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Community News

Z5

WEEKEND, 06.25.16 a

Jobs in county with the largest gender pay gap DUSTIN GARDINER THE REPUBLIC | AZCENTRAL.COM

For every dollar a man earns, a woman in the Phoenix metro area earns about 18 cents less on average. The gender pay gap is smaller than the country as a whole — women in the United States earn about 79 cents for every $1 a man earns, compared with about 82 cents on the dollar in Maricopa County, according to estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau. But the pay gap in the Valley is much greater for women in certain professions. For example, women working sales jobs and related occupations earn roughly half as much as the men in that field. Whether the pay gap should be attributed to discrimination or individual factors, such as a woman’s career choice, time off to raise children and the types of college degrees earned, has been hotly disputed. Phoenix Vice Mayor Kate Gallego, who’s championed a plan to combat the wage gap in the city, said the disparity is real and often worse for women in hourly jobs. For a low-income family, she said, a few thousand dollars less per year could determine if they can pay medical bills or repair a car. “There’s still a significant gap that we need to work on,� she said. “If you really are watching pennies, 82 cents on a dollar adds up.� Last year, the city passed an ordinance that mirrors federal laws requiring equal pay for equal work. The city also works with non-profit groups to educate women about how to negotiate for higher salaries — Gallego said women often are less likely to ask for a raise. These are the professions with the largest male-female pay gap in the region. Legal occupations Median male earnings: $107,381 Median female earnings: $54,700 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 50.94 percent Sales and related occupations Median male earnings: $40,247 Median female earnings: $22,333 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 55.49 percent Production occupations Median male earnings: $34,442

Median female earnings: $21,552 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 62.57 percent Health diagnosing and treating practitioners and other technical occupations Median male earnings: $100,673 Median female earnings: $66,203 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 65.76 percent Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations Median male earnings: $20,616 Median female earnings: $13,674 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 66.33 percent Firefighting and prevention, and other protective service workers including supervisors Median male earnings: $32,120 Median female earnings: $22,426 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 69.82 percent Management occupations Median male earnings: $72,306 Median female earnings: $53,086 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 73.42 percent Food preparation and serving-related occupations Median male earnings: $15,937 Median female earnings: $12,109 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 75.98 percent Business and financial operations occupations Median male earnings: $58,449 Median female earnings: $44,909 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 76.83 percent Computer and mathematical occupations Median male earnings: $72,447 Median female earnings: $57,386 Women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s: 79.21 percent Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2014 American Community Survey, estimates for Maricopa County. Note: Median reflects the salary in the middle of the range of reported wages, meaning that about half of workers earn above that salary and half earn below it. The margin of error varies by occupation. This article doesn’t include census figures for “farming, fishing and forestry occupations,� which had a large pay gap, but a small sample size in the survey.

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