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President Bush has worked to broker peace in Sudan, but genocide in the Darfur region continues. With only a year remaining in his presidency, Sudan is a legacy issue for President Bush, as there is much, much more he can do to end the genocide. On September 21st, 2004, President George W. Bush declared that “the world is witnessing terrible suffering and horrible crimes in the Darfur region of Sudan, crimes my government has concluded are genocide.” After his historical remarks to the United Nations General Assembly, the President pledged to do everything in his power to ensure that genocide would not be perpetuated on his watch. Yet, over three years after this declaration, genocide continues in Darfur. The President has not fulfilled this promise. As students, we have taken significant action to end the genocide in Darfur. We have played a significant role in encouraging Congress to make ending the genocide a priority, resulting in numerous robust bills being passed into law. We have divested over 20 states and over 50 universities from foreign companies facilitating the genocide. We have raised hundreds of thousands of dollars for humanitarian aid and civilian protection. We have made ending the genocide in Sudan a priority for our elected officials. And now, we are ready to take the next steps to make this the year to end genocide. The Bush Administration has committed a great deal of time and energy to ending violent conflict in Sudan. The US played a key role in negotiating the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, ending a two decade long civil war between Southern Sudan and the Government of Sudan, and provides hundreds of millions of dollars to humanitarian relief in the Darfur region. Despite these efforts, the situation in Sudan has regressed over the course of the past year. In his last year in office, President Bush can, and must, make ending the atrocities in Sudan a much higher priority. STAND has outlined the four-part policy framework President Bush must follow in order to end the genocide and help bring peace to Sudan: (1) Stick to his promises; (2) Enforce UNAMID (3) All-Sudan Solution, and (4) Lobby China, or S.E.A.L. Students recognize that our efforts, while admirable, are not successful unless change occurs on the ground in Sudan. The same is true of the President’s efforts. If in the next year significant progress is not made to end the genocide and secure peace, all of the President’s strong words and encouraging actions will be forgotten. All that will be remembered is that genocide took place on his watch. This challenge for the President also presents a great opportunity. It is a unique chance to reverse America’s historical pattern of inaction in the face of genocide and carve out a legacy of strong action to end the world’s worst crime and bring peace to Sudan. The anti-genocide generation of students will work over the coming months to make President Bush seize this unique opportunity. We wills settle for nothing less than a legacy of peace in Sudan.


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We are calling on President Bush to do the following:

President Bush’s actions with respect to Darfur have not always matched his words. Although he has signed the Sudan Accountability and Divestment Act into law, the President has yet to implement all of its provisions. The President must enforce the law by prohibiting any and all federal contracts with worst offending companies. In addition, the Administration has called on the United Nations to impose targeted sanctions against individuals obstructing peace in Sudan but has not made good on his promise to pursue them. The President must immediately introduce a resolution to the United Nations Security Council that mandates international sanctions on all agents obstructing the deployment of UNAMID and the Darfur Peace Process. In 2005 the Bush Administration facilitated the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended Africa’s longest civil war, the conflict between the Government of Sudan and Southern rebels. Unfortunately, despite the promises of the Bush administration, US attention has drifted away and in the intervening years the peace has been seriously threatened. It is imperative that President Bush makes good on his promise to facilitate the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). He can do this by reconvening the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in order to reassess the progress of the CPA.

Enforce UNAMID

President Bush acted boldly last summer when he led the United Nations to pass Resolution 1769, authorizing the deployment of a 26,000 member peacekeeping force to Darfur. Regrettably, Sudanese Government obstructionism and a lack of will on the part of international donors have crippled the implementation of Resolution 1769 to the point where few UN troops have been deployed even six months after the resolution was passed. Worse still, Sudanese government attacks on UNAMID peacekeepers have demonstrated the current inability of the force to defend itself, let alone Darfuri civilians.


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En fo rc e UN AM ID finan cially , Presi dent Bush must do every thing in his powe r to nt. He can do this by e m eploy logistically, and diplomatically support UNAMID d licopters, continue to of fer authorizing funds for American allies to donate he UNAM ID comm ande rs air trans port for UANM ID deplo ymen t, and supp ort s. throu gh table top conti ngen cy plann ing, or war game

A pp ly an Al l-S ud an So lu tio n

ssad or Richa rd In Dece mber 2007 , Presi dent Bush appo inted Amba close ly with Amba ssad or Willia mson to the posit ion. The Presi dent must work comp rehen sive diplo macy Willia mson to empl oy more coord inate d, force ful, and with the vario us actor s in Suda n. with full-t ime CPA and This shou ld inclu de equip ping Amba ssad or Willia mson prese nce in Suda n. Darfu r depu ties and field team s that have a full-t ime allies and other impo rtant More over, real diplo macy mean s work ing with our hould ensure that US ef forts countries to bring peace to Sudan. The President s Chin a. are coord inate d with those of Fran ce, Brita in and

L ob by Ch in a g the US Cong ress Stud ent activ ists have playe d a huge role in conv incin ese towa rds peac e in to enco urag e posit ive actio n on the part of the Chin Chin ese polic y towa rds the Suda n. Desp ite some succ ess, howe ver, the curre nt must reinf orce Cong ress in coun try leave s much to be desir ed. Presi dent Bush enco urag e posit ive and using all econ omic and politi cal tools avail able to t in Khar toum . mean ingfu l Chin ese enga geme nt with the gover nmen


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The Executive Legacy Overview