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Catch the  Microcurrent     Microcurrent,  a  popular  treatment  for  aging  skin,  uses  low  level  electrical  current  to   trigger  the  body’s  natural  skin  enhancement  chemicals  at  a  cellular  level,  giving  skin   therapists  an  effective  tool  against  the  signs  of  skin  aging.    While  alternative   medicine  practitioners  use  it  for  injury  recovery,  skin  therapists  note  that  it   provides  firming  and  toning  benefits  that  continue  to  improve  with  subsequent   treatments.             Microcurrent  can  be  performed  to  achieve  the  following  benefits:       • Improve  muscle  tone  in  the  face  and  neck.     • Lift  jowels  and  eyebrows.     • Reduce  and  eliminate  fine  lines  and  wrinkles.     • Improve  facial  circulation.     • Aid  in  lymphatic  drainage.     • Enhance  product  penetration  to  treat  multiple  skin  problems.     Some  clinical  studies  have  shown  that  after  twenty  days  of  Microcurrent  treatments,   collagen  and  elastin  production  increases  and  blood  circulation  improves.    Scientists   have  also  found  that  Microcurrent  facelift  treatments  trigger  the  body’s  production   of  amino  acids  and  Adenosine  Triphosphate  (ATP).    Both  of  these  accelerate  cell   repair  and  promote  healthier  cell  production.           Muscle  Re-­‐education  and  Specific  Iontophoresis  are  two  ways  to  use  Microcurrent   in  the  treatment  room.       Muscle  Re-­‐Education   Muscle  Re-­‐education,  the  process  of  lengthening  or  shortening  muscles,  is  mostly   related  to  the  term  “facial  toning.”    Sometimes  referred  to  as  MENS  (Muscle   Electrical  Neural  Stimulus  or  Minimal  Electrical  Neural  Stimulus),  Microcurrent  re-­‐ programs  the  muscle  fiber,  allowing  the  muscle  to  lengthen  or  shorten  depending  on   the  direction  of  the  application.         The  procedure  sends  a  current  to  lift  and  re-­‐educate  muscles.    Some  machines  used   in  Europe  and  in  medical  environments  cause  a  muscle  contraction.    In  the  United   States,  if  used  by  a  professional  skin  therapist  within  their  scope  of  practice,   Microcurrent  cannot  cause  a  visible  contraction.    There  is  no  actual  muscle   contraction,  and  probes  allow  the  skin  therapist  to  pick  up  the  muscle  and  hold  it  in   place  for  a  few  seconds.    The  current  stimulates  Adenosine  Triphosphate  (ATP),  a   nucleotide  that  can  accumulate  in  the  muscles  themselves.    It  is  vital  that  the   therapist  knows  all  32  of  the  muscles  on  the  face,  their  origins,  their  insertions  and   their  bellies.              


When a  muscle  lengthens  or  shortens,  the  skin  lifts  and  firms.  Working  from  the   belly  of  the  muscle  outward  will  have  a  lengthening  effect  on  muscles  that  have   become  increasingly  contracted  from  years  of  making  facial  expressions.    Working  a   muscle  from  the  origin  and  insertion  point  inward  will  have  a  shortening  effect  that   is  necessary  for  those  muscles  that  have  become  elongated  over  many  years  of  age   and  gravity.         Muscle  Re-­‐Education  uses  micro  amps  (a  very  low  concentration  of  electrical   current),  square  wave  technology  and  hertz.    This  makes  the  procedure  significantly   more  comfortable  for  the  client.       Specific  Iontophoresis   Specific  Iontophoresis,  another  form  of  Microcurrent,  allows  for  superior   penetration  of  water-­‐based  products  into  the  skin.    During  this  treatment,  electrical   current  emits  from  one  probe  and  returns  to  the  other  to  allow  specific  focus  of   product  penetration.    The  results  of  this  procedure  vary  depending  on  the  type  of   product  you’re  using.         Specific  Iontophoresis  does  not  require  an  inactive  electrode.    It  uses  modulated   biphasic  square  wave  technology,  which  lets  the  skin  therapist  oscillate  a  direct   current  in  between  2  electrodes  every  2  to  2  ½  seconds.    In  other  words,  the   electrode  alternates  from  positive  to  negative  about  every  2  seconds.    Specific   Iontophoresis  uses  microamps,  a  low  level  of  electric  current,  which  is  gentler  for   the  client.     Advanced  devices  can  specifically  control  the  depth  at  which  the  current  travels,  and   therefore,  the  depth  that  the  product  penetrates.    This  allows  the  skin  therapist  to   target  specific  areas  of  concern.  However,  a  heavy  layer  of  product,  high  surface   tension  or  a  resistant  or  thicker  patch  of  skin  in  the  application  area  can  easily   persuade  the  electrical  current  and  product  to  enter  into  a  weaker  area  of  the  face   or  body.            

The Range  of  Microcurrent    

Overall, Microcurrent  is  an  effective  professional  skin  therapy  tool  ideal  for   managing  the  signs  of  skin  aging.  While  Microcurrent’s  potential  range  of  other   applications,  including  wound  healing,  muscle  rehabilitation,  macular  degeneration   and  lymphoma  continue  to  assist  medical  practitioners  with  amazing  results,  we   must  stay  focused  on  how  these  studies  and  this  technology  can  benefit  and  support   us  as  skin  therapists.            

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