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representation and integration of urban refugees in the public domain

Street of Refuge

Esma Karkukli Design as Poltics 2012-2013 esma@karkukli.nl


Street of refuge

politics

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fascination

politics

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politics urban proposal architectural design politics

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refugee flow 1980

Global numbers

politics

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refugee flow 2008

politics

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population

syrian refugees

new in 2013

nov 2012

syrian

palestinian

politics

15.2m

global

16.9m

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definition

UN:

A refugee is a person with

fear of being persecuted & is outside the country of his nationality. - Article 1.A.2 UN 1951 Convention

politics

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displacement patterns

politics

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camp cities

politics

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urban refugees

politics

11/79


field research

Interviews

politics

Observations

12/79


living conditions

politics

13/79


illegal jobs

politics

14/79


isolation

politics

15/79


politics of aid

$$ 200 million dollars AID

President Obama, USA, 2013 March 22

politics

16/79


representation

We want work!

politics

Right to vote!

17/79


paradox of aid

Wait!

politics

Stay hidden!

We will help!

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approach

self-representation

1 visibility

politics

2

3

repetition

social participation

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step 1: visibility

politics

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step 2: repitition

politics

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step 3: social participation

politics

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politics urban proposal architectural design urban proposal

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Jordan

20%

46%

urban proposal

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(1)

refugee flows (7)

(4) (6)

(3) (2)

(4)

The numbers indicate the year when refugees flee to Jordan

(5)

(1)

1800-1900

(2)

1948

(3)

1967

(4)

1990-1991

(5)

1997

(6)

2003-2012

(7)

2010-2012

The size of the lines indicate the number of refugees that flee to Jordan 600.000-700.000

urban proposal

500-1000

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Amman growth

3.000.000

2.800.000

2.600.000

2.400.000 2.200.000 2.000.000

1.800.000 n

io

1.600.000

at

ul

p po

1.400.000 ee g

fu

scale 1:250.000

re

n a1.200.000

m

1946

1983

1951

Am

1994

2005 1.000.000

800.000 600.000 400.000

200.000

opponents of Iraqi regime 200.000-300.000 refugees

Arab-Israeli war 100.000 refugees

Six-Day war Israel 140.000 Gaza refugees 240.000 West bank refugees

Independance of Jordan temporary nationality

urban proposal

Gulf war 300.000 refugees

introduction travel cards for Jordanians of Palestinian origin green/yellow card

2010

2000

1990

1980

1970

1960

1950

1940

1930

Amman population

Iraq war 500.000 refugees

Syria Civil War 200.000 refugees

restriction entry of Iraqi people

Prime Minister Rifai is dismissed

Prime Minister Bakhit is dismissed

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refugee neighbourhoods

Public Park

urban proposal

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chosen neighbourhood

Non-Jordanian Origin 30-20 years 1-5 years

5.000-32.000 inhab/km²

urban proposal

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altitude vs density 1950-1970

urban proposal

1970-1990

1990-

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design location

urban proposal

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morphology

60 m

400 m

urban proposal

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design location

urban proposal

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design location

urban proposal

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physical identity

urban proposal

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cultural identity

urban proposal

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common identity

urban proposal

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tent elements

f

oo ic r

r

fab

ic w

all

s

rug

woo d

w

fabr

pole

ro

en

en

l oo

s e p

urban proposal

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design tools

woolen ropes

woolen ropes

fabric roof and wall

fabric roof and wall

wooden poles

wooden poles

rug or carpet

rug or carpet

urban proposal

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Aesthetics

g or carpet

urban proposal love & belonging

safety

physiological

refugees

bric roof and wall

Builders

Steel cable support system public meetings

sport facilities

classrooms

kitchen/cafe

reading club

mediatheque

health care

office

free shop

info center

Wo v te en p nt ol ma yes te te te ri r xt al il e

Woven polyester tent material

Cu lt ur al

wo ol en

te x

Pe rm an en t ro ro of of te te xt xt il il e e

2

3

Permanent roof textile

Cultural woolen textile

St ee Wo l CCu ve Cul ca ul n t Ct ltu en po bl tu l r u Au r t t e ra l esa u l a y ma es rlaw su thl te te lo pp wooo etw r w or ol r icl i o e l al on t en se lnet sy t ne tex st ex tt xt ei em ti xl il te le iel e Cu lt ur al wo ol en

Te mp or ar y

oolen ropes

3

art

Ma te ri al

st ru ct ur e

handicraft

Bu il de rs

te xt il e

urban roof

ca bl Wov ov e We ve on en su v nepp en pp en n o tt p nt o etnm l ol or p y l y oe m ta y t mat e l s es at yt me st sy te e e ar t er e s r ti e st ri r t ea r ia e rl em al r ila l

street exhibition

St ee l

esteem

2

ld er s

theater/ public cinema

ma te ri al iz at Pe io rm an n en t

1 Permanent structure

e an st ent nt etnr ru r to ct rooo Ph rf ur of as ofot e e t fe tex ex tt xt ei ti xl il te le iel 2 e 1 Pe 333 rm 3TTe a n Pr Tem en em Tp od mp t eo po mr uc or ro pa ra or t ary of ry ayrr r yo rooo rf of ofot t fe tex ex tt xt ei ti xl il te le iel e

Product

ma te Ph ri as r tr su e ru al tc uc rt ct uu tu cr ur te iz re uer e at 1 222 Pe io r 2PPe Pr ma Per od ne er n P m r m e uc a nt ma rn an me t n

locals

t a tti t iio i oon o nnn t nt etns s tt st

self-actualization

ooden poles

psycholog A. Maslows pyramid of needs

Material

woo

Phase 3 Temporary roof textile

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design ensemble

layered roof additional wooden columns public program

urban proposal

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program

locals

theater/ public cinema

locals handicraft

theater/ public cinema

art

classrooms kitchen/cafe

reading club

safety

mediatheque health care office

physiological

free shop

info center

free shop

office

info center

health care

mediatheque

kitchen/cafe

classrooms

urban proposal

sport facilities

extended street program

street exhibition

esteem

psycholog A. Maslows pyramid of needs

love & belonging

public meetings

refugees generic NGO program

self-actualization

self-actualization

office & info

psycholog A. Maslows pyramid of needs

esteem

handicraft

art

street exhibition

handicraft & art classroom & sports

top

public meetings

sport facilities classrooms

love & belonging

kitchen/cafe

reading club

safety

mediatheque health care office

physiological

refugees human hierarchy of needs

free shop info center bottom

organization within street 42/79


zone’s

Transformer

Mixer Saver Guide

urban proposal

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levels of publicness

open closed

urban proposal

44/79


politics urban proposal architectural design architectural design

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situation

the guide

architectural design | the guide

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ground floor

architectural design | the guide

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section N

Street of refug Esma Karkukl

section 1:100

Street of refug Esma Karkukl

architectural design | the guide

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architectural design | the guide

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construction process

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qO3J78u7eRs&feature=youtu.be architectural design | the guide

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situation

the saver

architectural design | the saver

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architectural design | the saver

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floor plan 1:100

floor plan

architectural design | the saver

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section

N

ction 1:100 faรงade fragment 1:20

architectural design | the saver

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fragment

before architectural design | the saver

after 55/79


faรงade fragment

architectural design | the saver

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selself-build f-build prefab m old prefab

architectural design | the saver

concrete mold

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situation

the mixer

architectural design | the mixer

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section

architectural design | the mixer

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floor plan

architectural design | the mixer

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classrooms

architectural design | the mixer

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classrooms

architectural design | the mixer

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architectural design | the mixer

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sport fields

architectural design | the mixer

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architectural design | the mixer

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public kitchen

architectural design | the mixer

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architectural design | the mixer

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flooring

architectural design | the mixer

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transitions

architectural design | the mixer

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culture

architectural design | the mixer

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the transformer

situation

architectural design | the transformer

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architectural design | the transformer

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handicraft

architectural design | the transformer

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art classes

architectural design | the transformer

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playground

architectural design | the transformer

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section

architectural design | the transformer

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architectural design | the transformer

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Street of Refuge