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PUBLICATIONS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MEDICAL RESEARCH 1980-2009 2009 1) Mmbando, B.P., Lusingu, J.P., Vestergaard, L.S., Lemnge, M.M., Theander, T.G. & Scheike, T.H. (2009) Parasite threshold associated with clinical malaria in areas of different transmission intensities in north eastern Tanzania. BMC Medical Reseaerch Methodology 9:75 doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-9-75. 2) Gosling, R., Gesase, S., Mosha, J., Carneiro, I., Hashim, R., Lemnge, M., Mosha, F., Greenwood, B. & Chandramohan, D. (2009) Protective efficacy and safety of three antimalarial regimens for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infants: a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Lancet 374 (9700), 1521-1532. 3) Mboera,L.E.G., Shayo, E.H., Senkoro, K.P., Rumisha, S.F., Mlozi, M.R.S. & Mayala, B.K. Knolwegde, perceptions and practices of farming communities on linkages between malaria and agriculture. Acta Tropica 112, doi.10.1016/j.actatropica.2009.10.008

4) Maswanya, E., Brown, G. & Merriman, G. (2009) Attitudes and beliefs about HIV/AIDS behaviour and education among Tanzanian youth. Sexual Health 6, 293-299. 5) Iipinge, S., Dambisya, Y.M., Loewenson, R., Chimbari, M., Ndetei, D., Munga, M., Sibandze, S., Lugina, H. (2009) Policies and incentives for health worker retention in east and southern Afica: Learning from country research. University of Nambia, Training and Research Support Centre, University of Limpopo, EQUINET, ECSA-HC. EQUINET Discussion Paper 78. EQUINET, Harare, Zimbabwe. 6) Aabye, M., Ravn, P., PrayGod, G., Jeremiah, K., Mugomela, A., Jepsen, M., Faurholt, D., Range, N., Friis, H., Changalucha, J. & Andersen, A.B. (2990) The impact of HIV infection and CD4 cell count on theperformance of an interferon gamma release assay in patients with pulmonary Tuberculosis. PloS ONE 4(1): e4220. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004220. 7) Alifrangis M, Lusingu JP, Mmbando B, Dalgaard MB, Vestergaard LS, Ishengoma D, Khalil IF, Theander TG, Lemnge MM and Bygbjerg IC. Fiveyear surveillance of molecular markers of Plasmodium falciparum antimalarial drug resistance in Korogwe district, Tanzania. Accumulation of the 581G mutation in the Pfdhps gene. Am J Trop Med Hyg Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Apr;80(4):523-7. 8) Alifrangis, M., Lusingu, J.P., Mmbando, B., Dalgaard, M.B., Vestergaard, L.S., Ishengoma, D., Khalil, I.F., Theander, T.G., Lemnge, M.M. & Bygbjerg, I.C. (2009) Short report: Five-year surveillance of molecular markers of Plasmodium falciparum antimalarial drug resistance in Korogwe District, Tanzania: Accumulation of the 581G mutation in the P. falciparum dihydropteroate synthase gene. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 80 (4)


9) Bernard, J., Mtove, G., Mandike, R., Mtei, F., Maxwell, C., Reyburn, H. (2009) Equity and coverage of insecticide treated bed nets in an area of intense transmission of P. falciparum in Tanzania. Malaria Journal http://www.malariajournal.com/imedia/1754701999241705_article.pdf. 10) Friis, H., Range, N., Braendgaard Kristensen, C., Kaestel, P., Changalucha, J., Malenganisho, W., Krarup, H., Magnusen, P., Bengaard Andersen, A. (2009) Acute-phase response and iron status makers among pulmonary tuberculosis patients: a cross-sectional study in Mwanza, Tanzania. British Journal of Nutrition 28, 1-8. 11) Johannessen, A., Naman, E., Kivuyo, S.L., Kasubi, M.J., Holberg-Petersen, M., Matee, M.I., Gundersen, S.G. & Bruun, J.N. (200( Virological efficacy and emergence of drug resistance in adults on antiretroviral treatment in rural Tanzania. BMC Infectious Diseases 2009, 9:108doi:10.1186/1471-2334-9108 12) Kihampa, C., Joseph, C.C., Nkunya, M.H.H., Magesa, S.M., Hassanali, A., Hyedenreich, M. & Kleinpeter, E. (2009) Larvicidal and IGR activity of extract from Tanzanian plants against malaria vector mosquitoes. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases 46, 145-152. 13) Kitua, A.Y., Corrah, T., Hersbst, K., Nyirenda, T., Agwale, S., Makanga, M. & Mgone, C.S. (2009) Strengthening capacity, collaboration and quality of clinical research in Africa: EDCTP networks of excellence. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 11 (1), 51-54. 14) Lusingu, J.P.A. & Von Seidlein, L. (2008) Challenges in malaria control in Sub-Saharan Africa: the vaccine perspective. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10 (4), 253-266. 15) Malecela, M.N., Lazarus, W, Mwingira U, Mwakitalu E, Makene C, Kabali C, Mackenzie C. Eliminating LF: A progress report from Tanzania. Journal of Lymphoedema 2009; 4(1), . 16) Mwingira, V.S., Mayala, B.K., Senkoro, K.P., Rumisha, S.F., Shayo, E.H., Mlozi, M.R.S. & Mboera, L.E.G. (2009) Mosquito larval productivity in rice fields infested with Azolla in Mvomero District, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 11 (1), 17-22. 17) Munga, M.A. & Gideon, G.M. (2009) Assessment of the experiences and coping strategies of people working in the informal sector in their quest to access health care services: the case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BioScience Trends 3 (1), 3-16. 18) Munga, M.A. & Maestad, O. (2009) Measuring inequities in the distribution of health workers: the case of Tanzania. Human Resources for Health 7:4. 19) Munga, M.A., Songstad, N.G., Blystad, A. & Maestad, O. (2009) The decentralisation-centralisation dilemma: recruitment and distribution of health workers in remote districts of Tanzania. BMC International Health


and Human Right 9:9 doi:10.1186/1472-698X-9-9. http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/ 20) Mvungi, V.P., Mcharo, J., Mmbuji, M., Mgonja, L.E. & Kitua, A.Y. (2009) Health Hazards elated to Computer use: Experience of the National Institute for Medical Research in Tanzania. International Journal of Social Sciences, 4(1), 69-74 21) Ngadaya, E.S., Mfinanga, G.S., Wandwala, E.R. & Morkve, O. (2009) Detection of pulmonary tuberculosis among patients with cough attending outpatient departments in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: does duration of couth matter? BMC Health Services Research 9:112. 22) Nielsen, N.O., Simonsen, P.E., Kaestel, P., Krarup, H., Magnussen, P., Magesa, S. & Friis, H. (2009) Micronutrient status indicators in individuals single- or double-infected with HIV and Wuchereria bancrofti before and after DEC treatment. Tropical Medicine and International Health 14 (1), 44-53. 23) Nyika, A., Kilama, W., Chilengi, R., Tangwa, G., Tindana, P., Ndebele, P. & Ikingura, J. (2009). Composition, training needs and independence of ethics review committees across Africa: are the gatekeepers rising to the emerging challenges? Journal of Medical Ethics 35; 189-193

2008 1) Bejon, P., Lusingu J, Olotu A, Leach A, Lievens M, Vekemans J, Mshamu S, Lang T, Gould J, Dubois MC, DemoitiÊ MA, Stallaert JF, Vansadia P, Carter T, Njuguna P, Awuondo KO, Malabeja A, Abdul O, Gesase S, Mturi N, Drakeley CJ, Savarese B, Villafana T, Ballou WR, Cohen J, Riley EM, Lemnge MM, Marsh K, von Seidlein L. (2008) Efficacy of RTS,S/AS01E Vaccine against Malaria in Children 5 to 17 Months of Age. New England Journal of Medicine 2008 Dec 8. 2) Cham, G.K., Kurtis, J., Lusingu, J., Theander, T.G., Jensen, A.T. & Turner, L. (2008) A semi-automated multiplex high-throughput assay for measuring IgG antibodies against Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) domains in small volumes of plasma. Malaria Journal 7:108. 3) Egwaga, S., Range, N., Lwilla, F., Mkopi, A., Barongo, V., Mtenga, S., Mshinda, H., Cobelens, F., Haag, V., van Leth, F. & Grewal, P. (2008) Assessment of patient preference in allocation and observation of antituberculosis medication in three districts in Tanzania. Patient Preferences and Adherence 2008:2 1–6. 4) Enevold, A., Lusingu, J.P., Mmbando, B., Alifrangis, M., Lemnge, M., Bygbjerg, I.C., Theander, T.G. & Vestergaard, L.S. (2008) Reduced risk of uncomplicated malaria episodes in children with alpha+-thalassemia in


northeastern Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 78 (5), 714-20. 5) Friis, H., Range, Ny., Pedersen, M.L., Molgaard, C., Changalucha, J., Krarup, H., Magnussen, P., Soborg, C. & Andersen, A.B. (2008) Hypovitaminosis D is common among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Tanzania but is not explained by the acute phase response. The Journal of Nutrition 138, 2474-2008. 6) Ishengoma, D.R.S., Shedlock A., Mutayoba, B.M., Foley, C.A.H, Balthzary, S.T. and Wasser, S.K. (2008). Bull Mating Success in a Free Ranging African Elephant (Loxodonta Africana) Population in Tarangire National Park, Tanzania. Conservation Genetics 9 (2): 247-255. 7) Jones, C.P., Truman, B.I., Elam-Evans, L.D., Jones, C.A., Jones, C.Y., Jiles, R., Rumisha, S.F. & Perry, G.S. (2008) Using Ęşsocially assigned raceĘş to probe White advantages in health status. Ethnicity & Disease 18(4), 496504. 8) Kaduri, P., Kitua, H., Mbatia, J., Kitua, A.Y. & Mbwambo, J. (2008) Smokeless tobacco use among adolescents in Ilala Municipality, Tanzania. Tanzania Health Research Bulletin 10 (1), 28-33. 9) Kahwa, A., Mfinanga, G.S., Kimaro, G.D., Mutayoba, B., Ngadaya, E., Mbogo, G., Ogondiek, J.W., Mdemu, A.M., Nyigo, V.R., Lema, L., Kivuyo, S. & Mubyazi, G. (2008) Exploring the costs of laboratory testing for HIV and major sources of funding for Tanzania. Research Journal of Medical Sciences 2 (1), 33-38. 10) Kamugisha, M. L., Msangeni, H., Beale, E., Malecela, E. K., Akida, J., Ishengoma, D. R., & Lemnge, M. M. 2008, Paracheck Pf compared with microscopy for diagnosis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria among children in Tanga City, north-eastern Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10 (1), pp. 14-19. 11) Kilale, A.M., Mushi, A.K., Lema, L.A., Kunda, J., Makasi, C.E., Mwaseba, D., Range, N.S. & Mfinanga, G.S. (2008) Perceptions of tuberculosis and treatment seeking behaviour in Ilala and Kinondoni Municipalities in Tanzania. Tanzania Health Research Bulletin 10 (2), 89-94. 12) Kitua, A.Y., Mboera, L., Magesa, S.M., Maxwell, C.A. & Curtis, C.F. (2008) The untapped potential of bed nets. Science 319, 900. 13) Lema, L.A., Katapa, R.S. & Musa, A.S. (2008) Knowledge on HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour among youths in Kibaha District, Tanzania. Tanzania Health Research Bulletin 10 (2), 79-83. 14) Mackenzie, C.D., Mwakitalu, E.M., Mandara, W.L., Mwingira, U. & Malecela, M.N. (2008) The morbidity of lymphatic filariasis in Eastern and Southern Africa. In: P.E. Simonsen, M.N. Malecela, E. Michael, C.D. Mackenzie (eds): Lymphatic Filariasis Research and Control in Eastern and Southern Africa. DBL-Centre for Health Research and Development. Kailow Graphics A/S. pp. 59-76.


15) Magistrado P, Salanti A, Tuikue Ndam NG, Mwakalinga SB, Resende M, Dahlbäck M, Hviid L, Lusingu J, Theander TG, Nielsen MA(2008).VAR2CSA Expression on the Surface of Placenta-Derived Plasmodium falciparum-Infected Erythrocytes. J Infect Dis. 2008; 198 (7):1071-1074. 16) MalariaGEN network: A global network for investigating the genomic epidemiology of malaria. Nature 2008, 456: 732-737. (Lemnge MM and Ishengoma D) 17) Malecela, M.N., Kilima, P. & Mackenzie, C.D. (2008) Implementation and management of lymphatic filariasis control and elimination programmes: the Tanzanian experience. In: P.E. Simonsen, M.N. Malecela, E. Michael, C.D. Mackenzie (eds): Lymphatic Filariasis Research and Control in Eastern and Southern Africa. DBL-Centre for Health Research and Development. Kailow Graphics A/S. pp. 111-124. 18) Malenganisho, W.L.M., Magnussen, P., Friis, H., Siza, J., Kaatano, G., Temu, M. & Vennervald, B.J. (2008) Schistosoma mansoni morbidity among adults in two villages along Lake Victoria shores in Mwanza District, Tanzania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 102 (6), 532-541. 19) Massaga JJ, Lusingu JP, Makunde R, Malebo HM, Chile MM, Akida JA, Lemnge MM, Rønn AM, Theander TG, Bygbjerg IC & Kitua AY. (2008) Biological and haematological safety profile of oral amodiaquine and chloroquine in healthy volunteers with or without Plasmodium falciparum infection in northeast Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10 (3), 144-150. 20) Mfinanga, S.G., Kahwa, A., Kimaro, G., Kilale, A., Kivuyo, S., Senkoro, M., Ngowi, B., Mtandu, R., Mutayoba, B., Ngadaya, E. & Mashoto, K. (2008) Dissatisfaction with the laboratory services in conducting HIV related testing among public and private medical personnel in Tanzania. BMC Health Services Research 8: 171. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-171. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/8/171. 21) Mfinanga, S.G., Mutayoba, B.K., Kahwa, A., Kimaro, G., Mtandu, R., Ngadaya, E., Egwaga, S. & Kitua, A.Y. (2008) The magnitude and factors associated with delays in management of smear positive tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BMC Health Services Research 8:158 doi: 10 1186/1472-6963-8-158. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/8/158 22) Mfinanga, G.S., Ngadaya, E., Kimaro, G., Mtandu, R., Lema, L.A., Basra, D., Lwila, F., Egwaga, S. & Kitua, A.Y. (2008) Capacity of healthcare facilities in the implementation of direct observed treatment strategy for tuberculosis in Arumeru and Karatu districts, Tanzania. Tanzania Health Research Bulletin 10 (2), 95-98.


23) Michael, E., Malecela-Lazaro, M.N., Zervos, M. & Kazura, J.W. (2008) Global eradication of lymphatic filariasis: the value of chronic disease control in parasite elimination programmes. PLoS One 3 (8), e2936. 24) Mmbando BP, Cole-Lewis H, Sembuche S, Kamugisha ML, Theander T, Lusingu JPA.& Lemnge MM. Risk factors for low birth-weight in areas with varying malaria transmission in Korogwe, Tanzania: implications for malaria control. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 2008; 10 (3): 137-143 25) Mosha, F.W., Lyimo, I.N., Oxborough, R.M., Malima, R., Tenu, F., Matowo, J., Feston, E., Mndeme, R., Magesa, S.M. & Rowland, M. (2008) Experimental hut evaluation of the pyrrole insecticide chlorfenapyr on bed nets for the control of Anopheles arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus. Tropical Medicine and International Health 13, 644-652. 26) Mubyazi, G.M., Magnussen, P.,Goodman, C., Bygbjerg, I.B., Kitua, A.Y., Olsen, O.E., Byskov, J., Hansen, K.S. and Bloch, P. (2008) Implementing intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy: review of prospects, achievements, challenges and agenda for research. The Open Tropical Medicine Journal 1, 73-81. 27) Mubyazi, G.M., Bygbjerg, I.C., Magnussen, P. Olsen, O., Byskov, J., Hansen, K.S. & Bloch, P. (2008) Prospects, achievements, challenges and opportunities for scaling-up malaria chemoprevention in pregnancy in Tanzania: the perspective of national level officers. Malaria Journal 7:135. 28) Munga, M.A. & Mbilinyi, D.R. (2008) Non-financial incentives and retention of health workers in Tanzania: Combined evidence from literature review and a focused cross-sectional study. EQUINET DiscussionPaper Series 61, National Institute for Medical Research, East, Central and Southern African Health Community, Regional Network for Equity in Health in East and Southern Africa, Harare. 29) Mutalemwa, P., Kisoka, W., Nyigo, V., Barongo, V., Malecela, M.N. & Kisinza, W.N. (2008) Manifestations and reduction strategies of stigma and discrimination on people living with HIV/AIDS in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10(4) 220-225 30) Mwangoka, G.W., Kimera, S.I. & Mboera, L.E.G. (2008) Congenital Plasmodium falciparum infection in neonates in Muheza District, Tanzania. Malaria Journal 7:1 17 doe: 10.1186/1475-2875-7-117. Available from: http://www.malariajournal.com/content/7/1/117. 31) Najim, B., Jeffs, B., Mtove, G., Msuya, W., Mndeme, L., Mtei, F., Chonya, S. & Reyburn, H. (2008). Inter-observer variation in paediatric clinical signs between different grades of staff examining children admitted to hospital in Tanzania. Tropical Medicine and International Health 13 (9) 1-7. 32) Njiru, Z.K., Mikosza, A.S.J., Matovu, E., Enyaru, J.C.K., Ouma, J.O., Kibona, S.N., Thompson, R.C., Ndung’u, J.M. (2008) African trypansomiasis: sensitive and rapid detection of the sub-genus


Trypanozoon by Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) of parasite DNA,International Journal for Parasitology 38: 589–599. 33) Range, N., Andersen, A.B., van Leth, F., Magnussen, P., Apolinary, M. & Friis, H. (2009) Risk factos for smear negative and culture positive results among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Mwanza, Tanzania. The Open Tropical Medicine Journal 1, 68-73. 34) Segeja, M.D., Mmbando, B.P., Kamugisha, M.L., Akida, J.A., Savael, Z.X., Minja, D.T., Msangeni, H.A., and Lemnge, M.M (2008). Prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and haemoglobin S in high and moderate malaria transmission areas of Muheza, northeastern Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10 (1), 9-13. 35) Sindato, C., Bimbita, E.N. & Kibona, S.N. (2008) Factors influencing individual and community participation in the control of tsetse flies and human African trypanosomiasis in Urambo District, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10 (1), 20-27 36) Sindato, C., Kibona, S.N., Nkya, G.M., Mbilu, T.J.N.K.,. Manga, C., Kaboya, J.S. & Rawille, F. (2008) Challenges in the diagnosis and management of sleeping sickness in Tanzania: a case report. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10 (3), 171-181 37) Siza, J.E. (2008). Risk factors associated with low Birth weight of neonates among pregnant women attending a referral hospital in northern Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 10 (1),1-8. 38) Temu, M.M., Changalucha, J.M., Mosha, F.F., Mwanga, J.R., Siza, J.E. & Balira, R. (2008) Community knowledge, attitude and practice towards sexually transmitted diseases and HIV in Biharamulo and Muleba Districts in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 10 (4), 213-219. 39) Vestergaard LS, Lusingu JP, Nielsen MA, Mmbando BP, Dodoo D, Akanmori BD, Alifrangis M, Bygbjerg IC, Lemnge MM, Staalsoe T, Hviid L, Theander TG. (2008) Differences in human antibody reactivity to Plasmodium falciparum variant surface antigens are dependent on age and malaria transmission intensity in northeastern Tanzania. Infection and Immunity 76, 2706-14.

2007 1) Brieger, W., Okeibunnor, J.C., Abiose, A.O., Ndyomugyenyi, R., Kisoka, W., Wanji, S., Elhassan, E. & Amazigo, U.V. (2007), Feasibility of measuring compliance to ivermectin annual treatment in the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control, Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol. 12 no 2, pp 260-268 2) Egwaga, S., Range, N., Lwilla, F., Mkopi, A., Barongo, V., Mtenga, S., Mshinda, H., Cobelens, F., Haag, V., van Leth, F. & Grewal, P. (2007) Assessment of patient preference in allocation and observation of anti-


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14) Procunier, WS, & Muro, AIS (1993) Cytotaxonomy of the Simulium damnosum complex from central and northeastern Tanzania. Genome.36 (1), 112-130. 15) Range, N.S. & Wilson. S. (1993) Investigation of filter paper strips for the collection and transport of clinical material for the diagnosis of tuberculosis by the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR); M.Sc. Dissertation, University of London, U.K. 16) Van den Broek J, Borgdorff MW, Pakker NG, Chum HJ, Klokke AH, Senkoro KP, Newell JN (1993) HIV-1 infection as a risk factor for the development of tuberculosis: a case-control study in Tanzania. International Journal of Epidemiology 22(6):1159-65.

1992 1) Alilio, M.S. (1992) The Availability of Pharmaceuticals in the Developing Countries: The Social Basis of Pharmaceutical Problems in Tanzania. MSc. Dissertation, University of London. 2) Barongo, L.R., Borgdorff MW, Mosha FF, Nicoll A, Grosskurth H, Senkoro KP, Newell JN, Changalucha J, Klokke AH, Killewo JZ, et al. (1992) The epidemiology of HIV-1 infection in urban areas, roadside settlements and rural villages in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. AIDS 6 (12), 1521-1528. 3) Curtis, C.F., Myamba, J. & Wilkes, T.J. (1992) Various pyrethroids on bednets and curtains. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 87, 363-370. 4) Muro, A.I.S. & Fedha, S. (1992) Development of Onchocerca volvulus in Simulium damnosum, Kibwezi cytotype. Annals of Medical Entomology. 1(1): 4-7. 5) Muro, AIS & Ali, RM (1992) Control of onchocerciasis: Baseline susceptibility levels of Simulium damnosum Kibwezi cytotype to Temephos, DDT, & Chlorphoxim in Tanga, northeastern Tanzania. The Annals of Medical Entomology 1 (1), 7-11.

____ 1991 1) Bovet, P; Shamlaye, C., Kitua, A.Y., Riesen, W.F; Paccaud F; and Darioli R. (1991). High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the Seychelles (Indian Ocean). Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis 11, 1730-1736. 2) Lines, J.D., Curtis, C.F., Wilkes, T.J. & Njunwa, K.J. (1991) Monitoring humanbiting mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in Tanzania with light-traps hung beside mosquito nets. Bulletin of Entomological Research 81, 77-84. 3) Lines, J.D., Wilkes, T.J. & Lyimo, E.O. (1991) Human malaria infectiousness measured by age-specific sporozoite rates in Anopheles gambiae in Tanzania. Parasitology 102, 167 – 177.


4) Lyimo, E.O., Msuya, F.H., Rwegoshora, R.T., Nicholson, E.A., Mnzava, A.E., Lines, J.D. Curtis, C.F. (1991) Trial of pyrethroid impregnated bednets in an area of Tanzania holoendemic for malaria. Part 3. Effects on the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia and fever. Acta Tropica. 49, 157-163. 5) Magesa, S.M., Wilkes, T.J., Mnzava, A.E., Njunwa, K.J., Myamba, J., Kivuyo, M.D., Hill, N., Lines, J.D. & Curtis, C.F. (1991) Trial of pyrethroid impregnated bednets in an are of Tanzania holoendemic for malaria. Part 2. Effects on the malaria vector population. Acta Tropica. 49, 97-108. 6) Mnzava, A.E.P. (1991) Epidemiology and Control of Malaria Transmission by Residual House Spraying with DDT and Lambdacyhalothrin in two Populations of the Anopheles gambiae complex in Tanga Region, Tanzania. (PhD Thesis), University of Basel, Switzerland. 7) Njunwa, K.J., Lines, J.D., Magesa, S.M., Mnzava, A.E., Wilkes, T.J., Alilio, M., Kivumbi, K. & Curtis, C.F. (1991) Trial of pyrethroid impregnated bednets in an area of Tanzania holoendemic for malaria. Part 1. Operational methods and acceptability. Acta Tropica 49, 87-96. 8) Ragoonanasingh, R.N., Njunwa, K.J., Curtis, C.F. & Becker, N. (1991) A field study of Bacillus sphaericus for control of Culicine and anopheline mosquito larvae in Tanzania. Bulletin of the Society of Vector Ecology 17, 79-83. ____ 1990 1) Alilio, M.S., Lemnge, M.M., Magesa, S.M. (1990) Baseline malaria and socioeconomic studies in Pawaga division, Iringa region. A consultancy report to UNICEF, Dar es Salaam, 1990. 2) Curtis, C.F., Hills, N., Ulloa, M. Magesa, S.M. (1990) The possible impact of resistance on the effectiveness of pyrethroid impregnated bednets. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 84, 445. 3) Ijumba, J.N., Mwangi, R.W. & Beier, J.C. (1990) Malaria transmission potential of Anopheles mosquitoes in the Mwea Tebere irrigation scheme, Kenya. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 4, 425-435. 4) Matola, Y.G., Ijumba, J.N., Magayuka, S.A. and Kopakopa, S.B. (1990) Epidemiological assessment of the impact of lambdacyhalothrin (OMS3021) on the transmission of malaria in a rural area in Tanzania. 1. Entomology, 2. Parasitology (abstracts). Bulletin de La SociĂŠtĂŠ de Parasitologie. 8 (Suppl. 2), 12011202. 5) Muro, A.I.S. & Raybould, J.N. (1990) Population decline of Simulium woodi and reduced onchocerciasis Transmission at Amani, Tanzania, in relation to deforestation. Acta Leidensia 59, 153-159. 6) Muro, AIS & Mziray, NR (1990): Decline in onchocerciasis in the eastern Usambara mountain, northeastern Tanzania and its possible relationship to deforestation. Acta leidensia. Vols. 1 & 2, 141-150.


____ 1989 1) Barongo, LR, Rugemalila JB, Gabone RM, Senkoro KP. (1992) Kagera 1989 health survey: 1. Human immunodeficiency virus seroprevalence in adolescents. East African Medical Journal 69 (6), 323-326. 2) Curtis, C.F., Lines, J.D., Lyimo, E., Njunwa, K.J. & Wilkes, T.J. (1989) Pyrethroid treated nets for malaria control. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 83, 423. 3) Matola, Y.G. (1989) Malaria Chemosuppression with Chloroquine in Pregnant Women at Maternal and Child Health Clinics: Some associated operational problems in parts of Tanzania. Tanzania Medical Journal 4, 10-12. 4) Mnzava, A.E.P. and Curtis, C.F. (1989) Test for variation in flight activity between chromosome inversion types within Anopheles gambiae (sensu stricto). Insect Sci. Applic. Vol.10 (4) 1 – 8. 5) Mnzava, A.E.P., Kilama, W.L. & Kasigwa, P.F. (1989) Application of a biochemical key to study transmission of malaria and bancroftian filariasis in sibling species of the Anopheles gambiae complex in north-eastern Tanzania. Acta Tropica 46, 323-333. 6) Njunwa, K.J., Mwaiko, G.L., Kilonzo, B.S. & Mhina, J.I. (1989) seasonal Patterns of rodents, fleas and plague status in the Western Usambara mountains, Tanzania. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 3, 17-22. ____ 1988 1) Draper, C.C., Hills, M., Kilimali, V.A. & Brubaker, G. (1988) Serial studies on The Evolution of Drug Resistance in Malaria in an area of East Africa: Findings from 1979 up to 1986. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 91, 265-273 2) Ijumba, J.N. (1988) Studies on the Resting Behavior, Parous and Sporozoite Rates of Anopheles Mosquitoes in the Mwea-Tebere Irrigation Scheme. MSc. Dissertation, University of Nairobi, Kenya. 3) Lyimo, E.O. & Irving-Bell, R.J. (1988) Circadian flight activity of mosquitoes entering and leaving septic tanks in central Nigeria. Insect Science and its Application 9, 493-498. 4) Magesa, S.M. (1988) Testing Methods for Detecting Pyrethroid Resistance. MSc. Dissertation, University of London, UK., 46 pp. 1987 1) Curtis, C.F, Lines, J.D., Ijumba, J., Callaghan, A., Hill, N. & Karimzad, M.A. (1987) The relative efficacy of repellents against mosquito vectors of disease. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 1, 109 – 119.


2) Irare, S.G.M., Mnzava A.E.P., Mutabingwa, T.K. and Magesa S.M. (1987) The second epidemiological survey following a malaria epidemic in Hanang and Babati districts, Arusha region. Report to the Ministry of Health, Tanzania. 3) Irving-Bell, R.J., Okoli, E.l., Deyelong, D.Y., Lyimo, E.O. Onyia, O.C. (1987) Septic tank mosquitoes: competition between species in central Nigeria. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 1, 243-250. 4) Lines, J.D., Lyimo, E.O. & Curtis, C.F. (1987) Mixing of indoor and outdoorresting adults of Anopheles gambiae Giles s.l. and An. funestus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) in coastal Tanzania. Bulletin of Entomological Research 76, 171-178. 5) Lines, J.D., Myamba, J. & Curtis, C.F. (1987) Experimental hut trials of permethrin-impregnated mosquito nets and eaves curtain against malaria vectors in Tanzania. Medical and Veterinal Entomology 1, 37-51. 6) Lyimo, E. (1987) Chloroquine administration in the treatment of malaria with reference to brands, specification and dosage: A survey in north-eastern Tanzania. East African Medical Journal 64, 551-557. 7) Matola, Y.G., White, G.B. & Magayuka, S.A. (1987) The Changed Pattern of Malaria Endemicity and Transmission at Amani In The Eastern Usambara Mountains, North-Eastern Tanzania. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 90, 127-134. 1986 1) Mnzava, A.E.P. & Di Deco, M. (1986) Polimorfismo cromosomico in Anopheles gambiae e Anopheles arabiensis in Tanzania. Parassitologia 28, 286-288. 2) Mnzava, A.E.P. & Kilama, W.L. (1986) Observations on the distribution of species of the Anopheles gambiae in Tanzania Acta Tropica 43, 277-288. 3) Mutabingwa, T.K., Kilimali, V.A.E.B. & Kilama, W.L. (1986) Chloroquine Resistant Plasmodium Falciparum at the Tanganyika Planting Company (Tpc) Sugar Estate, Moshi, Tanzania. Tanzania Medical Journal 3, 26- 30. 1985 1) Draper, C.C., Brubaker, G., Geser, A., Kilimali, V.A. & Wernsdorfer, W.H. (1985) Serial Studies on the evolution of Chloroquine Resistance in an area of East Africa Receiving Intermittent Malaria Chemosuppression. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 63, 109-118. 2) Kilimali, V.A. & Mkufya, A.R. (1985) In vivo and in vitro assessment of the sensitivity of Plasmodium Falciparum to Chloroquine in four districts of Tanga Region, Tanzania. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 79, 478-481. 3) Kilonzo, B.S. & Mtoi, R.S. (1983) Entomological, Bacteriological and Serological Observations after The 1977 Plague outbreak in Mbulu District, Tanzania. East African Medical Journal 60, 91-97.


4) Marchand, R.P. & Mnzava, A.E.P. (1985) A field test of a biochemical key to identify members of the Anopheles gambiae group of species in north-east Tanzania. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 88, 205-210. 5) Matola, Y.G. (1985) Prospects of Human Malaria and Bancroftian Filariasis Infections in the Lower Rufiji Basin, Tanzania I. Malaria. Tropical and Geographical Medicine 37, 102-107. 6) Matola, Y.G. (1985) Prospects of Human Malaria and Bancroftian Filariasis Infections in the Lower Rufiji Basin, Tanzania II. Bancroftian Filariasis. Tropical and Geographical Medicine 37, 108-113. 1983 1) Kilonzo, B.S. & Mhina, J.I.K. (1983) Observations on the current status of plague endemicity in the Western Usambara Mountains, North-East Tanzania. Acta Tropica 40, 365-373. 1982 1) Kilonzo, B.S. & Mhina, J.I.K. (1982) The first outbreak of human plague in Lushoto District, North-East Tanzania. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene 76, 172-177. 1981 1) Bushrod, F.M. (1981) The Anopheles gambiae Giles complex and bancroftian filariasis transmission in a Tanzanian coastal village. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 75, 93-100. 2) Kilama, W.L. (1981) Towards Medical Research Strategies in the contex of “Health For All by the Year 2000�. Tanzania Medical Journal, July 1983. 3) Kilama, W.L., Mtera, K.N.M. & Pual, R.K. (1981) Epidemiology of human trypanosomiasis in Tanzania. In Proceedings of the 17th Meeting of the International Scientific Council for Trypanosomiasis Research and Control. Publication No. 112, pp. 187-193. 4) Kilonzo, B.S. (1981) Studies on seasonal fluctuation of human plague in Lushoto district north-eastern Tanzania. Tanzania Veterinary Bulletin 3, 3-19. 5) Mcmahon, J.E., Magayuka, S.A., Kolstrup, N., Mosha, F.W., Bushrod, F.M., Abaru, D.E. & Bryan, J.H. (1981) studies on the transmission and prevalence of Bancroftian Filariasis in four coastal villages of Tanzania. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 75, 415-431. 1980 1) Abaru, D.E., Mc Mahon, J.E., Marshall, T.F. De C., Hamilton, P.J.S.,Vaughan, J.P. & Wegesa, P (1980). Tanzania Filariasis project. studies on Microfilaraemia and selected Clinical Manifestations of Bancroftian Filariasis. Acta Tropica 37, 63-71.


2) Kilonzo, B.S. (1980) Studies on determining the involvement of domestic animals in Plague Epidemiology in Tanzania. I. Species and population densities of fleas found on farm and pet Animals in North-Eastern Tanzania. Tanzanian Veterinary Bulletin 2, 37-44. 3) Kilonzo, B.S. (1980) Studies on determining the involvement of domestic animpals in plague epidemiology in Tanzania: II Specific plague antibodies in sera of Canis familiaris the domestic dog. Tanzania Veterinary Bulletin 2, 56-59. 4) Kouznetsov, R.L., Storey, J., Kilama, W.L. & Payne, D. (1980) Spread of pyrimethamine resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum into new areas of north-east Tanzania in the absence of drug pressure. WHO/MAL/80.926.


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