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Reloading Landscapes Micro and macro interventions in the polluted territory

05/11/2013 Francesca Rizzetto P5


The Politics

STRIKE AS A RIGHT


The Politics

CONFLICTS AND ALLIANCES

4 5

6

1

8

7

2

9

10

3

1. B. Ferrante Manager of ILVA 2. C. Clini Minister of Environment 3. P. Todisco Magistrate Procure of Taranto 4. M. Bonanni CISL 5. S. Camusso CGIL 6. G. Angeletti UIL 7. F. Santoro Bishop of Taranto 8. ILVA workers 9. I. StefĂ no Major of Taranto 10. N. Vendola Governor of Puglia region


The facory

ILVA STEELWORKS


The factory

Pollution and territory

10 km

9,1 km VOCHIARO 12,5 km MONTEMESOLA

5 km

5,7 km PAOLO VI

2,5 km

1,5 km TAMBURI

5,9 km NEW NEIGHBOURHOOD

14 km MONTEIASI

18,2 km CAROSINO

TARANTO 18 km SAN GIORGIO IONICO


Last masterplan

“Centroids” and landscape


Location

STRATEGIC PLACE IN THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA


City’s development

IMPORTANCE OF NAVY BASE: Battle of Taranto 1943


City’s development

PRESENCE OF FACTORY: View from the “Small Sea” to Tamburi neighbourhood


City’s development

FISHING AS ONE OF THE ECONOMIES


Datascape

Workers, inhabitants and areas

Workers 12 000

ILVA: 15 km²

Inhabitants 17 644

Tamburi: 38 km²

Historic center

Inhabitants 26 000

Taranto: 217 km² Inhabitants 195 882

Taranto: 217 km² Inhabitants 195 882


Project question

n

ctio

odu

e pr

cr ee

THE GOVERNATOR

ing

s th

de

es

la w

THE WORKERS

est

stop

a

at er

op

ak es

co

m

THE PRIEST

THE JUDGE

pro t

THE ILVA MANAGER

talks an d prayi ng

THE MINISTER

g

n ki

l

ta

THE UNIONS

ith

w ing

est

t pro

rs rke o w ting

m

a edi

THE MAJOR

?


Factory and territory

“DEMOCRACY STARTS FROM THE TERRITORY THE FACTORY HAS TO PROVIDE THE ECONOMY FOR THE AREA IN WHICH IT IS LOCATED ECONOMY IN THE TERRITORY MUST BE DIVERSIFICATED.”

Adriano Olivetti in: DEMOCRAZIA SENZA PARTITI. 1949


Factory and territory

HOSPITAL

GROTTAGLIE

PAOLO VI

MASSERIAS

MONTEIASI

ILVA FACTORY Navy department

TAMBURI MARSH TARANTO

SAN GIORGIO IONICO

MASSERIAS

SALINELLA

built area industrial zone navy property water structure public transport 0

1 km

existing train line


Scenario: what is the center change?

FROM THE CITY

TO THE FACTORY

TO THE LAND PARK


Project’s intention

PROJECT’S INTENTIONS

1. RELOCATION

Designing a new neighborhood for the people that can be related with the landscape and having the park as the public domain.

2. CLEAN TERRITORY

Proposing a developed idea of park that can clean the territory from the pollution with plants and also it will be the references for the citizens’ public life.

3. ECONOMIC ALTERNATIVE

Related with the territory in a new conscious landscape interaction.


Project’s intention

Micro and Macro interventions

MASSERIAS PAOLO VI ILVA

NEW NEIGHBORHOOD TAMBURI

TRAIN LINE


ILVA STEELWORK The project of Government


ILVA STEELWORKS PLAN

NEW COKE TOWER

hard coal

Welded pipes

Coke oven

Pig iron casting

Sheets transport of fossils minerals and fondants

base metal

LD converter Blast furnace

stop for UPDATING

Continuous casting Rolling mill

iron ore

COVERING

Agglomeration Chimney E312 UPDATING WITH FILTER

Slabs MAX 8 MILION TONS OF STEEL PER YEAR


MARE PICCOLO Restoring of the dismissed railway


MARE PICCOLO Restoring the dismissed military railway

0

500 m


LANSCAPE Scenario for a productive park


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, portion as example


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, Masterplan

river masseria’s connections path ways train public transport infrastructurated green factories neighborhood area plantation buffer green exosting green

0

2.5 km


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, The Masserias’ role

masseria’s connections path ways plantation exosting green


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, The Masserias’ role

river masseria’s connections path ways plantation buffer green exosting green


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, Phytodepuration

Eichhornia crassipes

Hydrilla verticillata

Salix viminalis

Cd Cadmium Cr Chromium Cu Copper Hg Mercury Zn Zinc

Cd Cadmium Cr Chromium Hg Mercury

Ag Silver Cd Cadmium Cr Chromium Hg Mercury Se Selenium Petroleum hydrocarbures Potassium ferrocyanide Zn Zinc

Agrostis

Al Aluminium As Arsenic Mn Manganese Pb Lead Zn Zinc

Vicia faba

Al Aluminium

Brassica napus

Brassica juncea

Hordeum vulgare

Helianthus annuus

Brassicaceae

Olea europaea

Hydrangea

Melastoma malabathricum

Al Aluminium Ag Silver Cr Chromium Hg Mercury Se Selenium Zn Zinc

Cd Cadmium Cr Chromium Cu Copper Ni Nickel Pb Lead Zn Zinc

Al Aluminium

Cr Chromium Cu Copper Mn Manganese Pb Lead Zn Zinc

Cd Cadmium Cs Caesium Ni Nickel Sr Strontium

Cd Cadmium Cs Caesium Ni Nickel Sr Strontium

Al Aluminium

Al Aluminium P Phosphate


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, sections

STREET

TREATMENT

BYKE WAY

RAVINE


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, sections

OLIVE TREES

STREET

TERRAIN TREATMENT

DRY WALL

CANAL


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, views

a walk into the park

from the train crossing the landscape

going out of city with the car


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, views

from the top of the hill trough the sea


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, alternative economy

vs

+


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, alternative economy

Starting plantation TERRAIN TREATMENT

0

BIOFUEL PRODUCTION

+ 20

CLEAR GREENHOUSES PRODUCTION

40 years


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, alternative economy


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, alternative economy

CLEANING PLANTS

COLLECTING SYSTEM

MASSERIA NODE

BIOFUEL REFINERY


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, alternative economy

X 952 l/ha

ha park 1.6 milion ha

X

= 1.46 €/l

2 bilion €/year


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, people’s role

MASSERIA

FAMILY

tourism-hospitality LIVE

BUY

RENT

WORK AS agriculture - park maintenance

ASSOCIATION - NGO

TERRAIN BUY FOR RENTING

COMPANY

leisure local tourism


SCENARIO FOR A PRODUCTIVE PARK, remediation chain


MICRO INTERVENTIONS Tamburi neighborhood


MICRO INTERVENTIONS: Tamburi neighbourhood


MICRO INTERVENTIONS: Tamburi neighbourhood

2.5% 2%

4%

25% 16.5%

religion retail service school

75% green public space

housing

Appartment price 18.000 people

> 4500 unemployed

Borgo: 1500 -2000 Paolo VI: 800 - 1000 Tamburi: 500 -700

â‚Ź/m

2


MICRO INTERVENTIONS: Tamburi neighbourhood

BRASSICA SALIX VIMIJUNCEA NALIX Indian Mustard Basket Willow

HELIANTHUS ANNUUS Sunflower

ARTEMISIA VULGARIS Mugwort

65% green public space

Remediation Hills


MACRO INTERVENTIONS A new neighborhood


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: location


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: Navy traces

station

park

marsh masseria

marina


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: Ecologies

PARK FLAT LAND HILLS COAST WATER


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: Masterplan


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: public functions

PARK HOSPITAL

STATION

CAMPUS

VEGETABLE MARKET

PIAZZA

FISH MARKET

CURCH

AD. CENTER


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: public transport


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: streets


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: view


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: green structure


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: public spaces matrix

SCH

OOL

PLAYGROUND

COMMUNITY GARDEN

PUBLIC EVENT

PARCELING

RECYCLING PLACE

WATER SCAPE

RENEWABLE ENERGY

CIVIC CENTER

WATER PROCESSING PLANT

SCHOOL EVENT

PARK PROCESSING DISTRICT

SPORTIFICATION


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: datascape

18.000 people + STUDENTS

+44% HOUSING

€/m2 Appartment price Tamburi: 500 -700

+40% GREEN

new Tamburi: 700

100

90

16.5%

16%

RETAIL

OFFICE

SCHOOL

2.5% SERVICE 2% RELIGION

65% green public space

16.5%

APARTMENT VARIATION IN m2

75% HOUSING

80

70 50


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: horticulture

ON THE EDGES

ON THE EDGES

ON THE EDGES

MAX 3 FLOORS

FAMILY + SMALLFARM+ ASSOCIATION+

MAX 3 FLOORS

FAMILY + SMALLFARM+ ASSOCIATION+

CULTIVATED COURT

FAMILY + SMALLFARM+ ASSOCIATION+

CULTIVATED COURT

ON THE EDGES

ON THE EDGES

ON THE EDGES

MAX 3 FLOORS

MAX 3 FLOORS

MAX 3 FLOORS

FAMILY + SMALLFARM+ ASSOCIATION+

CULTIVATED COURT


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: people’s role

building their own house

tourism-hospitality

SELLS TERRAIN

FAMILY

LIVE

RENTS MUNICIPALITY

WORK

farming + self production food

ASSOCIATION - NGO

rules for building construction


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: mix-use area

BLOCK

7000 HOUSEHOLD

50

COMMERCIAL 3500 mq GROUND FLOOR water

BLOCK

100

treatment

80 mq

365000

7000 HOUSEHOLD

50

COMMERCIAL 3500 mq GROUND FLOOR water

BLOCK

100 80 mq

365000

7000 HOUSEHOLD

50

COMMERCIAL 3500 mq GROUND FLOORwater

BLOCK

100 80 mq

365000

7000 HOUSEHOLD

50

100

3500 mq water treatment

80 mq

365000

BLOCK

7000 HOUSEHOLD

COMMERCIAL GROUND FLOOR

RESIDENTIAL 6 FLOORS

treatment

RESIDENTIAL 6 FLOORS

treatment

RESIDENTIAL 6 FLOORS


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: blocks’ program STANDARD BUILDING BLOCK

FIRST VARIATION

MORE VARIATION + FLEXIBILITY

housing housing with working units multi occupancy offices buildings retail working school library


WATER TREATMENT

3500 m2

HOUSEHOLD

7000 m2

MACRO INTERVENTIONS: court program


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: waters’ structure


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: phytodepuration system

0

CORNUS FLORIDA Dogwood sp.

0

5m

MACLURA POMIFERA Osage Orange

MORUS RUBRA Mulberry

50 m

TRIFOLIUM REPENS White Clover

0

GLEDITSIA Honey Locust

POTENTILLA FRUCTOSIA Buttercup Shrub

PHILADELPHUS LEWISI Mock Orange

100 m

HELIANTHUS Sunflower


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: water places views


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: water places views


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: water places views


MACRO INTERVENTIONS: neighbourhood view


MICRO INTERVENTIONS Paolo VI neighborhood


MICRO INTERVENTIONS: Paolo VI

HOSPITAL

CASE BIANCHE

EX QUARRY DISMISSED FACORY

ENGINEERING FACULTY

MIRTO PARK SOCIAL HOUSING

ITALSIDER HOUSING

SOCIAL HOUSING

PRIVATE CLINIC

ROBBINSON PARK

MALL

MASSERIA


MICRO INTERVENTIONS: privatisation in social housing

Parco del Mirto

Case Bianche fenomenon: privatisation of public space

Parco Robinson

Parco della FelicitĂ


MICRO INTERVENTIONS: tram station and urban gardening

T ->

bike way

common garden

green in the street tram way

public park private garden

T +


IN CONCLUSION Micro and Macro intervention for: 1.RELOCATION 2. CLEAN TERRITORY 3. ECONOMIC ALTERNATIVE


Thanks for your attention

Profile for Design as Politics

Reloading Landscapes  

Graduation PresentationFrancesca Rizzetto Mentor team: Marta Relats, Henco Bekkering and Arjan van Timmeren. Date of Graduation 05-11-2013

Reloading Landscapes  

Graduation PresentationFrancesca Rizzetto Mentor team: Marta Relats, Henco Bekkering and Arjan van Timmeren. Date of Graduation 05-11-2013

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