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GLOBAL VILLAGE

UNIT 19

GLOBAL VILLAGE GLOBAL VILLAGE | UNIVERSAL BUILDING SYSTEM

| UNIVERSAL BUILDING SYSTEM

UNIT 19 UNIT 19 2017- 2018

rapid building of mass housing and an online open-source library of possible module aggregations, allowing occupant to either select a ready designed cluster or guide towards own design aggregation.

ARTUR ZAKRZEWSKI

MOLLIE CLAYPOOL & JEROEN VAN AMEIJDE T UT OR S : M OL L IE CL AY P OOL BARTLETT SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE UCL

MOLLIE CLAYPOOL & JEROEN VAN AMEIJDE Building System - a discrete architectural assembly system that allows to facilitate

UCL BARTLETT SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 2017/18

UCL BARTLETT SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 2017/18 Project proposes creation of the Global Village, a company producing Universal

& JEROEN VAN AM E IJD E

| A RT UR M A R IUSZ ZA K R ZEWSK I


ABSTRACT

Historically there has been a social expectation to settle down and own a house however in the age of global nomadism, a way of living has fundamentally changed and young people don’t want to commit to lifelong responsibilities of settling down in one location. The future of housing should provide freedom of renting associated with flexibility of movement and financial stability of the ownership.

Project proposes creation of the Global Village, a company producing Universal Building System - a discrete architectural assembly system that allows to facilitate rapid building of mass housing and an online open-source library of possible module aggregations, allowing occupant to either select a ready designed cluster or guide towards own design aggregation.

Company would offer two modes of ownership of the kit of parts. First mode is based on loyalty membership rent at any Global Village franchise around the world. User pays a monthly fee for renting a space (room or studio) and a part of the payment goes towards a loyalty account, which cumulates credit until a user would officially own a space or a certain number of parts allowing to create a cluster. Second mode is investment based where the occupant makes an initial payment and purchases a full credit. This allow the user to come in to any Global Village franchise around the world or country and use a clustered space for free. Alternatively the user can withdraw the owned parts and bring them to a private site and assemble them accordingly to his needs.

The site in Dalston will be the first location of the Global Village franchise and would work as a Resident Artist programme targeting young artists to provide them with an alternative shared housing facility combined with studios, informal exhibition areas and an art gallery blurring the boundary of living, working and consuming. East London which currently has the highest concentration of artists per meter square in all of Europe is losing its creative reputation as many artists are leaving London in favour of European cities where it is less expensive to work in creative industries. The proposed building will provide the opportunity to create, explore, learn and exchange ideas between the artists as well as public within a multi-disciplinary environment and act as a local hub for creativity.


PROJECT BRIEF

To design ‘A kit of parts’ a discrete architectural assembly system that allows heterogeneity and differentiation through

PROJECT BRIEF

PROJECT BRIEF

serial repetition of pre-fabricated, non-customized elements. The physical geometry of the part has the same structure as data in a computer program which allows to facilitate rapid building of mass housing.

tectural assembly system that ‘A allows andarchitectural differentiation throughsystem serial repetition pre-fabricated, non-customized The repetition of pre-fabricated, no kit ofheterogeneity parts’ a discrete assembly that allowsofheterogeneity and differentiation elements. through serial metry of the part has the same structure as dataphysical in a computer program allows to facilitate rapid mass housing. geometry of the which part has the same structure as building data in aof computer program which allows to facilitate rapid building of ma

Expertise: Necessary

Stuff: 5 people

Expertise: Not necessary

Expertise: Necessary

Stuff: 2 - 3 people

Stuff: 5 people

Expertise: Not necessary

Stuff: 2 - 3 people

vs Time: Approx 6 months

Time: 1-2 days

Time: Approx 6 months

PROJECT BRIEF Equipment: Dependents on site

Equipment: Not necessary Equipment: Dependents on site

Time: 1-2 days

Equipment: Not necessary

kit of parts’ a discrete architectural assembly system that allows heterogeneity and differentiation through serial repetition of pre-fabricated, non-customized elemen physical geometry of the part has the same structure as data in a computer program which allows to facilitate rapid building of mass housing.

mn construction

Traditional slab and column construction Discrete assembly consisting of spatial

Roof

Wall enclosure

Stuff: 5 people

Time: Approx 6 months

Heating/ cooling

Wall enclosure

Roof

Expertise: Necessary

Heating/ cooling Equipment: Dependents on site

Discrete assemb

Expertise: Not necessary

Stuff: 2 - 3 people

Time: 1-2 days

Equipment: Not necessary Column

Column


slab and column construction

Discrete assembly consist

Wall enclosure

Roof

Heating/ cooling Column

Openning

Slab floor

Foundation

Multi functional element


”Co are always trying to push things forward, analysing data to make improvements. Everything’s monitored, from numbers signed up for morning HIIT sessions to food served in the is everywhere. It’s a little Big Brother, but my stuff’s safe.” Thomas, resident at Old Oak Collective.

CASE STUDY - THE COLLECTIVE OLD OAK BY PLP ARCHITECTURE

CASE STUDY 1 - -THE COLLECTIVE OLD OAK BY PLP ARCHITECTURE CASE STUDY THE COLLECTIVE OLD OAK BY PLP ARCHITECTURE

Collective provides tenants with small private and access to numerous shared and facilities which arebeing being constantly monitored through CCTV. vides tenants with a small private bedroom anda access to bedroom numerous shared spaces andspaces facilities which are constantly monitored through CCTV. Cameras are monitoring residents at all times ”Co are always trying to push things forward, analysing data to make improvements. Everything’s monitored, from numbers signed up for morning HIIT sessions to food served in the restaurant. CCTV

Collective tenants with aIt’ssmall private bedroom and access toOldfor numerous shared spaces andserved facilities are being is everywhere. a little Big Brother, but myfrom stuff’s safe.” Thomas, resident at Oakmorning Collective. HIIT hings forward, analysing data provides to make improvements. Everything’s monitored, numbers signed up sessions to food in thewhich restaurant. CCTV is everywhere. It’s a little Big Brother, but my stuff’s safe.” Thomas, resident at Old Oak Collective.

constantly monitored through CCTV. ”Co are always trying to push things forward, analysing data to make improvements.

Everything’s monitored, from numbers signed up for morning HIIT sessions to food served in the restaurant. CCTV is everyCASE STUDY - THE COLLECTIVE OLD OAK BY PLP ARCHITECTURE RENT

where. It’s a little Big Brother, but my stuff’s safe.” Thomas, resident at Old Oak Collective.

collective Collective provides tenants with a small privateThe bedroom and access to numerous shared spaces and facilities which are being constantly monitored through CCTV.

”Co are always trying to push things forward, analysing data to make improvements. Everything’s monitored, from numbers signed up for morning HIIT sessions to food served in the restaurant. CCTV is everywhere. It’s a little Big Brother, but my stuff’s safe.” Thomas, resident at Old Oak Collective.

RENT

The collective

Rent combines all of the bills

RENT

Common spaces in a podium are most public

The collective

Rent combines all of the bills

ive

hence are being mostly monitored.

Rent combines all of the bills

nes all of the bills Cameras are monitoring residents at all times

Cameras are monitoringCameras residents atare all times monitoring

Common area on the residential floor is heavily monitored

residents at all times

Common spaces in a podium are most public hence are being mostly monitored.

Common area on the residential floor is heavily monitored

Common spaces in a podium are most public hence are being mostly monitored.

ring residents at all times

Common spaces in a podium are most public

The least amount of cameras are at roof terraces

hence are being mostly monitored.

because are only accessible during summer.

The least amount of cameras are at roof terraces because are only accessible during summer. Exploded Axo

Common area on the residential floor is heavily monitored Large flexibile room Standard room Accessible room Common areas/ Accessible green roof Vertical circulation

Standard

Flexible living

Flexible living

Studio

Accesible

Services

Private room are the only private spaces in a building

Room layouts

Common area on the residential floor is heavily monitored

Private room are the only private spaces in a building

m are most public

y monitored. The least amount of cameras are at roof terraces because are only accessible during summer. Exploded Axo

Large flexibile room Standard room


Exploded Axo


The main two case studies which influenced the project were The Collective Old by PLPOld Architecture, a first official co-living community i TheOak Collective Oak by PLP Architecture a successful representation of aenvironment three dimensional village building form. - Co-living targeted at young,within single the professio-

CASE STUDY COMPARISON

nals aged between 21 and 35.

THE COLLECTIVE VS RENTAL TOWER

The main two case studies which influenced the project were The Collective Old Oak by PLP Architecture, a first official co-living community in London and Rental Tower by Suji Fujimoto a successful representation of a three dimensional village within the building form.

The main two case studies which influenced the project were The Collective Old Oak by PLP Architecture, a first official co-living community in London and Rental Tower by Suji Fujimoto Architects, a successful representation of a three CASE STUDY COMPARISON

dimensional village within the building form.

e main two case studies which influenced the project were The Collective Old Oak by PLP Architecture, a first official co-living community in Typical Londonbuilding and Rental Suji Fujimoto Architects, blockTower with abystandard block and column

Collective Old Oak by PLPwithin Architecture a successful representation of aThe three dimensional village the building form.

CASE STUDY COMPARISON

construction. Flat stacking of repetitive floor plan.

Rental Tower by S

- Co-living environment targeted at young, single professio-

- Community-foc

nals aged between 21 and 35.

population and th

ced the project were The Collective Old Oak PLP Architecture, first official co-living community in London and Rental Tower by Suji Fujimoto Architects, Theby Collective Old Oak by aPLP Architecture

ARISON

Rental Tower by Sou Fujimoto

a successful representation of a three dimensional village within the building - Co-living environment targeted at young, single professio-form.

- Community-focused structure that addresses Japan’s aging

nals aged between 21 and 35.

The Collective Old Oak by PLP Architecture - Co-living environment targeted at young, single professio-

population and the decline of traditional family ties.

Typical building block with a standard blockRental and column Strict division of spaces with common spaces at Building concei Tower by Sou Fujimoto construction. Flat stacking of repetitive floor -plan. village with mu the podium and private above Community-focused structure that addresses Japan’sbedroom aging

nals aged between 21 and 35.

population and the decline of traditional family ties.

a first official co-living community in Typical Londonbuilding and Rental Suji Fujimoto Architects, blockTower with aby standard block and column

l village within the building form. by PLP Architecture

Building conceived as a three dimenssional village with multiple levels and varied heights.

construction. Flat stacking of repetitive floor plan. Rental Tower by Sou Fujimoto

argeted at young, single professio-

- Community-focused structure that addresses Japan’s aging

d 35.

population and the decline of traditional family ties.

Typical building block with a standard block and column construction. Flat stacking of repetitive floor plan.

Building conceived as a three dimenssional Communal spaces are simply a generous addition to a Private and co Strict division of spaces with common village spaceswith at multiple levels and varied heights. decent size private rooms varying from 12-24m2. together to cre the podium and private bedroom above

a standard block andRental column conceived as a three dimenssional Tower by Sou Fujimoto Strict division of spaces with common spacesBuilding at f repetitive floor plan. village with multiple levels and varied heights. - Community-focused structure that addresses Japan’sbedroom aging above the podium and private

Private and common spaces are mixed together to create vibrant environment.

population and the decline of traditional family ties. VS

Strict division of spaces with common spaces at the podium and private bedroom above

Private and common spaces are mixed Communal spaces are simply a generous addition to a Lack of flexibility due to a strick layout together to create vibrant environment. decent size private rooms varying from 12-24m2.

Building conceived as a three dimenssional Communal spaces are simply a generous addition to a village Private and common spaces are mixed es with common spaces at with multiple levels and varied heights. decent size private rooms varying from 12-24m2. together to create vibrant environment. ate bedroom above

Personal space is limited to maximize all potential shared spaces. Bedrooms at just 7-16m2 are simply a place to sleep.

VS

Communal spaces are simply a generous addition to a

Personal space shared spaces simply a place

Personal space is limited to maximize all potential


Building conceived asPrivate a threeand dimenssional common spaces are mixed together to create vibrant environm village with multiple levels and to varied heights. together create vibrant environment.

Strict division of spaces with common spaces at the podium and private bedroom above construction. Flat stacking ofthe repetitive plan. bedroom above podiumfloor and private

VS

k and column r plan.

Building conceived as a three dimenssional village with multiple levels and varied heights.

Rental Tower by Sou Fujimoto - Community-focused structure that addresses Japan’s aging population and the decline of traditional family ties.

Lack of flexibility due to a strick layout

space is limited to maxim Communal Personal space is limited to maximize Personal all potential Communal spaces are simply a generous additionspaces to a are simply a generous addition to a spaces are mixed Strict division of spaces with common spaces at shared decent size private rooms varying from 12-24m2. Private and common shared spaces. Bedrooms at just 7-16m2 arespaces. Bedrooms at just 7 decent size private rooms varying from 12-24m2. together to create vibrant environment. the podium and private bedroom above simply a place to sleep. simply a place to sleep.

n spaces at Building conceived as a three dimenssional ove village with multiple levels and varied heights.

Private and common spaces are mixed together to create vibrant environment.

Neighbours

Communal spaces are simply a generous addition to a Lack of flexibility due to a strick layoutLack of flexibility due to a strick layout decent size private rooms varying from 12-24m2.

Flatmates

Personal space is limited to maximize all potential Room within a house can be re-adjusted depe Spaces can be re-adjusted dependingSpaces on shared spaces. Bedrooms at just 7-16m2 are need of its residents. need of its residents. simply a place to sleep.

VS

VS

VS

VS VS

Lack of flexibility due to a strick layout

Neighbours

Spaces can be re-adjusted depending on need of its residents. Flatmates

Personal space is limited to maximize all potential Room within a house shared spaces. Bedrooms at just 7-16m2 are simply a place to sleep.

Neighbours Neighbours

Flatmates

Neighbours

Flatmates

within a house Spaces canRoom be re-adjusted depending on need of its residents.

House within a house

VS VS

Neighbours

Flatmates

Neighbours

Flatmates

VS

Room within a house Spaces can be re-adjusted depending on need of its residents. Neighbours

Neighbours

Personal space is limited to maximize all potential shared spaces. Bedrooms at just 7-16m2 are simply a place to sleep.

nerous addition to a rom 12-24m2.Private and common spaces are mixed together to create vibrant environment.

layout

VS

VS

VS

VS

House within a house

Flatmates

House within a house

Flatmates

House within a hous


and move to a new location. The £150,000 package (£6000/m2)

short periods of time.

Roof-mounted solar panels generate and conserve its

h connections to water, electricity and sewage.

own energy, so it can be used in remote settings for short periods of time.

CASE STUDY 2 - KODA HOUSE BY KODESAMA

ours to a new location. The £150,000 package (£6000/m2) made and from move thin,

edwith concrete walls n connections to Designed water, electricity and sewage. by Estonian design

CASE STUDY KODA HOUSE

collective Kodasema in 2016 allows its residents to assembly and dismantle house in under

Roof-mounted panels and conserve its seven hours andsolar move to agenerate new location. The £150,000 package (£6000/m2) includes: prefabricated unit, delivery, cost of

Designed by Estonian design collective Kodasema in 2016 allows its residents to assembly and dismantle house in under seven hours and move to a new location. The £150,000 package (£6000/m2) includes: prefabricated unit, delivery, cost of planning and building regulations, site preparation and installation with connections to water, electricity and sewage.

own energy, so it can be used in remote settings for

planning and building regulations, site preparation and installation with connections to water, electricity and sewage.

ts

short periods of time.

2m

r

rt-home controls including alarms, adjustable LED lighting and climate control. 1.6m

Roof-mounted solar panels generate and conserve its own energy, so it can be used in remote settings for

CASE STUDY KODA HOUSE

erve its

3.6m

short periods of time.

ngs for

its residents to assembly and dismantle house in under seven hours and move to a new location. The £150,000 package (£6000/m2)

anning and building regulations, site preparation and installation with connections to water, electricity and sewage. 7.3m

ntains an open-plan living space and

ade from thin,

3.9m

zanine bedroom within its 25-squareconcrete walls

metre footprint, and also includes a

3.6m

uilt-in terrace in front of its glazed

A full-height quadruple-glazed window

Universal design can act as a mixture of hotels and homes, cafes and studios, a community space or a business hub in a snap.

frontage.

Roof-mounted solar panels generate and conserve its 2m

own energy, so it can be used in remote settings for short periods of time.

1.6m

3.6m

3.9m 3.6m 7.3m

A full-height quadruple-glazed window

ns an open-plan living space and

3.9m

Universal design can act as a mixture of hotels and homes, cafes and studios, a community space or a business hub in a snap.

ine bedroom within its 25-square-

Koda house works as a self-contained flat, however its concept could be abstracted to provide a bedroom as a unit surA full-height quadruple-glazed window

re footprint, and also includes a

Universal design can act as a mixture of hotels and homes, cafes

-in terrace in front of its glazed

ndow

and studios, a community space or a business hub in a snap.

frontage.

rounded with universal spatial enclosures.

Koda house works as a self-contained flat, however its concept could be abstracted to provide a bedroom as a unit surrounded with universal spatial enclosures. 3.9m 3.6m

A full-height quadruple-glazed window

Universal design can act as a mixture of hotels and homes, cafes and studios, a community space or a business hub in a snap.

Universal design can act as a mixture of hotels and homes, cafes and studios, a community space or a business hub in a snap.

3.9m

A full-height quadruple-glazed window

Universal design can act as a mixture of hotels and homes, cafes and studios, a community space or a business hub in a snap.

Koda house works as a self-contained flat, however its concept could be abstracted to provide a bedroom as a unit surrounded with universal spatial enclosures.

Universal design can act as a mixture of hotels and homes, cafes and studios, a community space or a business hub in a snap.

wever its concept could be abstracted to provide a bedroom as a unit surrounded with universal spatial enclosures.

Dwelling A as a unit surrounded with universal spatial enclosures. er its concept could be abstracted to provide a bedroom

flat, however its concept could be abstracted to provide a bedroom as a unit surrounded with universal spatial enclosures.

Dwelling B


CASE STUDY KODA HOUSE

Designed by Estonian design collective Kodasema in 2016 allows its residents to assembly and dismantle house in under seven hours and move

includes: prefabricated unit, delivery, cost of planning and building regulations, site preparation and installation with connec

Smart-home controls including alarms, adjustable LED lighting and climate control. Roof-mounted solar panels generate and conserve its own energy, so it can be used in remote settings for short periods of time.

The walls are made from thin, vacuum-insulated concrete walls

2m

1.6m

3.6m

7.3m

Contains an open-plan living space and

3.9m

mezzanine bedroom within its 25-square-metre footprint, and also includes a built-in terrace in front of its glazed frontage.

A full-height quadruple-glazed window


Client - Global Village Global Village is a corporation producing ‘A kit of parts’ - a discrete architectural assembly system. The Dalston Kingsland Site will act as a showcase of different design possibilities and final building will be

GLOBAL VILLAGE

rented out to artist seeking work and live lifestyle in Hackney.

Proposed Global Village is a corporation producing ‘A kit of parts’ a discrete architectural assembly system that allows Council

Management Team (Franchise)

Community Building

heterogeneity differentiation through serial repetition of pre-fabricated, non-customized elements. Company would Council insteadand of building social and affordable The managment team is appointed to organise the site Management team would be responsible for contracts housing instead leases the site. Due to using discrete

for development. It could be a collective of individuals

as well as house keeping for each community. THe

and the site could be given a new function.

planning to build and rent properties.

were user ‘sign up’ to the most convinient community

offer assembly two modes of ownership of the kit of parts. First mode is based on loyalty membership rent at any Global Village building could be disassembled in a future planning to self build a house or an organisation system would work in similar way as Facebook groups franchise around the world. User pays a monthly fee for renting a space (room or studio) and a part of the payment goes who has similar interests towards a loyalty account, which cumulates credit until a user would officially own a space or a certain number of parts allowing to create a cluster. Second mode is investment based where the occupant makes an initial payment and purchases a full credit. This allow the user to come in to any Global Village franchise around the world or country and use a clustered System Architect

space for free. Alternatively userwould can parts and them to a private The future role ofthe an architect be a withdraw system architect, a the designerowned of discrete architectural parts andbring systems rather than an actual building. The site and assemble them system architect would need a proficient knowledge of the latest digital manufacturing processes and techniques as well as the knowledge of the

accordingly to his needs.

innovative materials and integrated structures. Hence the role of an architect would be to create integrated (structure, cladding, M&E piping, heating and cooling panels) discrete building parts which would have embedded digital information. This would allow users/clients to design (aggregate the parts) however they want. System architect can also act as a design consultant to advice on the most aesthetic and efficient aggregations.


BUY

£200,000

INVEST

=

x200

=

£50,00

Double

storey

Kit of part can be bought directly from a Global Village website.

Online library of aggregations gives access to free bespoke design.

Occu

Occupant can eith


bsite.

design.

INVEST

£50,000

RENT

=

x50

12

=

12.5% Credit / £1000

Single Double

storey

storey

£750

Occupant can select one of available clusters to modify.

Occupant can either design their own space or select one optimised by the script.

Occupan

Occup


RENT

12.5% Credit 12.5% Land

12.5% Credit / £1000 = £125 a month

75% Kit of part

£50,000 = 33 years

Single storey

o modify.

ptimised by the script.

£600 £750 £1000

Occupant can select one of the available rooms to rent.

Occupant selected a studio room with shared toilet.


share profit generated from sales of the kit of part

Village Franchise managed by management team

Council

would work the same way as the loyalty membership, meaning that a person who has been renting for 20 years

live in buildings provided by Global Village, however get a

in discrete parts allowing to live for free in any Gloabl

Management Team (Franchise)

rented out to artist seeking work and live lifestyle in Hackney.

a showcase of different design possibilities and final building will be

architectural assembly system. The Dalston Kingsland Site will act as

Global Village is a corporation producing ‘A kit of parts’ - a discrete

Client - Global Village

and renters

People who live in a proposed building consists of owners

Users

Renting properties or rooms directly from the Global Village

Person who invest less than a cost of a house and doesn’t

Instead of buying a house in fixed location, a person invest

Community Building

owner and live for free

would accumulate enough credit to ‘retire’ and become and

Stakeholder - Renter

Stakeholder - Investor

Stakeholder - Owner

and differentiation through serial repetition of pre-fabricated, non-customized elements.

Proposed Global Village is a corporation producing ‘A kit of parts’ a discrete architectural assembly system that allows heterogeneity

GLOBAL VILLAGE


as well as house keeping for each community. THe system would work in similar way as Facebook groups were user ‘sign up’ to the most convinient community

for development. It could be a collective of individuals planning to self build a house or an organisation planning to build and rent properties.

assembly building could be disassembled in a future

and the site could be given a new function.

parts) however they want. System architect can also act as a design consultant to advice on the most aesthetic and efficient aggregations.

and cooling panels) discrete building parts which would have embedded digital information. This would allow users/clients to design (aggregate the

innovative materials and integrated structures. Hence the role of an architect would be to create integrated (structure, cladding, M&E piping, heating

system architect would need a proficient knowledge of the latest digital manufacturing processes and techniques as well as the knowledge of the

The future role of an architect would be a system architect, a designer of discrete architectural parts and systems rather than an actual building. The

System Architect

Management team would be responsible for contracts

The managment team is appointed to organise the site

Council instead of building social and affordable

housing instead leases the site. Due to using discrete

who has similar interests

Community Building

Management Team (Franchise)

Council

rented out to artist seeking work and live lifestyle in Hackney.

a showcase of different design possibilities and final building will be


EXPERIMENT 1 - ALUMINIUM EXTRUSION KIT OF PART - ALUMINIUM KIT OF PART EXTRUSION - ALUMINIUM EXTRUSION Kit of part consists of a single extruded aluminium profile of 30mm in width and 3 meters long and with 2 connection nodes to

single part consists extruded ofaluminium a single extruded profile of aluminium 30mm in profile width and of 30mm 3 meters in width long and 3 with meters 2 connection long and nodes with 2 to connection allow aggregation nodes to allow of parts aggregation in X,Y,Z axis. of parts Due toinits X,Y,Z light axis. weight Due at

allow aggregation of parts in X,Y,Z axis. Due to its light weight a single person can pick the part up and arrange it manually. person can pick the person part up can and pick arrange the part it manually. up and arrange it manually.

Aggregation using 500 parts

Human scale the part Human allows scale to manual the partassembly. allows to manual assembly.

Aggregation using 500 parts

erwick Studio - Extruded Bench

Die opening and extrusion profile

Gilles Retsin - Tallinn Pavilion

Heatherwick Studio - Extruded Bench

Aggregation of small extrusions

Gilles Retsin - Tallinn Pav


Aggregation using 500 parts


Different types of space frame creating enclosures

EXPERIMENT 2 - FRAME AND INFIL

KITprofile OF PART FRAMEinAND INFIL Kit of part consists of a single extruded aluminium of -30mm width and 3 meters long and with 2 connection nodes to

allow aggregation of parts in X,Y,Z axis. Due to its light weight a single person can pick the part up and arrange it manually. Kit of part consists of a single extruded aluminium profile of 30mm in width and 3 meters long and with 2 connection nodes to allow aggregation of parts in X,Y,Z axis. Due to its light weight a single person can pick the part up and arrange it manually.

Small scale aggregation Different types of space frame creating enclosures

References: CLAAS Architects


EXPERIMENT 3 - FOAM PUZZLE

Geometry of a part is based on a cubic grid of 1.5 meter, creating openings and enclosures around z axis. Majority of KIT OF PART - FOAM PUZZLE combination is based on flipping the parts vertically to achieve openings likeKIT doors and or full enclosures. KIT OFOF PART PART - FOAM -windows FOAM PUZZLE PUZZLE

Left over voids become fully glazed or intentionally left open.

Geometry of a part is based on a cubic grid of 1.5 meter, creating openings and enclosures around z axis. Majority of combination is based on flipping the parts vertically to

Geometry Geometry of aofpart a part is based is based on on a cubic a cubic grid grid of 1.5 of 1.5 meter, meter, creating creating openings openings andand enclosures enclosures around around z axis. z axis. Majority Majority of combination of combination is based is based on on flipping flipping thethe parts parts ver

achieve openings like doors and windows or full enclosures. Left over voids become fully glazed or intentionally left open.

achieve achieve openings openings likelike doors doors andand windows windows or full or full enclosures. enclosures. LeftLeft over over voids voids become become fully fully glazed glazed or intentionally or intentionally leftleft open. open.

Z

Z

Z

KIT KITOF OFPART PART- FOAM - FOAMPUZZLE PUZZLE Y

X is t isbased basedonona acubic cubicgrid gridofof1.5 1.5meter, meter,creating creatingopenings openingsand andenclosures enclosuresaround aroundz zaxis. axis.Majority Majorityofofcombination combinationisisbased basedononflipping flippingthe theparts partsvertically verticallytoto 1.5 m

achieve achieveopenings openingslike likedoors doorsand andwindows windowsororfull fullenclosures. enclosures.Left Leftover overvoids voidsbecome becomefully fullyglazed glazedororintentionally intentionallyleft leftopen. open. Y Y X

X 1.5 m1.5 m

ZZ

Wall

Window opening

Balcony Corner

Doorway

Walkway

YY XX

WallWall

1.51.5 mm

Window Window opening opening

Balcony Balcony Corner Corner

Aggregation using 600 parts Window Window opening opening

Balcony Balcony Corner Corner

Doorway Doorway

Walkway Walkway

Creation of small scale parts was inspired by Ricardo Bofill’s La Muralla Roja spatial typology.

Aggregation using 600 parts

Doorway Doorway


Wall

Window opening

Balcony

Aggregation using 600 parts

Corner

Doorway

Walkway


Kit consists of 3 spatial slabs and a connecting staircase. Geometry of a spatial part is based on a cubic grid of 4x2 meter surface area and 2.5 meter in height. Each part does not have an upper horizontal enclosure (ceiling) allowing to achieve more vertically porous spaces. Each part has embedded spatial information of openings and enclosures around its perimeter allowing for various and unexpected combinations. Horizontal combinations are achieved through connecting the slabs together via their openings around perimeter.

EXPERIMENT 4 - SPATIAL SLAB

KIT OF PART - SPATIAL SLAB

Kit consists of 3 spatial slabs and a connecting staircase. Geometry of a spatial part is based on a cubic grid of 4x2 meter

Kit consists of 3 spatial slabs and a connecting staircase. Geometry horizontal of a spatial part isenclosure based on a cubic(ceiling) grid of 4x2 meter surface areato andachieve 2.5 meter in height. surface area and 2.5 meter in height. Each part does not have an upper allowing moreEach part does not have an up

horizontal enclosure (ceiling) allowing to achieve more vertically porous spaces. Each part has embedded spatial information of openings and enclosures around its perimeter allowing for variou unexpected combinations. Horizontal combinations are achieved through the slabs together viaits their openings around perimeter. vertically porous spaces. Each part has embedded spatial information of openings and connecting enclosures around perimeter

allowing for various and unexpected combinations. Horizontal combinations are achieved through connecting the slabs together via their openings around perimeter.

x145

OF PART - SPATIAL SLAB

x147

x129

x79

based on a cubic grid of 4x2 meter surface area and 2.5 meter in height. Each part does not have an upper

rt has embedded spatial information of openings and enclosures around its perimeter allowing for various and

ieved through connecting the slabs together via their openings around perimeter.

x145

x147

x129

x79

Aggregation using 500 parts

x79

Aggregation using 500 parts

References: Centraal Beheer Office by AHH architectural office, La Muralla Roja by Ricardo Bofill and House NA by Sou Fujimoto Architects.

Proposed interior view


x145

x147

x129

Aggregation using 500 parts

x79


EXPERIMENT 5 - INTEGRATED SYSTEM

The ceiling height is restricted to geometry of the part and due to its large size, combinations are limited. Integrated cooling and heating systems and connections has been incorporated into a design.

Part has an integrated connection which limits possible combinations

KIT OF PART - INTEGRATED SYSTEM

The ceiling height is restricted to geometry of the part and due to its large size, combinations are limited. Integrated cooling and heating systems and connections has been incorporated into a design.

Part has an integrated connection which limits possible combinations


Aggregation test 1

Aggregation test 2

EXPERIMENT 6 - SPATIAL EXTRUSION

Aggregation test 3

KIT OF PART - SPATIAL EXTRUSION

Spatial geometry of parts is based on small aluminium profiles used in window, which are scaled up from 3mm to 3m. Extru

Spatial geometry of parts is based on small aluminium profiles used in window, which are scaled up from 3mm to 3m. Extrusions vary in height and length but its width of 1.5m is constant.

KITEXTRUSION OF PART - SPATIAL EXTRUSION KIT OF PART - SPATIAL KIT OF PART - SPATIAL EXTRUSION

ed on small aluminium profiles used in window, which are scaled up from 3mm to 3m. Extrusions vary in height and length but its width of 1.5m is constant.

es used in window, which are which scaled upscaled from up 3mm to3mm 3m. to Extrusions vary in height and and length butbut its its width ofof 1.5m inium profiles used in window, are from 3m. Extrusions vary in height length width 1.5misisconstant. constant.

Aggregation test 1

Aggregation test 2

Aggregation of 500 parts

Aggregation test 2 Aggregation test 2

Aggregation test 3 Aggregation test 3

Aggregation test 2

Aggregation test 3

Reference: Aluminium profiles


KIT OF PART - UNIVERSAL BUILDING SYSTEM

EXPERIMENT 7 - UNIVERSAL BUILDING SYSTEM

Proposed integrated system is divided into five height types to achieve different ceiling heights and vertical face

Proposed integrated system is divided into five height types to achieve different ceiling heights and vertical faceting. Two parts combined together create an enclosure.

L1

L2

L3

L4

L5

L6

0.75m

Type A

Type B

1.25m

Type C

1.75m

Type D

2.75m

KIT OF PART - UNIVERSAL BUILDING SYSTEM

3.75m

Type E

divided into five height types to achieve different ceiling heights and vertical faceting. Two parts combined together create an enclosure.

1.00m

L4

L5

1.25m

1.75m

2.25m

3.25m

L6

0.75m

1.25m

1.5m

2.0m

2.5m

3.5m

4.5m

2.0m

2.5m

3.0m

4.0m

5.0m

2.5m

3.0m

3.5m

4.5m

5.5m

3.5m

4.0m

4.5m

5.5m

6.5m

4.5m

5.0m

5.5m

6.5m

7.5m

1.75m

2.75m

3.75m Maximum height matrix

2.25m

3.25m

4.25m

4.25m


A KIT OF PART - UNIVERSAL BUILDING SYSTEM 0.75m

Vertical Lenght

Proposed kit of part consists of a single geometry with a variable length and height and integrated heating and cooling system.

up to 3.0m

Horizontal Lenght Horizontal Lenght Horizontal Lenght up to 3.5m 0.75m up to 3.5m

0.75m

0.75m

up to 3.5m

EPS Foam

EPS Foam

EPS Foam Vapour barrier Vapour barrier

0.75m

0.75m Vapour barrier 0.75m r=0.5m

Vertical Lenght Vertical Lenght

r=0.5m

Vertical Lenght

up to 3.0m

r=0.5m

Lath and wire Lath and wire Lath and wire Reflective mat heat insulation Reflective mat heat insulation heat insulation 2 layers ofReflective shotcrete mat 10mm each 2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each

up to 3.0m

up to 3.0m

2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each 0.25m

0.25m 0.25m

nght rizontal Lenght

up to 3.5m orizontal Lenght up to 3.5m

0.5m

70mm aluminium structure 70mm aluminium structure up to 3.5m

EPS Foam

EPS Foam

EPS Foam Vapour barrier Vapour barrier

r=0.5m

r=0.5m

Vapour barrier Lath and wire Lath and wire

Integrated heating/cooling panel Integrated heating/cooling panel 70mm aluminium structure Integrated heating/cooling panel

Integrated electric wires Integrated electric wires Integrated electric wires

Lath and wire Reflective mat heat insulation Reflective mat heat insulation 2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each Reflective mat heat insulation 2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each

2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each

70mm aluminium structure 70mm aluminium structure Integrated heating/cooling panel Integrated heating/cooling panel 70mm aluminium structure Integrated heating/cooling panel

Integrated electric wires Integrated electric wires

Integrated electric wires 70mm aluminium structure 70mm aluminium structure

70mm aluminium structure

70mm aluminium structure 70mm aluminium structure 70mm aluminium structure


Foam

Integrated heating & cooling system

Aluminium capping

Steel rods

Aluminium structure

Integrated electric wires

Integrated M&E


CONNECTIONS AND COMBINATIONS

The parts are connected together with a series of steel rods which slide into a primary aluminum structure vertically and horizontally. Final building (or cluster) due to being constructed from discrete parts can be de-assembled or re-assembled by CONNECTIONS AND COMBINATIONS

the users. It can be delivered to site either as a full chunk, spatial combination or in single elements. The parts are connected together with a series of steel rods which slide into a primary aluminum structure vertically and horizontally.

Vertical connections

Connection of parts

Physical model test at scale 1:50


BUILDING LIFECYCLE

Final building (or cluster) due to being constructed from discrete parts can be de-assembled or re-assembled by the users. It can be delivered to site either as a full chunk, spatial combination or in single elements.

8.20m

13.75m

Option 1 - Small chunks are fabricated off-site, delivered and combined on site

4.00m

3.50m

4.00m

3.00m

5.50m

5.00m

4.15m

3.75m

3.00m

6.25m

4.25m

1.75m

Option 2 - Chunks are assembled on site from scratch

x2

x15

x7

x26

x8

Type A - 0.75m height

x5

x8

x1

x14

x2

Type A - 1.25m height

x5

x2

x6

x1

x14

Type A - 2.75m height

x2

x5


MODE OF PRODUCTION

Robots assemble primary structure Robots assemble structure Foam blocks are cut into horizontal Foam blocks pieces into horizontal The production andprimary fabrication ofMODE parts OF assumes the use full automation especially using robotic armare to cut perform tasks pieces PRODUCTION MODE OF PRODUCTION

requiring extreme precisions however some process such as assembly of ready pieces could be performed by humans.

and fabrication The of production parts assumes and fabrication the use full ofautomation parts assumes useusing full automation robotic armespecially to perform tasks robotic requiring armextreme to precisions tasks requiring however extreme some process precisions suchhowever as assembly someofprocess ready such as assembly of Delivered parts due toespecially itsthe lightweight structure can using be assembled byperform humans without the use of heavy machinery. pieces could be performed by pieces humans. couldDelivered be performed parts by duehumans. to its lightweight Delivered parts structure due can to its belightweight assembled structure by humans can without be assembled the use of by heavy humans machinery. without the use of heavy machinery.

ot CNC carves space forRobot structure CNC carves space for structure Robots assemble primaryRobots structure assemble primary structure

Robot assembles capping Robot assembles capping

CNC carves space for structure Robot CNC carves spaceRobot for structure

Robot assembles foam pieces Robot ontoassembles a primaryfoam metalpieces structure onto a primary metal structu Foam blocks are cut intoFoam horizontal blocks pieces are cut into horizontal pieces

Part is sprayed with shotcrete Part is sprayed with shotcrete

Robotonto assembles foam pieces onto a primary metal struc Robot assembles foam pieces a primary metal structure


Robots assemble primary structure Robots assemble primary structure

bot CNC carves space forRobot structure CNC carves space for structure

Robot assembles capping Robot assembles capping

Robot CNC carves space for structure bot CNC carves space for structure

Parts are delivered on site Parts are delivered on site Robot assembles capping

Robot assembles capping

Foam blocks are cut into horizontal Foampieces blocks are cut into horizontal pieces

Robot assembles foam pieces Robot ontoassembles a primaryfoam metalpieces structure onto a primary metal struc

Part is sprayed with shotcrete Part is sprayed with shotcrete

Robot assembles foam pieces onto Robot a primary assembles metal foam structure pieces onto a primary metal st

Manual or robotic assemblyManual or robotic assembly Part is sprayed with shotcrete Part is sprayed with shotcrete


Vertical foundation bolt

PLUG IN SYSTEM - FOUNDATION 200 mm insulation Waterproof capping for foundation holes

Parts are connected with metal rods that can simply slide in to prefabricated foundation to allow future modification even at ground floor level.

400 mm insulation

200 mm insulation

200 mm insulation

400 mm insulation

200 mm insulation

EPS Foam

Vapour barrier

Lath and wire

EPS Foam

Vapour barrier

70mm steel bolt Lath and wire

2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each

70mm steel bolt

2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each

70mm aluminium structure 70mm aluminium structure

25mm wooden decking 100mm Joist

25mm wooden decking 100mm Joist

Foundaton bolts

Foundaton bolts

Anchor bolts

Foundation

Anchor bolts

Foundation


Ground floor part

Horizontal bolt for attaching decking

Foundation part Wooden decking

Vertical foundation bolt

Waterproof capping for foundation holes


PLUG IN SYSTEM - ROOF Exploded axonometric showing roof planters

The same parts used to create cluster enclosures are also used as roofing structure. Pre-fabricated planters with integrated drainage system are then attached to vertical connection points and drainage is concealed behind the cladding system.

Aluminium capping

Aluminium capping

350mm soil

350mm soil

80mm permavoid

80mm permavoid

Drainage board

Drainage board

70mm steel bolt

70mm steel bolt

Integrated heating/cooling panel Integrated heating/cooling panel

EPS Foam

EPS Foam

Lath and wire

Lath and wire

70mm aluminium structure

70mm aluminium structure

Vapour barrier

Vapour barrier

Seam cladding

Seam cladding

Exploded axonometric showing roof planters

2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each2 layers of shotcrete 10mm each


Up to 350mm of soil

Planter with integrated drainage


BUILDING GROWTH

Building cluster due to being constructed from discrete parts can be de-assembled or re-assembled by the users accordingly to their spatial requirements. New occupant moving in can choose a new aggregation and swap it with the old one.

ordingly to their spatial requirements. New occupant moving in can choose a new

ne.

BUILDING GROW

Building cluster due to being constructed from discrete parts can be de-assembled or re-assembled by the u

BUILDING BUILDING GROWTH GROWTH

aggregation and swap it with

g cluster Building due cluster to being due constructed to being constructed from discrete from parts discrete canparts be de-assembled can be de-assembled or re-assembled or re-assembled by the users by the accordingly users accordingly to their spatial to their requirements. spatial requirements. New occupant New occupant moving inmoving can choose in cana choose new a new aggregation aggregation and swapand it with swap theit old withone. the old one.

vs


CASE STUDY 3 - ALEXANDRA ROAD ESTATE BY NEAVE BROWN x60

x20

x60

x60

The Alexandra Road estate is a housing estate in the London Borough of Camden. It was designed in 1968 by Neave Brown of Camden Council’s Architects Department. Construction work commenced in 1972 and was completed in 1978. Design applies the principles of the London terrace house to the design of high-density living. Neave Brown believed that CASE STUDY - ALEXANDRA ROAD ESTATE BY NEAVE BROWN

ziggurat style terraces, little higher than the terraces they replaced, could provide a better solution to early examples of tower blocks surrounding open The Alexandra Road estate is a housing estate in the London Borough of Camden. It was designed in 1968public by Neave Brownspaces. of Camden Council's Architects Department. Construction work commenced in 1972 and was completed in 1978. Design applies the principles of the London terrace house to the design of high-density living. Neave Brown believed that ziggurat style terraces, Outdoor private little terracehigher than the terraces they replaced, could provide a better solution to early examples of tower blocks surrounding public open spaces.

Living room Dinning room Kitchen Bedroom

x20

x60

Services + circulation

TYPE - E

TYPE - D

x60

x60

TYPE - B

TYPE - A

TYPE - C

Outdoor private ter Living room Dinning room Kitchen Bedroom

Services + circulatio

TYPE - E

TYPE - D

Overlooking each other rooms means lack of privacy

TYPE - A

TYPE - B TYPE - B

TYPE - D

TYPE - B TYPE - E

TYPE - C

TYPE - A

TYPE - B

TYPE - C


TYPE - A TYPE - D

TYPE - B

TYPE - E

Outdoor private terrace Living room Dinning room Kitchen Bedroom TYPE - C

Services + circulation


ALEXANDRA ROAD VS MOUNTAIN DWELLING

In order understand the contemporary situation where geometry of the building affects or is affected by integrated

CASE STUDY COMPARISON

greenery, Alexandra Road Estate by Neave Brown was compared against Mountain Dwellings by PLOT (BIG + JDS).

CASE STUDY COMPARISON

Mountain Dw

The spatial layout of Alexandra Road is very

Alexandra Road by Neave Brown

restrictive dueby to Neave its construction method, and the contemporary situation where geometry of the building affects or is affected by integrated greenery, Alexandra Road Estate Brown was compared against Mountain Alexandra Road by Neave Brown

Mountain in Copenhagen where living spaceDwellings is separated from the restby Plot (BIG + JDS) of the apartment.

Dwellings by PLOT (BIG + JDS).

ometry of the building affects or is affected by integrated greenery, Alexandra Road Estate by Neave Brown was compared against Mountain Dwellings by PLOT (BIG + JDS).

Alexandra Road by Neave Brown

ON

The spatial layout of Alexandra Road is very restrictive due to its construction method, where living Dwellings space is separated from the Mountain in Copenhagen byrest Plot of the apartment. (BIG + JDS)

The spatial layout of Alexandra Road is very restrictive due to its construction method, where living space is separated from the rest the apartment. ed greenery, Alexandra RoadofEstate by Neave Brown was compared against Mountain

ve Brown

Mountain Dwellings in Copenhagen by Plot (BIG + JDS)

Program consists of manly of housing with addition of parking areas. The spatial layout of Mountain Dwelling is very flexible due to its open plan arrangement.

The spatial la very flexible d ment.

S).

a Road is very on method, d from the rest

Car park is placed under the elevated platform, creating a pedestrian friendly The spatial layout of Mountain Dwelling is route above. Program consists of manly of housing withvery flexible due to its open plan arrangement. addition of parking areas.

The spatial layout of Alexandra Road is very restrictive due to its construction method, where living space is separated from the rest of the apartment. Program consists of by manly Mountain Dwellings in Copenhagen Plot of housing withThe spatial layout of Mountain Dwelling is very flexible due to its open plan arrangeaddition of parking areas. (BIG + JDS) ment.

Car parkofismanly placed thewith elevated Program consists of under housing addition ofplatform, parking creating areas. a pedestrian friendly route above.

nly of housing with The spatial layout of Mountain Dwelling is very flexible due to its open plan arranges. ment.

Car park is placed under the elevated platform, creating a pedestrian friendly route above.

Program consists of manly of parking areas with addition of housing.

Program consist areas with addi

Program consists of manly of parking areas with addition of housing.

Volume was adapted to first reduce the noise of the trains from reaching the interior portion of the site. Housing placed above the car park Program consists of is manly of parking spaces toofcreate a series of penthouses. areas with addition housing.

Housing is placed spaces to create a


very flexible due to its open plan arrangement.

ethod, om the rest

Volume was adapted to first reduce the noise of the trains from reaching the interior portion of the site.

Car park is placed under the elevated Car park is placed under the elevated Program consists of manly of ahousing with friendly platform, creating a pedestrian friendly platform, creating pedestrian route above. addition ofroute parking areas. above. The spatial layout of Mountain Dwelling is very flexible due to its open plan arrangef housing with ment. Program consists of manly of parking areas with addition of housing.

Housing is placed above the car park Housing is placed above the spaces create series of penthouses. spaces to create a series of Program consists of to manly of aparking areas with addition of housing.

Car park is placed under was the elevated Volume adapted to first reduce the Volume was adapted to first reduce the noise of the trains from reaching the platform, creatingnoise a pedestrian friendly of the trains from reaching the interior portion of the site. route above. interior portion of the site.

Ziggurat formpark allows for allziggurat flats to have Volume was adapted to cre Housing is placed above the adapted car Volume was to create its own garden. spaces and front terraces across entire volum spaces to createterraces a series of penthouses. across entireLiving volume maximising garden openapartment up to the street, causingsun light to each apartmen sun light to each and creating privacy issues of residents overlooking each other apartments.

vated riendly

Program consists of manly of parking areas with addition of housing.

Volume was adapted to first reduce the noise of the trains from reaching the interior portion of the site.

duce the Housing is placed Ziggurat allows above form the car parkfor all flats to have g the Living spaces and front spaces to createits a own seriesgarden. of penthouses. garden open up to the street, causing privacy issues of residents overlooking each other apartments.

o have d front

Housing is placed above the car park spaces to create a series of penthouses.

Zigguratwas formadapted allows for all flatsziggurat to have Volume to create its own garden. Livingvolume spaces maximising and front terraces across entire garden up to the street, causing sun lightopen to each apartment and creating privacy issues of residents overlooking each other apartments.

Volume was adapted to create ziggurat terraces across entire volume maximising sun light to each apartment and creating Ziggurat allows for flats ziggurat to have Volume form was adapted toall create itsterraces own garden. front acrossLiving entire spaces volumeand maximising garden open up toapartment the street,and causing sun light to each creating privacy issues of residents overlooking each other apartments.

Ziggurat form allows for all flats to have its own garden. Living spaces and front garden open up landscape without obstructing any views.

Ziggurat form allows for all flats to have its own garden. Living spaces and front garden open up landscape without obstructing any views. Ziggurat form allows for all flats to have its own garden. Living spaces and front

Ziggurat form allows for a its own garden. Living spa garden open up landscap obstructing any views.


Building parts are cut with CNC machineURBAN andBLOCK assembled like puzles to create structures

URBAN LANDSCAPE

exciding the size of a plywood sheet

Project seeks to create a city inside a building, mixing the program across various levels to brake the traditional notion of housing. Three dimensional differentiation is inspired by combination of case studies such as Walden 7 and Rental Tower with human scale observed at vibrant city centres.

Project seeks to create a city inside a building, mixing the program across various levels to brake the traditional notion of housing. Three dimensional differentiation is inspired by combination of case studies such as Walden 7 and Rental Tower with human scale observed at vibrant city centres.

vs URBAN BLOCK 2.8 m

1.4 m Suburban sprawl Urban density Project seeks to create a city inside a building, mixing the program across various levels to brake the traditional notion of housing. Three dimensional differentiation is inspired by combination of case

studies such as Walden 7 and Rental Tower with human scale observed at vibrant city centres.

Building parts are cut with CNC machine and assembled like puzles to create structures

To maximise amount of housing over the surface area of avaliable land, densifying the scheme

exciding the size of a plywood sheet

is more efficient

vs

2.8 m

1.4 m

Suburban sprawl

Urban density

Building parts are cut with CNC machine and assembled like puzles to create structures

To maximise amount of housing over the surface area of avaliable land, densifying the scheme

exciding the size of a plywood sheet

is more efficient

Rental Space Tower by Suji Fujimoto | 2016

Walden 7 by Ricardo Bofill | 1975

Vibrant historical city centres

Rental Space Tower by Suji Fujimoto | 2016

Rental Space Tower by Suji Fujimoto | 2016

Walden 7 by Ricardo Bofill | 1975

Walden 7 by

Vibrant historical city centres


To maximise amount of housing over the surface area of avaliable land, densifying the scheme is more efficient

vs

1.4 m

Suburban sprawl

e and assembled like puzles to create structures

Urban density

To maximise amount of housing over the surface area of avaliable land, densifying the scheme

ize of a plywood sheet

is more efficient

Space Tower by Suji Fujimoto | 2016

ujimoto | 2016

Walden 7 by Ricardo Bofill | 1975

Vibrant historical city centres

Walden 7 by Ricardo Bofill | 1975

Vibrant historical city centres

Ricardo Bofill | 1975

Vibrant historical city centres

Library

Lounge

Games

Work

Relax

Dining

Tea

Kitchen


London Fields

SITE - DALSTON IN HACKNEY

Victoria Park

DALSTON, HACKNEY Old Street

Hackney is known its artistic community well forces as gentrification forces artists to move ney is known for its artistic community as wellfor as gentrification process whichas makes many artists toprocess move outwhich of theirmakes workspaces due many to the rising costs and theout pace of east London’s redevelopment. Dalston area has been chosen as a main point of interest due to its artistic community and a high percentage of rented properties.

of their workspaces due to the rising costs and the pace of east London’s redevelopment. Dalston area has been chosen as a main point of interest due to its artistic community and a high percentage of rented properties.

Mosque Finsbury Park

New development

Stoke Newington

Rio Cinema Clapton

Gillet Square

Hacney Downs + Hacney Central

Dalston Kingsland + Dalston Junction

London Fields

Victoria Park

Old Street

Dalston Kingsland Station Project site with maximum volume

Mosque

New development Rio Cinema

The project site is located in close distance to Dalston Kingsland and Dalston Junction stations and very close proximity to The project site is located in close distance to Dalston Kingsland and Dalston Junction stations and very close proximity to vi-brant Dalston high street. The existing Tesco building is considered by council as a negative element in the neighborhood which lowers the aesthetic value of grade II listed

vi-brant Dalston high street. The existing Tesco building is considered by council as a negative element in the neighborhood building Rio Cinema on the opposite side of the road.

Gillet Square which lowers the aesthetic value of grade II listed building Rio Cinema on the opposite side of the road.

The Rio Cinema is a Grade II listed independent Art Deco cinema in east London.

Gillett Square was developed as a liberated public space, currently consists of skate park and provides space for local events.

Stations close by include Dalston Kingsland and Dalston Junction taking commuters to central London in under 20 minutes

New developments in the area do not exceed 4 levels

The historical maps from 1870 show that the majority of the site was occupied by a Congregational Chapel.


Victoria Park

Old Street

Mosque New development Rio Cinema

Gillet Square

Dalston Kingsland Station Project site with maximum volume

The project site is located in close distance to Dalston Kingsland and Dalston Junction stations and very close proximity to vi-brant Dalston high street. The existing Tesco building is considered by council as a negative element in the neighborhood which lowers the aesthetic value of grade II listed building Rio Cinema on the opposite side of the road.


PHASE 1 - DEMOLITION OF TESCO

Existing site is occupied by Tesco Stores Limited. It is described as a negative element in the Dalston Conservation Area.

Tesco Express at 140 Kingsland Road

Maximum building volume as restricted by Hackney Council

Phase 1 - Demolition of Tesco

Phase 2 - Demolition of Argos


Tesco Express at 140 Kingsland Road


MASSING

Initial massing was based on Victorian terraced housing. Four separate residential units are arranged around perimeter of the site with possibility to connect them via interior walkways.

Four separate entrances and cores take out too much surface area hence the layout was not very efficient.

Four separate entrances and cores take out too much surface area hence the layout was not very efficient.


Initial massing was based on Victorian terraced housing. Four separate residential units are arranged around perimeter of the site with possibility to connect them via interior walkways.

MASSING


OPTION 1

Two access points to the building. Core consists of vertical circulation in the middle surrounded by shower room on one side and toilets on the other. Ground floor consists of large factory located at the back of the building.

The layout was driven by geometry of the core, which due to its large proportion was blocking the natural light.

The layout was driven by geometry of the core, which due to its large proportion was blocking the natural light.


the back of the building.

Two access points to the building. Core consists of vertical circulation in the middle surrounded by shower room on one side and toilets on the other. Ground floor consists of large factory located at

OPTION 1


OPTION 2

Single access point to the buildings via a large lobby with two cores. Core is divided into two parts- vertical circulation with roof light at the south and toilets with services towards north. Space above large lobby at levels 1, 2 and 3 becomes a common area.

Updated core was more condensed and placed in the middle to achieve more usable space.

Updated core was more condensed and placed in the middle to achieve more usable space.


Space above large lobby at levels 1, 2 and 3 becomes a common area.

Single access point to the buildings via a large lobby with two cores. Core is divided into two parts- vertical circulation with roof light at the south and toilets with services towards north.

OPTION 2


OPTION 3

Building mass reduced at ground level to create a public space. Two access points split the building into two separate apartments. Instead of fixed core, circulation is informal accross the building the services and toilets located at various parts of the building.

Final iteration was driven by site and environmental conditions while circulation became an additional design constraint.

Final iteration was driven by site and environmental conditions while circulation became an additional design constraint.


services and toilets located at various parts of the building.

Building mass reduced at ground level to create a public space. Two access points split the building into two separate apartments. Instead of fixed core, circulation is informal accross the building the

OPTION 3


OPTION 4

Argos demolition allows for extension of programme by adding more studio spaces and exhibition areas leading Tesco Express at 140 Kingsland Road

to the art gallery on the top floor.

Maximum building volume as restricted by Hackney Council

Housing units Ground floor

1st floor

Common space Toilets Access Studio/exhibition areas

2nd floor

3rd floor

Phase 2 - Demolition of Argos


Argos demolition allows for extension of programme by adding more studio spaces and exhibition areas leading to the art gallery on the top floor.

OPTION 4


BUILDING EXPANSION

Phase 1 consists mainly of shared residential units with integrated common spaces at the first level that could be converted into co-working spaces. Studio spaces and exhibition spaces are located at the ground level. Roof is only accessible for maintenance purposes. PHASE 1

Phase 1 consists mainly of residential units with studio spaces at ground level. Roof is only accessible for maintenance purposes.

PHASE 1 - PR

Phase 1 consists mainly of residential un

GROUND FLOOR F

G

H

E C

PHASE 1 - PROGRAMME

B

D

A

Phase 1 consists mainly of residential units with studio spaces at ground level

A - Artist Studio B - Artist Studio

PHASE 1 - PROGRAMME

C - Lobby D - Kitchen/Dinning E - Lobby/ Living room

Phase 1 consists mainly of residential units with studio spaces at ground level

F - Artist Studio G - Launderette

2ND FLOOR H - Artist Studio 11

10

GROUND FLOOR

1ST FLOOR 8

9 F

G

H

E

7

8 - Duplex room with living room

C B

D

6

5

9 - Room with living room

A

10 - Room

4

11 - Ensuite room 3

2

1

Housing units A - Artist Studio

1 - Ensuite Room

B - Artist Studio

2 - Ensuite Room

C - Lobby

3 - 2 bedrooms and living room

D - Kitchen/Dinning

4 - 2 bedrooms

E - Lobby/ Living room

5 - Ensuite Room

F - Artist Studio

6 - Room

G - Launderette

7 - Room

Ground floor

1st floor

2ND FLOOR

3RD FLOOR

H - Artist Studio

11

1ST FLOOR

10 9 5

8 6

8

7

2nd floor

3rd floor

8 - Duplex room with living room

8 - Duplex room with living room

9 - Room with living room 10 - Room

4

11 - Ensuite room 3

2

1 - Ensuite Room 2 - Ensuite Room 3 - 2 bedrooms and living room

1

Common space Toilets Access Studio/exhibition areas


Phase 2 expands the residential programme and studio spaces with gallery and exhibition spaces as well as more retail spaces at the ground floor level. Additionally some residential units are integrated with co-working spaces blurring the boundary between living working and consuming. Roof terrace is accessible to the public with walkway leading all the PHASE 2

way to the art gallery located at the 3rd floor. Phase 2 expands the residential programme and studio spaces with gallery and exhibition spaces as well as more retail spaces at the ground floor level. Additionally some residential units are integrated with co-working spaces blurring the boundary between living working and consuming. Roof terrace is accessible to the public with walkway leading all the way to the art gallery located at the 3rd floor.

Housing units Ground floor

1st floor

Common space Toilets Access Studio/exhibition areas

2nd floor

3rd floor


ART GALLERY

Visitors can access the art gallery on the third floor via a public roof garden.


Profile for unit19bartlett

A Global Village by Artur Zakrzewski  

A Global Village by Artur Zakrzewski  

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