Definitions of the concept of ias examination. The purpose of this unit is to introduce to you the concept of IAS. The unit discusses the meaning of this exam in different contexts, and then traces the etymological meaning of the term IAS. An analytic discussion of the oft-quoted definitions of education has been included in the unit. The unit also makes conceptual distinctions between education on the one hand and schooling, learning, training, teaching and instruction on the other. After discussing the meaning of the term "education", the unit presents a detailed discussion on the aims of the education. In order to understand the meaning of exam for ias clearly, we must bear in mind that the term education has very wide connotations. Though all of us are somewhat familiar with the term education and have some idea regarding its meaning, it is difficult to give a precise answer to the question "What is Education?" question has engaged the minds of thinkers and philosophers through the ages, and yet no precise and clear answer has emerged so far. This is partly due to the fact that the meaning of education gets influenced to an extent, by the philosophies of individuals in different societies. In order to understand the meaning of education we will have to see the role of educational process in different contexts. We will first consider the meaning of education as a necessity of life, as a social function, as direction and as growth. We will also consider the etymological meaning of the term and discuss a few definitions of the concept of ias examination. Throughout the period India had a large export surplus which helps in payment of the sterling home charge and narrow the gap of British trade deficit with the US and Europe. There was a regular import of silver. The rupee which was two shilling (2s) in 1872 was arbitrarily fixed as 1s. 4d (one shilling four pence) in 1893, on which the govt. sold unlimited council bills. Till 1930-31 India was a net importer of gold/ silver but from 1930-31 she was a net importer of gold. The government abandoned the policy of keeping the exchange rate fixed where the Rupee rose to 2s. 4d.in 1919 and in 1921 fell to 1s.3d. The Hilton young commission fixed it at 1s.6d. And was linked to the gold and sterling .After British went out of the gold standard in 1931 the rupee was simply linked to the pound sterling. Indians wanted the rupee to be fixed at 1s.4d. ( so that goods exported abroad would be cheaper in terms of sterling ) while Manchester forced it at 1s.6d ensuring that their manufactured goods would remain competitive rupee payments for home charges , and less pensioner benefits to the office.