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FINAN CIAL T IMES SP ECIAL

Gradua tion rep ort Pép Design é Niem mento eijer r: Mich Constru a d e cti H Researc on Mentor: Ba aas h Ment s Grem men or: Mar ta Rela ts

The Cit y to be injected with ac ade

Banker s

• First s ettlem ent of ‘ School Londo of Ban n king’ to stalled be inin LLoy ds’ hea This FI d office NAN

CIAL comple tely dev TIMES SPEC ot IA ic instit ution, t ed to a new ac L is he ad Bankin g. A sim London Scho emol o pl plan, de veloped e but revolutio f n Pépé N b iemeije y young arch ary ite r, a mem Design ber of s ct as Polit tudio ics of Tech nology of Delft Univ e ’s Facul ture. N ty of A rsity o ne

Friday o

back to school

mic ins titution s ACADEM IC BAN K BANKS TO CREA PROGRAM D BETWEE IS TE A N EW NET TRIBUTED O N STUD VER TH ENTS A WORK E EXISTI LAYER ND BA NKERS FO N AND BA R XENOGA G MY NKERS BETWEE N

ctober

31, 201

4


Occasion


18 MILLION FORECLOSURES IN THE USA RealtyTrac, Federal Reserve, Equifax

POPULATION TOP next

0.5% 7.5%

next

23.5%

700B $ USA 7.3% GDP 40B $ UK 19.2% GDP 16.7B $ Iceland 76% GDP

WEALTH

35.6%

43.7% next

68.5%

16.5% 4.2%

3.6T $ WORLD 5.7% GDP


ECONOMIC STUDENTS WANT THE REAL WORLD BACK IN THE CLASSROOM


City of London (the real world)


CITY OF LONDON

WALL STREET

HONG KONG

FRANKFURT

SINGAPORE


GREATER LONDON

8.196.700

INHABITANTS

606 sq Mile

CITY OF LONDON 7.000 INHABITANTS 1sq Mile


THE CITY OF LONDON CORPORATION

heads

LORD MAJOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON

SHERRIF (X2)

LIVERYMEN

elect

form ALDERMEN 1 PER WARD, 26 WARDS COMMITEES

LIVERY COMPANIES

approve elect

COMMON COUNCILLORS

are

VOTES (80% BUSINESS REPRESENTATIVES, 20% IN HABITANTS) FREEMEN OF THE CITY


Growth of the employees VS the dwellers in the City 7.000 dwellers 2%

100.000 dwel. 33%

Type of firms in the City 200.000 epm. 66%

the City of London. t 98,5% is “small� firms

%

n the Square Mile r than 250 people (SMEs)

number of enterprises, mployees No. enterprises 8,840 2,055 1,360 740 355 215 210 13,77 5

VS.

Other Health and Social Work Education Public Admin Business Services Finance Transport Hotel Retail Construction Manufacturing Agriculture

368.000 emp. 98%

Property 6%

0

Actual Calculation with amount of employees Associations 4% in small firms in comparison with large firms Central & Local Government 0% shows that 70,0001871 of the employees in the City Construction 3% work in a Companie larger than 250 employees

20

40

60

2013

Industry & manufacturing 2% Education 1%

17,600 emp. 14,285 emp. 20,400 emp

Services Services 11% 5%

11,000 emp. 10,650 emp.

37,625 emp. Professional

16%

259,000 emp.

Financial 70% Employees 31% Insurance in big firms 14% Media 3%

Other, (not finance business related 20%)

Technology 9%

80

100

120

Numbe r (Thousands)

VS.

Financial 38%

Business services 32% Insurance 10%

140

160


veryones who cross the border is eing registrated by picture and licence plate.

ince Ring of Steel changes the architecture of he border. The Ring of Steel Since 1993 (against terrorism)

480.000 CCTV

63% of the roads blocked


e plate.

cture of


“public/open space” 7,8% 0,2 km2

Private “public” space

City of London

56% 0,12 km2

100% 2,6 km2

Public “public” space 44% 0,08 km2

Space > 1000m2 38% 0,03 km2 (30.800 m2)

Space < 1000m2 62% 0,05 km2 (49.400m2)

This means that only 2% of the area of the Square mile is a usable public space, this 6,6 people per 1 m2.


Program concept The academic bank


ECONOMIC STUDENTS WANT THE REAL WORLD BACK IN THE CLASSROOM

BRING THE REAL WORLD, WITH THE CLASSROOM, BACK TO THE FINACIAL WORLD


School of economics

School of business

School of finance

School of law

?


UNIVERSITY

+

BANK


Conference space

Waiting rooms

Coffee bar

Parking garage

Auditorium space

Dealing room

The function of the bank where around the offices are organized, at this point higly symbolic because the actual dealing room is now virtual

Vault

Office space

Foyer

Lounge

Kitchen

CEO office

Canteen

Garden

Repro

The place where the valuables are stored, often not available anymore in banks

BANK

(symbolic)

GENERAL (BOTH)

Bar

UNIVERSITY


Urban plan

Infiltration in existing bank network


ACADEMIC BANK PROGRAM DISTRIBUTED OVER THE EXISTING BANKS TO CREATE A NEW NETWORK LAYER FOR XENOGAMY BETWEEN STUDENTS AND BANKERS AND BANKERS BETWEEN

Goldman Sachs

Floorspace in atrium +/Department on investment banking 4000m2

Royal bank of Schotland

Floorspace in atrium +/Department for Commercial banking 9000m2

London Stock Exchange Floorspace in atrium +/Main building 2800m2

Lloyds of London

Floorspace in atrium +/Department for insurance banking 2500m2


Lloyds of London


Installations

Vertical circulation

Toilets Fire staircases


There are no clear lines all the way up to the top. What you have is lots

of ‘worlds’ with pipelines of information travelling up. Up there

the ‘global heads’ sit but often they can’t agree among themselves. There is no strategy built at the top.”

Chief Executive Officer 7.900.000

Managing Director 2.500.000

Vice president 1.200.000

Third Year Associate 700.000

First Year Associate 450.000

Third Year Analist 310.000

First Year Analist 170.000

The back-office uses the vocabulary of meritocracy, dividing the world in winners and losers. The ‘winners’ genuinely seem to believe that they got to where to they are on the basis of their performance

Third Year Broker 145.000 First Year Broker100.000 Administration 40.000


Wages for CEO’s of banks with bonusses

GOLDMAN SACHS CEO 53.695.000,WELLS FARGO CEO 22.870.000,JP MORGAN CHASE CEO 20.000.000,CITIGROUP CEO 14.900.000,BANK OF AMERICA CEO 14.000.000,LLOYDS BANKING GROUP CEO 7.876.500,-

Wages for CEO’s of banks without bonusses VANCITY CEO 865.000,NEW RESOURCES BANK CEO 427.632,TRIODOS CEO 325.000,ECOLOGY BUILDING SOCIETY CEO 128.000,SOCIAL ECOLOGICAL GLS BANK CEO 125.000,-

1 million a year


CDO AAA

BANK

CDS


â&#x20AC;&#x153;As long as the task involved only mechanical skill, bonuses worked as they would expected: the higher the pay, the better the performance. But once the task called for, even a rudimantiary cognitive skill, a larger reward led to poorer peformance. In 8 of the nine tasks we examined across the three experiments, higher incentives led to worse peformanceâ&#x20AC;? Dan Ariely, U Gneezy, G Lowenstein & N Mazar, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston Working paper No. 05-11, July 2005; NY times 20 Nov 08


THE ARCHITECTURE IS USING THE SPACE IN THE ATRIUM (WHERE ALL LAYERS ARE CONNECTED) IT IS CREATING A SECOND NETWORK BETWEEN THE LAYERS DISMANTELING THE HIERARCHY AND OPENS UP WITH TRANSITIONS ON ALL LEVELS TO STIMULATE EXCHANGES BETWEEN STUDENTS AND BANKERS


Design

(Concept/Principles)


Grid is 1.8m x 1.8m x 1.5m Atrium is 3060 blocks 25% is 765 blocks


BAR

OFFICE CEO

SEMINAR SPACE SMALL LECTURE SPACE

SEMINAR SPACE

VIEW ON THE CITY OF LONDON

SEMINAR SPACE

MAIN LECTURE SPACE

SPECIFIC PROGRAM IN THE ATRIUM LUTINE BELL


RECESS COFFEE PLACE

RECESS COFFEE PLACE STUDY SPACE

STUDY SPACE

GENERIC PROGRAM ON THE OFFICE FLOOR AND BORDER


ALL PARTS OF THE ACADEMY ARE INTERCONNNECTED BY AN SECONDAIRY CIRULATION


THE INVERSE OF THE STRUCTURE THAT FORM THE SPACES OF THE ACADEMY (The specific program in purple and the secondair cir-


THE STRUCTURE WORKS AS A TRANSITION BETWEEN THE TWO INSTITUTIONS


Design

(Structure)


900 X 900 X 750mm

900 X 900 X 375mm

450 X 450 X 375mm

450 X 450 X 375mm (with densification)


The module is hollow for electric wires to support LED-strips Corners are thicker for load distribution

Indentation to place LED-strips or rubbers for hand-grip Holes for wires Holes for wires connecting to other modules


50mm

25mm


Console consists out of 4 elements

Placed around the columns in between the excisting consoles


Grid structure 450 x 450

No desifications at knots

Densification in grid where nesseary and small knots in corners


Homogene grid gets holes for spaces

There is no homogeneous distribution of load and the grid gets densification where nescerray

Now there are parts of the grid with less load where the grid can be streched up


Design (Spaces)


SECUNDAIR NETWORK

ENCLOSED SPACE (Specific)

RECESS SPACE (Generic) STUDY SPACE (Generic)

ROUTE


SEMINAR SPACE


LECTURE SPACE


Reflection of light

Refelction of the grid


reflecting alluminium plate (upholstery for the skin of the spaces

upholstery of the module

isolation

Block with profile

upholstery of the module

clamps for the upholstery in ceiling and walls

Dilatation/ noise attenuation rubber


BAR


Recap

(Role of the architect)


Thank you.


Atrium is used to cool down the building over night

Air in Air ventilated out of the offices trough light-fitting

Air out

Distribution air trough glazing

Air trough triple glazing Atrium provides light

Conditioned air distributed trough the sub floor plenum Air in Air out Lamps are painted black Glazing has a sun refelction coating

The structure is open so the atrium could still ventilate overnight and less during the day Air in Air out

Air out

Air in

The structure lightup around rooms and activity

Air in Air out

Air out

Air dispencer (pipes around space within the isolation layer) for more equal air distrubution in the space

Air in Lamps are painted white No sun reflection coating on glazing


Level 2 + 1.00 m (14.500 m)

Level 2 (13.500 m)

Profile for Design as Politics

Academic infiltration in the Lloyds of London  

Graduation Presentation Emilia Bruck. Mentor team: Micha de Haas, Marta Relats and Bas Gremmen Date of Graduation: 31-10-2014

Academic infiltration in the Lloyds of London  

Graduation Presentation Emilia Bruck. Mentor team: Micha de Haas, Marta Relats and Bas Gremmen Date of Graduation: 31-10-2014

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