13 | 26.20 / 25.00 ICBIBANK | -1.60 | -13.03 | Vol. 180000 D: 5.80 ⇓ 3.33% | 5.87 | 6.00 / 5.70 EBL | 3.91 | 28.22 | Vol. 414850 D: 27.00 ⇓ 0.74% | 26.90 | 27.30 / 26.00 C: 26.00 ⇓ 2.99% | 26.00 | 26.00 / 26.00 ALARABANK | 2.03 | 14.91 | Vol. 266881 D: 14.70 ⇓ 2.65% | 14.67 | 15.40 / 13.60 C: 14.40 ⇓ 4.00% | 14.51 | 14.80 / 14.40 PRIMEBANK | 2.89 | 22.40 | Vol. 372209 D: 21.10 ⇓ 3.65% | 21.17 | 24.00 / 20.00 C: 22.00 ⇓ 1.79% | 21.24 | 22.00 / 21.00 SOUTHEASTB | 1.89 | 22.66 | Vol. 500459 D: 16.60 ⇓ 0.60% | 16.58 | 16.80 / 15.50 C: 16.50 ⇓ 0.60% | 16.52 | 16.80 / 15.00 DHAKABANK | 1.46 | 18.08 | Vol. 155448 D: 19.90 ⇑ 1.53% | 19.71 | 21.00 / 18.00 C: 19.50 ⇓ 2.01% | 19.56 | 21.50 / 19.50 NCCBANK | 1.90 | 15.88 | Vol. 603493 D: 11.90 ⇓ 1.65% | 11.94 | 13.00 / 10.90 C: 12.00 ⇓ 1.64% | 12.07 | 12.50 / 11.00 SIBL | 2.05 | 14.47 | Vol. 335021 D: 12.50 ⇓ 0.79% | 12.60 | 13.00 / 11.50 C: 12.70 ⇓ 1.55% | 12.70 | 12.90 / 12.00 DUTCHBANGL | 11.57 | 54.27 | Vol. 10660 D: 98.60 ⇓ 1.10% | 98.70 | 100.0 / 98.00 C: 98.00 ⇑ 0.00% | 98.00 | 98.00 / 98.00 MTBL | 1.17 | 17.27 | Vol. 24700 D: 14.60 ⇑ 0.69% | 14.62 | 15.00 / 14.50 STANDBANKL | 2.33 | 14.41 | Vol. 1002330 D: 13.80 ⇓ 4.17% | 13.80 | 15.00 / 13.00 C: 13.70 ⇓ 4.86% | 14.54 | 14.40 / 13.40 ONEBANKLTD | 2.35 | 15.34 | Vol. 853422 D: 15.20 ⇑ 0.00% | 15.18 | 16.60 / 13.70 C: 15.20 ⇑ 0.00% | 15.04 | 15.40 / 14.90 BANKASIA | 1.35 | 20.80 | Vol. 132643 D: 18.40 ⇓ 0.54% | 18.22 | 18.60 / 16.80 C: 18.00 ⇑ 1.12% | 17.97 | 18.40 / 16.10 MERCANBANK | 2.07 | 16.59 | Vol. 402458 D: 11.80 ⇓ 0.84% | 11.82 | 11.90 / 10.90 C: 11.70 ⇓ 1.68% | 11.70 | 11.90 / 11.60 EXIMBANK | 1.80 | 14.31 | Vol. 817985 D: 12.10 ⇓ 0.82% | 12.07 | 13.00 / 11.00 C: 12.10 ⇓ 2.42% | 12.11 | 12.40 / 11.80 JAMUNABANK | 2.47 | 18.56 | Vol. 931380 D: 13.80 ⇑ 0.73% | 13.94 | 14.50 / 12.40 C: 13.90 ⇓ 0.71% | 13.89 | 13.90 / 13.70 BRACBANK | 1.51 | 24.87 | Vol. 210801 D: 29.70 ⇓ 0.67% | 29.67 | 31.00 / 27.00 C: 29.40 ⇓ 0.34% | 29.26 | 29.50 / 28.90 SHAHJABANK | 2.61 | 14.47 | Vol. 316272 D: 14.50 ⇓ 0.68% | 14.45 | 15.50 / 13.50 C: 14.50 ⇑ 0.00% | 14.37 | 14.60 / 14.00

Vol.

724940

TO M. Tk. 311.21 202.40 199.88

% of TTL 9.45 6.15 6.07

Familytex (BD) Ltd.-N

5110000

179.87

5.46

Square Pharma -A

807430

175.01

5.32

PREMIERBAN | 1.18 | 13.95 | Vol. 576287 D: 10.10 ⇓ 1.94% | 10.13 | 10.50 / 9.30 C: 10.10 ⇓ 2.88% | 10.16 | 10.30 / 10.00 TRUSTBANK | 0.50 | 18.00 | Vol. 78002 D: 17.40 ⇓ 1.69% | 17.49 | 18.00 / 16.00 C: 17.50 ⇓ 2.78% | 17.51 | 17.60 / 17.50 FIRSTSBANK | 1.85 | 13.89 | Vol. 215757 D: 12.30 ⇓ 0.81% | 12.35 | 12.50 / 11.80 C: 12.40 ⇓ 1.59% | 12.40 | 12.80 / 11.70 NON BANKING F I IDLC | 4.43 | 29.18 | Vol. 148690 D: 56.40 ⇓ 1.40% | 56.85 | 58.50 / 55.00 C: 56.40 ⇓ 0.88% | 57.28 | 60.80 / 56.00 ULC | 1.80 | 14.90 | Vol. 202272 D: 27.40 ⇓ 0.72% | 27.27 | 28.30 / 25.50 UTTARAFIN | 7.16 | 41.54 | Vol. 40752 D: 74.70 ⇓ 0.66% | 74.64 | 75.60 / 73.00 C: 74.10 ⇓ 0.80% | 74.10 | 74.10 / 74.10 MIDASFIN | -1.99 | 10.05 | Vol. 500 D: 31.00 ⇓ 6.06% | 31.00 | 31.00 / 31.00 FLEASEINT | 2.34 | 13.93 | Vol. 94375 D: 24.90 ⇑ 1.63% | 25.02 | 25.70 / 24.00 C: 24.60 ⇓ 0.81% | 24.85 | 25.00 / 24.60 PLFSL | 1.37 | 17.48 | Vol. 249661 D: 22.80 ⇓ 0.44% | 22.73 | 25.00 / 20.70 C: 23.00 ⇓ 0.43% | 22.96 | 23.50 / 22.70 PRIMEFIN | 0.87 | 17.88 | Vol. 243995 D: 25.20 ⇓ 3.08% | 25.39 | 27.50 / 25.10 C: 25.30 ⇓ 3.80% | 25.49 | 26.00 / 25.10 PREMIERLEA | 0.10 | 11.37 | Vol. 66500 D: 10.90 ⇑ 0.00% | 10.93 | 11.10 / 10.80 C: 10.90 ⇑ 0.00% | 10.91 | 11.00 / 10.90 ISLAMICFIN | 1.03 | 15.48 | Vol. 274823 D: 15.50 ⇑ 0.65% | 15.44 | 15.80 / 13.90 C: 15.20 ⇓ 2.56% | 15.20 | 15.60 / 15.10 LANKABAFIN | 1.61 | 31.07 | Vol. 262234 D: 48.80 ⇓ 2.79% | 48.97 | 51.00 / 45.30 C: 49.30 ⇓ 2.57% | 49.69 | 50.20 / 49.00 BIFC | 0.15 | 18.58 | Vol. 92625 D: 13.30 ⇓ 6.99% | 13.47 | 14.10 / 13.00 IPDC | 1.23 | 19.43 | Vol. 35500 D: 16.10 ⇓ 1.23% | 16.18 | 16.40 / 16.00 C: 16.60 ⇑ 0.61% | 16.63 | 16.70 / 16.50 UNIONCAP | 0.54 | 17.85 | Vol. 311358 D: 30.10 ⇓ 4.14% | 30.49 | 31.80 / 30.10 BDFINANCE | 0.57 | 14.77 | Vol. 136490 D: 16.80 ⇓ 3.45% | 16.99 | 17.70 / 15.70 C: 17.10 ⇓ 2.29% | 17.15 | 17.40 / 17.00 ILFSL | 0.35 | 12.19 | Vol. 286000 D: 12.10 ⇓ 3.20% | 12.32 | 12.80 / 12.00 C: 12.50 ⇓ 1.57% | 12.61 | 12.90 / 12.00 PHOENIXFIN | 2.46 | 19.39 | Vol. 226713 D: 31.90 ⇓ 3.33% | 32.17 | 34.50 / 30.00 C: 34.40 ⇑ 3.61% | 34.40 | 34.40 / 34.40 FASFIN | 0.19 | 13.56 | Vol. 467704 D: 13.10 ⇓ 1.50% | 13.03 | 13.50 / 12.00 C: 13.30 ⇓ 1.48% | 13.09 | 13.40 / 13.00 DBH | 3.40 | 16.80 | Vol. 10575 D: 60.20 ⇑ 0.17% | 60.28 | 61.10 / 59.00 NHFIL | 0.57 | 12.70 | Vol. 147525 D: 27.90 ⇑ 2.20% | 27.39 | 29.00 / 26.80 C: 27.00 ⇓ 1.46% | 27.00 | 27.00 / 27.00 ICB | 109.65 | 595.98 | Vol. 4950 D: 1854 ⇓ 0.72% | 1853 | 1875 / 1832 C: 1820 ⇓ 4.14% | 1820 | 1820 / 1820 GSPFINANCE | 1.63 | 22.23 | Vol. 39462 D: 23.80 ⇓ 2.46% | 23.92 | 26.00 / 22.00 C: 24.00 ⇓ 2.04% | 24.00 | 24.00 / 24.00 INVESTMENT 1STICB | 64.70 | 137.05 | Vol. 50 D: 905.0 ⇓ 3.44% | 905.00 | 905.0 / 905.0 2NDICB | 33.02 | 76.34 | Vol. 1850 D: 336.6 ⇓ 1.20% | 334.59 | 346.0 / 320.0 3RDICB | 24.83 | 58.91 | Vol. 1500 D: 215.2 ⇑ 0.70% | 215.33 | 224.9 / 210.0 4THICB | 23.40 | 58.63 | Vol. 2200 D: 210.0 ⇓ 0.14% | 210.00 | 218.0 / 206.0 5THICB | 18.93 | 41.95 | Vol. 3700 D: 181.1 ⇓ 7.51% | 181.08 | 181.5 / 181.0 6THICB | 10.58 | 26.73 | Vol. 96800 D: 75.80 ⇑ 0.93% | 75.35 | 76.10 / 73.60 C: 76.00 ⇑ 0.00% | 75.14 | 76.10 / 74.00

Avg. P 223.57 295.34 275.71 35.20 216.75

DSE Loser

C%

A%

CP

-8.97

-8.97

7.10

-7.89

-7.66

135.50

-7.51

-7.53

181.10

826.00

B I F C-A

-6.99

-6.46

13.30

261.80

National Bank - B

-6.40

-8.41

11.70

DSE Gainer

C%

A%

CP

MeghnaCement-A

9.94

8.75

110.60

Familytex (BD) Ltd.-N

9.63

12.64

35.30

Imam Button -Z Renwick Jajneswar-A

98.00

5th ICB M F-A

Progressive Life-A Berger Paints-A Ambee Pharma-A

8.89 7.50 6.99

8.48 7.66 9.90

7THICB | 13.47 | 32.05 | Vol. 2000 D: 106.9 ⇑ 0.94% | 107.00 | 109.8 / 103.1 8THICB | 12.33 | 29.54 | Vol. 69000 D: 76.60 ⇓ 2.17% | 76.42 | 78.00 / 75.20 1STBSRS | 14.43 | 161.88 | Vol. 15580 D: 100.3 ⇓ 1.28% | 100.58 | 103.0 / 99.00 AIMS1STMF | 2.27 | 15.70 | Vol. 465900 D: 48.00 ⇓ 4.19% | 48.42 | 50.00 / 47.50 C: 47.90 ⇓ 3.82% | 48.25 | 49.00 / 47.80 ICBAMCL1ST | 7.14 | 48.54 | Vol. 143000 D: 49.80 ⇑ 1.43% | 49.94 | 53.90 / 49.10 ICBISLAMIC | 2.21 | 26.81 | Vol. 8000 D: 20.70 ⇓ 0.48% | 20.75 | 21.10 / 20.40 GRAMEEN1 | 6.26 | 33.23 | Vol. 288000 D: 49.30 ⇓ 4.83% | 49.82 | 53.40 / 47.50 C: 48.30 ⇓ 7.29% | 48.75 | 50.00 / 48.30 ICB1STNRB | 4.06 | 35.31 | Vol. 69000 D: 28.90 ⇑ 0.35% | 29.06 | 29.80 / 28.80 C: 28.00 ⇑ 12.00% | 28.00 | 28.00 / 28.00 ICB2NDNRB | 2.49 | 16.24 | Vol. 392000 D: 13.60 ⇑ 0.74% | 13.57 | 13.80 / 13.40 GRAMEENS2 | 2.17 | 16.41 | Vol. 657600 D: 18.00 ⇓ 3.74% | 18.07 | 18.80 / 17.80 C: 18.10 ⇓ 3.21% | 18.17 | 18.60 / 17.90 1STPRIMFMF | 0.64 | 11.63 | Vol. 399000 D: 15.70 ⇓ 5.42% | 15.81 | 16.50 / 15.20 C: 15.90 ⇓ 5.36% | 15.94 | 16.10 / 15.70 EBL1STMF | 0.99 | 12.62 | Vol. 222500 D: 8.50 ⇓ 1.16% | 8.57 | 8.80 / 8.50 C: 8.70 ⇑ 1.16% | 8.58 | 8.70 / 8.50 ICBAMCL2ND | 0.60 | 12.12 | Vol. 13000 D: 6.10 ⇓ 4.69% | 6.15 | 6.50 / 6.10 ICBEPMF1S1 | 0.52 | 11.32 | Vol. 89000 D: 6.30 ⇓ 1.56% | 6.32 | 6.50 / 6.20 C: 6.60 ⇑ 0.00% | 6.21 | 6.90 / 6.10 TRUSTB1MF | 0.61 | 11.65 | Vol. 600000 D: 8.60 ⇑ 0.00% | 8.60 | 8.80 / 8.40 C: 8.60 ⇓ 1.15% | 8.60 | 8.80 / 8.10 PRIME1ICBA | 0.42 | 11.18 | Vol. 95000 D: 6.40 ⇑ 3.23% | 6.35 | 6.60 / 6.00 C: 6.20 ⇑ 1.64% | 6.20 | 6.30 / 6.10 DBH1STMF | -1.12 | 10.15 | Vol. 474500 D: 6.00 ⇓ 4.76% | 6.10 | 6.30 / 5.90 C: 6.10 ⇓ 4.69% | 6.12 | 6.40 / 6.00 IFIC1STMF | 0.47 | 11.88 | Vol. 439000 D: 7.70 ⇓ 1.28% | 7.69 | 7.80 / 7.60 C: 7.70 ⇓ 2.53% | 7.70 | 7.80 / 7.60 PF1STMF | 0.51 | 11.11 | Vol. 52500 D: 5.80 ⇓ 1.69% | 5.84 | 6.00 / 5.70 C: 5.80 ⇑ 0.00% | 5.80 | 5.80 / 5.80 ICB3RDNRB | 0.00 | 10.60 | Vol. 98500 D: 5.80 ⇑ 0.00% | 5.87 | 6.00 / 5.70 C: 5.80 ⇓ 1.69% | 5.80 | 5.80 / 5.80 1JANATAMF | -1.23 | 10.68 | Vol. 142500 D: 6.20 ⇑ 0.00% | 6.17 | 6.30 / 6.10 C: 6.20 ⇓ 1.59% | 6.21 | 6.30 / 6.20 GREENDELMF | -0.82 | 9.72 | Vol. 344000 D: 5.70 ⇓ 1.72% | 5.77 | 5.90 / 5.60 C: 5.80 ⇑ 1.75% | 5.73 | 5.90 / 5.70 POPULAR1MF | -0.47 | 11.38 | Vol. 695500 D: 6.30 ⇓ 1.56% | 6.31 | 6.40 / 6.20 C: 6.30 ⇓ 4.55% | 6.31 | 6.40 / 6.20 IFILISLMF1 | 0.00 | 10.45 | Vol. 324000 D: 5.30 ⇑ 0.00% | 5.30 | 5.40 / 5.20 C: 5.50 ⇑ 0.00% | 5.44 | 5.60 / 5.30 PHPMF1 | -0.67 | 10.92 | Vol. 588500 D: 5.90 ⇓ 3.28% | 5.99 | 6.10 / 5.90 C: 6.10 ⇓ 1.61% | 6.06 | 6.20 / 5.90 AIBL1STIMF | -0.07 | 9.25 | Vol. 48500 D: 6.40 ⇓ 3.03% | 6.45 | 6.80 / 6.30 MBL1STMF | -0.16 | 9.08 | Vol. 274000 D: 6.30 ⇑ 0.00% | 6.35 | 6.70 / 6.30 C: 6.50 ⇓ 1.52% | 6.45 | 6.50 / 6.40 SEBL1STMF | 1.48 | 11.86 | Vol. 1336000 D: 10.00 ⇓ 2.91% | 9.99 | 10.30 / 9.80 C: 10.00 ⇓ 2.91% | 10.04 | 9.90 / 10.00 EBLNRBMF | 0.22 | 10.88 | Vol. 6500 D: 8.00 ⇓ 4.76% | 8.15 | 8.50 / 8.00 RELIANCE1 | 0.35 | 11.36 | Vol. 692500 D: 10.40 ⇓ 1.89% | 10.27 | 10.90 / 10.00 C: 10.70 ⇑ 0.00% | 10.72 | 11.30 / 10.20 LRGLOBMF1 | 0.50 | 10.82 | Vol. 21000 D: 7.00 ⇓ 2.78% | 7.10 | 7.40 / 6.90

ABB1STMF | 0.46 | 10.63 | Vol. 52500 D: 8.10 ⇓ 4.71% | 8.17 | 8.30 / 8.10 NLI1STMF | 0.71 | 10.33 | Vol. 651000 D: 11.20 ⇓ 0.88% | 11.00 | 11.70 / 10.70 C: 10.90 ⇓ 3.54% | 10.83 | 11.50 / 10.60 NCCBLMF1 | 0.00 | 10.48 | Vol. 14500 D: 9.50 ⇑ 1.06% | 9.52 | 9.70 / 9.40 ICBSONALI1 | 0.00 | 10.39 | Vol. 135500 D: 7.80 ⇑ 1.30% | 7.81 | 7.90 / 7.70 C: 7.90 ⇑ 0.00% | 7.94 | 8.10 / 7.70 EXIM1STMF | 0.00 | 10.91 | Vol. 7500 D: 7.90 ⇓ 3.66% | 7.87 | 8.30 / 7.80 ENGINEERING AFTABAUTO | 4.29 | 52.65 | Vol. 241961 D: 108.1 ⇓ 0.28% | 107.87 | 110.9 / 98.00 C: 108.1 ⇓ 0.28% | 108.16 | 111.0 / 106.8 AZIZPIPES | 0.39 | -42.04 | Vol. 8900 D: 15.50 ⇓ 3.73% | 15.73 | 16.00 / 15.50 OLYMPIC | 5.94 | 14.91 | Vol. 1391989 D: 226.7 ⇑ 4.09% | 223.60 | 229.7 / 200.0 C: 227.7 ⇑ 4.40% | 222.55 | 230.0 / 217.0 BDLAMPS | -5.31 | 37.07 | Vol. 9154 D: 128.5 ⇓ 0.93% | 129.05 | 133.0 / 127.5 C: 125.2 ⇓ 1.34% | 125.32 | 129.9 / 125.0 ECABLES | 2.04 | 18.87 | Vol. 6300 D: 59.30 ⇑ 1.19% | 59.23 | 59.90 / 55.00 C: 55.20 ⇑ 0.18% | 55.24 | 55.50 / 55.10 MONNOSTAF | 5.31 | 44.78 | Vol. 150 D: 177.3 ⇓ 1.50% | 180.00 | 182.0 / 170.0 SINGERBD | 9.99 | 45.74 | Vol. 131137 D: 192.7 ⇓ 1.08% | 193.39 | 198.0 / 185.0 C: 193.1 ⇓ 0.31% | 192.91 | 195.0 / 190.0 ATLASBANG | 11.98 | 207.70 | Vol. 9112 D: 176.2 ⇑ 0.28% | 175.70 | 180.0 / 174.3 BDAUTOCA | 0.25 | 6.23 | Vol. 13200 D: 20.90 ⇓ 3.24% | 20.98 | 21.90 / 20.80 QSMDRYCELL | 1.65 | 58.49 | Vol. 43000 D: 33.90 ⇑ 0.89% | 33.80 | 34.30 / 33.00 C: 33.50 ⇓ 0.59% | 33.30 | 33.90 / 33.10 RENWICKJA | 5.62 | -90.00 | Vol. 10800 D: 135.5 ⇓ 7.89% | 138.33 | 145.0 / 132.5 NTLTUBES | -2.52 | 312.10 | Vol. 25900 D: 59.50 ⇓ 5.41% | 59.73 | 62.40 / 58.50 BDTHAI | 0.43 | 39.35 | Vol. 75118 D: 19.70 ⇓ 1.50% | 19.74 | 22.00 / 18.00 C: 20.00 ⇓ 1.48% | 19.94 | 20.00 / 19.00 ANWARGALV | 0.51 | 8.08 | Vol. 42500 D: 14.50 ⇑ 0.00% | 14.50 | 14.50 / 14.50 KAY&QUE | -3.89 | 6.03 | Vol. 7500 D: 13.00 ⇑ 0.00% | 13.08 | 13.50 / 13.00 C: 14.50 ⇓ 2.68% | 14.50 | 14.50 / 14.50 RANFOUNDRY | 2.84 | 18.62 | Vol. 20000 D: 62.00 ⇓ 1.43% | 62.05 | 62.50 / 61.00 SALAMCRST | 3.31 | 20.00 | Vol. 152210 D: 37.30 ⇑ 1.08% | 36.97 | 37.70 / 33.50 C: 37.70 ⇑ 1.89% | 37.25 | 38.00 / 36.80 GOLDENSON | 3.70 | 28.70 | Vol. 111439 D: 38.50 ⇑ 0.26% | 38.19 | 39.00 / 35.00 C: 39.40 ⇑ 1.29% | 39.30 | 39.90 / 38.00 BSRMSTEEL | 3.06 | 19.53 | Vol. 299471 D: 69.50 ⇓ 2.25% | 70.01 | 71.40 / 64.00 C: 69.80 ⇓ 2.65% | 69.87 | 70.70 / 69.10 NAVANACNG | 4.09 | 27.04 | Vol. 159086 D: 68.30 ⇓ 1.30% | 68.34 | 70.60 / 64.00 C: 68.80 ⇓ 1.99% | 68.70 | 70.00 / 68.00 DESHBANDHU | 1.16 | 12.02 | Vol. 166245 D: 19.80 ⇑ 0.51% | 19.68 | 20.00 / 19.00 C: 19.90 ⇑ 1.53% | 19.69 | 20.50 / 19.20 GPHISPAT | 2.94 | 14.51 | Vol. 71400 D: 48.10 ⇑ 2.34% | 47.98 | 48.50 / 44.00 C: 47.30 ⇑ 0.64% | 47.12 | 47.90 / 46.70 BENGALWTL | 2.42 | 20.72 | Vol. 39400 D: 41.60 ⇑ 0.48% | 41.52 | 42.10 / 41.30 C: 41.40 ⇓ 0.24% | 41.51 | 42.00 / 41.20 NPOLYMAR | 2.01 | 324.37 | Vol. 26300 D: 40.60 ⇓ 1.22% | 40.65 | 40.80 / 40.40 FOOD & ALLIED APEXFOODS | 2.71 | 96.70 | Vol. 27650 D: 70.30 ⇓ 1.54% | 70.02 | 72.00 / 69.00 BANGAS | 7.20 | 50.27 | Vol. 35200 D: 543.4 ⇑ 4.50% | 537.68 | 554.0 / 520.0 C: 554.9 ⇑ 3.76% | 548.45 | 558.0 / 524.0

BATBC | 65.69 | 117.22 | Vol. 7800 D: 1434 ⇓ 0.87% | 1435 | 1454 / 1382 GEMINISEA | 10.88 | 9.69 | Vol. 100 D: 140.0 ⇓ 0.14% | 140.00 | 140.0 / 140.0 NTC | 29.88 | 110.05 | Vol. 900 D: 869.8 ⇓ 0.98% | 870.00 | 900.0 / 855.0 C: 888.8 ⇑ 4.56% | 888.75 | 910.0 / 835.0 ZEALBANGLA | -23.01 | -193.09 | Vol. 900 D: 7.70 ⇓ 2.53% | 7.78 | 7.80 / 7.50 CVOPRL | 2.66 | 13.28 | Vol. 23920 D: 427.1 ⇓ 0.35% | 424.30 | 434.9 / 410.0 C: 436.0 ⇓ 0.48% | 433.40 | 439.0 / 420.0 AMCL(PRAN) | 6.53 | 53.37 | Vol. 48500 D: 170.5 ⇓ 1.33% | 169.96 | 176.5 / 166.1 C: 176.0 ⇑ 3.23% | 173.33 | 178.0 / 172.0 RAHIMAFOOD | 0.62 | 4.46 | Vol. 2500 D: 14.40 ⇓ 2.04% | 14.40 | 14.50 / 14.40 FUWANGFOOD | 1.26 | 12.37 | Vol. 244815 D: 23.50 ⇓ 0.84% | 23.68 | 24.40 / 22.00 C: 23.60 ⇓ 0.84% | 23.81 | 24.10 / 23.30 MEGHNAPET | -0.58 | -1.02 | Vol. 1000 D: 5.60 ⇑ 3.70% | 5.60 | 5.60 / 5.60 MEGCONMILK | -6.68 | -16.22 | Vol. 4000 D: 6.90 ⇓ 2.82% | 7.00 | 7.20 / 6.50 BEACHHATCH | 1.01 | 12.48 | Vol. 122090 D: 16.00 ⇓ 0.62% | 16.06 | 16.50 / 14.50 C: 16.30 ⇑ 0.62% | 16.26 | 16.40 / 16.20 FINEFOODS | -0.11 | 10.58 | Vol. 58300 D: 15.80 ⇓ 2.47% | 15.81 | 16.50 / 15.50 RDFOOD | 0.91 | 16.84 | Vol. 145944 D: 19.90 ⇑ 0.00% | 19.99 | 20.20 / 18.00 C: 19.90 ⇓ 1.97% | 19.90 | 20.10 / 19.70 GHAIL | 1.01 | 22.08 | Vol. 359220 D: 42.70 ⇑ 1.67% | 42.69 | 43.00 / 38.00 C: 42.10 ⇑ 0.24% | 42.04 | 42.80 / 40.00 FUEL & POWER LINDEBD | 31.71 | 144.00 | Vol. 16850 D: 610.2 ⇓ 1.83% | 623.09 | 637.0 / 604.0 PADMAOIL | 16.38 | 43.67 | Vol. 437325 D: 350.1 ⇓ 3.66% | 353.56 | 365.0 / 340.0 C: 349.4 ⇓ 3.45% | 352.42 | 362.0 / 341.0 EASTRNLUB | 6.32 | 68.68 | Vol. 150 D: 291.6 ⇑ 0.55% | 293.33 | 295.0 / 290.0 BDWELDING | 0.33 | 16.82 | Vol. 78895 D: 17.30 ⇑ 0.00% | 17.44 | 18.00 / 16.00 C: 17.30 ⇓ 2.26% | 17.33 | 17.50 / 17.30 SUMITPOWER | 3.17 | 19.26 | Vol. 257618 D: 35.20 ⇑ 1.44% | 35.29 | 36.00 / 31.30 C: 35.50 ⇑ 1.43% | 35.27 | 36.00 / 34.70 DESCO | 2.80 | 35.25 | Vol. 122556 D: 79.00 ⇓ 0.50% | 78.92 | 81.00 / 74.00 C: 79.90 ⇑ 1.65% | 79.80 | 80.00 / 79.60 POWERGRID | 2.56 | 48.08 | Vol. 9481 D: 54.70 ⇓ 1.08% | 54.67 | 55.30 / 53.00 C: 54.00 ⇓ 0.18% | 54.00 | 54.00 / 54.00 JAMUNAOIL | 22.78 | 50.24 | Vol. 387985 D: 235.1 ⇓ 2.45% | 235.60 | 243.0 / 225.0 C: 234.8 ⇓ 2.25% | 235.95 | 241.4 / 233.2 MPETROLEUM | 16.98 | 40.41 | Vol. 724940 D: 277.0 ⇓ 1.18% | 275.79 | 285.0 / 258.0 C: 276.5 ⇓ 1.11% | 274.64 | 284.5 / 270.7 TITASGAS | 9.01 | 36.56 | Vol. 692455 D: 83.90 ⇓ 0.71% | 83.85 | 84.50 / 76.10 C: 83.50 ⇓ 0.83% | 83.36 | 84.90 / 83.00 KPCL | 4.73 | 15.86 | Vol. 270875 D: 52.00 ⇓ 0.57% | 51.92 | 53.00 / 47.10 C: 52.20 ⇓ 0.57% | 52.06 | 53.30 / 51.70 BEDL | 1.57 | 17.89 | Vol. 390570 D: 33.50 ⇓ 0.89% | 33.39 | 35.00 / 30.50 C: 33.80 ⇑ 0.00% | 33.31 | 34.00 / 33.00 MJLBD | 2.73 | 30.24 | Vol. 52395 D: 70.90 ⇓ 0.42% | 70.84 | 71.50 / 64.50 C: 70.60 ⇓ 0.42% | 69.76 | 71.80 / 70.00 GBBPOWER | 1.86 | 22.63 | Vol. 309230 D: 25.20 ⇑ 1.61% | 25.06 | 25.50 / 22.40 C: 25.40 ⇑ 2.01% | 25.36 | 25.90 / 24.50 SPPCL | 3.81 | 23.34 | Vol. 828530 D: 58.40 ⇑ 3.00% | 58.45 | 60.00 / 51.10 C: 58.60 ⇑ 2.99% | 58.48 | 59.50 / 57.90 JUTE JUTESPINN | 2.06 | 17.42 | Vol. 50 D: 74.80 ⇑ 2.89% | 74.80 | 74.80 / 74.80


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Friday, August 2, 2013

7

August 01, 2013 Sectotal Index: BANK: 33,500.19 ⇓ 1.86% NBFI: 19,534.95 ⇓ 0.84% INVS: 5,234.32 ⇓ 2.41% ENGG: 5,845.89 ⇑ 0.67% FOOD: 7,227.57 ⇑ 1.13% F&P: 10,738.72 ⇓ 0.71% TEXT: 2,833.31 ⇓ 0.00% PHAR: 16,417.35 ⇑ 1.72% PAPR: 783.39 ⇑ 0.45% SERV: 3,009.35 ⇑ 0.23% LEAT: 4,455.03 ⇓ 0.53% CERA: 472.88 ⇓ 1.05% CMNT: 4,030.52 ⇓ 0.09% INFO: 6,711.06 ⇑ 0.04% GINS: 9,134.08 ⇓ 1.89% LINS: 96,932.76 ⇓ 0.87% TELC: 1,393.25 ⇓ 0.66% MISC: 6,013.31 ⇓ 2.43% SONALIANSH | 5.54 | 218.80 | Vol. 5050 D: 121.9 ⇓ 1.22% | 121.98 | 124.0 / 120.5 TEXTILE AL-HAJTEX | 1.35 | 15.64 | Vol. 7850 D: 55.10 ⇓ 0.72% | 55.67 | 56.80 / 55.00 RAHIMTEXT | 0.51 | 73.88 | Vol. 50 D: 185.2 ⇓ 3.59% | 185.20 | 185.2 / 185.2 SAIHAMTEX | 2.75 | 29.50 | Vol. 158300 D: 29.30 ⇑ 0.34% | 29.31 | 30.10 / 29.00 C: 29.50 ⇑ 0.68% | 29.22 | 29.50 / 28.70 MODERNDYE | 1.09 | 12.93 | Vol. 50 D: 62.00 ⇑ 3.33% | 62.00 | 62.00 / 62.00 DULAMIACOT | -8.46 | -27.78 | Vol. 3200 D: 7.90 ⇓ 1.25% | 8.13 | 8.00 / 7.90 TALLUSPIN | 2.56 | 12.06 | Vol. 755230 D: 33.90 ⇓ 0.88% | 33.88 | 34.50 / 33.40 C: 33.90 ⇓ 0.59% | 33.97 | 34.50 / 33.30 APEXSPINN | 2.01 | 49.32 | Vol. 1800 D: 59.40 ⇓ 6.31% | 59.44 | 60.90 / 58.00 MITHUNKNIT | 4.54 | 30.39 | Vol. 83020 D: 82.90 ⇑ 0.12% | 83.12 | 84.00 / 82.40 C: 82.80 ⇑ 0.36% | 82.05 | 82.80 / 81.30 DELTASPINN | 3.06 | 18.12 | Vol. 187400 D: 31.10 ⇓ 0.64% | 31.10 | 31.60 / 30.80 C: 31.10 ⇓ 0.64% | 31.03 | 32.00 / 30.50 SONARGAON | 0.27 | 34.50 | Vol. 14613 D: 13.10 ⇑ 0.77% | 13.25 | 14.30 / 13.00 PRIMETEX | 1.01 | 63.54 | Vol. 113000 D: 21.90 ⇑ 0.46% | 21.85 | 22.00 / 21.60 ALLTEX | -0.11 | 23.81 | Vol. 52500 D: 7.40 ⇑ 0.00% | 7.38 | 7.50 / 7.30 C: 7.40 ⇑ 1.37% | 7.38 | 7.40 / 7.30 ANLIMAYARN | 1.19 | 11.01 | Vol. 272500 D: 28.10 ⇓ 1.40% | 28.22 | 28.70 / 27.10 C: 27.90 ⇓ 1.76% | 27.64 | 27.90 / 27.60 HRTEX | 2.08 | 14.92 | Vol. 27000 D: 25.10 ⇓ 1.18% | 25.19 | 25.50 / 25.00 C: 24.50 ⇓ 0.41% | 24.50 | 24.50 / 24.50 CMCKAMAL | 1.37 | 19.31 | Vol. 754531 D: 24.80 ⇑ 3.77% | 24.61 | 26.20 / 22.50 SAFKOSPINN | 0.95 | 21.78 | Vol. 66730 D: 17.00 ⇑ 0.00% | 17.09 | 17.20 / 16.00 C: 17.10 ⇓ 1.16% | 17.17 | 17.90 / 17.00 SQUARETEXT | 4.32 | 31.82 | Vol. 51545 D: 86.90 ⇑ 0.23% | 86.65 | 87.40 / 84.00 C: 86.80 ⇑ 0.00% | 84.00 | 86.80 / 86.80 METROSPIN | -1.00 | 19.59 | Vol. 213100 D: 14.00 ⇓ 3.45% | 14.02 | 15.00 / 13.80 C: 14.00 ⇓ 2.78% | 14.08 | 14.50 / 13.90 MAKSONSPIN | 0.16 | 20.55 | Vol. 971183 D: 13.50 ⇓ 1.46% | 13.52 | 14.10 / 12.50 C: 13.50 ⇓ 1.46% | 13.55 | 13.70 / 13.40 DACCADYE | 1.21 | 31.13 | Vol. 140906 D: 26.10 ⇓ 1.51% | 26.15 | 26.50 / 24.00 C: 26.60 ⇑ 0.38% | 26.45 | 26.80 / 26.20 RNSPIN | 2.80 | 16.58 | Vol. 3068137 D: 26.80 ⇑ 0.00% | 27.01 | 27.70 / 24.30 C: 26.80 ⇓ 0.37% | 26.90 | 27.50 / 26.50 BXSYNTH | 0.93 | 25.42 | Vol. 327085 D: 14.10 ⇓ 4.08% | 14.17 | 14.50 / 13.50 C: 14.50 ⇓ 1.36% | 14.35 | 14.80 / 14.10 MALEKSPIN | -1.44 | 46.87 | Vol. 652865 D: 26.90 ⇓ 0.37% | 26.98 | 27.60 / 25.00 C: 26.50 ⇓ 1.85% | 26.63 | 27.80 / 26.30 ZAHINTEX | 1.91 | 35.25 | Vol. 115300 D: 30.90 ⇓ 0.96% | 30.93 | 31.90 / 30.30 C: 32.00 ⇑ 2.89% | 32.00 | 32.00 / 32.00 SAIHAMCOT | 2.48 | 22.87 | Vol. 362000 D: 26.90 ⇑ 0.75% | 26.90 | 27.40 / 26.60 C: 26.90 ⇑ 0.37% | 26.89 | 27.20 / 26.70 GENNEXT | 1.68 | 15.15 | Vol. 609920 D: 20.90 ⇑ 0.48% | 20.88 | 22.00 / 18.80 C: 20.90 ⇑ 0.00% | 20.90 | 21.10 / 20.70 ENVOYTEX | 3.26 | 39.26 | Vol. 448780 D: 47.30 ⇓ 2.67% | 47.35 | 48.80 / 46.80 C: 46.80 ⇓ 3.31% | 47.35 | 47.70 / 46.10 ARGONDENIM | 1.89 | 38.86 | Vol. 1520640 D: 35.80 ⇑ 5.29% | 35.36 | 36.50 / 30.90 C: 35.30 ⇑ 4.13% | 34.62 | 36.20 / 33.80 FAMILYTEX | 3.72 | 14.68 | Vol. 5110000 D: 35.30 ⇑ 9.63% | 35.20 | 35.40 / 34.00 C: 35.30 ⇑ 9.97% | 35.19 | 35.30 / 34.10

Pharmaceutical & Chemical AMBEEPHA | 3.94 | 26.15 | Vol. 17428 D: 261.8 ⇑ 6.99% | 261.76 | 266.0 / 245.0 C: 260.4 ⇑ 7.25% | 259.62 | 263.8 / 250.0 BXPHARMA | 3.77 | 52.55 | Vol. 284679 D: 45.10 ⇓ 2.17% | 45.33 | 46.30 / 41.50 C: 45.30 ⇓ 1.95% | 45.83 | 47.00 / 45.10 GLAXOSMITH | 20.25 | 123.32 | Vol. 20700 D: 881.5 ⇑ 5.44% | 883.48 | 898.0 / 856.0 ACI | -5.82 | 126.42 | Vol. 4118 D: 142.3 ⇓ 2.80% | 142.30 | 150.0 / 132.0 RENATA | 33.57 | 138.83 | Vol. 12779 D: 678.8 ⇑ 1.07% | 679.55 | 690.0 / 630.0 RECKITTBEN | 27.16 | 78.89 | Vol. 400 D: 690.2 ⇓ 0.23% | 692.00 | 701.1 / 671.0 C: 660.0 ⇑ 0.00% | 660.00 | 660.0 / 660.0 PHARMAID | 5.06 | 26.30 | Vol. 26350 D: 170.6 ⇓ 0.12% | 170.32 | 175.0 / 168.1 IBNSINA | 3.44 | 34.02 | Vol. 2800 D: 81.20 ⇓ 0.12% | 81.43 | 82.00 / 81.00 LIBRAINFU | 4.64 | 1565.37 | Vol. 600 D: 227.0 ⇓ 1.30% | 226.67 | 231.0 / 220.1 ORIONINFU | 8.72 | 1.73 | Vol. 53000 D: 39.50 ⇓ 1.00% | 39.62 | 40.30 / 39.40 SQURPHARMA | 9.01 | 50.83 | Vol. 807430 D: 219.2 ⇑ 3.69% | 216.74 | 220.0 / 194.0 C: 219.3 ⇑ 4.28% | 216.86 | 219.9 / 209.5 IMAMBUTTON | -1.68 | 5.67 | Vol. 11000 D: 7.10 ⇓ 8.97% | 7.10 | 7.10 / 7.10 KEYACOSMET | 3.19 | 19.99 | Vol. 431398 D: 27.90 ⇑ 0.36% | 27.88 | 28.30 / 25.10 C: 27.90 ⇑ 0.00% | 27.82 | 28.10 / 27.50 BERGERPBL | 32.46 | 100.20 | Vol. 36350 D: 826.0 ⇑ 7.50% | 825.53 | 826.0 / 800.0 ACIFORMULA | 3.33 | 38.08 | Vol. 23200 D: 69.90 ⇓ 0.71% | 70.00 | 71.20 / 69.00 C: 72.90 ⇑ 3.40% | 70.95 | 72.90 / 69.00 MARICO | 27.53 | 62.47 | Vol. 35200 D: 653.6 ⇓ 0.23% | 655.03 | 666.5 / 644.0 C: 647.5 ⇓ 1.30% | 643.75 | 650.0 / 640.0 BEACONPHAR | 0.33 | 11.97 | Vol. 154100 D: 14.30 ⇓ 0.69% | 14.33 | 14.50 / 14.20 C: 14.40 ⇓ 2.04% | 14.37 | 14.60 / 14.30 ACTIVEFINE | 3.23 | 13.89 | Vol. 365359 D: 83.50 ⇓ 1.53% | 83.80 | 84.80 / 76.40 C: 84.00 ⇓ 1.41% | 83.72 | 85.30 / 83.00 SALVOCHEM | 0.68 | 10.57 | Vol. 126748 D: 17.70 ⇑ 0.00% | 17.78 | 18.40 / 16.00 C: 18.00 ⇑ 1.12% | 17.93 | 18.20 / 17.80 GHCL | 2.14 | 57.31 | Vol. 48250 D: 42.40 ⇓ 0.24% | 42.43 | 43.30 / 42.10 C: 42.20 ⇓ 0.24% | 41.92 | 42.70 / 41.80 ORIONPHARM | 5.02 | 68.68 | Vol. 687180 D: 63.80 ⇑ 1.59% | 63.49 | 65.00 / 56.60 C: 63.80 ⇑ 1.75% | 63.28 | 64.20 / 62.30 JMISMDL | 1.12 | 12.83 | Vol. 100500 D: 85.60 ⇓ 3.60% | 86.18 | 88.20 / 85.00 C: 85.90 ⇓ 3.70% | 85.40 | 86.40 / 84.50 SERVICE SAPORTL | 1.23 | 38.39 | Vol. 144250 D: 24.70 ⇑ 0.00% | 24.73 | 25.20 / 22.50 C: 24.90 ⇑ 0.40% | 24.91 | 25.10 / 24.50 EHL | 2.87 | 18.48 | Vol. 119807 D: 45.30 ⇑ 3.19% | 44.82 | 45.90 / 39.60 C: 45.40 ⇑ 3.42% | 45.04 | 45.80 / 44.40

LEATHER APEXTANRY | 7.07 | 66.44 | Vol. 75600 D: 92.50 ⇓ 1.18% | 93.12 | 99.00 / 91.30 C: 91.00 ⇓ 3.70% | 93.32 | 99.30 / 90.00 BATASHOE | 49.12 | 135.53 | Vol. 9800 D: 646.8 ⇓ 0.84% | 648.16 | 658.7 / 635.6 APEXADELFT | 23.01 | 203.26 | Vol. 37200 D: 288.9 ⇓ 0.93% | 285.13 | 297.0 / 282.0 SAMATALETH | -0.07 | 12.08 | Vol. 3000 D: 11.30 ⇓ 4.24% | 11.33 | 11.50 / 11.00 LEGACYFOOT | 0.63 | 17.19 | Vol. 10116 D: 13.20 ⇓ 2.22% | 13.33 | 13.70 / 13.00 C: 12.90 ⇓ 5.15% | 12.90 | 13.20 / 12.70 CERAMIC MONNOCERA | 0.71 | 96.33 | Vol. 4050 D: 25.90 ⇑ 1.57% | 25.93 | 26.10 / 25.70 FUWANGCER | 1.43 | 13.25 | Vol. 337195 D: 17.30 ⇓ 0.57% | 17.20 | 17.70 / 16.00 C: 17.50 ⇓ 0.57% | 17.75 | 18.00 / 17.10 SPCERAMICS | 0.62 | 30.92 | Vol. 162491 D: 15.10 ⇓ 1.95% | 15.15 | 15.60 / 14.50 C: 15.20 ⇓ 1.94% | 15.23 | 15.50 / 14.00 RAKCERAMIC | 1.98 | 16.76 | Vol. 68745 D: 50.90 ⇓ 0.39% | 51.02 | 52.00 / 46.10 C: 50.40 ⇓ 0.98% | 50.45 | 50.80 / 50.00 CEMENT HEIDELBCEM | 22.85 | 111.50 | Vol. 22450 D: 307.7 ⇑ 0.03% | 308.31 | 312.9 / 306.5 C: 300.1 ⇓ 0.63% | 303.37 | 310.0 / 300.0 CONFIDCEM | 6.23 | 90.76 | Vol. 188893 D: 125.4 ⇓ 1.95% | 125.82 | 129.5 / 120.0 C: 125.8 ⇓ 1.80% | 126.04 | 127.2 / 125.0 MEGHNACEM | 6.28 | 33.81 | Vol. 45400 D: 110.6 ⇑ 9.94% | 110.60 | 110.6 / 110.6 C: 107.9 ⇑ 9.99% | 107.90 | 107.9 / 107.9 ARAMITCEM | 3.03 | 14.65 | Vol. 36000 D: 68.00 ⇑ 1.95% | 67.80 | 68.80 / 66.30 C: 66.40 ⇑ 2.00% | 66.40 | 67.00 / 66.10 LAFSURCEML | 1.60 | 7.22 | Vol. 423500 D: 31.10 ⇑ 0.00% | 31.11 | 31.30 / 30.90 C: 31.10 ⇓ 0.32% | 31.13 | 31.30 / 31.00 MICEMENT | 4.14 | 40.00 | Vol. 99379 D: 88.30 ⇓ 0.79% | 88.73 | 95.00 / 81.00 C: 88.30 ⇓ 0.56% | 88.61 | 90.00 / 87.60 PREMIERCEM | 3.59 | 22.92 | Vol. 106400 D: 117.0 ⇑ 0.60% | 116.83 | 119.0 / 115.0 C: 120.0 ⇑ 2.13% | 117.82 | 120.0 / 117.0 IT IINDUSTRIES ISNLTD | 0.28 | 17.31 | Vol. 9961 D: 13.10 ⇓ 1.50% | 13.15 | 13.30 / 12.00 BDCOM | 1.00 | 14.91 | Vol. 49573 D: 19.90 ⇓ 1.00% | 20.01 | 20.30 / 18.10 C: 20.20 ⇑ 2.02% | 20.08 | 20.30 / 20.00 INTECH | 0.94 | 10.08 | Vol. 112550 D: 12.30 ⇓ 3.15% | 12.33 | 12.80 / 12.00 C: 12.80 ⇑ 0.00% | 12.50 | 12.80 / 12.80 AGNISYSL | 1.07 | 25.52 | Vol. 38809 D: 21.50 ⇑ 0.00% | 21.42 | 21.80 / 19.70 C: 21.40 ⇑ 0.00% | 21.40 | 21.40 / 21.40 DAFODILCOM | 1.12 | 11.14 | Vol. 92000 D: 16.20 ⇑ 0.00% | 16.26 | 16.40 / 16.20 C: 16.40 ⇓ 0.61% | 16.41 | 16.50 / 16.30 AAMRATECH | 1.17 | 20.44 | Vol. 421550 D: 36.60 ⇓ 0.54% | 36.79 | 37.40 / 34.00 C: 36.60 ⇓ 0.54% | 36.66 | 37.20 / 36.00

GENERAL INSURANCE BGIC | 1.65 | 20.33 | Vol. 112941 D: 29.00 ⇓ 3.33% | 29.17 | 31.00 / 28.50 C: 29.40 ⇓ 3.92% | 29.49 | 29.60 / 29.20 GREENDELT | 4.05 | 64.44 | Vol. 59218 D: 104.3 ⇓ 3.96% | 105.96 | 110.0 / 102.0 C: 101.6 ⇓ 4.15% | 101.59 | 106.0 / 100.5 UNITEDINS | 2.47 | 21.04 | Vol. 16733 D: 51.30 ⇑ 0.39% | 50.96 | 52.40 / 47.20 PEOPLESINS | 2.05 | 20.72 | Vol. 23541 D: 26.90 ⇓ 2.54% | 26.75 | 27.70 / 25.00 C: 26.40 ⇓ 5.38% | 27.28 | 27.40 / 26.40 EASTERNINS | 2.22 | 35.88 | Vol. 11080 D: 36.30 ⇑ 0.00% | 36.36 | 37.30 / 36.20 C: 38.00 ⇑ 0.00% | 34.20 | 38.00 / 38.00 JANATAINS | 7.84 | 170.69 | Vol. 5200 D: 221.0 ⇓ 2.21% | 221.15 | 225.8 / 220.0 PHENIXINS | 2.70 | 20.96 | Vol. 27454 D: 38.40 ⇓ 4.24% | 38.61 | 42.00 / 37.90 EASTLAND | 4.06 | 23.29 | Vol. 55120 D: 44.90 ⇓ 1.32% | 45.05 | 46.30 / 41.00 C: 44.00 ⇓ 7.37% | 44.00 | 44.00 / 44.00 CENTRALINS | 1.54 | 19.04 | Vol. 17630 D: 28.20 ⇓ 3.09% | 28.57 | 29.10 / 27.50 C: 30.40 ⇑ 6.67% | 30.40 | 30.40 / 30.40 KARNAPHULI | 1.56 | 19.42 | Vol. 14300 D: 22.20 ⇓ 0.45% | 22.45 | 22.80 / 22.20 RUPALIINS | 2.76 | 23.38 | Vol. 24498 D: 32.20 ⇑ 0.31% | 31.88 | 32.30 / 30.00 FEDERALINS | 1.10 | 10.98 | Vol. 46680 D: 22.40 ⇑ 0.00% | 22.42 | 22.80 / 21.50 C: 22.70 ⇑ 1.34% | 22.54 | 23.00 / 22.40 RELIANCINS | 3.93 | 61.52 | Vol. 6100 D: 72.30 ⇑ 0.42% | 72.33 | 73.00 / 72.00 PURABIGEN | 1.05 | 18.71 | Vol. 54100 D: 21.00 ⇓ 0.94% | 21.05 | 22.00 / 20.00 PRAGATIINS | 2.01 | 50.30 | Vol. 3860 D: 55.70 ⇓ 0.89% | 55.96 | 57.00 / 52.00 PRIMEINSUR | 2.14 | 14.14 | Vol. 77078 D: 25.90 ⇓ 1.15% | 25.62 | 27.90 / 25.00 PIONEERINS | 3.11 | 23.84 | Vol. 37035 D: 73.70 ⇓ 3.41% | 73.96 | 78.00 / 73.00 MERCINS | 1.53 | 14.50 | Vol. 64508 D: 25.40 ⇓ 0.39% | 25.25 | 26.40 / 24.00 AGRANINS | 1.73 | 14.39 | Vol. 25945 D: 23.50 ⇓ 2.49% | 23.55 | 25.00 / 22.00 GLOBALINS | 1.09 | 11.78 | Vol. 62740 D: 29.00 ⇓ 4.29% | 28.83 | 30.00 / 28.00 NITOLINS | 2.59 | 15.41 | Vol. 2000 D: 32.20 ⇓ 2.72% | 32.00 | 32.30 / 32.20 ASIAPACINS | 1.84 | 13.76 | Vol. 106500 D: 26.40 ⇓ 2.58% | 25.89 | 27.50 / 25.50 SONARBAINS | 1.68 | 13.38 | Vol. 55676 D: 21.80 ⇓ 0.91% | 21.93 | 23.00 / 21.00 PARAMOUNT | 1.26 | 13.19 | Vol. 23605 D: 20.90 ⇓ 2.79% | 20.89 | 21.40 / 20.00 CITYGENINS | 1.65 | 14.26 | Vol. 76920 D: 24.20 ⇓ 3.97% | 24.23 | 25.50 / 23.80 C: 24.00 ⇓ 4.38% | 24.02 | 24.10 / 24.00 CONTININS | 1.41 | 15.68 | Vol. 31000 D: 28.30 ⇓ 3.41% | 28.29 | 28.40 / 28.00 TAKAFULINS | 2.19 | 15.17 | Vol. 38314 D: 29.90 ⇓ 3.55% | 30.02 | 31.00 / 29.00 C: 31.00 ⇓ 3.13% | 31.00 | 31.00 / 31.00 STANDARINS | 2.58 | 13.99 | Vol. 42522 D: 37.60 ⇑ 0.53% | 37.53 | 38.80 / 36.80 C: 36.30 ⇑ 0.00% | 37.00 | 36.30 / 36.30 NORTHRNINS | 1.77 | 11.15 | Vol. 167128 D: 46.30 ⇓ 1.91% | 46.48 | 49.80 / 42.50 C: 46.10 ⇓ 7.43% | 46.12 | 49.00 / 45.40 REPUBLIC | 2.14 | 12.42 | Vol. 45144 D: 53.60 ⇓ 2.01% | 53.84 | 55.00 / 52.00 ASIAINS | 1.56 | 17.34 | Vol. 18381 D: 26.50 ⇓ 0.75% | 26.53 | 26.70 / 24.10 C: 26.50 ⇓ 2.21% | 26.32 | 26.50 / 26.00 ISLAMIINS | 1.29 | 11.96 | Vol. 6739 D: 26.20 ⇑ 0.77% | 26.11 | 28.00 / 25.00 PROVATIINS | 1.90 | 14.30 | Vol. 19254 D: 25.20 ⇓ 1.95% | 25.25 | 25.40 / 23.20 C: 24.40 ⇓ 2.79% | 24.44 | 24.80 / 24.00 DHAKAINS | 2.84 | 18.02 | Vol. 64000 D: 38.90 ⇓ 2.02% | 39.07 | 40.00 / 38.60 C: 37.50 ⇓ 1.06% | 37.53 | 37.60 / 37.50

LIFE INSURANCE NATLIFEINS | 12.34 | 80.99 | Vol. 3400 D: 241.8 ⇓ 1.06% | 242.06 | 244.9 / 240.3 DELTALIFE | 38.53 | 189.40 | Vol. 2750 D: 4733 ⇓ 0.02% | 4776 | 4857 / 4680 C: 5117 ⇓ 2.16% | 5117 | 5159 / 5034 SANDHANINS | 2.39 | 28.22 | Vol. 52727 D: 67.80 ⇓ 1.60% | 68.33 | 69.50 / 65.00 C: 68.70 ⇓ 0.43% | 68.73 | 71.00 / 66.10 POPULARLIF | 3.70 | 715.41 | Vol. 31500 D: 146.4 ⇑ 1.74% | 145.75 | 146.9 / 141.0 FAREASTLIF | 9.21 | 60.79 | Vol. 45198 D: 107.8 ⇑ 2.08% | 104.49 | 112.8 / 100.0 C: 102.4 ⇓ 2.01% | 101.65 | 103.0 / 96.10 MEGHNALIFE | 10.82 | 48.87 | Vol. 42680 D: 89.60 ⇑ 1.59% | 89.12 | 91.40 / 87.00 C: 90.00 ⇑ 2.27% | 89.21 | 90.00 / 87.20 PROGRESLIF | 2.30 | 31.45 | Vol. 7719 D: 98.00 ⇑ 8.89% | 97.63 | 99.00 / 85.00 PRAGATILIF | 0.60 | 30.15 | Vol. 61000 D: 95.70 ⇑ 0.84% | 96.20 | 99.00 / 95.00 PRIMELIFE | 5.51 | 27.10 | Vol. 1800 D: 90.50 ⇓ 2.58% | 90.56 | 90.70 / 90.40 RUPALILIFE | 3.75 | 31.25 | Vol. 27500 D: 90.50 ⇑ 4.02% | 89.44 | 92.30 / 85.10 C: 85.00 ⇓ 5.56% | 85.00 | 85.00 / 85.00 PADMALIFE | 1.63 | 25.76 | Vol. 28500 D: 54.00 ⇓ 3.57% | 54.57 | 56.00 / 53.10 C: 54.10 ⇓ 1.99% | 54.10 | 54.10 / 54.10 SUNLIFEINS | 0.00 | 0.00 | Vol. 49500 D: 47.10 ⇑ 0.21% | 46.92 | 47.50 / 46.40 C: 47.70 ⇑ 3.25% | 47.40 | 48.50 / 46.00 TELECOM GP | 12.96 | 26.26 | Vol. 605811 D: 183.8 ⇓ 0.22% | 184.68 | 187.5 / 170.0 C: 184.1 ⇓ 0.22% | 184.29 | 187.0 / 182.0 BSCCL | 7.14 | 23.70 | Vol. 685310 D: 295.7 ⇓ 1.37% | 295.37 | 302.0 / 280.0 C: 294.5 ⇓ 1.60% | 294.97 | 300.0 / 292.0 Travel & Leisure UNITEDAIR | 1.60 | 15.12 | Vol. 2767849 D: 19.80 ⇑ 0.51% | 19.75 | 20.00 / 17.80 C: 19.80 ⇑ 0.00% | 19.76 | 20.00 / 18.00 UNIQUEHRL | 4.02 | 86.29 | Vol. 436740 D: 87.20 ⇑ 0.93% | 86.45 | 88.50 / 77.80 C: 86.80 ⇓ 0.34% | 86.34 | 87.80 / 85.50 MISCELLANEOUS ARAMIT | 16.07 | 99.93 | Vol. 1200 D: 214.6 ⇓ 0.46% | 215.00 | 215.0 / 214.2 BSC | 1.77 | 565.82 | Vol. 107705 D: 521.0 ⇓ 2.11% | 524.72 | 541.8 / 515.0 C: 521.3 ⇓ 1.97% | 524.97 | 537.0 / 517.5 GQBALLPEN | 6.55 | 250.45 | Vol. 53507 D: 144.1 ⇑ 0.42% | 144.21 | 145.6 / 133.0 C: 143.1 ⇑ 0.28% | 143.12 | 144.0 / 141.1 USMANIAGL | 0.50 | 26.03 | Vol. 9050 D: 111.2 ⇓ 0.71% | 110.95 | 112.0 / 109.0 C: 110.0 ⇑ 1.10% | 110.00 | 110.0 / 110.0 SAVAREFR | 0.23 | 12.32 | Vol. 50 D: 68.00 ⇑ 1.64% | 68.00 | 68.00 / 68.00 BEXIMCO | 3.24 | 86.74 | Vol. 2580412 D: 32.30 ⇓ 5.00% | 32.46 | 37.00 / 30.60 C: 32.60 ⇓ 5.23% | 32.81 | 37.80 / 31.00 SINOBANGLA | 1.75 | 21.01 | Vol. 28000 D: 18.40 ⇑ 0.55% | 18.32 | 19.00 / 17.90 MIRACLEIND | 0.14 | 14.90 | Vol. 23000 D: 11.40 ⇓ 1.72% | 11.51 | 11.70 / 11.40 C: 11.70 ⇑ 1.74% | 11.70 | 11.70 / 11.70 BOND IBBLPBOND | 0.00 | 1000.00 | Vol. 300 D: 940.8 ⇑ 0.05% | 940.00 | 945.0 / 940.0 ACIZCBOND | 0.00 | 1000.00 | Vol. 42 D: 839.0 ⇑ 0.42% | 850.00 | 840.0 / 836.0 C: 760.0 ⇓ 7.43% | 760.00 | 760.0 / 760.0 BRACSCBOND | 0.00 | 0.00 | Vol. 20 D: 1087 ⇓ 1.98% | 1100 | 1095 / 1080


8

DHAKA TRIBUNE

Business

Friday, August 2, 2013

Dying out? China’s young shun family firms n Reuters, Hong Kong Dai Yintao, 21, is the only son of the millionaire owner of Chinese real estate, pharmaceutical and mining companies. He has no interest in taking over his father’s business, opting instead to work on a building site in Guiyang in Guizhou province, arriving each day in a Porsche. “I work here because I don’t want to take money from my father,” Dai says. “Freedom means everything.” As China’s first-generation entrepreneurs hit retirement age, more than 3 million private businesses will have to deal with succession issues in the next 3-8 years, according to data from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. This is not unique to China, of course, but it poses particular risks in a country where there are few professional managers, and families are reluctant to hire outsiders anyway for fear they will take control of the business. Domestic acquisitions and private equity involvement are also rare, giving first-generation owners fewer exit options. Wealth research firm Wealth-X estimates the value of China’s first-generation entrepreneurial businesses at $611bn, so any succession crisis could severely dent a key growth engine of the world’s second-biggest economy. “If all companies in a country experience a succession problem in the same time period, that could pose a systemic risk to the country,” said Joseph Fan, finance professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, who has studied the issue. “Succession issues poorly managed could hurt the national economy.”

Better opportunities

Most mainland Chinese couples have only one child, and many of those have been ed-

A boy plays at a brokerage house in Shanghai ucated overseas and now have little interest in taking over the family business, preferring other - potentially more glamorous - career opportunities. “The next generation often sees opportunities that are better than coming back to the family business, so continuity is one of the issues,” said Roger King, director of the Tanoto Center for Asian Family Business and Entrepreneurship Studies at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Han Lulu, 29, who studied fashion in Canada and Italy, wasn’t initially interested in getting involved in her father’s Shanghai restaurant chain, but realized she could put her skills to work in the food business - designing plates.

REUTERS

“Only in the past two years, I began to think that food and fashion are both tied to lifestyle, so I felt less detached from the food business,” said Han, who graduated from the Istituto Marangoni in Milan. However, she said she’s still not ready to take over the family firm, which employs more than 500 people at seven restaurants.

Generational shift

China’s sweeping economic reforms over the past three decades have triggered huge social and economic change, offering today’s generation opportunities that were not open to their parents. “The changes in society...between the first and second generation in terms of values and

US leads government demands for Twitter user data n AFP, San Francisco Twitter revealed on Wednesday that government demands for information about users rose in the first half of this year, with US authorities accounting for more than three-quarters of the requests. Governments submitted a total of 1,157 requests for information about Twitter accounts, with 78% of those queries coming from the United States, according to a transparency report issued by the globally popular one-to-many test messaging service. Twitter reported that it gave US authorities what they sought in 67% of the cases. Japan was second when it came to requesting information from Twitter during the first six months of 2012, accounting for eight percent of the total. The number of requests from governments has risen in each of the three Twitter transparency reports issued since the San Francisco-based firm began

publishing them last year. Twitter said the requests typically were made in connection with criminal investigations and lamented that it was barred by law from revealing anything about information demanded through US national security letters. “An important conversation has begun about the extent to which companies should be allowed to publish information regarding national security requests,” Twitter legal policy manager Jeremy Kessel said in a blog post. “We have joined forces with industry peers and civil liberty groups to insist that the United States government allow for increased transparency into these secret orders.” Apple, Facebook, Microsoft and other top Internet and technology companies have come under heightened scrutiny since word leaked of a vast, covert Internet surveillance program US authorities insist targets only foreign terror suspects and has helped

thwart attacks. US lawmakers last week vowed to step up their campaign against government surveillance programs after narrowly failing in a bid to end spying practices they have decried as unconstitutional. Twitter said that the number of requests by governments to remove user content rose to 60 from 42 in the prior six-month period, and just six in the first transparency report issued in July of last year. “Governments generally make removal requests for content that may be illegal in their respective jurisdictions,” the report explained. “For example, we may receive a court order requiring the removal of defamatory statements, or law enforcement may ask us to remove prohibited content. Meanwhile, notices to take down copyrighted material surged to 5,753 in the first half of this year from 3,268 in the last six months of last year, according to Twitter. l

lifestyles, are very dramatic,” said Jean Lee, director of the Kaifeng Family Heritage Center at the Chinese European International Business School. “In traditional industries, many companies may face the challenge of closing now because no one wants to take over.” Family-run firms are crucial to China’s economy, making up nearly 40% of the 762 listed private firms in the A-share market. In places such as the southeastern manufacturing belt of Zhejiang province, home to the city of Wenzhou, these businesses churn out everything from shoes and t-shirts to spectacles and cigarette lighters. China has more than 10 million private companies that account for about 60% of gross domestic product. At the end of 2011, more than 80% of private firms were classified as family businesses, according to the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce. That importance to China’s economy means the generational handover of family businesses will be closely watched by investors and politicians. A chief concern among academics is that professional management will not be an option for some time. “China’s professional market is also first generation. There’s no mature market for professional managers and no proper incentive system to recruit, retain, promote and compensate provisional managers,” said Fan at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. For now, Liu Fang is among the luckier ones. Her son, Gong Chen, took over the family’s Fangzi Beauty Salon business, which has 56 salons across China, after working there for eight years when he returned from studying in London. “In the beginning, I just wanted to help my parents, but later a sense of responsibility grew inside me,” he said. l

Starbucks turns to Google for free WiFi in US cafes

n AFP, San Francisco

Google on Wednesday said it has been signed on to provide free high-speed wireless Internet service at all Starbucks cafes in the United States. Google will roll out WiFi service to the coffee giant’s 7,000 US cafes during the coming 18 months, replacing telecom titan AT&T as Internet provider. “When your local Starbucks WiFi network goes Google, you’ll be able to surf the web at speeds up to 10x faster than before,” Google Access general manager Kevin Lo said in a blog post. “If you’re in a Google Fiber city, we’re hoping to get you a connection that’s up to 100x faster.” Google in April announced that the Utah city of Provo will be the third US city to get its experimental high-speed Fiber Internet service that promises to move data at a gigabyte-per-second. The Google Internet service is spreading to Austin, the Texas home of a South By Southwest festival beloved by technology trendsetters, after a successful pilot program in Kansas City. l


August 2, 2013