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Communist Danwei in transition Informal urbanism Democracy

People’s Commune 2.0 Reconfiguration -Developing a Participatory Strategy for Upgrading Chinese Post-danwei community P5 presentation-Design as Politics Studio-We the people, Democracy,Architecture and City Xiayu Wu 4181123 mentor team: Marta Relats and Roberto Rocco 2013.06.26


Welcome to the global election year 2012!

Is China ready for the democracy development in urban communities after 2012? Russia Presidential election March 4th

France

United States

Presidential election April 22nd & May 6th

Presidential election November 6th

P.R.China Mexico

Egypt

Presidential election July 1st

Presidential election possible

Party congress October 25th

Taiwan(R.China) Presidential election January 14th

Venezuela Presidential election October 7th

Leadership Elections in 2012 Source: Economist Drawing by Author

R.China(Taiwan) Presidential election January 14th


70%

This year, of China’s leadership is expected to change. New political and economic strategies of goverment in China will certainly impinge upon the everyday lives of the urban population via the ways in which they creat and structure particular forms of spatial order. Over the past 6 decades, China has undergone the enormous

transformation on social-spatial arrangements, political ideologies and governance.

What kind of the basic physical spatial form can be the core epitome revealing “socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics”experiments in different eras and grassroot transformation & tendency in comtemporary urban China?

Background sceenprint Source: Chairman Mao 94,1972 by Andy Warhol


The answer is the Danwei compound,

a distinctive modern type of enclosed compound structure in urban socialist China, combing living and workplace and functioned as a self-sufficient and cohesive unit, exemplified the socialist ideal.


WHAT IS A

DANWEI?

WHAT IS THE

PROBLE/ISSUE

THAT I SEE NOW?

WHAT IS

MY APPROACH ?

WHAT IS

MY HYPOTHESIS ?

WHAT IS

MY RESEARCH QUESTION?

THIS IS

WHAT are

MY ANSWER! RESULTS MY EXPECT ?


Problem field definition

Refractory Workshop

Beijing Food Pedestrian Street

Shuangbei Light rail Station

Chongqing

Super Market

No.4 People’s Hospital

10

7

10

5

KMS-ANALYSIS SCALE

Farm Produce Market

Abandoned Swimming Pool

Majiang Gamble house Restaurant & Teahouse

Recreation Complex

Folk Carnival

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Downtown

Post-Communism Mansion

Street Market High-rise gated community

High-rise gated community

Tung Wah Hospital

Daytime Old Ppl’s house private primary school

Tung Wah Hospital fomer procurement office

Private School

KMS-ANALYSIS SCALE Tegang Hotel

p

Yongji Food Company Business Buidling

Vegetable Market

Administration Buidling

Education Buidling

Tegang Real Estate

Tegang case (Chongqing Special steel group corp.)

Tegang Institute

No.1 Steel-making workshop Yinghe Manufacture

10

Cooling Tower

4

KMS-ANALYSIS SCALE

Cold Hammering Workshop

Casting Workshop

Legend Abandoned Workshop Housing

No.2 Steel-making workshop

Shijingpo Light rail Station

Privatization of the Danwei facilities Dock

r

ive

No.3 Steel-making workshop

R g in

Tank

l

J

g ian

From Danwei Community Road to Street Market

SITE

Idle Danwei office building Informal reuse of the Danwei facilities New Light railway 500m Walking Distance

10

KMS-ANALYSIS SCALE


Problem field definition Urban Village Abandoned Swimming Pool

Worker’s Hospital Children’s Funfair Worker’s Club

Basketball Court

Worker’s Library High-rise Gated Community

Football Field

post-communism mansion

focus area School Design Institute

Hotel Railway School

Railway

abandoned office buildings Decommissioned Workshops

worker’s Domitory Research Institution

Facts Focus Group: working class

post-communism mansion

Focus area: central area of Tegang community

Worker’s Hospital

Size of the focus area: 12.5ha, 10,000 inhabitants


INFORMAL URBANISM

Tegang-Style demoracy and community life !

Public life organized by Mahjong game invisible auditorium-informal recreation: the worker’s club became a Mahjong gamble house, tegang community photo by author


Public life organized by teacup, ktv and inflated castle folk carnival-informal entertainment: the football field became the biggest teahouse base in Asia photo by author, tegang, 2011


Define informal

Public gathering by informal entertainment event folk carnival-informal entertainment: Mobile Informal Acrobatic Troupe in the night on Football Field photo by author


Genealogial & Comparative Approach PRE-MAO ERA

1949-1976 1949-1976

1935-1948 DESERT OF ANARCHY

GLOBAL&INFOMALIZATION ERA 1998- 2012

1977-1997

CENTRALIZED CONTROL BIG FEUDAL FAMILY FORCES

WESTERN RULES WITHIN A CHINESE CONTEXTS COMMERCIAL CITIES

BIG CAPITALISTS FORCES

DEMOCRACTIC PARTIES’ FORCES

“COUNTRIES IN A COUNTRY”

GRASS ROOT FORCES

PLANNING IDEOLOGY

PLANNED ECONOMY

INVESTMENT STRATEGY

MARKET ECONOMY WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS CENTRALIZED CONTROL

VERTICAL TOO MUCH STRESS CONNECTION ON HEAVY INDUSTRY CENTRALIZED INDUSTRILIZATION

DISTRIBUTION OF POWER

MARKET INTEGRATION

DISINTEGRATION OF THE OLD EMPLOYMENT SYSTEM REVOLUTION OF HOUSING AND HEALTH WELWARE DISINTEGRATION OF THE RISES OF SPECIAL ZONES THE OLD SOCIAL HIERARCHY COMMERCE & TRADE

DANWEI (SPATIAL INDUSTRIALIZED & WORKING UNIT) CITIES BIG GAP BET WEEN URBAN & RURUAL

OBA MAO

ste Th m e ch Cit re an y d lat ge ue ion s to shi dif p b fer et en we t p en oli Te Ur cie ga b s ng an an & d s res oc tru ial ct ch urin an g ge du so et fD os an pa we tia Gr i c l, p in assr om oli Da oo po tica nw t de un l, ei m d co oc mp rac ou y t nd ran s sfo rm ati Ch on on ange loc s o al f th sc e ale la nd ow ns hip str Inf uc o tur on rm e loc al al urb sc an ale ism ma pp ing Fo rm ula tin gc on flic ts

GANG ORGANIZATION FORCES

WESTERN CONCESSIONS COMMUNIST FORCES

POST-MAO ERA

毛时代 MAO ERA

Po on litica na l & tio E na co l s no ca mi le ca l

sy

BIG GAP BET WEEN URBAN & RURUAL

XL

L

M

S

S

S

Tricolor Chairman Mao graffiti, Chongqing Huangjueping near Sichuan Fine Arts Institute Photo by davidmcb


Top-down Governance Inspired by Confuciansm There is government, when the prince is prince, and the minister is minister; when the father is father, and the son is son.

Confucius (551–479 BCE)was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history.


MAO ERA

PRE-MAO ERA

毛时代 1949-1976

1935-1948 DESERT OF ANARCHY

1949-1976

CENTRALIZED CONTROL BIG FEUDAL FAMILY FORCES

WESTERN RULES WITHIN A CHINESE CONTEXTS COMMERCIAL CITIES

PLANNING IDEOLOGY

BIG CAPITALISTS FORCES

PLANNED ECONOMY

DEMOCRACTIC PARTIES’ FORCES

“COUNTRIES IN A COUNTRY”

VERTICAL TOO MUCH STRESS CONNECTION ON HEAVY INDUSTRY CENTRALIZED INDUSTRILIZATION

GANG ORGANIZATION FORCES

WESTERN CONCESSIONS COMMUNIST FORCES

INVESTMENT STRATEGY

DANWEI (SPATIAL INDUSTRIALIZED & WORKING UNIT) CITIES BIG GAP BET WEEN URBAN & RURUAL

GRASS ROOT FORCES

“PARADISE FOR ADVENTURERS” HALF-FEUDAL, HALF-COLONIAL & THE 2ND WORLD WAR

ASCETICISM & EQUALITARIANSM CULTURE REVOLUTION & THIRD FRONTIER CONSTRUCTION

HAERBING

HAERBING CHANGCHUN

CHANGCHUN SHENYANG

SHENYANG

FUSHUN ANSHAN TANGSHAN DALIAN TIANJING

BEIJING

BAOTOU

FUSHUN ANSHAN TANGSHAN DALIAN TIANJING

BEIJING

QINGDAO LANZHOU

QINGDAO

LUOYANG XI AN

ZHENZHOU NANJING WUHAN

CHENDU

SHANGHAI

CHONGQING

NANJING SHANGHAI

CHONGQING

PANZHIHUA LIUPANSHUI KUNMING

LEGEND

LEGEND TERRITORY OF REPUBLIC OF CHINA

GUANGZHOU

GUANGZHOU

THE FISRT FRONTIER AREA( ADVANCED AREA) THE SECOND FRONTIER AREA THE THIRD FRONTIER AREA

COMMERCIAL CITIES WITH WESTERN CONCESSIONS

THE MOST IMPORTANT THIRD FRONTIER AREA

CAPITAL CITY OF REPUBLIC OF CHINA DURING THE WORLD WAR II

COMMERCIAL CITIES BEFORE 1949(THE FOUNDATION YEAR OF PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA) COMMERCIAL CITIES AFTER 1949(THE FOUNDATION YEAR OF PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA)


POST-MAO ERA 1977-1997

GLOBAL& INFOMALIZATION ERA 1998- 2012

MARKET ECONOMY WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS

DISTRIBUTION OF POWER

MARKET INTEGRATION

DISINTEGRATION OF THE OLD EMPLOYMENT SYSTEM REVOLUTION OF HOUSING AND HEALTH WELWARE DISINTEGRATION OF THE RISES OF SPECIAL ZONES THE OLD SOCIAL HIERARCHY COMMERCE & TRADE

BIG GAP BET WEEN URBAN & RURUAL

UNBALANCE DEVELOPMENT THE COMBINATION OF CONTROL AND OPENING

OBA MAO “SEEKING COMMON GROUND, WHILE ALLOWING FOR MINOR DIFFERENCES” MOVING TOWARDS A UTOPIA OF LAISSEZ-FAIRE & INFORMAL URBANISM

HEIHE MANZHOULI

TACHENG BOLE YINING

SUIFENHE HUICHUN

ERLIANHAOTE

SHENYANG NEW AREA QINGHUANGDAO TIANJING

BEIJING

DALIAN

TIANJIN

YANTAI

BINGHAI NEW AREA

QINGDAO LIANYUNGANG

CHONGQING

WUHU WUHAN

YUEYANG

NANTONG SHANGHAI NINGBO

JIUJIANG

WUHAN

CHONGQINGMETROPOLITANS

WEISHOU

CHENGDU

FUZHOU RUILI

LEGEND WEST CHINA

CHANGZHUTAN METROPOLITANS

XIAMEN

WANDING

GUANGZHOU HEKOU PINGXIANG BEIHAI

DONGXING 4 Special Economic Zones in 1980 HAINAN Special Economic Zone in 1988

MIDDLE CHINA

14 COASTAL OPENING CITIES in 1984

EAST CHINA

13 BORDER OPENING CITIES in 1990

SHANTOU SHENZHEN

ZHUHAI ZHANJIANG

HAINAN

LEGEND LEVEL OF FORMAL ECONOMY HIGH

5 OPENING CITIES ALONG YANGTSE RIVER in 1990

LOW PRC's four direct-controlled municipalities

SHENZHEN

SHANGHAI PUDONG NEW AREA


m

ste

sy s

ge

an

ch

(studio WTP analysis:what)

XL L Ur an ban d s res oc tru ial ct ch urin an g ge du so et fD os an pa we tia Gr i c l, p in assr om oli Da oo po tica nw t de un l, ei m d co oc mp rac ou y t nd ran s sfo rm ati Ch on on ange loc s o al f th sc e ale la nd ow ns hip str Inf uc o tur on rm e loc al al urb sc an ale ism ma pp ing Fo rm ula tin gc on flic ts

Po on litica na l & tio E na co l s no ca mi le ca l

the relationships between Tegang & city development

M S S S Tricolor Chairman Mao graffiti, Chongqing Huangjueping near Sichuan Fine Arts Institute Photo by davidmcb


PRE-MAO ERA Chongqing: wartime capital Tegang: Armory, the originator of the industry sector in Southwest China YUBEI DISTRICT

MAO ERA Chongqing: 3nd-frontier industrial city Tegang: Representative factory Danwei compound

SITE SHAPINGBA DISTRICT

JIANGBEI DISTRICT

CBD

YUZHONG DISTRICT

POST-MAO ERA Chongqing:Declining industrial city

LEGEND

Tegang: Declining factory-Danwei

NANAN DISTRICT

BUILT AREA BEFORE 1949

JIULONGPO DISTRICT BUILT AREA BETWEEN 1949-1976

Globalization & Informalization ERA Chongqing: the Core Zone Leading China’s Western Development Tegang: collapsed factory-Danwei, growing democracy

BUILT AREA BEFORE 1997(THE YEAR OF CHONGQING BEING DERECTEDCONTROLED MUNICIPALITY OF CHINA BANAN DISTRICT

BUILT AREA BETWEEN 1997-2007 (THE YEAR OF THE SITE DECLARED BANKCRUPCY) YANGZTE RIVER&JIANGLING RIVER

DADUKOU DISTRICT DISTRICT BOUNDARY RESEARCH SITE INTERNAL HIGHWAY


XL ste

sy

L M S S S

ing

pp

ma

hip

ns

ow

ts

flic

on

gc

tin

ula

Fo rm

Inf on orm loc al al urb sc an ale ism

Ch on ange loc s o al f th sc e ale la nd

e

tur

uc

str

on

ati

orm

Gr in assr Da oo nw t de ei m co oc mp rac ou y t nd ran s sf

Th m e ch Cit re an y d lat ge ue ion s s to hi dif p b fer et en we t p en oli Te cie ga s ng &

Po on litica na l & tio E na co l s no ca mi le ca l

Urban restructuring due to changes of Danwei (studio WTP analysis:where)

Tricolor Chairman Mao graffiti, Chongqing Huangjueping near Sichuan Fine Arts Institute Photo by davidmcb


MAO ERA

PRE-MAO ERA

Danwei space “was designed to represent the centrality of collective labour and egalitarian social relationships that exemplified the socialist ideal”

LA

NW EI C

OM PO

UN

D

PR

SC

IV

AT I

HO O

L

ZA TI

DA

ON

ON TI ZA LI

NW EI C

ND

AN

D

OM PO

A ON TI NA

UN

D

HO U

SE S

urban spatial structure composed with the household compounds( Confucian family sphere) as units

DA RY

D

GO

VE RM

EN TA L

DA

NW EI C

OM PO

UN

D

FA C

FA C

TO

TO

RY

ancestral temple

M

PO

UN

Legenda DA

NW

EI

CO

Legenda Private land ownship

ST

OR

ES

Public land ownershop Communism Danwei Compound with walled community character

Globalization & Informalization ERA

POST-MAO ERA Danwei Decline

D UN

UN D CI

AL

private ownershop mixed use-commercial block public and private dual ownershop post-danwei compound

IX

ED

US E

-C

OM

M

ER

Public land ownershop post-communism danwei compound with walled community character M

UN D ST SIN OR TIG ES RA DA TIO NW N EI OF CO M PO

communism Danwei Compoud transition due to the housing system reform

Legenda

DI

Public land ownershop Communism Danwei Compound with walled community character

BL OC K

Legenda

PO

GO V

ER

ST -G

M

EN

OV E

TA L

RM

DA

EN

NW

TA L

EI

DA N

CO M

W

EI

CO

PO UN D

M

PO

FA C

PO ST -F AC

TO

TO RY

RY

DA

DA

NW

NW

EI

EI

CO

CO M

M

PO

PO UN D

UN D

PO

SC HO

OL

ST -S CH O

OL

DA N

W

DA

EI

NW

CO

EI

M

CO

PO

M

UN

PO

D

Danwei Collapse


ste

sy

(studio WTP analysis:who)

XL L M S S S

g

pin

ma p

hip

ns

ow

ts

flic

on

gc

tin

ula

Fo rm

Inf on orm loc al al urb sc an ale ism

Ch on ange loc s o al f th sc e ale la nd

e

tur

uc

str

Th m e ch Cit re an y d lat ge ue ion s s to hi dif p b fer et en we t p en oli Te cie ga Ur s ng an ban & d s res oc tru ial ct ch urin an g ge du so et fD os an pa we tia i c l, p om oli po tica un l, d

Po on litica na l & tio E na co l s no ca mi le ca l

Grassroots democracy transformation in Danwei transition

Tricolor Chairman Mao graffiti, Chongqing Huangjueping near Sichuan Fine Arts Institute Photo by davidmcb


MAO ERA

PRE-MAO ERA

Before 1949 baojia system, a grassroots political management system

30

3 = 1 bao

1949-1965

10-30households

households outside danwei compounds

housewife elder /retired

neighborhood leader

jia

100

resident’s committee

1958-1962

1966-1976

100

100

people’s commune

RED BOOK

central government

POST-MAO ERA

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

households outside danwei compounds

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

housewife elder /retired

public security soldier revolutionary original member officer rebel

resident’s committee

revolutionary residents’ committees

Globalization & Informalization ERA

1978-1998

RED BOOK

2003-2012

RCs

RCs

leader of RCs

reform of publicowned enterprises

RCs

RCs

RCs

The carriers of administrative power party secretary

Emergence of new economy

post factory danwei post-school danwei military danwei disintigration of store danwei

the management transformation reform in public-owned enterprises

house leaders/directors of homeowners’ associations

centres of the power relationship, the bridges between administrative power and social power

social functions & welfare programs Increasing floating population

candidate by leader of RCs peripherization

offpost residents

normal voter more power to participate in community issue than before

housewife elder /retired

resident’s committee

more actors involved direct election

The reconfigurlation of power relationship Direct election of Residents Committee: community-level democracy

candidate from the bottom


XL L M S S S

Fo rm

ing

ma pp

ts

on flic

tin gc

ula

Inf on orm loc al al urb sc an ale ism

sy

ste Th m e ch Cit re an y d lat ge ue ion s to shi dif p b fer et en we t p en oli Te cie ga Ur ng s b a an n & d s res oc tru ial ct ch urin an g ge du so et fD os an pa we tia Gr i c l, p in assr om oli Da oo po tica nw t de un l, ei m d co oc mp rac ou y t nd ran s sfo rm ati on

Po on litica na l & tio E na co l s no ca mi le ca l

Changes of the land ownship structure on local scale

(studio WTP analysis: red tape)

Tricolor Chairman Mao graffiti, Chongqing Huangjueping near Sichuan Fine Arts Institute Photo by davidmcb


From

People’s Space- Public Ownership

CompletionYear: 1970

Subsidiary Hospital

Communism Danwei Compound

CompletionYear: 1960

Farm Produce Market

Completion Year: 1970

Workers’ Dormitory CompletionYear: 1960

Cinema

CompletionYear: 1995 CompletionYear: 1990

Swimming Pool

Funfair CompletionYear: 1988

Attached Library CompletionYear: 1949 CompletionYear: 1970

Football Field

Workers’ Dormitory CompletionYear: 1990

Basketball Court CompletionYear: 1958

Communism Mansion CompletionYear: 1952

Communism Mansion Subsidiary Transport Company CompletionYear: 1970

Design Institute CompletionYear: 1970

CompletionYear: 1949

Workers’ Dormitory CompletionYear: 1960

Subsidiary School

3D MODEL OF CENTRAL PART OF TEGANG COMMUNITY

Communism Mansion CompletionYear: 1970


To

Public-Private Dual Ownership

Land ownership:No.4 People’s Hospital, no relationship with TEGANG Transition Year: 2005

No.4 Ppl’s Hospital

Post-Communism Danwei Compound Land ownership:

Zhongxinwan Neighborhood Committee (under the jurisdiction of Chongqing Shijingpo Sub-district Office);

Transition Year: 1976

Farm Produce Market Land ownership:

Land ownership:

Workers’ Dormitory

Chongqing Municipalityowned Yufu Real Estate

Zhongxinwan Neighborhood Committee (under the jurisdiction of Chongqing Shijingpo Sub-district Office);

Transition Year: 2005 Majiang Gamble house

Housing Property Right: Tegang Workers Transition Year: since 1994

Transition Year: 2005 Abandoned Swimming Pool

Land ownership:

Zhongxinwan Neighborhood Committee (under the jurisdiction of Chongqing Shijingpo Sub-district Office);

Transition Year: 2005 Restaurant & Teahouse

Land ownership:

Chongqing Municipality-owned Yufu Real Estate

Transition Year: 2005

Recreation Complex Land ownership:

Chongqing Tegang Real Estate

Housing Property Right: Housing Perchasers

Transition Year: 2006 High-rise gated community

Land ownership:

Zhongxinwan Neighborhood Committee (under the jurisdiction of Chongqing Land ownership: Shijingpo Sub-district Office); Tuanjieba Neighborhood Committee Transition Year: 2005 (under the jurisdiction of Chongqing Shijingpo Sub-district Office);

Folk Carnival

Demolished Dormitory

Transition Year: 2005 Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Housing Property Right: Tegang Workers Transition Year: since 1994

Post-Communism Mansion

Land ownership:

Chongqing Tegang Real Estate

Housing Property Right: Housing Perchasers

High-rise gated community

Transition Year: 2006 High-rise gated community

Land ownership: Chongqing Tegang Real Estate Housing Property Right: Housing Perchasers Transition Year: 2011

Abandoned Design Institute

Land ownership: Chongqing Municipality-owned Yufu Real Estate Transition Year: 2005

Housing Property Right: Tegang Workers Transition Year: since 1994

Workers’ Dormitory

Housing Property Right: Tegang Workers Transition Year: since 1994

Land ownership: Chongqing New Century Primary School Transition Year: 2005

Private School

3D MODEL OF CENTRAL PART OF TEGANG COMMUNITY

Post-Communism Mansion


Tegang-style Grassroot Daily Life

post-communism community life due to fragmented land-ownship

Public gathering by informal entertainment event folk carnival-informal entertainment: “Baba� Copycat Dance in the night on Football Field in the night on Football Field photo by author


ste

sy

(studio WTP analysis: what, where, who)

XL L M S S S

ts

on flic

gc

tin

ula

Fo rm

Th m e ch Cit re an y d lat ge ue ion s s to hi dif p b fer et en we t p en oli Te cie ga Ur s ng an ban & d s res oc tru ial ct ch urin an g ge du so et fD os an pa we tia Gr a i c l, p in ssr om oli Da oo po tica nw t de un l, ei m d co oc mp rac ou y t nd ran s sfo rm Ch ati a on on nge loc s o al f th sc e ale la nd ow ns hip str uc tur e

Po on litica na l & tio E na co l s no ca mi le ca l

Infomal unbanism mapping on local scale

Tricolor Chairman Mao graffiti, Chongqing Huangjueping near Sichuan Fine Arts Institute Photo by davidmcb


Informal Urbanism Phenomenon Mapping 30

31

31

30 32

Farm Produce Market 31

From Funfair to Restraurant & Teahouse

31

Abandoned Swimming Pool

Majiang Gamble house

31

Restaurant & Teahouse

BBQ Restaurant

Post Office

KTV Bar

Drugstore

21

Recreation Complex

20

5 4

8 6 Internet Bar

9

Message Centre

Dance Hall

1F

3F

2F

Kongfu & Taekwondo Club

24

4 6

10 Abandoned Reading Room

Post-Communism Mansion

13

High-rise gated community

23

16 30

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

12 22

From Bsketball Court to Basketball Court/KTV/

Folk Carnival 11

38

4F

31 31 34 9

7

7

2 3

18

Dance Training Club

1

Street Market 3 High-rise gated community

6

2

Resteraurant

Restaurant/Trade Fair

Teahouse KTV

Resteraurant

27

“Wall shop�

28

Teahouse

+

26

5

19

Bumper car

From Attached Library to Recreation Complex

30

1

39

31 36 31 17 35

15 31 30 33 31 31 14 31 29

30

37 31 9 8 10 31 31 26 31 31 30

From Danwei Compound Road to Street Market

Legend Expansion Range of Teahouse Informal Information Informal Recreation & Entertainment Informal Commerce Informal Health Care


Informal Information

001

Traditional Chinese Painting & calligraphy on balcony Book of TEGANG History

006

007

Informal Logo on back of Chair Showing the Ownship of different Outdoor-Teahouses

Outdoor Bookstore


Informal Recreation & Entertainment -

Free!

Folk Carnival

008

Informal KTV Bar

009

Informal DJ Public Security Officer

015

Chessing on the Pedestrian Road

Public Security Officer

016

Public Security Officer: Have Fun with the Citizens All Photos by author


Informal Commerce

Basket

t r u o C l l a b t e k s a B

Building No.: No.1 Democracy Terrace

ball Co

urt

Wall Shop Adding Toilet

Kitchen

Community Road

025

027

Wall Shop

Anatomic Basketball Court -

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Piracy DVD

Leather Stall

Pot Stall

028

030

Street Market

Street Market

Piracy DVD Stand

Vendors/Trade Fair

Tea Stall

Grocery Stall

Buried Security Booth by Shoe Boxes

Seasonal/Weekend Clothing Fair

Bridge Market All Photos by author


Informal Health Care

032

Informal Pelma Beauty

advertisement

033

Traditional Chinese Medicine stand

advertisement

advertisement

“Doctor�

035

Informal Dentist

Cupping

Mobile Masseur Patient

034 Non-drug Therapy On the road

Dentures

036 Informal Dental Clinic


XL m

ste

sy

ch Th an e ge Cit rel s y d ati ue ons to hip dif fer betw en ee tp n oli Te cie ga s ng Ur & ba an n r d s es oc tru ial ctu ch rin an g d ge s o ue t fD os an pat we ial ic ,p Gr om oli as po tica in sro un l, Da ot d nw de ei mo co cr mp ac ou y tr nd an s sfo rm ati on Ch on ange loc s o al f th sc e l ale an do wn sh ip str uc Inf tur o e on rm loc al u al rba sc ale nism ma pp ing

Po l on itica na l & tio Ec na on l s om ca le ical

Formulating conflicts

(studio WTP analysis: the people)

L M S S S Tricolor Chairman Mao graffiti, Chongqing

Huangjueping near Sichuan Fine Arts Institute

Photo by davidmcb


OVERSE

university town

chongqing university

AS LOA

stop

N

stop

ciqikou old town

stop 18km

shapingba centre

To university town

stop

tegang

stop

CBD stop

jiangbei centre

stop S

DING

M

ERN

GOV

N L FU A T EN


18km To university town

tegang university town

stop

jiangbei centre

CBD stop

stop

stop

power relations in terms of coflicts, compromises, co-operation and symbiosis chongqing university

shapingba centre

stop

ciqikou old town

stop

stop


CBD stop

Chongqing government

Government-led planning; abnormal economic strategy : 60% of financial revenue comes from land-based finance generating high debt


jiangbei centre

stop

imbalanced public resources developers’ investments inclined to advantage groups instead of vulnerable groups.


shapingba centre

stop

the formal and conventional urban regeneration strategy that build gentrified

community attracting the urban young gentries.


governmental fundings and overseas loansawaiting nice bids for Tegang

industrial land. Moreover, the

expensive cost of light railway also have to confront the financial difficulity of longterm for return.


tegang

stop

threats from demolish the factory heritage; however, residents have come to enjoy the enhanced autonomy, via which they created and rediscovered their culture value after they lost the mainstream political discourse when Danwei broke down. Residents still spent most of their time within Tegang

acquaintance social network and strong sense of belongings through social-economic activities on community public realm. community space, sustained the


18km To university town

university town

stop

potential customers and volunteers in the future’s

Tegang community development model


ciqikou old town

stop

Ciqikou ancient town

Adjcent to Tegang community: Potential partner of community coalition


chongqing university

stop

a call for new positions for urban professionals


Problem statement Cultural conflict

Gentrified community life

Post-communism Danwei compound life

vs

the political conflict between local community residents’ consciousness of citizenship via informal urbanism spatial practice and external actors’s administration strengthening on the local community governance, disrupting the community-level democracy potentials.

PO

the cultural conflict between Tegang dynamic but vulnerable post-Danwei life and gentrified community life, intensifying social segregation;

ST -F AC

TO

RY

DA

NW

EI

GE UR NTR BA IF N IED RE GE COM NE M RA UN TI I ON TY

VI

CO M

A

PO U

ND

the Tegang danwei compound regeneration agenda in current municipality means of planning and governance creating two main conflicts on the local community level:

Political conflict

Local community actors: Grassroots’consciousness of citizenship

RCs

RCs

leader of RCs

RCs

RCs

External actors: Administration strengthening

RCs

party secretary

street office professionals

district gov.

NEWS

candidate by leader of RCs house leaders/directors of homeowners’ associations

candidate from the bottom

media

CQ Metro normal voter

Tegang Danwei

municipality gov.

developers property management office


WHAT IS

MY APPROACH ? literature research

Case study


1.Multi-actors’ Analysis Framework

2.Associative democracy

3.Song’s “gover- 4.Hybrid Role of nance by means of Planners in non-interference” Network Governance strategy

literature review on political aspect

theoretical framework

Case study


1. Informal urbanism in Song dynasty and 2. community organiSong’s Governance of zation and community non-interference input in High Line model project, New York

literature review on political aspect

theoretical framework

3.Southwark Circle, 4 Street Vendor Guide London project New York

Case study


Existing Situation

1.Multi-actors’ Analysis Framework : current Actors’ power struggles and distributions

actor definition

CQ

mun

g i c i p a lit y

current role

sid

e nt’ s

it co m m

tee

.

current power/influence

current accountability

administration & party leadership

municipality

high

high

high

Self-governance organization on Community level

local

high

medium

high

local

high

low

low

visitor / customers

regional

medium

no

no

technical planning experts

regional

medium

low

low

regional/local

high

high

high

medium

high

high

users

TEGANG

Lo c

stake

. ov

RCs Re

scale

al re sid e nts.

V isit o r s

P rof

essio n als

private and municipality-owned Real estates/ investor

D e v elo e r s p

executing railway services

CQ

M etr

o co mp

an

y

municipality


Power Struggle

W

Actors’ analysis

y c t p ru

transfer

k n a b

Chongqing Municipality Government

TEGANG CASE

20billion

land price:

sell

CQ Municipality-owned Yufu Real Estate

f sta

te a

c eipts

d

30%

15%

other

tax

Land selling

y re

la n

Non-tax

45%

ar

nd

21%

other

e nt fu n d s

Getting fat profits from land selling

et

ern m

ne

CQ municipality gov.

property tax

Gov. as public manager

dg

ow

Gov. as land owner

bu

b etw een

d lan

primary market

t h e o w ner o

rs

secondary market

gov

Land Leasing

15%

real estate

government financial revenue highly dependence on real-estate:

60% of financial revenue comes from landbased finance

problem

44% VS

10%

government financial house price expense grouth rate grouth rate

debt 369billion

100*

beijing national stadium

3 years

net profit china mobile

1 year GDP Belarus

infographic 1: the actor analysis on Chongqing muncipality goverment


Power Struggle

e

nv

Actors analysis

i r o n m e nt

sec

w e lf a r e

Residents’ Committee d i a tion

g

me

fa m

heavy burden of administration task

he alt h

fi n a n cia

ffi c

l

di

u lty

nin

RCs

u rit y

n ilil y p l a

wome

n

RCs ure s s pre h re! g a l i c a h t h ci ins w so healt a g & lo A m nce o r f ura ins

For inf o integra rmal civic e econo ted into form cnomy my! al

For strong role in the industry/danwei culture reservation process!

Aga reeminst dif form ploym ficult er w ent o orke f rs!

infographic 3: the actor analysis on Tegang Residents’ Committee resource:Ngeow, Chow Bing, "Democratic development in China’s urban communities" (2010). Public and International Affairs Dissertations. Paper 7. http://hdl.handle.net/2047/d20000145


private!

Power Struggle CQ average monthly income

Actors analysis

1461 yuan

TEGANG

private!

private!

870 yuan

R

S

D

ed !

Clos

public!

public!

Closed !

262 yuan

Cinema/worker club C becomes majiang Cateen gamble house

to pay social insurance

146 yuan

public!

W

Sportsfield becomes folk carnival

ed !

Green area

private!

Clos

H

Empty Workshops

TEGANG

public!

Attached Library becomes recreation private Kindergarten/School complex Design Institute

G

to pay medical insurance

post-Communism Mansions+ new housing

Beijing

> 11.6% aging rate of China

R

s

s

sC

RC

dev

el

Residents Committee 3.2%

very good

23.6% 27.1% good on a ti w E v al u for

ure s s pre h re! g a l i c a h t h ci ins w so healt a g & lo A m nce o r f ura ins

RCs

RC

Aging community

sCR

er

aging rate of Chongqing

Inhabitants social status: local post-danwei members as vulnerable class in society

poor

str e

e

Actors

Community life: consumption/production network based on acquaintance network and focused on community public space; strong emotional appeal of former Danwei system

31.6% 14.5% common very poor

o or f p o k e li c y ei rs o f p o s t- D anw

For inf o integra rmal civic e econo ted into form cnomy my! al

offpost workers

ffic e

aging rate of Tegang community

Chongqing

op

> 20%

to

25%

Private Hospital Nursing home

K Tegnag residents average monthly income

Local residents

N

H

For strong role in the industry/danwei culture reservation process!

Aga reeminst dif form ploym ficult er w ent o orke f rs!

infographic 3: the actor analysis on Tegang local residents


Power Struggle Actors analysis

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

vulerable group Developers

advantage group

market force

W

Tegang public resource urban planning!

house price rises land price rises! house price rises land sell again!

amenities investment! gov. income from land sell!

amenities investment!

Professionals

gov. finance difficulty! infographic 2: the actor analysis on devlopers and professionals

financing via land exchange!

amenities investment again!

urban planning again!

TEGANG


2. Associate demorarcy: limits of representative democratic strategies which focus only on the formal electoral arena visitors

Chongqing Municipality Government

Developers

Local residents Developers

Professionals

Developers

Chongqing Metro Company

Developers

Chongqing Municipality Government

Professionals

Chongqing Metro Company

Developers

Chongqing Metro Company

TEGANG

Chongqing Municipality Government

Chongqing Metro Company

RCs Professionals

Chongqing Municipality Government

Professionals

Chongqing Municipality Government

Residents’ Committee


2. Associate demorarcy: Growing emphasis on deepening democracy, and emerging ‘new democratic spaces’ seek to extend the range and scope of opportunities for citizen participation. The ‘empowerment’ of local community oganizations is seen as a way of localizing democracy and making public services more accountable.

RCs residents’ committee

developers

TEGANG HISTORY

local community coalition

professionals

property management office TEGANG

local residents

CQ Metro

media/ visitors


3. Hybrid Role of Planners in Network Governance strategy

As collaborative & communicative planner

As managerplanner

As advocacy/ political planner

As process planner


4. A theory of Governance of non-interference model a participation model adapted the Tegang context

无为而治“governance by means of non-interference” 不尚贤,使民不争;不贵难得之货,使民不为盗;不见可欲 ,使民心不乱。是以圣人之治,虚其心,实其腹,弱其志, 强其骨。常使民无知无欲。使夫智者不敢为也。为无为,则 无不治。

Lao Tse ( 6th century BCE) a philosopher of ancient China, best known as the author of the Tao Te Ching. He is also traditionally considered the founder of philosophical Taoism.


Case study 1:informal urbanism in Song dynasty(960A.D.-1279A.D.) & Song’s Governance of non-interference model Song’s Governance of non-interference model minimizing the role of government on commerce and letting individuals develop spontaneously Scholar Officials from central government to county government

cooperation

1

厢吏 neighborhood

500

Management

self-government

household

election

Scholarly Gentry Class

School

best!

Degree-holders local tutors not yet assigned to an official post

best!

local elites/ clan elders

+

welfare programs

merchant class

Public clinic Retirement home

Emperor

central government

Private Financing exam candidates Retired Scholar

Civil Service Examination

Environment

Social granary

50

Military Organization

Management

保长

neighborhood security

Neighborhood self-government and Organization in Song 1 city=12 “xiang”=121“fang”=90,000 household=450,000 citizens “xiang”

“fang”

1坊

neighborhood self-government

basic-level neighborhood organization

744 household

ancestral temple Singer/ Stage Housing Garden Calligraphy /painting booth

china booth

clothing shop

medicine store

furniture shop

500m

hotel/restaurant

wine shop

antique shop braised meat shop

m

0 5 2


Case study 2: community organization and community input in High Line project, New York The effects of the community organization and community input on moving threat of demolition of Highline in New York and co-design process with other actors, promoting grassroot participation in spacial strategy and interventions;

Community members at a roundtable discussion to advise the early planning stages of the High Line design process

New Yorkers sharing ideas for the design of the High Line's final section at Rail Yards Community Input Forum in December, 2011. Photo by Yoon Kim

Rail Yards Community Input Forum in December, 2011. Photo by Yoon Kim

photo resource: http://www.thehighline.org/design/community-input


Case study 3: Southwark Circle a social support network and actor-engagement model fulfilling local everyday needs and in the process reducing social isolation in inner-London joining the circle

member & helper

southwark circle

types of exchange

by phone

in person

online sign-up

financial exchange

time exchange

social exchange

members purchase helper time

helpers give time, and then bank it

helpers & members encouraged to meet

hugh

outcomes fiona

calls the helpline

purchases helper time

sarah

banks time

earns a wage

hugh teaches music

hugh gains computer literacy

anna earns credits swaps credits

carries shopping home for fiona

anna swaps credits for music lessons

hugh, anna, Fiona & sarah meet for coffee

diagram resource: Compendium for the Civic Economy, 2011, p150


Case study 4: Street Vendor Guide, New York a good practice of the actor engagement model and communication tool, cultivating the citizens’ awareness of the right to the city, which also inspire me to seek the new technical and communication skills of urban planners

photos resource: http://candychang.com/street-vendor-guide/


From

People’s Commune 1.0

Communism Danwei Compound

Economy policy: Planned economy, addressing heavy industrial production

N A PL Tegang Danwei Mother of industry in Western China; Ranging top 500 strong enterprises

central government

20%

infographic 6: People’s commune 1.0: Danwei before reform in terms of the economy policy

IRON & STEEL local tax from Tegang annually


From

People’s Commune 1.0

Communism Danwei Compound

Political ideology:Equalitariansm but asceticism Political policy: the state strict top-down governance

centralized industralization

equal distribition

=

1/20

5kg

80

average monthly salary

factory danwei

school danwei

military danwei

store danwei

infographic 7: People’s commune 1.0: Danwei before reform in terms of the political ideology and the political policy


From

People’s Commune 1.0

Communism Danwei Compound

Only for the people who work/live in Danwei

Service and welfare responsibility: “from cradle to grave” H K

Subsidiary Kindergarden

Subsidiary Hospital Attached Library Design Institute

Communism Mansion

S Subsidiary School Workshops

Job Assignment

pension nursing home

Collective Dining

H E Subsidiary Hospital Entertaiment welfare

infographic 8: People’s commune 1.0: Danwei before reform in terms of service and welfare responsibility


From

People’s Commune 1.0

Communism Danwei Compound

public!

H public!

N

public!

Subsidiary Hospital nursing home

S

K

L

D

Land ownship: public land-ownship

public!Subsidiary Kindergarten/School Attached Library Design Institute

E

public!

C Cinema/worker club Cateen

public!

W

public! Sports facilities

Green area

public!

H Workshops

Communism Mansions

worker Community life: Collective life with strong sense of belonging and social identity

state Actors

Inhabitants social status: working class as rulling class in the main policial discourse

RED BOO K

RED BOO K

RED BOO K

RED BOO K

CCTV RED

NEWS RED BOO K

BOO

K

infographic 9: People’s commune 1.0: Danwei before reform in terms of land ownship, invovled actors, community life and inhabitants social status


private!

Declining Danwei, Growing Democracy private!

private!

N

H

Private Hospital Nursing home

R

S

K

public!

D

ed !

Clos

Attached Library becomes recreation private Kindergarten/School complex Design Institute

public!

G

public!

Closed !

Cinema/worker club C becomes majiang Cateen gamble house

public!

W

Sportsfield becomes folk carnival

ed !

H

er

post-Communism Mansions+ new housing

RC

s

op

RCs

dev

s

RC

R

sCR

Green area

private!

Clos

Empty Workshops

sC

el

ffic e

Residents Committee

offpost workers

Inhabitants social status:

to

To

People’s Commune 1.5

str e

e

Actors

local post-danwei members as vulnerable class in society

Community life:

ure s s pre h re! g a l i c a h t h ci ins w so healt a g & lo A m nce o r f ura ins

residents have come to enjoy the enhanced autonomy, when Danwei broke down. Residents still spent most of their time within Tegang community space, sustained the acquaintance social network and strong sense of belongings through social-economic activties on community public realm.

For inf o integra rmal civic e econo ted into form cnomy my! al

For strong role in the industry/danwei culture reservation process!

infographic 10: People’s commune 1.5: Declining Democracy, Growing Democracy


WHAT IS

MY HYPOTHESIS ?

. The hypothsis are focused on exploring a model of a community-participation, synthesized the participation & communication strategy with a network-governance tool and a user-co-creation platform as the carrier for actors engagement patterns and potential spatial interventions to facilitate the vulnerable group making collective choices dealing with the complex urban conflicts, promote participatory democracy development in Tegang community, thereby securing the position of the post-Danwei residents culturally, spatially and economically.


WHAT IS

MY RESEARCH QUESTION?

How to develope a participatory strategy for the postdanwei community regeneration and integration within urban agenda, securing the position of the residents culturally, spatially and economically?


To

People’s Commune 2.0

THIS IS

co-governance!

the model of participatory democratic Danwei-community

N

H private!

Reinvigorating post-Danwei community

MY ANSWER! 1.participation strategy

co-governance!

Private Hospital Nursing home

R

S

K

D

n!

-ope

2.communication strategy

re Attached Library becomes recreation Design Institute as private Kindergarten/School complex skill training centre

co-governance!

pen

G

re-o

!

co-governance!

co-governance!

3.website

C

Cinema/worker club Sportsfield becomes becomes majiang Cateen as gamble house people’s kitchen! folk carnival

pen

re-o

!

H post-Communism Mansions+ new housing

TEGANG

TEGA

NG

mu

TE

ET

GA

AG

GN

op

dev

NG

GN

NG

AG

GA

ET

TE

GNAGE

T

TEGANG

lti

sCR

RC

R

s

sC

TE

GA

be

m

NG

TEGA

NG

TEGANG

TEGANG

arc

urb

an

s

me

h i t e cts

T AGE GN

NG

NG

self-employed local workers

RC

TEGA

GA

rs

GNAGET

TEGANG

TE

el

le

GET

GNA

local community organzations and residents as crucial actors in network-governance of people’s commune 2.0 platform for community well-being; They build cultural, spatial, economical self-confidence through engagement and participation

Residents Committee

Actors

cho

Community life:

ng

people’s danwei 2.0 strengthen the unseen social networks and community identity that will enable the phisical space to presper and be more resilient

wellcome to people’s danwei 2.0! TEGANG

infographic 11:Vision of People’s commune 2.0: Reinvigorating post-Danwei community

building skills connected entrepreneurs in danwei 2.0

local say over re-investing of profits

affordable & high-quality health care

5. participatory spatial interventions

er

v e l g ov

Transforming abandoned workshops into community civic economy resources

Inhabitants social status:

4. actors engagement

private!

g m e tr

W

qin

co-governance!

Green area

good reputation that enabling ppl participating danwei 2.0 building

reducing social isolation

strengthening a sense of neighborhood interdependency

sustainable & locally sourced food/service/ entertainment

building local social capital via volunteering and events


Design Outcome 1. Participation strategy TEGANG

TEGANG

W •

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

Step 1 Tegang project should focus on the aim TEGANG

which is moving the threat of demolition of abandoned

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

professionals

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

form into community-level civic economic spatial

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

advocate for the Danwei culture preservation and trans-

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

workshops and disused Danwei service facilities to

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG TEGANG

TEGANG

local residents’committee direct election

resources. Therefore the involvement of actors in the As advocacy planner and effective facilitator for Tegang Residents’ committee direct election, community-input sessions and project management

analysis of their needs and decision-making processes should include. Meanwhile, a planning team should be formed by representatives of all concerned stakeholders.

professionals Diagram 1:The first two steps of particiaption strategy and the roles of the urban professionals


Design Outcome 1. Participation strategy •

Step 2 To make the participation strategy sustain-

able and effective, strengthen the community autonomy power of Residents’ committees, the plan informal urbanism

team will assist Residents’ committee to organize the online & offline community organization called “Friend of Tegang” a non-profit, private partner to Chongqing

history & culture nwei value of post-da

professionals

Tegang community public space

Department of Parks & Recreation. Friends of Tegang works with the city to make sure Tegang Danwei is

developers

RCs

People’s commune 2.0 platform social enterprise

property management office

maintained as a great participatory democratic community and public space for all Chongqing citizens and visitors to enjoy. Therefore, “Friend of Tegang” as the core actor-coalition in the model of participation empowers the members of People’s commune 2.0 to actively engage in their own development.

residents’ committee

TEGANG

local residents

CQ Metro

media/ visitors Diagram 2 :The third step of particiaption strategy


Design Outcome 1. Participation strategy

Step 3 the “ Friend of Tegang” coalition estab-

lishes the online and offline platform of People’s informal urbanism

commune 2.0. This platform is designed for sensitiz-

history & culture nwei value of post-da

ing potential members of “Friend of Tegang” about participation ways of the people’s Commune 2.0 and

professionals

Tegang community public space

disseminating information about their rights and responsibilities, how importance of members’ contri-

RCs

People’s commune 2.0 platform social enterprise

bution, donation and participation are for the sustainable future of the Tegang community. The platform is also used as the social enterprise, this could be seen for:

developers

residents’ committee

property management office

TEGANG

local residents

CQ Metro

media/ visitors Diagram 2 :The third step of particiaption strategy


Design Outcome 1. Participation strategy I/WE/YOU MAKE PPL’S COMMUNE 2.0

call •

Step 4 three options for a wide range of potential

sign up

+

I/WE/YOU MAKE PPL’S COMMUNE 2.0

I/WE/YOU MAKE PPL’S COMMUNE 2.0

online sign up

in person

+

members to access and participate in I/WE/YOU making people’s commune 2.0 project: The member card is designed to facilitates the members a sense of community ownership. Memeber Join now!

Card

Diagram 3 :The fourth step of particiaption strategy


Design Outcome 1. Participation strategy •

Step 5 design the model of the mixed-mode inputs as one of the core features of the participation strategy to

frame a continuous process and engagement and is strengthened by the collaboration of government, civil society, the private sector and financial support organizations. In this concept, the urban architects as the platform manager to handle the political processes and administrative procedures members co-governance

RCs

skill & time donation

discount support interest-free loans

small-scale public subsidy

mixed mode inputs reusing exisiting materials

informal urbatonism integrated innism formal urba e

people’s commun

2.0

Diagram 4: The 5th step of particiaption strategy


Power distribution proposal actor definition

current role administration & party leadership

CQ

mun

go

i c i p a lit y

sid

e n t ’ s o m m itt c

municipality

high

high

high

benefit: benefit type gain/loss _+

ee

.

self-governance organization on commnity level

local

high

medium

political:public support financial:cooperation with civic society

v.

RCs Re

scale

Existing Situation current power/influence current accountability stake

high

++

political:more autonomy power on locall issue financial:fully self-sufficient physical:community resources preservation for public service political:more autonomy power on locall issue

users

TEGANG

Lo c

local

high

low

low

++

physical:community resources preservation and reconnection to urban political:more participation

al re si d e n ts.

visitor / customers

regional

medium

no

no

+

V isit o r s

technical planning experts

Prof

regional

medium

low

low

+

essio n als

private and municipality-owned real estates/ investor

regional/local

high

high

high

_+

D evelo p e r s

executing railway services

CQ

M etr

o co mp

an

financial:fully self-sufficient

y

municipality

medium

high

high

+

physical:community resources preservation and reconnection to urban public service political:more participation, chances to expore new roles facing new type of planning tasks and practices political:less influence on landfinancial policies but more direct communication with bottom users financial: new business & management of physical production, less venture political:more particiation on locall issue financial: new type of business & management of infrastructure

Proposal effect proposal power/influence new role supervisor & party leadership member of Friend of Tegang

self-governance organization on commnity level core in helding community input sessions, to encourage all interested members of the public to share their ideas for what the Tegang post-communist Danwei should become

proposal accountability

medium

medium

high

high

high

high

medium

medium

high

high

medium

medium

medium

medium

users members of Friend of Tegang

users members of Friend of Tegang

members of Friend of Tegang political planner/ process designer to create democratic processes/ network manager members of Friend of Tegang

investor

members of Friend of Tegang


Design Outcome 2. communication strategy

helper’s time

(1). the member card with tokens ial

ge

ge

e

e e han xc

c

l excha

so

n

ti m

fi n a

cia

tea

ng

helpers & members are encouraged to meet in Tegang

helpers gave time then bank it with tokens

members purchase

excha

n

“ fri e n d

ega of T

ng

m

em

ber

s

minimum of 9 tokens

= 1 hour of a Neighbourhood Helper’s time token is¥ 5 each Diagram 5: The mechanism of the token use


Design Outcome 2.communication strategy •

(2) memberships and level

+ A unique membership pack

Participation in the community building plan for learning and sharing

Subscription to the monthly Member Calendar

Option to purchase tokens

Access to our free phone number to get recommendations

Opportunities to meet fellow members in the Member Calendar

Vote for your favorite designs

Diagram 6: The membership of People’s commune 2.0


Design Outcome 2. communication strategy • (3) on-line marketing for mutual teaching, learning, sharing their skills, resources and ideas

+

+ I want to donate

I want to buy

I want to use tokens

+

+ I want to offer skill

I want to Design Diagram 6: The marketing patterns on People’s commune 2.0 platform

BOOKS

BEER BOXES

DVD/CDs

CHAIRS

BALLOONS

CLOTHES

FOOD

MORE


Design Outcome 2. communication strategy •

(4) a live community input collecting the members‘ comments and recommendations

ok at what lo a e k a T r! a d Member Calen what you’d fancy doing! e th to e m o lc We to and choose p u re a rs e b m me

2

1 8

9

15

16

22 29

Diagram 7: The monthly member’s calendar composed by the community events and the informations of the services reqirements by members

23 30

3

4

10

11

17

18

+

24 31

25

5

6

7

12

13

14

19

20

21

26

27

28


Design Outcome 2. communication strategy • (5) Dine out program supporting local, dependent and family-run micro-economic units in community public space.

Helpers and members are playing Majiang and Drinking tea with discount . Shuangbei Light rail Station

I saw the message on the calendar and can help him and gain 1 token.

Calendar Step 3

I need help for mending my shoes, so I spend 1 token and post it on social calendar.

Memeber Join now!

Card Super Market

Step 2 No.4 People’s Hospital

Memeber Join now!

Card

Farm Produce Market

Step 1

Abandoned Swimming Pool

Majiang Gamble house Restaurant & Teahouse

Recreation Complex

Folk Carnival

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Post-Communism Mansion

Street Market High-rise gated community

High-rise gated community

Tung Wah Hospital

Daytime Old Ppl’s house private primary school

Tung Wah Hospital fomer procurement office

Private School

Tegang Hotel

Diagram 8: The examples of three steps for members from getting accessible services from local helpers, using tokens for exchanges of time and skills, to enjoying a different social life with fellow members on Tegang physical territory, creating a new post-danwei lifestyle Vegetable Market

p

Yongji Food Company Business Buidling

Administration Buidling Tegang Real Estate

Education Buidling


Design Outcome 2. communication strategy •

(6) a live community input collecting the members‘ comments and recommendations;

“The diverse landscape and typologies of social facilities& activities Tegang Danwei offerd beyond your imagination!”

“Tegang street market is full of activity,which is hard to see in other city area.

--@jiannianmofeia via tianya web community

“The liberary(Now is the recreation complex) is absolutely the landmark of Tegang Danwei community,I would never forget the bbq, noodle there and teahouses...

I suggest we should fomalized the Street market instead of ban! --@yongzheshengye via weibo

_@Buruliu via weibo

--@---mg---via weibo

“Tegang street market is very lively, the fruit and vegetable are half cheaper than in supermarket.

“The atmosphere in empty workshops are great for alternative wedding, fashion show,even ghost films!”

--@changshuo yuyan via weibo

“The strategy of developing Tegang danwei should consider the spatial potentials for movie industry, tourism,recreation...

--@fangfang--fangfang, via weibo

“the informal urbanism is a unique identity of folk culture in Tegang community, it also need good reservation!” --@Hongbing Li

“There is a typical chongqing charactor between Shuangbei and Shijinpo LightrailStation!!”

@yongzheshengye via weibo

--@Happy Chongqing via sina weibo

“It is the best choice for u to know Chongqing industry heritage if you travel though Tegang by lightrail” --@Jiawen He via weibo

“the informal street market is closely linked with the culture of Tegang Danwei as well as the memories of many ppl...

“There are school hospital, sports facilities, theater, library in Danwei, we dont have to go outside!”

--@yongzheshengye

--Jianguo Wang, local residents adn small business runner

sina weibo icon

“I cannot accept the potential scenarios that the factory would be demolished and build new genteried community!” --Jianguo Wang, local residents adn small business runner

Diagram 9: The online patterns of collections of members comments and recommendations in shape the design team's plans, with the suspending purple “clouds” in spectacle of Tegang post-danwei community

--@shaoshan1, via tianya web community

“the informal street market is in the Tegang post-Danwei which is a unique identity of Tegang community public space!

“anxious,ignorant, nostalgic,these are the old Tegang people’s identity!” --Xingming Zhang, 50years old,Security officer in Tegang Danwei community, the former leader of No.1 Steelmaking Workshop

“The land of Tegang Danwei should be people’s collective wealth, only gov.and developers cannot determine its future !” --@zyxxuan via tianya web community

Spectacle of the post-communism mansion in Tegang “Street Market is invincible!!”

universal worker’s club, chairs of library, 4*100 ralay race on football field, Sichuan Cuisine... my best memory in Tegang ! --@Vsaxiaoman via weibo

--Zhou ni zhishi wo xiaoming via sina weibo

“Tegang ppl LOVE street market every sunday,awesome!!” --@like_yangmeimei via weibo


ME

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ER

HO

ET RK MA

BE

S AIR CH OKS S BO INT PR ONS S O L L LA BA REL ES B TH UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID S ED SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO

Design Outcome 3. the website

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

OS

ES VID E

AG

IM AG ES

N SIG

DE

Diagram 10: The inter-relationships of the five sections in the official website of People’s commune. 2.0 and Friend of Tegang

R UT NP NDA E EI OD CAL E D N XM IDE MI BUIL T ZO GU L R N IVA WE PO LO SS T SA ARN IAL T C PA E RE G’S OTEN ST N RP GA TE E FO IOS T R VO ENA SC

&V IDE OS IM

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM


BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

ME

IFIT

IP B EN

I/W PEO E/YO UM P FRI LE’S C AKE EN OM DO MU TEG F NE TE TEG ANG 2.0 HIS GANG A N MA G D TOR P ME PIN OCU Y MB G M EN ERS TAR Y H

HO

OS ES VID

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AG

IDE &V ES AG IM

S EO VID

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IM

OS ES

IDE

AG

&V

S EO

IM

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N

AG

SIG

Diagram 13: Membership benifit and related projects

Diagram 15: Being a helper and related projects

ME

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ME

OS

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HO

ME HO

ES &

MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

Diagram 16: Making donation and related projects

TE

IM

VID E

OS

S AG E

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER

N SIG

IM

MAKING A DONATION

DE

EO S

BEING A HELPER

UT AR D NP E I LEN A OD D C NE IDE XM MI BUIL T ZO GU L R N WE SPO ALO NIVA L S S R PA ET TIA CA RE EN ’S ST ANG OT G RP FO OS TE RI VO CENA S

VID

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

N

S&

MAKING A DONATION

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

SIG

AG E

BEING A HELPER

DE

N

IM

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

ET

RK

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

R UT DA NP EN EI OD CAL S X M ILD ZONE UIDE RIO U MI B NA RT N G VAL CE WE PO LO I LS SS T SA ARN PA E TIA C RE EN ’S ST ANG OT G RP TE FO TE VO

SIG DE

R UT NP NDA E EI OD CAL X M ILD ZONE UIDE U MI B RT N G VAL WE PO LO I L SS T SA ARN PA E TIA C RE EN ’S ST ANG OT G RP TE FO S TE RIO VO ENA SC

Diagram 14: Being a member and related projects

MA

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

ER

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION

BE

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

ET

RK

ER

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

S AIR CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA BA REL ES B TH UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO

MA

BE

ET

RK

S AIR CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA BA REL ES B TH UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO

MA

S AIR CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA S BA EL BR THE UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO

ER

BE

I/W PEO E/YO UM P FRI LE’S C AKE E OM TEG ND O MU F A TEG NG H TEGA NE 2.0 MA ANG ISTOR NG Y ME PPIN DOC MB G UM ERS EN TAR HIP Y BEN IFIT

G

G

Diagram 12: Tegang documentary and related projects

DE

IM

MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

UT AR D NP E I LEN A OD D C NE XM MI BUIL T ZO R WE SPO N L A S TY PL H CI PA TIA T AT EN SE WI OT AY OR P PL S F TE RIO VO ENA SC

ES

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER

N

AG

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

SIG

IM

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

DE

N

UT AR D NP E I LEN A OD C X M ILD ZONE UIDE U MI B L RT NG WE SPO ALO NIVA L S S R PA ET TIA CA RE G’S EN ST OT N GA OR P TE S F TE RIO VO ENA SC

SIG

IDE

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

DE R UT NP NDA E EI OD CAL X M ILD ZONE UIDE U MI B RT N G VAL WE PO LO I L SS T SA ARN PA E TIA C RE EN ’S ST ANG OT G RP FO S TE RIO VO ENA SC

&V

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

TE

Diagram 11: Friend of Tegang and related projects

HO M I/W E E

ME

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

PEO /YO U P FRI LE’S MAKE CO EN MM TEG D OF U T A TEG NG H EGAN NE 2.0 MA ANG ISTOR G P Y ME PIN DOC MB UM ERS G EN HIP TAR BEN Y IFIT

G

I/W PEO E/YO UM P FRI LE’S C AKE EN OM DO MU TEG FT NE A EG 2.0 A TEG NG HI STO NG AN GD RY ME O MB ERS CUME NT HIP BEN ARY MA IFIT PP IN

HO

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION

ET

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

RK MA

BEING A MEMBER

S AIR CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA BA REL ES H B T UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO ER BE

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

ET RK MA

S AIR CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA BA REL ES B TH UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES OT

B ER BE

T

ER

BE

S AI R CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA BA REL ES B TH UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO

E RK MA

Design Outcome 3. the website


CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

ME

I/W PEO E/YO UM P FRI LE’S C AKE EN OM D M TE G OF A TEG UNE 2 .0 A TEG NG HI STO NG AN GD RY ME OC MB UM E RS EN HIP T BEN ARY MA IFIT PP

OS ES S EO

IDE

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VID

&V

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AG

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S EO

IM

&V

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AG

IM

&V

GA

ES

IGN

TE

AG

S DE

UT AR D NP E I LEN A OD D C NE IDE XM MI BUIL T ZO GU L R N WE SPO ALO NIVA L S S R PA ET TIA CA RE EN ’S ST OT NG RP FO OS TE RI VO CENA S

N

N

FO

IM

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

SIG

SIG

TE

VO

R UT DA NP E I LEN A OD S D C NE IDE XM RIO GU L MI BUIL T ZO NA R N CE WE PO LO NIVA LS SA SS R PA ET S CA TIA RE EN ’ ST ANG OT G RP TE FO TE VO

DE R UT NP NDA E EI OD CAL E S D N XM IDE RIO MI BUIL T ZO GU L NA R N WE PO LO IVA L SCE SA ARN SS PA EET TIA C R EN ’S ST ANG OT G RP

TE

Diagram 19: Passport Zone Plan and related projects

Diagram 18: Walking tours and related projects

S VID

EO S

ES AG IM

VID ES & AG IM

EO

S

ES VID

IM AG

EO

EO S VID S& AG E

ME

I/W PEO E/YO UM P FRI LE’S C AKE EN OM DO M TEG F A TEG UNE 2 .0 AN TEG NG HI G S AN G D TORY ME O MB ERS CUME NT HIP BEN ARY MA IFIT PP

HO

W PEO E/YO UM P FRI LE’S C AKE EN OM DO MU TEG FT NE AN EG 2.0 GH TEG IST ANG AN OR GD ME Y OC MB U ERS ME NT HIP BEN ARY MA IFIT PP IN

HO

ME HO

IM

EO S VID

M I/ E

Diagram 22: Images and Videos and related projects

N

ES

SIG

Diagram 21: Tegang’s carnival and related projects

DE

AG

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

R UT NP NDA E EI AL OD S D C NE IDE XM RIO MI BUIL T ZO GU L NA R N CE WE SPO ALO NIVA LS S S R PA ET TIA CA RE EN ’S ST ANG OT G RP TE FO TE VO

S

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION

N

EO

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

SIG

IM AG

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

DE

IM

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

R UT DA NP EN EI OD CAL S X M ILD ZONE UIDE RIO U MI B NA RT N G VAL CE WE PO LO I LS SS T SA ARN PA E TIA C RE EN ’S ST ANG OT G RP TE FO TE VO

N

VID

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION

SIG

ES &

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

ET

RK

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

DE UT AR D NP E I LEN A OD D C NE IDE XM MI BUIL T ZO GU L R N WE PO LO NIVA L SA SS R PA ET S CA TIA RE EN ’ ST ANG OT G RP TE FO OS TE RI VO CENA S

Diagram 20: Street Salon Guide and related projects

MA

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

ER

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION

BE

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

ET

RK

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

S AIR CH KS O BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA S BA EL BR THE UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO

MA

ER

BE

ET

RK

S AIR CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA BA REL ES B TH UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO

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G

G

ING

Diagram 17: Member & Event Calendar and related projects

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION

DE

OS

CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

BEING A MEMBER

ES

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION

BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

AG

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM URBAN FARM PROGRAM

URBAN WALKING TOUR

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

IM

GET INVOLVED

BEING A MEMBER

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR

HO

PEO /YO UM P FRI LE’S C AKE EN OM DO M TEG F A TEG UNE 2 .0 AN TEG NG HI G S AN G D TORY ME O MB ERS CUME NT HIP BEN ARY MA IFIT PP ING

HO M I/W E E

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

CALENDAR & EVENTS

ET RK

HO M I/W E E

MA

S AI R CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA BA REL ES H B T UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES OT

T KE

B ER BE

R MA

ER

S AIR CH OKS BO NTS I PR ONS S O LL LA S BA EL B R T HE UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES OT

ET RK

BE

S OK BO NTS I PR ON S S O LL LA BA REL ES B TH UM CLO CDS PS CU S KID DS E SE LES B TA /BOX GE VE TLES T BO

B ER BE

MA

PEO /YO UM P FRI LE’S C AKE EN OM DO MU TEG FT NE A EG 2.0 A TEG NG HI STO NG AN GD RY ME OC MB UM ERS EN HIP T BEN ARY MA I FI T PP I NG

ING

Design Outcome 3. the website


PEOPLE’S

JOIN IN

FOLLOW

COMMUNE 2.O

HOME

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

DESIGN

MARKET

IMAGES & VIDEOS

I/WE/YOU MAKE PEOPLE’S COMMUNE 2.0 FRIEND OF TEGANG

Get invloved

TEGANG HISTORY TEGANG DOCUMENTARY MAPPING MEMBERSHIP BENIFIT

Tegang History

I/WE/YOU MAKE PPL’S COMMUNE 2.0

Venue rental

People’s Space- Public Ownership Tegang’s Carnival

Passport Zone

Friend of Tegang

Street Salon Guide

Calendar

Welcome to People’s commune 2.0! PASSPORT ZONE

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


PEOPLE’S

JOIN IN

FOLLOW

COMMUNE IMAGES & VIDEOS

private!

co-governance!

Private Hospital Nursing home

R

S

K

D

n!

-ope

re Attached Library becomes recreation Design Institute as private Kindergarten/School complex skill training centre

co-governance!

pen

re-o

G

!

co-governance!

co-governance!

C

Cinema/worker club Sportsfield becomes becomes majiang Cateen as gamble house people’s kitchen! folk carnival

pen

re-o

!

private!

Transforming abandoned workshops into community civic economy resources

TEGANG

TEG

ANG GA NG

T GE GN A

NG GA

GNAGE

T

TEGANG

op

sCR

GNAGET

R

s

sC

be

TEGANG

TEGA NG

arc

h i t e cts

m

View digital maps of Tegang!

RC

urb

an

s

rs

T AGE GN

NG

me

self-employed local workers

RC

TEGA

TE

GA NG

el

lti

TEGANG

Interested now? Being a member! Being a Volunteer!

mu

TE

ET

AG

GN

dev

le

GET

GNA

er

v e l gov

People’s Danwei 2.0 chose Tegang Danwei compound,Chongqing as the first test site. Here everyone could find out their interests related to Tegang’s past, now and future. Meanwhile, though this social network for mutual teaching, learning, sharing, you can participate and benifit in the real community building programs, and also help the local community.

H post-Communism Mansions+ new housing

Residents Committee

Actors

g m e tr

W

Green area

qin

co-governance!

TE

MEMBERSHIP BENIFIT

N

H

NG

TEGANG DOCUMENTARY MAPPING

MARKET

co-governance!

TEGA

TEGANG HISTORY

I/WE/YOU MADE PEOPLE‘S COMMUNE 2.0 aims to reinvigorate the post-Danwei community culturally, spatially and economically whilst allowing for local residents and community associations to become more involved in the management of physical public-realm landscape and resources, meanwhile bringing a wide range of stakeholders like you together to sustain the unique culture of post-Danwei and reinforce its consistent identity through actors’ engagement and participatory planning, setting Tegang as a sustainable and democractic community model responding to the complex urban conflicts. In People’s commune 2.0 scenario, you are enable to be aware of the hidden values of the post-danwei living environment through participating the local daily goods landscape design and implementation process, giving you a completely different perspective and changing your old thinking about post-Danwei.

NG

FRIEND OF TEGANG

DESIGN

CALENDAR & EVENTS

GA

I/WE/YOU MAKE PEOPLE’S COMMUNE 2.0

GET INVOLVED

TE

2.O

HOME

cho

ng

wellcome to people’s danwei 2.0! TEGANG

building skills connected entrepreneurs in danwei 2.0

local say over re-investing of profits

affordable & high-quality health care

good reputation that enabling ppl participating danwei 2.0 building

reducing social isolation

strengthening a sense of neighborhood interdependency

sustainable & locally sourced food/service/ entertainment

building local social capital via volunteering and events

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


PEOPLE’S

Folk Carnival

COMMUNE

FOLLOW

JOIN IN

Recreation Complex

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Post-Communism Mansion

Street Market High-rise gated community

High-rise gated community

HOME

2.O

GET INVOLVED

Tung Wah Hospital

Down load a printable Tegang Map!

DESIGN

CALENDAR & EVENTS

MARKET

IMAGES & VIDEOS

Daytime Old Ppl’s house

Tung Wah Hospital

private primary school

fomer procurement office

Private School

Refractory Workshop

Tegang Hotel

Food Pedestrian Street

p

Yongji Food Company

Shuangbei Light rail Station

Business Buidling

Vegetable Market

I/WE/YOU MAKE PEOPLE’S COMMUNE 2.0

Administration Buidling

Education Buidling

Tegang Real Estate

Super Market

No.4 People’s Hospital

Tegang Institute

Farm Produce Market

Abandoned Swimming Pool

Majiang Gamble house Restaurant & Teahouse

No.1 Steel-making workshop

FRIEND OF TEGANG

Recreation Complex

Folk Carnival

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Yinghe Manufacture

Post-Communism Mansion

Street Market

TEGANG HISTORY

High-rise gated community

High-rise gated community

Tung Wah Hospital

TEGANG DOCUMENTARY MAPPING

Daytime Old Ppl’s house

Cooling Tower

private primary school

Tung Wah Hospital fomer procurement office

Private School

Tegang Hotel

p

mering Workshop

MEMBERSHIP BENIFIT

Yongji Food Company Business Buidling

Vegetable Market

Administration Buidling

Education Buidling

Tegang Real Estate

Tegang Institute

No.1 Steel-making workshop Yinghe Manufacture

Cooling Tower

District 03

Cold Hammering Workshop

Casting Workshop

Legend

No.2 Steel-making workshop

Access:

Steel-making workshop Tank

Abandoned Workshop

Subway&Lightrail way >Line 1 to Shuangbei LIght rail Station Dock >Line 1 to Shijingpo Light rail Station Bus >Line 202/209/227/237/805/248/850/221/Yuanhe to Tegang community Stop/Tianqiao Stop/TungWah Hospital Stop/Shijinpo Stop

er

l g n

g n i

v i R

Housing Privatization of the Danwei facilities

No.2 Steel-making workshop

Shijingpo Light rail Station

r

Dock No.3 Steel-making workshop Tank

Idle office building

ng gli

n

Jia

Informal reuse of the former attached functions

ve Ri

From Danwei Community Road to Street Market Idle Danwei office building Informal reuse of the Danwei facilities New Light railway 500m Walking Distance

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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I/WE/YOU MAKE PEOPLE’S COMMUNE 2.0 FRIEND OF TEGANG

TEGANG HISTORY TEGANG DOCUMENTARY MAPPING

landscape of the working area in Tegang post-danwei community

MEMBERSHIP BENIFIT

Abadoned No.1 Steel-making workshop in Tegang post-danwei community The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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Spectacle of the community central area in Tegang post-danwei

TEGANG HISTORY TEGANG DOCUMENTARY MAPPING MEMBERSHIP BENIFIT

Spectacle of the riverbank in Tegang post-danwei community The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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I/WE/YOU MAKE PEOPLE’S COMMUNE 2.0

FRIEND OF TEGANG TEGANG HISTORY TEGANG DOCUMENTARY MAPPING MEMBERSHIP BENIFIT

GET INVOLVED

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DESIGN

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IMAGES & VIDEOS

Friends of Tegang is a non-profit, private partner to Chongqing Department of Parks & Recreation. Friends of Tegang works with the city to make sure Tegang Danwei is maintained as a great participatory democratic community and public space for all Chongqing citizens and visitors to enjoy. To strengthen the neighborhood autonomy power of residents’ committee, the online & offline community organization “Friend of Tegang” coalition is organized by the RCs which could be the core in helding community input sessions, to encourage neighborhood residents, business owners, developers, and all interested members of the public to share their ideas for what the Tegang post-communist Danwei should become. Friend of Tegang is working to oversee the maintenance, operations, and public programming, raise the essential private funding to help complete “Passport Zone”, “Street Salon Guide”, “Tegang’s Carnival”, on-line market implementations and create an endowment for its future operations. Friends of Tegang as social support network that empower normal visitors around the world could join into it participating community input meetings, urban walking tour, public art, health care, food/urban farm programs and membership discount /share programs that promoting neighborhood civic economy.

RCs residents’ committee

professionals

developers

TEGANG FriendHISTORY of Tegang

property management office TEGANG

local residents

CQ Metro

media/ visitors

Interested now? Being a member! Being a Volunteer!

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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Please Select the Desired Membership Level TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

Being a member Membership level Getting things done Tokens

BEING A MEMBER BEING A HELPER MAKING A DONATION CORPORATE & FOUNDATION SUPPORT VOLUNTEER MEMBERSHIP DISCOUNT PROGRAM

Dine out Know each other

Member:¥45 NEW! Friends of the High Line membership card Signature people’s commune 2.0 balloon Complete map of Tegang Special notification of events Passport Zone and Street Salon Guide 9 tokens Spike: ¥75 All of the above and: An invitation for two to our special members-only Urban Walking tours, offered each month throughout the season 10% discount on all People’s commune 2.0 merchandise 10% Discounts at High Line neighborhood public programmes 15 tokens Rail: ¥150 All of the above and: NEW! An early invitation to purchase tickets to our Art Festival in Tegang Danwei community and other events 20% Discounts admission for two to select tours, community conference, and social events 30 tokens Beam:¥300 All of the above and: Signature people’s commune 2.0 umbrella 20% Discounted admission for four to select tours, lectures, and social event You name printed on the “Boulevard of members” 60 tokens

Founders Circle Members of the Founders Circle are friends who lead the way with annual commitments of ¥2,000 or more. Support at this level brings you into the company of people's commune 2.0 first champions, the people who made this seemingly impossible dream come true. And it offers these benefits...

Photo resource: Tegang residents’ committee weibo

Advocate: ¥2000 All "beam" level benefits and: Discounts admission in venue rentals Invitation to the Founders Circle annual event The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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next month

MARKET

IMAGES & VIDEOS

a look at what ke Ta r! a d n le a C r e b m Welcome to the Me cy doing! n fa ’d u o y t a h w e s o and cho members are up to

MEMBER & EVENT CALENDAR URBAN WALKING TOUR VENUE RENTALS FOOD & DRINKS PROGRAM PUBLIC/URBAN ART PROGRAM FAMILY PROGRAM

1

t eet Marke

Str

HEALTH CARE PROGRAM ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAM HISTORY PROGRAM

gardening son

music les

URBAN FARM PROGRAM

16

15

al

Art festiv

22

rket

Street Ma

g” “bangban

cture

Chorus le

29

23

cing

baba dan

r

night bee

teeth care

17

ture

photo lec

ion art exhibit

24

5 12

13

ur

walking to Majiang

art

exhibition ur

walking to

25

20

19

18

help

shopping

30

4 11

10

9

rket

Street Ma

3

2

8

rket

Street Ma

ing

chair pait

6

ur walking to lm

outdoor fi

26

ld daitime o e s u o h

27

alkway

balloon w be

ll erbox wa

7 14

gardening

afternoon

tea r

night bee

water ball

21 28

31

Walking tours in Tegang on Wemen’s Day Photo resource: Tegang residents’ committee weibo

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


Design Outcome 4. actors engagement

In the People’ commune 2.0, the active involvement of members in shaping the policies that impact their social- spatial landscape is considered to be emphasized. And the actors engagement in policy formation and implementations to influence and hold themselves accountable in this case highlights the regulations and agreements of spatial interventions on the production of public-realm landscape and participation in public service delivery.


Design Outcome 5. participatory spatial interventions

On the other hand, one of the core features of the spatial interventions in this project is the collective input and co-creation of the members as a crucial part of implementations of the engagement on members‘ participation and communication. The second is the spatial interventions work as the instrument for the physical guidance and accessible regulations for actors to understand the laws and the rights in participating the community environment upgrading process and learn how to follow the physical guidance and regulations to shape their better living and working unit by themselves.


Design Outcome 5. participatory spatial interventions

In this sense, the specific actions of the actors engagement by Friend of Tegang on environment upgradation and public service participation are embodied in strategizing the participatory spatial interventions.


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“It is a pity that such a famous Danwei compound decayed!” --@zgww12345 via tianya web community

“When I saw the No.750 steel-making machine, I cried, it reminds me the scene of my father who used to work with it in No.2 workshop...”

“The workshops have already been the “playgrounds ” for the kids since 70s/80s!” --@jiannianmofeia via tianya web community

--@zyxxuan via tianya web community

“Why not keep Tegang industrial heritage for the 2nd World War memorial attraction?”

“Art strategy could steer residents to understand the policies on livelihood,and they have right to change the city!” -local RCs via xinhuanet.com

“Why not create a creative zone like 798 in Tegang, Chongqing? I will advocate Tegang history & resources”

“When I was a student, I always bought snacks on community football field,especially during Chinese new year,the field is a sea of ppl”

--@maizipangpang via tianya web community

--@plz return territory to its ppl

“Tegang Danwei is the foundation of Chongqing modern city!!”

--@pangzimaimai via tianya web community

--@Iamhjtao via tianya web community

“Tegang Danwei ppl should cheer up and build a new scenario!”

“We build Tegang Community Art-corridor by time, to create the confidence about local culture!”

--@longjunfeng via tianya web community

“Solidarity means strength! we were deeply infulenced by this slogan.”

-@Shijingpo Street office

We organize gardening in community nagative space with members of RCs, volunteers on Arbor Day,but we need more participants --local RCs via weibo

“We release ten things we must do in 2013for the local residents via community press conference !”

“The land of Tegang Danwei should be people’s collective wealth, only gov.and developers cannot determine its future !”

--local RCs via weibo

“Tegang should focus on civic economy using local resources and labor resources should be from residents.”

--@zyxxuan via tianya web community

--@wang lao dage via tianya web community

We organize volunteers for helping the old people in chinese new year holiday.” --local RCs via weibo

--Shijinpo Street office

We organize volunteers for helping the old people in chinese new year holiday.”

“We help the offpost residents to contact workshops for machine part/art craft processing at home/ in community centre!”

--local RCs via weibo

“I agree with the installation of gymnastical equipment!” --Resident Hearing held by Residents committee via

--local RCs via weibo

“Tegang community should build skill training education institute for local residents.”

“Tegang community should adjust some basic cost of living allowances policies.”

--@Shijingpo Street office and local RCs via weibo

The overview of Tegang We seek more donation ways for Tegang residents who have financial problems.”--

“We need more chairs or benches in public space, chairs will give us more chance for meet and promote our neighbors relations!”

“Right to the city is basic right for grassroots residents in seeking for the sense of belonging and security.”

local RCs weibo

--Shijinpo Street office

--Shijinpo Street office

We work with Huishan Real Estate for day-time old home, providing more space and services for local old people. --local RCs

“Chongqing Gov.should build industry museum to record the life of Danwei ppl as well!!”

--@jiannianmofeia via tianya web community

--Mr Peng,Director of Shangpingba District bureau of Finance

“We support creative markets along the street, this year there would be another 5 creative fairs.” -@propaganda department of Chongqing Shapingba Gov.

“We orgainize female residents to participate the walking tour in community on Women’s Day!” -@Shijingpo Street office

Guobi Jiang, House leader

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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MAIN PRINCIPLES OF ENGAGEMENT

unique & consistent identity

integration with history, lifestyle and folk culture

respect wild aesthetic & local wisedom

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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MAIN PRINCIPLES OF ENGAGEMENT

1+1>2 “ frie n d

ega of T ng

m

em

ber

s

strengthen the social networks & build good reputation

evolve time and diverse activities,reach more audience

educate people via local daily goods landscape design

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


Design Outcome 5. participatory spatial interventions

Passport Zone Guide -an accessible regulation and guide for members of Friend of Tegang

Street Salon Guide -a physical guidance collaborating with Passport Zone and on-line Market

Tegang’s Carnival -a physical users- co- creation platform collaborating with on-line Market


Passport Zone Guide -an accessible regulation and guide for members of Friend of Tegang the core participatory spatial interventions regulation and guide produced by the plan team of People’s Commune 2.0 project


PASSPORT ZONE PLAN 1) the actors engaged area including key public-realm streets and architectures featured yellow-black zebra pedestrian connections between the special “liberalized” community space and the historical Danwei communal lifestyle tied to the deteriorating Danwei Folk Street Market amenities and workshops. in People’s commune 1.0 2)empowered the members especially the postdanwei people in participating spatial interventions and public service delivery following the physical guide and regulations 3) it would be the perfect landscape to physically and metaphorically bring the past and the future of danwei community life together. 4) as an educational/advocacy tool for cultivating people the awareness of citizenship, enhancing their networking. 5) designed to reinforce the community public service and create more formal employment options on small-scale economic units, bring a more vibrant social-economic atmosphere.

3.Along with the Danwei system disintegration, the rapid informal small-scale economic development dramatically transformed Tegang community space in terms of both physical profile and economicFolk Street social life.

Market in People’s commune 1.5

tea

1.The folk street market is the supplementary food and service supply for minorities who outside the Tegang-danwei territory

2.Danwei decline, informal economic infiltration into Tegang community

4.The emergence of the microbusiness sector created by grassroots groups and indivituals, provided new employment options for the post-danwei memebers and made the community services more accessible than other new types of communities.But these independent small informal commerce units are vulnerable, and they seldom considered


KNOW YOUR RIGHT Proposal:

Passport Zone in People’s commune 2.0

6.The expansion of the engaged passport zone area aims to connect and target more deterio-

phase 2

phase 1

Refractory Workshop

phase 3

rating Danwei amenities and workshops, the consequent effect

Food Pedestrian Street

of vibrant social-economic atmo-

Shuangbei Light rail Station

sphere in Passport Zone area is expected to attract more influential investors and urban professionals to participate in the further regenSuper Market

eration implementations

No.4 People’s Hospital

Farm Produce Market

Abandoned Swimming Pool

Majiang Gamble house Restaurant & Teahouse

Recreation Complex

Folk Carnival

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Post-Communism Mansion

Street Market High-rise gated community

High-rise gated community

Involved programs/ people

Tung Wah Hospital

Daytime Old Ppl’s house private primary school

Tung Wah Hospital fomer procurement office

Private School

Tegang Hotel

p

Walking tour

Yongji Food Company Business Buidling

Vegetable Market

Administration Buidling

January

Education Buidling

Tegang Real Estate

1

Tegang Institute

Calendar No.1 Steel-making workshop Yinghe Manufacture

4.The Passport Zone is the actors engaged area developed from informal

Cooling Tower

folk street market featured yellow-black

5.Once the interested members want to

zebra pedestrian connections where set

join in spatial interventions, rent venues

the freedom for members especially the

and open small-scale economic units

post-danwei people participating spatial

concerning public service delivery in

interventions and public service delivery

Passport Zone, they will be integrated

following the physical guide and regula-

into the Friend of Tegang coalition, and

tions

must sustain the friendly relationship with community environment and enhance the mutual-depedence networks in post-danwei community.

License card

Cold Hammering Workshop

Casting Workshop

Being Volunteer

No.2 Steel-making workshop

Street Salon Guide

Shijingpo Light rail Station

r ive

Dock No.3 Steel-making workshop

R g n i

Tank

Jia

l ng

for rent Venue Rental Memeber Card

Join now!

Membership Disccount


PASSPORT ZONE PLAN Majiang Gamble house

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Recreation Complex

Super Market

No.4 People’s Hospital

Farm Produce Market

Abandoned Swimming Pool Restaurant & Teahouse

District 02

3 key projects basketball court

Folk Carnival

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Post-Communism Mansion

Street Market

Majiang Gamble House

High-rise gated community

High-rise gated community

Tung Wah Hospital

recreation complex Daytime Old Ppl’s house private primary school

Tung Wah Hospital fomer procurement office

Private School

Tegang Hotel

p

Yongji Food Company Business Buidling

Vegetable Market

Administration Buidling Tegang Real Estate

Education Buidling

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN

Basketball court

Basketball court in People’s commune 1.5

You are suggested NOT to do:

Basketball court west elevation

regulation on a specific wrong intervention The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


PASSPORT ZONE PLAN

Basketball court

KNOW THE LAW

Basketball court in People’s commune 2.0

You are encouraged to do:

Basketball court west elevation Basketball court west elevation

recommondation a specific right intervention


KNOW THE HISTORY

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN

Story of the worker’s club Worker’s Club in People’s commune 1.0 RED BOO K RED BOOK

Worker’s Club in People’s commune 1.5 RED BOO K

tea

RED BOO K

tea

Q

BB

Q

BB se

e

bl

ia

aj

M

ng

b

m

ga

le

e

us

ho

en

ch

kit

M

ng

ia

aj

m ga

u ho

se

increase, space value growth

ah

ou

te all eh nc

indoorspace become

En tra

ah all

multifunctions developed

eh

from folk market expansion,

nc

ownership dispute

diversity growth, consumers

tra

informal commercial insertion

En

Danwei collapse,

te

RED BOOK

ou

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

SOE posession

se

夜 RED BOOK RED BOOK

scarce resource

spontaneously

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN

worker’s club as Majiang gamble house

You are suggested NOT to do: Worker’s Club in People’s commune 1.5

stage

backstage

community culture centre

auditorium

worker’s club section

regulation on a specific wrong intervention

entrance hall


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN You are encouraged to do: worker’s club as community culture centre

Worker’s Club in People’s commune 2.0

community culture centre

Stair hill showcase for fruit/flower retail and exhibition

majiang stage/lecture &performance stage mini cinema stair showcase for shoes/ hearing auditorium Beerbox light

KTV

bookstalls as facade chinese brush drawing The concept embedded in the multi-functional community culture centre is making this post-danwei amenity more transparency with

Community Culture Centre Section

cupping therapy

Beerbox showcase Beerbox showcase Beerbox showcase for chinese for dry goods troditional Beerbox light medicine stair Teahouse

different levels of stages and being redefined as part of integrated public-realm landscape more accessible for members to enjoy. What is more, the feature of public service and entertainments inside building would make you aware that when you pass through the building, you also pass through a free lively community daily life museum.

recommondation a specific right intervention The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN You are encouraged to do: worker’s club as community culture centre

The core feature of the community culture centre is the rhythm design of stairs and stages providing more connections with inside and outside public space which is considered to redefine the starts and ends of building as an contineous public landscape structure carrying multi-participatory spatial interventions and public services.What is more, the patterns of stages is thought to make the audience and speakers have an equal position as a core concept of democratization public space.

Community Culture Centre Plan recommondation a specific right intervention The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN You are encouraged to do: worker’s club as community culture centre

Worker’s Club in People’s commune 2.0

chinese landscape drawing bookstalls as facade

KTV/mini- street cinema

Stair hill showcase for fruit/flower retail and exhibition

Community Culture Centre West Elevation

Stair hill showcase for fruit/flower retail and exhibition

yellow zebra pedestrian lines as passport zone landmark

recommondation a specific right intervention The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN You are encouraged to do: worker’s club as community culture centre

Worker’s Club in People’s commune 2.0

balloon as passport zone landmark chinese landscape drawing Stair hill showcase for fruit/flower retail and exhibition

public seat

public seat

Community Culture Centre South Elevation

KTV/mini- street cinema beer box wall 1202:the code of Tegang danwei community yellow zebra pedestrian lines as passport zone landmark

recommondation a specific right intervention The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN

You are suggested NOT to do: Worker’s Club in People’s commune 1.5

worker’s club as community culture centre

grocery stall informal transport entrance hall tea house

informal pelma beauty

kite stall

regulation on a specific wrong intervention

food stall

informal dental clinic street cupping therapy

Community Culture Centre East Elevation and Market Street

informal KTV

informal chinese medicine stand informal chinese medicine clinic The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN

worker’s club as community culture centre

Worker’s Club in People’s commune 2.0

>4.5m

street mini cinema

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN & STREET 2440mm SALON GUIDE5320mm

>2m food stall

3180mm

stages salon

children art studio

pelma beauty studio

micro-gathering bar Chinese therapy studio

chair art installation

public seat

street karaoke bar

grocery salon

community clinic


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN Story of the Recreation complex Attached Library in People’s commune 1.0 RED BOO K RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOO K

Recreation comlex

RED BOO K

RED BOOK RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

+

+

+

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOOK

Involved programs/ people

RED BOOK

RED BOOK RED BOOK

RED BOOK

3F

2F

1F

2. Danwei collapse, ownership dispute

RED BOOK

4F

Walking tour January

1. SOE posession

Attached Library in People’s commune 1.5 3. Land ownership: Chongqing Municipalityowned Yufu Real Estate

Post Office 2

commercial insertion;

3

multifunctions developed spontaneously

1 BBQ

Drugstore

7 Dance Training Club

KTV Bar

+ 4

5

+

Game room

6

1F

8 9

2F

Massage Centre

Dance Hall intervention

License card

+ Abandoned Reading Room

3F

intervention

Health care Studios 11

+ 1

1F Design center

6

+

8

2F

Internet Bar

Message Centre

for rent Memeber Card

Join now!

Membership Disccount

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

Friend of Tegang office

Urban art workshops 12

7

Venue Rental

intervention

Dance Training Club

5

Street Salon Guide

4F

Kongfu & Taekwondo Club

intervention

KTV Bar

Being Volunteer

10

Internet Bar

1

Calendar

13

+ 9

3F

Kongfu & Taekwondo Club

10

4F

Continuing Education Centre

Recreation complex in People’s commune 2.0


KNOW THE LAW

PASSPORT ZONE PLAN Story of the High-rise apartment

High-rise apartment in People’s commune 1.5

High-rise apartment in People’s commune 2.0

High-rise apartment in People’s commune 1.0

RED BOO K RED BOOK

RED BOOK

RED BOO K

TEGANG

RED BOO K

TEGANG

TEGANG

1. SOE posession

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

5. Vertical Passport Zone

Involved programs/ people

2. Danwei collapse,

3. informal commercial insertion

4. More collective forms indoor

privatized ownership

from folk market expansion; residential rental emerged

reshape the processes of

January

urbanization in apartment;

1

Informal multifunctional rental market prospered

Calendar

License card Memeber Card

Join now!

for rent Venue Rental

Membership Disccount

in high-rise apartment

Being Volunteer


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DESIGN

Vertical Passport Zone in High-rise Apartment

MARKET

High-rise apartment in People’s commune 1.5

High-rise apartment in People’s commune 1.0

IMAGES & VIDEOS

High-rise apartment in People’s commune 2.0

Involved programs/ people January

1 Calendar

License card

for rent Being Volunteer

MIX MODE INPUT WE BUILD CALENDAR

PASSPORT ZONE STREET SALON GUIDE TEGANG’S CARNIVAL

Venue Rental

Memeber Card

Join now!

Membership Disccount RED BOOK RED BOO K

RED BOOK

TEGANG

RED BOOK

TEGANG

TEGANG

RED BOO K

TEGANG

1. SOE posession

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

TEGANG

2. Danwei collapse, privatized ownership

3. informal commercial insertion

4. More collective forms indoor

5. Vertical Passport Zone

from folk market expansion;

reshape the processes of

in high-rise apartment

residential rental emerged

Expected Scenarios of Passport Zone area inside and outside of post-danwei Apartment

urbanization in apartment; Informal multifunctional rental market prospered

VOTE FOR POTENTIAL SCENARIOS

Diagram 1: The online patterns of Passport zone pages

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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Consequent physical effect of the Passport Zone Plan on community public area

MIX MODE INPUT WE BUILD CALENDAR

PASSPORT ZONE

Consequent physical effect of the Passport Zone Plan on workshops area

SEAT PLAN TEGANG’S CARNIVAL VOTE FOR POTENTIAL SCENARIOS

Diagram 2: The online patterns of Passport zone pages

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


Street Salon Guide -a physical guidance collaborating with Passport Zone and on-line Market the 2nd core participatory spatial interventions regulation and guide produced by the plan team of People’s Commune 2.0 project


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hill shape chair

FOOD

+

+

I want to offer skill

balloon

Beer box wall

beer box flower bed

CLOTHES

MORE

+ I want to donate

BALLOONS

I want to use tokens

I want to Design

beer box tower

+ I want to buy

CHAIRS

DVD/CDs

IMAGES & VIDEOS

sunflower seeds

BEER BOXES

MARKET

beer box movie wall

BOOKS

DESIGN

CALENDAR & EVENTS

2nd hand book light

2.O

GET INVOLVED

balloon

HOME

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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COMMUNE 2.O I want to buy

HOME

GET INVOLVED

I want to donate

CALENDAR & EVENTS I want to offer skill

DESIGN

MARKET

I want to use tokens

IMAGES & VIDEOS I want to Design

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


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2.O BEER BOX

GET INVOLVED

CALENDAR & EVENTS

DESIGN

MARKET

IMAGES & VIDEOS

SIZE AND INFORMATION 530mm

15mm

530mm

530mm

360mm 178mm 130mm

168mm 130mm

320mm

75mm 320mm

360mm

150mm

Size: 530mm*360mm*320*, inside:500mm*330mm*300* Weight: 2.2kg Thickness: 15mm Bottling volumn: 24 beerbottles Bottle standard: 75mm standard Material: 100%HDPE Colors:

Transparency index no transparency

low transparency

medium transparency

high transparency

Anti-pressure ability index low

medium

high

super-high

medium

high

high

super-high

Mobility index no

low

Aesthetic index low

Smoothness index smooth

medium

medium

rough

Price of a beer box with Friend of Tegang logo: 24yuan The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


KNOW THE LAW

STREET SALON GUIDE You are suggested NOT to do: grocery stall

informal transport food stall

informal pelma beauty

kite stall

informal dental clinic street cupping therapy

regulation on a specific wrong intervention

informal KTV

informal chinese medicine stand informal chinese medicine clinic

You are encouraged to do:

2440mm

food stall

>1.5m

stages salon

children art studio

pelma beauty studio

micro-gathering bar Chinese therapy studio

Waiting for your creative design!

chair art installation

>2m

5320mm

3180mm

public seat

street karaoke bar

grocery salon

community clinic


Tegang’s Carnival -a physical users- co- creation platform collaborating with on-line Market the 3rd core participatory spatial interventions regulation and guide produced by the plan team of People’s Commune 2.0 project


KNOW THE LAW

TEGANG’S CARNIVAL I want to donate

I want to offer skill

I want to use tokens

I want to Design

passport zone

I want to rent

Basketball Court in People’s commune 2.0

passport zone

Basketball Court in People’s commune 1.5

beerbox as vegetable/flower bed for urban farming program

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


TEGANG’S CARNIVAL

BALLOONS BEER BOXES

FOOD

CHAIRS

I want to rent I want to donate I want to offer skill I want to use tokens I want to Design

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


TEGANG’S CARNIVAL

BALLOONS BEER BOXES

FOOD

DVD/CDs

I want to buy I want to donate I want to offer skill I want to use tokens I want to Design

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


TEGANG’S CARNIVAL

BALLOONS BEER BOXES

FOOD

I want to buy I want to donate I want to offer skill I want to use tokens I want to Design

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


TEGANG’S CARNIVAL BEER BOXES

BOOKS

2nd hand book light

CHAIRS

beer boxes movie wall

I want to buy I want to donate I want to offer skill I want to use tokens I want to Design

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


VOTE FOR YOUR FAVORITE!

TEGANG’S CARNIVAL

BOOKS

BEER BOXES

DVD/CDs

CHAIRS

BALLOONS

CLOTHES

Vote for your favorite scenarios!

FOOD

MORE

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


WHAT are

RESULTS MY EXPECT ?


TEGANG’S CARNIVAL

CHAIRS Diagram 3: potential of the informal-teahouse chairs as components of OBAMAO face on football field, combing the feature of Present Obama and Chairman Mao, which represents the call for the parcipatory democracy in post-Danwei community


TEGANG’S CARNIVAL

DVD/CDs Diagram 4: piracy DVD/CDs as the big public art landscape composed the face of Chinese famous public-artist Ai Weiwei The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


PEOPLE’S

JOIN IN

FOLLOW

COMMUNE HOME

2.O I want to buy

GET INVOLVED

I want to donate

CALENDAR & EVENTS I want to offer skill

DESIGN

MARKET

I want to use tokens

IMAGES & VIDEOS I want to Design

Shuangbei Light rail Station

Super Market

No.4 People’s Hospital

Farm Produce Market

Abandoned Swimming Pool

Majiang Gamble house Restaurant & Teahouse

Recreation Complex

Folk Carnival

Basketball Court/KTV/ Restaurant/Trade Fair

Post-Communism Mansion

Street Market High-rise gated community

High-rise gated community

Tung Wah Hospital

Daytime Old Ppl’s house private primary school

Tung Wah Hospital fomer procurement office

Private School

Tegang Hotel

p

Yongji Food Company Business Buidling

Vegetable Market

Administration Buidling

Education Buidling

Tegang Real Estate

Tegang Institute

“ f ri e n d

No.1 Steel-making workshop Yinghe Manufacture

ega of T

Cooling Tower

Cold Hammering Workshop

ng

m

em

Casting Workshop

b er

s No.2 Steel-making workshop

Shijingpo Light rail Station

Dock

r

ve

No.3 Steel-making workshop

i gR

Tank

n Jia

n gli

Idle office building Informal reuse of the former attached functions New Light railway 500m Walking Distance

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang


Monitoring and Evaluation the actors’ engagement

Several key components of the evaluations of a better actors engagement in the future should be considered: 1.information disclosure2.on-going and long-term actors identification & analysis 3. actors involvement in project monitoring4. actors consultation5.grievance management 6. reporting to actors 7.Management functions


Thanks for watching!

The official website of People’s commune 2.0 and Friends of Tegang

Profile for Design as Politics

People’s Commune 2.0 Reconfiguration  

Graduation Presentation Xiayu Wu Mentor team: Marta Relats and Roberto Rocco Date of Graduation 26-06-2013

People’s Commune 2.0 Reconfiguration  

Graduation Presentation Xiayu Wu Mentor team: Marta Relats and Roberto Rocco Date of Graduation 26-06-2013

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